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Paul Jones

Mrs. Quinn
G.A.L.R.E.
December 8, 2010
Unit 4 Lesson 21 – Reviewing and Using the Lesson
1. In what ways does the U.S. Congress differ from British Parliament?
One of the key differences is that the Prime Minister and key ministers in the UK Parliament
are members of Parliament, while in the US the President and the Cabinet are in the executive
branch and not in Congress. England's Parliament is elected based on proportional
representation (multiples parties that have a certain # of seats based on voting numbers).
2. How would you explain the following terms?
• enumerated powers
The enumerated powers are a list of items found in Article 1 Section 8 of the United States
Constitution that set forth the authoritative capacity of the United States Congress.
• implied powers
Implied powers, in the United States, are those powers authorized by a legal document
(from the Constitution) which, while not stated, are seemed to be implied by powers
expressly stated.
• enforcement powers
A Congressional power of enforcement is included in a number of amendments to the
United States Constitution. "The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by
appropriate legislation."
• inherent powers
Inherent powers are those powers that a sovereign state holds.
3. Why has the creation of Congressional district been controversial throughout American
history? Why did the “one person, one vote” rule fail to end the controversy?
In various reapportionment cases decided by the Supreme Court in the 1960s the court ruled
that districts for the United States House of Representatives and for the legislative districts of
both houses of state legislatures had to contain roughly equal populations.
4. Should representative be “delegates” of their constituents and mirror their views or be
“trustees” who exercise their own best judgement on matters of public policy? Explain your
answer.
Representatives should be delegates, not trustees. If one is well versed in political science and
the political landscape, one is a place to make a better informed decision than that of the
masses.