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A[XS XOSTSF DVFD,F ZBLI[ S[ p;D[ HM ZMVA C{ JC CZJST SL 0F\8 0F\8 D[ GCL C{P ALJL;[ 0Z[

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vvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv
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G]:BF G\AZ o &o ALJLSM NM:T ;DH[ GMSZFGL GCLP
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TM N[BLI[ VF5S[ ;FZ[ NM:T VF5SM Km0 SZ V,U CM HFI[\U[P NM:TMS[ ;FY GMSZM H{;F AZTFJ SM.
VS,D\N .g;FG GCL SZ ;STFP
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NLG J N]gIFS[ V[TAFZ;[ AMV,L ;LGF H{;F CMP

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VFBLZ JC SL;S[ ;FDG[ I[ KM8F DM8F GFhGBZF SZ[m 3ZJF,MSM TM N]Z Km0 VF. C[PPPP UF,
Y5Y5FG[JF,F AF5 4 AF, ;JFZG[ JF,L DF 4DC\NL ,UFG[ JF,L CH],LIF TM AC]T N]Z C{ TM
VA JC SL;;[ V5GL SLDT 5]KJFI[m SL;S[ ;FDG[ D]C A;MZ[ S[ SM. p;SM DGFI[m PP
VI XM{CZ DMCTZD4 VA VF5G[ V5GL ALJLS[ DLhFHSM ;DH ,LIF VMZ p;S[ DLhFHS[
D]TFALS p;SM R,FGF VF UIF m
G]:BF G\AZ o $ U]0 GF NLHLI[ TM U]0 H{;L AFT TM SZ[PPP
VF5 .; VF;FG G]:B[ SF TH]ZAF TM SZS[ N[BLI[ .gXFV<<FFC VF5SL TDFD BFGUL
5Z[XFGLIF N]Z CM HFI[ULP ALJL VF5;[ NL,L DMCaAT SZG[ ,U[ULP4 ArR[EL VF5S[ ,C[H[
VMZ DL9L hAFG;[ D]TF;LZ CM SZ AFCZEL I[CL hAFG .:T[DF, SZ[\U[P4 SLTGF CL VCD
DFD,F CM SMXLX SZ[ S[ VF5 SF GZD ,CHF K]8G[ GF 5FI[P
A0L;[ A0L TFNALSF ZJF. AFh VM{SFT .TGL D]OLN ;FALT GCL CMTL HLTGL B]XUJFZ
VMZ GD” ,C[H[D[ ;DHF N[G[;[ BFTLZ bJFC GTFV[H AZVFDN CM ;ST[ C[P
VFHCL ;[ VF5 V5GF ,C[HF GZD AGF ,LHLI[P4 V5GL hAFG DL9L AGF ,LHLI[PJSTG A
JSTG NM:TM 4 p9G[ A[9G[JF,M VMZ ALJL J 3ZJF,M SM SC NLHLI[ S[ VUZ D[ZF ,C[HF ;BT
IF hAFG NL,BZFX CM TM D]H[ AFND[ ATF N[GFP OLZ pGS[ ATFG[S[ AFN V5GL .:,FC SL
SMXLX SZT[ ZCLI[P
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NFJF SZG[ JF,M 5Z I[ OZhEL VF.N CMTF C[ S[ JC V5G[ 3ZJF,M VMZ V5G[ ;FYLIMS[ ,LI[
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SM. SL;LSL NM{,T KLGTF C{m4 SM. SL;LSM SIF N[TF C{m 4;LO” XLZL S,FDLS[ AFV[; ;ASF
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;R 5]K[ TM SFDSL hIFNTL;[ ALJL .TGF GCL YSTL HLTGF CM;,F;SGL;[ YSTL C{Pp;SF
;FZF HMXJ J,J,F 9\0F 50 HFTF C{ VMZ V[V;FA -L,[ 50 HFT[ C{ VMZ p;SL hL\NUL A[
D];ZO 4 A[HFG DC[SL A[, SL TZC CM SZ ZC HFTL C{P
HL;S[ NL,D[ CL V[C;F; CM S[ ALJL BFG[ 5SFG[SL HM BLNDT V\HFD N[ ZCL C[ I[ p;SL XZ.
HLdD[NFZL GCL C{P TM JC p;S[ BFG[ 5SFG[ VMZ 3ZNFZL SL TFZLO SZ[UFPp;SL CL\DT AFV[UF VMZ p;SF CM;,F A-FV[UFP
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N[GF C[P BFGF 5SFGF p;SF Oh” C[4 VUZ VrKF BFGF 5SF ZCL C[ TM p; 5Z p;SL TFZLO
SZG[SL SIF h~ZT C{m V{;F Xb; p;SL SEL TFZLO GF SZ[UF4 VrKF BFGF 5SFG[ 5Z VMZ
SL;L DFD],L SMTFCL 5Z GDS SL hIFNTL IF RLGLSL SDL 5Z 3ZD[ T]OFG4 ANTDLhL AZ5F
SZ[UF VMZ ,\AF RM{0F HU0F X]~ SZ N[UFP
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CM;,FVOhF.SL bJFCLX HA CL hIFNF pEZTL C[ HAS[ p;SL V[,FGLIF CM;,F XLSGL SL
HF ZCL CM BM;];G N[JZFGL4 H[9FGL4 VMZ GG\N[ JU{ZF D];,;, p;S[ SFDD[ NBGF 0F, ZCL
CM VMZ hZF hZF;L AFT 5Z p;SL 5S0 SL HFTL CMP
I[ V[S h]<D S[ D]TZFNLO C{ 4 HL; SFDSL ;TF.X GCL SL HFTL VMZ p;SM XFAFX GCL SCF
HFTF IF V[S ,Oh X]S=LIFSF VNF GCL SLIF HFTF 4 p;SL NL,XLSGL SL HFTL C{P JC VS;Z
CLDT KM0 A[9TL C{P VMZ p;SL ;,FCLIT[ ;<A CM CMHFTL C{P
VFHCL;[ V5GF DFD], AGF ,LHLI[ S[ Km8[ Km8[ SFDM 5ZEL D;,G RFI AGFG[ 5Z 4
5FGLSF u,F; N[G[ 5Z4 NL, J hAFG;[ p;SF X]S=LIF VNF SZ[P OLZ N[BLI[ S[ ALJL S{;[ VF5SL

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SZ ;DHF.I[ S[ N[BM O,F EFELPPP ;A;[ DL,H], SZ ZCTL C{ D[ZL ACGSM N[BF ArRMSL
S{;L VrKL TZALIT SZ ZCL C[ VMZ T]DmPPP
.; TZC S[CG[;[ .;,FC GCL C]JF SZTLP .:,FC S[,LI[ DMCaAT4 V5GF5G4 G;LCT4
ZANFxT VMZ CDNNL” VMZ GZD S,FDL CMGL RFCLI[P T<B S,FDL VMZ ;bT AIFGL ;[ JST[
.:,FC pTGFCL N]Z CMHFTF C{ HLTGF DXZLS J DUZLAD[ OF;,F C{P

G]:BF G\AZ o Z o ALJLS[ ;L,;L,[D[ V5G[ D[IFZSM GLR[ ,F.I[P
VF5SL VS;Z I[ ;MR CMTL C{ S[ ALJL D[Z[ D[IFZ 5Z 5]ZL GCL pTZLP TM S;]Z p; UZLASF
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GLR[ SLHLI[P
Vf5 HA 3Z VFT[C[ TM VF5 BIF, SZT[ C[ S[ p;G[ VF5SF 5]ZB]X .:T[SAF, GCL SLIFP
SIF VF5SM V[C;F; C{ S[ JM A[RFZL 3ZU’C:TLS[ SFDMD[ SLTGF D;~O ZCLm
HZF V[S NLG 3ZSF D]SdDL, RFH” ;\EF, SZ N[BLI[ TM VF5SM DF,]D CMHFI[UF S[ JM VF5S[
TDFD SF DXLGSL TZC V\HFD N[TL C{P
VF5 BFGF 5SFG[ S[ ,LI[ V[S BFG;FDF ZBLI[ 4 3ZSL ;OF. S[ ,LI[ V[S D],FhLD 4 S50[
WMG[ S[ ,LI[ V[S ,M\0ZL VMZ ArRMSL GLU[CNFxTS[ ,LI[ V[S D,Fh[DF VMZ 3ZSL GLUZFGLS[
,LI[ V[S RMSLNFZ PPPDUZ NLBLI[PPP pG TDFD D],Fh[DMSL OM{HS[ AFJH]N 3ZSF ,HD J G]:S
V{;F GCL R,[UF H{;F S[ I[ DXLG R,F ZCL C{P ,[SLG VF5 S[ hCGL D[IFZD[ p;SL .G
BLNDFTSL SM. SLDT GCLP
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V5GL ALJLS[ 5MXLNF SDF,FTSM HLGSM B]NFG[ CIFSL RFNZ ;[ -F\S ZBF C[ 4 SEL hFSF\ CL
GCLPVF5 SEL V5G[ VX”;[ GLR[ pTZT[ TM p; OXL” Db,]SSM ;DHT[P
vvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv
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AC[TZLG CM VMZ V5G[ 3ZJF,MS[ CSD[ GZDTZLG CMP
G[SL VMZ A]h]UL” SF D[IFZ I[ GCL C[ S[ NOTZM D[ 4 NM:TMS[ DHD[ D[ 4 DHF,L; D[ 4 DNZ;M
VMZ D;FHLN D[ SMG S{;F GhZ VFTF C{4 A<S[ I[ S[ ALJL VMZ 3Z JF,M S[ ;FY GD” ATF”J
SL;SF C{P 3ZS[ V\NZ ;A|M TCDL, SF ;A]T SMG N[TF C{P H,]TD[ GCL B,]TD[ SM{G S{;F C{m
I[ D]:S]ZFGF4 C;GF4 AM,GF p;SL SMTFCL 5Z ;A| SZGF4 p;SL U,TLIM SM DFO SZGF4 U]:;F
AZNFxT SZGF4 p;SL TSF,LO J ZFCTSL AFT[ ;]GGF4 NL,HM.SL AFTM;[ p:S[NL,SM B]X
ZBGF4 p;SM XZ. CLHFA S[ ;FY 5FSLhF TOZLC S[ ,LI[ ,[ HFGF4 p;SM h[ABR” V5GL
J]:VT S[ V[TAFZ;[ N[ SZ p;SF CL;FA GF ,[GF S[ HCF RFC[ JC BR” SZ[P I[ TDFD AFT[ EL
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A0L CM U. VMZ SEL p;SL TALIT AHL AHL ,UL TM SZLAL ;C[,LIF p;S[ NL,SF Zfh
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V5GL TZO VF5SM D]TJHH[ SZG[ IF ;LO” V5G[ JH]NSL VF5S[ S<A J GhZD[ DhLN

HM XLITSL hL\NULS[ CZ X[A[D[ N]AFZF NLGSL TFhUL J XFNFALSL ACFZ ,FG[SF ;AA AGT[ C{
VF,D[ .:,FDSL 5[XFGL 5Z TA:;]DSL ,CZ NM0 HFTL C{P
VF,D[ .:,FDSL VMZT[ V5G[ GM{GLCF,M S[ GFD 5ZBG[;[ OBZ DC;]; SZTL C{P CjJFSL
A[8LIF AFZUFC[ .,FCL D[ N]VF SZTL C{ .,FCL D]H[ ,bT[ HLUZ VMZ G]Z[ GhZ DL,[ TM p;SF
GFD D]ZThF sD]TCZL f ZB]\UL ;FNLS s JhLZL f ZB]\UL4 hIGA J S],;]D ZB]\ULP
DMCTZD DMD[GF 4 CjJFSL A[8L4 CZ GI[ GM{GLCF, SL VFUMX VF5SL XFB 5ZEL CD SL;L
V{;[CL O],S[ D]gThLZ C{P VF5SL C:TL 5Z CD SL;L V{;LCL RC RCFTL C]. D{GFS[ D]gThLZ C{P
HL; AFUSM Z;], ;P J V.dDF VPD][ VMZ pGSL VM{,FNM G[ V5G[ B]G;[ ;{ZFA SLIF YF VFH
p; AFUS[ O], D]ZHFG[SM C{4 p;SL 3F;SM SM. B]G TM SIF V5G[ 5;LG[ ;[EL SM. ;{ZFA
SZG[JF,F GCLP C{ VF5D[ ;[ SM. HM .; AFUSM ;{ZFA SZ[m
HA SM. A\NF .<D CF;L, SZG[S[ ,LI[ 3Z;[ GLS,TF C{ TM B]NF V[ A]h]U” J AZTZ VX” ;[ GLNF
OZDFTF C{ S[ DZCAF4 VI D[Z[ A\N[ SIF T]H[ DF,]D C[ S[ T] SL; A,\NLSM CF;L, SZGF RFCTF C{
T]G[ SL; D\h[,TYSF .ZFNF SLIF C{ SIF T] D]SZZA OZLxTMSF T,AUFZ C{ S[ T] pGSF CD;Z
AGHFI[ P CF D{ T]H[ T[ZL D]ZFN TS 5C]\RF N]\UFP v CP Z;],[B]NF ;PVPJP
Vvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv
CPV,L VP;P;[ ;JF,SLIF UIF S[ G[SLSL TFZLO SIF C{m VF5 VP;P G[ .ZXFN OZDFIF o G[SL
I[ GCL C[ S[ T[ZF DF, S;LZ CM VMZ VM{,FN hIFNFP G[SL I[ C{ S[ T] V5G[ .<DD[ .hFOF SZ[ VMZ
T[ZF CL<D s A]N”AFZL f VhLD CMP
vvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv

XM{CZS[ VD,S[ ,LI[ RM{NF G]:B[P
G]:BF G\AZ o !
I[ AFT TI SZ,[ S[ ALJL4 DF VMZ ACGMSL V[S N];Z[S[ BL,FO AFT GCL ;]G[\U[P
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XLSFIT ;]G SZ AL,F TCSLS ALJLSM S]K GF SC[P
B]NFZF ALJL;[ ;]GL C]. AFTMSL JHC;[ V5GL JF,[NFSM SEL S]K GF SCLI[UFP JF,[NFSL VFC
GLS,G[;[ N]gIF J VFB[ZT NMGM AZAFN CMG[SF V\N[XF C{P JF,[NFSL JFS. U,TL ;FDG[ VFEL
HFI[ TM %IFZ J DMCaAT;[ ;DHFG[SL SMXLX SZ[ IF A0L ACGS[ hZLI[ JF,[NFSM ;DHF.I[P
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VF5S[ ;FDG[ ALJLSL SLTGL A0L U,TL EL AIFG SL HFI[ IF JF,[NF 4 ACGM IF EFELIF
VF5SL XLSFIT ,UFI[ TM p; JST T;ZZVG SM. VD,L SND GF p9F.I[4 p; JST ALJLSM
S]K GF SC[P SD;[ SD .TGF ;AZ SZ,[ S[ HL;D[ NM GDFhM SF JST U]hZ HFI[P IFGL VUZ
SM. AFT hMCZ{G S[ JST ;]GG[D[ VFTL C{ TM DUZ[A{G S[ AFN ;DHF.I[P VMZ VUZ DUZ[A{G S[
JST ;]GG[D[ VFTL C{ TM OH|S[ AFN ;DHF.I[P
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~G]DF CM\ULP VF5SL AFTSL SNZ EL SL CMUL VMZ VF5SL A]N”AFZL VMZ VS,D\NLSF l;SSF
HD[UF VMZ ALJL VF5SL AFT 5Z VD,EL SZ[ULP
VUZ ;DHFGFEL CM TM SMXLX SZ[ S[ AZFC[ZF:T GF ;DHF.I[P CZULh OM{ZG HFSZ ALJL;[ I[
GF SC[ S[ T]DG[ I[ SI] SCFm AC[G I[ SC ZCL YLPT]dC[ V{;F GCL SC[GF RFCLI[YFP JU{ZF JU{ZFP
A<S[ IFN ZBLI[ S[ Z;],[ .:,FD ;PS[ ;DHFG[SL VFNT I[ YL S[ HA SM. V{A SL;L Xb;D[
N[BT[ TM p;SF GFD GF ,[T[ 4 A<S[ I] OZDFT[ S[ s DF ALgGF; f cc ,MUMSM SIF C]JF C{ S[ JC
V{;F SZT[ C{mcc TM CD[EL ;LZT[ Z;], ;P 5Z VD, SZT[ C]J[ pD]DL AFT SCGF RFCLI[PP
D;,G SCLI[ S[ o N[BM AC]T;L VMZTMSM I[ A0L VFNT CMTL C{ S[ JC .WZSL AFT pWZ ,UFTL
C{4 I[ AC]T GF D]GF;LA AFT C{4 D]H[ V{;F SZG[JF,M,;[ AC]T RL0 CMTL C{P ,[CFhF T]D .;;[
HZF ARGFP VZ[EF. SM. V5G[ 3ZSL AFT N];ZMSM ATFTF C{m I[ TM CNNZHF CLDFST C{
T]DEL V{;F GF SZGFPPP A<S[ D]H[TM T]D5[ 5]ZF V[TAFZ C{ S[ T]D TM SEL V{;F GF SZTL CMULP

I[ N]VF TF,LD SL U. C{o J,F THV, OL SM,]AMGF UL<,G ,L<,hLG VFDG] ZaAGF .gGS ZMpO]Z
ZCLDP s ;]PCzZ VFP !_f TZH]DFo CDFZ[ NL,D[ .DFG JF,M SL TZO;[ SLGF GF CMG[ NLHLI[ VI
CDFZ[ ZA VF5 A0[ XOLS J ZCLD C{P .; ,LI[ S[ pG NM D[ Z\HLX4 ;LO” NM D[ GCL A<S[ ;M D[ Z\HLX
CMG[SF ;AA AG ;STL C{P .;G NM SL ,0F. ;M SL ,0F. AG ;STL C{P NMGM BFGNFGMD[ ,0F. AG
;STL C{P 5]Z[ BFGNFG SF XLZFhF ALBZ ;STF C{P G. G:, s VM{,FN f TAFCLS[ SLGFZ[ 5C]\R ;STL
C{P
vvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv
JFHLAFT AHF ,FG[S[ AFN ;A;[ VrKF VD, ,MUMS[ NZDLIFG ;]<C J ;GF. SZFG[ S[ ;LJF S]K
GCL C{P v CPZ;],[ B]NF ;PVPJP
vvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv
G]:BF G\AZ o !$
XM{CZ VMZ VM{,FNSMEL NLGNFZ AGF.I[P
VM{SFT[ DMSZZ[ZFD[ pgCL GDFh J ZMhF IFN NL,FTL C{P
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ZC[P AC]TCL CSLDFGF VMZ %IFZ[ V\NFh;[ VFCL:TF VFCL:TF TTLA S[ ;FY JST VMZ DM{S[ SM N[BT[
C]J[ NLG;[ GhNLS ,FG[S[ ,LI[ SFD SZTL ZC[P I[ VF5SF XM{CZ VMZ V5G[ ArRM 5Z AC]T A0F
VC[;FG CM\UFPhIFNFTZ ALJLIF NLGL C]S]S ;[ V[S SMTFCL I[ SZTL C{ S[ DN”SM HCgGDSL VFU;[
ARFG[SL SMXLX GCL SZTLP IFGL p;SL S]K 5ZJFC GCL SZTLS[ DN” CDFZ[ ,LI[ SDF. SZG[D[ CZFD
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V[CT[ZFh GCL SZTF VUZ V{;F C{ TM VF5 p;[ ;DHF.I[PS[ T]D CZFD J DXS]S VFDNFGL DT
,FIF SZM CD C,F,SL R8GL ZM8L 5Z U]hFZF SZ ,[U[ P .; TZC VUZ DN” GDFh GF 5-TF CM ZMhF
GF ZBTF CM TM p;SM AL,S], G;LCT GCL SZTLP CF,FS[ V5GL Uzh VMZ V5G[ OFIN[ S[ ,LI[
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VM{,FNSM ;DHF.I[ S[ CD ;LO” BFG[ SDFG[ S[ ,LI[ N]gIFD[ GCL VFI[ 4 S]K JST NLG[ B]NFSMEL NMP
p;S[ ,LI[EL S]K JST GLSF,MP D:HLNMD[ HFVM4 VM,DFVMS[ N;”D[ XLZST SZM4 Ta,LUFTS[
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VMZ B]N VF5EL GDFhM VMZ TL,FJT VMZ T:ALC S[ ,LI[ JST GLSF,[PVMZ ;DH[ S[ VF5SF SFD
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VM{,FN G[S CM HFI[\ULP VMZ HCF G[SLIF CM JCF ,09F. Hu0[ VMZ O;FN SL HU[C CL GCL CM\ULP
SI]\SL VUZ VF5 G[SMSFZ GF AG[ VM{,FN VMZ XM{CZ SM SF NLG S[ ;L,;L,[D[ BIF, GF SLIF 4 ASNZ[
h~ZT .<D[NLG CF;L, GF SLIF TM IFN ZBLI[ V{;L HFCL, DFVMSL UMND[ V{;[ O], GCL BL,F SZT[
O]h], BR” 9GLIM 5Z V{;[ SLDTL 5ZL\N[ GCL A{9F SZT[P
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B]NFSL G[VDTMS[ GFSNZNF 8LPJLP VMZ RM8LIM 5Z VFD[GF ALgT[ CMNF H{;[ C:TLIMSF Z\U GCL EZF
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HM VF,D S[ .g;FGMSM ,5SG[ VMZ A,BFG[ S[ V\NFh ;LBFT[ pGSL VFUMX V{;L hFT[ ULZFDLS[
JTG GCL AGF SZT[P HL;SF hZF” hZF” VhDT VMZ TSNN]; SF CFDL, CMTF C{ HLGS[ CFYM hDFGF
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VF5 ATF.V[ HA XM{CZ I[ AFT[ ;]G[UF TM SLTGL CL\DT p;D[ 5{NF CMUL .G 5Z[XFGLIMD[
p;SM V[S G. ZFC NLBF. N[ULP p:SF UD B]XLD[ AN, HFI[UF JZGF p:S[ AZBL,FO DVFXL
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B]NFS[ ZFhL CMG[SF ;AA CM HFI[Pcc
CPV.XF OZDFTL C{ S[ HLTGF ZxS D]H[ CPBNLHF ;P5Z C]JF pTGF Z;],]<,FC SL SL;L
ALJL 5Z GF C]JF CF,F S[ D{G[ pgC[ N[BFEL GF YFP >tG[ ZxS SL JHC I[ YL S[ Z;], ;P
SZLD VS;Z pGSF hLS= SLIF SZT[ Y[PVMZ Vf5 SF N:T]Z I[ YF S[ HA VF5 SM. ASZL
haC OZDFT[ TM CP BNLHF SL ;C[,LIMSM pgSF UMxT ATM{Z CNLIF E[HF SZT[ Y[P
V[S NLG VF5 ;PVPJP G[ pGSF ThS[ZF SLIF TM D{G[ Vh”” SLIF pGSF ThS[ZF VF5 SI]
.tGF hIFNF SZT[ C{m V<,FCG[ pG;[ A[CTZ VF5SM N[ NLIF C{ TM VF5G[ OZDFIF o
V<,FC SL S;D4 p;S[ AFN V<,FC G[ D]H[ NLIF p;;[ AC[TZ GCL C{P JC p; JST
.DFG ,F. HA ,MU VEL SFOLZ Y[4 pgCMG[ p; JST D[ZL T;NLS SL HA VM{ZMG[ D]H[
H]9,F NLIF4 p; JST V5GF DF, D]H5Z GLKFJZ SLIF HA ,MUMG[ D]H[ DC[~D SZ
ZBFYF4 V<,FC p;;[ VM{,FN NL SL;L VM{Z ;[ GCL NLcc
sCZS[ BLNDT SZNFZ DBN]D X]Nf HL;G[ BLNDT SL JC ;ZNFZ AGF
s OS]GL ,C] VFDTMC] IS]GM ,S VaNGf TM p;SL SGLh AG HFVM JC T[ZF TFA[NFZ
U],FD AG SZ ZC[UFP
5Z; VUZ ALJL I[ RFCTL C{ SL D[ZF XM{CZ D[Z[ SCG[ D[ ZC[ 4 D[ZF U],FD AG HFI[ TM
IFN ZbB[ S[ p; SM XM{CZ 5Z VC[;FG SZGF CMUFP p:SL BTFVMSM NZU]HZ SZGF
CMUFP U],FD AGFGF U],FD AGG[ ;[ CMTF C{P 5C,[ VD,G AF\NL AG HFI[ JC B]N A
B]N U],FD AG HFI[\UFP DMCaAT DMCaATSM B[\RTL C{P .TFVT .TFVT SM B[\RTL C{P
;ZSXL 4 AN hAFGL 4AN S,FDL4 GOZT VMZ hU0MSM B[|R SZ ,FTL C{P
G]:BFG\P Z
HL4 CFP PPPPPP I[ ,Oh AM,GF ;LB,[
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PPPPHL CF .gXFV<,FC h~Z R,[\U[P VUZ XM{CZSF SL;L TSZLAD[ HFG[SF NL, GCL
RFCTF ZCFPPP TM SC[ HL CF AL,S], GCL HFp\UL4 H{;F VF5 SC[\U[ J{;FCL CMUFP Vf5
D[Z[ XM{CZ C{ VF5SL AFT D]SNND C{P Vf5 AL,S], UD G SZ[ Vf5 H{;F SC[\U[ J{;FCL
CMUFP VA VUZ HFG[SM hIFNF CL NL, RFC ZCF C{ TM .; NM{ZFG NM ZSFT GDFh 5SZ B]NF;[ N]VF SZ[ v VI V<,FC ;FZ[ .g;FGMS[ NL, VF5SL NM p\U,LIM D[ C{ Vf5
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VM{Z OLZ HA XM{CZ SF U]:;F 9\0F CMHFI[ TM p; JST GZDL;[ SC[ D]GF;LA CMTF
VUZ Vf5 D]H[ .; XFNLD[ HFG[SL .HFhT N[ N[P VFH pGS[ 3ZD[ B]XLSF DM{SF C{ D{
GF HFp\UL TM pGSL B]XL D]SDDL, GF CM\UL VUZ Vf5 .HFhT N[ N[ TM DC[ZAFGL
CMUL\PVUZ JMC OLZEL GF DFG[ TM ;A| SZ,[PPP ,[SLG R\N pD]Z D[ CL pGSL DFG ,[G[;[

VUZ VF5 D[I[ ;LOFT C{m
TM VF5 h~Z VFHEL VFND VPS[ p; A[8[ S[ ,LI[ CjJF SL A[8L C{P
p;S[ ,LI[ hM{HFV[ ;F,[C 4 G[S ALJL4 p;SL VF\BMSL 9\0S4 NL,SL ZFCT 4 ;ZDFIFV[ ;[CT
4D]CFOLh[ .DFG4 GL:O NLG4 p:SL CDZFh4 p:SL D]B,L; NM:T VF5 C{4 ISLG SLHLI[ VF5CL C{
JMC VF5SM V5GL SA| VMZ B]NF S[ ;FDG[ B0[ CMG[SL OLSZ SZG[ VMZ N];ZL VM{ZTM VMZ ArRMD[
NLG O{,FG[ VMZ .DFG VMZ .:,FD SM N]gIFD[ hL\NF SZG[SLEL OLS=;[ HggTD[ VF5SF ;FY RFCTF C]\
IFN ZBLI[ .:,FDD[ VrKL ALJL SF D[IFZ I[ GCL S[ JC SF,[H;[ V5GL 0LU|LIF IF 0L%,MDF ,[ SZ
GLS,[ HM HM B]N DN”MS[ CSD[ EL VA A[SFZ CM R]SL C{PD[IFZ VFB[ZT SL SFDLIFAL C{P
JMC hAFG HM C\D[XF ;R SCTL C{ p; hAFG D]AFZS SF .ZXFN C{ SL cc VI VM{ZTM4 IFN ZbBM S[
T]D D[;[ HM VM{ZT[ G[S C{ JC G[S DNM”;[ 5C,[ HgGTD[ 5CM\R HFI[\UL cc
DMCTZD BJFTLG 4 VM{Z SM{G;L OhL,T VF5 RFCTL C{ m HgGTD[ DNM”;[ 5C,[ TM VF5 5CM\R
U.4 CF V,AtTF G[S AG HFGF XZT C{ VMZ I[ SM. D]xSL, GCLP
CF V,AtTFPPPP VUZ JCL 5]ZFGL ZJLX AZSZFZ ZbBLPPPP JCL ANS,FDL PPP ANhAFGLPPP
GFOZDFGLPPP
TM OLZ p; DMCdDN[ ;FNLS[ Z;], SF .ZXFN ;]GLI[PP OZDFT[ C{v SL cc S]K ,MU V{;[ C[ HLgSL GF
TM GDFh SA], CMTL C{ GF SM. VMZ G[SL4 pG D[;[ V[S JC VM{ZT C{ HL;;[ p;SF XM{CZ GFZFh CM
cc
V[S VM{Z DSFD 5Z OZDFT[ C{o SL cc N]gIFD[ HA SM. VM{ZT V5G[ XM{CZ SM ;TFTL C{ TM HM C]Z
SIFDT D[ p; XM{CZ SL ALJL AG[UL\ JMC I] SCTL C{ SL s p;SM DT ;TF4 I[ TM T[[Z[ 5F; DCDFG
C{4 YM[0[CL NLGM D[ T]HSM KM0 SZ CDFZ[ 5F; VF HFI[UFfcc
V{;LCL VMZTM;[ ARG[S[ ,LI[ N]VF DF\UL U. C{Pcc VI V<,FC 4 D[ VF5SL 5GFC RFCTF C]\ V{;L
ALJL ;[ HM D]h[ A]-F5[SL pDZ TS 5C]\RG[;[ 5C,[ CL A]-F SZN[cc
V{;F GF CM SL H{;[ V[S XM{CZ V5GL ALJL ;[ SCTF C{ S[ D[Z[ .gT[SF,S[ AFN T]D N];ZL XFNL SZ
,[GFP JC 5]KTL C{ SI]m TM SCTF C{ S[ TFS[ N];Z[ XM{CZ SM DF,]D CM HFI[ S[ D[ZF >tGL H<NL
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IF V{;F GF CM SL H{;[ V[S ;FCA S[ CM9 SF,[ CM ZC[ Y[ TM SL;LG[ JHC 5]KL TM SCF A{UD ,FCMZ
HF ZCLYL TM OZT[ D];ZZT ;[ p;S[ HFG[ SL B]XL D[ A[SFA] CM SZ D[{G[ 8=.GS[ 0LaA[SM R]D ,LIF
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SCF CD VA WZ{,] D;FV[, S[ AFZ[D[ V[VNFT J ;]DFZ ;[ SFD ,[T[ C{P .;L ,LI[ D[ VF5 ,MUM;[
NZBF:T SZTF C]\ S[ DC[OL,D[ DM{H]N JC ,MU B0[ CM HFI[ HM V5GL ALJLIM S[ h],D ;[ T\U C{P I[
;]GGF YF SL TDFD ,MU p9 B0[ C]J[ DUZ V[S Xb; V5GL HUC A{9F ZCFP I[ N[B SZ NFG[xJZ G[
SCF B]NFSF X]S= C{ S[ CDFZL DC[OL, D[ V[S Xb; TM V{;F C{ HM V5GL ALJL;[ B]X C{P I[ ;]GGF YF
S[ p; Xb; G[ SCF o HGFA V{;F GCL C{4 D{ p9 GCL ;STF SI]\SL S, D[ZL ALJLG[ D[ZL 8F\U Tm0 NL
C{PPPP
TM .; TZC VM{ZT SL ANDLhFHL ;[ 5]ZL hL\NUL 5]ZL hL\NUL 5Z[XFGL VMZ UDL CL D[ U]hZTL C{P
VI DN” SL DMVgG; 4 UDbJFZ VUZ VF5 V5G[ 3ZSM HgGT SF GD]GF G N[BGF RFCTL C{ TM
VF5 SM S]K SZGF 50[UF HgGT I]CL GCL CF;L, CM HFTL .:S[ ,LI[ p;], C{4 S]K G]:B[ C{P
cc hL\NULD[ SM. VhDT GCLC[ DUZ NM VFNDLIMSL4 V[S VF,LD[ AFVD,4 N];Z[ .;SM UM{ZS[ ;FY
;]GSZ IFN SZ,[G[ JF,[ S[ ,LI[Pv CP Z;],[ B]NF ;PVPJP

XF.:TF CM{Z CHFZ GFXF.:TF DZNM ;[ ACTZ C{P HM VM{ZT EL XM{CZSL E,F.S[ ,LI[ ;FT
NLG SFD SZTL C{ V<,FC p; 5Z HCgGDS[ ;FT NZJFh[ A\W SZ N[TF C{PVMZ HgGTS[ VF9
NZJFh[ BM, N[TF C{ S[ JC HL; NZJFh[ ;[ EL RFC[ HgGTD[ NFBL, CM HFI[P
5FGLSF V[S 3]\8EL DN”S[ CFY D[ N[TL C{ TM JC V[S ;F, SL D]:TCA .AFNT HL;D[ JC NLGD[
Zmh[ ZB[ VMZ ZFTSM GDFh VNF SZ[ p;;[ ACTZ C{P
VM{ZT V5G[ XM{CZ S[ ,LI[ ,hLh ULhF T{IFZ SZTL C{ V<,FC TVF,F HgGTD[ p;S[ ,LI[
SL;D SL;DS[ BFG[ T{IFZ SZ[UF VMZ OZDFV[UF B]A BFVM VMZ 5LVM I[ hCDT SL HhF C{
HM T]DG[ N]GLIFSL hL\NULD[ AZNFxTSL C{P
VI VM{ZT VF5CL DN” S[ 3ZSL DF,LS C{P A; V5G[ CZ V\NZ JM ;LOFT 5{NF SZ,[ S[ OLZ NLG
SL ZLVFIT SZT[ C]V[ DN” VF5SL CZ AFT DFG ,[P
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C;LG U],FASL TZC C{4 ,[SLG p; U],FASM CF;L, SZG[S[ ,LI[ VF5SM SFG]GMSF DhF RBGF
CMUFP 5C,[ V5G[ V\NZ p;SL ;,FCLIT VM{Z .:T[VNFN 5{NF SGL 50[ULP
3ZSL ZFGL AgG[ ;[ 5C,[ VF5M SL;L CN TS AF\NL AGGF CMUFP
{p; U],FAL TFHSM 5CGG[ ;[ 5C,[ VF5SM 3ZD[ SF\8MSF TFH ACGGF CMUFPICL S]NZTSF
SFG]G VMZ N]gIF SF GLhFD C{P
cc ;]B”~ CMTF C{ .g;FG 9MSZ[ BFG[S[ AFN
Z\U ,FTL C{ CLGF 5yYZ5[ 3L; HFG[S[ AFNcc
;ZDFG[ SCF D]H 5Z .tGF h]<D SI]\ SZT[ CM S[ .tGF hIFNF 5L;T[ CM
5L;G[JF,[G[ HJFA NLIF T]H[ .; ,LI[ hIFNF 5L; ZCF C]\ S[ SFAL, CM HFI[P
VI G[S ALJL VF5 .g;FGLITS[ ,LI[ pdDLN SL V[S SLZG C{4 5; V5G[ VF5SM NLGNFZ4
AF5NF”4 GDFhL AGF.V[P V5G[ DM<,[SL VM{ZTM4 ZLxT[NFZM SM NLG 5Z VD, SZG[ VMZ p;SM
RFZNFU VF,DD[ O{,FG[ JF,F AGF.V[P B]NF VF5SM G[S AGFI[ VMZ V5G[ XM{CZS[ ,LI[ N]gIF
J VFB[ZT D[ VF\BMSL 9\0S AGFVI[P
SI]\SL I[ VFND VF5S[ NL,S[ VF.G[D[ V5GL DMCaAT N[BGF RFCTF C{P
VF5CLSL hAFG ;[ p;SF .hCFZ RFCTF C{P
VF5CL SL D]:S]ZFC8;[ p;SF .hCFZ RFCTF C{Pp:SL TZO;[ SM. S0JL AFT CM HFI[ TM
VF5SL TZO;[ ;A|JF,F TZH{ VD, RFCTF C{P
VF5S[ D]C;[ AL,[C]J[ SM{;Z J TA:;]D;[ NC,[ C]J[ AM Dl9[ AM,M;[ V5GL ALDFZLSL XOF
RFCTF C{P
VF5SL .TFVT J BLNDT;[ V5GL HJFGLSL ASF RFCTF C{P
VF5SL DFD],L;L TJHHMC;[ V5GL YSFJ8SL N]ZL RFCTF C{P
N]gIFS[ CZ UD VMZ CZ 5Z[XFGLD[ VF5S[ DxJ[Z[;[ T;<,L VMZ TXOOL RFCTF C{P
VF5SL GDFhM hLS= VMZ TL,FJTSL 5FA\NL;[ VF\BMSL 9\-S RFCTF C{P
VF5S[ C]:G[ VB,FS ;[ V5G[ ArRMSL TZALIT RFCTF C{P
VF5S[ C]:G[ DVFX[ZT;[ V5G[ DF AF5 VMZ ZLxT[NFZMSL N]VF RFCTF C{P
V5G[ NM:TMSL ALJLIMSF .SZFD VMZ 50M;SL VMZTMS[ ;FY VrK[ AZTFJ;[ DVFXZ[D[
V5GF DSFD VMZ ~TAF A,\N RFCTF C{P
VF5SL SGFVT VMZ N]gIFSL YM0L;L RLhM 5Z ZFhL ZCG[ ;[ hIFNF SDF. S[ H]d,M;[ VFhFNL
RFCTF C{P
VF5S[ ;FO ;]YZ[ ZCG[ 4 R]:T 4 RFS J RMA\N ZCG[ VMZ ;FO ,LAF; 5CGG[;[ V5GL VF\BMSL
BIFGT IFGL GFD[CZDM 5Z GLUFC 50G[;[ CLOFhT RFCTF C{P

ALJL S[ VD, S[ ,LI[ RM{NF D]HZZA G]:B[
CPVFND VP HA HgGTD[ TXZLO ,FT[ C{ TM AFU[ HgGT SF 5tTF 5tTF VGJFZ[ .,FCL ;[ DFVD]Z
YF V,TFO[ SLAZLIF. SF SND SND 5Z hC]Z YF VMZ CZ TZO G[VDTMSL AFZLX YL ,[SLG OLZEL
VFND VP V5G[ NL,SF V[S SMXF BF,L 5FT[ C{ SL;L RLhSL SDL DC;]; SZT[ C[m ,[CFhF OLZ CP
VFND 5Z GJFHLXM VM[Z A1FLXM SL TSDL, C]. VMZ XM{CZS[ ,LI[ V[S ALJL SL C:TL ;FDG[
VF.P
VUZ VM{ZT GF CM TM SFZBFGFV[ TDNLG CL BTD CM SZ ZC HFV[
5]ZL .g;FGL TChLA pH0 SZ ZC HFV[P
VI VM{ZT VF5 NM{hB H{;[ 3Z SM EL HgGT AN, ;STL C{P
VF5 RFC[ TM OSLZ SM NM{,TD\N VMZ NM{,TD\N SM OSLZ AGF N[P
DN”SF ;]B VF5S[ SNDM D[ C{P VF5 DN” SF GL:O h]H VMZ p;SF VFWF .DFG C{
TDFD DhCAL .g;FG4 VJ,LIF4 SMCDFV4 V.dDFC ICF TS S[ B]NFS[ 5{UdAZ EL VF5SM DF
SCT[ C{ VMZ VF5 SLCL UMNLD[ 5,T[ C{P
VF5 CL S[ SNDM T,[ HgGT C{P
N]gIFSL .gT[CF V5GF 3Z VMZ 3ZSL .gT[CF VM{ZT C{P
G[S VM{ZT S[ AU{Z 3Z A{SFZ VMZ D];LATBFGF C{P
V[S G[S VFDF, VM{ZT ;TZF VJ,LIF ;[ AC[TZ C{P
V[S ANVFDF, VM{ZT ChFZ ANVFDF, DZNM;[ ANTZ C{P
V[S CFD[,F VM{ZT SL NM ZSFT GDFh U{Z CFD[,F SL V:;L ZSFT ;[ AC[TZ C{P
HM VM{ZT V5G[ ArRMSM N]W 5L,FTL C{ p;[ V<,FC TVF,F V[SV[S A]\N 5Z G[SL VTF SZTF C{
HA XM{CZ 5Z[XFG CF, 3Z VFI[ VMZ p;SL ALJL p;[ B]XVFDNLN SC[ VMZ T;<,L N[ TM V<,FC
p; VM{ZT SM GL:O H[CFN SF ;JFA VTF OZDFTF C{
HM VM{ZT V5G[ ArR[S[ ZMG[ ;[ ZFT EZ GF ;M ;S[ V<,FC TVF,F p;SM AL; U],FDM SM VFhFN
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HM VM{ZT GDFh4ZMhF4 SL 5FA\NL SZ[ VMZ 5FSNFDG ZC[ VMZ V5G[ XM{CZ SL TFA[NFZL SZ[ p; SM
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HM VM{ZT V5G[ ArR[SL ALDFZL SL JHC;[ GF ;M ;S[ VMZ V5G[ ArR[SM VFZFD N[G[SL SMXLX
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SF ;JFA DL,TF C{P
HM VM{ZT CFD[,F CM p;SL ZFT .AFNT VMZ NLG ZMh[ D[ X]DFZ CMTF C{P
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ArR[ ZFTSM ZMI[ VMZ DF AU{Z A]ZFE,F SC[ p;SM N]W 5L,FI[ TM p;SM V[S ;F,SL GDFhM VMZ
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VM{ZT SF BFJL\N {;;[ ZFhL C]JF VMZ JC .gT[SF, SZ HFV[ TM HgGT p;5Z JFHLA CMUL[
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ALALSL BLNDFT SF VC[;F; SZ[
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V5GF DSFD 5CRFGLI[ hGD]ZLN GF AG[P
G]:BF G\P !! o
ALALSM NLGNFZ AGF.V[ DUZ B]N NLGNFZL KM0[ AU{Z
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G]:BF G\P !# o
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;F; ;;]Z VM{Z 3ZS[ NLUZ VOZFN S[ VD, S[ ,LI[ RM{NF G]:B[ o
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;F; ;;]Z IF 3ZD[ ZCG[JF,[ VOZFN ;]Z[ ASZC V5G[ VM{Z 3ZJF,M 5Z
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CD DLHFh A[8[ VM{Z AC] SM ;FY SM ;FY ZBLI[P
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