kf7\of+z zLif{s M g]kfnL efiff / Jofs/0fsf] cWoog k"0ff{ª\s M %) kf7\of+z ;+Vof M g]kf=lz= %@^ pQL0ff{ª\s M @) kf7\of+z k|s[lt M ;}4flGts -zf]wkqsf

] j}slNks kf7\of+z_ k| ltxKtf kf73G6L M # tx M Pd=P8= k|ltkf73G6L M %% ld= jif{ M bf];|f] hDdf kf73G6L M &% != kf7of+z kl/ro of] kf7\of+z lzIffzf:q :gftsf]Q/ txdf g]kfnL efiffdf ljlzi6Ls/0f ug{ rfxg] ljBfyL{x¿sf nflu zf]wkqsf] j}slNks kf7\of+zsf ¿kdf tof/ kfl/Psf] xf] . o; kf7\of+zdf g]kfnL efiff / o;sf] ljsf;qmd, g]kfnL efiffsf] jt{dfg l:ylt, g]kfnL j0f{Joj:yfsf] cWoog, g]kfnL zAbsf] ¿kfog / Jo'Tkfbg k|lqmofsf] cWoog, g]kfnL jfSotŒjx¿sf] cWoog tyf jfSosf 36s, sfo{ / k|sf/x¿sf] cWoog u/fpg] nIo /flvPsf] 5 . @= ;fwf/0f p2]Zo o; kf7\of+zsf ;fwf/0f p2]Zox¿ tn pNn]v ul/Psf 5g\ M • g]kfnL efiffsf] ljsf;qmd, o;sf df]8 / ljz]iftfx¿ atfpg ;Sg] Ifdtf clej[l4 ug{], • g]kfnL efiffsf] jt{dfg l:yltsf] ;j{]If0f ug{ ;Sg] ;Lksf] ljsf; ug{], • g]kfnLefiffdf Jofs/0ffTds cWoogsf] k/Dk/f / o;df b]vfk/]sf df]8x¿sf] rrf{ ug{ ;Ifd t'Nofpg], • g]kfnL efiffsf zAbju{sf] klxrfg ug{ / Jo'Tkfbg tyf ¿kfog k|lqmofsf] ;lj:tf/ j0f{g ug{ ;Sg] t'Nofpg], • g]kfnL efiffsf jfSotŒj, jfSosf jfSosf 36s, sfo{ / k|sf/sf] rrf{ ug{ ;Sg] 1fg / ;Lk ljsf; ug{] . #= ljlzi6 p2]Zo tyf kf7\oljifo
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ljlzi6 p2]Zo kf7\oljifo g]kfnL efiffsf] pTklQ / PsfO Ps M g]kfnL efiff / o;sf] ljsf;sf] ¿k/]vf jtfpg, ljsf;qmd -^_ ljleGg sfnv08df ePsf g]kfnL !=! g]kfnL efiffsf] pTklQ / ljsf; efiff / o;sf ljz]iftf 7Dofpg . !=@ ljleGg sfndf g]kfnL efiff / o;sf ljz]iftf !=@=! k|frLg g]kfnL !=@=@ dfWoldssfnLg g]kfnL !=@=# cfw'lgs g]kfnL

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ljlzi6 p2]Zo eflifs e]bsf] kl/ro lbg, eflifsf, ;defiff+z /]vf, eflifs lg/Gt/tf / eflifsf lgdf{0fsf sf/0fx¿sf] kl/ro lbg, g]kfnL efiffsf If]qLo eflifsfx¿sf] klxrfg ug{, g]kfnL efiffsf] ef}uf]lns l:ylt / eflifsf 5'6\ofpg] cfwf/x¿sf ;fy} eflifsf ljefhgdf b]lvPsf dtdtfGt/x¿ s]nfpg, g]kfnL efiffsf k|d'v eflifsfsf ljz]iftf atfpg, g]kfnL efiffdf ;fdflhs e]b / o;sf ljz]iftf 7Dofpg, g]kfnsf] ;fdflhs / ax'eflifs l:yltsf] cfsng ug{, g]kfnL efiffsf] dfgsLs/0fsf lbzfdf …rlGb|sfÚ Jofs/0fsf] of]ubfg lgwf{/0f ug{, ;dsfnLg g]kfnL Jofs/0fsf ljz]iftf cf}+Nofpg .

kf7\oljifo

PsfO b'O{ M jt{dfg l:ylt

g]kfnL efiffsf] -!@_

@=! eflifs e]b @=@ eflifsf / efiff @=@=! ;defiff+z /]vf @=@=@ eflifs lg/Gt/tf @=@=# eflifsf lgdf{0fsf sf/0fx¿ @=# g]kfnL efiffsf If]qLo eflifsf @=#=! g]kfnLsf] ef}uf]lns l:ylt, eflifsf 5'6\ofpg] cfwf/x¿ / eflifsf ljefhgdf dtdtfGt/ @=#=@ g]kfnLsf k|d'v eflifsfsf ljz]iftf @=#=# g]kfnL efiffdf ;fdflhs e]b / o;sf ljz]iftf @=#=$ g]kfnsf] ;fdflhs / ax'eflifs l:ylt @=#=% g]kfnL efiffsf] dfgsLs/0fdf Jofs/0fsf] of]ubfg M • k|f/lDes k|of; • …rlGb|sfÚ uf]/vfefiff Jofs/0f, o;sf] k|efj / k/Dk/f • cfw'lgs Jofs/0f lgdf{0fsf] k[i7e"ld / pQ/jtL{ ljsf; • ;dsfnLg g]kfnL Jofs/0fsf ljz]iftf

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j0f{;DaGwL ;fdfGo kl/ro lbg j0f{lgwf{/0fsf cfwf/x¿ cf} +Nofpg g]kfnLj0f{Joj:yfsf] kl/ro lbg ;+:s[t / g]kfnLj0f{Joj:yfsf] t'ngf ug{ cIf/sf] kl/ro lbO{ g]kfnL cIf/ ;+/rgfsf] j0f{g ug{, k|sfo{k/s cfwf/df g]kfnLefiffsf gfldsju{, lqmofju{ / cJoo ju{sf] lrgf/L lb+b} e]bx¿ ;lxt gfd, ;j{gfd, ljz]if0f, lqmof, lqmofof]uL, gfdof]uL, ;

PsfO tLg M g]kfnL j0f{Joj:yfsf] cWoog -!*_
#=! j0f{kl/ro #=@ j0f{lgwf{/0fsf cfwf/ #=# g]kfnL j0f{Joj:yf #=$ ;+:s[t j0f{dfnf / g]kfnL j0f{Joj:yf #=% g]kfnL cIf/ ;+/rgfsf] l:ylt

PsfO rf/ M g]kfnL zAbsf] ¿kfog / Jo'Tkfbg k|lqmofsf] cWoog -!@_
$=! g]kfnL zAbju{sf] k|sfo{k/s cWoog $=!=! gflds ju{, lqmof ju{, cJoo ju{ / ltgsf e]b
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ljlzi6 p2]Zo kf7\oljifo +of]hs, lgkft, lj:doflbaf]ws $=!=@ gfd, ;j{gfd, ljz]if0f, lqmof, zAbju{sf] j0f{g ug{, lqmofof]uL, gfdof]uL, ;+of]hs, lgkft, ljsf/L / cljsf/L zAbsf cfwf/df g]kfnL zAbx¿sf] ¿kfog k| $=!=# lj:doflbaf]ws / logsf e]bsf lqmofsf] kl/ro lbg, $=@ g]kfnL zAbx¿sf] ¿kfog k| g]kfnL gfd, ;j{gfd, ljz]if0f, lqmofsf] cWoog M ljsf/L / cljsf/L lqmofkbx¿sf] pbfx/0f ;lxt zAb ¿kfjnLsf] jofg ug{, $=@=! gfd, ;j{gfd, ljz]if0f / ;u{, ;df;, låTj / k| lqmofkbx¿sf] ¿kfjnL sL0f{ klqmofsf cfwf/df $=# g]kfnL zAbJo'Tkfbg k|lqmofsf] g]kfnL Jo'Tkfbg k| cWoog lqmofsf] ;f]bfx/0f j0f{g ug{ $=#=! ;u{ k|lqmof, ;df; k|lqmof, g]kfnL zAblgdf{0fdf ;lGw k| låTj k|lqmof lqmofsf] l:ylt :ki6 kfg{ $=#=@ g]kfnL zAblgdf{0fdf ;f]bfx/0f ju{kl/jt{g ckl/jt{s ;lGw / tT;DaGwL l:ylt Jo'Tkfbgsf] kl/ro lbg . $=#=# ju{kl/jt{s / ckl/jt{s Jo'Tkfbg g]kfnL efiffsf] lnË, jrg, k'?if PsfO kfFr M g]kfnL jfSotŒjx¿sf] cfb/;DaGwL ;+ultsf] cWoog -!%_ ;f]bfx/0f kl/ro lbg, %=! ;Ëlt / kbqmd g]kfnLdf kfOg] kbqmd %=!=! lnË, jrg, k'?if, Joj:yfsf] pbfx/0f k|:t't ug{, cfb/;DaGwL ;Ëlt / logsf ljz]iftf g]kfnL lqmofsf sfn, kIf, efj / %=@ g]kfnL lqmofsf sfn, kIf, efj / cs/0f, jfRo, k|]/0ffy{stfsf] cs/0f, jfRo, k|]/0ffy{s pbfx/0f;lxt kl/ro lbg, %=# sf/s / ljelQm g]kfnL Jofs/0fJoj:yfsf] lrgf/L %=#=! ljelQmx¿sf] ljleGg sfo{ lbO{ g]kfnL ljelQmx¿sf] %=#=@ ljelQmx¿df lto{sLs/0fsf] ljljw sfo{sf] ;f]bfx/0f aofg k|j[lQ / o;sf ;Ldf ug{, g]kfnL ljelQmsf ;Gbe{df kfOg] lto{sLs/0fsf] k| j[lQ / ;Ldf lgwf{/0f ug{ . g]kfnL jfSosf 36sx¿sf] PsfO 5 M jfSosf 36s, sfo{ / k|sf/ ;fdfGo kl/ro lbg, -!@_ kbfjnL 36ssf] kl/ro ^=! jfSosf 36sx¿ lbO{ To;sf] ;+/rgf / k| ^=!=! kbfjnLsf] kl/ro sf/x¿ atfpg, ^=!=@ kbfjnLx¿sf ;+/rgf g]kfnL efiffsf jfSosf stf{, ^=!=# kbfjnLx¿sf k|sf/ sd{, k"/s, lqmofkb ^=@ jfSofTds sfo{ /lqmofof]lussf]o l:ylt :ki6 ^=@=! jfSodf stf{ sd{, k"/s,
8

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ljlzi6 p2]Zo kf7\oljifo kfb{} ltgsf] jfSofTds lqmofkb / lqmofof]lussf] l:ylt sfo{ atfpg, ^=# jfSosf k|sf/ ;f]bfx/0f g]kfnL jfSo / pkjfSosf] ^=#=! ;/n, ;+o'Qm / ld> juL{s/0f ug{, jfSox¿ 5'6\ofpg] cfwf/ g]kfnL efiffsf] ;Gbe{df ^=#=@ pkjfSosf k|sf/ / logsf c;dflksf pkjfSosf] cjwf/0ff ljz]iftf k|:t't ub{} ltgsf ljz]iftf ^=#=# c;dflksf pkjfSosf] cjwf/0ff / atfpg, logsf ljz]iftf jrg, lnË, sfn, kIf, efj, jfRo, ^=$ jfSofGt/0f / plQmkl/jt{g w'|jLotf, jfSo;+/rgf / k|]/0ffy{stfsf] cfwf/df g]kfnL jfSosf] jfSofGt/0f ug{, plQmsf] kl/ro lbO{ g]kfnL jfSosf cfwf/df plQm kl/jt{g ug{ .

$= lzIf0f k|ljlw M k|To]s PsfOdf cfjZostfcg';f/ ;fwf/0f / ljlzi6 lzIf0f k|ljlwsf] pkof]u ul/g] 5 . $=! ;fwf/0f lzIf0fk|ljlw M PsfOsf] k|s[ltcg'¿k kf7\ok':ts, ;xfos k':ts, ;Gbe{ k':ts, kf7kq, tflnsf / cf/]vx¿sf] cfwf/df JofVofg, k|Zgf]Q/ 5nkmn tyf k|:t'tLs/0f ljlwsf] pkof]u ul/g] 5 . $=@ ljlzi6 lzIf0f k|ljlw M o; kf7\of+zsf PsfO @, $, %, ^ df kf7\oljifosf] k|s[ltcg';f/ u[xsfo{, ;d"x sfo{, cfjlws sfo{, kl/of]hgf sfo{, uf]i7Lkq tof/ kfg{] tyf ljBfyL{af6 k|:t'tLs/0f ug{] ljlw pkof]u ul/g] 5 . %= d"Nofª\sg k|lqmof M lzIf0f l;sfOsf] cjlwdf kf7\oj:t'sf] k| s[ltcg';f/ lnlvt k/LIff, ;d"xsfo{, df}lvs tyf lnlvt k|:t'ltaf6 d"Nofª\sg ug{ ;lsg]5 . o; k|sf/sf] d"Nofª\sg ljBfyl{x¿nfO{ k[i7kf]if0f lbg dfq k| of]u ul/g] 5 . o; kf7\of+zsf] clGtd d"Nofª\sg lq=lj= jflif{s k/LIff k| 0ffnLcg';f/ lnlvt k/LIffåf/f ul/g]5 . jflif{s k/LIffdf ;f]lwg] k|Zgsf] k|s[lt, k|Zg9fFrf / To;sf] cª\sef/ lgDgfg';f/ x'g]5 – k|Zgsf] k|s[lt hDdf k|Zg pQ/ lbg'kg{] k|Zg k"0 ;ª\Vof ;ª\Vof / x/]s k|Zgsf ff{ª nflu 5'6\ofOPsf] cÍ \s ;d"x …sÚ M * k|Zg * !×* cÍ

9

ax'j}slNks k|Zg ;d"x …vÚ M 5f]6f pt/fTds k| Zg ;d"x …uÚ M nfdf] pt/fTds Kf|Zg

@ ljsNk;lxt % k|Zg ! k|Zg

%×^ cÍ !@×! cÍ

#) !@

^= l;kmfl/; ul/Psf k':ts tyf ;Gbe{;fdu|Lx¿ l;kmfl/; ul/Psf kf7\ok':tsx¿ uf}td, b]jLk|;fb -@)$(_, g]kfnL efiff kl/ro, ;femf k|sfzg -PsfO !,$ / % sf nflu_ . nD;fn, /fdrGb| -@)^@_, g]kfnL efiff / Jofs/0f, sf7df8f}+ M ;gnfO6 k| sfzg -PsfO #–^ sf nflu_ . zdf{, ;'s'd -@)%^_,g]kfnL Jofs/0fsf] P]ltxfl;s ;j{]If0fsf7df8f}+ M jfª\do , k|sfzg -PsfO @ sf nflu_ . ;Gbe{;fdfu|Lx¿ clwsf/L, ;"o{dl0f -@)%^_, g]kfnL efiffsf] Oltxf;, sf7df8f}+ M e'F8L k|sfzg . clwsf/L, x]dfÍ/fh -bf]=;+= @)%%_, ;d;fdlos g]kfnL Jofs/0f, sf7df8f} + M ljBfyL{ k':ts e08f/ . p/, kL= -;g\ !(**_, u|fd/l6lrª PlS6le6L, SoflDa|h M ;Lo"kL . cf]8lng, 6L -;g\ !(($_, k;{k]lS6e\;\ cg k]8fuf]lhs u|fd/, SoflDa|h M ;Lo"kL . yg{a/L, P;= -;g\ !(((_ xfp 6' l6r u|fd/, nG8g M nªDofg . kl08t, x]d/fh -@)%!_, rlGb|sf Jofs/0f, nlntk'/ M ;femf k|sfzg . kf]v/]n, afns[i0f -@)$)_, kRrL; jif{sf eflifs rrf{, sf7df8f}+ M g]=/f=k|=k|= . ____, -@)%)_, kf“r ;o jif{, nlntk'/ M ;femf k|sfzg . ____, -@)%%_, v; hfltsf] Oltxf;, lj/f6gu/ M pbfQ cg';Gwfg, c8\8f . kf]v/]n, dfwjk|;fb -@)%^_, g]kfnL jfSo Jofs/0f, sf7df8f}+ M Pstf a'S; . k|wfg, dL/f -@)%^_, rlGb|sf Jofs/0fsf] efiffj}1flgs cWoog, sf7df8f}+ M x]d/fh k'/:sf/ u'7L .

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lau]6, Pd= / cGo -;g\ !(($_, u|fd/ PG8 Nofª\Uj]hl6r/, Go'of]s{ M k|]lG6; xn . e§/fO{, 8L=kL= -@)^)_, g]kfnL Jofs/0fsf sf]l6x¿, sf7df8f}+ M ljBfyL{ k':ts e08f/ . DofYo'h, kL=Pr= -;g\ !((^_, Uo|fDofl6sn Yof}/L, Og b o'gfO6]8 : 6]6\; k|md An'dlkmN8 6' rD:sL, SoflDa|h M SoflDa|h o'lgel; {6L k|]; . ofbj, of]u]Gb|k|;fb / cGo -@)%*_, efifflj1fg, sf7df8f}+ M Go' xL/f a'S; OG6/k|fOh]h . /]UdL, r"8fdl0f pkfWofo -@)$&_, g]kfnL efiffsf] pTklQ, nlntk'/ M ;femf k|sfzg . zdf{, df]xg/fh -@)%$_, zAb/rgf / j0f{ljGof;, jfSotTj / cleJolQm, sf7df8f}+ M gjLg k|sfzg . xfd{/, h]= -;g\ !(*&_, l6lrª PG8 nlg{ª u|fd/, nG8g M nª\Dofg .

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