OCEAN ENERGY SYSTEMS
ANNEX I: INFORMATION COLLATION
October 20 10
Wave Energy Centre, Av Manuel da Maia, nº36-r/c dto, 1100 Lisbon, Portugal For more information about the OES-IA please visit the website www.iea-oceans.org
Delegates from the member countries of the IEA participated in the 19th Executive Committee (ExCo) Meeting, in Dublin, Ireland (30 Sept – 1 Oct 2010), and R&D activities and technology demonstration on ocean energy. Annex I of the OES-IA work program is the central information collation and dissemination Annex on the technical, economic, environmental and social aspects of ocean energy systems. It also contributes to the definition of future priorities for the Implementing Agreement as a whole. 19th ExCo meeting. Indonesia was invited as an observer country. 2010 achievements on ocean energy presented in the This bulletin highlights the
2001 Denmark Portugal United Kingdom 2002 Ireland Japan 2003 Canada 2005 USA 2006 Belgium 2007 Germany Mexico Norway 2008 Spain Italy New Zealand Sweden 2009 Australia 2010 Korea South Africa
Implementing Agreement on Ocean Energy Systems
exchanged information on governmental initiatives,
MISSION To facilitate and co‐ordinate ocean energy research, development and demonstration through international co‐operation and information exchange, leading to the deployment and commercialisation of sustainable, efficient, reliable, cost‐competitive and environmentally sound ocean energy technologies.
Tom Denniss, Oceanlinx
Although there is no government program specifically for ocean energy in Australia, the Department of Resources, Energy, and Tourism has expressed a desire established. Ocean energy activity in Australia continues to increase: Ocean Power Technologies is developing a project in Portland with funding from the Australian Government. Oceanlinx’s 1:3 scale floating wave energy device - the MK3PC – was tested for 3 months, in 2010, and operated successfully until its moorings were damaged deployment of BioPower Systems technology is planned
John Huckerby, AWATEA
The New Zealand Government committed to the 4th round of the Marine Energy Deployment Fund (MEDF), which is expected to be announced very soon, and is continuing to support the Aotearoa Wave and Tidal Energy Association. The Government
continues to fund three marine energy projects: The Wave Energy Technology – New Zealand (WET-NZ) R&D program conducted by two parties, Industrial Research Limited and conducted by the National Institute of Water Power Projects Limited, and two other R&D projects Atmospheric Research (NIWA) on tidal energy optimization and on extreme wave statistics. WET-NZ’s 2 kW 1:4 scale prototype was deployed in late November 2009. Final design for the 20 kW 1:2 scale prototype has been completed and building is planned to consents for two sites in New Zealand. Other companies which have announced plans for consent applications or and Crest Energy Kaipara Limited. Chatham Islands Marine Energy is waiting for resource consent. The project consists in a Wavegen LIMPET type device to be installed on the main Chatham Island (800 km east of NZ) and was granted NZ$ 2.16 million in the 3rd Round of MEDF funding in July 2010. start in November. WET-NZ has been granted resource and
to see an Australian ocean energy industry association
in extreme sea conditions in May. The first ocean to occur near Port Fairy, Victoria, and currently the conversion modules are being tested in a factory. Wave Rider Energy Pty Ltd is planning to launch a pilot plant in South Australia. Carnegie Corporation continues to develop its 5MW project off Garden Island, in Western Australia, and has also announced the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for a three-stage 15MW project on La Reunion in the Indian Ocean. prototype, which has been tested in bay type wave conditions in Australia.
received consents include Energy Pacifica, Neptune Power
Perpetuwave has developed a 1:4 scaled concept
Keyyong Hong, KORDI
The ocean energy research activity in Korea has been increased steeply in recent years mainly because of investment expansion in renewable energy of Korean Government. The total 2010 Budget for Ocean Energy R&D was 14,780 mWon. In Korea, a National Strategy for Ocean Energy Development Promotion has been launched based on 3 stages of development for short (2008-2012), medium (2013-2020) and long term (2021-2030) projects. Several wave projects are presently running with funding from the Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) or from the Ministry of Knowledge by the Economy (MKE). The Yongsoo 500kW
Yasuyuki Ikegami, Saga University
An important new initiative in 2010 was the development of a technology Roadmap for Ocean Energy prepared by includes targets for wave, current & tidal and ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC). Another governmental initiative was the release of the White Paper on Renewable Energy Technology by the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO), in which wave energy and OTEC are the Japanese Ocean Energy Association (OEA-J) which
two of the 10 key topics of the document. In 2009, NEDO started the program “Advanced Research on Ocean Renewable Energy”, in order to support the study and development of ocean energy for the first time.
Oscillating Water Column (OWC) pilot plant developed Institute (MOERI) is expected to be installed on Jeju Maritime & Ocean Engineering Research
island in 2011; other MOERI projects include a 250 kW overtopping device named “Reef with Vanes”, a 3-year research project that will end in 2010 and a 300 kW
“Pendulum WEC” project. Two further prototypes are planned for 2011, a floating device named “Variable “Hydraulic Pumping WEC” (Taekyung Ind.). The 254 MW Sihwa tidal barrage power plant, which was initiated in 2005, is expected to be operational in 2011. Liquid Column Oscillator” (KEPRI), and a floating device
Prof. Mukhtasor, National Energy Council
The National Energy Council (NEC) is reviewing the current energy policy and intends to increase the role of ocean energy in the energy mix for 2010-2050. The Agency for Assessment and Application of Technologies (BPPT) coordinated by the Ministry of Research and Technology has carried out research on wave and tidal
current energy systems. The Indonesian Ocean Energy Association (IOEA) is currently being formed to foster R&D on ocean energy. The ocean energy resources in Indonesia have been assessed: more than 15 straits or channels have been identified as potential location for tidal current energy energy conversion (OTEC) developments. Recent developments in ocean energy include a marine current 2 kW project operated by the Indonesian systems; three locations are candidate for ocean thermal
Hydrodynamics Laboratory in Flores; the 100 kW Kobold prototype from Ponte di Archimede to be installed in East Estimated Ocean Energy Resources in Korea Oscillating Water Column (OWC) in Yogyakarta, Lombok, a 100 kW OTEC project in North Bali and an coordinated by BPPT.
Ana Brito Melo, Wave Energy Centre
Two years after the official announcement of the Pilot Zone for wave energy deployment, the contract between Operator) was signed on 20 October 2010. A new initiative by EDP, EFACEC Engineering, Martifer Renewables and MIT Portugal was launched in 2009 to stimulate the collective efficiency, the “Competitiveness the “anchor” projects of this initiative is the creation of the Offshore Energy Institute, initiated in 2010. The 400kW Oscillating Water Column (OWC) pilot plant on the Island of Pico, Azores, has fed increasing amounts of electricity into the electrical grid, yielding more than 850 operational hours in 2010. It continues to be a learning process, R&D activities and training. The plant is and Technology Centre for Energy” – ENERGYIN. One of the government and REN (the Transmission System
José Luis Villate, Tecnalia
The Spanish Government has recently announced targets for ocean energy in the “Renewable Energy Plan 20112020”: The first 10MW of installed ocean power are expected by 2016 and a target of 100MW by 2020. An important R&D project – OceanLider - was approved at the end of 2009, funded by the Ministry of Science and Innovation. This 30M€ project is led by “Iberdrola
Ingeniería y Construcción” and covers several R&D activities: resource assessment, O&M, technology, grid connection and environmental aspects. The project has duration of 40 months and 20 industrial partners and 24 research centres are participating. A new EU FP7 (Seventh Framework Programme) funded
platform of world-wide significance for the technology designed to host a second turbo-generation group, which made it possible to be included in a European infrastructures network (MariNET) of large importance to the sector. Eneólica initiated a wave energy project in Peniche (Central Portugal) with the Finnish technology WaveRoller with European funding. AW-Energy started the construction of the prototype and baseline environmental The project has strong local support of the Municipality of Peniche, the “Capital of Surf”.
project – The Marine Renewable Integrated Application company ACCIONA-Energy started in January 2010. Platform (MARINA PLATFORM)) - led by the Spanish
Several wave energy projects are still in progress: the Biscay Marine Energy Platform (bimep), Mutriku OWC Canary Islands. IBERDROLA is very active in breakwater and the “PIPO” wave energy converter on the demonstration wave and tidal projects in the United Kingdom.
studies were initiated in 2010 by the Wave Energy Centre.
António Fiorentino, Ponte di Archimede
In the scope of a joint project set up in 2005 between Ponte di Archimede International and UNIDO, a Kobold installed near Lombok Island. Further, the development of the next generation of Kobold turbine is pursued by the BLUETEC project, based on four 250 kW rated Kobold turbines (total 1 MW) is planned to be installed in the Strait of Messina and, in (North of Scotland). turbine project is being developed in Indonesia, to be
3rd INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE AND EXHIBITION on
The International Conference on Ocean Energy is organised every two years. The third edition of this Bilbao Exhibition Centre from 6 – 8 October 2010, organized by EVE and Tecnalia. This event was players in the field of wave and tidal energy sponsored by the OES-IA. At this conference, the main technology, as well as leaders of companies, engaged in offshore wind and marine activities, shared progresses in the field. Please visit the site at: http://www.icoe2010bilbao.net conference, ICOE 2010 was held in Bilbao, Spain at the
installed on a floating platform. The first BLUETEC plant
a second phase, towed and installed in Pentland Firth
BLUETEC concept with Kobold turbines
www.ewtec.org The Ninth European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference
and exhibition (EWTEC 2011), will be held from 5-9 September 2011 at the University of Southampton, UK.
Harald Rikheim, Statkraft
Norway has no special policies or programs dedicated to ocean energy, but ocean energy is included in more general renewable energy policies and programs. A Prototype of Hydra Tidal (Morild) was launched on the Lofoten Islands in September 2010 with 4 M€ funding by
Susanna Widstrand, Swedish Energy Agency
Progress in wave energy during 2010 has been supported by the Swedish Energy Agency. The second phase of the Centre for Renewable Electrical Conversion (4.85 M€ fund for 2009 – 2013) led by Uppsala currents, is now very active. University, involving basic research in wave and marine The wave energy Lysekil project (2006 – 2010), consisting of ten linear generators, also led by Uppsala University, has presently four linear generators
Enova and Innovation Norway. Also Langlee Wave Power received support from the Research Council of Norway for its development. Hammerfest Strøm is a long time player in the tidal
energy scene. After 4 years of operation of the 300 kW Hammerfest Strøm’s tidal device installed in 2003, an upgraded prototype was installed in the summer of 2009. The company is now based in Scotland and has recently received Carbon Trust funding for their 1 MW prototype Centre (EMEC). Statkraft Osmotic Power prototype started operation in 2009 and the next step is a 2 MW pilot installation. Vattenfall, together with Tussa Kraft, is testing the Swedish SeaBased concept in Runde, on the west coast. The new Fred Olsen “BOLT” full scale device is undergoing sea trials off the Norwegian coast. which will be tested at the European Marine Energy
installed. The wave energy Islandsberg project (20072010), led by Seabased AB (4x20 kW and 1x50 kW) to be grid connected, has just launched one generator.
Kim Nielsen, Ramboll
Important development include the Danish Test site for Wave Energy Conversion (DanWEC), set up in Hanstholm, and (LORC), a science and development centre for offshore renewables. Several Danish wave energy companies are pursuing the creation of Lindø Offshore Renewables Center initiatives in 2010 for wave energy
their developments: Wave Star A/S prototype has been
Floating Power Plant started a second test period in the
operating in the North Sea in Hanstholm during 2010. spring of 2010 including the installation of 3 wind turbines for testing the combination of wind and wave power. The Dexa wave energy device has operated
during 10 months in Nissum Bredning and presently a larger scale model is prepared for testing at DanWEC Hammerfest Strøm Hanstholm. A 1:10 scale model of the Leacon device is
under construction and is now expected to be installed in the spring of 2011 in Nissum Bredning.
Poseidon - Combines Wind and waves
Courtesy of Floating Power Plant technology (www.floatingpowerplant.com )
Alan Morgan, Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC)
A Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) for Wave and Tidal energy in English and Welsh waters is underway and should be completed early 2011. DECC and the Scottish Government undertook a study on the Economics of wave and tidal energy in the UK, which is expected to be published later 2010. The Crown Estate announced the names of the successful bidders for the world’s first commercial wave and tidal leasing round in March, for ten sites in Scotland’s the developers for 2020. Pentland Firth and Orkney waters. 1.2 GW is proposed by The successful recipients of the £22 million Marine February: Atlantis Resources, Aquamarine Power,
Eoin Sweeney, Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland (SEAI)
Ireland has a National Strategy for Ocean Energy, which was prepared in 2006 by the Marine Institute and SEAI: Targets for the use of ocean energy have increased from initially 200 MW to 500 MW by 2020. SEAI is developing a full scale ocean site, which is proposed to be located west of Belmullet, Mayo – The wave energy test site has been in place in Galway Bay. It is also being planned to relocate and expand the University College Cork Hydraulics and Maritime
Atlantic Marine Energy Test Site (AMETS). A 1:4 scale
Research Centre (HMRC) as part of the new Maritime and Energy Research Campus in Cork. During 2010 a Strategic Environmental Assessment of Wave, Tidal and Offshore Wind Development in Irish waters was completed. Other developments in Ireland include two studies: “Modelling connections for Offshore Energy Development”. Further Ocean developments Energy Sector”, include published the in “Review June of Engineering & Specialist Support Requirements for the commissioned by the Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland’s Ocean Energy Development Unit (OEDU).
Renewable Proving Fund (MRPF) were announced in Hammerfest Strom UK, Marine Current Turbines, Pelamis Wave Power and Voith Hydro. The European Marine Energy Centre (EMEC) continues to expand, with three additional grid connected berths (2 connected nursery sites. Aquamarine’s device, Oyster 1, installed in EMEC in 2009, is currently undergoing sea trials and planning the design of the next-generation Oyster 2. The Pelamis P2, 750kW machine completed its first set of trials in the outer reaches of the Firth of Forth. Atlantis successful deployed Rolls Royce/Tidal Generation Ltd is currently undergoing Current Turbines Tidal stream project their AK1000 (1MW) turbine at EMEC during August 2010. sea trials at EMEC of its 500kW turbine. The Marine continues to successfully operate. The pioneering Wave Hub marine energy project has been installed on the seabed, 16 kilometers offshore. Hub is creating the world’s largest test site for wave energy technology by building a grid-connected socket on the seabed off the coast of Cornwall in South West England, to which wave power devices can be connected available each covering two square kilometers. Wave Hub Wave tidal, 1 wave) and a four berth (2 tidal, 2 wave) non-grid
Wind in the Irish Sea” and “Economic Benefits of Ocean
Commercial Deployment of Ocean Energy
29th September 2010, Engineers Ireland To position industry for the challenges and
opportunities associated with large-scale utilisation
by the Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland with the support of Innovation Norway. Presentations are available at:
Deployment of Marine Energy Projects” was organised
of Ocean Energy, a workshop on the “Commercial
and their performance evaluated. There are four berths will have an initial maximum capacity of 20MW but has been designed with the potential to scale up to 50MW in the future.
SeaGen tidal energy
Current Turbines Ltd system, of Marine
Oyster1, Aquamarine’s device operating in EMEC (UK)
Strangford Lough (UK-Northern Ireland)
Tracey Kutney, CanmetENERGY, NRCan
The Fundy Ocean Research Centre for Energy (FORCE) is an ongoing project in Canada, Nova Scotia, for tidal energy research, supported by both public and private approximately $38 million. It was set up as a fully facility. Key actions at FORCE, in 2010, include the development of an environmental monitoring program. The Open Hydro (Irish technology) in partnership with Nova Scotia Power was the first technology to be tested at FORCE. Other technologies planned for installation include the Marine Current Turbine in partnership with Minas Basin Systems. Several developers may receive funding for developing projects in Canada, including: SyncWave Systems Inc., Renewable Energy Research (RER) subsidiary of RSW Inc., Carnegie Wave Energy Ltd, New Energy Corporation Inc. and Verdant Power. The development of a Canadian Marine Renewable Energy Technology Roadmap has been initiated, and is expected to be publically available in 2012.
United States of America
Alejandro Moreno, USA DOE
In 2010 an impressive number of developments for ocean energy significant changes to the national ocean policy. technology took place in USA, including
funding (www.fundyforce.ca). Total funding to date is permitted and grid‐connected multi‐user demonstration
The federal agency responsible for offshore energy regulation on the Outer Continental Shelf of the United States, Minerals Management Service (MMS), was
restructured and renamed the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation, and Enforcement (BOEMRE).
In 2010, the Department of Energy made 20 Advanced Water Power Technology Development awards, including funding for advanced design and technologies for composite materials, conceptual design manufacturing
Pulp and Power and the Alstom/Clean Current Power
and modelling for ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC), advanced power converters and power take off mechanisms. Through a new funding opportunity, known as a Broad Agency Announcement (BAA), nearly $5 million were environmental information needs for ocean energy. The Department of Energy (DOE) awarded $250,000 to the Center for Ocean Energy Technology at Florida Atlantic University to launch the Southeast National Marine Renewable Energy Center. DOE provided support for 27 industry demonstration projects, including: the Ocean Renewable Power Company project (Portland, Maine) for a commercial-scale array of five grid-connected TidGen™ devices in Maine and the project of the Public Utility District No.1 of Snohomish Centre Turbines, by OpenHydro Group Ltd., in Admiralty Inlet of Puget Sound. Verdant Power signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Protection Group to develop a tidal project in China. Oregon Washington State (UW) University in partnership (OSU) and are the China Energy Conservation Environment of County (Everett, Washington) consisting of two Openallocated, selected for research projects to address
the Northwest Photo: Courtesy of Hydro Green Energy, LLC
Installed in Hastings, Minnesota (USA)
development for the United States.
National Marine Renewable Energy Center (NNMREC) to support wave and tidal energy
Ocean Power Technologies, Inc. signed an agreement with eleven federal and state agencies and three nongovernmental stakeholders for its utility-scale wave power project in Reedsport, Oregon.
Operating Agent of the OES-IA Annex I contact details: Ana Brito e Melo, Tel +351 218482655, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The Implementing Agreement on Ocean Energy Systems operates within a framework created by the International Energy Agency (IEA). The views, findings and publications of the OES-IA do not necessarily represent the views or policies of the IEA Secretariat or its individual member countries.