Global System for Mobile Communications

GSM

WHAT IS GSM?
‡ GSM is a standard for a Global System for Mobile communications. ‡ A mobile phone system based on multiple radio cells. ‡ is completed by ETSI, the European Telecommunications Standards Institute.

Two main standards are followed: ‡ GSM 900 (global system for mobile communications in the 900 MHz band) ‡ DCS 1800 (digital cellular system for the 1800 MHz band) .

‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ GSM System Specifications (900 MHz Band) Frequency Band Uplink: 890 MHz to 915 MHz. Access Method TDMA Speech Coder RPE LPC 13kbit/s Diversity Channel Coding Interleaving . Downlink: 935 MHz to 960MHz. Duplex Distance 45 MHz Carrier Separation 200 KHz Modulation GMSK Transmission rate 270Kbps.

TDMA RPE LPC 13kbit/s Channel Coding Interleaving .GSM System Specifications(1800 MHz Band) ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Frequency Band Duplex Distance Carrier Separation Modulation Transmission rate Access Method Speech Coder Diversity Uplink: 1710 MHz to 1785 MHz. Downlink:1805MHz to1880 MHz. 95 MHz 200 KHz GMSK 270Kbps.

Basic Building Blocks ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Mobile Station (MS) Base Stations (BS) Mobile Services Switching Centers (MSC) Operation and Maintainance Center (OMC) .GSM .

The GSM System Model .

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Basic Building Blocks of Mobile Telephony MSC OMC Mobile Station Base Station Mobile Service Switching Center Database Operation and Maintenance Center .

GSM Network Areas .

MSC/VLR Service Area .

Location Area (LA) .

GSM Network Identities 1. Mobile Station ISDN Number (MSISDN) MSISDN=CC+ NDC +SN Here CC= Country Code NDC= National Destination Code SN= Subscriber Number The Maximum length is of 15 Digits .

VLR. stored in the SIM card.2. International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI) The IMSI is the information which uniquely identifies a subscriber in a GSM PLMN. a specific identity is attached to each subscriber. This Identity is called IMSI. HLR. IMSI=MCC+MNC+MSIN Here MCC=Mobile Country Code(3 Digits) MNC=Mobile Network Code(2 Digits) MSIN=Mobile Subscriber Identification Number(10 Digits) . For the correct identification over the radio path and through the GSM PLMN network.

MSRN= CC+ NDC +SN (Country Code + National Destination Code + Subscriber No) .3. Mobile Station Roaming Number (MSRN) a temporary network identity which is assigned during the establishment of a call to a roaming subscriber.

International Mobile Station Equipment Identity (IMEI) IMEI is used to uniquely identify MS equipment to the network. SP.Identifies the manufacturer.Spare for Future use . IMEI consists of = TAC +FAC + SNR +SP TAC-Type Approval Code (6 Digits) determined by the central GSM body. Temporary Mobile Subscriber Identity (TMSI) Temporary IMSI number made known to an MS at registration. It is used to protect the subscriber's identity on the air interface 5. SNR.Serial Number (6 Digits) ± An individual serial number of 6 digits uniquely identifying all equipment within each TAC and FAC.4. FAC-Final assembly code (2 Digits) .

Base Station Identity Code (BSIC) enables MS's to distinguish between different base stations sending on the same frequency.Network Color Code (3 Bits) identifies the GSM PLMN.Base Station Color Code (3 Bits) identifies the Base station to help in identifying the BTSs using same BCCH frequencies . BSIC = NCC + BCC NCC. BCC.5.

Physical channels can be used to transmit speech. These messages are called Logical Channels. . data or signaling information. depending on the information that is to be sent.Physical and Logical Channels Each timeslot on a TDMA frame is called a Physical Channel. A physical channel may carry different messages.

Logical Channels .

Location Update ± Basic Steps .

Originating Call Flow .Call Flow 1.

2. Terminating Call Flow .

Short Message Service (SMS) Traffic Cases 1.MOBILE ORIGINATED SMS .

2.MOBILE TERMINATED SMS .

IP Networks Overview .

Networking Basics Network Topology .

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