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Is the process of determining andproviding the acceptable number andmix of nursing personnel to produce adesired level of care to meet thepatient s demand Factors Affecting Staffing 1.the type, philosophy, objectives of the hospital and the nursing service. 2.the population served or kind of patients served whether pay or charity. 3.the number of patients and severity of their illness-knowledge and ability of nursing personnel are matched with the actual care needs of patients 4. availability and characteristics of the nursing staff, including education, level of preparation, mix of personnel, number and position. 5.administrative policies such as rotation, weekends, and holiday off-duties. 6.standards of care desired which should be available and clearly spelled out. 7.layout of various nursing units and resources available within the department such as adequate equipment, supplies, and materials 8.budget including the amount allotted to salaries, fringe benefits, supplies, materials and equipment 9.professional activities and priorities in nonpatient activities like involvement I professional organizations, formal educational development, participation in research and staff development. 10. teaching program or the extent of staff involvement in teaching activities. 11. expected hours of work per annum of each employee. This is influenced by 40 hour week law. 12. patterns of work schedule-traditional 5 days per week, 8 hours per day; 4 days a week, ten hours per day and three days off; or 3 ½ days of 12 hours per day and 3 ½ days off per week Scheduling is to assign working days and days off to the nursing personnel so that adequate patientcare is assured. Recruitment - the process of enlisting personnel for employment;the process of hiring Selection - the process of choosing or selecting candidatesaccording to their qualifications to the job; theprocess of elimination