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Published by VinayKumarSingh

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Published by: VinayKumarSingh on Aug 30, 2008
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There were three question that had to be answered before a selected page could be displayed:
1. 2. 3.

What is the page called? Where is the page located? How can the page be accessed?

 Each

page is assigned a URL (Uniform Resource Locator) that effectively serves as the page’s worldwide name.  URL is like a sign pointing to something on the internet service tell that what type of internet service to use.


have three part:

how_to_get_there://where_to_go/what_to _get
the protocol  The DNS name of the host  Local name uniquely indicating the specific page

For example…
http://www.cs.vu.nl/welcome.html protocol is http DNS name of the host www.cs.vu.nl file name is welcome.html


scheme is open-ended in the sense that it is straight forward to have protocol other than HTTP

http ftp File News Gopher mailto telnet

Used for
Hypertext FTP Local file News group Gopher

http://www.cs.vu.nl/ast/ ftp://ftp.cs.vu.nl/pub/minix/R EADME /user/suzanne/prog.c News:comp.os.minix


Sending email mailto Remote login telnet://www.w3.org:80

 The

web contain wast amout of information,finding the right item is not so easy.  Programs that search the web are sometimes called search engines,spiders,crawlers,worms,orkn owbots.

pointer to URLS

Pointers to title

Overflow chains String storage Hash code 0 0 1 1 2 2 3 3 5 19 6







Hash table


What it is…

is an application of ISO standard 8879,specialized to hypertext and adapted to the web.  Very structured markup language for building web pages.  A markup language is a collection of elements, which are used to indicate structure and format of a document  Browser simply has to understand the markup commands

HTML standards
 When

Mosaic was the only browser, the language it interpreted,HTML 1.0,was the de facto standard.  When new browser came along, there was a need for a formal standard, so HTML2.0 standard was produced.  HTML3.0 was initially created as a reserch effort to add many features to HTML2.0,including tables,toolbars,mathematical formulas, advanced stylesheets,and more


complete html element is defined by a start tag, an end tag, possible attributes and a content model  The commands inside the tags are called directives


proper web page consists of a head and a body enclosed by <HTML>and</HTML> tag.

Common HTML tags
Tag <HTML>…</HTML> <HEAD>…</HEAD> <title>…</title> <body>…</body> <Hn>…</Hn> <B>…</B> <l>…</l> <UL>…</UL> <OL>…</OL> <MENU>…</MENU> Description Declares the web page to be written in HTML Delimits the page’s head Defines the title Delimits the page’s body Delimits a level n headingboldface Set…in Set…in italics Brackets an unordered Brackets a numbered list Brackets a menu

Tag <LI> <BR> <p> <HR> <PRE>…</PRE> <IMG SRC=“ ...”> <A HRFE=“…”>… </A>

Description Start of a list item Force a break here Start of paragraph Horizontal rule Preformatted text; do not reformat Load an image here Define a hyper link

 Forms

contain boxes or buttons that allow users to fill in information or make choices and then send the information back to the page’s owner.  Using the <INPUT> tag for this purpose.  Most common forms are blank fields for accepting user text, boxes that can be checked, active maps, and

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