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NAME: VIKASH JHAJHARIA
CLASS : B.M.E. – III; B
2
ROLL : 000711201080
EXPERIMENT NO. – 4
TITLE : MEASUREMENT OF EFFECTIVE
DIAMETER OF A SCREW THREAD BY ‘TWO
WIRE
’
METHOD
1. Draw the screw thread micrometer indicating its special
feature in the sketch. Which element of thread does it
measure?
Ans :>
The special feature of screw thread micrometer is that it has a
wedge shaped anvil and a complimentary wedge shaped spindle. The
angle of the wedge is the same as the angle of the thread profile to be
measured, i.e. 55° for BSW and 60° for metric. The anvil of this type of
micrometer can be moved sideways by means of a screw.
The screw thread micrometer measures the effective diameter of a
thread.
2. i. In connection with throat measurement practice, what
is best size wire?
ii. Why is it so termed? Derive an expression for the best
size wire. What will be the corresponding expression for the
effective diameter?
Ans :> Best size wire is the wire which when wrapped around the
thread touches the flanks of the thread on the effective radius, which
is the half of effective diameter. It is s termed because by using this
size of wire, we can easily have an accurate measurement of the
effective diameter of a thread using simple formula.
Effective diameter is that diameter on which, the width of each thread
and the gaps between two threads are equal. If there is no error in the
thread, the effective diameter is the mean diameter. α
3. What are the rake correction and compression correction
during thread measurement with the help of two wires?
( )
( )
( )
2
sec
2
0
2
cosec
4 2
cot
2
cosec
2
,
0
2
cot
2
1
2
cosec
0
2
cot
2
1
2
cosec
2
cot
2
1
2
cosec
2
cot
4 2
cosec
2 2
2
2
2
α
α α α
α α
α
α
α α
α α
α α
P
d
p d
or
p
d
d
d
E M
d
d
p
d E M
p
d M
p d d
M
PR OR OC M
OP OC M E
· ⇒
· +
,
`
.

−
·
]
]
]
−
,
`
.

+ ⇒
· −
−
,
`
.

+ · − ⇒
+
,
`
.

+ − ·
,
`
.

− + − ·
− + − ·
+ − ·
wire, size best For
,
`
.

−
,
`
.

+ − · ⇒
⋅
+ +
⋅ ·
]
]
]
]
]
+
⋅
+
·
+
,
`
.

+ ·
·
2
tan
2
sec 2
2
cosec 1
2
2
cos
2
sin
2
cos
2
sin 1
2
sin
2
cos
2
cos
2
sin
2
sin 1
2
cot
2
1
2
cosec
2
sec
2
sec
2
α α α
α α
α α
α
α
α α
α
α α α
α
P
M E
P
P
d
b
2
P
 M
2
P
 M
2
P
 M E Now,
d by wire size best the of diamter Denoting
b
Ans :>
Rake correction :
During thread measurement with the help of wires as the wire
remains in contact with the thread flank it makes an angle equal to the
screw. For this inclination the section of the wire made by any plane
passing through the axis is rather elliptical. But in all our calculation
regarding this experiment, as shown before, we consider this section
to be circular. To eliminate the error due to this, we need rake
correction.
Compression correction :
In the three wire method, the micrometer exerts some force on
the wires while measuring the total diameter of the system consisting
if the wire and the thread. Due to this force some compression occurs
in the wires and to correct the error due to this, we need to add some
correction factor called ‘compression correction factor’.
This correction can be formulated as:
Where A = measuring force in Newton
E = Effective diameter in mm.
4. State only the points of difference between threewire
methods of measurement of effective diameter of thread.
Ans :>
3 1
3 2
001 . 0
E
A
e − ·
• Two wire method :
1. The two wire method the job is carried in the
floating carriage measuring machine with
fiducial indicator.
2. Only a single diameter can be measured.
• Three wire method :
1. The outer diameter is measured with an ordinary
micrometer.
2. Two diameters are measured and their mean is
taken.
: SAMPLE CALCULATION:
For first observation T = M  2d
= (1.0242 – 2×0.075 ) inch.
Now effective diameter E = T + Pd
So, Pd = 0.9605×P 1.1657×d
= 0.9605×0.1 – 1.1657×0.075 = 0.0091 inch.
E = T + Pd = (0.8742 + 0.0091) = 0.8833 inch.
The angle of the wedge is the same as the angle of the thread profile to be measured. What will be the corresponding expression for the effective diameter? . The anvil of this type of micrometer can be moved sideways by means of a screw. Draw the screw thread micrometer indicating its special feature in the sketch. Which element of thread does it measure? Ans :> The special feature of screw thread micrometer is that it has a wedge shaped anvil and a complimentary wedge shaped spindle. i. 2. Why is it so termed? Derive an expression for the best size wire. 55° for BSW and 60° for metric.e. what is best size wire? ii. i. The screw thread micrometer measures the effective diameter of a thread. In connection with throat measurement practice.1.
Ans :> Best size wire is the wire which when wrapped around the thread touches the flanks of the thread on the effective radius. the effective diameter is the mean diameter. If there is no error in the thread. the width of each thread and the gaps between two threads are equal. we can easily have an accurate measurement of the effective diameter of a thread using simple formula. which is the half of effective diameter. It is s termed because by using this size of wire. α . Effective diameter is that diameter on which.
d (M − E) = 0 dα d α p α ⇒ d cosec +1 − cot = 0 dα 2 2 2 d α α p α or . What are the rake correction and compression correction during thread measurement with the help of two wires? .E = M − 2( OC + OP ) = M − 2( OC + OR − PR ) α p α d d = M − 2 + cosec − cot 2 2 2 4 2 α p α = M − d cosec +1 + cot 2 2 2 α p α ⇒ M − E = d cosec +1 − cot 2 2 2 For best size wire. α α α 2 sin ⋅ cos sin 2 2 2 α α 1 + sin + cos P 2 2 = M. − cosec cot + cosec =0 2 2 2 4 2 P α ⇒ d = sec 2 2 D en o tin g ia m te o f th eb e sts iz e w ireb y db d r P α d b = sec 2 2 P α α P α N o w .⋅ 2 sinα ⋅ cosα 2 2 P α α α ⇒ E = M − 1 + cosec 2 sec − tan 2 2 2 2 3.E = M .sec cosec + 1 + cot 2 2 2 2 2 α α 1 + sin cos P 2 + 2 = M.
as shown before. For this inclination the section of the wire made by any plane passing through the axis is rather elliptical. we consider this section to be circular. To eliminate the error due to this. Compression correction : In the three wire method.Ans :> Rake correction : During thread measurement with the help of wires as the wire remains in contact with the thread flank it makes an angle equal to the screw. But in all our calculation regarding this experiment. Ans :> . Due to this force some compression occurs in the wires and to correct the error due to this. 4. the micrometer exerts some force on the wires while measuring the total diameter of the system consisting if the wire and the thread.001 − E 23 13 Where A = measuring force in Newton E = Effective diameter in mm. State only the points of difference between threewire methods of measurement of effective diameter of thread. we need rake correction. we need to add some correction factor called ‘compression correction factor’. This correction can be formulated as: A e = 0.
2d = (1. .1657×0. Two diameters are measured and their mean is taken. The two wire method the job is carried in the floating carriage measuring machine with fiducial indicator.0091 inch. 2. E = T + Pd = (0. 2.• Two wire method : 1.8742 + 0.8833 inch.075 = 0.9605×0. The outer diameter is measured with an ordinary micrometer.075 ) inch. • Three wire method : 1. Only a single diameter can be measured. Now effective diameter E = T + Pd So.0242 – 2×0.0091) = 0. Pd = 0.1 – 1.1657×d = 0. : SAMPLE CALCULATION: For first observation T = M .9605×P 1.
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