OC AND SC TEST ON SINGLE PHASE TRANSFORMER

Objective: a) To determine the equivalent circuit of the given single phase transformer by conducting (i) open circuit test and (ii) short circuit test b) To find the efficiency and regulation of the transformer from the obtained values Open Circuit Test (OC Test) W
1A MI 300V, 5A, LPF M L

A
230 V, 50 Hz Supply 115V

115V/230V 750 VA

V
150V MI

Com V

Procedure: i. Connect the circuit as shown in Figure ii. Switch on the supply, keeping the output voltage of the autotransformer at zero. Increase the voltage in steps up to rated value and note down the values of the no load current, input power, and applied voltage

Short Circuit Test (SC Test)

W
5A MI 5A Fuse 75V, 15A, UPF M L

A
230 V, 50 Hz Supply

230V/115V 750 VA

V
5A Fuse 30V MI

Com V

against load current at rated voltage.V side.) at which the maximum efficiency has occurred from the graph.f. & 100% of the full load current at unity p.Procedure: i. 5.f. The maximum efficiency at the load (at unity p.8 p. Finally determine the following: 1.V. Note down the value of the input voltage. ii. side. 4. 50%. input current. Full load regulation at power factor of (a) 1. 75%.8 lagging and (c) 0. Efficiency of the Transformer at 25%. & L. Complete equivalent circuits of the transformer referred to both H.0 (b) 0.f and 0.8 leading.V. Connect the circuit as shown in Figure Keeping the output voltage of the autotransformer at zero. Discussion: 1) Why is OC test carried out by energising LV side? 2) Why is SC test carried by energising HV side? 3) When is the efficiency maximum in a transformer at rated current? 4) How do no load losses arise in a transformer? . switch on the circuit. Increase he output voltage slowly till the primary current reaches its rated value.f. From the observations of the short circuit test: Calculate the equivalent circuit series parameters of the transformer with respect to H.V. 3. power. A graph showing efficiency at unity p. side. 2. RESULTS: From the observations of the open circuit test: Calculate the parallel branch parameters of the equivalent circuit of the transformer referred to L.

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