com April 2011
A & E
H & S
Sugar Blues
NFL’s Next
Women’s Day
Tears at the
American Idol
or Idiot?
How Budget Cuts Will Affect
“Your Pathway to Success”
Housatonic Community College
Horizons Staff
Tori Centopanti
Editors-in-Chief Emeritus
Brandon T. Bisceglia
Victor Rios
Prof. Steve Mark
Outreach Editor
Deb Torreso
News Editor
Vincent Altamirano
Opinions Editor
Jennifer Claybrook
News You Can Use Editor
Susan Smith
Arts and Entertainment Editor
Michael Bednarsky
Lovanda Brown
Web Developer
Adam Bello
Staff Writers
Patrick Beach, Mark Bein, Eric
Bjornson, Tiana Bridtter, Bobbi
Brown, Elisa Byrdsong, Stephanie
Castillo, Tina Eckart, Chad Fisher,
John Francis, Whitley-Ann Grant,
Keri-Ann Jackson, T.J. Mallico,
Anthony Moran, Jessica Nomack,
Travis Owens, Marysol Rodriguez,
Myranda Sinkler, Dana Souza,
Mimi Williams, Rondale Williams,
Carolyna Zarate
Senior Staff Writer
Jose Rosas
Graphic Design
Art and Design Staff
Janeivy Hilario
Tara Shepard
Design Advisor
Prof. Andy Pinto
Baby Ocelot “Spotted” at Beardsley Zoo ..............................................3
~Shared Sacriüce¨ for HCC as Budget Cuts Loom .............................3
Students Appeal to Legislators: Don’t Cut Budgets! ...........................4
How Could the New E-reading Medium Effect Students? ..................6
The ~Little Hands¨ around HCC ..........................................................7
HCC Hosts Panel on Status of Women .................................................7
Halt! You Have the Right to Remain Informed! ..................................8
Procedural Questions Cripple Student Senate .....................................8
Are You In The Right Spanish Class? ...................................................9
Remembering 1ohn Webb. 1r.................................................................9
Some Students 1ust Don`t Learn ...........................................................10
What Does it Mean to Be Sexy? .............................................................10
Not All HCC Students Celebrate Easter ...............................................10
Could You Tell? Suicide Should Not Be Kept Quiet ............................11
Crossüt Milford: Are You ~Unscared¨? ................................................12
Social Networking Robbing Students....................................................12
Finals! .......................................................................................................13
HCC Library Adds Online Resources ...................................................13
Purdue`s OWL Helps Students Become Better Writers ......................14
Transitioning Your Winter Wardrobe to Your Spring Collection ......14
Review: How I Killed Pluto and Why It Had It Coming ....................15
Sugar Blues ..............................................................................................15
Health & Science Tidbits ........................................................................16
Letters to the Editor ................................................................................17
Tips on Arguing .......................................................................................18
Shedding Tears at the Pump: Promoting Positive Change .................19
When Women Step Up. They Excel .......................................................19
Amateur ~Ham¨ Radio: Still Going Strong .........................................20
American Idol or American Idiot? ........................................................20
How to Become a Broadcast 1ournalist ................................................21
Why is Music Loved by Many? .............................................................21
How Long Will it Take to Bring NBA Titles
to the Big Apple Once Again? ................................................................22
Sex or Athletic Scholarship:You Choose ...............................................22
Did The New 1ersey Nets Pull Out a Blind Gamble? ..........................23
The NFL`s Next Group of Stars .............................................................23
n endangered Brazilian ocelot
kitten, born in captivity Jan. 22
at Bridgeport’s Beardsley Zoo,
is healthy and bonding with her mother
Both spotted wild cats are expected
to be viewed by the public in April at the
zoo’s South American rain forest exhibit.
The female kitten, who has not yet been
named, is the second born to Kuma, age
6. by artifcial insemination. Ozzie. the
11-year-old father, was transported from
Salisbury Zoo in Maryland for the proce-
The frst kitten born to Kuma in 2008.
also female, “is named Milagre, meaning
‘miracle,’” says Don Goff, deputy director
of Beardsley Zoo.
The frst kitten was born Irom tradition-
al artifcial insemination (semen deposited
in the uterus). The newborn was conceived
by oviductal artifcial insemination (semen
injected directly into the oviducts).
Greg Dancho, director of Beardsley
Zoo says, “Given how rare these births are,
it’s incredible that two have occurred here
at Connecticut’s only zoo.”
“Animal conservation is an important
part of our mission and we are thrilled to
have the opportunity to work with one of
the wold’s leading experts in cat reproduc-
tion, Dr. Bill Swanson of The Cincinnati
Zoo & Botanical Garden,” Dancho adds.
According to Goff, there are about
thirty Brazilian ocelots in North American
zoos, and a fair number still living in the
wild. The ocelots are endangered due to
the destruction of their their natural habi-
tat in the Southwestern United States and
South America. Although these beautiful
cats are recognized on the endangered and
protected list in Peru and Columbia, hunt-
ing for their fur still takes place. These cats
“live in a stealthy world,” Goff reminds us.
Samantha Delgado, General Studies
major at HCC admits “I love animals!” and
says she would defnitely visit the zoo to
see the baby ocelot. but confdes 'I have to
convince other people to come with me.”
For biology students interested in ani-
mal handling or animal conservation, “in-
ternships and volunteering during the zoo’s
off times such as fall, winter or spring can
give them job experience,” Goff says.
Beardsley Zoo Ieatures 300 North and
South American species of animals, in-
cluding the bald eagle exhibit, Andean
condors, Siberian tigers, red and maned
wolves, Andean bears, vampire bats, oce-
lots in the South American rain forest with
a Iree-fight aviary. and many varieties oI
barnyard animals, including cows, pigs,
sheep, chickens, goats and prairie dogs.
For more information, visit www.beard-
ousatonic is facing a future slash
in funding proposed by Democrat-
ic Gov. Dannel Malloy that will be
part of a more than 12 million dollar de-
crease in annual funding for Community
Colleges in Connecticut.
The cut is substantial, bringing forth
a tidal-thrust oI potential ramifcations
which might alter the dynamic of what
some call Bridgeport’s “gem” of academia,
which currently caters to over 6.000 stu-
Many, including educators and stu-
dents, protest the detriment such a loss of
funding might cause for education, espe-
cially at schools like HCC.
The budget cuts for higher education,
including the Community College System,
are a part of Malloy’s plan for “shared sac-
rifce¨ within the state oI Connecticut.
“Connecticut’s budget- what do we do?
We cut close to 800 million dollars in my
projected budget in spending; right now
we have a 3.4 billion dollar defcit. People
are hurting,” Malloy told a packed audi-
torium at the UConn campus in Stamford
during one of his nineteen city hall-style
meetings where he explained his budget
and took questions and comments from
concerned citizens.
“The impact is going to be enormous.
It will have a ripple effect and it will ulti-
mately affect those people who are already
hurting,” said Associate Professor of Psy-
chology John Sopchak.
One prominent worry is how the cuts
might affect the price of tuition and school
fees. In recent times, with more minor
cuts, tuition has risen. Trustees for Com-
munity Colleges in CT have already decid-
ed on a 2.5 percent increase in tuition and
fees. But, Malloy’s cuts will provide more
pressure to increase tuition and fees to a
greater extent.
“The College is working with our leg-
islators to try and increase the funding for
community colleges beyond that which
was recommended by Governor Malloy,”
said Anita T. Gliniecki, the President of
HCC since 2007. 'However. the Commu-
nity College System may have to increase
John Keleman, the Treasurer for Housa-
tonic’s Student Senate, is concerned. “We
have raised tuition coming up, because
they have in the past, so it’s getting more
diIfcult. So. with cuts going towards f-
nancial aid, grants and loans, now you
can’t even get the money necessary to ful-
fll your education. It`s almost like one side
fghting the other and in the end you both
lose,” he said.
Yet community colleges are alluring be-
cause of their affordability and opportuni-
ties for aid, which allow many students to
get an education without too much stress
on their fnances.
Raised tuition and fees with less avail-
ability Ior grants and fnancial aid might
cause some students to look away from
HCC; costs stand to become a major issue.
“It’s so much more [convenient] to
come to community college for most peo-
ple. So, we’re seeing a big growth in stu-
dents and people who apply here because
it is a great education for a lot less money.
I think that taking money away from these
institutions will only hurt the state, [it will
also] hurt the residents and the people that
live here,” said Michelle Cohen, an As-
sistant Professor of Early Childhood Edu-
cation, “and I think that people are strug-
Sopchak agreed. “ A lot of our students
depend on fnancial aid. So. it`s going to
be diIfcult Ior them; out-oI-pocket when
you’re not working isn’t that easy,” he said.
The struggling economy, rampant job
loss and lack oI fnances Ior individuals
and families in Connecticut, along with
withering grants including fnancial aid
and an increased tuition, will certainly hin-
der the possibility of some individuals try-
ing to get an education. Keleman called it
a “repetitive cycle,” one that impedes the
progress of individuals driving to advance
themselves educationally and economi-
For a growing community college like
Housatonic, these changes might challenge
the school’s ability to accept a greater in-
fux oI students.
Furthermore, the cuts might also have
an impact on programs, courses, and ser-
vices at the school.
There could be a loss of classes, some
oI which might be needed to Iulfll the
requirements for a student’s major. Less
classes and hours means more of a hassle
to get into the courses left over from the
cutting board, which result in less oppor-
tunities for some students to get their de-
grees in a timely, stress-free manner. It also
makes navigating one’s way to his/her As-
sociate`s degree more diIfcult.
“We have a real issue now where we
don’t even have enough money to keep
some activities,” said Keleman, “and I’m
not talking about school activities like go-
ing on a feld trip. but the actual classes
and teachers available for the community
college students. So [this] can mean: per-
haps [a] cut [in] classes, building’s not
open[ing], horrible things. What’s going to
happen with their education is they might
Baby Ocelot “Spotted” at Beardsley Zoo
~Shared Sacriüce¨ for HCC
as Budget Cuts Loom
Here stands the Lafayette Hall landscape and the parking garage,
while the Connecticut state nag nies high and banners proclaim
“Pathway to Success.”
Photo by Eric Bjornson
Continued on page 4
Baby Ocelot Kitten Born Jan. 22 at Connecti-
cut’s Beardsley Zoo
Photo Courtesy of Shannon Calvert/PRESS
RELEASE March 7. 2011
Baby Ocelot Kitten Exam Day
Photo Courtesy of Shannon Calvert/PRESS
RELEASE March 7. 2011
rriving by the busload, between
400 to 500 people assembled at
the Hart-
ford Capitol on Feb.
28. all united by one
goal: to voice their
opinions to legisla-
tors about the pro-
posed budget cuts to
higher education.
Students and
employees of Con-
necticut’s four state
universities and 12
community colleges
testifed beIore the
Connecticut Gen-
eral Assembly’s Ap-
propriations Com-
mittee for over four
OIfcial repre-
sentatives of HCC
in attendance were
President Anita T. Gliniecki, Academic
Dean Elizabeth Roop, Dean of Community
Outreach Gary A. Kecskés, Director of
Student Activities Linda Bayusik, and As-
sistant Director of Student Activities Kelly
Hope, among others.
With Connecticut`s defcit over $3.3 bil-
lion, Governor Dan Malloy’s has proposed
a budget that would cut $143.5 million in
state funding for public higher education
over the next two years.
“The most passionate students aren’t al-
ways the ones with the deepest pockets,”
said Northwestern Community College
(NCC) Student Government Treasurer An-
drew Thompson. “Budget cuts have a very
real impact on the lives beyond those num-
Potential cuts would amount to more
than $36 million Ior the Connecticut Com-
munity Colleges (CCC) and over $44 mil-
lion for the Connecticut State University
System (CSUS).
“Those cuts are
well too much for
this system to absorb
while still manag-
ing to graduate stu-
dents at a reasonable
rate,” said Housa-
tonic Community
College (HCC) Stu-
dent Senate Presi-
dent Konrad Ma-
zurek. “You cannot
produce more while
investing less. It’s
simply impossible.”
T h o m p s o n
agreed. “[Commu-
nity colleges] are
continually tak-
ing on increasing
amounts of students
and are expected
to expand our services accordingly and,
yet, our budgets are being cut. We are ex-
pected to do much more with much less,”
he said.
Also in jeopardy of being cut is feder-
al and state Iunding Ior fnancial aid and
grant programs.
On Feb. 19, the House of Rep-
resentatives approved a continuing
resolution (HR-1) which. iI passed by
the Senate and approved by President
Barack Obama, would cut funding for
the Federal Pell Grant Program by
$5.7 billion.
“The fact that we are asked to do
more with less is really disheartening, and
something that needs to be addressed,”
said Western Connecticut State University
(WCSU) Student Government President
James Heffner.
Nearly 50 percent oI students receive
fnancial aid. and 50 percent oI those re-
ceive Federal Pell grants. In fact, 9.4 mil-
lion college students rely on Pell Grants,
which are need-based grants provided
to low-income undergraduate students
which, unlike loans, don’t have to be re-
paid to help pay for their college educa-
“Public education, affordable and
accessible to all, is a hallmark of the
American dream. Education releases
people from the shackles of pover-
ty,” said Biology Professor Elizabeth
Cowles of Eastern Connecticut State Uni-
versity. “The foundation of every nation is
the education of its youth.”
Under HR-1, the maximum award
granted would be reduced Irom $5.550 to
$4.705 (a diIIerence oI $845). while the
average Pell Grant award would decrease
by $785.
The proposed reductions in Iederal f-
nancial aid will affect community college
students most directly since they serve the
largest number of Pell grant recipients.
“Several of us come from poverty
stricken homes; several of us are parents;
several of us are working part-time,” said
Jarmaine Lee, student at Capital Commu-
nity College. “It is important to us hav-
ing fnancial aid to help assist us in our
Additionally, funding for the Connect-
icut Independent College Student (CICS)
grant program. which provides fnancial
assistance to students of the state’s pri-
vate colleges, faces cuts of 25 percent in
fscal year 2011-12 and an additional 50
percent in 2012-13totalling $12 mil-
lion in cuts over a two-year period.
“Cutting need-based grants in a weak-
ened economy is simply short-sighted.
It’s at a time when the institutions have
seen vast increases in the number of
students who qualify for aid,” said
President of the Connecticut Confer-
ence of Independent Colleges Judgy
“There will be students who will
Students Appeal to Legislators:
Don’t Cut Budgets!
not be able to graduate in time.”
There is also worry over a potential loss
of teachers and staff, especially full-timers.
More adjuncts might be needed, who will
not be able to dedicate themselves as whol-
ly as full-time faculty.
“I hope we don’t have to cut back on
teachers,” said Cohen, “because if you cut
back on teachers then you have to cut back
on the amount of students.”
Sopchak said, “Psychologically, it does
have an impact on people when they don’t
have that security in their lives concerning
their income and their livelihood. I still be-
lieve that teachers are not going to be as af-
fected concerning layoffs as staff will. So,
there’s going to be less support services for
the educators.”
Services available at the school may
indeed fall short of their current capacities
and abilities to serve the student body and
educators. This may affect the library staff,
testing services, developmental services or
other integral aspects of the college.
With such a list of potential effects that
might arise from the proposed cuts, it is
easy to see why many individuals are ap-
prehensive about the prospect.
On the other hand, despite lingering
fears and uncertainty, others believe that
Housatonic will persevere and continue to
do what it has always done since its hum-
bler beginnings in 1967.
Sopchak is hopeful. “The quality of
education here is outstanding. We certainly
have committed administrators, educators,
and staff, all here to do the best that they
can to [give] students here a very positive
educational experience; to prepare them
for their dream,” he said.
The Dean of Students at HCC, Avis D.
Hendrickson, has faith that the college will
be fexible and maintained eIIectively de-
spite a loss of funding. “I believe that, as
an institution, we will be agile enough to
make any changes if necessary,” she said.
With millions of dollars at stake, there
clearly will be some changes. Though it is
hard to discern exactly how and where the
proposed budget cuts for higher education
will affect HCC, there are those who don’t
want to take any chances.
For some of these fervent proponents
of education, who believe in the integrity
and versatility of a school like Housaton-
ic, there will be no silent surrender to the
proposed cuts. They are willing to fght Ior
the school which has bestowed them with
a much-needed and affordable education
which has possibly changed their lives.
Currently, concerned students led by
the HCC Student Senate are reaching out
to State Representatives and Higher Edu-
cation Committees. There has been a bus
trip to Hartford in Appropriation Commit-
tee’s Public Hearing, where students sup-
ported the school and related their personal
experiences and passion for Housatonic.
'We really want to fnd a way to band
together…We have bus trips we’re plan-
ning to go up to the capital, so we can ac-
tually get people involved, have a demon-
stration with other community colleges,”
said Keleman, who, along with other stu-
dents from various community colleges in
Connecticut who joined him in Hartford on
February 28. told the committee: 'Please
don’t cut our funding. At least give us a
decent amount of money that we can get
by on.”
The Student Senate also urges students
to participate in a letter-writing campaign.
They want to inundate the Higher Educa-
tion Committee, Appropriations-Higher
Education Subcommittee, and State Rep-
resentatives with letters from concerned
students. These letters will relay student
experiences,and protests over the cuts.
This will be done in hopes of persuading
these individuals to intervene and lessen
the blow of a multimillion dollar loss to be
incurred by the community college system.
For the student who is worried about a
negative impact on their education, they
have the power to speak out.
The Student Senate
proclaimed,“Democracy is NOT a specta-
tor sport.” They urge students to directly
participate in something which may shape
the outcome of their education and thus
their future. The Senate desires solidarity
amongst students along with a power in
numbers, so they can make a difference.
Cohen also focused on what could be
done to help the school, “we can write the
governor, write congress, say how impor-
tant this school is to the community, to the
overall improvement of life for people, not
just young students but older students. I’m
a very strong proponent of education pe-
riod. I just think it is the key for everything.
If you start fooling around with that, then
you’re asking for trouble.”
Meanwhile, HCC is preparing for a
budget cut. For the administration, it is a
busy time of strategizing, assessment, and
juggling potential options for the school.
“At this time the College is develop-
ing various budget scenarios that address
various potential budget cuts and the im-
pact of those cuts on the college,” stated
President Gliniecki, who is also committed
to the continuation of Housatonic’s main
objective. “No matter what we do, HCC
will provide quality education [for] our
But HCC is not alone, as Malloy’s
'shared sacrifce¨ will bring Iorth cuts
throughout the higher education systems
of Connecticut. There will also be a con-
solidation of the community college and
state university systems in an effort to save
money, which is a cause for more concern
as well.
Moreover. with a budget defcit oI $3.4
billion handed to the Governor, his pro-
posed budget Ior the 2012-`13 fscal sea-
son will emphasize state-wide cuts and
taxes on everything from gas to hair cuts,
which will hopefully heat up Connecticut’s
colder-than-most economic climate in the
Malloy repeatedly mentioned the $3.4
billion defcit during his city hall-style
meeting in Stamford.
But will the cuts for higher education
hurt Connecticut’s students even more?
For a soon-to-be graduating HCC stu-
dent, like Darren Guerrucci, who once
helped campaign for Malloy in Bridge-
port, it is a compelling question. “I backed
Malloy because of his views on education.
Now…it looks like education is going to
be more of a struggle to obtain,” he said.
Cohen is still awaiting the results, but
she is optimistic. “We’re lucky we have
this institution. This institution means that
every one can get an education. People can
better themselves [and] those people will
then contribute to the community. It all
comes back; it’s a cycle [and] you don’t
want to break the cycle,” she said.
HCC was well represented at the Hartford Capitol.
Top row, from left to right: Brandon Bisceglia, John Keleman,
Kaitlyn Shake, Kevin Green, Konrad Mazurek, Donald Tobin,
and Adriana Cedeño. Bottom row, from left to right: Donna
Heard, Ann Carter, Linda Bayusik, and Sergio Escobar.
Photo by Tori Centopanti
Continued from page 3
John Keleman (left) and Konrad Mazurek (right)
congratulating each other for successfully present-
ing their oral testimonies to the Appropriations
Committee at the Hartford Capitol.
Photo by Brandon T. Bisceglia
One of the more “creative” protest signs displayed by
students at the Hartford Capitol to express their feelings
towards the proposed budget cuts to higher education.
Photo by Tori Centopanti
Continued on page 5
drop out. There will be students who will
go part-time and begin to work even lon-
ger,” she added. “There will be students
who will try and get into the public col-
leges which will cost the state even more.”
The Connecticut Aid for Public Col-
lege Students (CAPCS) program. which
Iunded more than 18.000 students in 2009.
requested an increase in funding, but Mal-
loy recommended that its budget remain
the samea little over $30 millionIor
the upcoming fscal year.
Colleges can, and may, try to make up
Ior the budget defcit through increased
tuition and fees, cuts in courses, programs
and services, less faculty and staff, higher
book, food and transportation costs, and
fewer student jobs.
Late last year, before the cuts were pro-
posed, the CCC Board of Trustees had al-
ready approved a 2.5 increase in combined
tuition and Iees. up to $3.490 a year Ior in-
state students. Trustees of the CSUS voted
to freeze tuition, and it is still unknown
whether or not cuts will affect that deci-
“Tuition hikes and cutbacks in our state
colleges only serve to keep goals beyond
reach; denying people the access to get the
education and the experience they need to
become investors in our state,” said Bianca
Sharpe, Three Rivers Community College
“Please help keep our goals attainable,”
she continued.
“The reality is that
is our reality is bet-
ter because of the
access we have to
an affordable, high
quality education
and educators who
love what they
Since higher
student income
and property own-
ership generates
about $21.9 mil-
lion in tax revenue
each yeara 9
percent real return
for taxpayers and
their annual invest-
ment in colleges
substantial cuts to
higher education could, potentially, weak-
en the state’s economy further.
Not only do 99 percent of students live
in Connecticut while attending college,
coming Irom 167 oI the 169 towns. but
they also stay after graduation.
“The increase in disposable income and
purchasing power can be spread through-
out the economy and also increases the
tax base for the state of Connecticut,” said
HCC Student Sen-
ate Treasurer J.P.
It’s a rather
simple formula:
the more col-
lege graduates the
state produces, the
more state resi-
dents earnand
Educated stu-
dents and college
partnerships with
large and small
employers support
business growth,
job creations and
economic vitality.
Fur t her mor e,
according to a
2009 report by the
New England Board of Higher Education,
institutions of higher education in Con-
necticut contributed nearly $24 billion to
the state`s economy in 2006. including
$3.2 billion in direct expenditures and
$203 million contributed by more than
7.000 Ioreign students.
In addition to the fnancial and econom-
ic benefts. college graduates enioy better
health, are more engaged in community af-
fairs, and are less likely to be unemployed,
rely on costly public benefts. or be incar-
Asnuntuck Community College Stu-
dent Senate President Ryan Ahrens, veter-
an of the U.S. Air Force and Conn. Nation-
al Guard, seized the opportunity to remind
legislators of their roots.
“Many of our representatives in this
state have completed programs using
higher education offered here. They’re ex-
amples of the quality education that can be
received,” he said.
“Being alumni of Conn. higher educa-
tion,” Ahrens explained, “These same rep-
resentatives can choose to either cripple
the very foundation upon which they built
themselves, or they can strengthen it.”
A full transcript of the Feb. 28 hear-
ing can be found at http://www.cga.
Governor Dan Malloy’s budget for
the hscal vear 2012-13 can be found
From left to right: Juan Rodriguez, Konrad Mazurek,
Sergio Escobar, Priscilla Mathew and Adriana Cedeño
representing HCC at the Hartford Capitol.
Photo by Brandon T. Bisceglia
Continued from page 4
Attention Students: Save Our College
Act Now!
The SGAs oI all 12 Community Colleges want you to food the Appropriations Committee. Education Committee and State Representatives with
emails addressing how cuts to the Community College Budget will negatively impact students. They will listen to us!
What to say?
It does not have to be long. A Iew sentences or a paragraph will be fne.
Write about your personal experiences and how the Community Colleges have helped you;
Write about how more tuition increases would affect you; and
Write about how cuts in services would affect you, etc.
Include your name and your school.
Remember. Democracy is NOT a spectator sport.
Let them know that they CANNOT balance the budget on the backs of students!!
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Math: ƉůĂĐĞŵĞŶƚ ŝŶƚŽ MA1 Ϭϵϱ͕ MA1 ϬϵϮ Žƌ ŚŝŐŚĞƌ ;Žƌ Ă ŐƌĂĚĞ ŽĨ 8 Žƌ ďĞƩĞƌ ŝŶ MA1 ϬϳϱͿ
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For Iurther inIormation. contact Theodora Benezra. HCC Statway Coordinator. at TBenezra( or 203-332-8577.
How Could the New E-reading
Medium Effect Students?
s technology changes so do the ex-
periences that it produces. We’ve
seen this in the digital age of mu-
sic: most music that is bought isn’t in the
form of an album anymore. Instead, people
browse, preview and pick out the songs
they think is worth their 99 cents.
And the industry seems to have adapted.
In many cases, it seems like albums
aren’t really “albums” anymore and more
like a collection of singles, rather than try-
ing to be songs that bleed and bend togeth-
er. It is only logical to assume that when
novels, comics and even textbooks are giv-
en a new platform, digital Darwinism will
set in and some of the general philosophies
behind the way we normally experience
them will alter as well.
We have already seen this to some ef-
fect in the comic book industry. After the
90s. when the legitimate comic book shops
went the way of Pogs and Crystal Clear
Pepsi, the ideal way to read comics was
in the form of these large collections or
graphic novels that packed in tons of issues
for a reasonable price.
But almost the very second the space
opened up for comic books on the e-reader
market, they reverted back to selling the
issues individually, costing a lot more
to complete a series that a graphic novel
would have offered by itself.
Could the same happen for standard
novels? Could they end up selling books
in parts just to squeeze every last dollar out
of the consumers? Could the same thing
happen to students with their textbooks if
this ever becomes the dominant medium?
Would this actually beneft students given
the right circumstances?
Imagine being able to buy textbooks in
segments, and only having to buy certain
chapters that the class utilizes. Honestly,
when was the last time a teacher actually
commanded the use of a book you just
dropped $150 on to its Iullest extent?
Even if buying books in smaller, segre-
gated pieces never catches on, then imag-
ine how much cheaper textbooks could
be given that publishing companies don’t
have to cut down an entire forest just for
the frst third oI your history book.
“Having all my textbooks together in
an e-reader would be amazing,” said HCC
student Cisco Barahona. “I have all these
thick, heavy books to carry, and its a pain
trying to manage them and remember
which days I’m supposed to bring what. So
having them together and never having to
think about it would be so helpful. Not to
mention if the books were cheaper.”
Though, just because in theory it should
save students money doesn’t mean it will.
Already students are paying around $80
just to get a password for math websites.
So the odds that full textbooks would drop
below that are slim. In fact, in the long run,
it could cost us even more.
Given this new medium companies
will probably do their best to exploit the
masses in this new foreign world of the e-
book market. They might add some cute
but overall useless features, like the abil-
ity to edit the book yourself, or to highlight
certain sections and send them to your
Iriendsand use those as their iustifcation
for jacked up prices.
So at frst this may seem like it could
possibly make buying and using textbooks
easier for students, but odds are it would
end up costing us all a lot more in the end.
While it would be tough for e-readers
to overcome print as the dominant read-
ing medium if it doesn’t initially offer a
better service, we might eventually see
something in the same vein as what iTunes
has done: make it as fresh and appealing
as possible initially, then when everyone
has bought into it and invested themselves
completely, slowly take away freedoms
and iack up prices. (Any song released now
on the world’s most popular music store
costs $1.29. compared with the original 99
While e-readers could do great things
for students, it could also lead to a place
that adds up even more fnancial troubles
to empty pocketed students. While it might
seem crazy to think that digital books will
ever overcome retail, we probably would
have thought it was crazy eight or ten years
ago to say that physical copies of music
and movies would be almost obsolete by
With major book retailers like Borders
fling Ior bankruptcy. its not hard to imag-
ine that in the foreseeable future that book
stores will only exist in the way record
stores do: just gimmicky hipster hang outs
near liberal arts schools.
The ~Little Hands¨ around HCC

or the past 23 years, the Early
Childhood Lab has hosted the
“Little Hands Art Show,” an event
which gives children the chance to show
off their art work. ECL is an early child-
hood care and education program for
preschool-aged children, funded by HCC
and the Bridgeport School Readiness
Child Care grant, along with grants from
agencies within the area.
Early Childhood Lab Director and art
show contact, Heidi Szobota describes
the show as “process art” in which “the
process that the child experiences while
creating it is what has value, not neces-
sarily the end product.”
“The art show provides an opportu-
nity for the children to feel a sense of
pride and accomplishment about their
creations, which enhances their self-es-
teem: It also provides the children with
the opportunity to view the art creations
of others,” she said.
Szobota explains that the show
is not a talent show and that the
art expresses the basic elements of
line, color, shape and composition.
'We usually have fve or six programs
from the community participate. It is not
a talent show,” she said.
Szobota who was hired by HCC in
1997 as a teacher beIore becoming the
director of the Early Childhood Lab
School in 1999, says that she doesn’t
view her role as teacher or director as a
job, but as a career.
“I choose this career initially because
I enjoy working with young children and
people that want to work with young
children. It is important to work with
Iamilies as a team Ior the beneft oI their
child`s academic success.¨ she confrms.
The “Little Hands” Art Show is open
for viewing by parents and children in
the LaIayette Hall caIeteria Irom 7:30
a.m. to 9:30 pm Monday through Thurs-
day and 7:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. on Friday
during the month of April.

n March 8. HCC`s Women`s Cen-
ter hosted a panel discussion about
the status of women around the
world in celebration oI the 100th anniver-
sary of International Women’s Day.
The day is a yearly event recogniz-
ing the “economic, political and social
achievements of women past, present and
Students from other schools, such as
Naugatuck Valley Community College and
the University oI Bridgeport (UB). as well
as HCC students and alumni, gathered in
the Events Center in Beacon Hall for the
speakers’ presentations.
The frst person to speak was Teresa
C. Younger, the executive director of the
Connecticut Permanent Commission on
the Status of Women, an organization that
works with the General Assembly to end
discrimination against women in the state.
“When we look at international wom-
en’s rights, which are really human rights…
though we’ve come so far, we’ve not come
far enough,” Younger said. She went on to
explain that the assumption that the United
States is “number one” is a misconception,
and laid out a number of comparisons to
illustrate that point.
Among other things, she said that the
United States currently ranks thirty-sev-
enth in gender equity among the 42 most
developed nations; ranks sixty-fourth glob-
ally with a 19 percent wage gap between
men and women full-time workers; ranks
last among the 11 top industrialized na-
tions in both infant and maternal mortality;
and is in seventy-third place for the propor-
tion oI women in elected oIfce.
“In the state of Connecticut - and in the
United States generally - we’ve actually
seen a decrease in the number of women
elected to oIfce. For the frst time in ten
years, the state of Connecticut has less than
30° |women| in the General Assembly.¨
said Younger.
“In countries where women are in
greater leadership roles, we hear women’s
voices on the issues that are critical to
them,” she added.
The second panelist was Judith Po-
lizzotti, co-president of the Bridgeport
Branch of the American Association of
University Women, an HCC Women’s
Center member, and an adjunct instructor
at the college.
Polizzotti spoke about the fIty-fIth
meeting of the United Nation’s Commis-
sion on the Status oI Women (CSW) and
the status of women in the science, tech-
nology. engineering and math (STEM)
The CSW is the primary global examin-
ing body on women’s rights for the United
Nations, producing regular reports and
working with non-governmental organiza-
tions to advance the role of women in the
“Women still constitute the majority of
the world’s poor, and of those without ac-
cess to education,” she said. “Additionally,
disparities in equal pay for equal work, un-
paid work, continued high mortality rates,
prominent HIV infection rates, and a pan-
demic of violence against women are clear
indications that solutions to these gender-
specifc issues must be implemented now.¨
Polizzotti said that certain factors in
particular were limiting women from en-
tering the STEM felds: a lack oI education
and training, unequal care giving, a lack
of resources, and persistent gender biases
throughout societies.
Next, HCC Alumna Mina K. Tumba
shared her experiences with violence
against women in the Democratic Repub-
lic of Congo before coming to the United
“Back home in the community where
I grew up, the use of violence to express
disagreement is common,” she said. “If a
wife responds arrogantly to her husband,
the husband may choose to hit his wife,
and it’s acceptable in the society. In fact,
people would blame the woman for being
defant instead oI being obedient and sub-
mitting to her husband.”
After growing up in the capital of Kin-
shasa, Tumba and her sister moved to an
area in rural eastern Congo where her fa-
ther was stationed. While there, she be-
came a kindergarten teacher.
“One night,” she said, “everything
changed. I heard the news that rebel groups
were in the area – within one kilometer. We
needed to evacuate the area.”
Tumba was told that if the rebels came
through, they would rape every woman
and girl they found, and capture or kill the
men and boys.
“I recall being so frightened that I could
not speak.¨ she said. 'I was only 17.¨
Tumba’s father was out of town, so she
approached the head of village security.
But he prevented her from leaving because
he didn’t want to scare anyone else.
“The next morning,” she said, “I saw
the bodies of dead men and women in the
Tumba was lucky enough to escape the
violence of her home country. She came to
Housatonic, and last year founded a non-
proft organization called American Moms
to Africa Moms, a program for exchanging
support between women on the two con-
The fnal speaker was Laiali Almaza-
ydeh, a Ph.D. international student of
Computer Science and Engineering at UB.
In her home country of Jordan, Almaza-
ydeh saw many of her peers, including her
sisters, getting married at the age of 15.
“Even if it’s a great thing to do in life,
and it is the reason why we are here,” she
said, “it was not my dream.”
Almazaydeh said she faced “tremen-
dous pressure” from her family and soci-
ety to start a family. She refused to give in,
though, and made the bold move of con-
tinuing her education.
'I chose the feld oI computer science
and engineering,” she said, “because I
love to be challenged. Computer engineer-
ing makes me part of the most important
revolution – to change the world of tech-
In Bridgeport, she felt much more en-
couraged by others to pursue her goals.
Support was abundant, despite the lan-
guage and cultural hurdles she had to over-
Succeeding in school and career aren’t
just matters of personal achievement for
Almazaydeh. She intends to fnish her
doctorate by 2013. at which time she`ll go
back home to teach a new generation.
In the meantime, she’s broken with tra-
dition in another way: while working on
her master’s degree in Jordan, she met her
future husband. They had a daughter, and
he’s taking care of her while Almazaydeh
is in the United States.
“I wanted to set an example for my
daughter,” she said, “so she could
look at me and be proud. I want
her to have a dream, like me, and
to work hard to achieve it.”
Almazaydeh says that prog-
ress for women is coming slowly
to her home country; the govern-
ment recently raised the marriage
age to 18. which she said was 'a
great start.”
“I look forward to a world
where peace and prosperity re-
place war and poverty,” she con-

To learn more about the UN’s
Commission on the Status of
Women, visit
womenwatch/daw/csw/. For in-
formation about Connecticut’s Permanent
Commission on the Status of Women, visit
HCC Hosts Panel on Status of Women
Mina K. Tumba.
Photo by Brandon T. Bisceglia
Laiali Almazaydeh.
Photo by Brandon T. Bisceglia
Gain Some Perspective
career in Law Enforcement has
much to offer, whether you’re the
type of person who wants to be in
the front lines or the type that likes to work
behind the scenes.
On March 23. 2011. HCC held its Third
Annual Law Enforcement Fair in Beacon
Hall, an event that informs the interested
audience about job opportunities and job
experiences. Now, don’t get stressed out if
you didn’t happen to make it to this event,
it’s not too late to get started.
Amongst all the kiosks offering infor-
mation on the visiting Law Enforcement
Agencies, there was the Norwalk Police
Department. This happened to be the one
with an up and coming career opportunity
if you’re inclined to follow up on becom-
ing an oIfcer. With starting pay being be-
tween $56.466 and $68.717. this is an ex-
cellent job if you are willing to make the
necessary sacrifces in doing so. This is
only salary, there’s always the opportunity
for gaining over time. You could be mak-
ing upwards oI $100.000 aIter iust one
year oI service! There are also benefts that
include; opportunity for advancement and
specialized assignments, comprehensive
medical benefts and liIe insurance. a tu-
ition reimbursement plan, and an excellent
pension plan which gives 50° pay aIter 20
years and 75° aIter 30 years.
An open-discussion panel began
promptly at 10 a.m.. where a group oI six
experienced individuals, ranging from a
probation oIfcer to a state trooper. began
explaining to the audience what their jobs
were and why they did them.
A common trait oI police oIfcers is the
fact that they all display a strong passion
in what they do. As Maurice Hill discussed
what lured him into the family services
feld. he said. 'II it`s not in your heart.
then don’t do it because you’ll get burned
out real quick,” meaning that you should
be 100° positive that law enIorcement is
something you really want to do.
Originally a social worker, Hill had
come to the conclusion that most crime in
some way is related to the family. “Don’t
just look at the act itself, but more so why
the act was committed,” Hill explained
when talking about how to help these
people reform their lives. He felt the focus
should be more on “Mental Health”, so that
we can get to the root of the problem and
also so we could maybe eliminate these
problems in the future. He decided that fo-
cusing on this aspect was key for him in
transitioning into a law enforcement career.
Other key aspects that need to be taken
into consideration are any social networks
(Facebook. Myspace. Twitter. etc.) you
may be involved with, and basically all
activity you’ve taken part in up until the
present moment. Agencies will go to your
neighbors, friends, family, and they even
look into old pictures of you. Anything
that has something in connection with
you will ultimately be subject for “look-
ing into”. That may sound extreme, but
extensive background checks are neces-
sary when being considered for any law
enforcement career.
“You need to be accountable for your
own actions, and act responsible. Make
good choices and good decisions, and try
and think about how your own decisions
will affect your own future.” James Scott
of the Connecticut State Troopers added.
If you’re considering becoming a police
oIfcer. keep in mind that the Connecticut
State Troopers have the largest department
out of any in Connecticut. This was a large
reason that drew OIfcer Scott to become
a state trooper. Being such a large facil-
ity, there was a variety of different jobs
such as K-9, State Fire Marshall, Street
Gang Units, and even Marine Patrol that
the Connecticut State Police offer. This al-
lowed for more choices for him to make in
regards to the career he wanted to choose.
He also explained to the audience how ev-
erything you do concerning the process
of becoming and being and being a state
trooper counts towards your retirement.
This would include Academy time, train-
ing, tests, and graduation.
Perhaps. being a Probation oIfcer is
more of an appealing choice to you. Proba-
tion OIfcerWatts had a lot oI inIormation
about this division, backed up with a strong
passion for what he did. This job is truly
diverse. Dealing with Juvenile offenders,
half way homes, group homes, as well as
matters inside the Courthouse is an exam-
ple of what this job is like.
'It`s a 50-50 iob.¨ OIfcer Watts said.
explaining how to recognize the right mo-
ment to be a social worker and when to be
a police oIfcer. Every individual is diIIer-
ent and knowing how to deal with each cli-
ent in the correct manner is vital.
Unfortunately nothing is perfect, and
there are negative aspects. Jim, a retired
Orange County Police Detective, re-
counted many different occasions where
his job overlapped into his personal life.
“Missing birthdays and holidays is un-
fortunately part of the job.” Jim stated.
These are your obligations to your work,
meaning that you will inevitably miss out
on some of the important personal events
in your life, and you need to be accept-
ing of that ahead of time. You will also
at times, although it’s terrible, may deal
with fatality and notifying family mem-
bers of someone close to them dying.
Keep in mind that these are things you
must be prepared to deal with because
at times, it becomes a dangerous and de-
manding feld oI work.
Not only should you take into con-
sideration all the necessary information
Ior being an oIfcer. you should also be
aware of retirement. “There’s light at the
end of the tunnel.” Jim says. “There’s life
after retirement.” When working as an
oIfcer. it opens the door Ior early retire-
ment; retiring aIter 20 years oI service.
while maintaining 50° oI your salary.
For more information, a more in-
depth version of the information above,
you can go online and check out the
many different agencies. For example,
in regards with the up and coming Nor-
walk Police Department job coming up,
go to and check out
all the links and pictures that are on dis-
play. You can also visit your local law
enforcement agency and talk to an of-
fcer one on one. or call iI they happen
to be too far away. If you’re not really
sure about all of this, you can even talk
to Joanne Anzenberger at HCC in room
BH-251. She’s the Assistant Professor of
Criminal Justice here at HCC and is also
a retired police oIfcer that can be easily
reached via email at janzenberger@hcc.
Halt! You Have the Right to Remain Informed!
he Student Senate defended itself at
its Mar. 31 meeting against accusa-
tions of improper conduct.
The Student Senate barely made it half-
way through its agenda. Enough senators
were absent that the early departure of one
left too few to vote under Student Senate
rules. The “emergency meeting” had been
scheduled to make up for the previous
week’s cancellation.
The Community Action Network’s
(CAN) Vice President Alain Cesar asked
to address the foor. then read a letter con-
taining a list of accusations about the sena-
tors’ conduct during the Mar. 29 Activities
Committee meeting.
“This is not an attack or major slander
on any party or individual,” Cesar began.
“I am merely speaking on my thoughts at
the last Activities Committee meeting of
improper parliamentary procedure and im-
proper etiquette.”
Cesar’s grievances included: all ad-
dresses not being made to the chair; being
cut off in the middle of his speech; speak-
ing without frst addressing the chair; 'di-
rect attacking speech by the Student Sen-
ate President”; interrupting the middle of a
vote repetitively; being told “what my club
will be allowed to do by a person’s will-
ing discretion”; and a rude attitude “and
blatant disrespect to me as a member of a
“It is also my belief,” he continued,
“certain clubs were bullied to change the
vote, if not manipulated.”
Most of Cesar’s complaints centered
on a discussion during the Activities Com-
mittee meeting of a request by CAN for
25 shirts. The committee had to vote three
times on the issue; in the frst two. CAN
got the money. They were both subse-
quently declared null and void, and on the
third vote, their request was denied.
“I would like to applaud you for bring-
ing up your grievance in the proper fash-
ion,” responded President Konrad Mazurek
while Senator Priscilla Mathew searched
through the bylaws.
“I am somewhat confused, though,”
Mazurek said. “What’s being implied is
that the vote was manipulated. Are you im-
plying that the Senate manipulated the vote
on purpose in order to vote your subsidy
request down?”
“Yes, to be honest,” replied Cesar.
Mazurek asked Director of Student Ac-
tivities Linda Bayusik to explain to Cesar
that one of the votes had to be retaken be-
cause some clubs had more than one mem-
ber being counted.
“The procedure for the Activities Com-
mittee is that there’s one vote per club,”
Bayusik said. “I’m not sure why the votes
changed; no one was encouraged to change
their vote...from my point, if that’s what
you’re considering ‘being bullied,’ I don’t
think that was bullying anyone.”
Assistant Director of Student Activities
Kelly K. Hope backed Bayusik’s position.
However, she said, Mazurek had com-
mented that the vote shouldn’t have taken
place without him in the room (unless the
chair is absent, other members can normal-
ly be absent when a vote is made).
Mazurek argued that he had made the
comment for several legitimate reasons -
particularly because he had left the room
so that he could ask Bayusik a question
about the validity of CAN’s request for 25
shirts. Shirts are supposed to be purchased
based on the number of students attend-
ing a club’s meetings, and the highest at-
tendance they had submitted was only 12
students, less than half of what was being
asked for.
“It was also brought to my attention,”
said Mazurek, “ that the total [cost] that
was voted on was incorrect.” The price
had been listed as $909. but was actually
“I understand where you had came at,”
said Cesar. “But after the vote was done
and all that was done...I think it should
have been addressed to me afterwards, so
when we came to the Student Senate and
the discrepancy came, it could have been
fxed there in proper order.¨
Hope suggested that Mazurek could
have given the information to Senator Scott
Day, who had been chairing the Activities
Committee meeting, rather than handling it
“It became very intense, and I didn’t
think that it needed to be that way,” she
Mathew then apologized for herself and
Day, pointing out that they had not been
prepared to run the meeting. “I know the
meeting was very confusing in a lot of
ways. I just want to say that I don’t want
anyone to be offended in any way, that we
were not trying to be intimidating senators,
because that’s not how it’s supposed to be,”
she said.
“I had no problem with the report,”
said Day, “except for the implication that
we were somehow purposely denying it.
We’re not nefariously putting your vote
down purposely in any way. I think it was
just misunderstanding and miscommunica-
tion of the procedure.”
Cesar repeated that he was not attack-
ing any individual, but said that “during
the meeting, there were certain addresses
made belittling me and how I was speak-
Procedural Questions Cripple Student Senate
Continued on page 9
Photo courtesy of
ing, and basically devaluing me. That’s
why I was saying it was manipulation.” He
didn’t specify which comments he found
belittling, but said that he was told he was
following improper procedure when he felt
he was not.
After this protracted back and forth, Ce-
sar was asked to bring a revised proposal
to the next Activities Committee meeting
so that it could proceed. Cesar agreed, and
By the time the Student Senate was
able to move on. 40 minutes had already
elapsed. Day had received permission at
the beginning to leave early, and a few
minutes later, he also exited the room.
Over the next ten minutes, the re-
maining members of the Student Senate
weighed a proposal to revert club funding
to an automatic allocation oI $2.000 start-
ing in the Fall oI 2011. Currently clubs are
required to submit budget proposals a se-
mester in advance.
The measure passed by a slim margin,
but then Parliamentarian Dave Koch made
an observation.
“Do you have a quorum?” he asked.
The senators quickly realized that with
Day gone and four other senators absent,
they no longer had the 50 percent-plus-one
membership required to hold a meeting.
The vote to change the clubs’ budgeting
procedures was declared null and void, and
the meeting automatically adjourned.
Continued from page 10
Remembering 1ohn Webb. 1r.
By Horizons Staff
I remember the time John called my phone late one night just to talk. I also remember getting upset because I was in bed at the time. John would
even wait outside of the classroom door just to speak to me. He is truly missed and his laugh was like no other. My blessings go out to his family
along with a sincere apology to John. I’m sorry I never gave you the time to talk and learn more about you as you tried numerous times to reach out
to me. The great lesson that you left with me is to remember to always smile, so I will keep a smile in remembrance of you John. God loves you and
-Stephanie Castillo
Writing about John at this moment brings tears to my eyes. He was the frst person I spoke to when I entered into Pub 1 last semester. He would
always say or do something in class to get my attention while ProIessor Steve was explaining something to the class (sorry ProI. Steve). He sat
right next to me in both of my classes. We were considered the life of our History class because we would ask so many questions and crack jokes to
lighten up the mood. When it came down to test time, John would call me relentlessly or contact me through Facebook for help, and I did the same in
return. He is truly missed and will forever be in my heart. He always knew what to say to put a smile on your face and that’s what I am going to miss
the most!
R.I.P John; I will never forget YOU!!
-Bobbi Brown
I wasn’t close with John, but we did have two classes together. John was in one of my class group assignments, that is how we became acquainted.
He was friendly, jumped right into conversations and had a smile that was bright and inviting. I wish I could have taken the time to learn more about
him and really get to know him. I miss seeing John in class and hearing him engage in class conversations, but most of all, I miss his outgoing spirit
and the life he brought to our class. My thoughts and prayers go out to John’s family and friends. Losing a loved one is never easy, nor is it easy to
accept. We shall not dwell on losing John but we should be thankful of having the opportunity to meet him and know him in this lifetime. Rest In
Peace John. We will meet again one day I am sure.
-Dana Souza
John was incredibly pleasant and I’ll always remember his ability to interact and hold a constant smile at the same time. He was a good person and
I understood this aIter briefy speaking with him. The Iact that we bonded over something as important as poetry means more to me than one could
guess. I still can’t believe it; I really didn’t see this coming. My prayers are extended to his family members and closest friends. R.I.P John, you are
truly missed.
-Lovanda “Dava” Brown
John, with whom I shared two classes, had an outstanding personality. His presence was evident where ever he was. Even though we only shared one
solid conversation, I could only say that I wish there was more time. But, everything happens for a reason. Your smile and laugh will always remind
me of how great of a person you were. May your soul rest in peace- never to be forgotten…
-Keri-Ann Jackson
John was my student in two journalism classes at HCC. I will remember well his creativity, thoughtfulness, intelligence, and lively sense of humor,
as well as his infectious laugh. He had a real knack for putting people at ease and seemed to delight in connecting with his classmates. He will most
defnitely be missed by all oI us at Horizons.
-Steve Mark
Are You In The Right Spanish Class?
ousatonic offers placement tests
for Math and Reading Compre-
hension, but none for language
courses. This allows native speakers to
take any elementary 101-level language
Does this unconcerned issue actually
beneft the native-speaking students or
hold them back? Is it fair to students who
don’t already know the language? Due to
the opportunity of increasing their GPA,
some native speakers do not have a prob-
lem with being ahead of class.
Alyssa Torres. Puerto Rican and fuent
in Spanish, for example, is currently en-
rolled in Elementary Spanish I and does
not mind taking the class at all.
“Why complain when I am earning 3
easy credits?” she asked. “I can simply sit
in the back of the class, hardly pay atten-
tion, and still get an A.”
Jonathan Shea and Jamilet Ortiz, both
Foreign Language professors, have taken
the initiative to test the students’ abilities
in their own classes.
If native speakers met the requirements,
they then suggested, though cannot force
students to move to. level 102. According
to Shea, some students prefer to stay and
assist as a mentor and some chose to go,
but Shea and Ortiz strongly suggested that
students challenge themselves.
“I prefer students to be more academi-
cally challenged,” Shea added.
Both professors have been working on
designing the placement tests for several
months. They have been comparing differ-
ent exams and their next step is to start the
oIfcial placement testing.
Testing Coordinator Patricia Costeines
thinks the placement testing for foreign
languages is a “great idea.”
This situation has not been a struggle
for some native-speaking students. How-
ever, it was for some students who were
taking the course as a second language.
“It depends on the students’ personal-
ity,“ said Shea.
According to Shea, most students who
did not speak the required language frst-
hand either felt intimidated or learned a lot
from the native-speaking students. In some
cases, students who were taking the course
as a second language wanted a fair envi-
For instance, Daniel Korponai took a
Spanish 101 course last semester. with
more than half the students being native
“We are here to learn at an appropriate
level,” he stated. “If you are able to speak
Spanish Ior more than 30 minutes to your
professor, you should not be in Spanish
101. You are hardly putting in any eIIort
towards your grade.”
On the other hand, Sergio Escobar, who
has a Mexican background, feels that he is
actually earning his credits.
'Although I speak fuent Spanish. that
does not mean that the course will be a
breeze for me,” he explained. “I have to
put in some work because I do not know
how to write it correctly.”
elieve it or not, many students are
not ready for college level work,
but they’re here anyway.
There are several students who may
have trouble readingthey could be sit-
ting right next to you. According to a Fall
2010 study conducted by the Institutional
Research department. there were 1.382
students in developmental courses for
Math738 students in Math*075 and 644
students in Math*095.
There were 1.675 students in develop-
mental courses Ior English455 students
in ENG*073. 855 students in ENG*043.
109 students in ENG*013. and 306 stu-
dents in ENG*003.
It’s clear that many students are unable
to comprehend basic Math and English,
but there are other problems besides this
that students encounter upon entering col-
lege. Note-taking is a huge part of a stu-
dent’s college life and it’s really important
for them to know how to do so, effectively.
However, many students don’t.
Joanne Anzenberger, Assistant Profes-
sor of Criminal Justice, feels that, “Note-
taking, as part of the learning process,
should be systematically taught in all pri-
mary and secondary schools.”
Students even have trouble with some-
thing as simple as writing and reading cur-
sive, which is usually taught in the third
“Students come to colleges and univer-
sities with widely diverse backgrounds,
interests, life experiences, learning styles,
and learning abilities,” Anzenberger added.
Many people don’t know who to blame
for this - school districts, students, or par-
“Don’t blame the school districts, blame
the students,” Vern Krill, Assistant Profes-
sor of Criminal Justice, said.
He believes it’s the students who don’t
want to learn.
Claudine J. Coba-Loh, Professor of
Psychology and Human Services and
Chairperson of the Behavioral/Social Sci-
ences Department, sees it differently. “You
can’t say it’s one factor or the other. It’s a
combination,” she said.
Most states don’t even require students
to take specifc core curriculum courses in
order to graduate.
In a study conducted by ACT, provid-
ers of the college entrance program, it was
found that high school graduates who took
basic core curriculum college prep cours-
es; four years of English and three years of
Math, Science, and Social Studies were not
prepared Ior college. at approximately 400
high schools nationwide.
Furthermore, studies by ACT state that
only one quarter of high school students
who take the standard number of college
prep courses are prepared Ior their frst
year of college. Where does that leave the
other three quarters of high school stu-
dents? Unprepared!
It is possible that teachers also play a
role in this.
“We try to do the best we can,” Coba-
Loh, said. “If you’re going to blame the
teachers, blame all of them.”
Jasmine Johnson, a Business major,
disagreed. “Sometimes the teachers are the
problem. I’ve had teachers back in high
school who didn’t teach at all. Students
were told to read a chapter and answer
questions from a worksheet every day.”
You can’t blame only the teachers, only
the school districts, or only the students.
There are some students who don’t want
to learn, and teachers who want to teach.
Then, there are students who want to learn,
but the teachers don’t want to teach. Ev-
eryone, teachers, students, parents, and the
school districts, are involved in this togeth-
er, make a change.
Some Students 1ust Don`t Learn
Photo courtesy of http://farm6.static.ñickr.comt
Photo courtesy of
Photo courtesy of
any students on campus have
their own perceptions on what
being sexy means to them. Sexy
is defned today as something that arouses
sexual desire or interest. What do you think
of the word sexy?
Jolanda Riggins. 18. a Human Services
major, feels that the word sexy is an over-
rated term that is often used negatively
through media. “When a woman hears
sexy, she obviously has to sell some kind
of sex, by wearing tight clothes, and being
provocative,” she said.
“The common belief of sexy is based on
looks and not personality. Sexy is intelli-
gence,” added Aaron Edwards, 19, also an
HCC student.
As you look around campus there may
be a few eye catchers as the weather is
warming up. Many students feel the spring
fever in the air and physical connections
may arise. But for some, even showing
more skin may attract the many eyes of our
peers, but certainly not the minds. Atten-
tion may not necessarily mean it’s a good
“Sexy is someone who feels good about
themselves, well dressed with a nice atti-
tude,” said Tiffany Johnson, 19, a Business
Administration major. Hence, not being
sexy enough may mean not ftting in.
Another student who also feels strongly
about this topic is Clarence Williams, 23, a
Human Services major. “Someone who has
a great mind, and who can think outside the
box is sexy; the way a person carries them-
selves,” he said.
Reaching out to the Women’s Center
here at HCC you can get a range of per-
spectives on the status of woman and men.
The obiective is to defne sexy through the
eyes of our peers and through those who
were more experienced in understanding
the sexuality of, not only women, but men
too. Interestingly there are students, male
and female, who reach out to the Woman’s
Center for advice and to discuss body im-
age issues.
Kaitlyn Shake, a student worker, and the
Associate Director of the Woman’s Center,
describes her defnition oI sexy as someone
who can hold an intelligent conversation,
independent. selI suIfcient. and one who
holds selI confdence. Shake preIers a man
who has a nice smile, she is impressed by
high shoulders, someone who is properly
groomed and can hold an intelligent con-
A number of young women reach out
to the Woman’s Center for advice and re-
lationship issues, trying to understand why
their boyIriends don`t fnd them sexy.
“Men come here, too, for relationship
advice,” Shake said.
In magazines, models get skinnier all
the time. and it is a daily fght Ior some to
maintain that fgure when most don`t have
the understanding that many of those pho-
tos are photo-shop edited.
“People think Paris Hilton is sexy, but
she’s not really sexy. She just has money,”
Paul Bernard. 20. a Psychology maior.
“The preferred Western image for
women is tall, white skin, blonde hair, blue
eyes, and the innocent look,” Shake added.
That is one modern day perception on what
sexy means in society today, which molds
our expectations in life, not only as wom-
an, but men too. You could only imagine
what is expected from your average West-
ern male. However, sexy is a word that can
be defned in more than a million ways.
Johnson feels that “sexy” in her mind, is
one who feels good about themselves, well
dressed with a nice attitude. However, sexy
is not a word she uses to describe herself,
she prefers the word “beautiful”, which re-
verts back to the initial recollection of how
sexy is defned today.
“I believe I’m sexy because I have class,
ambition, and I carry myself with respect,”
Allunudus Williams. 18. a Computer Sci-
ence major, said. “Without that push, you
won’t be secure with yourself, it is truly
something within.”
The world may be full of different views
on the word sexy. There’s no direct expla-
nation for the word, and it’s more based on
how you feel according to our peers.
Joie-Anne Canestri, 22, a Business Ad-
ministration major, believes that sexy is an
emotion that we carry within, on our shoul-
ders, and around on a day to day basis.
Surprisingly enough, what is most de-
sirable for student’s here at HCC is the in-
telligence, not just based on looks and sex
appeal. Many students on campus believe
that sexy is truly something within.
What Does it Mean to Be Sexy?
n today’s modern world, there are
many different beliefs and religions.
With everyone having Easter Sunday
on April 24 off at HCC, what do people
who don’t follow the Christian faith have
planned for the day?
Although Easter is associated with
a cute, cuddly bunny passing out candy
and hiding eggs for children, it is based in
Christian religious beliefts.
Criminal Justice major Nadia Bucknor,
who’s a Christian, says she has a big day
“I’m going to church, and after lots of
family and friends are coming over for a
big dinner,” she says. “I like to have the
whole family around to celebrate. It’s al-
ways laughs and smiles on Easter.”
Nursing student Nishi Patel is of the
Hindu religion and does not celebrate Eas-
“It’s just an average day in my house.
We eat dinner together and hang out around
the house,” says Patel.
Even though Patel’s family doesn’t cel-
ebrate Easter, she says that they celebrate a
similar holiday that normally takes place in
November called Diwali.
“Diwali’s meaning has somewhat of the
same religious meaning as the Christian
day of Easter. But instead of giving candy
and Easter baskets our closest relatives or
great elders give money,” Patel says.
Also not celebrating the Easter holiday
is Supreme Allah. Allah is a computer sci-
ence major and he tells us that he doesn’t
have a holiday similar to Easter but in his
faith they do celebrate holidays.
Allah is of the Nation of Gods and
Earths faith, and he says he has no plans
for the day of Easter.
“Nothing at all. Just being Supreme and
manifesting my ways and actions of my
Supreme self,” Allah states.
With so much diversity in the world one
could only expect different beliefs and cel-
ebration methods for holidays. For some
people a day of celebration may be just an-
other day of relaxation.
Not All HCC Students Celebrate Easter
Could You Tell?
Suicide Should Not Be Kept Quiet
very day Hernan Yepes, the direc-
tor of student development and ser-
vices at HCC. walks into his oIfce
and deals with countless students on every-
day issues, giving advice that may change
some student’s life or impact him or her to
be there for another student.
With all that he does in his oIfce. his
mind often wanders back to when he was
seventeen and how he lost his close friend
to suicide. To this very day he has asked
those same questions as many students are
doing today: What could I have said or
done? What signs do I look for? Who do I
turn to for help?
There are many questions that run
through a student’s mind when a tragedy
such as suicide not only hit the lives of a
family member, but touches a classroom of
students who were unsure of how a person
was feeling.
'I have Ielt the pain frsthand in los-
ing my friend at such a very young age,
so somewhat I can relate to the students at
HCC who may have lost a friend or loved
one to suicide,” said Yepes.
Suicide has claimed the lives of many
young people, and its often the depression
that is not visible to the natural eye.
“I couldn’t tell my friend... was suicidal
just by talking to him. He was always hap-
py and funny, there were no obvious signs
that he was hurting inside,” said Stephanie
Castillo, a Journalism major.
“Sometimes it just takes a little bit of
time to talk to each other and fnd out how
someone is feeling, just to show someone
you care,” she added.
Students here at HCC have felt the loss
of a close friend and
student, which has
left students wonder-
ing who can they turn
to when they need
someone to talk to
here on campus.
“My job here at
HCC is to try and
prevent things such
as this from happen-
ing again. Honestly
you never really
know how someone
is truly feeling inside,
but one thing I know
for sure is where there is support there may
be a chance of changing someone’s mind
about an issue such as suicide,” said Yepes.
According to a recent article published
by Roxanne Dryden Edwards, M.D. on, over one million people
commit suicide each year and more than
3.900 oI them are
college students.
Suicide is the
fourth leading
cause of death be-
tween the ages of
18-65 in the United
States according to
a recent article pub-
lished by Melissa
Conrad, author of
the book Doctor to
Patient. She also
states that males
are mostly likely
to commit suicides
than females. There
are various reasons
why people commit
suicide, but the leading cause is depression.
Students are faced with all kind of
things. Their lives consist of everyday
stress, whether it be the stress of being a
single parent balancing work and school,
or a student who is dealing with stress
that takes place at home. Suicide has been
claiming the lives of many people in to-
day’s world.
“I’ve always thought my life was crazy,
flled with so many challenges and respon-
sibilities. It wasn’t until I read that my for-
mer classmate took his life that made me
realize that people are truly are hurting and
need someone to talk to,” said Karen Da-
vis, a Business major.
According to recent study. 60 percent
oI suicides are done with a frearm and the
remaining percentage is an overdose of
medication. Whatever the way suicide is
carried out, there is still a lack of knowl-
edge on what to look for in a person who
maybe having thoughts of suicide.
“You never really know,” said Yepes.
“Some students cry for help is very clear
while others do a pretty good job at hid-
ing it.”
Dr. Denise Green of Integrated Health
Care and Prevention agreed. “This is true.
Some people can appear to be happy and
you absolutely do not know that they are
depressed and, to be honest, those are the
very people who maybe contemplating sui-
cide,” she explained.
HCC had been taking action to sup-
port students through this very hard time
and has a great amount of staff whose job
is to be there for the
student body. In room
A-108 oI LaIayette
Hall, there are trained
counselors who sit
down every day and
not only encourage
students to sign up
for classes, but spend
time being a listening
ear for students.
Students can walk
in and request to meet
with a counselor, no
appointment needed.
Students have fve
counselors to chose from and students can
spend as much time needed for assistance
on issues that are concerning them.
“We offer programs which allow stu-
dents to feel free to express themselves.
We have the Women’s Center and the
Men’s Center. These centers are here to
support our students
mentally and physi-
cally,” said Yepes.
Dean of Students
Dr. Avis D. Hen-
drickson has been
working at HCC for
three years and has
seen the need for
action to take place
on an issues such as
“We are here for
each of our students.
We have trained and
professional coun-
selors who will help
students with any-
thing, personal, aca-
demic. or even fnancial.¨ she said. 'We
do refer our students to outside sources if a
situation requires further assistance.”
Outside of HCC, students can visit
the YMCA, Alpha Community Service,
Bridgeport Hospital, St. Vincent’s Hospital
and CT Mental health Services for support
on depression and suicide. These organiza-
tions offer long-term and short-term care,
depending on the situation.
“I want students to become more active
in college life conversations, hear stories
by other students and even staff. We really
need to apply some immediate response of
sympathy to students who need someone to
talk to,” Hendrickson continued.
Many students are unaware of the help
they can get just by walking down a cam-
pus hallway. With all the problems stu-
dents face, sometimes it just takes one per-
son to say something encouraging that can
ews you can use
HORIZONS · News You Can Use
Depression and suicide affects all races and cultural
Photo courtesy of Psychology Today
Depression and Suicide
Symptoms, Signs and Risk Factors
People with depressive illnesses do not all experience the
same symptoms. The severity. frequency and duration of
symptoms will vary depending on the individual and his or
her particular illness.
Symptoms include:
· Persistent sad, anxious or “empty” feelings
· Feelings of hopelessness and/or pessimism
· Feelings of guilt, worthlessness and/or helplessness
· Irritability, restlessness
· Loss of interest in activities or hobbies once pleasurable,
including sex
· Fatigue and decreased energy
· DiIfculty concentrating. remembering details and making
· Insomnia, early–morning wakefulness, or excessive sleeping
· Overeating, or appetite loss
· Thoughts of suicide, suicide attempts
· Persistent aches or pains, headaches, cramps or digestive
problems that do not ease even with treatment
Research shows that risk factors for suicide include:
· Depression and other mental disorders, or a substance-abuse
disorder (oIten in combination with other mental disorders).
More than 90 percent oI people who die by suicide have
these risk factors.
· Prior suicide attempt
· Family history of mental disorder or substance abuse
· Family history of suicide
· Family violence, including physical or sexual abuse
· Firearms in the home, the method used in more than half of
· Incarceration
· Exposure to the suicidal behavior of others, such as family
members. peers. or media fgures.
Source: The National Institute of Mental Health
Continued on page 12
Picture expresses the need to talk about
suicide and depression.
Image courtesy of
Picture expresses all kinds of depression that can
lead to suicide.
Photo courtesy of
12 HORIZONS · News You Can Use
ifteen clap push ups, 25 box jumps,
and running 400 meters; fve times
without stopping. Crossft isn`t your
average gym. to say the least. Crossft gets
you to go beyond your breaking point and,
trust me, that is exactly what they want.
I tried the Edge and Planet Fitness. I
was completely lost right from the start. It
was always crowded and it seemed like all
the machines were being used. I would go
with my friends, who were a lot stronger
than me, and neither of them showed me
how to do what and which days to work out
specifc body parts. I came to the conclu-
sion that I wasn’t up for this type of gym
A couple of days later, I was introduced
to a diIIerent type oI gym called Crossft
Milford. I had a good feeling about it and
decided to give it a shot. I was amazed
right from the start.
'Crossft has been
one of the smartest deci-
sions I’ve ever made,”
said, CFM member Matt
Orlando. “The workouts
are an hour tops and you
feel amazing after. I re-
member when I signed up
how skeptical I was, but
Crossft isn`t some scam.
Results come quickly and
you make strides each
class, it’s just so much
better than all the other
The frst steps in order to become
a member oI Crossft is Iour personal
training classes (at any time that fts your
schedule) or three weeks of on-ramp class-
es with other people that are starting Cross-
ft Ior the frst time as well. Either way oI
starting doesn’t really matter, they teach
you everything. From proper stretching, to
power cleans, handstand pushups, thrust-
ers, kettlebell swings, etc. You get the
whole run down on how to do everything,
so don’t freak out!
'At frst I worked out Ior Iun. running
long distance with pushups or pullups. It
was just something I did. Then I found
out I could actually do this for a job and I
haven’t looked back ever since. I love see-
ing people get better each and every day.
It`s awesome.¨ said Crossft MilIord Train-
er Colin Geraghty .
There are specifc times to go every day.
So, if you have school until 2:15 pm, then
the 3:30 pm class would be perIect. Or iI
you have to work 9-6. then the 7:30 am
class fts in accordingly. Crossft is amaz-
ing at working around your schedule so
there is never any panic at which time to
go. During some point oI the day. Crossft
is waiting for you.
That`s how Crossft works. There are 12
classes a day and you pick the time. There
is always a trainer for each class show-
ing you and the other members what to
do and how to do it. Trainers are a vital
part oI Crossft. They push you through
the workout. Sometimes I will fnd my-
self completely out of stamina during
a workout and the CFM trainers would
continue to motivate me, telling me not
to quit.
“Dont be nervous. If you put your mind
to it, anything is possible. We have the best
coaches any Crossft has to oIIer.¨ said
CFM owner Jayson Leydon.
Leydon started Crossft about three
years ago and the rest is history. He has
done some amazing things, and he always
welcomes new members. From working
with Olympic athletes to frefghters. Ley-
don has a ton of experience.
“The best memory I have up to this
point with Crossft has to be somebody
telling me I saved their life,” Leydon said.
Crossft is a type oI gym that can ft
anyone’s personality. It doesn’t matter
how strong, how fast, or how athletic you
are either. Crossft brings out your strength
and weaknesses, regardless of who the per-
son is.
So trust me when I say this. Crossft is
for everybody. Hands down, all it takes is
the motivation to get you there. Are you
Crossüt Milford: Are You ~Unscared¨?
he popularity of social networking
has grown and continues to grow
at an astonishing rate. According
to Blake Chandlee, the VP and Commer-
cial Director, EMEA, at Facebook, the
social networking site has surpassed the
600 million user mark. beyond others like
Myspace, Hi5, and LinkedIn.
One may say that students are lacking
a great deal of commitment when school
work is involved. Discipline and punctual-
ity toward their classes have also become a
growing concern due to social networking
distractions. Many HCC students can re-
late to this kind of distraction. Those who
have been affected understand the issue it
brings of not getting enough work done in
HCC student Salvador Fequiere feels
that “Social networking inspires laziness.”
HCC Philosophy Professor Glenn
Kindilien believes that “one of the reasons
students are so distracted may be a feeling
of emptiness or loneliness which compels
them to seek attention from social sites,
such as Facebook and Twitter.”
Despite the importance of getting
homework done on time, students have
subconsciously programmed themselves
to constantly check their Facebook; even
iI they checked it 10 minutes ago. Stu-
dents who have
confessed doing
this have been long
aware of the dam-
ages they can do to
their class grade,
but fnd it hard to
resit the act of go-
ing on social sites,
which they say has
become a habit.
“The computer
labs here are usu-
ally full with stu-
dents mostly on
Facebook, instead
of doing school
work.” says Science major Tim Grasty.
As nursing major LeQuan Bowman
said in the middle of his homework “If I
had company upstairs, I probably wouldn’t
be doing any homework, whenever I’m
around friends or on Facebook, I don’t get
much homework done.”
According to Peter Everett, Public
Services Librarian at HCC, “There’s way
too much extraneous input amongst stu-
dents today. It’s re-
ally troublesome
for professors, and
a disservice towards
students who want
to learn.”
Whether it’s to
go on Facebook to
simply browse or
check status up-
dates, or even hang-
ing out with friends
on campus, a lot of
students can attri-
bute to the idea of
choosing network-
ing over homework
or any assignment.
Journalism major Deon Womack, says
“A lot of students I know who hang out
around campus usually has homework
due of some sort, but choose to hang out
instead of doing their actual homework.”
HCC students who visit social sites fre-
quently usually don’t have a clear answer
as to why they choose networking over
school work. It seems as iI it`s a way to fll
a certain gap by socializing with friends,
whether on Facebook, or hanging out on
campus. Doing so gives them a worry free
mentality and the impression that they can
always catch up on homework at a later
Students who aren’t affected by this
distraction. fnd it hard to comprehend why
other students procrastinate or social net-
work so frequently.
'School comes frst. and it`s my number
one priority,” says Grasty.
These students fnd ways to limit their
social craving, which gives them more time
to get more school work done. As a result,
they’re more focused on school, which is
good for their overall performance.
As this issue grows stronger, it’s be-
Social Networking Robbing Students
Crossht Milford member Brian Okeefe in the middle
of doing the “workout of the day”.
Photo courtesy of Crossüt Milford.
Jayson Leydon (Owner/Head Trainer) telling the 3:30 PM
class what’s on the agenda for the day.
Photo courtesy of
The 6:30 PM class getting through 6 rounds of pushups,
power cleans, and box jumps.
Photo courtesy of www.crossü
Continued on page 13
Student distracted by Facebook while doing home-
Photo by Travis Owens
change someone’s mind about a decision
that can change their life forever.
“I have felt life’s pressure as a student
and also managing bills at home, and boy
the things that run through my head. I some-
times have to talk about what I am feeling
or I would simply crash,” said Dah’heim
Witfeld. a Criminal Justice maior.
Jason Wright. agreeing with Witfeld.
said “I do the same thing.”
“I feel most people commit suicide be-
cause they have lost hope or feel that things
are at its worst point,” Wright added. “I
have seen my friends stressed out about life
so, instead of just letting them have a pity
party, I let them know they are not alone
and that as friends we can get through it
With all the help here on campus, some-
times its that frst initial response Irom a
friend that makes someone share what no
one would have ever known.
“I know we all have very own separate
lives, but it does not hurt to check on some-
one or simply ask questions they need to be
answered. Something so simple as asking
how someone is feeling or inviting some-
one out can cause someone to really open
up and express themselves,” said Green.
Suicide is not something that should be
kept quiet. Speak loudly!
For further assistance, a suicide hotline
is free and available 24 hours by calling
211. They will stay on the phone until local
ambulance or caregiver arrives.
Continued from page 11
coming evident that students who lack
discipline and enthusiasm towards school,
are usually distracted by friends, social
sits, or personal relationships; while others
prioritized school and are self motivated
by their performance.
While social media sites provides op-
portunity for young people to communi-
cate with friends and family, and even to
share their creativity, many students lack
the maturity to prioritize school frst.
Ultimately, students who are involved
in this issue are missing out greatly in
school. It seems that a student who lacks
motivation and chooses to engage in social
networking, usually falls behind because
of their lack of devotion to school. How-
ever, other students who are not so inter-
ested in frequent social networking usually
devote more time to homework and school
because of their dedication and discipline.
Continued from page 12
HORIZONS · News You Can Use
ou wish you could put off each test
for a couple of more weeks so that
you won’t have to be as worried.
You don’t want to study, neither do you
want to write papers. More so, you just
want it to go away. You have paid atten-
tion, taken notes, attended each class and
participated, but you are aware that if you
do not pass these exams with good grades,
it will take a huge chunk off of your over-
all percentage, lowering your grade. You
don’t know what to study or where to start.
You plan to start studying ahead of
time, but instead you update your status on
Facebook and as a result, you keep going
back and Iourth to check Ior new notifca-
tions. Your phone is ringing, and everyone
is text messaging you. You think, “Great,
people contact me when I have something
to do, but never when I don’t have any-
thing to do.” Everything around you, other
than your priorities, all of a sudden seems
so interesting. You are procrastinating, but
deep down inside, you love all of the dis-
tractions because it is taking your mind
away from your reality.
Finals are approaching rapidly and stu-
dents need to prioritize, organize, and ra-
tionalize their goals in order to earn a good
grade on given tests.
Simple strategies include: isolating
yourself, taking great notes, looking over
past assignments, studying ahead of time,
eating a nutritious breakfast, and focus-
ing on what is
most important
throughout the day
in order to do well.
Students must also
remember that ev-
ery individual has
a different goal, so
they must all fol-
low their own path
to success.
Although stu-
dents have dif-
ferent goals,
sometimes we can use
similar techniques to
help us with common problems.
Due to technology. most students fnd
it diIfcult to study and Iocus on their ma-
terial. “When I have something to do, I
can never focus,” Andre Campbell, 19, an
Accountant Major says, “I always end up
checking text messages, logging on to my
Facebook account, or just distracted by
Isolate yourself from any distraction.
Put away your phone, computer, or any-
thing that will steal your attention from
your school work and surround yourself
with anything you need to complete your
Taking Great Notes is the key to do-
ing well in any class. “Taking notes” is the
most important suggestion that your pro-
fessor will mention and should always be
attempted during
a class lecture. “I
don’t know how to
take notes. I nev-
er know what to
write down.” said
Kadeem West. 20.
and General Stud-
ies Major. When
listening to a lec-
ture, the professor
will usually repeat
or sharpen the
tone of their voice
when giving the most
important information.
Carrying a tape recorder to class, with the
professor’s permission, will also help you
record anything thing that you have missed
out on.
Re-Writing your notes will also help
you to remember.
Looking Over Past Assignments will
help you to improve on any mistakes you
may have made. This allows you to have
a better understanding of what you have
to know. Miyanda Mudingayi, 21, a Pre-
Engineering maior with a 3.7 GPA says.
“Past assignments help me pin point my
weak points. It’s impossible to go through
Studying Ahead Of Time will allow
you to get everything done and is more
effective than trying to cram every bit of
information into your brain at the last min-
ute. Memory takes time, and giving your-
self time allows you to feel less pressured.
Eating A Nutritious Breakfast will keep
you awake with enough energy to get
through fnals. According to Nutrition Ex-
plorations, an online guide that takes pride
in delivering, “Nutrition at its best,” it
reads, “A healthy breakfast is an essential
part of being prepared to learn.”
Focusing On What’s Most Important
will help you prioritize your responsibili-
ties. Writing a note to yourself will help
you remember any task that has to be ac-
complished. It will also help you study
what’s most important to earn an excellent
However, students must consider their
personal preferences when it comes to
studying Ior fnals.
“I study best when I am in a noisy en-
vironment,” said Aaron Edwards, 19, a
General Studies Major here at HCC, “es-
pecially if it’s in a public facility.”
Time is extremely important. Being suc-
cessful is easy and can be achieved by sim-
ply writing a note to yourself consisting of
a list of goals you want to accomplish in a
certain amount of time. Manage your time
wisely in a way that benefts you the most.
Every second of the day counts. Make sure
you are in an environment where YOU can
focus on your material.
HCC Library Adds Online Resources

CC’s library has recently added
multiple new features through its
website to assist students in their
educational and career pursuits on or off
“These are such great resources. More
and more work is being done electronical-
ly, and most classes have an online com-
ponent,” says Director of Library Services
Shelley Strohm, who estimates that there
are between 50 and 120 diIIerent services
available, some with multiple modules.
“If you have an Internet connection,
you can access these at any time through
CommNet. The library essentially never
closes,” she adds.
Some of the new resources include:

- JobNow: A service that “provides on-
demand access to live, expert coaches for
every stage of a patron’s job search.” It in-
cludes such tools as live interview coach-
ing, a “resume lab” that allows you to send
your resume to a JobNow expert for analy-
sis within 24 hours, resume templates and
resources, and an “interview toolbox.”

- Noo-
dle Tools:
When you
create an
a c c o u n t
t h r o u g h
this ser-
vice, it al-
lows you
to build
a works
cited list in
any number
of formats
and so on).
Noodle Tools teaches you how to create
the list as you go along. It also allows you
to share documents and projects with other

- WilsonWeb Art Museum/Cinema Im-
age Galleries: WilsonWeb is a database
you can search for images and video clips
of art from all over the world. The images
and clips are copyright free for education-
al purposes. “Art professors just love it,”
Strohm says.

The li-
brary has nu-
merous other
r e s o u r c e s
as well, in-
cluding the
Database of
Co r p o r a t e
The Journal of
the American
Medical Asso-
ciation (JAMA);
the New York
Times Image
Edition; and Country Watch, a website that
gives basic information about the charac-
teristics of a country along with up-to-date
information about current events in the
“Most of these databases have so much
more potential than anything anyone ever
asked them to do…you can do an amazing
number of things,” Strohm says.
Although the price range for each data-
base varies, the college pays hundreds of
thousands of dollars to maintain access to
these tools. Strohm and the other staff at
the library base their purchases on “need
and use.” They keep close track of how
often each tool is accessed on and off cam-
pus through spreadsheets that list the time,
place, and duration of use.
Noodle tools, for example, “was not
expensive, and it seemed to me that every
student I met needed help with citation, so
that was an easy one,” says Strohm.
With looming budget slashes for the en-
tire community college system being dis-
cussed in Hartford, Strohm expects to have
to drop some of the services that the library
offers over the coming months.
“I’ll be honest with you: there’s a fair
amount of duplication in some of these da-
tabases,” she says, noting that the library
plans to consider overlapping search capa-
bilities in most of the coming cuts.
“We are always looking at databases,
and the mix changes a lot. Usually once a
year we do a ‘big look,’ and we’re always
trying out new things,” she says.

To see more of what the HCC’s library
has to offer, visit
One of the HCC library’s new online features is WilsonWeb, a
search tool that gives students access to images from art museums
worldwide for educational purposes. This picture of the Trinity
Library at Cambridge, England, was shot in 1860 and is kept by
the George Eastman House in Rochester, NY.
Image courtesy of WilsonWeb.
Image courtesy of
ven if the sun stands smiling in the
sky, it does not mean you have to go
straight to dresses and spring coats.
The weather is misleading in this period of
early spring, so do not tuck away your win-
ter clothes just yet. Take a good look again.
There may be some key essentials that can
help save you big bucks.
At the beginning of spring, you don’t
want to put away all of your winter clothes
immediately, as mornings and evenings are
still quite chilly in most places. In order to
transition your wardrobe from winter to
spring, you should transform gradually.
You can incorporate some of the colorful
spring trends into your existing wardrobe
as you slowly put aside your winter pieces.
As college students. diIfculty may
arise while trying to fnd something to
wear to class. Many of us are either com-
ing from work or going to work, and for
the most part just don’t have enough time
to get dressed. Temptation is quite com-
mon as many females rush to wear dresses,
and males scurry to fnd short sleeves and
shorts. Yet, in order to prevent looking ab-
solutely ridiculous, or being exposed to
allergies, put a hold on the summer rush.
You should instead prepare for what I call
“Sprinter.” Sprinter is what many people
mistake for the ending of winter and the
beginning of spring, but in reality it’s just
a mix of temperatures. You are sure to wit-
ness a range of chilly mornings, warm af-
ternoons, cold nights and unexpected rain.
Here are a few guidelines to help you
get dressed from now until bikini and
Speedo season, these style tips will make
getting dressed much easier and cheaper.
Thick sweaters, wool pants and heavy
coats should be pushed to the back of your
closet as soon as spring arrives. However,
there are several “in-between” pieces that
will still work in your spring wardrobe.
Lightweight cardigan sweaters, particu-
larly those in spring colors, are perfect
transitional items. Layer your outft with
a cardigan and then take it off during the
daytime as the weather warms up.
This tip works for both male and fe-
males, as many guys are usually seen pa-
rading around jacket free in the Sprinter
season. Take for instance HCC student Bret
Martin, who was seen walking throughout
the campus without a jacket. I asked him
if he wasn’t cold because I knew it hap-
pened to be extremely windy outside. He
replied by saying. 'I considered 50 de-
grees to be warm, but I didn’t expect it to
be so windy outside.” So I suggested that
carrying a cardigan with him instead of a
heavy jacket would have prepared him for
the chilly breeze, in which case, he agreed.
Something as small as wearing a sweater
can change your look and keep you com-
fortable all at once.
A trench coat is ideal in any season,
this is the ultimate unisex Spring look.
The trench is reasonably priced and many
people already have one. Once this is pur-
chased, you wont have to worry about be-
ing out of fashion or unexpected showers.
Spring rains are common, and the trench
coat is the one that will save you in the
event that you’re caught in one. This style
will give anyone a rich look, which as col-
lege students usually isn’t the case. Also,
iI you can`t fnd a thing to wear. the trench
is an entire outft on its own. This style.
which is similar to a peacoat is very promi-
nent on our campus. Many students wear
them and yet, no one looks identical in it.
Vanessa Mitchell,, an HCC “fashionista,”
was spotted with a khaki colored pea-coat,
dark ieans and fats. She said. 'I love my
pea-coat. It brings such variety to any outft
and can be dressed up or down, and it only
cost me 40 bucks. I wear it almost every
day and I’m always complimented on it.
I would recommend that everyone should
invest in one no matter how different your
style is, you can make it your own.”
Scarves are another key essential that
can be continuously worn throughout
pretty much every season. Scarves are
used mainly to add a bold patch of color
to a plain or ordinary outft. The trick that
will always make a scarf work is the fab-
ric. Fabric is very much important because
you do not need to wear wool in the spring.
Instead you can substitute your heavy
scarves to a lighter material such as linen,
cotton, or acrylic. These materials will
still protect your neck while leaving you
enough space to breathe freely. Their tradi-
tional use is undoubtedly when tied around
the neck, but there are multiple uses to
this simple item. A scarf can also be used
as a hair accessory belt, and even a shirt
if you’re good with tying knots. The main
idea is when in doubt pull a scarf out, it can
be your savior in a time of need.
While there are many styles that can be
worn all year round, there are some that
should be prohibited. For instance. fip
fops should be put on hold until summer
or a drastic consistent rise in temperature.
Until then, remember the weather still is
not that nice and your toes aren’t ready for
exposure yet. Keep your feet in hiberna-
tion; it’s still turtleneck weather. We also
want to steer away from mixing cold and
warm weather accessories.
All together, if you follow these guide-
lines, you’re bound to look weather ap-
propriate and stylish all at once. Most im-
portantly. you will defnitely be saving big
time bucks on your spring wardrobe.
HORIZONS · News You Can Use

urdue`s online writing lab (OWL)
is a great tool for any student to use
while writing a paper for any class.
The best part is it’s free!
Purdue’s OWL was created by Purdue
University for students attending the col-
lege. However, the site is public, so any
student at any school now has access to
the same writing tools Purdue students use.
The OWL oIIers over 200 Iree resourc-
es which include, but are not limited to,
writing and teaching techniques, research,
grammar and mechanics, style guides,
English as a second language, resume
writing and business letter writing.
It has examples of a correctly written
paper in MLA, APA and other format-
ting styles, which are an important part of
writing papers for any class. It also shows
proper work cited pages which will help
you to make sure you don’t plagiarize.
For example, you need to know the
proper way to cite an individual resource
in MLA format. The OWL website even
provides an MLA Overview and Work-
shop (
resource/675/01/) which provides exam-
ples of in-text citations and works cited
pages for every type of resource.
Yes, Purdue OWL is that easy!
As a student you’ve probably had most
of your teachers drill-
ing into your head the
fact that you need to
cite your sources or you will be accused
of plagiarism and kicked out of school. So
proper formatting is something you should
do correctly, right?
“While there is nothing sacred about
MLA formatting and citing conventions,
they are incredibly important for students
to master,” said Dr. Kirk T. Hughes, an
English professor and coordinator of the
Honors Program. “Style manuals help
writers learn to ‘dress’ their manuscripts
professionally. And this is one part of the
more important process of students learn-
ing to take their thoughts seriously.”
The OWL is a great tool to learn how to
use MLA, APA, AP and other types of style
guides. Many teachers at HCC recommend
it, but still some students don’t use it.
“For my psychology class I was told
to use APA style format. I had never used
that before. I knew about the Purdue OWL,
but I didn’t use it
for class even
though it had
been suggested to me. It probably would
have helped,” said Nursing student Ashley
Other students, who have in fact used it,
say it works great and that they wouldn’t
have gotten through their classes without
“In high school I used MLA format all
the time, but I hadn’t mastered it. When
I came to college, MLA format became
an everyday thing,” said General Studies
major Brittany Dalling. “If I didn’t have
the Purdue online writing lab, I probably
wouldn’t have gotten an A in my English
class. I recommend it to every student.”
Using proper formatting is in place in
order to cite sources and make sure you
aren’t plagiarizing someone’s work, but it
is also so your ideas will be more credit-
able and clear. Being understood in a clear
way is an important part of writing.
“I think many HCC professors are
such sticklers about our disciplinary style
manuals because we know careful, per-
sistent, focused attention to these surface
details invites even more careful, persis-
tent, and focused attention to the impor-
tant ideas wonderful student words might
represent,” Hughes said.
The OWL can be used for almost any
type of formatting. If you need to write
something formal, Purdue OWL is the
site for you. Yet some students don’t use it.
Maybe it’s that they don’t want to be both-
ered to have to search through the website,
but what they may not realize is that the
OWL is actually very easy to use.
“Purdue OWL’s a quick, accessible,
open source resource. It should be book-
marked on every HCC student’s browser,”
said Hughes.
If you are using an on-campus comput-
er all you must to do to get to the Purdue
OWL website is look at the desktop back-
ground screen. Under all the rules for us-
ing the campus computers, there is a link,
which says “MLA Formatting and Style
Guide” in gold, that will instantly bring
you to the homepage.
Next time you need to write a paper,
just remember the Purdue OWL.
To check out the OWL visit owl.english.
Purdue`s OWL Helps Students
Become Better Writers
Photo courtesy of Purdue Online Writing Lab
Transitioning Your Winter Wardrobe to Your
Spring Collection
HCC students dressed in “sprinter” attire while
remaining focused in their studies.
Photo by Keri-Ann 1ackson
HORIZONS · Health & Science
cience ealth and
Review: How I Killed Pluto and Why It Had It
Coming by Mike Brown (2010)
ost of us grew up knowing that
there were nine planets in our
solar system: Mercury, Venus,
Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Neptune, Ura-
nus, and distant, frigid Pluto.
But we were wrong.
In his new book, How I Killed Pluto
and Why It Had It Coming,
astronomer Mike Brown
explains how he discov-
ered the tenth planet, Xena,
and why his discovery led
to an international identity
crisis that ended with the
kicking of Pluto out of the
planetary club.
Brown says he didn’t set
out to demote Pluto. In the
1990s. hundreds oI small
rocky objects were discov-
ered out at the edge of the
solar system. Collectively
known as the Kuiper Belt,
they reminded astronomers
that there were still major
features of our own neigh-
borhood that we hadn’t noticed.
The Kuiper Belt discoveries convinced
Brown that there might be another planet
lurking somewhere in the shadows of the
stars. He knew that no systematic search
had been conducted in over 70 years.
Telescopes had grown much more precise
since then; computers hadn’t even existed
at the time.
“How could it be that if someone went
and looked again for a new planet they
wouldn`t fnd something that had been iust
beyond the reach of the telescopes in the
1930s?¨ Brown writes. 'There had to be a
tenth planet.”
Through the late 1990s and early 2000s.
Brown devoted most of his time to proving
himself correct. The journey he relates is
one of contingency, surprise, and interna-
tional intrigue.
Brown and his colleagues began a
daunting survey of the sky. He quickly
found that modern telescopes, most of
which were designed to look at far-off stars
and galaxies, were actually too precise
for his task. So he took
up residence with the
largely unused Schmidt
Telescope in Pasadena,
Calif. The machine was
so underutilized that
it still employed glass
photographic plates to
take pictures, as it had
when it was constructed
in the 1950s.
Yet the Schmidt Tele-
scope’s primitive meth-
od ended up being key
to the search for planets
close to home. Unlike
with digital cameras, the
photographs wouldn’t
lose resolution when
taking pictures of large swaths of the sky.
As Brown points out, “to see as much sky
as you could see with the photographic
plate you would need a fve-hundred-
megapixel digital camera. Even today that
is a daunting number.”
Along the way, he discovered numer-
ous bodies that changed astronomers’ un-
derstanding oI the solar system. The frst
of these, dubbed Quaoar, was half the size
of Pluto, but otherwise similar in its prop-
erties. Brown called it “a big icy nail in the
coIfn oI Pluto.¨
Soon thereafter, Brown came across
another oddball that he eventually named
Sedna, which was “unlike anything else in
the known universe.” It never came close
to any other planets; at its closest, it didn’t
even touch the outer edge of the Kuiper
Belt. And for most of its orbit, Sedna was
so far away that “the sun would be just an
extrabright star in the sky.”
Yet Sedna was clearly not a comet, be-
cause comets have complex orbits that are
infuenced by passing near multiple stars.
Sedna only circles the Sun today. Never-
theless, its wildly divergent path suggested
that during our solar system’s earliest years
the Sun had been one half of a pair of twin
Although discoveries like these were
exciting for Brown and his colleagues,
they didn’t quite reach the threshold for
claiming a new planetsomething that
was larger than Pluto.
Then came Eris (originally nicknamed
Xena). At the time of its discovery, it was
almost four times the distance from the Sun
as Pluto. It took 557 years to complete one
circuit around the Sun. And it was nearly
twice the size of Pluto.
Brown already understood by this time
that discovering something bigger than
Pluto would cause questions to arise about
the defnition oI a planet. Indeed. he writes
about pondering this subject since before
he began his quest. At one point, he asked a
friend with a degree in philosophy, “What
does a word mean when you say it?”
“‘Words mean what people think they
mean,’ was his smoothly philosophical
reply. ‘So when you say ‘planet’ it means
what you are thinking when you say it.’”
From Brown’s personal quandary about
what defnes a planet. he came to conclude
that Erisand thereIore Plutocould not
possibly qualify unless he also chose to in-
clude hundreds of other objects in the As-
teroid Belt and the Kuiper Belt.
In August 2006. the International As-
tronomical Union (IAU) did something
in response to Brown’s discovery that had
never been done in a millennium of astron-
omy: it voted on a Iormal defnition oI the
word “planet.”
Tensions ran high during the IAU’s
meeting, with politics playing as much of
a role as science. A pro-Pluto faction grew
within the group that aimed to devise a
defnition that would keep the nine-planet
system without seeming unscientifc.
Brown, watching the proceedings from
California with a bevy of reporters, kept
explaining to them why he, who might be-
come the only living discoverer of a planet
if the IAU decided to vote a certain way,
didn’t think Eris or Pluto belonged in the
In the end, science won out. The eight
planets were given their own formal cat-
egory. Pluto was relegated to a new class of
“dwarf planets,” along with Eris and a few
other objects in the solar system.
Innocent Pluto, a bystander in the entire
affair, was collateral damage in the crisis
caused by Eris.
Since the IAU’s decision, Brown writes
that he’s been accosted everywhere he
goes, with people asking him, “What did
Pluto ever do to you?”
Despite the harassment, and despite the
Iact that he will never fnd another thing he
can call a planet, he says that he’s “thrilled
that astronomers.chose to put a scientifc
defnition behind what most people think
they mean when they say the word planet.
They don’t mean ‘everything the size of
Pluto and larger,’ and they certainly don’t
mean ‘everything round.’ Instead, when
people say ‘planet,’ they mean, I believe,
‘one of a small number of large important
things in our solar system.’”
Image courtesy of
Sugar Blues
ow do you feel after a big dish
of pasta or an ice cream sundae?
If you are like most people, you
will sense a surge in your energy level that
might last a bit before you “crash.” The
term “crash” means your blood sugar will
fall as rapidly after consuming sugar, as it
spiked just after you ate it.
We learn in biology that glucose is our
body’s primary source of energy. When it’s
ingested properly, we allow our cells to uti-
lize its benefts; when used in excess. it can
be stored as body fat--as well as accumu-
lating in our blood and contributing to the
formation of dangerous plaque.
The title “Sugar Blues,” is a name given
to the resulting physical and emotional as-
pects of consuming sugar, by the Institute
oI Integrative Nutrition (IIN) (www.inte-
In his book, Integrative Nutrition: Feed
Your Hunger for Health and Happiness,
school founder and director, Joshua Rosen-
thal explains that sugar cravings can come
from a variety of places, from something
that’s missing in your diet to something
that’s missing in your life.
“I was craving ice cream since I was a
child with a special sweet spot for Ben and
Jerry’s Cherry Garcia,” Rosenthal said. He
noticed on Sunday nights, after teaching
all weekend, he would drive directly to the
store to pick up a pint. “I wondered, be-
tween delicious mouthfuls, what I was do-
ing with my life that might trigger such an
extreme craving,” he said.
When he started to investigate where
the craving might be coming from, he no-
ticed that his body felt hot and tense after
drinking Peppermint Tea. “I began to day-
dream about chocolate-covered cherries
smothered in rich, cold vanilla ice cream,”
He said. Rosenthal soon realized the hot
tea was causing his body to crave more
cooling foods. He stopped drinking the tea
and started drinking more water.
There is also the thought that a craving
for may be a earning for a moment or event
in one’s earlier life such as sitting around
the table with your family having ice cream
every Saturday night while watching TV.
We associate the food with the mood and
make it part of our lifestyle. It can also be
something we give ourselves as a reward.
For years, when checking out at the gro-
cery store, I would grab a Reese’s Peanut
Butter cup Ior the ride home (and some-
times I still do). I, too, looked at it as my
weekly treat.
Rosenthal examines these cravings and
nutritional foods that can quell their power.
For starters he suggests getting more fruits
and vegetable into our diets and reducing
processed foods.
IIN teaches the importance of knowing
the difference between simple and complex
carbohydrates:’ “In today’s modern nutri-
tion world, high-protein diets are fashion-
able and ‘carbohydrate’ has become a dirty
word.” He feels this is “absurd,” because
carbohydrates provide much of the energy
needed for normal body functions.
Carbohydrates are in everything from
candy bars to grains and vegetables. “The
problem is that people are not eating the
types of carbohydrates nature intended,”
Rosenthal said.
Simple carbs, as in processed foods, are
the true problem, here. They can lead to
weight gain and therefore a host of physi-
cal problems, as in obesity and hypoglyce-
Problems with sugar consumption
come in many forms. Sugar Sweet Bever-
ages. (SSB) have become popular with a
large segment of the population. In May
2011. Science Daily (www.sciencedaily.
com) published an article on research con-
ducted by Liwei Chen, M.D., PH.D., as-
sistant professor at Louisiana State Health
Science Center School of Public Health in
Continued on page 16
HORIZONS · Health & Science
Health & Science Tidbits
dapted from ~Biggest-Ever
Bunny Didn`t Hop. Had No En-
emies.¨ by 1ennifer Viegas. Dis-
covery News, Mar 21. 2011:
An enormous bunny that lived three to
fve million years ago was so heIty -- six
times the size of most rabbits today -- that
it didn’t hop and had no enemies.
The new species, dubbed the Minor-
can King oI the Rabbits (Nuralagus rex),
weighed in at over 26.4 pounds and lived
on the small island of Minorca.
“N. rex was a very robust and peculiar
rabbit,” project leader Josep Quintana told
Discovery News. “Surely he was a very
calm and peaceful animal that moved with
slow, but powerful, movements.”
Quintana, a scientist at the Catalan In-
stitute of Paleontology, and colleagues
Meike Kohler and Salvador Moya-Sola
describe the giant fossil rabbit in a Jour-
nal of Vertebrate Paleontology paper. They
believe the rabbit lost the ability to hop,
because the long, springy spine typical of
modern bunnies was replaced by a short,
stiff backbone.
The researchers think N. rex spent most
of its days peacefully digging, searching
for roots and tubers to eat.
“The ancestors of N. rex arrived at Mi-
norca during the Messinian crisis 5.3 mil-
lion years ago,” Quintana said. “During
this geological time, the Mediterranean Sea
dried up and the Balearic islands connected
with the surrounding mainland (oI Europe
and Africa), so the proto-Nuralagus rex ar-
rived walking to Minorca.”
When the seawater returned and Minor-
ca returned to its island status, the rabbit
found itself with no predators. Over time,
it grew to become 10 times the size oI its
now-extinct mainland cousin. Other inhab-
itants of the island at the time included a
bat, a large dormouse and a giant tortoise.
With no need for defense, the rabbit lost
visual and hearing acuity. Its eye socket re-
duced in size over time, as did its ears.
The changes, especially the increase in
body size, add to the growing evidence for
what’s known as “the island rule.” Sim-
ply put, this states that when on islands,
big animals often tend to become smaller
and small animals frequently tend to grow
On the small side of that equation, other
islands have been home to tiny elephants
and even. in the case oI Homo foresiensis.
tiny humans.
“It is as if nature experimented with
form and function, not without a wicked
sense of humor,” Lucja Fostowicz-Frelik,
an American Museum of Natural History
paleontologist, told Discovery News.
Fostowicz-Frelik continued that the
newly found rabbit “is just another mani-
festation of the island rule ... We know that
their closest relations, rodents, did produce
some gigantic forms, not necessarily on
islands, which averaged several hundred
kilos. Now we see that the lagomorphs (the
animal order that includes rabbits, hares
and pikas) did not escape the trend.”
~Geologists plan journey to Earth`s
mantle for 2020.¨ by Duncan Geere.
Wired News.
Mar. 28. 2011:
Previous at-
tempts to reach
the area below
the Earth’s crust
have failed, but
that hasn’t de-
terred a team of
geologists and
from planning to
have another go
in 2020.
The frst attempt
took place in Spring
1961, and was known
as Project Mohole, because the team be-
hind it were trying to drill a hole through
the Mohorovicic discontinuity -- the zone
between the crust and the mantle. Howev-
er. aIter drilling a hole iust 180m deep. the
project was abandoned due to cost over-
Since then, we’ve repeatedly probed the
seabed (where the crust is thinnest) with
drills, making it down to 1,416m below the
surIace in 2005 and 2.100m at the Integrat-
ed Ocean Drilling Program`s Hole 504B.
As the crust is 6-7km thick on average. this
represents scant progress.
However, a report in the journal Na-
ture proposes another go, using the Japa-
nese drilling ship Chikyu, which can carry
10km oI pipes (however was recently dam-
aged by the Japanese tsunami). Damon
Teagle is a co-author of that paper and told
BBC News: 'This would be a very signif-
cant engineering undertaking. We’re talk-
ing 6km of ocean crust and we’d want to
get some distance into the mantle -- maybe
500m. So that`s a very deep hole; and it
would be in water that is perhaps 3-4km
deep as well. Also, we would encounter
temperatures around 250-300 degrees at
least. It would be hot and demanding.”
The technology to get that far down,
and the funding necessary to acquire it,
isn`t expected to arrive until at least 2018.
hence the delay in the start of the project.
That hasn’t stopped the team behind the
project scouting out possible locations --
narrowing the choice down to three loca-
tions in the Pacifc.
The eventual goal is to recover materi-
als from inside the mantle, to try and learn
more about the Earth’s internal composi-
tion. The mantle is thought to primarily
be composed of peridotites -- olivine and
pyroxene. While samples of these materi-
als have been recovered from volcanoes,
they tend to be altered by their journey to
the surface. Acquiring unaltered, pristine
samples would
tell us a lot about
convection below
the crust, giving
us insights into
“We want, for
the frst time ever.
to sample these
kinds of rocks in
situ, to test the
different models
that we have to
explain the be-
haviour of this
crust,” said Teagle.
dapted from
~New heart
valve re-
placement procedure hailed.¨ by Thom-
as H. Maugh II. Los Angeles Times. April
3. 2011:
Deteriorating or clogged heart valves
in the seriously ill elderly can be suc-
cessfully replaced through minimally in-
vasive surgery, researchers report. The
new procedure represents a develop-
ment whose signifcance many cardiolo-
gists are comparing to the use of balloon
angioplasty to clear blocked arteries.
At least 100.000 Americans develop aor-
tic valve stenosis each year, which dra-
matically impairs the ability of the heart
to pump blood. A previous study had
shown that the valves can be replaced
with prosthetic valves through a cath-
eter inserted in the groin in patients who
are too sick for conventional surgery.
New results presented Sunday at a New
Orleans meeting of the American College
of Cardiology indicate that the procedure
is at least as effective as surgery in patients
who are not quite so ill, which would ex-
tend the procedure to a much larger group
of patients.
Within a few years, cardiologists ex-
pect the procedure to be performed in
tens of thousands of patients each year.
“This will be seen as one of the biggest
steps in cardiovascular medicine in our
lifetime,” trailing only the development of
balloon angioplasty and the use of stents
to keep cleared arteries open, said Dr.
David J. Moliterno, a cardiologist at the
University of Kentucky College of Medi-
cine who was not involved in the research.
“This is a game changer” for cardio-
vascular surgery, added Dr. Michael J.
Mack of the Baylor Health Care Sys-
tem in Dallas, president of the Soci-
ety of Thoracic Surgeons. “It’s going
to change the treatment of the disease.”
Aortic stenosis is a clogged valve in the ar-
tery that transports oxygen-rich blood from
the heart. It aIIects as many as 9° oI the
U.S. population over the age of 65, with
the incidence increasing with age. The only
approved way to treat the condition in the
United States now is with open chest surgery.
Edwards Lifesciences Corp. of Irvine has
developed a device using valve faps Irom
cows that can be implanted through a vein
in the groin or chest. The device is approved
in Europe, but not in this country. A Food
and Drug Administration advisory commit-
tee is expected to consider it this summer.
In the new study, a team led by Dr. Craig
R. Smith of the Columbia University
Medical Center studied 699 patients with a
median age oI 84 and severe aortic steno-
sis. Half received the minimally invasive
procedure and half conventional surgery.
AIter 30 days. the number oI deaths in the
minimally invasive group was about half
the number of the surgery group, but at one
year the numbers were the same. Strokes
and minor strokes were about twice as com-
mon in the minimally invasive group, and
vascular complications such as bleeding or
need for repair were about three times as
common. But the group receiving the mini-
mally invasive procedure was only about
half as likely to undergo severe bleed-
ing or to develop irregular heart rhythms.
“This opens up a new set of patients who
may be benefted as much by |minimally
invasive procedures] as by the conven-
tional gold standard therapy,” Smith said.
Added Dr. Michael Crawford, a cardi-
ologist at UC San Francisco who was
not involved in the research: “This will
defnitely change practice Ior this dis-
ease. Patients don’t want surgery. As
good as it is, they just don’t want it.”
Soon, they will have another option.
Another trial will soon begin to test the
procedure in younger, healthier patients.
~Slower evolving bacteria win in the
New Orleans, LA.
Chen found that increased consump-
tions of SSB have been associated with
an elevated risk of obesity, metabolic syn-
drome, and type 2 Diabetes, concluding
“that reducing sugar-sweetened beverages
and sugar consumption may be an impor-
tant dietary strategy to lower blood pres-
sure and further reduce other blood pres-
sure-related diseases.”
According to an article in AARP Maga-
zine, contributed by The Life Extension
Foundation, “Glucose: The Silent Killer,”
author William Faloon, criticizes doc-
tors for failing to recognize that excessive
amounts of glucose creates lethal metabol-
ic pathologies that are underlying factors
in many age-related diseases.
The Foundation’s study shows restrict-
ing calories is important to control un-
healthy levels of glucose. In reviewing
thousands of blood test results, “I have
come to the conclusion that more than 75
percent over the age oI 40-50 are suIIering
from some degree of prediabetic-related
disorder inficted by elevated blood sugar.¨
Faloon reported.
As adults we have the option of making
better choices for ourselves, but we have
to remember we are also responsible for
the foods our children are consuming. The
average healthy, active child may be able
to tolerated occasional “sugar treats,” but
circumstances arise that may require even
more modifcation oI their sugar intake.
There has been a lot of debate over chil-
dren with Attention Defcit Hyperactivity
Disorder (ADD) and how the condition
may or may not be affected by the con-
sumption of sugar. Anthony Kane, MD,
( provides
studies in this article, one of which shows
a change in “inattention, as measured by
a continuous performance task, increased
only in the ADHD group following sugar
While there is no solid proof that
ADHD is caused by or exacerbated by
diet, what we know about nutrition might
suggest eating fruits, veggies and grains,
while limiting sweets. refned sugars and
processed foods, offers more value to our
overall health and vitality.
If you are like many people who would
like to start down the road of becoming
more aware of what you and your family
are eating, make a small change in your
shopping habits. Take a few minutes to
read labels on the foods you normally pur-
chase. It’s a good idea monitor all of the
ingredients, but you can start with sugar.
Try to stay away from foods with the
high-fructose or the words, “added sugar.”
Breakfast cereals are a major culprit in ex-
cessive amounts of sugar. Some contain as
much as 40 grams oI sugar per one-halI
cup. Think oI eating 40 teaspoons oI sugar.
That will give you a basic reference. Also,
try to pay attention to how you or your
children feel or act shortly after digesting
We only have one body and one life,
compromising the well being of either of
them could alter living our lives to the full-
est. For those of you interested, there are
easily found groups and classes commit-
ted to educating the public on everything
from becoming aware of how our food is
processed, to how to choose and prepare
healthier foods, to learning how marketing
is geared to affect our choices.
Continued from page 15
Continued on page 17
Artist’s conception of a newly discovered species of
giant rabbit that lived on the island of Minorca three
to hve million vears ago. Drawing bv Meike Kòhler.
Image courtesy of Discovery News.
HORIZONS · Health & Science
end.¨ by Lin Edwards.
Mar. 18. 2011:
Scientists in the US have found bacteria
that evolve slowly are more likely to sur-
vive in the long term than those evolving
more quickly.
Professor Richard Lenski of Michigan
State University in East Lansing and col-
leagues aimed to work out if some changes
in DNA affect the evolutionary potential,
or “evolvability,” of organisms.
In the study, the researchers investi-
gated four genetically distinct clones of
Escherichia coli clones, and sampled them
periodically to look Ior the presence oI fve
specifc benefcial mutations.
They discovered that aIter 500 genera-
tions all lineages had acquired benefcial
mutations but two had signifcantly more
than the others, which should suggest they
were more likely to survive in the long-
term than the other line of bacteria. What
they Iound instead was that aIter 1.500
generations the other two lineages had
gone on to dominate.
One of the co-authors of the paper,
published in the journal Science, Dr. Tim
Cooper of the University of Houston,
Texas, said the bacterial “race” could be
compared to the fable of the hare and the
tortoise, saying that the hare would win a
100 meter race. but the tortoise might win
a marathon.
In the “hare” bacteria at least four ben-
efcial mutations were present at the 500th
generation, but despite this after another
883 generations they were growing over
two percent slower than the other lineages,
and by the 1.500th generation. they were
extinct in the fasks.
To try to fnd out why. they used Irozen
samples oI the 500th generation oI bacte-
ria and ran the evolution experiment again
a number of times. In almost, but not all,
of these experiments the “tortoise” clones
went on to win.
They discovered that one of the genes in
which benefcial mutations were Iound at
the 500 generation mark was topA. a gene
involved in winding DNA into a twisted
band, which makes it easier for genes to
be turned on and off. The mutations were
slightly different in the slow and fast
evolving bacteria, with the mutation in the
“tortoise” bacteria affecting the next link
down in the protein’s amino acid chain.
AIter the 883 generations the 'tortoise¨
topA mutation had interacted with a mu-
tation in another gene called spoT, which
increased its ftness. The topA mutation in
the other lineages did not interact so favor-
ably with later mutations and the spoT mu-
tation was rendered useless, and made the
'hares¨ less ft Ior long-term domination.
The bacteria used in these experiments
are part of a larger evolution study that has
been running since 1988. or over 50.000
generations, which makes it the longest-
running evolution experiment in the world.
The experiment began with a dozen strains
of E.coli, bred from a single ancestor. Ev-
ery 500 generations (75 days). samples oI
the mixed-strains are frozen and stored and
the mean ftness is compared to that oI the
Continued from page 16
I was very happy when I read about the
article in the school’s Horizons newspaper
about the “South Africa and HCC Unite’’
section in the Horizons newspaper. I like
that article because as an African myself,
from Ghana, West Africa, I feel very proud
that the school is interested in taking part
in an international trip to Africa. What
excited me most was that the mayor of
Bridgeport was also into it.
However, I think it will be even more
interesting to also consider taking the
program to other African countries like
Ghana. There are a lot of things to learn
and discover in Ghana. It was also the frst
African country our very own President of
the United States President Barak Obama
visited when he was elected. I know peo-
ple from there will be very interested in
the program and will embrace it with open
arms. It’s a really big and good step and
opportunity for people in the United States
and Africa as well to know what they share
in common and what makes them different
and also fnd ways and means to help each
I would be very grateful if you notify
Dr. Laurie Noe about my suggestion and
also let her know I will be very happy and
ready to answer and help her on any ques-
tion she might have, or any concern she
might have. I also will be ready to offer to
her any help she might need if it is within
my power to do. I really would like you
to consider my suggestion and contact me
on any decision or concern you may have.
You may contact me directly by email at Please let me know
of any question you might have. Good job
on your good works and I wish you all the
best in all your doings. Thanks a lot.
Celester Kotei
Mimi Williams.
I was very shocked to have read an ar-
ticle like “Text Messages Can Save Your
LiIe¨ in a school newspaper. I fnd the
article very interesting because I learned
that Housatonic Community College is a
participant in the safety alert system. I am
pleased to learn this because it makes me
feel somewhat safer in school. Many peo-
ple/students probably don’t care about the
alert system Housatonic offers but person-
ally I do. As mentioned in the article, the
Virginia Tech tragedy is a great example. If
that school was in the safety alert system,
many of the students who passed would
have been alive today. Many people think
of cell phones as a distraction in school yet,
in this article, cell phones are seen as “he-
roic.” I agree with the idea of cell phones
being heroic because it can save anyone’s
life. For example, if someone is having a
heart attack while you’re at school, if you
have a cell phone, you can dial 911, and get
help. But if you do not have a cell phone,
what will you do? By the time you try to
fnd someone to help you. it may be too
late for the person in crisis. Many may say
that by the time an ambulance appears, it
may also be too late; there is a difference
in the situation though. If you have a cell
phone and call 911, and the person dies,
you have the satisfaction that you did your
best. But if you don’t have a cell phone,
and the person dies while you are getting
help, you’ll feel down!!! You will probably
think that you could have been faster.
That’s a perfect example of why cell
phones can be seen as “heroic,” especially
in school. I really enjoyed the article about
cell phones in Horizons. It was a brilliant
idea to write about that topic because now
I know that I have to register for the my-
CommNet Alert that Housatonic offers.
Carilin Concepcion
I think that the school should improve
the school’s paper. I think that because
some of the articles in the paper are lame.
Others are okay but nothing too big. I’m
not trying to be a pain or judgmental, it’s
just if I pay some money I expect to like
and have an interest in what I read. Like
some articles are just boring and have no
meaning to them. People in college want
to read about more interesting topics not
about snow. I believe we are tired of snow
and won’t want to even read bout it. Or
where the lost and found is located. But
topics such as what HCC students think
about some students being in a gang or re-
lated to them since there have been a few
killings around the area. Or why can’t the
school fx the water Iountain. because the
water tastes bad. The school’s paper should
also include some of the things happening
around the world and how it can affect the
people in the town. And it wouldn’t hurt
to add some color to the paper. Instead
of black and gray all the time with a little
more pictures too. Things like that would
sell more, and have more students wanting
to read the next paper. But that’s just my
opinion. Others may think the opposite and
say I don’t know what I’m talking about
but that’s them. Thank you for your time to
read my letter and hope you print this.
Jesus Guzman
Deb Torreso.
Your article on gardening was very help-
ful to me. I love to go around my neighbor-
hood and see all the diIIerent fowers and
people gardening. However, I didn’t really
know just how much elbow grease you
have to put into it. Two years ago I started a
small fower garden in the Iront oI my yard
which started out good and turned into a
real project, between watering constantly
due to the hot humid weather and having
to fght oII the squirrels or whatever ani-
mal was digging up my bulbs; it became a
nasty gardening war. However, I must say
when it was all done it made me feel good
to see all the fruits of my labor and for me
at times gardening was very therapeutic. I
didn’t even touch my garden last year but
this spring I’m going to claim back my
land and begin my harvest. Your tips in the
article were very helpful and put my mind
at ease that it’s not so bad if I take my time
and use the steps you wrote about. First
things frst I`ll have to weed out the garden
and just when I was getting over my worm
phobia here we go again. But really it truly
is amazing when I plant bulbs and eventu-
ally see a beautiIul array oI fowers come
out of it. Knowing that was all my work
when family and friends come over and
compliment on my garden. All the hard
work. calloused fngers. and cussing all go
away and the feeling of success seeps in
my pores then everything is okay.
Yours Truly,
Natalie Campbell
1ennifer Claybrook.
I’m writing in regards to your article on
“Becoming An Adult: What You Should
and Shouldn’t Have To Ask Your Par-
ents.” I have mixed feelings on your ar-
ticle. Some people believe once you turn
18 you`re considered an adult. The only
thing that you really can do at that age is
vote. To me you’re not an adult until you
turn 21 years old. I feel as long as you’re
helping to pay bills and rent you shouldn’t
have to ask permission to do anything. But
I do feel that you should tell your parents
where you’re going for two reasons: it’s
common courtesy and if anything should
happen they know who you’re with and
where you’re going, but not necessarily
ask permission.
One student wrote: “When you get out
of my house and start paying your own bills
is when you can do whatever you want.” I
disagree because we live in one of the rich-
est counties and if you don’t have a decent
job you have to live with your parents until
you’re able to save up and get your own
place. I do feel that you shouldn’t have
overnight guests when you’re staying with
your parents because to me that’s disre-
But I feel that if a 21-year-old is act-
ing like a 12-year-old then your parents
are going to treat you as if you’re 12 years
old. So I do believe that if you act like an
adult then your parents will treat you like
an adult.
Keith Preston
Deb Torreso.
I recently read your article on “My
Spring Bouquet” and I have to say I en-
joyed it immensely. I found your article to
be informative and interesting. I love your
reference to the plants being our babies. I
use that very term about all of my plants.
I found it extremely useful how you out-
lined what we need to do to prepare for
our spring gardens. I have made the mis-
take of buying plants and not having the
proper place to plant them. The thought
never crossed my mind that I could bring
termites home in the wood chips that I pur-
I do feel spring is a magical time of
year. I know if I take the time to do all of
the items in this article I will reap the re-
wards of my hard work. There is nothing
like the feeling of seeing the early signs of
spring. I love the order oI how the fowers
arrive. The crocuses are the frst to arrive.
Next the daffodils and tulips pop up. The
excitement I feel when I see the yellow
buds appearing on the forsythia tress. Oh
what joy!
I fnd gardening to be therapeutic. Get-
ting one with the soil has eased my stress
on many occasions.
I always try to start my seeds inside
so they are nice and hearty to plant. It is
so much fun watching how they progress
and then planting them outside and really
watching them grow. This is very reward-
ing. In the past two years or so, I felt a bit
discouraged with my vegetable garden. I
have had my tomatoes rot at half growth
and other pests eating all of my vegetables.
I will purchase some organic sprays to
eliminate this problem.
Thank you for inspiring me and so
beautifully outlining what I need to do to
prepare my yard for the gifts of spring.
Patricia Kelly
Letters to the Editor
Tips on Arguing
Primary Versus Secondary Sources / Quote Mining

t’s a tough world. Every day, you are
barraged by advertising schemes, sta-
tistics, and political rhetoric. Every
day, you must express your own views
to friends, family members, teachers, and
If you want to hack your way through
all that material or convince others of your
opinions, it is essential to develop criti-
cal thinking skills. These skills are rarely
taught in the classroom, yet they often
make the difference between getting your
way and being ignored.
The editors at Horizons are committed
to helping you develop these tools. Each
issue, we bring you one tip to increase
your arguing power, and one hint to sharp-
en your critical eye.
Primary Versus Secondary Sources:
When you’re conducting research for an
essay, a debate, or a report, you’ll often
come across several sources of informa-
tion about the same event or topic. How
can you tell which of these to use?
One of the most tried-and-true methods
for “ranking” information is to distinguish
between primary and secondary sources.
According to a guide to research pub-
lished by the University of Maryland, pri-
mary sources “are from the time period in-
volved and have not been fltered through
interpretation or evaluation. Primary
sources are original materials on which
other research is based.”
Examples of primary sources include
things like eyewitness accounts, photo-
graphs, newspaper articles from the time
and place you’re researching, and physi-
cal obiects (bones. pottery. coins. and so
Primary sources are considered the
gold standard in all academic research,
as well as in journalism. The reason is
simple: if you get your facts second-hand,
you have no way to be sure that they’re
Secondary sources do have uses,
though. Encyclopedias, like Wikipedia,
are considered secondary sources; they
pull information together from primary
sources to give an overview of a topic.
In this way, secondary sources can help
someone to learn the basics of a new sub-
These kinds of sources are also great
places to get commentary and analysis,
because they often draw from multiple
viewpoints or discoveries and make con-
nections between ideas.
The quality of a secondary source can
be tough to judge, which is why citations
are so vital. If there are references, then
the reader can go back and look at the pri-
mary sources that were used to fnd out
whether the secondary source is accurate.
A simple example is Wikipedia’s entry
Ior 'primary source.¨ The frst sentence oI
the entry says, “Primary source is a term
used in a number of disciplines to describe
source material that is closest to the per-
son, information, period, or idea being
studied.” After that, there appear two cita-
tions: one links to the University of Mary-
land`s defnition. The reader can go to the
original defnition. and see that although
Wikipedia’s wording is slightly different,
the idea is accurate; we can be confdent
that Wikipedia didn’t just make it up or
leave out important information.
As the entry goes on, it offers more
citations – 31 in all, plus links to other
outside sources, similar entries, and so
on. This robust suite of references is what
makes Wikipedia a valuable tool, because
you can fnd hundreds oI primary sources
collected in one place.
Your professors have probably warned
you against citing Wikipedia. They’re
right to do so, but not because Wikipedia
is deceitIul or inaccurate (it does occasion-
ally make mistakes, but so does everyone).
The reason you shouldn’t cite it is that it’s
academically lazy not to read the primary
sources for yourself, and it gives you less
chance to come to your own conclusions
about the material.
Quote Mining: Quote mining is the al-
teration of the meaning of a person’s quote
by taking it out of context or removing
sections of the quote. It’s a disingenuous
way to make it look like something some-
one said supports your position when, in
fact, it does not.
Quote mining is easy to do if you’re
creative about it. Consider the following
“One day when we were kids, Charlie
spent the afternoon stepping on ants in the
driveway. He came into the house that eve-
ning with a guilty expression on his face.
When his mother asked what was wrong,
he admitted, ‘I’m a horrible person. I com-
mitted murder today! Poor ants.’”
In context, this passage is about an
innocent child coming to terms with the
world beyond himself.
Suppose now that you wanted to make
Charlie seem more nefarious. By cutting
out just a few choice sections, you could
twist the meaning:
“He [Charlie] came into the house that
evening with a guilty expression on his
face. When his mother asked what was
wrong, he admitted, ‘I’m a horrible per-
son. I committed murder today!’”
Technically, the new quote is correct -
the words are the same as the original. But
notice how choosing to remove certain
contextualizing phrases has corrupted our
understanding of Charlie as a “murderer.”
Academic creationists have become
notorious for quote mining - so much so
that the term came into popular language
among scientists in the 1990`s to describe
how their own quotes were being dishon-
estly used to suggest that they had doubts
about the validity of evolutionary science.
In 1996. biochemist and high-profle
creationist Michael Behe published a
popular book called Darwin’s Black Box,
which argued among other things that
evolution could not account for certain
biological structures, such as the bacterial
fagellum. These parts. he claimed. were
“irreducibly complex” - that is, if you
removed any one piece, the whole thing
would cease to Iunction (a presumption
that was promptly debunked by other bi-
Behe tried to shore up his case by in-
cluding numerous quotes in his book from
evolutionary scientists that seemed to
show how shaky the science of evolution
was. On page 29, he quoted from a paper
co-authored by Professor of Evolutionary
Biology Jerry Coyne:
“We conclude--unexpectedly--that
there is little evidence for the neo-Darwin-
ian view: its theoretical foundations and
the experimental evidence supporting it
are weak.”
Coyne responded quickly. In the Feb-
ruary 1997 issue oI the Boston Review. he
wrote, “I went back to see exactly what
Orr [Coyne’s co-author] and I had writ-
ten. It turns out that, in the middle of our
sentence, Behe found a period that wasn’t
What the paper had originally said was:
“Although a few biologists have suggested
an evolutionary role for mutations or large
eIIect (Gould 1980; Maynard Smith 1983:
Gottlieb. 1984; Turner. 1985). the neo-
Darwinian view has largely triumphed,
and the genetic basis of adaptation now re-
ceives little attention. Indeed, the question
is considered so dead that few may know
the evidence responsible for its demise.”
“Here we review this evidence,” the
paper continued. “We conclude--unex-
pectedly--that there is little evidence for
the neo-Darwinian view: its theoretical
foundations and the experimental evi-
dence supporting it are weak, and there is
no doubt that mutations of large effect are
sometimes important in adaptation.”
Coyne added, “By inserting the pe-
riod (and removing the sentence Irom its
neighbors), Behe has twisted our meaning.
Our discussion of one aspect of Darwin-
ism--the relative size of adaptive muta-
tions--has suddenly become a critique of
the entire Darwinian enterprise. This is not
sloppy scholarship, but deliberate distor-
Quote mining is effective because few
people ever go back to read the original
sources. It’s easy to do, since all quotes
require selecting certain sentences to keep
and others to omit. The goal, however,
should always be accuracy. Mining for
quotes does disservice to the reader, mis-
represents the person being quoted, and
makes the quote miner look more like a
dishonest ditch digger.
Get involved in the debate! If you have
a suggestion for a Tip, a question about
critical thinking, or a comment about ar-
guing, please send it to housatonichori- And for quality news,
including a healthy dose of arguments that
challenge the norm, be sure to read Hori-
Photo by Brandon T. Bisceglia
Horizons is on Facebook!
Visit the Housatonic Horizons Facebook page and
“like” us to read the latest about what’s going on at HCC
as well as articles you won`t fnd in the paper. and to send us
links, comments, and suggestions.
HORIZONS · Opinions
HORIZONS · Opinions
Shedding Tears at the Pump:
Promoting Positive Change
When Women Step Up. They Excel
our palms get sweaty and you take
deep breaths as you approach the
gas station. Yet again the price has
risen. Beads of sweat form on your fore-
head as you see the numbers on the pump
keep increasing. Just when you think
you’re about to go bankrupt, the pump
stops and you see how much you have to
cough up. Okay, so maybe your experi-
ence at the pump isn’t this dramatic, but
if these prices keep rising maybe we’ll all
be reacting this way. I do not understand
how people can chatter amongst them-
selves, complaining about how much the
gas prices have risen, yet no formal action
has been taken. Nobody is in good fnan-
cial shape and has money to throw away,
especially at the pump. Next time you fll
up at the pump, pay special attention to
other people’s facial reactions. The issue
brings me to ask, what will it take?
If you own a car, like the millions of
other citizens, these prices have caused
you to dig deeper in your pockets. If cur-
rent prices aren’t instilling fear, then be
prepared for what is to come in the near
future. Oil industry experts say that gas-
oline prices may rise within the $5/gal
range before summer. There are many is-
sues at hand, which determine the cost of
oil. It’s all about supply in demand. As the
demand for oil continues to rise, the sup-
ply seems to remain stagnant.
According to HCC History Professor,
David Koch, rising prices are no mere ac-
cident and the situation that is going on
in the Middle East is not the reason for it.
Oil companies are controlling the supply
and regulating demand, patiently waiting
for the perfect scapegoat to create anoth-
er price iump. In the 1990s. he says. oil
wells around the nation were purposely
shut down to decrease production. As any
economist would know, when there is a
shortage of a product and demand is grow-
ing, the value of the product will increase.
The government and oil companies are
assessing our tolerance. They’ve already
done this with the Katrina incident and
they are doing it again. It is a test to see
how much Americans can tolerate. This
time, they are executing their plan more
effectively. How so? Simple, the people
have yet to initiate an organized plan to
lower oil costs.
Motivation is the driving force for
change. Organization plots a better chance
for success. Combine these thoughts and
you have a recipe for positive change.
July 2008 marked a time when the na-
tional average reached $4.12. In Connecti-
cut, we’d be fortunate to pay that price;
the price lingered around $4.40 during
the month of June and July. When prices
reached a new limit, everybody talked
about it. The media constantly covered the
rising cost of oil and at least during that
time, people did more than talk about it
and hope for change. I remember receiv-
ing random emails, texts, and even mail
saying that the prices must go down.
Suggestions on getting those prices
down were heard everywhere, but the
most popular of all was getting enough
people to not buy gas for one day. The
method behind the seemingly mad attempt
was to have as many gas pumps at the sta-
tions left untouched. The result was sup-
posed to make pricing plummet. It was
an excellent idea, but it just didn’t work
because there weren’t enough participants
in a single day. People who sent out chain
mails did not all have the same date for
when the plan was to take action. Instead,
many recipients who did decide on taking
part acted on separate days. The oil cor-
porations weren’t phased by the disorga-
nized attempt and was just seen as a slight
decline in sales. What happened to this
kind of urge for change? One just doesn’t
hear much coverage about the rising prices
and decide to take a back seat and hope for
prices to magically fall. If people think
that rising prices is acceptable because of
the situations going on in the Middle East,
that’s unfortunate because the government
has you fooled.
Koch predicts that in. '20 years Iossil
fuel usage will be down and companies
will bring existing yet not released tech-
nology.” Oil companies have numerous
Iail saIes. which keeps the high profts
coming in. When an oil shortage happens,
oil companies are expected to release the
technology that allows engines to run on a
different energy source. “It will make the
Chevy Volt and Toyota Prius look like gas
guzzlers!” said Koch.
Where we currently stand, we are only
a Iew cents away Irom hitting the $4/gal
mark and the economy is in worse shape
than in 2008. The national unemployment
rate Ior Feb. 2011 is 9.5°. More people
held their iobs in 2008 and had some sort
of income to count upon. Nowadays, with
so many people out of a job, money is
harder to come across.
Less money, rising prices? Where is the
motivation to promote change?
We are not aiming or hoping for the
unattainable. There are many moments in
history where a small group has created
extraordinary change. The Russian and
Chinese revolution, both led by a small
communist party, created change in a big
way. On a positive note, Gandhi was the
man who promoted positive change by
freeing India from British control. This
goes to show how powerful a small group
of committed individuals can be against a
large disorganized group.
So what course of action can be taken?
For starters, you need to ask yourself
how badly you want this change to hap-
pen. You cannot just sit and be mad at the
rising costs of not only gas, but everything.
If you’re already stretching your budget at
the pump, this struggle alone should mo-
tivate you to devote time to make things
happen. Spread the word among your
friends, family, coworkers, anyone. Even
though many will agree that something
must be done, not everyone will actually
get up and do something about it. Are you
going to be the person to spread the word
and do your part or will you sit back and
continue to struggle as oil tycoons laugh
at you while you put more of your hard
earned money in their pockets?
Koch recommends that people begin
voting with their wallet, turning to mass
transit, calling their congressman to ex-
press their concerns, and lastly, searching
for like-minded people; activists that also
look to the cost of oil. Even though tak-
ing action may feel like an overwhelming
task, keep in mind that together, change is
possible. As Margret Mead says, “Never
doubt that a small group of thoughtful,
committed citizens can change the world.
Indeed, it is the only thing that has.”
hroughout our government’s his-
tory, there have been many men
who have done some great things
for our country. But is the great recogni-
tion only to be received by the men? What
about the women who stand behind these
men? The women who are also considered
the backbone of this country? Women like
Edith Wilson, Hilary Rodham Clinton and
Michelle Obama.
Don`t our frst ladies play an important
role in our American History as well?
Until the early 1900`s. women didn`t
quite know where they stood in society.
They were subjected to “being a woman,”
which consisted of cooking, cleaning, tak-
ing care of the kids, and more importantly
keeping their husbands 'satisfed.¨
For many years the frst ladies oI this
country were viewed as just the knit and
tea kind of women that sit there and mooch
off their husbands’ fame and fortune. But
that isn’t at all the case.
There are quite a few women who have
done enormous good, and are still continu-
ing to do so. Take Hilary Rodham Clinton:
in 1994. as frst lady oI the United States.
her major initiative was the Clinton health
care plan (although it Iailed to gain ap-
proval Irom the U.S. Congress in 1997
and 1999). Clinton also played a role in
advocating for the creation of the State
Children’s Health Insurance Program, the
Adoption and Safe Families Act, and the
Foster Care Independence Act.
Clinton achieved a lot as frst lady. and
she continues her achievement now as the
sixty-seventh Secretary of State. She was
the frst woman to run Ior president in the
Democratic Party in 2008. Although she
didn’t get elected, just stepping out to take
on such a tough job showed strength and
Women were and are still often under-
estimated for what they’re really capable
oI. Did 1920 really change anything ?
On Aug. 18 oI that year the Nineteenth
Amendment, granting women the right
to vote. was ratifed by the states. Passing
this law gave women a voice. In the same
year another law had been passed allowing
women to enter the work force.
Soon after, women proved capable of
running the White House for and along-
side their husbands. In the fall of 1919
President Wilson suffered a stroke and
was severely disabled mentally. emo-
tionally and physically Ior the remain-
ing year and a half of his administration,
according to an article on presidentialpet-
At the time, many people believed that
he should resign. However, he didn’t nor
would he have to - not with his wife Edith
Galt Wilson by his side. She rose to defend
her husband and rigorously control access
to him. Edith Wilson managed things so
well at the White House that she became
known as the 'nation`s frst lady Presi-
dent.¨ She was a confdent woman who
unhesitatingly decided that she would
protect Woodrow Wilson’s health and
his presidency. She believed that doing
so was in the best interest of the United
Women are just as important to this
country as men are. The women of our
country have their own position to uphold.
Visit HCC Online!
Curious about the services, courses, and programs at HCC? Go to, the college’s home page. From there you
can navigate the various departments, search for courses, or follow links
to other useful sites, such as MyCommnet and the HCC Foundation.
Let’s hope we don’t actually read these kinds of
signs at the pump!
Photo courtesy of The New York Times
HORIZONS · Arts & Entertainment
rts and
Amateur ~Ham¨ Radio: Still Going Strong
American Idol or American Idiot?
mateur Radio (also
commonly known as
ham radio) is the pri-
vate use of radio frequencies for
the non-commercial exchange
of messages in everything from
recreational to emergency com-
munication. The FCC will only
issue licenses for Amateur Ra-
dio frequencies for those who
have tested.
There are many towns across
Connecticut that are still active in
the hobby of “ham” radio, many
who participate here in the Bridge-
port area. The site http://www.artcsipub.
com/repeaters shows a listing of in-
volved area stations such as Bridgeport’s
KA1KJZ. and Fairfeld`s WB1CQOIR.
One amateur radio station which goes
almost unnoticed by its serene location
is Stratford-based Amateur Radio Club
W1ORS, listed on the National Register of
Historical Places by the U.S. Department
of Interior. Its simple history displays the
heart of what today’s commercial broad-
casting industry has become.
Club member Al Thorpe explains how
the club, “restarted after the second World
War. Running the transmitters, receivers,
listening on the radio, and communicating
with other ‘hams’ is what the club hobby-
ists do.”
Thorpe received his frst FCC (Federal
Communications Commission) license
when he was fIteen. The hosts aren`t
paid for what they do, and he explains
that sometimes
there is a lot
of noise and
i nt e r f e r e nc e
when on the
air. They use
a wide variety
of short range,
long range,
voice, and
codes to com-
municate with
others. When
on the radio,
they are local
around the world, and
have communicated
as far as “the outback
Australia,” Thorpe says.
Other hobbyists are contributing to
the world of “ham” radio, and some have
achieved accomplishments to improve
communication. According to HCC’s
public relations associate Anson Smith,
one of the college’s retired professors,
Paul Danzer, wrote an article on how he
solved an antenna problem, publishing
his invention in
Amateur Ra-
dio Magazine.
Smith says he
called the me-
dia and “alerted
the press” to
Professor Dan-
zer’s achieve-
Many of the
amateur radio
clubs allow vis-
itors, and those
such as Yale
University’s W1YU,
which did not appear
on the listing, encour-
age students and faculty to join. Check
with specifc clubs Ior times and dates oI
meetings and operation.

ox’s American Idol sing-
ing competition began in
2002 and has been going
strong since the show’s incep-
tion; the completion of season
10 is near. Annually. thousands
of contestants audition, but
only the best (in terms oI sing-
ing voice and charisma com-
bined) are chosen to compete
for stardom.
So if American Idol is look-
ing for the best of the best, why
do they show some of the ab-
solute worst singers in Ameri-
ca? There are three rounds of auditions
a contestant must go through, but that is
not known by most viewers, because a lot
oI audition content is fltered out to ft in
the time slot of a given episode. There are
auditions that take place with the absence
of televised celebrity judges, but only au-
ditions with celebrity judges present are
actually shown on the show.
If there are three cuts, then it is inter-
esting that the bad singers are put through
each round. Is it cruel to keep putting a
person through auditions allowing them to
think they are good enough when there is
really no chance for them at all? Is it cruel
that these individuals are aired on national
television primarily for the world to laugh
The show continuously insists to air the
bad contestants. Some say it is for enter-
tainment, others say it is for ratings.
Kelli Hughes, 21 and a junior at South-
ern Connecticut State University, does not
think the show is to blame: “I don’t think
that many people can seriously be that
tone deaf. Half of the time I feel like those
people come on this show to get recog-
nized (like William Hung) whether it`s Ior
their bad voices or not. People would not
dress up in outrageous costumes and sing
terribly if they were really serious about
the competition. Also, you would think
friends and family would tell them they
aren’t good singers and wouldn’t let them
embarrass themselves too, So I don’t think
American Idol is the one to blame. It is en-
tertainment, nd I don’t think it’s wrong.”
William Hung is the best-known ex-
ample of a American Idol contestant who
gained notoriety for anything other than a
beautiful singing voice. Hung auditioned
Ior the show in 2004. and as result oI his
terrible off key rendition of “She Bangs”
by Ricky Martin, he not only became
an overnight star, but was also offered a
$25.000 advance on a record deal Irom
Koch Entertainment that same year.
Hung released three albums on Koch in
2004 and 2005. and in addition was Iea-
tured in a low-budget movie, as well as a
couple of commercials.
So, maybe people are coming on the
show already knowing they aren’t great
and they just want to become famous, or
simply want their 5 minutes of fame on na-
tional television. Whatever the reason may
be, this is a singing contest and there are
multiple rounds of auditions that these bad
contestants are passing through.
This is entertainment,
though, and anything can be
done to keep those sky-rock-
eting ratings. Many people are
watching the show to see the
true talent. It is a joy to watch
the life of an individual turn
a whopping 360 degrees and
witness dreams coming true.
“Since the show is about be-
ing the best, I would person-
ally like to see the people that
perform the best,” says Kyle
Flanagan, 21, a sophomore at
Gateway Community College.
“If I wanted to see someone
who couldn’t sing, I can go on
A post from an anonymous contribu-
tor on said, “I’ve been
enjoying actually seeing more talented
singers who receive the tickets rather than
watching the nut jobs.”
It has not been confrmed but some
people believe that American Idol gives
the bad singers notice that they will be
ripped apart by the judges, or laughed at,
but they get their 5 minutes of fame on na-
tional television in exchange to be humili-
ated. American Idol actually obtains many
ratings for showing the terrible contes-
tants, so this would make sense. “I think
American Idol lets the bad ones through
for viewership, because face it, America
loves to see the ones that suck”, says Jamie
Vargas, 19, a freshman at HCC.
This is a family show and young kids
are tuning in, so it seems that the televi-
sion show is promoting bullying in a way.
It gives the impression to children that it’s
OK to laugh at these people and be mean
because the star judges are doing it, chil-
dren take after celebrities, even adults.
Katerina V. Sive, 35, is a singing coach.
From Russia to California and now Stam-
ford, she runs her own piano and singing
lessons business. “I don’t want you to see
those other auditions [the auditions pre-
ceding those telecast on American Idol],
I have talked to people who have been
through them and it isn’t pretty; they pick
and choose, and they do choose the not-
so-good people for ratings,” says Sive. “I
do not think this is a form of bullying. If
you get laughed at, I know it’s hurtful but
you have to think positive. You have to
think why ‘didn’t they like me?’. Maybe
go back to a teacher or school, and then try
again. Find the reason and fx it. Don`t get
upset and give up. Maybe you have to pick
a different career.”
Sive has watched American Idol before
but doesn’t continue watching the show.
“I don’t want to judge people, and that is
what the show is, it is judging people,” she
William Hung auditions with his off-key perfor-
mance on Idol in 2004.
Courtesy of
The 2011 American Idol judges, from left to right:
Randy Jackson, Jennifer Lopez and Steven Tyler.
Courtesy of
Famous American Idol logo,.
Courtesy of FOX Broadcasting Company
Stratford Amateur Radio Club’s WIORS
Photo by Tina M. Eckart
Stratford Amateur Radio Club’s WIORS
Photo by Tina M. Eckart
HORIZONS · Arts & Entertainment
How to Become a Broadcast 1ournalist
Why is Music Loved by Many?
ews anchor, sports anchor, talk
show host: it’s the career that
any broadcast journalist wants to
have. But how exactly do you step foot
into the career of your dreams, and make
it one day to work in a major TV market
like New York City, or work for a major
company such as ESPN? “Well, it takes a
lot of hard work and a ‘break’,” says Mike
Hill, a ESPN sports anchor. “This business
is all about who you know, not what you
know. Of course it takes some talent, but
knowing the right people helps a lot.” Be-
low is a list of key steps one could take to
make this career route possible.
Education: The frst thing that anybody
can do to build towards most careers is go
to college with Iocuses in felds such as
Broadcast Journalism, English, or Com-
munications. For Hill’s career, there were
ideal destinations for a focus in sports
media, as Syracuse University, which he
declares as helpful but not “necessarily a
must to make it in this business.” Instead,
Hill identifes with options that accommo-
date his feld in new ways. 'Part oI our iob
is to sell what we’re doing, and part of act-
ing is selling a character to an audience,
which is why it is better to take classes in
Theatrical Arts and Public Speaking.”
Internships: Next, one should get
the practical experience of working in a
broadcast media environment. One should
do a number of internships, preferably
about 2-3 and try to get close with a pho-
tographer/camera operator at the station
where you intern. In order to get a job in
this feld. you need demo tapes to accom-
pany your résumé. The demo tape should
document your best moments in anchor-
ing. feld reporting. and at least one Iea-
ture story. Any interest in your work will
be present from early on in your demo
tape. or most likely not at all. 'The frst
bite of your demo tape should get any
hiring manager railed in,” says Hill. “If
not, nobody will want to watch the whole
thing.” College students should also work
for the campus-designated TV stations, ra-
dio stations, school newspapers and try to
be very aggressive in their focuses within
those mediums. Try to edit, produce, and
get in front of the camera or on the micro-
phone to gain experience.
One does not need to go to college for
too many years for a quality broadcasting
job to take place; usually a Bachelor’s De-
gree would satisfy any necessary knowl-
edge. “Going to graduate school is not
important in this business and neither are
your grades,” says Hill. “I am not saying
that you should slack, but grades aren’t
that important because in this business, it’s
more about skill, and what you can bring
to the table that will get you hired.”
Networking: Networking is essential to
getting a relevant position in this business.
While in college or in your post-graduate
era, joining organizations like the National
Association oI Black Journalists (NABJ).
National Association of Broadcasters
(NAB). Society oI ProIessional Journal-
ists (SPJ). and Broadcast Education As-
sociation (BEA) can help iob seekers fnd
companies looking for new individuals to
hire. Just by attempting to join those or-
ganizations can help you gain valuable
tips as to how to improve your ability as
a iournalist (in any sub-type). Send your
work (whatever adds to your repertoire.
including standard requirements) tapes of
to news directors/hiring managers all over
the country. You may begin working as a
weather anchor, or serve as an assistant
It is best to remember that as a broad-
cast journalist, you have to be prepared
for immediate relocation; you must be
able to pack up and move to any part of
the world for your company when you are
positioned to do so. A novice journalist
does not usually get jobs in major markets
like New York City or Los Angeles. That
luxury usually occurs later in a broadcast
career, after years of persistence and deter-
mination especially immediately in their
career. Take the opportunity to begin in a
less-commercial area like Lawrence, Kan-
sas or Biloxi, Mississippi. You may garner
recognition in a smaller venue that allows
you to have enough relevance for a large
metropolitan area at a later date.
Mike Hill spent two years at Fox Sports
New York, then relocated to WKRN in
Nashville, Tennessee, as well as NBC 5,
KXAS in Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas before
being hired by ESPN. 'When I frst start-
ed, I only heard back from two TV sta-
tions aIter sending out 73 demo tapes and
résumés. One guy even called me back to
tell me how bad my tape was. This is just
a tough business to break into and I fnd
myself fortunate that somebody gave me
a chance.”
Also, don’t expect to get paid too much
coming right out of college. According to
the salary report website of company Pay-
Scale, the average salary for a broadcast
journalist with under one year of experi-
ence is anywhere Irom $23.399 to $45.634
per year. However. aIter about 20 years oI
experience an anchor could make almost
a six fgure salary. 'Don`t get too discour-
aged by the money or the stress oI fnding
a iob in the feld.¨ expressed Hill. 'II you
really want this, your time will come.”
e all love music. Whether a
track is containing lyrics or is
simply an instrumental record-
ing, music is a passion for many individu-
als across the world. Although music can
be divided into many different genres,
they all share one common goal: to tele-
port the listener into a joyful dimension.
Music does a good job satisfying our
hunger for entertainment, but there are
other benefts that music contains. Ac-
cording to, “research has
shown that music with a strong beat can
stimulate brainwaves to resonate in sync
with the beat, with faster beats bring-
ing sharper concentration and more alert
thinking, and a slower tempo promoting a
calm, meditative state. Although we may
believe music is just for our entertainment,
it can also gives us a boost when comes to
concentration times, such as when taking
an exam, especially if it may require lots
of memorization like in a history exam.
Michael Wade, a student at HCC said, “
My iPod goes with me everywhere. I like
all types of music, but I don’t like to listen
to metal, techno or anything like that when
it comes time to stay[ing] focus. I usually
try to aim for calm music before I take an
quiz or test. Don’t get me wrong, I love
metal and techno, but I feel that if I listen
to music like that I will get very energetic
which would result in me losing all the
things I memorized for my exam.”
The beauty of music can also help
pregnant women reduce psychological
stress, depression and anxiety. Many fe-
males may encounter diIfcult times
during pregnancy, especially those car-
rying their frst unborn child. One does
not need to be a music addict. Simply
with iust 20-30 minutes oI listening to
music can serve as suIfcient Ior a better
For those who like music with lyrics,
the meaning of a given song can some-
times connect with us perfectly. Though
most of us intend on escaping
hard times by listening to mu-
sic, learning about the theme/
content of the recording can
have a great impact in the life
of the listener. Music is like a teacher, pro-
viding us with something new every day.
“As a powerful tool of communication,
music has the power to defne. inIorm. and
bond a society,” according to the Savvy
Musician Blog. Music goes beyond pro-
viding us energy or keep us entertain.
There are other ways music plays a role
in different parts of the world. “In South
Africa, music is used to provide informa-
tion to communities about prevention and
treatment oI AIDS (Health Communica-
tion), “ the Savvy Musician Blog contin-
ues. With all the different types of genres
in the world, counties applied them in
many different ways. Whether its for there
own enjoyment, or to inform there audi-
ence about important topics.
Though music enters our body though
our ears, its overall meaning affects ev-
ery inch of our body. “ It requires fantas-
tic coordination oI fngers. hands. arms.
lip, cheek, and facial muscles in addition
to extraordinary control of the diaphrag-
matic, back, stomach, and chest muscles,
which respond instantly to the sound the
ear hears and the mind interprets,” accord-
ing to
When it comes to health, techno music
can have a great impact in the life of some
individuals. “I visit clubs very often,” Jef-
fery Thompson, an HCC student, says.
“Just being able to dance makes me feel
great about myself; it allows me to for-
get about all my problems and just chill
and relax. I may come out all sweaty at
times. but its defnitely worth it.¨
The rhythm music contains makes
us want to move and forget about the
rest of the world. According to Sal-, dancing the night away
can burn more calories per hour than
riding a bike or swimming. If
you don’t like techno, then are
always other choices to explore
that may make you get up and
dance. Salsa and Hip hop are
other commons genres of music that many
people enjoy dancing to. According to Sal-, dancing can also lower your
risk of coronary heart disease, decrease
blood pressure, and strengthen the bones
of your legs and hips.
Clubbing is a popular past-time (primarily for young people) in several
countries. Different club themes and music genres create the navor/excitement
in each venue.
Courtesy of
The longevity of your career in the broadcasting
held will be determined bv a combination of tal-
ent you have, drive, and professional relation-
Courtesy of
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Let us know!
Write to
How Long Will it Take to Bring NBA Titles to
the Big Apple Once Again?
ver since the summer oI 2010. the
future has been looking very bright
for the Knicks organization. The
signing of the six time all star Amar’e
Stoudemire brought smiles to many New
Yorkers. After all, the Knicks had been
carrying a rainy cloud in their heads for
several years. With only a few signs of
improving, the Knicks began to get rid of
heavy contracts and began to sign short
term ones, positioning themselves to make
a huge splash the summer where Lebron
James and Dwayne Wade would become
free agents. Though the Knicks could not
come up with one of the two top guns of
the 2010 Iree agency. they were satisfed
with the signing of Amar’e. It was not un-
til the summer oI 2010 that Ians could say
“The Knicks are back.”
Even with Amar’e Stoudemire coming
aboard, it took a couple of losses in order
to create team chemistry. Although many
expected Amar’e to lead the team, there
were other players who contributed in get-
ting this team into playoff talks. Raymond
Felton, a point guard they signed last sum-
mer, helped the pick and roll work to per-
fection. Many believed Felton wasn’t the
sidekick to Amar’e, but he proved them
wrong by arguably being considered an all
star this season. Returning players from
last season like Danilo Gallinari and Wil-
son Chandler also played a key factor in
helping this team improve by nailing 3’s
on a consistent basis (All part oI the Mike¨
D’Antoni System).
The Knicks had been a solid playoff
contending team before the acquisition of
the four time all star Carmelo Anthony.
Rumors speculated for months that the
Knicks would indeed land Carmelo in a
trade from the Denver Nuggets instead of
what many believe they would sign him
this summer once he became a free agent.
AIter all the 'Melo Drama¨ (all the rumors
talks that involved Carmelo Anthony), the
Knickerboxers were fnally able to land
him in a huge blockbuster trade that in-
volved 3 of the Knicks starters which were
Wilson Chandler, Raymond Felton and
Danilo Gallinari. The Knicks also recived
another key player in the deal which was
veteran point guard Chancy Billups.
Now that the dust has cleared, what
can the Knicks expect come playoff time?
Are they perhaps ready to take the big next
step and shock the world by winning the
NBA Finals? Not exactly. Sure we can say
they have somewhat of a “big three” with
Billups, Anthony and Stoudemire, but are
there enough supporting cast to help them
with that task? Or better yet, do they create
enough defense to prevent players from
taking open shots?
The dynamic duo of Carmelo and
Amar’e create lots of offense. The thing
about these two individuals that may cause
stress to several coaches is that there so
tough to guard. Just look at the game win-
ning shot Melo nailed on March 9. 2011
when the Knicks defeated the Memphis
Grizzlies. According to North,
“They overplayed it. They didn’t [leave]
Amar’e,” said Anthony. “I got open. I got
away from [ the defender] Tony [Allen] a
little bit.”
Despite Melo having a great defender
on him, he was still able to hit the game
winning shot. Both of these guys can nail
shots. so when it comes to the fnal sec-
onds of the game, teams better be on the
lookout for both of them.. “Every team
needs a 1, 1A punch,” mentioned Stou-
demire on ESPN “And so with
the ways that we both can score .... we’re
very versatile, so it’s hard to guard us.”
Besides them not having a supporting
cast that may bring a championship to
the Big Apple this year, they still lack a
big man. Although Amar’e has started at
center for several games this season, he
is more of a power forward. The signing
of Jarred Jeffries may provide some boost
in the defense department, but they still
need a true center. There is a saying that
goes “Defense creates offense” and until
the Knicks can began to play solid D on
a daily bases, the dreams of winning the
NBA fnals are still Iar apart Irom become
Even if a title cannot be brought to
NYC this year, the future that awaits the
Knicks is full of light. This playoff experi-
ence they will witness should make them
proud that they are headed in the right di-
rection. Compared to the other disastrous
season, the Knicks have done a hell of a
iob. Whether they fnished sixth. seventh.
or eighth, they should feel good that this
organization will make an appearance
again in the playoffs. Let’s not forget that
the summer oI 2012 is not too Iar Irom
now, which is when the Knicks should
seek to sign free agents like Dwight How-
ard, Chris Paul, or Deron Williams if
they choose to part ways with their cur-
rent teams. With the new NBA bargaining
agreement, one can’t really predict what
the Knicks must give up in order to posi-
tion themselves for another all star player,
or if that can even be done for that matter,
seeing as how Anthony and Stoudemire
are getting paid all the big bucks. What-
ever the case may be, the Knicks should
no longer be taken lightly, especially when
they have two oI the top fve scorers in the
ex, parties, and rock and roll are
some of the thoughts that come to
mind when we think about college
life before we walk on campus.
But what if you went to a college
where those thoughts were not the norm
of college life? A college, where drink-
ing tea is bound to get you kicked off
campus, let alone imagine what kind of
punishment having sex could get you in.
That college would be Brigham Young
University(BYU). a private university op-
erated and funded by the Church of Latter
Day Saints, better known as the “Mor-
mon” church.
Well, BYU basketball player Brandon
Davies was recently suspended indefnite-
ly from the Cougars basketball team, and
a decision is to be made later if he will be
suspended from the school.
For what? You guessed it, for not stay-
ing chaste before marriage, a complete
violation of the BYU honor code that is
followed by all students.
This honor code states a student must
be honest, live a chaste and virtuous life,
obey the law and all campus policies,
use clean language, respect others, ab-
stain from alcoholic beverages, tobacco,
tea, coffee, substance abuse, participate
regularly in church services, observe the
dress and grooming standards of BYU,
and encourage others in their commitment
to comply with the
Honor Code.
“Athletes espe-
cially are watched
extra hard when it
comes to obeying
the honor code,”
said, ex-Mormon
missionary, Spencer
Hulon. “But a lot of
other students do
get away with cer-
tain violations of
this code. The prob-
lem is, in Davies’s
situation, rumors are he cheated on his girl
and got another girl pregnant. So he had to
come out and tell the school of his viola-
Though he is suspended from the team,
Davies is still allowed to travel with the
team and made appearances on the bench
during the NCAA tournament. The future
of his status as a BYU student and basket-
ball player is uncertain for now.
“From what we’re hearing, the univer-
sity is working hard with him so he stays
a student at BYU,” said Hulon. “Fans just
hope we can get him back on the team
because he was our
best post player.”
Question is,
could you go to a
school that prohib-
its students from
having sex? My re-
search shows that
out oI fve college
students asked could
they attend a school
that prohibited sex,
even if the school
gave them a full-ride
athletic scholarship,
Iour out oI fve oI these students said they
could, but one student, Roodiny Pierre,
of Norwalk Community College, kind of
swayed though on the thought of going to
a school like BYU.
“I would go to the school, but sneak
around and have sex and hope that no one
would fnd out.¨ he said.
Many felt different though. Compared
to the thoughts of Pierre, Suschna Scott, a
student at University of Bridgeport, who
felt that if she knew about a school like
BYU, she would have applied and ac-
cepted the admission if accepted, because
“the idea of staying chaste until marriage
instills great values in you, and gives you
the ability to seek out friends of the op-
posite sex for other reasons than just the
Hulon, who is now a student, feels dif-
ferently and believes that the BYU’s rules
are a little too harsh and wouldn’t attend
BYU himself. But he agrees like most
“coming into the school athletes know
what they’re getting into, so they should
know better,” Hulon, said. ”But I do hope
Davies gets a second chance.”
BYU forward Brandon Davies was dismissed
from BYU baskatball team after violating the
school’s honor code.
Photo courtesy of
Sex or Athletic Scholarship:You Choose
Amar’e Stoudemire (left) and Carmelo Anthony
(right) look to take this team to success.
Photo courtesy of
23 HORIZONS · Sports
The NFL`s Next Group of Stars
ith the Collective Bargaining
Agreement (CBA) having iust
expired. the 2011 NFL season
could very likely be cut short. In fact, we
may not even have professional football
at all in 2011! With every Iootball Ian in
the country on the edge of their seats, the
best thing we can do for now is to clutch
onto whatever football we know we will
have this year. Despite a lock-out, the NFL
Draft will still take place.
The season may very well be lost for
all of us, not just the fans of the Oakland
Raiders, Arizona Cardinals and Cleveland
Browns, however we do know that each
and every team is going to have an op-
portunity to grab some of the best up-and-
coming athletes coming out of college,
giving everyone a chance to get better.
So, let’s forget about the fact that half
the players aren’t going to touch a football
all year. Who are the rookies that are go-
ing to stand out once they do fnally get
back on the feld? Let`s take a look at the
top 12 players that are expected to shine
in the NFL. whenever they fnally get the
1) Patrick Peterson (Cornerback Irom
Louisiana State University)
Patrick Peterson is the best player in
this draft. He dominated every game he
played in, blew away
expectations at the
NFL combine and
went above and be-
yond at his pro day.
Probably the only rea-
son why he is not the
consensus frst pick
overall is because his
position, corner back,
is not a position that
is vital on every play.
Although many may
disagree with that,
NFL executives and
coaches will not. Pat-
rick Peterson has been
called the next Darrelle Revis, and every-
thing he has done has backed that up. Ex-
pect Peterson to dominate in the NFL for
the next decade and a half.
Possible teams: Carolina Panthers (1).
Denver Broncos (2). BuIIalo Bills (3).
Cleveland Browns (6). San Francisco
49ers (7)
Player Comparison: Nnamdi Asomu-
2) Von Miller (DeIensive End/Outside
Linebacker from Texas A&M University)
As a iunior in 2009 Von Miller led all
oI college Iootball with 17 sacks. but start-
ed 2010 with an iniured ankle. He Iailed to
record a sack in the frst Iour games. try-
ing to play through the injury. After those
four games however, Miller launched
himself back into the forefront of college
football’s elite with 11 sacks the rest of the
season. Even being the sack machine that
he is, Miller is extremely athletic. He had a
great senior bowl and an even better com-
bine. With excellent size and speed, he is
seen as a perIect ft Ior a 3-4 deIense as an
outside linebacker (like DeMarcus Ware.
James Harrison and Clay Matthews III).
Miller is the best and most consistent pass
rusher in this draft and is expected to be an
elite sack artist in the NFL.
Possible Teams: BuIIalo Bills (3).
Arizona Cardinals (5). San Francisco
49ers (7). Tennessee Titans (8). Dallas
Cowboys (9)
Player Comparison: Terrell Suggs
3) Adriel Jeremiah “A.J.” Green
(Wide Receiver Irom the University oI
A.J. Green has been put in the same
receiving prospect class as Calvin
Johnson (went 2nd overall) and Larry
Fitzgerald (went 3rd overall). Size and
speed are two of his assets, but if you
want to know what really sets Green
apart from the rest of the crowd, pop in
some of his game tape. He runs outstand-
ing routes. has impeccable hands. fnds
open space and avoids defenders like
no other. Green was born to play wide
receiver. Since the college football sea-
son has ended, he hasn’t blown away
scouts like Miller and Peterson have. Ju-
lio Jones has clearly shown a better work
ethic when comparing the two’s pro days
and combine, and many believe he has
jumped Green as the better wide receiver
in the draft, and Green’s unbelievably low
score on the Wonderlic Test hasn’t helped
Continued on page 24
Patrick Peterson
Courtesy of
Did The New 1ersey
Nets Pull Out a Blind Gamble?
Iter the disastrous 09-10 sea-
son, the New Jersey Nets came
into perhaps one of the unfor-
gettable free agencies of all time, with
high hopes. After all, it’s not every
year you get to see a free agency that
includes Lebron James, Dwayne Wade,
and other all star players. After Leb-
ron publicly announced that his talents
would be taken to South Beach in his
one-hour long Decision on ESPN, the
Nets continued their search for a player
to lead the team. Despite coming out
empty of the free agency that included
many all stars, New Jersey would not
give up just yet.. They fought for a star
player until the very end, and boy, was
it a long trip.
BeIore the 10-11 season even began.
the Nets continued this journey seeking
an All Star caliber player. There were
several trade discussions between the
New Jersey Nets and Denver Nug-
gets that would have sent Carmelo
Anthony to the Nets in exchange for
a package of draft picks. Derrick Favors,
the third overall draIt pick oI the 2010
draft, would end up being the main guy
in the package New Jersey was creating.
Who would have imagined all this trade
talk with Jersey in Denver would con-
tinue until January 19. 2011. On that day.
Nets, Russian Owner, Mikhail Prokhorov
publicly announced, “There comes a time
when the price is simply too expensive.
I am instructing our team to walk away
from the deal, and the meeting that was
supposed to be held by our management in
Denver with Carmelo is hereby canceled.”
Despite Jersey doing the best they could,
at the end of the day, it was not enough to
acquire one of the top scorers in the NBA.
On the day before the trade deadline,
February 24, the Nets rebounded and
came out of the blue by acquiring arguable
the best point guard in the league, Deron
Williams from the Utah Jazz. They traded
away Derrick Favors, Devin Harris, two
frst round draIt picks. (their 2011 pick
and Golden States 2012 pick which they
acquired from them in a Marcus Williams
deal in 2008) and cash considerations. So
after spending half a season trying to ac-
quire a player who would bounce them
back after going through lots of struggles
in the last couple of months, they did so
when least expected. Avery Johnson, the
Nets head coach, stated “When you go
into a fght. you want to have as many
guys on your side that you know can help
win the fght. He gives us a chance to win
Now that Deron Williams is in a Net
Uniform, does this mean New Jersey can
began to have high hopes of making it to
the Finals once again? Not until after the
Iree agency oI 2012. that is. Many may be-
lieve Utah came out as the only winner in
this deal because Deron can opt out of his
contract in 2012 which would make
him eligible to sign with any other
team. Billy King, the Nets General
Manger, mentioned “I don’t look at
it as a gamble. I look at it as we’ve
acquired a player who’s going to be
a cornerstone of our franchise for a
long time.”
Many may argue that the Nets
failed to succeed because they gave
up so much for a player that can
decide to leave their roster in one
year. After all, Carmelo Anthony
and Amar’e Stoudemire are right
across the river, and they sure could
use a guard like Williams. There
was a deal that needed to be made,
regardless if it was a good decision
or not. The team was desperate for
a leader, and what better way then
to acquire a
player that
can dish the
ball and help
his teammates
improve their game.
Had they acquired
Carmelo Anthony,
they would have
given up most of
their roster, and lots
of draft picks as
Many Net Fans
cannot forgot
the strong words
Prokhorov said to the public, which went
like this “Championship in one year mini-
mum and maximum in fve years¨ Cour-
tesy of Nets Daily. They are an improved
team from last season, but what must they
do to keep Deron Williams? To start off
Brook Lopez needs to be more of a re-
bounder. He is a solid player, but him
being a center should mean he should av-
erage more than six boards a game. His of-
fense is solid, and ever since Deron came
to New Jersey, he has been improving, but
he must continue to be eIfcient on a daily
basis. With him continuing to improve,
Deron Williams can become more at-
tracted to the team, because after all, there
aren’t many great centers who can shoot
the ball from a long distance or shoot free
throws at a good percentage.
Although there aren’t many big names
like the ones in the 2011 Iree agency (Ja-
mal Crawford, Caron Butler lead this cat-
geory) like the ones in the 2012 (Dwight
Howard, Chris Paul) the Nets must con-
tinue to build a supporting task. Sure they
have to be cautious with their money (es-
pecially if they wish to sign another star),
but there shouldn’t be a minute to spare
when it comes to rebuilding. They can
start of by resigning there power forward
Kris Humphries, who has had a breakout
season. If this orga-
nization can take the
next step and make
the playoffs next
season, we may be
looking at D-will in
a Net uniform for a
very long time.
In today’s bas-
ketball world, it’s
all about winning.
Star players join
forces with others
to accomplish the
one and only dream:
winning the NBA
Finals. Their time may be limited, but let’s
not forget their owner Prokhorov, is a bil-
lionaire. Let’s just say green paper may
play a major role when it comes to attract-
ing players.
What will Mikhail Prokhorov, Nets owner, do to retain Deron
for many years to come?
Courtesy of
Will the acquisition of Deron Williams (middle)
be in vain for this team?
Courtesy of
24 HORIZONS · Sports
his case either. But when you look at the
tape, while both are great receivers, Green
stands out more.
Possible Teams: BuIIalo Bills (3). Cin-
cinnati Bengals (4). Cleveland Browns
(6). Washington Redskins (10)
Player Comparison: Randy Moss
4) Marcell Dareus (DeIensive Tackle
from the University of Alabama)
Another argu-
ment dwelling be-
tween players at the
same position like
Green and Jones is
the Marcell Dareus
and Nick Fairley
dispute. Here is the
Dareus side. He is
a pure and talented
run stuffer, an out-
standing defensive
tackle. In the NFL
he is likely to play
defensive tackle
in a 4-3 defense.
However, he could
also transition to
an outstanding nose tackle in a 3-4. His
versatility will draw teams to like him, but
consistency is what will win him the battle
between he and Fairley. In a very deep and
talented Alabama squad, he was only able
to get on the feld the last two years. yet
dominated during that time. Coming out
of a Nick Saban-NFL style defense, Da-
reus will be an excellent defensive wall in
the NFL for years to come.
Possible Teams: Carolina Panthers (1).
Denver Broncos (2). BuIIalo Bills (3).
Cleveland Browns (6)
Player Comparison: Pat Williams
5) Nick Fairley (DeIensive Tackle Irom
Auburn University)
While Dareus prides his play on his
run blocking and consistency, Nick Fair-
ley is a superb pass rusher. Much like the
way Ndamukong Suh attracted suitors last
year, Fairley was brilliant in every game
he played in during 2010. Even when the
spotlight was on him and his team mates
during the BCS National Championship,
he still tore apart Oregon’s interior offen-
sive line like it was nothing. Fairley had
an incredible 2010 campaign. and while
Cam Newton got all the credit for lead-
ing Auburn to a national championship,
Fairley was just as important to the team’s
defense. For a while, Fairley was slotted
to go frst overall in the draIt. but he has
slowly started slipping down the ranks.
Though he was unstoppable in 2010. he
had nearly nothing to show before then. In
addition to this, he was found to be much
less than his proclaimed 6’3” size. If he
proves that 2010 was not a fuke. Fairley
will have a great NFL career.
Possible Teams: Denver Broncos (2).
BuIIalo Bills (3). Cleveland Browns (6).
San Francisco 49ers (7). Tennessee Titans
(8). Dallas Cowboys (9)
Player Comparison: Darnell Dockett
6) Prince Amukamara (Cornerback
from University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Patrick Peterson is one of the best cor-
ner back prospects ever, and if it weren’t
for him Prince Amukamara would be all
the talk of this draft. Amukamara was ex-
pected to enter the 2010 NFL draIt aIter
an excellent junior year, but decided to
go back to school. After an even more
impressive senior year, he has launched
himselI into top 10 consideration. Like Pe-
terson, he plays a position that, while still
extremely important, is not as prominent
as other needs on a team. Amukamara is
not much behind Peterson in any category,
and had an equally as impressive combine.
The teams that will hope to grab Peterson
will not be disappointed in settling for
Prince Amukamara.
Possible Teams: Cleveland Browns (6).
San Francisco 49ers (7). Tennessee Titans
(8). Dallas Cowboys (9). Houston Texans
Player Comparison: Charles Woodson
7) Da`Quan Bowers (DeIensive End
from Clemson Uni-
For a while, it
was Da’Quan Bow-
ers who was expect-
ed to go frst overall
in the upcoming
draft. He was one
of the most antici-
pated prospects his
senior year of high
school, and led all
of college football
in sacks in 2010.
but everything in
between Bowers
would hope teams
would forget about. Much like Nick Fair-
ley, Bowers has a lot of bad game tape
before this past year, and didn’t seem as
though he would live up to expectations.
He lived up to them this year, but, as it
does with Fairley, lack of consistency
tends to scare a lot of teams away. Despite
all this, Bowers was still expected to go
frst overall. but aIter suIIering a knee in-
jury, while required him to miss the NFL
Combine, and a series of postponements
to his pro-day, teams are slowly starting to
turn away Irom Bowers. But iI 2010 was
the real Da’Quan Bowers, whichever team
ends up taking him will have an incredible
pass rusher on their hands for a long time.
Possible Teams: Denver Broncos (2).
Cincinnati Bengals (4). Cleveland Browns
(6). Tennessee Titans (8). Minnesota Vi-
kings (12)
Player Comparison: Julius Peppers
8) Julio Jones (Wide Receiver Irom
University of Alabama)
Jones was highly recruited out of high
school, yet inju-
ries and dropped
balls plagued him
throughout his Ala-
bama career. Still
considered an out-
standing prospect,
he entered the NFL
combine as the sec-
ond rated wide re-
ceiver behind A.J.
Green, yet he left
the combine with
scouts questioning
whether or not he
had jumped Green as the better wide re-
ceiver. He had the highest vertical jump
at the combine (38.5 inches) the longest
broad iump at the combine (11 Ieet 3 inch-
es) and a 4.39 40 yard dash. and he did all
of this with a broken foot, and when you
add in that he’s an outstanding blocker,
Jones has really propelled himself forward
with all the little things. The injuries may
still scare some teams, and the game tape
will still keep Green ahead of him, but
don’t expect Jones to fall to far behind
Possible Teams: Cleveland Browns (6).
Tennessee Titans (8). Washington Red-
skins (10). St. Louis Rams (14)
Player Comparison: Larry Fitzgerald
9) Robert Quinn (DeIensive End Irom
University of North Carolina at Chapel
Robert Quinn was suspended for all of
the 2010 college Iootball season because
of NCAA violations that butchered the Tar
Heels’ season. Had he played last year,
I doubt he would make it out of the top
fve picks in the draIt. Quinn makes sack-
ing the quarterback look easy, and will
continue to prove that in the NFL. He is
big enough to play defensive end in a 4-3,
and fast enough to play outside linebacker
in a 3-4. Because of that versatility, more
teams will covet his skills. With Wade
Phillips now pulling the defensive strings
in Houston, expect him to see a bit of his
former favorite pass rusher in him.
Possible Teams: San Francisco 49ers
(7). Tennessee Titans (8). Dallas Cowboys
(9). Minnesota Vikings (10). Housaton
Texans (11)
Player Comparison: DeMarcus Ware
10) Cam Newton (Quarterback Irom
Auburn University)
We all know who he is by now, but will
we remember him by this time next year?
That is the question that NFL scouts want
Cam Newton to answer. He was unbeliev-
able in college, but can Newton transition
his unique skill set to the NFL? We have
never seen a player
quite like New-
ton before, which
makes it harder for
teams to decide
whether or not they
want to pull the trig-
ger and ask him to
take the reigns of
their franchise for
the next two de-
cades. His maturity,
intelligence, accura-
cy, and lack of expe-
rience under center
will have a lot of teams fearful of taking
him, but his athleticism, arm strength and
leadership will keep them in the hunt.
Possible Teams: Carolina Panthers
(1). BuIIalo Bills (3). Cincinnati Bengals
(4). Arizona Cardinals (5). San Francisco
49ers (7). Tennessee Titans (8). Washing-
ton Redskins (10)
Player Comparison: Tim Tebow? Mi-
chael Vick? Josh Freeman? We don’t re-
ally know.
11) Blaine Gab-
bert (Quarterback
from the University
of Missouri)
Blaine Gab-
bert never really
entered the feld oI
potential frst round
quarterbacks until
Stanford Univer-
sity’s Andrew Luck
decided to stay at
school for his senior year. Since then, he
and Newton have been battling for the
top quarterback overall in this year’s draft
class. many scouts consider this quarter-
back class weak because of its lack of a
clear favorite and because frankly the
Iront runners have way too many red fags.
Gabbert, though an underrated athlete, is a
product of the spread offense, and frankly
his 2010 stats are not that impressive. His
game tape shows a quick release and good
short range accuracy, but considering his
college career ended on an interception, it
is clear he has inconsistencies with it. The
potential is there, but the smarter teams
will throw the white fag Ior 2011. hope
they get one of the top two picks for next
year and grab either Luck or Matt Barkley
of USC.
Possible Teams: Carolina Panthers
(1). BuIIalo Bills (3). Cincinnati Bengals
(4). Arizona Cardinals (5). San Francisco
49ers (7). Tennessee Titans (8). Washing-
ton Redskins (10)
Player Comparison: Alex Smith
12) Mark Ingram. Jr. (Running Back
from the University of Alabama)
Mark Ingram is not expected to go very
high in this year’s draft, but considering
he has been compared to Emmitt Smith by
ESPN’s Mel Kiper, Jr. it makes you won-
der why that is. His speed is underwhelm-
ing, but it has never wowed anybody in
the frst place. His escapability. balance.
quickness, blocking, and ability to catch
the ball out oI the backfeld should all be
considered when looking at Ingram. Run-
ning backs have relatively short careers
because they lose their speed over time,
but Ingram never had incredible speed to
begin with. Expect him to have a great ca-
reer, and a longer one than expected.
Possible Teams: Washington Redskins
(10). Miami Dolphins (15). New England
Patriots (17. 28). New Orleans Saints (24).
Seattle Seahawks (25)
Player Comparison: Maurice Jones-
Other players to keep an eye on:
Christian Ponder
(Quarterback Irom
Florida State Uni-
The most ac-
curate passer in the
draft, he had the
best combine of all
the quarterbacks.
Expect him to be
taken early in the
second round. With
the right coaching
he could be one of the names that stand
out in this draft.
Titus Young (Wide Receiver Irom Boi-
se State University)
His game speed has been compared to
that of Mike Wallace and DeSean Jackson.
He could be taken late in the frst round.
but most likely will go in the second. Keep
in mind Jackson went in the second and
Wallace went in the fourth.
Mike Pouncey (Center/OIIensive
Guard from University of Florida)
His brother Maurkice was elected to the
NFL Pro Bowl this year as a rookie center
for the Pittsburgh Steelers. Pouncey will
most likely be taken middle to late frst
round, but consider the blood lines there is
no reason to believe his performance will
be any less than that of his brother’s.
Ryan Kerrigan (DeIensive End Irom
Purdue University)
Consistency is a key factor when
scouts look at players entering the draft,
and Ryan Kerrigan is the only other player
in the draft besides Von Miller that record-
ed double digit sacks two years in a row.
Kyle Rudolph (Tight End Irom Univer-
sity of Notre Dame)
Last year Rob Gronkowski was a frst
round talent, but because he was a tight
end and not as many teams needed some-
one at his position, he fell to the second
round. Like Gronkowski, Kyle Rudolph
is expected to fall to the second round be-
cause teams have more pressing needs at
other positions. He may be drafted in the
second round, but expect him to produce
like a frst rounder.
Continued from page 23
Von Miller
Photo courtesy of
A.J. Green
Photo courtesy of http://marshallsportsma-
Cam Newton
Courtesy of

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