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3D TV Analysis

3D TV Analysis

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Published by Melina Politi

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Published by: Melina Politi on Apr 17, 2011
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06/03/2015

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3-D films have existed in some form since the 1950s, but had been largely relegated to a niche in the
motion picture industry because of the costly hardware and processes required to produce and display a 3-
D film, and the lack of a standardized format for all segments of the entertainment business.

Nonetheless, 3-D films were prominently featured in the 1950s in American cinema, and later
experienced a worldwide resurgence in the 1980s and '90s driven by IMAX high-end theaters
and Disney themed-venues.

3-D films became more and more successful throughout 2000–10, culminating in the unprecedented
success of 3-D presentations of Avatar in December 2009 and January 2010.

In this golden era of the 3D TV, 3D films are being produced like ―Avatar‖, bringing images projected

onto a flat cinema screen to life in full three dimensional glories.

Looking at an object near us and closing our left and right eyes in turn, we will see that each has a slightly
different view of the world. Your left eye sees a bit more of the left side of the object, and your right eye
sees a bit more of its right side. Your brain fuses the two images together allowing us to see in three
dimensions. This is known as stereoscopic vision, to create a similar effect, 3D films are captured using
two lenses placed side by side, just like our eyes (or by producing computer generated images to replicate
the same effect).

In old fashioned 3D films, footage for the left eye would be filmed using a red lens filter, producing a red
image, and footage for the right eye would be shot using a blue filter, resulting in a blue image. Two
projectors then superimposed the images on the cinema screen.

3D glasses with blue and red filters ensured viewers‘ left and right eyes saw the correct image: the red

filter would only let red light through to your left eye, and the blue filter would only let blue light through
to your right eye. Your brain would then combine these two slightly different images to create the illusion
of 3D.

Unfortunately, this meant that old fashioned 3D films couldn‘t make full use of color, to get around this
problem; modern 3D films use polarized light instead of red and blue light.

Stereoscopic motion pictures can be produced through a variety of different methods. Over the years the
popularity of various systems being widely employed in movie theaters has waxed and waned.

The following are some of the technical details and methodologies employed in some of the most notable
3-D movie systems that have been developed.

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