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93 Physics MCQ and Answers IAS Exam

93 Physics MCQ and Answers IAS Exam

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Reflection of Light - Multiple Choice Test

Question 1
Question: Light is a Iorm oI energy produced by a .
1. luminous obiect
2. transparent obiect
3. non-luminous obiect
4. opaque obiect
1.luminous obiect2.transparent obiect3.non-luminous obiect4.opaque obiect
Answer: 1
Question 2
Question: An example Ior non-luminous obiect is .
1. a candle
2. the sun
3. an electric bulb
4. the moon
Answer: 4
Question 3
Question: The phenomenon by which the incident light Ialling on a surIace is sent back into
the same medium is known as .
1. polarization
2. reIlection
3. reIraction
4. absorption
Answer: 2
Question 4
Question: When light is incident on a polished surIace reIlection takes place.
1. regular
2. irregular
3. diIIused
4. normal
Answer: 1
Question 5
Question: An obiect becomes invisible when it undergoes reIlection.
1. regular
2. irregular
3. diIIused
4. normal
Answer: 1
Question 6
Question: According to the laws oI reIlection,
1. i ÷ r
2. i ~ r
3. r ~ i
4.

Answer: 1
Question 7
Question: The image Iormed by a plane mirror is always .
1. real and erect
2. virtual and erect
3. real and inverted
4. virtual and inverted
Answer: 2
Question 8
Question: The centre oI the sphere oI which the spherical mirror Iorms a part is called
.
1. centre oI curvature
2. Iocus
3. pole
4. vertex
Answer: 1
Question 9
Question: The Iocus oI a concave mirror is .
1. real
2. virtual
3. undeIined
4. at the pole
Answer: 2
Question 10
Question: A converging mirror is known as .
1. convex mirror
2. plane mirror
3. concave mirror
4. cylindrical mirror
Answer: 3
Question 11
Question: The relation between the Iocal length and radius oI curvature oI a mirror is
.
1.

2. R ¹ 2 ÷ I
3. I ÷ R/2
4. I ÷ 2 R

Answer: 3
Question 12
Question: Radius oI curvature oI a concave mirror is always to the mirror.
1. parallel
2. perpendicular
3. inclined at 60
o

4. inclined at 45
o

Answer: 2
Question 13
Question: An image Iormed by a convex mirror is always .
1. virtual, erect and diminished
2. virtual, real and magniIied
3. real, inverted and diminished
4. real, erect and magniIied

Answer: 1
Question 14
Question: II the image Iormed by a concave mirror is virtual, erect and magniIied, then the
obiect is placed .
1. between the pole oI the mirror and the Iocus
2. beyond the centre oI curvature
3. at the centre oI curvature
4. at the Iocus
Answer: 1
Question 15
Question: Dentists use a to Iocus light on the tooth oI a patient.
1. concave mirror
2. convex mirror
3. plane mirror
4. cylindrical mirror
Answer: 1
Question 16
Question: An obiect is placed 1.5 m Irom a plane mirror. How Iar is the image Irom the
person?
1. 3 m
2. 1.5 m
3. 2 m
4. 1 m
Answer: 1
Question 17
Question: An obiect placed 2m Irom a plane mirror is shiIted by 0.5 m away Irom the
mirror. What is the distance between the obiect and its image?
1. 2 m
2. 1.5 m
3. 5 m
4. 3 m
Answer: 3
Question 18
Question: What is the value oI q in the Iollowing diagram?

1. 30
o

2. 45
o

3. 90
o

4. 60
o

Answer: 4
Question 19
Question: What is the angle between the incident and reIlected rays when a ray oI light is
incident normally on a plane mirror?
1. 90
o

2. 45
o

3. 180
o

4. 0
Answer: 4
Question 20
Question: Name the type oI image that can be obtained on a screen.
1. Virtual
2. Real
3. Diverging
4. Converging
Answer: 2
Question 21
Question: A ray oI light is incident on a plane mirror and the angle oI incidence is 25
o
.
What is the angle oI reIlection?
1. 0
2. 50
o

3. 90
o

4. 25
o

Answer: 4
Question 22
Question: A ray oI light is incident on a plane mirror and the angle oI reIlection is 50
o
.
Calculate the angle between the incident ray and the reIlected ray.
1. 50
o

2. 25
o

3. 90
o

4. 100
o

Answer: 4
Question 23
Question: Which oI the Iollowing is used to make a periscope?
1. Concave mirror
2. Convex mirror
3. Plane mirror
4. Lens
Answer: 3
Question 24
Question: Which mirror has a wider Iield oI view?
1. Convex mirror
2. Concave mirror
3. Plane mirror
4. Cylindrical mirror
Answer: 1
Question 25
Question: The Iocal length oI a concave mirror is 15 cm. What is its radius oI curvature?
1. 15 cm
2. 30 cm
3. 7.5 cm
4. 45 cm

Answer: 2
Question 26
Question: The Iocal length oI a mirror is 15 cm. IdentiIy the type oI mirror.
1. Concave mirror
2. Plane mirror
3. Convex mirror
4. Cylindrical mirror
Answer: 3
Question 27
Question: A ray oI light passing through the retraces its path.
1. Iocus
2. centre oI curvature
3. pole
4. vertex
Answer: 2
Question 28
Question: When an obiect is placed at the Iocus oI a concave mirror, the image will be
Iormed at .
1. inIinity
2. Iocus
3. centre oI curvature
4. pole
Answer: 1
Question 29
Question: Butter paper is an example Ior obiect.
1. a transparent
2. a translucent
3. an opaque
4. a luminous

Answer: 2
Question 30
Question: An obiect oI size 2.0 cm is placed perpendicular to the principal axis oI a
concave mirror. The distance oI the obiect Irom the mirror equals to the radius oI curvature.
The size oI the image will be .
1. 0.5 cm
2. 1.5 cm
3. 1.0 cm
4. 2.0 cm
Answer: 4
Question 31
Question: II an incident ray passes through the centre oI curvature oI a spherical mirror, the
reIlected ray will .
1. pass through the Iocus
2. pass through the centre oI curvature
3. pass through the pole
4. retrace its path
Answer: 4
Refraction of Light - Multiple Choice Test

Question 1
Question: The bending oI a beam oI light when it passes obliquely Irom one medium to
another is known as .
1. reIlection
2. reIraction
3. dispersion
4. deviation

Answer: 2
Question 2
Question: The part oI the lens through which the ray oI light passes without suIIering
deviation is called .
1. optical centre
2. Iocus
3. centre oI curvature
4. pole

Answer: 1
Question 3
Question: Convex lens always gives a real image iI the obiect is situated beyond .
1. optical centre
2. centre oI curvature
3. Iocus
4. radius oI curvature
Answer: 3
Question 4
Question: Parallel rays oI light entering a convex lens always converge at .
1. centre oI curvature
2. the principal Iocus
3. optical centre
4. the Iocal plane
Question 5
Question: Where should an obiect be placed so that a real and inverted image oI the same
size is obtained, using a convex lens?
1. Between O and F
2. At F
3. At 2 F
4. At inIinity
Answer: 3
Question 6
Question: SI unit oI the power oI a lens is .
1. dioptre
2. cm
3. metre
4. watt
Answer: 1
Question 7
Question: 1 D is the power oI the lens oI Iocal length oI cm.
1. 100
2. 10
3. 1/100
4. 1/10
Answer: 1
Question 8
Question: In a simple microscope lens used is .
1. biconvex
2. biconcave
3. plano convex
4. cylindrical
Answer: 1
Question 9
Question: Reciprocal oI Iocal length in metres is known as the oI a lens.
1. Iocus
2. power
3. power oI accommodation
4. Iar point
Answer: 2
Question 10
Question: A convex lens is called .
1. converging lens
2. diverging lens
3. both converging and diverging lens
4. reIracting lens
Answer: 1
Question 11
Question: A positive magniIication greater than unity indicates .
1. real image
2. virtual image
3. neither real not virtual image
4. distorted image
Answer: 2
Question 12
Question: The power oI a convex lens oI Iocal length 50 cm is .
1. ¹ 2D
2. - 2D
3. 50 D
4. - 5D
Answer: 1
Question 13
Question: The Iocal length oI a lens whose power is -1.5 D is .
1. -66.66 cm
2. ¹ 1.5 m
3. ¹ 66.66 cm
4. -1.5 m
Answer: 1
Question 14
Question: Real images Iormed by single convex lenses are always .
1. on the same side oI the lens as the obiect
2. inverted
3. erect
4. smaller than the obiect
Answer: 2
Question 15
Question: An obiect is placed 12 cm Irom a convex lens whose Iocal length is 10 cm. The
image must be.
1. virtual and enlarged
2. virtual and reduced in size
3. real and reduced in size
4. real and enlarged

Answer: 4
Question 16
Question: When a person uses a convex lens as a simple magniIying glass, the obiect must
be placed at a distance.
1. less than one Iocal length
2. more than one Iocal length
3. less than twice the Iocal length
4. more than twice the Iocal length
Answer: 1
Question 17
Question: The image produced by a concave lens is .
1. always virtual and enlarged
2. always virtual and reduced in size
3. always real
4. sometimes real, sometimes virtual
Answer: 2
Question 18
Question: A virtual image is Iormed by .
1. a slide proiector in a cinema hall
2. the ordinary camera
3. a simple microscope
4. telescope
Answer: 3
Question 19
Question: An obiect is placed 25 cm Irom a convex lens whose Iocal length is 10 cm. The
image distance is cm.
1. 50 cm
2. 16.66 cm
3. 6.66 cm
4. 10 cm
Answer: 2
Question 20
Question: The least distance oI distinct vision is .
1. 25 cm
2. 25 m
3. 0.25 cm
4. 2.5 m
Answer: 1
Question 21
Question: A convex lens has a Iocal length oI 20 cm. Its power in dioptres is .
1. 2
2. 5
3. 0.5
4. 0.2
Answer: 2
Question 22
Question: An obiect is placed beIore a concave lens. The image Iormed -.
1. is always erect
2. may be erect or inverted
3. is always inverted
4. is always real
Answer: 1
Question 23
Question: A ray oI light travels Irom a medium oI reIractive index n
1
to a medium oI
reIractive index n
2
. II angle oI incidence is i and the angle oI reIraction is r.
Then is equal to
1. n
1

2. n
2

3. n
21

4. n
12

Answer: 3
Question 24
Question: Two thin lenses oI power ¹5 D and -2 D are placed in contact with each other.
Focal length oI the combination is
1. ¹3 m
2. -3 m
3. 0.33 m
4. -0.33 m
Answer: 3
Question 25
Question: The lens Iormula in cartesian Irame is .
1.

2.

3.

4.

Answer: 3
The Human Eye and the Colourful World - Multiple Choice Test

Question 1
Question: The change in Iocal length oI an eye lens to Iocus the image oI obiects at varying
distances is done by the action oI .
1. pupil
2. ciliary muscles
3. retina
4. blind spot

Answer: 2
Question 2
Question: Far point oI a normal eye is situated at .
1. 25 cm
2. inIinity
3. 50 cm
4. 400 cm
Answer: 2
Question 3
Question: A long-sighted person cannot see obiects nearer to his eye than 50 cm. To enable
him to read a book 25 cm away, he should use spectacle lenses whose power in dioptres is
.
1. -6
2. -4
3. -2
4. ¹ 4
Answer: 4
Question 4
Question: The process by which a beam oI white light splits into its constituent colours is
known as .
1. reIlection
2. dispersion
3. divergence
4. convergence
Answer: 2
Question 5
Question: The band oI colours obtained due to dispersion is known as .
1. spectrum
2. rainbow
3. image
4. mirage
Answer:
Question 6
Question: Power oI a lens is expressed in
1. dioptre
2. cm
3. metre
4. millimetre
Answer: 1
Question 7
Question: 1 D is the power oI a lens oI Iocal length cm.
1. 100
2. 10
3. 1/100
4. 1/10
Answer: 1
Question 8
Question: Hypermetropia is rectiIied by using
1. convex lens
2. concave lens
3. cylindrical lens
4. progressive lens
Answer: 1
Question 9
Question: Reciprocal oI Iocal length in metres is known as the oI a lens.
1. Iocus
2. power
3. power oI accommodation
4. Iar point
Answer: 2
Question 10
Question: The power oI a convex lens oI Iocal length 50 cm is .
1. ¹ 2 D
2. - 2 D
3. 50 D
4. - 5 D
Answer: 1
Question 11
Question: Two lenses having powers ¹2D and -4D respectively are put together. Power oI
the combination would be
1. -2 D
2. ¹2 D
3. -4 D
4. ¹4 D
Answer: 1
Question 12
Question: The Iluid between the retina and the lens is called .
1. aqueous humour
2. vitreous humour
3. aqua
4. humus

Answer: 2
Question 13
Question: Two thin lenses oI power ¹5D and -2D are put in contact with each other. Focal
length oI the combination is
1. ¹3 m
2. -3 m
3. 0.33 m
4. -0.33 m

Answer: 3
Question 14
Question: The least distance oI distinct vision Ior inIants is .
1. 15 cm
2. 20 cm
3. 25 cm
4. 5 cm
Answer: 4
Question 15
Question: The Iocal length oI a lens whose power is -1.5 D is .
1. -66.66 cm
2. ¹ 1.5 m
3. ¹ 66.66 cm
4. -1.5 m
Answer: 1
Sound - Multiple Choice Test

Question 1
Question: When a wave travels through a medium .
1. particles are transIerred Irom one place to another
2. energy is transIerred in a periodic manner
3. energy is transIerred at a constant speed
4. none oI the above statements is applicable
Answer: 3
Question 2
Question: The minimum distance between the source and the reIlector, so that an echo is
heard is approximately equal to .
1. 10 m
2. 17 m
3. 34 m
4. 50 m
Answer: 2
Question 3
Question: Bats detect the obstacles in their path by receiving the reIlected .
1. inIrasonic waves
2. radio waves
3. electro-magnetic waves
4. ultrasonic waves
Answer: 4
Question 4
Question: When sound travels through air, the air particles .
1. vibrate along the direction oI wave propagation
2. vibrate but not in any Iixed direction
3. vibrate perpendicular to the direction oI wave propagation
4. do not vibrate
Answer: 1
Question 5
Question: The relation between wave velocity 'v', Irequency 'I ', and wavelength 'l' is
.
1.

2.

3.

4.



Answer: 2
Question 6
Question: The Irequency oI a wave travelling at a speed oI 500 ms
-1
is 25 Hz. Its time
period will be .
1. 20 s
2. 0.05 s
3. 25 s
4. 0.04 s
Answer: 4
Question 7
Question: The amplitude oI a wave is .
1. the distance the wave moves in one second
2. the distance the wave moves in one time period oI the wave
3. the maximum distance moved by the medium particles on either side oI the mean position
4. the distance equal to one wave length
Answer: 3
Question 8
Question: Which oI the Iollowing is not a characteristic oI a musical sound?
1. Pitch
2. Wavelength
3. Quality
4. Loudness

Answer: 2
Question 9
Question: Sound waves do not travel through
1. solids
2. liquids
3. gases
4. vacuum
Answer: 4
Question 10
Question: The physical quantity, which oscillates in most waves, is
1. mass
2. energy
3. amplitude
4. wavelength
Answer: 3
Question 11
Question: Sound waves are
1. longitudinal
2. transverse
3. partly longitudinal and partly transverse
4. sometimes longitudinal and sometimes transverse
Answer: 1
Question 12
Question: The Irequency which is not audible to the human ear is
1. 50 Hz
2. 500 Hz
3. 5000 Hz
4. 50000 Hz
Answer: 4
Question 13
Question: The speed oI sound in medium depends upon
1. amplitude
2. Irequency
3. wavelength
4. properties oI the medium
Answer: 4
Question 14
Question: Which oI the Iollowing will remain unchanged when a sound wave travels in air
or in water?
1. Amplitude
2. Wavelength
3. Frequency
4. Speed
Answer: 3
Question 15
Question: A sound source sends waves oI 400 Hz. It produces waves oI wavelength 2.5 m.
The velocity oI sound waves is
1. 100 m/s
2. 1000 m/s
3. 10000 m/s
4. 3000 km/s
Answer: 2
Question 16
Question: The time period oI a vibrating body is 0.05 s. The Irequency oI waves it emits is
1. 5 Hz
2. 20 Hz
3. 200 Hz
4. 2 Hz
Answer: 2
Question 17
Question: A source oI Irequency oI 500 Hz emits waves oI wavelength 0.4 m, how long
does the waves take to travel 600 m?
1. 3 s
2. 6 s
3. 9 s
4. 12 s
Answer: 1
Question 18
Question: Sound and light waves both
1. have similar wavelength
2. obey the laws oI reIlection
3. travel as longitudinal waves
4. travel through vacuum
Answer: 2
Question 19
Question: The method oI detecting the presence, position and direction oI motion oI distant
obiects by reIlecting a beam oI sound waves is known as .
1. RADAR
2. SONAR
3. MIR
4. CRO
Answer: 2
Question 20
Question: The technique used by bats to Iind their way or to locate Iood is .
1. SONAR
2. RADAR
3. Echolocation
4. Flapping
Answer: 3
Question 21
Question: An ultrasonic wave is sent Irom a ship towards the bottom oI the sea. It is Iound
that the time interval between the sending and receiving oI the wave is 1.6 s. What is the
depth oI the sea, iI the velocity oI sound in the seawater is 1400 m/s?
1. 1120 m
2. 560 m
3. 1400 m
4. 112 m
Answer: 1
Question 22
Question: An example Ior mechanical wave.
1. Radio wave
2. Light wave
3. InIrared radiation
4. Sound wave
Answer: 4
Question 23
Question: Which oI the Iollowing quantities is transIerred during wave propagation?
1. Speed
2. Mass
3. Matter
4. Energy
Answer: 4
Question 24
Question: II a vibrator strikes the water 10 times in one second, then the Irequency oI wave
is .
1. 10 Hz
2. 0.5 Hz
3. 5 Hz
4. 0.1 Hz
Answer: 1
Question 25
Question: Unit oI wavelength is .
1. newton
2. erg
3. dyne
4. angstrom
Answer: 4
Question 26
Question: The distance between a compression and the next rareIaction oI a longitudinal
wave is .
1.

2. 2l
3.

4.



Answer: 3
Question 27
Question: SI Unit oI time period is .
1. second
2. hour
3. minute
4. nanosecond

Answer: 1
Question 28
Question: The vibrations or the pressure variations inside the inner ear are converted into
electrical signals by the.
1. cochlea
2. tympanic membrane
3. pinna
4. anvil
Answer: 1
Question 29
Question: Vibrations inside the ear are ampliIied by the three bones namely the
in the middle ear.
1. hammer, anvil and stirrup
2. hammer, anvil and pinna
3. hammer, cochlea and stirrup
4. auditory bone, anvil and stirrup
Answer: 1
Question 30
Question: The persistence oI audible sound due to the successive reIlections Irom the
surrounding obiects even aIter the source has stopped to produce that sound is called
.
1. reIlection
2. echo
3. reverberation
4. rareIaction
Answer: 3
Force and Laws Of Motion - Multiple Choice Test

Question 1
Question: Inertia is
1. a property oI matter
2. a type oI Iorce
3. the speed oI an obiect
4. none oI the above
Answer: 1
Question 2
Question: A and B are two obiects with masses 100 kg and 75 kg respectively, then
.
1. both will have the same inertia
2. B will have more inertia
3. A will have more inertia
4. both will have less inertia
Answer: 3
Question 3
Question: The resultant oI balanced Iorces is
1. non zero
2. equal to zero
3. not equal to zero
4. equal to the acceleration produced in the body
Answer: 2
Question 4
Question: The physical quantity, which is the measure oI inertia, is
1. density
2. weight
3. Iorce
4. mass
Answer: 4
Question 5
Question: The sparks produced during sharpening oI a kniIe against a grinding wheel
leaves the rim oI the wheel tangentially. This is due to
1. inertia oI rest
2. inertia oI motion
3. inertia oI direction
4. Iorce applied
Answer: 3
Question 6
Question: The law that gives a qualitative deIinition oI Iorce is
1. Newton's second law oI motion
2. Law oI inertia
3. Newton's third law oI motion
4. Law oI gravitation
Answer: 2
Question 7
Question: Name the property oI matter due to which a body continues in its state oI rest or
uniIorm motion unless an external Iorce acts on it.
1. Inertia
2. Elasticity
3. Viscosity
4. Density
Answer: 1
Question 8
Question: The S.I. unit oI Iorce is
1. erg
2. ioule
3. newton
4. dyne
Answer: 3
Question 9
Question: When a Iorce oI 1N acts on a mass oI 1kg that is Iree to move, the obiect moves
with
1. a speed oI 1 m/s
2. a speed oI 1 km/s
3. an acceleration 10 m/s
2

4. an acceleration oI 1 m/s
2

Answer: 4
Question 10
Question: The acceleration in a body is due to
1. balanced Iorce
2. unbalanced Iorce
3. mass
4. electrostatic Iorce
Answer: 2
Question 11
Question: When an obiect undergoes acceleration
1. its speed always increases
2. its velocity always increases
3. it always Ialls towards the Earth
4. a Iorce always acts on it
Answer: 4
Question 12
Question: A Iorce oI 10 N is acting on an obiect oI mass 10 kg. What is the acceleration
produced in it?
1.

2.

3. 100 m/s
2

4. 100 m/s
Answer: 1
Question 13
Question: What is the Iorce acting on an obiect oI mass 10 kg moving with a uniIorm
velocity oI 10 m/s ?
1. 100 N
2. 10 N
3. 0
4. 1 N
Answer: 3
Question 14
Question: An athlete can take a longer iump iI he comes running Irom a distance as
compared to that when he iumps suddenly. IdentiIy the type oI inertia.
1. Inertia oI rest
2. Inertia oI motion
3. Inertia oI direction
4. Inertia oI position
Answer: 2
Question 15
Question: 1 newton ÷
1.

2.

3.

4.

Answer: 2
Question 16
Question: The physical quantity, which is equal to change in momentum, is
1. Iorce
2. impulse
3. acceleration
4. velocity
Answer: 2
Question 17
Question: The physical quantity, which is equal to rate oI change oI momentum, is
1. displacement
2. acceleration
3. Iorce
4. impulse
Answer: 3
Question 18
Question: 1kg m/s ÷ .
1. 1 N s
2. 1 N
3. 1 N m
4. 10 N s
Answer: 1
Question 19
Question: An example Ior a vector quantity is
1. speed
2. momentum
3. distance
4. length
Answer: 2
Question 20
Question: Impulse ÷ .
1.

2.

3.

4.

Answer: 2
Question 21
Question: SI unit oI impulse is .
1.
N s
N s
2. N s
2

3.

4.

Answer: 1
Question 22
Question: The momentum oI a toy bus oI 0.01 kg moving with a velocity oI 5 m/s is
1. 0.005 kg m/s
2. 0.05 kg m/s
3. 0.005 N s
4. 0.5 kg m/s
Answer: 2
Question 23
Question: The product oI mass and velocity is known as .
1. acceleration
2. Iorce
3. momentum
4. velocity

Answer: 3
Question 24
Question: What is the momentum oI a man oI mass 100 kg when he walks with a uniIorm
velocity oI 2 m/s?
1.

2. 200 N
3.

4.

Answer: 1
Question 25
Question: The two Iactors on which the momentum oI a body depends are and
.
1. velocity, time
2. mass, weight
3. mass, distance
4. mass,velocity
Answer: 4
Question 26
Question: The gravitational Iorce oI earth acting on a body oI mass 1 kg is .
1. 8.9 N
2. 9.8 N
3. 980 N
4. 1 N
Answer: 2
Question 27
Question: Momentum oI a massive obiect at rest is .
1. very large
2. very small
3. zero
4. none oI the above
Answer: 3
Question 28
Question: The resultant oI action and reaction Iorces is .
1. greater than zero
2. less than zero
3. zero
4. none oI the above

Answer: 1
Work and Energy - Multiple Choice Test

Question 1
Question: Work done ÷ Force x
1. distance
2. acceleration
3. velocity
4. speed
Answer: 1
Question 2
Question: 1 ioule ÷ 1
1. N m
2

2.

3. N m
4. N
2
m
2

Answer: 3
Question 3
Question: Which Iorm oI energy does the Ilowing water possess?
1. gravitational energy
2. potential energy
3. electrical energy
4. kinetic energy
Answer: 4
Question 4
Question: A body oI mass 2 kg is dropped Irom a height oI 1m. Its kinetic energy as it
touches the ground is
1. 19.6 N
2. 19.6 J
3. 19.6 kg
4. 19.6 m
Answer: 2
Question 5
Question: The unit oI power is
1. watt per second
2. ioule
3. kiloioule
4. ioule per second
Answer: 4
Question 6
Question: 3730 watts ÷ h.p.
1. 5
2. 2
3. 746
4. 6
Answer: 1
Question 7
Question: A coolie carries a load oI 500 N to a distance oI 100 m. The work done by him is
1. 5 N
2. 50,000 Nm
3. 0
4. 1/5 N
Answer: 3
Question 8
Question: The P.E. oI a body at a certain height is 200 J. The kinetic energy possessed by it
when it iust touches the surIace oI the earth is
1. ~ P.E.
2. · P.E.
3. ÷ P.E.
4. cannot be known
Answer: 1
Question 9
Question: Power is a measure oI the
1. rate oI change oI momentum
2. Iorce which produces motion
3. change oI energy
4. rate oI change oI energy
Answer: 4
Question 10
Question: Two obiects oI masses 1 x 10
-3
kg and 4 x 10
-3
kg have equal momentum. What
is the ratio oI their kinetic energies?
1. 4:1
2. 2:1
3. 16:1
4.

Answer: 1
Question 11
Question: A 40 newton obiect is released Irom a height oI 10 m. Just beIore it hits the
ground, its kinetic energy, in ioules is
1. 400
2. 3920
3. 2800
4. 4000
Answer: 1
Question 12
Question: II the speed oI an obiect is doubled then its kinetic energy is
1. doubled
2. quadrupled
3. halved
4. tripled
Answer: 2
Question 13
Question: 1.5 kW ÷ watts
1. 1500
2. 150
3. 15000
4. 15
Answer: 1
Question 14
Question: A man oI mass 50 kg iumps to a height oI 1 m. His potential energy at the
highest point is (g ÷ 10 m/s
2
)
1. 50 J
2. 60 J
3. 500 J
4. 600 J
Answer: 3
Question 15
Question: The type oI energy possessed by a simple pendulum, when it is at the mean
position is
1. kinetic energy
2. potential energy
3. potential energy ¹ kinetic energy
4. sound energy
Answer: 1
Question 16
Question: An iron sphere oI mass 30 kg has the same diameter as an aluminium sphere
whose mass is 10.5 kg. The spheres are dropped simultaneously Irom a cliII. When they are
10 m Irom the ground, they have the same .
1. acceleration
2. momentum
3. potential energy
4. kinetic energy
Answer: 1
Question 17
Question: A 1 kg mass has a kinetic energy oI 1 ioule when its speed is
1. 0.45 m/s
2. 1 m/s
3. 1.4 m/s
4. 4.4 m/s
Answer: 3
Question 18
Question: II air resistance is negligible, the sum total oI potential and kinetic energies oI a
Ireely Ialling body
1. increases
2. decreases
3. becomes zero
4. remains the same
Answer: 4
Question 19
Question: Name the physical quantity which is equal to the product oI Iorce and velocity.
1. work
2. energy
3. power
4. acceleration
Answer: 3
Question 20
Question: An obiect oI mass 1 kg has potential energy oI 1 ioule relative to the ground
when it is at a height oI .
1. 0.102 m
2. 1 m
3. 9.8 m
4. 32 m
Answer: 1
Electricity - Multiple Choice Test

Question 1
Question: Which oI the Iollowing statements does not represent ohm's law?
1. current / potential diIIerence ÷ constant
2. potential diIIerence / current ÷ constant
3. potential diIIerence ÷ current x resistance
4. current ÷ resistance x potential diIIerence
Answer: 4
Question 2
Question: The unit oI current is .
1. ampere
2. watt
3. volt
4. coulomb
Answer: 1
Question 3
Question: The potential diIIerence required to pass a current 0.2 A in a wire oI resistance
20W is .
1. 100 V
2. 4 V
3. .01 V
4. 40 V
Answer: 2
Question 4
Question: The resistance oI an electric bulb drawing 1.2 A current at 6.0 V is .
1. 0 .5 W
2. 5 W
3. 0.2 W
4. 2 W
Answer: 2
Question 5
Question: The unit oI resistivity is .
1. ohm
2. ohm / m
3. ohm-m
4. mho

Answer: 3
Question 6
Question: Two resistances oI 100 W and zero ohm are connected in parallel. The overall
resistance will be
1. 100 W
2. 50 W
3. 25 W
4. zero ohm
Answer: 1
Question 7
Question: Three resistors 2 W , 3 W and 4 W are connected so that the equivalent resistance
is 9 W . The resistors are connected .
1. all in series
2. all in parallel
3. 2 W and 3 W in parallel and the combination in series with 4 W
4. 2 W and 3 W in series and the combination in parallel to 4 W
Answer: 1
Question 8
Question: In the Iigure,


1. 6 W , 3 W and 9 W are in series
2. 9 W and 6 W are in parallel and the combination is in series with 3 W
3. 3 W , 6 W and W are in parallel
4. 3 W , 6 W are in parallel and 9 W is in series
Answer: 4
Question 9
Question: The resistance across AB is


1. 4
2. 1
3. 2
4. 0 .5
Answer: 2
Question 10
Question: When a current 'I' Ilows through a resistance 'R' Ior time 't' the electrical energy
spent is given by .
1. I R t
2. I
2
R t
3. I R
2
t
4. I
2
R / t
Answer: 2
Question 11
Question: Kilowatt - hour is the unit oI .
1. potential diIIerence
2. electric power
3. electrical energy
4. charge
Answer: 3
Question 12
Question: When a Iuse is rated 8 A, it means .
1. it will not work iI current is less than 8 A
2. it has a resistance oI 8 W
3. it will work only iI current is 8 A
4. it will melt iI current exceeds 8 A
Answer: 4
Question 13
Question: The device used Ior measuring potential diIIerence is known as .
1. potentiometer
2. ammeter
3. galvanometer
4. voltmeter

Answer: 4
Question 14
Question: The work done in moving a unit positive charge across two points in an electric
circuit is a measure oI .
1. current
2. potential diIIerence
3. resistance
4. power

Answer: 2
Question 15
Question: The potential at a point is 20 V. The work done to bring a charge oI 0.5 C Irom
inIinity to this point will be .
1. 20 J
2. 10 J
3. 5 J
4. 40 J
Answer: 2
Question 16
Question: Joule / Coulomb is same as .
1. watt
2. volt
3. ampere
4. ohm
Answer: 2
Question 17
Question: The Iree electrons oI a metal .
1. do not collide with each other
2. are Iree to escape through the surIace
3. are Iree to Iall into the nuclei
4. are Iree to move anywhere in the metal
Answer: 4
Question 18
Question: The path oI a Iree electron in a metal is .
1. parabolic
2. circular
3. a straight line
4. zig zag
Answer: 4
Question 19
Question: Heat produced in a current carrying wire in 5s is 60 J. The same current is passed
through another wire oI halI the resistance. The heat produced in 5 s will be .
1. 60 J
2. 30 J
3. 15 J
4. 120 J
Answer: 2
Question 20
Question: The current in a wire .
1. depends only on the potential diIIerence applied
2. depends only on the resistance oI the wire
3. depends on both resistance and potential diIIerence
4. does not depend on resistance and potential diIIerence
Answer: 3
Question 21
Question: When there is an electric current passing through a wire, the particles moving are
.
1. electrons
2. protons
3. atoms
4. ions
Answer: 1
Question 22
Question: A positive charge released Irom rest .
1. moves towards the regions oI lower potential
2. moves towards the regions oI higher potential
3. moves towards the regions oI equal potential
4. does not move

Answer: 1
Question 23
Question: Three equal resistances when combined in series are equivalent to 90 W . Their
equivalent resistance when combined in parallel will be .
1. 270 W
2. 30 W
3. 810 W
4. 10 W
Answer: 4
Question 24
Question: An battery is used to .
1. maintain a potential diIIerence
2. measure electric current
3. measure electric potential
4. saIeguard against short - circuit
Answer: 1
Question 25
Question: Ohm's law relates potential diIIerence with .
1. power
2. energy
3. current
4. time
Answer: 3
Question 26
Question: Which oI the Iollowing is an ohmic resistor?
1. Diode
2. Germanium
3. Nichrome
4. Diamond
Answer: 3
Question 27
Question: The resistivity oI a wire depends on .
1. length
2. material
3. area oI cross- section
4. length, material and area oI cross- section
Answer: 4
Question 28
Question: For which oI the Iollowing substances, resistance decreases with temperature?
1. Copper
2. Platinum
3. Mercury
4. Carbon

Answer: 4
Question 29
Question: Four cells each oI e.m.I 'E' are ioined in parallel to Iorm a battery. The equivalent
e.m.I oI the battery will be .
1. 4 E
2. E
3. E / 4
4. E ÷ 0
Answer: 2
Question 30
Question: Two electric bulbs have resistances in the ratio 1:2. II they are ioined in series,
the energy consumed in them are in the ratio .
1. 1:2
2. 2:1
3. 4:1
4. 1:1
Answer: 2
Magnetic Effects of Electric Current - Multiple Choice Test

Question 1
Question: A magnetic Iield line is used to Iind the direction oI
1. south-north
2. a bar magnet
3. a compass needle
4. magnetic Iield
Answer: 4
Question 2
Question: An electric current passes through a straight wire in the direction oI south to
north. Magnetic compasses are placed at points A and B as shown in the Iigure.

What is your observation?
1. The needle will not deIlect
2. Only one oI the needles will deIlect
3. Both the needles will deIlect in the same direction
4. The needles will deIlect in the opposite directions
Answer: 4
Question 3
Question: The magnetic Iield lines due to a straight wire carrying a current are
1. straight
2. circular
3. parabolic
4. elliptical
Answer: 2
Question 4
Question: Magnetic Iield produced at the centre oI a current carrying circular wire is
1. directly proportional to the square oI the radius oI the circular wire
2. directly proportional to the radius oI the circular wire
3. inversely proportional to the square oI the radius oI the circular wire
4. inversely proportional to the radius oI the circular wire
Answer: 4
Question 5
Question: The magnetic Iield lines inside a long, current carrying solenoid are nearly
1. straight
2. circular
3. parabolic
4. elliptical

Answer: 1
Question 6
Question: A soIt iron bar is introduced inside a current carrying solenoid. The magnetic
Iield inside the solenoid
1. will become zero
2. will decrease
3. will increase
4. will remain unaIIected
Answer: 3
Question 7
Question: The direction oI the Iorce on a current-carrying wire placed in a magnetic Iield
depends on
1. the direction oI the current
2. the direction oI the Iield
3. the direction oI current as well as Iield
4. neither the direction oI current nor the direction oI Iield
Answer: 3
Question 8
Question: The direction oI induced curent is obtained by
1. Fleming's leIt-hand rule
2. Maxwell's right-hand thumb rule
3. Ampere's rule
4. Fleming's right-hand rule
Answer: 4
Question 9
Question: Who Iirst discovered the relationship between electricity and magnetism?
1. Faraday
2. Newton
3. Maxwell
4. Oersted
Answer: 4
Question 10
Question: In an electric motor, the energy transIormation is Irom
1. electrical to chemical
2. chemical to light
3. mechanical to electrical
4. electrical to mechanical
Answer: 4
Question 11
Question: A commutator changes the direction oI current in the coil oI
1. a DC motor
2. a DC motor and an AC generator
3. a DC motor and a DC generator
4. an AC generator
Answer: 3
Question 12
Question: Which oI the Iollowing devices works on the principle oI electromagnetic
induction?
1. Ammeter
2. Voltmeter
3. Generator
4. Galvanometer
Answer: 3
Question 13
Question: A device used Ior measuring small currents due to changing magnetic Iield is
known as
1. galvanometer
2. ammeter
3. voltmeter
4. potentiometer
Answer: 1
Question 14
Question: An electric generator actually acts as
1. source oI electric charge
2. source oI heat energy
3. an electromagnet
4. a converter oI energy
Answer: 4
Question 15
Question: Electromagnetic induction is the
1. charging oI a body with a positive charge
2. production oI current by relative motion between a magnet and a coil
3. rotation oI the coil oI an electric motor
4. generation oI magnetic Iield due to a current carrying solenoid
Answer: 2
Question 16
Question: For making a strong electromagnet, the material oI the core should be
1. soIt iron
2. steel
3. brass
4. copper
Answer: 1
Question 17
Question: Magnetic Iield inside a long solenoid carrying current is
1. same at all points (uniIorm)
2. diIIerent at poles and at the centre
3. zero
4. diIIerent at all points
Answer: 1
Question 18
Question: You have a coil and a bar magnet. You can produce an electric current by
1. moving the magnet but not the coil
2. moving the coil but not the magnet
3. moving either the magnet or the coil
4. using another DC source
Answer: 3
Question 19
Question: Which oI the Iollowing describes the common domestic power supplied in India?
1. 220 V, 100 Hz
2. 220 V, 50 Hz
3. 110 V, 100 Hz
4. 100 V, 50 Hz
Answer: 2
Question 20
Question: A Iuse in an electric circuit acts as a
1. current multiplication
2. voltage multiplication
3. power multiplier
4. saIety device
Answer: 4
Question 21
Question: The magnetic lines oI Iorce inside a current carrying solenoid are
1. along the axis and parallel to each other
2. perpendicular to the axis and parallel to each other
3. circular and do not intersect each other
4. circular and intersect each other
Answer: 1
Question 22
Question: When the main switch oI the house is put oII, it disconnects
1. live wire
2. neutral wire
3. earth wire
4. live and neutral wires
Answer: 4
Question 23
Question: Kilowatt-hour is the unit oI
1. potential diIIerence
2. electric power
3. electrical energy
4. charge
Answer: 3
Question 24
Question: When a Iuse is rated 8A, it means
1. it will not work iI current is less than 8A
2. it has a resistance oI 8
3. it will work only iI current is 8A
4. it will burn iI current exceeds 8A
Answer: 4
Gravitation - Multiple Choice Test

Question 1
Question: SI unit oI gravitational constant is .
1. N m
2
kg
2

2. N m
2
kg
-2

3. N m
2
s
-2

4. N mkg
-2

Answer: 2
Question 2
Question: What is the value oI gravitational constant?
1. 6.6734x10
-11
N m
2
/kg
2

2. 6.6734x10
-10
N m
2
/kg
2

3. 6.6734x10
-11
N m/kg
2

4. 6.6734x10
-11
N m
2
/kg
Answer: 1
Question 3
Question: II the distance between two bodies is doubled, the Iorce oI attraction F between
them will be
1. 1/4 F
2. 2 F
3. 1/2 F
4. F
Answer: 1
Question 4
Question: The Iorce oI gravitation between two bodies in the universe does not depend on
1. the distance between them
2. the product oI their masses
3. the sum oI their masses
4. the gravitational constant
Answer: 3
Question 5
Question: Name the Iundamental Iorce which holds the planets in their orbits around the
sun.
1. Gravitational Iorce oI attraction
2. Electrostatic static Iorce oI attraction
3. Nuclear Iorce oI attraction
4. Electro static Iorce oI attraction
Answer: 1
Question 6
Question: When an obiect is thrown up, the Iorce oI gravity .
1. is opposite to the direction oI motion
2. is in the same direction as the direction oI motion
3. becomes zero at the highest point
4. increases as it rises up
Answer: 1
Question 7
Question: What is the Iinal velocity oI a body moving against gravity when it attains the
maximum height?
1. Zero
2.

3.

4. 2gh
Answer: 1
Question 8
Question: A stone is dropped Irom a cliII. Its speed aIter it has Iallen 100 m is
1. 9.8 m/s
2. 44.2 m/s
3. 19.6 m/s
4. 98 m/s
Answer: 2
Question 9
Question: A ball is thrown up and attains a maximum height oI 100 m. Its initial speed was
1. 9.8 m/s
2. 44.2 m/s
3. 19.6 m/s
4. 98 m/s
Answer: 2
Question 10
Question: A stone dropped Irom the rooI oI a building takes 4 seconds to reach the ground.
What is the height oI the building?
1. 19.6 m
2. 39.2 m
3. 156.8 m
4. 78.4 m
Answer: 4
Question 11
Question: The acceleration due to gravity is zero at .
1. the equator
2. poles
3. sea level
4. the centre oI the earth
Answer: 4
Question 12
Question: II acceleration due to gravity on earth is 10 m/s
2
then, the acceleration due to
gravity on moon is .
1. 1.66 m/s
2

2. 16.6 m/s
2

3. 10 m/s
2

4. 0.166 m/s
2

Answer: 1
Question 13
Question: The second equation oI motion Ior a Ireely Ialling body starting Irom rest is
.
1.

2.

3.

4.

Answer: 3
Question 14
Question: The acceleration due to gravity oI a body moving against gravity is
1. 9.8 m/s
2

2. -9.8 m/s
2

3.

4. 9.6 m/s
Answer: 2
Question 15
Question: A Ieather and a coin released simultaneously Irom the same height do not reach
the ground at the same time because oI the .
1. resistance oI the air
2. Iorce oI gravity
3. Iorce oI gravitation
4. diIIerence in mass
Answer: 1
Question 16
Question: The weight oI an obiect oI mass 10 kg on earth is.
1. 9.8 N
2. 9.8 kg
3. 98 N
4. 98 kg
Answer: 3
Question 17
Question: The weight oI an obiect oI mass 15 kg at the centre oI the earth is .
1. 147 N
2. 147 kg
3. zero
4. 150 N
Answer: 3
Question 18
Question: Mass remains throughout the universe.
1. varies
2. zero
3. constant
4. negative
Answer: 3
Question 19
Question: SI unit oI weight is .
1. newton
2. kg
3. Wt
4. kg.wt
Answer: 1
Question 20
Question: 100 kg.wt÷ .
1. 980 N
2. 9.800 N
3. 1000 N
4. 0.98 N
Answer: 1
Question 21
Question: How much would a man, whose mass is 60 kg weigh on the moon?
1. 9.8 N
2. 600 N
3. 60 N
4. 98 N
Answer: 4
Question 22
Question: What is the mass oI an obiect whose weight on earth is 196 N?
1. 20 kg
2. 0.20 kg
3. 1960 kg
4. 2 kg
Answer: 1
Question 23
Question: The upward Iorce acting on an obiect submerged in a liquid is .
1. thrust
2. buoyant Iorce
3. pressure
4. Iorce oI Iriction
Answer: 2
Question 24
Question: The normal Iorce per unit area is called .
1. pressure
2. thrust
3. balanced Iorce
4. pascal
Answer: 1
Question 25
Question: II the mass oI a ball is 5 kg on earth, then what would be its mass on Jupiter?
1. 5 kg
2. 5000 kg
3. 40000 kg
4. 50 kg
Answer: 1
Motion - Multiple Choice Test

Question 1
Question: 1 km/h ÷ m/s
1.

2.

3.

4.

Answer: 1
Question 2
Question: The distance (s) in metres travelled by a particle is related to time (t) in seconds
by the equation oI motion -S ÷ 10t ¹ 4t
2
. What is the initial velocity oI the body?
1. 10 m/s
2. 6 m/s
3. 4 m/s
4. 10 m/s
2

Answer: 1
Question 3
Question: For the equation - S ÷ 10t ¹ 4t
2
what is the acceleration oI the body?
1. 8 m/s
2

2. 10 m/s
2

3. 4 m/s
2

4. 8 m/s
Answer: 1
Question 4
Question: A body moving along a straight line at 20 m/s decelerates at the rate oI 4 m/s
2
.
AIter 2 seconds its speed will be equal to
1. 8 m/s
2. 12 m/s
3. 16 m/s
4. - 12 m/s

Answer: 2
Question 5
Question: Give the equation oI motion connecting u, v, a and s where the symbols have
their usual meaning
1. v ÷ u ¹ at
2.

3. v
2
- u
2
÷ 2aS
4.

Answer: 3
Question 6
Question: An obiect moving with a speed oI 5 m/s comes to rest in 10 s, aIter the brakes are
applied. What is the initial velocity?
1. zero
2. 5 m/s
3. 15 m/s
4. 50 m/s
Answer: 2
Question 7
Question: A body moving along a straight line at 40 m/s undergoes an acceleration oI 4
m/s
2
. AIter 10 seconds its speed will be
1. 20 m/s
2. 28 m/s
3. 16 m/s
4. 80 m/s
Answer: 4
Question 8
Question: SI unit oI acceleration is .
1.

2.

3.

4.

Answer: 1
Question 9
Question: Retardation is .
1. negative acceleration
2. positive acceleration
3. uniIorm acceleration
4. variable acceleration

Answer: 1
Question 10
Question: When an obiect is moving with uniIorm velocity, what is its acceleration?
1. zero
2. uniIorm
3. non-uniIorm
4. negative
Answer: 1
Question 11
Question: In the case oI a rectilinear uniIorm motion, distance-time graph is a
1. parabola
2. straight line
3. curved line
4. rectangle
Answer: 2
Question 12
Question: Speed oI 90 km/h when expressed in m/s is .
1. 2.5
2. 25
3. 250
4. 90000
Answer: 2
Question 13
Question: When a graph oI one quantity versus another results in a straight line, the
quantities are .
1. directly proportional
2. constant
3. inversely proportional
4. independent oI each other
Answer: 1
Question 14
Question: What does the Iollowing S-t graph indicate?

1. uniIorm speed
2. body is at rest
3. non-uniIorm speed
4. variable speed
Answer: 2
Question 15
Question: What do you inIer, iI S-t graphs oI two cyclists meet at a point?
1. They collide
2. They pass each other
3. They are at rest
4. They are starting Irom rest
Answer: 2
Question 16
Question: Name the physical quantity which we get Irom a S-t graph.
1. Speed
2. Displacement
3. Distance
4. Time
Answer: 1
Question 17
Question: What is the SI unit oI speed?
1. km/h
2. m/s
3. m/min
4. km/s
Answer: 2
Question 18
Question: What is the distance covered by a car in 5 h iI it is moving with a speed oI 35
km/h?
1. 175 km
2. 150 km
3. 7 km
4. 1750 km

Answer: 1
Question 19
Question: The S-t graph Ior uniIorm speed is
1.

2.

3.

4.


Answer: 2
Question 20
Question: The average speed oI a car which covers halI the distance with a speed oI 20 m/s
and other halI with a speed oI 30 m/s in equal intervals oI time is .
1. 25 m/s
2. 0 m/s
3. 24 m/s
4.
2.4 m/s
Answer: 1
Question 21
Question: Displacement is a quantity.
1. scalar
2. vector
3. derived
4. linear
Answer: 2
Question 22
Question: km / h
2
is a unit oI .
1. velocity
2. speed
3. acceleration
4. distance
Answer: 3
Question 23
Question: The speed-time graph Ior a particle moving at constant speed is a straight-line
to the time axis.
1. parallel
2. perpendicular
3. aligned
4. inclined
Answer: 1
Question 24
Question: When an obiect moves in a Iixed direction with uniIorm acceleration, the speed-
time graph is a .
1. parabola
2. straight line
3. ellipse
4. curve
Answer: 2
Question 25
Question: The area under the speed-time graph gives the .
1. distance
2. velocity
3. time
4. acceleration
Answer: 1
Question 26
Question: A speed oI 90 km/h, expressed in cm s
-1
is .
1. 2.5
2. 2500
3. 300
4. 90
Answer: 2
Question 27
Question: When an obiect oI mass 5 kg starts Irom rest, what is its initial velocity?
1. 0
2. - 5 m/s
3.
variable
5
4. 1 m/s
Answer: 1
Question 28
Question: IdentiIy the v- t graph representing uniIorm velocity.
1.

2.


3.

4.

Answer: 2
Question 29
Question: Name the physical quantity that is deIined as the rate oI change oI displacement.
1. velocity
2. acceleration
3. distance
4. speed
Answer: 1
Question 30
Question: An obiect moves with a constant velocity oI 9.8 m/s, its acceleration in m s
-2
is
.
1. 9.8 m/s
2

2. zero
3. 0.98 m/s
4. 98 m/s
2


Answer: 2
Question 31
Question: In 12 minutes a car whose speed is 35 km/h travels a distance oI
1. 7 km
2. 3.5 km
3. 14 km
4. 28 km
Answer: 1
Question 32
Question: A body moving along a straight line at 20 m/s undergoes an acceleration oI 4
m/s
2
. AIter two seconds its speed will be .
1. 8 m/s
2. 12 m/s
3. 16 m/s
4. 28 m/s
Answer: 4
Question 33
Question: A car increases its speed Irom 20 km/h to 50 km/h in 10 seconds. Its acceleration
is .
1. 30 m/s
2

2. 3 m/s
2

3. 18 m/s
2

4. 0.83 m/s
2

Answer: 4
Question 34
Question: When the distance covered by an obiect is directly proportional to time, it is said
to travel with .
1. zero velocity
2. constant speed
3. constant acceleration
4. uniIorm acceleration
Answer: 2
Question 35
Question: Negative acceleration means an obiect is moving with .
1. increasing speed
2. decreasing speed
3. uniIorm speed
4. constant speed
Answer: 2
Question 36
Question: Motion along a straight line is called motion.
1. rectilinear motion
2. circular motion
3. oscillatory motion
4. parabolic
Answer: 1
Question 37
Question: Distance-time graph is a straight line Ior motion.
1. variable
2. non uniIorm
3. rectilinear
4. circular
Answer: 3
Question 38
Question: A car is moving with a speed oI 36 km/h. Its speed in m/s is .
1. 10
2. 100
3. 2
4. 1
Answer: 1
Question 39
Question: A car starts Irom rest and covers a distance oI 100 m in one second with uniIorm
acceleration. Its acceleration is .
1. 100 m/s
2

2. 50 m/s
2

3. 200 m/s
2

4. 100 m/s
Answer: 1
Question 40
Question: Which oI the Iollowing is a vector quantity?
1. area
2. length
3. distance
4. displacement
Answer: 4
Question 41
Question: The slope oI a v-t graph gives .
1. acceleration
2. velocity
3. speed
4. distance
Answer: 3
Question 42
Question: The physical quantity describing motion and whose measure is the product oI
distance travelled and the time taken to travel that distance is .
1. speed
2. mass
3. weight
4. displacement
Answer: 1
Question 43
Question: II you are travelling with a velocity oI 25 m/s, how long will you take to travel
700 m?
1. 25 s
2. 28 s
3. 25 min
4. 2.8 s
Answer: 2
Question 44
Question: Name the instrument used to measure instantaneous speed oI a vehicle.
1. accelerator
2. speedometer
3. ammeter
4. multimeter
Answer: 2
Question 45
Question: A body covers a distance S in time t. What is its speed?
1. S/t
2. t/S
3. S x t
4. Zero
Answer: 1
Matter In Our Surroundings - Multiple Choice Test

Question 1
Question: Matter has .
1. no mass but occupies space
2. mass but occupies no space
3. mass and occupies space
4. no mass and occupies no space
Answer: 3
Question 2
Question: The gaseous Iorm oI water is called as .
1. water gas
2. water vapour
3. Iog
4. snow
Answer: 2
Question 3
Question: The state oI matter with only one Iree surIace is .
1. liquid
2. gas
3. solid
4. plasma
Answer: 1
Question 4
Question: In gases, particles vibrate .
1. about their mean position
2. about a vertical axis
3. about a horizontal axis
4. in any direction
Answer: 4
Question 5
Question: Mixing oI gases is called .
1. diIIusion
2. eIIusion
3. Iiltration
4. sedimentation
Answer: 1
Question 6
Question: A property not possessed by a Iluid is .
1. it can Ilow
2. it has mass
3. it has a deIinite shape
4. can be perceived by our senses
Answer: 3
Question 7
Question: Which among the Iollowing is a solid at room temperature?
1. Nitrogen
2. Potassium permanganate
3. Bromine
4. Helium
Answer: 2
Question 8
Question: Which oI these is a characteristic property oI gases?
1. Gases are not at all rigid.
2. Gases are not compressible.
3. Gases have particles in Iixed positions.
4. Gases have high density.
Answer: 1
Question 9
Question: A solid has .
1. maximum intermolecular space
2. deIinite mass but no deIinite volume
3. very high compressibility
4. maximum intermolecular Iorce oI attraction
Answer: 4
Question 10
Question: Conversion oI gas to liquid is called .
1. condensation
2. sublimation
3. vapourisation
4. solidiIication
Answer: 1
Question 11
Question: The process by which wet clothes dry up is called .
1. evaporation
2. boiling
3. condensation
4. solidiIication
Answer: 1
Question 12
Question: A solid that sublimes on heating is .
1. sodium chloride
2. copper sulphate
3. lead sulphate
4. ammonium chloride
Answer: 4
Question 13
Question: Matter changes Irom one state to another with change in .
1. density
2. temperature
3. volume
4. height

Answer: 2
Question 14
Question: The process oI a solid changing into liquid is called .
1. liqueIaction
2. melting
3. Ireezing
4. solidiIication
Answer: 2
Question 15
Question: The Ireezing point oI pure water is .
1. 100
o
C
2. 0
o
C
3. 5
o
C
4. 78.3
o
C
Answer: 2
Question 16
Question: The Iorce between particles oI matter is called as .
1. cohesive Iorce
2. adhesive Iorce
3. kinetic energy
4. thermal energy
Answer: 1
Question 17
Question: Particles oI matter are .
1. stationary
2. vibrating in one position
3. in continuous motion
4. rotating about an axis
Answer: 3
Question 18
Question: The temperature at which vapour changes into liquid is called .
1. Ireezing point
2. melting point
3. boiling point
4. liqueIaction point
Answer: 4
Question 19
Question: Temperature is a measure oI .
1. total kinetic energy oI molecules
2. total potential energy oI molecules
3. average potential energy oI molecules
4. average kinetic energy oI molecules

Answer: 1
Question 20
Question: For any substance the temperature remains same during the change oI state due
to .
1. loss oI heat
2. latent heat
3. less supply oI heat
4. lattice energy
Answer: 2
Obiective General Knowledge
Q.
In an atom no two electrons have all the four quantum numbers identical. This is
known as
1 Paulis Exclusion principle
2 Hunds Rule
3 AuIbau Principle
4 Avogadros Law
Ans:1
Q. Which of the following is a physical change?
1 Boiling oI Water
2 Rusting oI Iron
3 Boiling oI an Egg
4 Burning oI Candle
Ans:1
Q. Superconductors are those materials
1 Which become non-conductors at transition point
2 Which looses all electrical resistance when cooled below a certain temperature
3 In which resistance rises to inIinity below certain temperature
4 Which conducts electricity in extra widths
Ans:2
Q. Which one of the following is not a radioactive element?
1 Uranium
2 Radium
3 Thorium
4 Cadmium
Ans:4
Q.
A body is thrown vertically upwards with a speed of 100 m/sec. While coming back
on ground. its speed at starting point will be
1 100 m/sec
2 1000 m/sec
3 50 m/sec
4 200 m/sec
Ans:1
Q. When 1 litre of water freezes. the volume of ice formed will be
1 0.9 litre
2 1.0 litre
3 1.11 litre
4 1.5 litre
Ans:3
Q.
An object is placed between the pole of concave mirror and the focus of the mirror.
the image formed will be
1 Behind the mirror, virtual, erect and magniIied
2 At inIinity, real inverted and highly enlarged
3 Byond centre oI curvature, real inverted and enlarged
4 Beyond 2F, real inverted and enlarged
Ans:1
Q.
A hollow cylindrical rod is filled with air. to make it a resonance column. To produce
a wave of length 48 cm the minimum length of rod should be
1 12 cm
2 24 cm
3 48 cm
4 96 cm
Ans:2
Q.
In a telescope of magnification power 10. the focal length of the objective lens is 60
cm. what will be the total length of eyepiece
1 6 cm
2 25 cm
3 30 cm
4 50 cm
Ans:1
Q.
A boy has five resistance of 1/5 ohm each. The maximum resistance that can be
formed with them is
1 0.5 ohm
2 1 ohm
3 1/25 ohm
4 1/5 ohm


Ans:2
Q.
Each of 3 capacitors of capacity C are connected together in series. This combination
is added in paralled to a capacitor of capacity C. Resultant capacity will be
1 C
2 3C
3 4C
4 4C/3
Ans:4
Q. A falling drop of rain water acquires the spherical shape due to
1 SurIace Tension
2 Gravitational Iorce
3 Atmospheric pressure
4 Viscosity
Ans:1
Q. A periscope works by the principle of
1 ReIraction
2 Total Internal reIlection
3 DiIIraction
4 ReIlection and reIraction
Ans:2
Q. Which of the following light waves is outside the visible spectrum?
1 Violet
2 Blue
3 Yellow
4 Ultraviolet
Ans:4
Q. Estimated time period of a pendulum of length 0.2m is closer to is
1 .5 sec
2 1 sec
3 2 sec
4 None oI these
Ans:2
Q. What is the value of knee voltage of silicon diode?
1 0.3V
2 0.33V
3 0.7V
4 1.1V
Ans:3
Q.
There is 20 volt accross the inductor and 15 volt across the resistance in the a.c.
supplied series R-L circuit. What would be the supply voltage?
1 20 volt
2 15 volt
3 25 volt
4 17.5 volt
Ans:3
Q. A transformer mainly transforms -
1 Current
2 Voltage
3 Frequency
4 Power
Ans:2
Q. What is the power factor of a pure resistor circuit?
1 One
2 Zero
3 Leading
4 Lagging
Ans:1
Q. What is the S. I. unit of magnetic flux density?
1 Gauss
2 Tesla
3 Oersted
4 Weber
Ans:2
Q.
Which type of oscillator is most stable in
simple circuit?
1 Crystalline oscillators
2 Clapp oscillators
3 Colepitts oscillator
4 Armstong oscillator
Ans:1
Q. What is the proper use of signal generator?
1 Designing
2 Testing
3 Repairing
4 All oI the Above
Ans:4
Q.
If one cylinder of a diesel engine receives more fuel than the others. then for that
cylinder the --
1 Exhaust will be smokey
2 Piston rings would stik into piston grooves
3 Scavenging occurs
4 Engine starts overheating
Ans:1
Q. The information is sent by CW transmitter by -
1 Changing the audio Irequency
2 Interrupting radio signal
3 Using microphone
4 Using camera
Ans:1
Q. Moisture can be removed from lubricating oil using -
1 Tubular centriIugal
2 ClariIier
3 Sparkler Iilter
4 Vacuum leaI Iilter
Ans:1
Q. Germanium possesses -
1 Two valence electrons
2 Three valence electrons
3 Four valence electrons
4 Five valence electrons
Ans:3
Q. Which of the following is not a property of difference amplifier?
1 Capacitor is used in it
2 It is used to compare two signals
3 DiIIerence ampliIier yields more than the direct couple ampliier
4 Frequency oI diIIerence ampliIier remains Ilat Irom zero to high Irequency
Ans:1
Q. Calorie value is the least of the following materials -
1 Coal gas
2 Producer gas
3 Steam Iiery gas
4 Oil gas
Ans:2
Q.
For generating large currents on D.C. generators which winding is generally
preferred?
1 Progressive wave winding
2 Lap winding
3 Retrogressive wave winding
4 Current depends on design
Ans:2
Q. A. C. servomotor is basically a/an ...
1 Universal motor
2 Single phase induction motor
3 Two phase induction motor
4 Three phase induction motor
Ans:3
Q.
Co-efficient of velocity as compared to
the coefficient of discharge is -
1 Less
2 More
3 Equal
4 Less or more depending on Ilow
Ans:2
Q. The capacitance. in force-current analogy. is analogous to -
1 Momentum
2 Velocity
3 Displacement
4 Mass
Ans:4
Q. ...signal will become zero when the feedback signal and reference signs are equal.
1 Input
2 Actuating
3 Feedback
4 ReIerence
Ans:2
Q. Motor-generator set for D. C. arc welding has generator of -
1 Series type
2 Shunt type
3 DiIIerentially compound type
4 Level compound type
Ans:3
Q.
Which of the following motors is preferred when quick speed reversal is the main
consideration?
1 Squirrel cage induction motor
2 Wound rotor induction motor
3 Synchronous motor
4 D. C. motor
Ans:4
Q. In case of ball bearings. which part is made harder than others -
1 Ball
2 Outer race
3 Inner race
4 All are made equally hard
Ans:4
Q. Selectivity of the receiver can be increased by which of the following?
1 By using more tuned circuit
2 By decreasing number oI tuned circuit
3 By using loudspeaker
4 By increasing gain oI the receiver
Ans:4
Q.
An electronics circuits in which different components such as Diode. Resistor and
Capacitor etc. are connected separately is called -
1 Chassis
2 Printed board
3 Integrated circuit
4 Discrete circuit
Ans:3
Q. What are Ferrites?
1 Magnetic but have low resistance
2 Magnetic but have high resistance
3 Non-magnetic with low resistance
4 Non-magnetic with high resistance
Ans:2
Q. How will a red flower appear. if it is seen through a green glass?
1 Red
2 Brown
3 White
4 Green
Ans:2
Q. What is the unit of electrical energy?
1 Ampere
2 Volt
3 Watt
4 Kilowatt-hour
Ans:4
Q. A diode....
1 Functions only in one direction
2 Functions in both the directions
3 Does not Iunction at all
4 It gets damaged, when voltage is applied
Ans:1
Q. What is the frequency of the receiver?
1 488 kHz
2 445 kHz
3 455 kHz
4 456 kHz
Ans:4
Q.
What would be the expenditure in 30 days at the rate of 50 paise per unit. if a bulb of
100 W is used five hours per day?
1 Rs. 10.50
2 Rs. 8.50
3 Rs. 7.50
4 Rs. 9.50
Ans:3
Q. Lever functions on which of the following principles?
1 Crank-shaIt
2 Joining rod
3 Crank pin
4 Cross head
Ans:1
Q. Protein is not available in which of the following?
1 Meat
2 Milk
3 Rice
4 Pulse
Ans:3
Q. In steam turbine the action of steam is -
1 Stable
2 Dynamic
3 Stable and dynamic
4 Neither stable nor dynamic
Ans:2
Q. Among the following statement which is the false?
1 Only minority impurities are added in a iunction diode
2 Higher temperature increases the leakage current oI diode
3 A simple zener diode works when connected between anode to cathode
4 Zener is mostly used in voltage regulator
Ans:1
Q.
In resistance heating. highest working temperature is obtained from heating
elements made of...
1 Nickel and copper
2 Nichrome
3 Silicon carbide
4 Silver
Ans:2
Q. When the load is above ...... a synchronous motor is found to be more economical.
1 2 KW
2 20 KW
3 50 KW
4 100 KW
Ans:3
Q.
To convert moving coil galvanometer
into an ammeter. which of the following
methods is used?
1 Small resistance in series
2 Small resistance in parallel
3 High resistance in series
4 High resistance in parallel
Ans:2
Q. Which of the following can be used to control the speed of a D. C. motor?
1 Thermistor
2 Thyristor
3 Thyratron
4 Transistor
Ans:2
Q. Minority carrier in P-type semiconductor is -
1 Free electrons
2 Free holes
3 Holes and electrons both
4 Holes minus electrons
Ans:2
Q. Pulley in a belt drive acts as -
1 Cylindrical pair
2 Turning pair
3 Rolling pair
4 Sliding pair
Ans:1
Q. While checked with a multimeter. an open resistor reads -
1 Zero
2 InIinite
3 High but within tolerance.
4 Low but not zero
Ans:2
Q. In amplitude modulation -
1 Amplitude oI the carrier is kept constant
2 Change occurs in carrier Irequency
3 Amplitude is varied according to the instaneous value oI modelling wave
4 None oI these
Ans:3
Q. The blue colour of the clear sky is due to -
1 DiIIraction oI light
2 Dispersion oI light
3 ReIlection oI light
4 ReIraction oI light
Ans:2
Q. Which of the following is used in semi-conductors?
1 Aluminium
2 Copper
3 Silicon
4 None oI these
Ans:3
Q. Which one of the following allotropes of carbon is used for cutting and drilling?
1 Diamond
2 Graphite
3 Activated carbon
4 Carbon black
Ans:1
Q. Which one of the following is a vector?
1 Kinetic energy
2 Pressure
3 Rate oI change oI momentum
4 Density
Ans:3
Q. X-rays comprise of:
1 Electrons only
2 Protons only
3 Neutrons only
4
Electromagnetic radiations
Ans:4

Q. The power of lens is - 2D. What is its focal length?
1 2m
2 0.5m
3 1.0m
4 0.5m
Ans:4

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