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C4ISRArchFrameZackmanEA

C4ISRArchFrameZackmanEA

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Published by Ayman Nassar
Various frameworks exist for enterprises and systems. In some situations the need arises to map artifacts and models from one framework to another. This short paper illustrates the mapping of C4I to Zackman
Various frameworks exist for enterprises and systems. In some situations the need arises to map artifacts and models from one framework to another. This short paper illustrates the mapping of C4I to Zackman

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Published by: Ayman Nassar on Apr 20, 2011
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Intercontinental Networks, LLC

“Linking Technology, Business and Intellect”

C4ISR Architecture Framework Mapping to the Zackman Enterprise Architecture

Ayman Nassar President & Principal Consultant

December 2005

Intercontinental Networks, LLC 6020 Countless Stars Run Clarksville, MD 21029 USA Tel: 443.538.4121 info@intercontinentalnetworks.com www.intercontinentalnetworks.com
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Intercontinental Networks, LLC

“Linking Technology, Business and Intellect”

Application of the C4ISR CAF - Zachman Framework Mapping to a Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Defense (BRND) System for Contamination Monitoring
Tabular Graphic Exhibit
In this paper we create a tabular graphic exhibit using a reduced Zackman Framework (www.zifa.com) and apply it to the case of a BRND system. There is no one-to-one mapping between the C4ISR Architecture Framework (CAF) products and the Zachman elements. However by understanding the constraints and rules of the Zachman model we can come up with approximate mappings. The reduced Zachman framework presented in Table 1 has 9 cells (these cells are identified by a grid naming convention for brevity purposes) - A1 through C3 – as illustrated in Table 1. A brief overview of each of the cells in the reduced framework matrix is provided, it is then followed by an illustration of the possible CAF products mapping to each of the 9 cells, and finally the most appropriate CAF product along with a brief rationale for the CAF product selected. Cell A1 models the usability constraints of the functional arguments of the BRND system, such as the ability to bill the user per unit of usage. This translates to the business activities and operational capabilities and limitations of the BRND, which from an enterprise perspective will include workflow or process flow diagrams, activities and the functions of these activities including input and output to these activities. Given the assumption of the problem where the service is a commercial, the output will be from the perspective of the end user which could be a municipal authority or city government. Cell B1 models the business interfaces and communications between the activities and functions modeled in cell A1. It also models the operations information exchange between the various functional components modeled in A1. Cell C1 models the human interface and the roles of the various human resources involved in the operation and usage of the BRND system, such as the detection team and the staff at the fusion center. Cell A2 models the design constraints for realizing the BRND functions from the designer’s perspective, which includes translating operational and business needs to system functions and logical representations. Cell B2 models the communications between the various system components and the logical interface representations, including information exchanged, attributes of the information and source and destination information. Cell C2 models the human interface and the various human resources from the designer’s point of view which translates into activity modeling and activity dependency on human responses or interaction, as well as relationships among various human resources involved in the BRND system usage. Examples would include the modeling of the communication modes, system level communication requirements, logical representations of information transmitted between the detection team and the fusion center staff and the human-machine interface to receive and send these logical representations. Cell A3 models the implementation constraints to realize the functions offered by the BRND system from the builder’s perspective. Examples would be hardware and software limitations of the various system interfaces in the BRND system, or processing limitations at the fusion center or other detailed technological constraints. Cell B3 models the details of the communications between the various components and the logical communication interface representations. Examples are the details of the interfaces handling the exchange of information defined by the designer in cell B2. 2/11

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Cell C3 models the human interface and the various human resources from the builder’s point of view which translates into modeling of human interface specifics. Examples are the details of the fusion center geo-situational display, or the detection team geo-situational awareness display used in the field, which could have different capabilities and hence human interfaces.
Table 1 Possible CAF products mapped to the reduced Zachman Framework

1

Enterprise Model (Owner view) System Model (Designer view) Technology Model (Builder View)

A Function Operational Grpah Concept (OV-1) Activity Model (OV-5) System Functionality Description (SV-4) Operational Activity to System Function Traceability Matrix (SV-5)

B Network Operational Node Connectivity Description (OV-2) Systems Communications Description (SV-2) System Information Exchange Matrix (SV-6)

C People Command Relationships Chart (OV-4) Activity Model (OV-5) Activity Model (OV-5) or (OV-6c) or detailed (SV-1)

2 3

Table 2 summarizes some of the possible CAF views than could be mapped to the various cells of our reduced Zachman matrix. In this table I illustrate why I chose the particular CAF view presented in Table 1. The priority column shows the relative appropriateness of the CAF view to be mapped to the cell in Table 1 where 1 is most appropriate and 3 least appropriate.
Table 2 Rationale for selecting the CAF views in each of the 9 cells of Table 1.

Table 1 Cell A1

CAF Product mapped to Cell in Table 1 Activity Model (OV-5)

Rationale Provides information on the activities and their relationships, I/O, constraints and mechanisms to perform the business or user tasks. This can be a good view of the end user’s view of the activities that should occur to implement the needed capabilities and functions. Contains information regarding responses and behavior/functionality of the BRND to certain events occurring during the usage of the BRND system. Contains information about operational nodes, high level functionality, information flow, configuration, connectivity and missions – in our commercial case - this could be high level description of modes of usage, scope of usage, service packages and features of each service package. This is an excellent representation from the end user’s perspective of the functional aspects and needs of the BRND system since it does not have too much detail about the activities to be performed such as OV-5 which makes it more suitable from a user’s/owner’s perspective. OV-2 is more suitable to represent the communication capabilities between the various nodes from a user’s perspective. It is more highlevel that OV-3 and it focuses on identifying the operational nodes that

Priority 2

Operational Rules Model (OV-6a) Operational State Transition Model (OV6b) Operational Graph Concept (OV-1)

3

1

B1

Operational Node Connectivity Description (OV-2)

3

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Intercontinental Networks, LLC Table 1 Cell

“Linking Technology, Business and Intellect”
CAF Product mapped to Cell in Table 1 Operational Activity to System Function Traceability Matrix (SV-5) Operational Information Exchange Matrix (OV-3) Rationale have connectivity needs, the activities at these nodes, connectivity modes and information flow between the nodes. SV-5 provides a good understanding of the technology model used as it traces the activities of the system to functions providing an appropriate architectural view of the system OV-3 is more detailed than an OV-2 and could be more suited also for a designer’s view although more detail will be of interest to a designer. OV3 focuses on details of the media, quality, quantity of the information exchange and other details from an operational perspective. In my opinion both OV-2 and OV-3 are good representations for this cell, as the end user can have the opportunity to give operational needs such as the frequency of sending information, size of files, response times, etc.. Since the problem calls for only 1 CAF view per cell, OV-2 is chosen. AV-1 contains high level information about the BRND system; it would typically be a more appropriate representation of the planner’s view of the system. However it does contain summary information about people relations so it could be a potential view to use OV-4 is the best CAF view to be mapped to cell C1. It provides an overview of all the various entities in the BRND system and the control, command and reporting channels. In many cases the user will be defining these reporting channels so it serves a good view from the user’s perspective. It will have more information that AV-1 and could still represent the user’s view. OV-4 focuses on the command, control and coordination relationships among organizations. In our case the detection team and the fusion center staff. SV-4 best describes the functions performed by the various systems in the BRND solution as well as the information flow among BRND functions. SV-5 allows traceability between the system functions and the operational capabilities or activities and vice versa; while useful it can not be used alone to represent BRND functionality from a designer’s perspective. SV-2 provides description of the various nodes and their related communication laydowns. This can offer a reasonable model for the designer’s view of the network. SV-6 contains more detailed information than SV-2. This is due to the fact that it contains SV-2 information and details about information exchange among the various system elements, applications and hardware. We will map SV-6 to the builder’s perspective. SV-1 links together the operational and systems architecture views by identifying the interfaces to the nodes and the needlines. It is not detailed enough from a designer’s view as it doesn’t have enough design constraint information as SV-2 Although SV-1 focuses on the interfaces between the identified systems, it can contain useful information or can be realized in a representation that also shows the various groups involved, but the main focus is interfacing between the system components. Priority

1

2

C1

Overview & Summary Information (AV-1) Command Relationships Chart (OV-4)

2

1

A2

System Functionality Description (SV-4) Operational Activity to System Function Traceability Matrix (SV-5)

1 2

B2

System Communications Description (SV-2) System Information Exchange Matrix (SV6) System Interface Description (SV-1)

1

2

3

C2

System Interface Description (SV-1)

3

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Intercontinental Networks, LLC Table 1 Cell

“Linking Technology, Business and Intellect”
CAF Product mapped to Cell in Table 1 Activity Model (OV-5) Rationale OV-5 can be mapped since it contains information about activities and entities responsible for these activities among the other details about activities and can illustrate the various activities each group is responsible for. It provides an overview of all the various entities in the BRND system and the control, command and reporting channels, might not be detailed enough from the designer’s perspective The builder’s perspective contains information about implementation constraints and the state of the art in methods and views in the physical view of the end product. TV-1 governs BRND implementation as well as operation. It is probably best suited from a functionality stand point as well as the builder’s view as a CAF product to be used. SV-1 also contains details about the implementation but at a high level and not to a level of detail as TV-1 which will contain references to protocols and industry standards used which is of more interest to a builder. SV-6 allows for both inter and intra-nodal details which will be of much more interest from the builder’s perspective than an OV-2. OV-5 is the most appropriate CAF view which contains information to be used by the builder to decide the detailed roles of the detection team and the fusion center staff during the operation and the specific actions they will be performing, such as pressing certain buttons, or completing certain forms. In cell C2 the designer might only specify that the user fill a form, however the builder will define the form in more detail and will define how the user fill it out and which tools and resources are used to fill it out. Priority 1

A3

Command Relationships Chart (OV-4) Technical Architecture Profile (TV-1)

2 1

System Interface Description (SV-1) B3 System Information Exchange Matrix (SV6) Activity Model (OV-5)

2

1

C3

1

CAF Views for the selected CAF products representing the 9 cells in the reduced Zachman Framework
This section illustrates various graphical representations for some of the above CAF views.

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“Linking Technology, Business and Intellect”

Owner Perspective with Respect to Function (OV-1)
Although problem set 5.2 does not illustrate a fixed telecommunication network, in reality it is a major component of the system just as the high-speed wireless mobile network

Satellite

Unmanned Airborne Platform

Area of Interest

Earth Station

Fixed Telecom Network

Fusion Center

Wireless Mobile Network

Detection Team

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Owner Perspective with Respect to Network (OV-2)

Detects & Measures Biological & Radiological agents Detects & Measures X-rays & Gamma-rays Transmits 1 data message/min Unmanned Airborne Platform (UAP)

Info Exchange – IE01 UAP Control info & commands

Activities Receives data from UAP Sends data to earth station Sends atmosphere images to ground station Info Exchange – IE02 Bio., Radiologic., X & Gamma levels & measurement values Weather data (humidity, temp, wind, pressure, etc..) Location information Measurement times information

GPS

Satellite

Info Exchange – IE02 Bio., Radiologic., X & Gamma levels & measurement values Weather data (humidity, temp, wind, pressure, etc..) IE01: Location information IE06: UAP Control info & Measurement times information Field Information Activities: commands Receives sensor data from UAP Status reports Receives weather data from UAP & Satellite Combines sensor and weather data Detection Synthesizes information Team Displays results on a map Provides spatial resolution Sends geo-situational info to detection team Activities: Controls UAP (location, configuration, maint..) Data analysis Data analysis Reporting Fixed Wireless Assist the population Fusion Telecom Telecom Center Network Network

Earth Station Activities: Signal Reception Signal Processing Control & Manage Satellite

Activities: Data transmission Data security Mobility IE05: Processed data Geo-situational awareness data

Activities: Data transmission Data security IE02: Bio., Radiologic., X & Gamma levels & measurement values Weather data (humidity, temp, wind, pressure, etc..) UAP Location information Measurement times information

Owner Perspective with Respect to People (OV-4)
Since we are assuming a commercial offering. We assume that both the fusion center and detection teams report to a higher authority, such as upper management. Upper management is responsible for the sales, marketing and business development negotiations. Upper management also works with the client management which could be a city mayor, DOD component or local police to coordinate the detection and recovery process. The client management can assist with road closures, security and other logistical needs, and also provide guidance (from policy perspective) on how to proceed with the tasks.

7/11

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“Linking Technology, Business and Intellect”

Upper Management

Client Management

Fusion Center Team

Detection Team

Coordination Reporting Reporting & Control

Designer Perspective with Respect to Function (SV-4)
The main functions represented in this cell are the following, Control (Fusion center, earth station) - not explicitly mentioned in the problem set, but understood from cell A1. Measure (UAP) Collect Data (UAP) Transmit Data (Fixed telecom network, wireless network, satellite and earth station) Process Data (Fusion center

Control

Mgmt & control data

Mgmt & control data Real-time processed data (geo-situational) data Process Data

Measure

Collect Data

Consolidated Measurements Measurements

Transmit Data

Measurements Consolidated Measurements Reports Status Information Reports Status Information

Real-time processed data (geo-situational) data

Response

8/11

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“Linking Technology, Business and Intellect”

Designer Perspective with Respect to Network (SV-2)

GPS

Unmanned Airborne Platform (UAP)

Internodal Perspective Satellite Earth Station

Detection Team

Switching Elements, Routers, communication links

Fusion Center

Fusion Center

Processor Server

Storage Server

Intranodal Perspective for the Fusion Center

LAN

Graphical Terminals

Designer Perspective with Respect to People (OV-5)
I only showed a partial OV-5 for the whole BRND system which highlights the people activities. In cell C2 we have not interest in other activities performed by non-people resources. In this view we did not show the input from the upper management to the fusion center team as it will probably be related to items not directly affecting the BRND system’s mission such as budgetary approvals for purchasing items or staffing personnel, not related to the data processing activity.

9/11

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Situation guidance from detection team

Process Data

Types and duration of Biological & Radiological, X –rays and Gamma-rays contamination, Weather charts and simulation for precipitation, wind, humidity, temp, pressure, Physical landmarks and street addresses Weather bulletins Data Analysis Geo-situational awareness data Guidance & Directions from Higher Authorities Reporting Assist the population

Fusion Center Team

Response

Detection Team

Builder Perspective with Respect to Function (TV-1)
I have made some assumptions that might not be explicitly outlined in problem set 5.2, for example I assumed that data transmission over the fixed and wireless networks has to be encrypted and authenticated using IPSec, and other assumptions are made for the 5 BRND system functions Function Control Measure Transmit Data Process Data Response Standard (Examples / Assumptions) IETF RFC Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) NOAA Standard for Air Sampling (Lagrangian sampling scheme) IETF RFC 3884, Use of IPSec Transport Mode for Dynamic Routing ASCII, American Standard Code for Information Interchange FIPS Pub 151-1 (POSIX.1) Intel compatible Processor 32-bit PCI bus Infection Control Procedure and Practice, First Aid Council of New Jersey Oxygen Equipment Usage and Storage Standard, American First Aid US Army Decontamination Standards DOE Decontamination Standard for Chemical Agents

10/11

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Builder Perspective with Respect to Network (SV-6)
System or System Element Fusion Center UAP. Inputs Source System Earth Station Site of Interest Content Measure ments Samples Media Text Analog Forma t ASCII -----Security Encrypte d ------Freq . 60 secs Real time 60 sec System Function s Process Data Measure Destination Detectio n Team Fusion Center Fusion Center Content Geosituation al data Location and measure ment Geosituation al data Outputs Medi a Text Text Forma t ASCII ASCII Security Encrypt ed Encrypt ed Encrypt ed Freq 60 sec 60 sec 60 sec

Detectio n Team

Geosituation al data

Text

ASCII

Encrypte d

Reportin g/ Recover

Text

ASCII

Builder Perspective with Respect to People (OV-5)
I have made several assumptions to illustrate the usage of a partial OV-5 for the representation of cell A3. These assumptions are: (a) the presence of certain modules in the (b) fusion application which process data received by the UAP and the detection team, and that the application of communication is (c) email.

Process Data (Fusion Center Team)

A1

Response (Detection Team)

A2

Load situational guidance sent by detection team into fusion application A1.1 Load raw data collected from UAP into threat analysis module A1.2 Load weather charts into weather module processor A1.3 Load physical coordinates data into location identification module A1.4

Press receive message button to accept email from fusion center team A2.1

Read email and follow instructions A2.2

Compile report and send situational guidance to fusion center team A2.3

Execute fusion application processing function A1.5 Save processing job output to server, email to detection team A1.6

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