Purusha Suktam | Sacrifice | Hindu Literature

Purusha Suktam

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Thachamyo ravrunimahe.gathum yagnaya. Gathum Yagna pathaye.Daivee swasthi –rasthu na. Swasthir Manushebhya. Urdhwa Jigathu beshajam. Sam no asthu dwipadhe.Sam chatush pade Om Shanthi, shanthi, Shanthi. Request we from you with all enthusiasm, For the good deeds that are medicine, For the sadness of the past and future, Request we for the growth of fire sacrifices, Request that only good should occur, To the one who presides over such sacrifices, Request we for the mercy of gods to man, Request we for good to the community of men, Request we that the herbs and plants, Should grow taller towards the skies. Request we for good for all two legged beings, Request we for good to all four legged beings, Request we for peace, peace and peace. Sahsra seerhaa purusha; Sahasraksha saharpath. Sa bhoomir viswatho vruthwa.Athyathishta ddhasangulam. 1-1 The Purusha has thousand heads, He has thousand eyes, He has thousand feet, He is spread all over the universe, And is beyond the count with ten fingers. Purusha eeveda sarvam.Yad bhootam yad bhavyam. Utha amruthathwasya eesana. Yad annena adhirohathi. 1-2 This Purusha is all the past, All the future and the present, He is the lord of deathlessness, And he rises from hiding, From this universe of food. Ethaa vaanasya mahimaa.Atho jyaaya scha purusha. Padhosya viswa bhoothanee.Tripaadasyamrutham divi. 1-3 This Purusha is much greater, Than all his greatness in what all we see, And all that we see in this universe is but his quarter,

which is in this world. Thatho vishvangvyakramath. 1-6 The spring was the ghee.And the rest three quarters which is beyond destruction. Abhadhnan purusham pasum. Tasmath virad jayatha. 1-5 From that Purusha was born. Virajo agni purusha. Tri paddurdhwa udaith prurusha. But the quarter. And from that was born the Purusha called Brahma. And the winter the sacrificial offering. Thri saptha samidha Krutha. . And Brahma was made as the sacrificial cow. Who was born first. And Devas carried out the sacrifice. Used or the sacrifice conducted by Devas through thought. 1-8 Sprinkled they the Purusha. On that sacrificial fire. Saadhya rushayasch ye. Greeshma idhma saraddhavi. 1-7 Seven meters were its boundaries. And all these appeared for every one of us to see. Sa jatho athya richyatha. And from that is born the beings that take food. Is safely in the worlds beyond. Devaa yagna mathanvath. The bodies of all beings. Purusham Jaatham agradha. Devaa yad yagnam thanvaana. And those inanimate ones that don’t take food. Appears again and again. Sapthaasyasan paridhaya. Paschad bhoomi madho pura. Twenty one principles were holy wooden sticks. Tham yagnam barhisi prokshan.Sasanana sane abhi. And he spread himself everywhere. And created the earth and then. The summer was the holy wooden sticks. Thena deva ayajantha. The scintillating. Vasantho asyaasee dhajyam. Padhosye habha vaath puna. Yat purushena havishaa. ever shining universe. 1-4 Above this world is three quarters of Purusha. In which they also sacrificed the ever-shining Purusha.

1-10 From this sacrifice called “All embracing”’ The chants of Rig Veda were born. Tasmad yagnath sarva hutha. And from that that came out sheep and goats. Tasmad gnatha ajavaya. 1-13 His face became Brahmins*. Sam brutham prushad ajyam. Animals meant for fire sacrifice were born. Ye ke chobhaya tha tha. Birds that travel in air were born. From that came out cows with two rows of teeth. Curd and Ghee came out. By the Devas called Sadyas.Padbhyo sudro aajayatha.Rucha saamanee jagniree. And from that Yajur Veda was born.Bahu rajanya krutha. And the sages who were there.Kathidhaa vyakalpayan. 1-9 From this sacrifice called “All embracing”. 1-12 When the Purusha was made By their thought process by the Devas. Kaavuruu pada a uchyathe. And also born were those that live in villages Tasmad yagnath sarva hutha. Aaranyaan graamyascha ye.Yajus tasmad jaayatha. 1-11 From that the horses came out. And from that the well-known meters were born. How did they make his limbs? How was his face made? Who were made as His hands? Who were made as his thighs and feet? Brahmanasya Mukham aseed.And the sacrifice was conducted further. From that came out animals with one row of teeth. Beasts of the forest were born. Gavooha janjire tasmath. Mukham kimsya koo bahu. Yad purusha vyadhadhu. Chanadaa si jagnire tasmath. His hands were made as Kshatriyas*. Tasmad aswaa ajaayantha. Pasus tha aschakre vayavyaan. . Ooru tadasys yad vaisya. The chants of Sama Veda were born.

Who named all of them. And there is no need for him to search for any other path. Sarvani roopani vichinthya dheera. disaa srothrath.seershno dhou samavarthatha. who is famous. considered as one before Him. Thaani dharmani pradhamanyasan. Naanya pandha ayanaaya vidhyathe.sacra pravidhaan pradhisascha thathra. Who created all forms. Would attain salvation even in this birth. Padbyam Bhoomi. Yagnena yagnam aya jantha devaa.Tadha lokaa akampayan. And whom the Indra understood in all directions. From his head was born the heavens. From his face was born Indra and Agni. And who rules over them.Chaksho surya Ajayatha.Adhitya varna thamasathu pare. Thamevam vidwaan anu mrutha iha bavathi. Dhaatha purasthad yamudhajahara.. From his ears was born the directions. Chandrama manaso Jatha.Pranad Vayua aajayatha. 1-15 From his belly button was born the sky. And from his soul was born the air. 1-17 The learned one who knows that Purusha Whom the creator. Who shines like a sun. From his feet was born the earth. Namaani kruthwa abhivadan yadasthe. From his eyes was born the sun. Nabhya aseed anthareeksham. 1-16 I know that heroic Purusha. And who is beyond darkness. And from his feet were born the Shudras*. . 1-14 From his mind was born the moon. Vedahametham purusham mahantham. Mukhad Indras cha Agnis cha. And thus was made all the worlds.His thighs became Vaisyas*. Just by his holy wish.

1-18 Thus the devas worshipped the Purusha. Vedaham etham purusham mahantham.nanya pandhaa vidhyathe ayanaaya. Appears in many forms. 2-1 From water and essence of earth was born. Then appeared that Purusha And the great God. The heavens occupied by Saadya devas.yatra poorvo saadhyaa santhi devaa. The all pervading universe. And is beyond darkness. Came into being before the start of creation. And that yagna became first among dharmas. And only the wise realize his real form. And the one who knows him thus.Theha naakam mahimaana sachanthe.Viswakarmanas samavarthadhi. Tasya dheera parijananthi yonim. Attains salvation even in this birth. And also the great form of Purusha. 2-3 The Lord of the universe.tad purushasya viswa maajanam agre. And without being born. in all fourteen worlds. . Second Anuvaaka Adhbhyaa sambhootha pruthvyai rasascha. Who shines like the sun. And there is no other method of salvation. Lives inside the universe. Aajayamano bahudha vijaayathe. 2-2 I know that great Purusha. Through this spiritual yagna.Aadithyavarna thamasa parasthath. Is spread as that Purusha. Tasyas twashtaa vidhadh drupamethi. who made this world. Prajapathis charathi garbhe antha. And those who know the Vedas. Thamevam vidwan amrutha iha bhavathi. Those who observe this Yagna. From the great God who is the creator. Would for sure attain. Mareechinaam padamicchanthi vedhasa.

Day and night are your right and left. Shanthi. Who gave divine power to devas. Yasthaiva barahmano vidhyat. Yo devaanaam purohitha. Would have the devas under his control.Like to do the job of. For the good deeds that are medicine. Told in ancient times. . Who is a religious teacher of devas. Poorvo yo devebhyo jatha. He who has interest in Brahmam. And who was born before devas.gathum yagnaya.Ahorathre paarswe. 2-4 Salutations to ever shining brahmam. 2-6 Hree and Lakshmi are your wives. Request we for good to the community of men. Hreescha the lakshmischa patnyou. shanthi.Aswinou vyatham.Daivee swasthi –rasthu na. Swasthir Manushebhya.Amum manishana. And Aswini devas your open mouth.Devaa agne tadha bruvan.Sarve manishana. Request we from you with all enthusiasm. Rucha brahmam janayantha. 2-5 The devas who teach the taste in Brahmam. Tasya deva asaan vase. Request that only good should occur. Sam no asthu dwipadhe. Gathum Yagna pathaye. Savants like Mareechi. Nakshatrani roopam. Urdhwa Jigathu beshajam. To the one who presides over such sacrifices.. 2-7 Give us the knowledge that we want.Namo ruchaaya brahmaye. Thachamyo ravrunimahe. Request we for the mercy of gods to man. Yo devebhya aathapathi. Ishtam manishaana. Request we for the growth of fire sacrifices. That. Give us the pleasures of this world. And give us everything of this and other worlds. The constellation of stars your body. For the sadness of the past and future.Sam chatush pade Om Shanthi.

peace and peace. Request we for good for all two legged beings. Request we for good to all four legged beings. Should grow taller towards the skies.Request we that the herbs and plants. . Request we for peace.

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