A Textbook for English Course (Communicative)
CENTRAL BOARD OF SECONDARY EDUCATION
PREET VIHAR, DELHI - 110092
Delhi . Reghar Pura.110092
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All the four language skills have been addressed in a systematic manner. Convener and the Members of the Committee of Courses in English. In the Main Course Book a sixth unit has been added on the theme 'National Integration'. retaining the other five themes from the earlier edition. the exercises and tasks have been so framed as to raise the standard of interaction and literary appreciation. Sadhana Parashar.Communicative Course (then known as English-Course A) was introduced by CBSE at the secondary level in 1993-94. Thanks are also due to the members of the revision team who have put in much effort and time in bringing out these course materials. Mr. Work Book and Literature Reader for class IX were revised on the basis of feedback received from teachers. Head (I&R). Texts have been chosen with a view to appeal to the changing interests of students. The revised Work Book will come into effect from 2012-13. Though the course materials were renewed periodically in 1995. students and ELT professionals. As a follow-up the Main Course Book. P. three new poems and one new play have been included. An effort has been made to provide pieces of high literary merit. Education Officer (H&L) and Ms.2010
The English . three poems and one play have been retained and five new short stories. Integrated grammar practice units have been completely revised keeping the existing examination specifications in mind.
Vineet Joshi (IAS) Chairman CBSE
. Dr. In the Literature Reader for class X one short story. a full-fledged and complete revision was undertaken only in 2009 when the Main Course Book. Literature Reader and Work Book for class X have been revised in 2010 and the revised books will come into effect from the academic session 2011-12. Mani. providing ample scope for lively interaction on contemporary issues. Grammar units have been revisited in the Work Book and some new tasks have been included to extend the scope for interaction. Comments for the improvement of the materials are always welcome. 1997 and 2003. Kapil Kapoor. at the same time catering to the varied literary tastes and interests of students.Foreword . Menaxi Jain former AEO also deserve appreciation for their contribution to this revision project. While the overall approach and design has remained unchanged. The Board would like to acknowledge with thanks the guidance provided by Prof.
J. Lawrence P. 1 Two Gentlemen of Verona by A. ISBN-10: 0385408366. ISBN-13: 978. 5 Snake by D. 3 The Letter by Dhumketu F. Wikipedia-Free encyclopaedia Masai Tribe-www. 2001) ISBN-10:0143028057 F. 3. 6.uk Zlata's Diary-Zlata Fillipovic-ISBN: 9780140374636 Publisher: Puffin Character actor.org/lion. Copyright permission for use of this material has been applied for. Flim Star by Satyajit Rai-Best of Satyajit Ray Publisher: Penguin Books (January 5.
F. information on copyright permission for some of the material could not be found. 2 Mrs Packletide's Tiger by Saki F. 5.ca@oup.Acknowledgements
We express our gratitude to the writers and publishers whose contributions have been included in this book. 4 A Shady Plot by Elsie Brown-Humorous Ghost Stories (Free e-Books) public domain F.service.maasai-association. 4 Ozymandias by Percey Bysshe Shelley P. Snake Trying WWE Ross-The New Oxford Book of Canadian Verse in English.co. 6 The Rime of the Ancient Mariner by Samuel Taylor Coleridge
D.com Snake-Keith Bosley-www.0385408363
P. Publisher: Doubleday. We would be grateful for information for the same.foxnews. 2.mcgraw-hill. However.html Tour of Body-Alex Crees-www. 1 The Frog and the Nightingale by Vikram Seth P. 2 Mirror by Sylvia Plath P.com
. customer. Cronin F. 5 Patol Babu.2 Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare
1.1 The Dear Departed by Staley Houghton D. 3 Not Marble nor the Gilded Monuments (Sonnet 55) by William Shakespeare P. Appropriate acknowledgement will be made at the first opportunity. 4.H. 6 Virtully True by Paul Stewart-Sensational Cyber Stories Edited by Tony Bradman.
Former Asst. Kavita Rakhra
KV. P. Chennai
Mrs. Sec. P. K. Vimmy Singh
KVS. Mary's School. Sudha Ravi
ELT Consultant. Bhandup. New Delhi
Vineet Joshi IAS
Education Officer (H&L)
Ms. First Grade College for Women. Lakshmi Srinivasan
Principal. Delhi Public School. NCERT
Dr. Committee of Courses English. Chennai
Mrs. Sandhya Awasthi
Vice Principal. ELT Consultant. Sadiq Nagar. Chennai
Ms. P. Ghaziabad
Ms. Vasundhara. Sadhana Parashar
Head Innovation & Research
Mr.V. CBSE Ms. CBSE
Ms. School. Education Officer.8. Anudita Bhatia
Sardar Patel Vidyalaya. Ms. Sec . Vijay Lakshmi Raman
Padma Seshadri Bala Bhawan. Surinder Tripathi. Puram. Sr. Rajeshwary
MES Sr. Renu Anand. Syriac Mary
Illustration : Ms. ELT Consultant.S. Chennai
Ms. Neerada Suresh Principal. Kapil Kapoor Prof. Freelance Artist
. R. School. Prof. New Delhi
Ms. Mridula Aggarwal
Springdales Public School. Qatar
Mrs. Amber Banerjee
Principal. Director & Principal. Neelima Sharma
Former Education Officer. Sarita Manuja. Doha. Amity International School.
Ms. Deepti S. CBSE
Material Production Group-2010
Ms. Mumbai Department of Languages. Delhi
Ryat Bahar Group of Schools. New Delhi
Ms. Sec. Directorate of Education. Gayatri Khanna.K. Rajni Sharma
Delhi Public School. New Delhi. Meeta Tripathi. Chennai
Mrs. Masjid Moth. CRPF. Govt.
Asstt. Neena Kaul
St. Ms. New Delhi
Ms. Nirmala Jairaj
ELT Consultant. Manvinder Kaur
Delhi Public School. Ramanagaram-571511
Dr. Usha Dutta
Convenor. Pusa Road. Avadi. Freelance Artist Mr.
Ms. James A. Katara. Ms. Doholiya. Chetna Bhatt. Ms.K.R. 3. R. Nomita Wilson. G. Kumar. Khandelwal.Silva Jennifer. 3. Vijaya Lakshimi Raman.. 2. 4. CBSE
Material Production Group Amber Banerjee. Ms. R. Rajni Badlani. Sarita Manuja. 2. M. Ms. Franklin. Sheila Subramanian. Ms. Neelam Nalini Kataria. 5. Agnihotri. B. Parvathi Krishnan. H. Gangal.. Neelam N.K. New Delhi CBSE Advisors : Mr.S. Seshubabu. H. Kapil Kapoor. T. English Studies Offerer. Mani. D. Chairman Mr. Balasubramanian. U. Shashi Kochar. Manobi Bose Tagore. Dixit. Sharma. Preet Kanwal. G. Meenu Bajaj.U. Assistant Education Officer. S. Under the guidance of Prof.R.K. Veena Bhasin. P. Vimmy Singh. R. Mridula Manchanda. Kangmani Jayraj. Delhi Univ. 6. Derriford Road. B. Neelima Sharma. Chairman Mr. R. P. 7. Coordinator Sarah North (Late) Stuart Mathews Richard Walker Sandy Urquhart Kalty Smith Mike Scholey
1. Kusum Sharma. NCERT Dr. JNU. Convenor Prof. Urmila Guliani Inservice Teacher Training Group Amber Banerjee. Dixit.R. Louisa Devadas. Reinu Nagarkar. Neena Kaul. Kiran Bhatt. Anuradha Kalia. Nirmala Jairaj. Education Officer (Humanities & Languages)
. Kiran Kahsyap. Neelam N. Kanwal Mrs. Mr. 5. Vijaya Subramanian Revision Team Ms.. Nalini Ravindran.First Edition . Indramohini. Meera Balachandran. P. Chackkapan. Rajeshwari.P. Mani. Nalini K. Susmita Pani. Indira Srinivasan . Renu Anand. Director (Acad. Neelima Sharma. Prof. Ms.Madhav Rao. Plymouth. Katara
The college of St. P. P. B. Prof. Annie Koshi. Pushpa Chawla. Anuradha Kalia.O. John Foundation. Director Ray Williams. Mark and St. Vasudev.S. Mani. 4. Urmila Guliani. Education Officer. Rajni Badlani. M. Ms. Wilma B. Ms. Prof. Patricia N. CBSE Dr. Sadhana Parashar. Beena Gokhale. BCD
Mr. BCD Ms. Director (Academic).K. Veena Bhasin. Emu Foning. Testing and Evaluation Group Annie Koshi. Bright. Anjali Dere. Agnihotri.R. Sharma..Dashora. Laxmi Srinivasan. Director (Acad. Neelima Sharma Mrs. G. Indu Chopra. Rod Bolitho. Dy.P. NCERT Dr. E. S. P.) Dr.Kantha. Emu Foning.1994
1. Lalitha C. Khandelwal.K. Gangal. Ponmudi V.) Dr.
e. (b) to cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom.f. (h) to develop the scientific temper. linguistic and regional or sectional diversities. (i) (j) to safeguard public property and to abjure violence. 2. having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens: JUSTICE.It shall be the duty of every citizen of India(a) to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions. for "unity of the Nation (w. the National Flag and the National Anthem. lakes. sec. 1976. sec. unity and integrity of India. 2. Subs. do HEREBY ADOPT. 1976. ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION. (d) to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so. rivers. (c) to uphold and protect the sovereignty. faith and worship. and to promote among them all FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the [unity and integrity of the Nation].THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA
PREAMBLE WE. to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement.
THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA
Chapter IV A Fundamental Duties ARTICLE 51A Fundamental Duties . 1949. (g) to protect and improve the natural environment including forests.e. (f) to value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture. by the Constitution (Forty-Second Amendment) Act. expression. EQUALITY of status and of opportunity. by the Constitution (Forty-Second Amendment) Act. economic and political.1977) Subs. (e) To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious. IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November. to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women. belief.1.f. social. 3. 3. humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform. LIBERTY of thought. for "Sovereign Democratic Republic (w. wild life and to have compassion for living creatures. THE PEOPLE OF INDIA.1.
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J.2 F.H. 2 The Dear Departed by Stanley Houghton Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare
133-186 135 157
Texts for Listening Tasks
F. 2 P.5 F. 6 The Frog and the Nithtingale by Vikram Seth Mirror by Sylvia Plath
83-132 85 97 102 106 111 122
Not Marble. Film Star by Satyajit Ray Virtually True by Paul Stewart
1-82 3 12 22 33 55 71
P.3 F. 3 P. nor the Gilded Monuments (Sonnet 55) by William Shakespeare Ozymandias by Percy Bysshe Shelley
The Rime of the Ancient Mariner by Samuel Taylor Coleridge Snake by D. Cronin Mrs. 5 P. 1 D. Packletide's Tiger by Saki The Letter by Dhumaketu A Shady Plot by Elsie Brown Patol Babu. Lawrence
D.6 Two Gentlemen Of Verona by A. 1 P.1 F. 4 P.
Like the Main Coursebook. What does this Literature Reader contain? * * * poetry .emotions.five short stories drama . and will develop your skills in reading and appreciating poetry. and the role of law and order. Through this Reader. moving experiences. good health. or to laugh. or simply to enjoy.relating its substance to our own personal experience. are on a variety of themes and in a variety of literary styles. As we read. the selections of poetry. how a plot develops. great issues etc. but that you will be stimulated to read poetry. fiction and drama outside the classroom. fiction and drama in this Literature Reader by a variety of authors writing in English. at times your teacher may ask you to read some of the longer pieces for home work. creative use of language. it will take about 25% of your English classes and related homework. we make a personal response to the piece of Literature concerned . this Literature Reader also carries pieces which have been identified and selected with a bearing on social issues and universal values. the literary pieces remind us all of the importance of values such as telling the truth. we hope that you will develop your interest in such pieces. It is our hope that your reading of Literature will not be restricted to the Literature Reader alone. you will learn the essential features of these different types of Literature .seven poems fiction . respect for older people. a day or so before they are introduced in class. With this in mind. In other words. In particular. and also later in adult life.for example.Dear Students
Why do you think we read Literature? Have you ever wondered why we read Literature? We do so in order to understand. fiction and drama. the basic purpose of the Reader is to facilitate young readers to develop a love for reading and literature which is sustained for life long learning. suspense. How much time should be spent on this Literature Reader? Since Literature forms 25% of the Class IX assessment. you will learn to study character. appreciate and enjoy what immensely talented men and women over the centuries have put in writing for our benefit . to cry.two plays
These are merely a sample. In particular. What types of questions and activities are there in the Literature Reader and in the examination? The question-types and activities for each piece in the Literature Reader are largely
. and "what makes poetry poetry".
activities that lead you to infer. appreciation and enjoyment will not grow if your teacher simply explains to you everything about the literary piece concerned.
In fact. these are the types of questions and activities you will meet in the examination. You must personally explore and interpret the piece. This is particularly true of poetry. appreciate and enjoy: you have to develop these skills yourself. and will manage class activities to assist in every way possible. monitor them and hold a class review. stimulate and support you. But your teacher alone cannot make you understand. 2. by the way you approach the pieces selected. where the poet's choice of language and treatment of theme can give rise to a variety of shades of interpretation -depending on who we are.particularly features such as rhythm. appreciate and enjoy" Literature. It is therefore hoped that the effect will be more striking and longer-lasting. What is the teacher's role? We have said earlier that this Reader is to help you "to understand. Remember that it is your personal response to the poem. interpret and react to something in a piece of Literature. what we feel about the subject-matter etc. to activate and develop your understanding. rhyme and mood. and look at Question 16 in the Literature Section of the two sample papers. 3. If you turn to your workbook. As you listen you will gain a greater understanding and appreciation of a poem . you will understand more clearly what is meant by "personal response". With this in mind. as individuals. This will be more effective and more enjoyable for you! What do we mean by "personal response"? Personal response means how we.
. do not look for a fixed "right or wrong" response to certain questions and activities. activities that ask you to make a personal and/or a creative response to what you have just been reading. short story or play that makes reading Literature so enjoyable. This does not mean that he or she will never give explanations: they will be given whenever there is a need to do so. analyse and evaluate what you are reading.
fairly simple comprehension questions and other activities. The CD All the poems have been recorded. Your teacher will frequently set up activities. our previous experiences. But your understanding.1. But you should be prepared to take as much personal responsibility as you can for your own learning. express a point of view. and justify it. Your teacher will certainly encourage. The Literature Reader thus helps to develop your enjoyment and appreciation of Literature in English.
involving physical movement. To use your voice appropriately. so much the better. Even simple clothes and props can make a significant contribution in making the play “come alive" for the audience. Stage directions will give you appropriate advice. you will need to "know" your character thoroughly. * Costumes. For example.
. If you can memorise your lines. of course. Props. The Importance of Dramatising the Plays Plays. through careful study of the character's line and study of stage directions. are intended to be dramatised. We very much hope that you enjoy this Literature Reader. voice is very important. the final activity for each is a dramatisation. emotions are expressed by raising or lowering the voice. if not. then a dramatised reading will do. Lights and Music These are also important features of a dramatisation. All these should be done in as natural a manner as possible. Therefore. by speaking with more force or less force. not simply read. There are three principal features in drama * How you speak your part In drama. etc. * How you move Drama is mobile .The Fiction Pieces The five short stories are by Indian and non-Indian writers and have been chosen for their interest-level and for the values and social issues that they portray. by varying the pace at which you speak. gestures. Often the audience will be the rest of the class. facial expressions.