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# CURRICULUM OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING B.E/B.Sc/M.E/M.

Sc

(Revised 2008)

HIGHE R

ION EDUCAT

S IS ION COMM

HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION ISLAMABAD

**CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC
**

Dr. Syed Sohail H. Naqvi Prof. Dr. Riaz ul Haq Tariq Miss Ghayyur Fatima Mr. M. Tahir Ali Shah Mr. Shafiullah Khan Executive Director Member (Acad) Deputy Director (Curri) Assistant Director Assistant Director

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CONTENTS

1. 2. Introduction…………………………………………7 Frame Work for B.E/B.Sc for Mechanical Engineering…………………………11 Scheme of studies for B.E/B.Sc Mechanical Engineering…………………………14 Detail of courses for B.E/B.Sc Mechanical Engineering…………………………18 Scheme of Studies for ME/M.Sc Mechanical Engineering ………………………..49 Detail of Courses for ME/M.Sc…………………52 Recommendation for BE/B.Sc programme .….73 Recommendation for Post-graduate Programme ………………………………………75 Annexures A,B,C & D………………………….77

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the curriculum of a subject must be reviewed after every 3 years. Hence. These studies and reforms are then related to the particular subject and the position in Pakistan so that the proposed curriculum may have its roots in the socio-economics setup in which it is to be introduced. P P In pursuance of the above decisions and directives. It has to be studied thoroughly and all aspects are to be critically examined before any component is recommended for adoption. appointed the University Grants Commission as the competent authority to look after the curriculum revision work beyond class XII at the bachelor level and onwards to all degrees. dated December 4th 1976. and 35--30% to non Engineering courses. Applied Social Sciences and Engineering disciplines met in April 2007 and developed a unified template to standardize degree programs in the country to bring the national curriculum at par with international standards. and will require the completion of 130-136 credit hours. the Federal Government vide notification No. comprising of senior teachers nominated by universities. and to fulfill the needs of the local industries. certificates and diplomas awarded by degree colleges. the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is continually performing curriculum revision in collaboration with universities.). R&D organizations and 4 . A committee of experts comprising of conveners from the National Curriculum Revision of HEC in Basic. For the purpose of curriculum revision various committees are constituted at the national level. degree awarding institutions. Many of these procedures include incorporating the results from international research studies and reforms made in other countries. D773/76-JEA (cur. The new BS degree shall be of 4 years duration. According to the decision of the special meeting of Vice-Chancellor’s Committee. universities and other institutions of higher education.PREFACE Curriculum development is a highly organized and systematic process and involves a number of procedures. unlike a machine. It also aimed to give a basic. The engineering degree will devote 65-70% of the curriculum towards engineering courses. it is not possible to accept any curriculum in its entirety. In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Federal Supervision of Curricula Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act 1976. broad based knowledge to the students to ensure the quality of education.

The final draft prepared by the National Curriculum Revision Committee.RIAZ-UL-HAQ TARIQ Member Academics December 2008 5 . DR. Islamabad revised the curriculum in light of the unified template. The National Curriculum Revision Committee for Mechanical Engineering in a meeting held on January 31. duly approved by the competent authority. is being circulated for implementation in the concerned institutions. 2008 at the HEC Head Office.respective accreditation councils.

HEC BACK TO STAGE-I Abbreviations Used: NCRC. OF NCRC. Recommendations LI Learning Innovation R&D Research & Development Organization HEC Higher Education Commission 6 . Colleges UNI.CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT STAGE-I STAGE-II STAGE-III STAGE-IV CURRICULUM UNDER CONSIDERATION CURRICULUM IN DRAFT STAGE FINAL STAGE FOLLOW UP COLLECTION OF EXP NOMINATION UNI. R&D. Experts COL. INDUSTRY & COUNCILS APPRAISAL OF 1ST DRAFT BY EXP P P PREPARATION OF FINAL CURRICULUM QUESTIONNAIRE CONS. National Curriculum Revision Committee VCC. FINALIZATION OF DRAFT BY NCRC COMMENTS PRINTING OF CURRICULUM REVIEW PREPARARTION OF DRAFT BY NCRC IMPLEMENTATION OF CURRICULUM ORIENTATION COURSES BY LI. Preparation REC. Vice-Chancellor’s Committee EXP. Universities PREP.

National University of Sciences & Technology. Chairman. Afzal Ahmed. 3. 4. Lahore Engr. Khan Muhammad Brohi. Department of Mechanical Engineering. Balochistan University of Engg. University of Engineering & Technology. Hafiz Muhammad Nadeem Sharif. 2008 at HEC. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. Karachi Prof. Sindh. Department of Mechanical Engineering College of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering. Quaid-i-Awam University of Engineering. Younis Jamal. Islamabad to finalize the draft curriculum prepared during previous meetings. Pakistan Naval Engineering College. Name Dr. Dean Faculty of Engineering. Rawalpindi. Nawabshah. Abdul Hameed Memon. Dr. Dean. 1. 6. 7 . Head. Prof. Professor. Department of Mechanical Engineering. Professor.INTRODUCTION A special meeting of National Curriculum Revision Committee (NCRC) in Mechanical Engineering was held on January 31. Khuzdar Engr. Dr. Lahore Prof. 5. The committee greatly appreciated the excellent work done by NCRC members during their meeting held on June 12-13. Mohammad Javed Hyder. Department of Mechanical Engineering. National University of Sciences & Technology. 2. 8. Convener. Science & Technology. Ijaz Ahmad Malik. Following attended the meeting: Sr. Adnan Tariq. Department of Mechanical Engineering. Jamshoro Dr.. 7. Faculty of Engg. Dr. Engineering Sciences Department. Lahore to adjust the mechanical engineering curriculum as per standardized template which required very minor changes to finalize the draft. & Tech. Department of Mechanical Engg. Mehran University of Engineering & Technology. University of Engineering & Technology. Dr.

Department of Mechanical Engineering. 2007 at HEC Islamabad to bring at par the curricula of Engineering disciplines with international standard. Taxila.Sr. Name Pakistan Institute of Engineering & Applied Sciences. The semester wise curriculum has been modified to the best possible extent. Lahore. 9. Secretary Professor. Javed A. Dr. NED University of Engineering & Technology. However to implement the semester system more effectively the universities should be provided the required facilities. 2007 at HEC Regional Center. The members unanimously selected Prof. Mohammad Sultan Khan as Secretary for the meeting. Department of Mechanical Engineering. Nilore. Syed Muhammad Fakhir Hasani. Shahab Khushnood. 10. Mr. LAHORE A special two day meeting of National Curriculum Revision Committee (NCRC) in Mechanical Engineering was held on June 12-13. During the two day meeting. Shafiullah Khan Assistant Director HEC Islamabad briefed the participants that the said meeting was convened with the objectives to make necessary changes in the curriculum of Mechanical Engineering finalized during August 2006 in the light of standardized template / framework developed by the joint meeting of conveners of NCRCs for under graduate studies in Engineering disciplines on April 21. the committee worked to adjust the mechanical engineering curriculum as per the standardized template. Mr. NATIONAL CURRICULUM REVISION COMMITTEE SPECIAL MEETING FOR MECHANICAL ENGINEERING CURRICULUM FROM 12-13 JUNE. 2007 AT HEC REGIONAL CENTRE. The meeting started with the recitation from the Holy Quran. University of Engineering & Technology. Karachi. 8 . Arshad Kamran Director HEC Regional Center Lahore welcomed the participants of the meeting. Dr. Dr. Professor. Islamabad. Chattha as Convener and Dr.

Sindh. Member 9 . Professor. Swabi Prof. Jamshoro Dr. Chairman. Pakistan Naval Engineering College. Fazli Rahman. Faculty of Mechanical Engineering. Mechanical Engineering Department. The following attended the meeting: 1. Department of Mechanical Engineering. Khan Muhammad Brohi. Department of Mechanical Engineering. Department of Mechanical Engg.Mechanical engineering is one of the most important engineering deciplines that may be supported by HEC for Faculty Development. Hafiz Muhammad Nadeem Sharif. Mehran University of Engineering & Technology. Science & Technology. Khuzdar Engr. It is also emphasized that implementation of the recommendations made in the previous meetings may be facilitated by HEC. UET. Dr. Lahore Convener 2. Department of Mechanical Engineering. Balochistan University of Engg. Prof. Chattha. Quaid-i-Awam University of Engineering. Professor. University of Engineering & Technology. Abdul Hameed Memon. Member 6. Afzal Ahmed. Engineering Sciences Department. Topi Distt. Member 3. Younis Jamal. Dr. Karachi Prof. Lahore Prof. Nawabshah. Member 7. Sciences & Tech. Dean. National University of Sciences & Technology.D studies abroad over a period of five year. Chairman.. In this regard the Mechanical Engineering Departments of all the Universities should be granted at least five scholarships per year for Ph. Member 4. Dr. & Tech. Dr. Member 5. Javed A. GIKI Engg..

Department of Mechanical Engineering College of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering National University of Sciences & Technology Rawalpindi Dr. Karachi. NWFP. NED University of Engineering & Technology.I. Peshawar Commander Dr. Dr. National University of Sciences & Technology Karachi Member 4. Sciences & Tech.S. 10 . Kashif Javed Department of Mechanical Engineering UET. Lahore Member 6. Faculty of Mechanical Engineering. Saghir Mehdi Rizvi Member Industrial Engineering & Management Department. Swabi Secretary The following members could not attend the meeting 1. Dawood College of Engineering & Technology. 3. Iftikhar Ahmed Member Department of Mechanical Engineering. Member 2. Dr Ijaz Ahmad Malik Convener Head. & Technology. Mohammad Sultan Khan. 5. Assistant Professor. Department of Mechanical Engineering. Rizvi Dean Engineering Sciences. Topi Distt. Pakistan Navy Engineering College. Engr.. Jinnah Road. Karachi Engr. GIKI Engg. University of Engg.A. M. Member/Secretary. S. Khalil Ahmad Khan Professor.8. Prof.

0 4 10 3.5 22.8 English 3 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 3 3 3 2 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 15 40 100 30 1 3 3 9 7.5 2.5 3.8 5 12.5 11 .5 6.0 Humani ties Culture Social Science s Manage ment science s Physics Natural Science s Mathe matics Elective s 2 6 15 4.3 6.8 4 10 3.136 70 per cent 30 per cent Non-Engineering Domain Know ledge Area Subje ct Area Name of Course English I English II (Communicatio n Skills) English III (Technical Writing) Pakistan Studies Islamic Studies/Ethics Social ScienceI Social ScienceII Management Elective-1 Engineering Management & Economics Physics Mathematics-1 Mathematics-2 Mathematics-3 Chemistry Mathematics-4 TOTAL Le c CH 3 3 Lab CH 0 0 CR Tota l Cou rses Tot al Cr edi ts % Are a % ove rall 3 3 3 9 22.BS ENGINEERING PROGRAMME IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING U Duration: Number of Semesters Number of weeks per semester: Total number of credit hours: Engineering Course (Minimum) Non-Engineering Course (Maximum) 4 years 8 18 (16 for teaching and 2 for examinations) 133 .

Engineering Domain Know ledge Area Subj ect Area Funda Mentals Comput Ing Progra mming Design CAD/CAM Engineering Drawing and Graphics Engineering Statistics Engineering Dynamics Mechanics of Materials-I Thermodynamics -I Workshop Practice Mechanics of Machines Measurement & Instrumentation Engineering Statistics Machine Design Manufacturing Process-I Fluid MechanicsII Heat and Mass Transfer Control Engineering Fluid MechanicsII Mechanics of Materials-II Thermodynamics -II Mechanical Vibrations Manufacturing Proc.3 Enginee ring Founda tion Major Based Core (Breadt h) Major Based Core (Depth) 12 .8 6 18 18.3 5.9 15.8 13.5 Name of Course Computers Systems and Programming Lec CH 2 Lab CH 2 C R 4 Tot al Cou rses Total Cre dits % Area % ove rall 2 7 7.1 19.-II Technical Elective-I Technical Elective-II Technical Elective-III Technical Elective-IV (Opt) 2 2 3 3 3 3 0 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 2 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 4 3 3 3 3 2 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 8 3 3 3 3 21 21.5 9 26 27.

3 4.4 6.3 4.8 Industri al Trainin g TOTAL Grand Total 0 0 0 0 29 43 0 93 133 0 97 0 70 U 13 .5 1 9 9.5 Electronics 2 1 3 Design Project Design Project Mechanical Engineering Lab (I – VII) 0 0 0 3 3 9 3 3 9 2 6 6.Interdiscipli nary Enginee ring Breadth (Electiv es) Senior Design Project Electrical Engineering 2 1 3 2 6 6.

LabI Total: Semester/Term 2 Subjects Credit Hrs Theory 3 2 3 3 0 2 2 15 Lab 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 3 Credit Hours 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 18 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 GS-104 GS-105 ME-131 ME-112 ME-121 HS-101 HS-103 Applied Math-II Applied Chemistry Thermodynamics-I Engineering Statics Workshop Practice Islamic Studies/Ethics Pak Studies Total: 14 . Semester/Term 1 Subjects Credit Hrs Theory 2 3 3 2 2 0 12 Lab 1 0 0 2 2 1 6 Credit Hours 3 3 3 4 4 1 18 1 2 3 4 5 6 GS-101 GS-102 HS-102 GS-103 ME-111 ML-101 Applied Physics Applied Math-I English Computer System & Programming Engineering Drawing & Graphics Mechanical Engg.BE/BSc (Mechanical Engineering) Sample Scheme of Studies U U Note: A sample for distribution of courses in different semesters is provided. however universities may make changes according to their available faculty and schedule.

Semester/Term 3 Subjects Credit Hrs Theory 3 3 3 3 3 3 17 Lab 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Credit Hours 3 3 3 3 3 3 18 1 2 3 4 5 6 GS-201 ME-221 ME-231 ME-211 ME-212 HS-104 Applied Math-III Engineering Materials Fluid Mechanics-I Engineering Dynamics Mechanics of Materials – I English-II (Communication Skills) Total: Semester/Term 4 Subjects Credit Hrs Theory 3 2 3 3 3 0 0 14 Lab 0 1 0 0 0 2 1 4 Credit Hours 3 3 3 3 3 2 1 18 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 GS-202 EE-201 ME-213 ME-232 ME-233 ML-202 ML-201 Applied Math-IV / Physics II Electrical Engineering Mechanics of Materials – II Fluid Mechanics-II Thermodynamics-II Mechanical Engg. Lab-III Mechanical Engg. Lab-IV Measurement & Instrumentation Total: 15 . Lab-II Total: Semester/Term 5 Subjects Credit Hrs Theory 3 2 3 3 3 0 2 16 Lab 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 2 Credit Hours 3 3 3 3 3 1 2 18 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 GS-301 EE-301 ME-321 ME-311 ME-312 ML-301 ME-214 Engineering Statistics Electronics Manufacturing Process-I Machine Design Mechanics of Machines Mechanical Engg.

Semester/Term 6 Subjects Credit Hrs Theory 3 3 3 3 2 Lab 0 0 0 0 0 Credit Hours 3 3 3 3 2 1 2 3 4 5 HS-105 ME-313 ME-322 ME-331 ME-323 6 7 ML-302 GS-xyz English-III Control Engineering Manufacturing Processes II Heat & Mass Transfer Engineering Management & Economics Mechanical Engg. Lab-VI Social Sciences Total: 16 . Lab-V Social Sciences-II Total 0 2 15 2 0 2 2 2 17 Semester/Term 7 Subjects Credit Hrs Theory 2 3 3 0 0 2 10 Lab 1 0 0 3 1 0 5 Credit Hours 3 3 3 3 1 2 15 1 2 3 4 5 6 ME-411 ME-401 ME-4xx ME-499 ML-401 GS-xyz CAD / CAM Management Elective Course Technical Elective Course-I Design Project Mechanical Engg.

Semester/Term 8 Subjects Credit Hrs Theory 3 3 3 3 0 0 9 107 Lab 0 0 0 0 3 1 4 26 Credit Hours 3 3 3 3 3 1 13 133 1 2 3 4 5 6 ME-412 ME-4yz ME-4xy ME-4xy ME-499 ML-402 Mechanical Vibrations Technical Elective Course-II Technical Elective Course-III Technical Elective Course-IV (Optional) Design Project Mechanical Engineering Lab-VII Total: Grand Total: Course Code Legend Alphabets ME: EE: GS: HS: ML: Mechanical Engineering Electrical Engineering General Sciences Humanities/Social Sciences Mechanical Engineering Laboratories 17 .

epicycloid. prism. solids of revolution. Intersection of cylinder and cylinder. coupling and simple bearings. pyramid. Loci of Points and Generated Curves. Meyers & Boyer 4. Bertoline and Eric N. archemedian spiral. Irwin McGraw-Hill 1997 2. involute. Types of solids. Introduction to computer aided engineering drawing and use of software/package. true length of a line. lettering. four quadrants.E. dimensioning. Section of Solids. McGraw-Hill P P 18 . Sections of joints. Types of projections. Mohler. Technical Graphics Communication By Bertoline Wiebe. Cycloid. Loci of points and straight lines. polyhedra. nuts and bolts. planning of drawing sheet. IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Design Engineering 1. Projection of Solids. 3rd Edition By Gary R. 3. preparation of assembly drawings. Intersection of Surfaces. Part-II Isometric and pictorial projections of solids/machine parts. Technical Graphics Communication./B. use of pencil and drawing instruments. traces of a line. Miller. Practical Geometry & Engineering Graphics By Abbot. Development of Solids. pipe connections and engine details. Recommended Books 1. Projections. screw thread systems. cone and prism. keys and cotter. projection of straight lines. cone. Wiebe. Engineering Graphics By Craft. plane of projections. inclination to both the planes. cylinder.DETAIL OF COURSES FOR B. Types of lines. True shape of section on auxiliary plane of various solids. orthographic projections.SC. cone and cone. projection of oblique and auxiliary planes. projection of points. making of freehand sketches from solid objects and from orthographic projections. sphere. examples with different quadrants. Engineering Drawing & Graphics Part-I Introduction. cone and cylinder. Projection of various solids in simple position and inclined positions.

relative velocity.Kraige John Wiley & Sons 3. work and energy relationship. Work and energy. Plane Kinetics of Rigid Bodies: Force. resultant of forces.F. mass. couples. Impulse and momentum. dry friction.4th Edition By A. Russel Johnston Jr. plane curvilinear motion. Bedford and W. Rogers and J. moment. conservation of momentum. absolute motion. Engineering Mechanics (Vol. normal and tangential coordinates. Adams. equation of motion. Rectilinear motion. Force. method of joints. Engineering Mechanics 6th Edition By Meriam & L. instantaneous centre of zero velocity. Structures. fixed axis rotation. Plane Kinematics of Rigid Bodies.G. frames and machine analysis. Free body diagram. Equilibrium. 1)8th Edition By R. Engineering Dynamics Kinematics of Particles. 19 . McGraw-Hill 1976 2. general plane motion. Kinetics of Particles. Plane trusses. polar coordinates. method of sections. application of friction. Forces in beams and cables Friction.5 . Angular motion relations. kinetic diagrams. Fowler. Addison Wesley McGraw-Hill Science P P P P P P 3. impulse and momentum equation. and acceleration. Newton’s second law of motion. Engineering Mechanics-Statistics. rectilinear motion. rectangular components.A. Beer & E. moments and couples (two and three dimensional systems). equations of motion. relative acceleration. McGraw-Hill Science 4. and acceleration.C. two force and three force members. translation. Mechanical systems. curvilinear motion. rectangular coordinates. Types of friction. Prentice Hall 2. isolation and equilibrium equations for two and three dimensional systems. mass. Recommended Books P P 1. Hibbler. Mathematical Elements for Computer Graphics By D. Engineering Statics Force System. Force. Vector Mechanics for Engineers (Statics) 4th Edition By Ferdinand P. potential energy.

thin walled pressure vessels. plate and centrifugal clutch. Crawford Longman Sc & Tech (Jul 1987) 3. Benham & R. Recommended Books 1. Bedford and W. Warnock Pitman (Aug 1970) P P HT TH 5. bands and shoe brakes. shear stresses in beams. sensitivity.C. double integration method. principal stresses and strains. compressive and shear stress & strain. Mechanics of Materials-I Mechanical properties of materials. Prentice Hall 2. theories of failure. simple and compound gear trains. Hooke’s law. Governors. Engineering Mechanics (Vol. Strain gauges. hollow and compound shafts. Mechanics of Engineering Materials By P. McGraw-Hill Science 4. screw threads and efficiency.P. Fowler. Strain energy. epicyclic trains. thermal stresses. Plane stress and strain. Addison Wesley McGraw-Hill Science P P P P P P 4.G. 1)8th Edition By R. Hardness. Beer & Russel Johnston Jr. theory of columns. Beer & E. superposition method. virtual work and it’s application. stress concentration. McGraw-Hill 2. Hibbler. cone. controlling force and stability. Moments of inertia. shearing force and bending moment. Photoelasticity. Engineering Mechanics-Statistics. chains and sprockets. Vector Mechanics for Engineers (Statics) 4th Edition By Ferdinand P.4th Edition By A. Mechanics of Machines Friction between unlubricated surfaces. stress strain relationship. Gyroscope. fatigue and creep. compound epicyclic trains. effort and power. Engineering Mechanics 6th Edition By Meriam & L. thin and thick curved bars. Yield. Deflection and stresses. geometry of gears. 20 . tensile. Torsion of circular bars. collar and conical bearing.Kraige John Wiley & Sons 3. Mohr’s circle for stress and strain. Russel Johnston Jr. Mechanics of Materials 4th Edition By Ferdinand P. friction of pivot.J.V. pure bending of beams. belts and rope drives. Analysis of statically indeterminate beams. Castigliano’s theorem. deflection of beams.Recommended Books P P 1. Mechanics of Solids & Strength of Materials By F. troque on gear trains. thick cylinders.

Thick walled cylinders. Design of spur. turning moment diagram. Mechanism Design Vol. 1955 4. Mechanics of Materials-II Analysis of stress and strain in two and three dimensions. Design of welded. design of mechanical springs. An Integrated Approach 3rd Edition By R L Norton McGraw Hill. McGraw-Hill 1992. 7th Edition By Erdman and Sanders. ISO.dynamometers. Theory of Machines By W. Shigley McGraw Hill 2. engine balancing. determination of permissible and actual stresses. design of simple elements. Thin shells. Metal fits. surface finish. DIN. JIS. Linkages: synthesis and analysis. Spotts Prentice Hall P P P P P P 21 . Strain gauges. velocity and acceleration analysis.1928 3. 7. Design of Machine Elements 7th Edition By M. Mechanical Engineering Design 8th Edition By J. Recommended Books P P 1.F. Design for assembly and dimensioning. ANSI. Principles of Mechanisms By F. cotters. design of journal bearings. steering gears. and couplings. design of rolling contact bearings. energy stored in body under impact loading stress due to impact loading. Recommended Books 1. tolerances. Symmetrical and asymmetrical loading. Dyson Oxford University Press. balancing. factor of safety. Photoelasticity. bevel & worm gears. helical. Analysis of torsion. position. Castiglione’s theorem.E. design of keys. Saint Venant’s theory. Impact and shock load. Introduction to fracture mechanics. 1986. standards of fits & tolerances. Machine Design. Compatibility and strain relations. Toughness. 2. Design of translation screws. riveted and bolted joints. Equilibrium. Rotating disks and flat plates. Secondary stresses. flywheels. Energy theorems.E. critical stress intensity factor. design of shafts. Machine Design Basic criteria of design of machine parts. Statically indeterminate problems. Green Blackie & Son Ltd. Shigley Mcgraw-Hill P P 6. 3. Design standards BS. valve diagrams and valve gears.G. Theory of Machines 3rd Edition By J.

Beasley. John Wiley. 1997 4. planning of experiments. By E. System. measurement errors. control system.P. CAD/CAM CAD: Fundamentals of CAD. examples of control system. Edworth. Zimmers. repeatability. Introduction to data acquisition through computers.8. flow and temperature. Theory and Design for Mechanical Measurements. Recommended Books 1. Computer Graphics software and data base. April 30. Mastering CAD/CAM 1st Edition By Ibrahim Zeid McGraw-Hill HT P P TH 9. accuracy precision. and uncertainty of instruments. Mathematical elements of CAD. output. general measurement system. seriesparallel. Measurement Systems Applications and Design 1st Edition. Prentice Hall.W. Operational notation. Computer Integrated Design and Manufacturing By David D. force. frequency. 1986 3. Automation. Hardware in CAD. By R. equations of motion 22 . Measurement and Instrumentation Significance of measurement. Finite Element analysis. By M. torque. NC part programming. Production Systems and Computer Integrated Manufacturing By M. Control Engineering Basic Concepts. Prentice Hall1987 2. And D. pressure. Mathematical Modeling of Physical System. B. Computer controls in NC Recommended Books 1. grounded chair representation. Instruments for measurement of length. laws. Groover. range. static and dynamic measurement sensitivity. Groover & E. Doeblin. calibration.P. McGraw Hill 2. A/D and D/A converters. 1991 P P 10. input. Figliola. CAM: Conventional Numerical Control. Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing. open-loop and closedloop control systems. elements of a general control system.

Concept of stability. Orthogonality conditions. logarithmic decrement. Harmonic motion. impulse. Transfer Functions and Systems Response.for spring mass damper systems. Two degree of freedom systems. energy method. step. and ramp response of first and second order systems. Automatic Control. coordinate coupling. Normal modes of vibration. forced harmonic vibration. rise time. Equation of motion: Newton’s method. setting time. Routh Hurwitz criterion. 2. undamped free vibration. Mechanical Vibrations Oscillatory motion. Dorf Prentice Hall 3. Raven 1968 P P T T 11.J Distofano et al. steady state error. Kuo. thermal systems and fluid system. Vibration of Elastic Bodies. geared system. characterization of response (time constant. electrical analogies for mechanical systems. Automatic Control Systems. Modern Control System 10th Edition. torsional vibration of circular shafts with single rotor and two rotors. Single degree of freedom systems. By Richard C. gain. 1981 4. Review of Laplace transform. electrical components and R. concept of transfer functions of common components. 8th Edition ByB. free and forced lateral vibrations of simply supported thin beams. By J.C circuits. critical speed of rotating shafts. Golnaraghi John Wiley & Sons. Elements of vibrating system. step and ramp functions. impulse. C. vibration measuring instruments. vibration absorber. Inc. viscously damped free vibration. vibration isolation. harmonically excited vibration. etc. Stability of Control System. block diagram algebra. Automatic Control. F. vibration damper. signal flow graphs. periodic motion. overshoot.L. Free and forced vibration of cables and uniform bars. Electrical and Mechanical analogies 23 . levered system.) relation of system response to location of system poles and zeros. rotational system. Root locus Methods and its Use in Control System Design Introduction to Digital Control Recommended Books 1. By Francis H. vibration terminology. Finding natural frequencies: Rayliegh method and Holzer method. scale factors.

annealing. bonding & classification of polymer compounding. Bauchinger effect. allotropy. copper alloys. ceramics. Material Forms and Designation. zinc alloys. Refining of copper. Ceramic bonding. Metals and Alloy Systems. ceramics material. mechanisms in metals. Molecular structure. Engineering Materials Metals Structure of Metals Crystalline structure of metals. aluminum and zinc. Ceramics and refractories. Vibration for Engineers By Endrew Dimargonas. Corrosion of metals anti-corrosive coatings and paints. slip and slip systems. Non Metals Composition. Iron-carbon phase diagram. Rao. Mechanical Vibrations : Theory & Applications 5th Edition By W. twinning. austempering. pearlite. Crystallographic planes. channel. bainite. glass etc. dislocation. 24 . transformation on heating/cooling. rubber. silica. Aluminum alloys. cementite. wrought iron. S-iron. plastics. British standards and ASTM standard specification on iron/steel. hardening. refractory materials and their types. bar. S. alloying elements and their effect on the properties of alloy steel. McGraw Hill 2001 4. crystalline and amorphous. normalizing. Thompson Prentice Hall 2. austenite. McGraw 3. properties. Mechanical Vibrations 3rd Edition By S.T. fiberglass. cast iron. rolling processes and production of various steel sections such a billet. brass and bronzes. composite materials and polymers. Heat treatment critical temp. Meirovitch. forming operations etc. Introduction to Composite Materials. Metals and alloys for special application. Production of iron.Recommended Books 1. Elements Of Vibration Analysis By L. rod. properties and users of plastics. yield phenomenon and strain aging. etc. Polymers. Roll load calculation. ferrite. martensite. Prentice Hall1996 P P P P Manufacturing Engineering 12. tempering. Production of steel and its classification. quenching.

Carbon dioxide casting. Study of household electrical appliances. 3. different types of wood joints. facing. 4th Edition By W. Introduction to Engineering Materials 2nd Edition. Assembly/disassembly of basic mechanical components. Workshop Practice Fitter Shop. carpentry shop and smithy shop. Introduction to machine tools. furnace types. Students will be assigned practical jobs in machine shop. Materials and Processes in Manufacturing. A. Machine Shop. e. Ceramic Science for Materials Technologist By T. its defects and preservation methods. Smith McGraw-Hill Science 6.C. belts. Electrical Wiring 14th Edition By Richter and Schwan McGraw-Hill Education 3. Timber. Process and Materials of Manufacturing By Lindberg. Workshop Technology. Basics of Electric Shop. 1993) 5.Material failure analysis Recommended Books 1. P P P P 25 . Welding. Powell Springer (December 31. electrical shop. etc. Basic Processes in Wood Work Shop. and electric arc welding. Wiring Manual By Pak Cables Limited. basic lathe operations including turning. Introduction to soldering. making a small wooden model. tools and accessories. Brief introduction. brief details of gas. 8th Edition By E. Material Science By David Collister P P P P P P HT TH 13. Types and uses of cables. 1977. Recommended Books 1. bearings. J Chapman Butterworth-Heinemann 2. Functions of Forge & Foundry Shop. fitting shop.J McCalm 4. brazing and welding. screw cutting. keys. heat treatment furnaces. Engineering with polymers 1st Edition By P.P Degarmo Prentice Hall 2. By William F.g.

H Amstead. Coating and Cleaning. vapor deposition. Sheet Metal Forming.L Begeman. 6.14. electroplating and electro forming. Forming & Shaping Plastics & Composite Materials. P P Groover John Wiley & Sons 2. design considerations. equipment for sheet metal forming. electron beam welding. injection molding. bending sheet and plate. Solid State welding process: Cold welding. Extrusion and Drawing. Hazel Hurst. HT TH P P 26 . thermo-forming. hot dipping. Sheet metal characteristics. Manufacturing Process By B. thermit welding. thermal spraying. 2nd Edition By M.F Ostwald. manufacturing honeycomb material. Flat rolling. friction welding. 5. production of seam less tubing and piping. Manufacturing Processes-I Forming & Shaping Processes and Equipment. Rolling. Introduction to Manufacturing Process By John Aschey. pattern and pattern making. Fundamentals of Modern Manufacturing. Weld quality weldability. P. processing metal matrix and ceramic matrix composites. Process and Materials of manufacture By F. supper plastic forming. ultrasonic welding. core and core making. Extrusion and drawing equipment. Powder Metallurgy. Joining Process & Equipment. painting and its testing. processing reinforced plastics. deep drawing. Manufacturing Technology By M. anodizing. sintering.A Lindberg. Extrusion. molding tools and foundry equipment. soldering. crucibles. compaction. explosive forming. Mechanical surface treatment and coating.P. Recommended Books 1. adhesive bonding. formability of sheet metals. surface texturing and cleaning. arc welding. rolling mills. joining plastics. 7. Surface Treatment. weld design and process selection. blow molding. casting and its types. furnaces. Production of metal powders. tube bending & forming. processing elastomers. Materials and Processes in Manufacturing 8th Edition By E. Fusion welding process: Oxy-fuel gas welding. electrodes. classification of foundry process. resistance welding. Hydrostatic extrusion. Manufacturing Engineering and Technology 5th Edition By Kalpakjian Prentice Hall 3. Metal Casting Process & Equipment. Molding and molding sands. brazing.P Degarmo Prentice Hall 4. shapes rolling. Hot and cold extrusion.

Manufacturing Engineering and Technology 5th Edition By Kalpakjian Prentice Hall 2. broaching and broaching machines. tool life relationships. computer simulation of manufacturing process and system. electrical – discharge machining. elements of jig. Manufacturing Technology By Hazel Hurst. Principle of Engineering Production 2nd Edition By AJ Lissaman & SJ Martin 4. grinding process. Milling operation. adaptive control. Machines of chips formation. Computer Integrated Manufacturing System. Cutting Tools. limit and fits tolerances and allowances. wire E D M Control of Machine Tools. Machine tools control. sequence control. Abrasive. Artificial Intelligence (AI). optical projection straightness and flatness testing. Machine Processes for Producing Various Shapes. measuring microscope. Metrology Specification and standardization. Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM). Non Conventional Machining Process. Manufacturing Processes-II Material Removal. Manufacturing Science By Gosh and Malik P P P P 27 . PLC. numerical control system. grinding fluids.A Lindberg 3. servo copying. locating devices and clamping devices. factors which affect tool life. group technology. Flexible Manufacturing System (FMS). Single point tool geometry.15.A Higgins 6. Manufacturing system. Abrasive Machining & Finishing Operations. Introduction to Process Planning Recommended Books 1. 5. angular measurement. General design principle. gear manufacturing by machining. Computerized Numerical Control. planning and shaping. surface finish measurement. mill cutters. Engineering Metallurgy By R. Precision measurements: Standards. types and properties of cutting fluids. ultrasonic machining. Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM). types of chips produced.(CNC). machinability. Machining. milling machines. Cellular manufacturing. sources of errors. tool materials. bonded abrasives (grinding wheels). Calculation of material removal rate. forces and pressures involved. electrochemical. programming for numerical control Jigs & Fixtures. surface finishing and integrity. design considerations for grinding. Process and materials of manufacture By R.

Cash flow diagrams. discounted cash flows. Material requirement planning. Productivity. production planning. Indirect. Payback period. Types of taxes. 6. Overheads. scheduling problems & models. Engineering Economy 7th Edition By G.16. Opportunity. annual equivalent costs. Company Ordinance. Sunk. Material handling systems. Role of work study. activity crashing and resource leveling. Recommended Books 1. Cost estimating methods. Plant replacement analysis. Variable. Engineering Economy By White National Book Foundation P P P P 28 . Depreciation accounting. Inventory models and Just in time (JIT) technique.J. Case studies in process industries. Financial management and accounting methods. Equity vs. Straight line. Prentice Hall 3. Fabrycky Prentice Hall 5. Project cost control. internal rate of return. 1984 4.J Thuesen & W. Fixed. Engineering Economy By DeGarmo. debt financing. Types of investments.Adam Jr and Ronald. equipment and utilities layout. Engineering Economics Types of Costs. Project feasibility analysis. After tax economic analysis. Analysis & Control of Production Systems 2nd Edition By Elsayed & Boucher. Production & Operations Management By Evert E. Equivalence. Engineering Management & Economics Plant Management Management systems Role & functions of management. types of layout. network scheduling. measurement and improvement. Production Management By Kieth & Loekyer. basic concepts. Inflation and Economic Considerations. Present worth. time value of money. Direct. work measurement and work sampling. Plant location criteria. Prentice Hall 2. classification. project management PERT-CPM. declining balance and sum of year digits.

Michael A.J. first law of thermodynamics for a cycle.6th Edition By Sonntang. enthalpy of formation and reaction.Thermo-fluid Engineering 17. Constant volume. Recommended Books 1. its applications. Ideal gas laws. Second law of thermodynamics. Concept of open and closed cycles. Reversible and irreversible processes. Shapiro. control volume. Internal energy. Thermodynamics.Borgnakke. John Wiley & Sons 2. Enthalpy-entropy diagrams of working fluids. Fundamentals of Thermodynamics 5th Edition By Moran Michael P P HT TH P P HT TH P P P P 18.Van Wylen John Wiley & Sons 3. enthalpy. Boles McGraw-Hill 4. Psychrometry and use of psychrometric chart for air-conditioning processes. heat and work. specific heats. Rankine cycle and its application. equations of state. An Engineering Approach. constant enthalpy and general law processes. 29 . Concept of entropy and its application to flow and non-flow processes. uniform state and uniform flow processes. Properties of pure substances. Cengel. efficiencies. volumetric analysis of gas mixtures. Phase diagram. rich and lean air-fuel ratio mixture. Fundamentals of Thermodynamics. The system. Adiabatic mixture of perfect gases. Thermodynamics –II Non reacting Gas mixtures. Steady flow energy equation and steady flow devices. thermodynamic process and cycle. Moran and H. Mixture with chemical reaction. Thermodynamics-I Basic Concepts. state and properties. Difference between direct and reversed cycles. stoichiometric chemical reaction. Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics. simple reaction equation. gas mixture constants and specific heats. use of steam tables. Carnot cycle and thermodynamic temperature scale. Thermodynamic processes relationship. First law of thermodynamics.5th Edition By M. Thermodynamic cycles.O. constant temperature. and their applications. Dalton’s law and the Gibb’s Dalton law. working substance. first law of thermodynamics for state change. Adiabatic flame temperature. Idealized P-V and T – S diagrams of cycles. definitions. constant pressure. 6th Edition By Yunus A. Steady state and steady flow process.

Steam Nozzles. Thermodynamics. Potential flow theory. Classification and working principles. Moody’s chart and pumping power. Steady.Van Wylen John Wiley & Sons 3. Introduction to Navier Stokes equations.O. Integral Relations for a Control Volume and incompressible flow. single stage and multistage compressors. angular momentum and energy conservation. Differential equations of mass. Bernoulli’s theorem. linear momentum. Shapiro.5th Edition By M. linear momentum. buoyancy and stability. generation of steam through boilers.Compressors. 30 . gauge and vacuum pressures. Differential Relations for a Fluid Particle. flow through steam nozzle and its efficiencies. their classification working principles. Fundamentals of Thermodynamics 5th Edition By Moran Michael 5. Recommended Books: 1. Introduction to air/gas nozzles Introduction to Refrigeration and air-conditioning. Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics. Velocity diagrams of centrifugal compressors. Fluid Mechanics-I Fluid Statics. An Engineering Approach. Dimensional Analysis. manometery and Bourdon gauge. difference between static and dynamic pressure. Boles McGraw-Hill 4. efficiencies and P-V diagrams of reciprocating compressors. Impact of jets on curved surfaces. Cengel. Steam engine and steam turbine. underdeveloped and fully developed. 6th Edition By Yunus A. Performance characteristics and working regimes. hydrostatic pressure. Classification and configurations of boilers and their applications. John Wiley & Sons 2. Pressure gradient. angular momentum and energy and their applications. Moran and H. Boilers. Similitude and its Applications Viscous flow in ducts. Integral conservation equations of mass. laminar and turbulent flow. forces on plane and curved surfaces. Total and static pressure.Borgnakke. flow in tubes. losses in pipes. stream lines and stream tube. stream function. Basic Engineering Thermodynamic 5th Edition By Rayner Joel Prentice Hall P P HT TH P P HT TH P P P P P P 19.Michael A. Fundamentals of Thermodynamics.6th Edition By Sonntang.J. Absolute. quasi-steady and unsteady flow. efficiency and heat balance sheet. Reynold’s transport theorem. Boiler efficiencies and heat balance sheet. flow between parallel plates. inter-cooling.

Donald F. Young and Okiishi John Wiley & Sons 2. Fourier’s law. Coefficient of heat transfer for free and forced convection. transient conduction. Adiabatic.Recommended Books 1. momentum and energy conservation equations of compressible flow. Hydraulic presses. Conduction heat transfer through extended surfaces. and intensifiers. lift and drag of immersed bodies. numerical analysis. Hydraulic pumps and motors. Donald F. Elger. Convection. mass. John A. converging and diverging nozzles and diffusers. hydraulic fluids. Boundary layer equations. their performance characteristics. Roberson John Wiley & Sons P P HT TH P P P P HT TH HT TH HT TH HT TH 20. Engineering Fluid Mechanics. John A. Fluid Mechanics by Shames McGraw Hill. one dimensional steady state heat conduction through plane and composite walls. Hydraulic cranes. 2002) 4. Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics. McGraw-Hill Science/Engineering/Math. Heat & Mass Transfer. flat plate boundary layer. isentropic flow. 2002) 21. McGraw-Hill P P HT TH P P 4. White McGraw Hill 3. Heat equation. Newton’s law of cooling. Fluid Mechanics. lifts and jacks. rams and hydraulic systems of earth-moving machinery. Effect of laminar transition and turbulent flow on 31 . Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics. Elger. Young and Okiishi John Wiley & Sons 2. Fluid Mechanics by Shames McGraw Hill. Roberson John Wiley & Sons P P HT TH HT TH HT TH HT TH Science/Engineering/Math. heat transfer by lumped capacitance method. separation and wake. 4 edition (August 20. Hydraulic couplings. Boundary Layer Flow. Crowe. 5th Edition By Munson. accumulators. Conduction. 4 edition (August 20.7th Edition By Clayton T. Fluid Mechanics-II Incompressible flow machines. Engineering Fluid Mechanics. cylinders and spheres with and without heat generating sources. hydraulic turbines Introduction to hydraulic system. White McGraw Hill 3. Airfoil theory. actuators. Crowe. hydraulic circuits. boundary layer.7th Edition By Clayton T. Compressible Flow. Introduction to CFD Recommended Books 1. 5th Edition By Frank M. efficiency and similarity laws.5th Edition By Frank M. Natural (free) and forced convection heat transfer. Fluid Mechanics. 5th Edition By Munson. effect of pressure gradient.

relation between H and U. Heat Exchangers. Series.coefficient of heat transfer. Classification. heat of formation and reaction. Kirchoff’s law. transmissivity. Recommended Books 1. Stefan Boltzmann’s law. batteries. Heat transfer through pipes and ducts flows. heat and mass transfer. Unit in different systems. Heat Transfer 8th Edition By J. grey body radiation. flow over flat plates. Vector derivatives. treatment of water for industrial purposes. reflectivity. Heat Transfer. Industrial Chemistry: Industrial chemistry introduction. absorbtivity. inhibition & protection). corrosion (Theories. Non-dimensional parameters related to heat transfer and their applications. A Practical Approach By Y. Analogy between momentum. Mass Transfer. Line and surface integrals. f-factors. Hess’s Law. Radiation. Reynolds analogy. 23. LMTD and NTU methods. Applied Physics Introduction: Scientific notation and significant figures. E. 32 . Water Treatment Methods: Water softening. measurement of heat reaction. overall heat transfer co-efficient.M. Wien’s law. Applied Chemistry Physical Chemistry: Properties of various groups and periods of periodic table.F. Fundamentals of Heat Transfer 6th Edition By Incropera & DeWitt John Wiley & Sons 2. black body radiation. rubbers and fuels. friction coefficient for fully developed flow. Sources. Lubricants and oils. Radiation shape factor and its applications.shear stress. Ficks law and its application. Holman McGraw Hill Higher Education P P HT TH P P 22.A. Manufacture and uses of various hydrocarbons. Cengel McGraw-Hill 2002 3. Production and application of paints. Gradient of scalar. P. production and uses of the major chemicals with relevance to Pakistan. Thermo-chemistry: Chemical Thermodynamics. Bomb calorimeter Electrochemistry: Laws of electrolysis. Environmental pollution and control. Critical thickness of insulation. Vectors: Review of vectors.

Mechanics: Coordinate systems. population inversion. Transistor. integration and definite integration as area under curve (graphical representation).8th Edition By Erwin Kreyszig John Wiley & Sons P P P P P P HT TH 33 . Polar and Cartesian coordinates. Vortex Motion. Semiconductor Physics: Energy levels in a semiconductor. Diffraction grating. epicycloid and involute of a circle. Magnetic force on current. atomic nucleus. atomic spectra. nuclear forces and fundamental forces. radius of curvature. Law of mass action. Differentiation as approximation. Classical wave equation. Argand diagram. Algebra of vectors and matrices. Gauss’s law. Dispersion relation for waves. tangents and normals. Uniform circular motion. 11th Edition By Thomas Finney John Wiley & Sons 2. reduce mass. cycloid. Double integration and its applications. R. curvature and radius of curvature. energy and our environment. systems of linear equations. Potential energy. Motion under constant acceleration. Transverse modes for continuous string. He-Ne. energy conservation. De Moivre’s theorem. Ruby and CO2 lasers. Waves and Oscillation: Free oscillation of systems with one degree of freedom. Dielectrics. Exponential decay and half life. Frictional forces. hypocycloid. Advanced Engineering Mathematics 5th Edition By C. Compton effect. binding energy. Extreme values. Recommended Books: 1. Advanced Engineering Mathematics. Electric field around conductors. mass energy relation. 24. Magnetic fields. Quantum efficiency. Newton laws and their applications. Resonant cavities. Applied Mathematics-I Complex numbers. Calculus and analytical Geometry. Bohr theory of hydrogen atom. hyperbolic and inverse hyperbolic functions. Partial derivatives and their application to extreme values and approximation. Wylie McGraw-Hill Education 3. P-N junction. Standing waves. Doppler effect and sonic boom. De-broglie hypothesis braggs law. Modern Physics: Photoelectric effect. Work and energy. Optics and Laser: Basic introduction to Optics and Laser. Hole concept. Integration by substitution and by parts. polar curves. zeeman effect. Intrinsic and extrinsic regions. Electrostatic and magnetism: Coulombs law. as rate of change (graphical representation). electron microscope. Lasers. Derivative as slope. Reduction formulae.

Wylie McGraw-Hill Education 2. Applications. boundary conditions. Fourier Series. Applications of higher order linear differential equations. applications to the solutions of ordinary differential equations. basic concepts and ideas. Real. solution by separation of variables. equations reducible to separable form. types. complex and repeated roots of characteristics equations. Solution by similarity parameters. Fourier Transform. Applied Mathematics .8th Edition By Erwin Kreyszig John Wiley & Sons P P P P HT TH 26. Homogeneous linear differential equations of second order. Applied Mathematics –II Differential equation.R. geometrical interpretation of first and second order differential equations. complex form of Fourier series. Recommended Books 1. orthogonal trajectories and applications of differential equations of first order to relevant engineering systems. the general solutions. complementary functions and particular integrals. inverse Laplace transform. initial and boundary value problems.25. homogeneous equations with constant coefficients. Ordinary and regular points and corresponding series solutions. Partial differential equations : introduction. applications. Advanced Engineering Mathematics 5th Edition By C. D-operator. curl. Bernoulli’s differential equation. Advanced Engineering Mathematics.R. exact differential equations. Recommended Books 1. Cauchy equation. Wylie McGraw-Hill Education 2. Bessel equations and Bessel function of first kind. Advanced Engineering Mathematics 5th Edition By C. Green’s and Stoke’s theorem. integrated factors. separable equations. even and odd functions. Linear first order differential equations. Families of curves. Differentiation and integration of vectors. Legendre’s equations and Legendre’s polynomial. gradient and divergence. Laplace transform theorems.III Laplace Transform : Laplace transform of elementary functions.8th Edition By Erwin Kreyszig John Wiley & Sons P P P P HT TH 34 . Advanced Engineering Mathematics. nonhomogeneous linear equations. Fourier theorem and coefficients in Fourier series.

2. Direct and indirect factorizations. power. Normal distribution. Iterative methods like Jocobi and Gauss-Seidel methods. Curve Fitting. Numerical Methods for Engineers & Scientists. Applied Mathematics – IV Interpolation and extrapolations. Students tDistribution. Measures of central tendency. Frequency distributions and graphs. numerical differentiation Numerical integration.Hoffmann Prantice Hall. overflow and underflow errors Finite Differences: Forward backward and central difference formulations Recommended Books 1. Variance. round-off. Probability densities. Probability Distribution. Mathematical expectation and decision making. 1994 3. Probability. Numerical Methods for Engineers 5th Edition By Steven C.D. Binomials Distribution. Conditional probability. Engineering Statistics Treatment of Data. 5th Edition By Burden. Regression analysis by least square methods 35 .. Populations and samples. R. Trapezoidal and Simpson’s approximations. Numerical Analysis. Canale McGraw-Hill Science. Random variables. Runge-Kutta methods Error Analysis : Absolute. Bay’s theorem. By J. Romberg integration Rout Finding: Bracketing methods and iteration methods and their applications as multiple root methods Solution of the system of Linear Equations (Direct Methods) Gauseelimination. Chi-square Distribution. Linear and higher order interpolating polynomials. Sampling Distribution.L PWS-Cantt Publication P P P P 28. Samples spaces and events. Newton’s Gregory forward & backward difference interpolation formulas and their utilizations as extrapolation. polynomial. Lagrange’s interpolations. Elementary theorems. Correlation linear. Poisson processes. standard deviation. Regression analysis by least square methods. The sampling distribution of the mean (known and unknown). counting probability. LU Decomposition. The sampling distribution of the variance. truncation. Chapra & Raymond P. symmetric factorization tridiagonal factorization. relative.27.

By Irwin Miller. Programming in C or Visual Basic. Taguchi method. Pakistan Studies Annex "C" 32. Statistical methods for Engineering & Scientists. Modern Probability By Parezen E. Internet Browsers & E-mail. Control Charts or power function. Spreadsheets. Networks. By Walpol & Meyers Prentice Hall. Islamic Studies/Ethics Annex "B" 31. Presentation software. Probability for Engineers 2nd Edition. Design of experiments. Computer components and systems. Introduction to statistics Theory-I. Word Processing. Social Sciences Annex "D" 34. exponential Correlation coefficient determination. Introduction to statistics. Operating Systems. Recommended Books 1. English Annex "A" 30. Computer Systems and Programming Introduction to Computers.incorporating linear. polynomial. P P 29. By Sher Mohammad 5. By Iqbal Bhatti 4. 2002 3. Introduction to MATLAB 36 . John E Freund Prentice Hall 2.

Electronics Part-1 (25%). Testing and efficiency of machines. Recommended Books 1. McGraw Hill. Operational Amplifiers. comparators. counters. electric traction and braking. ALU. By Floyd. transistors. Power and power factor measurement. relays. single phase and poly-phase circuits. Types. Combinational logic (adders. rectifiers. ROM. resonance in RLC circuits. Electric Machinery Fundamentals 4th Edition By S. data and control buses). Electronic Principles By Malvino. Theory of Alternating Current. motor starters and switch gears. Voltage and current relationship of primary and secondary types of transformers. gates. inductance and capacitance of AC circuits. current and voltage relationship in phase and line circuits. Basic Electricity By Schaum’s Series P P P P P P 36.Paul. PROM. power factor. By Malvino . Recommended Books 1. Chapman McGraw 3. characteristics and testing of AC motors. Types. multiplexers. ADC and DAC. DC circuit analysis. etc. resistance. construction and characteristics. A. Motor starters. Transformers. losses and efficiency. Series and parallel circuits. Micro-controllers. registers. solenoids. McGraw Hill 3. Boolean Algebra. Part-2 (75%) Number systems. decoders. Microprocessors (registers. Prentice Hall 2.35. Electronic Devices 6th Edition. address. Electric Circuits. Digital Computer Electronics 2nd Edition . memory. Electrical Engineering Introduction to DC Circuits: Series and parallel circuits. Generators and motors.) Sequential logic (flip-flops. P P P P 37 . Electrical Power Technology 6th Edition By Theodore Wildi Prentice Hall 2. Semiconductors. EPROM). CU.

return air supply system.2nd Edition By Godfrey Boyle. wind turbine design specifications. Wind energy. essential components of central airconditioning plant. detailed description of biomass energy conversion plant. ocean thermal energy. wind energy. tidal wave and geothermal energy. Oxford University Press. P P Recommended Books: 2. fresh air supply system air mixture chamber. air handling unit. geothermal energy. definition and basic terminology. energy efficiency issues and energy storage. Renewable and non-renewable energies used as hybrid energy systems. biomass energy. types of refrigerants. Heating Ventilation Systems (HVAC) and Air-conditioning Introduction. operational and maintenance problems and their remedies. supply fan. By john Twidell. water chiller and water heater. Air conditioning: Indoor and outdoor air conditions. COP. 1. Air dust 38 . Spon Press. Tony Weir. Fuel cell and heat pump systems. Refrigeration cycles: vapor compression cycle. solar energy. comfort conditions and comfort zone. Potential of using renewable energy resources as supplement of conventional energy resources. vapor absorption system. Renewable Energy. 2. Central air-conditioning system. pressureenthalpy chart. Renewable Energy Technology Introduction to types of renewable energy. Biomass energy conversion methods. chilled water and hot water recirculation system. psychrometry. Wind mills design usage for pumping water. Modern renewable energy plants. indoor air quality. air cycle refrigeration. Renewable Energy Resources.Project (Final Year) ELECTIVE COURSES Technical Electives 1. compatible electric generators and major operational issues of the wind mill for electric power generation.

Kreider. Lewis McGraw-Hill Companies. Parker and Spitler John Wiley & Sons 2. Operation of nozzles under varying pressure ratios. The Dynamics and Thermodynamics of Compressible Fluid Flow (Volume 1). Isentropic Flow and Applications. Gas Dynamics. Recommended Books 1.W.cleaning and bacteria removal. 2nd Edition By J. 2nd Edition By Ed. diffusers and grilles. air handling unit for untreated fresh air. aerodynamics of incompressible flow. Compressible Flow By B. By M. CFM rating and tons of air-conditioning of a central air-conditioning plant. aircraft performance measurement. Rayleigh flow and Fanno flow. Allyn and Bacon. and Air-Conditioning Analysis and Design. Shapiro. Cooling load and heating load calculation procedures. John. airfoils theory. duct sizing and piping design. Sub-sonic and supersonic gas flow.D. limitations. Cascade aerodynamics. Hoffman. finite wing aerodynamics. Aerodynamics Introduction. 1976 2. air supply and air return terminals. 4. blade element theory and aircraft propellers. jet propulsion. Curtiss & Rabl McGraw-Hill 3. 39 . Gas Dynamics. HVAC Systems Design Handbook 3rd Edition By Haines. Roger W. Normal and oblique shocks. Gas Dynamics Basic governing laws of conservation of mass. John Wiley & Sons. Wiley.H.J. ASHRAE Handbook P P HT TH P P P P 3. Mach number and Mach angle. Imrie P P P P 4. Ronald Wiley 3. 6th Edition By McQuiston. Air ventilation: calculation of fresh air supply of a multi story building. 1st Edition By A. pumps and fans selection. Wilson. Zucrow and J.E. Recommended Books: 1. Heating and Cooling of Buildings. Busemann’s shock polar diagram. 4. momentum and energy. dust and bacteria removal systems. compressible and ideal fluid flow. Ventilating. intake and nozzle performance. Prandtl-Meyer compression and expansion with applications. forced convection based air ventilator design. Heat.

Addison-Wesley Publishing Co. Clancy. Basic 40 . its objectives. Anderson Jr. Finite Element Analysis-Theory and Application 2nd Edition By Saeed Moaveni. variational principles and Ritz’s methods.1st Edition By John D.P. Record keeping and maintenance scheduling. 1991 2.Recommended Books 1. energy. Advanced Strength and Applied Stress Analysis 2nd Edition By Richard G. dispersion. main concepts and implementation. ducts and valves. By L. consistency. machine handling. discretized time dependant problems. J. safety in maintenance. Budynass. Computational Fluid Dynamics. Prentice Hall P P P P 7. isoparametric formulation. solution of engine value. By El. J. Ward. Examples of external flow across various configuration. McGraw Hill 3. benefits and economics. The Finite Element Method: Principles and Applications By P. accuracy. vorticity stream function and primitive variable formulations. co-ordinate transformation. 5. control volume approach. inspection and implementation. McGraw-Hill Science P P 6. Recommended Books: 1. Turbulence modeling. Brock St Mortin Cambridge University Press. time stepping. Hallstead Pr. Proper assembly/disassembly. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Types of ordinary and partial differential equations.E. Aerodynamics. stability. diffusion. linearization. E.Lewis. boundary value. Houghton & A. solution of equation sets. Recommended Books: 1. internal flows through pipes. Finite Element Method (FEM) Introduction: stress analysis by FEM. stocking spares and cost effectiveness. Routine maintenance and monitoring of fault indicators. Maintenance Engineering Introduction and types: Preventive maintenance. Aerodynamics for Engineering Students. alignment aspects. boundary value and initial value problems. 2003 2.

J. Microprocessor Architecture. force. Automation and Robotics Robotics: Basic concepts in robotics. Permanent magnet DC motors. P P P P 8. processor 41 . Digital to Analog converter. Automated Guided Vehicles (AGV) types.C. drive and control system.repairs of electro-mechanical equipment. robot-computer interface. Replacement/refurbishment of defectiveness parts e. Basic robot motion. Basic Repairs. Interfacing. Analog to Digital converter. coordinate transformation. Management Handbook for Plant Engineers 2nd Edition By B. Ports. pressure. Design with Microprocessors for Mechanical Engineers. Lewis. Servo Systems. path control. ladder diagram elements. McGraw-Hill 2. strain. sampling theory. transducer characteristics. Recommended Books 1. classification and structure of robotic system. Sample and hold. Morrow. By A. Sensors and transducers. Condition base monitoring. Introduction to predictive maintenance. applications of robots. Introduction to Mechatronics Introduction to Mechatronics. Higgins. sensors for measuring displacement. robot programming. Stiffler. Maintenance Engineering Handbook 3rd Edition By L. robot drive system sensors. Programmeable logic controller (PLC). McGraw Hill 1992 2.R. interfacing with micro controllers and PLCs. shafts. Interfacing switches. Encoders. Input/Output. Motors and their types. brakes. Stepper motors. Programming and Applications 5th Edition By Goankr. Prentice Hall P P 9. L. Robotics and Automated Guided Vehicles. bearings. fault diagnosis and assessment. relay sequencing. K. temperature and motion. Recommended Books: 1.g. multiplexer. LEDs. McGraw-Hill. Basics components and terminologies. kinematics dynamic analysis and trajectory interpolation. stepper motors and DC motors to microcontrollers.

signal conditioning. Automation Production Systems By M. input and out put peripherals for specific application in mechanical engineering with interfacing techniques. Process Control Instrumentation Technology 7th Edition By Curtis D. R. Basic Lubrication Theory . group technology and flexible manufacturing. Asfahd John Wiley & Sons 6. By Bharat Bhushan CRC Press. Hydrodynamic and elastohydrodynamics lubrication of journal bearing.D. Tribology Friction. P. Introduction to Mechatronics & Measurement Systems 2nd Edition By David. micro processor and PLC.input and output modules. Automations: Introduction to automations. grades and their properties. tribology in manufacturing. Prentice Hall 3. Use of sensors and actuators in automations. sensor. machine and high level programming languages for microcontroller. surface roughness. output signals. Vol-I. oil whirl. partial automations. friction and wear measurement techniques. Introduction to Robotics 3rd Edition By John Craig. automation strategies. Robotics for Engineers By Yorem Korem 1985 2. Alciatore and Michael B. assembly. Fuller John Wiley & Sons Inc 1956 3. Microcontroller. tribology in automobiles. By A Cameron 2. wear mechanism. lubrication of sliding and rolling parts. Johnson Prentice Hall 5. Solid lubricants. types of microcontroller. Types of lubricants. Recommended Book 1. Modern Tribology Handbook. economics of automations. Basic elements of microcontroller. Robotics and Manufacturing Automation By C. theories of lubrication. wear debris classification. Actuators. overview of architecture and principles of operations. programming unit and programming procedures with machines or assembly language. self lubricating fuel. Groover 1987 P P P P P P 10. Histand McGraw-Hill 4. Recommended Books 1. input signals. 2001 42 . Theory and Practice of Lubrication for Engineers By D. G.

Eastop & J McConkey P P 13. Engineering creativity. El Wakil McGraw-Hill 1962 12. Power Plant Technology By M.11. fossil fuel steam generator. wind turbine design specifications. Hydroelectric power plants. enrichment and reprocessing. flame stabilization. optimization and reliability. combined cycle power plants.T. Fuel injection system. Mechanical engineering design analysis Philosophy and concept of engineering design. Wind energy. phases and procedure in design. Applied Thermodynamics for Engineering Technologist by T.P. Nuclear fuels. combustion. Biomass energy conversion methods. Fuel cells technology. reactor heat transport. Modeling and similitude. Recommended Books 1. Management of engineering project. Brayton cycle. Power plant 2nd Edition By F. Solar Thermal power plant. D. M. Types of nuclear reactors. Introduction to Nuclear Engineering By J. M. Nuclear Power Engineering By M. Combustion chamber configuration. Computer aided design. Diesel engine power plant Combined heat and power plants (CHP). and power plants. handling of fuels . Lamarsh. Other and Emerging Power Plants: Nuclear energy power plants. reactor physics. Open and closed cycle power plants. Application of industrial design codes. Prentice Hall 2001 2. Power Plants Conventional Power Plants: Thermodynamics review. Geo-thermal. Morse 3. 43 . El Wakil McGraw-Hill 1985 2. Renewable and non-renewable energies used as hybrid energy systems. Wind mills power plants. Reactor material . Environmental impacts of power plants Recommended Books 1. Renewable Energy Power Plants: Power plants using Renewable energy. Gas turbine and jet engine power plants. Nuclear Engineering Review of nuclear physics. Safety aspects.

Engines 3rd Edition By Richard Stone Palgrave Macmillan 3. emerging trends in managing operations. Internal combustion engines By C-F Taylor. QFD. demand forecasting. job design and work compensation. Engine performance under part cut-out conditions and fuel savings Introduction to duel fuel / multi fuel engines. strategic decision making. Combustion reaction of engine fuels. engine valve timing and ignition advance and retard. C. Trade off of NOx and HC emissions. Engine lubrication and lubricants. Fuel injected petrol engine and its performance. Operations Management Basics of managing manufacturing and service organizations.B. Ignition delay and combustion phases of SI and CI engines. Octane and Cetane numbers. MIT Press P P P P MANAGEMENT ELECTIVES 1. Working principles of SI and CI engines. CNG engines. fuel additives. Techniques for quality analysis and improvements. Focus on selection and use of quantitative management tools after introducing fundamental concepts.14. Introduction to I. Engine emissions and their control through incylinder and out-cylinder techniques. Total Quality Management Fundamental principles. Knocking characteristics.charged engine. statistical methods and SPC. Working principle of turbo. Recommended Books 1. 44 . I. Acceptance sampling. facility location and layout. real engine cycle. capacity and material planning. 2.C. Heywood McGraw Hill 2. Pressure-crank angle diagram. Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals 2nd Edition By J. Thermal reactor and catalytic converters. Engines Engine classification. advantages over conventional petrol engine. its performance characteristics and comparison with naturally aspirated engine of equal power. Standards. Testing and performance characteristics of petrol and diesel engines under variable condition of load and speed. scheduling in various environments. Exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system.

Project Management Fundamental principles. Aspects of employment law. P P 5. Maxwell Macmillan International 2.A. Designs. basic principles of the law contract as it relates to engineers. Chisman. Lievano. introduction to GPSS (General Purpose System Simulation) language. special software packages 4. Introduction To Simulation Modeling Using GPSS/PC By J. practical applications of GPSS. concepts and sources of law. Contracts 4th Edition By Abrahamson Taylor & Francis P P 45 . dynamic programming. Taha. and implementation issues 3.C. Project scheduling and control techniques. discrete models vs. use of digital computer for simulation. Kent Publishing Co. Quantitative Management: An Introduction By Michael Anderson. Engineering Law and I. Intellectual property. languages of simulation. Project organization and human resource management. Time compression and resource leveling. geometric programming.E. transportation models. The duty of care for engineers and the concept of negligence. Linear programming. ISO-9000 application. Precedence relationships. patents. Operations Research O. Prentice-Hall. Computerized project management. continuous system simulation.A. Simulation. copyright in engineering. Recommended Books: 1. 1992 3. Techniques and basics. R. graphical method. Operations Research7th Edition By H. Project life cycle. simplex method. Project risk analysis. Work breakdown structure. Recommended Books 1. Estimating time and cost. applications.R. basic principles. sensitivity and post-optimal analysis. Replacement Models. Enforcing rights to intellectual property.Value engineering. clauses. Cross-functional management and benchmarking.J. Engineering Law Introduction to legal studies. PM planning. Queuing theory (weighting live models).

2. Legal and Ethical Phases of Engineering By C. Francis Harding McGraw Hill 1936 3. Business Law for Engineers By Frank Allen 4. Engineering Law 5th Edition By A.R.Dick University Press

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**6. Business and Entrepreneurship
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Evolution of the concept of entrepreneur, Characteristics of an entrepreneur, Distinction between an entrepreneur and a Manager, in Economic Development, Factors affecting entrepreneurial growth (economic, Non-Economic and Government factors) Critical factors for stalling a new enterprise. Ingredients for a successful new business. Self-assessment and feedback, Personal entrepreneurial competencies. Goal setting. Creativity and sources of new business ideas, the difference the difference between ideas and opportunity and creativity. Assessing business opportunities in Pakistan. Screening and evaluating opportunities Product planning and development process. Creating parallel competition by developing a similar product or service, Product life cycle, Finding sponsorship. Acquiring a going concern, E-Commerce and business start-up and growth. Marketing as a philosophy, marketing management: Creating a marketing plan, Analyzing the environmental situation and the market opportunity, Setting marketing objective, Formulating a marketing strategy. The business plan as selling document, reasons for writing a business plan your company: What’s your identity, Field work started, Marketing issues: Who are your buyers?., Product issues: What are you selling?, Production exercise, Sales and Promotion: Financial issues: Targeting and writing the plan: Business Plan compilation exercise. What is franchising? Becoming a franchisees versus starting a standalone business, The franchisee contract, Non-contractual considerations of buying a franchise, Limitations of franchising, Conclusion, Course evaluation.

Recommended Book

1. Rober D. Hisrich and Michael P. Peter, Entrepreneurs/lip,5th Edition, McGraw Hill 2. S.S. Khanka, Entrepreneurial Development

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3. Irving Burstiner, The small Businesses Handbook 4. Bruce A. Kirchhoff, Entrepreneurship and Dynamic Capitalism 5. Modern Business Management, A System & Environment Approach by McGraw Hill 6. William D. Bygrave, The Portable MBA in Entreprenurs/lip Entrepreneurship CEFE, Germany, Development Manual

**7. Safety Health and Environment
**

Introduction of Health and Safety, Industrial Safety: introduction objectives of Safety, Importance of Safety in an industry, Industrial accidents, Effects of accidents, Types of accidents incidence of fire. Fire prevention and control.

**Techniques of Safety Management:
**

Principles of accident prevention, hazard analysis. Legal, humanitarian and economic reason for action. Safety inspection procedures. Safety training, First aid and emergency procedures,.

**8. Environment and Health:
**

Introduction: importance of clean environment, Scale of Environmental Pollution. Environmental Act. Health and Safety Act. Atmospheric Pollution: Types of Atmospheric pollution, Their Causes and Effects on Human Health, Available Technologies for Controlling Pollution. Industrial Waste: Solid Waste, Industrial Effluents and Waste Gases, waste treatment plants. Noise Pollution: Measurement of Noise level, Effect of excessive noise on human health. Remedial Measures. ISO Standards for Safety and Health and Environment

Recommend Book:

1. Safety at Works 4th Edition By John Ridley Butter Worths Publishers 2. Factory & Production Management By K.G. Lockyer Pitman Publishing

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Laboratory Courses

Mechanical Engineering Laboratory I

Practical in the subjects: Thermodynamics I, Engineering Statics

**Mechanical Engineering Laboratory II
**

Practical in the subjects: Fluid Mechanics I, Engineering Dynamics, Mechanics of Materials-I

**Mechanical Engineering Laboratory III
**

Practical in subjects: Mechanics of Materials-II, Fluid Mechanics II, Thermodynamics II, Measurements and Instrumentation

**Mechanical Engineering Laboratory IV
**

Practical in Subjects: Manufacturing process I, Mechanics of Machines

**Mechanical Engineering Laboratory V
**

Practical in Subjects: Control Engineering, Manufacturing Process II, Heat & Mass transfer

**Mechanical Engineering Laboratory VI
**

Practical in Subjects: Technical Elective I, Technical Elective II

**Mechanical Engineering Laboratory VII
**

Practical in Subjects:

Mechanical Vibrations, Technical Elective III, Technical Elective IV

48

Sc (1½ .SCHEME OF STUDIES FOR M. 2. 6. Course Core courses No.E/M. 3. 4.2 year) MECHANICAL ENGINEERING U Program Requirement: U U Require ment Math. 5. of Cours es I 3 Cre dits 03 09 Manufactu ring Engineer ing Advanced Engineerin g Materials Advanced CAD/CAM Details Advanced Numerical Analysis Select any 3 courses Design Engineer ing Theory of Elasticity Experime ntal Stress Analysis Product Design & Develop ment Finite Element Analysis Dynamics and Control Power Engineer ing Advanced Thermodyn amics Advanced Fluid Mechanics Conduction and Radiation Experiment al Methods Advanced Mechanical Vibration Advanced Mechanism Design Engineering Design Optimization Advanced Automatic Control Systems Robotics Finite Element Analysis Computer Integrated Manufacturi ng Manufacturi ng Systems Elective Courses Research Thesis 4 - 12 6 Advanced Computatio Engg. Advanced Numerical Analysis Advanced Engineering Materials Advanced CAD/CAM Finite Element Analysis Computer Integrated Manufacturing Manufacturing Systems Theory of Elasticity 49 . nal Fluid Materials Dynamics Select any four additional courses from the list provided below List of Courses: U 1. 7.

34. 44. 38. 10. 20. Experimental Stress Analysis Product Design & Development Advanced Mechanical Vibration Advanced Mechanism Design Engineering Design Optimization Advanced Automatic Control Systems Robotics Advanced Thermodynamics Advanced Fluid Mechanics Conduction and Radiation Experimental Methods Computational Fluid Dynamics Convection Heat Transfer Theory of Metal Cutting Operation Research Advanced Metal Forming Human Factor Engineering Advanced Stress Analysis Modal Analysis Total Quality Management Continuum Mechanics Advanced Dynamics Advanced Solid Mechanics Theory of Plates and Shells Viscous Flow Fluid Mixing and Separation Boiling and Condensation Heat Transfer Industrial Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Internal Combustion Engines Fluidized Bed Combustion Design of Machine Tools Artificial Intelligence in Design and Manufacturing Joining of Advanced Materials Mechanism Design Automation and Control Tribology Pressurized Systems Solar Energy Utilization Energy Management Industrial Management Fracture Mechanics Boundary Layer Theory Two Phase Flow Manufacturing Design and Cost Analysis Production Management & Control 50 . 33. 45. 12. 41. 26. 14. 48. 47. 40. 21. 31. 11. 22. 13. 9. 19. 23. 49. 29. 18. 42. 27. 24. 46. 37. 43. 15. 36. 32. 39. 16. 35. 25. 17.8. 50. 28. 30. 51. 52.

53. 58. 57. 56. 70. 67. 66. 59. 55. 61. 68. 62. 54. 64. Advanced Mechanical Design Fuel Cell Technology Engineering Plasticity Fatigue of Metals and Structures Deformation and Failure of Materials Mechanics of Composite Materials Behavior of Materials under Impact Loading Computer Application in Mechanical Engineering Condition Monitoring of Rotating Machinery Mechanics of Micro Structure Financial Analysis Human Resource Management Optimization of Engineering Systems Modeling and Automation Air Pollution Non Metalic and Composit Materials Combustion Aerodynamics U 51 . 60. 65. 63. 69.

Crammer’s rule for solving set of equations. general orthogonal. moderately high polymers. high performance coatings. set of algebraic equations. characteristic polynomial. basic operator relations. discretization. arbitrary triangular meshes. solution domain and mesh. discretization. truncation and discretization errors. parabolic and hyperbolic equations. Partial differential equations: variants of partial differential equation. Polynomials and Finite differences: collocation-type polynomials. Cartesian. morphology of polymer molecules. solutions errors. relations of first. Eigen-values. concepts. plasticizers and fillers. second and higher order derivatives to difference series. regular non-orthogonal. finitedifference-operator algebra. Preview: choice of numerical mesh. polar-cylindrical. iterative solution methods. Fundamentals of polymers: Molecular structure. first order 1-D convection equation. terminology. system stability. elements of a numerical method: differential formulation. Advanced Engineering Materials Polymeric Material: High performance fiber. solution algorithm. Eigen-value problem. Finite volume approach. convergence of solution scheme. Solution of equation sets: Ill-conditioning. Ordinary differential equations: order. Decomposition. Composition and characteristics of principal types of polymers. engineering polymers. creep tests. higher order differential equations and their conversion into set of first order ordinary equations. first order 1-D transient diffusion equation.Detail of Course for M. high performance elastomers.Sc Advanced Numerical Analysis Introduction: basic ideas.E/M. Newton’s method of solving algebraic equation of single variable. Materials development and modification. Discretization and solution of second order 2-D steady diffusion equation. forms of polynomials. methods of solving first order ordinary differential equations. relationship to Taylor series. elliptic. roots. Finite differences: differences and Differential operators. multilayer and adhesive technology will also be part of this course. choice of finite-difference formulation and solution algorithm. special polymers. Physical and chemical testing of polymers. convention constant rate of elongation test. polymerization processes. isochronous 52 . round off errors and their estimation.

Fundamental of CAD: Introduction. Kc determinations Kc crack speed curves instability. failure at notches. Geometric Modal and Technique. Deterioration of properties owing to environmental conditions. Eigen value problem. elastic properties. Strength of composites. NC programming with interactive graphics. durability under cyclic loading BS impact tests. Properties of glass and other fibers. Configuration. Integral formulations and variational methods. Finite Element Analysis The stiffness method and the plane truss. Design Process. Advanced CAD/CAM Overview of existing CAE systems. CAD/CAM System Hardware Structure. The role of group technology in CAD/CAM. NC part programming. Fatigue and failure of composite materials. fiber and matrices. use of 53 . Solid Modeling. Peripherals. error analysis. application to practical problems. Categories of composites. hybrid composite materials. Graphics in CAD. Mini. burn off tests to determine fibre volume fracture. preparing specimen for mechanical testing. Micro. Rayleigh – Ritz method. application of fracture mechanics to polymers. notch sensitivity and fracture energy. Display and operating system. week boundary value problem. Plane Elasticity. Two and three Dimensional problems. Matrix materials composites as monotropic membranes. Composites: Composite materials compared with conventional materials. beams. The role of process planning in CAD/CAM. environmental effects impact testing. Outline of methods of manufacturing composites and of their application. computer numerical control. Mathematical models of stiffness of composites based on mechanics of materials and energy considerations. failure processes. Interactive display devices. Fracture of polymers: Fundamentals of fracture mechanics. Storage. composite mechanics. Elasticity of anisotropic materials. strain recovery and stress relaxation. Process planning system.curves and other forms of data presentation. Conventional numerical control. manufacturing the by hand lay-up. Creating manufacturing database. Bending of plates. anisotropy of properties time-dependence of strength and creep rupture.

Lame’s and engineering constants. Caustics. Grid methods. Applications of FEA in the relevant fields of study. Industrial Robots. Optics description of light as an electro magnetic wave. Stress function. Flexible Manufacturing Systems. Theory of Elasticity Cartesian Tensor Analysis. operation of manufacturing systems. Cross sensitivity factor. Biharmonic equation. General solution of torsion problem. Design of optical elements. Formulating of problem in elasticity. Two and three elements rosette. design of manufacturing system. Quality Control and Automated Inspection. Moire 54 . process planning. Uniqueness of elasticity solution. Group Technology. Principal stresses and planes. Overview of manufacturing processes. Manufacturing Systems Introduction. Axisymmertic plane problems. Principal of superposition. Solution derived from equations of boundaries. Photoelasticity.commercial FEA codes. Mohr’s Representation. Foil and wire gages. Strain compatibility equations. Expert Systems. Potentiometer and Wheatstone bridge circuit. Material Handling and Storage. computer aided manufacturing n. numerical Control of Production Systems. Strain indicators. High volume production systems. Laser interferometry. Semi inverse method. Machine tool and manufacturing equipment. Strain displacement relations. Stress-Strain relation. Stress optic law. Stress small deformation theory. Computer Integrated Manufacturing Fundamental of operations and automation strategies. Transducers. Approximate solution of torsion of cell sections. Mechanical and electrical gauges. Brittle coatings. Maxwell’s equations. Theory of diffraction of light. Experimental Stress Analysis Revision of Fundamental concepts of stress and strain in two and tree dimensional. 3D state of stress and stress transformation. Stress Freezing. Data acquisition systems. Plain stress and plain strain problem in Cartesian and polar coordinates. Electrical resistance strain gage material. Full-half and quarter bridge circuit. Scattered ray and brittle coating techniques. Wave plates.

modal matrix. Velocity and acceleration analysis of mechanisms using vector algebra. Links. Mathematical modal. Methods of 55 . Gauss elimination. Bounded ness. advanced technology for design process. aesthetics and human interfacing. Normal and transverse displacement interferometers. perturbation method. Dynamics of mechanisms. matrix iteration to the Finite Element Method. Continuity gradient and definite matrices. idea generation and creative problem solving. market perception. Feasibility and constraint activity. Optimal design. Advanced Mechanism Design Mechanisms and machines. Types of mechanisms. Nature of design process. mode summation procedures for continuous systems. Lagrange’s equation. Formal optimization model. modal analysis. normal mode summation. Grashof’s condition. Position. Notation. pricing and legal implications. Continuous systems: Transverse vibration of string of cable. Inversion. Joints and kinematics chains. Project-centered subject addressing transformation of new ideas into technology based products. Degrees of freedom. computational methods. reliability. and repair ability. Advanced Mechanical Vibration Properties of vibrating system. nonlinear vibrations. random vibrations. Product design issues: evaluation. Product Design and Development Design process. longitudinal. Mathematical review. Quasi-static loading. phase plan.interferometry. attaining a proper match between product and marketplace. Engineering Design Optimization Modeling. Convergence of algorithms. Product design specification. Use of computers for solution of vibration problems. Meeting of LaGrange multipliers. Conditions of optimality: necessary and sufficient conditions for unconstrained and constrained optima. Topography of the design space. Synthesis of mechanisms for motion. Multi-variable functions. Mechanical testing of ductile and brittle materials. Dynamic loading. Design for manufacturability. Orthogonality of Eigen vectors. Path and function generation. Analysis and design models.

Newton’s method and its modifications. Van der Waals’ equation. Advanced Thermodynamics Equilibrium of thermodynamics systems: concept of equilibrium. Stopping criteria. Ideal gases and ideal gas mixtures of constant composition: state of all ideal gases. Direct methods. Controllability and absorbability. Design of observers. Tendon Driven Robotics Hands. Robotics application growth and cost. specific heats. Clausius –Clapeyron equation. Augmented lagrangian method. Bisection and golden section initial bracketing. Denavit-Hartenherg coordinate transformations. PID control. representation of Control Systems. criterion of stability. applications. Force/Torque relations. Stochastic Analysis of Control System. entropy of ideal gas mixtures. Polynomial interpolation. Methods for constrained optima. One dimensional minimization. Forward kinematics Inverse Kinematics Jacobean.unconstrained optima. Systems of constant chemical composition: thermodynamic properties. Digital Control System. Nonlinear and two parts control. equilibrium of system. Advanced Automatic Control Systems Mechanical Systems. Gibbs free energy equation. Quasi-Newton methods. error Analysis. Dynamics. entropy of an ideal gas-the third law of thermodynamics. Lagrange equations. Frequency Response Methods. State-Space response. relations for pure substance. law of corresponding states. Interior and exterior penalty method. Trajectory planning. Steepest descent. Scaling. Multidimensional minimization. Closed Loop Linkages. Inverse dynamics feed forward control. equation of state. spontaneous change. Epicyclical Gear Drives. Spatial description and transformation. heats of formation and Hess’s law. internal energy and enthalpy of an ideal gas. stability. liquefaction of gases. Conjugate direction & conjugate gradient methods. open-Loop Manipulators. 56 . Sensors for robots. Lyapunov’s stability criterion. Drive methods. z-Transform. Modeling of Control using MATLIB Robotics An overview of Robotics. adiabatic combustion. Wrist Mechanisms. heats of reaction or calorific values. Position control.

Measurement techniques in fluid mechanics. Turbulence and Reynolds number: 2-D nozzle jet flow. error sources. Advanced Fluid Mechanics Continuum properties. coordinates and notation of the actual. multi-dimensional conduction in different geometries. equilibrium and frozen flows. magnetic systems. Pitot-static tubes performance. case studies. mean and fluctuating components of flow velocity. reversible cell. use with gases. idealized analysis. designing and carrying out experiments.Gas mixtures of variable composition: chemical potential. instrumentation in thermo-fluids. Conduction and Radiation Formulation of steady and unsteady. thermo-electricity. systems with surface tension. categories of flow. Vorticity and circulation. engineering analysis. equilibrium constant and heat of reaction. stoichiometry and dissociation. Inviscid flow considerations. Heat transfer through extended surfaces. Pressure differential devices: incompressible and compressible flow cases. Rota meter. Navier Stokes and thermal equations. Experimental Methods Instruments for measurement in fluid flow: monitoring and controlling processes. Van’t Hoff’s equation. practical flowmeters. some exact solutions. pressure transducers. fuel cell. calibration. Pitot tubes (probes) performance. temperature rise due combustion reaction. idealized analysis of flow meters. Electromagnetic background and definitions. time-dependent flow. planning. manometers and instruments. Black body radiation. Control volume formulation of the conservation laws including deformable Control Volume Field equations: Euler equation. calculations. chemical equilibrium. analytical and numerical methods of solutions. steady state or irreversible thermodynamics. stages of an experimental investigation. Special systems: application of thermodynamics to elastic systems. Interaction of radiation with homogenous matter and with interfaces. Pressure measurements: measurement at wall. Radiation from real surfaces. Lighthill ideal dissociating gas. 57 . Boundary layers. ionization of monatomic gases. Radiative energy transfer between surfaces and enclosures. time-averaged quantities. non-equilibrium processes.

high-pressure and /high-temperature closed circuit wind tunnels. guide vans. components of LDA system. Prandtl and Martinelli analogies. processing the hotwire signals. 2-beam LDA system. B B B B B B Computational Fluid Dynamics Introduction. diffusers. signal processing. Hyperbolic equations. diaphragm pressure transducers. perturbation. Concepts of error. Particle sizing: mean droplet size. use of digital camera for experimentation and flow visualization in thermo-fluids. boundary layer suction. blowing (Coanda effect). Bragg cell. rotational speed.HC. velocity. Combined heat transfer. contractions. single particle counting. size distribution of droplets. velocity. Analogy between heat and momentum transfer. HWA and HFA. acceleration. Taylor. HWA versus HFA. droplet velocities. gauzes. soot particles High-speed cine film photography. Momentum and energy equations. holography. Hot wire anemometry (HWA): measurement of mean and fluctuating components of velocity. NO x . calibration procedures. density. general schematic of an LDA system. splitter plates. light scattering. course meshes. corners.laser diffraction.HO x . Boundary layer computational methods. counters and trackers. Methods of solution: Similarity. Prandtl and Karman's theories. Turbulence modeling. measurement of mechanical displacement. meshes. laser light properties. mean droplet diameters. Basics of finite-difference methods. normal yawed and crossed wires. Transducers: strain gauge. Reynolds. 58 . choice between LDA. use of screens. honeycombs. Hot film anemometry. working section. free and forced convection including integral techniques. Constant current (CCA) and constant temperature anemometers (CTA). bell-mouth contractions. partial differential equation. HW response. Piezo-electric.Flow system: open and closed circuit wind tunnels. Laser Doppler Anemometry (LDA): basic Doppler effect. Combustion flow measurements: measurement of temperature. consistency and stability. turbulent diffusivities. and fuel concentrations. nozzles. SO x . non-intrusive techniques. Diffusion equations. Grid systems. directional characteristics. and trajectories. pressure. spark photography. forward and backward LDA. corner vanes. pollutants. King’s law. refracting meshes. Formulation of laminar. Convection Heat Transfer Equation of motion.

Inequality constraints. combined stress and strain-rate effects. Duality theory. temperature rise during deformation. quantity discount – shortages not permitted. Transshipment problem. 59 . Assignment problem. Effective strain. Parametric programming. Bulge test. Heat Generation during Metal Removal . Thin-walled sphere internal pressure.Theory of Metal Cutting Mechanics of cutting. Vogel’s approximation method. Balanced biaxial tensin. Single – period model with setup cost. Super plasticity. Strain rate dependence. & Von Mises criterion. Flow rules for plastic stress – strain relations. Stochastic Model: Single – period model with no setup cost. Operation Research Linear Programming: Formulation. Negative RHS. Plastic work. Wear Consideration of the cutting tools. Assumptions of LP. work hardening expression. Mechanical properties. Surface integrities. Sensitivity analysis. General approach to instability. Two – period inventory model with no setup cost. Nominal and true stress-strain curves. Limited input source. Graphic solution. Advanced Metal Forming Macroscopic Plasticity & Yield Criteria: Tresca. significance of instability. Upper-bound theory. Basic model with infinite and finite queue. Queuing Theory: Basic queuing process. integer Programming. Dynamic programming. Priority Queuing model. Primal and dual problem. stress and strain analysis of cutting process. shortages permitted. Yielding criteria slip-line field theory. Model with initial stock level. Production scheduling. Behavior after necking. Inventory Control Theory: Deterministic Model: Continuous review uniform demand. Temperature dependence of flow stress. Goal programming. Finite element analysis of metal cutting complex tools. Equality constraints. Micromachinability. Applications. Hot working. Work hardening & Plastic instability: Tensile test. Cutting Forces acting on the cutting tools. Principle of normality. Special types of LP problems: The transportation problem. Strain Rae and Temperature: Strain rate. Chip formulation. North-west corner rule. The birth and death process. Russell’s method. the simplex method. Effective stress. Direct compression. Plane-strain compression test.

Bending of sheets & tubes. Design Requirements: Interface design. heat and vibration. Slab analysis: Sheet drawing. Redrawing. wire drawing. Redundant work. sources and application of energy input sensitivity. Effects of work hardening.Ideal Work: Ideal Work or uniform energy. Direct compression in plane strain. anthropometry. System evaluation. environmental effects. environmental factors. lightning and noise. Effects of tooling. Bulk forming tests. Extrusion & rod drawing. Bending with superimposed tension. Ironing. boundary value problems of linear elasticity. Axisymmetric compression. Advanced Stress Analysis Introduction: Analysis of stress and strain. Human Factor Engineering Introduction: Scope of Ergonomics. and mechanical efficiency. input characteristics. Review of relation for various type of stresses. Elasticity applications: Thick tube. Human operator as system components. Flat rolling. Edge cracking. concentrated load acting on the vortex of a Wedge and Concentrated force acting on the free surface of a plate. Average pressure during plane-strain compression. Elastic-plastic Structures: The occurrence of fracture and the inadequacies of conventional design concepts. Complex Stamping: Localized necking in biaxial stretching. Formain limit diagrams. space requirements and layout visual presentation of information. physical size and shape dynamics. machine dynamics. jobs aids. the assessment of physical activity. Equations of equilibrium. auditing presentation of information. Cupping test. The physical significance of 60 . Type of fractures that occur under uni-axial tensile loading. Forming limits in shape bending. central processing capacity. Comparison of slab method & ideal work method. Stress concentration due to a Circular hole in a stress plate. Formability. methods of work analysis. Techniques in human factor studies. Sticking friction. subjective assessment technique. and Ironing Cup drawing. control design. Friction . Bending: Spring back in sheet bending. Maximum drawing reduction. Boundary conditions and principal stresses. Sheet bend ability. Cupping. Redrawing. Deformation efficiency. Generalized Hook’s law.

Application and philosophy of modal testing. Analyzers. Maxwell Voigt and standard linear solid. Contact ‘ Thermal Stresses: Application of Contact Stresses to mating of gear teeth. Control 61 . Global or multi curve-fitting. Introduction to mobility measurement techniques. Circle fit method. The role of dislocations in plastic deformation of single and polycrystalline materials. Applications. Preliminary checks of PRF data. Plasticity: Plane strain deformation and slip line field. Upper bound and lower bound theorem. Excitation of structure. Method for continuous improvement. Introduction to derivation mathematical models. Total Quality Management Introduction to TQM. Photo elasticity. applications to turbines and pipes carrying hot fluids. Spatial models. shaft in a bearing and ball and rollers in bearings. Coupled structure analysis. correction of adjustment of models. in phase and out of phase components. Differential form. Transducer and amplifiers. SDOF Modal analysis-III inverse method. A focus on the customer. Calibration. Mobility skeletons and system models. Digital signal processing. Stress distribution from the slip line field. Multi excitation methods. Response prediction and force determination. Rotational mobility measurement. Use of different excitation types. Structure modifications. Response prediction modifications. Response models. Boltzmann’s integral. Introduction to model parameters extraction methods. Modal Analysis Introduction. Participation and teamwork. Quality measurement. I peak amplitude. MDOF curve –fitting in the same domain. Measurement methods. Measurement on non-linear structure. modal models. Leadership and Strategic planning. comparison of experiment and prediction. Quality in manufacturing and service. Summary of theory. Analysis and test procedures. Non-linear systems. Implementation issue and strategies. Basis measurement system structure preparation. Principles of total quality management. Laplace transforms and relationship between viscoelastic parameters. Model materials. Thermal stresses and thermal strains. SDOF modal analysis-II. inspection & quality control. SDOF modal analysis. Display of modal model. Coupled structure analysis.fracture toughness. Mass cancellation. MDOF curve-fitting procedures. Viscoelasticity Analysis: Type of time dependence superposition. ISO-9000 Quality Model.

Theory of constitutive equations. Continuum Mechanics General aspects. Theory of Plates and Shells Torsion. Fundamental equations of compressible viscous flow. Advanced Solid Mechanics Physical elements of deformation and fracture. Life testing. Compressible 62 . transverse loading. pure bending. basic assumptions. viscoelaticity. Laminar boundary layers. Linear elasticity. Plasticity. singularity function. Elements of continuum mechanics and thermodynamics. stability of laminar flows.Charts and their applications. Identification and rheological classification of real solids. deflection by moment area method. development of mathematical tools. damage mechanics. Curvilinear coordinate systems in tensors. reliability prediction and calculations. Rigid body dynamics and systems with gyroscopic effects on spinning shafts and critical speeds. Euler's formula for columns. deflection by integration. Gyro -compass. viscoplasticity. Inertial navigation. Castigliano's theorem. thermoplasticity. reliability. Language’s equation. crack mechanics. Secant formula for columns. transformation of stress and strain. solutions to Newtonian viscous flow equations. Viscous Flow Introduction. Dimensionless parameters. theory of plates and shells. Economics & quality control. Basic material laws. boundary conditions. Kinematics of a continuum stresses general principles. Hamilton's principle applied to distributed systems and to systems with electromechanical transducer components. reliability enhancing techniques. Advanced Dynamics Hamilton's Principle. Vibration of systems with time varying and non-linear characteristics. properties of fluids. Incompressible turbulent flows. generalized variables.

single phase heat transfer.boundary layer flows. onset of sub cooled boiling. saturated boiling heat transfer. critical heat flux in forced convective flows. 63 . Finite difference analysis and digital computer solutions of various problems. Fluid Mixing and Separation Introduction to fluid mixing technology. Manifold turning. methodologies and equipment. Specific problems of fluidized bed combustor. Heat transfer in agitated vessels. Combustion in fluidized beds. Thermodynamic cycles with fluidized bed boiler. selection of all units and writing specifications for all equipment for the design work. Solid-Liquid and Liquid-Liquid Separation: Principles. Equipment and Correlation. duct design. Fluidized Bed Combustion Fundamentals of fluidization. Heat transfer . and diffusion apparatus for producing comfort in summer. air conveying and distribution. convective boiling. Refrigeration load. Recent developments in fluidized bed technology. Characteristics of engine performance. methods of development studies in air conditioning industries. fans.in fluidized beds. Mechanical Engineering Internal Combustion Engines Thermodynamic analysis of engine process. Theory of two-stroke cycle operation and super-charging. basic processes of boiling. condensation and evaporation at a liquid-vapor interface. automatic control for air conditioning systems. Cyclone Separators. Thermodynamic simulation methods. film and drop wise condensation. pool boiling. Mechanical design of fluid mixers. Industrial Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Summer and winter air conditioning load calculations. All year air conditioning methods and equipment. augmentation techniques. Materials handling. methods of development for the design work. Boiling and Condensation Heat Transfer Thermodynamics of vapor/liquid systems.

and inter-metallics. composite materials. Mechanism Design Kinematics and dynamic characteristics of planar and spatial mechanisms. Automation and Control Theory and techniques of high-level control. joining advanced metals. Knowledge representation issues and techniques. Slide ways. Vector and graphical methods for kinematics analysis. expert systems. Basic theories of metal cutting. Neural networks. Fuzzy control. Pattern classification and clustering. mechanical fastening. and limitations of existing techniques.Design of Machine Tools Types of machine tools. Machine tool dynamics. polymers. strategies and decisions at symbolic level. Cooling systems. dissimilar material combination. Prolong. Mechanical fastener and joining methods. Supervised and unsupervised learning. Methods for dynamic analysis of mechanisms. Emphasis on the bridge between physical and symbolic domains. Machine tool structures. alloys. Joining of Advanced Materials Introduction to joining. Principles. General requirement sin the design of machine tools. 64 . Artificial Intelligence Manufacturing in Design and Applications of artificial intelligence to design and manufacturing. joining of ceramics and of glasses. Rule-based control. strengths. and various physical plants. Adhesives and their bonding processes. Adhesive bonding. Control and operating devices. Spindle and spindle bearings. Symbolic description of process behavior. Work holding devices. in process monitoring and sensor fusion. vehicles. Actuators and drive systems. machine learning. Introduction to graphical and computer methods for kinematics synthesis of mechanisms. Geometry and performance of cutting tools. Case studies on robots. welding. Applications from industrial machine systems and robotics manipulators.

Energy surveys and energy audits. utilization of other renewable energy resources. adhesive. case study generation. active and hybrid heating techniques. Mechanism of wear. abrasive. solar cooling and refrigeration.Tribology Theories of friction. 65 . fatigue aspects of design. Bearing types and selection. Planning organization and control of production systems. equipment in solar systems. solar distillation and evaporation. Industrial Management Production management and decision making. plasticity. wind energy etc. thermal storage and solar ponds. supports and mountings. Pressurized Systems Background analysis and shell theory. Solar Energy Utilization Advanced topics including passive. Analytical and quantitative methods of management. design by rule. biomass. laws of energy and materials flows. evaluation and optimization of options for energy conservation. local loads. Work and method study. corrosive and other types of wear & measurement. and boundary lubrication. Thermodynamics and energy. high temperature applications. waste heat recovery. design of externally pressurized vessels. hydrostatic & hydrodynamic lubrication. Plant layout. nozzle design and branch connections. Design procedure and performance evaluation. design by analysis. lubricants. properties. tube sheet design. limit analysis and shakedown. design rules for dished ends including buckling aspects. vapor diffusion and condensation. flange design. solar pumping and irrigation. Elasto-hydro-dynamic lubrication. checklists for energy managers. heat and mass transfer. Energy Management Energy scene.solid film lubrication. photovoltaic.

Failure theories. Crack tip stress fields. control techniques. Flow regimes of Fluidized beds and relevant statistical analysis. Case studies: ships. stress intensity factors. Element and nature of costs. Reynolds transport theorem. Turbulent jets. Exact solutions of the steady – state two dimensional boundary layer equations.Fracture Mechanics Introduction to fracture mechanics. Boundary Layer Theory Navier-stokes equations. Product design and estimation of production cost and selling price. 66 . Manufacturing Design and Cost Analysis Introduction to the subject. Action. the five key integration. Boundary layer control. Energy and momentum coupling. Flow regimes of liquid-vapor flows. Bingham flow. General properties of the boundary layer equations. Numerical and experimental methods. outcomes of successful manufacturing design. J-integral. Derivation of boundary layer equations for two dimensional flow. Dispersed phase flows. aerospace. Solid-gas flows. Post yield fracture mechanics. planning for profit. Liquid-vapor. Turbulent flow thorough pipes and along a flat plate. Combustion of droplets or particles. Manufacturing design paradox. successful cost reduction process. Ductile to brittle transition. Thermal boundary layers. Two Phase Flow Liquid-Solid. experimental and analytical procedure in fracture mechanics. Drag and lift. and nuclear reactors. Fracture mechanics in design. Fracture toughness. Structuring for design-manufacturing integration cost concepts and classifications. Types of cracks. Singular stress fields. Strokes flow. Linear elastic and elastic-plastic fracture mechanics. Approximate methods for turbulent boundary layers. Fundamentals of turbulent flow. methods of costing. Crack opening modes. Pressure drop predictions.

Mass and flow production. Network techniques and their applications to simple engineering problems. Job order. transport-related phenomena and conservation equations for reacting multi-component systems. the human element in design. molten carbonate. continues/process production. design for mass production and batch production. Material handling. Production sale’s fore coasting and its techniques. Reason for replacement and factor to be considered for replacing equipment. computer aided design methods.. Stress-strain relations for elastic and plastic 67 . Techniques of the mechanical design process. Thermodynamics of fuel cells. stores management. Management concepts. proton exchange membrane. configuration of individual cells. finite element method of stress analysis. principle. True stress and true strain. study of loads. Fuel Cell Technology Introduction of fuel cell technology. stack and fuel cell system. Yield criteria for ductile metals. solid oxide. Material purchase. Personnel management. Computer’s role in (Production planning & control). Batch production.Production Management and Control Production management: Production and its integration with other areas of firm. life and reliability and reliability relationship for various mechanical components. Advanced Mechanical Design Techniques of the mechanical design. Challenges of fuel cell commercialization Engineering Plasticity Introduction. types and operation of fuel cells. phosphoric acid. Production Design and development. Stress and strain analysis. optimization and economics. Functions of management. Types of production. electrochemical kinetics. Principles of management. Fuel cell system design. Describing mechanical design problems and process. Fuel cell performance modeling. Replacement analysis. Product sale and marketing management. techniques foe non linear analysis . Recent developments in plant maintenance. and direct methanol fuel cells). One time large projects. application of method to plane strain and axisymmetric problems. alkaline.

mechanical behavior of composite materials. Plane strain frictionless extrusion. tempered embitterment. Creep mechanism. Stress Strain relation for anisotropic materials. Slab analysis. crack nucleation and crack propagation. Classical lamination theory. Engineering constants for orthotropic materials. The influence of non-zero mean stresses. Strain rate and temperature. Strength of orthotopic lamins Biaxial strength theories for an orthotopics lamina. buckling and vibration of laminate plate. Failure in structural materials. creep resistant steel.ranges. The SNP curves and factors affecting SNP curves. failure at high temperature service. Oxidation resistance in materials. Strain hardening hypothesis. macro-mechanical behavior of a lamina. Fatigue of Metals and Structures Nature of fatigue failure. High cycle fatigue. Slipline field theory and its application. Failure at low temperature. environmental effects on material. Multiaxial fatigue stresses and fatigue failure theories. Commutative damage in low cycle fatigue. dislocation theory. Ideal work for plastic deformation. Low cycle fatigue. Commutative fat/gue damage and life prediction. Design of laminates. Plastic instability. special cases of laminate stiffness. Elastoplastic bending and torsion. Plane strain indentation. Bending. Upper bound analysis. Micromechanical behavior of a laminate. strength of laminates. yield. Invariant properties of an orthotopics lamina. Biaxial strength theories for an orthotopics lamina. Deformation and Failure of Materials Elastic and plastic deformation. The strain-life curve and low cycle fatigue relationships. Mechanics of Composite Materials Introduction to composite materials. classification and characteristics of composite materials. Micromechanical behavior of a lamina. Entertainer stresses. Fatigue stress concentration factors for elastic and plastic ranges. 68 . Stress strain relations for plane stress in orthotopics materials. Fatigue testing machines. Behavior after necking. Strengthening mechanism in steeel.

Plastics. Use of rotor dynamic simulation as an aid to fault diagnostics. Dynamic Effects in Geological Materials. Assembly and drawing. Matrix analysis. Economic considerations in the selection and installation of a machine condition monitoring system. Wave Reflections and interaction. Armor. Major benefits of a conditions monitoring program. case studies. Solution of wave equation by method of characteristics. Spalling. predictive analysis. Project based assignments. Condition Monitoring of Rotating Machinery Introduction to basic concepts of machine condition monitoring. kolsky bar. Use of 3D models in conceptual Design & Iterations. Aluminum alloys. data accusation methods. Dynamic Events in Space. Stress wave loading of cracks. Data analysis. Computer aided machine condition monitoring. 69 . System requirement. vibration monitoring wear debris monitoring. Building of Graphical user interface. Penetration. temperature monitoring. Data interpretations and diagl1liStics. Limiting Crack Speed. using Pro-E. Numerical visualization. fracture Bar. gas gun. Modeling physical phenomenon and mathematical equations using MATLIB. Data analysis techniques. Dynamic Fracture: Fracture Mechanics. Aluminum alloys. conditions based maintenance techniques in industry. Experimental techniques for impact loading hopkinsion bar. Instrumentation required. Applications: introduction. Plastics. Computer Engineering Application in Mechanical 3D modeling. diagnostic tools: Laser interferometry. rotating cameras. diagnostic analysis. Selection and installation of a Machine condition monitoring system. Experimental techniques. noise monitoring. Intelligent knowledge based expert systems for continuous machine surveillance in advanced condition monitoring. Crack Branching. Material behavior under high strain rates: Steel. performance monitoring. Fragmentation. Practical machine condition monitoring systems in industry. Analysis of the problem measurable parameters.Behavior of Materials under Impact Loading Stress waves: Propagation of elastic waves in continuum. MMCs. Dynamic fracture of steels. Shaped charges and projectiles.

Principles of dispersion strengthening phase diagrams containing three phase Re. funds analysis. Capital budging and estimation cash flows. Recruiting. Effect of allowing elements on the IT and CCT diagram. identification of objective function. Processes. Staffing. Effect of microstructure in controlling the mechanical prosperities of engineering materials. Standard from of optimization problems. Motivational Strategies for improving performance and productivity. Capital budgeting techniques. Short term financing. Nucleation and growth mechanism of pearlite. Grain Boundary carbides. Optimization of Engineering Systems Introduction to optimization with reference to engineering design operation research and management problems. Risk and managerial option in capital budgeting. Operating and financial leverage. Pay system. Accounts receivable and inventory management. Indirect compensation: Employee Benefit Plans. Intermediate and long term financing. isothermal plot isopleths plot. Financial Analysis Financial Statement analysis. Strength of eutectic alloys. Human resource management (A field of Transitions). requirement return and cost of capital. Union representation and collective bargaining. Cash budget. Growth of dislocations. Human Resource Management Human Resource in a globally competitive business environment. Continuous cooling transformation diagram (CCT). Job analysis and human resource planning. Managing careers. Cash flow analysis. Optimization problem formulation.Mechanics of Micro Structure Review of Fe-Fe3C and heat treatment. Orienting and Training. Nucleation of austenite. Case studies of various strengthening including grain boundary carbide thickness. Bainite ferrite and martensite Grains. Capital structure determination. design variables and constant. solid solution. Including examples from engineering design. Isothermal transformation (II). Dividend policy. Cash & Marketable securities management. Diversity at work. Ternary phase diagrams. 70 . Appraising Employee performance.actors. operation research and management. Working capital management. Eutectic and hyper eutectic alloys.

Introduction to classification of optimization problems, solution of problems. Introduction to economic analysis. Familiarization to mathematical / math packages. Graphical solutions of optimum problems. Unconstrained / Constrained optimum problems with analytical techniques. Kuh-Tucker Conditions. Linear programming applications for design. Sensitivity analysis with application to engineering design. Nonlinear design optimum problems and their solutions with numerical techniques. Case studies with application of optimum techniques to machine components. Driveshaft. Vehicle brakes. Heat exchanger and steam condensers. Design using experimental data.

**Modeling and Automation
**

Basic concept of real time modeling and simulation of dynamic systems. Classification of dynamic systems. Element of Bond graph modeling and simulation. Multiport systems and bond graphs. Basic component models. System Models and Automated Computer Simulation. State space modeling and simulation.

Air Pollution

Nature and sources of air pollution, chemical and biological aspects, effects on health and environment. Physical aspects of the atmosphere, thermodynamics, vertical variation of wind and temperature, stability, convection, atmospheric turbulence, diffusion equations, plumes, thermals, jets in stratified flow, radioactive plumes, micrometeorological instrumentation, air pollution control techniques and equipment monitoring instrumentation

**Non Metallic and Composite Materials
**

This course is intended to provide an advanced treatment of the structure, properties and processing of non-metallic and composite materials based on polymers, metals and ceramics. The structure and properties of polymers and ceramics in bulk form and as matrices and reinforcements in composites will be covered. Processing methods for non-metallics and composites (example extrusion, injection molding etc.) will be considered. The geometrical arrangement of fibres within laminae and their influences on elastic and strength properties of composites will be described based on suitable micromechanical models. The role of the matrix and fibre/matrix interface in determining composite properties will be described

71

Combustion

Combustion thermodynamics, introduction to chemical kinetics of combustion, combustion properties of fuels, flammability of combustible mixtures. Flame propagation mechanisms, pre-mixed and diffusional; stability of flames; introduction to combustion aerodynamics, jet flames; atomization; droplet and spray combustion. Elementary ignition concepts and theory. Basic detonation theory

Aerodynamics

Review of aerodynamics. Kinematics and dynamics of inviscid flow; airfoil dynamics including thin airfoil theory, finite wings, panel methods and airfoil parameters. Boundary layer theory and boundary layer control as applied in aerodynamics. Introduction to high speed aerodynamics. Introduction to dynamics of flight including stability and control

72

**Recommendations for B.E / B.Sc Program in Mechanical Engineering
**

1. After going through an exhaustive three-day exercise, the National Curriculum Revision Committee (NCRC) has finalized a set of revised curriculum of Mechanical Engineering to help the various universities throughout the country in maintaining international level of standard. All the recommendations received by the committee were thoroughly discussed and incorporated accordingly. It is general consensus that in order to implement the newly finalized curricula effectively, the following requirements are mandatory: (i) The universities be properly equipped with adequate experimental facilities (ii) The status of faculty should also be assessed to maintain a reasonable teacher/ student ratio (iii) It is felt necessary to provide Teaching Assistants (TA) to the instructors. (iv) A system of teacher’s training should also be introduced into the system. (v) It is felt that a feedback of the universities be made available to the Curriculum Revision Committee at the time of next Revision to help it in assessing the effectiveness of its recommendation. 2. The Committee strongly feels that the matter of internship be taken up on top priority. A guided and controlled system of training is felt mandatory. A minimum of six-week training be administered during the vacations between third and fourth year of studies. A comprehensive report should be submitted after the completion of training for evaluation and the students are given credit accordingly. Moreover, a reasonable budgeted amount be paid to trainees to cover the traveling and other expenses through internship stipend (not less than Rs.6000/ month per student). 3. A sample semester/term wise distribution of courses is given in Annexure-A. Choice of distribution of the courses is left to individual institutions depending upon their local facilities. Some courses are split up and offered as part-I and part-II. The departments may, depending on their teaching methods merge/split them, provided all course contents are covered. The suggested titles of the courses can be changed provided the contents of the courses are the same.

73

The acquisition of up-to-date software is a continuous process and additionally required software should be procured in line with the exercise already carried out. provided by HEC. 3 million. 74 .The committee emphasized the use of computer software / programs. The non-branded machines currently available are not reliable enough to be used for these programs. It is therefore strongly recommended that HEC should take a lead to facilitate mechanical engineering departments in acquiring the requisite brand of computer equipment. A computer Lab. The departments of Mechanical Engineering require additional software over and above already provided. in all the related courses. However it was felt that majority of the departments are not equipped with appropriate branded computers to run these computing intensive programs. of 40 such computers would cost approximately Rs.

75 . Four additional courses to be selected from the list of courses . Program. Eight courses of twenty four (24) credit hours ii. It is highlighted that the Masters Program in Mechanical Engineering includes the curriculum of Master Program in Manufacturing Engineering which is being offered as a separate program by Mechanical Engineering department of various universities. g) The committee recommended that the department may allow student to choose a relevant elective subject from another specialty / department subject to recommendation of the student advisor for M. to be selected form core courses of sub-specialties – 9 credits iii. Salient features of the program: a) The program is of minimum 30 credit hours with the following breakup: i. f) The suggested titles of the courses are not mandatory and can be changed provided the contents of the courses are the same. Any addition to the program by a university will be reviewed in next NCRC meeting. Thesis research of Six (6) credits b) Every subject course is of three credit hours c) Eight courses of 24 credits are split as i. Three core subjects.Sc.12 credits d) The Master’s Program is of minimum 18 months duration comprising 3 semesters e) The recommended Master’s Program contains sub-specialties of Mechanical Engineering currently offered by the universities. One compulsory mathematics course 3 credits ii. 1.Recommendations for Postgraduate Program in Mechanical Engineering After sessions of in-depth discussions the National Curriculum Revision Committee (NCRC) has proposed syllabi of Master’s Program in Mechanical Engineering. h) Individual university may add additional courses depending on its specific needs.

It is therefore recommended that another meeting should be held to finalize the Masters Program after receiving feed back.2. The Committee strongly recommends that the Masters Program syllabus is the first draft prepared during this meeting and requires feed back from the universities and academic experts. 3. 76 . It is recommended that the HEC should provide exclusive funding for the development/updating of post graduate laboratories to encourage R&D activities at post graduate level. Note: The representative of NED University could not participate in the discussions of Masters Curriculum as per directives from the university.

Active and passive voice Practice in unified sentence Analysis of phrase.Annex "A" ENGLISH-I Functional English Objectives: To enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Course Contents: Basics of Grammar Parts of speech and use of articles Sentence structure. clause and sentence structure Transitive and intransitive verbs Punctuation and spelling Comprehension Answers to questions on a given text Discussion General topics and every day conversation (topics for discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students) Listening To be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teachers) Translation skills Urdu to English Paragraph writing Topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher Presentation skills Introduction Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building 77 .

Reading.J. 1997. a) Functional English Grammar 1. Fourth Impression 1993. Oxford University Press. Third edition. ISBN 0 19 453402 2. Third Impression 1992. form. clarity. Brain Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. argumentative Academic writing How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style. Third edition. Upper Intermediate. ISBN 0 19 435405 7 Pages 20-27 and 35-41. Speaking b) c) d) ENGLISH-II Technical writing and presentation skills Objectives: To enhance language skills and develop critical thinking Presentation skills Essay writing Descriptive. Thomson and A. Practical English Grammar by A. language.J. Martinet. Exercises 1. Oxford Supplementary Skills. 1997.Recommended books: 1. ISBN 0194313492 2. Intermediate by Marie-Christine Boutin. Oxford Supplementary Skills. consistency) 78 . content. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Practical English Grammar by A. Exercises 2. Writing.V. ISBN 0194313506 Writing 1. narrative.V. Reading/Comprehension 1. Martinet. Thomson and A. discursive. Oxford University Press.

Patterns of College Writing (4th edition) by Laurie G. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature. Writing. descriptive. 3. ISBN 0 19 435407 3 (particularly suitable for discursive. without taxing the taste of engineering students). St. A Custom Publication. Third Impression 1992. 2004. Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. P P b) c) Presentation Skills Reading The Mercury Reader.Technical Report writing Progress report writing Note: Extensive reading is required for vocabulary building Recommended books: a) Essay Writing and Academic Writing 1. College Writing Skills by John Langan. Kathleen Shine Cain. Mandell. Communication Skills Objectives: To enable the students to meet their real life communication needs Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good. General Editiors: Janice Neulib. unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing Introduction CV and job application Translation skills Urdu to English 79 . argumentative and report writing). Advanced by Ron White. Mc=Graw-Hill Higher Education. Kirszner and Stephen R. 2. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Martin’s Press. Compiled by norther Illinois University.

introduction to presentations. 2. use of library and internet recourses Presentation skills Personality development (emphasis on content. Oxford Supplementary Skills. ISBN 0 19 431350 6. Suzanne Brinand and Francoise Grellet. Fourth Impression 1992. intensive and extensive. Reading 1.V. and speed reading. ISBN 019 435405 7 Pages 45-53 (note taking). Brian Tomlinson and Rod Ellis. Reading and Study Skills by John Langan 3. ISBN 0 19 453403 0. Oxford University Press 1986. Writing. summary and précis writing and comprehension Academic skills Letter / memo writing and minutes of the meeting.J. Practical English Grammar by A. Reading. a) Communication Skills Grammar 1. Intermediate by Marie-Chrisitine Boutin. 2. descriptive and argumentative writing). Third Impression 1991. Advanced. b) c) 80 . Upper-Intermediate by Rob Nolasco. Martinet. Third edition. Exercises 2. Fourth Impression 1993. Study Skills by Riachard Yorky. Writing. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Thomson and A. style and pronunciation) Note: Documentaries to be shown for discussion and review Recommended books: 2.Study skills Skimming and scanning. Writing 1. ISBN 0 19 435406 5 (particularly good for writing memos. Oxford Supplementary Skills.

6.21. Day of Judgment 81 .Annexure-B ISLAMIC STUDIES (Compulsory) Objectives: This course is aimed at: 1. To enhance the skill of the students for understanding of issues related to faith and religious life.63-77) 5) Verses of Surah Al-Inam Related to Ihkam(Verse No-152-154) STUDY OF SELLECTED TEXT OF HOLLY QURAN 1) Verses of Surah Al-Ihzab Related to Adab al-Nabi (Verse No.20) Related to thinking. To provide Basic information about Islamic Studies 2. To improve Students skill to perform prayers and other worships 4. Contents: INTRODUCTION TO QURANIC STUDIES 1) Basic Concepts of Quran 2) History of Quran 3) Uloom-ul -Quran STUDY OF SELLECTED TEXT OF HOLLY QURAN 1) Verses of Surah Al-Baqra Related to Faith(Verse No-284-286) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hujrat Related to Adab Al-Nabi (Verse No-1-18) 3) Verses of Surah Al-Mumanoon Related to Characteristics of faithful (Verse No-1-11) 4) Verses of Surah al-Furqan Related to Social Ethics (Verse No.56.19.58.40. To enhance understanding of the students regarding Islamic Civilization 3.) 2) Verses of Surah Al-Hashar (18.57.

A.W) in Makkah 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Makkah SEERAT OF HOLY PROPHET (S.W) in Madina 2) Important Events of Life Holy Prophet in Madina 3) Important Lessons Derived from the life of Holy Prophet in Madina INTRODUCTION TO SUNNAH 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Basic Concepts of Hadith History of Hadith Kinds of Hadith Uloom –ul-Hadith Sunnah & Hadith Legal Position of Sunnah SELLECTED STUDY FROM TEXT OF HADITH INTRODUCTION TO ISLAMIC LAW & JURISPRUDENCE 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Basic Concepts of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence History & Importance of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence Sources of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence Nature of Differences in Islamic Law Islam and Sectarianism ISLAMIC CULTURE & CIVILIZATION 1) 2) 3) 4) Basic Concepts of Islamic Culture & Civilization Historical Development of Islamic Culture & Civilization Characteristics of Islamic Culture & Civilization Islamic Culture & Civilization and Contemporary Issues 82 .W) I 1) Life of Muhammad Bin Abdullah ( Before Prophet Hood) 2) Life of Holy Prophet (S.3) Verses of Surah Al-Saf Related to Tafakar.W) II 1) Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.A.14) SEERAT OF HOLY PROPHET (S.Tadabar (Verse No1.A.

“Muslim Conduct of State” Hameed ullah Muhammad. “Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence” Islamic Research U U U U U U U U U U 6) 83 . “Emergence of Islam” . Pakistan. ‘Introduction to Islam Mulana Muhammad Yousaf Islahi.” Hussain Hamid Hassan.ISLAM & SCIENCE 1) Basic Concepts of Islam & Science 2) Contributions of Muslims in the Development of Science 3) Quranic & Science ISLAMIC ECONOMIC SYSTEM 1) 2) 3) 4) Basic Concepts of Islamic Economic System Means of Distribution of wealth in Islamic Economics Islamic Concept of Riba Islamic Ways of Trade & Commerce POLITICAL SYSTEM OF ISLAM 1) Basic Concepts of Islamic Political System 2) Islamic Concept of Sovereignty 3) Basic Institutions of Govt. “An Introduction to the Study of Islamic Law” leaf Publication Islamabad. Ahmad Hasan. Islamabad Hameed ullah Muhammad. IRI. in Islam ISLAMIC HISTORY 1) Period of Khlaft-e-Rashida 2) Period of Ummayyads 3) Period of Abbasids SOCIAL SYSTEM OF ISLAM 1) Basic Concepts of Social System of Islam 2) Elements of Family 3) Ethical Values of Islam REFERENCE BOOKS: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Hameed ullah Muhammad.

S. Religion and Society” Deep & Deep Publications New Delhi (1989) Dr. “Studies in Islamic Law. “Introduction to Al Sharia Al Islamia” Allama Iqbal Open University.7) 8) 9) Institute. “Muslim Jrisprudence and the Quranic Law of Crimes” Islamic Book Service (1982) H. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. Islamabad (1993) Mir Waliullah. Islamabad (2001) U U U U U U 84 . International Islamic University. Bhatia.

national development. 2. 1971-77 d. Government. Indus Civilization ii. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. To study the process of governance. People and Land i. Contemporary Pakistan a. 1988-99 f. Historical Perspective a. 1999 onward 3. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. Contents: 1. Politics. 1958-71 c. Location and Geo-Physical features.Annexure-C PAKISTAN STUDIES Introduction / Objectives Objectives • • To develop vision of Historical Perspective. 1977-88 e. b. Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Muslim advent iii. issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. Economic institutions and issues Society and social structure Ethnicity Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges 85 . Contemporary Pakistan. b. ideological background of Pakistan. 1947-58 b. d. c.

Lahore: Idara-eSaqafat-e-Islamia. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. nd. Zaidi. 1980. Wayne. 1972.M. Amin. 2. 1980. Safdar. 12. 1. 10. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan Recommended Books Burki. 1976. 9. M. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Noor ul. Haq. Shahid Javed. Institute of Public Policy Research. Ziring. K. Karachi: Oxford University Press.Lahore. Pakistan Kayyun Toota. Safdar. 1994. Politics in Pakistan. 1993. 2000. The Political System of Pakistan. Club Road. 11. Washington: American Enterprise. State & Society in Pakistan. 86 . Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. 8. 4. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. I. Aziz. Afzal. Lawrence. Ethno . S. 1993. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd. Rafique. Islamabad. Political Parties in Pakistan. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy.e.. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. Enigma of Political Development. Vol. 14. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies. Wilcox. History & Culture of Sindh. S. 5. 6. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research. 7. 1987. Ansar. 13. 3. Karachi: Royal Book Company. 1998. II & III. Party.K. Lahore: Vanguard. Sayeed. 1967. Akbar. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. Mehmood. Zahid. Pakistan Under Martial Law. Tahir. Muhammad Waseem.The Emergence of Banglades. Mehmood.National Movement in Pakistan. Khalid Bin.

and Akhtar N. 2004. I ntermediate Technology Publications. Martin Press. Dr. Khan M I. Shepherd A. Towards Participatory Management. Inc. 2. 1997. Adamson. 4. 5. London & New York. Amir S. models of participatory management in South Asia. Chambers R. Participatory approaches to environment and development. Zed Books. A model for urban development “orangi pilot project”. ANTHROPOLOGY Objective: To introduce anthropological concepts and research techniques for promoting participation of major groups in environmental management Contents: • • • • • • • Introduction to cultural anthropology and its relationship with other social sciences Cultural and political organization and resolution of conflicts Anthropological research methods with special reference to participant observation Participatory management: a new paradigm. a case study Participation of major groups: women. historical perspectives. concepts and philosophy. McGraw Hill. Frost. A guide to self-reliant participatory rural development. 1998. Sustainable Rural Development. 1993. youth and others in the management of various types of ecosystems Recommended Books 1. Whose Reality Count Putting the First Last. Tahir B A. 3. Allama Iqbal Open University.36 Curriculum Division . S. 1979. People First. Hoebel and Everett L. St. Burkey. Cultural and Social Anthropology..Annexure –D SOCIAL SCIENCES COURSES AND MANAGEMENT Note: Universities may select courses from the following list according to their available faculty and facilities. 87 .

3 Power. Social Stratification 4.2 1. Contents: 1.2 Types of Culture 2. and Authority 4.4 Role of Culture in Organization 2.3 1. The engineers are expected to supervise several people in different capacities and their understanding about human behaviour is critical for their optimum performance.3 Elements of Culture 2.4 Social Mobility 4.1 Interpersonal Behaviour 3.5 What is sociology? Nature.5 Migration 88 .SOCIOLOGY AND DEVELOPMENT Objectives: The main objective of this course is to apprise potential engineers about social factors that contribute towards enhancing their professional performance for the good of society and the country.5 Socialization and Personality 3. This course will enhance understanding about the determinants of human behaviour.2 Caste and class 4. Modification of human behaviour or getting work done from subordinates and seniors remain a major challenge for all the professional engineers. Culture and Related Concepts 2. and Importance of Sociology Social Interactions Social Groups Social Institutions 2. Scope. Interpersonal Relations 3. Prestige.1 Factors of Social Stratification 4.3 Language and Communication 3.4 Motivations and Emotions 3.1 Definition of Culture 2. which ultimately will result in improved individual efficiency.5 Public Opinion 4. This course is culture specific and has to be taught within the context of local and national socio-economic environment.2 Formation of Personal Attitudes 3.4 1. Introduction to Sociology 1.1 1.

4 World System and Development 9.. Lahore. S.2 Crime and Social Organization 8. Human Ecology 5. Changing Pakistan Society. Allport. H.3 Organized Crime 8. The Historical Background of Modern Social Psychology.3 Community Development Programs in Pakistan 7. Sociology. Royal Book Company.2 Population Dynamics in Pakistan 6.4 Community Organization and Related Services 7. Ed.1 World Population Growth and Distribution 6. A. (1985). Bernard.3 Role of NGOs in Development 9. Scope.2 Ecosystem and energy 5.1 Crime as a Social and Cultural Phenomenon 8. New York. Community Development 7. (1991). H. (1991). W.5. Cambridge University Press. J.4 Solid Waste Disposal 5. (2007). Gardezi.5 Cooperation and Conflict in Community Development 8. 3.. 2. Random House. Deviance and Crime 8. Sociology of Change and Development 9. Gardezi. and Subject Matter of Community Development 7. and T. Prentice Hall. A. Hafeez.5 Population and Development 7. Karachi. Maktaba Fikr-o-Danish.3 Causes and Consequences of Urbanization 6. G. N. Ed. DuBrin.4 Population Policy in Pakistan 6.2 Processes of Community Development 7.5 Economics of Crime 9. Burgess (2004). N.3 Ecosystem and Physical Environment 5.5 Pollution 6. Population Dynamics 6. Understanding Pakistan: The Colonial Factor in Societal Development. 5.5 Gender and Development Recommended Readings 1.1 What is Social Change and Development? 9. Human Relations: Interpersonal Job Oriented Skills.4 Culture Based Crime 8. (1991).1 Meaning. New York.1 Ecological Processes 5.2 Dynamics of Social Change 9. 4. U U U U U U U U U U 89 .

R.).D. & Smith E. (2001). A.S. (1976). London. L. Atkinson R. Webster. New York: Wadsworth. Jones.. 9. Plorida St. Wright (1995). Human Ecology. Hergenhahn. Lucie Press. G. C. (1990). Intermediate Technology Publications. J. "Why are Population and Development Issues not Given Priority?" Asia-Pasific Population Journal 20(1). Introduction to Psychology (13th ed. 12. Syed. An Introduction to the History of Psychology.E. Power and Participatory Development: Theory and Practice. & Fernald. Power and civil society in Pakistan. A.C. The State of Migration and Multiculturalism in Pakistan: The Need for Policy and Strategy. Utton. (2001). N. (1997). 10. USA: WMC Brown Publishers. 8. Introduction to Sociology of Development. U U U UP UP U U U U U U U U U U U UNDERSTANDING PSYCHOLOGY AND HUMAN BEHAVIOUR Contents: What is Psychology? Nature. Sustainable Community Development: Principles and Concepts. 13. Scope and Application with Special Reference to Pakistan Different Schools of Psychology Methods of Psychology Learning Intelligence and Artificial Intelligence Personality and its Assessment Understanding Maladjustive Behaviour Positive Emotional States and Processes Stress Management and Anger Management Recommended Books 1. West View Press. UNESCO: 1-30.6. Harcourt Brace College Publishers. National Book Foundation. and S. 3. (2005). Fernald. B. (1999). E. P P 90 . S. 2. Islamabad Maser.. H. Weiss. P. Introduction to Psychology. Nacmillan Education Ltd. Nelson. (2003). 11. Macionis. W. M. Oxford University press. (2005). A. 7. Sociology 7th Edition. J. (2000). London. Islamabad.

S. Psychology of Learning and Behaviour. Project approval processes in Pakistan Introduction to contracting and tendering.Q). 6. 7. 91 . Growth and Diversity. B. Critical path method (CPM).O. B. & Robbins.. Sage Publications. & Lopez. 10.). 5th Ed. E. London: Thompson & Co Publishers. (2004). Scheduled and non-scheduled rates..J.). Wassernman. (3rd ed. Synder. Personality Theories: Development.4. (2002). Abnormal Psychology. Norton and Company. Comer. Allen. Analysis of rates. USA: Freeman & Company. (2000).). New York: John Wiley & Sons. Principle and use of CPM in environmental projects. New York: McGraw-Hill. Goodwin. R.P.J. 9. 8. S. Project planning and cost estimation: Preparation of feasibility reports. (2005) Psychological Testing & Assessment (6th ed. C. (2000) Research in Psychology: Methods and Design. R. Rough cost and detailed estimates for environmental engineering projects including preparation of bill of quantities (B... (2007) Positive Psychology. Cohen.E. P P P P P P P P PROJECT PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Objective: • To learn about importance of planning and management of projects and its applications in environmental engineering Contents: Introduction to project planning & management. (1997). Current Psychotherapies.R. M. R.. Schwartz. C. & Swerdlik. Corcini.J. (2nd Ed. Manual versus computer analysis of critical path methods.J. Boston: Allyn & Bacon. 5. USA. Relationship of development with environment.

A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge. 92 . Ph. Construction Cost Control. Financing the project. Scheduling manpower.D. keeping equipment records. Kerzner 5.Project Planning. Introduction to claims and conflict resolution: escalation. and Controlling by Harold. Kerzner 3. Cost Control records. Recommended Books: (Latest edition where possible) 1.D. Delivering Materials. Fundamentals of Technology Project Management by Colleen Garton 4. Project Management Case Studies by Harold. Project control during construction. 2. Project supervision. indexation. Project Management: A Systems Approach to Planning. Job layout. arbitration and litigation. Third Edition (PMBOK Guides) by Project Management Institute. Use of computer software in project management. Ph. Scheduling. Scheduling and Controlling: Scheduling resources. The Art of Project Management (Theory in Practice (O'Reilly)) by Scott Berkun.