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Compilation TOTHRE 2004-2006

Compilation TOTHRE 2004-2006

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Published by Adriana Popescu

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Published by: Adriana Popescu on Apr 21, 2011
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Thursday, 9 March, 2006


Trainers in human rights education, even if focused on specific HRE themes should be familiar with
the wider framework of human rights education. As trainers they should also be able to conduct
training elements that deal with the complexity of HRE. As users of COMPASS the participants at
this course should be able to understand and use the different types of simulation exercises that
are in Compass. By having a chance to participate, observe and reflect on a simulation exercise
from Compass participants should be able to understand the educational approach and be
encouraged to do similar activities with their target group.

With a big group of participants it’s difficult to create a feeling of “group learning“and raise the
awareness of the group of participants as a source of learning. Hence, modules such as this one
are important to raise the participants’ awareness about the diversity and differences in the
approaches and opinions that exist in the group and to provide ways on how to deal with them.
This module is the first phase of a series of modules aiming at easing the transition from Human
Rights to Human Rights Education.


• To develop participants’ understanding of the universality of human rights issues, and how to
address them through HRE;
• To involve the entire group of participants in an interactive and participative exercise,
generating a common shared experience.


• To develop an understanding of HR in practice by addressing their multi-dimensional

• To explore the interrelation and complexity of Human Rights issues;
• To start addressing HRE and connecting HR issues with HRE;
• To experience a common group activity;
• To develop intercultural skills of communication and co-operation;
• To compare different ways of decision making.

Competences addressed

• Knowledge about different human rights (1st and 2nd generation of HR);
• Ability to understand the logic behind HRE and how to use different real events (cases) to
develop HRE activities relevant to their target groups;
• Decision making skills;
• Advocacy skills;
• Team work.



Methodology and methods

A large simulation exercise based on the activity in Compass “Access to Medicaments”. This
activity has been used already several times in similar courses and there is a rich experience in
variations and alternative ways to make the best out of it.


The whole morning is spent on running and debriefing the exercise from Compass ‘Access to
Medicaments’. The exercise is run like it is described in Compass, adding the roles of journalists.

Structure of the exercise





Introduction to the activity
- scene setting
- forming 5 groups (Judges, Treatment Action
Campaign, South-African Government, Pharma
Inc, Journalists)


Preparing for the trial in groups
The groups are briefed by one of the trainers
The groups have 30 minutes to prepare for the
Once ready, all come to plenary

Judges (Darek),
TAC (Elizabeth),
South African Government
Pharma (Ilir),
Journalists (Laura)


The trial
* room setting



Consensus phase in 7 groups
* coffee break included


Reports in plenary (2 minutes to present the results
of the negotiations)


The press moment


Deroling. Debriefing in plenary


Debriefing in interest groups

Groups facilitated by the same
trainers as initially


Consensus found withinthe groups:

RSA, Pharma and NGO settle a common plan and find a solution which is directly connected
to the local level and the local situation

Pharma will reduce the prices for the medicament dramatically (up to 60%), even if they are
still higher than the Indonesian prices, RSA will pay the higher prices and not buy Indonesian
products anymore

The government AND Pharma should make concessions in order to make the drugs
accessible to everyone, including those who cannot afford to pay for the treatment

Pharma will have a production plan, involving local owners, and employing locals (1), they
build a local factory, the right for a site will be given for 100 years

Long-term contract between government and pharma (5 -15 years) alternative proposal:
After 5 years the government could do an open call to other companies to apply for
cooperation with the government

Pharma corporation will pay less taxes during the first years

Pharma will bring an independent certificate, stating the quality of the medicament, Pharma
will go on with research, in co-operation with SA university

The quality of drugs will stay high level



The Pharma should not make any (or only few) profit out of this agreement, if so, Pharma
should create a fund, feed by the profit made out of the sale of the drug, in co-operation
with the WHO, used for HIV/AIDS related issues (e.g. research)

RSA, NGO and Pharma will organize a big national campaign on prevention of HIV/AIDS,
increase and improve the information and education on the subject of HIV/AIDS and publish
a memorandum and hold a press conference

Special care should be given to prenatal control to avoid more babies born HIV positive

TAC will overtake a role of monitoring; they will hand in reports on a regular basis.

Some groups did not reach a consensus. However they formulated their basic

Pharma offers a deal to provide medicines for the expensive, original price and gradually,
approximately in 15 years it will become cheaper

The state does not violate anybody’s right by just buying cheaper medicaments available

If Pharma questions the illegality of the Indonesian company, it should rather sue Indonesian

The RSA is innocent, because they secure the right to life and dignity of their people

Pharma asked the government to admit that they were using a stolen product

Pharma did not agree to give license to the government to allow a local and cheap


The exercise was appreciated and raised interesting questions for further discussions above all
related with the methods and possible use of a simulation;

For some participants it was a challenging exercise due to the fact that they had to perform a
role which contradicts their attitudes and values;

The participants found also important, at the end of the exercise, to discover that the case
was a real story and they could compare their results with the reality;

Most debriefing groups emphasised the importance of making a link between the local reality
of the participants in order to see the parallelism with some situations they have faced or
they are facing nowadays;

It may be possible to differentiate the roles of the journalists, adding, for instance, the role of
the radio journalists if you have the appropriate recording equipment.

Background documents, handouts and further reading

Revised version of “Access to Medicaments” exercise from Compass
The role of journalists and questions for debriefing.





Pharma takes Mandela to Court

In rich countries, people living with HIV/AIDS can live better and longer because of
antiretroviral drugs, which are provided by states for free. In Southern countries, people
affected by HIV suffer more and die earlier because they have no access to HIV
treatments. The Pharmaceutical Manufacturers' Association of, South Africa is prosecuting
the president of the Republic of South Africa, Nelson Mandela, and others including the
Treatment Action Campaign (TAC) for disregarding their patents on HIV medicines and for
importing cheaper, generic drugs to treat the millions of citizens suffering from AIDS.

Poverty, lack of education and social inequality speed up the spread of the epidemic, but
the challenge is above all political, involving governments, international bodies and
pharmaceutical companies. In order to be effective, the fight against AIDS needs to
challenge key international mechanisms and institutions.

As the court hearing has not taken place yet we cannot predict how the proceedings will
turn out, however due to the sensitive nature of the case from the local as well as an
international perspective the judges leading the case will have to be chosen with care and
will have to have a background that will not be impartial. They will have to balance the
different interests and rights of the two sides. More in depth research shows that on the
one hand the Pharmaceutical Manufacturers' Association is claiming the right to property,
equality or free choice of trade, occupation and profession while, on the other hand, the
government and TAC are claiming that it is the duty of the state to respect, protect,
promote and fulfil the fundamental rights of human dignity and lives of its citizens.

The court proceedings will start today at 10:20am at the European Youth Centre Budapest.
The Economist will report more on the issue after the court hearing.



Mandela fighting for his people

In today court hearing “Pharma industry VS the South African government” Mr. President –
Nelson Mandela in his opening argument fought for (human) rights of what he amiably
referred to as his people.

In order to provide the citizens of South Africa with all the support possible; Mandela defended
his decision to import cheap but still high quality medicine for people of South Africa suffering
from AIDS. The prosecutor - Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association in South - Africa claims
that the drug is a low quality drug and that Mr. Mandela is just trying to save money. The
prosecution also claims that the decision taken by Mr. Mandela is just a temporary solution and
won’t help the people on a long term basis.

In his firm and argumentative speech Mr. President undertook the human approach and firmly
represented his point of view very confidently quoting from Human Rights convention which is
that he fights for “the right to life”. He presented the fact that he was approached by his
people who were asking him for help in the form of affordable medicine. As a leader of his
Nation Mr. President considered the situation and took urgent measures to fight the HIV
spread all over Africa at all cost. Mr. Mandela also stated that he is perfectly aware that his
solution is not a long term one therefore he is open to further negotiations with the
prosecution side.

Mandenesia scandal!

Don’t use HIV/AIDS drugs!

Imiti KULAT, Budapest.

The trial that took place in European Youth Centre Budapest yesterday showed that South
African government has a big trade deal with Indonesia in getting bad quality medicine.

The trial that took place in European Youth Centre Budapest today showed that South African
government has a big trade deal with Indonesia. It was the big scandal; people were shocked
that Mandela is saving money on the cost of human life.

Mandela stated that South Africa has a very special agreement in getting fake drugs from
Indonesia. The question on the financial priorities could not be answered by the government.

The evidence that are presented in the trial by the Pharmaceutical Manufacturers` Association
showed the people were getting worse by using the fake drugs. The association also showed
the report by the WHO to the court. The report showed that the fake drugs had a negative
effect on the HIV positive people.




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