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Process of Educational Planning in Pakistan by Dr M H Shah AIOU Islamabad

Process of Educational Planning in Pakistan by Dr M H Shah AIOU Islamabad

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PROCESS OF EDUCATIONAL PLANNING IN PAKISTAN
PROCESS OF EDUCATIONAL PLANNING IN PAKISTAN

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Dr Syed Manzoor H Shah on Apr 20, 2011
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03/17/2014

Pre-planning stage  Creation of suitable organization Structural reorganization of administrative machinery to participate in planning Esttb: of planning procedure

Creation of information Defining objectives at various levels``
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Creation of suitable organization Structural reorganization of administrative Machinery to participate in planning Esttb: of planning procedure Creation of information Defining objectives at various levels

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Diagnostics Criteria Identification of weaknesses Existing problems Future needs Previous performance Research evidence In Asia diagnosis is done as following: Relevance Effectiveness Efficiency

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Formulation of Policy
Quantification Operational and performance oriented statements Consideration of resources Spin off benefits


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Assessment of future needs
Goods Services Incentives


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Costing future needs
Calculations Using best available data Costing is based on long range trends Inflation


Establishing priorities and target setting
Resources Needs Feasibility testing
Analysis of targets Targets are modified Targets are adjusted
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TYPES OF PLANNING
• • • • •

Macro planning Micro planning Perspective planning (7-15) Medium term planning ( 3-7) Short term planning (1-3)

Plan formulation

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Set of proposals for decision of authorities To provide a blue print for action of various authorities Certain skills are required for the


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Purpose
Plan elaboration Plan expansion This involves two stages

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Programming Dividing the plan into broad areas Each action/area is called programme Projectisation aims sub objectives/targets Project formulation Details of activities Cost and time Schedule

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Execution of the project Management process Annual budget Annual plan Personnel training Incentives Accountability

Plan Implementation

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Systematic feedback Readjustment Revision Target resetting Change in strategies Formative evaluation Process evaluation Summative evaluation Quantitative evaluation Qualitative evaluation Evaluation of the evaluation

Monitoring/Evaluation

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Policy formulation Policy general frame work contained detailed decisions instruments of reforms/changes a political task Policy formulation Educational planner role

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Planning stage
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Diagnostics Criteria Identification of weaknesses Existing problems Future needs Previous performance Research evidence In Asia diagnosis is done as following: Relevance Effectiveness Efficiency
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Situation is diagnosed Future needs are assessed Goods & services Procedure for F/N Calculation of beneficiaries Estimation Personal requirements Material need Physical facilities Estimation of incentives Ancillary services
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calculations (past trends and current costs) what to be costed (goods and services) Main factor in costing in inflation trend Useful tool for planning (Unit cost) Establishing priorities Mental intensive activity grading of the claims for allocations Mathematical techniques are applied Cost benefit analysis

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Grading is done of the following three categories Future development of a system Competitors of resources Consideration of the resources Grading is done on the following justification Dispensable Wants Musts (salaries/operational expend)

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Target setting predetermined quality or level are revised upward or downward according to resources final stage for execution of activity Global targets (No. of persons to be served in edu system) Detailed targets

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