Examples of Quality Control and Quality Assurance During Construction

Prepared by the Construction Practices Subcommittee Of APWA’s UPROW Committee

Introduction The UPROW Committee requested that the Construction Practices Subcommittee research and evaluate the existing available documents related to Quality Assurance and Quality Control (QA/QC) during construction. The request initiated from the report Recommendations to Establish a New Professional / Educational / Technical Committee for Utility and Public Right-of-Way Issues, prepared by the Utility and Right-of-Way Task Force, and dated April 13, 1998. The following report documents the process that the subcommittee followed in gathering, assessing, evaluating and reporting the data and the results. Data Collection The Subcommittee chair requested that each member search for examples of specifications, guidelines, manuals, programs or other written information, which outlined methods or requirements of QA/QC during construction. The members of the subcommittee were located in various regions across the entire country, from governmental (local, state and federal), industrial, commercial and private consulting backgrounds. A total of nine documents were received and reviewed. While the number of documents was not expansive, it was the opinion of the subcommittee that the sources of these documents have extensive background in construction quality control and therefore these documents cover the topic adequately. It is likely that other agencies have very good examples of standards but the subcommittee was unable to obtain other documents in their search. Analysis and Evaluation Prior to review the documents, members of the subcommittee developed a list of criteria to allow a subjective evaluation of the sample documents. These criteria included the following factors: • Quality Control Organization Items considered: The classifications of the employees included within the structure of the organization. The tasks performed by each of the classifications. The level of detail performed by each of the classifications. Defining of the rules and requirements. Material Testing requirements Items considered: Detail of the testing Items tested Technician Certification requirements for the people reviewing the construction Items considered: Length of the certification program Items covered in the certification Organization that provided the certification training



excellent training aid for new inspectors Excellent general review of construction inspection fundamentals 1 4 5 3 0 3 5 5 5 5 3 3 Note.2. Quality Management Guidelines 8. Nevada 7.C. • • • Evaluation Matrix The members of the subcommittee analyzed the data and scored each of the criteria on a scale of 0 to 5. Clark County.doc 9/24/2001 .4.S.O. Documentation (Forms) Technician Certification Requirements Reference Technical Specifications Q. Army Corps of Eng.• Installation and Testing program Items considered: Level of detail and items included in the testing procedures Level of detail and items included in the Installation procedures Documentation Forms for documenting Quality Control Items considered: Level of detail of information on the forms Clarity Items to be documented Referenced Technical specifications Items considered: Clarity when cross-referencing Appropriate cross-referencing Detail of Technical specifications Length of the overall specification Item considered: Generally.T. Oregon D. U. 5 being the “best” and 1 being “poor”. Introduction to Construction Inspection. APWA. but not too lengthy that it is difficult follow. 6. 5. Public Works Inspectors’ Manual 9. and 0 for being “not at all”. the subcommittee felt like the specifications should be long enough to adequately cover the necessary elements in a good Quality Control Manual.3. 1999 Length of Specification 4 4 4 4 5 4 Installation/ Testing Program Material Testing Comments 5 4 3 4 4 3 5 4 5 3 3 3 3 5 3 2 3 2 3 2 5 2 4 2 Excellent Organization and Installation/Testing Procedures Excellent Training Procedures and Material Testing P rocedures Excellent Forms and Detailed References Good Resource for organizational methods Excellent resource for seasoned inspectors. Organization (Rules) Document Number(s) 1. 5 = Good 1 = Poor apwaQAQC12_final.

• Identifies the need for utility pre-construction meetings. 5. 3. dated September 1995. 1180-1-6). by Silas B. 711 pages. dated November 1997. apwaQAQC12_final. Army Corps of Engineers and were evaluated as one document. 7. Source.S.Construction Management Division. Army Corps of Engineers. The Blue Book is divided into three sections. by the U. 54 pages.Quality Assurance Section & Materials Testing Laboratory. 14 pages. and utilities. 12 pages. 2. so as to minimize the possibility of loss of life and property.S. Information within this publication is presented in both reference and text book format.S. It is a long guideline and likewise very complete. Quality Control Program Manual for Contractor. Jr. • Emphasizes the importance of clear and concise written and verbal communication. Construction Materials and Materials Control Procedures. and Production Organizations. and Inspection Procedures. Army Corps of Engineers. This publication gives both general and specific guidelines for a Quality Control Manager to follow during the construction of a project. contractor. Clark County.S. This publication focuses mainly on the certification procedures and requirements of the laboratory and technicians that will be overseeing the construction. • Provides a project inspectors daily report check-off list. 1997. This specification provides the requirements for trench backfill material and compaction techniques. This specification requires that the contractor provide a Quality Control Plan and a Quality Control Manager. by the U. Quality Assurance Program. Volume 1 dated January 1992. by the Clark County Department of Public Works. dated October 2000. Version 1. dated Aril. four were from the U. 2000 Edition. List of Submittals 1. A Guide Specification for Construction by the U. by Construction Management Association of America. Quality Assurance Representative’s Guide. 5th Edition dated 1996. 49 pages. General Information. it is primarily geared toward the quality assurance and quality control of the materials and placement of road related construction. It provides the specific procedures for their staff to follow in order to provide the required Quality Assurance/Quality Control of the public works projects. The Public Works Inspectors’ Manual (Blue Book) functions as a resource for the seasoned inspector and a training guide for the new inspector. 4. Construction Quality Management. 6. Public Works Inspectors’ Manual. Birch. Nevada. Trenching and Backfilling for Utilities Systems. • Stresses the importance of foreign utility protection and relocation. A Guide Specification for Construction by the U.General Information and Sitework. As shown above. 15 pages. The following is a summary of each section Highlights of the General Section • Stresses the importance of well-informed and conscientious inspectors.Results Of the nine submittals. 48 pages. The documents submitted and evaluated are listed below. Army Corps of Engineers. • Provides a project inspectors check-off list of duties. 39 pages. by the Oregon Department of Transportation. Quality Management Guidelines.02. (Regulation No.doc 9/24/2001 . This publication outlines the requirements for acceptance of materials for public works projects. 8. Excavation. each example had specific strengths in the area of Quality Assurance and Quality Control during construction. Army Corps of Engineers. This publication provides the guidelines for a Construction Manager to use in implementing Quality Management procedures from the pre-design phase to the post-construction phase. where participants include representatives from the agency. This publication provides the general policy and general guidelines for establishing the Quality Management procedures in the execution of construction contracts.S. Contactor Quality Control – Section 01451. This publication is a guide specification for the contractor to provide a construction Quality Control. It is intended primarily for Corps of Engineers’ projects. Because this publication is provided by a state highway department.

The instruction modules include the following areas: • Inspector responsibilities. visit the following web site: http://www.apwa. including a definition of terms. To order a copy. • Briefly alludes to engineered fabrics and rehabilitation methods. qualifications. It follows good teaching techniques. • • • The Public Works Inspectors’ Manual is an excellent general reference manual for public works construction projects.E09A Member price: $395. Briefly covers methods of pipe installation. The material is a good review for individuals with inspection experience and could be used as a refresher course to improve performance.doc 9/24/2001 .00 (US) Non Member price: $50. Emphasizes the importance of protecting foreign utilities and or substructures.00 (US) apwaQAQC12_final.00 (US) Non Member price: $495. duties. when it needs to be sampled. It serves as a reference manual for the more experienced inspector and a training guide for the new inspector.Highlights of the Construction Materials and Materials Control Procedures Section • Describes what needs to be sampled. it is too general in nature for complicated projects. It is not intended to be an advanced instruction manual and will not include discussion material on specific special provisions that may arise in complicated public works projects. 1999 This manual discusses the following key responsibilities of the construction inspector.net/shop/asp/product. in many instances. PB. Highlights of the Inspection Procedures Section • • Addresses the level of inspection required Illustrates the elements of earth work construction such as: − Soil properties − Excavation inspection check-off list − Compaction methods Describes in detail hot mix asphalt and concrete construction. Each module can stand on it’s own and be presented as independent instruction sessions for use in short training periods or combined into a multiple day instruction class. The manual was assembled by a large group of professionals from across the USA.00 (US) 9. Go to www.asp to order you own copy. limitations • Pre-project preparation • Communication and documentation • Risk Management and legal issues • Project close-out procedures • Regulatory overview • Earthwork inspection • Excavation and confined space safety • Underground pipeline construction • General concrete construction • Street and surface improvements • Street lighting and traffic signal inspection • General structural steel inspection • Landscape and irrigation construction Each module is assembled to provide information directed to individuals just starting out in construction inspection.net/shop/asp/home. APWA publication. The publication may be purchased through the APWA. Member price: $50.asp?product=199. • Contains an extensive section on concrete and hot mix asphalt. This is good general syllabus on construction inspection. Introduction to Construction Inspection.apwa. However. The publication is available for purchase on the APWA web site. and who needs to sample it.

E.E. Traffic Control Engineer City of Tulsa 200 Civic Center.m.mt. N.4th Floor Billings. 720 South Fifth Street Nashville.okeefe@xcelenergy.net Darryl D.us John Nowak. P. P.billings..doc 9/24/2001 . TN 37206 Bus: (615) 862-8763 Bus Fax: (615) 862-5568 E-mail: james_snyder@metro.ok. P. – Committee Liaison 720 South 5th Street Nashville.nashville.E.E. Director District Engineering NW Natural 3123 Broadway St.com Phillip Lynn. P. City Engineer City Hall East 11th Street Chattanooga. Arizona 85072-3933 Bus: (602) 371-6965 Mobile: (602) 220-2794 Bus Fax: (602) 371-6600 E-mail: steven. O. OR 97303 Bus: (503) 585-6611 E-mail: rdp@nwnatural. Box 53933 Phoenix. E. Staff Engineer City Engineer's Office 510 N Broadway . TN 37206 Bus: (615) 862-8764 Bus Fax: (615) 862-5568 E-mail: mark_macy@metro. Room 633 Tulsa.us apwaQAQC12_final. P. P.goodman@aps. E. P. Chairman Mail Station: 3162 P. Salem. Paul. TN 37402 Bus: (423-757-5117 Fax: (423) 757-0586 E-mail: lynn_p@mail. O. TN 37212 Bus: (615) 385-4144 Bus Fax: (615) 385-4020 E-mail: kgangaware@leainc. KY 41022 Bus: (859) 647-7341 E-mail: wwrusk@fuse.org Kevin Gangaware 1935 Twenty First Avenue South Nashville.com James Snyder.2001 Construction Practices Sub-Committee Steve Goodman.. MS 16 St.nashville.chattanooga. P.com Mark Macy. MT 59101 (406) 657-8242 (406) 657-8252 fax Nowakj@ci.gov Willard Rusk.org Ron Polvi. MN 55117 Bus: (651) 229-2536 Bus Fax: (651) 229-2376 E-mail: shawn.E.com Shawn O’Keefe Gas Measurement & Control Engineer Xcel Energy 825 Rice Street. Box 6091 Florence. OK 74103 Bus: (918) 596-9753 Fax: (918) 596-9713 E-mail: dfrench@ci.tulsa. E. French.

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