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Solar Power Plant

Solar Power Plant

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REFERANCE.
CONCLUSION.
STATUS
ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES.
VARIOUS FACTOR
VARIOUS TYPES
WORKING
BLOCK DIAGRAM&IT’S COMPONANTS.
REFERANCE.
CONCLUSION.
STATUS
ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES.
VARIOUS FACTOR
VARIOUS TYPES
WORKING
BLOCK DIAGRAM&IT’S COMPONANTS.

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Published by: Shailesh Sankdasariya on Apr 24, 2011
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SOLAR POWER PLANT

ENERGY SYSTEMS

BY SHAILESH B. PATEL -090760111025

SOLARPOWER

PLANT

CONTENTS:-

03' BLOCK DIAGRAM&IT'S COMPONANTS. 03' WORKING OF SOLARPOWER PLANT.

03' VARIOUS TYPES OF COLLECTING SOLAR ENERGY. 03' ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES.

03' CLASSIFICATION OF SOLARPOWER PLANT.

03' SITE SELECTION FOR SOLARPOWER PLANT.03' STATUS OF SOLAR POWER PLANT IN INDIA.

03' CONCLUSION.

03' REFERANCE.

----------------~~~--------------~

( \

SOLAR POWER PLANT ENERGY SYSTEMS SANKDASARIY A SHAILESH B. ENRL NO-090760 111025 SSASIT (E.C. DEPARTMENT)

SSASIT

I BY SHAILESH B. PATEL(E.C. DEPARTMENT)

SOLAR POWER PLANT

ENERGY SYSTEMS

BY SHAILESH B. PATEL -090760111025

SOLAR POWER PLANT

~AIM:-TO STUDY ABOUT SOLAR POWER PLANT.

Solar energy, radiant light and heat from the sun, has been harnessed by humans since ancient times using a range of ever-evolving technologies. Solar radiation, along with secondary solar-powered resources such as wind and wave power, hydroelectricity and biomass, account for most of the available renewable energy on earth. Only a minuscule fraction of the available solar energy is used.

~BLOCK DIAGRAM:-

POWER BLOCK

r·_·_·_·_·_·_·_·_·_·_·_·_·_·_·_·_·_·_·_·_·_·_·

MOillE N SA LT SYSTE M SJ;EAM TURBIf'JE GENERATOR

HP Sttfom

CONDENSER

_._._._._._._._._._._.- ~

GENERAliOR TURBmE

RECEfVfI'!

Hot Saft

C><J C><J C><) C><)

C><J CX)

neceieer Tower

-

I

------------

.-----....r~v I

I

rend ens.ate TEl Ilk

_. _. _. _. _~H!~'::!~!:.~~!l~~~~~:~~ _. _. _. _. _. _. _. _. _. _. _._.1

~The schematic arrangement of a concentrated solar power plant is shown in figure. The main block of plants are given below:-

(i)COLLECTOR FIELD (ii)MOLTEN SALT SYSTEM (iii)POWER BLOCK

SSASIT

I BY SHAILESH B. PATEL(E.C. DEPARTMENT)

SOLAR POWER PLANT

ENERGY SYSTEMS

BY SHAILESH B. PATEL -090760111025

~COMPONANTS:-

Solar Power Tower is a machine that uses the heat from the sun and changes to into electricity. These towers are used large scale power generation. Let us look at the main components that make up a solar power tower.

(I) SOLAR TOWER:-

~The solar tower is a tall tower with a boiler at its apex. The boiler has liquids inside it. The boiler is used to collect the heat of the sun. The solar tower is also called the power tower and central tower.

(II) HELIOSTATS:-

~Heliostats are mirrors that are moveable, and these change direction constantly in the day so as to reflect sunlight in the optimal way. The mirrors change position according to the movement of the sun. The maximum sunlight is always reflected towards to tower for this purpose.

(III) HEAT STORAGE:-

~Heat storage is obviously extremely essential in a solar power tower. As electricity is required at night time as well, many newer towers come with a number of ways of storing the heat energy and using it at night and at times when the sun is not shining.

(IV) STEAM GENERATOR:-

~The heat is collected using liquid sodium. This liquid sodium is then utilized to generate steam.

(V)STEAM TURBINE:-

~The steam turbine is a generator which utilizes the steam that is generated hy the steam generator to produce electrical power. The set is the same as that of a traditional power plant.

SSASIT

I BY SHAILESH B. PATEL(E.C. DEPARTMENT)

SOLAR POWER PLANT

ENERGY SYSTEMS

BY SHAILESH B. PATEL -090760111025

~WORKING OF CONCENTRATED TOWER SOLAR POWER PLANT :-

SU!1I~ht:

2,7 MWhlltrl]I~~

!

r---------------------------------------------------------------------------

S!lbsr.at~ Siet;Jll i!.lubln'i)

IniI:l E~kiG (,erl~:cr

~Heliostats have the function to capture solar radiation and direct it to the receiver. They are composed of a reflective surface, a supporting structure and mechanisms used to orientate them, following the sun's movement (which involves the necessary systems for the heliostat movement as well as control systems). The most used reflective surfaces today are glass mirrors.

~Receiver which transfers received heat to an operating fluid (which could be water, molten salts, etc.). This fluid is in charge of transmitting hear to other parts of the C.S.P. plant, generally to a water deposit, obtaining high temperature steam to produce electricity through the action of a turbine.

Latest advances and research are centered to obtain high temperature towers, with heat transporting fluids, such as air, salts, etc.

~The tower acts as support for the receiver which should be located at a certain height above the heliostats level to avoid, or at least reduce, shades and blockings.

SSASIT

I BY SHAILESH B. PATEL(E.C. DEPARTMENT)

SOLAR POWER PLANT

ENERGY SYSTEMS

BY SHAILESH B. PATEL -090760111025

Ibo VARIOUS TYPES OF COLLECTING SOLAR ENERGY:-

1) SOLAR POND:-

2)PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM:-

Hot Brine

Load

Cold Water

I

3)SOLAR CHIMNEY:-4)PARABOLOC THROUGH:-

Wind Turbine

Cover

5)SOLAR TOWER:-6)PARABOLIC DISH:-

Central Receiver

Heliostat

SSASIT

I BY SHAILESH B. PATEL(E.C. DEPARTMENT)

SOLAR POWER PLANT

ENERGY SYSTEMS

BY SHAILESH B. PATEL -090760111025

~ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES OF SOLAR POWER PLANTS:-

~ADVANTAGES:

.:. The power source of the sun is absolutely free .

• :. The production of solar energy produces no pollution .

• :. The technological advancements in solar energy systems have made them extremely cost effective .

• :. Most systems do not require any maintenance during their lifespan, which means

you never have to put money into them .

• :. Most systems have a life span of 30 to 40 years .

• :. Most systems carry a full warranty for 20 to 30 years or more .

• :. Unlike traditional monstrous panel systems, many modern systems are sleeker such as Uni-Solar rolls that lay directly on the roof like regular roofing materials . • :. In 35 states, solar energy can be fed back to the utilities to eliminate the need for a storage system as well as eliminating or dramatically reducing your electric bills .

• :. Solar energy systems are now designed for particular needs. For instance, you can convert your outdoor lighting to solar. The solar cells are directly on the lights and can't be seen by anyone. At the same time, you eliminate all costs associated with running your outdoor lighting.

~DISADVANTAGES:

.:. One of the main disadvantages is the initial cost of the equipment used to harness the suns energy. Solar energy technologies still remain a costly alternative to the use of readily available fossil fuel technologies. As the price of solar panels decreases, we are likely to see an increase in the use of solar cells to generate electricity .

• :. A solar energy installation requires a large area for the system to be efficient in providing a source of electricity. This may be a disadvantage in areas where space is short, or expensive (such as inner cities) .

• :. Pollution can be a disadvantage to solar panels, as pollution can degrade the efficiency of photovoltaic cells. Clouds also provide the same effect, as they can reduce the energy of the suns rays. This certain disadvantage is more of an issue with older solar components, as newer designs integrate technologies to overcome the worst of these effects .

• :. energy is only useful when the sun is shining. During the night, your expensive solar equipment will be useless; however the use of solar battery chargers can help to reduce the effects of this disadvantage.

SSASIT I BY SHAILESH B. PATEL(E.C. DEPARTMENT)

SOLAR POWER PLANT

ENERGY SYSTEMS

BY SHAILESH B. PATEL -090760111025

~CLASSIFICATION OF SOLAR POWER PLANT:-

~Solar thermal power plants, which uses sets of parabolic mirrors/reflectors to focus sun rays onto a centrally located collector filled with medium that stores heat well. The heat is used to create steam which in turn moves turbines that produce electricity. Such plants are now becoming quite popular in Spain

~Photovoltaic power plants, which consist of sets of solar PV panels that use silicon based cells to convert solar radiation into electricity directly

~SITE SELECTION FOR SOLAR POWER PLANT:-

1) AVAILABILITY OF SUN LIGHT:-it is necessary to locate the plant as far as possible near the high solar radiation places. If the plant is located away from high radiation area than the efficiency of power plant is reduced.

2) NATURE OF THE LAND& ITS COST:-The site selected should have high bearing capacity of at least lON/mm2 to withstand dead load of the plant. It would reduce the cost of foundation of the plant for solar tower it's required a large area for construct heliostats so land must be cheap.

3) LOAD CENTRE:-A power plant must be located near the load to which the power is supplied. The location of power plant at C.G. of loads reduces the cost of transmission lines & the losses occurring in it.

4) AVAILABILITY OF LABOUR:-Large men power is needed during the construction of plant. Therefore, labour should be available near the construction site at cheap cost.

5) ACCESSIBILITY TO SITE:-The power plant should have rail and road transportation facilities.

~STATUS OF SOLARPOWER PLANT IN INDIA:-

NAME OF PLANT CAPACITY IN MW(DC)
Sivaganga Photovoltaic Plant 5
Azure Power - Photovoltaic Plant 2
Jamuria Photovoltaic Plant 2
NDPC Photovoltaic Plant 1
Thyagaraj stadium Plant-Delhi 1
Gandhinagar Solar Plant 1 SSASIT

I BY SHAILESH B. PATEL(E.C. DEPARTMENT)

SOLAR POWER PLANT

ENERGY SYSTEMS

BY SHAILESH B. PATEL -090760111025

~CONCLUSION:-

Solar power plant is most useful source of energy. After studying solar power plant we can say that it is most efficient way to generate power at day time via gathering solar energy and it is non-polluting and eco-friendly way to generate energy. But the problem is that at a night time or at a cloudy season we can't get this energy so it is limited to day use only if proper heat storage is not there.

~REFERANCE:-

r::!>WWW. FLOWSERVE.ORG r::!>WWW.GLOBALWARMING360.NET r::!>WWW.EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG r::!>WWW.SCRIBD.COM

SSASIT

I BY SHAILESH B. PATEL(E.C. DEPARTMENT)

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