Definitions – Vectors Scalar Vector Unit Vectors Notation Just a number, a magnitude Has magnitude and direction ~ ~ ˆ i  ex  u x  Unit

vector along x ~ ~ ˆ j  e  u  Unit vector along y
y y

Vector components Vector Magnitude

~ ~ ˆ k  ez  u z  Unit vector along z ~ ~ ~ ~ A  ex Ax  e y Ay  ez Az
2 2 2 A  Ax  Ay  Az
~ ~ ˆ ea  ua  A A

~ Unit vector along A Vector direction cosines

~ ˆ ea  ua  ~  e cos 
x

~ ~ ~ ~ A  ex Ax  e y Ay  ez Az A A

~ ~ x  e y cos  y  ez cos  z

 Vector of Direction Cosines ~  x = Angle between the vector A and the x axis

 y  ... y  z  ...z
Dot Product Scalar Product Inner Product

˜ ˜ A  B  ABcos   Ax Bx  A yBy  Az Bz  Scalar ˜ ˜  A Component of B along A
˜ ez Az Bz

Cross Product Vector Product Outer Product

˜ ˜  B Component of A along B ˜ ˜ ex ey ˜ ˜ ˜ A  B  ABsin  e RHR  Ax Ay
Bx  vector M agnitude By

˜ ˜  A Component of B perpendicular to A ˜ ˜  B Component of A perpendicular to B ˜ ˜  Area "swept out" by A and B