Export Of Grapes From India To UK

1. CONCEPTUAL FRAMWORK 1.1 INTRO DUCTION
Today India is the second largest producer of the fruits (45.5 Million tons) and Vegetables (90.8 Million tons ) in the world ,contributing 10.23%and 14.45%of the total world production of fruits and vegetables respectively .India has made a fairly good progress on horticulture Map of world with total annual production of The horticulture crops touching over 149 million tons India has been bestowed with wide range of climate and physio-geographical conditions and as such is most suitable for growing various kinds of horticultural crops such as fruits, vegetables, flowers , nuts , spices and plantation crops. With the focused attention given to horticulture, there has been spectacular change in terms of adoption of new technologies, production and availability of horticulture products. Fruits and vegetables constitute around 10 per cent of the total agriculture production of the country. This sector offers enormous potential for export. According to FAO, the export of fruits from India in 2003-04 US $166 million and that of vegetables US $ 205 million .India’s export of fruits and vegetables is more concentrated towards Asian region. Asian region accounted for 75% of total fruits and vegetable export 2003-04.The export to European and American market is very less due to imposition of stringent quality measures. But in the last 3-4 year the export of fruits and vegetable Europe has been increasing with the adoption of Good Agriculture practices (GAP) by Indian farmer. Also the APEADA is taking active role in establishing many quality testing laboratories and adequate documentation protocol across the country to boost the export of perishables. Maharashtra is the one of the largest state in the production of fruits and vegetable contributing nineteen percent of the total fruit production in the country. The state produces around nine million tones of fruits having productivity of 16 MT per hectare of, which is fairly good when compared to country’s average Of 12 MT. it grows commodities like grapes, pomegranate, mango, sapota , oranges, lime, strawberry, jackfruits etc in large quantity .The state holds prestigious position in vegetable production contributing 5% of the production and stands 7 in the country. Total production of vegetables in Maharashtra is approximately 5 million tones. Because of close proximity to Mumbai port and metropolitan market .the state enjoys the comparative advantage in export as well as long distance

INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.B. ROAD,PIGDAMBER,NEAR RAU,DISTRICT –INDORE,(M.P.) Tel- 0731- 4072636, Fax -0731- 4064557

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Export Of Grapes From India To UK In certain commodities the state has occupied unique and prestigious position , e.g. mango ,pomegranate, grapes , onion. Highly perishable nature of his fruits and vegetable make their marketing system more costly and complex. Timely and procurement of fruits and vegetable in bulk is of immense importance for exporters. Transportation plays an important role in fruits and vegetable marketing. The exporter has to meet the specific qualitative and quantitative requirements of the importer. The packaging, residue testing, documentation and phyto sanitary certification has to be met in order To export. So establishing an efficient backward linkage is must for exporting fruits and vegetables. 1.1.1 PROPOSED PLAN FOR MAHARASHTRA • • During very first season (2008-09) 350 Containers of Grapes were to European Nations from Nashik District alone. .Other exports from Nashik District are Pomegranate, Onion, and Banana etc.

1.1.2 History The domestication of purple grapes originated in what is now southern Turkey. Yeast, one of the earliest domesticated microorganisms, occurs naturally on the skins of grapes, leading to the innovation of alcoholic drinks such as wine. Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics record the cultivation of purple grapes, and history attests to the ancient Greeks, Phoenicians and Romans growing purple grapes for both eating and wine production. Later, the growing of grapes spread to Europe, North Africa, and eventually North America. Native purple grapes belonging to the Vitis genus proliferated in the wild across North America, and were a part of the diet of many North American Native Americans, but were considered by European colonists to be unsuitable for wine. The first Old World Vitis vinifera purple grapes were cultivated in California where Spain had established a series of monasteries along the coasts to supply their navies with oranges to prevent scurvy and convert natives. Grapes have always had a part in history. There are old greek troughs and coffins in the Getty Villa, and they show cherubs in tubs of grapes, making wine.

INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.B. ROAD,PIGDAMBER,NEAR RAU,DISTRICT –INDORE,(M.P.) Tel- 0731- 4072636, Fax -0731- 4064557

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Export Of Grapes From India To UK 1.1.2.1 Description Grapes grow in clusters of 6 to 300, and can be crimson, black, dark blue, yellow, green and pink. "White" grapes are actually green in color, and are evolutionarily derived from the purple grape. Mutations in two regulatory genes of white grapes turn off production of anthocyanins which are responsible for the color of purple grapes.Anthocyanins and other pigment chemicals of the larger family of polyphenols in purple grapes are responsible for the varying shades of purple in red wines. 1.1.2.2 Market Scenario Nasik district is the largest producer and export of Grapes in Maharashtra. The main growing are Dindori , Nasik ,Niphad, Pimpalgaon –Basvant and Chandwad. Export of grapes from nasik stands at 7613.63 MT during 2003-04. Usually very little quantity of export quality grapes comes to APMCs. Export grapes are usually Procured at the fare gate. Traders and exports go directly to farms 20-25 days before harvest and they fix a procurement price based on the grade. 1.1.2.3 Period of price fluctuation: Generally the price of grape depends on the production, harvesting period and demands in market of other part of India. Low price: Nov to Dec with the average price around Rs.7 to 9/kg Peak price: April-May with average price around Rs.12 to 15/kg In this market some variety always fetch good price. A general price for varieties can be given below: 1.1.2.3.1 Sangli: It is second largest grapes growing and exporting district in Maharastra. Export quality grapes won’t come to here. So exporters and traders go directly to farmer’s orchard. The important growing regions are Malegaon, Miraj, Nimni, Savlaj and Tasgaon. Nearly 250-300 containers of grapes will be exported this year from Sangli district alone. During last year (200809) the farm gate procurement price of export quality grapes fluctuated with the time like this. February end’s 35-40 /kg March15-30: Rs 50 / kg March 30 onwards Rs 60-65/kg

INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.B. ROAD,PIGDAMBER,NEAR RAU,DISTRICT –INDORE,(M.P.) Tel- 0731- 4072636, Fax -0731- 4064557

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respectively. mentioned the medicinal properties of grapes. Distribution is mainly to Bihar. Grape was also introduced in the south into Salem and Madurai districts of Tamil Nadu by the Christian missionaries around 1832 AD. From Delhi. resembling Vitis lanata and Vitis palmata grow wild in the northwestern Himalayan foothills. jelly.3 Grape A grape is the non-climacteric fruit.DISTRICT –INDORE.4072636. Native spp. botanically a true berry. Madurai.B. ‘Shonltu White’ and ‘Shonltu Red’ are grown in Himachal Pradesh even today.1. and Baramati and from regions of Kolhapur surrounding Sangli. Salem and Hyderabad. grape cultivation spread to different parts of the country. Kautilya in his ‘Arthashastra’ written in the fourth century BC mentioned the type of land suitable for grape cultivation. and Southern Indian states. and grape seed oil. Grapes can be eaten raw or used for making jam. Daulatabad. raisins.Export Of Grapes From India To UK 1.) Tel. 1.4064557 -4- . Rest is from other varieties.(M.2 Solapur Market: Solapur is also very big market for grapes . Fax -0731. Bengal. grape seed extracts. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. Indigenous varieties known as ‘Rangspay’. reported to have seen flourishing vineyards in south India. Famous Indian medicine scholars. Grapes are also used in some kinds of confectionery. Sangli. written during 1356-1220 BC.NEAR RAU. from where they were introduced into the south (Daulatabad in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra) during the historic event of changing the capital from Delhi to Daulatabad by King Mohammed-bin-Tughlak. Sasruta and Charaka in their medical treatises entitled ‘Sasruta Samhita’ and ‘Charaka Samhita’. Grape cultivation is one of the most remunerative farming enterprises in India.2. The prices of some important varieties are given below. wine. ROAD. In this market grape price depends on variety of grape. Cultivated grapes are believed to have been introduced into the north of India by the Persian invaders in 1300 AD. Nearly 80% of the production is Thompson seedless and 10-15% is Sharad and flame seedless.Grapes arrival is from Solapur. Orisa.PIGDAMBER. that grows on the perennial and deciduous woody vines of the genus Vitis. juice. a Moorish traveller who visited Daulatabad in 1430 AD.0731. the Nizam of Hyderabad in the early part of the 20th century. and into Hyderabad province by HEH. Ibn Batuta.3. vinegar. There are many Bihar and Bengal traders operating in this market.P.1.

the North American table and grape juice grapevines (including the concord cultivar).Traceability system is maintained for the product tracking. used for jams and wine. Native to the Southeastern United States from Delaware to the Gulf of Mexico. Native to the entire Eastern U. a wild vine of North America. the muscadines. Fax -0731. Modern packhouse facility with automatic forced air system for precooling is available in all the commercial production areas.) Tel.1. seeded. Indian grapes come in varied characteristics namely coloured.DISTRICT –INDORE.(M. sometimes used for winemaking and for jam.S. white.Export Of Grapes From India To UK Grape (Vitis vinifera) is grown from temperate to warm regions.P.NEAR RAU. Indian grapes are successfully grown at and above 250 mean sea level.4072636. sometimes used for wine.0731.B. Vitis rotundifolia. the European grapevine native to the Mediterranean and Central Asia.1 Grapevines Most grapes come from cultivars of Vitis vinifera.PIGDAMBER. 1. and north to Quebec. the most important Asian species.4064557 -5- .Extensive Residue Monitoring plan for monitoring the pesticide residues in grapes is implemented for consumer safety. however. • • • INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. large and small berries. Vitis riparia. unseeded. Vitis amurensis. hot and dry climate is ideal. Native to the Eastern United States and Canada.3. Minor amounts of fruit and wine come from American and Asian species such as: • Vitis labrusca. ROAD.

DISTRICT –INDORE.3. ROAD. 75. The following table of top wine-producers shows the corresponding areas dedicated to grapes for wine making: INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. The area dedicated to vineyards is increasing by about 2% per year.866 square kilometres of the world are dedicated to grapes.2 Distribution and production Fig 1.PIGDAMBER.(M. and 2% as dried fruit.Export Of Grapes From India To UK 1.org/wiki/Grape According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).B.4072636.P.4064557 -6- .) Tel. Fax -0731. 27% as fresh fruit. A portion of grape production goes to producing grape juice to be reconstituted for fruits canned "with no added sugar" and "100% natural".1. Approximately 71% of world grape production is used for wine.1 Source: http://en.wikipedia.0731.NEAR RAU.

Export Of Grapes From India To UK

Table 1.1 Country Spain France Italy Turkey United States Iran Romania Portugal Argentina Australia Lebanon Area dedicated 11,750 km2 8,640 km2 8,270 km2 8,120 km2 4,150 km2 2,860 km2 2,480 km2 2,160 km2 2,080 km2 1,642 km2 1,122 km2

Top Ten Grapes Producers – 8 October 2009 Country Italy People's Republic of China United States France Spain Table:1.2 Turkey Iran Argentina Chile India World Production (Tonnes) 8,519,418 6,787,081 6,384,090 6,044,900 5,995,300 3,612,781 3,000,000 2,900,000 2,350,000 1,667,700 67,221,000 Footnote F F F F F F F F F F A

No symbol = official figure, P = official figure, F = FAOSTAT 2007, * = Unofficial/Semiofficial/mirror data, C = Calculated figure A = Aggregate (may include official, semi-official or estimates);
INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.B. ROAD,PIGDAMBER,NEAR RAU,DISTRICT –INDORE,(M.P.) Tel- 0731- 4072636, Fax -0731- 4064557

- Source: Food And Agricultural Organization7of United Nations: Economic And Social Department: The Statistical Division

Export Of Grapes From India To UK Source:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grape There's no reliable statistics that breaks down grape production by variety. It is, however, believed that the most widely planted variety is Sultana, also known as Thompson Seedless, with at least 3,600 sq.km. (880,000 acres) dedicated to it. The second most common variety is Airén. Other popular varieties include Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Grenache, Tempranillo, and Chardonnay. 1.1.3.3 Table and wine grapes Commercially cultivated grapes can usually be classified as either table or wine grapes, based on their intended method of consumption: eaten raw (table grapes) or used to make wine (wine grapes). While almost all of them belong to the same species, Vitis vinifera, table and wine grapes have significant differences, brought about through selective breeding. Table grape cultivars tend to have large, seedless fruit (see below) with relatively thin skin. Wine grapes are smaller, usually seeded, and have relatively thick skins (a desirable characteristic in winemaking, since much of the aroma in wine comes from the skin). Wine grapes also tend to be very sweet: they are harvested at the time when their juice is approximately 24% sugar by weight. By comparison, commercially produced "100% grape juice", made from table grapes, is usually around 15% sugar by weight. 1.1.3.4 Seedless grapes Seedlessness is a highly desirable subjective quality in table grape selection, and seedless cultivars now make up the overwhelming majority of table grape plantings. Because grapevines are vegetatively propagated by cuttings, the lack of seeds does not present a problem for reproduction. It is, however, an issue for breeders, who must either use a seeded variety as the female parent or rescue embryos early in development using tissue culture techniques. There are several sources of the seedlessness trait, and essentially all commercial cultivators get it from one of three sources: Thompson Seedless, Russian Seedless, and Black Monukka, all being cultivars of Vitis vinifera. There are currently more than a dozen varieties of seedless grapes. Several, such as Einset Seedless, Reliance and Venus, have been specifically cultivated for hardiness and quality in the relatively cold climates of north-eastern United States and southern Ontario.

INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.B. ROAD,PIGDAMBER,NEAR RAU,DISTRICT –INDORE,(M.P.) Tel- 0731- 4072636, Fax -0731- 4064557

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Export Of Grapes From India To UK An offset to the improved eating quality of seedlessness is the loss of potential health benefits provided by the enriched phytochemical content of grape seeds (see Health claims, below). 1.1.3.5 Raisins, currants and sultanas In most of Europe, dried grapes are referred to as "raisins" or the local equivalent. In the UK, three different varieties are recognized, forcing the EU to use the term "Dried vine fruit" in official documents. A raisin is any dried grape. While raisin is a French loanword, the word in French refers to the fresh fruit; grappe (from which the English grape is derived) refers to the bunch (as in une grappe de raisins). A currant is a dried Zante Black Corinth grape, the name being a corruption of the French raisin de Corinthe (Corinth grape). Currant has also come to refer to the blackcurrant and redcurrant, two berries unrelated to grapes. A sultana was originally a raisin made from a specific type of grape of Turkish origin, but the word is now applied to raisins made from common grapes and chemically treated to resemble the traditional sultana. 1.1.4 PRESENT STATUS OF GRAPE CULTIVATION IN THE COUNTRY Grape is grown under a variety of soil and climatic conditions in three distinct agro-climatic zones, namely, sub-tropical, hot tropical and mild tropical climatic regions in India. 1.1.4.1 Sub-tropical Region: This region covers the northwestern plains corresponding to 28° and 32° N latitude including Delhi; Meerut district of Uttar Pradesh; Hissar and Jind districts of Haryana; and Bhatinda, Ferozpur, Gurdaspur and Ludhiana districts of Punjab. Vines undergo dormancy and bud break starts in the first week of March while the rains arrive in the first week of June, and therefore, only 90-95 days are available from the initiation of growth to harvest. Consequently, ‘Perlette’ is the only early ripening variety grown in this region. Rain damage is a

INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.B. ROAD,PIGDAMBER,NEAR RAU,DISTRICT –INDORE,(M.P.) Tel- 0731- 4072636, Fax -0731- 4064557

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and Bijapur.4.0731. Solapur. Sharad Seedless and Flame Seedless are the varieties grown in this region. Satara. This is the major viticulture region accounting for 70 percent of the area under grapes in the country. Gulberga districts of northern Karnataka lying between 15° and 20° N latitude. Maximum temperatures in a year seldom exceed 36°C. Anab-e-Shahi. Belgaum. Fax -0731. ROAD.4. Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh and Coimbatore.1.2 Hot Tropical Region: This region covers Nashik.4064557 . Except for Thompson Seedless. Single pruning and a single harvest is the accepted practice here.3 Mild Tropical Region: An area covered by 10° and 15° N latitude including Bangalore and Kolar districts of Karnataka.P. 1. Ranga Reddy. Gulabi (Syn. and Bhokri. Bagalkot. Anantapur and Medak districts of Andhra Pradesh. Thompson Seedless and its clones (Tas-A-Ganesh. Vines do not undergo dormancy and double pruning and a single harvest is the general practice in this region. Thompson Seedless is grown only with limited success. Hyderabad. Sonaka). Sangli.Export Of Grapes From India To UK problem with Thompson Seedless in this region.) Tel. Mahbubnagar. Maximum and minimum temperature is 42°C and 8°C. Area and production of different varieties of grapes in India is as follows: INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. and Madurai and Theni districts of Tamil Nadu fall in this region. two crops are harvested in a year. 1.PIGDAMBER. Berry growth is impaired and in certain locations pink blush sometimes develops on green berries due to temperatures that drop to a low of 8°C. The major problems in this region are soil and water salinity and drought. Latur and Osmanabad districts of Maharashtra. Muscat Hamburg). Isabella). Pune. Vinifera varieties susceptible to mildew suffer losses due to unprecedented rains during flowering and fruit set in both hot and mild tropical regions.10 - . while the minimum is about 12°C.4072636. Principal varieties are Bangalore Blue (Syn.1.DISTRICT –INDORE.(M. respectively.B. Anab-e-Shahi.NEAR RAU.

is consumed fresh.(M.000 tonnes of Bangalore Blue.000 tonnes of Bangalore Blue are crushed to make juice.000 30.000 34.1. seedless) Sharad Seedless . Muscat Hamburg (purple. seeded) Bhokri (white. Fax -0731.000 22. Isabella (black.000 Production (t) 135. seeded) Bangalore Blue Syn.000 4. namely.000 1. Pinot Noir and Uni Blanc are crushed to process into wine. seedless) Total Source:http://www. the ‘Dogridge’ rootstock is being employed to combat soil and water salinity problems. seedless) Gulabi Syn.000 20.4064557 .PIGDAMBER. Cabernet Sauvignon.500 500 500 1.000 550.000 15.000 180.fao. Sonaka and Manik Chaman are dried for raisins.11 - . seeded) Perlette (white.htm Area (ha) 3.000 tonnes of Thompson Seedless and its mutants. Tas-A-Ganesh. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.org/docrep/003/x6897e/x6897e06.P.500 1. About 120.NEAR RAU. Chenin Blanc. Some 20.4072636.Export Of Grapes From India To UK Table 1. ROAD. rootstocks are not employed.0731.000. Due to the non-prevalence of Phylloxera or nematodes.000 1.) Tel. 1. Merlot. seedless) Thomson Seedless and its mutants (white.3 Variety Anab-e-Shahi (white.000 10.A mutant of Kishmish Chorni (black. and 10. seeded) Flame Seedless (red.000 60.5 PRODUCTION OF PLANTING MATERIAL Vines are raised on their own roots in India. irrespective of the variety. Chardonnay.DISTRICT –INDORE.000 Approximately 85 percent of the total production.B. but in recent years.

The desired scion variety is then grafted/budded on the rootstocks in the field by wedge grafting/chip budding. up to a height of 45 cm after 15 days exposure to sun.1 Land Preparation and Vine Establishment The land is tilled and laid into plots of 120 m x 180 m separated by 3 m wide roads. 75 cm depth and 118 m length in a north-south direction with a gap of 3 m between trenches are opened with heavy machinery.5. Usually. Well matured canes obtained in September/October are selected.1. 1. The remaining gap is filled with a mixture of soil.5.(M. 50 kg of cattle INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.) Tel. Fax -0731.Export Of Grapes From India To UK 1. It is also a practice to plant the cuttings in situ when three to four cuttings prepared and treated as above are planted at each spot in the main field.3. 1.NEAR RAU.1 Multiplication on Own Roots Grapes are multiplied exclusively by the rooting of hardwood cuttings.12 - .0731.000 ppm strong IBA solution for five minutes before planting. single superphosphate.PIGDAMBER.5. while June-July is the suitable time for chip budding.1.4064557 .B. cattle manure.DISTRICT –INDORE.2 Raising on Rootstocks Hardwood cuttings of the ‘Dogridge’ rootstock are subjected to rooting. Cuttings of 4 nodes each with a thickness of 8 to 10 mm are made from the selected canes.1. Wedge grafting is more common and the best time for the operation is September-October. Trenches of 75 cm width. sulphate of potash and micro-nutrients. Land within a plot is levelled perfectly to have a gradient of less than 1 percent in any direction to ensure uniform discharge of water through the emitters of drip irrigation systems. The fresh cuttings are soaked in running water for 24 hours to leach out the water-soluble rooting inhibitors. No Government agency is involved in the multiplication and supply of rooted cuttings. preferably in polybags of 15 x 25 cm. Growers themselves obtain the hardwood cuttings from elite vineyards and raise their own nurseries.1. Rooted cuttings of this rootstock are planted in the main field during February-March. They are closed with topsoil.1 percent is a practice to safeguard the cuttings against termite damage.P.3 Establishment Of Vineyards 1. Soil drenching with chlorophyriphos 0. ROAD. The basal parts of cuttings are then dipped in a 2.5.4072636.

3 Spacing Spacing generally varies with the varieties and soil fertility. 1. Fax -0731. this system is not popular. In very hot and dry places. sunburn of the berries and of the arms are experienced in summer.4064557 .4 CARE AND MANAGEMENT OF VINEYARDS 1. bower was a very popular system of training in the past.1.0731. 0. 1.DISTRICT –INDORE.5.PIGDAMBER.Export Of Grapes From India To UK manure. Yields in this system are less than the bower.) Tel. For vigorous varieties it is 6 m x 3 m or 4 m x 3 m and 3 m x 3 m or 3 m x 2 m for less vigorous varieties.5. the trellis looks like a telephone pole and wires and hence the name. Bower System: Owing to the high productive potential.1.4. Telephone System: T-trellis is used in this system of training.5. This system is followed for moderately vigorous varieties like Thompson Seedless and other seedless cultivars in about 25-30 percent of the vineyard area in Maharashtra.5 kg of sulphate of potash and 50 g each of ZnSO 4 and FeSO4 are added to the soil for every running meter length of the trench.4072636.1. With three top wires and ‘T’ shaped supports.2 Planting Season The best season for planting the rooted cuttings of cultivated varieties in the main field is September-October whereas for rootstocks it is February-March.5. 1.5 kg of superphosphate. It is highly suited for vigorous varieties like Anab-e-Shahi.(M. but the most popular are Bower.3.P. Telephone and Flat Roof Gable systems.13 - .1 Training of Vines Many training systems are in vogue in India.1.B. But in varieties like Thompson Seedless and Tas-A-Ganesh where vine vigour and excessive foliage density affects the productivity adversely. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.3. ROAD. 2. Bangalore Blue and Gulabi.NEAR RAU.

0731.5. Half of the canes are pruned to renewal spurs and the rest to fruiting canes (3-4 nodes for Perlette).DISTRICT –INDORE. The bunches are protected from direct sunlight and well exposed to sprays of pesticides.NEAR RAU. 1.Export Of Grapes From India To UK Flat Roof Gable System: Combining the advantage of bower and the extended Y systems and eliminating their disadvantages. ROAD.) Tel. As a result. In hot tropical regions. This system is particularly followed for vigorous vines (vines grafted on rootstocks). 60 percent is given as inorganic INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.1.4064557 . The clusters hang within the reach of the worker of an average height.PIGDAMBER.4072636. In the mild tropical region. vines are pruned twice and the crop is harvested twice. Owing to these advantages.4. vines are pruned only once in December and the crop is harvested once. In the sub-tropical region. In varieties like Gulabi and Bangalore Blue. 1. five crops are harvested every two years. an inter-connected Y trellis forming a flat roof gable is being adopted. pruning is done at any time of the year.1.14 - .3 Application of Manure and Fertilizers As vineyard soils are either sandy loams or heavy clays. A standard dose of 500:500:1000 kg of N. There is no scope to prune earlier than October and later than November due to unfavourable weather conditions. which are fairly resistant to rain damage and in which fruit bud differentiation is not impaired by cloudy weather and rains. while 660:880:660 kg are applied for heavy clay soils.5. vines are pruned twice but only one crop is harvested.(M.P. All canes in a vine are pruned back to single node spurs in March-May to develop canes and the canes are forward pruned in October-November for fruiting. Fax -0731.2 Pruning of Vines Three distinct pruning practices are in vogue in relation to cropping in the three grape growing regions of the country. the usage of organic manure has assumed high importance in India.4. The number of nodes retained on a cane varies with the variety and cane thickness. While 40 percent of the annual dose is given through organic sources. The annual dose is fixed based on the petiole analysis carried out at 45 days after spur pruning. this system is gaining popularity among the growers in Maharashtra. P2O5 and K2O per hectare is followed in light sandy soils.B. Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.

quinolphos at 0.1.125 percent.05 percent or malathion at 0. Thrips: Thrips attack the ovaries of flowers and newly set berries and suck sap from them. 1. weeds are manually hoed and removed.05 percent are sprayed from the fourth day until the emergence of leaves.5.1 percent or phosalone at 0.5 Supplementary Irrigation Since grapes are grown in areas where the evapotranspiration exceeds the precipitation.6 Pests and their Management The important pests of grapes in India are.1. while the rest is irrigated by drip systems.05 percent.4. thrips.Export Of Grapes From India To UK fertilizer. Damaged buds fail to sprout.4. dichlorvas at 0. Sometimes the post-emergent weedicides.05 percent.DISTRICT –INDORE.5 kg/ha is sprayed in fully grown vineyards. ROAD. Calcium ammonium nitrate is usually not used. Water requirement is calculated based on the pan evaporation using 0.8 as the crop factor.(M. Water is applied at different rates at different stages of vine growth and berry development.15 percent.5.4.P. Fax -0731.) Tel.15 - . INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. Thrips are effectively controlled by spraying phosphamidon at 0. Scab formation on the berry surface is also due to thrip damage to the ovaries/young berries. Such berries are not suitable for marketing.0 kg/ha or paraquat at about 7.PIGDAMBER. Within the rows. 40 percent of N. Prophylactic sprays of insecticides against thrips are given once in five days from the initiation of bloom to berry set.4064557 .B.1.5. irrigation is essential. Recently application of soluble fertilizers through drip irrigation is picking up. phosalone at 0.4072636. Less than 10 percent of the vineyard areas are surface irrigated. 50 percent of P2O5 and 33 percent 1. mealy bugs and leaf hoppers.05 percent. flea beetles. The affected berries develop a corky layer and become brown on maturity. particularly in heavy clay soils.4 Weeding Weeds between the rows of vines are removed mechanically by tractor drawn implements. 1.0731. mainly glyphosate at about 2.NEAR RAU. Sulphate of potash is the only source of potash used in place of muriate. Insecticides like carbaryl at 0. carbaryl at 0. Flea beetles: The adult beetles scrape the sprouting buds and eat them up completely after each pruning.

Fax -0731.05 percent are sprayed to control this pest.0731. Bordeaux mixture at 0. 1. The disease is characterized by small light brown or greyish black lesions on tender shoots. Mealy bug infected bunches are unfit for marketing.05 percent and phosalone at 0. copper oxychloride at 0.25 percent or carbendazim at 0.1 percent are used to control this disease.4.NEAR RAU.Export Of Grapes From India To UK Mealy Bugs: Mealy bugs are the most serious and problematic pests of grapes in India.4072636. Nymphs and adults suck sap from the tender shoots resulting in crinkling and stunting of the new shoots. Anthracnose is prevalent in all grape growing regions of the country.16 - . Leaf hoppers: This pest has assumed serious proportions in all grape growing regions of India in recent years. ii) Spray only dichlorvas at 0. Yield losses can be up to 50 percent due to mealy bug damage. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.PIGDAMBER. young leaves.2 percent or tridemorph at 0.DISTRICT –INDORE.1 percent only is effective on the adults. It is better to release a mixed population of grubs and adults rather than only adults.8 percent. iii) Release cryptolaemus montrozieri beetles at 8.05 percent is more effective on the nymphs while tridemorph at 0.1 percent.(M. The adults and young nymphs of hoppers suck sap exclusively from the lower side of the leaves. Alternaria is also becoming a serious pathogen. Mealy bugs are hard-to-kill insects and the package of practices for their control in India is as follows: i) Avoid spraying broad-spectrum insecticides particularly synthetic pyrethroids. downy mildew.B. powdery mildew and bacterial leaf spot.P. phosalone at 0.) Tel. They excrete honey on leaves and berries and sooty mold develops on the honey.1. fenitrothion at 0. ROAD. In recent years.04 percent.7 Diseases and their Management The important grape diseases are anthracnose.000-10.000 per hectare when the berries start softening. Carbaryl at 0.1 percent mixed with neem oil 0. A mixture of quinalphos at 0.15 percent. flowers and young berries.5.05 percent or quinalphos at 0.4064557 .

Mostly these spots coalesce and form larger patches. shoots and berries. Powdery mildew is controlled easily by wettable Sulphur formulations. namely.DISTRICT –INDORE.4. The disease is characterized by the presence of white powdery (ash like) coating in patches on both sides of the leaves.) Tel. A wide range of fungicides. but also attacks the flower clusters and young fruits.1. 1.4.9 Quality Improvement INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.1.05 percent). Other physiological disorders are cane immaturity.15 percent is used to check its spread.04 percent. metalaxyl (Ridomil Mz at 0. The eco-physiological disorders are ‘coulure’. pink berry syndrome. uneven ripening and post-harvest berry drop. ROAD. dry and drop down.PIGDAMBER.8 percent or copper oxychloride at 0.8 Physiological Disorders Physiological disorders associated with high temperature and low atmospheric humidity in the hot tropical region are dead arm and trunk splitting. while Bordeaux mixture at 0.B. Myclobutanil (Systhane at 0. Triademifon (Bayleton at 0.5.2 percent. blossom-end rot. Salinity injury is common in Maharashtra and north Karnataka. young shoots and immature berries. Fax -0731. cluster tip wilting.P. The disease mainly appears on the leaves.17 - . water berries. The losses are very high when it attacks the clusters before fruit set.2 percent) or Phosethyl-Al (aliettle at 0.Export Of Grapes From India To UK Downy mildew is the most devastating disease of grapes in the tropical region of the country.07 percent.1 percent) and Penconazol (Topas at 0. Entire clusters decay. Streptocyclin at 500 ppm is used as a prophylactic spray. Karathane EC at 0. berry cracking and rotting.(M. It is next in importance to downy mildew in its devastating severity. 1. shot berries.025 percent) are used to control this disease.4064557 .2 percent.4072636. The symptoms appear as minute water soaked spots on the lower surface of the leaves. especially along the main and lateral veins.NEAR RAU. Mancozeb at 0. Severely infected leaves give a blighted appearance. Calaxin at 0.0731.2 percent) are used against this disease. Properly neutralized Bordeaux mixture at 1 percent. Powdery mildew is prevalent in all the grape growing regions. copper oxychloride at 0.5. Bacteria infects leaves.

while girdling will ensure a TSS content of 20°B.) Tel. depending on the number of leaves available per cluster. The width and depth of girdling are 1-1. When berry diameter is to be increased to more than 16 mm. berry size and crispiness are increased by girdling. In vines trained to the flat roof gable. one or more varieties are always available at any given time of the year. If not all the varieties. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. Girdling is done at 4-5 mm diameter of the berries.4064557 .6 HARVESTING AND YIELDS Approximately one million tonnes of grapes are harvested annually in India. Period of harvest and yield of different varieties is given below. In addition to the treatment with growth regulators. 1. ROAD.B. clusters are dipped in a mixture of 10 ppm BA + 25 ppm GA or 2 ppm CPPU + 25 ppm GA or 1 ppm brassinosteroid + 25 ppm GA instead of GA alone at these two stages. only the apical two or three shoots are retained.5 mm. Rachides of the clusters are trimmed to retain 8-10.DISTRICT –INDORE.NEAR RAU.(M. Production of Loose Clusters: Pre-bloom GA sprays of 10 ppm and 15 ppm are given respectively on the 11th to 14th day after bud break for cluster elongation. Approximately 90-120 berries are retained per cluster depending upon the number of leaves available to nourish it at 8-10 berries per every leaf depending on its size.P.4072636.1.0731. individual shoot length is encouraged rather than the total canopy size for preventing sunburn of the berries.PIGDAMBER. Grape is harvested almost all the year round.Increasing the TSS Content: Berry thinning and cluster thinning to maintain adequate leaf/fruit ratio (5 cm2). Clusters are dipped in GA solution of 40-50 ppm concentration once at 3-4 mm size of the berries and again at 7-8 mm size.18 - . Irrespective of the number of clusters. Fax -0731. Increasing Berry Size: Manual means are used to supplement chemical thinning to ensure adequate berry thinning and improve the quality of grapes. Clusters are dipped in GA solution of 30-40 ppm when 10-20 percent of the flowers open in each cluster for berry thinning.Export Of Grapes From India To UK Shoot and Cluster Thinning: Only one or two clusters are retained per cane depending upon the density of the latter.

market gluts and fall of prices of grapes in March-April are common.19 - .4064557 . particularly in the Hyderabad region.4072636.fao. mainly of Anab-e-Shahi.(M. June-July January-March. Thompson Seedless and its clones.htm However. which contributes more than 70 percent of the total harvest.0731.) Tel.NEAR RAU. Therefore. July. but the cold storage facilities are inadequate. ROAD.1. Yields as high as 100 t/ha in Anab-e-Shahi and 75 t/ha in Thompson Seedless were recorded in this region. June-December November-December.B. June-December June January-April Source:http://www. quality of grapes is usually poor as a result of high yields.org/docrep/003/x6897e/x6897e06.Export Of Grapes From India To UK Table 1. 1. Fax -0731. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. and more than 70 percent of the total production is harvested in March-April. MARKETING More than 80 percent of the total production is consumed as table grapes in India. However. the major proportion of produce.7.DISTRICT –INDORE.P.4 Variety Yield (t/ha) Period of Harvest Average Potential 45 90 60 50 50 50 50 February-May. is harvested during March-April from the hot tropical region. November- Anab-e-Shahi Bangalore Blue 40 Bhokri 30 Gulabi 30 Perlette 40 Thompson Seedless and other seedless 25 varieties December January-March. The productivity of grapes in India is very high.PIGDAMBER.

raisin and wine grapes. b) Technologies to achieve high productivity are currently available. 1.1 CONSTRAINTS IN GRAPE PRODUCTION DEVELOPMENT Although grape cultivation is considered as highly remunerative. with an average yield of 30 t/ha. d) Technologies to produce export quality grapes and quality raisins are available. These agencies have established their own facilities for pre-cooling and cold storage in the vicinity of major production sites.000 hectares due to the following constraints. Grower Exporters. ROAD.DISTRICT –INDORE.NEAR RAU. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. c) Scope for double cropping in certain regions and harvesting round the year in certain varieties is practically feasible. Fax -0731.8.5 percent (22.) Tel.PIGDAMBER.1.. c) Narrow variety base and lack of diversity in utilization of the germplasm available in grape growing countries. b) High recurring costs in vineyard management. the area under grapes is confined to only 34.4064557 .4072636.1. POTENTIAL FOR GRAPE PRODUCTION DEVELOPMENT India has the distinction of achieving the highest productivity in grapes in the world.B.P. Growers’ Cooperatives and the Trader exporters. Grapes are exported through three different agencies viz. a) Sustaining productivity and minimizing risks in grape cultivation is possible because of the availability of a variety of agro-climatic regions suitable for grape cultivation for table. 1. The rest of the produce is marketed within the country.000 t) of fresh grapes are exported to the Middle East and European countries.0731.8.Export Of Grapes From India To UK Approximately.20 - . 2.(M. a) Heavy initial investment for establishing a vineyard.

NEAR RAU. g) Very low proportion of export quality grapes.DISTRICT –INDORE. b) Provide research support to sustain the productivity of grapes under adverse situations.(M.) Tel. The National Research Centre for Grapes (ICAR) located at Pune. h) Wine is not a popular drink at present.P.1. Fax -0731.4064557 . INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. Maharashtra is the focal point for conducting and coordinating the research activities on grapes throughout the country.9 GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND PLANS FOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF GRAPES The Government of India is supporting the grape industry of the country in the following ways: a) Encourage and support the farmers for establishing the vineyards and installing drip irrigation systems by providing soft loans and subsidies. i) Marketing problems in table grapes. f) Short period available for ripening in the north.4072636.Export Of Grapes From India To UK d) High risk of losing the crop due to unprecedented changes in weather. ROAD.21 - . Research on grapes is carried out by the Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR) Institutes and State Agricultural Universities at different centres under the All India Coordinated Research Project on Grapes.PIGDAMBER. e) Soil and water salinity in Maharashtra and drought in the hot tropical areas.0731. 1. c) Promote and support the export of fresh grapes by training the growers and providing soft loans and subsidies for pre-cooling and cold storage facilities.B.

including reduced platelet aggregation and vasodilation. resveratrol) mainly in the grape skin provide other suspected health benefits. Fax -0731.(M. such as one glass of red wine a day for women and two for men. a significant volume of research indicates moderate consumption.1.2 Resveratrol Grape phytochemicals such as resveratrol (a polyphenol antioxidant).B.. heart disease.) Tel.g. a systemic hormone causing blood vessel constriction that would elevate blood pressure Increased production of the vasodilator hormone. resveratrol bears a significant transcriptional overlap with the beneficial effects INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.P. polyphenols (e. Emerging evidence is that wine polyphenols like resveratrol provide physiological benefit whereas alcohol itself may have protective effects on the cardiovascular system. Protection of the genome through antioxidant actions may be a general function of resveratrol.10.NEAR RAU.0731. may confer health benefits.1 French Paradox Comparing diets among Western countries.PIGDAMBER.Export Of Grapes From India To UK 1.DISTRICT –INDORE. surprisingly the incidence of heart disease remains low in France. reducing susceptibility to vascular damage Decreased activity of angiotensin.1. a phenomenon named the French Paradox and thought to occur from protective benefits of regularly consuming red wine.22 - .10 Health claims 1. have been positively linked to inhibiting any cancer. Apart from potential benefits of alcohol itself. 1. such as: • Alteration of molecular mechanisms in blood vessels. ROAD. nitric oxide (endothelium-derived relaxing factor) • • Although adoption of wine consumption is not recommended by some health authorities. degenerative nerve disease.4064557 . viral infections and mechanisms of Alzheimer's disease. researchers have discovered that although the French tend to eat higher levels of animal fat.4072636.10.1. In laboratory studies.

10.DISTRICT –INDORE.1) Source: http://en.Fresh grape skin contains about 50 to 100 micrograms of resveratrol per gram. Fax -0731. Synthesized by many plants.org/wiki/Grape INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. in muscadine grapes. among which the most advanced is a one year dietary regimen in a Phase III study of elderly patients with Alzheimer's disease. primarily in their skins and seeds which.4064557 .1.NEAR RAU. and prevent age-related heart failure. resveratrol apparently serves antifungal and other defensive properties.4072636.) Tel.wikipedia.23 - .P.3 Anthocyanins and other phenolics( fig 1. Resveratrol is found in wide amounts among grape varieties.Export Of Grapes From India To UK of calorie restriction in heart. 1.0731.B.(M. skeletal muscle and brain. have about one hundred times higher concentration than pulp.PIGDAMBER. ROAD. Resveratrol is the subject of several human clinical trials. Dietary resveratrol has been shown to modulate the metabolism of lipids and to inhibit oxidation of low-density lipoproteins and aggregation of platelets. Both dietary interventions inhibit gene expression associated with heart and skeletal muscle aging.

quercetin.) Tel. Wines produced from muscadine grapes may contain more than 40 mg/L. In muscadine skins. myricetin.0731. climate. By contrast. heart failure and other disorders of oxidative stress. biochemical and medical studies have demonstrated significant antioxidant properties of grape seed oligomeric proanthocyanidins.. because it is fermented with the skins.4072636. catechins) are the more abundant phenolic in white varieties.24 - . depending on the grape variety. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. Contrary to previous results. syringetin 3-O-galactoside. and cultivation practices or exposure to diseases. ROAD. an exceptional phenolic content. such as fungal infections. is higher in purple varieties due almost entirely to anthocyanin density in purple grape skin compared to absence of anthocyanins in white grape skin. Total phenolic content.g. Red wine offers health benefits more so than white because many beneficial compounds are present in grape skin. allowing the wine to absorb the resveratrol.1.NEAR RAU. polyphenols and polyunsaturated fatty acids.DISTRICT –INDORE. Together with tannins. It is these anthocyanins that are attracting the efforts of scientists to define their properties for human health. including cancer.Ordinary non-muscadine red wine contains between 0.(M. The flavonols syringetin. and trans-resveratrol are major phenolics. a white wine contains lower phenolic contents because it is fermented after removal of skins.PIGDAMBER. geographic origin. these seed constituents display inhibitory activities against several experimental disease models. and only red wine is fermented with skins. soil composition. laricitrin and laricitrin 3-O-galactoside are also found in purple grape but absent in white grape 1. Fax -0731. kaempferol.8 mg/L.4 Seed constituents Since the 1980s.B.2 and 5. an index of dietary antioxidant strength.10. ellagic acid and not resveratrol is the major phenolic in muscadine grapes. Phenolic content of grape skin varies with cultivar. ellagic acid.4064557 .Export Of Grapes From India To UK Anthocyanins tend to be the main polyphenolics in purple grapes whereas flavan-3-ols (e. The amount of fermentation time a wine spends in contact with grape skins is an important determinant of its resveratrol content.P.

11. This bleeding occurs when the INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.5 Concord grape juice Commercial juice products from Concord grapes have been applied in medical research studies. Grape seed oil is notable for its high contents of tocopherols (vitamin E). each step in the process plays a vital role in the development of grapes with ideal characteristics for making wine.0731.PIGDAMBER.B.DISTRICT –INDORE. leaf fall and dormancyreacting if need be with the use of viticultural practices like canopy management. beginning with bud break in the spring and culminating in leaf fall in autumn followed by winter dormancy.10.Export Of Grapes From India To UK Grape seed oil from crushed seeds is used in cosmeceuticals and skincare products for many perceived health benefits. If the vine had been pruned during the winter. fruit set.NEAR RAU.1.P.4072636. In the Northern Hemisphere.11 Annual growth cycle of grapevines The annual growth cycle of grapevines is the process that takes place in the vineyard each year. 1. loss of physical performance and mental acuity during aging and hypertension in humans. Fax -0731. The amount of time spent at each stage of the growth cycle depends on a number of factors-most notably the type of climate (warm or cool) and the characteristics of the grape variety. The stages of the annual growth cycle usually become observable within the first year of a vine's life. 1. vine disease and pests in facilitating or impeding the vines progression from bud break.) Tel. platelet aggregation and other risk factors of atherosclerosis. showing potential benefits against the onset stage of cancer. the start of this cycle is signaled by a "bleeding" of the vine. oleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid. and polyunsaturated fatty acids such as linoleic acid.25 - .1. 1. this stage begins around March while in the Southern Hemisphere it begins around September when daily temperatures begin to surpass 10 °C (50 °F). phytosterols. vine training and the use of agrochemicals. ROAD. harvesting. veraison.1 Bud break The grape starts its annual growth cycle in the spring with bud break. flowering.1. Viticulturalists and vineyard managers monitor the effect of climate. From a winemaking perspective.4064557 .(M. irrigation.

up from the root system of the vine and it is expelled from the cuts (or "wounds") left over from pruning the vine.(M. Fax -0731.PIGDAMBER. where temperatures can reach above 10 °C (50 °F) in mid-winter. In warm climates. minerals and sugars. Eventually the shoots sprout tiny leaves that can begin the process of photosynthesis. During this period a single vine can "bleed" up to 5 litres (1. the flowers start to grow in size INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. Inside the buds contain usually three primordial shoots. This can include setting up heaters or wind circulators in the vineyard to keep cold air from settling on the vines.2 Flowering Depending on temperatures.11. Tiny buds on the vine start to swell and eventually shoots begin to grow from the buds.1.4072636. After bud break. These buds appear in the summer of previous growth cycle green and covered in scales. after about 4 weeks the growth of the shoots starts to rapidly accelerate with the shoots growing in length an average of 3 cm (1 in) a day.26 - .0731.P. 40-80 days after bud break the process of flowering begins with small flower clusters appearing on the tips of the young shoots looking like buttons. In temperate climates.4064557 .B. During winter dormancy they turn brown until the spring when the vine begins the process of bud break and the first sign of green in the vineyard emerges in the form of tiny shoots.[ 1. Flowering occurs when average daily temperatures stay between 15–20 °C (59–68 °F) which in the Northern Hemisphere wine regions is generally around May and for the Southern Hemisphere regions around November.DISTRICT –INDORE. A few weeks after the initial clusters appears.3 gallons) of water.NEAR RAU. The energy to facilitate this growth comes from reserves of carbohydrate stored in roots and wood of the vine from the last growth cycle. This is a potential viticultural hazard in places like the Margaret River region of Western Australia where warm currents from the Indian Ocean can coax Chardonnay vines to prematurely bud in the midwinter month of July.) Tel. some early budding varieties (such as Chardonnay) can be at risk of premature bud break. ROAD. hormones. producing the energy to accelerate growth. Buds are the small part of the vine that rest between the vine's stem and the petiole (leaf stem). the young shoots are very vulnerable to frost damage with vineyard managers going to great lengths protect the fragile shoots should temperature dramatically drop below freezing. containing a low concentration of organic acids.Export Of Grapes From India To UK soil begins to warm and osmotic forces pushes water.

NEAR RAU. with the process being mostly self contained within the vine. the pollen fertilizes the ovary which produces seeds as the flower begins the transformation into a grape berry. with the unfertilized flowers eventually falling off the vine.It is during this stage of flowering that the pollination and fertilization of the grapevine takes place with the resulting product being a grape berry.4072636. encapsulating the seed. being able to self-pollinate. with both male stamens and female ovaries. [1] This stage is very critical for wine production since it determines the potential crop yield. high temperatures and water stress having the potential of severely reducing the amount flowers that get fertilized.11. Wind and insects generally play only a small role in aiding pollination. containing 1-4 seeds. At the beginning of the flowering process the only part that is visible is the fused cap of petals known as the calyptra. 1. Shortly after the calyptra is shed.3 Fruit set The stage of fruit set follows flowering almost immediately. this normally takes place in May and in the Southern Hemisphere in November.(M. But cross-pollination between vine species is possible as in the cases of the origins of several grape varieties like Cabernet Sauvignon (a cross pollination of Cabernet Franc and Sauvignon blanc) and Petite Sirah (a cross of Syrah and Peloursin).DISTRICT –INDORE. Not every flower on the vine gets fertilized.27 - . Varieties like Grenache and Malbec are prone to this abnormal fruit set.0731. The percentage of fertilized flowers averages around 30 but can get as high as 60 or be much lower. Fax -0731. liberating the pollen from the anthers of the stamen. Detrimental weather (cold. when the fertilized flower begins to develop a seed and grape berry to protect the seed. Most Vitis vinifera grape vines are hermaphroditic.Export Of Grapes From India To UK with individual flowers becoming observable. wind & rain) can severely affect the flowering process. Grape berry size depends on the number of seeds so berries with no seeds will be significantly INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.1. During the process of fertilization. ROAD.P. It is during this time when the buds that will become next years crops begin to form. causing many flowers not to be fertilize and produce a group.B. Climate and the health of the vine play an important role with low humidity. Coulure occurs when there is an imbalance of carbohydrate levels in the vine tissues and some berries fail to set or simply fall off the bunch.) Tel.4064557 .PIGDAMBER. Millerandage occurs when some fertilized flowers do not form seeds but only small berry clusters. In the Northern Hemisphere.

In the Northern Hemisphere this will be around the end of July and into August and between the end of January into February for the Southern Hemisphere.NEAR RAU. or by a boron deficiency in the vine. so that they may have a better chance of survival. undergo veraison first with the berries and clusters closer to the trunk and under the canopy shade undergoing it last. There are some factors in the vineyards that can control the onset of veraison. ROAD. During this period the cane of the vine starts to ripen as well changing from green and INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. the berries start to soften as they build up sugars. Typically the berries and clusters that are most exposed to warmth. very vigorous wines with lots of leaf shading for photosynthesis and water supply will delay the start of veraison due to the vines energies being directed towards continued shoot growth of new buds.4064557 .1. Conversely. which houses its seedling offspring. This stage signals the beginning of the ripening process and normally takes places around 40-50 days after fruit set. 1. This is because the vine is biologically programmed to channel all its energies and resources into the berries. In a process known as engustment.0731. Gewürztraminer and the Chardonnay clones IA and Mendoza are both prone to millerandage. Within six days of the start of veraison.) Tel.28 - .4 Veraison Following fruit set.(M. on the outer extents of the canopy.DISTRICT –INDORE. This color changing is due to the chlorophyll in the berry skin being replaced by anthocyanins (red wine grapes) and carotenoids (white wine grapes).11.Export Of Grapes From India To UK smaller than berries containing seeds.P. the berries begin to grow dramatically as they accumulate glucose and fructose and acids begin to fall.PIGDAMBER. the grape berries are green and hard to the touch. During this stage the colors of the grape take form-red/black or yellow/green depending on the grape varieties. For the production of high quality wine. such as fanleaf. The onset of veraison does not occur uniformly among all berries. it is considered ideal to have an earlier veraison. On one cluster there maybe berries of various sizes which can create problems during winemaking due to the varying "skin to pulp" ratio among the grapes. limited water stress and canopy management that creates a high "leaf to fruit" ratio can encourage veraison. Fax -0731. This can be caused by vine disease.4072636. They begin to grow to about half their final size when they enter the stage of veraison. They have very little sugar and are high in organic acids.B.

Fax -0731. because they are propagated by cuttings and may have unstable reproductive properties.NEAR RAU.PIGDAMBER. Following the harvest. sultana).Export Of Grapes From India To UK springing to brown and hard. At that point the chlorophyll in the leaves begin to break down and the leaves change color from green to yellow.0731. sugars and pH increase as acids (such as malic acid) decrease. currant. In the Northern Hemisphere this is generally between September and October while in the Southern Hemisphere it is generally between February and April. It will continue doing this until an appropriate level of reserves have been stored.12 List of grape varieties This is a list of varieties of cultivated grapes. the cycle begins again. Varieties: INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. 1.) Tel. The term "grape varieties" actually refers to cultivars rather than botanical varieties according to the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants. the antepenultimate event is the harvest in which the grapes are removed from the vine and transported to the winery to begin the wine making process.4064557 . The threat of detrimental weather and vine diseases (such as grey rot) can also play a role in the time table. 1. The time of harvest depends on a variety of factors-most notably the subjective determination of ripeness.1. ROAD. creating carbohydrate reserves to store in the vine's roots and trunks.1.4072636. As the grape ripens on the vines.DISTRICT –INDORE. fresh or dried (raisin. the vines continues the process of photosynthesis. The following spring. The balance of all these factors contributes to when a winemaker or vineyard manager decides that it is time to harvest. However. or eating as a table grape.29 - .11.5 After harvest In the vineyard.B.(M. Following the first frost the leaves begin to fall as the vine starts to enter its winter dormancy period. the term variety has become so entrenched in viticulture that any change to usage of the term cultivar is unlikely. whether used for wine. The vines begins to divert some of its energy production into its reserves in preparation for its next growth cycle. Tannins and other phenolics also develop which can affect the flavors and aromas in the resulting wine.P.

15 Major Export Destinations (2007-08) : Netherlands. Haryana.) Tel.13 Areas of Cultivation : Major grape-growing states are Maharashtra. only a dozen are commercially grown.14 India Facts and Figures : Grape is one of the important fruit covering an area of 60.30 - . UK.30% of the total area. China. However.2 thousand hectares occupying 1.DISTRICT –INDORE. 1.1. Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. Pusa Seedless.B. They can be grouped under following 4 categories based on colour and seeds. Perlette (5%) and Gulabi and Bhokri together (5%). Coloured seeded Coloured seedless White seeded White seedless Table. and the north-western region covering Punjab. Spain.wikipedia.1. Andhra Pradesh.org/wiki/Grape Currently. Karnataka.546 thousand MT. Thompson Seedless is the ruling grape variety occupying 55% of the area with its clones. Gulabi (Muscat) Beauty Seedless and Sharad Seedless Anab-e-Shahi. Dilkhush (clone of Anab-e-Shahi) Perlette. Thompson Seedless. Sonaka and Manik Chaman INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. The total grape export from India during the year 2007-08 season was 96963 MT worth Rs 317.4064557 .PIGDAMBER. western Uttar Pradesh. Tamil Nadu. ROAD. Bangalore Blue occupies approximately 15% of the total area while Anab-e-Shahi and Dilkhush (15%).NEAR RAU. Maharashta ranks first in terms of production accounting for more than 75% of total production and highest productivity in the country.83 crores. The total production of grapes in India is 1.1. Fax -0731.5 Source: http://en. Argentina etc. Sharad Seedless (5%). France.1. Germany.16 Major Competitor: Italy.Export Of Grapes From India To UK More than 20 varieties are under cultivation in India. 1. 1. Bangalore Blue. US.P.0731. 1. Bangladesh. and its clones Tas-A-Ganesh.(M.4072636. UAE.1.

) Tel.PIGDAMBER.1.4064557 .DISTRICT –INDORE.0731.1. ROAD.NEAR RAU.31 - .Export Of Grapes From India To UK 1. Fax -0731.B.17 COUNTRY PROFILE United Kingdom INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.P.4072636.(M.

1% inland water.)--4.1.0731.. agriculture--1.2%.0 years. Adjective--British.2 Source: http://en.1. Manchester.DISTRICT –INDORE. weather is subject to frequent changes but to few extremes of temperature. 7% forested. industry--18. Attendance--nearly 100%. Bristol.85/1.17. Terrain: 30% arable. Literacy--99%.000.1. 31.4064557 . Church of Scotland (Presbyterian). total 79. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. partly common law and practice.7%. Scottish Gaelic.NEAR RAU.3 Government Type: Constitutional monarchy. Climate: Generally mild and temperate. Sheffield. 50% meadow and pasture. Roman Catholic. Welsh. mi. 19% other. Annual population growth rate (2010 est. Work force (2009.B.Export Of Grapes From India To UK Fig.17.4%. Major religions: Church of England (Anglican). Edinburgh.).P. ROAD.1. Health: Infant mortality rate (2009 est.1. Liverpool. about 7.1Geography Area: 243. Life expectancy (2009 est.56 million). 1.) Tel. slightly smaller than Oregon. West Indian. Land use: 25% arable. – 1. Bradford.32 - . Fax -0731..): 0.1. Belfast. Major languages: English.PIGDAMBER. Major ethnic groups: British. females 81.6 yrs.000 sq. km. Education: Years compulsory--12. Muslim. 1.2 million. 12% waste or urban. 46% meadows and pastures. Cities: Capital--London (metropolitan pop.2 People Nationality: Noun--Briton(s).5 yrs. 10% forests and woodland.wikipedia.000 sq.): 62. Irish.org/wiki/Grape PROFILE 1. Leeds. Other cities--Birmingham.)--males 76. Population (2010 est.17. Glasgow.(M.4%.25 million): Services--80. Irish Gaelic. South Asian.4072636. partly statutes. Constitution: Unwritten. (93.

17. Per capita GDP (at current market prices. Labour.0731. high courts. Alliance Party. Agriculture (1. Major markets--U. construction (23.. and Northern Ireland Assembly. British National Party.184 trillion. Political parties: Conservative. Judicial--magistrates' courts.K. food. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. potatoes.6 billion: manufactured goods. Natural resources: Coal. cattle. business. Liberal Democrats. Services (75% of GDP): Types--financial. sheep.4 Economy GDP (at current market prices.PIGDAMBER. 1.334. limestone. clay. chalk. fish. electronics.. Imports of goods and services--$473.2% of GDP): Products--cereals. Major suppliers--U. Progressive Unionist Party. European Union.(M. Wales. textiles. lead. fuels. Industry: Types--steel. Northern Ireland--Ulster Unionist Party. in Scotland--Scottish National Party. tobacco.17. transport. Fax -0731.) Tel. oilseed. salt. prime minister (head of government). Suffrage: British subjects and citizens of other Commonwealth countries and the Irish Republic resident in the U. silica. UK Independence Party. Legislative--bicameral Parliament: House of Commons. 1. fuels. chemicals. poultry. heavy engineering and metal manufacturing.5 HISTORY The Roman invasion of Britain in 55 BC and most of Britain's subsequent incorporation into the Roman Empire stimulated development and brought more active contacts with the rest of Europe. House of Lords. Wales--Plaid Cymru (Party of Wales). county courts.. Subdivisions: Scotland.NEAR RAU. cabinet.1. Supreme Court. 2009): $35.B.1. 2009): $2. communication. Green Party. European Union. Northern Ireland (municipalities. Democratic Unionist Party. motor vehicles and aircraft.Export Of Grapes From India To UK Branches: Executive--monarch (head of state). natural gas. Annual growth rate (2009): -4.S. chemicals.S. hotels. Scottish Parliament. at 18. vegetables.1. appellate courts. machinery. Welsh Assembly.4064557 . House of Lords. and parliamentary constituencies). counties. foodstuffs.8%. iron ore. Sinn Fein. also.1.4072636. oil. and China. tin.3 billion: manufactured goods.8% of GDP). ROAD. Social Democratic and Labour Party. distribution. gypsum. beverages. Trade (2009): Exports of goods and services--$351.DISTRICT –INDORE.P.33 - .

On May 11. Gordon Brown. air. administrative. 1.K. ROAD.0731.1.B.6 POLITICAL CONDITIONS The Labour government that had been in power since 1997. when it became clear that Labour would be unable to form a government. who placed third in number of seats won. 2010 election. Gordon Brown resigned as Labour leader on May 11. prompting an election for a new Labour leader. As part of the coalition deal. a system of common law. and economic center in London. Cameron subsequently announced a formal coalition with the Liberal Democrats.1. which would ensure Liberal Democrat support for a Conservative-led government in exchange for five Liberal Democrat cabinet seats and policy compromises.1. it held the EU Presidency from July to December 2005. Among these are a political.1. who is expected to be in place by September 2010. lost its majority in the House of Commons in the May 6.17. Fax -0731. which remain characteristic of Britain.NEAR RAU.17.4064557 .34 - . it ranks third among NATO countries in total defense expenditure. however. The Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition has a 78-seat majority in the House of Commons. who won the most seats. and Jutes in the fifth and sixth centuries AD--up to the Norman conquest in 1066. which led to several days of intense negotiations between the Conservatives (Tories). first under Prime Minister Tony Blair and then under his successor. and David Cameron became the new Prime Minister. and representative government. and the Labour Party forms the opposition. For the first time since 1974. Prime Minister Gordon Brown resigned. The U.(M. a separate but established church.DISTRICT –INDORE. 1.PIGDAMBER. Liberal Democrat leader Nick Clegg became the Deputy Prime Minister.Export Of Grapes From India To UK As Rome's strength declined.4072636.) Tel.7 DEFENSE AND FOREIGN RELATIONS The United Kingdom is a founding member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and is one of NATO's major European maritime. the country again was exposed to invasion--including the pivotal incursions of the Angles. Norman rule effectively ensured Britain's safety from further intrusions. no party was able to win a full majority in the Commons. and the Liberal Democrats (Lib Dems). In the United Nations. distinctive and distinguished university education.P. could develop. held the Presidency of the G-8 during 2005. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. Saxons. and land powers. certain institutions. cultural. The United Kingdom has been a member of the European Community (now European Union) since 1973. the United Kingdom is a permanent member of the Security Council.

Export Of Grapes From India To UK The British Armed Forces are charged with protecting the United Kingdom and its overseas territories. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.000 personnel.35 - .B. the secondlargest contingent of the coalition force in Afghanistan. The 37.200 personnel. after U.(M.K. with 42. and supporting international peacekeeping efforts. consisting of approximately 99.) Tel.4 million) to Afghan reconstruction--the second-largest donor after the United States.K.000 as of May 6. and its military forces are. The U. ROAD. Approximately 9% of the British Armed Forces is female. is in charge of the United Kingdom's independent strategic nuclear arm. are active and regular participants in NATO and other coalition operations. the Royal Air Force.S.PIGDAMBER.S.NEAR RAU. 2010.4072636.K. along with the Royal Navy and Royal Marines. its combat forces withdrew from Iraq in July 2009. forces.DISTRICT –INDORE. U. has contributed more than £510 million (approximately $723. The U. promoting Britain's wider security interests. was the United States' main coalition partner in Operation Iraqi Freedom.000-member Royal Navy. 2001 terrorist attacks in the U. The British Army. force in Afghanistan stood at 10. which includes 6.4064557 . where they are on the front line in the war against continued Taliban operations. forces are primarily based in the Helmand region.. and 4% of British forces represent ethnic minorities. The United Kingdom stood shoulder to shoulder with the United States following the September 11.K. In addition.P. which consists of four Trident missile submarines.0731. the U.000 Royal Marine commandos. Fax -0731.

1.17.1.10 SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT: Multiparty Federal Republic 1.720 Sq Mi) INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.36 - .wikipedia.B.PIGDAMBER.166.P.0731. Fax -0731.692 Sq Km (1.1.4072636.Export Of Grapes From India To UK COUNTRY PROFILE INDIA source: http://en.1.org/wiki/Grape 1.11 AREA: 3.4064557 . ROAD.8 OFFICIAL NAME: Republic of India 1.1.9 CAPITAL: New Delhi 1.17.1.DISTRICT –INDORE.17.1.NEAR RAU.) Tel.17.(M.222.

DISTRICT –INDORE.841. Land Use.1.) The northern mountains or Himalayan region which comprises three parallel ranges mixed with large plateaux and valleys. but generally can be divided into the following ethnic groups. The Indo-Aryan who represent 72% of the population while the INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. Krishna. It is the second largest country in Asia and the territory also includes the Andaman. Nicobar and the Lakshadweep Islands. China.Export Of Grapes From India To UK 1.400. (3.300 (1991).900. Bhutan and Nepal to the north.624.) The Indo-Gangetic Plain which is formed by the basins of the Ganges. the Bay of Bengal to the southeast and the Arabian Sea to the southwest.NEAR RAU. 1. Chambi.) a humid season.15 PEOPLE: India's racial diversity is extremely complex.14 CLIMATE: India has a tropical climate that is dominated by the Asiatic monsoons with four fairly distinct seasons which are common to all six or seven climatic regions.17. agriculturalcultivated 57%.1. and the principal rivers include the Ganges with its tributaries.).17. Madras 3. (1. The southern region is separated from the IndoGangetic Plain by a mass of mountain ranges and plateaux on the Indian or Deccan Peninsula.800.) A relatively cool winter monsoon season.954.145.PIGDAMBER.100. Ahmadabad 2. Pune 1. Myanmar and Bangladesh to the east.695. (2. pastures 4%.096.700.13 LOCATION & GEOGRAPHY: India is located on the Indian sub-continent in South Asia. Fax -0731. Major Cities (pop. Hyderabad 3.B. Average temperature ranges in New Delhi are from 7 to 21 degrees Celsius (45 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit) in January to 26 to 41 degrees Celsius (79 to 106 degrees Fahrenheit) in May. Son. The rivers of India are generally divided into the Himalayan and peninsula rivers.000 1.300.399. Betwa. Mahanadi. Narbada and Tapti. (4. Calcutta 4. Godavari.302.879.700.4064557 . Bangalore 3.12 ESTIMATED 2000 POPULATION 1.925. 1.17. Lucknow 1.566. (1. (3.37 - .(M.) The southern region which includes a narrow coastal plain along the Arabian Sea and a broader one along the Bay of Bengal.619.0731.) A hot and rainless transitional season.) A rainy monsoon season and (4. ROAD. Mumbai (Bombay) 9. est. (2.1. Ghaghra. other 16% (1993).400. Nagpur 1. which are flanked by the Western and Eastern Ghats. Kosi. New Delhi 301.17.4072636. Delhi 7. The mainland of India can be divided into four topographical regions.800. the Jumna. Gandak. forested 23%.) The desert region which is divided into the Great and Little Deserts. It is bound by Pakistan to the northwest.1.900. Yamuna. Indus and Brahmaputra Rivers. Tropical hurricanes and cyclones are common between April to June and September to December.500. Kanpur 1. Cauvery.206.P.) Tel.

literate population aged 15 or over 261.1. secondary 7. 11. ROAD. 58. 80. 1947 India gained independence from Britain and the next day Pakistan was created while Jawaharlal Nehru became India's first Prime Minister. In 1948 Mohandas Gandhi who led India to independence was assassinated. 1. Death Rate. 1971 India assisted East Pakistan in a war against West Pakistan which resulted in East Pakistan becoming the independent nation of Bangladesh. Increase Rate. Life Expectancy at Birth.17.5% are Jain. Jews and the Anglo-Indians of mixed European and Indian descent.7% urban. incomplete primary 7. 48. 21.19 EDUCATION: Aged 25 or over and having attained: no formal schooling 65.NEAR RAU.17.38 - . Age Breakdown. 1966. 1.B. incomplete secondary 6. In 1977 Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and her party were defeated in INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. in which China invaded the northeastern border section of India. From 1948 to 1949 India and Pakistan fought over Kashmir which ended when the UN divided the Kashmir between the two countries.3% rural (1991).1 years male.DISTRICT –INDORE. In 1962 a border dispute erupted with China.P. 74. 2% are Sikh while just under 1% are Buddhist and .1. Over 1. 25. 1.9% (1981). 27% 15 to 29.WWII TO 1993: On Aug. Birth Rate. 11% 45 to 59.4064557 .9%.1% female (1991).(M. 1971 Indira Gandhi. 1. 275 persons per sq km (712 persons per sq mi) (1991).0731. In 1965 a second war broke out between India and Pakistan over Kashmir which resulted in Soviet mediation and a peace agreement in Jan.17. 32. 1% 75 and over (1990).Export Of Grapes From India To UK Dravidian account for 25% and the Mongoloid with others account for 3%.000 (1991).1%.1.20 MODERN HISTORY .5 per 1. 1.1. Fax -0731. 11. In Mar. In 1950 India adopted a new constitution which made it a republic.4 per 1. There are also three alien ethnic groups which include the Parsis. Sex Distribution.600 languages and dialects are spoken throughout India with over 15 constitutionally recognized.1.1%.1 per 1.200. 15.PIGDAMBER.000 or 48. In Dec. Literacy.16 DEMOGRAPHIC/VITAL STATISTICS: Density.0 per 1. political and commerce purposes. 3% are Christian. primary 10.) Tel.18 LANGUAGES: The official languages are Hindi and English. Urban-Rural. 51.8%.17 RELIGIONS: Around 83% of the population are Hindu. higher 2. 59.2%. 6% 60 to 74. with Hindi including its associated languages and dialects accounting for 84% of the population while English is used for national.17.000 live births (1990). Infant Mortality Rate.000 (1991).17.9% male.4% are Muslim.1 years female (1986-90).2% (1990).000 (1991). 37% under 15. 18% 30 to 44.4072636. In May 1964 Prime Minister Nehru died after being at the forefront of Indian politics since its independence. became India's first woman Prime Minister.

In Jan. 23 and 26. On Oct. however. however. On July 25. 1991.4072636. On Sept. ROAD. Ramaswamy Venkataraman dissolved the lower house of Parliament on Mar.600 people while during 1991 there was an insurgence in violence and assassinations from militant groups in Punjab. 1991 Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated by the Tamil "Tiger" guerrilla group in a human bomb attack that also killed 14 others while he was preparing to give a campaign address in Sriperumbudur.) Tel. 1992 some 91 Bombay slum dwellers lost their lives after drinking impurely mixed alcohol during New Years celebrations while in May 1992 some 210 also lost their lives in Orissa through similar circumstances. On May 21. R. 31. 1991 the government announced its intention to adopt the Mandal Commission's recommendation that 27% of public jobs be reserved for "socially and educationally backward classes". 1991 Prime Minister Chandra Shekar resigned and Pres.4064557 . the violence continued and in May 1987 the Punjab state government was dismissed and the state was placed under central control. 1984 two Sikh bodyguards assassinated Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi her son. Fax -0731. 20. 1992 some 47 people died as a result of a stampede during the ritual bathing in Kumbakonam. 1991. On Mar. 1992 Pres. On Oct.P.Export Of Grapes From India To UK parliamentary elections. Additionally. since 1983 there has been a Sri Lankan Tamil separatist insurgence and in 1987 under an agreement with the Sri Lankan government India occupied the northern regions of the island. 13.0731. Jammu and Kashmir. in 1980 she won the elections and became Prime Minister again. 1991. In April 1992 a massive stock swindle known as the scam where a group of bankers and brokers collaborated to manipulate stock market operations resulted in the arrest of prominent brokers and the executives of several foreign and Indian banks and institutions. The elections were set for May 20.39 - . 1991 with Sikh separatists killing 49 Hindu passengers and wounding a further 20 on a train in Punjab. In Feb. and Assam that climaxed on Dec. In 1983 serious unrest developed with the Sikhs wanting more regional autonomy for Punjab state and in 1984 the Indian Army launched a massive offensive and as many as 1. succeeded her as Prime Minister in December after parliamentary elections.DISTRICT –INDORE.(M.NEAR RAU. and were a three way contest between the Indian National Congress (I).000 people were killed in the two day battle. 1991 a massive earthquake in the Himalayan region of Uttar Pradesh killed some 1. 26. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. 24. Elections due for May 23 and 26 were postponed until June 12 and 15. the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and a National Front and leftist parties combination. 6.PIGDAMBER. and resulted in the Congress (I) forming another government and Pamulaparti Venkata Narasihma Rao being sworn in as Prime Minister on June 21. In July 1985 Rajiv Gandhi signed a peace accord with the Sikh leader.B.

242. The Hindus had claimed the site was the birthplace of Lord Rama and that they were going to build their own temple. 1992 Hindu and Muslim fundamentalist parties were outlawed. 6.370 or 37.000. 1992 Hindu-Muslim riots erupted throughout the country after the demolition of the Muslim Babri Mosque in Ayodhya by Hindu militants and thousands of supporters. 7. ECONOMY: Gross National Product. Re 38. Balance of Trade.) Tel. On Jan.7 acres (27. 314.000 with some 140.000. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. Tourism Receipts.131. 1993 the BJP leaders arrested in Dec.000 (1993). Exports. 10.000. 1992 were released. 1. 1993 with some 10.000. Jammu and Kashmir and Telingana region. ROAD.134. Imports. 1992 the BJP leaders were arrested and on Dec. On the same day and in response the government dismissed the BJP-run state government of Uttar Pradesh and imposed direct Presidential rule on the state while on Dec.(M.487.000.000.000 (1993). On Jan.000 (1994). 7. although unofficial reports claimed the death toll to be as high as 35.40 - .0731. By Dec. Economically Active Population. Public Debt. Sharma issued a ordinance.NEAR RAU.000 people officially losing their lives. Re 728.000 (1993).000 (1994).000 rendered homeless.150. 12. Unemployed. 1992 the death toll from the religious clashes had climbed to 1.470.PIGDAMBER.B.17.810. In March and April.P. 1992 other BJP-run state governments were dismissed. 1993 Hindu-Muslim riots broke out in Bombay claiming some 560 lives in the first week. that was later ratified by the Parliament. Also in 1993 the government appointed a joint parliamentary committee to investigate the 1992 stock market scandal.Export Of Grapes From India To UK Venkataraman was succeeded by Shankar Dayal Sharma after presidential elections. During 1993 the government established a human rights commission to investigate claims of violations and abuse at the hands of police and security forces while clashes between the government forces and the various militant separatists continued throughout the year. On Jan.1.DISTRICT –INDORE.21 CURRENCY: The official currency is the Rupee (Re) divided into 100 Paisa.985. USD $262.1% (1990). which had allegedly lost Rs 40. 1993 Pres. 6. USD $1.000 and the country also experienced its worst earthquake in 50 years in the Maharashtra state on Sept.4072636. On Dec. 8. On Dec. Fax -0731. During 1992 separatist militant activities continued in the regions of Punjab. one for the Muslims and the other for the Hindus. to acquire 67. 13. Re 695.4064557 .000. 15.4 hectares) around the temple site and the intention to construct two temples on the site. 1993 there were politically motivated bombings in Calcutta and Bombay with 60 and 33 people respectively losing their lives.060.5% of total population (1991). 20.000 (1994). USD $80.

Coke. Coal.037.17. the UK. Fax -0731. Cement.17.742 mi) (1989).000 passenger-mi) (1990). total of 3.17.000 km (1.NEAR RAU.000 (1989).1. Iran and Iraq.509 mi) (1990). Radio. Television.1.1.000 (1992) total active duty personnel with 85. length 2.832. 1.000 (1993).800.242. Japan. Software.25 MAIN EXPORTS: Fish.000 (1994). Iron Ore. trucks and buses 1. 1. Software Development. 1.1. receivers 65. Iron Ore.000 (1994). Sugar Cane.3% (1993) of the Gross National Product (GNP). vessels 855 (1990). Potatoes.28 MILITARY: 1.Export Of Grapes From India To UK 1.23 MAIN PRIMARY PRODUCTS: Barley.4064557 .000 (160.000. Fruit. passenger-km 284. Handicrafts.6% air force while military expenditure accounts for 3. Cotton. passenger-km 16. Limestone.B. Sorghum. Transport Equipment. Food Processing.400 (1993).4072636. Mica.264. Machinery. Machinery. 1. cargo ton-km 662.6% army. Manganese. Gemstones. route length 61. Rice. Air Transport.000 short ton-mi) (1990).433.26 TRANSPORT: Railroads. Bauxite.) Tel.000.PIGDAMBER.27 COMMUNICATIONS: Daily Newspapers.17.000 (10. Oil and Gas. Telephones.1.000. cars 2.24 MAJOR INDUSTRIES: Agriculture.000. Ground Nuts. Wheat. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.8% navy and 9.000.000.000 passenger-mi) (1990).198. Vehicles. Beverages.000.P.DISTRICT –INDORE.805 with a total circulation of 18.900. Oil Refining.975 km (38.17. Chemicals. Tea. 1.000.800.284. receivers 20.966.518. Pulses.17.000.000 (453. Roads.41 - . Food.497. ROAD. Copper. Chromium. Tea. cargo ton-km 233.000 (1989).1.191 (1990). units 8.22 MAIN TRADING PARTNERS: Its main trading partners are the USA. 1.974. the former USSR.0731. Merchant Marine. Iron and Steel. Jute. Millet.145.000 short ton-mi) (1990). Fertilizers. Gemstones. Leather.000 (176. Textiles. Textiles. deadweight tonnage 10. Vegetables.(M.17. 4.1.

there is preference among the consumers in the domestic and international markets. Delhi and he get the following conclusion:  The advent of new varieties having high consumer preference and technical advancement in cultivation has made this crop more popular.) Tel.  Owing to the nutritional and medicinal values of the fruits.4064557 . Fax -0731.0731.NEAR RAU.(M. Merro Don Thomas had done the research on Analysis of Export Procedures for Grapes in the month of June 2010 from Institute of Management and Development.P. This variety is one of the best varieties suitable for export purpose and it is gaining popularity among consumers.4072636. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. ROAD.B.2 Literature Review Mr. The exports have not been substantial since the international standards were not known.Export Of Grapes From India To UK 1.  Thomson seedless and sharad seedless variety is best suited for cultivation in the tropical areas.42 - .DISTRICT –INDORE.PIGDAMBER.  Most of the Grapes produced is consumed locally and about 1 per cent is exported.

Most of the Indians migrate to other country and thus they demand for Indian fruits. have created problems in obtaining economic yields. India can definitely make a dent in grapes trade in the world market.4064557 . infrastructure such as cold chain.0731.(M.000 MT tons. Fax -0731.43 - .3 Rationale • • • • • • • India is the largest producer of agricultural product and has a lot of export potential. Downy Mildew. so a number of taste options are available.P. crop and post harvest management. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. 1.PIGDAMBER.Export Of Grapes From India To UK  Of late. The migrants can prove to be good promoters for the fruits. Karnataka has exported about 2000 MT to other countries during the last few years.) Tel. India can prove to be competitive. will augment the cultivation of quality grapes and will help in increasing the exports to a tune of about 20. There is potential for export to the United State of America also. etc..NEAR RAU. Export qualities of grapes are grown in India. Diseases such as Powdary mildew. ROAD. it facilitates long-term and healthy business dealings.  In this background. Indian grapes have penetrated into the European Union since suitable varieties conforming to international standards are being produced.  Proper varietal selection.DISTRICT –INDORE.B. More than four-five varieties are grown in India. India has clean transaction terms with other countries.000 – 30.4072636. facilities for marketing etc.

4072636.PIGDAMBER.) Tel. To find out the major potential markets for export.P. market for Indian grapes.DISTRICT –INDORE. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.B. Fax -0731.(M.4 Objectives Of Research • • • To find out the potential.0731.4064557 .NEAR RAU. To find out the measures to increase the growth of grapes export from India. ROAD.44 - .Export Of Grapes From India To UK 1.

NEAR RAU.DISTRICT –INDORE.B.23 per cent (provisional) of the total exports. 1.5. Fax -0731.4064557 . Furthermore. the sector provided employment to 58.5.45 - .PIGDAMBER.1 Type of study • Research of the exports of grapes from India to UK. and 10.4072636.P. 1. ROAD.0731.2 Countries involved • India and UK 1.(M.Export Of Grapes From India To UK 1.3 Data Collection And Sources INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.) Tel.5.6 per cent of the country's gross domestic product (GDP) in 2009-10.5 Methodology Agriculture is one of the strongholds of the Indian economy and accounts for 14.2 per cent of the work force.

Fax -0731.(M. Sources of secondary data being the books.P.4064557 . The secondary data has been collected on the basis of various trade portals.PIGDAMBER. ROAD.4072636.DISTRICT –INDORE.0731.B. journals and news paper articles. thus the authentication of the data is questionable. magazines.) Tel.NEAR RAU. The domestic consumption of grapes is higher.Export Of Grapes From India To UK • I have used the secondary data for the preparation of this project. Websites and search engines.46 - . 1.6 Limitations • • • • The time period provided for the research was not sufficient to undergo an analytical research work. so there was a problem in showing the extensive growth in its exports. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. Direct face to face interaction for collecting the primary data was not possible.

PIGDAMBER. Fax -0731.B.) Tel.NEAR RAU.P.(M.Export Of Grapes From India To UK INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.47 - .4064557 . ROAD.0731.4072636.DISTRICT –INDORE.

193.597.(M.31 1.35 3.379.00 3.09 0 0 390.509.522.89 407.19 2.398.19 3.79 8.639.87 1.40 6.340.45 563.64 92.242.01 314.1.48 - .91 4.440.137.210.140.75 6.76 343.39 458. lacs Qty in Mt.04 5.55 6.18 0 0 2007-2008 Qty Value 24.627.) Tel.29 13.45 164.107.081.020.aspx?gcode=0205 INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.115.17 452.72 298. Product: FRESH GRAPES Country NETHERLAND UK BANGLADESH U ARAB EMTS BELGIUM SAUDI ARABIA NORWAY GERMANY NEPAL SRI LANKA OMAN MOROCCO MALAYSIA ALGERIA 2006-2007 Qty Value 19.36 13.com/indexp/product_description_32head.656.94 25.98 12.7 578.43 292.4072636.39 2.966.013. EXPORT PERFORMANCE 2.B.97 1.19 520.37 0 0 2008-2009 Qty 24.63 10.apeda. ROAD.50 529.66 3.59 441.68 6.PIGDAMBER.15 784.NEAR RAU.5 410.1 EXPORT OF GRAPES Table 2.46 361.61 54.162.13 208.1 Product Group Report/Country Wise Value in Rs.59 570.84 743.22 472.64 354.86 3.DISTRICT –INDORE.5 338.47 2.379.70 11.54 Source: http://tradejunction.90 1.03 595.28 3.66 1.274.15 1.064.32 1.552.757.686.488.994.P.761.448.91 0 0 196.33 890 228.303.26 Value 13.0731.Export Of Grapes From India To UK 2.4064557 .586.10 313.14 9.657.402.62 2.26 242. Fax -0731.79 451.641.368.09 37.97 4.22 13.06 226.667.62 3.61 745.650.650.67 7.62 120.78 314.

9 24151.43 65.37 3064.16 8.22 75.95 2552.81 1702.P.58 1078.5 132.Export Of Grapes From India To UK Table 2.1 0.B.21 3.58 15579.15 56.39 21.01 119.DISTRICT –INDORE.2 27.4064557 .1 879. Value in Rs.41 3317.951.47 0.NEAR RAU. Fax -0731.04 1182.8 0.02 38.79 5598 3654.67 6245.58 12.97 726.23 0 0 0 0 0 468.54 233.88 514979.6 1.PIGDAMBER.75 313.2 1.36 2008-2009 Qty 754671.48 25539.09 0 157.35 931.58 133654.28 489619.765.25 1340.62 260.78 47.(M.2 Port Report / Product Group Wise Qty in Mt.17 0.0731.48 128792.89 55689.83 2474.75 10.64 6.21 Value 269968.1 4722.) Tel.12 9.64 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 5.27 Value 459278.38 7463. ROAD.13 0 1.97 2007-2008 Qty 743264.684.43 0 17.02 220240.48 34.82 3968.941.13 0 585.5 1916.78 14.52 1470.69 107286.73 2 0 59 299 0 0 0 0 0 1.4 650.48 28.4072636.02 19.47 INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.998.592.349.85 727357.63 17 117.81 0 221.84 985.15 0.78 839.2 23.86 4929.07 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1. lacs Port: KANDLA SEA Product BASMATI RICE OTHER CEREALS NON BASMATI RICE JAGGERY AND CONFECTIONERY GUARGUM CEREAL PREPRATIONS PULSES OTHER PROCESSED FRUITS AND VEGETABLES MISCELLANEOUS PREPARATIONS GROUND NUTS ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES DRIED AND PRESERVED VEGETABLES DAIRY PRODUCTS MILLED PRODUCTS OTHER FRESH FRUITS COCOA PRODUCTS OTHER FRESH VEGETABLES FRESH MANGOES FRESH ONIONS FRUIT AND VEGETABLE SEEDS MANGO PULP PROCESSED MEAT NATURAL HONEY FLORICULTURE Total 2006-2007 Qty Value 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7621.08 3047.09 2823.01 1 0.65 1.12 5248.4 47.12 2269.49 - .2 62.08 42.370.2 497.13 2548.85 32.41 76427.

24 5.28 55.8 0 0 0.98 15602.03 100.(M.18 4.09 64.46 788.02 103.97 4.84 INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.73 0 0 0 0 2007-2008 Qty Value 5515.13 55.21 7.49 10.07 30.18 6812 4040.34 189.64 1.46 128.51 57.PIGDAMBER.3 132.45 2.0731.15 1210.75 82. ROAD.64 70.21 5.07 13630.22 234.67 9.48 40.68 33435.42 116.65 36.16 46536.18 43. Value in Rs.94 1736.37 934.3 172.57 16439.48 105.72 53.25 4095.51 27.6 118.59 88.09 9.28 473.78 93.06 34873.33 59. lacs Port: MUMBAI AIR Product SHEEP / GOAT MEAT OTHER FRESH VEGETABLES FLORICULTURE FRESH MANGOES OTHER FRESH FRUITS FRUIT AND VEGETABLE SEEDS POULTRY PRODUCTS MISCELLANEOUS PREPARATIONS ANIMAL CASINGS BUFFALO MEAT DAIRY PRODUCTS OTHER PROCESSED FRUITS AND VEGETABLES CEREAL PREPRATIONS FRESH ONIONS JAGGERY AND CONFECTIONERY COCOA PRODUCTS MANGO PULP FRESH GRAPES ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES WHEAT SWINE MEAT NATURAL HONEY DRIED AND PRESERVED VEGETABLES 2006-2007 Qty Value 238.15 122.66 8697.aspx?pcode=515 Table 2.58 965.69 0.apeda.99 57.B.05 13548.com/indexp/portreport_prdgrp.5 11.07 87.08 105.32 43.4 6546.9 6.P.82 0 0 0 0 1.1 11.11 1649.41 188.21 698.NEAR RAU.26 0 0 61.79 36.) Tel.88 8901.4064557 .4072636.34 45.91 277.78 89.50 - .DISTRICT –INDORE.26 1.39 2008-2009 Qty Value 7355.3 Port Report / Product Group Wise Qty in Mt.27 0.49 3073.93 9.49 164.65 0 0 1.3 1.02 10097.49 74.Export Of Grapes From India To UK Source: http://tradejunction.39 3360.27 30.67 136.62 40.53 49.34 0 0 0 0 9.49 437.94 200.01 0.24 1016 554. Fax -0731.02 8.6 17.99 2266.58 68.33 12.3 0.39 130.02 41.15 2.31 37.47 0 0 0.06 15.81 0.02 1507.21 5637.73 1676.5 1.53 1310.17 0 0 49.32 15.

ROAD.51 - .4064557 .DISTRICT –INDORE.com/indexp/PortReport_prdgrp.Export Of Grapes From India To UK Source:http://tradejunction.) Tel.apeda. Fax -0731.4072636.NEAR RAU.0731.(M.B.aspx?pcode=483 INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.PIGDAMBER.P.

025.144.32 2.883.622.02 5.40 7.20 2.QTY(2008.920. fresh Other vegetalbes.Value(2006.10 4.73 Source: http://tradejunction.04 4.QTY(2007.66 804.87 12.07 5.072. fruits.37 1.00 1.328.862.595.206.751.67 11.20 8.743.78 3.61 1.190.Export Of Grapes From India To UK 2.59 2.40 2.47 2.2 Country Report / Product Wise Country: UK Table 2.579.apeda.343.101.92 1.13 10.34 3. branches and other parts of plants without flowers or flower buds and grasses for bouquets or for ornamental purpose OTHER BAKERY PRODUCTS Onions.566.com/indexp/country_description.aspx?ctry=13421 INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.044.17 12.05 8.52 - . whole/cut/sliced/broken/in powder but not further prepared Guargum treated and pulverised Mangoes .382.202.061.582.196.95 3.030.42 2.981.19 1.473.89 1.74 803.57 29.26 2. ROAD.388.010.63 374.953.91 9.343.28 1.98 3.63 1.379.69 4.4072636.108.12 540.141.403.960.952.) Tel.4064557 .32 2.61 2.478.285.272. Pomegranates Fresh other food preparation not elsewhere specified Natural honey QTY(2006.87 7.89 7.095.68 1.131.60 8.08 3.80 3.67 19.19 3.376.608. dried.354.Value(20082007) 2007) 2008) 2008) 2009) 2009) Qty Value Qty Value Qty Value 71.64 6. nuts and other edible parts of plants prepd.42 2.17 1.183.19 3.743.633.36 3.672.377.888.08 936.36 1.974.B.537.20 1.527. fresh/dried.103.39 1.125.535.013.42 6.DISTRICT –INDORE.68 1.81 10.009. Fax -0731.NEAR RAU.505.034.419.59 3.PIGDAMBER.Value(2007.72 2.82 2./presvd Mixed Vegetables fresh/chilled Ground-nuts HPS Kernels Mango pulp Not Fresh foliage.137.895.59 71.26 705.204.559.56 249.627.239.85 655.362.129.57 11.06 1.92 2.02 2.P.43 7.08 12.48 2.77 13.66 2.563.84 1.17 2.088.045.(M.63 1.44 8.4 Product Basmati Rice Papad Grapes.283.777.410.411.68 3.042.527.197.34 62.575.12 2.932.71 6.10 43.56 3.07 7.60 816.56 1.0731.55 6.

8 Country UK Total ProductGroup: FRESH GRAPES Table2.6 1 6597.B.4072636.09 6 INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.6 7656.5 Qty in mt Value in lakhs 2008-2009 Country UK Total Qty Value ProductGroup: FRESH GRAPES Table 2.6 6368.(M.NEAR RAU.7 3290.6 Qty in mt Value in lakhs 2007-2008 Qty Value 12757.75 1 11318.3 INDIA EXPORT STATISTICS ProductGroup: FRESH GRAPES Table2.53 - .5 5914. Fax -0731.9 Qty in mt Value in lakhs 2004-2005 Country UK Qty Value 5888.7 ProductGroup: FRESH GRAPES Table 2.6 7656.94 7 13657.09 8 Qty in mt Value in lakhs Qty in mt Value in lakhs 2006-2007 Country UK Total Qty Value 13657.5 5914.0731.) Tel.4 11639.75 1 ProductGroup: FRESH GRAPES Table 2.09 8 11639.40 1 12757. ROAD.6 6597.P.DISTRICT –INDORE.6 6368.4064557 .94 7 2005-2006 Country UK Total Qty Value 11318.PIGDAMBER.Export Of Grapes From India To UK 2.

ROAD.) Tel.aspx INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.4064557 .7 3290.B.0731.P.54 - .DISTRICT –INDORE. Fax -0731.com/indexp/genReport.PIGDAMBER.Export Of Grapes From India To UK 5888.(M.09 6 Total Source: http://tradejunction.NEAR RAU.4072636.apeda.

Export Of Grapes From India To UK 2. ROAD. 01 April-April Qty 4755.apeda.0731. 79 4776. 23 April-June Qty 4756 .7 Value 2348. Value in lakhs April-January Product FRESH GRAPES Total Qty 5025. 46 2348. 2363 96 .55 - . 46 4755.com/indexp/genReport. 79 Value 2360.4072636.4064557 .B. 23 2360. 99 Value 2361. Fax -0731.1 Value 2347. 79 Value 2360. 23 2360. 19 AprilSeptember Qty 4776. 46 April-May Qty 4756 . 23 April-August Qty 4776. 48 5025.10 Year 2009-2010 Country .DISTRICT –INDORE.4 Country report for grapes Table 2.6 4780.NEAR RAU. 01 2347. 2363 96 .1 4756 . 99 4777.) Tel.P.(M. 46 Value 2346. 39 Source: http://tradejunction. 87 2519.6 April-October Qty 4777.UK Quantity in mt. 87 AprilDecember Valu Qty e 4780. 79 4776.PIGDAMBER.aspx#content INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. 19 2361.7 4756 . 48 Value 2519. 39 2346.

57 207700.27 135962.53 2646267.2 59172.84 67735.82 1646790.93 133898.43 42754.6 387126.36 ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES 50771.8 98086.18 124627.06 884.28 43086.6 246832.17 311756.67 31817.69 512926.38 WALNUTS 5062.5 54254.29 505285.91 OTHER PROCESSED FOODS GROUND NUTS 251428.21 4011.36 112579.22 MISCELLANEOUS PREPARATIONS 77426.57 281068.98 267887.98 950.85 87346.99 269587.64 211166.49 54350.65 CEREAL PREPRATIONS 111123.52 6587.37 258567.3 Total 1267857.) Tel.3 30997.49 56152.4 14896.5 316351.B.11 COCOA PRODUCTS 3412.5 182752.79 22194.84 1008606.47 78999.68 FRESH FRUITS & VEGETABLES FRESH ONIONS 1378373.47 12231.94 42205.85 245144.42 136880.55 86656.Export Of Grapes From India To UK 2.18 ANIMAL PRODUCTS BUFFALO MEAT 494506.59 Value 34014.51 50582.08 844881.51 75298.39 Total 2002857.94 105407.61 147861.4 Total 849257.57 Qty 30798.28 166752.8 96963.2 47446.63 INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.05 59880.9 139637.6 243711.23 691312.34 8535.44 619.69 712.8 12741.9 137179 54232.13 9329.29 8908.37 77428.56 2408129.88 14193.91 110092.72 1355246.95 Total 50649.6 6091. ROAD.47 70146.9 206928.53 200482.95 FRESH GRAPES 85897.89 48949.57 OTHER FRESH VEGETABLES 276824.2 297890.DISTRICT –INDORE.9 6831.13 483478.84 365915.64 1057016.13 46397.48 350235.08 DAIRY PRODUCTS 45371.53 817.76 31782.8 ANIMAL CASINGS 435.31 462749.65 79846.28 65269.82 354978.56 1467904.71 10157.2 JAGGERY AND CONFECTIONERY 455935.48 33856.32 1014.01 16207.21 68020.39 774849.2 4225.7 4979.31 49641.63 17071.11 2006-07 PRODUCT Qty Value FLORICULTURE FLORICULTURE 42545.99 49336.53 39333.68 1245.NEAR RAU.3 321374.42 14212.6 43314.0731.64 2463.01 GUARGUM 189304.56 - .65 54900.14 1296.91 483970.29 170614. Fax -0731.07 411856.45 33687.33 130760.84 43457.73 FRUIT AND VEGETABLE SEEDS 8104.09 48880.53 PROCESSED FRUITS AND VEGETABLES DRIED AND PRESERVED VEGETABLES 119270.71 103577.77 2008-09 Value 36881.25 40861.11 123900.89 1932855.09 12158.28 42993.37 917.45 OTHER FRESH FRUITS 177638.17 116330.29 48226.77 1823.86 11803.87 1670186.51 30452.4072636.17 MANGO PULP 156835.36 684.97 256768.65 PROCESSED MEAT 860.79 30192.72 2007-08 Qty 36240.(M.46 5696.4064557 .PIGDAMBER.79 OTHER PROCESSED FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 318067.62 37790.32 14123.23 POULTRY PRODUCTS 711245.31 69415.34 83703.21 173013.57 95550.62 NATURAL HONEY 8135.63 SWINE MEAT 1523.5 Three year description of APEDA product Table 2.81 50968.96 44108.72 857.47 6716.79 FRESH MANGOES 79060.53 125726.83 112574.85 59614.47 865.41 11999.82 PULSES 255084.6 SHEEP / GOAT MEAT 5777.51 96281.09 8403.P.78 1724573.19 1710.63 15587.47 13409.

27 3228051.98 168737.27 279280.aspx 2.P.77 2180594.8 1120.36 1045714. Sharad seedless.43 1556411. Calmeria.57 - .6 EXPORT SPECIFICATIONS FOR GRAPES Table 2.73 54684.94 3187060.com/indexp/exportstatement.61 399545.33 237.21 730275.14 9994.(M.84 3535.41 145.K.12 740979.23 10907355.34 3220200. Exotic.76 652314.88.93 14141299. nbsp.12 Thompson Seedless Flame Seedless 26783.77 1516777. RougeRibier.95 9041.89 424307.73 434458.0731. Berry Size: 18mm white Berry Size: 18mm black Berry Size: 18mm pink 4.43 23.722 MTs(2002-03) Availability December to April Major exports to Middle East.51 690204. Red globe.95 3702191.58 17451122.42 Source: http://tradejunction.5 1484735.71 2433913.52 9752245.79 947702.22 72515. Fax -0731. Varieties grown in Maharashtra Manek chaman.5 Kg /9kg 0-1 °C International Standards of Pesticide Residue Levels nbsp.58 3629442.Export Of Grapes From India To UK Total CEREALS BASMATI RICE NON BASMATI RICE WHEAT OTHER CEREALS MILLED PRODUCTS Total Grand Total 1139402. Tas-a-Ganesh.94 300232. Flame seedless. Emperor.apeda.73 5285916. U. Fantasy seedless Sharad Seedless Total export from India Share of Maharashtra Export Specifications Countries Middle East Holland/Germany Berry Size: 15mm Colour:Berry Size: 16mm Colour: amber white/amber Berry Size: 15mm black Berry Size: 16mm black ----Berry Size: 16mm pink 1 Kg 4.06 931879.4072636.52 3999648.B.81 777043.83 MTs (2003-04) 70 – 80% (Approx. UK.05 41053.63 1183355. Christmas Varieties in demand internationally rose.86 5597331.4064557 .PIGDAMBER. Crimson seedless.5 Kg /9 kg 0-1 °C 0-1 °C Variety Thompson Seedless Sharad Seedless Flame Seedless Packing Storage Temp.73 392057.NEAR RAU.69 8133.DISTRICT –INDORE. ROAD. Sonaka Area under crop in Maharashtra (35236 ha) Maharashtra’s Production (9.5 6530112.Germany Thompson seedless.99 46633.) Thompson seedless. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.) Tel.09 59925. Ruby seedless. Holland.

Fax -0731.05 0.01 0.(M. Permissible Limits(mgm/kg). ROAD.NEAR RAU.5 ND 0.DISTRICT –INDORE.02 1.00 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.htm INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.50 0.msamb.) Tel.10 Insecticide/Pesticide Organochlorine Pesticides Aldrin Chlordane (cis & trans) Chlorothalonil DDT (all isomers) Dichlofluanid Dicofol Dieldrin Endosulfan (all isomers) Endrin Lindane HCH (alpha & beta) Heptachlor Organophosphorus Pesticides Acephate Azinphos-methl Chlorfenvinphos Chlorpyriphos methyl Drazinon Dichlorvos Dimerthoate Ehion Etrimphos Fenchlorphos Fenitrothion Malathion Profenophos 2-chlorophenol(metabolite) Methamidophos Methidathion Mevinphos Source : http://www.05 ND 0.Europe ND ND 1.58 - .50 0.50 0.00 2.00 0.00 ND 10.4064557 .10 1.Export Of Grapes From India To UK Max.50 ND 0.4072636.01 0.com/english/export/promotion/grapes.00 ND 0.B.01 0.PIGDAMBER.10 0.P.0731.

0731.P.DISTRICT –INDORE. Ministry of Agriculture. Sangli.NEAR RAU.8 Top 10 Exporters (FRESH GRAPES) • • • • • • • • • • MAHINDRA SHUBHLABH SERVICES LTD.B.PIGDAMBER.(M. National Horticulture Board.4072636. LTD. It is expected that in the next Five years a total exports of more than Rs. To export table variety of grapes as well as the value added products like wine in a coordinated manner. 68 crores will take place. of Maharashtra has put up a proposal for setting up of Agri Export Zone in encompassing districts of Nasik. The rest of the expenditure will be borne by the State Government.4064557 . ROAD. STERLING EXPORTS INC OM SHREE INTERNATIONAL GNT EXPORTS RAIEN TRADING CORPORATION NHC INDUSTRIES PVT. Satara and Ahmed Nagar. Pune. an autonomous development agency which will work as a facilitator to ensure a smooth and orderly development of the grape industry in the state. Solapur. Fax -0731. entails a total cost of Rs. Ministry of Food Processing Industries. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. ATHARVA INTERNATIONAL CHAND FRUIT COMPANY PRIVATE LTD BOMBAY EXPORTS FRESHTROP FRUITS LTD. The project in the first stage. the Govt.59 - .) Tel. agencies like APEDA. 2.50 crore out of which 2.7 Agri Export Zone of India with reference to grapes Maharashtra is the largest grape producing state in the country.35 crore will come from various Central Govt. It is also proposed to set up Maharashtra Grape Board (MGB). 3.Export Of Grapes From India To UK 2.

PIGDAMBER.4072636. Due to variation in the monsoons. ROAD. Opportunities• • India will be able to supply grapes to the neighboring countries.(M. India produces many varieties of grapes. Fax -0731. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. India has the ability to cater the continuous demand of grapes by the consumers.) Tel.P. so Indian grapes will have to face a cut throat competition. Income generation and employment support to more of the Indian population.0731.Export Of Grapes From India To UK 3.4064557 . Poor post harvest facilities for warehousing. the water supply management is unsustainable.B. Threats• So far the Indian grapes were not exported to the far countries.DISTRICT –INDORE.NEAR RAU.60 - . Propagation is mandatory. SWOT ANALYSIS Strengths• • • India is the largest producer of agro-product in the world. Weakness• • • • There is low in technology inputs in horticulture production.

0731.61 - . so it will require huge initial investment and so the Indian grape will be lacking in cost competitiveness. 2008. Argentina. FINDINGS India's grapes export to EU rises by 20% despite restrictions India's grapes export to Europe is estimated to have jumped by 20 per cent during this season even though countries like Germany and The Netherlands changed the prescribed minimum residues level (MRL) midseason." said Mr S Dave. The deadlock over India’s grapes export to the European Union. Director of Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA). in some consignments has shown some signs of easing as UK and Sweden have started accepting Indian grapes by adhering to their own maximum residue level (MRL).000 tons compared to about 37. an expert said. India has tough competition from Italy. As each container carries 15 tons of grapes.(M. who are yet to clear grapes consignment from India because of safety concerns. etc. Fax -0731. According to sources. China. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. in 2007-08 season. 4. However. – PTI. "About 3. But.500 tons last season.P.Export Of Grapes From India To UK • • India has to cover the world market as a sunrise nation in grapes.B.NEAR RAU. Farmers in the grapes belt of Maharashtra are of the view that the changes to MRL in the mid-season are made by the developed countries to discourage imports and such changes act as non-tariff barriers.000 containers have been sent to Europe this year compared to 2. the export to EU.PIGDAMBER. ROAD.DISTRICT –INDORE.500 containers last year. UK changed the MRL in December 2007 and issued further clarification in February this year.4072636. The European Union issued a separate MRL in its update in January.) Tel. which is the main destination for the Indian fruit. Mr Dave said exports were not affected as APEDA also made changes in the MRL after some of the countries changed that. a chemical residue. Grapes are harvested during February-April while whatever pesticides are to be sprayed are used 60-100 days before harvest and therefore it is difficult to conform to amended MRL norms in the middle of the season. which had come under a cloud following the presence of chlormequat. is estimated to be around 45. Spain. while Germany and The Netherlands prescribed the amended limits in March. a big hurdle still remains from Germany and Netherlands .4064557 .

Major findings of this research are as follows: • There are many other market for the export of grapes. The European Food Safety Authority’s (EFSA) in its latest safety study report stated that no acute consumer health risk is expected if table grapes with a mean chlormequat residue concentration of 1.4064557 .B.” an Apeda official said.P. According to trade sources.0731.(M. The maximum permissible level is 1 gm per kg in the country.” a grape exporter from Pune told FE. Trades sources said that there 98 types of pesticide residue whose presence in the grapes consignment need to be tested. Indian exporters say it is difficult to follow food safety guidelines in European Union as all membernations have their own rules.4072636.” a grape exporter said Maximum amount of grapes in India is exported from Maharashtra followed by Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.000 tonne achieved last year because of poor supplies from Chile . INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. Fax -0731.NEAR RAU. “We have already lost two weeks and any further delay would result in huge financial loss.DISTRICT –INDORE.Export Of Grapes From India To UK Netherlands in one of the largest buyers of Indian grapes and officials feel that any loss of market could hurt overall fruit exports from the country.05 gm per kg standard. However. India is aiming to increase its grapes exports to the EU to around 44. “We are constantly in touch with EU officials and hope to find a solution to this problem shortly. exporters have been are yet to decide on whether any tests should be conducted on the grapes consignment.) Tel. most of the rejected containers are lying at Rotterdam ( Netherlands ) port.000 tonne from 37. ROAD.PIGDAMBER. “In the absence of any specific norms we have been following the default level of 0. due the absence of coherent norms in the EU. In the case of chlormequat.62 - . There are 140 farmers in Maharashtra registered for exports. The exporters are worried that time is running because of grape export period is only in the range of six to seven weeks.06 gm per kg are consumed. the 27-member European Union has not formulated any specific maximum residue level (MRL).

B.PIGDAMBER.4064557 . St Joseph college of commerce.NEAR RAU.DISTRICT –INDORE.P. Institute of Management and Development. Fax -0731. ROAD. RELATED STUDIES Following are related studies: • • Export potential of India in agricultural product by Mr. Export procedure of grapes by Mr.) Tel.4072636. Delhi INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. Merro Don Thomas.0731. India improving its quality of export as well as export.63 - . Ajay Choudhary.Export Of Grapes From India To UK • • There is involvement of tough competition with other European countries. 5.(M.

Quality should improve which give positive result in the export performance. productivity should increase. ROAD.64 - .) Tel. Price and quality meter should match. SUGGESTIONS Following are the suggestions brought from my research: • • • • • Warehousing facility should be improved.0731. Due to increase demand of grapes in the global market.PIGDAMBER.P.B.DISTRICT –INDORE.4072636.(M. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A. Fax -0731.NEAR RAU.Export Of Grapes From India To UK 6. There are many neighbour countries in which export can done.4064557 .

There is a need to diversify the uses of grapes.B. The risk of losing a crop due to unprecedented changes in weather is also very high. but as cold storage facilities are currently inadequate there are frequent market gluts. for which suitable rootstocks are to be identified.65 - . CONCLUSION Grape is cultivated over an area of 34. The major bulk of the produce is harvested in March-April.NEAR RAU. the returns per unit area of land are very high with grape cultivation. Future efforts are to be concentrated in this direction. the area under grapes is not expanding fast owing to the high initial cost of establishing the vineyards and high recurring cost of production. Since the highest productivity in grapes has been achieved. Soil and water salinity and drought are the impediments in this direction.000 hectares with an annual production of 1.(M.P. For the survival of the grape industry in India. Diversification of uses as wine/juice and export of table grapes can ease the marketing problems. ROAD.DISTRICT –INDORE.000 tonnes. Fax -0731. the produce should be quality and cost competitive.4064557 . Maintenance of quality of table grapes by crop regulation is the priority consideration to increase exports. Although. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.0731.) Tel.000. efforts are needed to extend grape cultivation to newer areas. Currently more than 80 percent of the produce is used for table purposes.PIGDAMBER.4072636.Export Of Grapes From India To UK 7.

REFERENCE Websites: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • http://en.htm http://mn4h. Fax -0731.org/docrep/003/x6897e/x6897e06.aspx? hscode=08061000&mids=.cookeryonline.0731.html http://www.com/mealexperience/Grapes/Index.com/indexp/exportstatement.apeda.aspx?gcode=0205 http://tradejunction.htm http://www.wikipedia.Export Of Grapes From India To UK 8.in/hort/hortrevo5.nic.&top_r=50&yr=ALL&hscode1=GRAPE http://www.wikipedia.php http://hubpages.org/wiki/Grape http://en.(M.org/wiki/List_of_grape_varieties http://www. ROAD.com/distribution/horticulture/DG1103.) Tel.aspx http://tradejunction.apeda.apeda.htm http://agricoop.com/india/news/eu-halts-grape-importsindia/392628/ http://apeda.DISTRICT –INDORE.4072636.aspx http://tradejunction.fao.com/hub/Health_Benefits_of_Grape Magazines: INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.vegetarian-nutrition.business-standard.B.com/India%20Production/India_Production.com/apedawebsite/ http://tradejunction.66 - .P.apeda.PIGDAMBER.com/indexp/product_description_32head.NEAR RAU.4064557 .com/indexp/genReport.info/updates/grape-health.

.B.DISTRICT –INDORE.4064557 .Dec.Nov.P..NEAR RAU... Alison Crowe. 2009 INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN TRADE AND RESEARCH A.PIGDAMBER.Export Of Grapes From India To UK • • • • Business Standard.67 - . ROAD. 2009 Conservation Magazine..) Tel. Fax -0731. Mumbai April 22 2010 Winemaker. Nov.4072636.0731.(M. 22 2009 Publix magazine.

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