Lab 11.6.

1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab

Learning Objectives
Upon completion of this lab, you will be able to: Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state Perform basic configuration tasks on a router Configure and activate interfaces Configure OSPF routing on all routers Configure OSPF router IDs Verify OSPF routing using show commands Configure a static default route Propagate default route to OSPF neighbors Configure OSPF Hello and Dead Timers Configure OSPF on a Multi-access network Configure OSPF priority Understand the OSPF election process Document the OSPF configuration

Scenarios
In this lab activity, there are two separate scenarios. In the first scenario, you will learn how to configure the routing protocol OSPF using the network shown in the Topology Diagram in Scenario A. The segments of the network have been subnetted using VLSM. OSPF is a classless routing protocol that can be used to provide subnet mask information in the routing updates. This will allow VLSM subnet information to be propagated throughout the network.

In the second scenario, you will learn to configure OSPF on a multi-access network. You will also learn to use the OSPF election process to determine the designated router (DR), backup designated router (BDR), and DRother states.

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CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF

Lab 11.6.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab

Scenario A: Basic OSPF Configuration Topology Diagram

Addressing Table Device Interface
Fa0/0 R1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 R2 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 R3 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 PC1 PC2 PC3 NIC NIC NIC

IP Address
172.16.1.17 192.168.10.1 192.168.10.5 10.10.10.1 192.168.10.2 192.168.10.9 172.16.1.33 192.168.10.6 192.168.10.10 172.16.1.20 10.10.10.10 172.16.1.35

Subnet Mask
255.255.255.240 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.248 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.240 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.248

Default Gateway
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 172.16.1.17 10.10.10.1 172.16.1.33

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CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF

Lab 11.6.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab

Task 1: Prepare the Network.
Step 1: Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. You can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces shown in the topology. Note: If you use 1700, 2500, or 2600 routers, the router outputs and interface descriptions will appear different. Step 2: Clear any existing configurations on the routers.

Task 2: Perform Basic Router Configurations.
Perform basic configuration of the R1, R2, and R3 routers according to the following guidelines: 1. Configure the router hostname. 2. Disable DNS lookup. 3. Configure a privileged EXEC mode password. 4. Configure a message-of-the-day banner. 5. Configure a password for console connections. 6. Configure a password for VTY connections.

Task 3: Configure and Activate Serial and Ethernet Addresses.
Step 1: Configure interfaces on R1, R2, and R3. Configure the interfaces on the R1, R2, and R3 routers with the IP addresses from the table under the Topology Diagram. Step 2: Verify IP addressing and interfaces. Use the show ip interface brief command to verify that the IP addressing is correct and that the interfaces are active. When you have finished, be sure to save the running configuration to the NVRAM of the router. Step 3: Configure Ethernet interfaces of PC1, PC2, and PC3. Configure the Ethernet interfaces of PC1, PC2, and PC3 with the IP addresses and default gateways from the table under the Topology Diagram. Step 4: Test the PC configuration by pinging the default gateway from the PC.

Task 4: Configure OSPF on the R1 Router
Step 1: Use the router ospf command in global configuration mode to enable OSPF on the R1 router. Enter a process ID of 1 for the process-ID parameter. R1(config)#router ospf 1 R1(config-router)# Step 2: Configure the network statement for the LAN network.

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CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF

Lab 11.6.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab

Once you are in the Router OSPF configuration sub-mode, configure the LAN network 172.16.1.16/28 to be included in the OSPF updates that are sent out of R1. The OSPF network command uses a combination of network-address and wildcard-mask similar to that which can be used by EIGRP. Unlike EIGRP, the wildcard mask in OSPF is required. Use an area ID of 0 for the OSPF area-id parameter. 0 will be used for the OSPF area ID in all of the network statements in this topology. R1(config-router)#network 172.16.1.16 0.0.0.15 area 0 R1(config-router)# Step 3: Configure the router to advertise the 192.168.10.0/30 network attached to the Serial0/0/0 interface. R1(config-router)# network 192.168.10.0 0.0.0.3 area 0 R1(config-router)# Step 4: Configure the router to advertise the 192.168.10.4/30 network attached to the Serial0/0/1 interface. R1(config-router)# network 192.168.10.4 0.0.0.3 area 0 R1(config-router)# Step 5: When you are finished with the OSPF configuration for R1, return to privileged EXEC mode. R1(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R1#

Task 5: Configure OSPF on the R2 and R3 Routers
Step 1: Enable OSPF routing on the R2 router using the router ospf command. Use a process ID of 1. R2(config)#router ospf 1 R2(config-router)# Step 2: Configure the router to advertise the LAN network 10.10.10.0/24 in the OSPF updates. R2(config-router)#network 10.10.10.0 0.0.0.255 area 0 R2(config-router)# Step 3: Configure the router to advertise the 192.168.10.0/30 network attached to the Serial0/0/0 interface. R2(config-router)#network 192.168.10.0 0.0.0.3 area 0 R2(config-router)# 00:07:27: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1, Nbr 192.168.10.5 on Serial0/0/0 from EXCHANGE to FULL, Exchange Done

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IP address configured with the OSPF router-id command.10 What is the router ID for R3? ____________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.32 0.16.9 on Serial0/0/1 from EXCHANGE to FULL.168.10.8 0.10.9 What is the router ID for R2? ____________________ 192.1. Exchange Done R3(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R3# Notice that when the networks for the serial links from R3 to R1 and R3 to R2 are added to the OSPF configuration.10. 3.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. 2.168. A router ID is an IP address.168.3 area 0 R3(config-router)# 00:18:01: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1.3 area 0 R2(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R2# Step 5: Configure OSPF on the R3 router using the router ospf and network commands.10. Configure the router to advertise the three directly connected networks. Task 6: Configure OSPF Router IDs The OSPF router ID is used to uniquely identify the router in the OSPF routing domain.0.3 area 0 R3(config-router)# 00:17:46: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1.0.0. Cisco routers derive the Router ID in one of three ways and with the following precedence: 1.0. This document is Cisco Public Information. Inc.0.5 What is the router ID for R1? ____________________ 192. R2(config-router)#network 192. When you are finished. Highest IP address of any of the router’s loopback addresses.0.8/30 network attached to the Serial0/0/1 interface.10.10.10.168. All rights reserved. the router sends a notification message to the console stating that a neighbor relationship with another OSPF router has been established. Since no router IDs or loopback interfaces have been configured on the three routers.6.8 0.0. the router sends a notification message to the console stating that a neighbor relationship with another OSPF router has been established. 192. When you are finished. return to privileged EXEC mode.10.0. Page 5 of 24 . Step 1: Examine the current router IDs in the topology. Nbr 192. Loading Done R3(config-router)#network 192.5 on Serial0/0/0 from LOADING to FULL.10.4 0. return to privileged EXEC mode. the router ID for each router is determined by the highest IP address of any active interface.7 area 0 R3(config-router)#network 192. Highest active IP address on any of the router’s physical interfaces.168. Step 4: Configure the router to advertise the 192. Nbr 192.168. R3(config)#router ospf 1 R3(config-router)#network 172.168.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Notice that when the network for the serial link from R1 to R2 is added to the OSPF configuration.168.168. Use a process ID of 1.

255.1 255.1.6. 1 normal 0 stub 0 nssa Maximum path: 4 <output omitted> R3#show ip ospf Routing Process "ospf 1" with ID 192.255 R2(config)#interface loopback 0 R2(config-if)#ip address 10.168.33 No backup designated router on this network Timer intervals configured.10. Hold time between two SPFs 10 secs <output omitted> R3#show ip ospf interface FastEthernet0/0 is up.3.255.255 R3(config)#interface loopback 0 R3(config-if)#ip address 10. Cost: 1 Transmit Delay is 1 sec.255.168. This document is Cisco Public Information. line protocol is up Internet address is 172. Wait 40.33/29. Network Type BROADCAST.3 255.10 Supports only single TOS(TOS0) routes Supports opaque LSA SPF schedule delay 5 secs. show ip ospf. Page 6 of 24 .2.10 Number of areas in this router is 1. Area 0 Process ID 1. Interface address 172. Hello 10. maximum is 0 msec Neighbor Count is 0. and show ip ospf interfaces commands. Retransmit 5 Hello due in 00:00:00 Index 1/1. R1(config)#interface loopback 0 R1(config-if)#ip address 10.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab The router ID can also be seen in the output of the show ip protocols.1.255.3.16.168.10.168. R3#show ip protocols Routing Protocol is "ospf 1" Outgoing update filter list for all interfaces is not set Incoming update filter list for all interfaces is not set Router ID 192. All rights reserved.255 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.10.2 255. Inc.1.10. maximum is 1 Last flood scan time is 0 msec.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.2.16.255. Priority 1 Designated Router (ID) 192. Router ID 192. State DR.10. flood queue length 0 Next 0x0(0)/0x0(0) Last flood scan length is 1. Adjacent neighbor count is 0 Suppress hello for 0 neighbor(s) <output omitted> R3# Step 2: Use loopback addresses to change the router IDs of the routers in the topology.255. Dead 40.10.1.

2 Serial0/0/1 10.3.1. the new router-ID is used at the next reload or at a manual OSPF process restart.3 Serial0/0/1 10.2 Serial0/0/0 Pri 0 0 State FULL/ FULL/ Dead Time 00:00:30 00:00:33 Address 192. use the clear ip ospf process command. Inc. it will not be used until the OSPF process is restarted.3.1.2.3 When the router is reloaded.2. This document is Cisco Public Information. Note: Some IOS versions do not support the router-id command.2 When the router is reloaded. When a new Router ID is configured. To manually restart the OSPF process. continue to Task 7. what is the router ID for R1? ____________________ 10. R1(config)#router ospf 1 R1(config-router)#router-id 10.1.10. Page 7 of 24 . for this to take effect If this command is used on an OSPF router process which is already active (has neighbors). 10.2..10.4.10.5 Step 5: Use the router-id command to change the router ID on the R1 router.9 192. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.2.2 R2#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Interface 10.168. what is the router ID for R2? ____________________ 10.10.3.168.1. All rights reserved.4 Reload or use “clear ip ospf process” command. R1#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Interface 10.2.168.1 When the router is reloaded.10.3 Serial0/0/1 10.1.4.10.2.1 Serial0/0/0 Pri 0 0 State FULL/ FULL/ Dead Time 00:00:34 00:00:38 Address 192.3.168. If this command is not available.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.168. and then use the reload command to restart each of the routers. what is the router ID for R3? ____________________ Step 4: Use the show ip ospf neighbors command to verify that the router IDs have changed.168.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Step 3: Reload the routers to force the new Router IDs to be used.3.1.3.1 R3#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Interface 10.6 192.1 Serial0/0/0 Pri 0 0 State FULL/ FULL/ Dead Time 00:00:36 00:00:37 Address 192.10 192.6. Make sure that the current configuration is saved to NRAM.

use the show ip protocols command to view information about the routing protocol operation. R1#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Pri State Interface 10. R1(config)#router ospf 1 R1(config-router)#no router-id 10.168.2.4.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. for this to take effect Step 8: Restart the OSPF process using the clear ip ospf process command.3.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab R1#(config-router)#end R1# clear ip ospf process Reset ALL OSPF processes? [no]:yes R1# Step 6: Use the show ip ospf neighbor command on router R2 to verify that the router ID of R1 has been changed. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.4.168. The IP addresses of the adjacent neighbors are also shown.3 0 FULL/Serial0/0/1 R1# Dead Time 00:00:32 00:00:32 Address 192.4.2. neighbor ID.168.3 Serial0/0/1 10. Use the show ip ospf neighbor command to view the information about the OSPF neighbor routers R2 and R3. Inc.6.1 Step 7: Remove the configured router ID with the no form of the router-id command.3. and the interface that R1 uses to reach that OSPF neighbor. Notice that the information that was configured in the previous Tasks. This document is Cisco Public Information.2 192.3.10.2 0 FULL/Serial0/0/0 10.6 Step 2: On the R1 router.168. All rights reserved.10.10. process ID.10 192. R1(config-router)#end R1# clear ip ospf process Reset ALL OSPF processes? [no]:yes R1# Task 7: Verify OSPF Operation Step 1: On the R1 router.10. You should be able to see the neighbor ID and IP address of each adjacent router.4. R2#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Interface 10.4 Reload or use “clear ip ospf process” command. is shown in the output. Page 8 of 24 . such as protocol. and networks.4 Serial0/0/0 Pri 0 0 State FULL/ FULL/ Dead Time 00:00:36 00:00:37 Address 192.3. Restarting the OSPF process forces the router to use the IP address configured on the Loopback 0 interface as the Router ID.

1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab R1#show ip protocols Routing Protocol is "ospf 1" Outgoing update filter list for all interfaces is not set Incoming update filter list for all interfaces is not set Router ID 10.10. Serial0/0/0 172.OSPF external type 1.16.16 0.1.1. U .0. N2 .mobile.6. Loopback0 10. Page 9 of 24 . Serial0/0/1 192. Serial0/0/1 192.10.10.15 area 0 192.EIGRP external.16.0. 00:01:12. B BGP D .10.per-user static route.3 area 0 Routing Information Sources: Gateway Distance Last Update 10.168. M .IS-IS inter area * .168.168.IS-IS level-1.0/8 is variably subnetted.0.10. L2 . 2 subnets. 2 subnets.6.16.0.0/24 [110/65] via 192.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .6.IS-IS level-2.16.0. S .0 0. I .168. FastEthernet0/0 172.16/28 is directly connected.1/32 is directly connected.10.1.0/30 is subnetted. 2 masks 10.2.2.2. This document is Cisco Public Information.168. o .static.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set 10. IA . 00:01:02.2 110 00:11:43 10.10.168.1 Number of areas in this router is 1.ODR P .connected.0/16 is variably subnetted. 2 masks 172.0. Serial0/0/0 C O C O C C O R1# All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.32/29 [110/65] via 192. Serial0/0/0 192.0 is directly connected. R1#show ip route Codes: C .0.2. O . 3 subnets 192.168. OSPF routes are denoted in the routing table with an “O”.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. Inc.10. Task8: Examine OSPF Routes in the Routing Tables View the routing table on the R1 router.168.10.3 area 0 192.0.OSPF. All rights reserved.168.OSPF inter area N1 . 1 normal 0 stub 0 nssa Maximum path: 4 Routing for Networks: 172.candidate default.IGRP.4 0.1.3 110 00:11:43 Distance: (default is 110) R1# Notice that the output specifies the process ID used by OSPF.EIGRP. Remember. 00:01:12. R . E .EGP i .OSPF external type 2.1. 00:01:02.IS-IS.10. E2 .OSPF NSSA external type 1.4 is directly connected.10. EX .1. the process ID must be the same on all routers for OSPF to establish neighbor adjacencies and share routing information. ia . L1 .RIP.8 [110/128] via 192.3.3.10.1.168. Serial0/0/1 [110/128] via 192.0.

Inc.0/24 [110/65] via 192. R1#show ip route <output omitted> C O C O C C O R1# 10. Serial0/0/0 Step 2: Use the show interfaces serial0/0/0 command on the R1 router to view the bandwidth of the Serial 0/0/0 interface. output never. 2 masks 10. line protocol is up (connected) Hardware is HD64570 Internet address is 192.6. output hang never Last clearing of "show interface" counters never Input queue: 0/75/0 (size/max/drops).4 is directly connected.10.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Notice that unlike RIPv2 and EIGRP.10.8 [110/128] via 192.10. load 1/255 Encapsulation HDLC.2. DLY 20000 usec. Total output drops: 0 <output omitted> On most serial links. 00:17:06. 2 masks 172.10.10.10.168. Page 10 of 24 . 64 kbps.10. BW 1544 Kbit.168.6.168. Step 3: Use the bandwidth command to change the bandwidth of the serial interfaces of the R1 and R2 routers to the actual bandwidth. Serial0/0/1 192.168.0. Task 9: Configure OSPF Cost Step 1: Use the show ip route command on the R1 router to view the OSPF cost to reach the 10. 3 subnets 192. loopback not set.32/29 [110/65] via 192. 2 subnets.2.16. R1#show interfaces serial0/0/0 Serial0/0/0 is up. Serial0/0/0 192. OSPF does not automatically summarize at major network boundaries. rely 255/255. FastEthernet0/0 172.1.0 is directly connected.1.10.168. 2 subnets. Serial0/0/0 172. Serial0/0/1 [110/128] via 192.1.168.16.6. This document is Cisco Public Information.10.0/16 is variably subnetted.1.168. 00:16:56.0.10.168.168.16.10.0/30 is subnetted. All rights reserved.1/32 is directly connected. Serial0/0/1 192. the bandwidth metric will default to 1544 Kbits. the bandwidth will need to be changed so that the OSPF cost can be calculated correctly.0/8 is variably subnetted.0.16/28 is directly connected. 00:17:06.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. Loopback0 10. keepalive set (10 sec) Last input never. R1 router: R1(config)#interface serial0/0/0 R1(config-if)#bandwidth 64 R1(config-if)#interface serial0/0/1 R1(config-if)#bandwidth 64 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.10.10. If this is not the actual bandwidth of the serial link.0/24 network. 00:16:56.1/30 MTU 1500 bytes.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. An alternative method to using the bandwidth command is to use the ip ospf cost command. flood queue length 0 Next 0x0(0)/0x0(0) Last flood scan length is 1.2 Suppress hello for 0 neighbor(s) Serial0/0/1 is up.2.6.1. Cost: 1562 Transmit Delay is 1 sec. maximum is 0 msec Neighbor Count is 1 .168. R3(config)#interface serial0/0/0 R3(config-if)#ip ospf cost 1562 R3(config-if)#interface serial0/0/1 R3(config-if)#ip ospf cost 1562 Step 6: Use the show ip ospf interface command on the R3 router to verify that the cost of the link the cost of each of the Serial links is now 1562. Network Type POINT-TO-POINT.10. Retransmit 5 Hello due in 00:00:05 Index 2/2. Hello 10. Dead 40. R1#show ip ospf interface <output omitted> Serial0/0/0 is up. This document is Cisco Public Information.000 bps. Adjacent neighbor count is 1 Adjacent with neighbor 10. maximum is 1 Last flood scan time is 0 msec.10.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab R2 router: R2(config)#interface serial0/0/0 R2(config-if)#bandwidth 64 R2(config)#interface serial0/0/1 R2(config-if)#bandwidth 64 Step 4: Use the show ip ospf interface command on the R1 router to verify the cost of the serial links.2. Area 0 Process ID 1.1. Router ID 10. the result of the calculation: 108/64. which allows you to directly configure the cost. Cost: 1562 Transmit Delay is 1 sec.168.5/30. All rights reserved. line protocol is up Internet address is 192. Use the ip ospf cost command to change the bandwidth of the serial interfaces of the R3 router to 1562. Timer intervals configured.1. line protocol is up Internet address is 192. <output omitted> Step 5: Use the ip ospf cost command to configure the OSPF cost on the R3 router. R3#show ip ospf interface <output omitted> All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Page 11 of 24 . Network Type POINT-TO-POINT. State POINT-TO-POINT. State POINT-TO-POINT.1. The cost of each of the Serial links is now 1562. Inc. Router ID 10.1.1/30.1. Area 0 Process ID 1. Wait 40.

maximum is 1 Last flood scan time is 0 msec.10/30. line protocol is up Internet address is 192. This document is Cisco Public Information. Area 0 Process ID 1. Inc. Network Type POINT-TO-POINT.168.3. <output omitted> Task 10: Redistribute an OSPF Default Route Step 1: Configure a loopback address on the R1 router to simulate a link to an ISP.3.10.255.0. line protocol is up Internet address is 192. Timer intervals configured. State POINT-TO-POINT.2 Suppress hello for 0 neighbor(s) Serial0/0/0 is up. R1(config)#interface loopback1 %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface Loopback1.6.3.3. All rights reserved. Hello 10.0 loopback1 R1(config)# Step 3: Use the default-information originate command to include the static route in the OSPF updates that are sent from the R1 router.168. R1(config)#ip route 0.1 255.3. flood queue length 0 Next 0x0(0)/0x0(0) Last flood scan length is 1.2. Router ID 10. changed state to up %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Loopback1.0. Page 12 of 24 .255. Network Type POINT-TO-POINT. changed state to up R1(config-if)#ip address 172. Cost: 1562 Transmit Delay is 1 sec. Area 0 Process ID 1.1.6/30. State POINT-TO-POINT.252 Step 2: Configure a static default route on the R1 router. Adjacent neighbor count is 1 Adjacent with neighbor 10. Router ID 10.0. Wait 40.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.0 0. Retransmit 5 Hello due in 00:00:06 Index 2/2.30.2. Use the loopback address that ha been configured to simulate a link to an ISP as the exit interface. Cost: 1562 Transmit Delay is 1 sec. maximum is 0 msec Neighbor Count is 1 .0.3.10. R1(config)#router ospf 1 R1(config-router)#default-information originate R1(config-router)# All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Dead 40.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Serial0/0/1 is up.

Serial0/0/1 O*E2 0. All rights reserved.0/30 is subnetted.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Step 4: View the routing table on the R2 router to verify that the static default route is being redistributed via OSPF.10.0.10. 2 masks O 172.8 is directly connected. Step 2: Examine the routing table on the R1 router to verify the change in the OSPF cost metric. R1(config-router)#auto-cost reference-bandwidth 10000 % OSPF: Reference bandwidth is changed.10. 3 subnets C 192.2.1.0/16 is variably subnetted.0. Please ensure reference bandwidth is consistent across all routers.10.6. Serial0/0/1 [110/3124] via 192. 00:25:56.0 is directly connected. Serial0/0/0 O 172.0/0 [110/1] via 192. This document is Cisco Public Information. 2 subnets. 2 masks 10.16.10.1. 00:01:11. 00:29:28.16/28 [110/1563] via 192. Serial0/0/0 O 192.168.10. Serial0/0/0 C 192.1.4 [110/3124] via 192.168.0.0.0/8 is variably subnetted.16.32/29 [110/1563] via 192.0. Loopback0 10. Serial0/0/1 192.10.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.168.1.0/24 is directly connected. 00:25:56. Serial0/0/0 R2# C C Task 11: Configure Additional OSPF Features Step 1: Use the auto-cost reference-bandwidth command to adjust the reference bandwidth value.10.10.168. R1#show ip route <output omitted> All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.168.2. Please ensure reference bandwidth is consistent across all routers.0.1. Inc. 2 subnets.10.1 to network 0.10.2/32 is directly connected.0 10.168. Please ensure reference bandwidth is consistent across all routers.168. FastEthernet0/0 172. Increase the reference bandwidth to 10000 to simulate 10GigE speeds. 00:29:28.0. Notice that the values are much larger cost values for OSPF routes. Page 13 of 24 .10. R2#show ip route <output omitted> Gateway of last resort is 192. Configure this command on all routers in the OSPF routing domain.16.168.10.10. R3(config-router)#auto-cost reference-bandwidth 10000 % OSPF: Reference bandwidth is changed. R2(config-router)#auto-cost reference-bandwidth 10000 % OSPF: Reference bandwidth is changed.168.168.

168. Loopback1 192.30.16. 2 subnets.10.0/0 is directly connected. Nbr 10. R1 and R2 loose adjacency because the Dead Timer and Hello Timers must be configured identically on each side of the serial link between R1 and R2. Loopback0 O 10.0.10.10.168.8 [110/67097] via 192.0. Nbr 10.10. All rights reserved.2.168.168.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.2 on Serial0/0/0 from FULL to Down: Interface down or detached After 20 seconds the Dead Timer on R1 expires.3.0 is directly connected.0.32/29 [110/65635] via 192. 00:00:51.2. R1#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Pri State Interface 10. 1 subnets C 172.0. This document is Cisco Public Information.6 Step 4: Configure the OSPF Hello and Dead intervals.16.0/8 is variably subnetted. Loopback1 R1# Step 3: Use the show ip ospf neighbor command on R1 to view the Dead Time counter.3.2. FastEthernet0/0 O 172. Serial0/0/1 172.1/32 is directly connected.6.10.10.0.10. Neighbor Down: Dead timer expired 01:09:04: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1.1. R1(config)#interface serial0/0/0 R1(config-if)#ip ospf hello-interval 5 R1(config-if)#ip ospf dead-interval 20 R1(config-if)# 01:09:04: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1.168.10.0/30 is subnetted. 00:01:01. Serial0/0/0 C 192.0.4 is directly connected.168.2 0 FULL/Serial0/0/0 10.16. 3 subnets C 192.0 to network 0. Page 14 of 24 . Modify the Dead Timer and Hello Timer intervals on the Serial 0/0/0 interface in the R2 router to match the intervals configured on the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the R1 router. 2 masks C 172. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.30.10.1.3 0 FULL/Serial0/0/1 Dead Time 00:00:34 00:00:34 Address 192.0. 2 masks C 10.0.168. 2 subnets.10.0/16 is variably subnetted.1.168.0 10. Inc. The Dead Time counter is counting down from the default interval of 40 seconds.168. Serial0/0/0 172.2.2.2.10. Step 5: Modify the Dead Timer and Hello Timer intervals. Serial0/0/0 S* 0.0.2 192.1.16/28 is directly connected.2.2.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Gateway of last resort is 0.0/24 [110/65635] via 192.1. 00:01:01.0 is directly connected.2 on Serial0/0/0 from FULL to DOWN.0/30 is subnetted.6. Use these commands to change the hello interval to 5 seconds and the dead interval to 20 seconds on the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the R1 router. The OSPF Hello and Dead intervals can be modified manually using the ip ospf hellointerval and ip ospf dead-interval interface commands.0. Serial0/0/1 O 192.

Dead 20.1 Suppress hello for 0 neighbor(s) R2# Step 6: Use the show ip ospf neighbor command on R1 to verify that the neighbor adjacency with R2 has been restored.3 0 FULL/Serial0/0/1 R1# Dead Time 00:00:19 00:00:34 Address 192. capture the following command output to a text file and save for future reference: Running configuration Routing table Interface summarization Output from show ip protocols All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Exchange Done Notice that the IOS displays a message when adjacency has been established with a state of Full. maximum is 1 Last flood scan time is 0 msec. Step 5: Use the show ip ospf interface serial0/0/0 command to verify that the Hello Timer and Dead Timer intervals have been modified. Hello 5. R2#show ip ospf interface serial0/0/0 Serial0/0/0 is up.1 on Serial0/0/0 from EXCHANGE to FULL.2.168.1. All rights reserved. Page 15 of 24 .1.10. On each router. flood queue length 0 Next 0x0(0)/0x0(0) Last flood scan length is 1.168.6 Task 12: Document the Router Configurations.2.1.2 0 FULL/Serial0/0/0 10.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. Retransmit 5 Hello due in 00:00:00 Index 3/3. line protocol is up Internet address is 192.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab R2(config)#interface serial0/0/0 R2(config-if)#ip ospf hello-interval 5 R2(config-if)#ip ospf dead-interval 20 R2(config-if)# 01:12:10: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1. maximum is 0 msec Neighbor Count is 1 .2.2/30.2 192.168.10. R1#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Pri State Interface 10. Wait 20. Notice that the Dead Time for Serial 0/0/0 is now much lower since it is counting down from 20 seconds instead of the default 40 seconds. Inc.3. Timer intervals configured. Network Type POINT-TO-POINT. Adjacent neighbor count is 1 Adjacent with neighbor 10. State POINT-TO-POINT.6.1. Router ID 10.10. Cost: 1562 Transmit Delay is 1 sec. Nbr 10.2. Serial 0/0/1 is still operating with default timers.2. Area 0 Process ID 1.3. This document is Cisco Public Information.

1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Task 11: Clean Up. Inc.6. Erase the configurations and reload the routers. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Page 16 of 24 . reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings. This document is Cisco Public Information.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet). Disconnect and store the cabling. All rights reserved.

255 255.255. the router outputs and interface descriptions will appear different. In this topology we have three routers sharing a common Ethernet multiaccess network.0/24. Each router will be configured with an IP address on the Fast Ethernet interface and a loopback address for the router ID.255 255.31. 192.1.2 192. or 2600 routers.255.255.31.255. Page 17 of 24 .33 Subnet Mask 255. Step 2: Clear any existing configurations on the routers.31.22 192.0 255.1 192.168.6.255.255.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. You can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces shown in the topology. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. 2500.168.1. Step 1: Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram.0 255.168.0 255.3 192.11 192.1.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Scenario B: Configure OSPF on a Multi-access Network Topology Diagram Device R1 Interface Fa0/0 Loopback1 Fa0/0 Loopback1 Fa0/0 Loopback1 IP Address 192.255. Inc.1.168.255.255.255.255 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A R2 R3 Task 1: Prepare the Network. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.168.168. Note: If you use 1700.255.255.168.

3/24.0. When you have finished. and R3 routers according to the following guidelines: 1. Configure a privileged EXEC mode password.168. Step 2: Verify IP addressing and interfaces.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Task 2: Perform Basic Router Configurations. Configure the router to advertise the 192. This can happen as the routers are powered-on or when the OSPF network command for that interface is configured. R3(config)#router ospf 1 R3(config-router)#network 192.1. and R3 routers with the IP addresses from the table under the Topology Diagram. Configure a message-of-the-day banner. Use the show ip interface brief command to verify that the IP addressing is correct and that the interfaces are active. be sure to save the running configuration to the NVRAM of the router. Disable DNS lookup. 6. 3. 4. R2. and R3. Task 4: Configure OSPF on the DR Router The DR and BDR election process takes place as soon as the first router has its interface enabled on the multiaccess network. When you have finished. This document is Cisco Public Information.0 0.0. R2.1. If a new router enters the network after the DR and BDR have already been elected. Use the show ip interface brief command to verify that the IP addressing is correct. Inc. 2. Configure the Ethernet and Loopback interfaces on the R1.0/24 network. Configure a password for console connections.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. it will not become the DR or BDR even if it has a higher OSPF interface priority or router ID than the current DR or BDR. Use an area ID of 0 for the OSPF area-id parameter in the network statement. All rights reserved. Configure a password for VTY connections Task 3: Configure and Activate Ethernet and Loopback Addresses Step 1: Configure interfaces on R1.6.168. Configure the router hostname. Page 18 of 24 . Configure the OSPF process on the router with the highest router ID first to ensure that this router becomes the DR. Enter a process ID of 1 for the process-ID parameter. Area 0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.255 area 0 R3(config-router)#end R3# Step 2: Use the show ip ospf interface command to verify that the OSPF has been configured correctly and that R3 is the DR. R3#show ip ospf interface FastEthernet0/0 is up. line protocol is up Internet address is 192. Perform basic configuration of the R1. R2. 5. be sure to save the running configuration to the NVRAM of the router. Step 1: Use the router ospf command in global configuration mode to enable OSPF on the R3 router.1.168.

0. Retransmit 5 Hello due in 00:00:07 Index 1/1. Router ID 192. Area 0 Process ID 1. R2(config)#router ospf 1 R2(config-router)#network 192.6.1. Interface address 192.168. Page 19 of 24 . Cost: 1 Transmit Delay is 1 sec.168.31.168. Step 2: Use the show ip ospf interface command to verify that the OSPF has been configured correctly and that R2 is the BDR.0/24 network. maximum is 1 Last flood scan time is 0 msec. State BDR. Enter a process ID of 1 for the process-ID parameter.1.2 Timer intervals configured.3 Backup Designated Router (ID) 192. Hello 10. It may take up to 40 seconds for the R3 router to send a hello packet.0 0.168.33.31.33 on FastEthernet0/0 from LOADING to FULL. Dead 40. Inc.168.31.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. Interface address 192. Priority 1 Designated Router (ID) 192. Wait 40. Network Type BROADCAST.255 area 0 R2(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R2# 00:08:51: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1. Network Type BROADCAST. Loading Done Notice that an adjacency is formed with the R3 router. Retransmit 5 Hello due in 00:00:03 Index 1/1. Use an area ID of 0 for the OSPF area-id parameter in the network statement.1.33. maximum is 1 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. When this packet is received.31.168. Adjacent neighbor count is 0 Suppress hello for 0 neighbor(s) R3# Task 5: Configure OSPF on the BDR Router Configure the OSPF process on the router with the second highest router ID next to ensure that this router becomes the BDR. line protocol is up Internet address is 192. Cost: 1 Transmit Delay is 1 sec.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Process ID 1.1. flood queue length 0 Next 0x0(0)/0x0(0) Last flood scan length is 1.33. Router ID 192.168.0.31.1. Step 1: Use the router ospf command in global configuration mode to enable OSPF on the R2 router.2/24.168.168. maximum is 0 msec Neighbor Count is 0. Configure the router to advertise the 192. All rights reserved. flood queue length 0 Next 0x0(0)/0x0(0) Last flood scan length is 1.1.168.168. State DR.168. R2#show ip ospf interface FastEthernet0/0 is up. the neighbor relationship is formed. Wait 40.22.31. Hello 10. Nbr 192. Priority 1 Designated Router (ID) 192.3 No backup designated router on this network Timer intervals configured. Dead 40.22. Interface address 192. This document is Cisco Public Information.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. State DROTHER.1. R1#show ip ospf interface FastEthernet0/0 is up.11. Exchange Done Notice that an adjacency is formed with the R2 and R3 routers.1. Dead 40.31. Interface address 192. Priority 1 Designated Router (ID) 192.31.168.168. This router will be designated as DRother instead of DR or BDR. R1(config)#router ospf 1 R1(config-router)#network 192. Configure the router to advertise the 192. It may take up to 40 seconds for both the R2 and R3 routers to each send a hello packet.1/24.1. Page 20 of 24 . Cost: 1 Transmit Delay is 1 sec.3 Task 6: Configure OSPF on the DRother Router Configure the OSPF process on the router with the lowest router ID last. Notice that R3 is the DR. Step 1: Use the router ospf command in global configuration mode to enable OSPF on the R1 router. Step 2: Use the show ip ospf interface command to verify that the OSPF has been configured correctly and that R1 is a DRother. Hello 10. R2#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Pri State Interface 192. Area 0 Process ID 1.0/24 network.22 on FastEthernet0/0 from LOADING to FULL.168.33. Retransmit 5 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.3 Backup Designated Router (ID) 192. Interface address 192.1. This document is Cisco Public Information.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Last flood scan time is 0 msec. All rights reserved.3 (Designated Router) Suppress hello for 0 neighbor(s) R2# Step 3: Use the show ip ospf neighbors command in global configuration mode to view information about the other routers in the OSPF area.168.2 Timer intervals configured.168.31.168. Network Type BROADCAST.255 area 0 R1(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R1# 00:16:08: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1.1.168.0. Router ID 192.0 0.31.31.168.168. Nbr 192.22.168.33 on FastEthernet0/0 from EXCHANGE to FULL.31. Enter a process ID of 1 for the process-ID parameter.1.168. Nbr 192. Wait 40. Use an area ID of 0 for the OSPF area-id parameter in the network statement. line protocol is up Internet address is 192. Adjacent neighbor count is 1 Adjacent with neighbor 192.168. Inc.168.0.33 1 FULL/DR FastEthernet0/0 Dead Time 00:00:33 Address 192. maximum is 0 msec Neighbor Count is 1.1.6. Loading Done 00:16:12: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1.

Page 21 of 24 .168. R2(config)#interface fastEthernet0/0 R2(config-if)#ip ospf priority 0 R2(config-if)#end Step 4: Shut down and re-enable the FastEthernet0/0 interfaces to force an OSPF election. All rights reserved.33 1 FULL/DR FastEthernet0/0 Dead Time 00:00:35 00:00:30 Address 192.31.33 (Designated Router) Adjacent with neighbor 192.2 192.1.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Hello due in 00:00:00 Index 1/1. The FastEthernet0/0 interfaces of each of the routers can be shut down and re-enabled to force an OSPF election. R1#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Pri State Interface 192. Shut down the FastEthernet0/0 interface on each of the three routers.22 (Backup Designated Router) Suppress hello for 0 neighbor(s) R1# Step 3: Use the show ip ospf neighbors command in global configuration mode to view information about the other routers in the OSPF area. flood queue length 0 Next 0x0(0)/0x0(0) Last flood scan length is 1.3 Task 7: Use the OSPF Priority to Determine the DR and BDR Step 1: Use the ip ospf priority interface command to change the OSPF priority of the R1 router to 255. This is the highest possible priority.168. This document is Cisco Public Information.168. A priority of 0 causes the router to be ineligible to participate in an OSPF election and become a DR or BDR. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. R3(config)#interface fastEthernet0/0 R3(config-if)#ip ospf priority 100 R3(config-if)#end Step 3: Use the ip ospf priority interface command to change the OSPF priority of the R2 router to 0. Notice that as the interfaces are shut down the OSPF adjacencies are lost.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. R1(config)#interface fastEthernet0/0 R1(config-if)#ip ospf priority 255 R1(config-if)#end Step 2: Use the ip ospf priority interface command to change the OSPF priority of the R3 router to 100.22 1 FULL/BDR FastEthernet0/0 192. maximum is 0 msec Neighbor Count is 2. Adjacent neighbor count is 2 Adjacent with neighbor 192.6.31. maximum is 1 Last flood scan time is 0 msec.168. Notice that R3 is the DR and R2 is the BDR.168. Inc.31.31.168.1.

168. Nbr 192.168. Nbr 192.31.31. Nbr 192. This document is Cisco Public Information.31.31. changed state to down 02:17:06: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1. Notice that an adjacency is formed with the R2 router.6. R1(config-if)#no shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0. Inc. Nbr 192.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab R1: R1(config)#interface fastethernet0/0 R1(config-if)#shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0.168.168.31.33 on FastEthernet0/0 from FULL to Down: Interface down or detached R2: R2(config)#interface fastethernet0/0 R2(config-if)#shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0.168. changed state to administratively down %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0. changed state to down 02:17:22: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1.168.22 on FastEthernet0/0 from FULL to Down: Interface down or detached 02:17:22: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1. It may take up to 40 seconds for the R2 router to send a hello packet.22 on FastEthernet0/0 from FULL to Down: Interface down or detached 02:17:22: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1.11 on FastEthernet0/0 from FULL to Down: Interface down or detached R3: R3(config)#interface fastethernet0/0 R3(config-if)#shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0. changed state to administratively down %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0. Page 22 of 24 . changed state to down 02:17:22: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1.11 on FastEthernet0/0 from FULL to Down: Interface down or detached Step 5: Re-enable the FastEthernet0/0 interface on the R2 router. changed state to administratively down %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0. changed state to up All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. R2(config-if)#no shut R2(config-if)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R2# Step 6: Re-enable the FastEthernet0/0 interface on the R1 router.31. Nbr 192. changed state to up %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. Nbr 192.33 on FastEthernet0/0 from FULL to Down: Interface down or detached 02:17:06: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1.

2 Step 8: Re-enable the FastEthernet0/0 interface on the R3 router.168. R3(config-if)#no shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0. Loading Done 02:37:36: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1. Notice that even though the R2 router has a higher router ID than R1.31.22 0 FULL/DROTHER FastEthernet0/0 R1# Dead Time 00:00:33 Address 192. Page 23 of 24 . the R2 router has been set to a state of DRother because the OSPF priority has been set to 0. Exchange Done Step 9: Use the show ip ospf interface command on the R3 router to verify that R3 has become the BDR.31.1 <output omitted> All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Inc.22 on FastEthernet0/0 from EXCHANGE to FULL.31.168. Network Type BROADCAST. Nbr 192.31.22 on FastEthernet0/0 from EXCHANGE to FULL. Nbr 192.3/24. changed state to up %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0.33. Nbr 192.1. Notice that an adjacency is formed with the R1 and R2 routers.6.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab R1(config-if)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R1# 02:31:43: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1. Router ID 192. State BDR.11. Exchange Done Step 7: Use the show ip ospf neighbor command on the R1 router to view the OSPF neighbor information for that router.168. Priority 100 Designated Router (ID) 192.168. This document is Cisco Public Information.168. Cost: 1 Transmit Delay is 1 sec. R1#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Pri State Interface 192.168. It may take up to 40 seconds for both the R1 and R2 routers to each send a hello packet.168.168.168.1.1.31. line protocol is up Internet address is 192. Interface address 192. All rights reserved. R3#show ip ospf interface FastEthernet0/0 is up.31.11 on FastEthernet0/0 from LOADING to FULL. changed state to up R3(config-if)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console 02:37:32: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1. Area 0 Process ID 1.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet). This document is Cisco Public Information. Disconnect and store the cabling.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. Inc. capture the following command output to a text file and save for future reference: Running configuration Routing table Interface summarization Output from show ip protocols Task 9: Clean Up.6. All rights reserved. Page 24 of 24 . reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Task 8: Document the Router Configurations. Erase the configurations and reload the routers. On each router.

255.20.255.56.255.32.20.48.0 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 172.20. Page 1 of 10 . Inc.10.0.56.254 172.56.47.20.9 172.20.20.20.20.252 255.0/21 172.254 172.20.48.252 172.252 255.1 Subnet Mask 255.224.56.20.255.1 PC1 PC2 PC3 NIC NIC NIC 255.1 172.0 255.255.20.8/30 Addressing Table Device Interface Fa0/0 HQ S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Lo1 Fa0/0 Branch1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 Branch2 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 IP Address 172.6 172.255. This document is Cisco Public Information.0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.1 255.56.20.255.0/20 172.224.255.255.20.56.20.55.31.4/30 172.0/30 172.0 255.32.20.252 255.20.0 255.255.20.1 172.20.255.255.0.255.254 255.1 172.20. All rights reserved.10 172.255.6.255.1 172.255.5 10.255.32.255.252 172.56.56.0/19 172.10.2 172.255.248.0.255.20.240.2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab Topology Diagram 172.0 255.252 255.1 172.252 255.20.240.Lab 11.56.248.48.

0/16 network? ________ 14006 How many total IP addresses are required from the 172.6. Page 2 of 10 . you will be given a network address that must be subnetted using VLSM to complete the addressing of the network shown in the Topology Diagram.240.20.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. OSPF area ID of 0 and process ID of 1 will be used in all OSPF configurations. This document is Cisco Public Information.0. The 172.224. Step 2: Consider the following questions when creating your network design.0 What subnet mask will be used for the Branch1 LAN subnet? ___________________ 4094 What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on this subnet? __________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.20. All rights reserved.0/16 network must be subnetted to provide addresses for the LANs and serial links.255.2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab. 5 How many subnets need to be created from the 172. A combination OSPF routing and static routing will be required so that hosts on networks that are not directly connected will be able to communicate with each other. o The HQ LAN will require 8000 addresses o The Branch1 LAN will require 4000 addresses o The Branch2 LAN will require 2000 addresses o The links between the routers will require two addresses for each link The loopback address representing the link between the HQ router and the ISP will use the 10.0.0. Step 1: Examine the network requirements.10.0/16 network? ____________ 255. Inc.255.20.0 What subnet mask will be used for the HQ LAN subnet? ________________________ 8190 What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on this subnet? __________ 255. Task 1: Subnet the Address Space.10. The addressing for the Network has the following requirements. you will be able to: Create an efficient VLSM design given requirements Assign appropriate addresses to interfaces and document Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state Configure routers including OSPF Configure and propagate a static default route Verify OSPF operation Test and verify full connectivity Reflect upon and document the network implementation Scenario In this lab activity.0/30 network.

0. Inc.10.0.0/16 network to the Branch2 LAN subnet.255.20.20. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.20.56. Assign subnet 4 of the 172.20. Assign the first valid IP address of the Branch2 LAN network to the LAN interface of the Branch2 router.0. 3.0. 6.2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab 255.10. 1. 2. Assign the last valid IP address of the Branch2 LAN network to PC3. Assign appropriate addresses to the device interfaces.0/19 address of this subnet? _________________ 2.0/16 network to the Branch1 LAN subnet.252 What subnet mask will be used for the links between the three routers? ____________________ What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on each of these subnets? 2 ________ Step 3: Assign subnetwork addresses to the Topology Diagram.48. Assign the first valid host address in the 10.0 What subnet mask will be used for the Branch2 LAN subnet? _____________________ 2046 What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on this subnet? __________ 255.0/30 routers. What is the 172.20. What is the network address of this subnet? ____________________ Task 2: Determine Interface Addresses.56.0/30 network to the Loopback 1 interface on the HQ router. 1.248. What is the network 172.255.0/16 network to the link between the HQ and Branch1 172. Assign subnet 1 of the 172.6. Assign the first valid IP address of the HQ LAN network to the LAN interface of the HQ router. Assign subnet 0 of the 172.0/16 network to the link between the HQ and Branch2 172.0/16 network to the link between the Branch1 and 172.20.20.20. Assign the last valid IP address of the Branch1 LAN network to PC1. 4.0/21 network address of this subnet? ______________________ 4. What is the 172. Assign subnet 2 of the 172.4/30 routers.8/30 Branch2 routers.0.20. 5. This document is Cisco Public Information.0.32. 7. What is the network address of this subnet? ___________________________ 6. All rights reserved.56.255.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.0. Assign the last valid IP address of the HQ LAN network to PC2.20. Assign subnet 5 of the 172. Assign subnet 3 of the 172. Page 3 of 10 . Assign the first valid IP address of the Branch1 LAN network to the LAN interface of the Branch1 router.0/16 network to the HQ LAN subnet. What is the network address of this subnet? ___________________________ 5.20.0/20 network address of this subnet? ______________________ 3.20.

8. 13. You can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces as shown in the topology. 7. Configure a message-of-the-day banner.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. 10. Step 1: Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. Assign the first valid IP address of the HQ to Branch2 link network to the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the HQ router. This document is Cisco Public Information. 6. Assign the last valid IP address of the HQ to Branch1 link network to the Serial0/0/0 interface of the Branch router. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. 4. Configure an EXEC timeout of 15 minutes. 9. All rights reserved. Configure an EXEC mode password. 3.2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab 8. 5.6. Task 3: Prepare the Network. Assign the first valid IP address of the Branch1 to Branch2 link network to the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the Branch1 router. 2. Step 2: Clear any existing configurations on the routers. Synchronize unsolicited messages and debug output with solicited output and prompts for the console and virtual terminal lines. Assign the last valid IP address of the Branch1 to Branch2 link network to the Serial0/0/0 interface of the Branch2 router. and ISP routers according to the following guidelines: 1. Inc. Disable DNS lookup. Configure a password for VTY connections. Perform basic configuration of the BRANCH. Task 4: Perform Basic Router Configurations. 12. HQ. Assign the last valid IP address of the HQ to Branch2 link network to the Serial0/0/1 interface of the Branch2 router. Assign the first valid IP address of the HQ to Branch1 link network to the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the HQ router. 11. Configure a password for console connections. Document the addresses to be used in the table provided under the Topology Diagram. Page 4 of 10 . Configure the router hostname.

This document is Cisco Public Information. Step 3: Configure the correct bandwidth for the serial interfaces on the Branch 1 router. When you have finished. Branch1. be sure to save the running configuration to the NVRAM of the router.2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab Task 5: Configure and Activate Serial and Ethernet Addresses. Page 5 of 10 . Inc.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. Step 2: Configure the Ethernet interfaces of PC1. Step 1: Configure the interfaces on the HQ. All rights reserved. and Branch2 routers with the IP addresses from the table provided under the Topology Diagram. PC2.6. What commands are required to accomplish this? config t _____________________________________________________________________________ int s0/0/0 _____________________________________________________________________________ bandwidth 64 _____________________________________________________________________________ int s0/0/1 _____________________________________________________________________________ bandwidth 256 _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. What commands are required to accomplish this? configure t _____________________________________________________________________________ int s0/0/0 _____________________________________________________________________________ bandwidth 128 _____________________________________________________________________________ int s 0/0/1 _____________________________________________________________________________ bandwidth 64 _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Step 4: Configure the correct bandwidth for the serial interfaces on the Branch 2 router. and PC3 with the IP addresses from the table provided under the Topology Diagram.

255 area 0 _____________________________________________________________________________ network 172.32.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. What commands are required to accomplish this? config t _____________________________________________________________________________ int s0/0/0 _____________________________________________________________________________ bandwidth 128 _____________________________________________________________________________ int s0/0/1 _____________________________________________________________________________ bandwidth 256 _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Task 6: Verify Connectivity to Next Hop Device.0/20 _____________________________________________________________________________ 172. Branch1. Page 6 of 10 .32. PC2. Step 1: Consider the networks that need to be included in the OSPF updates that are sent out by the Branch1 router.20.20.3 area 0 _____________________________________________________________________________ network 172. and Branch2 routers can ping each of the neighboring routers across the WAN links. Task 7: Configure OSPF Routing on the Branch1 Router.0.6.8 0. Step 2: Verify that PC1.56. This document is Cisco Public Information.2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab Step 5: Configure the correct bandwidth for the serial interfaces on the HQ router.0 0. You should NOT have connectivity between end devices yet.0 0.56.0/30 _____________________________________________________________________________ What commands are required to enable OSPF and include the connected networks in the routing updates? router ospf1 _____________________________________________________________________________ network 172. and PC3 can ping their respective default gateway.0/30 _____________________________________________________________________________ 172. What directly connected networks are present in the Branch1 routing table? 172. However.20. you can test connectivity between two routers and between and end device and its default gateway.15.3 area 0 _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0. All rights reserved.56.20. Step 1: Verify that the HQ.20.0.0.56.0.20. Inc.

Page 7 of 10 . Step 1: Consider the type of static routing that is needed on HQ.0.56.20.56.10.0 0.255 area 0 _____________________________________________________________________________ network 172.0.0 _____________________________________________________________________________ 172.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.56.0/30 _____________________________________________________________________________ 172.0. What command is needed to accomplish this? ip route 0.31.10. This document is Cisco Public Information.0.0/19 _____________________________________________________________________________ 172.3 area 0 _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ yes Are there any router interfaces that do not need to have OSPF updates sent out? ____________ What command is used to disable OSPF updates on these interfaces? passive-interface fa0/0 _____________________________________________________________________________ passive-interface loopback1 _____________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.20.3 area 0 _____________________________________________________________________________ network 172.0. All rights reserved.20.0 loopback1 _____________________________________________________________________________ What directly connected networks are present in the HQ routing table? 10.220.0.0 0.20.4/30 _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Will the networks of the HQ LAN and the links between the Branch 1 and Branch2 routers need to yes have the subnet mask information included in the network statements? __________ What commands are required to enable OSPF and include the appropriate networks in the routing updates? router ospf1 _____________________________________________________________________________ network 172. Inc.0.0 0.0.56.20.0.0.4 0.6.2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab yes Are there any router interfaces that do not need to have OSPF updates sent out? ____________ What command is used to disable OSPF updates on these interfaces? passive-interface fa0/0 _____________________________________________________________________________ Task 8: Configure OSPF and Static Routing on the HQ Router. A static default route will need to be configured to send all packets with destination addresses that are not in the routing table to the loopback address representing the link between the HQ router and the ISP.0.

8 0.0. is it possible to ping the PC3? ___________ The answer to the above questions should be ‘yes’.3 area 0 _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ yes Are there any router interfaces that do not need to have OSPF updates sent out? ____________ What command is used to disable OSPF updates on these interfaces? passive-interface fa0/0 _____________________________________________________________________________ Task 10: Verify the Configurations Answer the following questions to verify that the network is operating as expected.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. is it possible to ping PC2? ____________ yes From PC1.255 area 0 _____________________________________________________________________________ network 172. Step 1: Consider the networks that need to be included in the OSPF updates that are sent out by the Branch2 router.0. All rights reserved.56.3 area 0 _____________________________________________________________________________ network 172. yes From PC1.7.0. What directly connected networks are present in the Branch2 routing table? 172. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.6.20.56.56.8/30 _____________________________________________________________________________ What commands are required to enable OSPF and include the connected networks in the routing updates? router ospf1 _____________________________________________________________________________ network 172.48.56.0 0.0.20.20.0.20. This document is Cisco Public Information. If any of the above pings failed.4 0.4/30 _____________________________________________________________________________ 172. Page 8 of 10 . Inc.20. Refer to your basic troubleshooting techniques used in the [Chapter 1] labs.0/21 _____________________________________________________________________________ 172.20.48.2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab The HQ router needs to send the default route information to the Branch1 and Branch2 routers in the OSPF updates. What command is used to configure this? default-information originate _____________________________________________________________________________ Task 9: Configure OSPF Routing on the Branch2 Router. check your physical connections and configurations.

0.1 to network 0.20.5 _____________________________________________________________________________ 172.0 _____________________________________________________________________________ What OSPF routes are present in the routing table of the HQ router? 172.0/19 [110/391] via 172.0.20.32.6.5 _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ What is the gateway of last resort in the routing table of the Branch2 router? 172.1 _____________________________________________________________________________ 172.0 _____________________________________________________________________________ What OSPF routes are present in the routing table of the Branch2 router? 172.8/30 [110/1952] via 172.20.56.56.0.0/21 [110/1172] via 172.56.2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab What OSPF routes are present in the routing table of the Branch1 router? 172. This document is Cisco Public Information.56. Inc.0.4/30 [110/1171] via 172.0 to network 0.20.20.56.2 _____________________________________________________________________________ 172.56.56.0/30 [110/1171] via 172.20.20.1 _____________________________________________________________________________ 172. All rights reserved.0.6 _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ What is the gateway of last resort in the routing table of the HQ router? 0.0.1 _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ What is the gateway of last resort in the routing table of the Branch1 router? 172.20.0/20 [110/1172] via 172.56. Page 9 of 10 .20.20.5 _____________________________________________________________________________ 172.20.0/21 [110/391] via 172.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.56.20.0.0 _____________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.56.20.0/20 [110/782] via 172.48.20.56.0.20.20.56.0.20.48.20.32.0.0/19 [110/782] via 172.56.56.6 _____________________________________________________________________________ 172.5 to network 0.20.20.

Inc. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet). Page 10 of 10 . What are the hops in the route to PC3? 172. why is a path with more than the minimum amount of hops used? bandwidth of the route makes it faster _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Task 12: Documentation On each router.6. All rights reserved.55. This document is Cisco Public Information.5. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings. capture the following command output to a text (.20.254 pc3 _____________________________________________________________________________ no Is this the least number of hops that can be used to reach PC3? ____________ If the answer is no.20.56.20.2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab Task 11: Reflection On PC1. Disconnect and store the cabling. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. refer to Lab 1.6 branch2 s0/0/1 _____________________________________________________________________________ 172.56.1 branch1 fa0/0 _____________________________________________________________________________ 172. use the tracert command to examine the route that is used between PC1 and PC3.1 Task 13: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers.32.1 hq s0/0/0 _____________________________________________________________________________ 172. show running-config show ip route show ip interface brief show ip protocols If you need to review the procedures for capturing command output.txt) file and save for future reference.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.20.

16.1 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.6 10.1 10.7.16.10.255.255.255.7.0 255.10.5 209.254.255.252 255.255.255.10.7.10.252 255.202.10.16.254.252 255.252 255.16.255.0 255.129 10.7. This document is Cisco Public Information.1 172.Lab 11.4.254.254 Subnet Mask 255.16.255.3.255.5. All rights reserved.1 172.252 255.254 10.255.254 10.9 10.1 172.255.10.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device Interface Fa0/0 HQ S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Lo1 Fa0/0 Branch1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 Branch2 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 PC1 PC2 PC3 NIC NIC NIC IP Address 10.255.255.0 255.255.10. Page 1 of 11 .252.255.0 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 10.255.1 172.10.255.4.7.252.1 10.0 255.252 255.254.255.6.255.10.6.165.0.6.0 255.7.252 255.7.255. Inc.0.10 172.2 172.16.

All rights reserved. The network should also have the following requirements met: x x x x x x x OSPF routing is configured on the Branch1 router. Scenario In this lab. Propose solutions to network errors. Gather information about the misconfigured portion of the network along with any other errors. This document is Cisco Public Information. Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. you will begin by loading configuration scripts on each of the routers. Step 1: Cable a network. OSPF routing is configured on the HQ router.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. When you have corrected all of the configuration errors. Analyze information to determine why communication is not possible. All OSPF routers must use a process ID of 1. The HQ router must redistribute the default route to the Loopback interface in the routing updates. all of the hosts on the network should be able to communicate with each other. Task 1: Cable. These scripts contain errors that will prevent end-to-end communication across the network. and then use the appropriate commands to correct the configurations. Answer no if asked to save changes.6. Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state. Inc. Clear the configuration on each of the routers using the erase startup-config command and then reload the routers. Implement solutions to network errors. Erase. OSPF routing is configured on the Branch2 router. OSPF updates must be disabled on the LAN and Loopback interfaces. You will need to troubleshoot each router to determine the configuration errors. Task 2: Load Routers with the Supplied Scripts Step 1: Load the following script onto the Branch1 router: hostname Branch1 ! no ip domain-lookup ! All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Document the corrected network. All OSPF routers must be in area 0. Page 2 of 11 . and Reload the Routers. Load the routers with supplied scripts. Step 2: Clear the configuration on each router. Discover where communication is not possible. you will be able to: x x x x x x x x x Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab.

0.0. Page 3 of 11 .16.255. All rights reserved.16.252 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 172.254.10 255.0.255 area 0 ! ip classless ! line con 0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.1.6.6.255.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 172.0 0.9 255.7.7.0. Inc.16.7.8 0.0.6 255.7. This document is Cisco Public Information.10.8 0.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 10.255.0.255.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 172.3 area 0 network 10.252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 172.16.255.255.254.16.0.3.2 255.10.3 area 0 ! ip classless ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end Step 2: Load the following script onto the Branch2 router.255.16.252 no shutdown ! router ospf 1 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 network 10.3 area 0 network 172.7.0.7.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.255.0.7.4.10.1 255.10.0 0.6.255.4 0.7.1 255.252 ! router ospf 1 log-adjacency-changes passive-interface Serial0/0/1 network 172.16.255.16. hostname Branch2 ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 10.255 area 0 network 172.0.0 0.3 area 0 network 172.4.

All rights reserved.7. is it possible to ping PC2? __________ yes From the host PC1.16.0 loopback1 ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end Task 3: Troubleshoot the Branch1 Router Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the Host connected to the Branch1 router.16.0. is it possible to ping PC3? __________ yes From the host PC1.0.7.255.255. This document is Cisco Public Information. Inc. is it possible to ping the default gateway? __________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0.10.3 area 0 network 10.129 255.255.7.16.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 172.0.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab line vty 0 4 login ! end Step 3: Load the following script onto the HQ router. hostname HQ ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 10.255.252 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 172.0. Page 4 of 11 . no From the host PC1.6.4 0.0.7.10.3 area 0 network 172.202.0 0.252.1 255.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! interface Loopback1 ip address 209.0 0.255 area 0 ! ip classless ip route 0.7.1 255.5 255.255.255.255.0.0.10.0 0.0.16.0.165.252 ! router ospf 1 log-adjacency-changes passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface Loopback1 network 172.

Step 5: Troubleshoot the routing configuration on the Branch1 router.7.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab Step 2: Examine the Branch1 router to find possible configuration errors. From the host PC1.0 is directly connected ____________________________________________________________________________________ 10. Inc. apply them to the router configuration now.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. This document is Cisco Public Information.10. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step. Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router. All rights reserved.6.0 is directly connected ____________________________________________________________________________________ 172.16.0 [110/65] via 172. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again.4. Are there any problems with the status of the interfaces? s0/0/0 down protocol ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the configuration of the interfaces.10 ____________________________________________________________________________________ 172.16. Page 5 of 11 . config t ____________________________________________________________________________________ int s0/0/0 ____________________________________________________________________________________ clock rate 64000 ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above.10.6. or will it be necessary to troubleshoot the configurations on the other two routers to correct the errors? need to check all routes ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 6: Attempt to ping between the hosts again. Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors on the Branch1 no router? __________ If the answer is yes. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors.7.8 is directly connected ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the routing table? not showing all routes ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Does the information in routing table indicate any configuration errors on the Branch1 router.7.16. is it possible to ping PC2? __________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. What routes are shown in the routing table? 10. view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again. Step 4: View summary of the status information.

Inc. is it possible to ping PC1? __________ From the host PC2. This document is Cisco Public Information. Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors on the HQ router? no __________ If the answer is yes. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step.255. Step 4: View summary of the status information. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again.10.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab From the host PC1.0. Are there any problems with the status of the interfaces? s0/0/1 down ____________________________________________________________________________________ wrong ip for fa0/0 ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the configuration of the interfaces. is it possible to ping the default gateway? __________ Step 2: Examine the HQ router to find possible configuration errors. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0 ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the interface status that could be due to errors on other parts of the network? hq to branch2 is down ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again.1 255.6. apply them to the router configuration now. Page 6 of 11 . Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router. int fa0/0 ____________________________________________________________________________________ ip address 10. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the HQ router? __________ From the host PC1. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the HQ router? __________ Task 4: Troubleshoot the HQ Router Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the host PC2. is it possible to ping PC3? __________ From the host PC1.252. From the host PC2. is it possible to ping PC3? __________ From the host PC2. All rights reserved.

16.0. Are there any additional problems with the OSPF configuration? add default-information originat ____________________________________________________________________________________ bad mask for 10.16.7.0/22 is directly connected ____________________________________________________________________________________ 10.0 0.0. router ospf1 ____________________________________________________________________________________ no network 10.0/23 [110/129] via 172.7.0 is directly connected ____________________________________________________________________________________ 172.255 area 0 ____________________________________________________________________________________ default-informatin originate ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems on the HQ router that could be due to errors on other parts of the network? no route from hq to branch2 ____________________________________________________________________________________ branch 2 not a neighbor ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.10. show ip protocols.10.7.0. This document is Cisco Public Information.6.3.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.8 [110/128] via 172.2 ____________________________________________________________________________________ 10.7.16.16. and show ip ospf neighbor commands to view information about the OSPF configuration on the HQ router. Inc.0.6.10.7.0 ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the OSPF configuration.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab Step 5: Troubleshoot the routing configuration on the HQ router.0.10.0/0 is directly connected ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the routing table? missing route between hq and branch2 ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Use the show running-configuration.0.0 0.16. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors.0.165.10. What routes are shown in the routing table? 10.7.255 area 0 ____________________________________________________________________________________ network 10.128 is directly connected ____________________________________________________________________________________ 0.2 ____________________________________________________________________________________ 209.10.0/23 [110/65] via 172. All rights reserved.2 ____________________________________________________________________________________ 172. Page 7 of 11 .4.0.202.

view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again. view the routing information again. Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router. is it possible to ping PC2? __________ yes From the host PC3. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step. Inc. apply them to the router configuration now. is it possible to ping the Serial0/0/1 interface of the Branch 2 router? __________ Step 2: Examine the Branch2 router to find possible configuration errors. Step 8: Attempt to ping between the hosts again. Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors on the Branch no router? __________ If the answer is yes. apply them to the router configuration now. int s0/0/1 ____________________________________________________________________________________ no shutdown ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above. is it possible to ping the default gateway? __________ yes From the host PC3. Page 8 of 11 . troubleshoot the routing configuration again. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the Branch2 router? __________ no From the host PC2. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Step 7: View the routing information. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the Branch2 router? __________ Task 5: Troubleshoot the Branch2 Router Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the Host PC3. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous steps. This document is Cisco Public Information. yes From the host PC2. no Does the information in routing table indicate any configuration errors on the HQ router? __________ If the answer to either of this is yes. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again. Step 4: View summary of the status information. is it possible to ping PC1? __________ yes From the host PC3.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. All rights reserved. is it possible to ping PC3? __________ yes From the host PC2. no From the host PC3.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab Step 6: If you have recorded any commands above.6. Are there any problems with the status of the interfaces? s0/0/1 administratively down ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the configuration of the interfaces. is it possible to ping PC1? __________ yes From the host PC2.

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. troubleshoot the routing configuration again.6.0.16.7.7.255 area 0 ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 6: If you have recorded any commands above.4.9 ____________________________________________________________________________________ 10.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.0/23 is directly connected ____________________________________________________________________________________ 172.0/23 [110/65] via 172.255 area 0 ____________________________________________________________________________________ network 10. view the routing information again.3.0. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous steps.6.0 0.10.9 ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the routing table? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Use the show running-configuration. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors.0/0 [110/1] via 172.10.10. show ip protocols. Are there any problems with the OSPF configuration? hq is not in neighbor table ____________________________________________________________________________________ passive-interface should be on the fa0/0 interface ____________________________________________________________________________________ bad mask for 10. and show ip ospf neighbor commands to view information about the OSPF configuration on the Branch2 router.10.6. Page 9 of 11 .0. no Does the information in routing table indicate any configuration errors on the Branch2 router? _________ If the answer to this question is yes.16.7. This document is Cisco Public Information.9 ____________________________________________________________________________________ 10.16.7.16. Step 7: View the routing information.7.10.0/22 [110/129] via 172.1.16.9 ____________________________________________________________________________________ 172. What routes are shown in the routing table? 10.6.7.10.0 [110/128] via 172.6. All rights reserved.8 is directly connected ____________________________________________________________________________________ 0.16.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab Step 5: Troubleshoot the routing configuration on the Branch2 router. Inc.0.0 0. apply them to the router configuration now. router ospf 1 ____________________________________________________________________________________ no passive-interface s0/0/1 ____________________________________________________________________________________ passive-interface fa0/0 ____________________________________________________________________________________ no network 10.4 is directly connected ____________________________________________________________________________________ 172.0 ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the OSPF configuration.7.16.0.

6.9 ____________________________________________________________________________________ 172. yes From the host PC3.7. All rights reserved.7.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab What routes are shown in the routing table? 10.txt) file and save for future reference.16. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Task 7: Documentation On each router. is it possible to ping PC1? __________ yes From the host PC3. refer to Lab 1.16.5 ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 8: Attempt to ping between the hosts again.0/23 is directly connected ____________________________________________________________________________________ 172.10.10.4.4 is directly connected ____________________________________________________________________________________ 172.0.7.16.5 ____________________________________________________________________________________ 10.10.16. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the Branch1 router? __________ Task 6: Reflection There were a number of configuration errors in the scripts that were provided for this lab.1 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the Branch1 router? __________ yes From the host PC3.0 [110/128] via 172.0/23 [110/65] via 172. x x x x show running-config show ip route show ip interface brief show ip protocols If you need to review the procedures for capturing command output.0/22 [110/65] via 172.7. capture the following command output to a text (.16.7.0.5.0/0 [110/1] via 172. Page 10 of 11 .8 is directly connected ____________________________________________________________________________________ 0.16. is it possible to ping PC2? __________ yes From the host PC3. Use the space below to write a brief description of the errors that you found.7. This document is Cisco Public Information. Inc.0.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.7.9 ____________________________________________________________________________________ 10.6.16.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings. Disconnect and store the cabling. Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.6. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet).3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab Task 8: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Page 11 of 11 .

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