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Paul Jones

Mrs. Quinn
G.A.L.R.E.
December 6, 2010
Unit 3 Lesson 17 – Reviewing and Using the Lesson
1. What was the Dred Scott case about? Why was the Supreme Court decision in that case
important?
The Dred Scot case was a ruling by the U.S. Supreme Court that people of African descent
imported into the United States and held as slaves (or their descendants, whether or not they
were slaves) were not protected by the Constitution and could never be U.S. Citizens. It was
important because it was a major step forward for pro-slavery advocates. It contributed to the
division between North and South.
2. How did Southern states justify their decision to secede from the Union? How did President
Lincoln and other Northerners justify treating secession as an act of rebellion?
“In order to justify secession as a constitutional remedy, it must be on the principle that the
Federal Government is a mere voluntary association of States, to be dissolved at pleasure by
any one of the contracting parties.” Their act of rebellion was centered around the conflict
over states' rights; southern states believed that the laws the states made were the
supreme law of the land and that if the federal government made a law contradicting one
in an individual state, that state could ignore it.
3. In what ways did President Lincoln assert presidential powers during the Civil War?
President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation and declared secession an act of
rebellion against the Union.
4. On what constitutional grounds did President Lincoln issue the Emancipation Proclamation?
Why did the Emancipation Proclamation not free all the slaves in the United States?
But the southern states seceded and rebelled, and as a result President Lincoln justified
emancipation as a necessary war measure, and he issued the Emancipation Proclamation under
the power granted to him by the Constitution as Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy of
the United States.
5. What are the key provisions of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth amendments?
Thirteenth abolishes slavery, Fourteenth grants citizenship to everyone born in the US, and
Fifteenth guarantees the right to vote regardless of race.