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Rain Water Harvesting Ppt

Rain Water Harvesting Ppt

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Published by: Saurabh Rai on Apr 24, 2011
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06/07/2013

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RAIN WATER HARVESTING (RWH

)

.WHAT IS RAIN WATER HARVESTING : Rain Water Harvesting is the accumulating and storing of precipitation. It is used to provide water for consumptive and nonconsumptive use.

. b) Due to rapid urbanization.WHY IS RAIN WATER HARVESTING NECESSARY : There are two main reasons : a) Surface water is inadequate to meet our demand and we have to depend on ground water. infiltration of rain water into the subsoil has decreased drastically and recharging of ground water is diminished.

. road top and some specially prepared areas of ground.AVAILABLE CATCHMENTS FOR RAIN WATER COLLECTION : Rain should be collected from roof top.

Water collection from Roof Top .

.RAIN WATER HARVESTING TECHNIQUES : There are two main techniques for RWH: a) Storage of rain water on surface for future use. b) Recharge to ground.

STORAGE OF RAIN WATER : It is a traditional technique. Ponds. Underground tanks. . It is used in rural areas where space is available for the construction of structure for water storage and where the annual variation in rainfall is less. Check dams. Weirs are the structures used for rain water storage.

. wells. shaft etc are constructed for ground water recharge. Pits. This technique is frequently adopted in urban areas where space is not available for the construction of structure for rain water storage.RECHARGE TO GROUND : Recharge to ground water is a new concept of RWH. trenches.

long lasting. It is made from wire reinforced mixture of sand. . highly tensile and flexible than ordinary concrete structure. Some of its salient features are : a) It is strong.FERRO CEMENT TANK It is used as a rain water storage structure. c) Low maintenance cost. cement and water. versatile. b) It is light in weight. low cost.

TRENCHES AND BOREWELL FOR GROUND WATER RECHARGE Bore well Trench .

Ca. cooking purpose etc. The parameters analyzed include ph.QUALITY OF RAIN WATER : The physical as well as chemical quality of water Is important to decide its suitability for drinking purpose. Na. total dissolved solids. Mg etc. . conductivity. hardness. Rain water must be collected from projected site(s). Various standards are formulated by many National and International agencies and all the standards are recommendatory.

‡ Reduces strain on Special Village Panchayats/ Municipal / Municipal Corporation water supply. ‡ Estimated quantity of additional recharge from 100 sq. m.000 litres. roof top area is 55.BENEFITS OF RAIN WATER HARVESTING : ‡ Improvement in infiltration and reduction in runoff. ‡ Improvement in groundwater levels and yields. . ‡ Improvement in groundwater quality.

THANK YOU .

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