Using STAAD Pro 2005 Tutorial

(With U.S. Design Codes)

Munir M. Hamad

PUBLICATIONS

SDC

Schroff Development Corporation
www.schroff-europe.com

www.schroff.com

Copyrighted Material Copyrighted Module 3: Material Useful Functions to Complete the
Geometry
This Module contains Translational Repeat Circular Repeat Mirror Rotate Move Insert Node Adding Beams (Connecting & Intersecting) Cut Section Renumber Miscellaneous Functions

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Using STAAD Pro

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cannot alone fulfill the creation of some complex requirements of structural engineer. or Plate before issuing any of the functions to be discussed herein. In this module. When you combine Module 2 & Module 3. which will enable the user to complete any unusual requirements in building up the geometry. Copyrighted Material Copyrighted Material 3-3 . we will discuss essential functions. you will know all the geometry function exists in STAAD Pro. However. User should select Node.Module 3: Useful Functions to Complete the Geometry Introduction Copyrighted Material Copyrighted Material The five methods we discussed in Module 2 are used to create the basic geometry. Beam.

• The Step Spacing may be positive or negative value (that is if the duplication process to take place in the negative side of X. From Generate toolbar. Y. the following dialog box will appear: Copyrighted Material Copyrighted Material • Specify the Global Direction. so user can specify the starting number of Beam numbers STAAD Pro will start with. for each new frame will be added. Accordingly specify if you want to make the Base (the nodes at the bottom) to be linked or unlinked (Open). a new column will be added. Select the desired Nodes. or Z). Specify the Default Step Spacing in the default length unit. Specify if you want to Link Steps or not. Beams. of Steps excluding the geometry you draw. . you have three choices X. select Translational Repeat. Linking Steps is to link the duplicate frames generated by Beams parallel to the direction of copying. or Z. or from menus select Geometry/Translational Repeat. Specify the No. Beams.Using STAAD Pro Translational Repeat Copyrighted Material With this function we can duplicate Nodes. or Plates to be duplicated. or Z. Y. You can change the individual step spacing from the table in the dialog box. Y. Copyrighted Material 3-4 Specify if you want to Renumber Bays. Plates in the direction of X.

4. and specify the input data in a way to produce the structure as shown below (leave the Spacing to be 5m): Copyrighted Material Copyrighted Material 5. 3-5 . and create a new frame 4 meter in X-axis. Save this file under the name Common.std (this file will be used for the other exercises of this module and the other modules). and 3 meter in Y-axis. Don’t save and close. 2. 1.Module 3: Useful Functions to Complete the Geometry Using Translational Repeat Copyrighted Material Exercise 11 Copyrighted Material 3. Select all Beams. Start the Translation Repeat. Start STAAD Pro.

or from menus select Geometry/Circular Repeat. type it in. and specify it on the screen. and to Open Base. select Circular Repeat. or not. which will be one of the three major axes X. and Plates in a semi-circular. type it in. or not. Specify the Total Angle (+ve=CCW) to be covered by the duplicate frames. You don’t know the Node Number but you know its coordinate. Copyrighted Material 3-6 . From Generate toolbar. Beams.Using STAAD Pro Circular Repeat Copyrighted Material With this function. Select the desired Nodes. you have three ways: • Click on the icon. Beams. To specify the point that the Axis of Rotation will go Through. or Z. we can duplicate Nodes. or circular fashion around one of the major axes. or Plates to be duplicated. Specify the Axis of Rotation. the following dialog box will appear: Copyrighted Material Copyrighted Material • • You remember the Node Number. of Steps excluding the geometry you draw. Specify to Link Steps. Y. Then specify the No.

3. Don’t save and close. Start the Circular Repeat.std. Copyrighted Material 3-7 . Copyrighted Material 2.Module 3: Useful Functions to Complete the Geometry Using Circular Repeat Copyrighted Material Exercise 12 1. Select all Beams. and specify the input data in a way to produce the structure below (this is a top view): Copyrighted Material 4. Open Common.

you have three ways: If you don’t know the Node Number but you know it’s X coordinate. or Plates to be duplicated. If you remember the Node Number. or Y-Z. and specify it on the screen. Copyrighted Material • • • Click on the icon. and Plates around any of the three planes. From Generate toolbar. • To specify the Plane Position.Using STAAD Pro Mirror Copyrighted Material With Mirror function. or from menus select Geometry/Mirror. X-Z. we can create a mirror image of the selected Nodes. Beams. type it in. Specify Generate Mode whether: • Copy mode will generate the mirror image and keep the original geometry. the following dialog box will appear: Copyrighted Material Specify the Mirror Plane one of the following X-Y. Select the desired Nodes. select Generate-Mirror. Move mode will generate the mirror image and erase the original geometry. type it in. Beams. Copyrighted Material 3-8 .

Open Common. Don’t save and close. Select all Beams. 3. and specify the input data in a way to produce the structure below. Copyrighted Material 3-9 . Copyrighted Material 4.std. Copyrighted Material 2. Start the Generate-Mirror.Module 3: Useful Functions to Complete the Geometry Using Mirror Copyrighted Material Exercise 13 1.

and Plates around any axis we specify. and Node 2 on the screen. we will be able to rotate Nodes. the following dialog box will appear: Copyrighted Material Specify the rotation Angle in degrees. Beams. type it in. To specify the Axis Passes Through point you have three ways to do that: • Click on the icon. • • If you remember the Node Number. type it in. Specify to Link Bays or not.Using STAAD Pro Rotate Copyrighted Material With Rotate function. or from menus select Geometry/Rotate. Beams. Specify Generate Mode whether: • Copy mode will generate the rotated geometry and keep the original geometry. Copyrighted Material • Note Positive rotation angle will rotate Counter Clock Wise. If you don’t know the two Nodes Number but you know their coordinates. Copyrighted Material 3-10 . From Generate toolbar. select Generate-Rotate. Select the desired Nodes. and specify Node 1. or Plates to be rotated. Move mode will generate the rotated geometry and erase the original geometry.

(Hint: Use Rotate with angle =+40). Copyrighted Material 2. Start the Generate-Rotate. and specify the input data in a way to produce the structure below. Copyrighted Material Copyrighted Material 3-11 4.Module 3: Useful Functions to Complete the Geometry Using Rotate Copyrighted Material Exercise 14 1. Open Common.std. 3. Don’t save and close. . Select all Beams.

Depends on your selection the output will be either moving or stretching. we found that STAAD Pro geometry is the Nodes. or stretching them (stretch here means the two movement. Beams. or Plates. 3-12 Node in STAAD Pro is stiffed joint. the stability of the structure will not be affecetd. or Plates.Using STAAD Pro Move Copyrighted Material • • Right-click and select Move. elongating or shortning) Select the desired Nodes (you can select Beams. You have three ways to access the function: Start the Insert Node function by clicking on the function from the Geometry toolbar Select Geometry/Insert Node. as if you are moving Beams. hence when you move Nodes. From the menus select Geometry/Move. The following dialog box will appear: Copyrighted Material In Module 2. at the middle of a Beam. then one of the options. Select one Beam. and Plates are defined based on the Nodes at their ends or corners. That means. if user inserted a Node. Insert Node Copyrighted Material • Input the movement disctance and which direction. but move will move their Nodes). hence there will be 6 reactions on it. or Geometry/Split Beam! . You have three ways to access the function: • Press F2. Copyrighted Material • • Right-click and select Insert Node.

and click Add New Point. the percentage of the diatnace to the whole length of the Beam. Alternatively. 3-13 . and the Distance will be measured. the following dialog box will appear: Copyrighted Material This dialog box will give you the ability to perform this function on multi-beams in one single command. STAAD Pro will produce in the field of Proportion. then click Add n Points. you can input the Proportion. In the field of n specify the number of Nodes to be added. In the field of Distance specify the location from the start of the Beam. a new Node at the middle of the Beam will be added. If you select more than one Beam and initite the function.Module 3: Useful Functions to Complete the Geometry Copyrighted Material The following dialog box will appear: Add Mid Point Add n Points Copyrighted Material Note Add New Point Copyrighted Material If you click this button.

Add Beam by Perpendicular Intersection Copyrighted Material Copyrighted Material The same as the previous function except this function will link an existing Node in a perpendicular fashion to an existing Beam. A new Beam will be added perpendicular on the selected Beam. From the Geometry toolbar. A new Beam will be added fom the middle of the first Beam to the middle of the seocnd Beam. click the Add Beam between MidPoints. and click anywhere on the Beam. Click the first Beam (click anywhere in the Beam). click the Add Beam by Perpendicular Intersection. Go the second Beam. Click on an existing Node. a new Node at the middle will be added. From the Geometry toolbar. Click on any Beam.Using STAAD Pro Add Beam between Mid-Points Copyrighted Material To add Beams from the middle of one Beam to the middle of another Beam. Copyrighted Material 3-14 . The mouse shape will change to this shape.

std. and Move try to do the geometry below: Copyrighted Material Copyrighted Material 3-15 .Module 3: Useful Functions to Complete the Geometry Using Tools to add Nodes and Beams Copyrighted Material Exercise 15 1. 3. Open Common. Copyrighted Material 2. Select the 4 m Beam. Using Insert Node.

Add Beams b. Add Beam by Perpendicular Intersection 4.Using STAAD Pro Copyrighted Material a. Do the following steps to produce the below geometry from the geometry you just created: Copyrighted Material Copyrighted Material Copyrighted Material 3-16 . Add Beam between Mid-Points c.

it happens that two Beams intersect each other without creating a Node at the interesction point. This will lead STAAD Pro to interpret that there will be no transmitting of the forces between these two Beams. then choose one of the three axes. Select the desired Nodes to be connected along X. Copyrighted Material If such a problem is not present in your geometry. From the menus select Geometry/Intersect Selected Members. therefore we need to make a check for such a case. This may happen specially in DXF files importing. Intersect Selected Members Copyrighted Material • Intersect will solve the problem. • Highlight will only highlight any occurance of such a problem. Specify the tolerance value. A dialog box will appear asking you to specify the tolerance. Y.Module 3: Useful Functions to Complete the Geometry Connect Beams along an Axis Copyrighted Material You can connect Nodes along any of the major axes with Beams. and correct it. or Z. The Nodes will be connected with Beams. or Highlight. From the menus select Geometry/Connect Beams along. Sometimes. STAAD Pro will produce the following message: Copyrighted Material 3-17 . click OK. then you can select Intersect.

then issue the command Intersect. Default Step Spacing is 3m. 3. (Don’t Link Steps). and start Translational Repeat. of Steps is 3. The Global Direction is Z. Select all Beams. The shape should look like the following: If you don’t want to use Highlight function. select the beams you suspect have this problem. Open Common.std. Copyrighted Material 3-18 .Using STAAD Pro Copyrighted Material Note If such a problem is present in your geometry. Exercise 16 Copyrighted Material 2. Click OK. STAAD Pro will create Nodes at intersection as needed. and No. and Creating Intersections Copyrighted Material 1. and produce the following message: Connecting Nodes.

Change to the Node cursor. like the following: Copyrighted Material 5.Module 3: Useful Functions to Complete the Geometry Copyrighted Material 4. The shape should be like the following: Copyrighted Material Copyrighted Material 3-19 . and select the Nodes at the upper-right. From Menus select Geometry/Connect Beams Along/Z Axis.

From Menus select Geometry/Connect Beams Along/Z Axis. 8. on the upper-left side: Copyrighted Material 7. A dialog box will tell you that “2 new Beams Created”. Select the first Node and the last Node. 12. From menus select Geometry/Intersect Selected Members /Intersect. 9. Copyrighted Material 3-20 . A single Beam will be added connecting the first Node and the last Node. Change to the Beam cursor. 10. Copyrighted Material 11.Using STAAD Pro Copyrighted Material 6. Select the whole geometry (Ctrl+A). Don’t save and close. and accept the default tolerance value.

Y-Z. Y-Z. and accordingly will slow the production of geomerty or other functions like inputting crosssections. You have three choices. X-Y. so the slicing will take place at it. 3-21 . X-Y. Cut Section is the suitable function to create a slice of the geometry so user can focus on the job. and X-Z. and the Maximum distance. From Strcuture toolbar. Copyrighted Material Copyrighted Material • • Range By Min/Max Select to View You have three ways to create a slice of your geometry: • Range By Joint Range By Joints Range By Min/Max Copyrighted Material Specify the Plane you want to slice parallel to it. or from menus select Tools/Cut Section.Module 3: Useful Functions to Complete the Geometry Cut Section Copyrighted Material Dealing with 3D View of a geometry with all of the Beams and Plates shown may lead to confusion. Specify the Plane you want to slice parallel to it. Specify the Minimum distance. select Cut Section. You have three choices. and X-Z. Specify a Node number. any geometry parallel to the plane selected and with the range of the distance will be shown.

Whenever you are done working with your desired slice. (Note that the Middle Point of the member is the important part to be included inside the Window. etc. 3-22 . whereis the user to make a window (click left button and hold to make a rectangle) whatever in it will be shown. part of the structure will be shown. you can select more than one choice. Show All Copyrighted Material Click on Select To View. and choose the part of geometry you want to see. and any Node within the Window). If you selected Nodes. then choose View Highlight. Select Nodes. According to your choice. the whole structure will appear again. Nodes only will be shown. or Plates.Using STAAD Pro Copyrighted Material Select to View Copyrighted Material You have three choices in this slicing method: Copyrighted Material • • • Window/Rubber Band. Beams. simply select the function again. and click on Show All button.

as it will remove any undoing from this file. Beams. Select Nodes. or Descending order. nothing will happen. or Plates. then specify the Sort Criteria. a dialog box will appear: Copyrighted Material Copyrighted Material Specify Start numbering from. select Geometry/Renumber. Copyrighted Material Read this message carefully. Beams. hence it may be something you don’t want to do.Module 3: Useful Functions to Complete the Geometry Renumber Copyrighted Material Warning message will appear: Numbering Nodes. If you click Yes. If you click on No. 3-23 . but we can interfere in it and renumber whatever we want. choose suitable option. and whether it will in Ascending order. From menus. and Plates is the mission of STAAD Pro.

Using STAAD Pro Cutting Section & Renumbering Copyrighted Material Exercise 17 1. 3. Select all Beams. Identify one of the Nodes at the top (let it be Node # 2). Start Cut Section. select X-Z. The shape of the Geometry should look something like this: Copyrighted Material Copyrighted Material 3-24 . Link Steps. The Global Direction is Z. at the Range By Joint. and Open Base. And No. Copyrighted Material 2. Default Step Spacing is 3m.std. With Node # 2. Open Common. and then click Node Numbers on. of Steps is 3. Right-click and select Labels. and start Translational Repeat. 4.

7. Specify the Sort Criteria to be Joint No. Select Cut Section again. Copyrighted Material Copyrighted Material 9. Don’t save and close. Select to start numbering from 100. and in an Ascending order. 10. Select Geometry/Renumber/Nodes.Module 3: Useful Functions to Complete the Geometry Copyrighted Material 6. and select all Nodes. and click Show All. 8. Copyrighted Material 3-25 . The geometry should look like the following: 5. Change the cursor to Node cursor.

If you want to delete Nodes. STAAD Pro will give you a warning message: Copyrighted Material • Based on your answer. the operation will be done and the Nodes will be deleted. No. the Nodes at its end will remian intact (except if your geomerty is one Beam). A warning message will appear: You can delete Nodes. Beams ot Plates) will be deleted: • Select Nodes. you can keep the Nodes. . or remove them as well. will stop the operation. Select the desired Beams. Copyrighted Material • Deleting Beams and Plates • If you click Yes. Copyrighted Material 3-26 The same thing applies for Plates. and Plates: • If you select one Beam and press Delete.Using STAAD Pro Delete Deleting Nodes Copyrighted Material • • Press Del Key at the keyboad. any thing attached to them (namely. Members. except deleting a single Plate will lead to the warning message. and Plates. If you select more than one Beam.

Zoom Factor. Copyrighted Material Copyrighted Material You can zoom and Pan using different methods in STAAD Pro. is to draw a window (rectangular shape by specifying two opposite corners) around the desired portion of the geometry to be magnified. from the File toolbar. the following dialog box will appear: 3-27 . you want to undo one or two of them. by clicking the left button of mouse and holding until you specify the other corner of the window. Whatever inside this window will be magnified. After you perform several functions. then double-click or press Enter.Module 3: Useful Functions to Complete the Geometry Undo / Redo Copyrighted Material You have unlimited number of Undos. or select Edit/Undo. or you can press Ctrl+Z. if you clicked on the pop-up list. or press Ctrl+Y. click Redo. you can undo group of actions. You will find all zoom commands and Pan command in View toolbar. Zoom Window. and Redos to perform in one session. click Undo. Copyrighted Material Zooming and Panning Redo is to undo the undone From File toolbar. accordingly STAAD Pro will highlight anything between what we select and the point you are standing on it right now. or from menus select Edit/Redo. and from menus in the View/Zoom or View/Pan. you can click on a certain action. All Undo specifications apply to Redo. Also. is to specify a magnifying factor (greater than 1) or shrinking factor (less than 1).

Copyrighted Material Using IntelliMouse • Zoom Extents (the menu option is All). except Zoom Dynamic will create a window conatining the new view. • If you move the wheel forward you are zooming in. STAAD Pro remembers the last selection you made. It works with Cut Section (discussed earlier) as Show All option. to allow the user to pan the geometry in all of the sides. and you can scroll up and down. you can use it to Zoom In. once you start moving you will magnify other parts of your geometry. Display Whole Structure. Magnifying Glass.Using STAAD Pro Copyrighted Material Zoom In. just like Zoom Window. simply click this button. you will see a bigger picture of the part. Previous Selection. to get you closer to the geometry. and STAAD Pro will select it for you. to get you back to last view. just like Zoom Extents. click and hold. after several zooms in and out. Zoom Dynamic. to view the other parts of the structure. step-by-step. to get you farther from the geometry. Copyrighted Material Pan. to disabe it press Esc. Zoom Previous. or click the icon again. left and right. Copyrighted Material 3-28 . Zoom Out. this options allows you to see the whole geometry filling the screen. If you have IntelliMouse (the mouse with a wheel). a hand will appear. click the left button and drag the geometry in any direction (it is more practical to use Pan with other zooms). step-by-step. and Zoom Out. To re-use the last selection. a glass will appear. If you move the wheel backward you are zooming out.

type in the numbers of Beams that you desire to dimension (leave spaces between Beam numbers). select the Remove mode. select either to: • Dimension to View. click Dimension. to dimension all Beams at the current view. Click the first Node. Copyrighted Material To remove the dimension from the geometry. 3-29 . Keep doing this. There are two ways to put dimension in STAAD Pro: • Using Dimension function Dimension function Copyrighted Material • • Dimesion function will put dimension over Beams only. From Structure toolbar. the mouse shape will change. click the Node to Node Distance.Module 3: Useful Functions to Complete the Geometry Dimensioning Copyrighted Material • Using Node to Node Distance function You can dimenstion your geometry to make it more meaningful for anybody will view your model. or from menus select Tools/Display Node to Node Dimension. or from menus select Tools/Dimension Beams. stating the length of the Beam on the middle of it. and click Remove. dimension will appear on the distance you clicked. This function is manual. you will click on two Nodes and STAAD Pro will put a dimension between these two Nodes. There is no need for a Beam to be between the two Nodes. In both ways. Dimension to Selected Beams. Dimension to List. From the Structure toolbar. until you are done. The following dialog box will appear: Copyrighted Material Node to Node Distance function While Display mode is on. then click the second Node. the selected Beams proir to the initiation of this function will be dimensioned.

Beam. or Plate.Using STAAD Pro Pointing to Nodes. Beams. if you point to Node. click Remove Node to Node Distance. and the Start and End Colors: Copyrighted Material 3-30 . the cusor will provide the Node Number: Pointing to Node Copyrighted Material Pointing to Beam Copyrighted Material Using the Beam cursor. or Plate STAAD Pro will give you the number of the Node. Using the Node cursor. and Plates Copyrighted Material To remove this type of dimension. The dimension will disappear. from Structure toolbar. Without issuing any command. or from menus select Tools/Remove Node Dimension. Beam. the cursor will provide the Beam Number. point to a Beam. point to a Node.

Copyrighted Material To change the colors of the Start and End: • Right-click. there will be two colors labeled Start Color. Go the the Beam table in the Geometry Page Control. we will never know how STAAD Pro wrote the definition of Beam in the input file except using the following: • Opening the input file. By default the green will be the Start. and End Color.Module 3: Useful Functions to Complete the Geometry Copyrighted Material • • Using the color code. Click the desired color icon. click Beam Ends on in the same dialog box. This particularly important when you want to use Loading system. Copyrighted Material To permanently set the color code of the Beams. Since STAAD Pro will number every thing in the geometry. As we mentioned before. each Beam is defined by the two Nodes at its ends. and verify. from Beams. and change the colors. and blue is the End. Copyrighted Material 3-31 . and select Labels.

There is a single Global Coordinate System in STAAD Pro. in the direction of Minor principle axis. in the direction of Major principle axis. Fy (Shear). point to a Plate.Using STAAD Pro Pointing to Plate Copyrighted Material Using the Plate cursor. such as Fx (Axial Load). appear at the lower left corner of the main window. and Z. Y. For each Beam. Z. GY. The Global Coordinate System. Global and Local Coordinate Systems Copyrighted Material • • Y. . and Mz (Bending moment). to differntiate them from the Local Coordinate System X. is always from Start to End along the member. which we defined the Node coordinates using it. Copyrighted Material Copyrighted Material 3-32 Beam results always produced using the Local Coordinate System. as follows: • X. there is a Local Coordinate System. and GZ. the cursor will provide the Plate Number. We use GX.

and select Labels. Copyrighted Material Copyrighted Material 3-33 . • From Beams. and Y.Module 3: Useful Functions to Complete the Geometry Copyrighted Material To view the Local Coordinate System of the Beam • Right-click. and you can determine Z. click Beam Orientation ON Copyrighted Material You will see the X.

is derived from the Right-Hand-Rule (which defines the relationship between the three axes). • From Plates. Copyrighted Material You will see the X. and Z of the Plate: Copyrighted Material Copyrighted Material 3-34 . click Plate Orientation ON. For each Plate there is Local Coordinate System. is from first Node to the second Node. lies in the Plane defined by the third point orthogrphical to X. Y. which will be as follows: • X. and select Labels. Y.Using STAAD Pro Copyrighted Material • • To see the orientation of Plate Local Coordinates: • Right-click. Z.

__________. In the Translational Repeat: Copyrighted Material Copyrighted Material Copyrighted Material Copyrighted Material 3-35 a. I can’t link steps. Use ________________ command to cut a slice of your geometry. c._________ . The distances between steps generated should be the same. the Beams. and Plates attached to them will be intact: b. True 4. d. Some of the Zooms options are __________. I can only Mirror around X-Z Plane. There is only Copy mode in Mirror. If you delete Nodes. I can Mirror around any of the three main Planes. b. In the Mirror function which of the following statements is true: a. False 6. False 5. b. 3. I can repeat parallel to any of the three main axes. d. a. I can define a User-Defined Plane to Mirror around it. There is one method to place dimension on your geometry: a. c. True b.Module 3: Useful Functions to Complete the Geometry Module Review 1. 2.__________. I can’t renumber step Beams.

b 3. 3-36 . In. b Copyrighted Material Copyrighted Material Copyrighted Material Copyrighted Material 6. b 5. c 2. Out. Cut Section 4.Using STAAD Pro Module Review Answers 1. Previous. Window. Dynamic. etc.

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