[\y-kvarXn

Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xncn P∑-i-Xm_vZn kvac-WnI

3

8

Fw.-F- n-s\-°p-dn®v
C.-Fw.-F v

7

apJ-samgn
]n.-sI. `c-X≥

apJNn{Xw : kPp F. Un, ap°m´pIc

22

Fw.-F- ns‚ Nne cN-\-Iƒ

Hm¿Ω-I-fpsS
DXn¿a-Wn-Iƒ

31

apjvSn-Np-cp-´pI

58

A`n-\-bhpw Rm\pw

71

BSpI ]mSpI

sNmΔ-√q¿ IrjvW≥Ip´n
28

kmaq-lnI\thm-∞m-\Øns‚ ]›m-Øew

37

\thm-∞m-\-Øns‚
ams‰m-en-bmb
Cuc-Sn-Iƒ°pw ]p\¿P\n

39

alm-\-Ss‚
kpIr-X-kvar-Xn-Iƒ
F≥. a[p

Be-t¶mSv eoem-Ir-jvW≥
46

[oc-]-Yn-IcpsS
kpIrXkvarXn-I-fp-ambn
"kam-Z-cWkwKaw'

Fw.-F-kv.
P∑-i-Xm-_vZn-bn¬
s{]m^. ]m-e-°ogv \mcm-b-W≥

25

37

41
94

Zo]vX-Ime \mSIw;
alm-\-S≥

aq∂v ap‡I߃

kam-Z-cWkwK-a-Øns‚
{]k‡n
s{]m^. C. cmP≥

Atim-I≥ Ncp-hn¬
91
54

\mSy-an-√mØ \S\w

IrX-⁄-X-tbm-sS,
IrXm¿∞-X-tbmsS
JmZ¿ ]t´-∏mSw

AjvSaq¿Øn
78

Biwk

4

]ckyßfpsS hnhc߃

sI.-F≥. Zp¿§m-ZØ
- ≥
`´-Xn-cn-∏m-Sv

A\-iz-c-{]-Xn-`-bmb

Fw. -F-kv.
78

kvac-Wm-RvPen
sI.-F≥. Zp¿§m-ZØ
- ≥
`´-Xn-cn-∏m-Sv

32

Fw.-F-kv. F∂ alm\pw
alm-\p-`m-h-\pw

tZim-`n-am\nbpsS apJ-{]-kwKw
inh-Zmkv Nne-h-∂q¿

77

C∂v A]q¿Δamb
Cu kz`mhKpW
߃ A\pIcn®v
kzmbØam°p
IbmWv At±l
Øns‚ ]n≥apdbn¬
s∏´ hnπh{]h¿
ØIcpsS, hntijn®v
hnπhIem{]h¿Ø
IcpsS ISa.

44

{]mbw ad∂ kulrZw
sI.-F-kv. ]pcp-tjm-Ø-a≥
(A-\¥
- I
- r-jW
v ≥)

47

A—\pw kplrØpw
]ø\pw Hs°-bm-bn...
{]Xm-]vknwKv

11

A°nØw

13

15

Fs‚ Hm¿Ω-bnse
Fw.-F-kv.
Fw.-kn. \ºq-Xn-cn-∏mSv

km¿∞-Iao kwcw`w
17

Fw.-Sn. hmkp-tZ-h≥\mb¿
Ah¿ \S∂pt]mb hgnIfmWnsX∂v
Hm¿Ωn∏n°m\p≈ DØchmZnØw \ap°p≠v.
AØcsamcp ZuXyw Gs‰SpØ Fw.Fkv.
\ºqXncn P∑iXm_vZn BtLmj
kanXntbmSv \μn ]dbp∂p.

]ptcm-K-a-\-Øns‚
kmwkvIm-cn-I-apJw
s{]m^. kn.-]n. Cf-bXv

19

hm°n-t\-°mƒ
anI® t\m°v
s{]m^. amºpg Ipam-c≥

30

Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xncn
7˛mw \º¿ Pbn¬]p≈n
sI. AΩp Xºp-cm-´n

53

Fw.-F-kv.-\-ºq-Xncn
Hm¿Ω-I-fn-eqsS

64

[\ym-fl≥, \tam-hmIw
sI.- Ip-©pÆn Xºp-cm≥

Fw. kc-fm-a[
- p-kq-Z\
- ≥
61
80

Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xncn
a\pjykvt\-ln-bmb
Iem-Im-c≥

63

78

IrjvW-]v^s‚ IqsS

\n¿ΔmWw
sNdp-hp-≈q¿

Rß-fpsS IrjvW]v-^≥
]m¿´n IΩn‰nIfn¬ `mchmlnXzw hln®p
sIm≠v At±lw {]h¿Øn®n´ns√¶nepw a‰v
F{Xtbm IayqWnÃvImtc°mƒ IqSpXemb
XymKhpw t¢ißfpw At±lw am{Xa√
At±lØns‚ IpSpw_hpw {]ÿm\Øn
\pth≠n kln®n´p≠v.

A—≥
\fn-\≥

88

Fw.-Fw. N{μ-ti-Jc
- ≥

]ip-]Xn IÆ-]pcw

hn.-F≥. IrjvW≥Ip´n
85

Fw.-Fkv. \ºq-Xn-cnbpw
\thm-∞m\Ime-L-´hpw

hn.-Sn. hmkp-tZ-h≥

B¿. \K¿
83

65

henb IY-bpsS ]n∂mse
sNdnb Cu IYbpw

A—s\ Hm¿°p-tºmƒ

[\y-Po-hnXw

Fw.-sI. N{μ≥
9

kn. ANyp-X-ta-t\m≥
67

Fw.-Ft  ""AsX AsX'',
""hmkvXhw hmkvXhw''
hn. cm[m-Ir-jvW≥

am\p-jn-bm-hm≥

31

69

Hf-∏-aÆ

"a\-bv°se IrjvW≥
Xncp-ta\n''
Ingt° hmc-Wm´v
\mcm-bW
- °
- p-dp∏v

72

\n≥ ssIIfnse¥¥¿P\ta
In¶nesa∂p Inepßp∂p ?
sh¶ehfb√Xp Iøma-˛
®ßebmsW∂dnbpt∂m ?

Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xncn ]g-abpsS Nqf-bn¬\ns∂mcp
]pØ-\m-`-cWw
s{]m^. F≥. \mcm-b-W≥Ip´n

74

apØ-»≥
{iossiew iin-Ip-am¿,
Xncp-h©
- n-°pfw

76

Fw.-Fkv. F∂ a\p-jy≥
F.-sI. Znhm-I-c≥, BgIw

]c-ky-Øns‚ hnh-c-߃

6

1. The Kerala State Financial Enterprises

............

Front Inner

2. KSE Limited

.............

8

3. Kallamkunnu Service Co-operative Bank Ltd

.............

10

4. Irinjalakuda Town Co-operative Bank Ltd

.............

16

5. tZiob kºm-Zy-]-≤Xn

.............

18

6. Fkv.-F≥.-F. Huj-[-ime

.............

21

7. apcn-bmSv k¿Δokv kl-I-c-W-_m¶v

.............

24

8. ]t´-∏mSw dqd¬ tIm˛-Hm-∏-td-‰ohv skmssk‰n

.............

30

9. Kerala Tourism

.............

38

10. Karuvannur Service Co-operative Bank Ltd

.............

40

11. Avittathur Service Co-operative Bank Ltd

.............

43

12. Teeyes Print Options

.............

45

13. Xr»q¿ Pn√m kl-I-c-W-_m¶v

.............

52

14. t]mfn ¢n\nIv

.............

57

15. Kerala Tourism Development Corporation

.............

57

16. Ac-Wm-´p-Ic Hmdn-b‚¬ tIm˛-Hm-∏-td-‰ohv _m¶v enan‰Uv .............

60

17. Ccn-ßm-e-°pS k¿Δokv kl-I-cW _m¶v ¢n]vXw

.............

62

18. FS-Xn-cn™n k¿Δokv kl-I-c-W-_m¶v ¢n]vXw

.............

62

19. Pb-hn-Pb Ipdokv & t{SbvUvkv (ss{]-h-‰v) -en-an-‰Uv

.............

68

20. sh≈m-ß-√q¿ k¿Δokv kl-I-cW _m¶v ¢n]vXw

.............

68

21. B¬Ød Ipdokv ss{]h‰v enan-‰Uv

.............

70

22. Devan & Company

.............

73

23. Bcy-ssh-Zy-im-e, tIm´-bv°¬

.............

73

24. sImc´n k¿Δokv kl-I-cW _m¶v ¢n]vXw

.............

75

25. tKmƒUv kn‰n

.............

75

26. Institute of Human Resources Development (IHRD)

.............

84

27. Imdfw k¿-Δokv kl-I-c-W-_m¶v

.............

84

28. ]qaw-Kew k¿Δokv kl-I-c-W-_m¶v ¢n]vXw

.............

92

29. Kerala Financial Corporation

.............

Back Inner

30. ae-bmfkwKoXw Info

.............

Back Cover

Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cn-bpsS kl-[¿ΩnWn
kc-kzXn A¥¿÷\w

7

kc-kzXn A¥¿÷\w a°-tfm-Spw, acp-a-°-tfm-Sp-sam∏w

kc-kzXn A¥¿÷\w t]c-°p-´nItfm-sSm∏w
88

apJ-samgn
\mS-Im-Nm-cy\pw A`n-t\-Xmhpw kmaqly]cn-jvI¿Øm-hp-am-bn-cp∂ Fw.-F-kv.
\ºq-Xncn Ac-sßm-gn-™n´v Ccp-]-tØgph¿jw Ign-™p. Ccn-ßm-e-°pS tUm: sI.F≥. ]njm-cSn kvamcI IY-Ifn ¢∫ns‚ B`n-ap-Jy-Øn¬ F√m h¿jhpw HIvtSm_¿ 27- "Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xncn A\p-kva-c-W-Zn

ambn BN-cn-®p-h-cp-∂p. 2010 At±-lØns‚ P∑-i-Xm_vZn Bbn-cp-∂p. ]ptcm-K-a\ Iem-km-ln-XykwLØns‚ t\Xr-XzØn¬ Hcph¿jw \o≠p-\n∂ ]cn-]m-Sn-IfmWv P∑-i-Xm_vZnbmtLm-j-Øns‚ `mKambn \S-∂-Xv.
\thm-∞m\Ime-L-´-Øn¬, kz¥w kap-Zm-b-Øn-\-IØpw ]pdØpw hnπ-h-I-camb am‰-߃ D≠m-°m≥ {]tNm-Z-\-amb \nc-h[n \mS-I-ß-fn¬ {it≤-b-amb thj߃ sNbvXmWv Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xncn kmaq-lnIafi-e-Øn-tebv°v cwK-{]-thiw
sNbvXX
- v. At±-ls
- Ø°p-dn-®p≈ Hm¿Ω ]pXp-°p-∂X
- n-\pw, B Pohn-XØ
- ns‚ ktμiw
C∂sØ Xe- a p- d - b n- t ebv ° v ]I- c p- ∂ - X n\pw ]cym- ] v X - a mb ]cn- ] m- S n- I - f mWv
iXm_vZnthf-bn¬ Xr»q¿ Pn√-bpsS hnhn[ `mK-ß-fn-embn kwL-Sn-∏n-®-Xv.
Fw.-F- ns‚ XymK-]q¿Æ-amb Pohn-Xhpw XnI™ kwip-≤n-tbm-sS-bp≈
cmjv{Sob ˛ kmwkvIm-cnI taJ-e-I-fnse {]h¿Ø-\hpw F°m-ehpw Hm¿Ωn-°-Ø-°hn-[Ø
- n¬ Hcp kvac-WnI {]kn-≤o-Ic
- n-°m\pw BtLm-j°
- Ω
- n‰n B{K-ln-®p. AXns‚
km£m-XvIm-c-amWv Cu "[\ykvarXn'
kmaqly]cn-jv°-c-W-{]ÿm\ß-fn¬ Fw.-F- n-t\m-sSmØv Zo¿L-Imew
{]h¿Øn-®n-´p-≈-h¿, kn\nam ˛ \mSI cwK-ß-fn¬ Fw.-F- ns‚ kl-{]-h¿Ø-I-cmbn-cp-∂-h¿, IY-I-fn, A£-c-t«mIw XpS-ßnb taJ-e-I-fn¬ ad-°m-\m-hmØ A\p-`-hap-≈-h¿, Fw.-F-kv. F∂ apØ-»s\ A¤p-Xm-Z-c-ß-tfmsS am{Xw ImWm≥ Ign-bp∂
]pØ≥ Xe-ap-d-bn¬s∏-´-h¿, Ab¬hm-kn-Iƒ, a°ƒ, a‰p _‘p-°-ƒ................ Chsc-√m-hcpw kz¥w cN-\-bn-eqsS, Hm¿Ω-°p-dn-∏n-eqsS Cu kvac-WnI kw]p-jvS-am-°nbn-´p-≠v. iXm-_vZn-bm-tLmj]cn-]m-Sn-If
- n¬ ]s¶-Sp-Øp-sIm≠v kmlnXy ˛ kmwkv°mcnI cwK-ß-fnse {]K-¤-a-Xn-Iƒ \S-Ønb {]`m-j-W-ß-fn¬ NneXpw tN¿°m≥ Ign™n-´p-≠v. teJ-I-tcmSpw {]`m-j-I-tcmSpw D≈ IrX-⁄X ChnsS tcJ-s∏-Sp-Ø-s´.
]c-ky-߃ \¬In kmº-Øn-I-ambn klm-bn® hy‡n-I-sfbpw ÿm]-\-ßsfbpw \μn-tbmsS Hm¿°p-∂p.
kvac-Wn-I-bpsS en]nhn\ym-khpw A®-Snbpw \n¿Δ-ln-®Xv Sosbkv {]n‚ v
Hm]vj≥kv BWv. B ÿm]-\-Ønse Poh-\-°m-tcmSpw apJ-Nn-{X-cq-]-tcJ Xøm-dm°nb kPphnt\mSpw R߃°p≈ IS-∏mSv Adn-bn-°p-∂p.
Hcp Ime-L-´-Øns‚ kmkv°m-cnI]cn-t—Zw CØ-c-samcp sNdnb kwcw-`-ØneqsS A\m-hr-X-am-°m≥ Ign-bn-s√-∂-dn-bmw. B Zni-bn-ep≈ {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fpsS BZyNp-hSv F∂ \nebv°v \ap-°n-Xns\ ImWmw.
"{`m¥m-e-b-'am-bn-cp∂ tIc-fsØ temI-Øns‚ "hgn-Im´n'bm°n-b-Xn¬ ChnSpsØ \thm-∞m\{]ÿm-\-ß-fpsS ]¶v sNdp-X-√-s√m. F∂m¬, ho≠pw "{`m¥meb'Øntebv°pXs∂-bmtWm \ΩpsS t]m°v F∂v \ymb-ambpw kwi-bn-t°≠ XcØn-emWv h¿Ø-am-\-ImebmYm¿∞y-߃.
Cu kmaq-lnI]cn-X-ÿn-Xn-bn¬ Fw.-F- ns\t∏mep-≈-h¿ \S-∂p-\o-ßnb hgnØm-c-Iƒ ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sm≥ Cu kvac-WnI Ipd-s®-¶nepw klm-bn-°p-sa-¶n¬ R߃
[\y-cm-bn.
kph-\o¿I-Ωn-‰n-°p-th≠n

]n.-sI. `c-X≥ (I¨ho-\¿)

9

Fw.-F- n-s\-°p-dn®v
C.-Fw.-Fkv
(1984 P\p-hcn 8˛mw Xnø-Xn-bnse tZim-`n-am\n hmcn-I-bn¬ Fgp-Xnb A\p-kva-c-W-°p-dn-∏v)

A¥-cn® Fw.-F- v. IrjvW≥
\ºq-Xn-cnsb s]mXp-P\
- ß
- ƒ Ct∏mƒ
Adn-bp-∂Xv \mS-I-Øn-t‚bpw kn\n-abp-tSbpw cwKØv hy‡n-ap{Z ]Xn-∏n®
A\p-Kr-loXIem-Im-c≥ F∂ \nebv°mWv. B \nebv°v At±-lsØ
BZ-cn-°p-Ibpw _lp-am-\n-°p-Ibpw
sNøp-∂-Xn¬ a‰m-cp-tSbpw ]n∂n-e√
Rm≥. ]t£, F\n-°-t±lw 54 h¿j°m-esØ ]g-°-ap≈ Hcm-fl-kp-lrØm-Wv.
1929 emWv Xr»q¿ sk‚ v
tXmakv tImtf-Pn¬ C‚¿ao-Un-b‰v
hnZym¿∞n- s b∂ \nebv ° v Rm≥
tN¿∂-Xv. AXp-I-gn™v GXm\pw Znhk- Ø n- \ p- t ijw At±- l hpw h∂p.
]n∂oSv c≠c h¿j-Øn-\p-tijw 1932
P\p-h-cn-bn¬ Rm≥ hnZym-`ymkw aXnbm°n tIm¨{K v kXym-{Kln F∂
\nebv°v AdÃv hcn-°p-∂-Xp-hsc
kl-]m-Tn-I-sf∂ \nebv°pw kplrØp-°ƒ F∂ \nebv°pw Rß-ƒ
kZm CS-s]-´n-cp-∂p.
Fs‚ Hm¿Ω icn-bm-sW-¶n¬
sFOnIhnj- b - ß - s f√mw R߃s°m-∂p-X-s∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p. B \nebv°p≈ kl-]m-Tn-Iƒ am{X-a-√, tImtfPn\v ]pdØpw Rßsf Iq´n-s°-´nb
c≠p IÆn-Iƒ D≠m-bn-cp-∂p.
tZiob kzmX-{¥y-k-a-c{]--ÿm-\tØm-Sp≈ sshIm-cn-I-amb ASp-∏hpw
hnZym¿∞n- I ƒ F∂ \nebv°v
AXn¬ a‰p Uk≥I-W-°n\p kplr-

10

Øp-°-tfm-sSm∏w R߃ Ccp-hcpw
hln® ]¶p-am-W-Xn-sem-∂v.
ae- b mf kmln- X y- Ø n- e p≈
Xm¬]-cyw, AXv IqSp-X¬ hf¿Øm≥
klm-bn-°pw-hn[w A∂v Xr»q-cn¬
sslkv°qƒ
A[ym- ] - I - \ mbn
{]h¿Øn-®n-cp∂ Pn. i¶-c-°p-dp-∏p-ambp≈ ASp∏w F∂n-h-bmWv c≠m-atØ-Xv.
CXv c≠n- t ‚bpw ]›m- Ø - e Øn¬ C‚¿ao-Un-b‰v ]co£ \S-°p∂-Xn\v sXm´p-apºv Iptd-Zn-hkw Rßfn-cp-hcpw AS°w Ac-U-k≥ kplrØp-°ƒ \S-Ønb Iq´mb ]TnØw
Rm\n-t∏mgpw Hm¿°p-∂p.
1932-˛¬ ]Tn-∏p-hn´v Rm≥ kXy{K-l-Øn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°p-Ibpw XpS¿∂v
apgp-h≥k-ab cmjv{So-b-{]-h¿Ø-I-\mhpIbpw sNbvX-Xn¬ ]n∂oSpw Cu c≠v IÆn-Iƒ Rßsf CW-°n-bn-cp∂p.
BZytØXns‚ XpS¿®-bmb CSXp-]-£-cm-jv{So-b-Øns‚ apgp-h≥ kab-{]-h¿Ø-I-\mbn Rm≥amdn. Fw.F-kv. kmln-Xy-I-emZn taJ-e-I-fntebv°pw. ]t£, BZy-tØ-Xn¬ Fw.F- nt\m c≠m-a-tØ-Xn¬ F\nt°m
D≈ Xm¬]cyw H´pw Ipd-™n-√.
{]i- k v X - \ mb Iem- I m- c - \ mbn
hf¿∂-t∏mgpw At±lw Bflm¿∞X- b p≈ IΩyq- W nÃv Bbn- c p- ∂ p.
Pbn¬NmSn ]pd-Øp-h∂v Hfn-hn¬ Ignbp-I-bm-bn-cp∂ F.-sI.-Pn.sb Ipsd
amk-ß-tfmfw c£n-®Xv Fw.-F pw
IpSpw-_h
- p-am-bn-cp-∂p. Hfn-hn-em-bn-cp∂
ImeØv F\n°pw Nne- t ∏m- g - t ±- l -

Øns‚ klmbw In´n-bn-´p-≠v.
tIm¨{K- k n¬\n∂v tkmjyenÃv ]m¿´n, ]n∂oSv IΩyq- W nÃv
]m¿´n, AXp- I - g n™v IΩyq- W nÃv
(am¿Ivkn-‰v) ]m¿´n F∂ \nebv°v
Rm\-S°w D≈ kJm-°ƒ hf¿∂t∏m-sg√mw Fw.-Fk
- v. Rß-fpsS IqsSbp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Rm\m-Is´, \mS-Icw-KØv hy‡n-ap{Z ]Xn-∏n® Fw.-F ns‚ ]ptcm-KXn kt¥m-j-tØmSpw
kwXr-]vXn-tbm-Spw-IqSn ho£n-°p-Ib
- mbn-cp-∂p. At±-l-Øns‚ Iem{]Z¿i\- ß - f n¬ hfsc Npcp- ° - s a- Æ ta
ImWm≥ Ign- ™ n- ´ p- ≈ q- s h- ¶ nepw
At±- l - Ø ns‚ ]Sn]- S n- b m- b p≈
Db¿® Fs∂ Blvfm-Zn-∏n-®n-cp-∂p.
At±-l-Øns‚ PohnXw Ah-km\n-°p-∂-Xn\v sXm´p-apºv GXm\pw
h¿j- ß - f n¬
t\cn´v
_‘w
]pe¿Øm≥ R߃°v Ign-™n-cp-∂n√. At±-l-Øns‚ Hcp aI≥ Fs‚
_‘-Øn¬s]´ Hcp s]¨Ip-´nsb
hnhmlw Ign-°m≥ \n›-bn-®-t∏mƒ
AXp \S- ° p∂ ka- b - s Ø- ¶ nepw
ImWm-sa∂v {]Xo-£n-®n-cp-∂p. ]t£,
ASn-b-¥n-c-{]m-[m-\y-ap≈ cmjv{Sob
kw`-h-hn-Im-k-߃ \nanØw F\n°v
s]s´∂v U¬ln°v t]mtI-≠n-h-∂p.
AXn¬]ns∂ F\n°v At±-lsØ
ImWm≥ Ign-™n-´n√.
Ah-i-\mbn InS-∂n-cp∂ kplrØns\ A¥y-\m-fp-I-fn¬ ImWm≥
Ign-bm-Ø-Xn¬ tJZn-°p∂ F\n°v
At±-l-Øns‚ Ncaw hen-sbm-cm-LmX-am-Wv.
W

[\y-Po-hnXw
kn. ANyp-X-ta-t\m≥
(1983 \hw-_¿ 5se \h-bpKw hmcn-I-bn¬ Fgp-Xnb teJ\w)

{]K-¤-\mb Hcp \mS-I-\-S\pw
Ne-®n-{X-\-S-\p-am-bn-´p-am-{Xta C°gn™ 27-˛mw XnøXn \ncym-X-\mb k.
Fw.-Fkv. \ºq-Xn-cnsb C∂sØ Xeapd Adn-bp-Ib
- p-≈q. Fw.-Fk
- v. AsXms°-bm-bn-cp-∂p. kwi-b-an-√. F∂m¬
AXn-\p-a-∏pdw a‰p-]-eXpwIqSn Fw.-F v. F∂ Ipdnb a\p-jy-\n¬ D≠mbn-cp-∂p. At±lw \ºq-Xncn tbmKt£ak`- b p- t Sbpw DÆn- \ - º q- X ncn
{]ÿm-\-Øn-s‚bpw {]h¿Ø-I\pw
IΩyq-WnÃv ]m¿´n-bpsS BZy-Ime
{]h¿Ø-I-cn¬ Hcm-fp-am-bn-cp-∂p. acn°p- ∂ - X p- h - t cbpw At±lw IΩyqWnÃv {]ÿm-\-hp-am-bn-´p≈ _‘w
hn´n-cp-∂n-√.
74 h¿jw apºmWv sImc´n awKe-t»cn a\-bv°¬ i¶-c≥ \ºq-Xncn
aI≥ IrjvW≥ F∂ DÆn-]n-d-∂p-hoW-Xv. A°m-eØp \ºq-Xncn _me∑m¿ Iptd-s»-bmbn B[p-\nI hnZym`ymk cwK-tØbv°v IS-°m≥ XpS-ßnbn-cp-∂p. {_“kzw aT-Ønse HmØpw
kwkvIrX]T-\hpw am{X-ambn Ign™p- I q- S n- b n- c p∂ ]gb ]mc- º - c yØn¬\n- ∂ p- h n´v Fw.- F -   v. Hcp
Cw•ojv hnZym-e-b-Øn¬ tN¿∂p ]Tn®p. tbmK-t£-ak
- `
- bpw DÆn-\º
- q-Xncn
{]ÿm-\hpw hfsc Du¿÷-kz-e-XtbmsS {]h¿Øn- ° p∂ Ime- a m- b ncp∂p AXv. \ºq-Xncn kv{XoIƒ ad°p-Sbpw Hm´p-h-fbpw Dt]-£n-°p-I,
tLmj _lnjvIcn- ° p- I , a‰p
kv { XoI- t fm- s Sm∏w Ah- s c- t ∏mse
hkv{X-[m-cWw sNbvXp ]pd-Øn-dßn
\S-°p-I, B[p-\nI hnZym-e-b-ß-fn¬
tN¿∂p]Tn- ° p- I , A[n- t h- Z - \ hpw
kw_-‘k{º-Zm-bhpw \n¿Øn \ºqXn-cn-am¿ kzPm-Xobhnhmlw \S-ØpI, hn[hmhnhmlw t{]m’m-ln-∏n°pI
apX- e m- b - h - b m- b n- c p∂p
A∂sØ ]cn- ] m- S n- I ƒ. C∂p
tIƒ°p-tºmƒ A{X-sbm∂pw hnπ-h]-c-a-s√∂p tXm∂psa¶nepw A∂p
\ºq-Xncn bphm-°ƒ°p t\cn-tS-≠nh∂ a¿±- \ - ß fpw bmX- \ - I fpw

Hm¿Øm¬ \mw \Sp- ß n- t ∏m- I pw.
F¶nepw \qdpIW-°n\v bphm-°-∑m¿
kPo-h-ambn cwK-Øp-h-∂p. Ah-cn¬
Hcm-fm-bn-cp∂p Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cn.
\ºq-Xncn Ip´n-If
- psS hnZym-`ym-ksØ
klm-bn-°m≥th≠n tbmK-t£-a-k`
Hcp ^≠p ]ncn-°m≥ A°m-eØp
Xo¿®- b m- ° n. Imk¿tIm- S p- \ n∂pw
Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cw-hsc Im¬\-S-bmbn
Nm°p-ta¥n \S∂p C√-ß-fn¬ Ibdn
s\√pw Acnbpw tiJ-cn-°pI (B cq]Øn-em-bn-cp-∂t√m A∂v \ºq-Xn-cn-amcpsS kº-Øv) F∂-Xm-bn-cp∂p ]cn]m-Sn. ""bmN\mbm{X'' F∂m-bn-cp∂p
AXn-\p-t]-cv. B bm{X-bn¬ (C-∂sØ
`mj-bn¬ PmY-bn¬) Fw.-Fk
- .v cwK-Øp≠m-bn-cp∂p F∂mWv Fs‚ Adn-h.v
kmap-Zm-bnI {]h¿Ø-\-ß-tfmsSm∏w tIm¨{K v {]h¿Ø-\ß
- f
- nepw
A∂p Fw.-Fk
- .v ]s¶-Sp-Øn-cp-∂p.
kmap- Z m- b nI ]cn- j v°- c W
{]ÿm-\-Øn\p \thm-t∑jw ]I-cm\m-bn-´m-Wt√m hn.-Sn. `´-Xn-cn-∏mSv ""ASp°- f - b n¬ \n∂v Ac- ß - t Øbv ° v ''
F∂ \mSIw FgpXn Ac-tß-dn-b-Xv.
Fw.-Fk
- v. AXnse Hcp \S-\m-bn-cp∂p.
Fw.-Fkv. ]n∂oSv ""Fw.-]n.'' bpsS
""EXp-aXn', ""Fw.-B¿.-_n.'' bpsS ""ad°p-S-°p-≈nse alm-\-cIw'' apX-emb
\mS-I-ß-fnepw {][m\ ]¶p hln-®n´p-≠v. Aß-s\-bmWv At±-l-Øn¬
D≠m-bn-cp∂ Iem-Im-c≥ hf¿∂p-h-∂Xv. AXn-\p-apºpXs∂ alm-Ihn h≈tØm-fns‚ Iem-Iu-apZn \mS-It- h-Zn-kwL-Ønse Hcp \S-\m-bn-cp∂p Fw.-Fk
- .v
Fw.-F- ns\ Adn-bp-∂-h-cn¬ 99
iX-am\w Bfp-Iƒ°pw Adn-bmØ
Hcp hkvXp-X-bp-≠v. AXp Fw.-F-kv.
]Tn- ° p∂ ImeØp Hcp \√
^pSvt_mƒ Ifn-°m-c\
- m-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂p≈-Xm-Wv. R߃ c≠p-t]-cp-sam-∂n®p
skt¥mamkv tImtf- P n- \ p- t h≠n
tImtfPv Soan¬ Sq¿Æ-sa‚n\v Ifn-®n´p-≠v. Fw.-F-kv. lm^v_m°pw Rm≥
t^m¿th-Up-am-bn-cp-∂p.
kmap-Zm-bnI{]h¿Ø-I\pw
cmjv{Sob{]h¿Ø-I\pw Hs° Bbncn-°p-tºmƒXs∂ Fw.-F-kv. {][m-\-

ambpw A`n-\bcwK-ØmWv tI{μo-I-cn®-Xv. BZyImesØ kmap-Zm-bnI \mSI߃ ]n∂oSp IΩyqWnÃv ]m¿´n
t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ s{]m^-j-W¬ \mSI
kwL-߃ Bhn¿`-hn-®t- ∏mƒ Fw.-Fkv. B cwKsØ Hcp {]apJ \S-\mbn.
sNdp- I m- S ns‚ ""\Ω- s fm∂v '' F∂
\mSIw kwKo- X - \ m- S - I - a mbn ]cnh¿Øn- ∏ n®p Ac- t ß- d n- Ø p- S - ß n- b t∏mƒ Fw.-]n. tbmsSm-∂n®p Fw.-Fkv. AXnse Hcp ÿncw \S-\m-bn-cp∂p. a‰p ]e \mSI kwL-ß-fnepw
Fw.-F-kv. Hmtcm ImeØp {]h¿Øn®n-´p-≠v.
a‰p- ] e \ºq- X ncn bphm- ° - f psSbpwt]mse Fw.-F- pw. tIm¨{K n¬\n∂p IΩyq- W nÃv ]m¿´n- b ntebv°v IS-∂p. ]m¿´n IΩn-‰n-I-fn¬
`mc-hm-lnXzw hln-®p-sIm≠v At±lw
{]h¿Øn-®n-´ns√-¶nepw a‰v F{Xtbm
IΩyq-WnÃvImtc-°mƒ IqSp-X-emb
XymKhpw t¢i-ßfpw At±lw am{Xa- √ At±- l - Ø ns‚ IpSpw- _ hpw
{]ÿm-\-Øn-\p-th≠n kln-®n-´p-≠v.
Fw.-F-kv. Xr»q¿ hmS-I-ho-´n¬ Xmakn- ° p- t ºmƒ F{Xtbm amk- ß ƒ
F{Xtbm Hfn-hn-ep≈ IΩyq-WnÃv
{]h¿Ø-Isc Xs‚ ho´n¬ Xma-kn∏n- ® n- ´ p- ≠ v.
Aß- s \- b - √ mØ
ImeØpw At±-l-Øns‚ hoSv IΩyqWn- Ã p- I m¿°pw A\p- ` m- h n- I ƒ°pw
Hcp ÿncw AXnYnaμn-c-ambn h¿Øn®n-´p-≠v. At±-l-Øns‚ [¿Ω-]-Xv\nbpsS ssIsIm≠v sh®p- h n- f - º nb
tNmdpw Im∏nbpw Ign-°mØ IΩyqWnÃv {]ap-J¿ Cu Xr»q¿ Pn√-bn¬
hnc-f-am-Wv. Pn√bv°p ]pdØp-≈-hcpw
A°q-´-Øn¬ h∂pw-t]m-bp-an-cp-∂p.
Fw.-F 
- n.\v Xs‚ kz¥w kzØns\-∏‰n A∂p-t]mepw Pm{K-X-bp-≠mbn-cp-∂n-√. Xd-hm-´n¬\n∂pw `mKn®p-In´nb kzØp-t]mepw At±lw Icp-XtemsS hn\n-tbm-Kn-°m≥ ad-∂p. \ºqXn-cnsb a\p-jy-\m-°m-\p≈ Hmß-√q¿
tbmK- t £ak`m ktΩ- f - \ - Ø ns‚
Blzm\w tI´p A\-h[n \ºq-Xncn
bphm-°ƒ Xß-fpsS IpSpw-_-kzØp
`mKn®phmßn Irjnbpw hyh-km-bhpw

11

XpS-ßn. Ah-cn¬ Nne-scms° hnP-bn®p. F∂m¬ Fw.-F- n\v Ahn-sSbpw
]cm-P-bw-]-‰n. X\n°p In´nb Hml-cnbn¬\n∂v \s√mcp kwJy A∂sØ
]m¿´n t\Xr-Xz-Øns‚ D]-tZ-im-\p-kcWw If-Øn-¶¬ t]mØs‚ Ib¿
^mIvS-dn-bn¬ \nt£-]n-®p. ka¿∞\mb t]mØ≥ apßn, ]n∂oSv IΩyqWnÃv ]m¿´n- b n¬\n∂v cmPnbpw
sh®p. Fw.-F-kv. Cd-°nb aqe-[-\Øn¬ Hcp ss]k-t]mepw t]mØ≥
Xncn-®p-sIm-Sp-Øn-√. Fw.-F-kn-t\m-

sSm∏w t]mØs‚ Iº-\n-bn¬ ]Wan-d-°nb a‰p Nne¿ tIkp sImSpØv
AXv CuSm-°n. Fw.-F-kv. AXn\v
apXn¿∂n-√.
Fw.-F-kns‚ Ah-km\ImeØv
At±-lØ
- ns‚ kz¥w a°-fn¬\n∂pw
kvt\lhpw ip{iq-jbpw th≠p-thmfw
e`n- s ®- ¶ nepw tcmKw Hcp NnIn’bv ° pw hg- ß p- ∂ - X - √ m- b n- c p- ∂ p.
Bk-∂-a-c-W-\mbn F∂p-tI´v Rßsfm-cn-°¬ HmSn-s®-∂-t∏mƒ At±-lØn\v icn°pw t_m[-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-

√. Bfp-Isf Xncn-®-dn-bm≥ Ign-™ncp-∂n-√. F∂m¬ AXn-\p-ti-jhpw
A©m-dp-am-k-tØmfw At±lw Pohn®p. Cu HIv t Sm- _ ¿ 27- ˛ mw XnøXn
temI-tØmSv A¥y-bm{X ]d-™p.
kvt\l-k-º-∂hpw If-¶-c-ln-Xhpw, XymKkp- c - ` n- e - h p- a mb Hcp
[\yPohn-X-Øns‚ A¥y-am-bn-cp∂p
AXv.
W

sF.F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cn, Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cn, kn. ANyp-X-ta-t\m≥-

12

A\-iz-c-{]-Xn-`-bmb Fw. -F-kv.
A°nØw

HcpXc-Øn¬ Fs‚ Kpcp-X-s∂bm- b n- c p∂p Fw.- F - k v . \ºq- X n- c n,
At±lw am{X-a-√, tbmK-t£-a-k-`bnse (Hcp Ime-L-´-Øn-se) t\Xm°- ∑ m- s c√mw ! kv ] jv S - a mbn ]d™m¬, hn.-Sn., Fw.-B¿.-_n, Fw.-]n.
(t{]w-Pn), Fw.-Fk
- v. \ºq-Xn-cn, kn.-sI.\-ºq-Xn-cn, ]cn-bm-\w-]-‰, sF.-kn.-]n.-\ºq-Xn-cn, C.-Fw.-F-kv, ]m≠w, \cn-°m´n-cn, ]mep-≈n, tZ-hIn \cn-°m-´n-cn,
\ne-b-tßm-Sv, IpØp-≈n, Bcy ]≈w,
anknkv Fw.-B¿.-_n, sF.-F-kv. \ºqXn-cn, F.-sI.-Sn. sI.-Fw. hmkp-tZ-h≥
\ºq-Xn-cn-∏m-Sv, Fw.-kn. \ºq-Xn-cn-∏m-Sv,
H.-Fw.-kn. \mcm-b-W≥ \ºq-Xn-cn-∏m-Sv,
H.-Fw.-hn. \ºq-Xn-cn-∏m-Sv, ]pd-b-∂qcv
Ip©p \ºq-Xn-cn-∏m-Sv, Nn{X`m-\p, sI.]n.-Pn., H.-Fw. A\p-P≥, Hf-∏-a-Æ, sI.F≥. Ip´≥ \ºq-Xn-cn-∏m-Sv, efn-Xmw_nI A¥¿÷-\w, Un.-F-®v, \ºq-Xncn- ∏ m- S v , Nn‰q¿ Ip™≥ \ºq- X n- c n∏mSv..... CXn-t∏mgpw Ah-km-\n-®n-´n-√.
enÃv C\nbpw \o´n--s°m-≠p-t]m-Im≥
Ign-bpw. Ct∏mƒ Fgp-XntbS-tØmfw
A{X t]cp-Iƒ C\nbpw Fgp-Xp-hm≥
Ign-bpw. t]cp-Iƒ a\- n¬ s]m¥n-h∂-Xn-\
- p-kc
- n®v Fgp-Xn-bn´p Ft∂-bp≈p.
Cu \ma-t[-b-]-c-º-c-bvs°mcp
{]tbm-P-\-ap≠v. 1942¬ Dbn¿sØ-gpt∂‰ tbmK-t£-a-k-`-bnse t\Xm°fpw {]h¿Ø-I∑
- mcpw bmsXm-cp-Xcw
hen- ∏ - s ®- d p- ∏ - ß - f p- a n- √ m- s X- b mWv
{]h¿Øn-®n-cp-∂-Xv F∂p a\- n-em°m≥ CXp klm-bn-°pw. \ºq-Xn-cnk-ap-Zm-bØ
- nse F√m hy‡n-It- fbpw
a\p-jy-cm-°pI F∂-Xp-X-s∂-bm-bncp∂p B {]ÿm-\-Øns‚ e£yw ˛
hnti-jn®pw kv{XoIsf a‰p kap-Zmb-ß-fnse kv{XoI-tfm-sSm∏w Xebpb¿Øn \nev ° m- h p∂ Ah- ÿ - b ntebv ° v hf¿Øp- I . e°n--S n- b n¬
sXmgn¬
tI{μw
ÿm]n®p
{]h¿Øn∏n-®-tXm-Sp-IqSn B e£yw

t\Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp. am{X-a-√, ]Wap≈ \ºq-Xn-cn-amsc hyh-km-bØ
- n-tebv°n-d-°p-hm\pw imco-cn-Im-≤zm\w
sNøm≥ Ign-hp-f-f-hsc AXn\p k∂≤-cm-°p-hm\pw Ign-bpI F∂-Xm-bncp∂p Hmß-√q-cn¬h®v C.-Fw.-Fkv
sNbv X "\ºq- X n- c nsb a\p- j y- \ m°m≥' F∂ Blzm\w sIm≠v Dt±in-®X.v Hmß-√q-cn-\p-tijw ipI-]pcØv H.-Fw.-kn.-bp-sS-bpw, ]mgq-cn¬ hn.Sn.-bp-sSbpw, tN¿∏n¬ Ipam-ca
- w-Ke
- Øp
Ip´≥ \-ºq-Xn-cn-∏m-Sn-s‚bpw A≤y-£X-bn¬ \S∂ hm¿jn-I-k-tΩ-f-\-ßtfm-Sp-IqSn tbmK-t£-a-k-`-bpsS Bhiy-I-X-bpsS am‰w h∂p. ImcWw 1947
BKÃv 15\v `mc-XØ
- n¬ kzmX-{¥y-kqcy≥ DZn-®p-b¿∂-t∏mƒ {]iv\-ß-fpsS
kz`m- h w- a mdn. AXp- s Im≠mWv
]n¬°m-eØv ]me°m-´p-h®v hn.-Sn.°p
]d-tb-≠n-h-∂Xv, ""C\n th≠Xv a\pjys\ \ºq-Xn-cn-bm-°p-Ib
- mWv'' F∂v.
F√m-h-tcbpw ]qWp-\q-en-Sp-hn-°-W-sa∂√ AXns‚ A¿∞w ˛ k\m-X-\[¿Ω-amWv `mc-Xo-bk
- w-kv°m-cØ
- ns‚
thcv. B Hm¿Ω-bn¬\n∂p hyXn-N-en°p-I-bmWv \Ωƒ F∂p-h-cn-In¬ Hcp
]cn- j v I m- c w- s Im≠pw Imcy- a n- √ .
CsXms° F¥n-\n-hnsS ]d-bp∂p
F∂m-sW-¶n¬, Cu [¿Ω-t_m-[a
- mWv
A∂sØ tbmK- t £- a - k - ` - b nse
tIm¨{K- p-Im-scbpw, Iayq--Wn-Ãp-Imscbpw AXn-sem-∂p-an-√m-Ø-h-scbpw
GIo- I - c n- ® - X v . cmjv { Sw, kaq- l w,
kmln-Xyw, \mSIw F∂n-hb
- m-bn-cp-∂p
A∂p k`-bpsS {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fpsS
A¥- -Ø. hn[-hm-hn-hml{]N-c-Ww,
A[n-th-Z-\-\n-tcm[w F∂nh am{X-a-√,
Abn-tØm-®m-S\wt]mep≈ cwK-ßfnepw A∂p R߃ {]h¿Øn-®p. DZml-cWw ˛ ]menbw kXym-{Klw. RßfpsS apºn¬ s]m´n-®n-cn-®p-sIm≠v \S∂-h-cn-sem-cmƒ Db-cw-Ip-d™, \c®
Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. thWsa-¶n¬ \ap°v Fw.-Fk
- v. \ºq-Xn-cnsb
shfpØ hn.- S n. F∂pw, hn.- S n.sb
IdpØ Fw.-F-kv. F∂pw ]d-bm-am-bncp-∂p.- \-´p®bv°v sNmΔ-c-bnepw, \´∏m-Xn-cbv°v Xr∏p-Wn-Øp-d-bnepw Znh-

k-ß-tfmfw tImgn-t°m-´-ßm-Sn-bnepw
Hs° Fw.-F- ns‚ ]pdsI \S-∂Xv
ad-°m-\m-hn√ ˛ Xr»q-cnse aºn≈n
temUvPn¬ At±-l-Øns‚ IpSpw_w
Xøm- d m- ° n- Ø ∂ `£Ww Ign- ® - p sIm≠v Hcp-h¿j-Øn-e-[nIw Ign-™pIq-Sn-bXpw ad-°m-\m-hn√ ˛ A∂v InW‰nse sh≈w h‰n-bt- ∏mƒ s]cp-aß
- mSv
Nn{X-t‚-bpw, apt≠cv inh-I-c-t‚bpw,
Sn.- F kv . \ºq- X n- c n- b p- s Sbpw IqsS
aºn≈nbnse InW-‰n¬\n∂v sh≈w
IpS- Ø n- e m- ° n- ® p- a ∂v aXn- e n- \ - ∏ p- d tØbv ° p ]I¿∂p- s Im- S pØ Hcp
th\¬°m- e - Ø ns‚ Hm¿Ωbv ° p
C∂pw aß-te¬°p-∂n√ ˛ Fw.-F pw
IpSpw-_hpw Bbn-cp∂p aXn-en-∂-∏p-dØp-h-∂p-\n∂v IpSw G‰phmßn-bn-cp∂-Xv.
Fs‚ G‰hpw henb A\p-`q-XnI- ƒ Fw.- F -   ns‚ A`n- \ - b - a m- W v .
Fs‚ \m´n¬ sX°n- \ n- t b- S sØ
ap‰Øv A`n-\-bn® "EXp--aXn'bnse
AΩmbn Bbn-´mWv BZyw Fw.-F ns\ I≠-Xv. At±lw A¥¿÷-\a√ F∂p hniz-kn-°m≥ hnj-an-®p.
]n∂oSv hn.- S n.- b psS "ASp- ° - f - b n¬
\n∂v Ac-ß-tØbv°v' (tIm-gn-t°mSv
Su¨ lmfn¬) Fw.-B¿.-_n-bpsS "ad°p-S-bv°p-≈nse alm-\cIw' (]m-gq¿
]mS- Ø v ) , Fw.- F -   pw, t{]wPnbpw,
Rm\pw h´-Øn-en-cp∂v (sNm-Δc ]me n¬ h®v) Fgp-Xn-bp-≠m-°nb "]pdØp-t]mIq' F∂ A®-Sn-°mØ \mSIw, Xr»q¿ \ºq-Xncn hnZym-eb
- Ø
- n¬
1947 BKÃv ]Xn-\-©n\v h´-an´ncp∂v
]d-™-`n-\-bn® "kzmX-t{¥ym-Zbw'
F∂o \mS- I - ß - f n- s e√mw R߃
IqSn-t®¿∂v {]h¿Øn-®p. A`n-\-bØn¬ At±-l-Øn\p km[n-®n-cp∂
X∑-bo-`mhw F√m-h-tcbpw Aº-cn-∏n®n-cp-∂p. kv{Xoth-j-Øn\p am{X-a-√,
]pcp-j-th-j-Ønepw At±lw AZzn-Xob-\m-bn-cp-∂p. Hcp ÿeØv EXp-a-Xnbnse s]mtdm- Ø - ] v ^ s‚ thjw
sI´m≥ ]cn-bm-\w-]‰
- bv°p hcm≥ Ign™n-√. EXp-a-Xn-bnse AΩm-bn-bpsS
ÿncw-th-j°-°m-c\
- m-bn-cp∂ shΩ--eØqcv cma≥ A∂p-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xn-\m¬

13

Fw.-F- n\v Hcp HmXn-°s‚ thjamWv Dt±-in-®n-cp-∂-Xv. s]s´-∂-t±lw
s]mtdmØ-]v^s‚ thjw FSp°pIbpw, HmXn-°s‚ thjw (_p-≤n-ap´p
Ipd-™-Xm-b-Xn-\m¬) F\n°p XcnIbpw sNbvXp. Rms\-ß-s\tbm H∏n®p-amdn Ft∂ ]d-bm-\p-≈p. F∂m¬
Fw.-F- ns‚ s]mtdm-Ø-]v^-s\-∏‰n
t{]wPn ]d-™Xv ""]cn-bm\w]‰sb
tXmev]n®p F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv icn-b√, F¶nepw ]cn-bm-\w-]‰ CXp-Im-tW≠-Xm-bn-cp∂p'' F∂m-Wv.
CsXms° icn. F∂m¬, Fw.-F n- s \- ∏ ‰n F\n- ° p- ≠ mb G‰hpw

henb A¤pXw Ihn F∂ \ne-bv°mbn- c p- ∂ p. H∂m- ¥ cw t«mI- ß ƒ
{kKv≤-c-bn-epw, im¿±q-e-hn-{Io-Un-XØnepw s]s´-∂p-≠m-°n-s®m-√p-am-bncp-∂p. Nne- I-hn-X-I-ƒ {]kn-≤o-I-cn®n-´p-ap-≠v. ]t£, At±-l-Øn-\-Xn¬
Dd-®p-\n¬°m≥ Ign-™n-√. Dd-®p-\n∂n- c p- s ∂- ¶ n¬ Rß- f mcpw ]ns∂,
Fgp- t X- ≠ n- h - c n- √ m- b n- c p- ∂ p. h≈tØmƒ, D≈q¿, Bim≥, i¶-c-°p-dp∏v , Nß- º p- g , ht∂cn kmhn{Xn
A¥¿÷\w F∂ Xqen-Im-\m-a-°mcn
Ch-cpsSsbms° Ihn-X-I-fn¬ GXp`mKw tNmZn-®mepw DSs\ sNm√n-Ø-

cp-am-bn-cp-∂p. h≈n-°p-∂n¬ Ihn sI.]n.-Pn.-bpsS IqsS-bmWv Ah-km\w
Rm≥
Fw.- F -   ns\
I≠Xv
F∂ptXm∂p-∂p. B ]tc-Xm-flm-hn\p
\nXy-im¥n t\cp-∂p.
W

Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cn-bpsS
Xnc-°n´ \mS-I-Po-hn-X-Øn-\n-S-bn¬
Krlm-¥-co-£-Øn¬ Hcp Pohn-X-\m-SIw.
_‘p-hmb Ipdn-tb-SØv \oe-I-WvT≥
\ºq-Xn-cn-bp-samØv ck-I-c-amb Hc-`n-\-bw.

14

km¿∞-Iao kwcw`w
Fw.-Sn. hmkp-tZ-h≥\mb¿
(Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xncn P∑-i-Xm_vZn BtLm-j-ß-fpsS ]cn-k-am-]vXn-bmbn
kwL-Sn-∏n® "km^eyw 'F∂ ]cn-]m-Sn-bn¬ \S-Ønb DZvLm-S\{]kw-K-Øn¬\n∂v)

imco-cn-I-amb Akzmÿyw h®psIm-≠p-Xs∂ ChnsS FØn-t®¿∂
Fw.- F kns‚ kl- [ ¿Ωn- W n, a‰p
IpSpw-_mw-K-ß-sf, D√mkv If-bv°m´v, s{]m^-k¿ Cf-b-Xv, Atim-I≥,
Fw.-F ns‚ kplrØp°sf,
Ign™ Hcp h¿j-ambn \o≠p\n∂ Cu ]cn- ] m- S n- I - f psS XpS- ° Øn¬Øs∂ CXns‚ `mc-hm-ln-Iƒ
Fs∂ Adn-bn-®n-cp-∂p. F\n°v hfsc
kt¥m- j - a p≈ Imcy- a mbncp∂p.
]t£, hcm≥ ]‰n-bn-√. imco-cn-I-amb
{]bm-kß
- ƒXs∂ Imc-Ww. Cu kam]-\]-cn-]m-Sn-bn-se-¶nepw FØm≥ Ign™Xv Fs‚ Hcp `mKy-ambn Rm≥
Icp-Xp-∂p. CXv shdpsX ]d-bp-∂-X√. Fw.-F- n-s\-t]m-ep≈ Bfp-Isf
BZ-cn-°pI F∂-Xv, AXn\v Ah-k-cap-≠m-°pI F∂-Xv, \ΩpsSsbms°
Hcp I¿Ø-hy-am-Wv. {]tXy-In®pw A`n\-b-th-Zn-I-fn-eqsS hnJym-X-cm-b-h-sc.
Imc-Ww, {]ikvXn F∂p-]-d-bp-∂Xv
Ipd-®p-Im-e-tØbv°v am{X-ap-≈-Xm-Wv.
sh≈nshfn-®-Øn¬ \n¬°p-tºmƒam{X-amWv \ma-hsc Hm¿-°p-∂-Xv. tIcf-Øn¬ G‰hpw Xnc-°p-]n-Sn® \S-\mbn-cp∂p ASq¿`m-kn. A°m--eØv `mknbn-√mØ Hcp kn\n-as
- b-°p-dn®v k¶¬]n- ° m≥ Ign- b p- a m- b n- c p- ∂ n- √ . Ahkm\w AkpJw h∂n´v `mkn°v A`n\-bn-°m≥ Ign-bm-sX-bm-bn. ÿnc-Xmakw a{Zm-kn-em-bn-cp-s∂-¶nepw CS°v
\m´n¬ hcpw. Hcp- I m- e Øv At±lsØ H-∂p--sXm-Sm≥, As√-¶n¬ AIse-\n-s∂-¶nepw H-∂p-Im-Wm≥ Xnc-°p-Iq-´n-bn-cp-∂-h¿ A-t±-lsØ {i≤n-°mXm-bn. I≠-hc
- psS t£am-t\z-jW
- hpw
{Iqc-am-bn-cp∂p ""F¥m-s∏m, tPmensbm∂pw C√yms√? Nm≥skm∂pw
C√yms√?''
CXp- t ]mse AZv ` p- X - k n- ≤ n- I fp≈ Hcp \S\m-bn-cp∂p Fkv.-]n.]n≈. Nm¿fn-Nm-]vfns‚ "ssewsse‰v'
F∂ kn\n-a-bnse tI{μ-I-Ym-]m{Xw
Hcp-Im-eØv temIsØ apgp-h≥ Nncn∏n® Hcp lmky- \ - S - \ m- W v . Ah-

km\Im-e-Øv, sNdnb kZ- p-I-fn¬
Cu®-I-sf-s°m≠p {]Z¿i\w \S-ØnbmWv Abmƒ Pohn-®-Xv. CXp-t]msemcp IYm-]m-{XsØ Fkv.-]n.-]n-≈t®-´\v Ah-X-cn-∏n-°m≥ ]‰p-as√m
Fs∂mcp tXm∂¬ F\n-°p-≠mbn.
kn\n-a-sb-Sp-°pI F∂p-]-d-™m¬
kmº-ØnIt{kmX pw a‰p ]n≥_-eßfpw Fßn-s\-sb-s∂m∂pw \n›-b-

]e A`n-\-b-{]-Xn-`-Ifpw C√ F∂-XmWv. DZm-l-c-W-Øn\v Fkv.-]n.-]n-≈-bn√. C∂v \Ωƒ A\p-kva-cn-°p∂ Fw.F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cn-bn-√. AsX-ßns\
kw`-hn®p Fs∂-\n-°-dn-bn-√. CXv
]mSn-√m-bn-cp-∂p.
Cßns\ sh≈nshfn- ® - Ø n¬\n∂v amdn- b - h sc hnkv a - c n- ° m- X ncn°Wsa-¶n¬ AXn-\p≈ kwhn[m-

hn.-Sn.bpw Iq´cpw bmN-\m-bm{X \S-Øn-bt- ∏mƒ Nne IpØ-gn-Iƒ°nS-bn-eqsS Hm´phf-Iƒ `n£m-]m-{X-Øn¬ hoWn-cp-∂p. B \mSIw
AZr-iy-cmb Cu Bkzm-Z-IcpsS a\- n-ep-≠m-°nb {]Xn-I-c-W-amWv
CXpImWn- ° p- ∂ - X v . \mSIw F∂p- ] - d - b p- ∂ Xv kaq- l sØ
DW¿Øp∂ Hcp alm-{]-ÿm-\-ambn ChnsS D≠m-b-Xm-Wv. B
{]ÿm-\-Øns‚ `mK-am-bmWv Fw.-F-kv. h∂p-tN-cp-∂-Xv.

Ccp-´ns‚ Bflm-hn¬ ]n.-sP. B‚-Wn-bpw, Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cnbpw
an-√m-Ø-Im-eØp tXm∂n-b -tam-lw.
AXv k^-eo-Ir-X-am-bn-√.
GXm\pw h¿j- ß ƒ°p- a pºv
C¥y≥ kn\n-a-bpsS Hcp F≥sskt¢m-]o-Unb D≠m-°n-bn-´p-≠v. Hcp-]mSv
t]Pp-If
- p≈ Hcp _rl-Zv{K-Ÿw. F√m
C¥y≥`mj- I - f n- s ebpw kn\n- a m- c wKsØ \So-\S- ∑
- m¿, kw-hn-[m-bI
- ¿, a‰p
kmt¶-Xn-Ih
- n-ZK
- v[¿ XpS-ßnbhsc-°pdn®v AXn¬ {]Xn- ] m- Z n- ° p- ∂ p- ≠ v .
H∂mw- X cw Hcp d^- d ≥kv { KŸw.
A∂p-Xs∂ AXn\v 1300 cq] hne-bp≠v. AXv adn®pt\m°n-bt- ∏mƒ Fs∂
A¤p-X-s∏-Sp-Ønb Imcyw AXn¬

\w sNtø-≠Xv Ahsc Adn-bp∂
\Ω- s fm- s °- Ø - s ∂- b m- W v . Fw.- F kv.\ºq-Xpcn P∑-iX
- m_vZn BtLm-jØns‚ `mK-ambn ChnsS \S∂psIm≠n- c n- ° p- ∂ Xv AXm- W v . AXp- s Im≠mWv Hcp h¿jambn \S-∂p-h-cp∂
Cu {]h¿Ø-\-sØ, AI-se-bn-cp-∂psIm- ≠ m- s W- ¶ nepw Rm≥ a\km
A\p-tam-Zn-®n-cp-∂-Xv.
Rm≥ Chn-sS-h-cp-tºmƒ \mSIsØ°pdn-®p≈ skan-\m¿ \S-°p-Ibm-Wv. Fw.-F-kv.-\-ºq-Xn-cnsb tIcfw
Adn-bp-∂Xv \mS-I-ß-fn-eq-sS-bm-Wv.
\mS-I-cw-KØv At±-l-Øns‚ kw`m-h-

15

16

D≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xp-sIm≠v Nne kmt¶\-I-sf-°p-dn-®pw, At±-l-Øns‚ A`n- sNdn-sbmcp S®v am{Xw-aXn''.
\-bk
- n-≤n-Is
- f-°p-dn®pw ASp-Ød
- n-™Rm≥ ]d™p:- ˛ ""icn- b m- W v . XnIhnZy-Iƒ D]-tbm-Kn®v Un.-hn.-Un.
h¿ ]d-™p-tI´ Adn-hmWv a‰p-≈- At±-l-Øn\v AXpw AXn-e-∏p-dhpw Bbn FSp-°m≥ Ign-™p. Ne-®n{X
h¿°p-≈-Xv. Fw.-F-kv. A`n-\-bn® ]‰pw. ]t£, kn\n-a-bn¬ Fs‚ IYm- A°m-Z-an-bnse _o\m-t]m-fn-s\-t]mhnJym-X-\m-S-I-ß-fn-sem-∂mb "\Ω- ]m{Xw apØ-»-\m-Wv. Fw.-F- ns‚ ep≈ Nne-cpsS {]bXv\wsIm≠v Cu
sfm∂v' Rm≥ I≠n-´n-√. ]t£, B hnhn[ kn≤n-Isf ]co-£n-°m-\√
- s√m ASp-Ø-Im-e-ØmWv AXn\v km[n-®Xv. CXp-t]mse kXy-Pn-Øvtd-bpsS
Ime-L´w F\n-°-dn-bmw. ChnsS \- \Ωƒ Nn{XsaSp-°p-∂-Xv''.
S∂ skan\mdnepw B Ime-L-´-amWv
At±lw A[nIw Nn{X- ß - f n- BZy- I m- e - s Ø- S pØ ªm°v B‚ v
]cm-a¿in-®p-tI-´-Xv. \mS-I-Øn-eqsS sem∂pw A`n-\-bn-®n-´n-√. ]t£, Ah- ssh‰v Nn{X-߃ \jvS-s∏-´n-cp-∂p.
JymXn-In-´p-tam, kmº-ØnIt\´-ap-≠m- X-cn-∏n® IYm-]m-{X-ßs
- f-sb√mw Ahn- ]t£, kXy-Pn-Øvtd-bpsS t]cn¬
hptam Fs∂m∂pw Adn-bm-Ø, Nn¥n- kva-c-Wo-b-am-°n. ]I¬°n-\m-hns‚ I¬°- Ø - b nev ]›n- a - _ w- K mƒ
°m-Ø, Hcp-Im-e-L-´-Øn¬ \mSIw Nn{Xo- I - c - W - t h- f - b nse HcpImcyw k¿°m¿ Hcp C≥Ãn-‰yq´v XpS-ßn-bChnsS i‡-amb Hcp {]ÿm-\-ambn Hm¿°p-Ib
- m-Wv. temIw apgp-h≥ Xs‚ t∏mƒ ]g-b- t]m-kn-‰o-hp-I-fn¬\n∂pw
tIm∏n-Iƒ D≠m-°m≥ Ignhf¿∂p. hn.-Sn.-bpsS {]kn-≤™n-´p-≠v.
amb "ASp-°-f-bn¬ \n∂v AcCØcw kn\n- a m- \ p- ` - h ß- t Øbv ° v ' F∂ \mSIw
߃ ]¶p-sh-bv°m-\√ Rm≥
Ah-X-cn-∏n-°m≥ thZn- In-´n-bnh∂-Xv. Fw.-F- ns\ Fs‚
cp- ∂ n- √ . hfsc {]bm- k - s ∏´v
GXm\pw cN-\I
- f
- p-ambn _‘thZn kwL-Sn-∏n-®mepw AhnsS
s∏-Sp-Øm≥ Ah-kcw In´n-bXv
kv{XoIƒ°v {]th-i\w D≠mG‰hpw henb `mKy- a mbn
bn-cp-∂n-√. F¶nepw Ccp-fns‚
Rm≥ Icp-Xp-∂p. sh≈n-sh-fnad-hn¬ , C√-∏-d-ºn¬ Fhn®-Øn¬ hncm-Pn-°p∂ h≥XmsStbm \n∂p-sIm≠v [mcmfw
c-߃t]mepw hnkvar-Xn-bn-emA¥¿÷-\-߃ Cu \mS-Iw
hp∂ Imcyw t\csØ
I≠-Xmbn tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p]d™ph-s√m. Fw.-Fk
- v. \ºq≠v . ]ncn- h n- \ mbn hn.- S n.bpw
Ccp-´ns‚ Bflm-hn¬ t{]w\kodpw,
Xnc
ns
bt
∏mse
A¤pX-kn-≤nIq´cpw bmN-\m-bm{X \S-Øn-bFw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cnbpw
I-fp≈ \S≥ sh≈n-sh-fn-®t∏mƒ Nne IpØ-gn-Iƒ°n-S-bneqsS Hm´phf-Iƒ `n£m-]m-{X-Øn¬ Iogn-em-sW∂v hniz-kn-°p-∂-bm-fmWv Øn- s em∂pw Bbn- c p- ∂ n- √ . ]t£,
hoWn-cp-∂p. B \mSIw AZr-iy-cmb CXn¬ kXy≥ Ah-Xc
- n-∏n-°p∂ IYm- At±lw \mS-I-Øn-s\¥p sNbvXp,
Cu Bkzm-ZI
- cpsS a\- n-ep-≠m-°nb ]m- { Xw. Abm- f psS ASp- t Øbv ° v kaq-l-Øn-s\¥p sNbvXp, Ime-L-´{]Xn-I-c-W-amWv CXpImWn-°p-∂-Xv. A—s‚ Imcy-ÿ\mb Hcp \n m-c-a- Øn- s \¥p sNbvXp Fs∂ms°
\mSIw F∂p-]-d-bp-∂Xv kaq-lsØ \p-jy-\m-bmWv Fw.-Fk
- v. hcp-∂X
- v. B \Ωƒ a\- n-em-°-Ww, ]pXn-b-X-e-apDW¿Øp∂ Hcp alm-{]-ÿm-\-ambn `b-¶c IYm-]m-{X-Øns‚ apºn¬h∂v dbpw a\- n-em-°-Ww. Cßns\ Nne¿
ChnsS D≠m-b-Xm-Wv. B {]ÿm-\- GXm\pw Nne hmN-Iß
- ƒ kwkm-cn®v ChnsS Po-hn-®n-cp∂p F∂v hcpw-X-eØns‚ `mK-am-bmWv Fw.-F-kv. h∂p- Abmƒ Cd-ßn-t∏mbt∏mƒ kXy≥ ap-dsb t_m≤y-s∏-Sp-tØ-≠-Xp-≠v.
tN-cp-∂-Xv.
Xf¿∂p-t]m-bn. IYm-]m{Xw £oWn-X- Ah¿ \S-∂p-t]mb hgn-I-fmWnsX∂v
- m-ZnØw \apRm≥ IY-sb-gp-Xnb c≠p-kn-\n- \m-hWw. IYm-k-μ¿`w Aßn-s\-bm- Hm¿an-∏n-°m-\p≈ DØ-ch
a-I-fn¬ ˛]I¬In-\m-hnepw, Ccp-´ns‚ Wv. ChnsS IYm-]m-{X-a-√, D≤-X-\mb °p-≠v. AØ-c-samcp ZuXy-ta-s‰-SpØ
Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xncn P∑-i-Xm_vZn
Bflm-hnepw˛ At±lw A`n-\-bn-®n-´p- \S≥Xs∂ £oWn-®p-t]m-bn.
BtLmj kan-Xn-tbmSv \μn ]d-bp≠v. Rm≥ IY-sb-gpXn kwhn-[m\w ]n∂oSv kXy≥amjv ]d™p:˛
∂p. Ahsc A\p-tam-Zn-°p-∂p. ChnsS
sNbvX "\n¿Ωmey'-Ønepw At±-l-ap- ""h√m-sØmcp a\p-jy-\mt´m''
≠v. Cu Nn{X-ß-fn¬ At±lsØ
F∂m¬ hfsc hyk-\-I-c-amb hcm≥ km[n-®-Xn¬ kt¥m-j-ap-≠v.
]s¶- S p- ∏ n- ° m≥ Xocp- a m- \ n- ® - t ∏mƒ Hcp- kw- K Xn Cu Nn{X- ß - f p- s S- Fw.-F ns‚ [¿Ω-]-Xv\n-bn¬\n∂v
F\n-°p≠mb kt¥m-j-Øn\v AXn- sbm∂pw {]n‚ v In´m-\n√ F∂-Xm-Wv. D]-lmcw kzoI-cn-°m≥ Ign-™-Xn¬
cn-√. ]n. `mkvIc
- ≥ amjmWv "Ccp-´ns‚ "Ccp-´ns‚ Bflm-hn-s‚bpw' "]I¬In- Atß- b ‰w kt¥m- j - a p- ≠ v . F√mBflmhn'ev Fw.-F- ns\ FSp-Ø-Xv. \m- h n- ' s‚- b psams° IØn- t ∏m- b n. h¿°pw \μn.
F\n°p hfsc _lp- a m- \ - a mWv ªm°v B‚ v ssh‰n¬ FSpØ ]-eW
`mkvI-c≥amtjm-Sv. At±lw ]d™p:- Nn- { X- ß - f p- s Sbpw s\K‰ohv C√.
""hmkq, \ap°o Fw.-F- ns\ apØ- "\n¿amey'Øns‚bpw D≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√.
»-\p-]-Icw apØ-»n-bm-°m-\pw-]-‰qw. `mKyØn\v , ]g- s bmcp t]mkn- ‰ ohv

Fs‚ Hm¿Ω-bnse Fw.-F-kv.
Fw.-kn. \ºq-Xn-cn-∏mSv
amb "tbmK-t£a'Øns‚bpw "DÆn
\ºq-Xncn' amkn-I-bp-sSbpw ]{Xm-[n]- s c- ∂ \nebv ° pw tbmK- t £- a k`m{]h¿Ø-I-k-an-Xn-bnse Hcp apgph≥kab AwK- s a∂ \nebv ° pw
Rm≥
tbmK- t £ak`- b psS
kPoh{]h¿Ø-I-cn¬ Hcm-fmbn. A`n\bØneqsS k`m-{]-h¿Ø-\-߃°v
Du¿÷hpw Bth- i hpw ]I¿∂psIm≠v Fw.-F pw Ft∏mgpw cwK-Øp-

Fs‚ Hm¿Ω-bnse as‰mcp GSpIqSn adn-°s
- ´. Hcp Znhkw, Rm≥ ]Xnhp-t]m-se, t]mfn ¢n\n-°n¬ FØnb-t∏mƒ, Fw.-F pw, Fw.-B¿.-_n. bpw
]´m- º n- ° - S p- Ø p≈ Hmß- √ qFs∂ ImØn-cn-°p-∂-XmWv I≠-Xv.
cn¬sh®v C.Fw.-F- ns‚ A[y-£-Xc‡- ] - c n- t im- [ - \ bvt°m FIvkbn¬ tN¿∂ tbmK-t£-a-k`mhm¿jntdbv t °m at‰m h∂- X m- b n- c n°pw
I-Øn¬sh®mWv Rm≥ Fw.-F- pF∂mWv Rm≥ Icp- X n- b - X v . h∂ambn ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. kzmK-X-kwImcyw Fw.-B¿.-_n. Ah-X-cn-∏n-®p.
Lm-[y-£≥ Rm\m-bn-cp-∂p. t{]wPn""Fw.-F- ns‚ aI≥ \fn-\v tPmenbpw, Fw.-F- pw. Bbn-cp∂p Iem-˛sbm∂pw Bbn-´n-√.
kmw- k v ° m- c nI
AXn\v Hcp hgn-bphn`m-K-Øns‚
≠m-°Ww''. Fw.-FNpa-X-e-°m¿.
 n- s ‚tbm Fw.C∂p-≈-h¿°v
B¿.-_n.-bp-sStbm
A¤pXw tXm∂nBhiyw \nc- k ntb- ° mw. A∂v
°m≥ F\n°v IgnA ° n - Ø ™n- √ . Aß- s \Øns‚bpw Hf-∏bmWv \fn- \ ≥
a-Æ-bp-sSbpw
t]mfn ¢n\n-°nse
Xos∏mcn Ihn-XHcp hne-s∏´ PohIƒ Bfp- I sf
\-°m-c-\m-b-Xv.
Bth-iw-sIm-≈nFs‚ Xocp- a m- \ ®p. tXm´w i¶-cØn¬ F\n°v Hcn\m-cm-b-W≥
1.
B‰q¿
ap≠b
q¿
inhI
c≥,
aºn≈n
\ºqX
ncn,
amtßm´
pt
»cn
imkv
{
Xi
¿Ω≥,
IÆ∂
q¿
sXt°S
Øp
Irjv
W

°epw ZpxJn-t°≠n
\ºq- X n- c n- b psS
2. ]qcmSw kp{_-“-Wy≥ \ºq-Xn-cn, Fw.-]n. `´-Xn-cn-∏m-Sv, sF.kn.-]n. \ºq-Xn-cn, Acn-°≥ ]c-ta-iz-c≥ \ºq-Xn-cn,
h∂n-´n-√.
Ihn-X-Ifpw
s]cm-tßmSv Nn{X≥ \ºq-Xncn, Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cn, aºn≈n \ºq-Xncn
B ]gb-Ime{i≤n-°-s∏-´p.
3. Hf-∏-a-Æ kp{_-“-Wy≥ \ºq-Xn-cn-∏mSv, tNme i¶-c-\m-cm-b-W≥, Fw.-kn. \ºq-Xn-cn-∏mSv

tbmK- t £atbmKm- h - k m\w
Ah-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏´ {]l-k-\-Øns‚ ≠m-hpw. AtX kabw t{]wPn-sb-t∏m- k`m{]h¿Ø- I - c psS hne- s ∏- s ´mcp
apJy-in¬]n-Iƒ t{]wPnbpw Fw.-F 
- p- se, Fw.- F -   pw Xs‚ {]h¿- Ø \- {Kq∏v t^mt´m CtXm-sSm∏w tN¿°p- v., t{]wPn, Hf-∏a
- Æ
- , sF.am- b n- c p- ∂ p. A`n- \ bIe- b p- a mbn taJe hnI-kn-∏n®psImt≠-bn-cp-∂p. ∂p. Fw.-Fk
\mSI
c
wK
Øpw
kn\na
b
nepw
Xs‚
kn.]
n.
apXe
mb
]e
{]apJ
c
p-tSbpw
apt∂m- ´ p- t ]m- h m≥ Fw.- F -   n\v
ss[cyw sImSp- Ø Xv B thZn- b m- km∂n[yw Dd- ∏ n- ° p- h m≥ At±- l - km∂n[yw AXn\v angnhp \¬Ip-∂p.
sW∂v ]d-bmw. t{]wPn At∂-bv°p- Øn\v Ign-™Xv Aß-s\-bm-W-t√m. ap≠-bq¿ inh-I-c-s\-t∏m-ep≈ ]e
A[n-Imch¿K-Øns‚ i‡-amb t\Xm-°t- fbpw teJ-It- \bpw AXn¬
Xs∂ A`n-b-\-cw-KØv t]sc-SpØp
FXn¿∏pw
\ntcm-[ Dhanyasmrithi - MS Namboothiri Janmashathaabdi Smaranika

oj-Wn-t]mepw ImWmw.- C-hc
- n¬ an°-hcpw C∂v Hm¿aIgn-™n-cp-∂p. sI.-sI. amÃ-dp-tSbpw
(I-S-em-bn¬) Fw.-F≥. \ºq-Xn-cn-∏m-Sn- t\cn- t S≠nh∂ ""sXmgn¬ tI{μ- bn¬ am{Xw Pohn-°p-∂-h-cm-Wv F∂
s‚bpw (apØn-cn-tßm´v) tkh-\-߃ Øntebv ° v '' F∂ \mSIØns‚ ZpxJkXyw Fs∂ thZ-\n-∏n-°p-∂p.
Ah-cpsS {]h¿Ø-\-߃°v am‰p-Iq- in¬]-ime Rm≥ C∂pw Hm¿°p-∂p. F∂m¬ Ah¿ \¬Inb {]tNm-Z\w
´n. sI.-sI. amÃdpw Fw.-F\pw thj- \mS-I-Øn\v Ah-Xm-cnI Fgp-Xn-bXpw Bizmkw Xcp-∂p. Cu ]›m-Ø-e- ns‚ Hm¿Ω ]pXp-°s
- ´.
kw-hn-[m-\-Øn¬ a‰mcpw ]co-£n-®n-´n- {]kn-≤o-I-c-W-Øns‚ Npa-Xe hln- Øn¬ Fw.-Fk
®Xpw
Rm\mb
nc
p∂
p.
\mSI
Ø
ns‚
W
√mØ
\qX\am¿§- ß ƒ°v
kwhn-[m\w \n¿Δ-ln-®Xv t{]wPnbpw
cq]w\¬In.cwKw Xr»q-cn-tebv°v amdp-∂p. Fw.- F -   p- a m- W v . B Znh- k - ß - f n¬
Fw.-F- pw Rm\pw Xr»q¿°m-cm-hp- R߃ Znh-tk-\-sb-t∂mWw I≠n∂p. tbmK-t£ak`-bpsS apJ-]-{X- cp-∂p.

17

18

]ptcm-K-a-\-Øns‚ kmwkvIm-cn-I-apJw
s{]m^. kn.-]n. Cf-bXv

{io. Fw.-Fk
- v. \ºq-Xncn ka¿∏nX-tN-X 
- mb a\p-jy-kvt\-lnbpw kaqtlm-≤m-c-I\p-am-bn-cp-∂p. Xs‚ ImeL-´Øns‚ Bfl-kv]-μ\w Dƒs°m≠v Iem-{]-h¿Ø\w \SØnb ]ptcmK-a-\-Nn-¥-I\pw {]Xn-`m-im-en-bp-am-bncp∂p At±-lw. kzmX{¥y-t_m[hpw
a\p-jy-kvt\-l-hp-am-bn-cp∂p At±-lØns‚ {]h¿Ø-\-߃°p {]tNm-Z-\ta-In-b-Xv. \mS-Im-`n-\bw At±-lsØ
kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw tIhew Hcp
hmk-\m-{]-IS- \
- a
- m-bn-cp-∂n-√. AXn-s\mcp DZm-Ø-amb e£y-t_m-[-ap-≠m-bncp-∂p. B e£y-t_m-[-Øn¬\n∂p
hyXn-N-en°mØ-Xp-sIm≠v X\n-°p≠mb kmº-Øn-I-amb IjvS\jvS߃ At±lw IW-°m-°n-bn-cp-∂n-√.
Xs‚ _‘p-°f
- n¬ \n∂pw kplr-Øp°-fn¬ \n∂pw Db¿∂ hna¿i-\-ßsf
At±lw hI- h - ® n- c p- ∂ n- √ . Xs‚
kzØp- ° ƒ kwc- £ n- ° p- ∂ - X ntem
DtZym-K-Øns‚ kpc-£-bntem sX√pw
{i≤n-°msX \mS-I-th-Zn-bn¬ am{Xw
apgp-In-°-gn-™n-cp-∂-Xp-sIm≠v IpSpw_mw-K-ß-fn¬\n∂pw Db¿∂ hna¿i\- Ø ns‚ ic- ß ƒ Ah- K - W n®v
At±lw apt∂m-´p-t]m-bn. Xs‚ a°fpsS hnZym-`ym-k-Im-cy-ß-fn-sem∂pw
{i≤ A¿∏n- ° m- X n- c p- ∂ - X p- s Im≠v
Xs‚ IpSpw-_-]-c-amb DØ-c-hm-Zn-XzØn¬ sX√pw {i≤-bn-√m-Ø-h≥ F∂
hna¿i\w Db¿∂n-cp-∂p. Xs‚ ]c-akm-[zn-bmb ]Xv\n-bpsS B¿{Z-amb
kv t \lw am{X- a m- b n- c p∂p At±- l Øn\v GIm-h-ew-_w.

bmYm- ÿ n- X n- I - a mb kap- Z m- b Øn¬ P\n® At±-lØ
- n\v bmYm-ÿnXn-I-Xz-Øns‚ Nne DZmckmwkvImcnIKpW-߃ kzm`m-hn-I-am-bn-Øs∂
D≠m- b n- c p- ∂ p. AXn¬ Nne- X mWv
A£-ct- «m-It- Øm-Sp≈ B`n-ap-Jyhpw
IY-Ifnt{]a-hpw. Ccn-ßm-e-°p-S-bn¬
sNß-a-\mSv Zmtam-Z-c≥ \ºym-cpsS
t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ {]h¿Øn-®n-cp∂ hnPb-`m-cXn A£-c-t«mI kmln-Xy-thZn-bn¬ At±lw sk{I-´d
- nbpw \ºym¿
{]kn-U‚p-am-bn-cp-∂p. kzbw Hcp Ihn
Bbn- c p- ∂ ns√¶nepw Ihn- l r- Z bw
At±-l-Øn¬ XpSn-®n-cp-∂p. GXm\pw
H‰- t «m- I - ß - f pw, "apjv S n- N p- c p- ´ p- I ',
"BSp-I-]m-SpI', XpS-ßnb Ihn-X-Ifpw
At±lw Fgp-Xn-bn-´p-≠v. klr-Z-b-XzØns‚ kv ^ penw- K - ß ƒ At±- l Øns‚ Iem-{]-h¿Ø-\-ß-fn¬ Zriyam-bn-cp-∂p.
bmYm-ÿn-Xn-IX
- zsØ sh√p-hn-fn®p-sIm≠v \ºq-Xncn kap-Zm-b-Øn¬
Db¿∂p-h∂ \ho-I-c-W-i-‡n-I-fpsS
t\Xr-\n-c-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p At±-l-Øn\p
ÿm\w, hn.-Sn., Fw.-B¿.-_n., t{]wPn,
apØn-cn-tßmSv XpS-ßn-b-h-tcm-sSm∏w
{it≤-b-amb ÿm\w Fw.-F- n-\p-ap≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Ch-cn¬ \n∂p-b¿∂p
s]mßnb DZv_p-≤-X-bpsS sImSp-¶m‰v
\ºq-Xn-cn-ka
- p-Zm-bØ
- nse AI-Øf
- ß
- fnepw IS-∂p-sN∂v {]tNm-Zn-∏n-°p-Ib
- p≠m-bn. AXns‚ kXv^-e-ß-fmWv
Bcym]≈w, ]m¿ΔXn s\∑n-\n-aw-Ke
- w
XpS- ß n- b - h - c psS {]h¿Ø- \ - ß ƒ.
Aßs\, \ºq-Xn-cn-ka
- p-Zm-bsØ ASnapSn DS-®p-hm¿°m-\p≈ bXv\-߃°v
{it≤- b - a mb kw`m- h \ \¬Inb
ap≥\n-c-°m-cpsS Xnf-ßp∂ \nc-bn¬
Fw.-F pw ÿm\w ]nSn-°p-∂p.
Fw.- F  ns‚ A`n- \ - b - ] m- S hw
kn\n-am-th-Zn-bnepw ]mZ-ap{Z ]Xn-∏n-°pI-bp-≠m-bn-´p≠v. Kpcp-hm-bq¿ tIi-h≥
F∂ kn\n-a-bnse B\-°m-c≥, Ccp´ns‚ Bflm-hnse apØ-—≥, \n¿Ωmey- Ø nse Ah- i - \ mbn InS- ° p∂
hr≤-\mb shfn-®-∏mSv F∂o IYm-]m{X- ß ƒ {it≤- b - a mb A`n- \ - b - a p-

lq¿Ø- ß - f m- W v ImgvN- s h- ® - X v.
F¶nepw At±-l-Øns‚ atlm-∂-Xamb ÿm\w \mS-It- h-Zn-bn¬X-s∂-bmWv. \ºq-Xncn kap-Zm-bsØ ]cn-jv°cn-°m-\p≈ hy{KX At±lØns‚
\mS-I-{]-h¿Ø-\-ßsf DtØ-Pn-∏n-®ncp-∂X
- p-t]mse kn\n-am-th-Zn-bn¬ Zriya√; km≤y- h p- a - √ .- ]n¬°m- e sØ
kmaq- l y- \ mSIß- f nepw At±lw
Xs‚ km∂n≤yw {]Im-in-∏n-®n-cp-∂psh-¶nepw \mS-I-Øns‚ e£y-Øn\pw
am¿§-Øn\pw h∂p-tN¿∂ hn]-cymbw
At±-l-Øn\p lrZy-am-bn-cp-∂n-s√∂p
tXm∂p-∂p. hm¿≤-Iy-Øns‚ Ah-iX-Ifpw Cu ]n≥hm-ß-en\p t{]c-I-ambn- c p- ∂ n- c n- ° mw. A£- c - t «m- I - Ø ns‚bpw IY-I-fn-bp-tSbpw Bkzm-Z-\Øn¬am{Xw Xs‚ {i≤ HXp- ° n\n¿Øm≥ Ah- k m- \ - \ m- f p- I - f n¬
At±lw \n¿_-‘n-°-s∏-´p.
W

19

t]mÃm-^okv amk-h-cp-am\ ]≤Xn
X

]en-i-tbm-sSm∏w t_mWkpw e`n-°p-∂p.

X

8% {]Xn-amk ]eni e`n-°p-∂p.

X

Imem-h[n ]q¿Øn-bm-bm¬ \nt£-]-Øp-I-bpsS 5% t_mW-kmbn e`n-°p-∂p.
(08-˛12-˛2007 apX¬)

X

\nt£]w 1500 s‚ KpWn-X-ß-fmbn F√m t]mÃm-^o-kp-I-fnepw kzoI-cn-°p-∂p.

X

\nt£] ]cn[n Hcp hy‡n°v 4.50 e£w cq]bpw,
c≠p-t]¿ tN¿∂v 9.00 e£w cq]bpw

X

\nt£] Imem-h[n 6 h¿j-amWv

X

\nt£]w t]mÃm-^o-kn-eqsS

\nt£-]-ØpI

{]Xn-amkw e`n-°p∂ ]eni

Imem-h[n FØp-tºmƒ
e`n-°p∂ t_mWkv

30,000
60,000
1,20,000
1,50,000
2,01,000
3,00,000
4,50,000
6,00,000
9,00,000

200
400
800
1000
1340
2000
3000
4000
6000

1,500
3,000
6,000
7,500
10,050
15,000
22,500
30,000
45,000

IqSp-X¬ hnh-c-߃°v :
t]mÃv amÿ, _n.-Un.-H., If-IvSt- d-‰nse tZiob kºmZy-]-≤-Xn Pn√m Hm^o-k¿, AwKo-IrX GP‚p-am¿
F∂n-hsc kao-]n-°p-I.

Ub-d-IvS¿
tZiob kºm-Zy-]-≤Xn
Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw

kºmZyw C\n tZiob kºmZy ]≤-Xn-bn¬
20

hm°n-t\-°mƒ anI® t\m°v
s{]m^. amºpg Ipam-c≥
(Fw.-F-kv. \ºqXncn P∑iXm_vZn BtLmj]cn-]m-Sn-I-fpsS "kam-cw-`'-Øn¬
\S-Ønb A\p-kva-cW{]`m-j-Ww)

{]nb kZ-ky-sc, \a-kvImcw
Fw.- F - k v . A\p- k v a - c W{]`mjWw \S-ØpI F∂-XmWv Fs‚
\ntbm-Kw. Fw.-F- ns\ ASp-Ø-dn-bp∂-Xv At±lw Ccn-ßm-e-°p-S-bn¬
ÿnc- X m- a - k - a m- ° n- b - t Xm- s S- b mWv .
t\cn-´p-]c
- n-Nb
- s
- ∏-Sp-∂X
- n\p apºv At±l-sØ-°p-dn®v hmbn®p a\- n-em-°n-

{io\n, If¿tImSv \mcm-b-W≥\m-b¿,
Bd- ∑ pf Fw.- F ¬.- F . Bbn- c p∂
Ieym-W-Ir-jvW≥ \mb¿ XpS-ßn-b-hcm-Wv kΩ-f\
- Ø
- n-\p-th≠ Hcp-°ß
- ƒ
sNbvX-Xv. A∂p ]ecpw A¿∞-hØmb cmjv { SobZ¿i\w Dƒs°m≈p∂hn[w {]kw-Kn®Xv Rmt\m¿°p∂p-≠v.
t{]men-t‰dn-b≥ Imhy-]m-X-bn¬
k©-cn-°pI F∂Xv Pohn-X-{h-X-am°nb s]m≥Ip∂w Zmtam-Z-cs‚ ]m´p-

∂p. "sFIy-ap-∂Wn'bpsS Hcp e°Øn¬ apJ- N n{Xw hc- ® Xv ]n∂oSv
imkv { X- k m- l nXy ]cn- j - Ø ns‚
kPoh{]h¿Ø-I-\mbn amdnb Fw.sI. {]kmZv Bbn-cp-∂p.)
"CS-Xp-]-£'-Øn¬ {]kn-≤o-Icn® Hcp teJ-\-ØnemWv Fw.Fkv.
\ºq-Xn-cn-sb-°p-dn®v BZyw hmbn-°p∂Xv. Sn.-F≥. \ºq-Xn-cn-bpsS t\Xr-XzØn¬ Ccn- ß m- e - ° p- S - b n¬ "tIcf
Iem-thZn' cq]w sIm≈p-Ibpw, sNdp-

"ASp-°f- b
- n¬\n∂v Ac-ßt- Øbv°v' F∂ \mSIw FS-°p-∂n-bn¬ Ah-Xc- n-∏n-®t- ∏mƒ,
Blvfm-Z-Øn-a¿∏p-sIm-≠v, H∂pw ]d-bm≥ ]‰m-sX, hn°n hn°n C.-Fw.-F-kv. sI´n∏n-Sn® Imcyw hn.-Sn. Hcn-SØv Hm¿Ωn-°p-∂p-≠v. cmjv{S-Øns‚ kzmX{¥yw A¿∞-hØm-I-W-sa-¶n¬ kaq-l-Øn¬ kv{XoI-fpsS Akz-X-{¥m-hÿ amd-W-sa∂v se\n≥
]d-™n-´p-≠v.
No nation can be free if half of the population is enslaved in kitchen
"]Ip-Xn-bn-te-sd-t∏¿ ASp-°-f-bnse ASn-a-®-ß-e-bn¬
Xf-bv°-s∏´pInS-∂m¬ Hcp cmjv{S-Øn\pw kzX-{¥-am-Im≥ Ign-bn-√.
bn-´p-≠v. AXv 50-˛52 Ime-L-´-Øn-emWv. tIc-fØ
- n¬ CS-Xp-]£{]ÿm\w
Hcp henb Bth-i-X-cwKw krjvSn-®ncp∂ Ime-L-´-am-bn-cp∂p AXv. B
Ime-L-´-sØ-°p-dn®v Hm¿°p-tºmƒ
a\- n¬ HmSn-sb-Øp∂ Hcp kw`-h-ap≠v. Xncp ˛ sIm®n-bn-te-bv°p≈ sXcs™-Sp-∏ns‚ apt∂m-Sn-bm-bn, A°meØv Pbn¬hnap-‡-cmb F.-sI.-Pn.,
kn. ANyp-X-ta-t\m≥, Sn.-hn. tXma-kv,
B¿. kpK-X≥ XpS-ßn-b-hsc kzoIcn- ° m≥ Hcp P\- k - º ¿°- ] - c n- ] mSn
kwL-Sn-∏n-®p. Fd-Wm-Ipfw cmtP-{μ ssa-Xm-\Øv Bbn-cp∂p kzoI-c-Ww.
Xncp-hnXmw-Iq¿ `mK-Øp-\n∂v Fd-WmIp- f Øv ]Tn- ° m- s \- Ø nb tem
tImtfPv hnZym¿∞n-I-fpsS apJy-kwLm- S - \ - Ø n- e m- b n- c p∂p kzoI- c - W w.
]p\-eq¿ Fw.-F¬.-F. Bbn-cp∂ F≥.
cmP-tKm-]m-e≥\m-b¿, "\nß-sfs∂
IΩyq-WnÃm°n' F∂ \mS-I-Øns‚
t^mt´m-ssS∏v Bb "Fs‚ aI-\mWp
icn' kwhn-[m\w sNbvX tIm´bw

Iƒ At±-l-Øns‚ kl-[¿ΩnWn
Ip™p-°p-´n-bΩ ]mSp-Ib
- p-≠m-bn. B
]m´v \n߃ tI´p-ImWpw
""P\-K-W-a\ ]mSp-tºmƒ
PbPb-c-h-ap-b-cp-tºmƒ
sXcp-hg- ntb t]mhp-s∂mcp PmY-It≠m?
Ah-cpsS IÆp-If
- n¬ Xo∏¥w ImWp∂p
Ah-cpsS IÆp-I-fn¬ \m´p-Im-tc.......''
Ah-km\ hcn-I-fpsS Bibw GXm≠n-ß-s\-bmWv:˛
P\-K-W-a\ ]mSp-I-bn√ hb-ep-I-fn¬
^mIvS-dn-I-fn¬ Db-cp-∂Xv hnπ-h-Km-\am-Wv.
Fw.-F 
- n-s\-°p-dn®v hmbn®p a\ n-em-°nb Ime-L´- sØ Hm¿Øp-t]mb-Xm-Wv. A°m-eØv ae-bm-‰q¿ cmaIr-jvW≥, Ie-hq¿ chn, t]mƒ s\®n∏mSw F∂n-h¿ ]{Xm-[n-]-∑m¿ Bbns°m≠v "CS-Xp-]£w' F∂ t]cn¬
Hcp amknI Fd- W m- I p- f - Ø p- \ n∂v
{]kn-≤o-I-cn-®n-cp-∂p.
(If-h≥tImSw _me-Ir-jvWs‚
]{Xm-[n-]-Xy-Øn¬ "sFIy-ap-∂Wn'
Fs∂mcp amkn-Ibpw A∂p-≠m-bn-cp-

Im-Sns‚ "\Ω-sfm∂v' Ah-X-cn-∏n®p
XpS-ßp-Ibpw sNbvX kabambn-cp-∂p.
Cu \mS-I-sØ-°p-dn-®p≈ kpZo¿Lamb Hcp teJ-\-am-bn-cp-∂p "CS-Xp]£'Øn¬ D≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. Hcp Ne®n-{X-Øn-\p-th≠n Syq¨ am‰n hnIrX-am-°nb "]®-∏-\-¥-tØ, ]p∂m-c-∏qap-tØ...............' F∂ Km\w Cu \mSI-Øn-em-bn-cp-∂p. s]m≥Ip∂w ZmtamZ-c-\mWv Cu ]ms´-gp-Xn-b-Xv. At±-lØns‚ Xs∂ ""Cu ]cn- ∏ o- s h- ≈ Øn¬ thhp-In-√-t∂......'' ""Ccp-\mgn
aÆn-\m-bp-cp-Ip∂ I¿j-I¿'' XpS-ßnb
]m´p-Ifpw "\Ω-sfm∂n'¬ D≠m-bn-cp∂p. hb-em-dns‚ Km\-ßfpw \mS-IØn¬ D≠m-bn-cp-s∂-¶nepw Ah teJ\-Øn¬ D≤-cn-®-Xmbn tXm∂p-∂n-√.
Cu teJ-\-tØm-sSm∏w aq∂p-t]-cpsS
Nn{X-߃ D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. H∂v Fw.-Fkv. \ºq-Xn-cn, as‰m∂v t{]wPn, aq∂ma-tØXv Fw.-F-kv. _m_p-cm-Pv, Fw.F- n-s\-°p-dn®v A∂p tI´n-cp-∂n-√.
t{]wPn-sb-°p-dn®v tI´n-´p-≠v. AXns‚
]n∂n-semcp IY-bp-≠v.

21

22

ap≠t»cn amÃ-dpsS D’m-lØn¬ Xr»q- c nse "awK- t fm- Z bw'
]p\¿÷- \ n- ® - I m- e w. Nß- º pg
IrjvW-]n-≈-bm-bn-cp∂p ]{Xm-[n-]¿.
A°m- e - Ø mWv
sNdp- I m- S ns‚
A¥x]pcw F∂ Ihn-Xm-k-am-lmcw
{]kn-≤o-Ir-X-am-hp-∂-Xv. AXn\v AhXm-cnI Fgp-Xn-bXv t{]wPn-bm-Wv. Cu
]pkv X - I sØ \ncq- ] Ww sNbv X psIm≠v "awK-tfm-Zb'Øn¬ Fgp-Xnb
Hcp teJ-\-Øn¬ Nß-ºpg icn°pw
t{]wPnsb H∂p IpS-™p. sNdp-ImSns\ {]iw-kn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. ImcWw, AsXmcp sdmam‚ nIv IhnX
Bbn-cp-∂p. ]®-®n-d-sImØ sh‰ne,
IkvXq-cn-°q-´p-t]m-ep≈ Ifn-b-S-bv°,
Xqsh- Æ - t ]m- e p≈
NpÆm- º v,
kºq¿Æ Xmwºqew XpS-ßnb {]tbmK-ß-fmWv kztX \√ apdp-°p-Im-c\mb sNdp-Im-Sns‚ B Ihn-X-I-fn¬
D≠m-bn-cp-∂X
- v. Xm≥ IΩyq-WnÃv Ihnbm-sW∂v sNdp-ImSv ]d-™Xv ]n∂oSv
Ipsd-Imew Ign-™n-´m-Wv. F∂m¬
t{]wPn-bm-Is´ F¥nepw GXnepw
hnπhw ImWp∂ Bfm- b n- c p- ∂ p.
Aßn- s \- b p≈ Hcmƒ CØ- c - Ø nsemcp Ihn-Xbv°v Ah-Xm-cnI FgpXn-b-Xn-s\-bmWv Nß-ºpg Ifn-bm-°nb-Xv.
t{]wPn-bpsS Ihn-X-Ifpw hmbn®n-´p-≠.v At±lw hm°p-Iƒ°n-Sb
- n¬
"t{]wPn ]mSo-Sp∂p' F∂v tN¿°m-dp-≠.v
""t]‰p t\mth¬°msX c‡w NnX-dmsX
t]¿Øp-sam-c-Ω-sbm-c-Ω-bmIm''
Cu hcn-Iƒ t{]wPn-bp-sS-bm-Wv.
In´n-b-sX¥pw hmbn-°p∂ Hcp Imew
F√m-h¿°pw D≠m-hp-a-s√m. {]tXyIn®v C‚¿s\-‰v, Sn.-hn. XpS-ßnb amcIm-bp-[-߃ ho´n¬ C√m-Xn-cp-∂-XpsIm≠v , {KmaoW hmb- \ - i m- e - I fn¬\n∂v [mcmfw ]pkvX-I-sa-SpØp
hmbn-°p-am-bn-cp-∂p. Aßn-s\-bmWv
t{]wPnsb Ihn-XI
- f
- n-eqsS ]cn-Nb
- s
- ∏Sp-∂-Xv.
\ap°v Fw.-F- n-te°v Xncn-®p-hcmw. "Hm¿Ω-bpsS Hmf-ß-fn¬' F∂
Xs‚ Bfl-I-Y-bn¬ Pn. i¶-c-°p-dp∏v
Fw.-F n-s\-∏‰n ]d-bp-∂p≠v.
""Rm≥ Nme-°pSn sslkvIq-fn¬
A≤ym- ] - I - \ m- b n- c n- s °, kn.- h n.
cma≥]n-≈-bpsS "]≠sØ ]m®≥'

F∂ {]l-k\w Hcn-°¬ Ip´n-Iƒ
Ah- X - c n- ∏ n- ° p- I - b p- ≠ m- b n. AXn¬
sIm®p-am-[hn F∂ IYm-]m-{XsØ
Ah-X-cn-∏n-®Xv awK-e-t»cn IrjvW≥
F∂ Ip´n-bm-bn-cp-∂p. hnZ-Kv≤-\mb
Hcp \S-s\-t∏m-se-bmWv B Ip´n A`n\-bn-®-Xv. B awK-e-t»cn IrjvW-\mWv, ]n¬°m-eØv Fw.-Fk
- v. \ºq-Xncn
F∂ t]cn¬ {]kn-≤-\m-b-Xv.''
hfsc A¿∞- h - Ø mb Hcp
hmNIw IqSn i¶-c-°p-dp∏v Fgp-Xnt®¿Øn-´p-≠v.
"Nne Ne-®n-{X-ß-fn¬ B apJw
Rm≥ I≠p''
hm°p-I-fpsS Afhpw KpWhpw
Xq°n-t\m°n Fgp-Xp∂ Bfm-bn-cp∂s√m At±-lw. Hcp hm°pw At±lw
A¿∞-bp-‡-a-√msX Fgp-Xp-I-bn-√.
Fw.-F 
- ns‚ A`n-\b
- s
- Ø-°p-dn®p ]dbp- t ºmƒ apJy- a mb LSIw B
apJwXs∂-bm-Wv.
hm°n- t \- ° mƒ t\m°n\p
{]m[m\yw sImSp-°Wsa-∂mWv ]dbm-dv. t{]£-I¿ kZ- n-en-cp-∂p-sIm≠v
\n»-_vZ-`m-j-bn¬ \S-t\mSv ]d-bp-∂p≠v.
"Don't speak, but, you act.'' B[p\nI \mS-I-cwKw CXw-Ko-I-cn-®n-´p-≠v.
dpta-\n-b≥ \mS-I-Ir-Ømb Abs\-kvtIm-bpsS "How to get rid of it"
F∂ Hcp \mS-I-ap-≠v. \mSIw XpS-ßptºmƒ cwKØv c≠p-I-Ym-]m-{X-߃
am{Xw˛`mcybpw `¿Ømhpw. `mcy
Ft¥m ssS∏v sNbvXpsIm≠n-cn-°p∂p. `¿Ømhv Atßm-´p-an-tßm´pw \S°p- ∂ p.
AXn- \ n- s S,
\™
aÆn¬\n∂v Iqºp hf¿∂phcp∂Xpt]mse Hcp ihw Aßns\
hf¿∂phcn-I-bm-Wv. F¥mWo ihØns‚ Significance? `mcy-bpsS ImapIs\ Cbmƒ sIme-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v.
Bcpw Adn-bmsX ihw aÆn¬ Ipgn®n-´p. B Ip‰-t_m[w ih-ambn hf-cpI-bm-Wv. B Ip‰-t_m-[-sa-∂Xv hm°pI-fn¬ Bhn-jvI-cn-°m≥ Ign-bn-√.
(Cu thZn-bn-en-cn-°p∂ Iem-a-fiew
cma≥Ip´n \mb¿°v apJ-`mhw sIm≠v
CXv hy‡-am-°m≥ Ign-t™-°pw.)
hm°p-sIm≠v Bhn-jvI-cn-°m≥ Ignbm-Øn-SØv {]Xo-I-߃ krjvSn-°s∏-Sp-∂p

Ab-s\kvtIm ]d-bp-∂p,
"I was struggling to express and say
what cannot be expressed and said
House of Bernada F∂ \mS-I-Øns‚
Bap- J - Ø n¬
Km¿jy- t em¿°
]dbp∂ Hcp Imcyw hb-em hmkp-tZh≥ ]n≈- b psS "cwK- ` mj' F∂
]pkvX-I-Øn-ep-≠v.
Theatre is the most powerful and expressive instrument for the edification of
the nation.
Hcp cmjv { S- s Ø, kaq- l - s Ø,
P\-Xsb {]_p-≤-am-°p-∂-Xn\v th≠
Icp-Øp‰ Hcp D]-I-c-W-amWv \mS-Iw.
\q‰m- ≠ p- I ƒ°papºv `c- X - a p- \ nbpw
CXp-]-d-™n-´p-≠v.
"\mSy-im-kv{X'-Øns‚ BapJØn¬ ]dbp∂;
[mc-bsX CXn [¿Ω:
{]]-©sØ Xmßn-\n-dp-Øp∂
Nne XXz-߃°mWv [¿Ωw F∂p
]d- b p- ∂ - X v. Hmtcm bpK- Ø n\pw
AXns‚ [¿Ω-ap-≠v. kaqlw [¿ΩØn¬\n∂v hyXn-N-en-°p-tºmƒ AXv
Hm¿Ω- s ∏- S p- Ø p- ∂ - X n\pw [¿Ωw
]p\xÿm]n-°p-∂-Xn\pw D≈ i‡amb D]-I-c-W-amWv \mS-Iw.
P\-Xsb {]_p-≤-cm-°m≥ A\ptbm-Py-amb D]-I-c-W-sa∂ \ne-bnemWv hn.-Sn.bpw, Fw.-B¿._n bpw,
t{]wPnbpw \mS-I-߃ Fgp-Xn-b-Xv.
sNdp-ImSv "\Ω-sfm∂v' Fgp-XnbXpw,
sI. Zmtam-Z-c≥ "]m´-_m°n' Fgp-XnbXpw I¿jI{]ÿm-\-߃°v IcpØp-]-I-cm-\m-bn-cp-∂p. tkmjy-enÃv
]m¿´n-bpsS ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ ]s¶-Sp°m≥ t_mws_-bn-tebv°v t]mhptºmƒ, ]´mºn sdbn¬th- t Ã- j \n¬sh®v C.-Fw.-F-kv. ]d-™p. ""hn.Sn. kmaq-ly-cw-KØv {]h¿Øn-°-s´,
Rm≥ cmjv{So-b-cw-KØpw''. Aßns\
\ap°v "ASp-°-f-bn¬\n∂v Ac-ßtØbv°v' e`n-®p. XpS¿∂v, "ad-°p-Sbv°p-≈nse alm-\-c-I'-hpw, "EXp-aXn'bpw. "ASp-°-f-bn¬\n∂v Ac-ßtØbv°v' F∂ \mSIw FS-°p-∂nbn¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-®-t∏mƒ, Blvfm-ZØn-a¿∏p-sIm-≠v, H∂pw ]d-bm≥ ]‰msX, hn°n hn°n C.-Fw.-F-kv. sI´n∏n-Sn® Imcyw hn.-Sn. Hcn-SØv Hm¿Ωn°p-∂p-≠v. cmjv{S-Øns‚ kzmX{¥yw

A¿∞- h - Ø m- I - W - s a- ¶ n¬ kaq- l Øn¬ kv{XoI-fpsS Akz-X{- ¥m-hÿ
amd-W-sa∂v se\n≥ ]d-™n-´p-≠v.
No nation can be free if half of the
population is enslaved in kitchen
"]Ip-Xn-bn-te-sd-t∏¿ ASp-°-fbnse ASn-a-®-ß-e-bn¬ Xf-bv°-s∏´p
InS-∂m¬ Hcp cmjv{S-Øn\pw kzX-{¥am-Im≥ Ign-bn-√.
Cu ImgvN-∏m-tSm-sS-bmWv \ºqXn-cnsb a\p-jy-\m-°m-\pw, A¥¿÷\- ß sf Ac- ß n- s e- Ø n- ° m- \ p- a p≈
{ia-߃ ChnsS \S-∂-Xv. AXn¬
IÆn tN¿∂p-sIm-≠mWv Fw.-F-kv.
\ºq- X n- c nbpw cwK- s Ø- Ø p- ∂ - X v .
A¤p-X-kn-≤n-I-fp≈ \S≥ F∂-tXmsSm∏w BZ¿i-[o-c\
- mb Hcp cmjv{Sob
{]h¿Ø-I-\p-am-bn-cp∂p Fw.-F-kv.
Fw.-F 
- ns‚ aI≥ N{μ≥ ]d™ Hcp
kw`-h-ap-≠v.
{]K- ¤ - \ mb
tIm¨{Kkv
t\Xmhv ]\-ºn≈n tKmhn-μ-ta-t\m≥
Hcn-°¬ Fw.-F- ns‚ C√-Øp-sN-∂p.
X\n-°p-th≠n sXc-s™-Sp∏p {]N-c-

W-Øn\v hc-W-sa∂v Fw.-F- n-t\mSv
]d-™p. AXn\v Fw.-F- ns‚ adp-]Sn
CXm-bn-cp∂p:
""Xm¶ƒ°v thm´p Xcp-∂-Xn-\pw,
{]N-c-W-Øn\v Cd-ßp-∂-Xn\pw F\ns°mcp hntcm-[-hp-an-√. Cu aqh¿Æs°mSnam‰n AhnsS sNs¶mSn ÿm]n°-W-sa-∂p-am-{Xw.
""kXyw {_qbmXv {]nbw {_qbmXv
\x{_qbmXv kXyw A{]nbw''
F∂ hcn-Isf ]ecpw sX‰mbn
hymJym- \ n®p tI´n- ´ p- ≠ v . A{]nbkXyw ]d-b-cp-Xv. F∂√ kXyw
A{]n- b - a mbn ]d- b - c pXv F∂m- W v .
ChnsS Fw.-Fkv A\p-h¿Øn-®Xv Cu
Bi-b-am-Wv. {]N-c-W-Øn-\n-d-ßm≥
Ign-bn-s√∂v At±lw ]d-™n-√. Hcp
sNdnb \n_-‘\ h®p F∂p-am-{Xw.
klr-Z-b-\mb ]\-ºn≈n B \¿Ω-^enXw Bkz-Zn-®p-sh-∂mWv N{μ≥ ]dbp-∂-Xv.
Aßns\ Pohn-XØ
- n¬ ]®-bm-b,
A`n-\-bn-°m-\-dn-bmØ Fw.-F- mWv
\mS-I-Ønepw kn\n-a-bnepw hnkva-bm-

h- l - a mb A`n- \ bw Imgv N - h - ® - X v .
Ipd®p kn\n-a-I-fn¬ am{Xta A`n-\bn-®p-≈p-sh-¶nepw Ah-X-cn-∏n® IYm]m-{X-ßs
- f√mw {it≤-bß
- f
- m-bn-cp-∂p.
BZyw kqNn- ∏ n® hm°n- t \- ° mƒ
anI®
t\m°v
\Ωƒ
"\n¿Ωmey'Ønse henb shfn-®-∏mSn¬ I≠-Xm-Wv. au\w i_vZsØ
AXn-Po-hn-°p-I-bm-Wnhn-sS.
IpSpw_{]mcm_v[wsIm≠v, H∂n-\pw
sIm≈mØ Hcp-h\v aIsf hnhmlw
sNbvXpsImSp-t°-≠n h∂ Hc-—s‚
Zb-\o-b-`mhw "{]bm-W'Ønse Fw.F ns‚ "t\m°p'I- f n¬ ImWm≥
Ign-™p. i¶-c-°p-dp∏v ImWn®p X∂
B "apJw' C∂pw Fs‚ a\- n¬
Xßn-\n¬°p-∂p.
\a-kvImcw.
W

23

Fw.-F-kv. P∑-i-Xm-_vZn-bn¬
s{]m^. ]m-e-°ogv \mcm-b-W≥

\thm-∞m\ {]ÿm\w ae-bmf
\mS-I-Øns‚ AeIpw ]nSnbpw am‰nb
Ime-L-´-Øn-emWv Fw.-]n. `´-Xn-cn∏mSpw Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cnbpw ]cn-bm\w-]-‰bpw a‰pw AS-ßp∂ alm-\-S∑m¿ Ac-ß-sØ-Øn-b-Xv. AtXmsS
A\p-hm-N-Is‚ \mSI k¶-ev]-amsI
amdn. Inco-Shpw In∂-cnbpw Kn¬´v ]Xn®- h mfpw ]f- ] - f - a n- ∂ p∂ thjhpw
Bbn A´- l - k n- ® pw ]m´p- ] m- S nbpw
s]m´n-°-c™pw kZ- ns\ hn{`-an-∏n°p∂ ]mc-ºcyw Ftßm t]mbva-d™p. Hme-°p-Sbpw apjn-™-ap≠pw
`kva-°p-dnbpw \of≥ tImW-I-hpw,
A∏p- d Øv H∂- c bpw ap≠pw
thjvSnbpw Nn‰pw tXmS-bpw, ap‰Øv
Icnbpw \pIhpw apSn-t¶mepw ˛ aÆn¬
Imeq-∂nb IYm-]m-{X-߃ \nc-∂p.
kmay-a-I∂ DZym-\-ßfpw cmP-sIm-´mc-ßfpw \Zo-{]-hm-l-ßfpw h≈n-°pSn-ep-Ifpw ]n≥am-dn. Icnbpw ]pIbpw
]nSn® IpSn- e p- I fpw Icn- ® mep
]Xn™ hb-ep-Ifpw NnXepw amdmebpw Xn∂ \mep-sI-´p-Ifpw ]›m-Øe-am-bn,-hn-π-h-Im-cn-I-fmb \mS-I-{]h¿Ø-I-∑m¿ ae-bmf \mS-IsØ P\Iobam°n. Ah-cpsS t\Xr-Xz-\n-c-bnse- Ø nb
{]ap- J - c m- b n- c p∂p
t{]wPnbpw Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cnbpw
]cn-bm\w]-‰bpw. Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dnepw
sIm®n-bnepw Ac-ßp-W¿Ønb \mSI-{]-h¿Ø-\-Øns‚ IY thsd.
{]Jym-X-cmb Cu {Xnaq¿Øn-Ifn¬ Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cn-bpsS P∑-iXm_vZn h¿j-am-Wn-Xv. a\- n-ep≈ ]cn-an-X-amb hnhcw sh®v Fw.-F- ns\
A\p-kva-cn-°m-\mWnhnsS
{ian°p∂Xv.
Xr»q¿ Pn√-bnse sImc-´n-bn¬
awK-et- »cn i¶-c≥ \ºq-Xn-cn-bp-sSbpw
aptØ-SØv kmhn{Xn A¥¿÷-\-Øns‚bpw ]p{X-\mbn 1910 am¿®v 24\v Fw.F-kv. IrjvW≥ \ºq-Xncn P\n-®p.
Xr»q¿ \ºq-Xncn hnZym-e-b-Øn-em-cw`n®
hnZym- ` ymkw
Xr»q¿

24

sk‚ vtXmakv tImtf-Pn¬ \n∂v [\im- k v { X- Ø n¬ Un{Kn- t \Spw hsc
FØn. C.-Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cn-∏mSpw
kn. ANyp-X-ta-t\m\pw AhnsS kaIm-en-I-cm-bn-cp-∂p. \ºq-Xncn hnZym-eb-Øn¬ A≤ym-]-I-\mbpw BZmb
\nIp-Xn-h-Ip-∏n¬ DtZym-K-ÿ-\mbpw
Ipd-®p-Imew Ccp-∂t- ijw AsXms°
Dt]-£n®v kmwkvIm-cnI cm{„ob
{]h¿Ø-I-\m-bn-˛-a-lm-Ihn Pn. i¶-c°p- d p- ∏ ns‚ injy- X z- Ø n¬ Hcp
s]¨Ip-´n-bpsS thjw sI´n-bmWv
\mS- I - c w- K sØ Ac- t ߉w. \√
^pSv_mƒ Ifn-°m-c-\p-am-bn-cp-∂p. kckzXn A¥¿÷-\a
- mWv ]Xv\n. A©pa- ° ƒ. aIƒ kpasb hnhmlw

]t£ t{]wPn-bpsS
]p{X≥ \oe≥ ZpxJn°p∂p. ""C∂sØ \mS-I{- ]h¿Ø- I ¿ Hm¿°pw
t{]wPnsb, ]n.sP. B‚Wnsb. Fw.-F-kv. \ºqXncn thZ- \ n- ∏ n°pw
a´n¬ hnkvar-X-\-t{X.''
sNbv X Xv \mS- I - \ - S \pw ]m¿´n- { ]h¿Ø- I - \ p- a mb B¿. \K- d m- W v .
cmjv{Sob {]h¿Ø-I≥, \mSI\S≥
F∂o \ne-I-fn¬ Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xncn
{]kn-≤-\m-Wv. 1983 HIvtSm. 27\v A¥cn-®p.
\ºq-Xncn kap-Zmb ]cn-jvI-cW
{]h¿Ø-\-߃sIm≠v kwXr-]vXn-bS-bmsX C.-Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cn-∏m-Sns‚bpw sFkn]n \ºq-Xn-cn-bp-sSbpw
t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ kmaq-lym-hÿ s]mfns®-gp-Xm-\p≈ hnπ-h-{]-ÿm-\-Øn¬
FØn-b-h¿ A°m-eØv \nc-h-[n-bmbn-cp-∂p. tbmK-t£-a-k-`sb IΩyqWnÃv ]m¿´n- b n- t ebv ° v Bfp- I sf
dn{Iq´v sNøm-\p≈ tI{μ-am-°p-I-bmWv Fw.-F- pw, sFkn-]nbpw, apØn-

cn-tßmSpw a‰pw F∂v C.-Fw.-Fkv.
\ºq-Xn-cn-∏m-Sns‚ _‘p-hmb Sn.-Fk
- v.
`´-Xn-cn-∏mSv i]n-°p-Ibp≠mbn. GXmbmepw Fw.- F - k v. \ºq- X ncn
sshImsX Dd® IΩyq- W n- Ã mbn
hf¿∂p. ac-Ww-hsc \ne-]mSv am‰n-bXp-an-√. GtXm {`aw-sIm≠v IΩyqWnÃmIp-Ibpw t]meokv `oI-cX
- I
- ≠v
`b-s∏´v h∂ hgn°v Xncn®v HmSp-Ibpw
sNbvX-h¿ A°m-eØv \nc-h[n D≠mbn-cp∂psh∂-Xn-\m-emWv C{]-Imcw
FSpØp-]-d-™-Xv. Nne hncp-X-∑m¿
]W-Øn\pw {]Xm-]Ø
- n\pw {]i-kvXn°pw-th≠n {]Xy-b-imkv{X `n∂X
\Sn®v amdn-\n∂p. ]m¿´n IΩn-‰n-I-fn¬
`mc-hm-lnXzw hln-®ns√-¶nepw at‰Xp
IΩyq-Wn-Ãp-Im-c-s\bpwImƒ IqSpX¬ t¢ihpw XymKhpw Fw.-F-kv.
\ºq-Xncn kln-®p-sh∂v kn. ANypX-ta-t\m≥ Hm¿Ω-°p-dn-∏p-I-fn-se-gp-Xnbn-´p-≠v. At∏mgpw \mSI {]h¿Ø\-Øn-em-bn-cp∂p Fw.-F ns‚ IÆv.

Ac-ßsØ {Xnaq¿Øn-Iƒ
aebmf \mS- I sØ P\- I o- b h¬°-cn-°p∂ {]{In-b-bn¬ tbmKt£a {]ÿm-\-Øn-\p≈ ]¶v \n mc-a-√. AXn-\mbn AWn-\n-c∂ hnπ-hIm-cn-I-fmb \mSI {]h¿Ø-I-cpsS
IqsS-bmWv Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cnbpw
Ac-ß-sØØn-b-Xv. hn.-Sn. `´-Xn-cn-∏mSns‚ ASp- ° - f - b n¬ \n∂cßtØbv°pw (IqsS Fw.-B¿.-_n-bpsS
ad-°p-S-bv°p-≈nse alm-\-c-I-hpw,
Fw.-]n. `´-Xn-cn-∏m-Sns‚ EXp-a-Xnbpw)
sNdp-Im-Sns‚ \Ω-sfm∂pw sI. ZmtamZ-cs‚ ]m´-_m-°nbpw CS-t»-cn-bpsS
Iq´p-Ir-jnbpw \mS-I-th-Zn-bnse ]pXp\m-Z-ß-fm-bn-cp-∂p. Fw.-]n ˛ ]cn-bm-\w]‰ ˛ Fw.-Fk
- v. \ºq-Xncn Soans‚ A`n\-b- ]m-Shhpw ]ptcm-Ka
- \
- ]
- £
- Ø
- p-≈h-cpsS kwLm-S-\anIhpw IqSn-t®¿∂t∏mƒ P\-Iob\mS-I-thZn kº-∂ambn. hn.Sn. `´-Xn-cn-∏m-Sns‚ "ASp°f'Xs∂-bmWv t{]wPn-sbbpw Fw.F- n-s\bpw \mS-I{- ]-h¿Ø-Ic
- m-°n-bXv. hn.-Sn. sImfp-Ønb ]¥Øns‚
Pzen- ° p∂ {]ImiPzme- I - f mWv

t{]wPnbpw, Fw.-F- pw F∂v \nco-£n°-s∏-´n-´p-≠v. t{]wPn-bpsS I¿°SmwIp-∂-Ø-—≥ \ºq-Xn-cnbpw apØn-cntßm-Sns‚ HmXn-bv°\pw Fw.-F 
- ns‚
apØ- » nbpw Dgp- { X- h m- c n- b cpw Aø¶mcpw Hs° ad-°m-\m-hmØ ]m{X-ßfm- b n- c p- ∂ p- s h∂v
]g- a - ° m¿
hmgvØnt°-´n-´p-≠v. ]c-kv]cw amdn
amdn ]m{X- ß sf kzoI- c n- ° p- I bpw
Ah¿s°mcp t\cw-t]m-°m-bn-cp-∂p
F∂-Xn-\m¬ GXp thjw F∂-Xn\v
{]k-‡n-bn-√-Xm-\pw. A∂sØ hodpw
hminbpw A¤p- X - I - c - a m- b n- c p- ∂ p.
\mSIw Ifn- ° - W w, GXp- t h- j hpw
sI´m≥ {]h¿Ø-I-scms° k∂-≤-cmbn-cp-∂p. AWn-bd \nb-{¥-W-°m-c\mb C.-Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cn-∏m-Spt]mepw A`n-t\-Xm-hm-bn-´p-≠v F∂p
]d- ™ m¬ Ign- ™ p. ad- ° p- S - b v ° p≈nse alm-\-cIw Fw.-F-kv. \ºqXncn kwhn-[m\w sNbvX-h-X-cn-∏n-®pt]m- ∂ - t ∏mƒ
Hcn- b v°- e - X n¬
kv{Xothjw kzoI-cn-t°≠n h∂IY
alm-Ihn A°nØw A\p-kva-cn-®n-´p≠v . ]g- © Øw Zo£n- ° p∂ HmXn°s\ ]cn-l-kn-°p∂ Hcp \mSIw
""Ienap-gpØp'' A°nØw Fgp-Xp-It]mepw sNbvXp F∂pw AXv \mS-IØns‚ ]g-am-ßm-°m-e-am-bn-cp-∂p. hn.Sn.-bpsS F¨]-Xmw-]n-d-∂m-fn\v tagØq-cnse tÃPn-emWv Fs∂-t∏m-epffh¿°v ASp- ° - f - b n¬ \n∂cßtØbv°v ImWm-\m-b-Xv. A∂pw ]pcpj-∑m-cmWv kv{Xothjw sI´n-b-Xv.
Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cn-bpsS apØ-»nbpw
s]cm-tßmSv \ºq-Xn-cn-bpsS Ccn°-WΩbpw Ip™n- s ∏Æpw ]mdphpw
F¥n\v tXXnbpw C´-tß-enbpw ap√t\-gn-bpsS sNdp-anbpw {]Xy-£-s∏-´t∏mƒ shdpw IdpØ Nmbw-sIm≠v
AXn-hn-Z-Kv[-ambn kv{XoI-fpsS adbv°mØ amdv ]pcp-j-∑m-cpsS amdØv
]I¿Øn-b-Xp-I-≠-t∏mƒ AWn-b-dbnse A¤p-X-a-\p-jy≥ ]cn-bm-\w-]‰-bpsS k¿§-ssh-`hw I≠v A¥w-hnSp-I-bp-≠m-bn. t{]wPn-So-anse alm-\S≥ IqSn-bmb ]cn-bm-\w-]‰ am{¥n-I≥
hmg-Ip-∂-Øns‚ injy-\mb Pme-hnZy-°m-c-\mWv {]K-¤-\mb sabvI-∏vImc\pw. GIm- ` n- \ b hnZy- b n¬ N{Ih¿Øn-bmb ]cn-bm\w]‰ F∂ k¿Δ-

I-em-h-√-`≥ ambm-hn-Zy-Isfs°m≠v
IΩyq-Wnkv‰v {]ÿm-\-Øn\v Bfpw
A¿∞hpw kºm-Zn-®p-sIm-Sp-Ø-Xns‚
Ncn{Xw ad-°m≥ ]mSn-√. Fw.-]n.bpw
Fw.-F pw ]cn-bm-\w-]-‰bpw \mS-Item-IsØ am{¥n-I-kv]¿iw-sIm≠v
hf¿Øn-bh
- c
- m-Wv. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂
aqh- s cbpw tN¿tØ]- d - b m≥ ]‰q
F∂- X p- s Im- ≠ mWv Cu {]IrXw
A¬]w \o´n-b-Xv.

\Ω-sfm-∂ns‚ Imew
sNdp- I m- S ns‚ \Ω- s fm- ∂ n\v
t{]wPn-bpsS \mS-Io-bX Cc-bv°p∂
a\ v s{]m^-jW¬ cq]w \¬IpIbpw Xr»q-cnse tIcf Iem-thZn (DS- s e- S p- Ø Xv Ccn- ß m- e - ° p- S - b n¬
hgntb Xr»q¿ Bÿm-\-am-°n.) Fw.]n. `´-Xn-cn-∏mSv ({]-kn-U-≠v) Sn.-F≥.
\ºq-Xncn (sk-{I-´-dn) kn. ANyp-X-°pdp∏v (am-t\-P¿)) Ipd-®p-Im-ew-sIm≠p
\S-°p-Ibpw sNbvX Ncn{Xw ae-bm-f\m-S-I-N-cn-{X-Øn¬ X¶-en-]n-I-fn¬
Fgp-X-s∏-tS-≠-Xm-Wv. ASn-ÿm-\-]-camb XXz- k w- l n- X - I - f n¬ hn´p- h ogvNtbm ]mfn-®tbm h-cmØ \ne-]mSmWv Iem- t h- Z nbv ° v {]m[m\yw
\¬In-b-Xv. ]Xp-s°-]-Xps° sI´-gn™Xpw {]ÿm\w XI¿∂Xpw tJZI-c-amb ]cn-W-Xn. hnπ-h-{]-ÿm-\Øns‚ thZn-I-fn¬ Ct∏mgpw apgßn
tIƒ°m-dp-≈
""Ccp-\mgn aÆn-\m-bp-cp-Ip∂ I¿j-I¿
Ccp-Im-en-am-Sp-I-fm-bn-cp∂p''
F∂ tcmam-©P
- \
- I
- a
- mb Km\w tIc-fI-em-th-Zn-bpsS A`n-am\Km\-am-bn-cp-∂p.
""Iml-f-aq-Xp-I\mw'' F∂Xv A`n-hm-Z\-Km-\hpw.
""]®-∏\-¥tØ ]p∂m-c-∏q-aptØ
]ps∂-√n≥ ]q¶-ctf''
F∂ imeo-\X Xpfp-ºp∂ t{]a-Km\w
bph-lr-Z-b-ßsf tImcn-Ø-cn-∏n-®n-cp∂p. ]s£ AsX-gp-Xnb hnπ-h-Ihn
s]m≥Ip∂w Zmtam-Zc
- s\ B¿ Hm¿°p∂p. ]m´p-Iƒ ]mSn-s∏-cp-∏n® _m_pcm-Pn-s\bpw inh-Zm-kn-s\bpw a®m-´phm- k - ¥ n- t bbpw "]m´p- h n- N mc'°m¿
t]mepw ad-∂nt√?
\Ω-sfm-∂ns‚ ImeØv Fw.-]n.bpsS ho´n¬ dntl-gvk¬ Iymºn¬

\nc-¥cw I≠n-cp-∂ shfpØv Dbcw
Ipd™ a\p-jys\, ""IrjvW]
- v^''s\∂mWv Ip´n-Iƒ hnfn-°p-I, Fw.-]n.bpsS aI≥ \oe≥ Hm¿°p-∂p-≠v. a\ n-ep-≈Xv Iymºn¬ D’m-lnbmbn
HmSn \S-°p∂ ckn-Is\ (A—≥ ˛
\oe≥ ˛ t]Pv 40) t{]wPn- b psS
\njvI¿j-tb-dnb kwhn-[m-\-Øn\v
hg-ßn, kzXth ipWvTn-°m-c-\mb ]n.sP. B‚-Wn-t]mepw s]cp-am-dn-t∏m-∂ph-t{X. apJy klmbn Fw.-F-kv. \ºqXncn. t{]wPn-bpsS ]´n-∏-ß\pw (]ß≥ \mb¿) ]cn-bm-\w-]-‰-bpsS Ahdm\pw Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cn-bpsS Imcyÿ≥ cma≥ \m-bcpw Iem-a-fiew
Ieym-Wn-°p-´n-b-Ω-bpsS Imfn-b-Ωbpw
]n.-sP. B‚-Wn-bpsS i¶p-Ænbpw Sn.F≥. \ºq-Xn-cn-bpsS \ºq-Xn-cn-∏mSpw
ka-\z-bn-°p-tºm-gsØ Ac-ß-\p-`hw
k¶¬]n®p t\m°q. BZyw \Ω-sfm∂n¬ ]m´p-I-fp-≠m-bn-cp∂n√. s{]m^j-W¬ \mS-I-ambn ]nSn®p \n¬°-Wsa- ¶ n¬ ]m´p- I ƒ IqSntb Ign- b q
F∂m-b-t∏mƒ s]m≥Ip∂w Zmtam-Zc\pw hb-em¿ cma-h¿Ωbpw ]ms´-gpXn. _m_p-cmPpw ]n.-sI. inh-Zmkpw
CuWw \¬In. \nß-sfs∂ IΩyq-WnÃm°n'bpambn \S-°p∂ sI.-]n.F.kn.-bp-ambn AXn-\n-Sbv°v Nn√d CW°p- Ø p- ≠ m- b - X mbpw tI´n- ´ p- ≠ v .
D≈nse On{Z-߃ aqew tIc-f-I-emthZn {]h¿Ø\ cln- X - a m- b Xpw
Ft∏mgpw apJy-tX-cm-fn-bmbn h¿Øn®
Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cnsb \s∂ thZ-\n∏n-®n-cn-°-Ww.
\Ω-sfm-∂ns‚ s{]m^-j-W¬
cq]w A®- S n- ° - W - s a- ∂ mbt∏mƒ
AXns‚ ]I¿∏-h-Imiw sNdp-ImSv
t{]wPnbv°v Zm\w-sNbvXp. Iem-th-Znbnse A\p-`hw sNdp-ImSv as‰mcp
\mS- I - a m- ° p- I bpw sNbv X p. "hm¬
\£{Xw'

sh≈n-Øn-c-bnepw A¬]w
\mS-I-th-Zn-bpsS {]Im-tim-≤mcWn A¬]-sam∂v aßp-Ibpw kn\na-bpsS am{¥nI {]`m-]qcw kaq-lsØ
Iog-S-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ Imew h∂t∏mƒ t{]wPn-˛]
- c
- n-bm-\w-]‰˛Fw.-Fk
- v.
\ºq- X ncn So. sImSm- º m- ° Øpw
Ifn®p t\m°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. t{]wPn

25

\nc-h[n kn\n-a-I-fn-e-`n-\-bn-®p. apØ—s‚ {]Xn-cq-]-ambn ÿm\-ap-d-∏n®v
hniz-{]-kn-≤-\-S-\m-bn ]nd-hnbneqsS
`c-Xvt{]w-Pn-bmbn. \K-c-ta-\μnbnepw
Hmfhpw Xoc-Ønepw a‰pw A`n-\-bn®
]cn-bm-\w-]-‰bv°v Nn√d Ahm¿Up-Isfms° e`n-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. \nc-h[n
\mS-I-kw-L-ß-fn¬ ]¶m-fn-bmb Fw.F-kv. \ºq-Xncn am¿Øm-fi-h¿Ω
F∂ ]nd-°mØ kn\n-a-bn-em-cw-`n®v
Im´p-Xp-f-kn-bnepw Ccp-´ns‚ Bflmhnepw ]I¬°n-\m-hnepw {]bm-WØnepw thj-a-Wn-™p. Fw.-F-kv.
\ºq-Xn-cn-bpsS ad-°m-\m-hmØ IYm]m{Xw \n¿Ωm-ey-Ønse apØ-—\
- m-Wv.
IYm- ] m- { XsØ
h√msX
Dƒs°m≠`n\-bn-°p∂ \S-\mWv Fw.F-kv. \ºq-Xncn F∂ \oes‚ \nco£Ww t\cmbn A\p- ` - h - s ∏- S pI
\n¿Ωm-ey-Ønse A`n-\bw ImWptºm-gm-Wv.
\n¿Ωm-ey-Øn¬ Xf¿∂-Sn™
hr≤- \ m- W v Fw.- F - k v . \ºq- X n- c n.
BbImeØv alm-iu-cy-im-en-bm-bncp∂ htey shfn- ® - ∏ m- S v . \neØv
hncn® tImk-cn-bn¬ Igp-Øp-hsc IcnºSw aqSn-In-S-°p-I-bm-Wv. IÆp-Iƒ
am{Xw Cf-Ipw. sNhn-tIƒ°p-sa-∂Xpw
a\ v kPo-h-amWv F∂Xpw Ct∏mƒ
apØ-—\v im]-am-Wv. tIƒ°m≥ ]mSn√m-ØXpw Adn-bm≥ \∂-√m-Ø-XpamWv A∏p-dØv \S-°p-∂-Xv. Ip‰n-ØmSnbpw _\n- b \pw Ac- ∏ - ´ - b p- a mbn
abvΩ-ZpÆn F∂ I®-h-S-°m-c≥ A∏p-

dsØ apdn-bn¬ Ibdn Cd-ßp-I-bm-Wv
ap≠v apdp°n DSp-Øp-sIm≠v Ac-∏-´bnse _´≥ AS®psIm≠pw. shfn-®∏m-Sns‚ `mcy Hcn-bv°¬ aI-t\mSv
tNmZn-®p. hn¬°m≥ Cu ho´nev C\n
F¥m _m°n? Aaq-ey-am-b-sXm∂v ˛
Xs‚ ico-cw-˛-D≠v F∂v Hm¿Ω h∂t∏mƒ AXpw hn¬°p-I-bm-Wv. A∏pdsØ A\-°hpw i_vZhpw tIƒ°ptºmƒ, DΩ-d-Øp-\n∂v ""£an®p Hcp]mSv Rm≥ £an-®p. CXpw Rm≥ £an°tWm \mcm-bWo'' F∂ aI≥ shfn®-∏m-Sns‚ tXß-en¬ Nmen® tNmZyw
Db¿∂-t∏mƒ htey shfn-®∏
- mSv hnImc-hn-£p-_v[-\mbn t]mf-Iƒ [rXnbn¬ Xpd-∂S- bpw IÆp-Iƒ \nd-s™mgp-Ipw. \n›-e-\mb B hr≤s‚ \n lm-b-amb au\tcmjw ]pcn-I-ß-fpsS
{ZpX-N-e-\-amWv shfn-s∏-Sp-Øp-I. Cu
hnImc {]I-S\w Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cnbpsS A`qX-]q¿Δ-amb `mh-{]-Im-i-\]m-S-hw-, \sΩ A¤p-X-kvX-_v[-cm°pw. {]K¤ IY-Ifn \S-∑m¿ AcßØv "GI- t em- N \w' BSm- d p- ≠ v .
GIm¥w hnc-lsØ i¶n®v Hcp IÆpsIm≠v tIm]-tØmsS N{μ-ap-Jn-bmb
cmP-]-Xv\n-tbbpw at‰ IÆp-sIm≠v
timI- t ØmsS Xs‚ IW- h - \ mb
NtIm-c-sØbpw t\m°p∂ N{I-hm-IØns‚ `mhw.
Fw.-Fk
- v. \ºq-Xn-cn-bpsS I¨]pcn-I-߃ sIm≠p≈ `mh-{]-Im-i\w
"GI-tem-N

Øns\m-°p-sa∂v Ft¥
Bcpw hmgvØn-bn√? AXmWv \oe≥

kqNn-∏n-®Xv Fw.-Fk
- n\v A¿ln-°p∂
BZ-chv e`n-®n√ F∂v
t{]wPnbpw ]cn-bm-\w-]‰
- bpw Fw.F-kv.-\-ºq-Xn-cnbpw ˛ \thm-∞m\mSI-th-Zn-bnse kam-\-kz-`m-h-°m-cmb
{Xnaq¿Øn-I-fmWv F∂p ]d-bmw. A`n\-b-Øn¬ Ah-sc- sh√phnfn-°m-\m-cpap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. Cu aqh¿ \mS-I-thZn-bn¬ A`n-\b k¶¬]-Øns‚ apJOmb am‰n F∂v Xnt°m-Sn-b≥ A`n{]m-b-s∏-´n-´p-≠v. ]t£ t{]wPn-bpsS
]p{X≥ \oe≥ ZpxJn°p- ∂ p.
""C∂sØ
\mS- I - { ]- h ¿Ø- I ¿
Hm¿°pw t{]wPnsb, ]n.sP. B‚Wnsb. Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xncn thZ-\n∏n°pw a´n¬ hnkvar-X-\-t{X.''
Fw.Fkv. \ºq-Xncn am{X-a√ ]cnbm-\w-]-‰bpw Ip™m-≠nbpw _me≥
sI. \mbcpw Sn.- ] n. tKm]m- e \pw
_m_p-cmPpw im¥m-tZ-hnbpw C{μmWnbpw ]pe-cnbpw Aßs\ \nc-h[n
\ma-߃ Hs° ad-hn-bpsS amdm-∏n-\p≈n-e-t{X. ae-bm-f-Ønse P\-Iob
\mS- I - { ]- ÿ m- \ - Ø n\v ASn- Ø - d - ] mInb alm-a-Xn-Isf \Ωƒ ad-∂p-IqSm
F∂-Xp-sIm≠v iXm-_vZn-th-f-bn¬
Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xncn F∂ alm-\-S\v
Cu {i≤m-RvPen.
W

apcn-bmSv k¿Δokv kl-I-cW _m¶v
slUm-^okv : apcn-bmSv ˛ 680 683, t^m¨ : 0480 ˛ 2881137
{_m©v : B\-μ-]pcw ˛ 680 323, t^m¨ : 0480 ˛ 2880451

AwK-ß-fpsS GXm-h-iy-Øn-\pw.... Ft∏m-gpw....
J

C¥y-bn-ep-S-\ofap≈ sdbn¬sh tÃj-\p-I-fn-tebv°v 90 Znhkw apºphsc bm{Xm-Sn-°-‰p-Iƒ dnk¿Δv
sNøp-hm-\p≈ kuIcyw
J \nß-fpsS F√m (hm-l-\/ `h\/ ÿm]\ / BtcmKy / A]-IS) C≥jp-d≥kv t]mfn-kn-Iƒ ]pXp-°p∂-Xn\pw ]pXn-b-h-sb-Sp-°p-∂-Xn-\p-ap≈ kuIcyw
sI.bp. hnPb≥ ({]kn-U≠v)

26

Fw.-B¿. A\n-b≥ (sk{I-´dn)

Hm¿Ω-I-fpsS DXn¿a-Wn-Iƒ
sNmΔ-√q¿ IrjvW≥Ip´n

aI-c-s°mbvØpIgn™v Hgn™
]mSØv
XØn- Ø Øn- ∏ - d ∂v
Du¿∂phoW DXn¿a-Wn-Iƒ Hs∂m∂mbn sImØn- s °mØn Xn∂m≥
XnSp°w Iq´p∂ Infn-If
- psS ]cp-hØ
- nemWv Ct∏mƒ Fs‚ a\- v. Hfn-aßmØ Hcp-]m-sSm-cp-]mSv Hm¿Ω-If
- psS
IXn¿a-Wn-Iƒ Nn∂n-®n-X-dn-°n-S-°p∂p. F√mw s]dp-°n-sb-SpØv HXp°n
hbv°-W-sa-∂p-≠v. km[n-°p-∂n-√.
h¿Æ-°-fn-t°m-∏p-Iƒ \ncs∏ I≠
DÆn-°n-Sm-ß-sf-t∏m-se, a\ v Hmtcm
Hm¿Ω-bp-tSbpw ]ndtI ]d∂p ]d∂p
t]mIp-∂p. GXmZyw GXmZyw F∂v
\n›bn-°m-\m-hp-∂n-√. Bb-Xn-\m¬,
sNdnb Ip´n-Iƒ ]pkvXI
- Ø
- ns‚ GSpI-fn¬ abn¬∏oen kq£n-°p-I-bpw,
]oen s]‰p-s]-cp-Ip-∂pt≠m F∂v CSbv°n-Sbv°v FSpØp t\m°p-Ibpw
sNøp-∂-Xp-t]m-se, Rm≥ Fs‚ Cu
Hm¿Ω-°p-dn-∏p-I-fpsS Hc-‰Øp ]nSn-IqSnØp-Sßpwapºv hmb-\-°m-cpsS ka£- Ø n- ¬ £am- ] - W - ] q¿Δw Hcp
ap≥Iq¿ Pmaym-t]£ ka¿∏n-°p-∂p.
kwKXn CXmWv. ]n∂n´ Fs‚ _meyIu-amcbuΔ-\-߃°pw
]n¬°mePohn- X - Ø nepw F\n°v
Htckabw Kpcp-ÿm-\o-b\pw Imc-Whcpw am¿§-Z¿inbpw A`yq-Z-b-Imw-£nbp-am-bn-cp-∂ A\-iz-c-\mb Fw.-F-kv.
\ºq-Xn-cn-sb-°p-dn-®v, BZn-a[
- ym-¥s
- ∏mcp-Ø-ap-≈, XnI®pw Hu]-Nm-cn-I-am-b,
AYhm km{º-Zm-bn-I-amb Hcp A\pkv a - c WteJ\w Fgp- X m≥ Fs∂s°m-≠m-hn-√. A{i-≤-sIm-≠-√, {i≤
Gdn-b-Xp-sIm-≠m-Wv; ]cn-N-b-°p-d-hpsIm-≠p-a√, AXn-]c
- n-NbwsIm≠m-Wv.
Fgp-Xp-∂-Xv Fs‚ Fw.-F- n-s\-°p-dn®m- b - X n- \ m¬ FhnsS XpS- ß - W w,
Fßns\ XpS- ß - W w, Fs¥√mw
Dƒs°m-≈n-°Ww GsX√mw Hgn-hm°Ww F∂-Xn-s\-s®m√n kXy-Øn¬
Hcp FØpw-]n-Snbpw In´p-∂n-√ F∂Xs{X ]®-∏-c-am¿∞w. AXp-sIm-≠pXs∂ Rm\n- h nsS Ipdn- ° p- ∂ - X v ,

Hm¿°p-tºmƒ t]¿Øpw t]¿Øpw
sXfn™p sXfn™phcp∂ Nne
aplq¿Ø-ßs
- f-∏‰
- n-bm-Wv, Nne cwK-ßsf-∏-‰n-bm-Wv, Nne A\p-`-h-ßsf∏‰nbm- W v . F¶n¬, acp- ∂ n- \ p- t ]mepw
ASp°pw Nn´bpw D≠m-hn-√ F∂v
{]tXyIw ]d-tb-≠-Xn-√-s√m.
Ahn-`‡ IΩyq-WnÃv ]m¿´n-°v,
A°m-eØv aq∂p apJ-]-{X-ß-fp-≠mbn-cp-∂p. tImgn-t°m´p\n∂v ""tZim-`nam\n'', sIm√-Øp-\n∂v ""P\-bpKw'',
Xr»q- c n¬\n∂v ""\h- P o- h ≥''. Iq´Øn¬ G‰hpw Pq\n-b-dmWv \h-Po-h≥
]{Xm- [ n- ] ¿ km£m¬ ap≠- t »cn
amjv. tIcf-h¿Ω tImtf-Pnse \meph¿jsØ "A`ymkw' Ign™v, Rm≥
t\sc sN∂ptN¿∂Xv "\h-Po-h's‚
]{Xm-[n]kan-Xn-bn-em-Wv. \mec ]Xn‰m≠p \o≠p- \ n∂ Fs‚ ]{X{]h¿Ø\k]- c ybpsS XpS- ° hpw
AXm-bn-cp-∂p. apJy-]-{Xm-[n-]¿ F∂
\ne-bn¬ ap≠-t»cn amjv an°-hmdpw
F√m Znh-khpw cmhn-tebpw sshIpt∂-chpw "\h-Po-h's‚ Hm^o-kn¬
hcpw. cmhn-esØ hchv Ings° tIm´bnse hk-Xn-bn¬\n∂v, sshIp-t∂cw
""awK- t fm- Z b''Øns‚
Hm^o n¬\n∂pw. sshIp-t∂-csØ hchn¬, ÿnc-am-bn, A∂v amjvsS k¥X- k - l - N mcn- b m- b n- c p∂ t{]wPnbpw
(Fw.-]n. `´-Xn-cn-∏m-Sv) IqsS-bp-≠m-hpw.
hs∂-Øn-bm¬∏ns∂, shSn-sh´w XpSßp-I-bm-bn. AXn-semcp {][m\ C\w
t{]wPn-bpsS "Imhym-em-]-\w' Xs∂bm-bn-cp-∂p. AXp ]pXnb Ihn-X-bmhmw, ]gb Ihn- X - b m- h mw, ]Øc
am‰p≈ A£-c-t«m-I-ß-fm-hmw.........
GXm- b mepw Gsd- \ mƒ Ign- b p- ∂ Xn\papºv, B kmln-Xy-km-bm-”-ØneqsS Rm≥ t{]wPn- b psS Ffnb
injy-\m-bn. Fgp-Xm\pw hmbn-°m\pw
Xm¬]-cy-ap≈ Hcp ]ø≥ F∂ \nebn¬ t{]wPn°v Ft∂m-sSmcp khn-tij-hm-’e
- y-hpap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Aßn-s\bmWv ""\h-Po-h≥'' ]{Xm-[n-]-k-an-Xnbw- K - a m- b n- c n- s °- Ø - s ∂, Hs∂m∂ch¿jw ]q¶p- ∂ - Ø p≈ t{]wPnbpsS `h- \ - a mb ""ap√- a w- K - e Øv ''
Rm\pw Hcp At¥-hm-kn-bmbn IqSnb-Xv. C°m-e-ØmWv Rm≥ ae-bmf

\mS-I-th-Zn-bnse {]i-kvX-cmb ]e
alm-{]-Xn-`I
- t- fbpw ]cn-Nb
- s
- ∏-Sp-∂X
- v.
A√, t{]wPn ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xv.
A∂- ß ns\ ]cn- N - b - s ∏- ´ - h - c n¬
F\n°v G‰hpw ASpØ Bcm-[y-]pcp-j-\mbncp∂p Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cn.
Fw.-F-kv. A°m-e-Øp-X-s∂, t{]wPnsb-t∏mse \mS-I-cw-KsØ Hcp AXnIm- b - \ m- b n- c p- ∂ p, kmaqly]cnjv°¿Øm-hm-bn-cp-∂p Ihn-bm-bn-cp-∂p,
A£- c - t «m- I - h n- Z - K v ≤ - \ m- b n- c p- ∂ p,
\mSI kwhn- [ m- b - I - \ m- b n- c p- ∂ p,
GXm\pw kn\n-a-I-fnepw Xs‚ kn≤nssh-`hw AS-bm-fs
- ∏-Sp-Øn-°g
- n-™n-cp∂p..............
Bcw- ` - I m- e - Ø v, a≤y ˛
Z£nWtIc- f - Ø n¬ sI.- ] n.- F .kn.bv°p-≠m-bn-cp∂ t]cpw s]cp-abpw,
Gsd- ° psd
AtX
Af- h n¬
DØctIc- f - Ø n¬ ""tIc- f - I - e mthZn'°pw D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ka-Im-eo\
kmaqly ˛ cmjv{Sob taJ-eI
- sf hnfn®p-W¿Øn \thm-∞m\hn`m-XØns‚
shfn- ® - Ø n- s e- Ø n- ® p- s Im- ≠ n- c p∂
c≠p kam- ¥ c \mS- I - { ]- ÿ m- \ ߃Xs∂. CXn¬, tIc-f-I-em-th-ZnbpsS G‰hpw aq∏pw apg-°-hp-ap≈
h{Pm- b p[w ""\Ω- s fm∂v'' F∂
XI¿∏≥ \mSIw Xs∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p.
ASp- Ø - d n- b m- \ n- S - h - ∂ - t ∏mƒ, A{X
sNdnb Hcm-f√ F∂v t_m[yw h∂,
km£m¬ kRvP-b≥ ""ae-¶m-S≥''
F∂v ]p\¿\m-a-I-cWw sNbvX \mSIm-Nm-cy-\mb sNdp-ImSv Bbn-cp∂p
Cu \mS- I - Ø ns‚ cN- b n- X m- h v.
F∂m¬ ]d-™p-tI´ Adn-hp-h®pw
A\p`hw- s Im≠pw
Fs∂
hnkvabwsIm≈n® hkvXp-X, sNdpImSv amjvsS Cu amÿ]okn\v Hmtcm
Acßp Ign- b p- t ºmgpw ssIh∂psIm≠n- c p∂ Bghpw ]c∏pw
Du¿÷-kz-e-X-bp-am-Wv. XpS-°-Øn¬,
Znh-k-߃ \o≠p-\n∂ dntl-gvk-ense∂t]mse, ]n¬°m-eØv \mS-Imh- X - c - W - Ø n\v sXm´p- a pºv \S- Ø nt∏m∂ dntl-gvk-ep-I-fnepw Hcp-]m-sSmcp-]mSv sh´pw XncpØpw Cu \mS-IØn¬ hcp-Øn-bn-cp-∂p. B A¿∞Øn¬ Hmtcm dntl-gvkepw \mS-I-Øn\p-≠mb Imb-I¬]-Nn-In-’-bm-bn-cp-

27

28

∂p. Cu hnZKv≤NnIn-’b
- psS ]n∂n¬
ka¿∞-ambn {]h¿Øn® Nc-I-˛-kp{ip-X-∑m-cm-bn-cp∂p t{]wPnbpw Fw.-F pw F∂-XmWv FSp-Øp-]-d-tb≠
hkvXp-X. Iem-a¿Ω-⁄-\mb \mSIIr- Ø p- a m- b n- c p- ∂ p- h s√m t{]wPn;
tXmtfmSptXmƒtN¿∂v Fw.-Fk
- v. IqSnbm- b - t ∏mƒ, "\Ω- s fm∂v ' \mSIw
kz¿Æ-Øn\v kpK‘w ssIh∂ Ahÿ-bn-em-bn. Aßn-s\-b-ßns\ Hmtcm
Ac-ßp-I-gn-bp-tºmgpw Cu \mSIw
ssIh-cn-®n-cp∂ km^-ey-Øns‚ IYIƒ Fw.-F-kv. CS-°nsS ]d-bm-dp-≠v.
Gsd-°psd CXp-X-s∂-bm-bn-cp∂p aebmf \mS-It- h-Zn-bn-tebpw kmaqly- ] - c n- j v ° - c - W - b ⁄]c- º - c - b ntebpw \nXy-hn-kvabw F∂p hnti-jn∏n-bv°m-hp∂ ""ASp-°f
- b
- n¬\n∂v Acß-tØbv°v'' F∂ \mS-I-Øn-t‚bpw
Ahÿ. Xo{h-amb A\p-`-h-ß-fpsS
NpSp- t Nm- c - s Im≠pw Ai- c - W - c mb
A¥¿÷- \ - ß - f psS \nebv ° mØ
IÆo-cp-sIm≠pw hn.-Sn. Fgp-Xnb Cu
\mS-I-Øn\pw Hmtcm dntl-gvk¬ Ignbp-tºmgpw ssIh∂p-sIm-≠n-cp∂ am‰Øns‚ Du¿÷-sØ-∏‰n t{]wPn-sbt∏mseØs∂ Fw.-F- pw ]d™p
tI´n-´p-≠v. dntl-gvk¬ Iymºp-I-fn¬
hn.-Sn.bpw t{]wPnbpw Fw.-F pw HØptN¿s∂mcp ]nSn- ] n- S n- ® m¬, Hmtcm
cwKhpw ]q¿Δm-[nIw hmK¿∞-ssh-`h-tØmsS sh´nØn-f-ßp-I-bm-bn.
""AsXm∂pw ]d-™m¬ a\- nem- h n- √ C∂sØ Xe- a p- d - b v ° v . .......
A\p-`-hn-®-dn-b-Ww. AXns‚ Hcp-cpcp........ ckw'' ˛ Fw.- F - k v . Dds°bpds° Nncn-®p-sIm≠pw Bkz-Zn-®pamWv Cßs\ ]d-bp-I. Fw.-F- ns‚
hm°p-I-fn¬Øs∂ ]I¿Ø-s´.
""AtX- b v,
tIƒ°tWm
A∂sØ IY..... dntl- g v k ¬thfbn¬, Nne Nne `mK-߃ hmbn-°ptºmƒ, Fw.-]n. Ft∂mSp tNmZn°pw:
""Fw.-F-t , B hmNIw Cß-s\-bmbm¬ IqSp-X¬ \∂m-hnt√?'' At∏mƒ Rm≥ ]dbpw: ""Aßns\Ø∂ym
th≠- X v''.......- ® m¬ `wKn IqSqw
F∂¿∞w......... Nne- t ∏mƒ Rm≥
]dbpw: ""Fw.-]o., B hmNIw Akmcw
am‰n ]d-™mtem? HuNnXyw IqSnt√''?
DSs\ Fw.-]n. ]dbpw: ""Fw.-F-t ,

F\n°p t\c-sØ-Øs∂ tXm∂n-bXm....... AXm icn......''
Cßns\ Hmtcm A\p-`h
- hpw Fw.F- k v . Hm¿tØm¿Øp]- d - b pw. Hcnbv°¬ ]d™p:
""AtXbv hn.-Sn.-bpsS Fgp-Øns‚
i‡n, AXns‚ aq¿® kln-°n-eym∂¿∞w....... ]cn-lm-kØ
- n-\p-ap-≠mhpw
Ccp-Xeaq¿®...... F∂mepw R߃
F¥p-]-d-™mepw hn.-Sn. Nncn-bv°pw,
Xe-Ip-ep°n kΩ-Xn-°pw....... R߃
]d-bp∂ am‰w \n m-c-am-bn-cn-°mw.
]s£, cwKØv AXp-≠m-°p∂ A\p`hw hep-Xm-Wv........ Hcp DZm-l-cWw
Hm¿Ω hcp- ∂ p....... ""ASp- ° - f - b n¬

tNmZn- ® p. ""Dg- { X≥, Zm, Ahn- s S,
AhnsS amdn Ccp-t∂m-s´, At√''?
""Abvt°ms´ Aßn-s\-bmhmw'' F∂v
A—≥ \ºq-Xn-cn. Dg-{X≥, ]cp-ßns°m- ≠ p- X - s ∂, A¬∏w amdn Ccn°m≥ XpS-ßp-∂p. At∂-c-Øm-Wv,
HmXn- ° ≥ \ºq- X n- c n- b psS Hcp
XI¿∏≥ at\m-[¿Ω{]tbmKw. HmXn°≥ ]d-bp∂p: ´zm ""Dg-{X≥? Cs∏m
AhnsS Ccn-°mw... apjo-eym˛ F∂m¬
aplq¿Øw t\m°n Ign- ™ m¬
As∏m FWo-°Ww ∂¿∞w......''
Hmtcm kZ pw B¿Øm¿Øp
Nncn®v Ah- i - c m- I p∂ Cu at\m[¿Ω{]tbmKw Hcp dntl-gvk-en-emWv

"ASp-°-f-bn¬\n∂v Ac-ß-tØbv°v' \mS-I-Ønse A`n-t\-Xm-°ƒ
thj-tØm-Sp-IqSn kn.-B¿. tIi-h≥ sshZy-tcm-sSm∏w
\n∂v........'' F∂ \mS-I-Øns‚ dntlgvk-em-Wv. AXn¬, Hcp cwKw: hnf-bq¿
A—≥ \ºq-Xn-cn-bpsS C√w. ]qapJØv A—≥ \ºq- X n- c n°p]p- d - s a,
HmXn-°\pw a‰pNnecpw D≠v. tXXnbpsS thfn°v aplq¿Øw t\m°m-\mbn, Ihn-Snk©nbp-ambn Dg-{X-hm-cn-b¿
hcp-∂p. Dg-{X≥ Hcn-SØv Ccn-°p-∂n√. \n∂p ]cp-ßp-I-bm-Wv. ""F¥m
Aam¥w? Dg{Xm sXmSßvt√ F∂v
HmXn-bv°≥. F∂n´pw Dg-{X≥ Ccn-°p∂n-√. A—≥ \ºq-Xn-cn-bpsS C√sØ
]qap-JØv Bcpw ]d-bm-sX, tPym’y\m-bmepw Dg-{X≥ Ccn-°p-Itbm? Dg{X≥ ]cp-ßn-s°mt≠ \n∂p. At∂c-Øm-Wv, A\p-hmZw tNmZn-°p-∂-Xpt]mse, A—≥ \ºq-Xn-cn-tbmSv Btcm

]nd- ∂ p- h o- W Xv F∂v Fw.- F -   pw.
km£y-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p........
t\cn-´\
- p-`h
- a
- p≈ Hcp cwKw ""ASp°- f - b n¬ \n∂v . .......'' F∂ \mS- I Øns‚ dntl-gvk¬Xs∂. hn.-Sn.-bpsS
F¨]Xmw ]nd-∂m-fn-t\m-S-\p-_-‘n®v
Ah- X - c n- ∏ n- ° m- \ m- W v . Imew 1976
ssIØd hmcn-bsØ ]qap-J-ØmWv
]e Zn\-cm-{Xn-߃ \o≠p-\n∂ dntlgvk¬. t{]wPn, Fw.-F-kv., IpØp-≈n,
]cn-bm-\w-]-‰ XpS-ßnb AXn-Im-b-∑mtcm-sSm∏w amSºp Ip™n-Ip-´≥, ap√t\-gn, Cu teJ-I≥ F∂n-hcpw A`n\-bn-°m-\p-≠v. AXn-semcp cwKw: Fw.F- mWv apØ-»n-b-Ω. kZmt\chpw
\mcm-b-W \mcm-b-W- F∂v CS-dnb
i_vZ-Øn¬ \maw P]n-°p∂ Ipeo-

\bmb hr≤. tImS-\m´v \mcm-b-W≥
\ºq-Xn-cn-bm-Wv \mb-I≥. bphm-hmb
am[-h≥. D]-cn-]-T-\-Øn\pth≠n aZncm-in°p t]mIp∂ am[-h≥ apØ-»nb-Ωsb I≠v \a-kvI-cn®v A\p-{Klw
tXSn bm{X tNmZn-°p∂ aplq¿Øw.
thfn- ® - c Spw IpSn- h bv ] pw kz]v \ w
ImWp∂
tXXn- s °- ∂ - t ]mse
X\n°pw Gsd {]nb-s∏´ am[-h≥ adp\m-´n¬ t]mIp-∂-Xn\v apØ-»n-b-Ωbv°p-ap-≠v h√mØ IpWvTn-Xw. HSp°w, am[-h≥ hnS tNmZn®v \a-kvI-cn°p- t ºmƒ, hnd- b v°p∂ c≠v
ssIIfpw am[-hs‚ inc- n¬h-®v,
KZvK-Z-tØmsS apØ-»nbΩ A\p-{Kln-°p-∂p. ""am[-hm, am[-h\v F√mw
IW-°mbn hcpw..... \∂mbn hcpw.......''
dntl- g v k - e n- ¬ , C{Xbpw ]dtb≠ Xma-kw, apØ-»n-bmb Fw.-Fkv. Dds° tXßntØßn Ic™p!
F√m-hcpw apJ-tØmSp apJw t\m°n:
CsX¥p IY? CXv dntl- g v k - e t√............ F∂n- ´ pw.... kXyw ]d™m¬,
F√m- h - c p- t Sbpw
IÆp\nd™p; Rm\pw Ic-™p..........
A∂v D®bv°v DuWv Ign-°m≥
Rm≥ Fw.-F- ns‚ ASp-ØmWv Ccp∂-Xv..... dntl-gvk-em-bn´pw Fw.-F-kv.
F¥nt\ Ic-™-Xv. Fs‚ kwibw
Xocp-∂n-√. AXp-]-‰n-√-s√m. F¶n¬
tNmZn-°pI Xs∂. ]Xp-s°, hfsc
]Xps°, Rm≥ tNmZn-®p.
""Fw.-F-kv. F¥nt\ Ic-™Xv?''
""G, Ic-tby, Rm≥ Ict™zm?''
""inh inh! \t√mWw Ic-™qtem......''
sX√p- t \cw H∂pw ]d- b m- s X,
Ft¥m Hm¿Øv Ccp-∂-tijw Fw.-Fkv. ]d™p:
""F\n-t°-bv, F\n°v »n Hmtcm
Imcy-ßfv Hm¿Ω h∂p...... Cusbmcp
cwKw BZy-ambn dntl-gvk¬ sNbvX
\nan-jw........ Ac-ßØv BZy-ambn Cu
cwKw A`n-\b
- n® \nan-jw. A∂v Rm≥
\nb- { ¥Ww hn´v Ic™ \nanjw...........''
as‰mcp cwKw Hm¿Ω hcp∂p:
h¿j-߃°p apºm-Wv. Kpcp-hm-bqcn¬, ""Kpcp-hm-bq¿ tIi-h≥'' F∂
kn\n- a - b psS jq´nwKv \S- ° p- ∂ p.
AXn¬ Hcp B\-°m-c-\mbn Fw.-Fkpw A`n- \ - b n- ° p- ∂ p- ≠ - s √m. Hcp

Znhkw Fw.-F-kv. Ft∂mSp ]d™p.
""FtSm, X\n-°n-hnsS »n B\-∏m∏m-∑msc ]cn-Nb
- ≠
- m-hq-tem.... F\n°v
Ht∂m ct≠m ]m∏m-∑msc H∂p ImWWw, kwkm-cn-°-Ww.......''
""F¥m Imcyw?''
""hnti-jn-s®m-∂q-≠m-bn-´√
- .... Cu
kn\n-a-bnev Rm\pw Hcp B\-°m-c-\mW-s√m...... At∏mƒ, Nne ]m∏m-∑msc
I≠p kwkm-cn-®m¬...... Nne-sXms°
a\- n-em-°mw...... Ah-cpsS \n¬]v, \SØw, IØo Imc-t°mepw ]nSn-°p∂phn[w, B\-I-tfmSv N´w ]d-bp∂
k{º-Zmbw....''
""AsXms° Fw.-F- n\pw Adnbm-hp-∂-Xt√? C\n I≠pw-tI´pw ]Tn°tWm?'' ˛ Rm≥ shdpsX tNmZn-®p.
""AX-s√-tSm...... \Ω-sfmcp Imcyw
sNøp-tºmƒ, AXv hrØn-bm-h-Ww,
shSp- ∏ m- h - W w..... Bcpw CsX¥m
Cßs\ F∂v tNmZn- ° - c p- X v . ......
Cßs\Ø∂ym B\-°m-c≥ F∂v
]d-b-Ww.......''
R߃ t]mbn. tIi- h s‚
H∂mw- ] m- ∏ m≥ Nnd- f bw ANyp- X ≥
\mb-tcbpw e£van-°p-´n-bpsS ]m∏m≥
A∏p- \ m- b - t cbpw I≠p; Fw.- F - k v .
]eXpw tNmZn- ® - d n- ™ p, kwibw
Xo¿Øp........
aS-ßn-t∏m-cp-tºmƒ Fs‚ a\ v
Hcp Aº-e-{]m-hn-s\-t∏mse Cßs\
IpdpIn:
Hcp
bYm¿∞
\S≥
Cßs\bmWv, Cß-s\-bm-h-Ww.......
Fw.-F-kv. Hcp bYm¿∞ \S-\m-Wv.......
I≠p ]Tn-°v......
kn\n-a-bp-ambn _‘-s∏-´-Xp-Xs∂-bm-h-s´, as‰mcp A\p-`-hw. Hcn°¬, ]eXpw ]d-™-Iq-´-Øn¬ Fw.F-kv. Xs∂ ]d-™-Xm-Wv.
""Fw.- S n. hmkp- t Z- h ≥\m- b ¿
"\n¿Ωmeyw' F∂ kn\n-a-sb-Sp-°m≥
t]mIp-∂p. \So-\-S-∑msc \n›-bn-®psIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. Hcp Znhkw Fw.-Sn.
hnfn-®p. ""\n¿Ωmey''sØ∏‰n ]d-™p.
{][m\ IYm-]m{Xw Hcp shfn-®-∏m-SmWv . ....... ]n.- s P. B‚- W n- b m- W v B
tdmƒ sNøp-∂-Xv....... A—-\m-bn, Hcp
shfn-®-∏mSv thWw...... Imc-W-h-cmWv . ..... ]≠v {]Xm- ] n- b m- b n- c p- ∂ p.
Ct∏mƒ H∂pw hø..... BsI Xf¿∂p

InS-∏m-Wv. C{Xbpw hni-Zmw-i-ß-ƒ ]d™-tijw Fw.-Sn. XpS¿∂p: Cu ImcW- h - c psS tdmƒ Fw.- F - k v . sNøWw.....Fw.- F - k v . Xs∂ sNøWw
F∂mWv Fs‚ B{K-lw...... A{Xbpw
tI´t∏mƒ F\n°v h√mØ kt¥mjhpw A`n-am-\hpw tXm∂n. Bhmw,
Aßn- s \- b mhmw˛Rm≥ ]d- ™ p.
At∏mƒ, Fw.-Sn. C{XbpwIqSn ]d-™p.
]ns∂m-cp Imcyw..... Fw.-Fk
- v. sNøp∂
Cu IYm-]m-{X-Øn\v Ub-tem-Kn-√.........
F√mw apJ-`m-hw-sIm≠v km[n-°-Ww.
Imc- W - s a- ¥ m- s W- ∂ - d n- ™ p IqSm,
AXp tIƒt°≠ Xma- k w, Rm≥
Adn- b msX ]d- ™ p- t ]m- b n. lmhq,
kam-[m-\-am-bn.......... Fs‚ Cu hm°pIƒ tI´-t∏mƒ, kzXsh Nncn-°mØ
Fw.-Sn.-bpsS apJØv Hcp t\cnb I≈®ncn hnS¿∂p. Ft¥ Aßns\ ]d™Xv F∂p tNmZn-°p-∂-Xp-t]m-se.
DS-s\, Hcp sNdnb Nncn-tbmsS Rm\pw
]d-™p: A√..... s]g-bv°n-ey-t√m......
Xosc Ub-tem-Kn-s√-¶n¬, ]d-™Xp
icn-bm-bn√ F∂v Bcpw ]d-bn-√t√m
Ft∂m at‰m Bhmw At∂cw Rm≥
Btem-Nn-®-Xv....... GXm-bmepw ]ns∂
Fw.-Sn. H∂pw ]d-™n-√.'' Cu A\p`hw Hm¿Øv, kzbw Ipepßn°pepßn
Nncn® Fw.-F-kv. HSp°w ]d™p:
""F∂m¬ H∂pw ]d- ™ n√
F∂pw ]d-bm≥ hø.... Fs‚ `mKw
jq´nwKv ]q¿Øn-bm°n aS-ßn-t∏m-cm≥
t\cØv Fs∂ hnfn-®v, am‰n \n¿Øn,
Hcp kzImcyw ]d-bpw-t]mse Fw.-Sn.
]d™p: \∂m-bn...... CXp-X-s∂-bmWv
Rm≥ B{K-ln-®-Xpw.........'' B hm°pIƒ Hcp henb Ahm¿Up- t ]mse
tXm∂n F∂ Blvfm-Z-tØmsS Fw.F-kv. ]d™p \n¿Øn. ""At∏mgpw
Fw.-Sn. Nncn-®p..... Hcp t\cnb Nncn........''
Ct∏mƒ, Fs‚ Hm¿Ω-bn¬ Fw.F pw Nncn-°p-∂p. t\cnb Nncn-sbm∂p-a-√. B Ipep-ßn-°p-ep-ßn-bp≈
Nncn........
W

29

kmaq-lnI\thm-∞m-\-Øns‚
]›m-Øew
Be-t¶mSv eoem-Ir-jvW≥
(2010 Pqsse 3˛mw XnøXn Xriq-cn¬ \S∂ kam-Zc-W-kw-K-a-Ønse apJy-{]-`m-j-Ww)

A`n-h-μy-tc, {]nb-ap-≈-h-tc,
N¶nse tNmc-sIm≠v, Iøn-te¥nb sImSn°v c‡-km-£n-Iƒ \ndw]- I ¿∂ Hcp Ime- Ø ns‚, tIcfob\thm-∞m-\-Øns‚ ]›m-Ø-eamWv Rm-\n-hnsS ImWp-∂-Xv. CXv,
thW- s a- ¶ n¬, c≠mw \thm- ∞ m- \ Øns‚ XpS-°-am-sW-∂p-w ]-dbmw.
kXy-Øn¬ \thm-∞m-\-ap-≠m-°n-bXv
sNdn-b -a-\p-jy-cm-Wv. Ah¿, "RßfnXm \thm-∞m\w \SØpIbmWv'
F∂v {]Jym-]n-®n√, hnfn-®p-]-d-™n-√.
Ah¿°msI D≠m-bn-cp∂ aqe-[\w
Bflm¿∞-X-bmWv. Ccp-]Xmw\q‰m≠ns‚ XpS-°-Øn¬ {`m¥m-e-b-sa∂v
km£m¬ hnth- I m- \ - μ - k zm- a n- I ƒ
hnti-jn-∏n®n´pt]mb Hcpÿ-esØ
"a\p- j ym- e - b '- a m- ° n- Ø o¿ØXns‚
alm-Xym-K-߃, B ka-c-]p-f-I-ßfpsS knμq-c-am-e-Iƒ AWn-™p-sIm≠p-X-s∂-bmWv Cu thZn-bnse BZc-Wo-bc
- mb al-Zvhy-‡n-Iƒ Ccn-°p--∂Xv. Ch¿, HcpXc-Øn-e-s√-¶n¬ as‰mcp-X-c-Øn¬ B ka-c-Øn¬ ]¶m-fnI-fm-bn-cp-∂p. hn.-Sn. `´-Xn-cn-∏mSv \mSI-sa-gp-Xn-bXv \mS-I-IrØv F∂-\n-ebn¬ t]sc-Sp-°m-\√
- . Fw.-B¿.-_n-bpw,
t{]wPnbpw JymXn-°p-th-≠n-b√ \mSI-sa-gp-Xn-bX
- v. A°nØw A`n-\b
- n-®Xv
\S-\m-hm-\√, Ihn-X-sb-gp-Xn-bXv Ihnbm-Im-\√. As√-¶n¬, Ihn-bm-hpI
F∂Xv {]mY-anIe£y-am-bn-cp-∂n√
At±- l - Ø n\v . Np‰p- a p≈ A\m- N - c ߃ amd-Ww.
"\c\pw \c\pw XΩn¬
kmtlm-Z-cy-ap-Zn-°Ww
AXn-∂p-hn-Lv\-am-bp-≈˛
sX√m-an-√m-sX-bm-hWw'
CXv Kpcp-tZ-hs‚ hN-\-am-Wv.
a\p- j y\pw a\p- j y\pw XΩn¬
kmtlmZcy-ap-≠m-h-Ww. sXm´pIqSmØ- h ¿,
Xo≠n- ° qSm- Ø - h ¿,
ZrjvSnbn¬s]´m¬t]mepw tZmj-ap-≈h¿, sI´p]m-Sp-≈-h¿, ]mSn-√m-Ø-h¿...
Aßs\ a\p-jy-sc-Xs∂ ]e-Xm-°n-

30

Xn-cn-®, th¿Xn-cn®p\ndp-Ønb kaq-lØn¬ a\p-jy-\p-th≠n kwkm-cn-°pI-bm-bn-cp∂p Ah¿.
A∂v A°nØw tNmZn®p:-˛
""Indp-°-t√-b-Ym¿∞-Øn¬
NmXp¿h¿Wy-hy-h-ÿ-Iƒ
kwkvImcm`mk-ß-f√o
tjmU--i-{In-b-b-{Xbpw
Ducn-Ø-cn-I, ]qWq-en¬
aØn tIm¿°s´bn∂p-Rm≥''
A°nØw Cu thZn-bn-en-cn-°ptºmƒ CtXm¿°m-Xn-cn-°m≥ Ign-bn√. F{X D÷z- e - a m- b n- ´ mWv A∂v
At±lw Fgp-Xn-b-Xv. Cu ]hn{Xw
]hn-{X-a-s√∂pw, CXv a\p-jys\ Nße-bv°n-Sp∂ Hcp sI´m-sW∂pw Ah¿
Xncn-®-dn-™p. hn.-Sn.-bpsS "ASp-°-fbn¬\n∂v Ac- ß - t Øbv ° v ' FS°p∂nbn¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-®-t∏mƒ, IpSh´w BIm-ihpw Im¬]mSv `qan-bpambn
Ign- ™ n- c p∂
A¥¿÷\kaqlØn¬\n∂v , B
\mS- I - Ø ns‚ t{]c- W - b m¬am{Xw
Hcmƒ ˛ {ioaXn at\gn ˛ tLmj
_ln-jv°-cn®v, tNe-∏pX∏p-Io-dn, ad°p-S -X-√n-s∏m-fn®v a\p-jy-kv{Xo-bmbn
]pd- Ø p- h - ∂ p. ]n∂oSv ]m¿ΔXn
s\∑n\nawKew, Bcym-]≈w, tZhIn
\cn-°m-´ncn XpSßn Hcp-]mSv kv{XoIƒ
ad-°pS s]mfn-s®-dn™p ˛ ASn-a-ØØns‚ Nn”-߃ Dt]-£n-®p.
C.-Fw.-Fk
- v. Bfl-IY
- b
- n-se-gp-Xnbn-´p-≠v. ""Rß-sfms° A∂v ]qWq¬
s]m´n-s®-dn™p Hcp-]mSpt]¿ Cu kac-Øn¬ ]¶m-fn-I-fmbn. ]t£, C∂v
ho´nencn-°p-tºmƒ ]qWq¬ CSmØ
\ºq-Xn-cn-am¿ Ipd-hm-Wv. s]m´n-s®dn™ ]qWq¬ ho≠pw[cn- ® p.
F∂m¬, A∂v Dt]-£n® tLmjbpw
ad-°p-Sbpw kv{XoIƒ Hcn-°epw Xncns®-Sp-Øn-√'' {][m-\-s∏´ Hcp hnπ-hk-tμ-i-am-Wn-Xv. ]pcp-j-∑m¿ aS-ßnt∏m-bn, kv{XoIƒ aS-ßn-t∏m-bn-√. Hcp
kv{Xobpw ]n∂oSv tLmj-bn-tebv°v
˛ A¥¿÷-\-ß-fpsS Ccp-´n-tebv°v
˛ Xncn- ® p- t ]m- b n- √ . Aßns\,
A¥¿÷-\-am-bn-cp∂ kv{Xosb a\pjy-kv{Xo-bm-°nb alm-\-thm-∞m-\-

Øns‚ \mb-I-\mWv hn.-Sn. At±lw
G‰hpw IqSp- X ¬ kwkm- c n- ® Xv
A¥¿÷-\-ß-tfm-Sm-Wv. DÆn-\-ºq-Xncn'bnse Hcp teJ- \ - Ø n- e qsS
At±lw tNmZn-®p:-˛ ""ktlm-Zcnam-sc,
\nß-fn¬ F{X-t]¿ \nß-fpsS C√Øn-\-∏p-d-Øp≈ temIw I≠n´p≠v?
Ipf-Ønse sh≈-a-√msX as‰-¥mWv
\n߃ I≠n´p-≈Xv?'' CØ-c-Øn¬
kwkm-cn® BZysØ ]pcp-j-\mWv
hn.-Sn.-`-´-Xn-cn-∏m-Sv. kv{Xosbbpw ]pcpj-s\bpw tN¿Øv ]pXn-sbmcp a\pjys\ krjvSn-°m≥ CXv Imc-W-ambn. At∏mƒ, \thm-∞m-\-sa-∂Xv a\pjys‚ ka-`m-h-\-bpsS {]h¿Ø-\-amWv. c‡-Øn¬ Aen-™p-tN¿∂n-´p≈
ASn- a - ` m- h - Ø n¬\n∂v kaq- l sØ
tamNn-∏n-°m-\mWv "PmXn tNmZn-°cpXv ' F∂v Kpcp- \ m- Y ≥ ]d- ™ - X v .
XØp- e y- a mb {]tLm- j - W - ß ƒ
Bim-\pw, Aø-¶m-fnbpw a‰pw \S-ØnbXpw CtX e£y-tØm-sS-bm-Wv. 1902
Fkv.-F≥.-Un.-]n. cq]o-Ir-X-am-b-Xn-\ptijw kmaq-ln-I-\-ho-I-cW]cn-]m-SnIƒ sX°≥`m-K-ß-fn¬ XpS-ßn. 1905
¬ hS°v Ipdn-tb-SØv Xm{Xn-bpsS
kv a m¿Ø- h n- N mcw \S- ° p- I - b m- W v .
A{X-tØmfw Ccp-´n-em≠p InS-∂ncp∂ \ºq-Xncnkap-Zm-bsØ ]nSn®p
Ipep-°pI am{X-a√ AIw-]pdw adn°pIIqSn-bmWv hn.-Sn.-bpw, Fw.-B¿._n.-bpw, t{]wPnbpw sNbvX-Xv. \ºqXncn \mS-I-{Xbw F∂t]cn¬ Adn-bs∏´ "ASp- ° - f - b n¬\n∂v Ac- ß tØb-bv°v, "ad-°p-Sb
- v°p-≈nse alm\cIw', "EXp- a Xn' F∂o \mS- I ߃°p-tijw CS-t»-cn-bpsS Iq´p-Irjn, sNdp--Im-Sns‚ \Ω-sfm-∂v, sI.-Sn.ap-lΩ
- Z- ns‚ "CXp-`q-an-bmWv' XpS-ßnb
\mS-Iß
- ƒ ]pd-Øp-h∂
- p. A°m-eØ
- v,
\mS-I-Øn-eqsSbmWv F√m {]iv\ßfpw N¿®sNbvXn-cp-∂X
- v. kvacy]pcpj-\mb Fw.-Fkv \ºq-Xn-cnbpw B
\mS-I-N-cn-{X-Øns‚ `mK-am-hp-I-bm-bncp-∂p. AXp-t]mse t{]wPn, ]cn-bm-\w]‰ XpS-ßn-b-hcpw A`n-t\-Xm-°ƒ
F∂ \ne-bn¬ cwK-sØ-Øn. hfmt©cn Ip´n- » ¶- c ≥\m- b ¿ XpSßn

t]sc-Sp-Øp-]-d-tb≠ ]ecpw C°q-´Øn-eq-≠v.' \mS-I-{]-ÿm\w ˛ Iem-kan-Xn-{]-ÿm\w ˛ tIc-f-Øn-ep-S-\ofw
B™p-ho-inb Im‰m-bn-cp-∂p. \neºq¿Im-c≥ C.-sI. Abap Fgp-Xnb
\mS-I-amWv ""Pv \√ a\vkv\m-Im≥
t\m°v'', A£-c-h-Sn-hn¬ "\o \√ a\pjy≥ BIm≥ t\m°q'' F∂√
Abap t]cn- ´ - X v . \ne- º q¿Im¿°v
A∂v a\- n-em-Ip∂ `mj-bn-em-bn-cp∂p. \mS- I - Ø ns‚ e£y- s as¥∂
Imcy-Øn¬ Ab-ap-hn\v kwi-b-an-√mbn-cp-∂p. Abap Cu \mS-I-sa-gp-Xptºmƒ sXm´- ∏ p- d Øv Imtc- ° m´v
inhvPn Fs∂mcp \ºq-Xncn Hcp \mSI-sa-gp-Xn. AXns‚ t]cv "'Rßfpw
a\p--jyc-∂ymWv.'' Aßn-s\, Hcp {]tZi-Øns‚ c≠-‰Øv c≠v hyXykvX
kap-Zm-b-߃ Htc-X-c-Øn-ep-≈ {]XnI-cWw Db¿ØpI-bm-bn-cp-∂p. F√m
ASn-a®
- ß
- e
- I
- fpw s]m´n-s®-dn™v a\pjy≥ a\p-jy-\m-bn-]p-d-Øp-h-cm-\p≈
Blzm- \ - a mWv F√m kap- Z m- b - ß fn¬\n∂pw Db¿∂-Xv. AØ-c-Øn¬
tamNn-X-cmb a\p-jy¿ kwLw tN¿∂
Nn{X-amWv hb-em-dnepw ]p∂-{]-bn-epw,
Icn-h≈
- q-cn-epw, ap\-b≥Ip-∂nepw a‰pw
\mw I≠-Xv.
hb-em¿ "kwkv°m-cØ
- ns‚ \mf߃' F∂ IhnXbn¬ Fgp- X n- b Xpt]m-se,
"N¶n-sem-cp≠sIm≠-Xn¬\n∂v
sN¶p-S¬]p-dØp NmSn'
InS- ° p∂ c‡- k m- £ n- I ƒ,
tNmc-sIm≠v ka-tc-Xn-lm-k-sa-gpXn,
Ah- k m- \ sØ Xp≈n tNmc- b n¬
\nh¿∂p-In-S∂
- v, Rßfo \mSns‚ ASnaØw C√m- X m°pw F∂v i]Yw
sNbvXp. Aßns\ tNmc-sIm≠v hnπh-Nc
- nXw FgpXn IS-∂p-t]mb Hcp P\Xbv°p apºn-emWv ChnsS \mSIw
Ah-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏-´-Xv. A∂v \mS-I-sa∂-Xv Poh-c-‡-Øn¬ XqenI ap°n-sbgp- X nb kv t \l- K m- Y - I - f m- b n- c p- ∂ p.
"IrXn-Iƒ a\p-jy-I-Ym-\p-Km-bn-Iƒ'
Bbn- c p- ∂ p. Ahm¿Uv In´m- \ - √ ,
{]ikvXn t\Sm-\-√, adn®v, ASn-a-k-aql-ßsf tamNn-∏n-°m-\mWv Cu \mSI-{]-h¿Ø-I¿ bXv\n-®n-cp-∂-Xv.
Aßns\, Ie- I ƒ a\p- j ysc
H∂n-∏n-®-Xns‚ ^e-ambn 1956¬ Xncphn-Xmw-Iq-dpw, sIm®n-bpw, ae-_mdpw

tN¿∂v H∂m-b-t∏mƒ ˛ aq∂pwIq´n
apdp-°n-b-t∏mƒ tIcfw 1957¬ Bcpw
{]Xo-£n-°m-Ø-hn-[-Øn¬ Nph-∂pt]m-bn. Ct∏mgpw \ΩpsS \m´n¬ IeI-fp-≠v. B Ie-Iƒ Btcbpw DW¿Øm-dn-√. Btcbpw Bthiw sIm≈n°m-dn-√. F√m-h-tc-bpw, temI-sØ
apgp-h≥, ]pd-Øm°n hmXn-e-S®v AIØn- c p∂v, IÆocpw Iøp- a mbn
18682˛mwasØ "F∏n-tUmkv' ˛ tUmkv
Iq-´n-°q´n \c-I-Xp-ey-amb IY-I-fneqsS, kocn-be
- n-eqsS Aßns\ IS-∂pt]m- h p∂p. CXn\pw Ie- s b- ∂ mWv
t]cv. CXmWv hyh-km-b-I-e. 'A]cs‚ hm°p- I ƒ kwKo- X w- t ]mse
Bkz- Z n- ° m≥ Ign- b p∂ HcpImewhcpw' F∂ al-Ømb In\mhv D≠mbn- c p∂p. State will wither away
(`cWIqSw sImgn-™p-t]m-Ipw) F∂
Imhym-flI kz]v\-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. `cW-IqSw Fhn-sSbpw sImgn-™p-t]m-bn´p-≠m-hn-√. AsXmcp kz]v\-am-bn-cp∂p. B kz]v\-Øns‚ ]nd-sI-bmWv
Bfp-Iƒ k©-cn-®-Xv, Ihn-Iƒ k©cn-®-Xv, \mS-I-Ir-Øp-°ƒ k©cn-®-Xv,
Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cnsbt∏mep≈ \S∑m¿ k©-cn-®-Xv. Ah¿ ]mSp-Ibpw,
]d- b p- I - b pw, ]´n- W n- I n- S - ° p- I bpw
sNbvXp. Ch-cn¬ ]e-cp-sSbpw kmºØnI\ne A{X-`-{Z-am-bn-cp-∂n√. Iemk-an-Xn-I-fpsS Ncn-{X-Øn¬ XymK-Øns‚bpw kl- \ - Ø n- s ‚bpw {]Xo- I amWv Fw.-Fk
- v. _m_p-cm-Pv. "Ccp-\mgn
aÆn-\mbv Dcp-Ip∂ I¿j-I¿...' F∂Km\w ChnsS B¿.-\-K¿ ]mSn-bs√m
"Cc-hns‚ Xe-sIm-øp∂ Acn-hm-fmbn
Aºnfn an∂p'-∂X
- n-\p-apºv tIc-fs
- skKmƒ F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp∂ tImgn-t°mSv
A_vZpƒ JmZ¿ ]mSn.
""Hmtcm In\m-hns‚ amºqhpw Xn∂v
Hmtcmtcm taml-Øn¬ tX≥]-gw-X∂v''
]´n-Wn-In-S∂v, ASn-sIm≠v sXcphn¬ hogp-tºmgpw "R߃ Pohn-®-Xnt\-°mƒ kvt\l-ap≈ Hcp temIØn¬ Rß-fpsS a°ƒ Pohn-°W
- ta'
F∂v {]m¿∞n®v C¶zn-em_v hnfn®p
acn-s®m-Sp-ßnb a\p-jysc ae-bm-fn°v
Fßns\ ad-°m-\mIpw? kmwkvIm-cnI- a mb A¬jn- t agv k v ae- b m- f nsb
_m[n®p XpSßntbm F∂v Rm≥ `b°p-∂p.

CsXm-s°-bmWv Cu kam-Z-c-Wkw-K-a-th-f-bn¬ F∂n-ep-W¿Øp∂
Nn¥-Iƒ. CXv Hm¿Ω-bmWv, Poh-\p≈
Hm¿Ω-Iƒ. A°nØw XpSßn \manhnsS BZ- c n- ° p∂ Hmtcm- c p- Ø cpw
Hmtcm ka-c-kvam-c-I-ß-fmWv. Ch-cn¬
XpSn-°p∂ \q‰m-≠p-I-fpsS Ncn{Xw
\ma-dn-bp-∂p. Np≠n¬ KmY-I-fpw, Icß- f n¬ ]qs®- ≠ p- I - f p- a mbn CXm
]pXnb ]uc-∑m¿ ˛ ]pXn-b-Ip-´n-Iƒ ˛
\nß-fpsS Im¬°¬ \a-kv°-cn-°p∂p. Hcp ]pXnb \thm-∞m-\-Øns‚
XpS-°-ambn Rm\n-Xns\ ImWp-∂p.
Fw.-Fk
- v. \ºq-Xn-cn-sb-t]m-ep-ff
Bfp-Iƒ Ie-Isf DW¿Øns‚ IeI-fm-°m≥ \S-Ønb alm-kmw-kvIm-cnI-bp-≤-Øns‚ {]Xo-IßfmWv. Cu
kam-Z-c-W-Øn-eqsS Fw.-F-kv. Hcp-a-\pjy≥ am{X-a-√m-Xm-Ip-∂p, Hcp Iem-Imc≥ am{X-a-√m-Xm-Ip-∂p. At±lw Hcp
alm-ka
- c
- N
- c
- n-{X-Øns‚ `mK-am-hp-Ib
- mWv.
tImgn-t°mSv A_vZpƒJm-Z-dpw,
_m_p- c mPpw ]mSn- b n- c p- ∂ - I m- e Øv
F¥mWv Ah¿°v In´n-bn-cp-∂X
- v. Ah\-h\v hne-]-d-bm-\-dn-bmØ Iem-Im-c∑m-cm-bn-cp∂p Ah¿. C∂v, Ip´n-Iƒ°v
hne-]d
- b
- m-\d
- n-bmw. Hcp ]m´p-]mSn Pbn®m¬ c≠ptImSn- c q] In´pw F∂v
Ah¿°v \√ \n›- b - a p- ≠ v . AXpsIm≠v Hcp Dfp-∏p-an-√msX Fkv.-Fw.-Fkv XctW F∂v tem-I-Øns‚
apºn¬ `n£-bm-Nn-°p-∂p. `n£-bm-Nn°m- \ - d nbmØ, Bflm- ` n- a m- \ - a p≈,
kz¥w \s´-√n¬\n-∂-h-cmb, \mSns\
DW¿Øn-bh
- c
- mb alm-fl°
- sf kvacn°p-tºmƒ Fs‚ hm°p-Iƒ Zp¿∫-eam-hp-∂p. Fs∂-t∏m-ep-≈-h¿ h¿Øam\w ]dbp-∂-h-cmWv ˛ {]h¿Øn-®h-c-√. F¶nepw Cu h¿Ø-am-\-Øn\v
Fs¥- ¶ nepw Du¿÷w Ds≠- ¶ n¬
AXv \nß-fpsS PohnXw \nd-®p-X-∂Xm-Wv. \nß-tfmSv Cu cmPyw IS-s∏´n-cn-°p-∂p. ae-\m-´p-hm-gvhns‚ Hmtcm
kzmX-{¥y-\n-an-jhpw \nß-tfmSv ISs∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p.
Fw.-F- n\v BZ-cm-RvP-en-Iƒ!
W

31

Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xncn
7˛mw \º¿ Pbn¬]p≈n
sI. AΩp Xºp-cm-´n

Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xncnsb°p-dn®v
Hm¿°p- t ºmƒ sshIp- t ∂- c - ß - f n¬
XØ- a sØ
Aº- e - ∏ - d - º n¬
_m‰van‚¨ Ifn-°m≥ hcp∂ bphmhns‚ cq]-amWv Fs‚ a\- n¬ sXfnbp- ∂ - X v . Fs‚ AΩm- a ≥ sI.- s I.
Xºp-cm-\p-ambn henb Iq´p-sI-´n-em-bncp∂p At±- l w. Ah- s c√mw HØptN¿∂p≈ io´p-I-fnbpw Rmt\m¿°p∂p. XØ-aØv F¥p-hn-ti-j-ap-s≠¶nepw Fw.-F-kv. hcpw. awK-e-t»cn
i¶-c≥ \ºq-Xn-cn-bpsS aq∂m-asØ
aI-\m-bn-cp-∂p Fw.-F-kv.
Xr»q¿ sk‚ v tXmakv tImtfPn¬ ]Tn-°p-tºmƒXs∂ ka-Im-enI-cmb C.-Fw.-F-kv., kn.-A-Nyp-X-tat\m≥
XpS- ß n- b - h - t cm- s SmØv
hnZym¿∞n{]ÿm-\-Øn-epw, tZiob
{]t£m`{]h¿Ø-\-ß-fnepw apgp-In.
XnI™ tIm¨{Kkv {]h¿Ø- I \mbn kzmX-{¥y-k-a-c-Øn¬ ]¶p-sIm≠p. D∏p-k-Xym-{K-lw, hntZihkv{X_-ln-jvI-cWw F∂n-h-bn¬ ]¶m-fnbmbn AdÃv hcn-®p.
Pbn¬hmk- ° m- e - Ø p≈ Hcp
t^mt´m-bn¬ Im°n-\n-°dpw _\n-b\p-an´v 7˛mw \º¿ Pbn¬]p-≈n-bmbn

Fw.-F- ns\ I≠Xv ambmsX Fs‚
a\-   n- e p- ≠ v . Pbn¬tamNn- X - \ m- b tijw At±lw IΩyq-WnÃv Bbn.
X\n°p In´nb Hml-cn-kzØp apgp-h≥
IΩyq- W nÃv ]m¿´n°v kw`m- h \
sNbvXp.
CXn-\n-S-bn¬ At±lw \mS-I-ßfnepw A`n-\-bn®p XpS-ßn. D≈m-´n¬
i¶-c≥Ip´n tat\ms‚ "IrjvW-Ipamcn' F∂ \mS-I-Øn¬ \mbnImIYm]m-{X-amb cP]p{Xbph-Xnsb Ah-Xcn-∏n-®Xv Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cn-bm-bn-cp∂p. A`n- t \- X m- h ns\ Fw.- F - k v .
IrjvW≥\-ºq-Xncn F∂v ]cn-N-b-s∏Sp-Øn-bn-√m-bn-cp-s∂-¶n¬ AsXmcp
kv{Xobm-sW∂v F√m-hcpw [cn-°p-ambn-cp-∂p. \mSIcwKsØ°pdn-t®m¿°ptºmƒ, Fw.-Fk
- ns‚ [¿Ω-]Xv\n kckzXn A¥¿÷-\h
- p-samØv aln-fm-kam-P-Øns‚ "s]mcp-Ø-t°Sv' F∂
\mS- I - Ø n¬ Rm≥ A`n- \ - b n- ® Xv
Hm¿Ω-h-cp-∂p.
⁄mt\m-Zbw hmb-\-im-e-bpsS
hm¿jn-Im-tLm-j-th-f-I-fn¬ Fw.-Fkns‚ kwhn- [ m\]mShw t\cn¬
ImWm≥ Ign-™n-´p-≠v. dntl-gvk¬
ka-bØv XnI™ Im¿°-iy-amWv
At±lw ]pe¿Øn-bn-cp-∂-Xv. Ah-km\-Im-e-L-´-Øn-emWv At±lw kn\na-bn¬ A`n-\-bn-°m≥ XpS-ßn-b-Xv.
A[nIw Nn{X-ßfn¬ A`n-\b
- n-®n-´n-s√-

¶nepw "Ccp-´ns‚ Bflm-hn'se apØ»-\pw, "\n¿Ωmey'Ønse henb shfn®-∏mSpw am{Xw aXn-bs√m At±-lsØ
A{`-]m-fn-I-fn¬ A\-iz-c-\m-°m≥.
A`n- t \- X mhv F∂- t Xm- s Sm∏w
\s√mcp Ihnbpw IqSn-bm-bn-cp-∂p Fw.F-kv. kmaq-ly-]-cn-jv°-cW {]ÿm\-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´v {]h¿Øn-°ptºmƒ At±lw Fgp- X nb "apjv S n
Npcp-´pI tkmZ-cn-amsc' F∂ IhnX
{]kn-≤-am-Wv. A£-c-t«m-I-hn-Z-Kv≤\m-bn-cp∂ At±lw [mcmfw H‰-t«mI-߃ Fgp-Xn-bn-´p-≠v.
Fw.- F -   ns‚ P∑- i - X m_v Z n
BtLm-jß
- f
- psS `mK-ambn Hcp kvacWnI Cd-°m≥ Xocp-am-\n-®Xv DNn-Xam-bn. Fw.-F-kns\ kvt\lm-Z-c-ßtfmsS am{Xw I≠n-´p≈ Hcp ktlmZ-cn-bpsS NnX-dn-b-sX-¶nepw Hfn-aßmØXmb Nne Hm¿a- I ƒ kv a cWmRvP-en-bmbn A¿∏n-°p-∂p.
W

]t´-∏mSw dqd¬ tIm˛-Hm-∏-td-‰ohv skmssk‰n
¢n]vXw \º¿ R - 1040
H.O. ]t´-∏mSw, ]n.-H. sIm‰-\-√q¿, Ph: 2861279, 2866249
Branch : im¥n\K¿, ]n.-H. ]pØ≥Nn-d, Ph : 2685097
(tIm¿ _m¶nMv)
sI.-sI. N{μ-ti-J-c≥ ({]kn-U≠v)

]n.-B¿. jmPn (sk{I-´dn C≥ Nm¿÷v)

E mail : patteppadamrcs@gmail.com

32

apjvSn-Np-cp-´pI
Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xncn
apjvSn Npcp-´pI tkmZ-cn-amtc
ap‰p-a-`n-hmZyw sNøpI \Ωƒ
ap‡ico-cbmw km[zn-sbm-Sn-t∏mƒ
c‡m-`n-hm-Z-\-tam-XpI \Ωƒ
s]m´n-sØ-dn-®Xp Xos∏m-cn-b√
IjvSw XZvhn-πh c‡-I-W-߃
\osf \nd-hXp Nmc-hp-a√
\n¿ae kpμc PohnX am¿Kw
XnÆ-ao-bm-dSn aÆn-\n-b-kva¬
IÆp-\o¿®m-en-\m¬ ]¶n-e-am°m
C∂dpZo]vXkpjp-]vXn-sb-sbm´pw
Cs∂-Sp-ho¿∏n-\m-em-Ip-e-am°m
Bth-≠-sX¥p \man-∂n-Xn¬ \n∂pw
Bthiw sIm≈Ww tkmZ-cn-amtc
Bth-≠-sX¥p \man-∂n-Xn¬ \n∂pw
Bthiw sIm≈Ww tkmZ-cn-amtc

am\p-jn-bm-hm≥
Hf-∏-aÆ
\n≥ ssII-fn-se-¥-¥¿P-\ta
In¶n-e-sa∂p Inep-ßp∂p?
sh¶-e-h-f-b-√Xp Iøm-a-˛
®-ß-e-bm-sW-∂-dn-bpt∂m?
F¥m-tW-h-a-I-Øp-≈mtf
\ns‚ IgpØp Ipcp-°p∂p?
Xmen-®-c-S-√-¥-W-\n-s´mcp
Imen-°-b-dm-W-dn-bpt∂m?
\nXy-hp-sa-¥n-s\-bm-tØ-Ωmtc
ap´p-Iƒ IpØn \an-°p∂p?
tXh-sc-b√ Zpcm-Nm-c-Øn≥
amaq-en-s\-bm-W-dn-bpt∂m?

Ct√ ]Xn-hm-bp-Æm-dnt√
h√-`-in-jvS-hp-a-ar-tX-Ømbv?
F∂m-e-Sn-a-Ø-Øn-s∂-®nep
Xn∂p-I-bm-sW-∂-dn-bpt∂m?
th´m-fo-iz-cs\s∂mcp ]g-samgn
tI´p P]n-°m-dnt√ \o?
F∂m¬ ]pcp-j≥ kv{Xoa¿±-I-\m-˛
sW-∂p-≈Xp \ob-dn-bpt∂m
A¥¿P-\ta \obn-X-dn-™m¬
A∂p apX¬s°mcp am\p-jn-bmbv!
A¥¿P-\ta \obn-X-dn-™m¬
A∂p apX¬s°mcp am\p-jn-bmbv!

33

Fw.-F-kv. F∂ alm\pw
alm-\p-`m-h-\pw
inh-Zmkv Nne-h-∂q¿

]Xnhpt]msemcp {]`m-Xw. dn´b¿ sNbv X tijw {]`m- X - ß ƒ°v
]pXp-a-bn-√. Zn\-N-cy-Iƒ°pw ]cn-]mSn-Iƒ°pw sshhn-[y-an-√. [a-\n-If
- nse
c‡- { ]- h m- l - Ø n\v Du¿÷- k z- e X
\¬Im-\p≈ {]h¿Ø-\-ß-sfm-∂p-an√. Ime-Øns‚ kz`m-hnIam‰-ßsf
inc- n-te‰n HXpßn kam-[m-\-ambn
Ign-bp-∂p.
Aßs\ Ign-bp-tºm-gp≈ Hcp
{]`m-Xw. Im∏n-IpSnIgn-™p `mcy-bpsS
]mN-I-Ønse sshhn[yw Im∏n-IpSn
F∂ NS-ßns\ BI¿j-I-am-°p-∂p.
Zl-t\-{μn-bß
- ƒ sImSn-]n-Sn-°m-s\m-cpßp∂ L´whsc `£Ww AIØv
sNepØn Itk-c-bn¬ h∂n-cp∂v ]{XØn¬ H∂mw hmb-\b
- n¬ hn´p-t]m-bh
hngp- ß m- s \m- c p- ß th
t^m¨
Nnebv°ms\m-cp-ßn.
ka-bhpw kμ¿`hpw t\m°msX
Nne-bv°p∂ Hcp GSm-IqSw!
]Wn-s∏´v Itk-c-bn¬ \ns∂Wo‰v B Ip{¥m≠w FSpØv sNhnbn¬ sh®p.
"ltem' "B ltem'
"inh-Zm-k-\t√'? "BsW-¶n¬'?
"ltem inh-Zm-k-\mtWm'?
A√, C¥y≥ {][m\a{¥n-bmsW∂v ]d-bm≥ tXm∂n. Cbmƒ°v
Imcy-aßv ]d™p Xpe®p IqtS?
"AsX inh-Zmkv Xs∂'
"{]Xm-]≥ amÃ-dm-Wv. Ccn-ßm-e°p-S-bn¬\n∂v.
T°v! H‰ \nanjwsIm≠v F√mw
Djm- d m- b n. AanX`£- W - Ø ns‚
Bekyw ]º IS- ∂ p. Itkc
Atßm´v \o°n-bn´v Ccp-∂p. i_vZØnse \ntj[`mhw HmSn-sbm-fn-®p.
B t]cpXs∂ Fs∂ Fgp-]-Xp-Ifn¬\n∂v \m¬]-Xp-I-fn-te°v hen-®psIm≠pt]mbn.
1959 ¬ XpS- ß nb kulr- Z w.
R߃ Km\-ta-fbpw tKm]m-e≥ amÃ-

34

dpsS (I-S-h-{¥) \mS-Ihpw a‰p-ambn
hne-kth Hcp KmbI\S-\mbn {]Xm]≥am- Ã ¿ ({]- X m- ] v k nw- K v ) cwK- { ]thiw sNøp- ∂ p. A∂m- c w- ` n®
kulrZw hfsc h¿j-߃ XpS¿∂p.
1972 ¬ s]cp-ºm-hq¿ \mS-I-im-e-bntebv°v {io. ImeSn tKm]n Fs∂
£Wn-°m\pw R߃°v ho≠pw Hcpan®v {]h¿Øn- ° m\pw CS- b m- ° nb
kulr-Zw. ]n∂oSv {]mcm_v[°m‰n¬
PohnX\uI-Iƒ ]e-h-gn-bm-bn. ]ns∂
]ns∂ `qJ- fi - ß - f psS AI¬®.
F¶nepw \me©ph¿jw IqSp-tºmtgm
at‰m H∂pImWpw. As√-¶n¬ Hcp
t^m¨ hnfn. Cu ka-bØv ]gb
Hm¿Ω-Iƒam{Xw. Aß-s\-bp≈ {]Xm]≥ amÃ-dmWv hnfn-°p-∂-Xv. ]s£,

kvac-Wn-I-bpw Cd-°p-∂p.
]ns∂ kw`mjWw Rßsf
c≠p t]scbpw Np‰-n∏-‰n-bm-bn. Ahkm\w amÃdv F\n°p t\sc Hcp
{_“mkv{Xw {]tbm-Kn®tijw {]Xym{I-a-W-Øn\v F\n-°-h-kcw XcmsX
t^m¨ UnkvI-WIvSp sNbvXp.
kvac-Wn-I-bn-tebv°v Fs‚ Hcp
teJ\w Ab- b v°Wwt]mepw.
aq∂ph¿jw \mSIIymºn-eqsS ASpØ-dn™ hy‡n-bt√?
A¶-em-∏n\v C\n-sb¥p thWv?
{]mbw Gsd-bm-b-Xns‚ sshX-c-WnIƒ Gsd. Hm¿Ω-bpsS BIm-i-am-sW¶n¬ Icn-]p-c≠phcp-∂p. aq∂cZim_vZØ
- n-\∏
- p-dsØ Imcy-߃ ]pXp°n
an\p-°m≥ Ah-kcw In´mØ Hm¿Ω-

kaq-l-Ønse A\m-Nm-c-߃s°-Xn-sc-bp≈ t]mcm-´Øn¬ Hcp IÆn-bm-Im-\p≈ Xzc-aqØv BI¿j-Ia- mb
Kh¨sa‚p-tZymKw hen-s®-dn™v ]n∂o-Sp≈ Ime-ßfn¬ XymtKm-÷z-ea- mb, Zpcn-X]
- q¿Æ-amb PohnX]Ÿmhp- a mbn A`n- c - a n® B ]gb _ncp- Z [m- c n- b psS
kw`h_lp-e-amb Pohn-X-Ønse GSp-Iƒ Ipd-s®¶nepw R߃°papºn¬ Xpd-∂n-´Xv a‰p-]-e-cp-am-bn-cp∂p. apØ-—≥ A°m-cy-ß-fn¬ hmNm-e-\m-bn-cp-∂n-√.
XnI™ au\n-bm-bn-cp-∂p.
B hnfn `qX-Im-eØ
- ns‚ amdme]nSn®
GSp-Iƒ s]mSnX´n FSp-°m-\p-≈ \nanØ-am-Ip-sa∂v Icp-Xn-tb-bn-√.
""Zmkm, Fw.-F- ns\ ad-∂p-ImWn-√t√m'?
""Fw.- F - t  m. \ΩpsS apØ—t\m? ad-°mt\m? \√ Imcy-am-bn.
F¥m amtj Ct∏m-f-ßs\ tNmZn°m≥?
Fw.- F  ns‚
Ncatijw
F√mh¿jhpw B Znhkw _‘p°fpw kplr-Øp-°fpw HØptNcm-dp≠v. Ct∏mƒ 25 h¿jw XnI-bp-∂p.
Rm\pw AXn-semcp IÆn-bm-Wv. Cu
h¿jw hn]p-e-amb ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ. Hcp

Iƒ.
Rm≥ Hm¿°m≥ {ian-®p. FhnsS
\ns∂m- s °tbm shfn®w ]mfn
t\m°p-∂p. \mSIh≠n-bpsS BSepw
De- ® nepw
A\p- ` - h - s ∏- S p- ∂ p.
{]mbh≠n ]nt∂mt-´m-Sm≥ XpS-ßp-Ibm-Wv. {_“mkv{Xw XSp-Øt√ ]‰q.
FhnsS XpS- ß Ww? Fßs\
XpS- ß Ww? HscØpw ]nSn- b p- a n- √ .
Rm≥ a\-   ns\ hnfn- ® p. a\ v
ap≥]n¬ A‰≥j-\mbn \n∂p. Rm≥
]d™p a\t  \o H∂v s]cp-ºm-hq¿
t]mbn hcq. AhnsS ImeSn tKm]nbpsS \mSIime-bpsS Hm^o-kp-Iƒ
ÿnXn sNbvXn-cp∂ ÿehpw a‰pw

\nco- £ n- ° q. F\n- s °mcp b⁄w
]q¿Øn- b m- ° m- \ p- ≠ v.
AXv
AhnsS\n∂pthWw XpS-ßm≥.
a\ v t^m¿thUv Knb-dn-em-bn.
sIm®n \K- c - ß fpw {]m¥- ß fpw
Xm≠n Bephmhgn Ing°v {Kma-߃
IS∂v SuWn- s e- Ø n. t]mbImeØns‚ tijn-∏p-I-fmbn kvIqƒ, Aºew, Aº-e-°p-fw, Bip-]{Xn Chsbms° am{Xw. {]uVn h¿≤n® ]´W-Øns‚ ]cn-kc
- ß
- f
- n-sem∂p Idßn
shdpwItømsS aS-ßn.
]ns∂ X]-   m- W v . apØ- — s‚
apJw a\- n¬ [ym\n®v, Nn{X-߃,
kw`-h-߃ sXfn™phcm≥ XpS-ßn.
H´-\-h[n Nn{X-߃.
1972 emWv s]cp- º m- h qcn¬
ImeSn tKm]n-bpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn-ep≈
"\mS-Ii
- m-e'- sb∂ \mSI kan-Xn-bn-seØm-\n-S-bm-b-Xv. Ac-ßn-epw Xnc-»o-ebn-epwam{Xw I≠p]cn-N-b-ap≈ s\√nt°mSp `mkvI-c≥, hnem-kn-\n, Fw.-Fkv. \ºq-Xn-cn F∂o A`n-\b{]Xn-`Isf t\cn¬ ImWm\pw CS-]-g-Im\pw
Aßs\ Ah-kcw e`n-®p. {io. sI.F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cn-bpsS kaky F∂
\mSIambn-cp∂p B h¿jw Xnc-s™Sp-Øn-cp-∂-Xv. Km\-߃ {io. tkma-Zmk≥ Fgp-Xn-bX;v kwKoX kwhn-[m\w
{]Xm-]vknw-Kpw. _m_p \ºq-Xn-cn,
]pcpj≥, F{_lmw, XpS-ßn-b-hcpw
A`n-t\-Xm-°-fpsS Iq´-Øn¬.
Fd-Wm-Ip-f-Øp-Im-c≥ sPbnwkv
F∂- b m- f mWv Kn‰m¿ ssIImcyw
sNøm≥ \ntbm- K n- ° - s ∏- ´ n- c p- ∂ - X v .
Rm≥ Pbnw-tk-´≥ F∂p hnfn-°pw.
Fs‚ \m´p-Im-c-\m-Wv. At±-l-Øn\v
Fw.-F- ns\ t\ctØ ]cn-N-b-am-Wv.
apØ-—≥ F∂mWv kwt_m-[-\.
Aß- s \- s bmcp
Znhkw
\mSIime- b n¬ Rm\pw Pbnw- t k´\pw sN√p-∂p. AhnsS {io ImeSn
tKm]nbp≠v ˛ k¥-X-k-l-Nm-cnbpw
\mSIime-bpsS Hcp ]m¿SvW-dp-amb
kpIp- a m- c ≥ amÃ- d pw. Ah¿
Hm^oknen-cp∂v dntl-gvk¬ \S-Øn∏n- s \- ∏ ‰n Hmtcm∂v Nn¥n®v N¿®
sNøp-∂p. ]n∂n-ep≈ apdn-I-fn¬\n∂v
]e-cp-sSbpw kwkmcw tIƒ°mw.
R߃ tKm]nbpw kpIp-am-c≥
amÃ-dp-ambn Ipi-e-߃ ]d-™n-cn-°p-

tºmƒ AIØp \n∂v Bscm-s°tbm
Hm^okv apdn-bn-tebv°v h∂p. ""CXv
{]Xm-]s‚ ASpØ kplrØv an. inhZm-kv. \ΩpsS ]pXnb lm¿tam-WnÃv.
F√m-hcpw ssI X∂p. Htc-t]mse
XWpØ ssIIƒ. {^nUvPn¬ \ns∂SpØt]mse. ]n∂mse h∂Xv Hcp
htbm- h r- ≤ ≥. Hcp \mS≥ap≠pw
]pX®v. tÃPp-If
- nepw Xnc-»o-eI
- f
- nepw
I≠p]cn- N - b n® apJw. BcXv?
]nSnIn´n. Hm^o-kn¬ Hcp A]-cn-NnXs\ I≠-t∏mƒ Nncn-®p-sIm≠v ASptØbv°p h∂p. sPbnw-kns‚ ]pdØv
X´n-bn´v tNmZn-®p.
""Bcm ]pXnb Iq´p-Im-c≥''?
""Fs‚ ]gb Iq´p-Im-c≥ Xs∂bm-Wv apØ-—m. t]cv inh-Zm-kv. {]Xm]≥ amÃ-dpsS Iq´p-Im-c-\m-Wv. C\n
\ΩpsS IqsS {Sq∏n¬ kl-I-cn-°pw.''
""Mv l m. \∂m- b n. Fd- W m- I p- f Øp
X∂ym hoSv?'' ""AtX apØ—m! A√m,
Rm\pw apØ—m F∂v hnfn-t®mt´?''
""hnfn- t ®m- f q. F¥m C{X
kwibw! hnfn- t ®m- f qt∂'' F\n°v
ssI X∂p. B ssI°v NqSp-≠m-bn-cp∂p. NqSv F∂n-tebv°v {]k-cn-°p-∂Xmbn tXm∂n.
Hm¿Ω-Iƒ apdn-bp∂p Chn-sS.
GXv \mSI{Sq∏nepw Nne s]cntbm¿am-cp-≠m-Ipw. AXn¬ H∂m-a≥
\mSIapX- e m- f n. Nncn- ° m≥ ad- ∂ pt]mb IYm- ] m- { X- Ø ns‚ tdmfn\v
]‰p∂
krjvSn.
Nncn- ® m¬,
kulrZ`mhw ImWn- ® m¬, Xs‚
kp{Ko- h m- ⁄ - I ƒ A\p- k - c n- ° m≥
Bsf In´n-bn-s√-¶nt√m F∂ t]Sn.
As√-¶n¬ Hcp arK-ime tXmfn-te‰n
\S-°p-∂-Xns‚ am\-knIkΩ¿±w!
]ns∂ Ipsd ko\n-b¿ \So-\-S∑m¿. Pq\n- b ¿am- s c√mw Xß- f psS
A\p- { K- l m- i n-   p- I ƒ hmß- W w.
Hmtcm `mKhpw A`n-\b
- n®pIgn-™m¬
icn-bmtbm tN´m F∂v hn\o-X-ambn
tNmZn-°-Ww Fs∂ms° B{K-ln-°p∂-h¿. Cß-s\-bp≈ Iodm-ap-´n-I-fpsS
temI- Ø n¬
F√m
A]- { KY\߃°pw AXo- X cmbn tim`n°p∂ Nne \£- { X- ß - f p- ≠ v.
AXn¬s∏Spw \ΩpsS apØ-—≥ F∂v
Znh-k-߃ apt∂m´p \oßpw-tXmdpw
F\n°v hy‡-ambnh∂p.

\mSIime-bn-se-Øn-s∏´v
Ipd®pIme- t Øbv ° v Rm≥ hfsc
{i≤n®pw kq£-vaX
- t- bm-sS-bp-ta ko\nb¿am-cmb apØ-—-t\mSpw `mkvI-ct\mSpw CS- ] - g - I n- b n- c p- ∂ p- ≈ q. Hcp
sNdnb AIew F√m Imcy-ß-fnepw.
]s£ Ime- { I- t aW B AIew
Ipd™ph∂p. AIew Ipd-®p-sIm≠p
h∂Xv ta¬]- d ™ c≠p ko\nb¿am¿Xs∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p, {]tXy-In®pw
apØ-—≥. AIew ]men-®t√m F∂Xv
]n∂oSv Hcp Ip‰-t_m-[-ambn am-dn.
apØ-—≥ ASnapSn Hcp ]®a\pjy≥. s\√n- t °m- S - \ m- I s´ BZysams° Hcp XnI™ \Ss‚ `mh-Ønem- s W- ¶ nepw ASp- Ø - d n- b p- t ºm- ƒ
D≈nse tImgn-t°m-S≥ hnip-≤nbpw
hn\-bhpw I≠-dn-bm≥ Ign-bpw.
dntl- g v k ¬ ]ptcm- K - a n- ° th
Fs‚ {i≤-bn¬s∏´ as‰mcp {][m\
Imcy- a p- ≠ v . dntl- g v k ¬ ka- b Øv
s]cn- t bm≥ F∂v ]d- b m≥ Hcmƒ
am{Xw; ImeSn tKm]n. _m°n-sb√mw
I∂n-°m¿. {]tXy-In®pw apØ-—\pw
s\√n-t°m-S\pw. GsX-¶nepw tImWnen-cp∂v Ub-temKv Hm¿°m≥ {ian-°pIbpw X߃ {]Xy- £ - s ∏- t S≠
kabw ]m¿Øn-cn-°p-Ibpw At∏mƒ
A`n- \ bw Fßs\ anI- ® - X mhmw
F∂p≈ Imcy-Øn¬ _≤-{i-≤-cm-bncn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ c≠p sNdnb
henb \S-∑m¿.
apØ- — s‚ Ac- ß nse {]I- S \sØ hne- b n- c p- Ø m≥ \Ω- s fmcp
{iaw \S-tØ≠ Imcy-an-√.
AXv Ft∂ hne-bn-cpØs∏´p
Ign-™p! F\n°v Ipdn-°m-\p-≈Xv
CXpam{Xw. apØ- — ≥ A`n- \ bw
ImgvNhbv°p∂ kμ¿`-ß-fn¬ \mSI-sat∂m tÃsPt∂m a‰p-ap≈ Nn¥Iƒ \Ωn¬ \n∂p \njv{Ib-am-Ip-∂p.
\Ωƒ Pohn- X - Ø nse aplq¿Ø߃°v km£n- b m- I p- I - b m- W v.
IÆn\pw ImXn\pw a\-   n\pw
Ipfncp]Icpw, H∏w Bth-ihpw]Icp∂ kμ¿`-ß-fm-W-h.
\mS-I-im-e-bpsS I∂n \mS-Iamb "kaky' B h¿jw \qdn-tesd
tÃPp- I - f n- e - h - X - c n- ∏ n- ® p. A{Xbpw
IqSnt®c-ep-Iƒ. A{Xbpw bm{X-Iƒ;
kan- X n- b nse
F√m- h - s cbpw

35

36

AIse\n∂pw ASpØp\n∂pw
t\m°n°mWm\pw {]tbm-P-\-s∏-´p.
"inh- Z mkm,
Xms\s∂
ASpØp\n∂pw AIse\n∂pw H∂pw
t\m°n
hnj- a n- ° - W - s a- ∂ n- √ .
Rm\nXpXs∂, CXpam{Xw' apØ—s\ kw_- ‘ n®v F\n°v e`n®
ktμiw CXm-bn-cp-∂p. B Znh-k-ßfn¬ {]I-S-amb CtaPv Hcp t]md-epta¬°msX 5 h¿jw, Rm≥ \mS-Iim-e-bn-ep-≠mb Ime-a-{Xbpw \ne-\n∂p. a‰p ]e-cp-ambpw Rm≥ ÿm-]n®n-cp∂ kvt\l-_‘
- ß
- fn¬ Nne-t∏msgms° \ng¬hogvN-Iƒ D≠m-bn-´ps≠-¶n-epw.
kan- X n- b nepw
a‰pw
]ckv]ckvt\l-Øn-s‚bpw [mc-W-bpsSbpw BImiw ]et∏mgpw taLm-hrX-am-Ip-Ibpw Ccp´pIpØn ag-s]-øpIbpw sNbvXn-´p-s≠-¶nepw AXn-s\√m-an-S-bn¬ {]Imiw ]c-Øn-\n∂v a\ n\p Ipfn¿Ω ]I¿∂ Hcp \£-{Xam-bn-cp∂p apØ-—≥.
A`n-t\-Xm-°sf am{X-a√ F√mh- s cbpw t{]m¬km- l n- ∏ n- ° p- I bpw
Bcnepw Ip‰w ImWm≥ {ian-°m-Xn-cn°p-Ibpw F√m-hcpw X\n°v Xpey-cmsW∂pw Bcpw Xmsg-bs
- √-∂pw, Bsc¶nepw Xmsg-bm-sW-¶n¬ AXv Xm≥
am{X- a m- s W∂pw Icp- X p∂ as‰mcp
a\pjyPohnsb k¶¬∏n-°mtam?
Xs‚ tdmƒ tÃPn¬ A`n-\-bn°p-tºmƒ ImWn-I-fpsS t\¿°mWv
IÆp- I ƒ Xpd∂p h®n- c n- ° p- ∂ - s X¶nepw AI-°Æv X∂nse A`n-t\-Xmhns‚ {]I-S\w I≠p-sIm-≠n-cn-°pIbpw B IYm- ] m- { X- Ø ns‚
hf¿®bpw hnIm-khpw hne-bn-cp-Øns°m-≠n-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøpw. \mS-I-amcw-`n-®m¬ GsX-¶nepw Hcp aqe-bn¬
\n»_vZ-\mbn\n∂v \mSIw ImWpIbpw Xs‚ tdmfp-Iƒ°n-S-bn-ep≈
kabw apgp- h ≥ CXv XpS- c p- I bpw
sNøpw. H∂m-asØ \mS-I-am-bmepw
\qdm-asØ \mS-Ia
- m-bmepw CXpXs∂
ÿnXn.
Hcn- ° ¬ Rm\pw Pbnwkv
tN´\pw apØ-—s‚ Cu coXn-sb-°pdn®v Xami ]d-™p. AXn\v In´nb
adp-]Sn Cß-s\.
""\ΩpsS tdmƒ ]q¿Æ-X-bn-se-

Øn-°m≥ Bflm¿∞hpw {i≤m-]q¿Δhp-amb kao-]\w thWw. AXns‚
hnIm-k-Øns‚ Hmtcm L´hpw \Ωƒ
\nco-£n®psIm≠n-cn-°-Ww. ]ns∂,
\mS-I-Øns‚ hnPbw F√m tdmfp-Ifp-sSbpw hnIm-k-Øn-s‚bpw ]q¿Æ-Xbp-sSbpw ^e-at√? At∏mƒ \ΩpsS
tdmfn¬ am{Xw Xm¬]-cyhpw {i≤bpw
D≠m-bm¬ t]mcm, samØw \mS-IØnepw thWw. \mSIw samØ-Øn¬
\ΩpsS lrZ-b-kv]-μ-\-hp-ambn _‘s∏-Sp-Ø-Ww. \mSIw \ΩpsS hnIm-cam- I Ww. a‰p≈ ka- b - ß - f n¬
\n߃°v F¥p-am-Imw. \mS-IsØ
Aßs\ ImW-cp-Xv.''
hfsc sXt°m-´p≈ bm{X-If
- n¬,
s]cp-ºm-hq¿ hn´p Ign-™m¬ \mS-Iim-e-bpsS hm≥ ]ns∂ \ndp-Øp-∂Xv
Imbw-Ip-f-Øm-bn-cn-°pw. Imbw-Ipfw
tÃj\v sXm´-cn-In¬ sX°p-h-iØv
A∂v sNdnb Nmb-°-S. R߃ B
Nmb°S-bn-emWv Im∏n IpSn-°m-dp-≈Xv. \nc-∂n-cn-°p∂ Rß-fn-tem-tcm-cpØ-tcmSpw kπ-b¿ h∂v th≠-sX¥m∂v Bcm-bpw. apØ-—-t\m-sSm∂pw
tNmZn-°n-√. {i≤n-°p-I-t]m-ep-an-√.
Bsfmcp Ipdnb ]mhw a\p-jy-\-t√?
HcpXcw Ah-K-W -\ . ]s£ F√mh¿°pw ]e-lmcw sIm≠phcp-tºmƒ
At±-l-Øn\pw Fs¥-¶nepw sImSp°pw. Hcp sNdnb ]vtf‰n¬ c≠v DÆnb-∏w. DÆy-∏-Øns‚ ]cn-]mSn ]e
bm{X- I - f nepw Bh¿Øn- ° p- ∂ Xv
I≠t∏mƒ, AXv IS-bn¬ henb Nnehn- √ mØ km[- \ - a m- s W∂pw AXv
apØ—s‚ Xe-bn¬ h®psI´p-I-bmsW∂pw R߃ [cn-®p. apØ-—-t\mSv
Hcn-°¬ R߃ tNmZn-®p. ""apØ-—s\¥m Imbw-Ip-fsØ B Nmb°Sbn¬ \n∂v B¿°pw th≠mØ DÆnb∏w am{Xw Ign-°p-∂-Xv? as‰-hnsS
t]mbmepw apØ-—≥ DÆn-b∏w At\zjn- ° m- d p- a n- √ . Iptd {]mh- i y- a mbn
Rß-fnXv ImWp-∂p.''
""Hm DÆn-b-∏w At√? As∏m
\nßfv {i≤n-°Wv≠.v C\n Hcn-°¬
\nßfpw AsXm∂p Ign®p t\m°v.
At∏mƒ a\- n-emIpw FSm ]nt≈tc,
Rm\o bm{X Ct∂m C∂-setbm XpSßn-b-X-√. ]s≠m-cn-°¬ Rm≥ AhnS∂v DÆn-b∏w Ign®pt\m°n. ssIhn-

tjm-s∂ms° tI´n-´n-t√. ssIhnjw
X∂t]mse- b mbn. B A∏- Ø ns‚
cp]n H∂p thsdXs∂- b m. ]ns∂
Ft∏m- f - h nsS tIdn- b mepw DÆnb∏wXs∂ ic- W w. ]n∂oSv Rm≥
tNmZn-°msXXs∂ DÆn-b∏w Xcm≥
XpSßn!'' Kp´≥kv ]nSn-In-´n.
A∂pXs∂ \cbpw Npfn-hp-sams°-bmbn {]mbw ico-c-Øn¬ ap{Z
Bg- Ø n¬ ]Xn- ∏ n- ® n- c p- ∂ p. ]s£
a\ v hg-ßm≥ Iq´m-°n-bn-cp-∂n-√.
a\ v {]mbsØ ]e-ImXw AI‰n
\n¿Øn. Cu {]{Inb sNdp-∏-Ønte
Bcw-`n®pImWpw. Ip´n-I-fpsSXmb
Hcp ss\¿a- e yhpw \njv I - f - ¶ - a mb
kvt\lhpw kl-Nm-cn-I-fm-bn-cp-∂p.
"CutKm' F∂ sNIp-Øm\v apØ—s\ `b- a m- b n- c p- ∂ p. Cu sNIpØms‚ Ifn-Iƒ hne-t∏m-hmØ Htcsbmcp hy‡n apØ-—≥ F∂v Rm≥
\n w-ibw ]d-bpw.
apXn¿∂-h¿°v s]mXpsh Hcp
kz`m-h-ap-≠v. Xs‚ Adn-hns‚ `mfis°´n¬ \n∂v `mcw a‰p-≈h-cpsS Xebn-tebv°v Iptds» Cd°n sImSp-°pI. Xß-fpsS hoc-km-l-knIIY-Iƒ
]d-bp-I. Bh-iy-ap-s≠-¶nepw Cs√¶nepw CS-bv°n-Sbv°v KpW-tZm-jn-®psIm-≠n-cn-°pI F∂n-ß-s\. ]s£
apØ-—s‚ mould XnI®pw hyXy-kvXam-bn-cp-∂p.
kaq- l - Ø nse
A\m- N m- c ߃s°- X n- s c- b p≈ t]mcm- ´ - Ø n¬
Hcp IÆn- b m- I m- \ p≈ Xzc- a qØv
BI¿j-I-amb Kh¨sa‚p-tZymKw
hen-s®-dn™v ]n∂o-Sp≈ Ime-ß-fn¬
XymtKm-÷z-e-amb, Zpcn-X-]q¿Æ-amb
PohnX]Ÿm-hp-ambn A`n-c-an® B
]gb _ncp-Z[m-cn-bpsS kw`h_lp-eamb Pohn-X-Ønse GSp-Iƒ Ipd-s®¶nepw R߃°papºn¬ Xpd-∂n-´Xv
a‰p-]-e-cp-am-bn-cp-∂p. apØ-—≥ A°mcy- ß - f n¬ hmNm- e - \ m- b n- c p- ∂ n- √ .
XnI™ au\n-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Cßs\
Hcp hnNn{X apØ- — ≥! B kv a cWbv°pap≥]n¬ \an-°p-∂p.
W

P∑-i-Xm_vZn BtLm-j-]-cn-]m-Sn-I-fpsS kam-cw`w

]Zva-`q-j¨ tUm. Iem-a-fiew cma≥Ip-´n-\m-b¿, {io. D√mkv If-°mSv, {io. t__n tPm¨, s{]m^. tPm¿÷v Fkv.-t]mƒ
(DZvLm-S\w)
(kzmKXw)
(Biw-k-Iƒ)

]Zva-`q-j¨ Ipgq¿ \mcm-b-W-am-cm¿
P∑-tZ-iamb sImc-´n-bnse BtLm-j-]-cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ
DZvLm-S\w sNøp∂p

]Zva-`q-j¨ Fw.-Sn. hmkp-tZ-h≥ \mb¿
Ccn-ßm-e-°p-S-bn¬ BtLm-j-]-cn-]m-Sn-I-fpsS
kam-]\w DZvLm-S\w sNøp∂p

A£-c-t«mIkZ v : "[\y-kvarXn', Iem-\n-ebw lmƒ, Ccn-ßm-e-°pS

37

kam-Z-c-W-kw-Kaw: kmlnXy A°m-Zan lmƒ, Xr»q¿

DZvLm-S\w : sI.-sI. Znhm-I-c≥. Fw.-F¬.-F.

""B
Z
c
Wo
b
a
ti
j
a
tlm
X
h''

38

[oc-]-Yn-IcpsS kpIrXkvarXn-I-fp-ambn
"kam-Z-cWkwKaw'
Nne Ime-߃ Aß-s\-bm-Wv. Hm¿a-bpsS s\cn-t∏m-Sn¬ Ah F∂pw AW-bmsX Fcnbpw. kmaqlyPohn-XØns‚ AI-Ø-f-ß-fnepw k¿K-k-]-cy-bnepw HcpIq´w a\p-jy¿ sImfp-Ønb am‰-Øns‚ Xo∏-¥-ß-fmWv \thm-∞m\w
F∂-t]-cn¬ B ImesØ A\-iz-c-am-°p-∂-Xv.
kmaqly]cn-jvI¿Ømhpw ae-bmf \mS-I-˛-kn-\nam cwKsØ AXpey A`n-\b{]Xn-`-bp-am-bn-c∂ Fw.-F-kv.-\-ºqXn-cn-bpsS ka-ImenIcpsS HØp-tN-c¬ A\p-]-a-amb XymK-k-∂-≤-Xbpw \n›-b-Zm¿Vyhpw Bbp-[-am°n bmYm-ÿnXn-I-Xz-Øns‚ Xmbvthc-dpØ cW-[o-c-cpsS ]p\xkam-K-a-am-bn.
kmaq-ly-amb D®-\o-N-Xz-ß-fp-sS, h¿W-sh-dn-bp-sS, A‘-hn-izm-k-Øns‚ F√m amaq-ep-I-tfbpw a¿Z-t\m-]-I-cW-ßtfbpw kzPo-hn-X-Øn¬ ]I¿Ønb am\-hn-I-X-bpsS _Z¬sIm≠v adn-I-S∂ B t]mcm-fn-I-fpsS A\p-`-h-߃
\h-\-thm-∞m-\-Øn\v Xøm-sd-Sp-°p∂ ]pXpXe-ap-dbv°v Bthiw ]I-cp-∂-Xm-bn. Fw.-F- ns‚ `mcy awK-e-t»cn kckzXn A¥¿P\w, C´ym-º-dºØv Bcy A¥¿P-\w, Hmß-√q¿ KwKm-tZhn A¥¿P-\w, Ipdq¿ eoe A¥¿P-\w, almIhn A°n-Øw, \ne-ºq¿ Bbn-j, kcf a[p-kq-Z-\≥, ]≈w apcfn So®¿, amSºv Ip™p-°p-´≥, Fw.-kn. \ºq-Xn-cn-∏mSv, hnZym-[-c≥ amÿ, tPmkv ]mb-Ω¬, Iem-ebw cm[. Iem-a-fiew ¢mc, tZh-tk\ A¥¿P-\w, Ipt´y-SØn hnemkn-\n, B¿ \K¿, {]Xm-]vkn-Mv, XpS-ßn-b-h-cmWv HØp-tN¿∂-Xv. ae-bm-fn-bpsS ]ptcm-K-a\Pohn-X-Øn\v ASn-Ø-d- ]mInbhcpw B Xe-ap-d-bpsS t\c-h-Im-in-I-fp-amb Chsc Fw.-F- ns‚ P∑-P-Xm_vZntbmS-\p-_-‘n®v kl-{]-h¿ØIsc BZ-cn-°m≥ kwL-Sn-∏n® "kam-Z-cWkwK-a-Øn¬' BZ-cn-®p. alm-Ihn A°nØw "DÆn \ºq-Xncn' amkn-I-bn¬
h∂ Fw.-F- ns‚ IhnX hmbn-®p.
Fw.-Fkv \ºq-Xn-cn-bpsS P∑-i-Xm-_vZn-tbm-S-\p-_-‘n®v ]ptcm-K-a\ Iem-km-lnXy kwL-Øns‚ t\Xy-Xz-Øn¬
i\n-bmgvN tIcf kmln-Xy- A°mZan-bn¬ kwL-Sn-∏n® NSßv sI.-sI. -Zn-hm-I-c≥ Fw.-F¬.-F. DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp.
hm°pw {]hr-Ønbpw c≠√ F∂v ImWn® kmaqly ]cn-jvI¿Øm-hm-bn-cp∂p Fw.-Fkv \ºq-Xncnsb∂v At±lw
]d-™p. Fgp-Øp-Im-c≥ AjvS-aq¿Øn Fw.-F-kns\ A\p-kva-cn-®p. "kmaqly\thm-∞m-\-Øns‚ ]›m-Øew' F∂
hnj-b-Øn¬ Be-t¶mSv eoem-Ir-jvW≥ {]`m-jWw \S-Øn. Atim-I≥ Ncp-hn¬ A[y-£-\m-bn. s{]m^. C. cmP≥
kzmK-Xhpw JmZ¿ ]t´-∏mSw \μnbpw ]d-™p.

\thm-∞m-\-Øns‚ ams‰m-en-bmb
Cuc-Sn-Iƒ°pw ]p\¿P\n
]Xn-X-h¿K-Øns‚ tamN\Øn-\m-bn, XqenI ]S-hm-fmbn Db¿∂, cwK-th-Zn-Iƒ cW-t`-cn-Iƒ apg-°nb ImeØv
Fw.-Fkv. \ºq-Xncn Fgp-Xnb hcn-I-ƒ apg-ßn-b-t∏mƒ ae-bmf kmlnXy Xd-hm-Sns‚ AI-Ø-f-߃ Hcn-°¬°qSn
]pf-I-®m¿Ø-Wn™p. Fw.-F-kns‚ P∑-i-Xm-_vZn-tbm-S-\p-_-‘n®v i\n-bmgvN tIcf kmlnXy A°m-Z-an-bn¬ kwLSn-∏n® NS-ßn¬ \thm-∞m\ tIc-f-Øns‚ ams‰m-en-bmb Ihn-X-Iƒ Bkzm-Z-I¿ kl¿jw G‰p-hm-ßn.
"apjvSn Npcp-´pI tkmZ-cn-amtc
ap‰p-a-`n-hmZyw sNøpI \Ωƒ,
ap‡-i-co-cbmw km[zntbmSn-t∏mƒ,
c‡m-`n-hm-Z-\-tam-XpI \Ωƒ'
Fw.F ns‚ Cu hcn-Iƒ Fw.-F- ns‚ IpSpw-_mw-K-߃ Xs∂- B-e-]n-°p-tºmƒ kZ v H∂msI Bthi]pfIn-X-ambn.
hn.-Sn -bp-sSbpw, C.-Fw.F n-s‚bpsams° Blzm-\-ß-fn¬ BIr-jvS-cmbn kmap-Zm-bnI ]cn-jv°-c-W-Øn\pw
am\-h-hntamN\-Øn-\p-ambn Cd-ßn-Øn-cn® Fw.-F-kv., Hf-∏-a-Æ, t{]wPn, sI.-]n.-Pn.-F-∂n-h-cpsS Ihn-X-I-fpsS Bem]\w hm°p-I-fn¬ A·n-]-S¿∂ ]g-b-Im-e-Øns‚ ]p\-cm-hn-jvIm-c-ambn.
""\n≥ ssII-fnse¥-¥¿P-\ta In¶n-e-sa∂p Inep-ßp-∂p?
sh¶-e-h-f-b√Xp ssIbm-a-®-ß-e-bm-sW-∂-dn-bpt∂m?''
F∂p XpS-ßp∂ Hf-∏-a-Æ-bpsS hcn-Ifpw ""]´n-Wn°m-cpsSbmibmw tkmhy‰p \m´n¬ ]nd-°m≥ sImXn∏q \mWn''
F∂ sI.]n.-Pn. \ºq-Xn-cn-bpsS Ihn-Xbpw Hcp-Im-e-Øns‚ hntam-N\ kz]v\-ß-fpsS AS-bm-f-am-bn. PmXym-Nm-c-ß-fpsSbpw P∑n-Xz-Øn-s‚bpw thc-dp-°m-\p≈ Blzm-\-hp-ambn Ac-ßns‚ CSn-ap-g-°-amb sNdp-Im-Sns‚ "\Ωsfm∂n'se
"aXn aXn aXn P∑nXzw tht≠ th≠' F∂ Km\w \mS-I-Ønse \S≥IqSn-bmb B¿. -\-K¿ D®-Øn-em-e-]n-®t∏mƒ
thZn-bn-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂ \ne-ºq¿ Bbn-jbv°pw Fw.-Fkv hmcn-b¿°pw Ipt´y-SØn hnem-kn-\n°psam∂pw Xmfw ]nSn°m-Xn-cn-°m-\m-bn-√. ""B a™Wn ama-e-bn¬, \o¿ap-Ø-Wn-hm-Sn-I-fn¬'' F∂ Km\w cm[m-Ir-jvW≥ Iq¿°-t©-cnbpw
Ah-X-cn-∏n-®p. lcojv ]ip-]-Xn-bpsS GIm-`n-\-bhpw D≠m-bn.

39

aq∂qdp h¿jw ap≥]v A]-cn-Nn-X-\mb Hcp hntZin \ΩpsS `mjbv°v BZy-\n-L≠p \¬In.
Ccp-∂qdp h¿jw ap≥]v hn⁄m-\-Zm-ln-bmb Hcp hntZin \ΩpsS ssPh-ssh-hn-[ysØ
BZyambn kam-l-cn-®p. ]›n-a-L-´-Øns‚ kpK‘w tXSn h∂ hntZ-in-Iƒ \ΩpsS kwkvImc-Øns‚ sshhn-[y-Øn¬ ebn-®p. \ΩpsS tZi-sØbpw `mj-sbbpw kwkvIm-cs
- Øbpw kvt\ln°p∂ 72 e£-Øn¬∏cw k©m--cn-Iƒ Hmtcm h¿jhpw tIc-f-Øn-tebv°p hcp-∂p. temIw
C∂v tIc-f-sØ-°p-dn-®-`n-am-\n-°p-∂p. \nßtfm?

Kerala Tourism Park View Trivandrum - 695 033 Phone : ++91-471-2321132 Fax : 2322279
Email : info@keralatourism.org
www.keralatourism.org

40

alm-\-Ss‚ kpIr-X-kvar-Xn-Iƒ
F≥. a[p

\thm-∞m-\-N-cn-{X-Øn¬ ambmap{Z ]Xn- ∏ n® tXP-   ns‚ P∑- i Xm_vZnh¿j-am-WnXv. kwL-t_m-[Øns‚ Icp-Øns\ kvt\l-Øm¬
s\bvsX-Sp-Øv, ka-`m-h-\-bpsS \htemIw kz]v\w-I≠v Ac-ßnepw PohnX-Ønepw Ahn-cmaw bm{X-sNbvX,
Fw.- F kv F∂- d n- b - s ∏´ Fw.- F kv
IrjvW≥ \ºq-Xn-cn-bmWv B a\pjy≥.
tIc- f obPohn- X - Ø ns‚
AeIpw ]nSnbpw am‰n-∏WnX Btdgp-Z-iIw ImgvN-°m-c-\mbn \n¬°msX, Ac- ß Øv BSnØI¿Ø
alm\S-\m-bn-cp∂p At±-lw. \thm∞m-\a
- q-ey-߃ km^-ey-Øn-se-Øn®
[oc-]-Yn-I¿s°m∏w Fw.-F pw D≠mbn- c p- ∂ p. Xriq¿ sk‚ v tXmakv
tImtf-Pn¬ C.-Fw.-F- ns‚ kl-]mTn, kl-{]-h¿Ø-I≥. F.sI.Pn-bpsSbpw kn. ANyp-X-ta-t\m-s‚bpw Pn.i-¶-c-°p-dp∏n-s‚bpw kplr-Øv. hn.Sn
bpsSbpw Fw.B¿.- _ n- b p- s Sbpw
t{]wPn-bp-sSbpw kl-bm-{Xn-I≥.
1910 am¿®v 24\v Xriq¿ Pn√-bnse
sImc-´n-bn¬ awK-e-t»cn i¶-c≥ \ºqXn-cn-bp-sSbpw NpSp-hm-e-Øqcv aptØSØv km-hn{Xn A¥¿P-\-Øn-s‚bpw
aI-\mbn ]nd∂ Fw.-F-kn\p thWsa-¶n¬ HmØpw kw_-‘-hp-sam-s°bmbn "Hc-]v^≥' \ºq-Xn-cn-bmbn NS™p-Iq-Sm-am-bn-cp-∂p. At±lw hgn-amdn
\S-∂p. Zpcm-Nm-c-ß-fpsS alm-\-c-I߃ ad-°p-Sbpw aqSp-]-S-hp-ambn BSnØn-an¿Ø Po¿W-Im-esØ ImWm-Xncn- ° m≥ At±- l - Ø n\p Ign- ™ n- √ .
Ccpƒ \nd™ AI- Ø - f - ß - f n¬
ho¿∏p-ap-´nb Xm{Xn-am-cp-sSbpw tXXnam-cp-sSbpw kzc-an-√mØ k¶-S-߃
I≠n-s√∂p \Sn-°m≥ Bbn-√. \thm∞m-\-Øns‚, kzmX-{¥y-k-a-c-Øns‚,
Iayq-WnÃv {]ÿm-\-Øns‚ hgn-I-fntebv°v Nph-Sp-d-∏n®p \S-∂p. A\mNm-c-ß-fpsS s\Spt¶m´-Iƒs°Xnsc
]ptcm-K-a\-]-£Øv AWn-tN¿∂p.
]qWq¬ s]m´n- ° - e pw IpSpa apdn-

°epw hn[-hm-hn-hm-lh
- psam-s°-bmbn
sImSp-¶m-‰Sn® hnπ-h-ß-fn¬ ]¶m-fnbmbn. tIm¨{K- mbn, tIm¨{Kkv
tkmjyenÃmbn, Iayq-Wn-Ãm-bn. IayqWnÃv ]m¿´n ]nf¿∂-t∏mƒ kn.-]n.sF. FΩn-s\m∏w. sk‚ v tXmakv
tImtf-Pn¬\n∂v [\-im-kv{X-Øn¬
_ncp-Z-sa-SpØ Fw.-F-kv. BZyw \ºqXncn hnZym-e-b-Øn¬ A≤ym-]-I≥.
XpS¿∂v BZm- b - \ n- I p- X n- h - I p- ∏ n¬
DtZym-K-ÿ≥. Iayq-Wn-Ãp-Imsc ]ncn®p-hn-Sm≥ \o°w \S-°p-∂-X-dn™v
tPmen hen-s®-dn™v kmaq-ly-]-cnjvI¿Ømhpw \S\pw cmjv{So-b-°m-c\p-ambn.
Fw.-F-kv. Xriq¿ hnth-tIm-Zbw
kvIqfn¬ A©mw -¢m- n¬. kn.hnbpsS "{]l- k \w' Ac- t ß- d p- ∂ p.
AXn¬ s]¨Ip- ´ n- b psS thj- ° mcs\ thWw. Pn i¶-c-°p-dp∏v Is≠Øn- b Xv Fw.- F - k n- s \. Ac- ß nepw
sh≈n-Øn-c-bnepw Ht´sd IYm-]m-{X߃°v `mh-∏-I¿® \¬Inb Fw.-Fkns‚ A`n-\bPohn-XØn\v ChnsS
XpS°w. ]n∂oSv kmaq-ly-]-cn-jvIcW\mS-I-ß-fn-eqsS cwK-th-Zn-bn¬
kPo-h-amb At±lw "ASp-°-f-bn¬\n∂v Ac--ß-tØbv°v', ad-°p-S-bv°p≈nse alm-\-cIw' "EXp-aXn' XpS-ßnb-hbn-se√mw \nd-™p-\n-∂p. XpS¿∂v
cmjv { So- b - ˛ - k m- a qly \mS- I - ß - f ntebv°v. sNdp-Im-Sns‚ "\Ω-sfm-∂n-'eqsS XpS°w. Fw.-F- ns‚ Imcy-ÿ≥
cma≥\m- b ¿, t{]wPn- b psS ]ß≥\mb¿, ]cn-bm-\w-]-‰-bpsS Ah-dm-≥ ˛
]gb Xe-apd s\t©-‰nb IYm-]m-{X߃, ]n∂oSv ]n.-sP. B‚-Wn-bp-tS-XS°w Iayq- W nÃv {]ÿm- \ - Ø ns‚
hf¿®-bn¬ \n¿Wm-bI ]¶p-h-ln®
\mS-I-ß-fn-se√mw Fw.-Fkv \nd-km∂n- ≤ y- a m- b n. Ah- k m- \ w- h sc P\IobIem-Im-c-\mbn \ne-sIm-≠p.
1964˛¬ DZ-bm-bpsS Im´p-Xp-f-knbn- e qsS sh≈n- Ø n- c - b n- e p- s a- Ø n.
]ns∂ Ccp-´ns‚ Bflm-hv, ]I¬°n\mhv, \n¿am-eyw, {]bm-Ww, Kpcp-hmbq¿ tIi-h≥. A`n-\-b-Øn¬am{Xw
HXp-ßp-∂-Xm-bn-cp-∂n√ {]Xn-`. \mS-Ic-N-\, Ihn-X, A£-c-t«mIw F∂o

taJ-eI
- f
- nepw k¿K-tijn sXfn-bn-®p.
1983 HIvtS-m_-¿ 27\v Fw.-Fkv hnS-hmßn.
Ccn-ßm-e-°pS ss{IÃv tImtfPnse KWn-Xi
- mkv{X A[ym-]I
- \
- m-bncp∂ aI≥ Fw.-sI. N{μs‚ Ccn-ßme-°p-S-bnse "lko

-bn-em-bn-cp∂p
Ah-km-\-\m-fp-I-fn¬ Ign-™-Xv.
`mcy kc-kzXn A¥¿P\w At±l- s Ø- ° p- d n- ® p≈ Hm¿a- I - f p- a mbn
Ahn-sS-bp-≠v. \fn-\≥, kpa, hn]n\≥,
A\n-b≥ F∂n-h¿ a‰p-a-°ƒ. Htc-kabw A`n- t \- X mhpw kmaq- l y- ] - c njvI¿Ømhpw cmjv{So-b-°m-c-\p-am-bncp∂ Fw.-F 
- ns‚ P∑-iX
- m_vZnh¿jØn¬ At±-lsØ Hm¿°p-∂-Xn\pw
B Pohn-XsØ ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xn\pw ]ptcm- K - a \ Iem- k m- l n- X ykwLØns‚ B`n-ap-Jy-Øn¬ hnhn[
]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ \S-∂p-h-cn-I-bm-Wv. Iemkmw-kvIm-cnIcwK-ß-fnepw kmaq-ly]-cn-jvI-c-W-cw-KØpw Fw.-F-kns‚
H∏w {]h¿Øn-®h
- sc BZ-cn-°p-∂X
- n\v
Pqsse aq∂n\v Xriq¿ kmlnXy
A°m- Z an lmfn¬ "kam- Z - c W
kwKaw' kwL-Sn-∏n-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn.
ae-bm-f-Ønse alm-\-S-∑m-cn¬
A{K-K-Wy-\mb Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cnbpsS iXm_vZn h¿j-am-Wn-Xv. \thm∞m-\
- m-SI
- ß
- f
- n-eqsS IS-∂p-h∂v \nch[n \mS-Ik
- w-Lß
- f
- n¬ ]¶m-fn-bmbn
kn\n-a-bn-te°v IS∂ Fw.-F-kv. \ºqXn-cn-bpsS "\n¿Ωmey'Ønse apØ—≥ ad-°m-\m-hmØ A\p-`hw ]I-cp∂p. Ne\w \jvS-s∏´ tZl-hp-ambn
]pe-cp∂ apØ-—\mb Fw.-F- ns‚
]pcn-I-s°m-Sn-IƒsIm-≠p≈ `mh-{]Im-i\w IY-I-fn-°m-cpsS "GI-temN\w' t]mse hmgvØ-s∏-tS-≠-Xm-Wv.
W

41

Biw-k-I-tfm-sS.......

KARUVANNUR

SERVICE CO-OPERATIVE BANK LTD. NO. 112

Directed by a Vision
Head Office : KARUVANNUR, PIN - 680 711
Ph : 0480 - 2888987, 2886884

BRANCHES
Main Branch Karuvannur
Mapranam
Porathissery
Moorkanad
Kuzhikattukonam
Civil Station EC

42

:
:
:
:
:
:

2885358
2822892
2825201
2885534
2821908

X Banking Services

X Insurance Corporate Agency

X Neethi Medical Stores

X Manure Store

X Marketing Division

X Sahakarana Super Market

Adv. M.V. Justin

T.R. Sunilkumar

President

Secretary

kam-Z-cWkwK-a-Øns‚ {]k‡n
s{]m^. C. cmP≥
(2010 Pqembv 3\v Xr»q-cn¬ kwL-Sn-∏n® kam-Z-cWkwK-a-Øn¬ \S-Ønb kzmK-X-{]-kw-Kw)

A`nh- μ y- c m- b - K p- c p- P - \ - ß tf,
kplr-Øp-°-tf,
Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cn-bpsS \qdmw
P∑-hm¿jn-I-tØm-S-\p-_-‘n®v \SØn-h-cp∂ ]cn-]m-Sn-I-fpsS `mK-ambn
Xriq- c n¬ \S- ° p∂ Cu kamZcW]cn-]m-Snbn¬ ]s¶-Sp-Øp-sIm≠n- c n- ° p∂
F√m- h - t cbpw
kzmKXwsNøpI F∂-XmWv F∂n¬
\n£n-]vXa
- mb I¿Ø-hyw. Zo¿L-amb
Hcp kzmK-X-{]-kwKw HuNn-Xy-a√
F∂-dn-bm-sa-¶nepw Nne-Im-cy-߃
F\n°v CXn-s\-∏‰n kqNn-∏n-°m-\p≠v. Fw.-F- ns‚ P∑-i-Xm-_vZn-bpambn _‘-s∏´v hnhn[ÿe-ß-fn¬
\S-tØ-≠p∂ ]cn-]m-Sn-I-fpsS Hcp
cq]-{Iaw ]ptcm-K-a\ Iem-km-ln-Xykw-L-Øns‚ Ccn-ßm-e-°pS taJ-ebmWv XpS-ßnh-®Xv. 2010 P\p-hcn
24˛mw XnøXn Ccn-ßm-e°
- p-Sb
- n¬sh®v
Bcm-≤y-\mb Iem-a-fiew cma≥Ip´n- \ m- b ¿ ]cn- ] m- S n- I - f psS Hu]- N mcnIamb DZv L m- S \w \n¿Δ- l n- ® p.
]n∂oSv Hmtcmamkhpw Hmtcm-{]-tZiØv Fw.-F- p-ambn _‘-s∏´ ]cn]m-Sn-Iƒ kwL-Sn-∏n-®p-h-cn-I-bm-Wv.
s^{_p- h - c n- b n¬ Ahn- ´ - Ø q- c n- e pw,
am¿®n¬ sImc-´n-bnepw, G{]n-en¬
s]md-Øn-t»-cn-bnepw sabn¬ FSXncn™nbnepw A\p-kva-c-W-k-tΩ-f\- ß ƒ \S- ° p- I - b p- ≠ m- b n. CXm,
Ct∏mƒ ChnsS "kam-Z-cWkwKaw'
\S-°p-∂p.
BcmWv Fw.- F kv \ºq- X ncn
F∂Xv ChnsS k∂n-ln-X-cm-bn-cn°p∂ Ccp-]Xv Ccp-]-Ø©p hb p
{]mb-ap≈ sNdp-∏-°m¿°v IrXy-ambn´v Adn-b-W-sa-∂n-√. kn\na ImWp∂-Iq-´-Øn¬, Hcp IYm-]m-{X-ambn
Fw.-F-kv.\ºq-Xn-cnsb Ah¿ I≠n´p-≠m-hpw. F∂m¬ At±-l-Øns‚
NXp-c-{i-tim-`n-bmb hy‡n-Xz-Øns‚
Bg-ß-fn-tebv°v IS-°m≥ Ah¿°mbn-´p-≠m-hn-√. tIhew Hcp kn\n-am-\S-t\m \mS-I-\-St\m am{X-am-bn-cp-∂n√

Fw.-F-kv. B c-≠p-cw-K-ß-fnepw At±l-Øns‚ {]mK¤yw \n߃s°√mw
Adn-bp-∂-Xp-t]mse At±lw sXfnbn®n´p≈-Xm-Wv. ]t£, AXn-\-∏p-

C.-Fw.-F- n-s\-t]mse- s bm∂pw Db¿∂pt]m-bn-s√-¶nepw C.-Fw.Fkv Dƒs∏-sS-bp-≈-hcpsS cmjv{Sob{]h¿Ø\- Ø ns‚ I¿Ω- t hZn
Hcp-°p-∂X
- nepw Ahsc
kwc- £ n- ° p- ∂ - X nepw
Fw.-F ns\ t]mep-≈h¿ ImWn® ipjv°m¥n Ncn-{X-Øns‚
GSm-bn-am-dn-bn-cn-°-bmWv. \mw ]e-t∏mgpw ap∂Wn- b n¬ {]h¿Øn°p∂hsc am{X-sa-ImWp. ^pSvt_mƒ a’-cØn¬ tKmf- S n- ° p- ∂ hsc am{XsaImWp-Ibp-≈p. ]t£, tKmf-Sn°m≥ ]mI-Øn¬ ]¥v
Hcp Xfn- I - b n- s e- ∂ t]mse FØn-®p-sIm-Sp°p∂ Hcp t^m¿th¿Uns\ \mw ImWmsXt]mhp∂p.
dØv Nne-Im-cy-ß-fp-≠v. AXv tIcfob\thm-∞m-\-hp-ambn _‘-s∏-´n´p≈XmWv. Hcp CSXp]£{]h¿Ø-

I≥ F∂-\n-e-bn¬ \nc-h[n CS-Xp-]£- { ]- ÿ m- \ - ß - f p- a mbn _‘- s ∏´v
¢ms -Sp-°p-Ibpw {]kw-Kn-°p-Ibpw
Hs° sNøp∂ Hcp hy‡n- b mWv
Rm≥. At∏mƒ, kzm`mhn-I-ambpw
Ip´n-Iƒ tNmZn-°p∂ Hcp tNmZy-ap-≠v.
""CS-Xp-]£{]ÿm-\-Øn\v tIc-fw,
_wKmƒ XpS- ß nb ÿe- ß - f n¬
hfsc hep-Xmb i‡n B¿÷n-°m≥
Ign- b p- t ºmƒX- s ∂,
Hcn- S - X p]£{]ÿm- \ - Ø n\v , {]tXy- I n®v
IΩyq-WnÃv ]m¿´n°v CXn-t\-°mƒ
IqSp- X ¬
hf¿∂p- h - c m- \ p≈
`uXnIkml-N-cy-ß-fp≈ _olm¿,
Qm¿J≠v F∂nßn-s\-bp-≈ {]tZ-iß-fn¬ F¥p-sIm≠v Cu ]m¿´n Hcp
i‡n-bmbn hf-cp-∂n-√.?''
hfsc {][m-\-s∏´ Hcp tNmZyam-Wn-Xv. B tNmZy-Øn\v imkv{Xob-am-bn-´p-Øs∂ am¿IvknÃv BNm-cy∑m¿ ]s≠ adp-]Sn ]d-™n-´p-≠v.
State and Revolution - ¬ se\n≥
C°mcyw hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-∂p-≠v. Hcp
hnπhw, AXm-bXv Hcp kmaq-ly-hnπhw As√-¶n¬ cmjv{Sobhnπhw (c≠n- s ‚bpw A¥xkØ GXm≠v
H∂p- X - s ∂- b mWv ) F∂p tIƒ°ptºmƒ Xe-sh-´p-I, Bsf-s°m-√pI
F∂n-ß-s\-bp≈ Akw-_-‘-amb
]e-[m-c-W-Iƒ C∂pw \ne-\n¬°p∂p-≠v. hnπhw F∂hm°n\v B XcØn-ep≈ Hc¿∞hpw hmkvX-h-Øn¬
C√. Hcp kaq-l-Øns‚ ka-{Khpw
kaq-eh
- p-amb am‰w F∂pam{Xsa hnπh-Øn\v A¿∞-ap-≈q. AXn¬ c‡s®m- c n- ® n¬ D≠m- I ptam C√tbm
F∂-Xns\kw_-‘n®v henb hnhmZ- ß ƒ
\S- ° p- ∂ p- s ≠- ¶ nepw
temIwI≠ G‰hpw alm-\mb hnπh- I m- c n- I - f n¬ Hcm- f mb se\n≥
AXn\v IrXy-amb adp-]Sn ]d-™n-´p≠v. Hcp hnπ-h-Im-cn-bpsS Iøn-seIØn Hcp k¿Ps‚ Iønse IØnt]m-se-bm-Wv, F∂mWv se\n≥ ]d™- X v . Hcp k¿P≥ Ft∏m- g mWv
IØn {]tbm- K n- ° pI? Imen\v
AkpJw h∂v \Ωƒ Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬
t]msb-∂n-cn-°s´. "Akp-J-am-tWm,

43

44

F∂m¬ Im¬sh-´n-°-fbmw' F∂v
k¿P≥ ]d-bm-dn-√s
- √m. F{X NnIn-’n®mepw Imense AkpJw am‰m≥ Ignbn- s √- ∂ pw, Im¬ap- d n- ® p- a m- ‰ msX
tcmKnsb c£-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ km≤y-as√∂pw t_m≤y-s∏-Sp-∂ Hcp kμ¿`Øn¬ sNtø-≠p∂ Hcp-{]-{In-b-bm-WnXv. hy‡n-s°-∂-Xp-t]mse kaq-lØn\pw Nne-t∏mƒ tcmKw _m[n-°pw.
B tcmKw XS-bm\pw kaq-lsØ c£s∏-Sp-Øm\pw Bh-iy-amb Nne apdn®p-am-‰-ep-Iƒ A\n-hm-cy-am-bn-h-cpw.
Aßns\ A\n-hm-cy-ambn hcp-tºmƒ
AXn-\m-h-iy-amb c‡-s®m-cn-®n¬ ˛
AXv G‰hpw ]cn- a n- X hpw G‰hpw
AXym-h-iyhpw Bb-Xp-am{Xw ˛ \SØpI F∂Xv am{Xsa hnπ-hhpw c‡cq- j n- X - a mb kw`- h - ß fpw XΩn¬
_‘-ap≈q F∂v \Ωƒ a\- n-em-°Ww.
kaq-l-Øn¬ Hcp-]mSv sIm≈-cpXm- b v a - I ƒ \ne- \ n¬°p- ∂ p- s ≠∂v
F√m-h¿°pw Adnbmw. Icn-©¥
- , ]qgvØn-hbv∏v, [\m-[n-]-Xyw, tZiobXehpw, BtKm--fo-I-cW
-- -hp-am-bp≈ aqe-[\-Øns‚ {]iv\-߃ Aßns\ ]eXpw. Cu {]iv\-ß-sf√mw Hcp cmPyØns‚,
cmjv{S- t N- X - \ - b p- s S,
A¥xkØsb {]Xn-Iq-e-ambn _m[n°p-tºmƒ AXns\ sNdp-Øp-tXm¬∏n°pI F∂p- ≈ - X mWv s]mXpsh
AwKo-I-cn-°-s∏-´n-´p≈ CS-Xp-]-£-ZuXyw. ]t£, GXp kwK- X n°pw
BZ¿i- ] - c - a mb Nne Bh- i y- ß ƒ
D≠m-bm¬t]mc. AXn\v hy‡-amb
c≠p- a q∂p Imcy- ß ƒthWw. H∂v ,
IrXy-am-bn´v Cu ]cn-]m-Snsb a\- nem-°m-\p≈ Bi-b]
- c
- a
- mb, ASn-ÿm\-]-c-amb t_m[yw P\-߃°p-≠m-IWw. c≠m-aX
- v, B Bi-bØ
- ns‚ ASnÿm-\-Øn¬ apt∂m-´p-t]m-hm-\p≈
{]h¿Ø-\-߃ thWw. Ah H‰-Xn-cn™p≈ {]h¿Ø-\-ß-f-√. H‰Xncn™p≈ {]h¿Ø-\w-sIm≠v temI-Øv
Hcmfpw H∂pwt\Sn-b-Xm-bn Ncn{Xw
tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´n-√.- CXv BZyw ]d™Xv am¿Ivkv A√, _p≤-\m-Wv.
kwLw icWw K—man
[¿Ωw icWw K—man
F∂-Xns‚ A¿∞w CXp-X-s∂bm- W v. [¿ΩsØ I≠p-- s Im≠v

kwLwtN¿∂v apt∂m- ´ p- t ]m- h pI
F∂mWv _p≤≥ ]d-™-Xv. C¥ybpsS Ncn{X ]›m- Ø - e - Ø n¬
"[¿Ωw' F∂ hm°n\v henb A¿∞ap-≠v. A\-h-k-c-Øn-epw, A\m-h-iyambpw D]- t bm- K n®v B hm°ns‚
A¿∞-XewXs∂ amdn-bn-cn-°p-∂p.
tkmjy- e n- k - s Ø- ∏ ‰n kn.- C .- F w.
tPmUv ]d-bp-I-bp-≠m-bn. Socialism is
a cap that has lost its shape because so
many people wore it.
[¿Ωw F∂p-]-db
-- p-∂Xv Hmtcm
kaq- l - Ø nepw hyXy- k vX- a m- W v.
F¶nepw GXp [¿Ω-Øn-s‚bpw ASnÿm-\-]-c-am-b-XXzw ]Xn-Xs‚ hntamN- \ - a m- W v . ASn- ÿ m- \ - ] - c - a m- b n´v
G‰hpw Zcn-{Z-cn¬ Zcn-{Z-cmb a\p-jys‚
tamN\wXs∂-bmWv GXp {]ÿm-\Øn-s‚bpw BXy-¥n-I-ambn e£yw.
AXv CIvtWm-an-Ivkn-s‚ Ãm‰n-ÃnIvkv
sIm≠v Af-t°-≠X
- √
- \ΩpsS `c-Wm[n-Im-cn-Iƒ sNøp-∂-Xp-t]mse. [¿Ωkw-ÿm-]-\-Øn\v G‰hpw \√ DZm-lcWw Km‘n-Pn-bm-Wv. kzmX-{¥y-kº
- mZ-\-Øn-\p-tijw ]pXnb \b]cn-]m-SnIƒ Bhn-jv°c
- n-°p-∂X
- n-\p-ap≥]v Phl¿em¬ s\lvdp-hpw, {]i-kvX- kmaqln-I, kmº-ØnI imkv{X-⁄cpw
IqSn Km‘n- P nsb sN∂p- I - ≠ p.
]pXnb `cWkwhn- [ m- \ - Ø nse
{]h¿Ø-\-ß-fpsS \b-tc-J-bp-am-bn´mWv Ah¿ sN∂-Xv. Growth rate, input, output XpS-ßnb {]tbm-K-ß-f neqsS Ah¿ hni-Zo-I-cn-°m≥ XpSßn.
DS≥ Km‘nPn ]d™p “I don’t want to
hear any of your economic jargons. I want
to know what this proposal would do any
good to the poorest of the poor in this
country”
""Cu \m´nse G‰hpw ]mh-s∏-´h-cn¬ ]mh-s∏-´-h-\mb Hcp a\p-jy\v
B ]≤-Xn-sIm≠v F¥p-Kp-Wa
- p-≠m-hpsa∂v Ft∂mSv IrXy-ambn]d-b-Ww.
Fs¥-¶nepw KpWw ]mh-s∏-´h
- \
- p-≠mIp-sa-¶n¬, H.-sI. Cs√-¶n¬ F\n-°Xn¬ Xm¬]-cy-an√''
CsXmcp kao-]-\-am-Wv. ]Xn-\mbn- c - ° - W - ° n- \ m- f p- I ƒ acn- ° p- ∂ Xv
{]iv\a
- √
- , Our growth rate is perfect CXv
as‰mcp kao-]-\w. c≠m-a-Xp-]-d™
kao-]-\-Øn¬\n∂v hyXy-kvX-ambn,

]Xn-X-]-£Øv \n¬°pIsb∂ kao]- \ - a mWv CS- X p- ] - £ - { ]- ÿ m\w ˛
IΩyq-WnÃv {]ÿm\w ˛ XmXzn-Ia
- mbn
AwKo-I-cn-®n-´p-≈-Xv. kzmK-X-{]-kw-KØn¬ C°m-cy-߃ hni-Zo-I-cn-°p∂Xv A\u- N n- X y- a m- s W- ∂ - d n- b mw.
]s£, Rm\n-Xp-]-d-bm≥ \n¿_-‘nX-\m-Ip-∂Xv Fw.-Fkv. \ºq-Xn-cnsb
Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-tºmƒ CXv Bh-iy-amb-Xp-sIm-≠m-Wv. GXv D∂-X-\n-e-hm-cØnepw FØp- h m≥ Ign- h p≈,
A{Xbpw _p≤n-bp≈, Bfp-Iƒ Cu
{]ÿm-\-Øn-tebv°v BI¿jn-°-s∏´Xv am\-hn-I-amb Hcp Z¿i-\-Øn¬
ASn-ÿn-X-amb Hcp XXz-Øn¬ BIrjvS-cmbXpsIm-≠m-Wv. tIc-f-Ønse
IΩyq-WnÃv {]ÿm-\-Øns‚ Ncn{Xw
]cn-tim-[n-®m¬ HcpImcyw hy‡-amhpw. Zi- e - £ - ° - W - ° n\v Bfp- I ƒ
C≥thmƒhv sNbv X n- ´ p- s ≠- ¶ nepw
AXn\papgp-h≥ t\XrXzw \¬In-bXv
CΩm-Xncn Nne Bfp-I-fm-Wv. AXv,
]Tn®v DtZymKw In´m-Ø-Xp-sIm-≠√,
As√-¶n¬ ho´n¬ I™n-Ip-Sn-°m≥
hI- b n- √ m- Ø - X p- s Im- ≠ - √ . AXn- t \°mƒ F{Xtbm kar-≤-amb, AXn-kar-≤-am-b, AXym-Vw-_-c-amb PohnXw
BtLm- j n- ® p- s Im- ≠ m- W v . \mtem]tØm Xe-ap-dbv°v BtLm-jn-°m≥
hI-bp≈ kzØpw kºØpw Iøn-ep≈-h¿ AsX√mw Dt]-£n®v I¿Ω-cwK- t Ø- b v ° n- d - ß nb Hcp ]mc- º cyw
tIc-fØ
- nse CS-Xp-]£
- {- ]-ÿm-\Ø
- n\p-≠v. \msf- apJya{¥n-bm-Ip-sa-t∂m,
]©m-bØv {]kn-U-≠m-Ip-tamsb∂
{]Xo£sIms≠m-∂p-a-√, AØ-c-Ønep≈ B{KlwsIm≠√ Ah¿ AXpsN-bvXX
- v. Rm≥ P\n-°p-∂X
- n\pap≥]v
[\- i m- k v { X- Ø n¬ _ncpZwt\Snb
hy‡n- b mWv Fw.- F - k v . - \ - º q- X n- c n.
GXp-tPm-enbpw At±-l-Øn\p In´p-ambn-cp-∂p. ]e-tPm-en-I-fnepw At±lw
{]th- i n- ° p- I bpwsNbvXp. Ahsbms° th≠m-∂pw-h-®p. Ch-sc-t]mep≈hcm-Wv tI-cf
- Ø
- nse CS-Xp-]£
- {]-ÿm-\-Øns‚ hf¿®bv°v ]n≥\nc-bn¬ {]h¿Øn-®-Xv. C.-Fw.-F- pw,
hn.-Sn-bpw, Fw.-Fk
- v.\
- º
- q-Xn-cnbpw AXpt]m-ep≈ a‰v Bfp-Ifpw \S-Øn-bn´p≈
kmaq- l y- ˛ - a - X - ˛ - \ - h o- I cW{]h¿Ø-\-߃ Ipsd-°qSn D÷z-

e- a mb
coXn- b n¬
{io\m- c mbWKpcpapX¬ Aø-¶mfnhsc-bp-≈h¿ \S-Øn-b-t∏mƒ Ah¿ G‰hpw
{]_p-_v[-amb Hcp cmjv{Sob{]ÿm\-Øn\v cq]w \¬Ip-hm≥ A\p-_-‘amb HcpaÆv Cf°n ad-°pIbmbn-cp∂p. C.-Fw.-F- ns‚ `mj-bn¬ ""B
\thm- ∞ m\mb- I ¿ Cf°nadn®
aÆn¬ hnØn´vhnf-bn-®n-´mWv tIc-fØn¬ I¿jI{]ÿm-\hpw ]n∂oSv
IΩyq-WnÃv{]ÿm-\hpw hf¿∂p-h∂Xv.'' CXmWv IΩyq-WnÃv{]ÿm\hpw kmaq- l y- \ - h o- I - c W{]ÿm\hpw XΩn-ep≈ \m`o\mf-_-‘w.
]n¬°m-eØv sX‰n-bn´pw ]ncn-™n´pw
]ecpw t]mbn-´p-s≠-¶nepw C∂v Cu
kZ-   n¬ Ccn- ° p∂ alm- I hn
A°nØw Dƒs∏-sS-bp-≈-h¿ A∂v
Cu {]ÿm-\-Øns‚ `mK-ambn \oßnbn-´p≈ Bfp-I-fm-Wv. BIm-e-L-´Øn¬ hn[- h mhnhm- l w, ]qWq¬
s]m´n-°¬ XpS-ßnb hnπ-h-I-c-amb
{]h¿Ø-\-ß-fm-bn-cp∂p. CsXms°
B¿°pw sNøm-hp-∂-Xs√ F∂v C∂v
\ap-°p-tXm-∂pw. A∂Xv Poh≥ ]Wbw-h-®p≈ Ifn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Imc-Ww,
bmYm-ÿn-XnI temI-Øns‚ tIm´
A{Xbpw i‡-am-bn-cp-∂p. BtIm´
s]mfn®v AXns‚bp≈n¬ \thm-∞m\-Øns‚ shfn®w B\-bn-∏n-®X
- n-eqsS
Hcp ]uc-k-aq-l-Øns‚ P\m-[n-]-Xyt_m-[sØ Db¿Øn-s°m-≠p-h-cnI
F∂{]{In-b-bn¬ \ºq-Xncn tbmKt£-a-k-`bpw hn.-Sn. XpS-ßn-bn-´p≈
Bfp-Ifpw sNbvX {]h¿Ø-\-߃
Cu ]fin-X-k-Z- n¬ hni-Zo-I-cn-t°-

≠- X n- √ . B{]- h ¿Ø- \ - ß - f n¬ Hcp
IÆn-bm-bn-cp∂p Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xncn.
XpS¿∂v At±lw IΩyq-WnÃv {]ÿm\-Øn¬h-∂p. C.-Fw.-F-kn-s\-t]m-sesbm∂pw Db¿∂p-t]m-bn-s√-¶nepw C.Fw.- F kv Dƒs∏- s S- b p- ≈ - h - c psS
cmjv { Sob{]h¿Ø- \ - Ø ns‚ I¿ΩthZn Hcp-°p-∂-Xnepw Ahsc kwc£n-°p-∂-Xnepw Fw.-F-kns\ t]mep≈-h¿ ImWn® ipjv°m¥n Ncn-{XØns‚ GSm-bn-am-dn-bn-cn-°-bm-Wv. \mw
]e-t∏mgpw ap∂-Wn-bn¬ {]h¿Øn°p∂hsc am{X-sa-Im-Wp. ^pSvt_mƒ
a’- c - Ø n¬ tKmf- S n- ° p- ∂ - h sc
am{XsaImWp-I-bp-≈p. ]t£, tKmfSn-°m≥ ]mI-Øn¬ ]¥v Hcp Xfn-Ibn-se-∂-t]mse FØn-®p-sIm-Sp-°p∂
Hcp
t^m¿th¿Uns\
\mw
ImWmsXt]mhp∂p. bYm¿∞Øn¬
]n∂n¬\n∂v {]h¿Øn-°p∂hcmWv
ASn-Ø-d. HcpsI´n-S-Øns‚, ku[Øns‚, at\m-lm-cn-X-bpsS BI¿jWo-bX
- b
- n¬ \Ωƒ a\wab-ßp-tºmƒ,
BsI´nSw \n¬°p∂ ASn-Ø-d-bpsS
Dd-∏ns\°pdn®pw AXv \n¿Ωn-®-h-sc°p-dn®pw \mw km[m-cW Nn¥n-°m-dn√, Imc-Ww, ASn-Ød \mw ImWmØ
Hcp ]cp- h - Ø n- e m- W - s √m. IΩyqWnÃv { ]ÿm- \ - Ø n¬ C.- F w.- F  v
Dƒs∏sSbp≈ Hcp-]mSmfpIƒ Atßb‰whsc t]mIp- t ºmƒ, Ah¿°v
AØ-c-Øn-ep-ff {]h¿Ø\w kpkm≤y-am-°m≥ I¿Ω-thZn Hcp-°p-∂-Xn¬
Fw.-Fkv \ºq-Xn-cn-sb-t∏m-ep-≈-h¿
hln® ]¶v sNdp-X-√. Fw.-Fkv sXcs™-Sp-ØXv \mS-I-cw-K-am-bn-cp-∂p.

kmaq-ln-I-\-ho-I-cWØn¬ \mS-I-{]ÿm\w hln-®-]¶v sNdp-X-√. Xs∂t∏m-ep-≈-h-cpsS Bbncw {]kw-K-ßtf-°mƒ i‡-am-bn-cp∂p "\nß-sfs∂
IΩyq-Wn-Ãm°n' F∂ \mS-I-Øns‚
Hcp Ah-X-c-W-sa∂v C.-Fw.-F v ]d™n- ´ p- ≠ v . B \mS- I - Ø ns‚ Ahkm\w ]c-ap-]n≈ sImSn-ta-Sn®v ]nSn°p- t ºmƒ kZ- k y¿ tÃPn- t ebv ° v
IpXn-®p-I-b-dp-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. AXp-t]mse-X-s∂-bmWv Fw.-F-kv. A`n-\-bn-®ncp∂ sNdp-Im-Sns‚ "\Ω-sfm∂v' F∂
\mS-Ihpw. Bbn-c-°-W-°n-\m-fp-Isf
BI¿jn-°m-\pw, Ahsc IΩyq-WnÃv
]m¿´n-bpsS ssk≤m-¥nIXe-Øn-tebv°√ {]h¿Ø-\-X-e-ß-fn-tebv°v
\bn-°m\pw Cu \mS-I-߃°v Ign™p. AXm-bXv \mS-I-{]-h¿Ø\w
Ch¿°v cmjv{Sob{]h¿Ø\wXs∂bm-bn-cp-∂p. CXn¬ AZzn-Xo-ba
- mb Hcp]¶v kvac-Wo-b-\mb Fw.-Fkv. \ºqXncn hln-®p-sh-∂Xv Ncn-{X-km-£y-amWv. At±-l-Øns\t∏mep-≈-h-cpsS
{]h¿Ø-\ß
- ƒ Ncn-{X-Øns‚ hnkvarXn- b n- t ebv ° v ASn- ™ - a - t c- ≠ - X √.
kptim-`\
- a
- mb Hcp `mhn-bpsS km£mXvIm-c-Øn-\p-th≠n {]h¿Øn-°p-∂h¿ BZ- c - ] q¿Δw Hm¿t°≠ Hcp
hy‡n- b mWv Fw.- F - k v . \ºq- X n- c n.
AXmWv kam- Z - c - W - k w- K - a - Ø ns‚
{]k-‡n.
W

With Best Compliments From...

Avittathur Service Co-operative Bank Ltd. No. 706
Phone H.O. - 0480 - 2822486
Branch : 2881586
Extension Counter : 2863086
Prof. K.J. Davis
President

A.C. Remadevi
Secretary in Charge

45

{]mbw ad∂ kulrZw
sI.-F-kv. ]pcp-tjm-Ø-a≥
(A-\-¥-Ir-jvW≥)

{io Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cn-bpsS
P∑-i-Xm_vZn Cu h¿jw apgp-h≥,
At±-lØ
- ns‚ `uXnI Pohn-Xh
- p-ambn
_‘-s∏´ hnhn[ {]tZ-i-ß-fn¬ h®v
sIm≠m-Sp∂p F∂pw, ]cn-]m-Sn-I-fpsS
A\p-_-‘-ambn Hcp kvac-WnI Cd°m-\p-t±-in-°p∂psh∂pw Adn-™p.
Ipd®ph¿j- ß ƒ \mS- I - c w- K Øv
At±-l-tØm-sSmØv {]h¿Øn-°phm≥ `mKy-ap-≠mb Hcm-sf∂ \nebn¬ Rmt\m¿sØ- S pØ A¬]w
Imcy-߃ ChnsS Ipdn-°p-I-bm-Wv.
Pohn- X - Ø ns‚ _m°n]{XØnse \qdv \qdv A\p-`-h-߃ ˛
\mapƒs∏- ´ - t Xm, \mw t\m°n- ° ≠tXm Bb \qdv \qdv kw`-h-߃,
]cn- N - b - s ∏- S m- \ n- S - b mb \qdv \qdv
hy‡n- I ƒ, Ah- c n¬ \n∂v \Ωntebv°v {]k-cn® \qdv \qdv Adn-hpIƒ........ Ch- b psS GSp- I ƒ
adn®pt\m°p-tºmƒ, \sΩ Nncn-∏n°p∂ Hm¿Ω- I ƒ, hnjm- Z - Ø n- e mgv Ø p∂ Hm¿Ω- I ƒ, Ic- b n- ° p∂
Hm¿Ω-Iƒ, {Xkn-∏n-°p∂ Hm¿Ω-Iƒ,
]p\- c p- ÷ o- h n- ∏ n- ° m- \ m- { K- l n- ° p∂
Hm¿Ω- I ƒ! `qX- I mew Ch- b p- s Ssb√mw Hcp Iq´m-bva-bm-Wv.
a\- pw ico-chpw Zp¿_-e-am-bn,
sNøm-t\-sd-bn-√msXhcp∂ Ime-ßfn¬ Hm¿°m≥ h√Xpw Xcp-∂Xv `qXIm-eØ
- ns‚ GSp-If
- m-Wv. Cu GSp-Iƒ
F{X kº-∂-amWv! Ah-bn¬ F{X
alm-∑m¿ Dd-ßp∂p?!
Fw.-F- ns\ ad-∂n-√m-bn-cp-s∂¶nepw, F¨]-Xp-I-fpsS Bcw-`-Øn¬
s{]m^-j-W¬ \mS-I-cw-K-tØmSv Xm¬°m-en-I-ambn hnS-]-d-tb≠n h∂t∏mƒ apdn- ™ p- t ]mb Rß- f psS
kulrZw ]pXp-°p-hm-\p≈ Ah-k-c߃ hnc-f-am-bn. AXpsIm≠pXs∂
Hm¿Ω-I-fpsS tiJ-c-Øn¬ At±lw
a‰v ]e-Xn-t\-bpw, ]e-tcbpwt]mse
]n≥\n- c - b n- e m- b n- t ∏m- b n. ]s£
At±lw Znhw-K-X-\m-bn´v 25 h¿j-amsb∂ kXyw Adn™am{X-bn¬ At±-

46

lsØ kw_- ‘ n- ° p∂ GSp- I ƒ
Hs∂m-gn-bmsX kqw sNbvXv ap∂n¬
h∂p\n∂p. Iep- j - a mb a\ v
s]s´∂v im¥-am-bn. Blvfm-Z-Øns‚
Dd- h - I ƒ lrZ- b - Ø n- s e- h nsS\ns∂√mtam s]m´n-sbm-gp-In.
B A\p-`hNn{X-߃ lmP-cm°-W-sa-¶n¬ GsdZqsc FXn¿Zn-ibn¬ k©-cn-°-W-am-bn-cp-∂p. {ia-Ic-am-bn-cp-s∂-¶nepw t]mbn. B bm{X-

C∂v
\Ωƒ°v
t\XrXzw \¬Im≥
F{Xtbm t]¿! ]s£,
hgn Im´m- \ mcp≠v?
kz¬]w Dƒsh- f n®w
Xcm-\m-cp-≠v.
Fw.-F- n-s\-°p-dn®p≈ Hm¿Ω-Iƒ F∂nep-b¿Øp∂ tNmZy-ßfm-Wn-h.
bn¬ ico-c-Øn-t‚bpw a\- n-t‚bpw
£oWw Hcn-°epw XS w \n∂n-√. ]gb-cw-K-ß-fpsS CS-bn-eqsS Ip´n-I-sft∏mse HmSn\S-∂p.
Fw.-F-kv. F∂ AXpey A`n\b{]Xn- ` - t bm- s Sm∏w Ip´nØwhnSmØ Ft∂- t ∏mse Ipsd- t ]¿.
R߃ Iptd-°mew Hcp-an®v H∂ntesd \mS-I-k-an-Xn-I-fn-embn A`n-\bn-®v, D≠p-d-ßn, t\c-tºm-°p-Iƒ ]d™v, ]c-kv]cw hnti-j-ßfpw A\p`-h-ßfpw ssIamdn Pohn-®p-t]m∂p
F∂Xv {]tXy- I - a mbn FSpØpImt´≠ Hcp Imcy-a-√. ]s£ \mS-I-Iymºp-I-fn¬ ]e-t∏mgpw D≠m-Im-dp≈
A]-i-_vZ-ß-fp-tSbpw sIm®psIm®p
Ie-l-ß-fp-tSbpw t\sc \n w-KX
]pe¿Øn, \n¿Æm-bIkμ¿`-ß-fn¬
R߃s°√mw Xmßpw XW-ep-am-bncp∂ Hcm-fm-bn-cp∂p Fw.-F-kv.
1972¬ s]cp-ºm-hq¿ \mS-I-im-e-

bn¬sh®mWv Fw.-F-kpambn ]cn-N-bs∏-Sp-∂-Xv. bixico-c-\mb sI.-F-kv.
\ºq-Xn-cn-bpsS "kaky' F∂ \mS-IØn¬ A—≥ \ºq-Xn-cn-bmbn Fw.-Fkv, DÆn \ºqXn-cn-bpsS thj-Øn¬
Rm≥. bYm¿∞- Ø n¬ Rß- f psS
{]mbhpw Aßs\Øs∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p.
t\cn´v ]cn-N-b-s∏-´n-cp-∂n-s√-¶n-epw,
"\n¿Ωmeyw' XpSßn ]e kn\n-a-I-fneq- t Sbpw Fs‚ a\-   n¬ CSw
]nSn®pIgn™ Fw.- F - k v . ! Fs‚
]nXm-hn-t\mfw {]mbw! At±-lsØ
A`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-°p-tºmƒ Fs‚ a\- nep-≠mb hnImcw `b, `‡n, _lp-am\- a m- b n- c p- ∂ p! ]s£ Hscm‰
ZnhkwsIm≠p- X s∂ R߃ NncImekplr-Øp-°-tf-t∏m-se-tbm, Ifn°q-´p-Im-tc-t∏m-setbm Bbn-Øo¿∂p
F∂-XmWv kXyw. ]n∂oSv F∂pw
Fhn-tSbpw Rßsf Hcp-an®v am{Xta
ImWp- h m≥ Ign- b p- a m- b n- c p- ∂ p- ≈ q.
{]mbw ad∂ kulrZw!
\mS-I-im-e-bnse \mep-h¿j-Øn\p- t ijw a‰v Nne kan- X n- I - f nepw
Ipsd- t b- s d- ° mew At±- l - t ØmsSm∏w Nne-h-gn-°m-\-h-k-c-ap-≠m-bn-´p≠v. Cu Ime-b-f-hnse Ht∂m ct≠m
A\p-`-h-ambn {]tXyIw FSp-Øp-]-dbm- \ n- √ . F√m A\p- ` - h - ß fpw
{]tXyIw ]d-bm\pw Hm¿Øn-cn-°m-\pap- ≈ - X m- W v. kulr- Z - Ø n- e mbn
A[nIw sshImsX At±- l - Ø n\v
BtcmSpw {]mb- Ø n- e p≈ A¥cw
Aen-™n-√m-Xm-Ipw. \ΩpsS {]mbw
bYm-ÿm-\Øv \n¬°p-Ibpw At±-lØn¬ Imew Btcm-]n-°p∂ {]mbw
Xmsg-Ø-´p-I-fn-te-bv°n-dßnh∂v \aps°m∏w \n¬°p- I bpw sNøp∂
ImgvN ckm-h-l-am-Wv.
FhnsS \mS- I - Ø n\p t]mIptºmgpw, temUvPvIfn¬ apdn-sb-SpØv
Xtß≠nhcp∂ kμ¿`-ß-fn-se√mw
R߃ H∏- a m- b n- c n- ° pw. `£- W w,
bm{X, Ifn-X-am-i-Iƒ F√mw. hn]p-eamb A\p-`-h-k-º-Øns‚ apI-fn¬
Ib-dn-bn-cp∂v D]-tZin Na-bm\pw `cnbv ° m\pw hcm- Ø , \nd- ™ - k v t \lhpw lrZ-b-hn-im-e-X-bp-ap≈ Hcp

- nse A\m-Nm- \n»_vZhnπ-h-ß-fpsS Hcp Ime-L´w!
Iq´p- I m- c - \ m- b n- Ø o- c m≥ At±lw bmYm-ÿn-XnIkaq-lØ

ƒ°v
hnt[b
c
mbn
]cn-°p-]-‰nb Xs‚ {]hrØn Dss®-kvXcw tLmjnImWn® ]mShw Fs∂ Gsd A¤pX-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. XnI™ a\p-jy- Ai- c - W - c psS ZpxJ߃°v sNhn- °m-\p-≈-X-s√-∂pw, Bfl-I-Y-bn-eqsS
tbm¿Øv, BI¿j-Ihpw kpc-£n-Xh
- p- al- X z- h ¬°- c n- ° m- \ p- ≈ - X - s √∂pw
kvt\-ln! XnI-™ P\-Io-b≥!
XnI™
t_mF{Xtbm
[
a
p

m
b
n
c
p
-∂p.
henb Iem-Im-cB
Z
¿
i
h
m
Z
n
-Iƒ
∑msc t\cn- ´ - d nBfl-I-Y-bn-eqsS
bmw. F{Xtbm
Bfl-lXy sNøp∂p
henb kmln-XyF∂v At±lw AdnIm-c-∑msc Adn™n-cp-∂p.
bmw. F{Xtbm
C∂v \Ωƒ°v
alm- { ]- X n- ` - I ƒ
t\XrXzw \¬Im≥
]cn- N n- X - c m- b n- ´ pF{Xtbm
t]¿!
≠v. Ah- c n¬
]s£,
hgn
Im´m]e-cnepw Btcm\mcp≠v? kz¬]w
]n- X - a mb Nne
Dƒsh-fn®w Xcm-\m-cpIdpØ \ng- e p≠v.
Iƒ ImWm≥
Fw.-F- n-s\-°pIgn- ™ n- ´ p- ≠ v.
dn- ® p≈ Hm¿Ω- I ƒ
al-Xz-Øn-t‚bpw
F∂n-ep-b¿Øp∂
AwKo- I m- c - Ø ntNmZy-ß-fm-Wn-h.
t‚bpw el- c nAt±- l - Ø ns‚
bn¬, Xß-fpsS
s]cpº
mh
q¿
\mSI
i
me
b
psS
"kaky'
F∂
\mSI
Ø

kvac-Wbv°pap≥]n¬
k©m-c-]Yw a‰pPb{io, Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cn, ssh°w kpIp-am-c≥ \mb¿
Fs‚ kmjvSmw-K-{]≈- h - c p- t S- X n- t \Wmaw!
°mƒ Db¿∂
Xe- Ø n- e m- s W∂v [cn- ® p- h - i m- I p- amb k¿°m-cp-tZymKw hen-s®-dn-™v,
W
tºmƒ, ssIhn-´p-t]m-Ip∂ hn\-b-Øn- I√pw ap≈pw \nd™ Zp¿§- a - a mb
t‚bpw emfn-Xy-Øn-t‚bpw A`mhw Pohn-X-∏mX sXc-s™-Sp-Øv, \jvSG¬∏n-°p∂ IdpØ \ng-ep-I-fm-W-h. t_m-[-an-√m-sX, ]›m-Øm-]-te-i-an]Tn- ° - W w. kzbw{]Jym- ] nX √msX Bbp-jv°mew apgp-h≥ e£ykss[cyw
alm-∑m-sc√mw Fw.-Fk
- v. \S-∂p-t]mb t_m- [ - t ØmsS
hgnIfn¬\n∂v ]eXpw ]Tn-°-Ww. \S∂pXo¿Ø Hcp alm≥! AXv

47

Zo]vX-Ime \mSIw; alm-\-S≥
Atim-I≥ Ncp-hn¬

Akm-am-\y-{]-Xn-`b
- m-bn-cp∂ Fw.F-kv.\
- º
- q-Xn-cn-bpsS P∑-iX
- m_vZn Hcph¿jw \o≠p-\n∂ ]cn-]m-Sn-I-tfmsS
\mw BtLm-jn-®p. tIc-fØ
- ns‚ C∂se-I-fn-te-bv°p≈ Btcm-Ky-I-c-amb
Hc-t\z-j-W-ambn amdn AXv. Ncn{Xw
tIhew A\p- ` q- X n- Z m- b - I - a mb Hcp
hnj-ba
- √
- . h¿Ø-am-\Ø
- n-s‚bpw `mhnbp-sSbpw \n¿Ωm-W-Ønse G‰hpw
henb ssIap-X-em-Wv. Fw.-F-kns\
kv]¿in-°p-tºmƒ \mw Ncn-{X-Øns‚
NqS-dn-bp∂p.
P∑-iX
- m-_vZn-If
- psS ZiIw F∂v
]n∂n´ ]Øp-h¿jsØ \ap-°p-th-Wsa-¶n¬ t]cn´phnfn°mw. B[p-\nI
tIc-f-Øns‚ alminev]n-Iƒ an°hcpw P\n-®n´v \qdp-h¿jw XnI-™Xv
Cu Ime-b-f-hn-em-bn-cp-∂p. C.-Fw.-Fkv., _jo¿, sshtem-∏n-≈n, t{]wPn,
Fw.- B ¿.- _ n.,
]cn- b m- \ w- ] ‰,
s]m≥Ip∂w h¿°n, _mem-a-Wn-b-Ω,
efn-Xmw-_nI A¥¿P-\w, Nß-ºp-g,
CS-∏-≈n... Ah¿s°m∏w B Zo]vXIme alm-\m-S-I-Øns‚ cmK-hn-kva-b߃ ]I¿∂m-Snb \S≥ Fw.-F-kv.
\ºq-Xn-cn-bpw. tIc-fo-b-\-thm-∞m-\w,
tZio-b-k-a-cw, ]ptcm-K-a-\-km-ln-Xy-{]ÿm-\w, sXmgn-em-fn-˛-I¿j-I-ap-t∂-‰ßƒ. F{X k¿§m- fl - I - a m- b n- c p∂p
Hmtcm cwK-hpw.
{]Xn- k - ‘ n- I sf adn- ° - S - ° m\p≈ a\p-jys‚ ka-c-ß-fn¬ ]¶mfn- b m- h p- t ºm- g mWv Iebpw kmlnXyhpw DZm-Ø-am-hp-∂-Xv. Aßs\bmWv \mSIw tIc-fo-bs‚ Bfl-{]Xn-tcm-[Ø
- ns‚ {]Xo-Ia
- m-hp-∂X
- v. tIcf- Ø nse \mS- I m- h - X - c - W - ß - f psS
Ncn{Xw F{X-I≠v ]cn-tim-[n-°-s∏-´n´p≠v F∂v \n›-b-an-√. ]I¿Øm≥
Ign-™m¬ AXv Fgp-Xs
- ∏-´X
- n¬sh®v
G‰hpw ssPh-kz-`m-h-ap≈ Ncn-{X-

48

ambn amdpw. C∂v \mSIw ]e-hn[
{]Xn-k-‘n-Isf A`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-°p-∂p.
]t£ ae-bm-fn-bpsS Hm¿Ω-bnse \mSI-cw-K-߃°v H´pw angnhp \jvS-s∏´n-´n-√.
Ip´n- ° m- e Øv FS- Ø n- c p- Ø nbnse k¿Zm¿ tKm]m- e - I r- j v W ≥
c‡- k m- £ n- Z n- \ m- N - c - W - ß - f n- e q- s SbmWv \mSIw Fs‚ Bflm-hn¬ ]Xnbp-∂X
- v. Fw.-Fk
- v.\
- º
- q-Xn-cnsb BZyw
ImWp-∂Xpw Ahn-sS-\n-∂m-Wv. s]cpºm-hq¿ \mS-I-im-e-bp-tS-bpw, Fd-WmIpfw A\p- ] a Xob- t ‰- g v k n- s ‚bpw
\mS-Iß
- ƒ. ]n∂oSv Fw.-F¬.-F. Bb
]n.-B¿.-in-h-\mWv H´p-an° \mS-Ißfpw cNn-®n-cp-∂-Xv. F∂m¬ Fw.-F m-bn-cp∂p B \mS-I-ß-fpsS Poh≥.
hfsc {]kn-≤-ß-fm-bn-Øo¿∂ Nne
kn\n-a-Ifn¬ A°m-eØv At±lw
A`n\-bn-®n-cp-∂p. \n¿Ωmeyw Cd-ßnb
Ime-am-Wv. icocw A\-°m-\m-hmsX
\nh¿∂p-In-S°
- p∂ Hcp ]Sp-hr-≤\
- m-bn´mWv thjw. IÆ-I-fpsS t\cnb A\°-Øn-eqsS shfn-®-∏m-Sns‚ IpSpw_w
am{X-a-√, A∏p-dØv Hcp kmaq-ly-hyh- ÿ - X s∂
XI¿∂- S n- b p- ∂ Xv
At±lw {]Xn-^-en-∏n-®p. \qdp-I-W°n\p \mS-I-ß-fn¬ F{X-sb{X AhX-c-W-ß-fn¬ CXp-t]m-ep≈ hnkva-b߃°v ae-bmfn km£ywhln-®p.
Ah ]I¿Øm\pw kq£n-°m-\p-ap≈
kmt¶-Xn-I-hnZy A∂n-√m-sX-t]m-bXn¬ ZpxJn-°p-I.
ico-c-amWt√m \Ss‚ am[y-aw.
]e-]mSp IYm-]m-{X-߃ Ib-dn-bn-dßp-tºmƒ Hcp \S\v Xs‚ icocw
kz¥- a - √ m- X m- I p∂ Ahÿ hcmw.
ico-c-Øn-\p-]p-d-Ømhmw Abm-fpsS
kzIm- c y- P o- h n- X w. icocw am{X- a √
Bflmhpw kmaq-ly-ap-t∂-‰-Øns‚
C‘-\a
- m-°n-bmWv Fw.-Fk
- v.\
-- º
- q-Xncn
Pohn- ® - X v . C.- F w.- F - k n- t \- t ∏mse,
t{]wPn-tb-t∏mse, Fw.-B¿.-_n-sbt∏mse \thm∞m\w \ºq-Xn-cn-k-apZm-b-Øn-ep-≠m-°nb DW¿ΔmWv Fw.F-kn-s\bpw Hcp t]mcm-fn-bm-°n-b-Xv.
A∂-sØ-°m-eØv _ncpZw t\Snb

Hcmƒ°v sN∂p]‰m-hp∂ ]e temI߃ D≠mbn-cp-∂p. Fw.-F-kv. F√mw
Dt]-£n-®p. AXv Dt]-£n-°p-∂-h-cptSbpw \jvS-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-h-cp-tSbpw
Ime-am-bn-cp-∂p. \ncm-ew-_cpw \n lm-b-cp-amb km[m-cW a\p-jys‚
tamN-\-Øn-\p-th≠n Fw.-F-kv. Xs‚
k¿§-{]-Xn-`bpw Pohn-XØ
-- ns‚ kakvX-I¿Ω-ßfpw D]-tbm-Kn-®p.
Ccn- ß m- e - ° p- S - b psS Nnc- I mesØ XpSn°p∂ Hm¿Ω-bmWv Fw.F- k v. ]´- W - Ø ns‚ kmwkvImcnI{]Xo- I - a mbn At±lw amdn.
DÆmbnhm-cy-cp-tSbpw NmIym-∑m-cptSbpw Ncn-{X-Øn\p XnI®pw ]qc-I-ambn- Ø o¿∂p B km∂n≤yw. Fw.F pw, sNdp-Im-Spw, ]cn-bm-\w-]-‰bpw,
C.-sI. Znhm-I-c≥t]m-‰nbpw, Fw.-F≥.Ip- d p- ∏ pw, k®n- Z m- \ - μ - \ pw, amºpg
amjpw, Cf-bXp amjpw HØp-tN¿∂
tZim-`n-am\n ÃUn k¿°nƒ Ccn-ßme- ° pS ktΩ- f \w Fs‚ CuSp‰
Hm¿Ω-bm-Wv. \mS-Im-`n-\bw GXm≠v
\ndp- Ø nb Ime- Ø mWv Im´q- c n¬
s]m™-\Øv hnjvWp (]-gb i_-cnae ta¬im-¥n) FgpXn kwhn-[m\w
sNbvX Hcp \mS-I-Øn¬ Fw.-F-kv.h∂v A`n-\-bn-®-Xv. H‰ dntl-gvkte
B \mS-I-Øn\v D≠m-bp≈p F∂ptXm- ∂ p- ∂ p. kw`m- j Ww sX‰n®pw
a‰pw cN-bn-Xm-hmb hnjvWp-t]mepw
Ip´n-°-fn-bm-bn-´mWv cwK-Øp-h-∂-Xv.
]t£ Fw.- F - k v . Imcy- K u- c - h m- b nØs∂ A`n-\-bn-®p.
AXn-Po-hn-°m≥ t{]cn-∏n-°p∂
hne-]n-Sn® Hm¿Ω-Iƒ°p-ap-∂n¬ hn\oX-\-a-kvImcw.
W

A—\pw kplrØpw ]ø\pw
Hs°-bm-bn...
{]Xm-]vknwKv

Statutory Warnings :ChnsS Npcpƒ\nh-cp∂ teJ\w,
{lkzhpw F∂m¬ kw`h_lp-e-hpamb Hcp Ime-L-´-Øns‚ Hm¿Ω-Iƒ
Ab- h n- d - ° p- ∂ p. aq∂c Zim- _ v Z ߃°p ]n∂nse Cu Hm¿Ω-Iƒ
- tcJs∏-Sp-Øm≥ BZy-tØXpw Ah-km-\tØ- X p- a mb Ah- k cw CXp- a m- { Xw.
AXn- \ m¬ H∂pw hn´pIf- b p- ∂ n- √ .
\o≠p- t ]m- s b∂p hcmw. t_md- S n°p∂p F∂p-tXm-∂mw. GtXm Zp¿Δn[n-sb∂v kam-[m-\n-°p-I.
Fs‚ sNdp-∏-Im-eØv Hme-°p-S,
ioe-°p-S, aWn-°p-S, ad-°pS F∂o
IpS-I-fpsS KW-Øn¬s∏Sp-Øm-hp∂
H∂p-am{Xw Ccn-ßm-e-°p-S. t]m∏n-°pS, tPm¨kv IpS F∂n-h-sbm∂pw
A°m-eØv P\n-®n-´n-√. `qan-im-kv{X]-cn-⁄m\w IΩn. Zqc-bm-{X-Iƒ IΩn.
Xr»q¿]q-c-hp-ambn _‘hpw IΩn.
1972¬ Hcp hy‡nsb ]cn-N-b-s∏´-t∏mƒ Ccn-ßm-e-°pS Hcp IpS-b-s√∂pw, Hcp ÿe-t∏-cm-sW-∂pw, AXv
At±lw Xma- k n- ° p∂ {]tZ- i - a msW∂pw Adn-™p. At±-l-Øns‚
£Ww kzoI-cn®v B h¿jw AhnsS
t]mtI≠nhs∂-¶n-epw........... A°mcy
hgn-tb.
Ct∏mƒ ]Øv h¿j-am-Ip-∂p.
Rm\pw IpSpw-_hpw Ccn-ßm-e-°p-SbpsS
`mK- a m- b n- ´ v.
AXnepw
\me©ph¿jwap≥t] aqØaIƒ
ChnsS Xma-kn-am-°n-bn-cp-∂-Xn-\m¬
CS-bv°nsS h∂p-t]m-Im-dp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.
]s£, _kvkv‰m‚pw aI-fpsS hoSpw
Hgn-®m¬ Cu {]tZiw F\n°v Ccp≠
`qJ-fi-am-bn-cp-∂p.
CsX-gp-Xp-tºmƒ a\- p-\n-dsb
Fw.-Fk
- v. BWv. Fw.-Fk
- v. F∂ Npcp°-t∏-cn-e-dn-™n-cp∂ Fw.-F-kv. \ºqXn-cn. alm-\mb Iem-Im-c-\pw, klrZ-b-\pw, AXn-ep-]-cn XnI™ a\p-jy\p-am-bn-cp∂p Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cn.
Kuc-h-sa-s¥-∂-dn-bmØ apJ-`m-hw,
{]mb- Ø ns‚ ]nSn- h m- i n°v Iog- S -

ßmØ a\- v, \Ω-fn¬ Nqgv∂n-d-ßm\mbn apJw apgp- h ≥ B[n- ] Xyw
ÿm]n-®-Xmbn tXm∂p∂ IÆp-Iƒ,
efn-X-th-jw, lrZy-amb Nncn, Chsb√mw BZy- t jm- ´ n¬ ]Xn™
Nn{Xw. hnc¬ sRmSn- ® m- t em- S n- s bØp∂ Hm¿Ω.
1972 ¬ ]cn-N-b-s∏´ Fw.-F-kpam-bp≈ _m‘hw 1974¬ Ah-km-\n°p-∂p. F∂n´v 36h¿j-߃. Cu 36
h¿j- ß ƒ At±- l - s Ø- ∏ - ‰ n- b p≈
Hm¿Ω-Iƒ°p-ta¬ \nc-h[n Bh-c-W߃ Xo¿Øp. \me- © p- h ¿j߃°pap≥]v Hc-\p-kva-cW{]kw-KØn-\p-th≠n Cu Bh-c-W-߃°nSbn-tebv°v Dufn-bn-´n-d-tß≠nh∂p.
sNdn-sbmcp Ime-b-f-hp-sIm≠v a\ ns\ h√msX kzm[o-\n® hy‡nXzw.
B hy‡n-bp-ambn Nne-h-gn® \nan-jß- f nse A\p- ` - h - ß ƒ \mcm- b wsIm≠v tImdn-b-t]mse Bg-ta-dnb
A\p- ` q- X n- I ƒ \¬Inb \¿Ω- k Zy
F∂nh GXm≠v A∂v Hm¿sØSpØp. Ah Ipd-®p-IqSn angn-hm¿∂
\ne-bn¬ ChnsS Ipdn-°p-∂p.
cwKw H∂v. 1972 Pq¨ GtXm Hcp
Znhkw
s]cp- º m- h q¿ SuWn¬ Hcp
]pXnb \mS-Ik
- a
- nXn. t\Xmhv {]kn≤
\mS- I - I rØv ImeSn tKm]n (Ggp
cm{Xn-Iƒ I≠n-´p≈ SuWnse Xang¿ At±-lsØ "ImeSn tIm]n' F∂v
hnfn-°p-∂Xv tI´n-´p-≠v.) BZy-\m-SIw
sI.- F - k v. \ºq- X ncn Fgp- X nb
"kaky'. kwKo-X-kw-hn-[m-b-I≥ Cu
Rm≥. ]WwapS°pw A[zm- \ hpw
tN¿Øv Rm\pƒs∏sS ]Xn-s\m∂v
s{]mUyq- k ¿am¿. Rß- t fm- t cm- c pØcpw "Bbn-c-Øn¬ Hcp-h≥' F∂dn-b-s∏-´p.
kanXn Hm^o-kn¬ Rm≥ BZyambn FØp∂ Znhkw tK‰n¬ Cw•ojn-semcp t_m¿Uv. {]tXyI ^mj\n-ep≈ A£-c-߃. Rm≥ hmbn-®p.
"\......-S......-I.....-em......-i.......-e. CsX¥v
Ip¥w! F¥v P¥p! Rm≥ tK‰vhn´v
AI-tØbv°.v Hm^o-kns‚ hcm-¥bn¬ sNdn-sbm-cp t_m¿Uv. AXn¬

ae-bm-f-Øn¬ "s]cp-ºm-hq¿ \mS-Iime'. Rm≥ Xncn-®p-t]mbn tK‰nse
t_m¿Uv ho≠pw hmbn-®p. \me-_≤w
B¿°pw ]‰p-as√m F∂v kzbw Bizkn-®p.
1967¬ dneo-kmb "apƒ°n-coSw'
F∂ kn\na Fs‚ F°u-≠n-ep-s≠¶nepw s{]m^-j-W¬ \mS-I-cw-KØv
I∂n-°m-c≥. \mS-I-cw-KsØ kq∏¿Ãm-dp-I-sf-sbm∂pw F\n°v ]cn-N-ban-√. kzoI-c-W-ap-dn-bn¬ (AXv ]n∂oSv
Hm^okv apdn-bm-bpw, dntl-gvk¬ apdnbm-bpw, `£W apdn-bm-bpw Hs° Imev
amdn-bn-´p-≠v.-) aq∂pt]¿ ˛ \S∏v `mjbn¬ ]d- ™ m¬ "Ash- b v e - _ nƒ
sk{I-t´-dn-b‰v' - Ft¥m N¿® sNøp∂p. apJ-`mhwsIm≠v H‰ {Kq∏m-sW∂v
a\- n-em-Ipw. H∂v ImeSn tKm]n.
c≠m-a≥ Fs‚ t\sc apJw-Xn-cn-®t∏mƒ Bsf ]nSn-In-´n. s\√n-t°mSv
`mkv I - c ≥. aq∂m- a ≥ Hcp Ipdnb
{]mbw-sN∂ a\p-jy≥ (sI-´n-S-Øns‚
DS-a-ÿ-\m-bn-cn°pw F∂p Rm≥ IcpXp- ∂ p) At±- l hpw Xncn- s ™s∂
t\m°n. Rm≥ Hcp \nanjw t]Sn-®pt]m-bn. _pƒkv sF IWs° c≠p
henb IÆp-Iƒ! ]ns∂ IÆp-Iƒ
am{Xw Rm≥ ImWp-∂p. Bsf ImWp∂n-√.
tKm]n Fs∂ s\√n-t°m-Sn\v ]cnN-bs
- ∏-Sp-Øn. IÆp-If
- psS DS-aÿ
s
- \Nq≠n tKm]n tNmZn-®p. "{]Xm-]-\-dnbnt√ Ct±-lsØ? Ct±-l-amWv Fw.F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cn. B cq]w shfps°
Hcp Nncn Nncn-®p. BZysØ Aº-c∏n\ptijw B Nncn Hc-\p-`-h-am-bn-cp∂p. kvt\lw hgn-bp∂ Nncn! {]Imihpw ss\¿Ω-eyhpw ]c-Øp∂ Nncn!
Fs‚ A—-\m-Im-\p≈ {]mbw. \ndhpw
IÆns‚ hen-∏hpw am‰n \ndp-Øn-bm¬
Fs‚ A—-s\-t∏mseXs∂! Rm≥
XmWv \akvI-cn-®p.
]ns∂ Ipie{]iv\-߃. s\√nt°m- S s\ t\ctØ Adn- b p∂XpsIm≠v Hu]- N m- c n- I - a mb Nne
AtºjWß-tfm-sS ]cn-Nb
- s
- ∏-Se
- n\v
ip`m- ¥ yw. Fw.- F - k ns\ Aß- s \hn´m¬ ]‰n-√. At±-lsØ Adn-bm≥

49

Hcp IzÃy≥t]∏¿Xs∂ th≠nh∂p.
F∂m¬ A¤p- X - s a∂p ]d- b s´.
Fs‚t\sc tNmZy- i - c - ß - s fm∂pw
h∂n-√. Fs‚ kml-k-ß-tf-sdbpw
At±lw Adn-™n-cn-°p-∂p! Hcp sNdp∏- ° m- c s‚ Npdp- N p- d p- t °msS At±lhpw Hcp hb- s‚ ]Iz-X-tbmsS
Rm\pw Ipsd kabw kwkm-cn-®p.
At∏m-gXm ]SnIS∂v as‰m-cmƒ.
""sI.-F-kv. hcp-∂p-≠s√m''. Fw.-F-kv.
Xs‚ Nncn BK- X - \ n- t ebv°v
t^m°kv sNbvXp. F\n°v Bsf
]nSn-In-´n. \mS-I-IrØv sI.-F-kv. \ºqXn-cn. Nncn Fw.-F- n-t‚-Xn-t\-°mƒ
]Øn-cp-]Xv hmSvkv Ipdhp hcp-sa¶nepw H´pw tami-a-√. ]s£ Ipdn-bh-sc-∏‰n Fs‚ [mcW At±lw XncpØn. Fw.-F-kv. Ipdn-b-h-cn¬ hen-b-h\m-bn.
AIØp\ns∂m- c mƒ Nmb
sIm≠p-h-∂p. Nmb Ign-°p-∂-Xn-\n-Sbn¬ ho≠pw tK‰v Xpd-°p∂ i_vZw.
sNdp- ∏ - ° m- c - s \m- c mƒ. B`n- P mXyw
kv ^ pcn- ° p∂ cq]hpw \S- Ø - h pw.
kzoI- c Wapdn- b n- t ebv°v Ibdn
Rßsf samØ- Ø n¬ sXmgp- X psIm≠p ]d-™p. ""Rm≥ _m_p \ºqXn- c n, \mS- I - Ø n- s emcp tdmfp- ≠ v . ''
CsX- s ¥m- c - ¤ p- X w. CXv \mS- I Iymtºm tbmK- t £- a - k - ` tbm?
s]s´∂v Rm≥ CSbv°v Ib-dn-∏-d™p. ""Rm≥ {]Xm-]vknwKv \ºq-Xn-cn.
ayqknIv UbdIvS¿''.
Acn-In-sem-ca
- n´v s]m´nb i_vZw.
Fw.-F-kv. s]m´n-®n-cn-®-Xm-Wv. ""t`jmbn. t´m. t`jmbn'' sI.- F -   n\pw
_m_p-hn\pw Imcyw ]nSn-In-´n-bn-√.
""F\n- s °m∂pw ]d- b m- \ n- t √- b v . ......
\ap°v Nmb IpSn®p Xo¿°mw.'' AItØbv°v hnfn-®n´v ""Zmtam-Zcm Hcp
Nmb-IqSn sIm≠p-h-cq.'' shSn-s°´v
Ign™ Aº-e-∏-d-ºn¬ s]m´msX
InS∂ ]S-°-߃ CSbv°p s]m´p∂Xpt]mse At±lw Hm¿tØm¿Øv
Nncn-°p-∂p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. tKm]nbpw
s\√n- t °m- S \pw
sI.- F - k pw.
_m_phpw tN¿∂v kv{In]v‰ns\∏‰n
Ft¥m N¿®. Rm\pw Fw.-F-kpw. H‰s∏-´-t∏mƒ "\˛-S-˛-I-˛-em-˛-i-˛e' F∂v
tK‰nse t_m¿Un¬ hmbn-®-Imcyw
Rm≥ ]d-™p. Fs∂ kq£n-s®m∂p

50

t\m°n-bn´v apI-fn-te°v t\m°n∏d™p. ""\pW-b≥'', ho≠pw Fs‚ apJtØbv°v t\m°n Hcp Ipkr-Xn-®n-cntbmsS ]d-™p.
"Xncp-amen'
AhnsS A]-cn-Nn-X-Xz-Øn-s‚,
{]mb-Øns‚, AXn¿h-c-ºp-Iƒ C√mXm-Ip-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.
C{Xbpw BZy- k - a m- K - a - Ø ns‚
Hm¿Ω.
cwKw c≠v
ASpØZnhkw Rm≥ Iymºn¬
sN√p-tºmƒ A`n-t\-Xm-°s
- f-∏‰n NqSp]n-Sn® N¿®'. Fs∂-t∏mseXs∂ sI.F- pw. _m_phpw Bbn-c-Øn-sem-cph-∑m¿. thsd \mep-t]-sc-°qSn tKm]n
]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øn. H∂v _m_p-hns‚
kplrØv cm[m-Ir-jvW≥, Xe-tbm-e∏-dºv Un.-_n. tImtf-Pnse eIvN-d¿.
H∂v ImeSn kztZin ]¶- P m- £ ≥
amÿ. ]ns∂ F√m-‰n\pw tKm]n-bpsS
hewssI Bb kpIp-am-c≥ amÿ.
\mbn- I - b psS tdmfn\v ]‰nb Hcp
s]¨Ip-´nsb In´n-bn-´n-√. Hcp Ip´nsb
Btcm FØn-®Xv AhnsS D≠v. AXns\mcp "hn√≥ep°v' BWv. ]pem-at¥mƒ F∂ ÿeØv Hcp Ip´n-bp≠-s{X. Zqcw hf-sc. Ah-sc-°≠v
kΩXw Bcm-bm\pw, kΩ-X-sa-¶n¬
Iq´n-s°m-≠p-h-cm\pw Bcv t]mIpw?
""v\n߃ A°mcyw Btem-Nn®v
hnj-an-t°-≠. Rm\-dn-bp∂ ÿew.
Rm\-dn-bp∂ IpSpw-_w. Rm≥Xs∂t]mbn hnfn-°mw.'' Fw.-F- ns‚ NpdpNp-dp°v I≠v Rm≥ A¤p-X-s∏-´p.
F√m-h-cp-sSbpw apJØv B›-cyhpw
Bizm- k hpw. bm{Xm- ® n- e - h n- \ p≈
]Whpw hmßn Fw.- F - k v . \nan- j ߃°Iw ]pd-s∏´pIgn-™p. X≠pw
XSnbpw Btcm-Ky-hp-ap≈ Bbn-c-Ønsem-cp-h-∑m¿ F{Xt]cp≈ \mS-I-°º-\n-bm-Wv! ""F{X Npdp-Np-dp-°p≈
]ø≥!''
Rm≥ ^enXcqt]W ]d-™p.
]pd-s∏-Sm-\p≈ Xnc-°n¬ F\n-s°Xnsc Hcp t\m´w ]mbn-®p. "h∂n´v
It≠mfmw' F∂ A¿∞- Ø n¬.
]ns∂apX¬ a‰p-≈-h-cpsS Akm-∂n≤y-Øn¬ Rm\-t±-lsØ ]ø-s\∂p
hnfn-®p-t]m-∂p. a‰m¿°pan-√mØ Hcp
kzmX-{¥yw.

cwKw aq∂v
c≠pZnhkwIgn-™-t∏mƒ
tImdw XnI™p. dntl-gvk¬ Bcw`n- ® p. dntl- g v k ¬ ]ptcm- K - a n- ° th
F\n-s°mcp Imcyw ]nSn-In-´n. F√mhcpw A`n-\-bn-°p-∂p. hfsc ]Wns∏´p kv t Xm`hpw ss\cm- i yhpw
Blv f m- Z hpw F√m- s a√mw apJØv
{]Xn-^-en-∏n-°p-∂p. tÃPnse Ne-\߃ Ip‰-a‰
- X
- m-°m≥ {ian-°p-∂p. Ubtem-Kp-Iƒ a\x]mT-am-°m-Ø-h¿ X∏nØ-S™v ]d-bp-∂p. ]s£, Fw.-Fk
- v.?
C{Xbpw {]mb-am-bn-´pw, A\p-`-h-⁄m\-ap-≠m-bn´pw At±-l-Øn\v A`n-\bw
A{X-h-i-an-√. adn®v IYm-]m-{X-tØmSn-gp-In-t®¿∂v Pohn-°p-I-bm-Wv. A`nt\- X mhpw IYm- ] m- { Xhpw XΩn¬
hyXym- k - a n- √ m- X m- I p∂ hnc- f - a mb
kμ¿`-߃!
A`n- \ - b - Ø ns‚ Imcyw]d- b ptºmƒ ka-ky-bv°p-tijw h∂ Hcp
\mS- I - Ø n¬ (t]cv "kzcw' F∂mtWm¿Ω) Fw.- F - k v . ssIImcywsNbvX -tdmƒ {]tXyIw a\- n¬ hcp∂p. Hcp hr≤≥. sNdp-∏-Ønte _p≤nbpsS hnImkw \ne- ® p, Ip´nIsft∏mseXs∂ tNjvSI
- ƒ, Zcn-{Z-IpSpw-_-Ønse AwKw. \m´p-ImcptSbpw
ho´p-Im-cpsSbpw Ah-K-W\m]m{Xw.
HcpZnhkw hni∏v kln°hømsX
ASp- Ø - h - f - ∏ n¬\n∂v HcpaqSv I∏
tamjvSn-°th ]nSn-Iq-Sp-∂p. AX-dn™
IpSpw-_mw-K-߃ hr≤s\ {Iqc-ambn
a¿±n-°p-∂p. \n -lm-b-\m-bn, thZ-\bn¬ ]pf™p hmhn´v Ip´n- I - s ft∏mse Ic- b p∂ cwKw F√m- h - c psSbpw IÆv \-bn-®Xv ad-°m-s\-fp∏-a-√.
cwKw \mev
CXp-hsc A`n-\-b-kn-≤n-bpsS
Imcyw ]d-™p. A[n-I-am-cp-a-dn-bmØ
a‰pNne kn≤n-IƒIqSn-bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p
Fw.-F- n\v. ]m´p-Iƒ dntl-gvk¬
sNøp-tºmƒ At±lw Fs‚ sXm´p]n- ∂ n¬ tN¿∂n- c n- ° pw. SyqWn¬
sNdnb sX‰p-t]mepw ]m´p-Im¿ hcpØn-bm¬ ]n∂n¬\n∂v H∂p tXm≠pw.
]d™psImSp-°p-∂-Xp-t]mse IrXyambn ]mSp-∂-Xp-hsc tXm≠¬ A\pkyq- X - a mbn \S- ° pw. F√mw icnbmbn°gn-bp-tºmƒ Xr]vXn-bmtbm

F∂-dn-bm≥ _pƒkv sFbn-tebv°v
Rm≥ ZrjvSn ]mbn-°pw. Ah-b-t∏mƒ
sh´n-Øn-f-ßp-∂p-≠m-hpw. Aßs\
]m´p-If
- psS \ymbm-[n-]ÿ
m\w Rm≥
Fw.-F- n\v sImSp-Øp.
cwKw A©v
"ka-ky-bnse Km\-c-N\ G‰p-am\q¿ tkma-Zm-k-t‚Xv. Hcp t{]a-Km-\Øns‚ dntl-gvk¬ \S-°p-∂p.
"a™p- X p- ≈ n- b m- s b- ∂ p- ≈ n¬
Xßn\n∂ In\mth, amWn-Iy-ambv \o
amdnbtXsXmcp abq-J-ta-‰mhmw'
lna-I-W-Øn¬ kqcy-c-ivan-Iƒ
]Xn-°p-tºmƒ AXn\v h∂p-tN-cp∂
Aeu-InIkuμcyw! IYm-\m-bn-Isb
civ a n- I ƒ ]Xn- ° p- ∂ - X n\v ap≥]pw
]n≥]p-ap≈ a™p-Xp-≈n-tbm-Sp-]-an°p∂p Ihn. AXn¬ ]Xn-°p∂ kqcycivan GXmWv?
\mbn-Im-\m-bI
- ∑
- m¿ Ian-Xm-°ƒ.
Ah-cpsS t{]aw ]cn-ip-≤w, \n¿Ω-ew,
DZm-Øw, at\m-l-cw, \njvI-f-¶w. Hcp
kμ¿`-Øn¬ ]Xn-hp-t]mse Ah¿
kwkm-cn®p\n¬°th GtXm AZr-iyi-‡n-bpsS t{]c-W-bm-se-∂-t]mse
Imap-I≥ s]s´∂v Imap-Insb Bt«jn®v Hcp Npw_\w kΩm-\n-°p-∂p.
ASpØ \nan-jw, sNø-cp-XmØ Hcp
sX‰v sNbvXp-t]mb Ip‰-t_m-[-Øn¬
Imap-In-bpsS apJØv c≠m-a-sXm∂p
t\m°msX ]pd-tØbv°v H‰ Hm´w.
kvX_v[-bmbn \n¬°p∂ ImapIn!
Ccp-´n¬ Ce-I-fn¬ ]‰n-bn-cn-°p∂
A\m-I¿j-I-amb Hcp a™p-Xp-≈nt]mse km[m-c-W- s]¨Ip-´n-bmb
Xm≥, GtXm Hcp {]Im- i - c iv a n
kv]¿in® am{X-bn¬ tZh-kv{Xo-bmbv
Xo¿∂pthm? ]ns∂ Ipsd t\c-tØbv°v B s]¨Ip´n kzbwad-∂v, GtXm amkva-c-`m-h-ß-fn¬ ebn®v cw-KØv HgpIn\S-°p-I-bm-Wv. Cu `mh-amWv ]m´p-Xo-cp-∂Xphsc ImtW-≠-Xv.
ImeSn tKm]n A`n-t\-Xm-°ƒ°v
\n¿t±iw \¬Ip-∂p. ImgvN-°m¿ \nch- [ n. Fw.- F - k v . Fs‚ Hcp hiw
tN¿∂n-cn-∏m-Wv. dntl-gvk¬ Ipsd
sNbvXn´pw tKm]n°pw R߃°pw
Xr]vXn hcp-∂n-√. dntl-gvk¬ XpS-cptºmƒ Fs‚ CSsØ sNhn- b n¬
i‡-amb aqf¬. NohoSv AIØv IS∂-t]m-se. hnc¬XncpIn ]e{]mhiyw

Xncn-®p. ian-®p. ho≠pw CS--bv°n-S°v
aqf¬. CSXph- i - t Øbv ° v Rm≥
t\m°n. Fw.- F - k v . Ft¥m Fs‚
sNhn- b n¬ ]ndp- ] n- d p- ° p- I - b m- W v .
]p≈n-°m-c\v Km\m-h-X-cWw Xosc
]nSn°p- ∂ n- √ . Rm≥ t\m°p∂XpI≠-t∏mƒ Ft∂mSp ]d-™p.
""CXv Xosc icym-hn√ {]Xm-]m. B
]m´v \in∏n-°p-I-bm-Wv.'' ]m´ns‚
Bflmhv sXm´-dn-™-bmƒ F∂ \nebn¬ Rm≥ Ahn-sS-bn-cp-∂-sIm≠v
tKm]n-tbmSv H∂p c≠p Imcy-߃ ]d™p. DS≥ Fw.-F-kv. Fs‚ ssI
]nSn®p Ipep-°n. FWo‰v tKm]n-bpsS
ASpØpsN∂v ImXn¬ kzImcyw ]d™p.
tKm]n BwKyw ImWn-®p. dntlgvk¬ \n∂p. Fs‚t\sc Xncn-™n´v
]d-™p. {]Xm]m F\n°v ]m´p-ambn
]pe-_‘w t]mep-an-√. {]Xm-]s‚
\n¿t±iw Id-Iv‰m-Wv. Cu cwKw ]‰psa- ¶ n¬ {]Xm- ] ≥ Ub- d IvSv
sNøWw''.
(Cu hb- s\ Rm≥..........-F¥m
]d-tb-≠Xv? Nncn I≠nt√? Hcp ]cnN-b-hp-an-√mØ Ipcn-it√ Fs‚ Xebn¬h®p X∂n-cn-°p-∂-Xv? A—s‚
{]mb-am-bn-t∏m-bs√m?)
tKm]n-bpsS tdmƒ Rmt\-s‰-SpØp. c≠paWn-°q¿. Hcn-°epw ad°mØ c≠p aWn- ° q¿. ]e- h pcp
hnb¿Øp. ]s£ A`n- \ - b n∏n®v
s]¿s^-£\
- n¬ FØn-bt- ∏mƒ A¥co-£-Øn\v Hcp Unssh≥ S®v. hb s‚ hI "t`jv' hnfn-Iƒ. tKm]n
Fs∂ A`n- \ - μ \wsIm≠paqSn.
kt¥mjw sIm≠v ]ecpw h∂m-t«jn-®p. Imap-Is‚ tdmƒ A`n-\-bn®
_m_p \ºq-Xncn h∂v Fs‚ ssI
]nSn®p Ipep-°n. ""\me©p an\n-´p-Iƒ
Rß-sf√mw as‰mcp temI-Øm-bn-cp∂p. amtj. A¤p-Xw.''
ImapIn At∏mgpw B cwKØns‚ amkvac
- `
- m-hØ
- n¬ \n∂v tamN\-am-Im-Ø-Xp-t]mse tÃPns‚ (k-¶ev]w) aqe-bn¬ \n¬°p-∂p. ]m´ns‚
sI´v s]m´n-bn-´n-√. Fw.-F-kv. t]mbn
B Ip´n-tbmSv Ft¥m kzImcyw ]dbp-∂p. (Fs∂ h∂v Bivtf-jn-°m\mtWm ]d-bp-∂-Xv? Atøm.....-`m-Kyw,
AXp-≠m-bn-√) B Ip´n ASp-Øp-h-

∂p. Xnf-ßp∂ IÆp-Iƒ. kt¥mjw
XpSn-°p∂ apJw. Fs∂ XmWp-sXmgp-Xp. Im¬sXm´p \a-kvI-cn-®p. Hcp
tPXm-hn-s\-t∏mse Fw.-F-kv. Ahn-sSsbms° HmSn\S-∂p. CXn-s‚-sbms°
bYm¿∞ Imc- W - ° m- c ≥ At±lw
Xs∂-bt√? (Fs‚ CSXv sNhn-bnse
Akz-ÿX At∏mgpw amdn-bn-´p-≠m-bncp-∂n-√)
cwKw Bdv
BKÃv amkm- h - k m\w \mStIm¬Lm-S\w Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cØv \S∂p. \√ kzoI-c-W-am-bn-cp∂p P\-ßfn¬\n∂v e`n-®-Xv. HcpZnhkw Xr»qcn\v Iptd hS°v Hcp \mSIw Ign™v
cm{Xn `£Ww Xc-s∏-Sp-Øm-s\m-cp-ßptºmƒ I¿i- \ - a mb Hcp hne- ° v .
"Ct∏mƒ `£Ww Ign- t °≠Xn√.
Nmbtbm at‰m BImw. \nßsf
ImØv hn`-hk
- a
- r-≤a
- mb `£Ww, Fw.F- ns‚ Ccn-ßm-e-°p-S-bnse ho´n¬
ImØn-cn-°p-∂p. "F√m-hcpw tbmKw
tN¿∂v 1 aWn-°q¿ hni-∂n-cn-°m≥
Xocp-am-\-sa-Sp-°p-∂p. (A-hnsSsbØnt®-cm-\p≈ GI-tZ-ik
- a
- b
- w) F\n-°msW-¶n¬ Ccn-ßm-e-°pS ImWm-\p≈
tamlhpw; \mSIÿe-Øp-\n∂v h≠n
cm{Xn 10.30\v ]pd-s∏-Spw. kZy-bpsS
Hm¿Ω Iptdkabw Dd-°sØ AI‰n
\ndp-Øn-sb-¶nepw Ipd-®p-I-gn-™-t∏mtgbv°pw ss{Uhdpw Fw.-F- p-samgnsI F√m-hcpw Dd-ßn.
Ccn-ßm-e°
- p-Ss
- b-Øm-dmbn F∂v
Fw.- F - k v . hnfn- ® p- ] - d - b p- ∂ Xv tI´v
Rm\p-W¿∂p. ]pd-tØbv°v t\m°nb-t∏mƒ aßn-°-Øp∂ sXcphphnf°p-Ifpw an∂m-an-\p-ßp-Ifpw Hgn-®m¬
]ns∂ Ccp-´ns‚ Icn-ºSwam{Xw.
""TmWm-hm-bn. he-tØm´p Xncnt™mfq'' Fw.- F - k ns‚ \n¿t±- i w.
Xncn-bp∂ ka-bØpw Rm≥ Np‰pw
t\m°n. Ccp-´n\v ]£-t`-Z-an-√. hoSpIƒ°pw, IS-Iƒ°pw hr£-߃°pw
F√mw H‰ \ndw. h≠n ]e-X-hW Xncn-bp-Ibpw \nh-cp-Ibpw hf-bp-Ibpw ]pf-bp-Ib
- p-sams°s®bvXv Ah-km-\w.....
""]qc∏- d tºm? F¥p- s h- f n®w!
A√m, Hcp hoSt√ AXv? ap‰Øv \nd®m-fp-Iƒ. Ccn-ßm-e°
- p-Sb
- n¬ Ch¿°v
am{Xtam \n{Zm-hn-lo\ cm{Xn. Hm, CXv
Fw.- F -   ns‚ hoSm- b n- c n- ° pw. Ah-

51

52

scms° h≠n-bpsS t\¿°m-Ws√m
t\m°p-∂-Xv. h≠n \n∂-s√m.
Hgn™ hb-dp-ambn Rß-tf-hcpw
Cd-ßn. Bscm-s°tbm h≠n-bpsS
ASp-tØbv°p h∂p. F√m-h-cpsSbpw
\ndw shfp∏v F∂Xpam{Xw Hm¿Ω-bp≠v. Ah-cpsS kt¥m-jhpw hn\o-X`m-hhpw a‰pw C∂pw ad-°m≥ Ign-bp∂n- √ , AXn¬ Hcp apJhpw C∂v
I≠m¬ a\- n-em-hn-s√-¶n¬°qSn.
A∂v Ccn-ßm-e-°p-S-bpsS Hcp
Nn{Xw a\- n¬ ]Xn-™p. Iq‰m-°q-cncp´pw Ipd®p shfpØ Bfp-Ifpw cpNnbp≈ Hcp kZy-bpw, TmWm-sh∂ hnNn{X- a mb
t]cpw.
kan- X n- b n¬
Rm\p≠mbn-cp∂ aq∂ph¿jw ]e
AwK-ßf
- psS \m´n¬°qSn \mS-Ih
- ≠n
IS-∂p-t]m-bn-´p-≠v. as‰mcp k¬°mcw
aq∂p h¿jsØ Ncn-{X-Øn¬ tcJ-s∏Sp-Øn-bn-´n-√.
cwKw Ggv
Fw.-F- ns‚ bp‡n-Nn-¥bv°pw
\¿Ω-t_m-[Ø
- n\pw ]e DZm-lc
- W
- ß
- fp-ap-≠v.
h¿°e F∂ ÿe-sØmcp \mSIw. cmhnse H≥]XpaWn°v h≠n
]pd-s∏-S-Ww. F√m-hcpw h≠n-bn¬
Ib-dm-s\m-cp-ßn-bt- ∏mƒ c≠v \Sn-Isf
ImWm-\n-√. Ah¿ Ipfn-s®m-cp-ßn-bXv
I≠-h-cp-≠v. ka-b-\n-jvT-bn¬ IWni- ° m- c - \ mb
tKm]n- b psS
apJwIdpØp. ]Xn-hmbn Ub-temKv
sX‰n- ° p- ∂ - h - c m- b - X p- s Im≠v F√mh¿°pw AhtcmSv s]cpØv kt¥mjam-Wv.
]Xn-\-©p-an-\n´v Ign-™-t∏mƒ
Zm HmSn-°n-X®p hcp-∂p. s\‰n-bn¬
Nμ\w. apSn-bn¬ ]qhv Iøn¬ {]kmZw.
t£{XZ¿i-\w.
""{]kmZw apJ-Øn-√-s√m. ssZhhn-izm-kn-I-f-t√ \ap°v £an-°mw.''
Rm≥ Fw.-F- ns‚ sNhn-bn¬ ]d™p.
""ssZh-Øn\v \√ hnizm-k-amWv
{]Xm-]m.''
F\n°v Imcyw ]nSn-In-´n-bn-√.
""Ub-temKv an\-s°´v ]Tn-°W
- w.
Ub-temKv ]Tn-°msX ssZh-Øn\v
]pjv]m-RvPen Ign-®m¬ A`n-\bw
\∂m-hptam? ssZhw Bcm tam≥? \√
]p≈n- b - t √. Cu ]‰n- ∏ n- s em∂pw

Atßcv hogn-√. Ub-temKv ]Tn-°s´''.
Cu ]cn-lm-k-Øn\v ]n∂nse
XXzw Ipsd-\mƒ Fs‚ Nn¥bv°v
hnj-b-am-bn.
cwKw F´v
Hcp Znhkw Iymºn¬ an°-hcpw
Hm¿Ω ]pXp- ° ¬ \S- Ø p- I - b m- W v .
ImeSn tKm]n Hm^okv apdn-bn-en-cp∂v
Ft¥m Fgp-Xm≥ XpS-ßn-bn´v Gsd
t\c-am-bn. apJy-\-S≥ s\√n-t°m-S≥
FØn-bn-´n-√.
Fw.- F - k v . , Fgp- X n- s °m- ≠ n- c n°p∂ tKm]n-sbbpw Fs∂bpw amdnamdn t\m°n.
""tKm]n ASp- Ø - \ m- S - I - Ø ns‚
tPmen XpS- ß ntbm?'' tKm]n
tIƒ°msX Rm≥ Fw.-F- n-t\mSv
tNmZn-®p.
""Gbv. Fs‚ Adn-hn-en-√.''
""]ns∂ F¥mhpw Zo¿Lamb
FgpØv?''
""Hm! AtXm? tKm]n "cmam-bWw'
Fgp-Xp-I-bm-Wv. ]pXn-sbmcp cmam-bWw. ""tKm]o-cm-am-bWw'.
Cu ]ø≥ Fs∂ Aº-cn-∏n-°¬
ioe- a m- ° n- b n- c n- ° - b m- W v. Rm≥
Iqfmbn Ccp-∂p.
""`mkvI-c≥ Iymºn¬ FØn-bn´n-√-s√m. Chcp XΩn¬ ]nW-ßn-t∏mb-Xm-Wv. Abmƒ "cmambWw' hmbn°m- Ø - X m- W n- X n- s \ms° ImcWw
F∂mWv tKm]n-bpsS hnNm-cw.
AXp-sIm≠v cmam-bWw FgpXn
Atßm-´-b-°m≥ t]mIp-∂p.''
]pdtI ]S-°-sam∂ps]m´n.
""Cs∂-{Xbm Xnø-Xn, {]Xm]m?''
""C∂p P\p-hcn 12''
""Hm kmc-an-√. ASp-Ø-\m-SIw 19˛mw\ptb- b p- ≈ p. AXn\p apºv
tKm]n°v Hcp henb Ih¿, adp-]-Sn-°h¿, hcpw. AXn- s e- ¥ mhpw F∂dntbzm?''
Cs√∂pw Ds≠∂pw ]d-™n-√.
]s£ Fs‚ Ca-Iƒ NnΩm≥ ad-∂p.
""AXv "alm-`m-cXw'. hymk-a-lm`m-cX
- a
- √
- . "`mk-al
- m-`m-cXw'. cmam-bW
- Øn\v adp-]Sn alm-`m-c-Xw. ]nt‰-Znhkw s\√n- t °m- S ≥ Fgp- ∂ - ≈ pw.
At∏mƒ {]Xm-]≥ c≠p-t]-cp-sSbpw
apJ-`mhw {i≤n-°-Ww. C©n-I-Sn®
Ipc-ß-∑m-cp-tS-Xp-t]m-se.''

""At∏mƒ Hcmƒ {iocm-a\pw at‰bmƒ {ioIr-jvW\pw At√?''
""AsX-b-sX. ]s£ {iocm-a\v
aŸ-c-bpsS kz`m-hhpw {ioIr-jvW\v
iIp-\n-bpsS kz`m-hhpw. thsd- bmsXmcp hyXym-k-hp-an√''
cwKw H≥]Xv
Hcn-°¬ Iymºn¬ Rßsf ]cnN-bs
- ∏-Sm≥ Hcp kmaqly{]h¿Ø-I≥
h∂p. tKm]n-bpsS kplr-Øv. JZ¿[mcn.
tKm]n F√m-h-scbpw B a\pjy\v ]cn-Nbs∏Sp-Øn. A°q-´-Øn¬
At±-l-Øns‚ Iem-kvt\-l-sØ-∏‰nbpw kmaq-ly-tk-h-\-sØ-°p-dn-®psams° ]d- ™ p. ]ptcm- K - a \hmZnsb∂pw CS- X p- ] £Nn¥- I - s \∂pw
a‰pw Iq´n-t®¿Øp.
Rm≥ Bsf icn°v {i≤n-®p.
kmam-\y-Øn-e-[nIw hÆw. JZ¿hkv{Xw. hne-Iq-Snb hm®v. hnc-ep-I-fn¬
tamXncw aq∂v. Bfv IΩyq-Wn-Ãm-Im≥
hgn-bn-√. IΩyq-Wn-ÃvIm-c\v hen-®phmcn `£n-°m-\p≈ ss]kbv°v hgnbn- √ . ]ns∂ hm®pw tamXn- c - h pw.
JZ¿[mcn-b-mbXpsIm≠v CsXms°
{]Xo-£n-°mw. ]s£ ]ptcm-K-a-\-hmZn-sb∂pw CS-Xp-]£Nn¥-I-s\-∂psams° hnti-jn-∏n-®m¬?
ASp- Ø n- c p∂ Fw.- F -   ns\
t\m°n-b-t∏mƒ I£n Xe-Ip-\n-®n-cn∏m- W v . at‰tXm Btem- N - \ - b n¬.
Fs‚ GtXm tNmZyw tI´n- s ´- ∂ t]mse Xe-bp-b¿Øn Fs∂ tei-kabw t\m°n-bn-cp-∂p; Hcp `mh-t`-Z-hpan-√m-sX.
AXn-Ynbpw tKm]nbpw ]pd-tØbv°p-t]m-bn.
Rm≥ Fw.-F n-t\mSp tNmZn-®p.
""Fw.-F-t . ]ptcm-K-a-\-hm-Zn-sb∂pw
CS-Xp-]£Nn¥-I-s\∂pw c≠pw ]dbtWm? BfpsS {]Ir-Xnbpw C∏-d™Xpw s]mcp-Ø-s∏-Sp-∂pt≠m?''
""]ns∂ c≠pw ]d-bt≠? F¶net√ A[n-t£-]-am-Iq.''
""tKm]n kplr-Øns\ A[n-t£]n-°ptam?''
""Rm\o I£nsb I≠n- ´ p≠v
{]Xm]m. AXn-tesd tI´n-´p-ap-≠v.
Abmƒ hmZ-ß-fn¬ Hcp-]mSv ]ptcm-Kan-®n-´p-≠v.''

Rm\n-Sbv°v Ib-dn-bn-√.
""]ns∂, CS-Xp-]£ Nn¥-Iƒ!
CS-Xp-]£w F∂m¬ hma-`m-Kw. hma`m-K-Øns\ Cbmƒ°v hen-b-t]-Sn-bm.
Xs‚ Ipkr-Xn-Ifpw tXm∂ym-khpw
Ah-cpsS sNhn-bn-se-Øp-tam-sb∂v
kZm Nn¥n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°pw. Ah-cpsS
]W-am-Wv B XSnbpw hm®pw tamXnchpw. AXmWv CS-Xp-]-£-Nn-¥.''
]S-°-Øn\v ]Xnsb Xo ]nSn-®p.
F\n°v s]s´∂v H∂pw tXm∂nbn-√.
B hni-Zo-I-cWw kz¬]-t\-ctØbv ° v Fs∂ kv X _v [ - \ m- ° n.
Rm≥ tXm‰p Xp∂w-]m-Sn.
cwKw ]Øv (Cu cwK-tØm-Sp-IqSn
\mSIw Ah-km-\n-°p-∂p)
]s£ Hcp Znhkw Rm≥
IW°p Xo¿Øp. Iymºn¬ h®-√.
Aßv a{Zm-kn¬.
Hcn-°¬ Ipsd `‡n-Km-\ß
- f
- psS
{Kma- t ^m¨ dn°m¿Uv Cd- ° p∂
Imcyw {]am-Wn®v F®v.-Fw.-hn. ÃpUntbm-hn¬ t]mbn Xncn-®p-h-cp-tºmƒ
{]kn-≤-Km-b-I≥ kotdm _m_p-hns\
I≠p. kwkm-cØ
- n-\n-Sb
- n¬ Fw.-Fk
- v.
AhnsS GtXm tlm´-en-ep-s≠∂p ]d™p.
Iymºn¬\n∂v ]ncn- ™ - X n- \ ptijw Hcp hnti-jhpw Adn-™n-cp-∂n√. AXn-\m¬ s]s´∂v R߃ tlm´en¬ sN∂p.
kzoI- c Ww
AXnKw`o- c w.
kvt\tlm-jva-fw. A{]-Xo-£n-X-ambn
sN∂p-s]´ Fs∂ tNmZy-߃sIm≠v
ho¿∏p- a p- ´ n- ® p. Fs‚ bm{X- b psS
Dt±iw ]d-™-am-{X-bn¬ ]m´p-I-ƒ
At±-l-Øn\v tIƒ°-Ww.
tS∏v dn°m¿U¿ Hm¨sN-bvXp.
Bdp ]m´p-Iƒ. Bdm-a-tØXv ]mSnØo¿∂-t∏mƒ I¬]\ h∂p. ""{]Xm]m, dossh≥Uv sNøq. H∂p- I qSn
tIƒ°-s´.''
tIƒ∏n-®p.
""Fgp-Xn-b-h-cmscm-s°-bmWv?''
Rm≥ t]cp-Iƒ ]d-™p.
""]m´p- I ƒ A\- h - [ n- b p- ≈ - X psIm≠v hcn-Iƒ a\- n¬ \n¬°p-∂n√. H∂p-IqSn tIƒ°-s´.''
F¥n-\p-]-d-bp-∂p. BsI Bdp{]m-hiyw tI´p. tS∏p- dn-°m¿U-dns‚

tamt´mdpw s_¬‰pw HmSnØf¿∂p.
""F√mw hnti-jw. NneXv _lphn-ti-jw. At√ _m_q?''
""icn- b mWv Fw.- F - t  . {]Xm]≥amÿ Cßs\ lnμn S®kv
sImSp-Øp-]m-´p-≠m°pw Fs∂-\n°dnbn- √ m- b n- c p- ∂ p. Rm\n{X {]Xo- £ n®n√''.
]n∂oSv Fw.-F-kv. Nmb-h-cp-Øn.
AXv Ign-®n-cn-°p∂Xn\n-S-bn¬ ]m´pI- f nse Ihn- X - b n- t ebv ° pw SyqWnte°pw Bgv∂n-dßn Nne-Im-cy-߃
]d-™Xv Fs∂bpw _m_p-hn-s\bpw
Hcp-t]mse A¤p-X-s∏-Sp-Øn.
""{]Xm- ] ≥ Aº- e - ß - f n¬
t]mIptam'' s]s´-s∂mcp tNmZyw.
""Ft¥ Aßs\?''
""A√m
]m´p- I - f n- s e√mw
`‡nckw icn-°p-≠v.''
""IY-Ifn ImWm\pw D’-h-Øn\pw -t]m-Ipw. ]ns∂ IpSpw_w t]mIptºmƒ IqsS-t∏m-Ipw. A{X-X-s∂.''
""t£{X- Z ¿i\w C√m- Ø - b mƒ
Fßs\ `‡n-ckw Xpfp-ºp∂ Km\ß-fp-≠m°pw?''
""F\n°pw lrZ-b-ap-≠s√m?''
""F∂p-h-®m¬?''
""F√m- h ¿°pw D≈- X p- t ]mse
F\n°pw Hcp lrZ-bw.''
""AXp-sIm≠v?''
""lrZ-b-Øn¬ Cuiz-c-\p-≠-s√m.
s\©n¬ Hcm-ebw
F∂p tI´n-´nt√?''
""t`jv t`jv.''
_m_p At∏mƒ Nncn-°m≥ XpSßn-bn-cp-∂p.
""lrZ- b - Ø n¬ ktN- X - \ hpw
t{]a-kz-cq-]-\p-amb Cuiz-c≥. Aº-eØn¬ AtN-X-\-amb Cuiz-c≥.''
""At∏mƒ as‰m∂p tNmZn-°-s´.
Km\- ß - f n¬ `‡n- t bm- s Sm∏w Hcp
sdmam‚ nIv S®p tXm∂p- ∂ p. AXv
]mSpt≠m?
""`‡n- b psS ]mcayw AXn\v
t{]a-Øns‚ `mhw-sIm-Sp-°pw. Xo{h`‡nbpw DZm-Ø-amb t{]ahpw Hcp-t]mse, aoc-bpsS `‡n-bt√ Adn-b-s∏´
`‡n-I-fn¬ G‰hpw DZmØw?''
Fw.-F-kv. Fs∂-Øs∂ t\m°n
kz¬]w kabw Ccp- ∂ p. F∂n´v
_m_p-hn-t\m-Smbn ]d-™p.

""{]Xm-]\v Ft∂-°mƒ {]mb-ap≠t√?''
""Aß- s \- b - √ . Fw.- F -   n\v
Ft∂- ° mƒ {]mbw Ipd- h m- W v.
AXt√ Rm≥ CSbv°v "]ø≥' F∂p
hnfn-®n-cp-∂Xv?''
R߃ aq∂p-t]cpw Ipsd t\cw
Nncn-®p.
Rm≥ _m_p- h n- t \m- S mbn ]d™p. ""_m_q, Iº-\n-I-fnepw Un-∏m¿´p-sa‚p-I-fnepw "\n¿_-‘nX s]≥j≥' F∂ Htc¿∏mSv Poh-\-°m¿°p≠v. AXp-t]mse Hcp \n¿_-‘nX
km[\w e`n-®-bm-fmWv Fw.-F-kv.''
""F¥v km[\w?''
""\n¿_-‘nX hm¿≤-Iyw. icn°v
hb- -\m-Im-\p≈ {]mbw kXy-Øn¬
Bbn-´n√''.
temwKv hnkn¬.
a{Zm-kn¬h®v I≠v ]ncn-™-Xn\p-tijw Hm¿Ω-If
- n¬ Fw.-Fk
- v. CXphsc Hfn-a-ßmsX \n∂p-sh∂v ]d™m¬ I√ph® \pW-bm-Ipw. Hm¿ΩbpsS Xmfp-I-fn¬ ]gb _nw_-߃
\ndw aßp-Ibpw ]pXnb _nw_-߃
Ah-tcm-[n-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp.
F¶nepw Pohn-XsØ kc-f-ambn
ImWm\pw Np‰p-]m-Sp-I-sfbpw kw`-hß- s fbpw B \ne- b n¬ hyJym- \ n°m\pw bp‡n-t_m-[hpw {]km-Zm-flI-Xbpw ssIhn-Sm-Xn-cn-°m\pw kz¥w
alXzw ]mtS ad∂v s]cp-am-dm\pw
F√mw D≈ Akm-am-\y-amb Ign-hmWv
Fs∂-t∏mse ]e¿°pw At±-lsØ
{]nb¶c-\m-°n-b-Xv.
1972 \v ap≥]p≈ Fw.- F - k ns\bpw 1975\v tij-ap≈ Fw.-Fk
- n-s\bpw F\n-s°m´pw Adn-bn-√. kw`h_lp-es
- a∂v ]d™p tI´ B ImeL-´-߃ F\n°v A\yw. F¶nepw
Adn-bp-∂p. ho´p-Imcpw \m´p-Imcpw
Adn-™n-cp∂ Fw.-F pw Rm\-dn™
Fw.-F pw H∂m-sW-∂v. A\p-kvac
- W
tbmK-ßfn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°p∂ al¬hy‡n-I-fp-sS, At±-lsØ sXm´-dn™
kpa-\- p-I-fpsS, kvt\l-_-lp-am-\߃, Bcm-[\m`mhw F∂nh XpSn°p∂ {]Xn-I-c-W-ß-fn-eqsS ho≠pw
Fs‚ "hb-   ≥ ]øs

Rm≥
Adn™p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p.
W

53

54

Fw.-F-kv.-\-ºq-Xncn Hm¿Ω-I-fn-eqsS
Fw. kc-fm-a-[p-kq-Z-\≥
sjm¿Æq¿ ˛ NpSp-hm-e-Øq-cnse
Rß-fpsS ho´n¬\n∂mWv Fw.-F-kv.
\ºq-Xn-cnsb°pdn-®p-≈ Hm¿Ω-I-ƒ
Bcw-`n-°p-∂-Xv. F\n-°-s∂mcp ]Xnaq-∂p-hb
-  
- v. Fs‚ A—s‚ (-Fw.-B¿._n.) A\p-P≥ t{]wPn F∂ Fw.-]n.
`´-Xn-cn-∏m-Sns‚ IqsS-bmWv Fw.-F-kv.
\ºq- X ncn Rß- f psS ho´n¬ h∂sX∂v Rmt\m¿°p-∂p. Aßs\ B
]cn-N-b-Øns‚ Hm¿Ω-Iƒ t{]wPn-bneqsS sXfn-bp-∂p. AXn-s\mcp {]tXyI-X-bp-ap≠v. \ºq-Xncnkap-Zm-b-Øn¬
BZy- a mbn hn[- h mhn- h mlwsNbv X v
hnπhw krjvSn-®Xv Fs‚ A—≥ Fw.B¿.-_n. ˛ ap√awK-esØ cma≥ `´Xn-cn-∏m-Sm-Wv. A°m-c-W-Øm¬ kapZmbw At±-l-Øn\v {`jvSv I¬]n-®p.hn-[hmhnhmlw Ign-®-h¿ am{X-a√
AXn¬ ]¶p-sIm-≠-hcpw {`jvS-cmbn.
kz¥w ktlm- Z - c - ∑ m¿ ]Sn- b - S ®p
]nfiw h®p. _‘p-°fpw kplr-Øp°fpw Fw.-B¿.-_n. IpSpw-_sØ H‰s∏-Sp-Øn. hn.-Sn. `´-Xn-cn-∏m-Sv, Bcym-]≈w, sImSp- a p≠ Im™q¿, XSw,
sshe- Ø q¿ IS- e m- b n¬ XpSßn
Npcp°w Nne-cpsS klm-bw e`n-®n-cp∂p. _‘p-°-fn¬ c≠p-t]¿ am{XamWv A—s‚ IqsS \n∂- X v.
t{]wPnbpw A—s‚ tPyjvTs‚ aI≥
kn.-D-Æn-cm-Pm-bp-am-bn-cp∂p B c≠pt]¿. ]c-ta-iz-c≥ F∂-t]-cns‚ Npcp°- a mWv ]m®p. A—s‚ A\pP≥
A]v ^ ≥. Aßs\ t{]wPn Fs‚
]m®p A]v^-\m-bn. ]m®p A]v^s‚
IqsS h∂ Bƒ F∂ \ne-bv°mWv
Fw.- F - k v . \ºq- X n- c nsb IqSp- X ¬
{i≤n-°m≥ XpS-ßn-b-Xv.
H‰-s∏-S-ens‚ Ibv]p-\o¿ IpSn®
ZpcnXßfpw, Ijv S - ∏ m- S p- I - f p- a mWv
Fs‚ _mey-Øn\p ]d-bm-\p-≈-Xv.
kap-Zmb{`jvS-cmb Rßsf Bcpw
Hcm-tLm-j-߃°pw hnfn-°p-Itbm
]s¶-Sp-∏n-°p-Itbm sNøm-dn-√. tbmKt£- a - k - ` - I ƒ°pw, A¥¿P- \ - k amPao‰nw-Kn\pw Rm\pw GSØnbpw
A—- s ‚- b pw, AΩ- b p- s Sbpw IqsSt]mhpI ]Xn-hm-bn-cp-∂p. {]kw-Kß
- ƒ
tIƒ°-epw \mSIw ImW-ep-sam-s°bm- b n- c p∂p A∂sØ Rß- f psS
hnt\m- Z w. IqSmsX Cu k`- b n¬
\rØhpw, ]m´pw Ah- X - c n- ∏ n®v
R߃ BtLm-j-ß-fn¬ ]¶m-fn-Ifp-am-bn-´p-≠v. alm-Ihn Hf-∏-a-Æ-bpsS

""\n≥ ssII- f nse¥¥¿÷\- t a,
In¶n- e - s a∂p Inep- ß p∂p'' F∂
IhnX \rØ-cq-]-Øn¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n®Xv Rm\pw, GS-Ønbpw AΩ-bpsS
A\p-PØn {]nb-ZØ I√m-´p-am-bn-cp∂p. IY-Ifncq]-Øn-ep≈ \rØw ]Tn∏n-®Xv Iem-a-fiew cma≥Ip´n Bim\m-bn-cp-∂p. IY-Ifn∏Zw ]Tn-∏n®Xv
Iem-a-fiew \oe-I-WvT≥ \ºo-i≥
Bim\pw. Xriq¿ \ºq-Xncn hnZym-eb- Ø n- e m- b n- c p∂p ]cn- ] m- S n. ]cn]mSnIgn™v Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cnbpw,
a‰pNnecpw AWn-b-d-bn¬h∂v F√mw
A -embn F∂v A`n-\-μn-®Xv A`nam-\-tØmsS C∂pw Rmt\m¿°p-∂p.
kmaqly]cn-jv°c
- Ww e£y-am-°n-bp≈ \mS-Im-h-X-c-W-am-bn-cp-∂p Bi-b{]-N-c-W-Øn-\p≈ am[y-aw. teJ-\-sagpØpw eLp-te-J-Iƒ ASn-®n-d-°epw
AXns‚ as‰mcp ]pd-am-bn-cp-∂p. hn.Sn. `´-Xn-cn-∏m-Sns‚ "ASp-°f
- b
- n¬ \n∂v
AcßtØbv°v' F∂ \mSIw
cwKØv Ah-X-cn-∏n®tijw kaq-lØn¬ hºn® ]cn-h¿Ø\ap≠mbn.
Bcy-]-≈w, ]m¿ΔXn s\∑n-\n-aw-K-ew,
at\gn ]m¿ΔXn A¥¿P\w XpS-ßnb-h-sc√mw "ASp-°-f-bn¬ \n∂v Acß-tØbv°v' \mSIw I≠-Xn-\p-ti-jamWv ad-°pS Dt]-£n-°m-\pw, thjm`q-jmZn-Ifn¬ am‰w-h-cpØn, amdp-a-d®v
s]mXp-th-Zn-I-fn¬ {]Xy-£-s∏-Sm\pw
ss[cyw ImWn- ® - X v. kmaqly
]cnjvIc-W-sØ em-°m°n Xs∂-bmWv. "ad-°p-S-bv°p-≈nse alm-\-cIw'
(Fw.-B¿.-_n.) "EXp-aXn' (t{]w-Pn) F∂o \mS-I-ßfpw cNn-°-s∏-´-Xv. Chc≠pw cwK-Ø-h-X-cn-∏n-®n-´p-ap-≠v. CXne-`n-\-bn-®-h-cn¬ t{]wPn Ign-™m¬
]cn-NnXi_vZ-hpw, apJhpw Fw.-F-kv.
\ºq-Xn-cn-bp-tS-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. At±-lØns‚ A`n-\-b-]m-ShwI≠v A¤p-Xs∏- S m- Ø - h ¿ Bcp- a p- ≠ m- I p- s a∂p
tXm∂p- ∂ n- √ . kv { XoIYm- ] m- { X- ß sfbpw Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xncn Ah-X-cn∏n-®Xv I≠n-´p-≠v. "ASp-°f
- b
- n¬ \n∂v
Ac-ß-tØbv°v' F∂ \mS-I-Ønse
apØ-»n-bmWv Fs‚ Hm¿Ω-bn-ep-≈Xv.
A`n-\bw am{X-a√ IhnX kzbw cNn®Xv tbmK-t£-a-k-`-I-fn¬ Bth-itØmsS sNm√p- ∂ Xpw tI´n- ´ p- ≠ v .
"apjvSn Npcp-´pI tkm-Z-cn-amsc' F∂
Ihn-X-bmWp {][m-\-ambpw sNm√ntIƒ°m-dp-≈-Xv.

sNdp-ImSv, ]cn-bm-\w-]‰, sF.-kn.]n.\ºq-Xncn F∂n-hc
- psS IqsS-sb√mw
A—s\ ImWm≥ CS-bv°nsS Fw.-Fkv. \ºq-Xncn ho´n¬ h∂n-´p-≠v. At±l-Øns‚ a°ƒ \fn-\≥, kpa, N{μ≥
F∂n- h - s cms° Ip´n- I - f m- b n- c n- ° ptºmƒ Xriq-cn-tebpw, Ccn-ßm-e-°pS-bn-te-bpw ho´n¬ AΩ-bp-sam-∂n®v
Rm\pw GS- Ø nbpw t]mIm- d p- ≠ v .
Aß-s\-bmWv At±-l-Øns‚ ]Xv\n
kc-kz-Xn-tb-S-Ønsb ImWp-∂Xpw
]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-∂Xpw. tIc-f-I-em-th-ZnbpsS sk{I-´dn Sn.-F≥. \ºq-Xn-c-bmbn-cp∂ ImeØv Ccn-ßm-e-°pSsh®v
sNdp- I m- S ns‚ "\Ω- s fm∂v ' \mS- I Øns‚ dntl-jvk¬ ImWm≥ ]m®p
A]v ^ - t \m- s Sm- ∂ n®v t]mbn- ´ p- ≠ v .
{]kn≤ Kmb-I\pw kwKo-X-kw-hn-[mb-I-\p-sam-s°-bmb _m_p-cm-Pns\
A∂- h nsS I≠n- ´ p- ≠ v . Ccp- ´ ns‚
Bflm-hv, Im´p-Xp-f-kn, ]I¬ In\mhv, \n¿Ωmeyw XpSßn Fw.-F-kv. A`n\-bn® F√m kn\n-a-Ifpw H´p-an°
\mS-I-ßfpw ImWp-hm-\p≈ `mKyw
F\n-°p-≠m-bn-´p-≠v. A—s‚ {]mbap≈ B AXp-ey-\-Ss\ hfsc _lpam-\-tØm-sS-bmWv Rm≥ t\m°n-°≠n-cp-∂-Xv. Rm≥ apXn¿∂v hep-Xm-bt∏mƒ At±-l-Øns\ ImWp-∂Xv h√t∏m-gp-ambn. F∂m¬ At±-l-Øns‚
kuay-`m-hhpw Ipiew ]d-®n-ep-sams°- Fs‚ a\- n¬ Ct∏mgpw \√
Hm¿Ω-bmbn \n¬°p-∂Xv Rm≥ Adnbp-∂p. h¿j-߃ IS-∂p-t]mbn sF.F- k v . AΩm- a s‚ aIƒ k- X nsb
hnlmlw Ign-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv Fw.-F-kv.
\ºq-Xn-cn-bpsS aI≥ A\n-b-\pw, Fw.F-kv.-\-ºq-Xn-cn-bpsS aIƒ kpa-bpsS
aIƒ jo\sb hnhmlw Ign-®Xv sF.kn.-]n. AΩm-as‚ aI≥ \mcm-b-W-\pam-Wv. Iem-kmw-kv°m-cnIcwK-ß-fnepw, kmaq- l y- c n- j v I - c WcwKØpw
{]h¿Øn® B AXp- e y- \ - S ≥ B
_‘whgn Fs‚ _‘p-Iq-Sn-bmbn.
At±-l-Øns‚ Hm¿Ω-Iƒ°papºn¬
Rm≥ a\ m \an- ° p- ∂ p. At±- l Øns‚ P∑-i-Xm_vZn BtLm-j-]-cn]m-Sn-I-fpsS `mK-ambn \S-Ønb "kamZcWkwK-a'-Øn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°m≥ Ign™Xpw D]-lmcw G‰p-hm-ßn-bXpw
Fs‚ Pohn-XØ
- nse ad-°m≥ ]‰mØ
\nan-j-ß-fmWv.
W

55

\mSy-an-√mØ \S\w
AjvSaq¿Øn
(k-a-Im-enI ae-bmfw hmcn-I-bn¬ 2010 HIvtSm-_¿ 29\v {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®-Xv)

ssIbn-ep-≈-sX√mw \mS-I-Øn\p- t h≠n Xpe- ® p. \mSIw F∂v
tIƒ°p-tºmtg IpSpw-_-sØ-t∏mepw
ad-∂p. AXm-bn-cp∂p \S≥ Fw.-F-kv.
\ºq- X n- c n. At±- l - Ø ns‚ P∑- i Xm_vZn h¿j-am-Wn-Xv.
kw_-‘-°m-cmb hen-b-—-∑m¿
hcp-tºmƒ Ah¿°ncp∂p apdp-°m\pw
shSn-]-d-bm\pw InS-°m-\p-ambn ]Ømb-∏p-c-Iƒ D≠m-hm-dp-≠v km[m-cW
C√- ß - f n- s em- s °. R߃°pw
Aßs\sbm∂v D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ]t£,
XnI®pw B[p-\n-I-amb Hcp \n¿an-Xnbm- b n- c p∂p AXv. Rß- f psS
tZiØpXs∂ BZy-ambn hm¿∏p-]tbm- K n®v ]WnX ]pc. \m´n¬
B¿°pw ]cn-N-b-an-√m-Ø-Xp-sIm≠v
Xr»q- c n¬ \n∂mWv Bim- c n- a msc
sIm≠p-h-∂-Xv. henb P\m-e-Ifpw
IÆm-Sn-t]mse Xnf-ßp∂ \nehpw
X´p- b - c - h pw.
Hcp
hiØv
{]ntbm¿amhpw at‰hiØv tX≥h-cn°-πm-hpw. ap‰Øp \ndsb ]qs®-Sn-Iƒ.
a´p-∏m-hn¬\n∂p t\m°n-bm¬ Xmsg
Icp- h - ∂ q¿∏pg ImWmw. ]d- º ns‚
G‰hpw Db-c-Øn-em-bn-cp-∂-Xp-sIm≠v
AI-se-\nt∂ sI´nSw ImWm-am-bn-cp∂p. \m´p-Imcpw Rßfpw AXns\
_w•mhv F∂p hnfn-®p.
hen-b-—-∑m¿ Hmtcm-cp-Ø-cmbn
acn- ® - t XmsS _w•mhv AS- ® n- ´ p.
ASn®phmcn-Øp-S-bv°m≥ h√-t∏mgpw
H∂p Xpd-°p-∂-X-√msX Ahn-tSbv°v
Bcpw Xncn-™p-t\m-°m-Xm-bn. ap‰-Øp≠m-bn-cp∂ AXy-]q¿Δ-amb ]qs®-SnIfpw \in-®p. ]Icw ]p√p hf¿∂p.
Np‰pw ImSp-]n-Sn-®p. A°m-e-ØmWv
"`m¿§ho\n-ebw'' F∂ kn\na Cd-ßnb-Xv. AtXmsS \m´p-Im¿ _wKvfmhn\pw ]pXnb t]cn-´p.
BZyw ImWp∂ kn\n-am-\-S≥
h¿jw 1967. h¿j-°mew. Hcp
Rmb-dmgvN sshIp-t∂cw Rß-fpsS
\m´nse kJmhv Fw.-F≥. \mb¿ Hcp
sNdp-∏-°m-c-t\bpwIq´n C√-Øp-h-∂p.

56

A—≥ D®-bp-d°wIgn™v Fgp-t∂-‰nt´- b p- ≠ m- b n- c p∂p- ≈ q. AXn- ` - h yX
\Sn® B sNdp-∏-°m-cs\ Zmtam-Z-c≥
F∂p ]d™v Fw.-F≥. ]cn-N-b-s∏Sp-Øn. sshImsX Dt±-iyhpw shfn-s∏Sp-Øn. tIcf Iem-thZn c≠p \mS-I߃ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂p-≠v. ]n. \tc{μ-\m-Yns‚ "[¿Ω-bp≤'hpw sNdp-ImSns‚ "\Ω- s fm∂pw'. "[¿Ω- b p≤w'
BZy-ambn Ifn-°m≥ t]mhp-I-bm-Wv.
"\Ω-sfm∂v' H∂p-IqSn s]mSn-X-´n-sbSp- ° - W w. c≠n- \ pwIqSn Hcp c≠mgvNsØ dntl-gvk¬ Bh-iy-ap-≠v.
_w•mhv shdpsX InS- ° p- I - b t√?
amjv°v kΩ-X-am-sW-¶n¬ R߃
AhnsS H∂p t\m°n-bmtem?
A—\Xv Xosc {]Xo-£n-®-X-√.
_w•mhv CXp-hsc Bcpw hmS-Ibv°p
tNmZn-®p-h-∂n-´n-√. CXm-sW-¶n¬ Hcp
\mS-I-dn-tl-gvk-en\pth≠n. ]t£
tNmZn-°p-∂Xv Fw.-F≥. BWv. hf-sc°m- e - a mbn ]cn- N - b - a p≈ kJmhv .
A—≥ H∂p kwi-bn-®n-cp-∂-t∏mƒ
Zmtam- Z - c ≥ ]d™p: ""Rß- f psS
{Sq∏n¬ hb-em¿, _m_p-cm-Pv, kn.-H.
Bt‚m, t{]wPn, ]cn-bm-\w-]-‰, Fw.-Fkv. \ºq-Xncn F∂n-h-scms°bmWp≈-Xv.'' Ah-km\w ]d-™ -t]-cp-Iƒ
A—s\ DW¿Øn. ""Fw.- ] ow, Fw.F psams° C≠mtΔm''. A—≥
tNmZn-®p. Zmtam-Z-c≥ D’m-l-tØmsS
DsΔ∂v Dd-∏n®p ]d-™p. ""Fw.-]n.sb
CSbv°p ImWm-dp-≠v. ]t£, FsΩ ns\ I≠n´v C»n Imembn''. A—≥
]d-™p. ]n∂sØ BgvN hcm-sa∂p
]d™v Zmtam- Z - c \pw Fw.- F ∂pw
ÿew hn´p.
Ip´n-I-fmb Rß-ƒ A∂v kn\na-Iƒ [mcmfw I≠n-cp-∂n-√. ]t£
hen-tb-´≥ Im¨]q-cn¬\n∂p h∂
ka-bØv tN¿∏v B≠-h¿ Xntø-‰d
- n¬
"]I¬°n-\mhv' ImWm≥t]mbncp∂p.
AXn¬ Fw.- F - k v . \ºq- X n- c n- b psS
thjw R߃°v hfsc CjvS-s∏-´ncp- ∂ p. hf- s c- ° m- e - Ø n\ptijw
kz¥w ho´n¬ hcp-tºmƒ kXys\
AhnsS Hcp \mS≥\r- Ø - Ø n- e qsS
\m´p-Im¿ hc-th¬°p-∂p-≠v. a´p-∏m-hn-

eqsS AXp ImWp∂ kXy- t \mSv
Imcy-ÿ\
- mb Fw.-Fk
- v. \ºq-Xncn ]dbp-∂p. ""bP-am-\≥ h∂-Xns‚ kt¥mjm.'' B Ub-temKv tI´-t∏mtg AXnsemcp \ºq-Xn-cn-®p-h-tXm-∂n. ]ns∂bmWv AXv Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xncn F∂
\S- \ m- s W∂v a\-   n- e m- h p- ∂ - X v.
At∂bv°v "Ccp-´ns‚ Bflmhpw' Cdßn- ° - g n- ™ n- c p- ∂ p- s h- ¶ nepw AXp
R߃ I≠n-cp-∂n-√. ]t£, BImi- h mWn {]t£- ] Ww sNøm- d p≈
i_vZ- t c- J - b n- e qsS B i_vZw
R߃°p kp]- c n- N n- X - a m- b n- c p- ∂ p.
t{]wPn-tbbpw ]cn-bm-\w-]‰
- t- bbpw \S∑m¿ F∂ \nebv°v R߃°{X ]cnN-b-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√.
ag tImcn-s®m-cn-bp∂ Hcp sshIpt∂cw A—-t\m-sSm∏w HcpIpS-°o-gn¬
\S-∂p-h-cp∂ cq]-am-bn-´mWv Rß-ƒ
Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cnsb ImWp-∂-Xv.
apgp-I-ø≥ j¿´v. Cd°w Ipd™ H‰ap-≠v. AXv ap°mepw ag-bn¬ \-™ncp-∂p. Rß-ƒ sImSpØ tXm¿Øp-ap≠p-sIm≠v Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xncn Xs‚
sh¨Nm- a - c - Ø - e - a pSn \√- h Æw
tXm¿Øn. tXm¿Øv Xncn- ® p- X ∂v
At±lw Rßsf t\m°n- ® n- c n- ® p.
""FsΩ- ns\ Ipt´ymƒs°ms° Adnbmw.'' A—≥ ]d-™p. ""Rm≥ ]t£,
FsΩ- ns‚ kn\n-a-I-sfm∂pw I≠n´n-√.''
Hcp kn\n-am-\-Ss\ Poh-t\msS
BZy- a mbn ImWp- I - b m- b n- c p- ∂ p.
A¤pXwsIm≠v R߃ ]c-h-i-cm-bncp-∂p. ]n∂mse Fw.-F≥. \mb¿ h∂v
_w•mhp ImWn-®p-sIm-Sp-Øp. Fw.-Fkv. \ºq-Xncn ÿew ImWp-I-sbm∂pam-bn-cp-∂n-s√∂p tXm∂n. A—-t\msSm∏w Ah-cpsS ]g-b-Imew Hm¿sØSp-°p∂ Xnc-°n-em-bn-cp-∂p.
]ns∂bpw c≠p- Z n- h kw Ign™mWv Fw.-F\pw, Zmtam-Z-c\pwIqSn
ho≠pw h∂-Xv. Xs‚ ]gb ssk°nfn¬ Xq°n- b n´ k©n- I - f n¬\n∂v
Ipd®p ]e-N-c°pw ]®-°-dn-Ifpw ]pdsØ-Sp-Øp. ssk°n-fns‚ lm≥Unen¬ ]gb Hcp s]t{Sm-amIvkpw Xq°nbn-´n-cp-∂p. _w•mhv sshZyp-Xo-I-cn-®n-

cp- ∂ n- √ . k‘y- t bmsS Fw.- F ≥.
s]t{Sm-amIvkv IØn-°m-\p≈ {iaØn-em-bn.
]ns∂-∏ns∂ Hmtcm-cp-Ø-cmbn
FØn-Øp-Sß
- n. Hmtcm Znhkw kvIqƒ
hn´p hcp-tºmgpw ]pXnb ]pXnb BfpIsf I≠p. sI.-]n.-F.-kn. KwKm-[-c≥,
Sn.-sI. ]pjv]-h-√n, tN¿Øe efn-X,
tPmk^v a\-bn¬, HSp-hn¬ DÆn-°rjvW≥, Im´q¿ _me≥, Iem-a-fiew
Ieym-Wn-°p-´n-b-Ω, Ah-cpsS injy
]fln-\n, Ing-t°Sw hmkp-tZ-h≥, B¿.
\K¿ F∂n-ßs\ Ahsc Hmtcm-cpØscbmbn ]cn-N-b-s∏-´p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂p.
Btcbpw AXn- \ p- a pºv I≠nt´m
tI´nt´m D≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. ]t£, ]n.
\tc-{μ-\mYv h∂-t∏mƒ kwKXn amdn.
"hnIr-Xn-cma's\ms° hmbn®v Bcm[\ aqØ-k-a-b-am-bn-cp-∂p. Bcm-[n°p∂ Hsc-gp-Øp-Im-c-t\bpw BZyambn ImWp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.
NqSp-]n-Sn-°p∂ dntl-gvk¬
F∂mepw F¥mWv _m_pcmPpw hb-emdpw hcm-ØXv F∂m-bncp∂p kwi-bw. Ah-cn-√m-sX-Xs∂
_w•m- h n¬\n∂v BZysØ ]m´pb¿∂p. ""B a™Wn ama- e - b n¬
\o¿ap-ØWn hmSn-If
- n¬.........'' XpS¿∂v
""]®-∏-\w-XtØ''. ""Ccp-\mgn aÆn∂mbv Dcp-Ip∂ I¿j-I¿'' F∂p XpSßp∂ \nc-h[n ]m´p-Iƒ KwKm-[-c\pw
]pjv]-h-√nbpw sXm≠-Xp-d∂v ]mSns°m-≠n-cp-∂p. ]m´n-s\m∏w Bth-itØmsS Xmfw]nSn®v Fw.-F-kv. \ºqXn-cnbpw D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. \m´p-Im¿°pw
AXv IuXp-I-am-bn. Fw.-Fs‚ `m¿§hn- \ n- e - b - Ø n¬\n∂v `m¿§- h n- ° p- ´ nbpsS Nncnbpw Ic-®nepw ]m´pw ]cmXnbpw tI´p-Xp-S-ßn-bn-cn-°p-∂p.
""[¿Ω-bp≤''Øns‚ dntl-gvk¬
XpS-ßn. \mSIw F¥p-sImt≠m icnbm-hp-∂n-√. Hcp Znhkw {ioaq-e-\-Kcw
hnP-b≥ Iymºn-se-Øn. \mSIw hmbn®p-tI´ At±lw Xr]vX-\m-bn-√. c≠pZn- h - k - Ø n- \ p- ≈ n¬ ho≠pw hcmw
F∂p ]d- ™ p. ]ns∂ h∂- t ∏mƒ
At±-l-Øns‚ ssIøn¬ am‰n-sb-gpXnb "[¿Ω-bp≤'Øns‚ {]Xn-bp-ap≠m-bn-cp-∂p. H∏w AXn-te-bv°p-th≠
]m´p-Ifpw. aq¿®-bp≈ kw`m-j-W߃, \mS- I o- b X ap‰n- \ n¬°p∂

kμ¿`-߃...... \mSIw ASn-apSn amdnbn-cp-∂p. hnP-b≥ Xs∂-bmWv H‰-bncp-∏n\v AXv hmbn-®p-tIƒ∏n-®-Xv. H∏w
AXn-\p-th≠ i_vZ-\n-b-{¥-W-hp-ap≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xp-sIm≠v AXp \mSIw
ImWp-∂-t]m-se-Ø-s∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p.
AtXmsS dntl-gvk¬ NqSp-]n-Sn®p. cm{Xn DuWp-I-gn™v tSm¿®p-ambn
A—≥ Cd-ßp-tºm-ƒ Rßfpw H∏w
IqSpw. a´p- ∏ m- h n- e m- b n- c p∂p dntlgvk¬. dntl-gvk¬ Ign™p aS-ßptºmƒ ]e-t∏mgpw ]mXn-cm-hm-hpw.
Hcn-°¬ apI-fn-tebv°p sN∂t∏mƒ Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xncn s]t{Sm-amIvkns‚ apºn¬ Ccp∂p Ic-bp-∂p.
Fs¥ms°tbm ]ndp-]n-dp-°p-∂p-ap-≠v.
AwK-ß-ƒ DuWp-I-gn™v FØp-∂tX-bp-≈q. A—\pw Rm\pw FØn-bsXm∂pw At±lw Adn- ™ n- ´ n- √ .
F¥mWv sNtø- ≠ - s X- ∂ - d n- b msX
R߃ \n∂p. AwK-߃ Hmtcm-cp-Øcmbn Ib-dn-h-∂p-sIm-≠ncp∂p. hcp-∂h¿ hcp-∂-h¿ kvXw`n-®p-\n¬°p-I-bmWv. F¥mWv Imcy-sa∂p a\- n-em-hp∂n-√. HSp-hn¬ F√m-hcpw apI-fn-seØn- ° - g n- ™ - t ∏mƒ \S≥ Nncn- ® psIm≠v Fgp-t∂-‰p. At±lw "[¿Ωbp≤'Ønse Hcp cwKw kzbw A`n-\bn®p t\m°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Hc-Xp-ey\-Ss‚ {]I-S-\w.
kn\n-a-bn¬ \n∂p In´nb {]Xn-^ew
t{]wPn A`n-\-bn-°m≥ h∂-tXbn-√. "\Ωsfm∂n'se At±-l-Øns‚
]´n-∏-ßs‚ thjw B¿. \K¿ BWv
sNbvXn-cp-∂X
- v. (Fw.-Fk
- ns‚ aI-fpsS
`¿Øm-hv) \K¿ B thjw AXn-Kw`o-c-ambn sNbvXn-cp-∂p. ]t£, Hcp
cm{Xn dntl-gvk¬ ImWm-s\-Ønb
t{]wPn°v AXp th≠{X t_m[n-®n√. AXnse t]mcm-bva-tb-°p-dn®v A—t\m-sSt¥m ]d-bp-∂Xp tI´p. ]ns∂
Hcn-°¬t∏mepw t{]wPn dntl-gvk¬
ImWm≥ h∂-Xp-an-√.
]t£, At±- l - Ø ns‚ aI≥
t{]aN-{μ≥ ]e-t∏mgpw dntl-gvk¬
ImWm≥ h∂n-cp-∂p. t{]a-N{- μ≥ am{Xa-√. Iem-a-fiew sslZ-c-en, kwKoX-kw-hn-[m-bI
- ≥ hnZym-[c
- ≥, Ihn ap√t\gn, amSºv Ip™p-°p-´≥, sImS-Ic
am[-h≥ F∂n-h-scms° ]e-t∏m-gmbn
h∂p. kn.-H. Bt‚m Hcp cm{Xn h∂p-

t]m-b-Xv Rm≥ Adn-bm-sXbpw t]mbn.
""hoSn\p s]m≥aWn hnf°p \o''.
""F¥n\p ]mgv{ipXn ao´p-h-Xn-\nbpw'',
Fs∂√mw tI´v Bcm- [ \ aqØp\n¬°p∂ Ime- a m- b n- c p∂p AXv .
""hcnI K‘¿Δ KmbIm ho≠pw''
F∂p ]mSnb B ]m´p-Im-c≥ ho≠pw
hcpw F∂p tamln-®Xpw shdp-sX-bmbn.
icn°pw kn\n-am-°msc I≠Xv
]n∂o-Sm-Wv. "hgn-]n-g® k¥Xn' F∂
kn\n-a-bn¬ Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cnsb
_pIv sNøm≥ H. cma-Zmkpw Iq´cpw
h∂p. Icm¿ Dd-∏n®v Ah¿ t]mbn.
Xr»q-cns‚ ]cn-k-c-Øn-se-hn-sStbm
Bbn-cp-∂p jq´nw-Kv. Iymºn¬\n∂v
Hcm-gvNsØ Ah-[n-sb-SpØv Fw.-Fk
- v.
\ºq- X ncn A`n- \ - b n- ° m≥ t]mbn.
dntl-gvk¬ AtXmsS aμ-KX
- n-bn-em-bn.
AwK-ß-fn¬∏-ecpw Hmtcm-cp-Ø-cmbn
A{]-Xy-£-cm-bn. ]pjv]-h√n Ip´n°p
kpJ-an-s√∂p ]d™v ho´n¬t∏m-bn.
KwKm- [ - c \pw t]mbn. "`m¿§- h n- \ neb'Øn¬ lm¿tΩm-Wn-b-Øn-t‚bpw
X_- e - b p- t Sbpw Nne- ¶ - I - f p- t Sbpw
i_vZw \ne-®p. Ah-ti-jn® AwK߃ Ahn-sS-Øs∂ IqSn. AXn¬
Ing-t°Sw hmkp-tZ-h\pw Zmtam-Z-c\pw
a‰p-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Xs‚ apdp-°m≥sN√hpw Xg-∏m-b-bp-ambn ]cn-bm-\w-]‰bpw Iymºn¬Øs∂ IqSn.
F¥mWv Imcy- s a∂v Gsd- ° gnt™ a\-   n- e m- b p- ≈ q. dntl- g v k ens‚ sNe- h n- t ebv ° v In´m- \ p≈
kwJy In´n-bn-´n-√. D≈ ]W-sams°
Xo¿∂p. ]´nWn InS- t °- ≠ n- h - c pw
F∂p-d-∏m-b-t∏mƒ AwK-߃ Hmtcmcp-Øc
- mbn hn´p-t]m-bX
- m-Wv. BK-Ãn¬
t_mws_- b n¬ c≠p- I - f n- I ƒ°v
_p°nwKv In´n-bn-´p-s≠∂v BZyta
tI´n-cp-∂p. AXp Ign-™m¬ tIc-fØnepw \nc-h[n Ifn-Iƒ°v _p°nßv
In´pw. dntl-gvk¬ thKw Xo¿°-Ww.
CsXms°sh®v Iymºv XpS¿t∂m-s´
F∂p ]d-™mWv Fw.-Fk
- v. \ºq-Xncn
kn\n-a-bn¬ A`n-\-bn-°m≥ t]mb-Xv.
kn\nam jq´nßv Ign™p aSßnsbØnb At±lw \n¿÷o-h-amb
Iymºv I≠p sR´n. ]W- a n- √ m- Ø XmWv hnjbw F∂-dn™v At±lw
kn\n-a-bn¬\n∂p In´nb c≠m-bncw

57

Ddp-∏n-I-sb-SpØp Zmtam-Z-cs\ G¬∏n®p. Iymºw-K-ßsf DSs\ Xncn-®p-hnfn- ° m≥
G¿∏m- S m- ° n.
Gsd
sshImsX `m¿§-hn-°p-´n-bpsS Nne¶Iƒ Inepßm≥ XpS- ß n. ]t£,
At∏m-tgbv°pw HmWw FØn-bn-cp-∂p.
Iymºv ho≠pw HmW-Øn\p ]ncn-™p.
AIm-e-Øn¬ th¿]n-cn-™-h¿
HmWw Ign™v ho≠pw HØpIqSnsb¶nepw ]gb Cg-b-Sp∏pw \jvSs∏-´n-cp-∂p. Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cnsb
th≠m- X m- b - X p- t ]m- s e. IpSpw_wt]mepw t\m°msX \mS- I - Ø n- \ pth≠n \S∂ At±- l - Ø n- s \- X nsc
Btcm- ] - W - ß ƒ Db¿∂p- s h∂p
tXm∂p-∂p. sshImsX Iymºv inYne-am-bn. {Sq∏v t_mws_bn-tebv°v
h≠n-I-b-dn-sb∂pw B \nanjwapX¬
AwK-ß-fpsS kz`mhw Xs∂ amdnsb∂pw Iem-a-fiew Ieym-Wn-°p-´nbΩ ]n∂o-sSm-cn-°¬ I≠-t∏mƒ ]d™p. Fw.- F - k v. \ºq- X n- c nbpw
t{]wPnbpw ]cn-bm-\w-]‰
- b
- p-sam-s°-bp≠t√m F∂psh®m- W t{X Ah¿
Iymºn-tebv°p h∂-Xv.
\mSIw t_mws_-bn¬ hnP-bn-®n√. \m´nepw ]®]nSn-®n-√. ]m¿´n°pw
AXn¬ henb Xm¬]cyw I≠n-√.
Aßs\ \mep-am-k-tØmfw \o≠p\n∂ dntl- g v k ¬ shdp- s X- b m- b n.
AtXmsS Rß-fpsS _w•mhv ho≠pw
`m¿§-ho-\n-e-b-ambn. At∏m-tgbv°pw
AXns‚ Npa- c p- I - f n¬ \ndsb
Agp°pw ]pc-≠n-cp-∂p. kna‚p\neØns‚ Xnf°w \jv S - s ∏- ´ n- c p- ∂ p.
\mep- a m- k - t Ømfw
]c- k v]cw
kv t \ln®pw Ieln®pw Ifn®pw
Nncn®pw ]nW- ß nbpw CW- ß nbpw
Pohn® Iptd ]mhw a\p-jy-cpsS k¶S-߃ _wKvfm-hns\ \odp∂ Hm¿ΩI-fn¬ Xf-®n-´p.
B Iymºn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂-h-cn¬
F{X-t]¿ ]n¬°m-eØv Iem-Im-c-∑msc∂ \ne- b n¬ t]sc- S pØp F∂v
C∂v Btem- N n- ° m- d p- ≠ v. hncenseÆmhp- ∂ - h - t c- b p- ≈ p. G‰hpw
{]i-kvXn-t\-Sn-bXv HSp-hn¬ DÆn-°rjv W ≥Xs∂. tN¿Øe efn- X bpw
Hcp ]cn-[n-hsc hnPbw I≠p. Rm≥
henb {]Xo£ sh®p]pe¿Øn-bncp∂ tPmk-^v a-\-bn¬ Fhn-sS-bp-sa-

58

Øn-bn-√. KwKm-[-c≥ Gsd sshImsX
acn-®p. ]pjv]-h-√nbpw AIm-e-N-c-aambncp∂p. Gsd {]mb-amhpwaptº ]n.
\tc-{μ-\m-Ypw {ioaq-e\
- K
- cw hnP-b\pw
Im´q¿ _me\pw tPmk^v a\-bnepw
acn-®p. B¿°pw Zo¿Lm-bp- p-≠m-bn-√.
t{]wPnbpw ]cn-bm-\w-]‰
- bpw Fw.F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cn-bp-sams° ]ns∂bpw
Iptd-°mew Pohn-®p. Ah¿ ]n∂oSpw
\mS-I-ß-fn¬ A`n-\-bn-®n-´p-≠m-h-Ww.
AXphn´p≈
Hcp
PohnXw
Ah¿s°m∂pw
Btem- N n°m≥t]mepw ]‰p-am-bn-cp-∂n-√-t√m. CSbv°nsS kn\n-a-bnepw Ah¿ A`n-\bn-®n-cp-∂p. "]ndhn'bneqsS t{]wPn
`cXv ]pc-kv°mcw t\Sn. ]cn-bm-\w-]‰

BZm-b-\n-IpXn hIp∏nse DtZymKw thsd
B¿°pw sNømw. ]t£,
Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xncn \mS-IØn\p sNbvX kw`m-h-\Iƒ a‰m¿°p \¬Im\mhpw? Npcp-ßnb]£w
"Ccp- ´ ns‚ Bflm'hnse
apØ- » \pw "\n¿Ωm- e y'Ønse henb shfn- ® ∏mSpw Bcp sNøpw?
"Hmfhpw Xochpw' F∂ Nn{X-Øn¬
kl- \ - S - \ p≈ ]pc- k v I mcw t\Sn- b t∏mƒ BIm-i-hmWn AXv sIm´m-c°c {io[-c≥ \mb-cm-sW∂v [cn-®p.
Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cn°v Aß-s\-bp≈
]pc-kv°m-c-ß-sfm∂pw In´n-bn-√.
\mS-I-Ønse Cu \ºq-Xn-cn-{X-bsØ-°p-dn®v Rm≥ ]n∂oSv ]e-h´w
Btem-Nn-®n-´p-≠v. aq∂p-t]cpw \S-∑m¿
am{X-am-bn-cp-∂n-√. t{]wPn {]kn-≤\
- mb
Ihnbpw \mS-II
- r-Øp-am-bn-cp-∂p. "\Ωsfm∂v' t]mepw At±- l - Ø ns‚
ssII-fn-eq-sS-bmWv C{Xbv°pw sXfn®w-]q≠ cq]-am¿∂-Xv F∂p tI´n-´p≠v . "EXp- a Xn'°p ]pdta At±- l Øns‚ Ihn- X - I fpw t«mI- ß fpw
{]kn-≤-am-bn-cp-∂p. ]cn-bm-\w-]-‰-bmhs´ Pme-hn-Zy-°m-c\pw GIm-`n-\-b-

°m-c-\p-am-bn-cp-∂p. t]mcm-Ø-Xn\v anSp°- \ mb Na- b - ° m- c - \ pw. Fw.- F - k v .
\ºq-Xn-cntbm? At±lw H∂m-¥cw
Ihn- b m- b n- c p- ∂ p F∂Xv A[n- I am¿°pw
Adn- b n- √ .
At±- l Øns‚t]cn¬ Hcp ]pkvX-I-sa-¶nepw
Cd-ßn-b-Xp-an-√.
Ct∏mƒ Cu {Xb-sØ-°p-dn®v
ho≠pw Nn¥n- ® p- t ]m- h p- I - b m- W v .
t{]wPn Iem-Im-c-\m-bn-cp-∂p-sh-¶nepw
IWn- i - ° m- c - \ m- b n- c p∂p. Bscsbms° GtX-X-I-e-Øn¬ \n¿Ø-Wsa∂v At±-l-Øn-\-dn-bm-am-bn-cp-∂p.
]t£, tÃPn¬ Ib-dn-bm¬ At±lw
ASn-apSn Hcp IYm-]m-{X-ambn amdpw.
tÃPn¬ \n∂n-d-ßn-bmepw Iptd-t\-ctØbv°v At±lw t{]wPn-bm-hn-√
F∂p tI´n- ´ p- ≠ v . ]cn- b m- \ w- ] ‰
t{]wPn-sb-t∏mse hnIm-c-Po-hn-bm-bncp-∂n-√. A`n-\b
- n-°p-tºmgpw At±lw
IYm-]m-{X-Øn¬\n∂v AIew ]men®p. \mS-IsØ \mS-I-amtb At±lw
FSp-Øn-cp-∂p-≈q. F√mw Hcp t\ctºm- ° p- t ]m- e tb I≠n- c p- ∂ p- ≈ q
F∂p tXm∂p- ∂ p. Fs¥- ¶ nepw
FØn-∏n-Sn-°m≥ At±-lØ
- n\v Dt±-iyap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. Xs‚ hfsc sNdnb
Bh-iy-ß-fp-ambn Bscbpw iey-s∏Sp-ØmsX Fhn-sS-sb-¶nepw Npcp-≠pIq- S p- ∂ - X m- b n- c p∂p At±- l - Ø ns‚
kz`m-hw.
[\y-amb PohnXw
Fw.- F - k v. \ºq- X n- c ntbm?
IW°p]d™p ]Ww hmßm≥ IWni-°m-c-\m-bn-cp-∂n-√. ]Icw ssIbn-ep≈-sX√mw \mS-IØ
- n-\p-th≠n Xpe-®p.
\mSIw F∂p tIƒ°p-tºmtg IpSpw_-tØ-t∏mepw ad-∂p. \∂mbn IhnX-sb-gp-Xn-bn-cp-s∂-¶nepw Ah-sb√mw
{]kn-≤o-Ic
- n-°m\pw {]kn-≤\
- m-hm\pw
H∂pw At±-l-Øn\v Dt±-i-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂n-√. \√-h-tcbpw A√m-Ø-h-tcbpw
Xncn-®-dn-bm≥ At±-l-Øn\p Ign-™ncp-∂n-√.
F√m-h-tcbpw At±lw IÆp-aS®v hniz-kn-®p. Fw.-Fk
- v. \ºq-Xn-cn°v
\mS-I-ta-Xv, Pohn-X-taXv F∂p th¿Xncn-®-dn-bm≥t]mepw Ign-™n-cp-∂n-√.
]e-t∏mgpw Ah XΩn¬Ø-Ωn¬ IqSn°p-g-™n-´p-≠m-h-Ww. \mS-Ihpw PohnXhpw XΩn¬ Hcp sXc- s ™- S p∏p

th≠n-h-∂m¬ At±lw \mS-IsØ
hcn°pw F∂pw \n›-b-am-Wv. AXn\p-th≠n BZm-b-\n-IpXn hIp-∏nse
henb DtZymKwXs∂ hen-s®-dn™
Bfm-W-t√m.
BZm- b - \ n- I pXn
hIp- ∏ n¬
XpS¿∂n-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ Fw.-F-kv. \ºqXncn IΩn-j-Wtdm AXnepw henb
as‰-s¥-¶n-eptam Bbn hnc-an-t®-s\.
henb Hcp kwJy s]≥j-\mbpw In´ntb-s\. henb Hcp hoSp]WnXv kº∂-\mb Hcp IpSpw-_\
- m-Y\
- mbn injvSImew Pohn-t®-s\. kp`-{Z-amb Hcp
Pohn-X-amWv At±lw \mS-I-Øn-\pth≠n ]W-b-s∏SpØn-b-Xv.
Aßs\ IW-°p-Iq-´p-∂-h¿°v
Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xncn Hcp ]cm-P-b-amWv. ]t£, AXmtWm Hcm-fpsS PohnX-hn-Pbw? P\n®p, hf¿∂p, D≠p, Ddßn, can-®p, acn®p F∂-Xn-\∏
- pdw AXv
Ccp-Im-en-If
- psS Pohn-Xa
- m-sW∂v \Ωtf-t∏mse Nne-sc-¶nepw Icp-Xp-∂p.
BZm-b-\n-IpXn hIp-∏nse DtZymKw

thsd B¿°pw sNømw. ]t£, Fw.F-kv. \ºq-Xncn \mS-I-Øn\p sNbvX
kw`m-h\
- I
- ƒ a‰m¿°p \¬Im-\mhpw?
Npcp- ß nb]£w
"Ccp- ´ ns‚
Bflm'hnse
apØ- » \pw
"\n¿Ωmey'Ønse henb shfn- ® ∏mSpw Bcp sNøpw? a°-fmb \fn\pw kpabv°pw N{μ\pw hn]n-\pw
A\n-b\pw henb Hcp ]mc-º-cyhpw
kwkv ° m- c hpw ]I¿∂psImSp- Ø n´mWv At±lw Cu temIw hn´p-t]mb-Xv. B PohnXw [\y-ambn F∂
Imcy-Øn¬ kwi-b-an-√.
Cu a\p-jy≥ A∂v ]Xn-\m-dp-hb-   p- ≠ m- b n- c p∂ Fs∂ h√msX
_m[n-®p. ImWp-∂-h-tcm-sS√mw Fw.F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cn-tb-°p-dn®p ]d-bpI
F∂Xv As∂s‚ ]Xn-hm-bn-cp-∂p. B
`mcw Cd- ° n- s h- ® Xv Iptd sIm√߃°p-tijw Hcp t\mh-se-gp-Xn-bn´m-Wv.
A°m-eØv "amXr-`qan' BgvN-∏Xn-∏ns‚ _me-]w‡n Hcp teJ-\-a-

’cw \S-Øn. "Xs∂ G‰hpw kzm[o\n® hy‡n' Ft∂m at‰m Bbn-cp∂p
hnj- b w. BbnsS hmbn® "Ch≥
Fs‚ {]nb knsP' Xe-bv°p-]n-Sn®
ka- b - a m- b n- c p- ∂ p. GI- t Ziw B
ssien-bn-em-bn-cp∂p F∂p tXm∂p-∂
Rm≥ Hcp teJ\w Fgp-Xn. AXv Fw.F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cn-sb-°p-dn-®m-bn-cp-∂p.
Fs¥-√m-am-bn-cp∂p Rm≥ AXn¬
Fgp- X n- b n- c p- ∂ Xv F∂v Cs∂- \ nt°m¿Ω-bn-√. Fs‚ `mKyw-sIm≠v
AXp shfn®w I≠-Xp-an-√.
teJ- \ - Ø n\p sImSp- Ø n- c p∂
Xe-s°´v F¥m-sW∂pw F\n-°n-t∏mtgm¿Ω- b n- √ . GXm- b mepw teJ\w
hmbn® A—≥ Xe- s °´v "\mSy- a n√mØ \S\w' F∂m°n am‰n. shfn®w
ImWm-sX-t]mb B teJ-\-XvXns‚
Xe-s°-´p-Xs
- ∂-bm-hs´ Cu Hm¿Ω-°pdn-∏n\pw F∂pshbv°m-\p≈ ImcWw
AXm-Wv.
W

\

\mep h¿j-ambn hn‰p-h-c-hnepw {]h¿Ø\ em`-Ønepw A‰m-Zm-b-Ønepw Ncn-{X-t\´w.
C¥y-bn¬ BZysØ C‚¿\m-j-W¬ ado\ sIm®n t_mƒKm´n Zzo]n¬ XpS-ßn.
\ P\-Iob Sqdn-k-Øns‚ `mK-ambn ]Xn-\mev Sma-dn‚v Cukn tlm´-ep-Iƒ.
\ hf¿®m \nc-°nepw hnI-k-\-Ønepw cmPysØ G‰hpw anI® Sqdnkw tIm¿∏-td-j≥.
\ temI Sqdnkw Itºm-f-Øn¬ 8\v ]Icw 31 tlm´-ep-Iƒ hn]-W-\-Øn-\v.
\ Pnh-\-°m¿°v iºf ]cn-jvI-c-Ww, {]tam-j≥ t]mfn-kn, ]cn-io-e\ ]cn-]m-Sn.
\ kºq¿Æ Iºyq-´¿h¬°-c-Ww, C˛-K-th-W≥kv, ]cn-jvIrX sh_vssk-‰v,
Hm¨sse≥ _p°nw-Kv.
\ kp¬Øm≥ _tØcn, s]m∑pSn F∂n-hn-S-ß-fn¬ ]pXnb dntkm¿´p-Iƒ.
\ sNss∂-bnse tIcfm lukpw, aq∂m¿-˛-Ip-a-cIw \ho-I-cW ]≤-Xn-Ifpw ]q¿Ønbm-Ip-∂p.
\ tImh-fØv Pn.-hn.- cmP iXm_vZn kvamcI C‚¿\m-j-W¬ I¨sh≥j≥ sk‚¿.
\

\mSI˛kn\n-am-cw-KsØ AXpey {]Xn-`-bm-bn-cp∂ Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cn-bpsS P∑-i-Xm-_vZn-bm-N-c-W-Øn\v
lrZbw \nd™ Biw-k-Iƒ

t]mfn ¢n\nIv
cma-\n-ebw tdmUv, Xr»q¿ ˛ 20
t^m¨ : 0487 2331044

Hcp kºq¿Æ em_-d-´-dn˛FIvktd kap-®bw
Fw.-kn. \ºq-Xn-cn-∏mSv (amt\-PnwKv Ub-d-IvS¿)

59

A`n-\-bhpw Rm\pw
Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xncn
(Hcp \mS-I-{]-kn-≤o-I-c-W-Øn¬ hn.-Sn. hmkp-tZh≥ bmZr-—n-I-ambn Is≠-Ønb teJ\w)

A`n-\-b-Øns‚ ]nd-hn-sb-∏‰n
\mw NnI™pt\m°p-I-bm-sW-¶n¬
Hcp]s£ temtIm¬∏- Ø n- h sc
sNs∂tØ≠Xm-bn-h-cpw. ]£n-ar-KmZn-I-fp-sS-tbm, hr£-e-Xm-Zn-I-fp-sStbm
`mj \ap- ° - d n- ™ p- I q- S - s √m. a\pjys‚ Bhn¿`mhwapX¬ Xß-fpsS
CwKnXw At\ym\yw ssIam-dp-∂-Xn\v
am≤y-a-ambn D]-tbm-Kn-®n-cp-∂Xv A`n\-b-am-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂p-thWw Icp-Xphm≥. As∂m∂pw `mj hf¿∂n-cp-∂n√. `mj \nkvX{μw D]-tbm-Kn-°m-ambn-cp-∂n´pw A`n-\-bw-sIm-≠p-am{Xw
Hcp kmbvhns\ Aº-c-∏n® IY hmb\-°m¿ tI´n-cn-°pw. Hcp Is√-Sp-Ø-Xmsbm- c mwKyw
ImWn- ® - t ∏mƒ
kmbvhns‚ ]´n t]Sn-®-c≠v \ne-hn-fn®pt]m-bn. kmbv]n\p tcmjw Ib-dn,
X¿°-am-bn. Hcp NmIym-cm-bn-cp∂p
CXp \S-Øn-b-Xv. Xs∂ AXp-t]mse
t]Sn-∏n-°p-hm≥ Ign-bn-s√∂v kmbv]v
sh√p-hn-fnbpw. kmbv]ns‚ apºn¬
NmIym¿ ssIem- t km- ≤ m- c - W - a m- S n.
cmh-W≥ ssIemkw hfsc ]Wn-s∏´v
s]m°n-sb-SpØv kmbv]ns‚ Xe-bntebv°v Htc-dp-sIm-Sp-Øp. kmbv]v
Ikm-eb
- n¬\n∂v Dcp-≠p-]n-c≠v XmsghoWv {]⁄-b‰p InS-∏m-bn. CXmWv
Npcp-°w. A`n-\bw \mS-Im-`n-\-b-ambmepw kn\n- a m- ` n- \ - b - a m- b mepw
AsXmcp Ie- b m- W v . AXn- t \mSv
Atß- b - ‰ sØ
Bflm¿∞X
]pe¿Øp-∂-h¿t° AXn¬ hnP-bn°p-hm≥ km[n-°p-I-bp-≈q. t]cn-\pth≠n ]ecpw B thjw sI´n A`n\-b-cw-K-Øn-d-ßm-dp-≠v. ]W-Øn-\p-th≠nbpw ]ecpw Xe ImWn-°p-hm≥
Xøm-dm-Ip-∂p. F∂m¬ Hcp bYm¿∞
Iem-Im-c≥ A`n-\bw Hcp X]-kybmbn kzoI-cn-°p-∂p. AXn¬ Ah≥
AXn- c ‰ B\- μ hpw Is≠- Ø p- ∂ p.
Npcp- ° - Ø n¬ Hc¿∏- W - a - t \m- ` m- h tØmsS AXns\ kao-]n-°p-∂p.
Fs∂kw_- ‘ n- ® n- S - t Ømfw
A`n- \ - b m- t hiw ]c- º - c m- K - X - a mbn
kn≤n-®X
- t√ F∂p Rm≥ kwi-bn-°p∂p. Fs‚ AΩm-a≥ tate-°n-S-bnep≈ Hcp IY-Ifn \S-\m-bn-cp-∂p.

60

NpUp-hm-e-Øq¿ aptØ-SØp a\-°¬
Ip™p- Æ n- \ - º q- X n- c n. AΩ- b psS
A—\pw ktlm-Z-co-k-tlm-Z-c-∑mcpw
F√mw Iem-Im-c-∑mcpw Iem-Im-cn-I-fpam- b n- c p- ∂ p. Ip´n- ° mewapX¬t°
F\n°pw Iºw IY-If
- n-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p.
F∂m¬ AXn-\p-th≠n I®-sI-´p-Ib
- mhs´ sIm´pw-]m´pw a‰pw ]Tn-°p-I-bmhs´ D≠m-bn-´n-√. Rm\pw acn-®p-t]mb
Fs‚ A\p-P-\pw-IqSn Xte-Zn-hkw
I≠ IY-Ifn C√sØ kn¬_-¥n-Ifmb GXm\pw t{]£-I-cpsS apºn¬
{]Z¿in-∏n-°p-am-bn-cp-∂p.
\ºq-Xncn hnZym-ebw FS-°p-∂nem-bn-cn-°p-tºmƒ Rß-sfmcpZnhkw
Xte∂pI≠
\fNcn- X - Ø nse
"hnPt\ _X-a-lXn hn]nt

F∂
`mKw A`n-\-bn-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. A∂v
AXp I¨Ip-fn¿s° BZy-h-km\w
I≠p- s Im- ≠ n- c p∂ ip≤- \ m- s bmcp
\ºq-Xncn hr≤≥ "Cw•ojp ]Tn-®p-Ign-™m¬ I®-sI-´-Ww. \∂mbv hcpw
s´zm' F∂p ]d™v Fs∂ A\p{Kln® kw`hw C∂pw Fs‚ Hm¿Ωbn¬
]®- ] n- S n- ® p- \ n¬°p- ∂ p.
AsXm∂pw
^e- h - Ø m- b n- √ .
Rms\mcp IY-I-fn-\-S-\p-am-bn-√.
Ip´n-°mewapXte A`n-\bn-°p-hm-\p≈ A`n-\nthiw F\n-°p-≠mbn-cp-∂p. Ip´n-∏pc
sh®psI´n-I-fn°p∂ ImewsXm´v A∂ptI´pXg- º n®n-cp∂ "Icnbn-ebpw
aÆm-¶-´bpw
Imin-°p-t]mbXpw, Im°
GIm-Zin
t\m‰Xpw' a‰pamb IY- I - s fSpØv \mS-I-cq-]wsIm- S pØv R߃
A`n-\-bn-®p-t]m-∂p.
kvIqfn¬ tN¿∂ Ime-Øp-am-{XamWv BZy-ambn Rms\mcp \mSIw
I≠- X v . "kwKo- X - s s\- j [w'. F\n°Xp Xosc ckn-®n-√. As∂ms°
kZm-cm-a, kXy-hm≥ kmhn-{Xn, A√o-

dm-Wn-N-cnXw apX-emb kwKo-X-\m-S-I߃°m-bn-cp∂p {]Nm-cw. F∂pam{Xa√ Ahtb D≠m-bn-cp-∂p-≈p-Xm-\pw.
F\n-s°t¥m Ch-tbm-sS√mw Ah⁄-bm-bn-cp-∂p. kwKoXw B]m-Z-a-[pc-am-Wv, kΩ-Xn-°mw. ]s£ Bh-iyØn\pw A\m- h - i y- Ø n\pw ]m´v ,
ÿm\Øpw Aÿm- \ Øpw ]m´v ;
Cßs\ Hcp \mSIw apgp-h-\p-am-bm¬
Fßs\ kln°pw? t{]a-k-√m-]-ßfnepw Ipi- e m- t \z- j - W - ß - f nepw
sshIm- c n- I X tNm¿∂p- t ]m- I msX
kwkm-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\p-]-Icw "BIpe-amIp-hm-s\¥p _‘w˛ Btcm-ate \n≥
apJm-c-hnμw' F∂v cmKhpw Xmfhpw
{ipXn- b p- s a√mw tN¿Øv Hcp
kv { XobpsS apºn¬ sh®p- s Im- S pØm¬ B cwKw BsI hnIr-X-am-Ipsa∂ A`n-{]m-b-°m-c-\mWv Rm≥.
A∂sØ kwKo-X\
- m-SI
- ß
- t- fmSv
F\n-°-`n-cpNn tXm∂m-Xn-cn-°p-hm≥
as‰mcp Imc-W-hp-ap-≠v. Ir{Xn-aXzw
\nd™ AXnse kw`m-j-W-ssi-en.
]pcm-W-I-Y-I-fnse kv{Xo]p-cp-j-∑m-cptSbpw ssZh-ß-fp-tSbpw kw`m-j-WcoXn AØ- c - Ø n- e m- b n- c p- ∂ p- F∂v
kam-[m-\n-°p-I, km¶¬]n-Ia
- m-Ws√m
F√mw. F∂m¬ tNmcbpw \ocpap≈ \mw, Ir{Xn-a-Po-hnI- f - s √- ∂ - ` n- a m- \ n°p∂ a\p- j ycmb
\mw,
C ß s \
kwkm-cn-°psa∂v Duln°m≥t]mepw
km≤y-amtWm? {]I-S{]-kw-KØn\v Hcp°n-sh-®-t]mep≈ hmN- I ߃. tLmjm£- c - ß - s f- s °m≠p≈ Hcp ]In-SI
- f
- n.
A∂sØ kw`m-j-W-coXn-bm-bn.
bmsXmcp kt¶m-N-hp-an-√msX
Ac-ß-Øp-h∂v X´p-s]m-fn-b≥a-´n¬
kzIm-cyw-]-d-®n¬t]mepw Ae-td-≠nbn-cp∂ KXn-tI-Sn¬\n∂pw i_vZ-\n-b-

{¥-W-Øn-\p-IqSn kpK-a-amb km≤yX-I-fp≈ C∂sØ Ime-L-´-Øn-tebv°p≈ Ie-bpsS {]bmWw ckm-hlhpw ⁄m\- k w- h ¿≤- I - h p- a m- W v ,
\mS-IØ
- n¬ {]tXy-In-®pw. ]s≠ms°
\mS-IØ
- n¬ \mbn-Im-\m-bI
- ∑
- m¿ ]mSn
{]th-in-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p ]Xn-hv. \fa-lm-cm-Pmhv ]mSn {]th-in-°p-∂Xv
"]finX tam´n- e m¬ s\lvdp ]cnsImSp-tØmta' F∂ ]m´m-bmepw
AXn¬ Akmw-K-Xy-sam∂pw ImWmdn-√. AXp-t]mseXs∂ A√n-dmWn
"""Xpwt\-apNvsIm t{]av k
- nJmb' F∂p]m-Sn-sb-∂pw-h-cmw. F¥m-bmepw ]mSn
{]th-in-°-W-sa∂v \n¿_-‘-am-Wv.
tIc-f-Øn-e-tßm-f-an-tßmfw B¿Ønc-ºn-s°m≠p \S-∂n-cp∂ Cu Xan-gp\m-S-I-߃°v ChnsS \ne-\n¬]n-√mXm-bXv {]l-k-\-ß-fp-tSbpw KZy-\mS-I-ß-fp-tSbpw cwK-{]-th-i-tØm-Sp-IqSn-bm-Wv.
Fs‚ sNdp-∏-Øn¬ Rm≥ I≠n´p≈ \mS-I-ß-fn¬ km[m-c-W-bmbn
c≠p IYm- \ m- b - I - ∑ m¿ ]Xn- h p- ≠ v .
AXn-sem-cmƒ Ac-ßØp ÿnc-{]-XnjvTt- \-Snb Bfm-Wv. Abmƒ "lm¿tamWnÃv' F∂ A]-c-\m-a-t[-b-Øm¬
Adn-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. "C{μt\ am‰-ap-≈p,
C{μmWn F∂pw H∂p-t]mse' F∂p
]d-™-Xp-t]mse Ac-ßØv IYm-]m{X-߃ amdn-amdn h∂p F∂p-h-cmw.
F∂m¬ lm¿tam-Wn-Ãv F∂ IYm]m{Xw \mSIw XpSßn Ah-km-\sØ
Xnc-»oe hogp-∂-Xp-hsc cwK-Øp-≠mbn-cn-°pw. ImcWw kwKo-X-am-Ws√m
{][m- \ w.- A- t ∏m- ƒ lm¿tam- W nÃv
C√msX km≤y-amtWm? kwKoX \mSI- ß sf kw_- ‘ n®nS- t Ømfw
As∂ms° A`n-\bw Hcp {]iv\-ambn-cp-∂n-√. BIm-ck
- u-jvTh
- hpw kwKoX-]m-S-h-hp-ap≈ GsXm-cp-tIm-¥\pw
tImam-fn°pw IYm-\m-b-I-\mbn tim`n°m-am-bn-cp-∂p. Xan-gn-ep≈ kwKo-X\
- mS-I-ß-fpsS Iøn¬\n∂pw {]l-k-\߃ Ac- ß p ]nSn- ® p- ] - ‰ nb ImeØmWv Rm≥ \mSIw A`n-\-bn-°m≥
XpS-ßn-b-Xv. kn.-hn. cma≥]n-≈-bpsS
"]≠sØ ]m®-\n'¬ IqSn-bm-bn-cp-∂p
Fs‚ Ac-t߉w. A∂v Rm≥ F´mw¢m- n¬ ]Tn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. km[mc-W-bmbn BWp-߃ kv{Xothjw
sI´n Ac- ß Øp hcp- ∂ - X n- t \mSp

s]mcp-Ø-s∏-´p-t]m-Im≥ F\n°p Ign™n-cp-∂n-√. kwK-Xn-hi
- m¬ ]≠sØ
]m®-\n¬ Ip™p-e-£van-bpsS `mKamWv F\n°v FSp- t °- ≠ n- h - ∂ - X v .

X-\m-SI
- ß
- f
- n¬ ]eXpw AXym-hi
- y-ambn-´p-≈-Xp-t]mse Bh-iy-Øn-\p-≈sXm-∂p-am-bn-cp-∂n-√ _^q¨. an°
_^q-Wp-Iƒ°pw IYm-L-S-\-bp-ambn

ImeSn tKm]n-bpsS "a\ v' \mS-I-Øn¬
s\√n-t°mSv `mkvI-c-\pw, Fw.-F-kv. \ºq-Xn-cnbpw
F∂p am{X-a√
- , Ahn-S∂
- n-tßm´v Fs‚
tImtf-Pp-hn-Zym-`ymkw Ign-bp-∂-Xphsc F\n°v FSp-t°-≠n-h∂
- s
- X√mw
kv{XoI-Ym-]m-{X-ß-fm-Wv. BZy-amZyw
IYm-]m-{X-Øns‚ kz`m-h-sa-s¥-∂pt]mepw Adn-bmsX A`n-\-bn-®n-cp∂
Imew. ]n∂oSv aptºm- ´ p- t ]m- I pwtXmdpw A`n-\-bn-°m-\p≈ Bthiw
F∂n¬ A[n-I-cn-®p-t]m-∂p. am{X-a√
cwK-k-÷o-I-c-W-Øn-\p≈ km≤y-XIfpw h¿≤n-®p. s]t{Sm-am-kvIp-t]mbn
Ce-Iv{SnIv sse‰v, ssa°v apX-em-b-hsb√mw FØn. Npcp-°-Øn¬ Hcp \St‚tbm \Sn-bp-tStbm apJsØ Hcp
Rcºv A\m-hi
- y-ambn H∂p Nen-®m¬
t{]£-I¿°v AXp a\- n-em-°m-sa∂
a´m-bn.
]gb kwkvIr-X-\m-S-I-ß-fnse
hnZp-jI
- ∑
- msc A\p-Ic
- n®v kwKo-X\
- mS-I-ß-fn¬ Hcp Zp -l-L-S-I-ap-≠m-bncp∂p˛_-^q¨ ]m¿´v. A\p-I-cWw
kz`m-h-Øntem kwkm-c-Øntem `mhlm-hm-Zn-I-fntem Bbn-cp-∂n-√. kwKo-

Fs¥-¶nepw _‘-ap-≈-Xmbn \ap°p
ImWm≥ km≤y-a-√. AYhm Ds≠¶n¬Øs∂ sXm´-Xn-t∑¬ sXm´p-sIm≠p≈ _‘w-am-{Xw. k¿°- nse
tImam- f n- I - s f- t ∏mse I≠m- e - d bv°p∂ thjwsI´n tI´m-e-d-bv°p∂
No™ ^en-X-ßfpw X´n-hn´v tKmjvSnIm- W n®v ImWn- I sf Nncn- ∏ n°pI
F∂- X m- b n- c p∂p Ah- c psS tPmen.
Imew sN∂- t Xm- S p- I qSn Ipam- c - \ mims‚ IcpW apX-emb kwKo-X-\m-SI- ß ƒ {]Z¿in- ∏ n- ° m≥ XpS- ß n- b t∏mƒ CXn-s\ms´mcp am‰w-h-∂p. Hcp
]pXnb \¿Ω-t_m[w DS-se-Sp-Ø-Xpt]m-se.
{]l-k-\-ß-fp-sSbpw KZy-\m-S-Iß- f p- t Sbpw Bhn¿`m- h - t Øm- S - I qSn
kwKo-X-\m-S-I-ß-fp-tSbpw Hgp°v ian®p-sh∂v apºv Rm≥ ]d-™p-h-s√m.
F∂m¬ kn.-hn. cma≥]n-≈-bp-t