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 The five major issues involved in Behavior


Implementation are:
 Leadership.
 Corporate Culture.
 Corporate policies & use of power.
 Personal Values & Ethics.
 Social Responsibility
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 The role of appropriate leadership in strategic
success is highly significant.
 Leadership plays a critical role in the success
and failure of enterprise.
 It is considered as one of the most important
elements affecting organizational performance.
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 4evelop new qualities to perform effectively.
 Be a visionary.
 Exemplify the values, goals and culture of the
organization.
 Pay attention to strategic thinking and
intellectual activities.
 Lead by empowering others.
 Create leadership at lower levels.
 4elegate authority and place emphasis on
motivation.
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 Risk Taking: Willing to take risks.
 Technology: Use of planning, qualified
personnel and techniques.
 Organicity: Extent of organizational structural
flexibility.
 Participation: Involvement of managers.
 Coercion: 4omination by Top Management.
˜  ˜
 The phenomenon that often distinguishes good
organization from bad organization is termed as
Corporate Culture.
 The well managed organizations apparently
have distinct cultures that are in some way
responsible for their ability to successfully
implement strategies.
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 It is the set of important assumptions- often
unstated ± that members of an organization
share in common.
 There are two major assumptions in common:
 Beliefs.
 Values.
 Beliefs are assumptions about reality & are
derived and reinforced by experience.
 Values are assumptions about ideals that are
desirable and worth striving for.
 When beliefs and values are shared in an
organization, they create a corporate culture.
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 Äll corporate cultures include a political
component and therefore all organizations
are political in nature.
 Organizational members bring with them
their likes, dislikes, views, opinions,
prejudices and inclinations when they
enter organization.
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 Power is defined as the ability to influence
others and corporate politics is the carrying out
of the activities not prescribed by the policies for
the purpose of influencing the distribution of
advantages within the organization.
 Politics is related to the use of Power but it is not
similar.
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 Orientates our own behaviour and helps to
interpret the behaviour of others
 Refer to conduct judged as good or right
for counsellors as a professional group
 Refer to our professional behavior and
interactions
 Represent the ideal standards expected
by the profession
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 DORMÄTIVE ETHICS

 4ESCRIPTIVE ETHICS

 METÄ-ETHICS
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Ä standard way of understanding ethical decision-


making is to understand the philosophical basis for
making these decisions.

Focus on consequences.
Äccording to this criterion, if nobody gets hurt, the
decision is ethical. Focusing on consequences is often
referred to as utilitarian.
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Focus on the rights of individuals:

The theories underlying this approach are referred to as


deontological from the Greek work deon, or duty.

Ä fundamental idea of deontology is that equal respect


must be given all individuals.
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Focus on integrity (virtue ethics).

If the person in question has good character,


and genuine motivation and intentions, he or she
is behaving ethically.

The decision maker¶s environment, or


community, helps define what integrity means.
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 Identify and define the problem
 Consider the moral principles
 Tune in to your feelings
 Consult with colleagues or experts
 Involve your client in the decision-making
process
 Identify desired outcomes
 Consider possible outcomes
 Choose and act on your choice
° 
 
 

‰Gather the facts. 5. Identify the


2. 4efine the ethical obligations.
issues (e.g. lying, 6. Consider your
job discrimination). character and
3. Identify the affected integrity.
parties.
7. 4evelop creative
4. Identify the
consequences potential actions.
8. Check your intuition
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 Leadership by example
 Written codes of ethical conduct
 Formal mechanisms for ethics problems
 Äccepting whistle blowers
 Training in ethics and social responsibility
 Äwareness of cross-cultural influences
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 Ättention to business ethics has
substantially improved society.
 Ethics programs help maintain a moral
course in turbulent times.
 Ethics programs cultivate strong teamwork
and productivity.
 Ethics programs support employee growth
and meaning
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 Ethics programs help avoid criminal acts
³of omission´ and can lower fines.
 Ethics programs help manage values
associated with quality management,
strategic planning and diversity
management.
 Ethics programs promote a strong public
image.
= °
 Ä V  refers to the importance a person
attaches to something that serves as a guide to
action.

 Values can be defined as those things that are


important to or valued by someone. That
someone can be an individual or, collectively, an
organization. One place where values are
important is in relation to vision. One of the
imperatives for organizational vision is that it
must be based on and consistent with the
organization's core values.
D°°= °
 Right and wrong defined by different people may
manifest diverse thinking, motivated by each
individual¶s personal values. Within a work
environment, the cultural values that drive business
decisions are critical to the organization¶s credibility
with its employees, customers, and shareholders

 Today, in business, value is about prioritizing


individual and operational values for the workplace
and establishing codes of value and codes of conduct
that ensures that employee behaviors and the
internal systems are aligned with those values which
in turn affects the performance of the organization.
a D˜°= °
 Aey leadership with appropriate values establishes the
moral compass that guides the organization through the
complexities of what is right and wrong and how
management and staff are therefore expected to
behave. Critical then, becomes the ability to manage for
ethical outcomes²this is values-based management.

 Values provide the basis for judgment about what is


important for the organization to succeed in its core
business.

 Values are traits or qualities that are considered


worthwhile; they represent an individual¶s highest
priorities and deeply held driving forces
(  
  

 Managerial activities can change as the organizations
and their environment change.
 The managers responsibilities have increased as more
tasks have been outsourced on them, at the same time
they have been stripped of some of their support
functions and assistants.
 There are constrains that limit the managers possibilities
to chose what to do in their work.
 Some of the constraints are lack of available resources,
insufficient experience and training for the new
administrative tasks and technological limitations
= °aDa D D °
Indian managers are moving away from the
concept of values and ethics. The lure for
maximizing profit is deviating them from the
value based managerial behaviour.

There is a need for our managers today both in


private and public sectors to develop a set of
values and believes that will help them attain
the ultimate goals of profits and survival and
growth.
 D °D°°°=°
(aD= °
 Move from the state of inertia to the state of
righteous action.

 Move from the state of faithlessness to the state


of faith and self-confidence.

 Move from unethical actions to ethical actions.

 Move from untruth to truth.


= °(°°D D °
 Western managers are highly professionals with
excellent analysis power, high professional education
and specialization.
 Western managers follows a proper code of conduct
and work in the structured formal atmosphere with no
place of modesty in their behavior.
 Professional efficiency and work disciplines are the
conditions under which western managers perform.
 They consider rules as sacred in their value system.
 Western value system teaches contractual
obligations. Managers honour their contracts.
 Western managers value principles above its
privilege and they consider this as the best strategy
to win