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93 Physics MCQ and Answers IAS Exam5.0

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Question 1

Question: Light is a Iorm oI energy produced by a .

1. luminous obiect

2. transparent obiect

3. non-luminous obiect

4. opaque obiect

1.luminous obiect2.transparent obiect3.non-luminous obiect4.opaque obiect

Answer: 1

Question 2

Question: An example Ior non-luminous obiect is .

1. a candle

2. the sun

3. an electric bulb

4. the moon

Answer: 4

Question 3

Question: The phenomenon by which the incident light Ialling on a surIace is sent back into

the same medium is known as .

1. polarization

2. reIlection

3. reIraction

4. absorption

Answer: 2

Question 4

Question: When light is incident on a polished surIace reIlection takes place.

1. regular

2. irregular

3. diIIused

4. normal

Answer: 1

Question 5

Question: An obiect becomes invisible when it undergoes reIlection.

1. regular

2. irregular

3. diIIused

4. normal

Answer: 1

Question 6

Question: According to the laws oI reIlection,

1. i ÷ r

2. i ~ r

3. r ~ i

4.

Answer: 1

Question 7

Question: The image Iormed by a plane mirror is always .

1. real and erect

2. virtual and erect

3. real and inverted

4. virtual and inverted

Answer: 2

Question 8

Question: The centre oI the sphere oI which the spherical mirror Iorms a part is called

.

1. centre oI curvature

2. Iocus

3. pole

4. vertex

Answer: 1

Question 9

Question: The Iocus oI a concave mirror is .

1. real

2. virtual

3. undeIined

4. at the pole

Answer: 2

Question 10

Question: A converging mirror is known as .

1. convex mirror

2. plane mirror

3. concave mirror

4. cylindrical mirror

Answer: 3

Question 11

Question: The relation between the Iocal length and radius oI curvature oI a mirror is

.

1.

2. R ¹ 2 ÷ I

3. I ÷ R/2

4. I ÷ 2 R

Answer: 3

Question 12

Question: Radius oI curvature oI a concave mirror is always to the mirror.

1. parallel

2. perpendicular

3. inclined at 60

o

4. inclined at 45

o

Answer: 2

Question 13

Question: An image Iormed by a convex mirror is always .

1. virtual, erect and diminished

2. virtual, real and magniIied

3. real, inverted and diminished

4. real, erect and magniIied

Answer: 1

Question 14

Question: II the image Iormed by a concave mirror is virtual, erect and magniIied, then the

obiect is placed .

1. between the pole oI the mirror and the Iocus

2. beyond the centre oI curvature

3. at the centre oI curvature

4. at the Iocus

Answer: 1

Question 15

Question: Dentists use a to Iocus light on the tooth oI a patient.

1. concave mirror

2. convex mirror

3. plane mirror

4. cylindrical mirror

Answer: 1

Question 16

Question: An obiect is placed 1.5 m Irom a plane mirror. How Iar is the image Irom the

person?

1. 3 m

2. 1.5 m

3. 2 m

4. 1 m

Answer: 1

Question 17

Question: An obiect placed 2m Irom a plane mirror is shiIted by 0.5 m away Irom the

mirror. What is the distance between the obiect and its image?

1. 2 m

2. 1.5 m

3. 5 m

4. 3 m

Answer: 3

Question 18

Question: What is the value oI q in the Iollowing diagram?

1. 30

o

2. 45

o

3. 90

o

4. 60

o

Answer: 4

Question 19

Question: What is the angle between the incident and reIlected rays when a ray oI light is

incident normally on a plane mirror?

1. 90

o

2. 45

o

3. 180

o

4. 0

Answer: 4

Question 20

Question: Name the type oI image that can be obtained on a screen.

1. Virtual

2. Real

3. Diverging

4. Converging

Answer: 2

Question 21

Question: A ray oI light is incident on a plane mirror and the angle oI incidence is 25

o

.

What is the angle oI reIlection?

1. 0

2. 50

o

3. 90

o

4. 25

o

Answer: 4

Question 22

Question: A ray oI light is incident on a plane mirror and the angle oI reIlection is 50

o

.

Calculate the angle between the incident ray and the reIlected ray.

1. 50

o

2. 25

o

3. 90

o

4. 100

o

Answer: 4

Question 23

Question: Which oI the Iollowing is used to make a periscope?

1. Concave mirror

2. Convex mirror

3. Plane mirror

4. Lens

Answer: 3

Question 24

Question: Which mirror has a wider Iield oI view?

1. Convex mirror

2. Concave mirror

3. Plane mirror

4. Cylindrical mirror

Answer: 1

Question 25

Question: The Iocal length oI a concave mirror is 15 cm. What is its radius oI curvature?

1. 15 cm

2. 30 cm

3. 7.5 cm

4. 45 cm

Answer: 2

Question 26

Question: The Iocal length oI a mirror is 15 cm. IdentiIy the type oI mirror.

1. Concave mirror

2. Plane mirror

3. Convex mirror

4. Cylindrical mirror

Answer: 3

Question 27

Question: A ray oI light passing through the retraces its path.

1. Iocus

2. centre oI curvature

3. pole

4. vertex

Answer: 2

Question 28

Question: When an obiect is placed at the Iocus oI a concave mirror, the image will be

Iormed at .

1. inIinity

2. Iocus

3. centre oI curvature

4. pole

Answer: 1

Question 29

Question: Butter paper is an example Ior obiect.

1. a transparent

2. a translucent

3. an opaque

4. a luminous

Answer: 2

Question 30

Question: An obiect oI size 2.0 cm is placed perpendicular to the principal axis oI a

concave mirror. The distance oI the obiect Irom the mirror equals to the radius oI curvature.

The size oI the image will be .

1. 0.5 cm

2. 1.5 cm

3. 1.0 cm

4. 2.0 cm

Answer: 4

Question 31

Question: II an incident ray passes through the centre oI curvature oI a spherical mirror, the

reIlected ray will .

1. pass through the Iocus

2. pass through the centre oI curvature

3. pass through the pole

4. retrace its path

Answer: 4

Refraction of Light - Multiple Choice Test

Question 1

Question: The bending oI a beam oI light when it passes obliquely Irom one medium to

another is known as .

1. reIlection

2. reIraction

3. dispersion

4. deviation

Answer: 2

Question 2

Question: The part oI the lens through which the ray oI light passes without suIIering

deviation is called .

1. optical centre

2. Iocus

3. centre oI curvature

4. pole

Answer: 1

Question 3

Question: Convex lens always gives a real image iI the obiect is situated beyond .

1. optical centre

2. centre oI curvature

3. Iocus

4. radius oI curvature

Answer: 3

Question 4

Question: Parallel rays oI light entering a convex lens always converge at .

1. centre oI curvature

2. the principal Iocus

3. optical centre

4. the Iocal plane

Question 5

Question: Where should an obiect be placed so that a real and inverted image oI the same

size is obtained, using a convex lens?

1. Between O and F

2. At F

3. At 2 F

4. At inIinity

Answer: 3

Question 6

Question: SI unit oI the power oI a lens is .

1. dioptre

2. cm

3. metre

4. watt

Answer: 1

Question 7

Question: 1 D is the power oI the lens oI Iocal length oI cm.

1. 100

2. 10

3. 1/100

4. 1/10

Answer: 1

Question 8

Question: In a simple microscope lens used is .

1. biconvex

2. biconcave

3. plano convex

4. cylindrical

Answer: 1

Question 9

Question: Reciprocal oI Iocal length in metres is known as the oI a lens.

1. Iocus

2. power

3. power oI accommodation

4. Iar point

Answer: 2

Question 10

Question: A convex lens is called .

1. converging lens

2. diverging lens

3. both converging and diverging lens

4. reIracting lens

Answer: 1

Question 11

Question: A positive magniIication greater than unity indicates .

1. real image

2. virtual image

3. neither real not virtual image

4. distorted image

Answer: 2

Question 12

Question: The power oI a convex lens oI Iocal length 50 cm is .

1. ¹ 2D

2. - 2D

3. 50 D

4. - 5D

Answer: 1

Question 13

Question: The Iocal length oI a lens whose power is -1.5 D is .

1. -66.66 cm

2. ¹ 1.5 m

3. ¹ 66.66 cm

4. -1.5 m

Answer: 1

Question 14

Question: Real images Iormed by single convex lenses are always .

1. on the same side oI the lens as the obiect

2. inverted

3. erect

4. smaller than the obiect

Answer: 2

Question 15

Question: An obiect is placed 12 cm Irom a convex lens whose Iocal length is 10 cm. The

image must be.

1. virtual and enlarged

2. virtual and reduced in size

3. real and reduced in size

4. real and enlarged

Answer: 4

Question 16

Question: When a person uses a convex lens as a simple magniIying glass, the obiect must

be placed at a distance.

1. less than one Iocal length

2. more than one Iocal length

3. less than twice the Iocal length

4. more than twice the Iocal length

Answer: 1

Question 17

Question: The image produced by a concave lens is .

1. always virtual and enlarged

2. always virtual and reduced in size

3. always real

4. sometimes real, sometimes virtual

Answer: 2

Question 18

Question: A virtual image is Iormed by .

1. a slide proiector in a cinema hall

2. the ordinary camera

3. a simple microscope

4. telescope

Answer: 3

Question 19

Question: An obiect is placed 25 cm Irom a convex lens whose Iocal length is 10 cm. The

image distance is cm.

1. 50 cm

2. 16.66 cm

3. 6.66 cm

4. 10 cm

Answer: 2

Question 20

Question: The least distance oI distinct vision is .

1. 25 cm

2. 25 m

3. 0.25 cm

4. 2.5 m

Answer: 1

Question 21

Question: A convex lens has a Iocal length oI 20 cm. Its power in dioptres is .

1. 2

2. 5

3. 0.5

4. 0.2

Answer: 2

Question 22

Question: An obiect is placed beIore a concave lens. The image Iormed -.

1. is always erect

2. may be erect or inverted

3. is always inverted

4. is always real

Answer: 1

Question 23

Question: A ray oI light travels Irom a medium oI reIractive index n

1

to a medium oI

reIractive index n

2

. II angle oI incidence is i and the angle oI reIraction is r.

Then is equal to

1. n

1

2. n

2

3. n

21

4. n

12

Answer: 3

Question 24

Question: Two thin lenses oI power ¹5 D and -2 D are placed in contact with each other.

Focal length oI the combination is

1. ¹3 m

2. -3 m

3. 0.33 m

4. -0.33 m

Answer: 3

Question 25

Question: The lens Iormula in cartesian Irame is .

1.

2.

3.

4.

Answer: 3

The Human Eye and the Colourful World - Multiple Choice Test

Question 1

Question: The change in Iocal length oI an eye lens to Iocus the image oI obiects at varying

distances is done by the action oI .

1. pupil

2. ciliary muscles

3. retina

4. blind spot

Answer: 2

Question 2

Question: Far point oI a normal eye is situated at .

1. 25 cm

2. inIinity

3. 50 cm

4. 400 cm

Answer: 2

Question 3

Question: A long-sighted person cannot see obiects nearer to his eye than 50 cm. To enable

him to read a book 25 cm away, he should use spectacle lenses whose power in dioptres is

.

1. -6

2. -4

3. -2

4. ¹ 4

Answer: 4

Question 4

Question: The process by which a beam oI white light splits into its constituent colours is

known as .

1. reIlection

2. dispersion

3. divergence

4. convergence

Answer: 2

Question 5

Question: The band oI colours obtained due to dispersion is known as .

1. spectrum

2. rainbow

3. image

4. mirage

Answer:

Question 6

Question: Power oI a lens is expressed in

1. dioptre

2. cm

3. metre

4. millimetre

Answer: 1

Question 7

Question: 1 D is the power oI a lens oI Iocal length cm.

1. 100

2. 10

3. 1/100

4. 1/10

Answer: 1

Question 8

Question: Hypermetropia is rectiIied by using

1. convex lens

2. concave lens

3. cylindrical lens

4. progressive lens

Answer: 1

Question 9

Question: Reciprocal oI Iocal length in metres is known as the oI a lens.

1. Iocus

2. power

3. power oI accommodation

4. Iar point

Answer: 2

Question 10

Question: The power oI a convex lens oI Iocal length 50 cm is .

1. ¹ 2 D

2. - 2 D

3. 50 D

4. - 5 D

Answer: 1

Question 11

Question: Two lenses having powers ¹2D and -4D respectively are put together. Power oI

the combination would be

1. -2 D

2. ¹2 D

3. -4 D

4. ¹4 D

Answer: 1

Question 12

Question: The Iluid between the retina and the lens is called .

1. aqueous humour

2. vitreous humour

3. aqua

4. humus

Answer: 2

Question 13

Question: Two thin lenses oI power ¹5D and -2D are put in contact with each other. Focal

length oI the combination is

1. ¹3 m

2. -3 m

3. 0.33 m

4. -0.33 m

Answer: 3

Question 14

Question: The least distance oI distinct vision Ior inIants is .

1. 15 cm

2. 20 cm

3. 25 cm

4. 5 cm

Answer: 4

Question 15

Question: The Iocal length oI a lens whose power is -1.5 D is .

1. -66.66 cm

2. ¹ 1.5 m

3. ¹ 66.66 cm

4. -1.5 m

Answer: 1

Sound - Multiple Choice Test

Question 1

Question: When a wave travels through a medium .

1. particles are transIerred Irom one place to another

2. energy is transIerred in a periodic manner

3. energy is transIerred at a constant speed

4. none oI the above statements is applicable

Answer: 3

Question 2

Question: The minimum distance between the source and the reIlector, so that an echo is

heard is approximately equal to .

1. 10 m

2. 17 m

3. 34 m

4. 50 m

Answer: 2

Question 3

Question: Bats detect the obstacles in their path by receiving the reIlected .

1. inIrasonic waves

2. radio waves

3. electro-magnetic waves

4. ultrasonic waves

Answer: 4

Question 4

Question: When sound travels through air, the air particles .

1. vibrate along the direction oI wave propagation

2. vibrate but not in any Iixed direction

3. vibrate perpendicular to the direction oI wave propagation

4. do not vibrate

Answer: 1

Question 5

Question: The relation between wave velocity 'v', Irequency 'I ', and wavelength 'l' is

.

1.

2.

3.

4.

Answer: 2

Question 6

Question: The Irequency oI a wave travelling at a speed oI 500 ms

-1

is 25 Hz. Its time

period will be .

1. 20 s

2. 0.05 s

3. 25 s

4. 0.04 s

Answer: 4

Question 7

Question: The amplitude oI a wave is .

1. the distance the wave moves in one second

2. the distance the wave moves in one time period oI the wave

3. the maximum distance moved by the medium particles on either side oI the mean position

4. the distance equal to one wave length

Answer: 3

Question 8

Question: Which oI the Iollowing is not a characteristic oI a musical sound?

1. Pitch

2. Wavelength

3. Quality

4. Loudness

Answer: 2

Question 9

Question: Sound waves do not travel through

1. solids

2. liquids

3. gases

4. vacuum

Answer: 4

Question 10

Question: The physical quantity, which oscillates in most waves, is

1. mass

2. energy

3. amplitude

4. wavelength

Answer: 3

Question 11

Question: Sound waves are

1. longitudinal

2. transverse

3. partly longitudinal and partly transverse

4. sometimes longitudinal and sometimes transverse

Answer: 1

Question 12

Question: The Irequency which is not audible to the human ear is

1. 50 Hz

2. 500 Hz

3. 5000 Hz

4. 50000 Hz

Answer: 4

Question 13

Question: The speed oI sound in medium depends upon

1. amplitude

2. Irequency

3. wavelength

4. properties oI the medium

Answer: 4

Question 14

Question: Which oI the Iollowing will remain unchanged when a sound wave travels in air

or in water?

1. Amplitude

2. Wavelength

3. Frequency

4. Speed

Answer: 3

Question 15

Question: A sound source sends waves oI 400 Hz. It produces waves oI wavelength 2.5 m.

The velocity oI sound waves is

1. 100 m/s

2. 1000 m/s

3. 10000 m/s

4. 3000 km/s

Answer: 2

Question 16

Question: The time period oI a vibrating body is 0.05 s. The Irequency oI waves it emits is

1. 5 Hz

2. 20 Hz

3. 200 Hz

4. 2 Hz

Answer: 2

Question 17

Question: A source oI Irequency oI 500 Hz emits waves oI wavelength 0.4 m, how long

does the waves take to travel 600 m?

1. 3 s

2. 6 s

3. 9 s

4. 12 s

Answer: 1

Question 18

Question: Sound and light waves both

1. have similar wavelength

2. obey the laws oI reIlection

3. travel as longitudinal waves

4. travel through vacuum

Answer: 2

Question 19

Question: The method oI detecting the presence, position and direction oI motion oI distant

obiects by reIlecting a beam oI sound waves is known as .

1. RADAR

2. SONAR

3. MIR

4. CRO

Answer: 2

Question 20

Question: The technique used by bats to Iind their way or to locate Iood is .

1. SONAR

2. RADAR

3. Echolocation

4. Flapping

Answer: 3

Question 21

Question: An ultrasonic wave is sent Irom a ship towards the bottom oI the sea. It is Iound

that the time interval between the sending and receiving oI the wave is 1.6 s. What is the

depth oI the sea, iI the velocity oI sound in the seawater is 1400 m/s?

1. 1120 m

2. 560 m

3. 1400 m

4. 112 m

Answer: 1

Question 22

Question: An example Ior mechanical wave.

1. Radio wave

2. Light wave

3. InIrared radiation

4. Sound wave

Answer: 4

Question 23

Question: Which oI the Iollowing quantities is transIerred during wave propagation?

1. Speed

2. Mass

3. Matter

4. Energy

Answer: 4

Question 24

Question: II a vibrator strikes the water 10 times in one second, then the Irequency oI wave

is .

1. 10 Hz

2. 0.5 Hz

3. 5 Hz

4. 0.1 Hz

Answer: 1

Question 25

Question: Unit oI wavelength is .

1. newton

2. erg

3. dyne

4. angstrom

Answer: 4

Question 26

Question: The distance between a compression and the next rareIaction oI a longitudinal

wave is .

1.

2. 2l

3.

4.

Answer: 3

Question 27

Question: SI Unit oI time period is .

1. second

2. hour

3. minute

4. nanosecond

Answer: 1

Question 28

Question: The vibrations or the pressure variations inside the inner ear are converted into

electrical signals by the.

1. cochlea

2. tympanic membrane

3. pinna

4. anvil

Answer: 1

Question 29

Question: Vibrations inside the ear are ampliIied by the three bones namely the

in the middle ear.

1. hammer, anvil and stirrup

2. hammer, anvil and pinna

3. hammer, cochlea and stirrup

4. auditory bone, anvil and stirrup

Answer: 1

Question 30

Question: The persistence oI audible sound due to the successive reIlections Irom the

surrounding obiects even aIter the source has stopped to produce that sound is called

.

1. reIlection

2. echo

3. reverberation

4. rareIaction

Answer: 3

Force and Laws Of Motion - Multiple Choice Test

Question 1

Question: Inertia is

1. a property oI matter

2. a type oI Iorce

3. the speed oI an obiect

4. none oI the above

Answer: 1

Question 2

Question: A and B are two obiects with masses 100 kg and 75 kg respectively, then

.

1. both will have the same inertia

2. B will have more inertia

3. A will have more inertia

4. both will have less inertia

Answer: 3

Question 3

Question: The resultant oI balanced Iorces is

1. non zero

2. equal to zero

3. not equal to zero

4. equal to the acceleration produced in the body

Answer: 2

Question 4

Question: The physical quantity, which is the measure oI inertia, is

1. density

2. weight

3. Iorce

4. mass

Answer: 4

Question 5

Question: The sparks produced during sharpening oI a kniIe against a grinding wheel

leaves the rim oI the wheel tangentially. This is due to

1. inertia oI rest

2. inertia oI motion

3. inertia oI direction

4. Iorce applied

Answer: 3

Question 6

Question: The law that gives a qualitative deIinition oI Iorce is

1. Newton's second law oI motion

2. Law oI inertia

3. Newton's third law oI motion

4. Law oI gravitation

Answer: 2

Question 7

Question: Name the property oI matter due to which a body continues in its state oI rest or

uniIorm motion unless an external Iorce acts on it.

1. Inertia

2. Elasticity

3. Viscosity

4. Density

Answer: 1

Question 8

Question: The S.I. unit oI Iorce is

1. erg

2. ioule

3. newton

4. dyne

Answer: 3

Question 9

Question: When a Iorce oI 1N acts on a mass oI 1kg that is Iree to move, the obiect moves

with

1. a speed oI 1 m/s

2. a speed oI 1 km/s

3. an acceleration 10 m/s

2

4. an acceleration oI 1 m/s

2

Answer: 4

Question 10

Question: The acceleration in a body is due to

1. balanced Iorce

2. unbalanced Iorce

3. mass

4. electrostatic Iorce

Answer: 2

Question 11

Question: When an obiect undergoes acceleration

1. its speed always increases

2. its velocity always increases

3. it always Ialls towards the Earth

4. a Iorce always acts on it

Answer: 4

Question 12

Question: A Iorce oI 10 N is acting on an obiect oI mass 10 kg. What is the acceleration

produced in it?

1.

2.

3. 100 m/s

2

4. 100 m/s

Answer: 1

Question 13

Question: What is the Iorce acting on an obiect oI mass 10 kg moving with a uniIorm

velocity oI 10 m/s ?

1. 100 N

2. 10 N

3. 0

4. 1 N

Answer: 3

Question 14

Question: An athlete can take a longer iump iI he comes running Irom a distance as

compared to that when he iumps suddenly. IdentiIy the type oI inertia.

1. Inertia oI rest

2. Inertia oI motion

3. Inertia oI direction

4. Inertia oI position

Answer: 2

Question 15

Question: 1 newton ÷

1.

2.

3.

4.

Answer: 2

Question 16

Question: The physical quantity, which is equal to change in momentum, is

1. Iorce

2. impulse

3. acceleration

4. velocity

Answer: 2

Question 17

Question: The physical quantity, which is equal to rate oI change oI momentum, is

1. displacement

2. acceleration

3. Iorce

4. impulse

Answer: 3

Question 18

Question: 1kg m/s ÷ .

1. 1 N s

2. 1 N

3. 1 N m

4. 10 N s

Answer: 1

Question 19

Question: An example Ior a vector quantity is

1. speed

2. momentum

3. distance

4. length

Answer: 2

Question 20

Question: Impulse ÷ .

1.

2.

3.

4.

Answer: 2

Question 21

Question: SI unit oI impulse is .

1.

N s

N s

2. N s

2

3.

4.

Answer: 1

Question 22

Question: The momentum oI a toy bus oI 0.01 kg moving with a velocity oI 5 m/s is

1. 0.005 kg m/s

2. 0.05 kg m/s

3. 0.005 N s

4. 0.5 kg m/s

Answer: 2

Question 23

Question: The product oI mass and velocity is known as .

1. acceleration

2. Iorce

3. momentum

4. velocity

Answer: 3

Question 24

Question: What is the momentum oI a man oI mass 100 kg when he walks with a uniIorm

velocity oI 2 m/s?

1.

2. 200 N

3.

4.

Answer: 1

Question 25

Question: The two Iactors on which the momentum oI a body depends are and

.

1. velocity, time

2. mass, weight

3. mass, distance

4. mass,velocity

Answer: 4

Question 26

Question: The gravitational Iorce oI earth acting on a body oI mass 1 kg is .

1. 8.9 N

2. 9.8 N

3. 980 N

4. 1 N

Answer: 2

Question 27

Question: Momentum oI a massive obiect at rest is .

1. very large

2. very small

3. zero

4. none oI the above

Answer: 3

Question 28

Question: The resultant oI action and reaction Iorces is .

1. greater than zero

2. less than zero

3. zero

4. none oI the above

Answer: 1

Work and Energy - Multiple Choice Test

Question 1

Question: Work done ÷ Force x

1. distance

2. acceleration

3. velocity

4. speed

Answer: 1

Question 2

Question: 1 ioule ÷ 1

1. N m

2

2.

3. N m

4. N

2

m

2

Answer: 3

Question 3

Question: Which Iorm oI energy does the Ilowing water possess?

1. gravitational energy

2. potential energy

3. electrical energy

4. kinetic energy

Answer: 4

Question 4

Question: A body oI mass 2 kg is dropped Irom a height oI 1m. Its kinetic energy as it

touches the ground is

1. 19.6 N

2. 19.6 J

3. 19.6 kg

4. 19.6 m

Answer: 2

Question 5

Question: The unit oI power is

1. watt per second

2. ioule

3. kiloioule

4. ioule per second

Answer: 4

Question 6

Question: 3730 watts ÷ h.p.

1. 5

2. 2

3. 746

4. 6

Answer: 1

Question 7

Question: A coolie carries a load oI 500 N to a distance oI 100 m. The work done by him is

1. 5 N

2. 50,000 Nm

3. 0

4. 1/5 N

Answer: 3

Question 8

Question: The P.E. oI a body at a certain height is 200 J. The kinetic energy possessed by it

when it iust touches the surIace oI the earth is

1. ~ P.E.

2. · P.E.

3. ÷ P.E.

4. cannot be known

Answer: 1

Question 9

Question: Power is a measure oI the

1. rate oI change oI momentum

2. Iorce which produces motion

3. change oI energy

4. rate oI change oI energy

Answer: 4

Question 10

Question: Two obiects oI masses 1 x 10

-3

kg and 4 x 10

-3

kg have equal momentum. What

is the ratio oI their kinetic energies?

1. 4:1

2. 2:1

3. 16:1

4.

Answer: 1

Question 11

Question: A 40 newton obiect is released Irom a height oI 10 m. Just beIore it hits the

ground, its kinetic energy, in ioules is

1. 400

2. 3920

3. 2800

4. 4000

Answer: 1

Question 12

Question: II the speed oI an obiect is doubled then its kinetic energy is

1. doubled

2. quadrupled

3. halved

4. tripled

Answer: 2

Question 13

Question: 1.5 kW ÷ watts

1. 1500

2. 150

3. 15000

4. 15

Answer: 1

Question 14

Question: A man oI mass 50 kg iumps to a height oI 1 m. His potential energy at the

highest point is (g ÷ 10 m/s

2

)

1. 50 J

2. 60 J

3. 500 J

4. 600 J

Answer: 3

Question 15

Question: The type oI energy possessed by a simple pendulum, when it is at the mean

position is

1. kinetic energy

2. potential energy

3. potential energy ¹ kinetic energy

4. sound energy

Answer: 1

Question 16

Question: An iron sphere oI mass 30 kg has the same diameter as an aluminium sphere

whose mass is 10.5 kg. The spheres are dropped simultaneously Irom a cliII. When they are

10 m Irom the ground, they have the same .

1. acceleration

2. momentum

3. potential energy

4. kinetic energy

Answer: 1

Question 17

Question: A 1 kg mass has a kinetic energy oI 1 ioule when its speed is

1. 0.45 m/s

2. 1 m/s

3. 1.4 m/s

4. 4.4 m/s

Answer: 3

Question 18

Question: II air resistance is negligible, the sum total oI potential and kinetic energies oI a

Ireely Ialling body

1. increases

2. decreases

3. becomes zero

4. remains the same

Answer: 4

Question 19

Question: Name the physical quantity which is equal to the product oI Iorce and velocity.

1. work

2. energy

3. power

4. acceleration

Answer: 3

Question 20

Question: An obiect oI mass 1 kg has potential energy oI 1 ioule relative to the ground

when it is at a height oI .

1. 0.102 m

2. 1 m

3. 9.8 m

4. 32 m

Answer: 1

Electricity - Multiple Choice Test

Question 1

Question: Which oI the Iollowing statements does not represent ohm's law?

1. current / potential diIIerence ÷ constant

2. potential diIIerence / current ÷ constant

3. potential diIIerence ÷ current x resistance

4. current ÷ resistance x potential diIIerence

Answer: 4

Question 2

Question: The unit oI current is .

1. ampere

2. watt

3. volt

4. coulomb

Answer: 1

Question 3

Question: The potential diIIerence required to pass a current 0.2 A in a wire oI resistance

20W is .

1. 100 V

2. 4 V

3. .01 V

4. 40 V

Answer: 2

Question 4

Question: The resistance oI an electric bulb drawing 1.2 A current at 6.0 V is .

1. 0 .5 W

2. 5 W

3. 0.2 W

4. 2 W

Answer: 2

Question 5

Question: The unit oI resistivity is .

1. ohm

2. ohm / m

3. ohm-m

4. mho

Answer: 3

Question 6

Question: Two resistances oI 100 W and zero ohm are connected in parallel. The overall

resistance will be

1. 100 W

2. 50 W

3. 25 W

4. zero ohm

Answer: 1

Question 7

Question: Three resistors 2 W , 3 W and 4 W are connected so that the equivalent resistance

is 9 W . The resistors are connected .

1. all in series

2. all in parallel

3. 2 W and 3 W in parallel and the combination in series with 4 W

4. 2 W and 3 W in series and the combination in parallel to 4 W

Answer: 1

Question 8

Question: In the Iigure,

1. 6 W , 3 W and 9 W are in series

2. 9 W and 6 W are in parallel and the combination is in series with 3 W

3. 3 W , 6 W and W are in parallel

4. 3 W , 6 W are in parallel and 9 W is in series

Answer: 4

Question 9

Question: The resistance across AB is

1. 4

2. 1

3. 2

4. 0 .5

Answer: 2

Question 10

Question: When a current 'I' Ilows through a resistance 'R' Ior time 't' the electrical energy

spent is given by .

1. I R t

2. I

2

R t

3. I R

2

t

4. I

2

R / t

Answer: 2

Question 11

Question: Kilowatt - hour is the unit oI .

1. potential diIIerence

2. electric power

3. electrical energy

4. charge

Answer: 3

Question 12

Question: When a Iuse is rated 8 A, it means .

1. it will not work iI current is less than 8 A

2. it has a resistance oI 8 W

3. it will work only iI current is 8 A

4. it will melt iI current exceeds 8 A

Answer: 4

Question 13

Question: The device used Ior measuring potential diIIerence is known as .

1. potentiometer

2. ammeter

3. galvanometer

4. voltmeter

Answer: 4

Question 14

Question: The work done in moving a unit positive charge across two points in an electric

circuit is a measure oI .

1. current

2. potential diIIerence

3. resistance

4. power

Answer: 2

Question 15

Question: The potential at a point is 20 V. The work done to bring a charge oI 0.5 C Irom

inIinity to this point will be .

1. 20 J

2. 10 J

3. 5 J

4. 40 J

Answer: 2

Question 16

Question: Joule / Coulomb is same as .

1. watt

2. volt

3. ampere

4. ohm

Answer: 2

Question 17

Question: The Iree electrons oI a metal .

1. do not collide with each other

2. are Iree to escape through the surIace

3. are Iree to Iall into the nuclei

4. are Iree to move anywhere in the metal

Answer: 4

Question 18

Question: The path oI a Iree electron in a metal is .

1. parabolic

2. circular

3. a straight line

4. zig zag

Answer: 4

Question 19

Question: Heat produced in a current carrying wire in 5s is 60 J. The same current is passed

through another wire oI halI the resistance. The heat produced in 5 s will be .

1. 60 J

2. 30 J

3. 15 J

4. 120 J

Answer: 2

Question 20

Question: The current in a wire .

1. depends only on the potential diIIerence applied

2. depends only on the resistance oI the wire

3. depends on both resistance and potential diIIerence

4. does not depend on resistance and potential diIIerence

Answer: 3

Question 21

Question: When there is an electric current passing through a wire, the particles moving are

.

1. electrons

2. protons

3. atoms

4. ions

Answer: 1

Question 22

Question: A positive charge released Irom rest .

1. moves towards the regions oI lower potential

2. moves towards the regions oI higher potential

3. moves towards the regions oI equal potential

4. does not move

Answer: 1

Question 23

Question: Three equal resistances when combined in series are equivalent to 90 W . Their

equivalent resistance when combined in parallel will be .

1. 270 W

2. 30 W

3. 810 W

4. 10 W

Answer: 4

Question 24

Question: An battery is used to .

1. maintain a potential diIIerence

2. measure electric current

3. measure electric potential

4. saIeguard against short - circuit

Answer: 1

Question 25

Question: Ohm's law relates potential diIIerence with .

1. power

2. energy

3. current

4. time

Answer: 3

Question 26

Question: Which oI the Iollowing is an ohmic resistor?

1. Diode

2. Germanium

3. Nichrome

4. Diamond

Answer: 3

Question 27

Question: The resistivity oI a wire depends on .

1. length

2. material

3. area oI cross- section

4. length, material and area oI cross- section

Answer: 4

Question 28

Question: For which oI the Iollowing substances, resistance decreases with temperature?

1. Copper

2. Platinum

3. Mercury

4. Carbon

Answer: 4

Question 29

Question: Four cells each oI e.m.I 'E' are ioined in parallel to Iorm a battery. The equivalent

e.m.I oI the battery will be .

1. 4 E

2. E

3. E / 4

4. E ÷ 0

Answer: 2

Question 30

Question: Two electric bulbs have resistances in the ratio 1:2. II they are ioined in series,

the energy consumed in them are in the ratio .

1. 1:2

2. 2:1

3. 4:1

4. 1:1

Answer: 2

Magnetic Effects of Electric Current - Multiple Choice Test

Question 1

Question: A magnetic Iield line is used to Iind the direction oI

1. south-north

2. a bar magnet

3. a compass needle

4. magnetic Iield

Answer: 4

Question 2

Question: An electric current passes through a straight wire in the direction oI south to

north. Magnetic compasses are placed at points A and B as shown in the Iigure.

What is your observation?

1. The needle will not deIlect

2. Only one oI the needles will deIlect

3. Both the needles will deIlect in the same direction

4. The needles will deIlect in the opposite directions

Answer: 4

Question 3

Question: The magnetic Iield lines due to a straight wire carrying a current are

1. straight

2. circular

3. parabolic

4. elliptical

Answer: 2

Question 4

Question: Magnetic Iield produced at the centre oI a current carrying circular wire is

1. directly proportional to the square oI the radius oI the circular wire

2. directly proportional to the radius oI the circular wire

3. inversely proportional to the square oI the radius oI the circular wire

4. inversely proportional to the radius oI the circular wire

Answer: 4

Question 5

Question: The magnetic Iield lines inside a long, current carrying solenoid are nearly

1. straight

2. circular

3. parabolic

4. elliptical

Answer: 1

Question 6

Question: A soIt iron bar is introduced inside a current carrying solenoid. The magnetic

Iield inside the solenoid

1. will become zero

2. will decrease

3. will increase

4. will remain unaIIected

Answer: 3

Question 7

Question: The direction oI the Iorce on a current-carrying wire placed in a magnetic Iield

depends on

1. the direction oI the current

2. the direction oI the Iield

3. the direction oI current as well as Iield

4. neither the direction oI current nor the direction oI Iield

Answer: 3

Question 8

Question: The direction oI induced curent is obtained by

1. Fleming's leIt-hand rule

2. Maxwell's right-hand thumb rule

3. Ampere's rule

4. Fleming's right-hand rule

Answer: 4

Question 9

Question: Who Iirst discovered the relationship between electricity and magnetism?

1. Faraday

2. Newton

3. Maxwell

4. Oersted

Answer: 4

Question 10

Question: In an electric motor, the energy transIormation is Irom

1. electrical to chemical

2. chemical to light

3. mechanical to electrical

4. electrical to mechanical

Answer: 4

Question 11

Question: A commutator changes the direction oI current in the coil oI

1. a DC motor

2. a DC motor and an AC generator

3. a DC motor and a DC generator

4. an AC generator

Answer: 3

Question 12

Question: Which oI the Iollowing devices works on the principle oI electromagnetic

induction?

1. Ammeter

2. Voltmeter

3. Generator

4. Galvanometer

Answer: 3

Question 13

Question: A device used Ior measuring small currents due to changing magnetic Iield is

known as

1. galvanometer

2. ammeter

3. voltmeter

4. potentiometer

Answer: 1

Question 14

Question: An electric generator actually acts as

1. source oI electric charge

2. source oI heat energy

3. an electromagnet

4. a converter oI energy

Answer: 4

Question 15

Question: Electromagnetic induction is the

1. charging oI a body with a positive charge

2. production oI current by relative motion between a magnet and a coil

3. rotation oI the coil oI an electric motor

4. generation oI magnetic Iield due to a current carrying solenoid

Answer: 2

Question 16

Question: For making a strong electromagnet, the material oI the core should be

1. soIt iron

2. steel

3. brass

4. copper

Answer: 1

Question 17

Question: Magnetic Iield inside a long solenoid carrying current is

1. same at all points (uniIorm)

2. diIIerent at poles and at the centre

3. zero

4. diIIerent at all points

Answer: 1

Question 18

Question: You have a coil and a bar magnet. You can produce an electric current by

1. moving the magnet but not the coil

2. moving the coil but not the magnet

3. moving either the magnet or the coil

4. using another DC source

Answer: 3

Question 19

Question: Which oI the Iollowing describes the common domestic power supplied in India?

1. 220 V, 100 Hz

2. 220 V, 50 Hz

3. 110 V, 100 Hz

4. 100 V, 50 Hz

Answer: 2

Question 20

Question: A Iuse in an electric circuit acts as a

1. current multiplication

2. voltage multiplication

3. power multiplier

4. saIety device

Answer: 4

Question 21

Question: The magnetic lines oI Iorce inside a current carrying solenoid are

1. along the axis and parallel to each other

2. perpendicular to the axis and parallel to each other

3. circular and do not intersect each other

4. circular and intersect each other

Answer: 1

Question 22

Question: When the main switch oI the house is put oII, it disconnects

1. live wire

2. neutral wire

3. earth wire

4. live and neutral wires

Answer: 4

Question 23

Question: Kilowatt-hour is the unit oI

1. potential diIIerence

2. electric power

3. electrical energy

4. charge

Answer: 3

Question 24

Question: When a Iuse is rated 8A, it means

1. it will not work iI current is less than 8A

2. it has a resistance oI 8

3. it will work only iI current is 8A

4. it will burn iI current exceeds 8A

Answer: 4

Gravitation - Multiple Choice Test

Question 1

Question: SI unit oI gravitational constant is .

1. N m

2

kg

2

2. N m

2

kg

-2

3. N m

2

s

-2

4. N mkg

-2

Answer: 2

Question 2

Question: What is the value oI gravitational constant?

1. 6.6734x10

-11

N m

2

/kg

2

2. 6.6734x10

-10

N m

2

/kg

2

3. 6.6734x10

-11

N m/kg

2

4. 6.6734x10

-11

N m

2

/kg

Answer: 1

Question 3

Question: II the distance between two bodies is doubled, the Iorce oI attraction F between

them will be

1. 1/4 F

2. 2 F

3. 1/2 F

4. F

Answer: 1

Question 4

Question: The Iorce oI gravitation between two bodies in the universe does not depend on

1. the distance between them

2. the product oI their masses

3. the sum oI their masses

4. the gravitational constant

Answer: 3

Question 5

Question: Name the Iundamental Iorce which holds the planets in their orbits around the

sun.

1. Gravitational Iorce oI attraction

2. Electrostatic static Iorce oI attraction

3. Nuclear Iorce oI attraction

4. Electro static Iorce oI attraction

Answer: 1

Question 6

Question: When an obiect is thrown up, the Iorce oI gravity .

1. is opposite to the direction oI motion

2. is in the same direction as the direction oI motion

3. becomes zero at the highest point

4. increases as it rises up

Answer: 1

Question 7

Question: What is the Iinal velocity oI a body moving against gravity when it attains the

maximum height?

1. Zero

2.

3.

4. 2gh

Answer: 1

Question 8

Question: A stone is dropped Irom a cliII. Its speed aIter it has Iallen 100 m is

1. 9.8 m/s

2. 44.2 m/s

3. 19.6 m/s

4. 98 m/s

Answer: 2

Question 9

Question: A ball is thrown up and attains a maximum height oI 100 m. Its initial speed was

1. 9.8 m/s

2. 44.2 m/s

3. 19.6 m/s

4. 98 m/s

Answer: 2

Question 10

Question: A stone dropped Irom the rooI oI a building takes 4 seconds to reach the ground.

What is the height oI the building?

1. 19.6 m

2. 39.2 m

3. 156.8 m

4. 78.4 m

Answer: 4

Question 11

Question: The acceleration due to gravity is zero at .

1. the equator

2. poles

3. sea level

4. the centre oI the earth

Answer: 4

Question 12

Question: II acceleration due to gravity on earth is 10 m/s

2

then, the acceleration due to

gravity on moon is .

1. 1.66 m/s

2

2. 16.6 m/s

2

3. 10 m/s

2

4. 0.166 m/s

2

Answer: 1

Question 13

Question: The second equation oI motion Ior a Ireely Ialling body starting Irom rest is

.

1.

2.

3.

4.

Answer: 3

Question 14

Question: The acceleration due to gravity oI a body moving against gravity is

1. 9.8 m/s

2

2. -9.8 m/s

2

3.

4. 9.6 m/s

Answer: 2

Question 15

Question: A Ieather and a coin released simultaneously Irom the same height do not reach

the ground at the same time because oI the .

1. resistance oI the air

2. Iorce oI gravity

3. Iorce oI gravitation

4. diIIerence in mass

Answer: 1

Question 16

Question: The weight oI an obiect oI mass 10 kg on earth is.

1. 9.8 N

2. 9.8 kg

3. 98 N

4. 98 kg

Answer: 3

Question 17

Question: The weight oI an obiect oI mass 15 kg at the centre oI the earth is .

1. 147 N

2. 147 kg

3. zero

4. 150 N

Answer: 3

Question 18

Question: Mass remains throughout the universe.

1. varies

2. zero

3. constant

4. negative

Answer: 3

Question 19

Question: SI unit oI weight is .

1. newton

2. kg

3. Wt

4. kg.wt

Answer: 1

Question 20

Question: 100 kg.wt÷ .

1. 980 N

2. 9.800 N

3. 1000 N

4. 0.98 N

Answer: 1

Question 21

Question: How much would a man, whose mass is 60 kg weigh on the moon?

1. 9.8 N

2. 600 N

3. 60 N

4. 98 N

Answer: 4

Question 22

Question: What is the mass oI an obiect whose weight on earth is 196 N?

1. 20 kg

2. 0.20 kg

3. 1960 kg

4. 2 kg

Answer: 1

Question 23

Question: The upward Iorce acting on an obiect submerged in a liquid is .

1. thrust

2. buoyant Iorce

3. pressure

4. Iorce oI Iriction

Answer: 2

Question 24

Question: The normal Iorce per unit area is called .

1. pressure

2. thrust

3. balanced Iorce

4. pascal

Answer: 1

Question 25

Question: II the mass oI a ball is 5 kg on earth, then what would be its mass on Jupiter?

1. 5 kg

2. 5000 kg

3. 40000 kg

4. 50 kg

Answer: 1

Motion - Multiple Choice Test

Question 1

Question: 1 km/h ÷ m/s

1.

2.

3.

4.

Answer: 1

Question 2

Question: The distance (s) in metres travelled by a particle is related to time (t) in seconds

by the equation oI motion -S ÷ 10t ¹ 4t

2

. What is the initial velocity oI the body?

1. 10 m/s

2. 6 m/s

3. 4 m/s

4. 10 m/s

2

Answer: 1

Question 3

Question: For the equation - S ÷ 10t ¹ 4t

2

what is the acceleration oI the body?

1. 8 m/s

2

2. 10 m/s

2

3. 4 m/s

2

4. 8 m/s

Answer: 1

Question 4

Question: A body moving along a straight line at 20 m/s decelerates at the rate oI 4 m/s

2

.

AIter 2 seconds its speed will be equal to

1. 8 m/s

2. 12 m/s

3. 16 m/s

4. - 12 m/s

Answer: 2

Question 5

Question: Give the equation oI motion connecting u, v, a and s where the symbols have

their usual meaning

1. v ÷ u ¹ at

2.

3. v

2

- u

2

÷ 2aS

4.

Answer: 3

Question 6

Question: An obiect moving with a speed oI 5 m/s comes to rest in 10 s, aIter the brakes are

applied. What is the initial velocity?

1. zero

2. 5 m/s

3. 15 m/s

4. 50 m/s

Answer: 2

Question 7

Question: A body moving along a straight line at 40 m/s undergoes an acceleration oI 4

m/s

2

. AIter 10 seconds its speed will be

1. 20 m/s

2. 28 m/s

3. 16 m/s

4. 80 m/s

Answer: 4

Question 8

Question: SI unit oI acceleration is .

1.

2.

3.

4.

Answer: 1

Question 9

Question: Retardation is .

1. negative acceleration

2. positive acceleration

3. uniIorm acceleration

4. variable acceleration

Answer: 1

Question 10

Question: When an obiect is moving with uniIorm velocity, what is its acceleration?

1. zero

2. uniIorm

3. non-uniIorm

4. negative

Answer: 1

Question 11

Question: In the case oI a rectilinear uniIorm motion, distance-time graph is a

1. parabola

2. straight line

3. curved line

4. rectangle

Answer: 2

Question 12

Question: Speed oI 90 km/h when expressed in m/s is .

1. 2.5

2. 25

3. 250

4. 90000

Answer: 2

Question 13

Question: When a graph oI one quantity versus another results in a straight line, the

quantities are .

1. directly proportional

2. constant

3. inversely proportional

4. independent oI each other

Answer: 1

Question 14

Question: What does the Iollowing S-t graph indicate?

1. uniIorm speed

2. body is at rest

3. non-uniIorm speed

4. variable speed

Answer: 2

Question 15

Question: What do you inIer, iI S-t graphs oI two cyclists meet at a point?

1. They collide

2. They pass each other

3. They are at rest

4. They are starting Irom rest

Answer: 2

Question 16

Question: Name the physical quantity which we get Irom a S-t graph.

1. Speed

2. Displacement

3. Distance

4. Time

Answer: 1

Question 17

Question: What is the SI unit oI speed?

1. km/h

2. m/s

3. m/min

4. km/s

Answer: 2

Question 18

Question: What is the distance covered by a car in 5 h iI it is moving with a speed oI 35

km/h?

1. 175 km

2. 150 km

3. 7 km

4. 1750 km

Answer: 1

Question 19

Question: The S-t graph Ior uniIorm speed is

1.

2.

3.

4.

Answer: 2

Question 20

Question: The average speed oI a car which covers halI the distance with a speed oI 20 m/s

and other halI with a speed oI 30 m/s in equal intervals oI time is .

1. 25 m/s

2. 0 m/s

3. 24 m/s

4.

2.4 m/s

Answer: 1

Question 21

Question: Displacement is a quantity.

1. scalar

2. vector

3. derived

4. linear

Answer: 2

Question 22

Question: km / h

2

is a unit oI .

1. velocity

2. speed

3. acceleration

4. distance

Answer: 3

Question 23

Question: The speed-time graph Ior a particle moving at constant speed is a straight-line

to the time axis.

1. parallel

2. perpendicular

3. aligned

4. inclined

Answer: 1

Question 24

Question: When an obiect moves in a Iixed direction with uniIorm acceleration, the speed-

time graph is a .

1. parabola

2. straight line

3. ellipse

4. curve

Answer: 2

Question 25

Question: The area under the speed-time graph gives the .

1. distance

2. velocity

3. time

4. acceleration

Answer: 1

Question 26

Question: A speed oI 90 km/h, expressed in cm s

-1

is .

1. 2.5

2. 2500

3. 300

4. 90

Answer: 2

Question 27

Question: When an obiect oI mass 5 kg starts Irom rest, what is its initial velocity?

1. 0

2. - 5 m/s

3.

variable

5

4. 1 m/s

Answer: 1

Question 28

Question: IdentiIy the v- t graph representing uniIorm velocity.

1.

2.

3.

4.

Answer: 2

Question 29

Question: Name the physical quantity that is deIined as the rate oI change oI displacement.

1. velocity

2. acceleration

3. distance

4. speed

Answer: 1

Question 30

Question: An obiect moves with a constant velocity oI 9.8 m/s, its acceleration in m s

-2

is

.

1. 9.8 m/s

2

2. zero

3. 0.98 m/s

4. 98 m/s

2

Answer: 2

Question 31

Question: In 12 minutes a car whose speed is 35 km/h travels a distance oI

1. 7 km

2. 3.5 km

3. 14 km

4. 28 km

Answer: 1

Question 32

Question: A body moving along a straight line at 20 m/s undergoes an acceleration oI 4

m/s

2

. AIter two seconds its speed will be .

1. 8 m/s

2. 12 m/s

3. 16 m/s

4. 28 m/s

Answer: 4

Question 33

Question: A car increases its speed Irom 20 km/h to 50 km/h in 10 seconds. Its acceleration

is .

1. 30 m/s

2

2. 3 m/s

2

3. 18 m/s

2

4. 0.83 m/s

2

Answer: 4

Question 34

Question: When the distance covered by an obiect is directly proportional to time, it is said

to travel with .

1. zero velocity

2. constant speed

3. constant acceleration

4. uniIorm acceleration

Answer: 2

Question 35

Question: Negative acceleration means an obiect is moving with .

1. increasing speed

2. decreasing speed

3. uniIorm speed

4. constant speed

Answer: 2

Question 36

Question: Motion along a straight line is called motion.

1. rectilinear motion

2. circular motion

3. oscillatory motion

4. parabolic

Answer: 1

Question 37

Question: Distance-time graph is a straight line Ior motion.

1. variable

2. non uniIorm

3. rectilinear

4. circular

Answer: 3

Question 38

Question: A car is moving with a speed oI 36 km/h. Its speed in m/s is .

1. 10

2. 100

3. 2

4. 1

Answer: 1

Question 39

Question: A car starts Irom rest and covers a distance oI 100 m in one second with uniIorm

acceleration. Its acceleration is .

1. 100 m/s

2

2. 50 m/s

2

3. 200 m/s

2

4. 100 m/s

Answer: 1

Question 40

Question: Which oI the Iollowing is a vector quantity?

1. area

2. length

3. distance

4. displacement

Answer: 4

Question 41

Question: The slope oI a v-t graph gives .

1. acceleration

2. velocity

3. speed

4. distance

Answer: 3

Question 42

Question: The physical quantity describing motion and whose measure is the product oI

distance travelled and the time taken to travel that distance is .

1. speed

2. mass

3. weight

4. displacement

Answer: 1

Question 43

Question: II you are travelling with a velocity oI 25 m/s, how long will you take to travel

700 m?

1. 25 s

2. 28 s

3. 25 min

4. 2.8 s

Answer: 2

Question 44

Question: Name the instrument used to measure instantaneous speed oI a vehicle.

1. accelerator

2. speedometer

3. ammeter

4. multimeter

Answer: 2

Question 45

Question: A body covers a distance S in time t. What is its speed?

1. S/t

2. t/S

3. S x t

4. Zero

Answer: 1

Matter In Our Surroundings - Multiple Choice Test

Question 1

Question: Matter has .

1. no mass but occupies space

2. mass but occupies no space

3. mass and occupies space

4. no mass and occupies no space

Answer: 3

Question 2

Question: The gaseous Iorm oI water is called as .

1. water gas

2. water vapour

3. Iog

4. snow

Answer: 2

Question 3

Question: The state oI matter with only one Iree surIace is .

1. liquid

2. gas

3. solid

4. plasma

Answer: 1

Question 4

Question: In gases, particles vibrate .

1. about their mean position

2. about a vertical axis

3. about a horizontal axis

4. in any direction

Answer: 4

Question 5

Question: Mixing oI gases is called .

1. diIIusion

2. eIIusion

3. Iiltration

4. sedimentation

Answer: 1

Question 6

Question: A property not possessed by a Iluid is .

1. it can Ilow

2. it has mass

3. it has a deIinite shape

4. can be perceived by our senses

Answer: 3

Question 7

Question: Which among the Iollowing is a solid at room temperature?

1. Nitrogen

2. Potassium permanganate

3. Bromine

4. Helium

Answer: 2

Question 8

Question: Which oI these is a characteristic property oI gases?

1. Gases are not at all rigid.

2. Gases are not compressible.

3. Gases have particles in Iixed positions.

4. Gases have high density.

Answer: 1

Question 9

Question: A solid has .

1. maximum intermolecular space

2. deIinite mass but no deIinite volume

3. very high compressibility

4. maximum intermolecular Iorce oI attraction

Answer: 4

Question 10

Question: Conversion oI gas to liquid is called .

1. condensation

2. sublimation

3. vapourisation

4. solidiIication

Answer: 1

Question 11

Question: The process by which wet clothes dry up is called .

1. evaporation

2. boiling

3. condensation

4. solidiIication

Answer: 1

Question 12

Question: A solid that sublimes on heating is .

1. sodium chloride

2. copper sulphate

3. lead sulphate

4. ammonium chloride

Answer: 4

Question 13

Question: Matter changes Irom one state to another with change in .

1. density

2. temperature

3. volume

4. height

Answer: 2

Question 14

Question: The process oI a solid changing into liquid is called .

1. liqueIaction

2. melting

3. Ireezing

4. solidiIication

Answer: 2

Question 15

Question: The Ireezing point oI pure water is .

1. 100

o

C

2. 0

o

C

3. 5

o

C

4. 78.3

o

C

Answer: 2

Question 16

Question: The Iorce between particles oI matter is called as .

1. cohesive Iorce

2. adhesive Iorce

3. kinetic energy

4. thermal energy

Answer: 1

Question 17

Question: Particles oI matter are .

1. stationary

2. vibrating in one position

3. in continuous motion

4. rotating about an axis

Answer: 3

Question 18

Question: The temperature at which vapour changes into liquid is called .

1. Ireezing point

2. melting point

3. boiling point

4. liqueIaction point

Answer: 4

Question 19

Question: Temperature is a measure oI .

1. total kinetic energy oI molecules

2. total potential energy oI molecules

3. average potential energy oI molecules

4. average kinetic energy oI molecules

Answer: 1

Question 20

Question: For any substance the temperature remains same during the change oI state due

to .

1. loss oI heat

2. latent heat

3. less supply oI heat

4. lattice energy

Answer: 2

Obiective General Knowledge

Q.

In an atom no two electrons have all the four quantum numbers identical. This is

known as

1 Paulis Exclusion principle

2 Hunds Rule

3 AuIbau Principle

4 Avogadros Law

Ans:1

Q. Which of the following is a physical change?

1 Boiling oI Water

2 Rusting oI Iron

3 Boiling oI an Egg

4 Burning oI Candle

Ans:1

Q. Superconductors are those materials

1 Which become non-conductors at transition point

2 Which looses all electrical resistance when cooled below a certain temperature

3 In which resistance rises to inIinity below certain temperature

4 Which conducts electricity in extra widths

Ans:2

Q. Which one of the following is not a radioactive element?

1 Uranium

2 Radium

3 Thorium

4 Cadmium

Ans:4

Q.

A body is thrown vertically upwards with a speed of 100 m/sec. While coming back

on ground. its speed at starting point will be

1 100 m/sec

2 1000 m/sec

3 50 m/sec

4 200 m/sec

Ans:1

Q. When 1 litre of water freezes. the volume of ice formed will be

1 0.9 litre

2 1.0 litre

3 1.11 litre

4 1.5 litre

Ans:3

Q.

An object is placed between the pole of concave mirror and the focus of the mirror.

the image formed will be

1 Behind the mirror, virtual, erect and magniIied

2 At inIinity, real inverted and highly enlarged

3 Byond centre oI curvature, real inverted and enlarged

4 Beyond 2F, real inverted and enlarged

Ans:1

Q.

A hollow cylindrical rod is filled with air. to make it a resonance column. To produce

a wave of length 48 cm the minimum length of rod should be

1 12 cm

2 24 cm

3 48 cm

4 96 cm

Ans:2

Q.

In a telescope of magnification power 10. the focal length of the objective lens is 60

cm. what will be the total length of eyepiece

1 6 cm

2 25 cm

3 30 cm

4 50 cm

Ans:1

Q.

A boy has five resistance of 1/5 ohm each. The maximum resistance that can be

formed with them is

1 0.5 ohm

2 1 ohm

3 1/25 ohm

4 1/5 ohm

Ans:2

Q.

Each of 3 capacitors of capacity C are connected together in series. This combination

is added in paralled to a capacitor of capacity C. Resultant capacity will be

1 C

2 3C

3 4C

4 4C/3

Ans:4

Q. A falling drop of rain water acquires the spherical shape due to

1 SurIace Tension

2 Gravitational Iorce

3 Atmospheric pressure

4 Viscosity

Ans:1

Q. A periscope works by the principle of

1 ReIraction

2 Total Internal reIlection

3 DiIIraction

4 ReIlection and reIraction

Ans:2

Q. Which of the following light waves is outside the visible spectrum?

1 Violet

2 Blue

3 Yellow

4 Ultraviolet

Ans:4

Q. Estimated time period of a pendulum of length 0.2m is closer to is

1 .5 sec

2 1 sec

3 2 sec

4 None oI these

Ans:2

Q. What is the value of knee voltage of silicon diode?

1 0.3V

2 0.33V

3 0.7V

4 1.1V

Ans:3

Q.

There is 20 volt accross the inductor and 15 volt across the resistance in the a.c.

supplied series R-L circuit. What would be the supply voltage?

1 20 volt

2 15 volt

3 25 volt

4 17.5 volt

Ans:3

Q. A transformer mainly transforms -

1 Current

2 Voltage

3 Frequency

4 Power

Ans:2

Q. What is the power factor of a pure resistor circuit?

1 One

2 Zero

3 Leading

4 Lagging

Ans:1

Q. What is the S. I. unit of magnetic flux density?

1 Gauss

2 Tesla

3 Oersted

4 Weber

Ans:2

Q.

Which type of oscillator is most stable in

simple circuit?

1 Crystalline oscillators

2 Clapp oscillators

3 Colepitts oscillator

4 Armstong oscillator

Ans:1

Q. What is the proper use of signal generator?

1 Designing

2 Testing

3 Repairing

4 All oI the Above

Ans:4

Q.

If one cylinder of a diesel engine receives more fuel than the others. then for that

cylinder the --

1 Exhaust will be smokey

2 Piston rings would stik into piston grooves

3 Scavenging occurs

4 Engine starts overheating

Ans:1

Q. The information is sent by CW transmitter by -

1 Changing the audio Irequency

2 Interrupting radio signal

3 Using microphone

4 Using camera

Ans:1

Q. Moisture can be removed from lubricating oil using -

1 Tubular centriIugal

2 ClariIier

3 Sparkler Iilter

4 Vacuum leaI Iilter

Ans:1

Q. Germanium possesses -

1 Two valence electrons

2 Three valence electrons

3 Four valence electrons

4 Five valence electrons

Ans:3

Q. Which of the following is not a property of difference amplifier?

1 Capacitor is used in it

2 It is used to compare two signals

3 DiIIerence ampliIier yields more than the direct couple ampliier

4 Frequency oI diIIerence ampliIier remains Ilat Irom zero to high Irequency

Ans:1

Q. Calorie value is the least of the following materials -

1 Coal gas

2 Producer gas

3 Steam Iiery gas

4 Oil gas

Ans:2

Q.

For generating large currents on D.C. generators which winding is generally

preferred?

1 Progressive wave winding

2 Lap winding

3 Retrogressive wave winding

4 Current depends on design

Ans:2

Q. A. C. servomotor is basically a/an ...

1 Universal motor

2 Single phase induction motor

3 Two phase induction motor

4 Three phase induction motor

Ans:3

Q.

Co-efficient of velocity as compared to

the coefficient of discharge is -

1 Less

2 More

3 Equal

4 Less or more depending on Ilow

Ans:2

Q. The capacitance. in force-current analogy. is analogous to -

1 Momentum

2 Velocity

3 Displacement

4 Mass

Ans:4

Q. ...signal will become zero when the feedback signal and reference signs are equal.

1 Input

2 Actuating

3 Feedback

4 ReIerence

Ans:2

Q. Motor-generator set for D. C. arc welding has generator of -

1 Series type

2 Shunt type

3 DiIIerentially compound type

4 Level compound type

Ans:3

Q.

Which of the following motors is preferred when quick speed reversal is the main

consideration?

1 Squirrel cage induction motor

2 Wound rotor induction motor

3 Synchronous motor

4 D. C. motor

Ans:4

Q. In case of ball bearings. which part is made harder than others -

1 Ball

2 Outer race

3 Inner race

4 All are made equally hard

Ans:4

Q. Selectivity of the receiver can be increased by which of the following?

1 By using more tuned circuit

2 By decreasing number oI tuned circuit

3 By using loudspeaker

4 By increasing gain oI the receiver

Ans:4

Q.

An electronics circuits in which different components such as Diode. Resistor and

Capacitor etc. are connected separately is called -

1 Chassis

2 Printed board

3 Integrated circuit

4 Discrete circuit

Ans:3

Q. What are Ferrites?

1 Magnetic but have low resistance

2 Magnetic but have high resistance

3 Non-magnetic with low resistance

4 Non-magnetic with high resistance

Ans:2

Q. How will a red flower appear. if it is seen through a green glass?

1 Red

2 Brown

3 White

4 Green

Ans:2

Q. What is the unit of electrical energy?

1 Ampere

2 Volt

3 Watt

4 Kilowatt-hour

Ans:4

Q. A diode....

1 Functions only in one direction

2 Functions in both the directions

3 Does not Iunction at all

4 It gets damaged, when voltage is applied

Ans:1

Q. What is the frequency of the receiver?

1 488 kHz

2 445 kHz

3 455 kHz

4 456 kHz

Ans:4

Q.

What would be the expenditure in 30 days at the rate of 50 paise per unit. if a bulb of

100 W is used five hours per day?

1 Rs. 10.50

2 Rs. 8.50

3 Rs. 7.50

4 Rs. 9.50

Ans:3

Q. Lever functions on which of the following principles?

1 Crank-shaIt

2 Joining rod

3 Crank pin

4 Cross head

Ans:1

Q. Protein is not available in which of the following?

1 Meat

2 Milk

3 Rice

4 Pulse

Ans:3

Q. In steam turbine the action of steam is -

1 Stable

2 Dynamic

3 Stable and dynamic

4 Neither stable nor dynamic

Ans:2

Q. Among the following statement which is the false?

1 Only minority impurities are added in a iunction diode

2 Higher temperature increases the leakage current oI diode

3 A simple zener diode works when connected between anode to cathode

4 Zener is mostly used in voltage regulator

Ans:1

Q.

In resistance heating. highest working temperature is obtained from heating

elements made of...

1 Nickel and copper

2 Nichrome

3 Silicon carbide

4 Silver

Ans:2

Q. When the load is above ...... a synchronous motor is found to be more economical.

1 2 KW

2 20 KW

3 50 KW

4 100 KW

Ans:3

Q.

To convert moving coil galvanometer

into an ammeter. which of the following

methods is used?

1 Small resistance in series

2 Small resistance in parallel

3 High resistance in series

4 High resistance in parallel

Ans:2

Q. Which of the following can be used to control the speed of a D. C. motor?

1 Thermistor

2 Thyristor

3 Thyratron

4 Transistor

Ans:2

Q. Minority carrier in P-type semiconductor is -

1 Free electrons

2 Free holes

3 Holes and electrons both

4 Holes minus electrons

Ans:2

Q. Pulley in a belt drive acts as -

1 Cylindrical pair

2 Turning pair

3 Rolling pair

4 Sliding pair

Ans:1

Q. While checked with a multimeter. an open resistor reads -

1 Zero

2 InIinite

3 High but within tolerance.

4 Low but not zero

Ans:2

Q. In amplitude modulation -

1 Amplitude oI the carrier is kept constant

2 Change occurs in carrier Irequency

3 Amplitude is varied according to the instaneous value oI modelling wave

4 None oI these

Ans:3

Q. The blue colour of the clear sky is due to -

1 DiIIraction oI light

2 Dispersion oI light

3 ReIlection oI light

4 ReIraction oI light

Ans:2

Q. Which of the following is used in semi-conductors?

1 Aluminium

2 Copper

3 Silicon

4 None oI these

Ans:3

Q. Which one of the following allotropes of carbon is used for cutting and drilling?

1 Diamond

2 Graphite

3 Activated carbon

4 Carbon black

Ans:1

Q. Which one of the following is a vector?

1 Kinetic energy

2 Pressure

3 Rate oI change oI momentum

4 Density

Ans:3

Q. X-rays comprise of:

1 Electrons only

2 Protons only

3 Neutrons only

4

Electromagnetic radiations

Ans:4

Q. The power of lens is - 2D. What is its focal length?

1 2m

2 0.5m

3 1.0m

4 0.5m

Ans:4

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