UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS International General Certificate of Secondary Education


CHEMISTRY Paper 3 (Extended)

October/November 2009 1 hour 15 minutes

Candidates answer on the Question Paper. No Additional Materials are required. READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in. Write in dark blue or black pen. You may use a pencil for any diagrams, graphs or rough working. Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid. DO NOT WRITE IN ANY BARCODES. Answer all questions. A copy of the Periodic Table is printed on page 16. At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together. The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part questions. For Examiner's Use 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Total This document consists of 14 printed pages and 2 blank pages.
IB09 11_0620_31/7RP © UCLES 2009

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[1] (ii) Describe how carbon monoxide is formed. [1] (ii) Name two compounds in unpolluted air.2 1 (a) The major gases in unpolluted air are 79 % nitrogen and 20 % oxygen. [2] [Total: 10] © UCLES 2009 0620/31/O/N/09 . [2] (iii) How are the oxides of nitrogen formed? [2] (iv) Explain how a catalytic converter reduces the emission of these two gases.xtremepapers. [2] For Examiner's Use (b) Two common pollutants in air are carbon monoxide and the oxides of nitrogen. (i) Name another gaseous element in unpolluted air. (i) Name another pollutant in air.

neutral and amphoteric. (a) Complete the . type of oxide acidic pH of solution of oxide example For Examiner's Use basic neutral [6] (b) (i) Explain the term amphoteric. [1] (ii) Name two reagents that are needed to show that an oxide is amphoteric. basic.3 2 Oxides are classified as acidic. [2] [Total: 9] © UCLES 2009 0620/31/O/N/09 [Turn over www.

ZnS. For Examiner's Use thin layer of zinc steel exposed to oxygen and water steel Explain.4 3 (a) An important ore of zinc is zinc blende. [3] © UCLES 2009 0620/31/O/N/09 www. (i) How is zinc blende changed into zinc oxide? [1] (ii) Write a balanced equation for the reduction of zinc oxide to zinc by carbon. [2] (b) A major use of zinc is galvanizing. steel objects are coated with a thin layer of zinc.xtremepapers. This protects the steel from rusting even when the layer of zinc is . why the exposed steel does not rust. by mentioning ions and electrons.

For Examiner's Use voltmeter V copper electrode zinc electrode zinc sulfate(aq) copper(II) sulfate(aq) porous pot . observation at zinc electrode – the electrode becomes smaller explanation [1] observation at copper electrode – the electrode becomes bigger explanation [1] (ii) When a current flows.xtremepapers. charged particles move around the circuit. What type of particle moves through the electrolytes? [1] Which particle moves through the wires and the voltmeter? [1] [Total: 10] © UCLES 2009 0620/31/O/N/09 [Turn over www.stops solutions from mixing (i) Give an explanation for the following in terms of atoms and .5 (c) Zinc electrodes have been used in cells for many years. one of the first was the Daniel cell in 1831.

Ozone is a form of the element oxygen. It can oxidise an iodide to iodine. 3O2 2O3 For Examiner's Use Suggest a technique that might separate this mixture. technique explanation [2] (b) Ozone is an oxidant. [1] (iii) . O3. [1] © UCLES 2009 0620/31/O/N/09 www. using your answer to b(ii). Explain why this method separates the two forms of oxygen. why ozone is the oxidant in this reaction.xtremepapers. (a) A mixture of oxygen and ozone is formed by passing electric sparks through oxygen.6 4 The distinctive smell of the seaside was thought to be caused by ozone. 2I– + O3 + 2H+ → I2 + O2 + H2O (i) What would you see when ozone is bubbled through aqueous acidified potassium iodide? [2] (ii) Explain in terms of electron transfer why the change from iodide ions to iodine molecules is oxidation.

xtremepapers.7 (c) It is now known that the smell of the seaside is due to the chemical dimethyl . Use o to represent an electron from a hydrogen atom. For Examiner's Use [3] (ii) Name the three compounds formed when dimethyl sulfide is burnt in excess oxygen. (i) Draw a diagram that shows the arrangement of the valency electrons in one molecule of this covalent compound. Use x to represent an electron from a carbon atom. Use ● to represent an electron from a sulfur atom. [2] [Total: 11] © UCLES 2009 0620/31/O/N/09 [Turn over www. (CH3)2S.

silicon and . [2] (b) Germanium(IV) oxide. Draw the structural formula of germanium(IV) oxide. For Examiner's Use [3] (ii) Complete the following description of the structure of silicon carbide. GeO2. has a macromolecular structure similar to that of diamond. [3] © UCLES 2009 0620/31/O/N/09 www. (a) The compound. carbon atoms.8 5 The first three elements in Group IV are carbon. has the same macromolecular structure as silicon(IV) oxide.xtremepapers. Each carbon atom is bonded to four Each silicon atom is bonded to atoms. silicon carbide. (i) A major use of silicon carbide is to reinforce aluminium alloys which are used in the construction of spacecraft. The elements and their compounds have similar properties. Suggest three of its physical properties.

[2] [Total: 11] © UCLES 2009 0620/31/O/N/09 [Turn over www.9 (c) Germanium forms a series of hydrides comparable to the . For Examiner's Use [1] (ii) Predict the products of the complete combustion of this hydride. (i) Draw the structural formula of the hydride which contains four germanium atoms per molecule.

10 6 (a) Sulfuric acid is made by the Contact process. [1] (iii) Name the catalyst used. [1] (v) Sulfur trioxide is dissolved in concentrated sulfuric acid. 2SO2 + O2 2SO3 For Examiner's Use This is carried out in the presence of a catalyst at 450 °C and 2 atmospheres pressure. [1] (iv) If the temperature is decreased to 300 ° . This is added to water to make more sulfuric acid. the yield of sulfur trioxide increases. Explain why this lower temperature is not used. Why is sulfur trioxide not added directly to water? [1] © UCLES 2009 0620/31/O/N/09 www. (i) How is the sulfur dioxide made? [1] (ii) Give another use of sulfur dioxide.xtremepapers.

FeSO4.12 g of anhydrous iron(II) sulfate was heated.t.7H2O. What would you see when acidified potassium manganate(VII) is added to a solution containing this acid? [2] (iii) Suggest an explanation why sulfurous acid in contact with air changes into sulfuric . Calculate the mass of iron(III) oxide formed and the volume of sulfur trioxide. green vitriol.p.xtremepapers. The gases formed were cooled. [1] (c) 9. at r. formed.7H2O(s) green crystals 2FeSO4(s) On cooling SO3 + H2O → H2SO4 sulfuric acid SO2 + H2O → H2SO3 sulfurous acid (i) How could you show that the first reaction is reversible? → → FeSO4(s) + yellow powder 7H2O(g) For Examiner's Use Fe2O3(s) + SO2(g) + SO3(g) [2] (ii) Sulfurous acid is a reductant. FeSO4.11 (b) Sulfuric acid was first made in the Middle East by heating the mineral. 2FeSO4(s) → Fe2O3(s) + SO2(g) + SO3(g) mass of one mole of FeSO4 = 152 g number of moles of FeSO4 used number formed of moles of Fe2O3 = = = = = dm3 [6] [Total: 16] g g = mass of one mole of Fe2O3 mass of iron(III) oxide formed number of moles of SO3 formed volume of sulfur trioxide formed © UCLES 2009 0620/31/O/N/09 [Turn over www.

to give but-1-ene. It can be made by the fermentation of almost any form of biomass . by cracking. C10H22 → [2] (iii) Name the reagent that reacts with but-1-ene to form butan-1-ol. (a) But-1-ene can be obtained from alkanes such as decane. which is made from petroleum. C10H22.grain. Butan-1-ol can be manufactured from but-1-ene. (i) Give the reaction conditions.12 7 Butan-1-ol is used as a solvent for paints and varnishes. leaves etc. C10H22. [2] © UCLES 2009 0620/31/O/N/09 www. For Examiner's Use [2] (ii) Complete an equation for the cracking of decane. [1] (b) (i) Balance the equation for the complete combustion of butan-1-ol. .xtremepapers. to make esters and as a fuel. Biobutanol is a fuel of the future. C4H9OH + O2 → CO2 + H2O [2] (ii) Write a word equation for the preparation of the ester butyl methanoate.

(i) Draw the structural formula of propanol and of propanoic acid. hydrogen and propanoic acid.13 (c) The fermentation of biomass by bacteria produces a mixture of products which include biobutanol. propanol. as alternatives to petroleum? [1] (d) How could you show that butanol made from petroleum and biobutanol are the same chemical? [1] [Total: 13] © UCLES 2009 0620/31/O/N/09 [Turn over .xtremepapers. such as biobutanol. Show all the bonds. propanol For Examiner's Use propanoic acid [2] (ii) Why is it important to develop these fuels.

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www. but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included. .5 10 40 23 24 Na Aluminium Mg 13 51 52 55 56 59 59 64 65 70 Al 14 Si Silicon P Phosphorus S Sulfur Cl Chlorine Ar Argon Sodium Magnesium 11 12 15 73 75 16 79 17 80 18 84 39 40 45 48 K Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Ca 23 93 96 101 103 106 108 112 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn 31 Ga Gallium Ge Germanium As Arsenic Se Selenium Br Bromine Kr Krypton Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium 19 20 21 22 32 115 119 33 122 34 128 35 127 36 131 16 85 88 89 91 Rb Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver Sr 41 181 184 186 190 192 195 197 42 43 44 45 46 47 Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag 48 Cd Cadmium In Indium Sn Tin Sb Antimony Te Tellurium I Iodine Xe Xenon 0620/31/O/N/09 49 201 Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium 37 38 39 40 50 204 207 51 209 52 53 54 133 137 139 178 Cs Tantalum Iridium Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Platinum Ba 73 77 74 75 76 78 La Ta W Re Os Pt Hf Ir Au Gold Hg Mercury Tl Thallium Pb Lead Bi Bismuth Po Polonium At Astatine Rn Radon Caesium Barium Lanthanum Hafnium 55 56 57 * 72 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 226 227 University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. the publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity. Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES). which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge.DATA SHEET The Periodic Table of the Elements Group III 1 I H Hydrogen II IV V VI VII 0 4 He Helium 1 11 12 14 16 19 2 20 7 9 Li Boron Carbon Be 5 27 28 6 7 B C N Nitrogen O Oxygen F Fluorine Ne Neon Lithium Beryllium 3 4 8 31 32 9 140 141 144 150 152 157 159 162 165 Fr Ra Ac 167 169 173 175 Francium Radium Actinium 87 88 89 *58-71 Lanthanoid series 90-103 Actinoid series Ce Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Pr 59 60 238 61 Nd Pm 62 Sm Samarium Eu Europium Gd Gadolinium Tb Terbium Dy Dysprosium Ho Holmium Er Erbium Tm Thulium Yb Ytterbium Lu Lutetium 58 232 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 a a = relative atomic mass Key Th Thorium Protactinium Uranium X Pa 91 92 X = atomic symbol 90 U 93 Np Neptunium Pu Plutonium Am Americium Cm Curium Bk Berkelium Cf Californium Es Einsteinium Fm Fermium Md Mendelevium No Nobelium Lr Lawrencium b b = proton (atomic) number 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 The volume of one mole of any gas is 24 dm3 at room temperature and pressure (r.t.p.xtremepapers. Every reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders.).

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