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Published by Manoj Kumar C

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Published by: Manoj Kumar C on Apr 19, 2011
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Grade system was introduced by UGC in the year 1970.
Reasons for introducing grading system:

• Uniform means of evaluation among different universities.

• To have a greater comparability among discipline and also within the



• To remove hurdles in the free mobility of students.
The marking of alphabets or adjectives such as v.good, poor, v.poor.
The human error of evaluation is ± 10.
This system reduces comparison of marks.
One of the major features of the new system is that not every paper is treated
equal. While designing syllabus, courses can have weightages defined. These

weightages are called credits.
A paper/course which has 4 contact hours per week per semester is taken s a
full paper/course and is considered as having a weightage of 4, or as a 4 credit

A paper with 2-credits is like a half paper.
An example is a seminar, dissertation projects typically carry higher credits,
this is indirectly equivalent to giving more marks for more important papers or

for activities such as dissertation projects.
In the new system, instead of specifying number of paper/courses, only the
total credits to be earned is specified.
If a 6-semester UG program specifies credit requirement as 120.
Credits it means that an average 20 credits need to be earned each semester,
which can be earned in different ways such as

• Five-4-credit courses.

• Four-4-credit courses and two 2-credit courses.

• Five 3-credit courses and one 2-credit course.


100-90 0

90-80 A

80-70 B

70-60 C

60-50 D


Avoids or less comparison.
Qualitative way of communicating results
Students are motivated towards learning.
Groupism is encouraged.


Less understanding by the parents.

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