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shunt motor and obtain the performance characteristics of the motor from the test observation. APPARATUS: Note: Prepare a list of apparatus required based on the name plate details and circuit diagram in the following format. S.No. 1. 2. 3. 4. . Apparatus Ammeter Voltmeter Rheostat tachometer Type MC MC WW Digital Range (0-2)A 0-300V 370Ω/2A 0-1000rpm Quantity 1 NO 1 NO 1 NO 1NO
NAME PLATE DETAILS: MACHINE Power Voltage Current Speed PROCEDURE: 1. Connect the circuit diagram as shown in fig. 2. Keep the field regulator Rsh at minimum resistance value. 3. Check that the belt on the pulley is free so that there is no load on the pulley. 4. Start the motor slowly using the starter. 5. Adjust the field current so that the motor runs at its rated speed. 6. Apply load on the pulley gradually in steps, tightening the belt around it. 7. Take the readings of the ammeter and voltmeter connected to the motor and input the two spring balance readings and the speed at every step. 8. Cool the pulley throughout the loading period by pouring water. 9. Continue the experiment till full load of the motor is reached. 10. Tabulate the observation. MOTOR 5HP 220V 20A 1500rpm
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM :-
TEST READINGS : Radius of pulley R = ……..m S.No. Voltmeter Reading “V” Ammeter Reading “A” SpringBalance Speed Readings RPM S1 Kg S2kG (N) in
TABULATE THE RESULTS: S.No. Current I Speed N Input Output B.H.P VI(Watt 2IINT(Watts) s) 60 Efficiency Output X 100 Input
CALCULATIONS:NOTE: Radius of Drum Pulley R Calculate for every load condition:The torque T= 9.81 R ( S1 - S2) N-m Power output = 2IINT/60 Watts 2IINT B.H.P. = 60 X 735.5 1
GRAPHS: Plot the Graphs for BHP versus efficiency Plot the Graphs for BHP versus Torque Plot the Graphs for BHP versus current Plot the Graphs for BHP versus speed Note: All the graphs are shown in Fig,
PRECAUTIONS: 1. Cool the pulley while the experiment is performed. 2. While measuring the radius of the pulley effective radius must be considered. RESULTS: Draw the performance characteristics for the D.C. shunt motor on a graph sheet. VIVA QUESTIONS: 1. What is the back emf of the motor? 2. Why the speed falls as load increases for a D.C. Shunt motor? 3. What are the applications of D.C. Shunt motor? 4. When is the efficiency of the motor maximum? 5. Define commutation. 6. How do you minimize reactance voltage for sparkles commutation? 7. What should be the position of rheostat in the field circuit while starting? 8. What is the nature of load connected across dc motor? 9. What will happen when dc shunt motor is started with load? 10. Give the expressions for various torques in dc motors. 11. What is the effect on speed if part of the field winding is shorted?
Load the motor in steps by tightening the rope around the brake drum and note the readings of the spring Balance voltmeter. S. 6.No. APPARATUS : Prepare a list of apparatus based on name plate and circuit diagram in the following format.C. 5. Keep the field rheostat in proper position. ammeter and measure the speed. 3. Continue the experiment till full load is reached. COMPOUND MOTOR. 2. 01 02 03 04 Apparatus Ammeter Voltmeter Rheostat Ammeter Type MC MC WW MC Range 0-2A 0-300V 370Ω/1. Make the connections as shown in fig. Start the motor slowly with the starter. Note the readings of the voltmeter and ammeter. compound motor and determine the performance characteristics of the motor. Tabulate the observations . 9. 8.BRAKE TEST ON D. Check that the belt is loose and the motor is not loaded.5. 4.7A 0-20A Quantity 1NO 1NO 1NO 1NO NAME PLATE DETAILS: PROCEDURE: 1. Slowly reduce the load and stop the motor. 7. AIM: To perform brake test on the given D.C.
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM : .
TEST READINGS: Radius of Pulley:……………….No.81 x R x (S1 – S2) 60 2IINT B. S1 S2 V I N CALCULATIONS TABLE: S.P.H.5 9. X 60 Output (Watts) X 100 735.81 x Rx (S1 – S2) Watts . = (Metric) Efficiency: Input (Watts) GRAPH: Plot the graphs for BHP versus Current I Plot the graphs for BHP versus Speed N Plot the graphs for BHP versus Torque T Plot the graphs for BHP versus Efficiencyη . No. V I N Input Output Efficiency CALCULATIONS: NOTE: Radius of Drum Pulley R. Power input = VI watt 2IINT Power out put = 9. S.
C. windage losses vary with speed in the proportion of …. compound motor is performed and the performance characteristics are plotted. cool the pulley by pouring cold water RESULT: Brake test on the given D.NOTE: All the graphs are shown in Fig PRECAUTIONS: 1.HP motors Why do we pour water in the brake draw during brake test? What is the effect on speed of dc compound motor if the series field winding is shorted? 10) How do you minimize iron losses in a dc machine? . VIVA QUESTIONS: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Explain the difference between “long shunt” and “short Shunt” compounding? What are the uses of different types of compound motors? What is differential compounding? How is it different from cumulative compounding? How do you reverse the direction of motor? Draw the speed – torque curve for differential. 3. Keep the field rheostat in minimum resistance position while starting the motor. Brake test on dc motors is usually restricted to …. 2. While loading. Start the motor slowly using the starter.. Compound motor What is flat compounding? In a dc M/C.
4. 9. 8.0 hp.Field’s Test on dc series machine. Gradually. 5. Put a minimum load of 400 watt on the generator.0 kW 1500rpm 220 volts 13. 230volts 20amps Power Speed Generator = = 3. 7. 2. 1 No Voltage = Current = Procedure 1.6 amps Range 0-300V 0-20A 0-2000 rpm Quantity 1 No. Reduce the loads one by one till the motor speed does not exceed 1800 rpm Note down the readings on the instruments at different loads. Apparatus: Name DC Voltmeter DC Ammeter Tachometer Name Plate Details: Motor Power Speed Voltage Current = = = = 5. Note down the ratings of the DC Series motor and DC Series Generator. 2 No. Connect the circuit as shown in the circuit diagram. reduce the armature voltage of the prime mover. Keep a minimum load of 400 watt and then switch off the supply . Switch on the DC supply and closed the DPST Switch and now vary the DC Starter till it holds with current coil. Now keep the input DC Voltage constant at 220 volt DC. AIM: To Determine the efficiency of the two given dc series machines which are mechanically coupled. 1500 rpm. 6. 3. Now increase the load of the Generator up to the rated value of armature current and take down the readings of all the meters connected in the circuit.
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM : .
0 ohms.8 ohms.8 ohms. Armature resistance of the generator Ra2 = 2.TABULATIONS: Observations : Armature resistance of the motor Ral = 2. CALCULATIONS: V1 = I1 = VL = IL = Power Input Pin = V1 I1 Power output P out = VL IL Total losses in two machines PL = Pin – P out Field copper losses in the motor =P1= I1 2 Rsel Field copper losses in the generator = P2=I12 Rse2 Armature copper losses in the motor =P3= I12 x Ral Armature copper losses in the generator = P4=IL2 x Ra2 Total cu losses in the field and armature of generator and motor is P cu Pcu = P1+P2+P3+P4 watts PL – Pcu Stray losses in each machine Ws = = 2 Motor Efficiency Calculations: Power input to the motor Pin = V1 I1 2 Rse2 Total losses in the motor W ml = I12 Rsel + I12 + Ws Motor Output Pout= Pin – Wml . Series field resistance of the motor Rsel = 0.0 ohms Series field resistance of the generator R se2 = 0.
Pout % Efficiency = x 100 = x 100 P in Generator Efficiency Calculations: Generator output Pout (g) = VL IL Total losses in the Generator Wgl = Ws + Il 2 Rse2 + IL2 Ra2 Power input to the generator Pin = Pout (g) + Wgl Pout % Efficiency of the generator = x 100 Pin .
9. Load the generator in steps by decreasing the field rheostat resistance of the generator or by increasing the field rheostat resistance of the motor. Make the connection as shown in fig 2. Switch the supply to motor-generator switch.HOPKINSON TEST AIM: To perform Hopkinson test on the given motor generator set and determine the efficiency of both motor and generator. 3. 10. Take the readings of all the meters for each load and measure the speed in each step. APPARATUS: S. 01 02 03 Apparatus Ammeter Voltmeter Rheostat Type Range Quantity NAME PLATE DETAILES: PROCEDURE: 1.No. If the voltmeter Vs reads zero then close the paralleling switch K 6. Tabulate the observations. 8. . Excite the generator by decreasing the generator field rheostat resistance 5. Start the motor generator set slowly with motor starter and adjust the field to rated value by field rheostat of the motor. 4. Keep the rheostat in motor field at minimum and generator field at maximum resistance position And the switch K open. 7. Reduce the excitation of the generator by increasing the field rheostat of the generator and open the Switch K.
I1 Motor Input I2 Motor Output I3 I4 V Generator Input VS Generator Output VG N Generator Efficiency Motor Efficiency MODEL CALCULATIONS: Input power to motor = V l1 Watts = Total excitation and Stray losses Generator set = Total excitation and stray losses Vl 1 Stray losses of each machine = Watts. Z Efficiency of motor : Motor input Power = V (l1 + l2) Output power = input power-Motor armature copper loss – Motor shunt field loss. Armature copper loss + Generator Shunt field loss + stray loss Ws = VI2 + (l2 + l4)2 Rag + Vl4 + 2 Output % Efficiency = Input X 100 x 100 Watts .No.NO S.Stray loss Ws = V (l1 + l2) – (l1 + l2-l 3)2 Ram – Vl3 2 Output % Efficiency = Input Efficiency of generator Generator output power = VI2 Watts Input Power = Output + Gen.TEST READINGS: S.
C. PRECAUTIONS: 1) Keep the rheostats in motor and generator field circuit at proper positions while starting the motor. which machine acts as generator and which machine acts as motor? 4). motor provides …… drive. machine s are paralleled as is done in this test. VIVA QUESTIONS: 1). Machine is performed and the performance characteristics are plotted. what are the disadvantages of this test? 5) What are heat run tests? 6) Hopkinson’s test is a ………. Machines is conducted at ….C. .C..test.load. Hopkinson’s test on D. 8). 2) Excessive care while closing the parallel switch K.C. The armature voltage control of D. The voltmeter must read zero for K to be closed. 7). what are the advantages of the test? 2) Can this test be applied to compound machines? Explain 3) When two D. GRAPHS: Plot the output versus efficiency curves for both the motor and the generator as shown in the figure .8. RESULT: Hopkinson test on the given D.
3. by changing the potential divider tapping. 4. 5. 1. Continue the experiment for decreasing values of If in steps by decreasing the tapping of potential divider. S. SHUNT GENERATOR.MAGNETIZATION CHARACTERISTIC OF A D. .C. simultaneously note down the field current (lf) and the terminal voltage (E) across the generator armature terminals. AIM: To determine experimentally the magnetization or open circuit characteristic of a generator and determine the critical field resistance and critical speed APPARATUS: Prepare a List of the apparatus required based on the name plate ratings and Circuit diagram in the following format. Increase the field current lf uniformly in steps. Adjust the speed of the motor generator set to the rated speed of the generator by controlling the motor field resistance the set speed is to be maintained constant throughout the experiment Note down the voltmeter reading at zero field current (lf). No. 4. Connect the circuit as shown in the fig 2. Set the potential divider to zero output keeping motor field rheostat in minimum resistance position 3. 2. Continue the experiment till saturation of the field is reached. 5. Apparatus Rheostats Voltmeters Ammeters Tachometers Knife switch Type Range Quantity NAME PLATE DETAILS: Specifications Rating Field current Load current Voltage Motor Generator PROCEDURE: 1. Switch on the supply and start the motor with the help of the starter.
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: .
C. Critical field resistance is obtained by plotting the OCC as in fig. Rated speed is the speed at which the OCC is obtained. the initial position of the O.C is neglected. PRECAUTIONS: .No. OX is the tangent Critical Field resistance Rc = BC AB OY is the shunt Field resistance line The Critical speed Nc = YZ XZ x Rated Speed. Lf E Critical Field Resistance: It is that value of the field resistance at which the D. While drawing the tangent. lf E Decreasing If S.C.No. shunt generator will fail to excite.2 and determining the slope of the tangent to the linear position of the curve from the origin. Critical Speed: It is that speed for which the given shunt field resistance becomes the critical field resistance.TEST READINGS: Increasing lf S.
.? 9. What is residual magnetism? 6. 8. What is the purpose of starter for the motor? 3. Define critical resistance. 7. 2. Why is the magnetization characteristic different for increasing and decreasing of values of lf? 2. 10. Perform the experiment at constant speed. Why is the motor field resistance kept to a minimum while starting the motor? 5. VIVA QUESTIONS: 1. the field terminals may be required to be reversed. Explain magnetization curve. How do you determine critical resistance with help of O. Define coercive force 12 Explain hysteresis phenomenon.1. Readings are to be taken for uniformly increasing and then uniformly decreasing field current. RESULT: Magnetization characteristics are observed. 3. Check must be made for residual magnetism otherwise.C.C. Why is the speed maintained constant during the experiment? 4. Define critical speed. How do you determine critical speed graphically? 11.
shunt machine and determine from the experiment the stray losses and separates these into friction. ammeter and speed at constant field current. 2). APPARATUS: Prepare a list of apparatus based on name plate and circuit diagram in the following format.load 4) Reduce the armature circuit resistance in steps. hysterics and eddy current losses. . 5) Take the readings of voltmeter. S. increasing the speed.7A 0-2000rpm Quantity 2NO 1NO 2NO 1NO NAME PLATE DETAIS: PROCEDURE: 1). Apparatus 01 Ammeter 02 03 04 Voltmeter Rheostat tachometer Type MC MC WW digital Range 0-2A 0-300V 370Ω/1.C.SEPARATION OF LOSSES IN A D. 3) Adjust the field current to the rated value at no. Repeat the experiment with a reduced field current.C. 6) Continue the experiment till maximum speed is obtained by cutting out the complete resistance in armature circuit (Do not exceed rated speed) 7) Bring the armature rheostat back to full resistance (initial) position. Make the connections as per the circuit diagram as shown in FIG. (75% rated excitation) stop the motor.No. SHUNT MACHINE AIM: To perform suitable tests on the given D. Start the motor slowly using starter keeping the field and armature rheostats in Minimum and maximum position respectively. 8).
TEST READINGS : Field Current (lf1) S.No.No.No.A S.No. Tabulate the readings. V-la Ra= W=Ea Eb la W N IF2……………………A S. N V lf la A A CALCULATIONS: IF1……………. 11). V-la Ra= Eb W=Ea la W N CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: .9) Stop the motor 10) Measure the armature resistance by voltmeter-ammeter method using the circuit diagram as shown in Fig. N V lf la Field Current (lf2) S.
GRAPH: Plot W/N Versus N for both the field excitations: From the graph find out .
machine and predetermine it efficiency at any desired load both as motor and as generator. A1. W PRECAUTIONS: 1. Machine? Where are eddy current losses occurring in a D. D. RESULT : At rated speed the various losses are results Hysteresis loss = ………………W Eddy Current loss = ……………… W Friction loss = …………………… W Wind age loss = ………………. Differentiate MNA & GNA Which test gives us stray losses? SWINBURNE’S TEST AIM: To perform Swinburne’s test on the given D. VIVA QUESTIONS: 1). B1. What is the effect of armature reaction? How do you minimize cross magnetizing effect of armature reaction. Machines? How are the magnetic losses minimized? How is brush contact resistance loss taken into consideration in practice? Give the expression for hysteresis loss.C. 2. B. Keep the field current constant during each part of the experiment. C.C.C. 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) How Hysteresis losses occur in a D. .B1 + D= bc/ab B + D = ef/de Determine A+C and A1 + C Solve for A. Check the position of the rheostat positions before stating the motor..
C. Speed:……………………… PROCEDURE: 1) Make the connections as in fig 2) Start the D. Measure the field resistance using the circuit diagram as shown in Fig .7A 0-20A 0-10000rpm Quantity 2NO 1NO 1NO 1NO 1NO NAME PLATE DETAILS: Voltage : Field Current:………………… Load Current:……………………….by replacing the armature by shunt field winding Tabular columns: .ARATUS REQUIRED: Prepare a list of apparatus based on name plate and circuit diagram in the following format. 5). armature current. motor with the starter slowly and bring it to rated speed. 3) Take the no load readings of input current. 01 02 03 04 05 Apparatus Ammeter Voltmeter Rheostat Ammeter Tachometer Type MC MC WW MC digital Range 0-2A 0-300V 370Ω/1. 4) Stop the machine. S. Measure the armature resistance using circuit diagram as shown in Fig. No. 6). field current and input voltage.
Measurement of Ra S. Va Ia Ra = La Va S.Ω If(amps) N(rpm) MODEL CALCULATIONS: .NO V(volts) IL(AMPS) Average Rsh (t1) = ……………….No.No.. Measurement of Rsh Vsh Ish Rsh = lsh Vsh Average Ra (t1) = ………………. Ω S.
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM GRAPH : .
C. 3. 7 8.C. 9.HP motors. 2. 5. winding losses varies with speed in the proportion of ----------Brake test on D. After starting the motor the armature rheostat must be fully cut. Why do we pour water in the brake drum during brake test? RESULT: 10. SHUNT MOTOR . Compound motor. Motors are usually restricted to ---------. What are the advantages of the Swinburne test? Why Swinburne test cannot be performed on series machines? Explain. 3. What is the effect on speed of d. Efficiency at no load condition calculated and performance curves drawn. 4. 11. 2. How do you obtain accurate measurements in this experiment? How do you reverse the direction of motor? Draw the speed – torque for diff.off.c. What is Flat Compounding? Ia a dc m/c.PRECAUTIONS: 1 Keep the field rheostat at the minimum resistance position and armature rheostat in maximum resistance position while starting the motor. 6. VIVA QUESTIONS 1. The experiment is to be performed only at no-load. compound for if the series field winding is shorted. How do you minimize iron losses in a dc machine? SPEED CONTROL OF D.
Take enough readings (8 to 10) to obtain a good curve. 6. S.C shunt motor by (i) field control and (ii) armature control: APPARATUS REQUIRED: Note: Prepare a list of apparatus required based on name plate ratings and circuit diagram in the following Format. 3. Start the motor by closing the switch and operating the starter slowly.7A 0-10000rpm Quantity 1NO 1NO 2NO 1NO NAME PLATE DETAILS: Rating …………………………………….AIM: To determine the speed characteristics of D. adjust the rheostat R2 so the voltmeter reads about 200 volts. Keep the field rheostat in the minimum resistance position and the armature resistance in the maximum resistance position. PROCEDURE: 1. Voltage …………………………………. Note down the values of lsh. For the field control method. the shunt field current and the speed. 2. 4.. Decrease the armature resistance from maximum position in steps keeping the field current at the set value. For armature control.. Speed ………………………………. Load Current ……………………….No. keep the field rheostat at a selected field current value note the rated field current? 7. . 5... Make connections as per the circuit diagram fig. Note down the speed for each value of armature voltage. 01 02 03 04 Apparatus Ammeter Voltmeters Rheostat Tachometer Type MC MC WW Digital Range (0-2)A (0-300)V 370Ω/1. Increase the field resistance in steps there by decreasing the field current.
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM : TEST READINGS: .
What is the purpose of No volt coil in a D. What is the necessity of starter? 8. What is the function of OLR coil in dc starter? 9.) S. 7. Motor? 3. How do you change the direction of rotation of a D. What will happen if the shunt field is open during running? 2.C. List the merits and demerits of armature voltage control method. Maintain constant field current for armature control and constant armature voltage for field control part of the experiment. Ish N GRAPH: Armature Control (lf=…………. shunt motor is studied. VIVA QUESTIONS: 1. PRECAUTIONS: 1. What is the advantage of 4.. RESULT: The variation of speed with armature voltage and field current in case of D.Field control (Va=……) S.NO.C.point starter over 3-point starter? 10.No. above the base speed can be achieved. In which method of speed control. Va N Plot Ish Vs N and VA (armature voltage) α N graphs. 2. why? 6.C. Keep the armature and field rheostats at proper positions while starting the motor. Which is the precise method of speed control of dc motors? . What are the methods of speed control in a dc shunt motor? 5. Shunt motor? 4.
2.7A 0-300V (0-20)A 0-10000rpm QUANTITY 1NO 1NO 1NO 1NO NAME PLATE DETAILS: Parameter Rating Load current Field current Speed Motor Generator PROCEDURE 1).LOAD TEST ON D. 1. APPARATUS Rheostats Voltmeters Ammeters Tachometers TYPE WW MC MC Digital RAANGE 370Ω/1.C. 4. APPARATUS: Note: Prepare a list of apparatus required based on name plate ratings and circuit diagram in the following format. Adjust the speed by controlling the motor field resistance. S. after loading the generator up to the rated value gradually reduce the load in steps and switch off the supply. 2) Keep the motor field rheostat in minimum resistance position and do not connect any load on the generator 3) Switch on the supply and start the motor with the help of starter. 3.No. 6). SERIES GENERATOR AIM: To perform load test on a D. series generator and to draw the internal and external characteristics. note the ammeter and voltmeter readings.C. . Connect the circuit as shown in fig. switch ON the load and for different values of load. 5) Now. 4).
c. D.C supply A M AA Z G ZZ A AA + - V -- Fig. Series generator TEST READINGS : .30A 220 v.CIRCUIT DIAGRAM :STARTER L A Z Y YY + - + A Load Rheostat 0.1 : Load test on d. 10.
Loose connections are to be avoided. 2).S. . Remove the load gradually in steps and switch OFF the motor RESULT: Performance characteristics are observed. VIVA QUESTIONS.NO IL(AMPS) V(VOLTS) Eg(VOLTS) Model calculations: V= Eg – la (Ra + Rse) Where V = Terminal voltage Eg = Emf generated in the armature (Volts) La = Armature current (A) = lse = lL Ra = Armature resistance (Ω) Rse = Series field resistance (Ω) PRECAUTIONS: 1).
C.1) 2) 3) 4) 5) How the internal characteristics are derived from external characteristics? What are reasons for the failure of a D.C.C.C. series generator? What is the necessity of starter in D. Motor? LOAD TEST ON D. why? 6) Why are external characteristic lies below the internal characteristic in D. Shunt generators? 7) 8) What is the critical load resistance? How do you control the speed of D.C.C. series generator to build up voltage? What is meant by critical resistance of a D. Motors? What material used for brushes. SHUNT GENERATOR .
6A 1500rpm PROCEDURE: 1) 2) 3) 4) Make the connection as shown in the circuit diagram as shown in the fig Start the motor with the help of the starter.7A 0-10000rpm 1NO 2NO 1NO NAME PLATE RATINGS:Motor Generator Power 5HP Power Voltage Current Speed 220V 20A 1500rpm Voltage Current Speed 3KW 220V 13.No. Adjust the field regulator of the motor so that the generator runs at its rated speed. Apparatus Type Range Quality 01 Ammeters MC (0-2)A 1NO 02 03 04 Voltmeters Rheostats Tachometer MC WW Digital 0-300V 370/1. Shunt Generator and determine there from the internal and external characteristics of the generator. Determine the armature resistance experimentally using the circuit diagram in fig. S.AIM: To perform load test on D. APPARATUS: Prepare a list of apparatus based on name plate and circuit diagram in the following format. Adjust the generator field regulator so that rated voltage is obtained at its terminals. Take at least 6 readings of voltmeter and armature by varying the load resistance and determine the average value of the armature resistance. 5) 6) 7) .C. Keep the speed constant at its rated value by adjusting motor field regulator throughout experiment. Gradually apply the load in steps and note down the readings of the load as given on the name plate of the generator. Plot the external load characteristic from the observations.
l a = l L + LF E = V + La Ra GRAPHS : 1). Plot the external or load characteristic from the table.P. No.M. S.2 (la Vs E Curve) .NO.1 (lL Vs V curve ) 2) Plot the internal characteristic or total characteristic from Table No. Load Current IL Terminal Voltage V Field Current If CALCULATIONS: Average value of armature resistance Ra = ----------Ω S.OBSERVATION TABLE: Speed ………R.
field regulator (rheostat) must be in minimum position 2) While loading the generator. 4) Do not over load the generator RESULTS: Internal and external characteristics are plotted by conducting load test on the given D. Shut generator. at every step speed of the generator must be maintained.PRECAUTIONS: 1) While starting the motor. 3). At rated value by adjusting the motor field regulator.C. Decrease the speed before removing the load after the experiment is completed at full load. .load 5) What will happen when R-C load is connected across armature? 6) For a properly designed dc generators the over all efficiency could be of the order of -----% 7) Define commercial & electrical efficiencies for dc generators 8) Which losses in a dc generator vary significantly with the load current? 9) Draw the internal and external characteristics for a dc shunt generator. VIVA QUESTIONS: 1) If the shunt generator fails to buildup what could be the reason for it. Explain how this can be over come 2) What is meant by armature reaction? 3) Why are the characteristics of the shunt generator drooping? 4) DC Generators are normally designed for max efficiency around ….
.CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: LOAD TEST ON DC COMPOUND GENERATOR.
5.6A 1500RPM PROCEDURE: Connect the circuit as per the circuit diagram shown in fig 1. Increase the load gradually in steps and tabulate the readings 7. 8 Connect the generator for differentially compounding. 3.7A 0-20A 0-10000rpm Quantity 1NO 1NO 2NO 1NO 1NO NAME PLATE DETAILS: Parameter Rating voltage Load current Speed Motor 5HP 220V 20A 1500RPM Generator 3KW 220V 13. 4. Adjust the armature regulator of the generator to build up its rated voltage given on its name plates on no load. Switch on the supply and start the motor with the help of its starter. 6. Keep the field regulator of the motor in the minimum resistance position and regulator of the generator in the maximum resistance position.AIM: To conduct a load test on given DC compound generator and to plot the internal and external characteristics of the generator. . repeat the process and plot the external characteristics. Adjust the field regulator of the motor such that it runs its rated speed given on the name plate. Plot the external characteristics is load current Vs terminal voltage.No 01 02 03 04 05 Apparatus Ammeter Voltmeter Rheostat Ammeter Tachometer Type MC MC WW MC digital Range 0-2A 0-300V 370Ω/1. APPARATUS REQUIRED: S. 2. Note down the no loads of ammeter and volt meter in tabular form.
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: OBSERVATIONS: S.NO V(volts) IL(AMPS) If(AMPS) Ia=IL+If Eg=V+Ia(Ra+Rf) .
5). Plot the external or load characteristics from table 1.GRAPHS:1). RESULTS: Internal and external characteristics are plotted by conducting load test on the given DC compound generator.Loose connections must be avoided. 3) The position of the starter must be checked before giving supply 4) The resistance of the field regulator of the motor must be adjusted to minimum resistance position at the time of switching on the supply. Plot the internal characteristics or total characteristics from table 2. VIVA QUESTIONS:1). How many field windings are there in a compound generator? What are they? .the resistance of the field regulator of the generator must be adjusted maximum resistance at the beginning. 2) The generator must be seen at constant speed through out the experiment. (IL Vs V curve) 2). (lL Vs Eb curve ) PRECAUTIONS: 1).
4). Give at least three applications of dc compound generators. what does compounding mean? Draw the external characteristics for a level compound generator in a compound wound generator which of the two fields dominate 5) Discuss the performance of a DC compound generator using only one field winding at a time. 10). 11) What is the critical resistance’s in a dc shunt machine? . 3). 7) 8) 9) what is meant by commutation? What are the different methods oaf obtaining spark less or good commutation? Why do you perform load test? Differentiate cumulative & differential compound generators. 6).2).
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