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ship; * the angle of heel at any instant. The righting lever GZ depends on the ship¶s KG, but because of the many possible positions of G it is convenient to consider the GZ that would exist if G was at the keel, termed KN, and to make a correction for the actual height of G above the keel.

U

G

U

Z

B

1

K

N

Correction to KN KN Curves (MAR Rev. 03/01/01) 1

03/01/01) 2 . An example of such values is given.(KG Sine U) Cross curves of stability (KN curves) are provided by the builder to allow GZ values to be determined for any value of displacement and KG. Sometimes the values may be tabulated. KN Curves (MAR Rev. It is usual that KN values are given for angles of heel at 10° or 15° intervals.If the figure is considered: Sine U = OPP HYP Therefore: and: Sine U = Correction to KN KG Correction to KN = KG v Sine U GZ = KN .

4 7.65 4.29 6.50 7.30 7.75 3000 .20 7.82 0500 . 8 5.77 2500 .40 7.48 5.40 7.98 2.00 4. 8 7. 0 5.66 75 7. 8 7.5 7.60 7.36 3.58 4.72 AR R HU 20 2. 3 7.55 4. but it should be borne in mind that the rate of change of KN will not be linear.DI AN AC M N (t) 2 5000 . 5 6.98 2.78 2000 .57 5000 2.70 4. 5 4.79 4.65 R CA -D R 40 50 5.22 7.28 6.43 3.62 4.24 7.35 5.05 7.32 6000 2. 0 6.72 4500 .75 4.22 6500 2.9 6.78 500 .72 6.70 3.45 7.28 3.32 7.4 7.80 000 .90 6.25 5.79 6. 5 3.43 7.95 7.73 5.85 4.93 9500 9000 2.98 6.55 5. 0 7.30 7.48 7.83 4.78 5.24 6.74 3500 .27 7.42 7.32 H 30 4. 6 7. 8 7.38 7.58 7. 8 6.63 4.65 7.93 6.00 7.35 7.35 7. 6.68 7.36 7.04 5.68 5.22 6.08 7.70 7.55 7.40 7.53 7. N AN 60 6.05 3.58 5. 2 3. 03/01/01) 3 .25 7.62 3.83 6.20 7.45 5.28 7.26 6.00 3.46 7.04 6.02 6.99 3.23 3. 0 7500 2.50 7.42 5500 2.70 7. KN Curves (MAR Rev.98 2. 7 7000 2.52 7.83 0000 .03 3. 9 3.70 7.22 7.88 6.00 5.5 4.27 6.25 7.93 6.86 .98 6.00 8500 2.20 6.48 4.30 N Y.07 6.85 6.08 7.05 8000 2.9 5.52 3.73 4000 .5 7.50 N A U AND D R N A U AR CA CU A AND IX D RIM N Note When KN values are tabulated as shown interpolation for displacements other than those stated may be done.

This will indicate the initial trend of the curve at small angles of heel and will assist in sketching the actual curve between the origin and the first plotted GZ value. Plot the GZ values.Procedure for constructing a curve of statical stability 1. Determine the ship¶s displacement and effective KG for the condition being considered (effective KG being that taking into account free surfaces in tanks).(KG Sine U) values for angles of heel given. 2. Find GMFLUID using: G =K . Before joining all the points on the curve construct a vertical at 57. 6. 03/01/01) 4 determine GZ . From this point draw a straight line to the origin of the curve to be drawn. Using: GZ = KN . 7. (GZ and GM are closely related at small angles of heel.KG 4. From hydrostatic data find value of KM for ship¶s displacement.) KN Curves (MAR Rev. 5. 3. Enter KN tables (or curves) and obtain KN value in metres for each angle of heel given.3° and from the base upwards mark off the value of the effective GM (using the GZ scale).

Intact stability requirements . X° is equal to 40° or any lesser angle at which progressive down-flooding would take place.S. ° FLUI D * * * * * * Area 0° to 30° to be not less than 0. 03/01/01) 5 . Maximum GZ to be not less than 0. (Load Line) Regulations 1998 GZ (m) G ° ° EEL .03 m-r. Area 30° to X° to be not less than 0. Area 0° to X° to be not less than 0.09 m-r.20 m and to occur at an angle of heel not less than 30°. Initial GM to be not less than 0.15 m. KN Curves (MAR Rev.055 m-r.M.

04 5.74 2.05 2. Obtain a value for 10° heel so that GZ values are available at 10° intervals up to 40° heel.94 0.28 0.24 GM 30 4.08 -0. Determine the GZ values.22 m and a KM of 8.88 6. 3.07 8. 1.32 40 6.20 7.76 50 6.54 20 3.12 7.40°) KN Curves (MAR Rev.78 1.71 0.Procedure to verify that a ship¶s loaded condition complies with legislation requirements Consider the following example: A ship has a displacement of 12000 t.00 KM 12 1.81 0.58 60 75 7. (Load Line) Regulations 1998. KG 8. KG 8.40° and 30°. Using the KN values provided determine whether the ship¶s loaded condition complies with the requirements of the M.S.54 m.30° and 0°. 03/01/01) 6 .11 0.65 4.30 0.54 0.00 GZ (m) 0.00 (KG Sin Heel) 0. Plot the GZ curve. Using Simpson¶s rules calculate the areas under the curve (0°.20 7.22 HEEL 0 KN (m) 0.

76 3.48 2.47 .22 = 0.28 0.3 v 3.07 0.096 m-r (0.68 Area = 1/3 v 10/57.15) S IP CO PLIES 7 KN Curves (MAR Rev.24 0.2 0.Area 0°. Effective GM KM .KG = GM.72 0.118 m-r (0.214 m-r (0.47 = 0. Area = 3/8 v 10/57. 03/01/01) .54 3 3 re 0 0.3 v 1.32 m (0.24 0.07 0.54 0.16 0.03) Max GZ and angle at which it occurs Satisfies the requirements.090) Area 30°.214 .76 1 4 2 4 1 ea Fn.30° Hee 0 0 20 30 r 0 0.055) Area 0°. 0 0. 8.54 .096 = 0.8.0.68 = 0.54 .40° Heel 0 10 20 30 40 GZ ( ) 0 0.40° Area = 0.

15°.4. Minimum GZ for any angle of heel U: up to the angle of progressive down-flooding Uf. These areas are to be measured from the upright position to an angle of heel not exceeding either the angle of progressive down-flooding (Uf) or the second intercept of the righting arm and heeling arm curves whichever is lesser. v . whichever is least to be given by: Minimum GZ = . Angle of steady wind heel not to exceed 15r. or. 03/01/01) 8 * . * * Minimum GM to be not less than 0.5 m/sec (100 Knots) KN Curves (MAR Rev..Department of the Environment and Regions GZ (m) Angle of steady wind heel Area A Area Area B B EEL Uf * The ratio of the area under the righting arm (GZ) curve to that under the wind heeling arm curve to be not less than 1.30 m. (Based on a wind velocity of 51.Intact stability requirements . or. angle of maximum righting lever. Sin U.

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Ship Construction notes on Static Stability.
All T&C as per Owners Recommendations.
For Information use only.
http://marinenotes.blogspot.com

Ship Construction notes on Static Stability.

All T&C as per Owners Recommendations.

For Information use only.

http://marinenotes.blogspot.com

All T&C as per Owners Recommendations.

For Information use only.

http://marinenotes.blogspot.com

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