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OBJECTIVES OF SARVA SHIKSHA ABHIYAN

 All children in school, Education Guarantee Centre, Alternate School, ' Back-to-School' camp by 2003
 All children complete five years of primary schooling by 2007
 All children complete eight years of elementary schooling by 2010
 Focus on elementary education of satisfactory quality with emphasis on education for life
 Bridge all gender and social category gaps at primary stage by 2007 and at elementary education level by 2010
 Universal retention by 2010

Educational Statistics
 Status of Child Population Across The Years
[Age Group 5-14 Years]
Year Population Out of School In School % of Out-
Of-School

2002 54,94,262 13,40,185 41,54,077 24.39%

2003 52,37,964 8,66,845 43,71,119 16.55%

2004 52,37,964 4,24,845 48,13,119 8.11%

2005 56,51,040 6,49,330 50,01,710 11.49%

2006 58,48,094 4,29,875 54,18,219 7.35%

2007* 54,37,374 3,95,161 50,42,213 7.27%

2008* 54,37,756 3,39,100 50,98,656 6.24%

2009* 55,95,095 1,99,187 53,95,908 3.56%

 *Data of the age group 6-14 years


 District wise Status of Child Population [As on 30.09.2008]:

% of Out
Name of District Child Population In School Out of School of School

BARPETA 382239 367772 14467 3.78%


BONGAIGAON 189519 180893 8626 4.55%
CACHAR 345430 340994 4436 1.28%
DARRANG 336817 320668 16149 4.79%
DHEMAJI 136181 131798 4383 3.22%
DHUBRI 396216 373471 22745 5.74%
DIBRUGARH 195920 190093 5827 2.97%
GOALPARA 193412 189375 4037 2.09%
GOLAGHAT 169406 167121 2285 1.35%
HAILAKANDI 136109 129958 6151 4.52%
JORHAT 210142 207481 2661 1.27%
KAMRUP 409801 396707 13094 3.20%
KARBI ANGLONG 180067 169990 10077 5.60%
KARIMGANJ 243452 238627 4825 1.98%
KOKRAJHAR 187310 183296 4014 2.14%
LAKHIMPUR 213663 208801 4862 2.28%
MARIGAON 199259 196061 3198 1.60%
NAGAON 511606 489825 21781 4.26%
NALBARI 234969 230269 4700 2.00%
N.C. HILLS 43591 41691 1900 4.36%
SIBSAGAR 183088 176416 6672 3.64%
SONITPUR 275768 253859 21909 7.94%
TINSUKIA 221130 210742 10388 4.70%
State Total 5595095 5395908 199187 3.56%

 Source: Village Education Register


 District wise Pupil Teacher Ratio (PTR):

Name of District Lower Primary Upper Primary


BARPETA 39.29 24.48
BONGAIGAON 25.85 26.84
CACHAR 37.47 31.14
DARRANG 30.07 27.77
DHEMAJI 18.86 19.46
DHUBRI 75.69 34.02
DIBRUGARH 22.15 23.34
GOALPARA 37.83 26.09
GOLAGHAT 26.26 24.36
HAILAKANDI 23.01 16.65
JORHAT 19.15 17.69
KAMRUP 24.39 19.29
KARBI-ANGLONG 29.69 22.93
KARIMGANJ 39.00 32.36
KOKRAJHAR 27.04 27.27
LAKHIMPUR 16.46 13.90
MORIGAON 41.19 24.01
NAGAON 40.16 29.23
NALBARI 18.09 14.89
NC HILLS 4.80 7.89
SIVSAGAR 8.28 9.72
SONITPUR 26.35 27.80
TINSUKIA 28.31 32.46
State Total
26.79 22.73
 Source: DISE 2008-09

Component
Smart School (Computer Aided Learning):

Computer Aided Learning in Elementary Education (CALiES) is the concrete expression of the Government of Assam to bridge the
digital divide by harnessing the potential of Information Technology to aid educational transaction to improve its quality education.
Axom Sarba Siksha Abhijan Mission has moved ahead to tap these new opportunities for 500 Upper Primary Schools across the state
by harnessing the potential of Information Communication Technology to aid educational transaction to improve its quality
education. SSA, Assam is the pioneer of Computer Aided Learning in the country in 2003-04. Now, in Assam about 16% Middle
schools are covered under CAL. The CAL programme have been successfully running through Public-Private Partnership (PPP).

Milestones achieved are:

 A total of 1075 schools in two Phases are covered till 2008-09.

 Schools are distributed across the districts irrespective of being located in Special Focus Areas.

 Each school is provided with adequate infrastructure with 4 Computers, 1 Printer and two UPS Systems.

 Each school is provided with Multimedia Based Teaching Learning aids on CD for selected 31 hard spots (topics) in Science,
Mathematics and English subjects in three languages - Assamese, Bodo and Bengali.

 Initially these contents are developed for Class V & VI and in due course the coverage will be extended to Class VII.

 A 10-day teacher training conducted for 2 teachers from each of the school every year.

 Regular Technical Support by Technical Para Teacher to all the CAL schools.

 Already generator sets have been provided to 341 selected schools during 2008-09 to cop-up the electricity problem.

In addition to these CAL schools, some new initiatives have been done by SSA, Assam under Computer Aided Learning:

 Coverage of 26 numbers of Kasturba Gandhi Balika Bidyalaya under CAL


 Coverage of 43 numbers of Residential Bridge Course Centre under CAL
 Set-up of Computer Learning Centre in each of the 145 BRCs
 Learning contents have been supplied to these KGBVs and RBCCs.
 Training have been given to 2 numbers of Teachers of each of the KGBVs and RBCCs.
Another major achievement is that Deptt. of Information Technology under Ministry of Communication and Information Technology
has sanctioned a project 'Creation of Educational Technology Infrastructure' in 100 Girls Middle school of Assam during 2008-09.
Under the project 85 Girls Middle schools and 15 Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya have been covered. Each of these schools is
provided with a K-Yan machine which is consist of CPU, Projector with Screen and Accessories. The learning content based on NCERT
syllabus is also loaded in the machine so that teacher can used those material in class room transaction. A 1-day Head Master Training
and 2-day training for 2 teachers from each of the 85 schools and 15 KGBVs conducted.

Education Guarantee Scheme

An Education Guarantee Scheme [EGS] opened in un-served habitations where no schooling facility is exists. Axom Sarba
Siksha Abhijan Mission has come forward to provide education to the children of such habitations, in cooperation with the local
community, under the Education Guarantee Scheme (EGS).The Mission has identified those habitations which have no
schooling facility of any kind within a radius of 1.5 K.M.

Target and Achievement of EGS from 2003-04 to 2008- 09 in terms of Coverage:

Year Target Achievement


2003-04 349299 121831

2004-05 161616
178037
2005-06 338490 311888

2006-07 359434 396177

2007-08 396177 413861

2008-09 413861 364642

Status and Targets for 2009-10:

Units Numbers

No. of Habitations Covered 5141

Total No. of Centres Closed Down Upto January, 2009 510

Number of Centres Running as on January,2009 5141

Learners Mainstreamed during 2008-09 44872

New Learners enrolled during the Month of Jan/08 2526

Present Learners as on January/09 364642

No. of Remaining Eligible Habitations yet to be covered by EGS (LP) 792

New Learners to be Covered in EGS Centres during 2009-10 24375

Total Learners to be covered (Continuing+Fresh Enrolment) in 2009-10. 389017

Total Centres Proposed to be Upgraded in 2009-10 1521

Learners in the Centres Proposed to be Upgraded 112507

Remaining Centres to Continue as EGS 3620

Sanjyogi Siksha Kendra (SSK)

Sanjogi Siksha Kendra is an innovative effort of SSA, Assam to bring in the OSC of 7- 14 years age to the centre and bridge
their learning needs in limited time frame. The programme was first implemented in Assam in December, 2005.

For bringing the out of school children into school SSA in Assam has been implementing different strategies in rural areas.
Under AIE, following major activities has been implemented for different target groups:

1. Sanjogi Siksha Kendra


2. Work site Sanjogi Siksha Kendra

3. Community Coaching Programme

4. Residential Bridge Course

5. Support to religious Madrassa

6. Upper Primary Bridge Course

Through Sanjogi Siksha Kendra, SSA Assam has been covering 2,66,722 children continuing from April, 2008 in 10,975 SSKs &
WSSKs. Budget has been provided for 116700 children for continuance and 205705 children for covering afresh through SSK &
CCP. 3,12,413 children have been covered through SSKs among them 177,236 have been mainstreamed into formal school.

Mainstreaming from Sanjogi Siksha Kendra:

Basic objective of opening Sanjogi Siksha Kendra ( SSK) are to initially enroll the out of school children in the centre and
after completing the bridge course mainstreaming of the children into formal school . The SSKs centres started mainstreaming
children in formal school since November, 2006.

The mainstreaming of children was initially slow due to different reasons. The District Quality Managers were engaged in
September, 2006 for exclusive monitoring of these centres. The Centres have been provided all required materials like Bridge
Materials, Evaluation Workbook, Activity Chart , exercise book, pencil, slates, school bag along with other supporting
materials like blackboard, sitting mat, carom board filter, bucket radio set, trunk etc. in 2007-08.

In 2008-09, SSA has emphasized mainstreaming children in formal school from the existing SSKs. With intensive monitoring
and follow up action during 2008-09 , SSA has been successful in increasing the rate of mainstreaming than previous years.
The number of children mainstreamed has increased from 32,077 and 68,281 in last two preceding years to 1,77,236 this
year .

The following major activities were taken up:

Summer Camp :
Summer camp was organized to motivate the mainstreamed children of SSK in July , 2008 during summer vacation. The
main objective of summer camp was to help in retaining the mainstreamed children in school. A Resource Person Training
was conducted at State Mission Office with the DQMs from all districts. The DQM have trained the SKs about the activities to
be undertaken in the 18 day summer camp programme. The activities included a set of motivational activities, one meeting
with guardian etc. The children were provided a set of TLMs and the school were provided some other materials for the
camp.
Worksite Sanjogi Siksha Kendra:
342 Worksite SSK have been continued from 2007-08 covering 11075 migrated children in brick kilns. The children have
returned to their native village along with their parents during April- June, 2008. The children were provided with a migration
certificate. The parents/guardian was sensitized so that the children are mainstreamed in the formal school/SSK/EGS of their
native village.
Child Tracking Programme :
The child tacking programme were implemented to track the children returned after migration. A state level workshop was
held to discus the strategies for tracking the children returned after migration. The receiving area districts have shared their
list of children enrolled in their WSSK with the sending area districts. A team was formed with the DQM & SKs to find the listed
children returning from migration.
Another batch of 165 number of WSSK have been opened to cover 6615 children in brick kilns of different districts this year in
Sept- December ,2008.
Community Coaching Programme [CCP]:
Through Community Coaching Programme the OSC scattered in habitations are covered .The Community Coaching Programme
was first started functioning from March, 2006 in 280 villages covering 3872 children. This year 12337 children have been
covered in 883 CCP centres continuing from 2007-08. All these centres closed after mainstreaming their children in November,
2008.
Another batch of 201 number of CCP opened this year covering 3583 children.
Display of Banner and distribution of Leaflets:
Multicolour leaflets and flex banner are printed and distributed in Assamese, Bengali & Bodo language on the issues of
education of child labour.
Slide Show in Mobile Theatre:
A publicity campaign on the issues of education of child labour has been implemented by organising slide show in six prominent
Mobile Theatres viz. Kohinoor theatre, Awahan Theatre, Bhagyadevi Theatre, Bordoichila Theatre, Devaraj Theatre, Chitralekha
Theatre. The content of the multimedia presentation have been developed and the DMO, Barpeta finally have arranged the
contract with the Theatre from October 2008 onwards. There will be shows all over Assam in almost all days by the six
theatres till late April, 2009 displaying the 30 second presentation just before starting of the play. Each show covers 1500-
3000 audiences on daily basis.
Debating Competition on Child labour issues:
A district level debating competition have been organized among all colleges/ HS schools covering the participants from Class-
IX to Post Graduate level on the theme of UEE & Child labour. All districts have completed the competition.
Radio Reach Out “Sanjog”:
A radio programme called “Sanjog” have been prepared and broadcast for reaching out to the out of school Children, children
already enrolled in AIE centres. The radio is used as a tool of communication with the field workers and children through
distance mode without transmission loss. The programme also has a objective of providing direct resource support to the field
workers (Siksha Karmis & Distrit Quality Managers). The programme was launched from November 27th,. The Assamese
programme is being broadcast on every Tuesday 7-30 am & Thursday 12 -15 pm through All India Radio Guwahati &
Dibrugarh. The Tuesday programme is targeted for the Siksha Karmi and other field level functionaries along with the Mass
audience where as the Thursday programme is specially designed for children of AIE ntres.
The Bengali & Bodo programme are broadcast through AIR, Silchar & Kokrajhar respectively.
Workshop for Review of Bridge Materials and development of handbook and other materials:
The existing bridge materials have been revised in a six day workshop held in September , 2008 .Some printed materials
like diary of SK, competency chart , Handbook of Siksha karmi are developed in the workshop.
Support to Religious Madrassa :
There are a large number of religious madrassa functioning in Assam. These institutions impart religious education to the
children of Muslim Community. The core curriculum of these institutions is purely religious and main aim is to create a group of
religious priest/scholar from amongst the students.
These Madrassas cover a sizeable number of children of below 14 years age and most of them are not getting any input of
formal education as such. To bring this group of children into the purview of formal education, SSA, Assam has taken up steps
to establish a partnership with this institution so that some kind of support can be given facilitating introduction of the subjects
of formal education in the already existing set up. For this programme the religious madrassa having children of 5-14 years
age enrolled have to be separately identified for initiation of the programme.
Already the districts have operationalised the programme since September, 2008 covering 13370 children in 243 religious
madrassa.
Upper Primary Bridge Course:
It has been observed that a large number of children drop out from Upper Primary ( Class V, VI & VII) classes due to different
reasons. Some children even could not get admitted in the UP School after completion of LP (i.e. Class IV) classes. For bringing
this section of children back into the UP School a non residential bridge course of nine months duration was planned in the UP
School itself for re-enrolment of recent drop outs in the UP school. The high drop out occurring Upper Primary School are
being identified and the drop out children from that particular school, particularly the recent drop outs will be targeted under
this intervention. The total coverage including the tentative coverage to be achieved by March, 2009 will 27460 children in
1094 centres.
Residential Bridge Course Centre [RBCC]:
RBC in Assam have been covering the child labour and other OSC of 10-14 years age group .10 RBC Centres were started in
2003-04 in 9 districts of Assam with capacity of enrolling 970 children.
The intake capacity of RBC centres have been enhanced from 970 to 1200 children in 2007-08.
Subsequent to the recent amendment of the Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986, a Special Drive for releasing
the child labour from the bondage of work has been conducted in 2007-08 and children were enrolled in RBC centres. In 2008-
09, SSA, Assam has been continuing the existing 10 RBC centres covering 1200 children in 9 districts and 33 new RBC centres
have been opened in 22 districts, covering all districts except Dhemaji enrolling 3380 child labours.
Special Programme For Child Labour:
Sarba Siksha Abhijan, Assam in its bid to achieve the goal of Universalisation of Elementary Education has been facing its
toughest hurdles in covering the child labours. The children engaged in work get embedded in a cobweb where the interest of
the children is diluted and it appears that the parents and the employer has some common interests. The activist advocating
the cause of education of the children is often presumed as an enemy of the interests of both the employer and the parents.
In case of engagement of child labour the prevailing contract is in between the parents/wards of the children and the
employer. The Child has no role in deciding the terms and conditions of their employment. The phenomenon of Child labour is
a stark example of exploitation of the children by their employer as well as the parents/wards of the children.
As per the census report of 2001 Assam has 3,51, 416 child labourers of 5-14 years age group. The number in whole
country counted to the tune of 1.26 crore as per that census.
SSA has taken two prong approaches to bring the child labour into the fold of education. One by partial release of the children
from works and enrolling them in non residential Alternative Schooling Centres like Sanjogi Siksha Kendra ( SSK) and Jyoti
Kendra. The Siksha Karmi ( SK) of these centres plays a vital role in visiting the employer and trying to convince them to
send the working children to SSK or Jyoti Kendra. The coaxing works only after sincere follow up of the first approach made
by the SKs Initially reluctant employers also often finally give in after seeing fellow employer doing the same. But the conflict
of works and learning time continues and often the SK faces the challenges of untimely dropping out of the children.
Enrolment in Residential Bridge Course:
The second approach that SSA has taken up has achieved limited coverage in terms of quantity but is more visible as a
concrete step towards complete release of the child labour from works. SSA has been enrolling working children in its
Residential Bridge Course (RBC) Centres since 2003. It is evident that a residential facility is sine qua non for a child labour
rehabilitation programme . We just can not ask the children to leave the work and join the school. Simply it is not feasible.
Most of the child labour comes across a large distance from their homes to work somewhere. Hence they need a shelter and
free foods and other facilities for their immediate survival and joining in school.
Child labour Release and enrolment in RBC Centres:
SSA has successfully conducted child labour release operation in all the districts having RBC centres during July to October,
this year. A group was formed to visit the work places and release the children under the leadership of an executive
magistrate in each district. Officials from SSA, Education Labour, Transport and Social welfare department along with the
Police and NGO volunteers raided the work places and released the children from work. The children are brought to the
Residential Bridge Course Centres of the respective districts. 43 RBC centres covered 4580 working children through this
programme in 2008-09. SSA have successfully conducted this child labour release programme with the active participation and
support of district administration. This programme has been able to draw media attention and it helped in SSA‟s efforts for
generation of awareness on education of child labour.

Management Information System [MIS]

The Management Information System in SSA is used as Information Management and Systems, covering the application of Peoples,
Technologies and Activities for a unique and innovative effort towards achieving the objectives of Universalisation of Primary
Education. It was realized that a sound information base for planning and monitoring of project intervention is an almost non-
negotiable requirement. The aim for establishing Management Information System (MIS) in SSA is to give fully IT related support to
each and every activities of mission in the state of Assam and to provide all sorts of Decision Making Support in the area of
Elementary Education to meet the growing needs of the decentralized planning. There were many challenges to establish and sustain
such a system. Since school statistics formed the core of educational statistics, it was rightly recognized that major reforms in school
statistics both in terms of their scope and coverage as well as availability and use have to be carried out.

Management Information System involves the collection of reliable and accurate educational data, to study and analyze the change in
quality of education and its impacts in the educational scenario in the state. The MIS also involves in collection, compilation and
dissemination of information from top to grass-root level educational functionaries. At present, a numbers of databases has been
developed and maintained in the MIS to monitor the implementation of different mission activities up-to the habitation level.

The District Information System for Education [DISE] is a key database to keep track of the information about the schools, enrolment,
teachers and other school related data. The district wise databases are compiled at state level and reports are generated accordingly.
The compiled database is sent to the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Govt. of India. The other periodically updated
databases are VER [Village Education Register], status of out of school children and other component related database. The major
works of the MIS is to computerize the upcoming House-to-House survey data and analyze the data with the pervious trends.
Moreover, MIS is becoming an integral part in computerizing the basic teacher related data [Teacher‟s Directory] in the elementary
level. The teacher database is being used for assessment of long-term requirement of teachers and the plan head wise would financial
involvement.

Many additional mechanisms for data validation and quality control of school statistics were also introduced. A 5% sample validation
check is undertaken in sample districts immediately after data collection. Moreover, the software provides for many consistency and
validation checks. The reverse flow of data has been strengthened to ensure transparency and dissemination of data up to the school
level. These types of validation measures and transparency of data has resulted in considerable improvement in the quality of data
collection and reporting.

Availability of computer professional both at district and state level:

At State level, one System Analyst, two Programmers, one Associate Programmer and Seven Data Entry Operators are in place. At
District level, One Programmer and two Data Entry Operators are in place.

Availability of Hardware and software:

The State MIS is equipped with Hardware like Server, Desktops, Laptops, UPS and Printers with LAN facility. The Software like
Windows Server 2003, Windows XP, Windows 98 operating system, Microsoft office, Visual Studio and Norton Antivirus .

The following Hardware & Software are available in all 23 district of SSA, Assam :

Hardware: 6 sets of computers with one printer, one scanner, one modem and LAN system are available. In case of erstwhile nine
DPEP districts 7 sets of computers are available.

Software: Oracle 8i, MS Visual Studio 6, MS Office XP, MS Windows XP, MS Windows 98.

DEPRIVED URBAN CHILDREN (DUC)

A large number of Out of School children are working children and they are the Hard-to-reach group. They are the most vulnerable
and elusive group of children among the out-of school children and hence require cautious and concentrated attention to ensure their
protection and educational rights.

A Jyoti Kendra is set up in urban area for street and slum children of age group 6-14 years. Children are given education and then
they are mainstreamed in nearby formal schools. children who are at the railway platform, children who commute daily from different
parts to the city (usually found in near railway platforms, bus stands, markets, etc.), juvenile delinquents and children of commercial
sex workers

TEACHER TRAINING
SSA, Assam in its stride towards twisting the classroom environment in desired direction had adopted a comprehensive work plan for
quality education and for facilitating a holistic intervention in the schools. The elements of Classroom change, for that matter learning
enhancement were taken well care of. The three pronged strategy basically comprised of provision of children learning materials,
capacity building of teachers - school category-wise for quality teaching-learning process in schools and on job school support by the
State, District and Block academic Core groups.

a) No. of LPS teachers = 88486

b) No. of UPS teachers = 42293

c) No. of LPS untrained teachers = 17419 [19.7%]

d) No. of UPS untrained teachers = 23245[55%]

e) Teachers‟ training by SSA across the years:

2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08


(Feb, 08)

19480 75064 11026 129602 205032 1587375 593059 1

( for 2 (for 7 (for 9 (for 15 (for 16 (for 12 (man days)


days) days) days) days) days) days)

SCERT has conducted Teachers Training during 2003-04 and covered 100352 nos. of teachers.

Teachers training through distance mode (IGNOU) under SSA:

2003-04 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09

1000 (LPS 4000 (UPS 8,700 (UPS 4350 (UPS


teachers) teachers) teachers) teachers)

Periodic Evaluation:

The evaluation of schools is based on the marks scored by the learners of each class in each subject. The grade A for scoring above
60% marks, grade B is 40% to 60% and grade C is below 40% evaluated for each students in the examinations for each class in each
subject.

 Lower Primary Schools (Term-end evaluation)

Comparisons of Schools based on End-Term Evaluation of Lower Primary Schools Class: I -IV]
Year -> 2005 2006 2007 2008
Grade -> C B A C B A C B A C B
% Schools 37% 43% 20% 15% 61% 24% 12% 60% 28% 11% 59% 3

Upper Primary schools (Term-end evaluation)

Comparisons of Schools based on End-Term Evaluation of Upper Primary Schools Class-V-VII]


Year -> 2005 2006 2007 2008
Grade -> C B A C B A C B A C B
% Schools 37% 48% 15% 26% 57% 17% 14% 57% 19% 12% 65%

Bidyajyoti Intervention [Convergence Programme with „UNICEF‟]:

A micro intervention named as 'Bidyajyoti' was undertaken in 2003 in Class -I as a pilot basis on qualitative improvement of
learning levels of learners through the strategy of school/ community based intervention.
The programme focused on:

 School based Approach


 Whole school Approach
 Involvement of Community following habitation based UEE Planning
 Providing models of school based learning intervention through Support mechanism, community-parents involvement,
self learning, materials, group learning material and continuous grading system.

The following Activities were done during 2008-09:


 1406 LP schools in 7 selected blocks in 6 districts are covered.
 Extension of BJ intervention to Class V in selected school
 Conducted Teachers training on Language and Maths
 Monthly sharing with Head Teachers on Hard spot.
 Developed worksheets [Karya Patra]on Language, Mathematics, English, Science and Social Science in Assamese &
Bangla medium for Class V.
 Provided Reading and Writing materials to the children.
 Entrusted responsibility on DIET and Community for quality development and management.

Mainstreaming of Bidyajyoti [Nava-Padakkhep Intervention]:


 28,643 number of schools covered under Naba-Padakkhep for Quality Learning Enhancement.
 Conducted Two rounds of Teacher Training for 114572 Teachers.
 Provided Reading and Writing materials – Worksheets, Cards, Charts, Activity Charts, Children Diary in the schools.
 CRCCs, ABRCCs, DIET/ BTC and Community were entrusted for Extensive support
 Monthly feedback meetings were held with Head teachers and provided academic support on Hard spot.

Reading Promotion Programme [Parhim- Shikim] Convergence Programme with „Pratham‟ [NGO]:
 Conducted RPP during Sept-Nov 2008 for Class I to IV covering 83 blocks
 3859 Teachers were trained
 Provided Reading Materials in local languages
 Conducted Base line and Tern End Evaluation

Other Teachers Training Programme conducted:

 Conducted 6-day need based in-service Teacher Training at block level viz. Art Education, Micro Teaching, use of TLM,
Physical Education [Yoga], Disaster management, School Management, Spoken English, Co-curriculum Activities and
Sculpture Making, etc.
 6-day Extensive Class room based Training on Science and Mathematics
 3-day teacher training on „Amar Prayash‟ [ADEPTS] for LP and UP Schools.
 3-day Training on English [New Text Book] for Class-II
 Organized 5-day teacher training on Science, Social Science, English and Mathematics for Class-VIII teachers.
 3420 Un-trained teachers were trained through IGNOU.
 Formation of Subjects Specific Recourse Group

Remedial Teaching:

 Provided Bridge Materials and Teachers‟ Hand Book


 Provided Multi Grade Teaching Learning Materials
 Conducted one month remedial and revisional programme [Prastuti] at the beginning of Academic session to fill-up the
learning gap.
 Organized remedial teaching for „C‟ grade learners during the summer vacation.
 Conducted class-room based remedial teaching for slow learners after every monthly evaluation.
 Community support in single teacher schools having PTR above 40.
 Regular monitoring, support and documentation of activities.

Inclusive Education

SSA plans to ensure that every child with special needs, irrespective of kind, category and degree of disability, is provided education in
an appropriate environment.

Girls Education:

i. Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya Scheme (KGBVS):

Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidalaya (KGBV) – is a scheme to provide elementary level quality and life skill educational facility to
girl children of the age group 10 to 14 years belonging to SC, ST, OBC and Minority communities. Under this scheme,
residential school and hostel facilities for girls is established in the Educationally Backward Blocks (EBBs) , towns and minority
concentrated areas, all over the country. The criteria followed for setting up the schools are - blocks with rural female literacy
below the national average and gender gap in literacy more than the national average and minority population above 20% (as
per Census 2001).

In Assam, 15 identified EBBs spreading across 8 (eight) districts (Darrang, Dhemaji, Dibrugarh, Karbi-Anglong, Nalbari, NC
Hills, Sibsagar and Tinsukia) and 11 blocks as per the revised guidelines of Ministry of Minority affairs and MHRD in 7 Districts
( Darrang, Karbi Anglong, Dhubri, Sonitpur, Barpeta ,Kamrup and Lakhimpur ) are identified as eligible for implementing the
scheme.

Altogether 26 nos of KGBVs are sanctioned in 26 Blocks of 13 Districts of Assam which are functioning and each KGBV school is

set up with enrolment of girl children as per the capacity. All these schools are running in rented/ Govt. abandoned buildings.

Activities undertaken for KGBVs during the year 2008-09


1. Opening of 11 nos of newly sanctioned KGBVs:
11 nos of KGBVs are sanctioned during the financial year 2008-09. The KGBVs are operationalised in the month of
September/October, 2008. 700 nos of girl children in the age group of 10 -14 years are covered by these 11 nos of KGBVs. To
operationalise the KGBVs following activities are completed as per the scheduled time
· Selection of rented house and govt. abandoned buildings to run the KGBVs till completion of permanent building.
· Selection of staff for the KGBVs.
· Selection and enrollment of right categories of girls.
· Inauguration of KGBVs by involving State, District, Block level officials, guardians and community.
· Repairing of Govt. abandoned building to the extent possible for setting up of KGBVs initially.
2. Induction training of teaching staff of newly opened KGBVs
The entire staff was imparted 5 days Induction training during the financial year 2008-09 from 18.8.2008 to 22.8.2008,
immediately after their election. Total 85 nos of persons like - Warden, Full Time / Part time teachers and Assistant cum
Caretaker were imparted training on classroom transaction, hygiene and health care for the children, management of the
schools, community participation and other issues related to day to day activities of KGBVs. Regular Monthly sharing
workshop was organized in the KGBVs involving the Concern Associate Block Resource Coordinator , Experts from the
DIET/DRC and the District Programme Officer who is the District in charge of the KGBV.
3. Formation of Local Advisory Board for KGBV:
For each of the 11 nos of new KGBVs, local Advisory Board is constituted in each block to monitor the day to day activities of
respective KGBV. The board consists of the following members –
 Officer In-charge of the local police station or police outpost.
 Doctor of the local Public Health Centre/ Hospital.
 Local Anchalik Panchayat Member.
 Local Gaon Panchyat president.
 Local Village Education Committee /Tea Garden Education Committee President.
 Two Gaon Panchyat Members of the areas.
 Additional Block Resource Centre Coordinator of concerned block.
 One Retired Teacher (preferably female).
 One Distinguished citizen /Social worker of the concerned area (preferably female).
4. Supply of materials to the 11 newly opened KGBVs
Following materials are provided to all the KGBV schools -
 Two tier beds.
 Steel Almirah, Chair, Table, and Desk-Bench etc.
 Necessary utensils along with water filter and cooking materials including gas stove etc.
 Necessary stationary materials required for the office purpose of KGBV schools.
 Uniforms and Chappals/Shoes with socks for the children.
 Black boards, ring bells, TLMs such as maps, charts etc.
 Play material such as Carom, Ludo, Chess board, one Badminton set, etc.
 Arrangement of TV sets to each KGBV school.
 Text book, work book, copy book, pencils etc.
 First Aid box.
 Sweater for the children
 Inner garments for the children
 Green Boards.
5. Health check up camp:
At the time of opening of KGBV all the children were undergone Medical check up. For this the Doctors and other staff of local
Public Health Centers ( PHE) were involved where measures was taken by providing medicines on free of cost. A medical
profile for each children is maintained mentioning the major indicators like- Weight of the children, Height of the children, any
major or minor disease of the children etc.
One doctor of the local PHC is given the responsibility for regular health check up of the children of all the KGBVs. One weight
machine is also supplied to each centre for measuring the weight of the children and report to the concern Doctor on monthly
basis. Essential medical support is being provided like- Iron tablets with folic acid, skin ointment and vitamin tablets etc. as per
need.
6. Classroom transactions
The classroom transaction and other relative activities of KGBV schools are fixed as per the Academic Calendar prepared by
Education Department, Govt. of Assam. The boarders of the centres are acquainted with a daily time schedule keeping in mind
that both mental and physical health of the children are maintained properly thus creating a conducive environment for
learning. Introduction of activities like meditation, prayer, morning assembly, sports along with other recreational activities are
attracting children towards joyful learning.
7. Vocational Training for the Children:
For all the KGBVs necessary items for vocational training like- sewing machine, weaving looms, embroidery set along with
required materials were supplied to the KGBVs. Part time instructors are engaged as per need to train the children in
vocational activities. Following are some of the Vocational activities undertaken in the Schools:
 Stitching and Tailoring
 Knitting
 Weaving
 Embroidery
 Doll making & Flower making etc.
It may be mentioned here that some of the Vocational activities are conducted with the help of trained instructor engaged by
SSA where other certain activities are conducted with the help of community. In some KGBVs where land is available, kitchen
garden is prepared by the children with active initiative.
8. Evaluation of Learners:
To know the learning level of the children following evaluations are being conducted –
 Weekly evaluation to know the progress of learners and providing remedial support to the Children whose learning
achievement is slow.
 Mid session evaluation of the learner and
 Final evaluation.
The final Evaluation is conducted in the KGBVs in the month of December,09 and children are promoted to the next higher
class as per the outcome of the evaluation.
The learners identified who achieved less than the required level of learning and accordingly subject wise and competency wise
remedial support has been provided to the children by the concern teacher
9. Martial Art (self defense) for the Children:
Children of KGBVs were imparted self defense training which helped the children in building discipline, courage, confidence and
empowerment. The result of the training is fruitful for the children in building self empowerment, self awareness and
sportsmen sprit. Selected trainers from recognized institute were engaged for the said training.
10. Supervision and Monitoring:
Regular supervision, monitoring and support is being provided to each schools by the DACG and BACG members. Further,
District Mission functionaries of SSA and head teachers of nearby schools regularly monitor the academic progress of the
children.
Apart from these, monthly parent/guardian meeting is also conducted in the centres to share the performance of the children
and to discuss other centre related issues.
11. Convergence with other departments:
Initiatives are being taken to involve departments like Food and Civil supplies and Health to supply the food grains at Control
rate to the KGBV schools (Rice, Sugar, Atta, Kerosene oil, etc.) and to provide free monthly/bi-monthly health check up facility
along with essential medicines/ vaccines for children and other staff of the KGBV schools.
12. Settlement of Permanent land for KGBV:
In Assam, out of 15 numbers of KGBVs sanctioned in the first phase,7 numbers of KGBVs are running in rented building and 8
numbers of KGBVs are running in Govt. abandoned buildings. SSA, Assam is taking initiative for settlement of permanent land
for construction of KGBV buildings. For 15 nos. of old KGBVs sanctioned earlier, land has been finalized and for 11 numbers of
newly sanctioned KGBVs the issue of land is under process of finalization.
13. Supply of Television and DVD set to KGBV
T.V. and DVD Sets, Computer Set supplied to the centre. Children were supplied some selected cassette for upgrading the
following areas :
 Motivation level of the children
 Promoting self esteem of the children
 Self confidence of the children
 Learning of good habits
 Health, hygiene and cleanliness.
14. Co curricular and Recreational activities
With the help of Community the children learnt various co curricular and recreational activities like
 Dance and Drama
 Play and Songs
 Yuga
 In some of the KGBV‟s the self defense training was also given through convergence with NPEGEL scheme.
15. Parent Teacher Meet:
Parent Teachers Meet was conducted on regular basis in all the KGBVs for-
 Discussion on different issues related to education and health of child
 Sharing on the progress of the children with guardian
 Other related issues
16. Library books along with book shelve:
In all KGBVs sufficient Children‟s reading book was supplied for promoting reading habits of the children. Necessary book
shelve was also provided to the centres
17. Stipend for the Children: As per the budget provision children were given the stipend @ Rs. 600/- per annum per Child.
This stipend helps the children to meet up their essential needs and also some personnel expenditure. As the children could
spent this amount on their own choice this help them in terms of decision making capacity and prioritizing the essential need
which helps in their capacity building in personnel life.
18. Release of Infrastructure grant, Maintenance grant for school and TLM for teachers:
SSA, Assam released Infrastructure grant, Maintenance grant for school and TLM for teachers for the year 2008-09. This three
grants helped to solve some important needs of the centers like–maintaining hygiene in drinking water and washing areas by
making the place cemented with proper drainage systems, minor repairing of the door and window and in preparing teaching
learning equipments by the teachers.
19. Review for 15 nos of Wardens of old KGBVs
Review of 15 nos Wardens of old KGBVs was held in State Mission Office, SSA where wardens were imparted various inputs in
management issues.
21. Construction of Permanent building of KGBVs
Construction work for 14 numbers of old KGBVs is already started. The work has already been allotted to selected contractors.
On and average 15% of the work will be completed by March,09 and the entire work is expected to be completed within
Sept,09. Regarding construction of permanent building of 11 nos of newly sanctioned KGBVs in the year 2008-09, work is
allotted to selected contractors and finally the work will be started within March, 2009.
22. Computer Education in KGBV:
Computer Aided learning is successfully implemented in 15 nos of KGBVs during the year 2008-09. Computer Sets are
provided to 15 nos of KGBVs sanctioned in the first phase. In rest 11 nos of KGBVs Computers will be supplied within
March,09. All the children as well as the teaching staff of the 15 KGBVs are undergoing computer training in convergence with
UNICEF and EDUCOM. The impact of providing Computes to the KGBVs is quite satisfactory as all the children are found to be
keen towards use of Computers and Computer Aided Learning .
23. Creation of Educational Infrastructure:
Ministry of Information Technology has sanctioned K-yan machine for educational technology development in 15 KGBVs. The
K-yan is basically a CPU and LCD projector incorporated in the machine and Multimedia content for class I to Class XII for all
subjects is loaded in the machine. The warden and two teachers form each of the 15 KGBVs, sanctioned in first phase has been
already trained on use of K-Yan.
24.Musical Instruments to KGBVs:
Musical instruments like Dholok, Harmonium, Tabla, Ghunguru are supplied to each of the KGBVs during 2008-09. These
materials are provided with an objective to strengthen the children of KGBVs in co-curricular activities.
25. Alternative Power Provision : To meet with the problem of frequent power disruption, all the 26 KGBVs will be provided
with Power Generators within March,09. Necessary ground works are already completed in this matter.

ii. National Programme for Education of Girls at Elementary Level (NPEGEL):

The NPEGEL scheme has implemented in the 15 Educationally Backward Blocks [same EBBs as mentioned in KGBV] of 8 districts
[Same districts as mentioned in KGBV]] of Assam. Out of which, Assam Mahila Samata Society has been implementing NPEGEL
scheme in 6 EB blocks of 3 districts i.e. Tinsukia, Darrang and Dhemaji. In other 5 districts, the scheme has been implementing by
SSA, Assam.

Preparatory exercise like categorization of the out of school girl children has already been conducted by collecting information on girl
child as per the following categories –

A. Category –I: All out of school girl children in age group of 4-14 years.
B. Category–II: All out of school girl children in age group of 14-16 years.
C. Category–III: All school going (irregular) girl children in age group of 4-14 years.
The status of illiterate girl children, working girl children, girl child who have not completed class-IV and VII were also collected
covering ST, SC, OBC and minority community of each village under these blocks.

The State Institute of Educational management and Training will be set up to impart training to the Educational functionaries of the
districts. The new building of SIEMAT is constructed and will be opened shortly.

WATSAN (Water and Sanitation):

The Drinking Water Facility and Toilet facility will be provided to all the schools : The coverage up to 2006-07 is:

Drinking Water Facility :

Programme Implementation Target


Agency Achieve- Balance in
ment progress
(No. of schools)
PM‟s announcement PHE Dept. 18,194
13,363 4,831
& ARWSP
10th F.C.Award SSA through SMC 5,883 5,655 228

Toilet Facility :

Programme T.S.C. & UNICEF assisted 10th F.C. Award

Implementation Agency PHE Dept. in coordination with SSA through SMC


Zila Parishad

Target (No. of schools) 14,760 794

Achievement 2,864 794

Balance in progress 11,896 Nil

Community Mobilization
Status of Peoples Committees in 2008-09:

Village Education Committee : 19017


Tea Garden Education Committee : 950
Ward Education Committee : 707
Gaon Panchayat Education Committee : 2304
Core Education Committee : 212
School Managing Committee : 40994
Mothers Groups : 38250

 Members of Peoples‟ Committees are trained through the programme „Sankalpa Jatra‟ : covered 179556 members.

 To boost the children in co-curricular activates, „Education for All‟ programme and summer camps are organised across

the state.
 Updated VER/WER
 Meeting with PRI members

Early Childhood Education (ECE) - Ka-shreni

The following activities performed during 2008-09:


 Convergence with Social Welfare Department.
 4,000 teachers are trained on Ka-shreni.
 Community support in 672 single teachers schools.
 Provided Thematic Activity Book, Song & Rhyme Book, Drawing & Colour Book.
 4,920 TLM Box and Kit Bags distributed.
 Monitoring support by District Core Group Member [DCGM] & DIET/BTC
 Provided TLMs & Play materials to the children.

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Reading Enhancement Programme (Parhim Sikim)

Reading Enhancement Programme in classes-I & II in collaboration with Pratham (Pilot phase of 33 days in Paschim
Nalbari & Kamalpur blocks during April-June, 2007) :

Children unable to read

Before After

WORDS 58% 34%

SENTENCES 76% 56%

 Reading Enhancement Programme in classes-I & II in collaboration with Pratham (Parhim-Shikim) has been
launched in all Assamese, Bengali & Bodo medium Lower Primary and MV schools on 19thSeptember, 2007:
a) Schools covered = 28,643
b) Tea-garden management schools covered under the programme in collaboration with UNICEF = 367
c) EGS centres of Tea-gardens covered under the programme in collaboration with UNICEF = 612
 Training Programme imparted
a) State Level Resource Person Training : 69 CRCCs and 46 District Coordinators of Pratham participated
b) District Level Resource Person Training : 2473 CRCCs, 145 ABRCCs, 145 DIET Faculties, 23 DPOs(TT), 23 DPOs(EGS),
40 DQMs(BJ) participated.
c) Teacher Training : 28,643 no. of Teachers participated in 2 days Induction Level Training, 1 day Reinforcement
Training for 2 times till 30th Oct, 2007.
 Materials Developed

Reading Enhancement Programme “Parhim Sikim”

Goals: The learning goals for target children in the programme will be-

Goals to achieve

Std By end of Sept, 07 By end of October,07 By end of November2007

All children at least are able to All children are able to read
All children at least recognize read simple words and small unseen paragraph without
Std- I
all alphabets. sentences. conjoined letter
with understanding
All children, at least, are able to All children are able to read
All children, at least, are able read simple sentences [unseen unseen paragraph having
Std - II to read simple words with & from textbooks] with conjoined letter
conjoined letter conjoined letter with understanding

Meena Campaign
Areas of implementation :
The Meena Clubs will be established in
• Tea Garden Divisions- 1055.
• Schools & EGS in Ex-Tea garden areas- 1336.
• Schools and EGS in Char areas- 2180.
The campaign in Tea Areas will be conducted in collaboration with UNICEF.
Objectives of the “Meena campaign”:
• To make an attempt to eliminate the problems of girls education in Tea & Ex - Tea Garden and Char areas.
• To make the Community, Parents and Teachers aware about 100% retention of girl children.
To establish Meena Club among the girl children in Tea & Ex - Tea Garden and Char areas.