vol. 21, no. 10, december 2007 / january 2008

How Religion Drives
War and Peace
A special
Year End
Thank You
to all our
OPW Annual
Meeting on
December 1
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for details

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In this Season of Peace it seems appropriate to examine religion as a
force which both drives and resists war. Our focus package begins on
page 4.



 “Olympia Activists Stand Firm Against Continued Military Shipments

Through Port” reports on the exciting direct resistance to arms shipments going on at Fort Lewis in Olympia, WA............................... 16

 “Iraq: Fiasco or Brilliant Success?” summarizes brilliantly why the

peace movement has not managed to end the war despite excellent

 War’s last line of defense is that when push comes to shove, there

is no alternative. “Nonviolent Action — A More Ethical and Effective
Alternative to War” shows that there is........................................... 31

Table of Contents
Live Links Below

Page One

We’re Mad as Hell.................................1


The Worst Decision Ever Made................ 2
Let Us Praise an Infamous Woman. ........ 3


Iraq Religious Violence: Athiest View....... 4
Just War Theary Nees Makeover............. 5
Christian Leaders Apologize for War........ 6
Jewish Opinion Opposes War.................. 7
Would Jesus Support Occupation?.......... 8

Letters to the Editor..................... 11
Demand a National No-Torture Policy.... 12
Forget Impeachment.............................. 13
Administration Undermines Democracy 14

What’s Happening

Olympia Activists Oppose Shipments..... 16
Watada Awarded Injunction.................... 17
Dingle Introduces Bill to Withdraw.......... 17
What’s the Beef with Beef NW............... 18

Northwest Networking

Smith 2 Acquitted.................................19
Beltway Bulletin. ......................20-21

5% Solutions

Smarter Grid Holds Potential...............22
Don’t Wait for Bush - Act Now.............23
Oregon Material Recovery / Waste.....24
U.S. Wildfires Release CO2.................25
Extra Censory Perception....................25

The Big Picture

Iraq: Fiasco or Brilliant Success?........... 30
Ethical & Effective Alternative to War..... 31
Air Base for Iran Attack Upgraded.......... 32

In Memoriam

Randall Forsberg Dies............................ 33

Calendar . ...................................36-37


vol. 21, no. 10, dec.. 2007 / jan 2008

OPW’s Mission is to educate and
activate people to work for peace,
justice and environmental protection.

We’re Mad as Hell and We Won’t Take It Anymore


Address by Salt Lake City Mayor Ross C. “Rocky” Anderson  

oday, as we come together once
again in this great city, we raise our
voices in unison to say to President
Bush, to Vice President Cheney, to other
members of the Bush Administration (past
and present), to a majority of Congress,
including Utah’s entire congressional
delegation, and to much of the mainstream
media: “You have failed us miserably and
we won’t take it any more.”

Telling It Like It Is

“While we had every reason to expect
far more of you, you have been pompous,
greedy, cruel, and incompetent as you
have led this great nation to a moral,
military, and national security abyss.”
“You have breached trust with the
American people in the most egregious
ways. You have utterly failed in the
performance of your jobs. You have
undermined our Constitution, permitted the
violation of the most fundamental treaty
obligations, and betrayed the rule of law.”
“You have engaged in, or permitted,
heinous human rights abuses of the
sort never before countenanced in our
nation’s history as a matter of official
policy. You have sent American men
and women to kill and be killed on the
basis of lies, on the basis of shifting
justifications, without competent
leadership, and without even a coherent
plan for this monumental blunder
“We are here to tell you: We won’t
take it any more!”
“You have acted in direct
contravention of values that we, as
Americans who love our country, hold
dear. You have deceived us in the most
cynical, outrageous ways. You have
undermined, or allowed the undermining
of, our constitutional system of checks
and balances among the three presumed

co-equal branches of government.
You have helped lead our nation to
the brink of fascism, of a dictatorship
contemptuous of our nation’s treaty
obligations, federal statutory law, our
Constitution, and the rule of law.”
“Because of you, and because of
your jingoistic false ‘patriotism,’ our
world is far more dangerous, our nation
is far more despised, and the threat of
terrorism is far greater than ever before.
It has been absolutely astounding how
you have committed the most horrendous
acts, causing such needless tragedy in
the lives of millions of people, yet you
wear your so-called religion on your
sleeves, asserting your God-is-on-myside nonsense  when what you have
done flies in the face of any religious or
humanitarian tradition. Your hypocrisy is
mind-boggling  and disgraceful.

Impeach Bush and Cheney

What part of “Thou shalt not
kill” do you not understand? What
part of the “Golden rule” do you not
understand? What part of “be honest,” “be
responsible,” and “be accountable” don’t
you understand? What part of “Blessed are
the peacekeepers” do you not understand?
Because of you, hundreds of
thousands of people have been killed,
many thousands of people have suffered
horrendous lifetime injuries, and millions
have been run off from their homes. For
the sake of our nation, for the sake of our
children, and for the sake of our brothers
and sisters around the world, we are
morally compelled to say, as loudly as we
can, “We won’t take it any more!”
“As United States agents kidnap,
disappear, and torture human beings
around the world, you justify, you
deceive, and you cover up. We find
what you have done to men, women
and children, and to the good name

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and reputation of the United States, so
appalling, so unconscionable, and so
outrageous as to compel us to call upon
you to step aside and allow other men
and women who are competent, true to
our nation’s values, and with high moral
principles to stand in your places  for
the good of our nation, for the good of our
children, and for the good of our world.”
In the case of the President and Vice
President, this means impeachment and
removal from office, without any further
delay from a complacent, complicit
Congress, the Democratic majority of
which cares more about political gain in
2008 than it does about the vindication
of our Constitution, the rule of law, and
democratic accountability.
It means the election of people as
President and Vice President who, unlike most
of the presidential candidates from both major
parties, have not aided and abetted in the
perpetration of the illegal, tragic, devastating
invasion and occupation of Iraq. And it means
the election of people as President and Vice
President who will commit to return our
nation to the moral and strategic imperative of
refraining from torturing human beings.

Elect New Congresspersons

In the case of the majority of
Congress, it means electing people who
are diligent enough to learn the facts,
including reading available National
Intelligence Estimates, before voting to
go to war. It means electing to Congress
men and women who will jealously guard
Congress’s sole prerogative to declare
war. It means electing to Congress men
and women who will not submit like
vapid lap dogs to presidential requests
for blank checks to engage in socalled preemptive wars, for legislation
permitting warrantless wiretapping of
communications involving U.S. citizens,
(Continued on page 10)
december 2007 / january 2008


Editor ’s Viewpoint
Photo: Frank Barnett

the peaceworker

The Worst Decision Ever Made
By Peter Bergel


ast month I viewed the feature
documentary “The Future of
Food”  a comprehensive
exploration of both the most
negative and the most positive
trends currently affecting our food
supply. At its conclusion, I asked
Rick North of Physicians for Social
Responsibility what strategies food
activists have for addressing the
legal maneuvers currently being used
by large corporations to dominate
the world’s food supply system and
to intimidate and/or ruin those who
resist them.
In his reply, North made reference to
the Supreme Court’s decisions resulting
in the establishment of “personhood” for
corporations, i.e. according corporations
the same rights enjoyed by “natural”
persons  rights like freedom of speech.
For example, courts have repeatedly held
that since corporations have freedom of
speech, no regulations are constitutional
that seek to limit the amount of money
they can introduce into elections.
I hold that the decision to endow
corporations with the same rights that
people enjoy is arguably the worst
decision in the history of humankind, yet
it and its consequences are barely known
by most people.

What’s the Problem?

A “juristic” or “juridical” person is a
legal entity through which the law allows
a group of natural persons to act as if
it were a single composite individual
for certain purposes. Proponents see
no problem with this because they say,
“after all, this is just a bunch of people
acting together. Why should they, just

because they act together, lose the rights
they were granted by the Constitution?”
The problem arises because a juristic
person is not like a natural person. It
doesn’t eat, sleep, think, have emotions
or morals, get sick or die (although
it can be killed). It can’t be jailed for
wrongdoing. It is, in a very significant
sense, imaginary. Still, what’s the
problem? The problem is that while
people may care about corporations,
corporations have no way to care about
people. When we turn power over to a
corporation, we are entrusting matters
of importance to an alien species
that is devoted to only two things:
making a profit for its stockholders
and propagating itself. If human beings
get in the way of either objective, the
corporation will fight back viciously and
without regard to the humanity of its
An example: Monsanto, having
patented a genetically modified form of
corn, has successfully sued corn farmers
onto whose land their patented corn has
blown, or been accidentally spilled, for
theft of its property. The absurdity of
owning a species of corn, the injustice
of charging someone with theft after
contaminating their land, and the right
of a corporation to engage in this kind
of legal harassment are matters of no
concern to the corporation. It has the
rights of a human, but no conscience to
go with it.
Another example: Wal-Mart seeks to
quash a class-action sex discrimination
suit being brought by 1.5 million of its
current and former female employees on
the basis that such a case would deprive
the company of its right to defend itself
against each woman’s claim. It alleges
that a district judge ran roughshod over
the company’s constitutional rights to
due process and to a jury trial. Then
it argues that the courts should allow

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suits only on a store-by-store basis.
At the same time, Wal-Mart wields its
enormous economic and political power
just because it is the world’s largest
retailer, yet it is trying to claim the status
of an individual human when defending
itself against the joint concerns of its
Relying on its juristic person’s
right to free speech, Wal-Mart also
used company funds to hire a corps of
signature gatherers to place an initiative
on the Contra Costa (CA) County ballot
to rescind a law it didn’t like. It paid
these political operatives $10 per hour –
$2 more than its typical store employees.
Then it outspent opponents 3-to-1 in its
successful effort to persuade voters to
overturn the ordinance.

Is This Such a Big Deal?

I think we all know examples that
reveal the abuse of corporate power.
There are many.
Still, one might argue that individual
natural persons have also abused their
power, broken the law, flouted morality
and conspired to pass laws that benefit
themselves to the detriment of others. So
what’s the difference?
Perhaps you remember the 1950s
cult thriller “Invasion of the Body
Snatchers?” Aliens from outer space
deposited upon the earth large seed
pods that, when allowed to mature near
a human – for example, under a bed
while the person was sleeping, cloned
the person and stole his or her mind and
personality. Loved ones could not tell
the difference right away because they
looked and acted in a familiar way, but
the loyalty of the cloned beings was not
to family or community, but to the aliens
– to propagating the alien species and
taking over the earth.
(Continued on page 15)
december 2007 / january 2008

the peaceworker


Solomon’s Searchlight

Let Us Now Praise an Infamous Woman
 and Our Own Possibilities
By Norman Solomon


he problem with letting history
judge is that so many officials
get away with murder in the
meantime — while precious few
choose to face protracted vilification
for pursuing truth and peace.

Lone Voice of Courage

A grand total of two people in the
entire Congress were able to resist a
blood-drenched blank check for the
Vietnam War. Standing alone on Aug.
7, 1964, senators Ernest Gruening and
Wayne Morse voted against the Gulf of
Tonkin Resolution.
Forty-three years later, we don’t need
to go back decades to find a lopsided
instance of a lone voice on Capitol Hill
standing against war hysteria and the
expediency of violent fear. Days after
9/11, at the launch of the so-called “war
on terrorism,” just one lawmaker — out
of 535 — cast a vote against the gathering
“However difficult this vote may
be, some of us must urge the use of
restraint,” she said on the floor of the
House of Representatives. The date was
Sept. 14, 2001.
She went on: “Our country is in
a state of mourning. Some of us must
say, Let’s step back for a moment, let’s
just pause just for a minute, and think
through the implications of our actions
today so that this does not spiral out of
And, she said: “As we act, let us not
become the evil that we deplore.”
With all that has happened since then
— with all that has spun out of control,
with all the ways that the U.S. government has mimicked the evil it deplores
— it’s stunning to watch and hear, for
a single minute, what this brave Congresswoman had to say. http://www.

After speaking those words, Rep.
Barbara Lee voted no. And the fevered
slanders began immediately. She was
called a traitor. Pundits went crazy.
Death threats came.
Barbara Lee kept on keeping on.
Nearly six years later, she’s a key leader
of antiwar forces inside and outside Congress. In her own way, she is a political
descendent of Sen. Morse, whose denunciations of the Vietnam War are equally
inspiring to watch today. http://www.

A Standard of Decency

for their sakes, after all — a generosity, a
clarity, and a nobility which they did not
dream of demanding of themselves.... Perhaps,
however, the moral of the story (and the hope
of the world) lies in what one demands, not of
others, but of oneself.”
Archival footage of Barbara Lee and
Wayne Morse appears in the new documentary film “War Made Easy: How Presidents
and Pundits Keep Spinning Us to Death,”
based on Norman Solomon’s book of the same
title. The full-length movie, narrated by Sean
Penn and produced by the Media Education
Foundation, is available on DVD. http://

The pretexts for starting the wars on
Vietnam and Iraq preceded the pretexts for
continuing them. While antiwar activism took
hold and public opinion shifted against the war
effort, the Congress lagged way behind. Today,
the need for a cutoff of war funding remains
unfulfilled. To watch rarely seen footage of
Wayne Morse and Barbara Lee is to see a
standard of decency that few of our purported
representatives in Congress are meeting.
There’s no point in waiting for
members of Congress to be heroic. When
we’re blessed with the living examples
of a few genuine visionaries in office,
they should inspire us to realize our own
possibilities. Ultimately, our own actions
— and inaction — are at issue.
“Incontestably, alas,” James Baldwin
wrote a few years after the killing of Martin
Luther King Jr., while the war in Vietnam still
raged, “most people are not, in action, worth
very much; and yet, every human being is an
unprecedented miracle. One tries to treat them
as the miracles they are, while trying to protect
oneself against the disasters they’ve become.
This is not very different from the act of faith
demanded by all those marches and petitions
while Martin was still alive. One could
scarcely be deluded by Americans anymore,
one scarcely dared expect anything from the
great, vast, blank generality; and yet one was
compelled to demand of Americans — and

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december 2007 / january 2008

the peaceworker

How Religion


Iraq Religious Violence: an Atheist View

raq is a nation suffering from
extensive religious strife and thus
serves as an excellent example
of how well religion can become a
factor in dividing a previously united
people, promoting violence, and
leading to social breakdown.


The Baath Party which previously
controlled Iraq was committed to a secular
state, but also to political repression. Nevertheless, women had far more freedom than
in surrounding Muslim nations and there
was little in the way of religious violence.
Despite being strongly secular, though,
the Baath Party never hesitated to exploit
religion when it seemed useful. From the
start of the war with Iran, Baath Party
leaders made a public show of attending religious observances. Even Saddam
Hussein was depicted in prayer on posters
placed throughout the country. The Baath
Party also gave large amounts of money
to fix important mosques in order to gain
more support from the Shia Muslims.
Iraq is roughly composed of 60% Shia
and 40% Sunni Muslims, but most politi-

cal and economic power typically rested
with the Sunnis. On the other hand, the
war with Iran provided an excellent reason
for the secular regime to better integrate
Shia Muslims in the government and
society. Nearly 75% of the lower ranks of
the army were Shia, but even during major
setbacks in the war with Shia Iran there
was never a major sectarian insurrection.
The secular government united Sunni and
Shia Muslims under a banner of general
religious piety, nationalism, and ethnicity.
The American invasion and occupation of Iraq changed all that. Today both
Sunni and Shia Muslims are at each
others’ throats in a civil war that is tearing
apart families, neighborhoods, and communities which were once so fully integrated that no one much cared about such
distinctions. Shia are looking for revenge
for decades of suppression at the hands

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of Sunnis; Sunnis are afraid that they will
suffer suppression at the hands of Shia.
Some of this must have always lurked under the surface, but much of it appears to
be a result of taking away anything larger
for Sunni and Shia to be united by.
The Sunni/Shia line is not the only
one dividing Iraqis, and even without
it there might still be some forms of
violence in Iraq, but the role of religion
and religious bigotry cannot be underestimated here. Violence is committed by
members of one religious group against
another and the violence won’t stop without directly addressing the problems of
religion, religious bigotry, and religious
division. The civil war in Iraq is a poster
child for the threat which religious division poses for the human race. 

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december 2007 / january 2008

the peaceworker

Drives War & Peace


The Just-War Theory Needs a Makeover

he Iraq war has changed justwar theory from an academic
debate to a mainstream
conversation. The war  with the
complicating factors of pre-emption,
international terrorism, torture, prisoner
abuse and more  has also challenged
the limits of just-war theory, a doctrine
with roots in Christianity that posits
that governments sometimes  but
not always  have a morally justified
reason for using mass political violence.

Just War Theory: 3 Aspects

Experts have recognized that while
just-war theory is an important tool for
analyzing political and military action,
the changing character of international
conflict requires that just-war theory
and other ethical standards on war be
developed beyond where they are now.
The 21st century has brought the bewildering realization that war presents new
challenges and new dangers. Political
and military leaders, academics, religious leaders and citizens all need a way
to talk about wars in order to prevent
conflicts, to keep them focused on morally just and attainable goals, and to end
them in ways that do not beget more
wars  the three principal aspects of
just-war theory.
The Iraq war has brought new vigor
and commitment to developing just-war
theory and other forms of ethical debate
about war. The power shift in Congress
and the clear election mandate for a
change in military policy means these
developing conversations may get a
greater public airing, particularly as the
United States debates when and how to
reduce or end its military commitment
in Iraq. The Global Ethics and Religion
Forum, for example, has quietly been
working on a new project called “Revising Just War Theory for the 21st Century,“ which involves top experts from
around the world (many from the United
States) and includes representatives of
all the major religious traditions.

Not Just Academic

Just-war theory has generally been
debated in scholarly conferences or
academic journals. But it is not just an
academic exercise. It is important because it
provides a moral framework for evaluating
the reason for starting a war and the way it
is conducted -- and that a moral framework
is important because not all wars should
be waged, and once they are, an “anything
goes” approach to combat can lead to
unnecessary suffering, death and, perhaps,
more war. The Bush administration’s call
for a pre-emptive strike against Iraq caused
political scientists, theologians, politicians
and military experts to debate whether
that call met the requirements of a just
war. Different experts came to different
conclusions. While some interpreted this as
a weakness of just-war theory, others saw it
as the natural result of the fact that while a

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doctrine has set standards, different people
will apply those standards in different ways,
resulting in different conclusions.
Many are working to develop justwar theory so that it can be helpful in
resolving conflicts in the Middle East,
Sudan and other places as well as Iraq.  is a website that
endeavors to help “journalists cover
religion with balance accuracy and
insight.” http://www.religionlink.


december 2007 / january 2008

the peaceworker

How Religion
U.S. Christian Leaders Apologize For Iraq War


hristian leaders from the
United States lamented the
war in Iraq and apologized
for their government’s current foreign
policy during the 9th Assembly of the
World Council of Churches (WCC)
in Porto Alegre, Brazil, which ended
February 23, 2007.

Mea Culpa

“We lament with special anguish the
war in Iraq, launched in deception and
violating global norms of justice and
human rights,” the Very Rev. Leonid
Kishkovsky, the moderator of the U.S.
Conference for the WCC, told fellow
delegates from around the world.
Kishkovsky is the rector of Our
Lady of Kazan Church in Sea Cliff,
New York, and is an officer in the
Orthodox Church of America.
Taking an unusual stand among U.S.
Christian leaders, the United States Conference
for the World Council of Churches (WCC)
criticized Pres. George W. Bush’s actions in
response to the 9/11 terrorist attacks.
“We are citizens of a nation that has done
much in these years to endanger the human
family and to abuse the creation,” says the
statement endorsed by the most prominent
Protestant Christian churches on the Council.
“Our leaders turned a deaf ear to the
voices of church leaders throughout our
nation and the world, entering into imperial
projects that seek to dominate and control
for the sake of our own national interests.
Nations have been demonized and God has
been enlisted in national agendas that are
nothing short of idolatrous.”
The message, written like a prayer
of repentance and backed by the 34
Christian churches that belong to the
WCC, mourns those who have died or
been injured in the Iraq war and says,
“We confess that we have failed to
raise a prophetic voice loud enough and
persistent enough to deter our leaders
from this path of preemptive war.”

By Ximena Diego

Other Peace-Related
Issues Mentioned Too

Among the attendees was the
Rev. Bernice Powell-Jackson, North
American President of the World
Council of Churches. A civil rights
activist for more than 25 years, Jackson
previously served as executive director
of one of the Justice and Witness
Ministries predecessor bodies, the
Commission for Racial Justice.
The U.S. Conference of the WCC
also criticized the government’s position
on global warming. “The rivers, oceans,
lakes, rainforests, and wetlands that
sustain us, even the air we breathe
continue to be violated... Yet our own
country refuses to acknowledge its
complicity and rejects multilateral
agreements aimed at reversing disastrous
trends,” reads the message.
Earlier this month, a group of more
than 85 U.S. evangelical Christian
leaders called on Congress to enact
legislation that would reduce emissions of
greenhouse gases, which most scientists
believe contribute to global warming.
The U.S. Conference of the WCC
message also said, “Starvation, the HIV/AIDS
pandemic, the treatable diseases that go
untreated indict us, revealing the grim features
of global economic injustice we have too often
failed to acknowledge or confront.”
“Hurricane Katrina,” it continues,
“revealed to the world those left behind
in our own nation by the rupture of our
social contract. As a nation we have
refused to confront the racism that
infects our policies around the world.”
The statement comes days after the
National Council of Churches (NCC), the
United States chapter of the WCC, endorsed
a U.N. report on the situation of detainees at
the Guantanamo Bay prison in Cuba.
Separately, in a letter addressed to
Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice,
NCC General Secretary Robert W. Edgar
called on the U.S. to bring the detainees
to trial, release them, or to “close the
Guantanamo Bay detention facility

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without further delay”. It also asked Rice
for access to the Guantanamo facility
“to monitor the physical, spiritual and
mental conditions of the detainees”.

Take the Risk of Peace

At the Brazilian conference, the Rev.
John Thomas, president of United Church
of Christ, was quoted as saying: “An
emerging theme in conversation with our
partners around the world is that the U.S.
is being perceived as a dangerous nation.”
He called the Assembly “a unique
opportunity to make this statement to
all our colleagues” in the ecumenical
movement. The statement says, “We
come to you seeking to be partners in the
search for unity and justice.”
Thomas acknowledged that not all
church members would agree with the
thrust of the statement, but said it was
their responsibility as leaders to “speak
a prophetic and pastoral word as we
believe God is offering it to us”.
The final WCC event featured a
candlelit march for peace through
downtown Porto Alegre with up to 2,000
people  including two Nobel Prizewinners  taking part.
Organized by local churches as
part of the World Council of Churches’
Decade to Overcome Violence, it
was accompanied by Latin American
music from Xico Esvael and Victor
Heredia. Young people carried banners
highlighting peace and justice issues.
One, depicting the world held in God’s
hand, read “Let God change you first,
then you will transform the world.”
WCC president Powell-Jackson
urged the crowd to commit themselves to
overcoming violence. Prawate Khid-arn
of the Christian Conference of Asia told
them, “If we do not take the risk of peace,
we will have to take the risk of war.”
Israel Batista of the Latin American
Council of Churches spoke of poverty,
injustice and abuse of women and children
and asked, “How are we to speak of
(Continued on page 7)
december 2007 / january 2008

the peaceworker

Drives War & Peace
U.S. Jewish Opinion Opposes War in Iraq and Iran
2006 Annual Survey of
American Jewish Opinion

The data reported here are from
the 2006 Annual Survey of American
Jewish Opinion, sponsored by the
American Jewish Committee. The
survey was conducted by Synovate
(formerly Market Facts), a leading
survey-research organization.
Respondents were interviewed by
telephone between September 25
- October 16, 2006; no interviewing
took place on the Sabbath and Jewish
holidays. The sample consisted of 958
self-identifying Jewish respondents
selected from the Synovate consumer
mail panel. The respondents are
demographically representative of the
United States adult Jewish population
on a variety of measures. The margin of
error for the sample as a whole is plus
or minus 3 percentage points.
1. Do you approve or disapprove
of the way the United States government

is handling the war against terrorism?
Response: Approve 31; Disapprove 62;
Not Sure 8
2. Compared to one year ago, do
you feel more safe from the threat of
terrorism, less safe, or about as safe as
you felt one year ago? Response: More
8; Less 31; Same 61; Not Sure 0
3. Looking back, do you think
the United States did the right thing
in taking military action against Iraq,
or should the U.S. have stayed out?
Response: Right thing 29; Stayed out 65;
Not Sure 6
4. Which of these do you think is
most likely? Iraq will become a stable
democracy in the next year or two, OR
Iraq will become a stable democracy,
but it will take longer than a year or
two, OR Iraq will probably never
become a stable democracy. Response:
Will in the next year or two 3; Will take
longer than a year or two 27; Will never
become a stable democracy 66; Not
sure 4

5. Do you approve or disapprove
of the way the United States
government is handling the situation
with Iran’s nuclear weapons program?
Response: Approve 33; Disapprove 54;
Not Sure 13
6. Would you support or oppose
the United States taking military
action against Iran to prevent it
from developing nuclear weapons?
Response: Support 38; Oppose 54; Not
Sure 8.
Those who claim U.S. Jewish
opinion by and large favors U.S. military
force in the Middle East because it perceives a need to protect Israel apparently
are not correct. 

Christian Leaders Apologize
Continued from page 6

peace?” Still, he said, “In spite of violence,
we will persist in the struggle for peace.”
After an address by Julia Qusibert,
a Bolivian indigenous Christian, the
marchers sang the Samba of the Struggle
for Peace and the Taizé chant Ubi
Caritas, among other songs. The march
paused while Nobel prize-winner Adolfo
Pérez Esquivel improvised a poem and
addressed the crowd at the Esquina
Democrática or Democratic Corner.

“God Needs You”

The evening was brought to a climax
with an address by the second Nobel
Prize-winner, Archbishop Desmond
Tutu. He began his impassioned speech
by saying, “We have an extraordinary
God. God is a mighty God, but this God
needs you. When someone is hungry,
bread doesn’t come down from heaven.

When God wants to feed the hungry, you
and I must feed the hungry. And now
God wants peace in the world.”
The WCC is the largest Christian
ecumenical organization, comprised of 340
Christian denominations and churches in
120 countries, and said to represent 550
million Christians throughout the world.
The U.S. Conference of the World Council
of Churches alone represents 34 Christian
churches, including Orthodox, Evangelical,
Lutheran and Anglican churches, and four
million members throughout the country.
The Roman Catholic Church is not
a member of the WCC but has worked
closely with the Council in the past. Since
its origins in 1948, the WCC gathers in
an Assembly every seven years with each
member church sending a delegate. 
Ximena Diego writes for the Inter
Press News Service 

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december 2007 / january 2008

the peaceworker

How Religion
Would Jesus Support the Iraq Occupation?


friend of mine, who is
Chair of the Economics
Department, invited me to
speak to the students and faculty at
the University of Dallas, which is a
small, non-culturally or non-racially
diverse, Catholic college.
Surprisingly, my friend Sam,
received little protest over inviting me,
but there was a “Support the Troops”
rally in the room next to where I spoke.
Some Camp Casey friends accidentally
went into that room and heard the
speaker call me names like “scum” and
he called the rest of the people at my
event “peace fairies.”
I was heartened to find the first
three rows of my speech were filled
with young people who were smiling
and vigorously nodding their heads at
everything I said. Most of the audience
clapped or laughed in the right places
so I was feeling pretty good. However,
I was a little sad when there were
some snide snickers when I had the
unmitigated gall to call Iraqis “human
During the “Q and A” part, the first
question I received amazed me. Now,
I was raised Protestant and received
excellent training in the Christian
scriptures and I know after being a
Catholic for 25 years and a Catholic
youth minister for nine of those years,
that the average Catholic does not
know a great deal about the Bible as
most of their religious training is in
the tenets of the Catholic faith. Here’s
how many Catholics quote scripture:
“It’s somewhere in the Bible,” when,
in my experience, many times they
are actually quoting: “Poor Richard’s
An emphasis on the biblical support
for the teachings of the church was never
used as long as I taught in the church
using the approved teaching materials of
the church, but the depth of ignorance of

by Cindy Sheehan
Jesus of Nazareth exhibited in the first
question still had the ability to astonish

Jesus: a Progressive Radical

The question printed neatly on a
3 by 5 index card was: “How do you
reconcile your progressive ideals with
your faith?” I answered that Jesus
cared about the poor. He admonished
us to “feed the hungry,” “clothe the
naked,” “heal the sick,” and “visit those
imprisoned.” Jesus performed a stunning
feat of civil disobedience by overturning the tables of the moneychangers
in the temple and was subsequently
executed by the Empire of his time.
Jesus was the ultimate progressive
radical. Jesus’ name is exploited by our
materialistic society at Christmas time
when he changes from the right-wing
Christian warmonger to the “Prince of
Jesus welcomed the “least of
these” to his table. He didn’t exclude
sinners, lepers or prostitutes who were
the pariahs of his day. Today, I am
convinced that if Jesus returned he
would welcome gays and non-white
people (even “illegal” immigrants) to
commune with him. The only people
I ever heard Jesus speak badly about
were the “brood of vipers” (Mt 3:7) that
were the Sadduccees (Democrats?) and
Pharisees (Republicans?) who in the
parable, with hypocritical piety, walked
right by the man who had been beaten,
robbed and left by the side of the road to
die without helping him and they turned
his “Father’s” house (the Temple) into a
“den of thieves.” (Mt. 21:12).
My question for the questioner was:
“How do you reconcile your faith with
supporting war and killing?”

What Would Jesus Support?

If Jesus came back today and was a
politician, I know, because of my faith in
the inherent goodness of the Universe,

Table of Contents

that he would not be a “politician” but a
public servant. Jesus would be in favor
of single-payer health care, solar and
wind energy, unions, free post-secondary
education, Social Security, fair trade,
free speech, civil rights, and human
rights. Jesus would be against the death
penalty, torture, extremist religions that
exploit His Name for profit, extremist
states that exploit His Name to kill
innocent people, and the ultimate crime
against humanity: war.
Whether one is a Christian, Jew,
Muslim, or like me now, nothing,
Jesus of Nazareth and his story is still
worth studying and emulating. At the
risk of sounding judgmental, I have a
feeling that these reactionary Christian
extremists are going to be shocked
when they go to meet their maker and
find out that Jesus wasn’t kidding when
he said “Blessed are the peacemakers
for they will be called children of God”
(Mt 5:9). The converse of that saying
is: “Cursed are the war-makers for they
are not the children of God.” There
is a very relevant saying of Jesus in
the Bible that these self-proclaimed
“Christians” should also pay closer
attention to:
You have heard that it was said,
“Love your neighbor and hate your
enemy.” But I tell you: Love your
enemies and pray for those who
persecute you. (Matthew 5:43)
Wise words for everybody to strive
to live up to: From presidents to college
students and everyone in between. 
Cindy Sheehan is the mother of
Spc. Casey Austin Sheehan who was
killed in action in Iraq on 04/04/04.
She is a co-founder and President of
Gold Star Families for Peace and the
author of two books: Not One More
Mother’s Child and Dear President
Bush. Published on November 9,
2007 by  at
december 2007 / january 2008

the peaceworker

Drives War & Peace
A huge THANK YOU to all supporters of Oregon PeaceWorks in 2008!  This includes monetary
donors and in-kind contributors, volunteers, artists, PeaceWorker distributors and mailing crew,
PeaceWorker advertisers, staff, Board members, and other dedicated individuals!   Without your
help, OPW wouldn’t exist.
Please VISIT OUR WEBSITE at for the long list of supporters...if we
left your name out or spelled it incorrectly, please let us know and we’ll correct it!
Annual Meeting at 3:30 p.m. on December 1, learn about OPW’s new 5% Solution program and
how you can become involved. (Hint: it addresses global WARMING and global WARRING by
confronting their common denominator: our addiction to oil.). Then stay for a delicious potluck at
5:30, the Great Getaway Raffle Drawing at 7, and some terrific entertainment afterwards at the
Holiday Party. It’s all taking place at the Friends Meeting House, 490 19th St. NE, in Salem.

Your Message in this Space
In Portland? Call Cassandra at

All Others call Jeanette at
for details.

History teaches us
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times of urgency, when
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seem too extravagant to
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Thurgood Marshall

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Table of Contents

december 2007 / january 2008

the peaceworker

We’re Mad as Hell. . .
Continued from page 1

and for dangerous, irresponsible, saberrattling legislation like the recent KylLieberman amendment.
We must avoid the trap of focusing the
blame solely upon President Bush and VicePresident Cheney. This is not just about a
few people who have wronged our country
 and the world. They were enabled by
members of both parties in Congress, they
were enabled by the pathetic mainstream
news media, and, ultimately, they have been
enabled by the American people  40%
of whom are so ill-informed they still think
Iraq was behind the 9/11 attacks  a people
who know and care more about baseball
statistics and which drunken starlets are
wearing underwear than they know and care
about the atrocities being committed every
single day in our name by a government for
which we need to take responsibility.
As loyal Americans, without regard
to political partisanship — as veterans,
as teachers, as religious leaders, as
working men and women, as students,
as professionals, as businesspeople, as
public servants, as retirees, as people
of all ages, races, ethnic origins, sexual
orientations, and faiths — we are here
to say to the Bush administration, to
the majority of Congress, and to the
mainstream media: “You have violated
your solemn responsibilities. You have
undermined our democracy, spat upon our
Constitution, and engaged in outrageous,
despicable acts. You have brought
our nation to a point of immorality,
inhumanity, and illegality of immense,
tragic, unprecedented proportions.”

We Must Mean It

“But we will live up to our
responsibilities as citizens, as brothers
and sisters of those who have suffered
as a result of the imperial bullying of the
United States government, and as moral
actors who must take a stand: And we
will, and must, mean it when we say ‘We
won’t take it any more.’”
If we want principled, courageous
elected officials, we need to be
principled, courageous, and tenacious
ourselves. History has demonstrated
that our elected officials are not the
leaders  the leadership has to come
from us. If we don’t insist, if we don’t
persist, then we are not living up to
our responsibilities as citizens in a
democracy  and our responsibilities as
page 10

moral human beings. If we remain silent,
we signal to Congress and the Bush
administration  and to candidates
running for office  and to the world 
that we support the status quo.
Silence is complicity. Only by
standing up for what’s right and never
letting down can we say we are doing
our part. Our government, on the basis of
a campaign we now know was entirely
fraudulent, attacked and militarily
occupied a nation that posed no danger
to the United States. Our government,
acting in our name, has caused immense,
unjustified death and destruction.
It all started five years ago, yet
where have we, the American people,
been? At this point, we are responsible.
We get together once in a while at
demonstrations and complain about
Bush and Cheney, about Congress,
and about the pathetic news media. We
point fingers and yell a lot. Then most
people politely go away until another
demonstration a few months later.
How many people can honestly say
they have spent as much time learning
about and opposing the outrages of the
Bush administration as they have spent
watching sports or mindless television
programs during the past five years?
Escapist, time-sapping sports and insipid
entertainment have indeed become the
opiate of the masses. Why is this country
so sound asleep? Why do we abide what is
happening to our nation, to our Constitution,
to the cause of peace and international law
and order? Why are we not doing all in our
power to put an end to this madness?
We should be in the streets regularly
and students should be raising hell on our
campuses. We should be making it clear
in every way possible that apologies or
convoluted, disingenuous explanations
just don’t cut it when presidential
candidates and so many others voted
to authorize George Bush and his neocon buddies to send American men and
women to attack and occupy Iraq.

Draw Your Personal Line

Let’s awaken, and wake up the
country by committing here and now
to do all each of us can to take our
nation back. Let them hear us across the
country, as we ask others to join us: “We
won’t take it any more!”

Table of Contents

I implore you: Draw a line. Figure out
exactly where your own moral breaking
point is. How much will you put up with
before you say “No more” and mean it?
I have drawn my line as a matter
of simple personal morality: I cannot,
and will not, support any candidate
who has voted to fund the atrocities in
Iraq. I cannot, and will not, support any
candidate who will not commit to remove
all U.S. troops, as soon as possible, from
Iraq. I cannot, and will not, support any
candidate who has supported legislation
that takes us one step closer to attacking
Iran. I cannot, and will not, support any
candidate who has not fought to stop the
kidnapping, disappearances, and torture
being carried on in our name.
If we expect our nation’s elected
officials to take us seriously, let us
send a powerful message they cannot
misunderstand. Let them know we really
do have our moral breaking point. Let
them know we have drawn a bright line.
Let them know they cannot take our
support for granted  that, regardless of
their party and regardless of other political
considerations, they will not have our
support if they cannot provide, and have
not provided, principled leadership.
The people of this nation may have
been far too quiet for five years, but let
us pledge that we won’t let it go on one
more day  that we will do all we can
to put an end to the illegalities, the moral
degradation, and the disintegration of
our nation’s reputation in the world.
Let us be unified in drawing the line  in
declaring that we do have a moral breaking
point. Let us insist, together, in supporting
our troops and in gratitude for the freedoms
for which our veterans gave so much, that
we bring our troops home from Iraq, that
we return our government to a constitutional
democracy, and that we commit to honoring
the fundamental principles of human rights.
In defense of our country, in defense of
our Constitution, in defense of our shared
values as Americans  and as moral human
beings  we declare today that we will fight
in every way possible to stop the insanity,
stop the continued military occupation of
Iraq, and stop the moral depravity reflected
by the kidnapping, disappearing, and torture
of people around the world.  
Mayor Anderson gave this speech on
October 27, 2007 at the City & County
Building in Salt Lake City, Utah.
december 2007 / january 2008

the peaceworker
Send letters to:
by the 14th of the month.
Please. 200 words or less.
Longer letters may be edited.

Rumors of Retirement “Greatly Exaggerated”
The rumors of my retirement are greatly exaggerated (see PeaceWorker September 2007): “I am hoping to move to the Program Director’s job, which has
been vacant since Yaney MacIver’s retirement a couple of years ago.”
Actually I resigned my position at OPW due to health reasons, which are
now finally addressed. After work at a start up that didn’t quite get off the ground
and a few stints of temporary employment I am, alas, unemployed again.
However I did take a bit of sabbatical from things political to get my house literally in
order, as we had two, count them two, trees fall on our house in last year’s windstorm. Also,
my many years of activism took their toll in much deferred maintenance in many areas.
Of course, the thought that I might be retired, highly appealing as it is, is
financially impossible. Hence I am available. Interested parties may contact me
at 
I have been thinking a lot about the situation we find ourselves in. And I am
highly energized from this past week’s meetings with candidates and reconnecting with my friends in “the movement.”
There is a great cross cultural searching for solutions going on now and I
believe we will prevail if we lead with our love; we have been in our fear far too
long. As Alice Waters reminds us “We are the ones we have been waiting for.” 
--Yaney LA MacIver, Corvallis, OR

Whom Would You Prefer to Be Gouged By?

I have figured out how to solve the national debt and deficit spending problem of our
government. A sales tax! No, not the regular kind that I have helped defeat about eight
times. Rather, I call it the “one tenth of one percent solution” sales tax on all Wall Street
dealings. The daily wheeling and dealing that goes on runs into hundreds of millions and
even billions of dollars a day, and it is all like a big casino. A small percentage of what the
brokers get seems reasonable to me, and it might reduce our income taxes.
On the “war for oil,” we all know that’s what it is for, but there is a misconception still
held by quite a number of folks, even among the majority that know it has to stop. Which
is, that our intervention (invasion) is to “secure our oil supply.” Not so. The question is, will
the countries that have the oil control the sale of it, or will the world oil companies control
it? Rest assured: it will be sold on the world market at going prices, and we will pay the
max for it no matter who controls it. In fact, it will probably be cheaper to buy it from the
countries that have it instead of the oil companies, and certainly cheaper when the market is
glutted by the cessation of the incredible waste that is the war, and the war industry. 
--Ed Hemmingson, Albany, OR.

War Is Bankrupting U.S.

   Bush vetoes health and education bill and OKs big increase in war
expenditures. America’s defense budget is now $471 billion, which does not
include the President’s pending war request of almost $200 billion. Bush’s war
machine is bankrupting the country.
The bipartisan and fiscally sound health and education bill deals with basic needs
of the American people: education for our children, assistance in paying skyrocketing
energy costs, veterans’ health care, research into cancer and other deadly diseases.
Bush’s veto of the bill was pure politics and he did it with a straight face.
Question: how can W. have healthy soldiers for his wars if he keeps vetoing
health bills? 
--Ron Lowe, Grass Valley, CA
page 11

Table of Contents

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december 2007 / january 2008

the peaceworker

Demand a National No-Torture Policy


ichael Mukasey is seeking
to clear hurdles on his
path to become the highest
law enforcement official in the
nation. Yet he still refuses to answer
a fundamental question: whether or
not waterboarding is torture and,
therefore, prohibited under our laws.
No matter what our president says,
this is not political bickering. It is
about whether the rule of law still
means anything to the executive.
And whether our senators have the
backbone to stand up for a principle
more profound than political

Interview the Victims

If senators such as Charles Schumer
and Dianne Feinstein have doubts about
whether waterboarding is torture, they
should  and should be allowed to
 interview the men who have likely
experienced it in secret CIA detention
facilities in American hands.
For example, they should interview
Majid Khan, a Baltimore resident
abducted and held for years in secret
CIA prisons. He was a “ghost detainee”
who this past year was among the
“reappeared” at Guantánamo.
President Bush himself has clearly
stated that Khan was held at a secret
CIA facility before being transferred to
Guantánamo. Bush also made clear that
an “alternative set of procedures” were
enforced — procedures widely believed
to include waterboarding.
So, was Majid Khan really
waterboarded? I don’t know. Khan
has been prohibited from speaking
to anyone except my colleagues,
lawyers at the Center for Constitutional
Rights who were finally allowed
to visit him recently. One of those
attorneys, Gitanjali Gutierrez, and
her colleagues have also since been
silenced. The government forced them
page 12

By Michael Ratner
to sign a protective order because Khan
knew about “enhanced interrogation
techniques.” Likely translation: Khan
was tortured and the government is
trying to cover it up by silencing him
— and even his attorneys.
So the government has successfully
kept the public in the dark. But senators
on the Senate Judiciary Committee can
turn on the light.
Those senators are perfectly within
their rights and powers to pick up
the phone right now and demand
to interview Khan and others who
were likely tortured at CIA secret
sites. They can conduct classified
interviews with the lawyers for the
Center for Constitutional Rights about
their milestone visit with Khan. They
can learn exactly what happened
to these men. And, if the men were
waterboarded, they can learn exactly
what the practice entails.

What is Waterboarding Like?
What they will likely hear are
descriptions like one written by Henri
Alleg, a French journalist who suffered
waterboarding during the Algerian war:
“I had the impression of drowning, and
a terrible agony, that of death itself, took
possession of me.”
So the question is extremely simple:
Do the men and women who serve on
the Senate Judiciary Committee want
to know, or not? Do they care about
whether our nation has tortured? And if
they do care, are they still prepared to
confirm a man to be our attorney general
whose legal and moral compass is so
deformed that he cannot speak plain
truth? If the U.S. Senate cannot summon
the courage and decency to draw this
basic line, then a citizen must ask if it
serves any useful purpose at all.
I believe that upon talking to victims
of waterboarding any reasonable senator
— or citizen — will define it as torture.
There is no reasonable disagreement on
this point. It was a technique invented
in the Spanish Inquisition and used to
terrible effect in the centuries since.

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The only question is whether there is
any institution or group of politicians
in this nation with the will to stand up
for our Constitution, even at the risk of
their own political prospects. If there
are such men and women, then there
is yet hope that our nation will rescue
the Constitution from those who would
shred it.
This is not a moment for political
theater. This is not a moment for politics
at all. This is the moment for good and
decent leaders to remember that the
truth still matters and to act accordingly.
Michael Mukasey aspires to be the living
face of America’s laws. By talking to
ghost detainees about their experiences,
we can help him reveal if he understands
or respects those laws at all.
Michael Ratner is President of
the Center for Constitutional Rights,
 This article was
published at, http://www.

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Forget Impeachment,
Put Bush and Cheney in a Straightjacket


he president’s warmongering
remarks on the Iranian threat
suggest he is psychotic.
Really. Liberals, put it behind you.
George W. Bush and Dick Cheney
shouldn’t be treated like criminals
who deserve punishment. They
should be treated like psychotics who
need treatment.

They’ve Clearly Gone Mad

Exhibit A: We’re in the middle of
a disastrous war in Iraq, the military
and political situation in Afghanistan
is steadily worsening, and the
administration’s interrogation and
detention tactics have inflamed antiAmericanism and fueled extremist
movements around the globe. Sane
people, confronting such a situation, do
their best to tamp down tensions, rebuild
shattered alliances, find common ground
with hostile parties and give our military
a little breathing space. But crazy
people? They look around and decide it’s
a great time to start another war.
That would be with Iran, and you’d
have to be deaf not to hear the war
drums. Last week, Bush remarked that
“if you’re interested in avoiding World
War III ... you ought to be interested
in preventing [Iran] from having the
knowledge necessary to make a nuclear
weapon.” On Sunday, Cheney warned
of “the Iranian regime’s efforts to
destabilize the Middle East and to gain
hegemonic power ... [we] cannot stand
by as a terror-supporting state fulfills
its most aggressive ambitions.” On
Tuesday, Bush insisted on the need “to
defend Europe against the emerging
Iranian threat.”
Huh? Iran is now a major threat
to Europe? The Iranians are going to
launch a nuclear missile (that they don’t
yet possess) against Europe (for reasons
unknown because, as far as we know,
page 13

By Rosa Brooks
they’re not mad at anyone in Europe)?
This is lunacy in action.
Writing in Newsweek on Oct. 20,
Fareed Zakaria, a solid centrist and
former editor of Foreign Affairs, put it
best. Citing Bush’s invocation of “the
specter of World War III if Iran gained
even the knowledge needed to make a
nuclear weapon,” Zakaria concluded that
“the American discussion about Iran has
lost all connection to reality. ... Iran has
an economy the size of Finland’s. ... It
has not invaded a country since the late
18th century. The United States has a
GDP that is 68 times larger and defense
expenditures that are 110 times greater.
Israel and every Arab country (except
Syria and Iraq) are ... allied against Iran.
And yet we are to believe that Tehran
is about to overturn the international
system and replace it with an Islamofascist order? What planet are we on?”

Planet Cheney

Zakaria may be misinterpreting the
president’s remark about World War
III though. He saw it as a dangerously
loopy Bush prediction about the future
behavior of a nuclear Iran — the idea
being, presumably, that possessing “the
knowledge” to make a nuclear weapon
would so empower Iran’s repressive
leaders that they’ll giddily rush out and
start World War III.
But you could read Bush’s
remark as a madman’s threat rather
than a madman’s prediction — as a
warning to recalcitrant states, from
Germany to Russia, that don’t seem
to share his crazed obsession with
Iran. The message: fall into line with
administration policy toward Iran or you
can count on the U.S.A. to try to start
World War III on its own. And when it
comes to sparking global conflagration,
a U.S. attack on Iran might be just the
thing. Yee haw!
You’d better believe these guys

Table of Contents

would do it too. Why not? They have
nothing to lose — they’re out of office in
15 months anyway. Après Bush-Cheney,
le déluge! (Have fun, Hillary.)
But all this creates a conundrum.
What’s a constitutional democracy to do
when the president and vice president
lose their marbles?

Nothing in the Constitution
About Civil Commitment

The U.S. is full of ordinary people
with serious forms of mental illness
— delusional people with violent fantasies who think they’re the president, or
who think they get instructions from the
CIA through their dental fillings.
The problem with Bush is that he is
the president — and he gives instructions to the CIA and military, without
having to go through his dental fillings.
Impeachment’s not the solution to
psychosis, no matter how flagrant. But
despite their impressive foresight in
other areas, the framers unaccountably
neglected to include an involuntary civil
commitment procedure in the Constitution.
Still, don’t lose hope. By enlisting
the aid of mental health professionals
and the court system, Congress can act
to remedy that constitutional oversight.
The goal: Get Bush and Cheney committed to an appropriate inpatient facility,
where they can get the treatment they
so desperately need. In Washington, the
appropriate statutory law is already in
place: If a “court or jury finds that [a]
person is mentally ill and ... is likely
to injure himself or other persons if allowed to remain at liberty, the court may
order his hospitalization.”
I’ll even serve on the jury. When it
comes to averting World War III, it’s really the least I can do.
Rosa Brooks writes for the Los
Angeles Times. You can reach her at
december 2007 / january 2008

the peaceworker


Administration Undermines U.S. Democracy


Dallas jury, last month
caused a mistrial in the
government case against
this country’s largest Islamic charity.
The action raises a defiant fist on the
sinking ship of American democracy.

March Toward Police State

If we lived in a state where due
process and the rule of law could
curb the despotism of the Bush
administration, this mistrial might be
counted a victory. But we do not. The
jury may have rejected the federal
government’s claim that the Holy Land
Foundation for Relief and Development
funneled millions of dollars to Middle
Eastern terrorists. It may have acquitted
Mohammad el-Mezain, the former
chairman of the foundation, of virtually
all criminal charges related to funding
terrorism (the jury deadlocked on one of
the 32 charges against el-Mezain), and
it may have deadlocked on the charges
that had been lodged against four other
former leaders of the charity, but don’t
be fooled. This mistrial will do nothing
to impede the administration’s ongoing
contempt for the rule of law. It will do
nothing to stop the curtailment of our
civil liberties and rights. The grim march
toward a police state continues.
Constitutional rights are minor
inconveniences, noisome chatter, flies
to be batted away on the steady road to
despotism. No one, not the courts, not
the press, not the gutless Democratic
opposition, not a compliant and
passive citizenry hypnotized by tawdry
television spectacles and celebrity
gossip, seems capable of stopping the
process. Those in power know this. We,
too, might as well know it.
The Bush administration, which
froze the foundation’s finances three
months after the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist
attacks and indicted its officials three
years later on charges that they provided
funds for the militant group Hamas, has
ensured that the foundation and all other
Palestinian charities will never reopen in
page 14

by Chris Hedges
the United States. Any organized support
for Palestinians from within the U.S.
has been rendered impossible. The goal
of the Israeli government and the Bush
administration  despite the charade of
peace negotiations to be held at Annapolis
 is to grind defiant Palestinians into
the dirt. Israel, which has plunged the
Gaza Strip into one of the world’s worst
humanitarian crises, has now begun to
ban fuel supplies and sever electrical
service. The severe deprivation, the
Israelis hope, will see the overthrow of
the Hamas government in Gaza and the
reinstatement of Palestinian President
Mahmoud Abbas, who has become the
Marshal Pétain of the Palestinian people.

Charges, not Facts,
Matter Most

The Dallas trial  like all of the
major terrorism trials conducted by
this administration, from the Florida
case against the Palestinian activist Dr.
Sami al-Arian, which also ended in a
mistrial, to the recent decision by a jury
in Chicago to acquit two men of charges
of financing Hamas  has been a judicial
failure. William Neal, a juror in the Dallas
trial, told the Associated Press that the
case “was strung together with macaroni
noodles. There was so little evidence.”
Such trials, however, have been
politically expedient. The accusations,
true or untrue, serve the aims of the
administration. A jury in Tampa, Chicago
or Dallas can dismiss the government’s
assaults on individual rights, but the
draconian restrictions put in place because
of the mendacious charges remain firmly
implanted within the system. It is the
charges, not the facts, which matter.
Dr. al-Arian, who was supposed
to have been released and deported
in April, is still in a Virginia prison
because he will not testify in a separate
case before a grand jury. The professor,
broken by the long ordeal of his trial and
unable to raise another million dollars
in legal fees for a retrial, pleaded guilty
to a minor charge in the hopes that his
persecution would end. It has not. Or

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take the case of Canadian citizen Maher
Arar, who in 2002 was spirited away by
Homeland Security from JFK Airport
to Syria, where he spent 10 months
being tortured in a coffin-like cell. He
was, upon his release, exonerated of
terrorism. Arar testified before a House
panel this month about how he was
abducted by the U.S. and interrogated,
stripped of his legal rights and tortured.
But he couldn’t testify in person. He
spoke to the House members on a video
link from Canada. He is forbidden by
Homeland Security to enter the United
States because he allegedly poses a
threat to national security.
Those accused of being involved in
conspiracies and terrorism plots, as in all
police states, become nonpersons. There
is no rehabilitation. There is no justice.
“He was never given a hearing nor
did the Canadian consulate, his lawyer,
or his family know of his fate,” Amnesty
International wrote of Arar. “Expulsion
in such circumstances, without a fair
hearing, and to a country known for
regularly torturing their prisoners,
violates the U.S. Government’s
obligations under international law,
specifically the Convention against
Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or
Degrading Treatment or Punishment.”
You can almost hear Dick Cheney

Evidence is Unnecessary

The Bush administration shut down
the Holy Land Foundation for Relief and
Development six years ago and froze
its assets. There was no hearing or trial.
It became a crime for anyone to engage
in transactions with the foundation. The
administration never produced evidence
to support the charges. It did not have
any. In the “war on terror,” evidence is
unnecessary. An executive order is enough.
The foundation sued the government in a
federal court in the District of Columbia.
Behind closed doors, the government
presented secret evidence that the charity
had no opportunity to see or rebut. The
(Continued on page 15)
december 2007 / january 2008

the peaceworker

Editor’s Viewpoint
Continued from page 2

The decision to grant the rights of people to corporations was
a green light to a species with no more loyalty to humans than
the 50s movie’s space aliens. People who remain the servants of
these corporations, regardless of what the corporations do, are
traitors to humanity. The political office holders who continue
to permit corporate outrages against human beings may not be
violating the letter of their oaths to uphold the Constitution, but
they are certainly violating the spirit of it, as did the jurists who
permitted this outrage in the first place.

Information: The PeaceWorker is published monthly, except in

January and August, by Oregon PeaceWorks, 104 Commercial St.
NE, Salem, OR 97301; 503.585.2767 voice; 503.588.0088 fax;; The
views expressed are those of the authors and may or may not
reflect the views of Oregon PeaceWorks. The PeaceWorker’s
articles and archives are available on our website.

Content: Short articles, calendar items, letters, photos and items of

What Can Be Done?

At this point, the personhood of corporations is such an entrenched part of modern life throughout the developed world that
most people see no problem with it. That’s the first place we can
take action: educating the public about the problems with corporate
personhood. There is a great deal on the Internet regarding this
topic, but a fine place to start is by visiting the ReclaimDemocracy.
org site. There you will find a great deal of information about the
topic as well as a draft amendment to the Constitution that would
prohibit corporate personhood. The site says, “We believe a positive, proactive and ambitious platform is needed to reverse the
decline of democracy in America and we invite your feedback…”
A second course of action is to identify treason for what it
is. Our government brands as traitors people who steal government secrets and either make them public or sell them to other
countries, but the traitors we need to worry about are the ones
who would sell out the interests of human beings to corporations for pieces of silver and those who assist them. Let us not
hesitate to speak out about such treason. 

Admin. Undermines Democracy
Continued from page 14

interest are welcome. They should be submitted on computer disk
or e-mailed to Otherwise they may be doublespaced and mailed or faxed. Please do not submit long articles
without inquiring first. Letters longer than 200 words may be used,
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Deadlines: Copy deadline is the 14th of each month. Camera-ready

advertising and calendar deadline is the18th of the month. The
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Subscriptions & Donations: Subscription fee for The PeaceWorker is $15 per year. Donations to Oregon PeaceWorks are
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Editor-in Chief and OPW Executive Director: Peter Bergel
Layout Editor: Gail Ryder
Artists: Susan Garrett Crowley, Janet Essley, Deb Kleinow, Steve
Lambott, Gail Ryder, Natalie Shifrin Whitson

charity’s case was dismissed.
The government has closed seven Muslim charities in the
United States and frozen their assets. Not one of them, or any
person associated with them, has been found guilty of financing
terrorism. They will remain shut. George W. Bush can tar any
organization or individual, here or abroad, as being part of a
terrorist conspiracy and by fiat render them powerless. He does
not need to make formal charges. He does not need to wait for
a trial verdict. Secret evidence, which these court cases have
exposed as a sham, is enough. The juries in Tampa, Chicago and
Dallas did their duty. They spoke for the rights of citizens. They
spoke for the protection of due process and the rule of law. They
threw small hurdles in front of the emergent police state. But
the abuse rolls on. I fear terrorism. I know it is real. I am sure
terrorists will strike again on American soil. But while terrorists
can wound and disrupt our democracy, only we can kill it. 
Chris Hedges, who graduated from Harvard Divinity
School and was for nearly two decades a foreign correspondent
for The New York Times, is the author of American Fascists:
The Christian Right and the War on America. http://www. Blog: www. Radio Show: 
page 15

the peaceworker

Advertising Sales: Jeanette Hardison, Cassandra Robertson
Columnists: Peter Bergel, Norman Solomon, Phil Carver
Writers this issue: Ross C. “Rocky” Anderson, Ximena Diego,

Cindy Sheehan, Michael Ratner, Rosa Brooks, Chris Hedges,
Kenneth S. Kagan, Andra Cano, Daniel Fisher, Stephen Leahy,
Steve Clemons, Linda Green, Jim Holt, Randy Schutt, Ian Bruce,
Elaine Woo

Distribution & Mailing: Michael Glaze, Steve Esses, Lorraine Stuart,

Joe Covach, Erin, Karen Aranas, Alice Greth, Anne Spurrier, Beth Kandoll,
John R. Stahl, Diane Follansbee, Joanne Cvar, Bethany, Kathleen, Arnie
Soderman, Tom Reindell, Ambling Bear, Tom Hastings, Wilson Leong, Beth
Pearce, Hans Kramer, Laurie Cross, Robin Hart, Floyd McFarland, June
Hemmingson, PedX, Heather, Gary Elam, Marc Sigel, Heather Edwards,
Michael Barkhuff, Peter Lynam-Melton, Jim Bowne, Dwight Long, Eric
Nicita, John Granacki, Mairen Jordan, Jennie Reese, Peace & Justice, Irene
Nicolas, Angie Lindquist and The PeaceWorker Mailing Crew

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the peaceworker

what’s happening in the movement
Olympia Activists Oppose Military Shipments


n November 9, approximately 50 members
of Olympia Port Militarization Resistance
(OlyPMR) sat down near the main gate of the
Port of Olympia in Washington State. Two tractor trailers,
one carrying two Stryker combat vehicles, another filled
with military cargo, were blocked from exiting the port.
Police arrived on the scene and after failing to persuade the
demonstrators to allow one truck through, ceded control of the
entrance. The two trucks were forced by these circumstances to
back up – returning inside the port gate. At this point, OlyPMR
controlled movement into and out of the port.


are returning to be repaired and refitted for further combat. We
see this as a continuation of the war despite our nation’s and the
Iraqi people’s overwhelming opposition to the war.”
OlyPMR blocked several convoys of Strykers, beginning
the evening of November 7, continuing into the morning.
Dozens of protesters blocked the road with their bodies as one
convoy after another attempted to exit the Port of Olympia. In
each case the convoys eventually passed, but only after police
shoved protesters, striking many with batons and dragging them
from the road in order to clear the way.
At 2:30 that morning, police used pepper spray against
20 people in order to apprehend one man in their midst who
was then arrested and charged with pedestrian interference
and resisting arrest.
Another activist was also
arrested and charged with
pedestrian interference
that night. No other
arrests were made.

OlyPMR was
founded in May of 2006
when Olympia peace
activists attempted to
block outgoing Strykers
and other military
Police Force
equipment in advance
of the deployment of
Protesters reported
the 3rd Brigade Stryker
that their nonviolent
Team from Ft. Lewis.
actions were met
Activists united under the
with unwarranted and
banner of Olympia Port
excessive force by police.
Militarization Resistance,
Several people reported
declaring a common
minor injuries, including
mission to “end our
one young man who had
community’s participation
his lip split open and
in the illegal occupation
also received other facial
Olympia Port Militarization Resistance
of Iraq by stopping the
injuries when he was hit
U.S. military’s use of the
with a police baton.
Port of Olympia.” Thirty-seven people were arrested for acts of
On Thursday evening, at an open meeting, a packed room
nonviolent civil disobedience over the course of 10 days during
of more than 60 activists agreed on a plan for using human
that first campaign.
blockades to nonviolently contain military cargo at the port.
On Monday November 5 of this year, the USNS Brittin
Approximately 200 people gathered at the port entrance, which
arrived at the Port of Olympia with equipment from the 3rd
activists say was a number twice as large as that needed to
Stryker Brigade returning from that same deployment in Iraq.
execute their plan. After several hours it became apparent that
The troops of the Brigade had returned to Fort Lewis about 2
there would be no movement of vehicles from the port that
weeks previously, minus 48 of their fellow soldiers who had
night, and activists set up an encampment in order to keep
died from injuries sustained in Iraq.
watch while others rested. Activists at this location issued a call
When OlyPMR members learned of this incoming shipment,
to action on Friday, when military equipment began to move
they quickly mobilized, releasing the following statement:
from the port.
“We oppose Olympia’s complicity in a war whose disastrous
Civil disobedience and other actions at the port are
effects have been felt worldwide and we will actively resist the
expected to continue as anti-war activists have declared their
use of Olympia’s port to further that war.... Through nonviolent
commitment to ongoing resistance.
actions we intend to stop the Port of Olympia from becoming
“The combat vehicles being shipped through our town were
a revolving door of military machinery furthering illegal war.
used to invade and destroy a sovereign nation, devastating
This war has taken the lives of 3,845 U.S. soldiers, over one
the lives of millions of Iraqis and thousands of Americans.
million Iraqis, and has displaced millions more. These weapons
(Continued on page 35)
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the peaceworker

Watada Awarded Injunction in His Favor
n November 8, Judge Benjamin H.
Settle of the United States District
Court for the Western District of
Washington (sitting in Tacoma, WA) issued
a preliminary injunction in favor of First Lt.
Ehren Watada.



By Kenneth S. Kagan

In his decision, Judge Settle made the
following significant points:
1. The remedy sought by Lt. Watada (i.e., a
writ of habeas corpus in a pretrial setting), while
rare, is appropriate;
2. Lt. Watada will suffer irreparable injury if
relief is denied;
3. Lt. Watada is likely to succeed on the merits;
4. Judge Head abused his discretion in rejecting the
Stipulation of Fact;
5. Even if Judge Head did not abuse his discretion in
rejecting the Stipulation of Fact, there was still a lack of
“manifest necessity;”
6. Judge Head failed to adequately consider possible

7. The balance of potential harms weighs in
Lt. Watada’s favor; and
8. The public interest favors granting relief.
This is an enormous victory, but it is not yet over.
This has not yet ripened into a permanent injunction,
though the judge did indicate that we have
demonstrated a likelihood of success on the merits.
The judge’s order did not indicate what the
next steps are, and did not give the parties a
briefing schedule. He did indicate, though, that
no trial proceedings could occur until his further
order, or until this injunction is modified or
dissolved (either by him or by a higher court).
It is reasonable to infer that the burden is now
on the government to come forward and ask him
to modify or dissolve the injunction. Beyond that,
it is impossible to speculate on what will occur next.
My partner, Jim Lobsenz, and I are enormously gratified at
the care with which Judge Settle approached this matter. While
it is not yet over, we’ve come a long way toward achieving our
goals for Lt. Watada in this litigation. 
Kenneth S. “Ken” Kagan is a partner at Carney Badley
Spellman, 206.622.8020, and is Lt. Watada’s lawyer.

Dingell Introduces Bill to Withdraw from Iraq
By Peter Bergel
On October 23, Congressman John Dingell (D-) introduced
legislation to repeal the Authorization for Use of Military Force
Against Iraq Resolution of 2002 (Public Law 107 243) and to
require the withdrawal of the United States Armed Forces in Iraq.
The bill cites as “findings” eight of the most egregious
aspects of the manner in which the war was initiated and the
current occupation of Iraq and then goes on to declare that “The
Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution
of 2002 (Public Law 107 243) is hereby repealed.”
It then establishes as “policy” that:
 It no longer benefits the national security of the United
States for members of the United States Armed Forces to
remain in Iraq;
 The United States should begin withdrawing its Armed
Forces from Iraq in a safe, responsible, and orderly manner,
and that such withdrawal should begin no later than 30 days
after the date of the enactment of this Act, and should be
accomplished by 12:00 p.m. on January 20, 2009;
 It is the moral duty of the United States to continue
assisting the Government of Iraq in rebuilding and
reconstruction efforts;
page 17

 Doing so will require that the United States engage
in vigorous diplomatic efforts and the engagement of other
regional and global actors; and
 The United States is further morally obligated
to provide humanitarian assistance for the millions
of Iraqi refugees that have been displaced since the
beginning of the
war in Iraq.
Women’s International League for
Peace and Freedom
has begun a campaign to promote
this legislation and
is asking citizens to
write their representatives in support of
it. 

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december 2007 / january 2008

the peaceworker

what’s happening in the movement
What’s the Beef with Beef Northwest?
By Andra Cano


rug residues found in meat
that exceed federal limits.
Workers getting injured and
losing their jobs. An employer who
refuses to recognize that workers at
his three feedlots want a union.
This is the situation at Beef
Northwest, one of the Northwest’s
largest feedlots, with operations across
Oregon and Washington. Beef Northwest
fattens approximately 40,000 cows
a year that are later sold as “Country
Natural Beef (CNB).”
The FDA recently sent a warning
letter to Beef Northwest documenting
residues above the legal limit of two
different drugs, and stating that the drugs
were administered in violation of federal

Sixty percent of Country
Natural Beef is sold through Whole
Foods. Whole Foods’ philosophical
statement declares, “We are dedicated
to creating a respectful workplace where
people are treated fairly...we believe
companies, like individuals, must

Hours: Mon-Sat
11 a.m.-7 p.m.
12 NE 10th
Portland, OR 97232


page 18

assume their share of responsibility
as tenants of the Earth.” This “natural
food” store may be selling a product
that is the subject of FDA warnings and
does not treat its workforce respectfully
or fairly. This flies in the face of
Whole Foods’ claim to be working
with suppliers that mirror their ethical
business practices. 
Please join workers in calling for
Whole Foods to take action. Demand a
public accounting of what steps they have
taken to ensure that the Country Natural
Beef sold in their stores does not contain
unsafe levels of different drugs. Demand
that they stand by workers to ensure they
have a union to represent them. 
Andrea Cano is Executive Director of the Oregon Farm Worker Ministry, (503) 990 0611;  

 21 years of ethical real estate experience
 Networking energy, food, shelter
and economic self-reliance

Kathy Ging, M.A., G.R.I., Broker
Socially Responsible Realtor

1925 Bailey Hill Rd., Ste.B, Eugene OR 97405
541-342-8461 or 1-800-944-0130
e-mail:  web:

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Northwest Networking
Smith 2 Acquitted


s we go to press, we learn
that Bob Projansky and
Peter Bergel who were
arrested by PGE security guards at
the World Trade Center in Portland
as they tried to visit Sen. Gordon
Smith to lobby him for a war funding
cut-off, have been acquitted of
trespassing charges.

By Peter Bergel
The pair were blocked at the outside
entrance of the private building where
Smith rents office space for his senatorial offices at taxpayer expense and
refused admittance on March 16. The
U.S. Constitution guarantees free speech
and the right to petition one’s government for redress of grievances and the
Oregon Constitution prohibits laws that
interfere with citizens rights to “instruct

their representatives.” Therefore, they
refused to leave as ordered.
Projansky and Bergel were tried
in June when they pleaded not guilty
to trespassing charges and defended
themselves on constitutional grounds.
After 5 months’ deliberation, Judge
Gregory Silver acquitted them. Further
details and the full text of the judgment
will be posted on OPW’s website. 

expires 1/31/08

page 19

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by Phil Carver

For up-to date reports on many progressive issues see the
Center for American Progress at 
For justice issues see the American Civil Liberties Union at
For the issues of national defense and the Iraq war see the
Friends Committee on National Legislation at 
For the issues of energy and global warming see the Union
of Concerned Scientists at  and the
Natural Resource Defense Council at 

Climate Legislation Takes Shape
The Climate Security Act (S.2191) is sponsored by Sens.
John Warner (R-VA) and Joe Lieberman (I-CT). On Nov. 1, the
global warming subcommittee of the Senate Environment and
Public Works Committee approved the bill by a vote of 4-to-3.
The bill will likely pass the full committee before the Christmas
The bill likely has the 60 votes it needs to pass the full
Senate. Whether it has two-third majorities in the House and
Senate to override a likely Presidential veto in 2008 is unclear.
Even if passage is delayed until 2009 or 2010, the cap-andtrade structure and most elements of the final climate bill will
likely resemble S.2191.
Under a cap-and-trade system, regulators issue a fixed
amount of allowances to emit a pollutant -- the cap. The annual
amount of allowances declines over time. Successful federal
regulations to reduce acid rain from sulfur dioxide emissions
use a cap-and-trade structure.
Under S.2191 some allowances are auctioned and some are
given away. The fraction given away declines to zero in 2036.
Revenues from allowance auctions are used to pursue policies
that complement the reductions under the cap, such as funding
energy efficiency programs. This lowers overall costs and
reduces emissions in sectors not covered by the cap.
Parties who hold allowances in excess of their emissions can
sell them to other parties. This encourages innovation even by
entities that can easily meet reduction goals. Under a cap-andtrade system emission reductions come from the parties with
the best and cheapest opportunities.
WRI Testimony
Below is a summary of testimony by Jonathan Pershing of
the World Resources Institute before the U.S. Senate Environment and Public Works Committee on Nov. 8, 2007. The
full text and graphs are available at 
page 20
The Climate Security Act (S.2191) provides the strong and
prompt action that the science and likely impacts of climate
change require. As with all cap-and-trade regulatory systems,
the approach in S.2191 has two main attractions:
 It puts a clear and specific limit on cumulative
emissions and
 It achieves the emissions reductions at lower cost than
would otherwise be possible.
The cap establishes certainty as to the total amount of
emissions that will occur under the program. Meanwhile, the
ability to trade emissions allowances and other flexibilities in
the bill yield cost-savings and soften economic impacts.
WRI has conducted a preliminary analysis to quantify the
emission reductions that might be expected under this bill. The
analysis includes three elements of the legislation:
1. Coverage of the cap
2. Emission targets
3. Complementary policies
S.2191 (as amended in subcommittee to include emissions
from the use of natural gas in the residential and commercial
sectors) subjects 82 percent of all U.S. greenhouse gas emissions to
mandatory reductions. The bill covers emissions from significant
facilities in the power, industrial and transportation sectors as
well as a majority of emissions in the residential and commercial
sectors. The bill includes reduction obligations under the cap and
complementary measures for other sectors where a price signal
alone is unlikely to spur technological transformations.
Emission targets
S.2191 sets straightforward annual budgets for covered
facilities. The budgets are absolute tonnage rather than percent
reductions. WRI estimates that the bill would reduce covered
emissions from 2005 levels by 17 percent in 2020 and by 71
percent in 2050. Over the life of the program covered emissions
are reduced at an average annual rate of just over 3 percent.
However, as noted above, nearly twenty percent of U.S. emissions
are not covered by mandatory reduction targets under the cap.
Complementary policies
Although specific mandates are not set for all sectors,
S.2191 establishes a wide variety of complementary policies to
address emissions in these uncovered sectors. While many of
the policies act also as cost-containment mechanisms (reducing
overall compliance costs from covered sectors), there are several
that explicitly reduce emissions outside the cap. In particular,
S.2191 encourages reductions through the way it allocates free
allowances to emit greenhouse gases and distributes revenues
from the auction of the rest of the allowances.
Economic Impacts
Many of the energy efficiency improvements induced and
required under the bill would increase economic efficiency.
Other reductions, such as CO2 capture from new coal plants
with the CO2 injected into old oil wells to enhance recovery,
would have low net costs.
The Nicholas Institute of Duke University conducted
an analysis of the earlier bill draft submitted by Sens.

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the peaceworker
Lieberman and Warner to the subcommittee. The
analysis showed that in a business as usual scenario,
GDP would increase 112% from 2005 levels by 2030.
Under S.2191 GDP is projected to rise by about 111%
from 2005 levels by 2030. The decline in economic
activity is less than 1% of GDP over the course of the
next two decades.
Impacts for 2050 are also small. The same amount of
economic growth would be observed in the U.S. economy, but
it would occur by August 2050 instead of by January 2050.
While the costs of stabilizing the Earth’s climate are
small. The alternative costs of not acting are staggering. A
report authored last year by Sir Nicolas Stern, former lead
economist at the World Bank and advisor to then U.K. Chancellor of the Exchequer (and now Prime Minister, Gordon
Brown), found that the costs of climate change could range
from 5 to 20 percent of global GDP. This is equal to about
$7 trillion. See 
The costs of climate change are already evident. These
include increased wildfires, hurricanes, floods and droughts.
Over this century sea level will likely rise several meters,
flooding coastal areas. For flat areas, such as Florida and
the U.S. Gulf Coast, cities will become uninhabitable. For
an excellent summary of dangers of global warming see
testimony by James E. Hansen against the building of a coal
plant in Iowa at: 
Public Opinion on Climate Science
In 2007 American public opinion seems to have reached
a “tipping point” on climate change science. Al Gore and the
scientists who wrote the Fourth Assessment Report for the
International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) were major contributors to this change. They deserve the Nobel Peace Prize.
James Hansen also deserves credit for his bold forecast in 1988
that world temperatures in the 1990s would be record-breaking.
His forecast proved remarkably accurate. See: http://www.
For a comprehensive view of American’s views on climate
change see: 
For a summary of recent polls see: 
The most dramatic shift in public opinion on global warming is in two Newsweek polls taken seven years apart. These
polls assessed the percent of people who list global warming as
the most important environmental issue. The first was conducted in March of 2000. Only 12 percent listed global warming as
the “most important environmental problem facing the world
today.” This put global warming in fifth place after water pollution, air pollution, garbage/landfills and loss of the ozone layer.
When the identical poll was conducted in August 2007, global
warming was listed as the most important issue by 38 percent
of those polled, far ahead of any other environmental issue.
While now perceived as the most important environmental issue, global warming is only one of many issues on
voters’ minds. In the same poll 59 percent of voters said it
was one of several important issues that would determine
page 21
their votes for Congress in Nov. 2008. But only 4 percent
listed it as the single most important issue. Public opinion is
just beginning to galvanize around global warming as a key
issue. Iraq War, health care and other issues rank higher in
voters’ immediate agendas.
Lack of focus on global warming does not seem to be
driven by the perceived cost of slowing it. In the same poll,
voters were asked about the costs to address climate change
and reduce global warming. Only 17 percent said the costs
would we “unacceptably high” while 27 percent said reducing global warming could be done without high economic
costs. Forty-two percent said the costs would the “high, but
worth it.” Fourteen percent were unsure.
While public opinion seems focused on other issues, the
climate seems to be changing faster than predicted by 2007
IPCC report. James E. Hansen and other leading scientists
have noted that Arctic sea ice and the Greenland ice sheet
are melting more quickly than forecasted. These impacts
have been widely reported in the popular media and have
contributed to increased public concerns.

Peak Oil and Climate Change

Now that light-sweet crude oil prices are above $90 per barrel, the impacts of a plateau in world oil production (peak oil)
have begun (See the April 2007 issue of the Beltway Bulletin
for recent information on peak oil at: 
d=3013&Itemid=86 and the April 2005 issue for the full story:
It is unlikely that oil prices above $100 will spur significant increases in world production. Production has been flat
since January 2005, even though prices have been above $30
for almost seven years. This indicates an underlying physical
constraint to increased production.
Many are still in denial about peak oil but crude oil prices
will likely stay above $100, absent a serious worldwide economic recession. U.S. gasoline prices above $5 per gallon are
likely need to balance supply and demand. Prices are already
above this level in Europe and Japan.
The price rise from $2 to $3 per gallon has only
slowed the growth in U.S. gasoline consumption. With
less than 5 percent of the world population, the U.S. consumed 44 percent of the world’s gasoline in 2004. (data
from 
With flat world supplies and rising world demand, especially in oil exporting regions, U.S. gasoline use must decline.
Peak oil is bad news for low and middle income people, but
good news for global warming. While the IPCC 2007 report
underestimated the rapid melting of Arctic ice, it seems to have
overestimated the amount of oil available and the CO2 emissions
from burning petroleum.
Pushker A. Kharecha and James E. Hansen have written “Implications of ‘Peak Oil’ for Atmospheric CO2 and
Climate. See:  This report indicates that
if peak oil is real and coal use can be constrained, it is
plausible that the concentration of CO2 can be kept below
450 parts per million and the worst effects of global warming avoided.

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december 2007 / january 2008

the peaceworker

5% Solutions to
Smarter Grid Holds Conservation Potential


ith a flood of renewableenergy supplies coming
online, it’s time for the
electricity grid to get smart.

Electric Ebay

In a yearlong trial run that ended in the
spring, 200 or so homes on Washington’s
Olympic Peninsula engaged in a daily
bidding war for electricity. It was a sort of
robotic Ebay auction in which the thermostat
in one house, say, bid against the clothes
dryer in another for scarce electrons. The
loser would turn off and wait for prices to
drop before jumping back onto the grid.
Engineers at the federally funded Pacific
Northwest National Laboratory showed that
by equipping appliances and thermostats
with a few cheap microchips and Internet
connections, they could cut peak demand
by as much as 50%. That’s a big number,
because 8% to 12% of peak demand for
power capacity comes during the busiest 1%
of hours. Most of the extra supply comes
from inefficient gas-turbine generators.
Such an experiment would have been
sci-fi a few years ago. But ubiquitous silicon
and broadband have suddenly made such
second-by-second tinkering with demand
possible, and the idea of upgrading the
century-old electric grid to make it more
efficient isn’t so crazy anymore.
CenterPoint Energy of Houston, for
example, plans to install 2 million Internetcapable electric meters over the next five
years. The utility likes the $120 devices:
They eliminate the need for meter readers
and contain wireless chips that communicate
with Internet-enabled appliances in the home,
letting consumers use a simple Web-based
program, say, to raise the air-conditioning
thermostat when electricity prices rise or turn
on the dishwasher in the middle of the night
when prices are low. “We’re on the threshold
of being able to digitize the system,” says
Thomas Standish, the head of regulated
operations at CenterPoint. The grid “is one
of the last things that can be completely
transformed by this technology.”
page 22

By Daniel Fisher

Grid Lock

That won’t happen overnight. One
of the biggest and oldest networks
around, the U.S. electric grid seems
hopelessly stuck between the 19th
and 21st centuries. It’s broken up for
historical and regulatory reasons into
eight regional transmission systems
and some 130 smaller “control areas.”
While many systems are computerized,
grid operators at the higher levels still
communicate largely by phone and
fax. Hundreds of thousands of switches
and circuit breakers must be operated
manually, and the main transmission lines
have little instrumentation to monitor the
second-by-second flow of electricity from
unpredictable new sources like windmills.
“If Thomas Edison came back to life,
he’d recognize our electric utility system
immediately  and that’s not a good
thing,” says Jesse Berst, publisher of, in Redmond, Wash.
Each year U.S. electric utilities waste
tens of billions of cubic feet of natural
gas on “spinning reserves,” for example,
generators that are running below top
efficiency so they can supply electricity
on a moment’s notice. From 5% to 20%
of capacity is in reserve at any given time.
The problem of matching supply
and demand will worsen as utilities
increase the supply of green energy
under mandates like California’s, which
requires 20% renewable electricity
by 2010. Windmills, for instance, are
unpredictable and must be paired with
gas turbines that can be throttled up
when gusts die down. Utilities need
as much as 1 megawatt of spinning
reserves for every 2 megawatts of wind
power, says Douglas Houseman with
CapGemini, a Paris consultancy. To
supply the extra juice, utilities turn on
inefficient single-cycle gas turbines,
which turn 25% of the fuel’s energy
into electricity, as opposed to 45% for
combined-cycle plants that use turbine
exhaust to make steam to run a second

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The ideal solution is to counter
fluctuations in wind power by changing
demand, as in the Washington
experiment, but it’s a big job. Houseman
estimates the average home uses about
3 kilowatts of electricity at peak hours;
General Electric’s most popular windmills
generate 3 megawatts. “You’ve got to
pick 1,000 homes to turn everything off in
 or 10,000 homes to turn something off
in  to counter one windmill,” he says.

Time to Upgrade Anyway

As the industry shifts from large central
plants to a diverse collection of windmills
and biogas generators, managing the
complex balance of supply and demand
will require fat communications pipes and
complex calculations. Luckily, the utility
industry needs to upgrade large portions
of its transmission system. CapGemini
estimates that North American utilities will
spend $500 billion over the next 15 years
replacing aging wires, transformers, electric
meters and poles. It’s an ideal time to add
compact instruments, Internet links and
automated switches to control the flow of
electricity. “The longer we wait, the more
we’re going to spend,” says Houseman,
who worked his way up from lineman to
chief operating officer of a small utility.
Houston may set an example for
other U.S. utilities as it rolls out one
of the most ambitious upgrades yet.
CenterPoint’s network was engineered
by ibm and runs on open-source
software, meaning anybody can access
the underlying code to develop new
products to ride on the communications
system CenterPoint is building.
Going to open source was a big step
for Itron of Liberty Lake, Wash., which
controls approximately 60% of the
electric meter market and until four years
ago was committed to protecting itself
with proprietary technology. The change
came as Itron’s research group in Paris
realized it could exploit inexpensive new
wireless chips and open-source software
(Continued on page 26)
december 2007 / january 2008

the peaceworker

Global Warming
Don’t Wait for Bush  Act Now on Climate Change


he United States is facing
hundreds of billions of dollars
in weather-related damages
in coming years if it does not act
urgently on climate change, the
first-ever comprehensive economic
assessment of the problem has found.

Spend Some Now or
Spend a Lot More Later

The costs of inaction on climate
change on U.S. infrastructure, and its
agricultural, manufacturing and public
service sectors, will far outweigh the costs
involved in making the needed reductions
in greenhouse gas emissions, according to
the report, “The U.S. Economic Impacts
of Climate Change and the Costs of
Inaction”, released last month.
“We’re making billions of dollars of
infrastructure investments every year
and often without taking impacts of
climate change into account,” said report
co-author Matthias Ruth, director of
the University of Maryland’s Centre for
Integrative Environmental Research.
“Climate change will affect every
American economically in significant,
dramatic ways, and the longer it takes to
respond, the greater the damage and the
higher the costs,” Ruth told IPS.
“The true economic impact of
climate change is fraught with ‘hidden’
costs,” the report concludes. It adds that
these costs will vary regionally and will
put a strain on public sector budgets.
For example, the combined impacts
of storms on the U.S. since 1980 have
surpassed 560 billion dollars. Hurricane
Katrina alone accounted for nearly 200
billion dollars in economic losses.
More frequent and intense storms 
a virtual certainty, many climate scientists
warn  will raise the price-tag even higher.
Storm damage is just one factor in
what is fast becoming a cascade of costs
amounting to hundreds of billions of
dollars, the report documents.
page 23

By Stephen Leahy
In the U.S. west and northwest, the
cost of fire suppression and property
damages will run in the billions due
to changes in precipitation patterns
and snow pack. The Great Plains
will experience increased frequency
and severity of flooding and drought,
resulting in additional billions of dollars
in damages to crops and property.
The already sinking water levels will
go lower in the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence
River system, driving up shipping costs
and producing major impacts on the
Midwest manufacturing sector. Sea
level rise and storm surges will eat away
valuable property along the Atlantic coast
 a single storm surge event can cost 2.0
billion to 6.5 billion dollars.
Drought will take firmer hold of the
south and southwest, with costly impacts on
agriculture, industry and households. For
the Central Valley in California alone, the
economy-wide loss during the driest years
is predicted to be around 6.0 billion dollars.

“Strong Need for Action”

The “Stern Review on the Economics
of Climate Change” by Sir Nicholas
Stern, the former chief economist of the
World Bank, cautioned last year that
the global economy could shrink by
20 percent in the worst-case scenario
of inaction and a 5 degree C. rise in
temperatures. It would be far, far cheaper
 costing just one percent of global GDP
 to avoid these worst-case scenarios.
The Stern Review was criticized by
economists on various technical grounds,
and Ruth’s report does not offer any total
costs to the U.S. economy because the
methodology for calculating that does
not yet exist. Climate science is wellestablished, but the economics of climate
change impacts is still in its infancy, he said.
“We’re not ready to assess the largescale aggregate economic impacts of
climate change,” Ruth said.
However, while a great deal of
work needs to be done to build robust

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economic models, it is crystal clear
from this report, the Stern Review and a
number of others that waiting to act will
cost a great deal more than the costs of
taking immediate action.
“There is a strong need for action
across all sectors,” he said.
A national policy for immediate
action to mitigate emissions, along with
efforts to adapt to unavoidable impacts,
would minimize the overall costs. The
energy sector not only has to reduce its
greenhouse gas emissions, but also needs
to be decentralized to make it more
efficient and to buffer it from severe
weather events, the report says. Other
recommendations include simple market
mechanisms such as pricing of water or
dropping the tax exemption on fertilizer
to get immediate environmental benefits.
Despite pressure from nearly every
other industrialized country in the
world, including key European allies,
the George W. Bush administration has
rejected any mandatory emissions caps
as too costly to the U.S. economy. 
Stephen Leahy writes for Inter Press
Service. This article is at http://www.

december 2007 / january 2008

the peaceworker

5% Solutions to
Oregon Material Recovery Rate Falls
While Waste Generation Increases
Oregonians are generating waste at recordhigh levels, according to figures released in November by the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) in its 15th annual survey
of garbage haulers and private recycling and
composting companies. The complete “2006
Oregon Material Recovery and Waste Generation Rates Report” is available on DEQ’s Web
site at: 
Good news for mid-valley residents
comes from Bailey Payne, Recycling Coordinator for Marion County Public Works
- Environmental Services: “We are very proud
to learn that Marion County is leading Oregon
in recycling and composting. Congratulations
to Marion County’s businesses and residents
for achieving a 57.5% recovery rate.”
 DEQ’s Solid Waste Program, which
helps Oregonians reduce and properly

manage the waste they generate, produces the report each year to provide an
updated look at how the state is faring
in terms of waste generation and waste
recovery through recycling, composting
and material burned for energy recovery.
The report provides an annual snapshot
of the amounts of materials such as metal,
paper, glass and organic materials that are being
produced and “recovered.” The numbers are
important because reduction, recycling, composting and energy recovery of waste material can
result in significant greenhouse gas reductions
and energy savings. Greater recovery of materials helps preserve scarce natural resources that
otherwise would be used. The numbers also help
state solid waste policymakers determine more
effective strategies for reducing the amount of
waste produced and disposed of in the state.
For more information, contact Mary

Lou Perry, DEQ Solid Waste Program,
Portland, 503.229.5731, or Loretta
Pickerell, DEQ Solid Waste Program
Manager, Portland, 503.229.5808. 

Gregory Kafoury
Mark McDougal
Of counsel: Linda Williams

“Justice anywhere is a threat to injustice everywhere.”

People’s Lawyers
202 Oregon Pioneer Building, 320 S.W. Stark Street, Portland, Oregon
Phone: 503/224-2647

Cooke Stationery Co.
SINCE 1935



page 24

Table of Contents

december 2007 / january 2008

the peaceworker

Global Warming
U.S. Wildfires
Amounts of

Large-scale fires in western
and southeastern states can pump
as much carbon dioxide into the
atmosphere in a few weeks as the
states’ entire motor vehicle traffic in
a year, according to newly published
research by scientists at the National
Center for Atmospheric Research
(NCAR) and the University of Colorado at Boulder.
Their paper, “Estimates of CO2
from fires in the United States:
implications for carbon management,” is being published online in
the journal “Carbon Balance and
Management.” NCAR’s portion of
the research was supported by the
National Science Foundation (NSF),
NCAR’s principal sponsor. 

Extra Censory Perception

It’s déjà vu all over again. The White
House is again being accused of stifling
the dissemination of climate change
information it finds inconveniently
truthful. Officials at the White House
Office of Management and Budget
gutted the prepared testimony that
Center for Disease Control head Julie
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Gerberding gave to a congressional
panel concerning the impacts of climate
change on disease and public health.
The testimony was cut in half, and
references to specific effects of climate
change on the spreading of disease
were almost entirely removed. These
specifics were only mentioned during the
questioning period, thanks to lawmakers
who asked the right questions.
A CDC official who was familiar
with both the original and the
“administration friendly” versions of
the testimony noted that it had been
“eviscerated” by OMB censors.
The administration reportedly
claimed it was just trying to “keep it
pithy” to prevent Congress from getting
bored by “all those words.” 
From “Driving Change,” the electronic action alert publication of the
Better World Club, kicking_asphalt@

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Table of Contents

december 2007 / january 2008

the peaceworker

Smarter Grid Holds Conservation Potential
Continued from page 22

to create a so-called mesh network of
electric meters that passed information
among themselves, like firemen in a
bucket brigade, instead of relying on
expensive and less reliable individual
connections to the Internet.
The meters CenterPoint is installing
store billing information and upload it
three times a day to nearby radio receivers
that are connected to computers via
broadband over power lines. They also
have wireless chips that will use the
ZigBee standard, a sort of longer-range
version of Bluetooth, to communicate with
a future generation of wireless appliances
and thermostats. Meantime, IBM executive
Allan Schurr expects retailers like Home
Depot eventually to stock simple ZigBee
devices that look like lamp timers and can
turn energy-hogging appliances on and off
according to commands that consumers
send over the Web.

Costly but Worth It

CenterPoint figures the project will cost
$550 million or so, which it will recover from
customers if regulators approve a charge
of $2.50 a month over the next 12 years.
Consumers could save several times that
much if the system cuts peak energy demand,
however, since prices at peak hours are set by
the least efficient, most expensive generators
on the grid. As communications networks
become more widespread, utilities will be able
to balance flow by harnessing everything from
solar panels to back-yard generators in order to
supply electricity when and where it’s needed.
This country has an estimated 220 gigawatts
of what you might call amateur power:
emergency generators, industrial fuel cells and
other user-owned power plants, compared
with 1,000 or so gigawatts of central station
capacity. Only 1% of the amateur power
is connected to the grid now, but Portland
General Electric in Oregon has hooked
up 21 large customers with 43 megawatts
of generating power that can be turned on
electronically and supplied to the grid.
Factoring in the software and systems
to control all those units, utilities would
spend $75 to $150 per kilowatt of generating
capacity, says Steve W. Pullins, an analyst
with consultants Horizon Energy Group in
Maryville, Tenn., versus $1,000 or more for
peaker plants that can be turned on rapidly
to supply peak loads. “But instead of 25
generating assets in your portfolio, now
you’re looking at 25,000,” Pullins says.
page 26

“Our traditional, older control systems aren’t
capable of handling it.”


There are other barriers to transforming
the grid across America. GE, which supplies
the National Grid operator in the U.K., would
dearly love to outfit the U.S. network with
control software and thousands of sensors
to report voltage and other information on
a second-by-second basis. That way grid
operators could, say, automatically lower the
cost of transmitting power from a region with
excess to capacity to one with a shortage,
instead of letting the problem fester until the
peaker plants turn on and phone calls and
faxes fly. But utilities and regulators alike
protect their markets and are unlikely to
support any such national electricity authority.
Another big problem is safety. Networks
are riddled with circuit breakers that prevent
electricity from flowing backward to the
substation when voltage drops  the
moment when utilities need solar cells and
basement battery packs to support the grid.
Those systems are designed to protect utility
workers when they’re fixing supposedly
dead lines, but will vastly complicate the
job of achieving distributed generation.
Programs to cut household demand
almost certainly require price changes
by the hour, if not the minute. That could
spark a political backlash as consumers
see that a kilowatt at 6 p.m. costs five
or ten times as much as one at 4 a.m. A
colorful Web-based program showing
them exactly how much they’re saving by
running their dishwasher at night would
make the change more appealing. 
Daniel Fisher writes for
Forbes Magazine. This article is
at 

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december 2007 / january 2008

the peaceworker

Ecuador Refuses to Renew
Lease for U.S. Military Base

Ecuadorian President Rafael Correa has refused to renew Washington’s
lease on the Manta air base. In an
interview with Reuters Correa said
he would renew the lease on one
condition  the United States allow
Ecuador to build a military base in
Miami. Correa said: “If there’s no
problem having foreign soldiers on
a country’s soil, surely they’ll let us
have an Ecuadorian base in the United
States.” It is estimated that United
States has over 700 military bases in
foreign countries. 

Poll: Smith’s
Popularity Plummeting

About a year out from Election Day
2008, Sen. Gordon Smith is in trouble.
According to a poll from the Democratic
Senatorial Campaign Committee, only
30 percent of Oregonians will vote to
re-elect him.
According to the DSCC: “A new
poll taken by Grove Insight shows that
Oregon Senator Gordon Smith’s job
approval rating among likely voters
has plummeted to 33%, with a full
49% disapproving of his performance
in office. Furthermore, only 30%
of Oregonians say they will vote to
re-elect Smith, with 41% saying they
will vote for or consider someone else.
Despite spending the past year trying
to disguise his record of supporting
George Bush 90 percent of the time, the
poll shows Smith with the lowest job
approval rating of any senator in the
country running for re-election. Clearly,
Oregonians are not buying Smith’s election year makeover and are ready for a
The DSCC’s analysis was based
on 500 interviews among likely 2008
general election voters in Oregon. The
survey was conducted October 12-16
2007. Its margin of error is plus or minus
4.4 percentage points at the 95% level
of confidence. The 33% approval rating
was down 13 points from Smith’s 46%
approval rating in February of this year.
Source: http://www.stopgordonsmith.
com/2007/11/new_poll_smith.html. 
page 27

Toyota on Fuel Efficiency Standards: Hybrid or Hypocritical?

Toyota, whose hybrid Prius and
superior fleet-wide fuel economy (better
than any U.S. automaker) has made it
the darling of the environmental movement, has taken a hit recently with its
decision to join the Detroit automakers
in lobbying against a proposed hike
in Corporate Average Fuel Efficiency
(CAFE) standards. The proposed change
would set standards for all passenger
vehicles at 35 mpg by 2020.
The automakers are fighting to have
2 extra years to reach a goal of 32 mpg.
Toyota has taken over General
Motors’ #1 sales spot, but this stance
on the automaker’s part leaves some
environmentalists wondering whether it
is taking Over GM’s anti-environmental
policy agenda too.
The National Environmental Trust
organized a protest over Toyota’s stance
in Portland, on October 12th. Better
World Club President Mitch Rofsky
opened his remarks by saying, “This
may be the friendliest demonstration in
U.S. history. The people gathering here
are not opponents of Toyota. We’re their
customers. We’re just feeling the kind
of disappointment that a parent feels
when they learn that their child has been
“Driving Change,” the electronic action alert publication of the Better World
Club, kicking_asphalt@betterworldclub.
com, says, “We encourage our readers
to Drive Change by contacting Shigeru
Hayakawa, Toyota’s chairman and
chief executive, and let him know that
you want Toyota to support the 35-mpg
standard.” 

Table of Contents

Candidates’ Positions on U.S.
Nuclear Weapons Policy

One of the most important issues of
the 2008 U.S. Presidential election is U.S.
nuclear weapons policy. We believe it should
be a priority issue when Americans go to the
voting booth next year in primary and general
elections. It’s not our purpose to suggest how
people should vote, but rather to educate and
inform the public on where candidates stand.
To this end, the Nuclear Age Peace
Foundation is pleased to announce the
latest addition to our website. We feature
key quotes made by the major Republican
and Democratic candidates on five issues
relating to U.S. nuclear weapons policy:
1. Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
2. Disarmament
3. Missile Defense
4. New Nuclear Weapons / Reliable
Replacement Warhead
5. Use of Nuclear Weapons
Visit 
page.php to view the Presidential Candidate
quotes page. Additionally, Foundation President
David Krieger sent all candidates a survey asking
their positions on several important points. Results
of the survey are coming in. Please check in
frequently at  to see what
else the candidates are saying. 

december 2007 / january 2008

the peaceworker

Sen. Hagel Wants Talks with Iran
by Steve Clemons

Senator Chuck Hagel allegedly has written
to President Bush and copied Condoleezza
Rice, Robert Gates, and Stephen Hadley,
urging the President to pursue “direct,
unconditional, and comprehensive talks with
the Government of Iran.”
In the letter, Hagel warns that “unless there
is a strategic shift [from the current situation],
I believe we will find ourselves in a dangerous
and increasingly isolated position in the
coming months.” Hagel continues, “I do not
see how the collective actions that we are now
taking will produce the results that we seek.”
Senator Hagel encourages President
Bush to take the bold strategic step of
offering a completely different course
for U.S.-Iran relations. He writes about
direct unconditional talks:
An approach such as this would strengthen
our ability across the board to deal with Iran.
Our friends and allies would be more confident
to stand with us if we seek to increase pressure,
including tougher sanctions on Iran. It could
create a historic new dynamic in U.S.-Iran
relations, in part forcing the Iranians to react
to the possibility of better relations with the
West. We should be prepared that any dialogue
process with Iran will take time, and we should
continue all efforts, as you have, to engage Iran
from a position of strength.
We should not wait to consider the
option of bilateral talks until all other
diplomatic options are exhausted. At that
point, it could well be too late.
This letter is a call for serious, levelheaded rationality from one of the Senate’s
most stalwart “classic conservatives.”
Steve Clemons writes for the Washington Note, http://www.thewashingtonnote.

page 28

Bishops Urge Iraq Withdrawal
By Linda Green

Declaring war “incompatible with the
teachings and example of Christ,” the bishops
of The United Methodist Church called on
leaders of all nations to begin an immediate
withdrawal of troops from Iraq. The bishops
also urged against deploying additional troops
to Iraq and against establishing permanent
military bases in the Middle Eastern country.
The action came during the council’s
semi-annual meeting at a United Methodist
retreat center in western North Carolina.
The council represents 11.5 million United
Methodists in the United States, Africa,
Europe and the Philippines. About 125
active and retired bishops from across the
globe attended the Nov. 4-9 gathering.
In addition to calling for the immediate
safe and full withdrawal of troops, the
bishops called on the United States and
other Coalition Force nations to initiate
and support a plan for the reconstruction
of Iraq, giving strong priority to the
humanitarian and social needs of the Iraqi
people. They urged increased support for
veterans of the Iraq war and all wars.
The bishops said their position is
based on Jesus Christ’s call for “his
followers to be peacemakers.”
The resolution is the council’s
latest action questioning the Iraq war.
In November 2005, the bishops urged
U.S. President George W. Bush, who is
United Methodist, to create a timeline to
withdraw U.S. troops from Iraq. 
Linda Green is a United Methodist News Service news writer based in
Nashville, Tenn. Stephen Drachler, media
consultant for the Council of Bishops, contributed to this report. The full resolution is
available at  .

Table of Contents

Americans & Russians: Reduce
Nuclear Weapons

A new poll, conducted in the United
States and Russia, finds robust support
for a series of cooperative steps to reduce
nuclear dangers and move toward the
global elimination of nuclear weapons.
Large majorities of Americans and
Russians favor taking nuclear weapons off high alert, sharply cutting the
numbers of nuclear weapons, banning
the production of weapons-grade nuclear
material, and — once advanced methods of international verification are
established — undertaking the complete
elimination of nuclear weapons.
These steps correspond to key
elements of a plan for “A World Free
of Nuclear Weapons,” developed by a
bipartisan group that includes two former secretaries of state (George Schultz
and Henry Kissinger), a former defense
secretary (William Perry) and the former
chairman of the Senate Armed Services
Committee (Sam Nunn) — sometimes
called the “Reykjavik Revisited” plan.
Some have been included in recent
legislation, such as a bill introduced
by Senators Chuck Hagel and Barack
Obama (S.1977).
The goal of eliminating all nuclear
weapons, established in the Nuclear
Non-Proliferation Treaty, is endorsed by
73 percent of Americans and 63 percent
of Russians. Seventy-nine percent of
Americans and 66 percent of Russians
want their governments to do more to
pursue this objective.
Deep cuts in nuclear arsenals also
receive robust support. Eighty-eight percent
of Americans and 65 percent of Russians
endorse the U.S.-Russian Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty (SORT) to reduce
the number of active nuclear weapons in
each arsenal to about 2,000 weapons by the
end of 2012. In fact, most Americans (71%)
and Russians (55%) favor reaching this
level even sooner.
A majority of Republicans and
Democrats concurred in their support for
the proposals, though in most cases the
Democratic majority was larger.
The full report, questionnaire, and
methods are at  A longer version of this
article may be found at 
osymb= 
december 2007 / january 2008

the peaceworker

House of Representatives Now
Using 100% Post Consumer
Waste Recycled Paper

The U.S. House of Representatives, with the help of New American
Dream’s ( Responsible Purchasing Network (RPN),
is taking a step to significantly cut its
energy consumption and save forest resources by switching from copy paper
made from virgin wood to New Leaf’s
100% post-consumer waste recycled
paper. Perry Plumart, Deputy Director of the House’s Green the Capitol
Office, worked with RPN to help him
determine the greenest choice for the
House of Representative’s enormous
paper demand.
Some environmental savings from
the switch to 100% post-consumer
waste recycled paper:
 29,400 trees
 3.5 million gallons of water
 4.9 billion BTUs of electricity
 392,000 lbs of solid waste
 773,500 lbs of carbon dioxide
(greenhouse gas)
The House uses roughly 14,000
cases of copy paper each year.
For more information, contact Tim
Sanchez, Senior Marketing and Communications Director, Center for a New
American Dream, 301.891.3683 or
 


Every day military recruiters enter
the halls of high schools equipped
with a goodie bag of promises and free
copies of their official video game,
“America’s Army.” Assurances of noncombat positions and college money
made largely to teens of color and lowincome communities rarely materialize upon real-life service. Courage to
Resist organizer David Solnit and Gulf
War objector Aimee Allison have written a comprehensive guide to counter
military recruiting and are currently
traveling the country sharing their strategies outlined in their new book, Army
of None. Contact: Courage to Resist,
484 Lake Park Ave #41, Oakland, CA
94610; 510.488.3559;  
page 29

Landfill Secrecy Toxic

Sandia National Laboratories’ radioactive
mixed-waste dump has a half life of 10,000
years and is a clear threat to public safety. This
makes it hard to argue that a report, paid for
with public money that sheds any light on the
potential for leakage is not a public document.
Nevertheless, New Mexico’s Environment
Department, ignoring advice from its Attorney
General’s office, has gone to court in an
unusual effort to keep the report secret.
The unlined landfill on the southern edge
of Kirtland Air Force Base holds 30 years of
chemical and radioactive waste. Citizen Action
of Albuquerque took issue with a 2005 report
the lab conducted for the Environment Department which concluded that any potential leakage posed little risk. That report was the subject
of an independent study  one the Environment Department refuses to release.
Why? Because, according to department
attorney Tannis Fox, “There’s a very important
principle, and that’s executive privilege.”
Thanks to the Bush administration, the
public has become better versed in this principle
than at any time since Watergate.. By reasonable
definition, executive privilege covers the frank
communications between an executive and staff
necessary to sort out policy options. Does it cover
an outside analysis that might knock holes in a
Sandia study of its own dump the department
relied upon in approving Sandia’s plans?
Instead of “executive privilege” this smacks of
executive cover-up. It would be much better policy
to produce the public documents than to spend
more tax money to argue against the public interest.
Source: Don Hancock of the Southwest Research and Information Center,
P.O. Box 4524, Albuquerque, NM 871964524; 505.262.1862; 505.262.1864 (fax);
 . For more information
see 
editorials/604988opinion10-25-07.htm. 

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Rumsfeld Flees France

Former U.S. Defense Secretary Donald
Rumsfeld fled France on October 29 fearing arrest over charges of “ordering and
authorizing” torture of detainees at both the
American-run Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq
and the U.S. military’s detainment facility
at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, unconfirmed
reports coming from Paris suggest.
U.S. embassy officials whisked Rumsfeld away from a breakfast meeting in Paris
organized by Foreign Policy magazine
after human rights groups filed a criminal
complaint against the man who spearheaded
President George W. Bush’s “war on terror”
for six years.
Under international law, authorities in
France are obliged to open an investigation when a complaint is made while the
alleged torturer is on French soil.
According to activists in France,
who greeted Rumsfeld, shouting
“murderer” and “war criminal” at the
breakfast meeting venue, U.S. embassy
officials remained tight-lipped about the
former defense secretary’s whereabouts
citing “security reasons”.
“Rumsfeld must be feeling how Saddam Hussein felt when U.S. forces were
hunting him down,” activist Tanguy
Richard said. “He may never end up
being hanged like his old friend, but he
must learn that in the civilized world,
war crime doesn’t pay.”
The International Federation for
Human Rights (FIDH), along with the
Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR),
the European Center for Constitutional
and Human Rights (ECCHR), and the
French League for Human Rights (LDH)
filed the complaint after learning that
Rumsfeld was scheduled to visit Paris.
Source: IPS News, http://www. 

NBC Bars Sen. Mike Gravel
from Democratic Debate

Former Senator Mike Gravel protested a decision by NBC News to bar
him from a debate at Drexel University
in Philadelphia. NBC said it made the
decision in part because Gravel hadn’t
raised over one million dollars. Gravel
said “The fact that NBC is owned by
General Electric, one of the world’s
leading military contractors, is frightening and certainly smacks of censorship
directed at the most outspoken critic of
the influence that the military-industrial
complex holds over this great nation.” 
december 2007 / january 2008

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Iraq: Fiasco or Brilliant Success?


raq is “unwinnable,” a “quagmire,”
a “fiasco”: so goes the received
opinion. But there is good reason
to think that, from the Bush-Cheney
perspective, it is none of these things.
Indeed, the U.S. may be “stuck”
precisely where Bush et al. wants it to be,
which is why there is no “exit strategy.”

$30 Trillion Jackpot

Iraq has 115 billion barrels of known
oil reserves. That is more than five times
the total in the United States. Because of
its long isolation, it is the least explored of
the world’s oil-rich nations. A mere two
thousand wells have been drilled across
the entire country; in Texas alone there
are a million. It has been estimated, by the
Council on Foreign Relations, that Iraq
may have a further 220 billion barrels of
undiscovered oil; another study puts the
figure at 300 billion. If these estimates are
anywhere close to the mark, U.S. forces are
now sitting on one quarter of the world’s
oil resources. The value of Iraqi oil, largely
light crude with low production costs,
would be of the order of $30 trillion at
today’s prices. For purposes of comparison,
the projected total cost of the U.S. invasion/
occupation is around $1 trillion.
Who will get Iraq’s oil? One of the
Bush administration’s “benchmarks” for the
Iraqi government is the passage of a law to
distribute oil revenues. The draft law that the
U.S. has written for the Iraqi congress would
cede nearly all the oil to Western companies.
The Iraq National Oil Company would retain
control of 17 of Iraq’s 80 existing oilfields,
leaving the rest — including all yet to be
discovered oil — under foreign corporate
control for 30 years. “The foreign companies
would not have to invest their earnings in the
Iraqi economy,” the analyst Antonia Juhasz
wrote in the New York Times in March, after
the draft law was leaked. “They could even
ride out Iraq’s current ‘instability’ by signing
page 30

By Jim Holt
contracts now, while the Iraqi government
is at its weakest, and then wait at least two
years before even setting foot in the country.”
As negotiations over the oil law stalled in
September, the provincial government in
Kurdistan simply signed a separate deal with
the Dallas-based Hunt Oil Company, headed
by a close political ally of President Bush.

Oil Hegemony Calls for
Permanent Bases

How will the U.S. maintain
hegemony over Iraqi oil? By establishing
permanent military bases in Iraq. Five
self-sufficient ‘super-bases’ are in
various stages of completion. All are
well away from the urban areas where
most casualties have occurred. There has
been precious little reporting on these
bases in the American press, whose
dwindling corps of correspondents
in Iraq cannot move around freely
because of the dangerous conditions.
(It takes a brave reporter to leave the
Green Zone without a military escort.)
In February last year, the Washington
Post reporter Thomas Ricks described
one such facility, the Balad Air Base,
forty miles north of Baghdad. A piece
of (well-fortified) American suburbia in
the middle of the Iraqi desert, Balad has
fast-food joints, a miniature golf course,
a football field, a cinema, and distinct
neighborhoods — among them, “KBRland,” named after the Halliburton
subsidiary that has done most of the
construction work at the base. Although
few of the 20,000 American troops
stationed there have ever had any contact
with an Iraqi, the runway at the base
is one of the world’s busiest. “We are
behind only Heathrow right now,” an air
force commander told Ricks.
The Defense Department was initially
coy about these bases. In 2003, Donald
Rumsfeld said: “I have never, that I can
recall, heard the subject of a permanent base

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in Iraq discussed in any meeting.” But this
summer the Bush administration began to
talk openly about stationing American troops
in Iraq for years, even decades, to come.
Several visitors to the White House have told
the New York Times that the president himself
has become fond of referring to the “Korea
model.” When the House of Representatives
voted to bar funding for “permanent bases”
in Iraq, the new term of choice became
“enduring bases,” as if three or four decades
wasn’t effectively an eternity.
But will the U.S. be able to maintain
an indefinite military presence in Iraq?
It will plausibly claim a rationale to
stay there for as long as civil conflict
simmers, or until every groupuscule
that conveniently brands itself as “alQaida” is exterminated. The civil war
may gradually lose intensity as Shias,
Sunnis, and Kurds withdraw into separate
enclaves, reducing the surface area
for sectarian friction, and as warlords
consolidate local authority. De facto
partition will be the result. But this
partition can never become de jure. (An
independent Kurdistan in the north might
upset Turkey, an independent Shia region
in the east might become a satellite of
Iran, and an independent Sunni region in
the west might harbor al-Qaida.)
Presiding over this Balkanized Iraq
will be a weak federal government in
Baghdad, propped up and overseen by
the Pentagon-scale U.S. embassy that
has just been constructed — a green
zone within the Green Zone. As for the
number of U.S. troops permanently
stationed in Iraq, the defense secretary,
Robert Gates, told Congress at the end
of September that “in his head” he saw
the long-term force as consisting of five
combat brigades, a quarter of the current
number, which, with support personnel,
would mean 35,000 troops at the very
minimum, probably accompanied by an
equal number of mercenary contractors.
(Continued on page 34)
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A More Ethical & Effective Alternative to War


ar is hell — both for the
soldiers who fight it and the
civilians who live where it is
fought. The Iraq war is a perfect example
of the mess that military force can make
of a country: directly killing thousands of
innocent civilians, injuring tens of thousands
more, and displacing and traumatizing
millions, while destroying critical
infrastructure — such as roads, bridges, and
electricity generation, water purification,
and sewage treatment plants — that makes
civilized life possible. Creating a civilized,
democratic society out of the chaotic disaster
that Iraq has become will be extremely
difficult and take a very long time, even
under the best circumstances.

There Is an Alternative

But what is the alternative? In the
last three decades, nonviolent action has
demonstrated that it is very effective
in overthrowing horribly repressive
regimes. For example, nonviolent action
toppled the apartheid regime in South
Africa, deposed the dictatorships of
Slobodan Milosevich in Yugoslavia,
Ferdinand Marcos in the Philippines, and
Augusto Pinochet in Chile, and brought
down the former Soviet Union and its
communist satellite states (including
Poland, East Germany, Czechoslovakia,
and Lithuania). Overthrowing those
regimes incurred relatively few
casualties and wrought relatively little
destruction. The nonviolent overthrow
of these vicious regimes has mostly left
these countries stronger, more civilized,
and much more free and democratic.
Nonviolent action relies on an
empowered populace that refuses to carry
out the desires of the ruling leaders. Without
the consent of the governed, these leaders
have little power. If consent is completely
withheld, they have only their own personal
page 31

By Randy Schutt
individual power and can easily be ignored
and removed from governance.
Nonviolent action involves ordinary
people working together to overcome their
oppression. Like war, nonviolent action
inspires people to selfless service on behalf
of others. Unlike war — which is usually
monstrously destructive and leaves people
horribly traumatized and resentful, often
leading directly to future wars — the
carrying out of nonviolent action actually
builds community and understanding
and empowers people to act more civilly.
In practicing nonviolent action, people
work together as a civic body, learning to
practice freedom, democracy, and justice.

close to $500 billion on its military forces.
The amount spent on diplomacy and nonviolent action by all countries in the world
is a minuscule fraction of this amount. Even
with little money or research, nonviolent action has achieved tremendous results. Isn’t
it time to explore this ethical and effective
alternative to war?
Randy Schutt is Vice-President of Cleveland Peace Action, a member of the Cleveland
Nonviolence Network, and the author of Inciting
Democracy: A Practical Proposal for Creating
a Good Society 
He also founded the Vernal Education Project
to increase the skills and support of progressive
activists 

It’s Working 70% of the Time

A 2005 study by Freedom House
( found that in the 67 cases
since 1972 in which dictatorial systems fell
or new states arose from the disintegration
of multinational states, civic resistance was
a key factor in driving 50 of those transitions
— over 70%. In 32 of the 67 countries (nearly
48%), strong, broad-based nonviolent civic
coalitions were highly active, and in many
cases central to steering the process of change.
Only one transition to freedom was brought
about by an outside military force.
Of course, nonviolent action cannot
win every struggle, just as war cannot.
Clearly nonviolent action has demonstrated that it is a viable alternative to
war, and one that is a credit to humanity,
not a destroyer of it.
If we are sincere about spreading democracy around the world, then it makes
sense to use the most effective means
available, especially means that are
consistent with moral values of freedom,
justice, compassion, and community.
If there is a viable alternative to war, it
makes sense to stop using weapons that
kill and maim innocent people and destroy their cities, businesses, and homes.
Each year the United States spends

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december 2007 / january 2008

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Air Base for Iran Attack Secretly Upgraded


he U.S. is secretly upgrading
special stealth bomber
hangars on the British island
protectorate of Diego Garcia in the
Indian Ocean in preparation for
strikes on Iran’s nuclear facilities,
according to military sources.
The improvement of the B1 Spirit jet
infrastructure coincides with an “urgent
operational need” request for £44m to fit
racks to the long-range aircraft.

MOPping Up with Big Blu

That would allow them to carry
experimental 15-ton Massive Ordnance
Penetrator (MOP) bombs designed to
smash underground bunkers buried
as much as 200ft beneath the surface
through reinforced concrete.
One MOP  known as Big Blu 
has already been tested successfully at
the U.S. Air Force proving ground at
White Sands in New Mexico. Tenders
have now gone out for a production
model to be ready for use in the next
nine months.
The “static tunnel lethality test” on
March 14 completely destroyed a mockup of the kind of underground facility
used to house Iran’s nuclear centrifuge
arrays at Natanz, about 150 miles from
the capital, Tehran.
Although intelligence estimates vary
as to when Iran will achieve the knowhow for a bomb, the French government
recently received a memo from the
International Atomic Energy Agency
(IAEA) stating that Iran will be ready
to run almost 3000 centrifuges in 18
cascades by the end of this month. That
is in defiance of a U.N. ban on uranium
enrichment and would be enough to
produce a nuclear weapon within a year.
[In an recent interview with CNN’s
Wolf Blitzer on “Late Edition,” IAEA
page 32

By Ian Bruce
Director Mohamed ElBaradei, strongly
advised the Bush administration to tone
down its rhetoric on Iran. He stated: “So
we are not talking about Iran having
today a nuclear weapon. We are trying
to make sure that the future intention of
Iran is peaceful, and that’s really what
we are talking about. Risk assessment of
possible future intention by Iran, if they
have the technology to develop nuclear
weapon. I say that because at this stage
we need to continue to work through
creative diplomacy. We have the time.
Because I don’t see any other solution,
Wolf, except through diplomacy and

Likely: Five-Day

Diego Garcia, part of Britain’s Indian
Ocean Territory, has several current
missions. U.S. Air Force bombers and
AWACs surveillance planes operate
from its 12,000 ft. runway and the USAF
Space Command has built a satellite
tracking station and communications
The Ministry of Defence says the
U.S. government would need Britain’s
permission to use the island for offensive
action. It has already been used for
strategic strike missions during the 1991
and 2003 Gulf wars against Iraq.
The U.K. “sovereign territory” has
a garrison of 50 British and 3200 U.S.
military personnel.
The atoll, the largest in the Chagos
Archipelago chain, lies about 1000 miles
from the southern coasts of India and Sri
Lanka. It is ideally placed for strategic
missions in the Middle East.
The U.S. Department of Defence
request for special bomb racks was
hidden in a £95bn request to the U.S.
Congress last week for extra emergency
funding for the wars in Iraq and

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The new Big Blu bomb is 20 ft. long,
weighs 30,000 lb. and carries 6000 lb.
of high explosives. It is designed to
go deeper than even existing nuclear
bunker-busting weapons.
The bomb is designed to be dropped
from as great a height as possible
to achieve maximum velocity and
penetrating power, guided on to target by
satellite and accurate to within a few feet.
Each B2 bomber would be able to
carry only one weapon because of its
weight. The B2s, normally based at
Barksdale, Missouri, flew round-trip
strikes against Baghdad in 2003, but
would ideally be positioned closer to its
targets for missions against Iran.
The Pentagon has drawn up
contingency plans for a range of attacks
on Iran. The likeliest is a five-day
bombardment, aiming to disable nuclear
facilities and all major airbases and radar
facilities; the most devastating would
involve air and cruise missile attacks
on 1000 targets, including headquarters
and barracks of the Iranian Republican
Guard Corps, over more than a month.
The U.S. branded the Revolutionary
Guards a terrorist organization last
week in the latest round of diplomatic
sanctions against Tehran. 
Ian Bruce is Defense Correspondent for the British paper The Herald.


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In Memoriam

Randall Forsberg, Founder of
Nuclear FREEZE, Dies
By Elaine Woo


The Power of One Person

andall Forsberg, who
founded the nuclear freeze
movement of the early 1980s
and wrote its manifesto, died Oct. 19
of endometrial cancer at a New York
City hospital. She was 64.

page 33


An arms control expert and political
science professor at City College of New
York, Forsberg launched the movement
in 1980 when she wrote the “Call to
Halt the Nuclear Arms Race,” a position
paper that outlined the devastating
potential of the arsenals possessed by the
United States and the Soviet Union.
Its’ simple message — to improve
national and international security by
stopping the superpowers’ buildup of
nuclear weapons — unified disparate
peace groups and sparked a nationwide
grass-roots campaign that resonated with
middle-class Americans as well as with
policymakers in Washington.
“She was a generating, originating
and inspiring force” whose ultimate
aim was “to roll back war itself,” said
Jonathan Schell, author of the 1982
bestseller about the nuclear dilemma,
The Fate of the Earth.
After the Reagan administration
reopened arms control talks with
the Soviets in the mid-1980s — a
change of course that Schell and other
historians attribute to the nuclear
freeze project — the movement waned,
but Forsberg remained devoted to the
cause. For 27 years, she headed the
Institute for Defense and Disarmament
Studies, a think tank she founded 27
years ago in Brookline, Mass. She
advised two presidents on arms control
issues and discussed disarmament with
Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev in
Her work was recognized in 1983
with a $204,000 MacArthur Foundation
“genius award,” given annually to
individuals who have demonstrated
unusual artistic, intellectual or social

Forsberg was born in 1943 in
Huntsville, Ala., and grew up on Long
Island in New York. She was the
daughter of Larkin Douglass Watson, an
actor who appeared for 15 years on the
NBC soap opera “Another World.”

Randall Forsberg
In 1967, two years after graduating
from Barnard College, she married a
Swedish social worker and moved to
Stockholm, where she found work as a
typist for the Stockholm International
Peace Research Institute.
The next several years became what
she described as “a paid education in what
countries were spending” on weapons and
what tools of warfare they were buying.
Her marriage dissolved as her
concern about the arms race deepened.
In 1972 she returned to the U.S. with
her daughter, Katarina (who survives
her along with her mother and a sister),
and enrolled in a doctoral program in
political science at the Massachusetts
Institute of Technology.

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It would take Forsberg more than two
decades to complete the degree.
“I learned at MIT that armed force was
not just for defense but for influencing
the course of world history,” she told
The Times in 1983. “And I discovered
that the peace groups at the time
weren’t even aware of this. There was a
consensus on complaints — too many
weapons, too much testing and too high
a military budget — but no consensus on
alternatives. So I had to develop my own.”
“Call to Halt the Nuclear Arms
Race,” published as a pamphlet in the
spring of 1980, delineated in chilling
prose the threat contained in the U.S.
and the Soviet arsenals, which held a
total of 50,000 nuclear weapons, with
plans to build 20,000 more. The solution,
she wrote, was a verifiable and mutual
freeze “on the testing, production and
deployment of nuclear weapons” and
their delivery systems. She portrayed
the freeze as the first step in a broader
agenda to eventually abolish not only
nuclear weaponry but all national
military forces.
Initially criticized as naive, the
pamphlet quickly gained momentum,
becoming what Meyer called “a vehicle
for mass engagement.”
In 1982, freeze initiatives went before
voters in eight states and won in seven,
including California. Politicians in
Washington introduced freeze resolutions
in the House and the Senate as national
polls showed that more than 70% of
Americans favored halting the arms race.
A “No Nukes” march and rally in New
York City drew nearly 1 million people.
Soon, President Reagan stopped
suggesting that the nuclear freeze
movement was being directed by
Moscow. By the time of his landslide
reelection in 1984, he was publicly
portraying himself as a nuclear
abolitionist. 
Elaine Woo is a Los Angeles Times
Staff Writer. This was excerpted from longer
article published on November 1, 2007.
december 2007 / january 2008

the peaceworker

Iraq: Fiasco or Success?
Continued from page 30

(He may have been erring on the side of
modesty, since the five super-bases can
accommodate between ten and twenty
thousand troops each.) These forces will
occasionally leave their bases to tamp
down civil skirmishes, at a declining
cost in casualties. As a senior Bush
administration official told the New York
Times in June, the long-term bases ‘are all
places we could fly in and out of without
putting Americans on every street corner.’
But their main day-to-day function will
be to protect the oil infrastructure.

“Mess”iah for Oil Lovers

This is the “mess” that BushCheney is going to hand on to the next
administration. What if that administration
is a Democratic one? Will it dismantle
the bases and withdraw U.S. forces
entirely? That seems unlikely, considering
the many beneficiaries of the continued
occupation of Iraq and the exploitation
of its oil resources. The three principal
Democratic candidates — Hillary Clinton,
Barack Obama, and John Edwards
— have already hedged their bets, refusing
to promise that, if elected, they would
remove American forces from Iraq before
2013, the end of their first term.
Among the winners: oil-services
companies like Halliburton; the oil
companies themselves (the profits will
be unimaginable, and even Democrats
can be bought); U.S. voters, who will be
guaranteed price stability at the gas pump
(which sometimes seems to be all they
care about); Europe and Japan, which will
both benefit from Western control of such
a large part of the world’s oil reserves,
and whose leaders will therefore wink
at the permanent occupation; and, oddly
enough, Osama bin Laden, who will never
again have to worry about U.S. troops
profaning the holy places of Mecca and
Medina, since the stability of the House of
Saud will no longer be paramount among
American concerns. Among the losers is
Russia, which will no longer be able to
lord its own energy resources over Europe.
Another big loser is OPEC, and especially
Saudi Arabia, whose power to keep oil
prices high by enforcing production quotas
will be seriously compromised.
Then there is the case of Iran, which
is more complicated. In the short term,
Iran has done quite well out of the
page 34

Iraq war. Iraq’s ruling Shia coalition is
now dominated by a faction friendly
to Tehran, and the U.S. has willy-nilly
armed and trained the most pro-Iranian
elements in the Iraqi military. As for
Iran’s nuclear program, neither air strikes
nor negotiations seem likely to derail it
at the moment. But the Iranian regime
is precarious. Unpopular mullahs hold
onto power by financing internal security
services and buying off élites with oil
money, which accounts for 70 per cent of
government revenues. If the price of oil
were suddenly to drop to, say, $40 a barrel
(from a current price just north of $80),
the repressive regime in Tehran would lose
its steady income. And that is an outcome
the U.S. could easily achieve by opening
the Iraqi oil spigot for as long as necessary
(perhaps taking down Venezuela’s oilcocky Hugo Chávez into the bargain).

Bull in China’s Shop

Think of the United States vis-à-vis
China. As a consequence of our trade
deficit, around a trillion dollars’ worth of
U.S. denominated debt (including $400
billion in U.S. Treasury bonds) is held
by China. This gives Beijing enormous
leverage over Washington: by offloading
big chunks of U.S. debt, China could
bring the American economy to its
knees. China’s own economy is,
according to official figures, expanding
at something like 10 per cent a year.
Even if the actual figure is closer to 4
or 5 per cent, as some believe, China’s
increasing heft poses a threat to U.S.
interests. (One fact: China is acquiring
new submarines five times faster than
the U.S.) And the main constraint on
China’s growth is its access to energy
— which, with the U.S. in control of the
biggest share of world oil, would largely
be at Washington’s sufferance. Thus is
the Chinese threat neutralized.
Many people are still perplexed by
exactly what moved Bush-Cheney to invade
and occupy Iraq. In the 27 September issue
of the New York Review of Books, Thomas
Powers, one of the most astute watchers of
the intelligence world, admitted to a degree
of bafflement. “What’s particularly odd,”
he wrote, “is that there seems to be no
sophisticated, professional, insiders’ version
of the thinking that drove events.” Alan
Greenspan, in his just published memoir, is

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clearer on the matter. “I am saddened,” he
writes, “that it is politically inconvenient
to acknowledge what everyone knows: the
Iraq war is largely about oil.”

Still Only a Hypothesis

Was the strategy of invading Iraq to
take control of its oil resources actually
hammered out by Cheney’s 2001 energy
task force? One can’t know for sure, since
the deliberations of that task force, made
up largely of oil and energy company
executives, have been kept secret by the
administration on the grounds of “executive
privilege.” One can’t say for certain that
oil supplied the prime motive. But the
hypothesis is quite powerful when it comes
to explaining what has actually happened
in Iraq. The occupation may seem horribly
botched on the face of it, but the Bush
administration’s cavalier attitude towards
“nation-building” has all but ensured that
Iraq will end up as an American protectorate
for the next few decades — a necessary
condition for the extraction of its oil
wealth. If the U.S. had managed to create a
strong, democratic government in an Iraq
effectively secured by its own army and
police force, and had then departed, what
would have stopped that government from
taking control of its own oil, like every
other regime in the Middle East? On the
assumption that the Bush-Cheney strategy
is oil-centered, the tactics — dissolving the
army, de-Baathification, a final “surge” that
has hastened internal migration — could
scarcely have been more effective. The
costs — a few billion dollars a month plus
a few dozen American fatalities (a figure
which will probably diminish, and which
is in any case comparable to the number
of U.S. motorcyclists killed because of
repealed helmet laws) — are negligible
compared to $30 trillion in oil wealth,
assured American geopolitical supremacy
and cheap gas for voters. In terms of
realpolitik, the invasion of Iraq is not a
fiasco; it is a resounding success.
Still, there is reason to be skeptical of
the picture I have drawn: it implies that a
secret and highly ambitious plan turned
out just the way its devisers foresaw, and
that almost never happens. 
Jim Holt writes for the New York
Times Magazine and the New Yorker. This
article was published in the London Review
of Books October 18, 2007. http://www.
december 2007 / january 2008

the peaceworker

Olympia Activists

Continued from page 16

The reason we are blocking them now
is because we do not want these war
machines to ever be used for this purpose
again,” said Sandy Mayes, an Olympia
nurse, and founding OlyPMR member.

Soldiers Signal Support

As the nation begins its annual observance of the Veterans Day holidays,
OlyPMR says they stand with the men
and women of the military by demanding an immediate halt to the war, and the
return of all the troops.
“We want the troops to know we are
glad they are home. We also want them
to know that we will do everything we
can to make sure that they never have to
go again,” said Mayes.
This message seems to resonate
with many soldiers. Activists involved
in PMR actions in Olympia or Tacoma
report overwhelmingly positive gestures
such as “thumbs up” from troops as
they drive by in their Strykers and other
vehicles. TJ Johnson, Austin Kelley and
others vigiling at a busy intersection in

Olympia this Thursday report that a noncommissioned officer wearing fatigues
pulled over, got out of his car, came
over, shook their hands and said, “I
just want to thank you people for what
you’re doing.” He told them that he had
been deployed to Iraq twice before and
found it to be a “hopeless situation.” He
said that he and other soldiers wished
that they could speak out against the
war, but military regulations prohibited
them from publicly opposing the war.
Members of OlyPMR argue that they
are struggling for what most U.S. soldiers
and the majority of citizens in the U.S. and
Iraq clearly want. It is, they insist, the politicians themselves who must be brought
along through direct action, in order that
the will of the people be fulfilled.
In video recordings of Strykers moving out of the Port of Olympia Wednesday night soldiers are seen making
apparent gestures of support as they pass
the protesters: 
(The local daily in Olympia, The
Olympian, also had on its website a link

to a video of Wednesday night’s events
which, in addition to images of protesters
being hit and in some cases knocked to the
ground by police with batons, showed soldiers on Strykers making positive gestures
to protesters. As of this writing that video
is no longer available on the Olympian
website. Members of OlyPMR are working on getting that video back up.) 
This is a press release issued by
Olympia Port Militarization Resistance

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december 2007 / january 2008

the peaceworker
small gift and a $50 gift certificate from
the Willamette University store on campus
.The community is invited to bring articles
of clothing to the 14th annual PennyCoat
Drive, sponsored by Beta Theta Pi to benefit
Salem’s homeless population.


Dec. 1: Corvallis, 9 a.m. - 3 p.m. UUFC
Holiday Bazaar, Unitarian Universalist Fellowship of Corvallis, 2945 NW Circle Blvd.

To offer calendar items email (electronic copy preferred) or hard copy to The Peace-Worker
before the 12th of the month for following
month’s issue.

Dec. 1: Salem, 3:30-8:30 p.m. Oregon
PeaceWorks Annual Meeting, Potluck,
Raffle Drawing and Holiday Party.
3:30-5:30: Presentation and discussion about
OPW’s new 5% Solution project addressing
the nexus between global WARMING and
global WARRING.
5:30-7: Potluck dinner
7: Great Getaway Raffle Drawing
7:15-8:30: Entertainment TBA.
Free. For more info contact OPW at
Dec. 1: Salem, 3:30 p.m. - 7 p.m. Holiday
Dinner (prior to evening events) at the
Goudy Commons on the Willamette University campus. This dinner is followed by
two other Holiday Events The cost is $9 for
adults and $5 for children 8 and under. 6:30
p.m. Star Trees Lighting on the lawn north
of Waller Hall. Free Family Holiday concert
at 7 p.m. in the nearby Smith Auditorium
(seating is limited). The Tree Lighting will
include carols, along with free hot chocolate
and cookies. A drawing will be held for a
boy and girl to flip the switch that lights
the trees, and each winner will receive a

Dec. 1: London, UK. World Against War
International Conference at Central Hall
Westminster Storey’s Gate. Stop the War
Coalition is inviting delegates and representatives from Iraq, the movements in
Lebanon, Palestine, Pakistan, Venezuela and
Cuba, and from anti war organizations from
across Europe and the USA. The Conference
will focus on the movement’s central demands of ending the occupation of Iraq and
Afghanistan and organizing against any attack on Iran. It will also look at the broader
struggle against war and for independence,
against the threat of US intervention. For
more information on the conference go to
, call +44 (0)20 7278
6694 or contact 
Dec. 6 & 7: Salem, 8 p.m. Christmas in
Hudson. Featured are the Willamette University choirs, carols sung by the audience,
and sacred readings and seasonal poetry
read by Professor Jeanne Clarke. Hudson
Hall is beautifully decorated for this sellout event. Hudson Hall at the Willamette
University campus. Doors open at 7:15 p.m.
Tickets are $8 (open seating) for all ages
and can be purchased 10 a.m.–2 p.m., Monday–Thursday, at the Music Office in the
Rogers Music Center at Willamette, or you
may charge by phone, 503.370.6255. Info:
Wallace Long, 503.3706320.
Dec. 9: Salem 7 p.m. A Victorian Christmas with John Doan. The concert re-enacts
what it might have been like to celebrate
Christmas a century ago. Doan will play
more then a dozen turn-of-the-century instruments once popular in American parlors,

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page 36

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on vaudeville stages and in mandolin orchestras. In Hudson Hall on the Willamette
University campus. Advance tickets are $12
for adults and $10 for seniors and children
under 12 and are available at Willamette’s
Music Department or by phone, please
contact 503.370.6255, or John Doan at 503.
Dec. 10: Salem, 7 p.m. 15th Annual Salem
Speaks Up at the First United Methodist
Church in Salem.
Dec. 11-12: Washington D.C. 8th
Rebuilding Iraq Conference and Expo.
Continuing the challenging process of rebuilding Iraq’s critical infrastructures, global
companies will convene throughout the 2
days of the event with Iraqi government officials to strategize multi-sector approaches
and address partnering and entry opportunities. To register and reserve a seat at the
Iraqi Security and Defense Summit, contact
New-Fields at (202) 536-5000 or Middle
East +971 4 .268.6870.
Dec. 13: Salem, 6:30 p.m. Salem Progressive Film Series presents “Maxed Out,”
a 2006 film that explains the risk posed to
America by its staggering personal and national debt and the implications of the finance
industry’s stranglehold and our culture of
“minimum payment.” A speaker and discussion will follow the film. Grand Theater (191
High St NE). For further information or if
you are interested in helping to sustain this
project, please call Ed Taylor ,503.365.9524
or Cindy Kimball, 503.588.8713.
Dec. 16: Portland, 12:30 p.m. “Code Pink
Re-encatment of the Civil Disobedience
Act that Helped the American Revolution.” Meet at the Peace Memorial Park at
12:30 p.m., or the Salmon St. Fountain at
2. Rain or shine. March to the Max board
it and go to Pioneer Courthouse Square.
There we will serenade Christmas shoppers
in fabulous Code Pink fashion. Afterward,
we will march to the Salmon Street Spring
where we hope to meet some city and federal dignitaries at 2 p.m. The final leg will
be up onto the Hawthorne Bridge, where we
will read our new Declaration of Independence, calling for the impeachment of King
George and Vice-King Dick and then pour
an environmentally friendly version of tea
(most likely leaf mulch) into the Willamette.
Contact Cristy Murray, doglady8@gmail.
April 4, 2008: Memphis, Tennessee. 40th
anniversary of the assassination of Dr.
Martin Luther King, Jr. The Ella Baker
Center for Human Rights and our allies will
host a major convening that weekend, to
mark the 40th anniversary of the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Info:

december 2007 / january 2008

the peaceworker

May 15-16, 2008: Portland. Willamette
Valley Development Officers Regional
Conference 2008.
Willamette Valley Development Officers is
proud to present its second regional two-day
conference “From Vision to Reality: Leadership & Best Practice in Development.” Join
colleagues from around the region at the Oregon Convention Center to explore emerging trends in fund development. Conference
keynotes: Bill Sturtevant and Junki Yoshida.
For more information visit http://www. or call 503.274.1977.
June 6-22, 2008: Philadelphia, PA. The
Super-T for Social Action Trainers. Take
your facilitation to a new level of creativity,
range and effectiveness in this intensive 17day super-training: 4 states-of-the- art workshops, plus 3 rest days, sequenced for maximum growth for participants. The Super-T
is for experienced and less-experienced
trainers and facilitators who want to take
their work to a new level of creativity and
effectiveness, as well as new trainers who
want to learn the major principles of this
rapidly-developing field. To register, contact
Training for Change. Registration forms are
available on the web at , phone 612.827.7323, or
email 

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Wholesale or Retail

100% Organic, Whole Wheat and Vegan Varieties

Fresh bread in bulk deliveries available to
Salem, Corvallis and Eugene
(541) 754-2253

Stop by our bakery for a free sample:
220 NW 1st St. Corvallis, OR 97330
page 37

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december 2007 / january 2008

the peaceworker

Clip these Handy Lists
White House Contacts
Comment Line: 202.456.1111; Fax:
Bush: 
White House: 1600 Pennsylvania Ave,
Washington, DC 20500
Congressional Contacts
Now open 7 days a week
Call for hours

Fresh, Whole, Organic Deli:
• Green & Prepared Salad Bar
• Soups, Salads, Hot Buffet
• Wholesome Baked Treats
• Raw Food Dishes

Local Merchants, the heart of our community

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Capitol Switchboard: 202.224.3121; Toll
free: 1.877.762.8762 (SOB-U-SOB).
U.S. Senate, Washington D.C. 20510,
House of Representatives, Washington
D.C. 20515
Senator Ron Wyden
DC: 202.224.5244; Fax: 202.228.2717;
Portland: 503.326.7525; Fax:
503.326.7528; Eugene: 541.431.0229.
Senator Gordon Smith
DC: 202.224.3753; Fax: 202.228.3997;
Portland: 503.326.3386; Fax: 503.326.2900;
Rep. David Wu, 1st District
DC: 202.225.0855; Fax: 202.225.9497;
Portland: 503.326.2901; Fax:
503.326.5066; www/,
click “contact information.”
Rep. Greg Walden, 2nd District
DC: 202.225.6730; Fax: 202.225.5774;
Medford: 541.776.4646; 
gov, click “email”
Rep. Earl Blumenauer, 3rd District
DC: 202.225.4811; Fax: 202.225.8941;
Portland: 503.231.2300; Fax:
503.230.5413; 
Rep. Peter DeFazio, 4th District
DC: 202.225.6416; Fax: 202.225.0032;
Eugene: 541.465.6732; Fax: 541.65.6458; 800.944.9603; 
gov/defazio/, click “email me.”
Rep. Darlene Hooley, 5th District
DC: 202.225.5711; Fax: 202.225.5699;
Salem: 503.588.9100; 888.446.6539; Fax:
503.588.5517; ,
click “contact Darlene.”
Oregon Contacts
Oregon Legislature:
800.332.2313; 503.986.1187; http://www.; State Capitol, Salem, OR
Governor Ted Kulongoski:
503.378.3111; http://www.governor.; State Capitol, Salem, OR

page 38

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december 2007 / january 2008

the peaceworker

Oregon Peace Contacts
Oregon PeaceWorks

104 Commercial St. NE
Salem, OR 97301
Voice: 503.585.2767
Fax: 503.588.0088
Albany Peace Seekers, jmagru2@msn.
Peace House, 541.482.9625, info@, http://www.peacehouse.
North Coast Peace Coalition,
Central Oregon Peace Network
Phil Randall, 541.388.1793, phil@
Human Dignity Coalition, PO Box 6084,
Bend, OR 97708, ;
Cathy Staal, 541.466.5343
Coos Bay
Monica Schreiber, 541.756.2042
Alternatives to War, 541.753.1343,
; 
Citizens for Global Solutions, boboz@
Cottage Grove
Stand for Peace, Scott Burgwin,
541.767.0770, scottburgwin@hotmail.
Gail and Birdy Hoelzle, 541.942.7414;
Women’s Action for New Directions
541.338.8605; 
Eugene PeaceWorks, 541.343.8548,
; www.efn.
Justice Not War Coalition, 541.606.2877;
Taxes for Peace Not War, 541.342.1953;
CALC/Progressive Response,
541.485.1755; ; 

page 39
Neighborhoods for Peace, 541.686.2531
Beyond War/PSR, 541.485.0911; www.; 
Faith in Action, 541.484.6671
Citizen Democracy Watch, Stuart
Henderson, 541.997.3345;
Grants Pass
Steve Furey, 
Hood River
Columbia River Fellowship for Peace
PO Box 33, Hood River, OR 97031;
Wasco County Citizens/Human Dignity
; Trish Leighton,
Klamath Falls
Klamath Basin Peace Forum ; 541.885.1402;
541.882.0297; ;
Yamhill Valley Peacemakers
503.434.1198; ;
Medford Citizens for Peace & Justice
PO Box 8243, Medford, OR 97504; info@; http://www.medfordcpj.
Department of Peace, Claire McGee,
541.265.9647, ,
Pendleton Peace Net, 541.966.4168
Action Speaks/Code Pink, 503.241.3388
American Friends Service Committee
; 503.230.9427
Americans United for Palestinian Human
Rights Contact: Peter Miller PeteskiToo@ 
Citizens for Global Solutions, E. Kennedy,
Friends of Sabeel—North America
503.653.6625; ;
Oregonians for Alternatives to the Death
Penalty, 
Oregon Network for Compassionate
Communication (Statewide) 503.450.9909;
Oregon Peace Institute 503.725.8192;
Peace and Justice Works, 503.236.3065;

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; 
Portland Peace and Justice Center,
971.223.2268; 3758 SE Milwaukie Avenue, Portland, OR 97202; http://www.
Portland Peaceful Response
P.O. Box 5112, 97208-5112, 503.344.5078;
Physicians for Social Responsibility
503.274.2720; 
SOA Watch Oregon
503.285.5165; 
United Nations Association - OR
Elaine Nelson, 4336 NE 40th, Ave.
Portland, OR 97211; 503.591.0160;.; www.una-oregon.
War Resisters League 503.238.0605
Women’s Int’l League/Peace/Freedom
Port Orford
Foncy Prescott, 541.332.1032
Mike Barkuff, 541.672.2398; Gape
Triplett, 
Fellowship of Reconciliation
503.566.7190; 
Salem Resistance Diane Simmons, 503.884.0567 or Betty James,
Anita, 541.747.5886 or Jeannie,
541.747.9045; jeannieechenique@aol.
The Dalles
Wasco County Citizens for Human Dignity; Trish, 541.298.5890; WCCHD@
Tillamook County Citizens for Human
Dignity, Linda Werner, 503.355.8509; P.O.
Box 415, Rockaway Beach OR 97136;
Coastal Progressives Joanne Cvar,
541.563.3615; 541.563.3615; cvar@
White Salmon, WA
Kathy Thomas, 509-493-2071;

december 2007 / january 2008

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