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Grade

6

Consultant Thomas L. Harrell Mathematics Department Chairperson G.W. Carver Senior High School Montgomery, AL

**Test-Taking Tips
**

• Go to bed early the night before the test. You will think more clearly after a good night’s rest. • Read each problem carefully and think about ways to solve the problem before you try to answer the question. • Relax. Most people get nervous when taking a test. It’s natural. Just do your best. • Answer questions you are sure about first. If you do not know the answer to a question, skip it and go back to that question later. • Think positively. Some problems may seem hard to you, but you may be able to figure out what to do if you read each question carefully. • If no figure is provided, draw one. If one is furnished, mark it up to help you solve the problem. • When you have finished each problem, reread it to make sure your answer is reasonable. • Become familiar with a variety of formulas and when they should be used. • Make sure that the number of the question on the answer sheet matches the number of the question on which you are working in your test booklet.

Copyright © by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright Act, no part of this book may be reproduced in any form, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage or retrieval system, without prior written permission of the publisher. Send all inquiries to: The McGraw-Hill Companies 8787 Orion Place Columbus, OH 43240-4027 ISBN: 0-07-870354-9 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook, Grade 6

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Contents

Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv Student Recording Chart. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v California Mathematics Content Standards, Grade 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi

Test Practice

Diagnostic Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

**Grade 6 Standards Practice
**

Number Sense. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Algebra and Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Measurement and Geometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Mathematical Reasoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89

Test Practice

Sample Test. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

iii

Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Sample Test After you have completed the practice pages. Complete the appropriate practice pages. Once you’ve taken the test and it has been graded. complete the Student Recording Chart that is found on page v. • practice for each Content Standard. Grade 6 . • a Diagnostic Test. and • a Sample Test. you may want to refer to your mathematics book. take the Sample Test on pages 115 to 128. • the California Mathematics Content Standards for Grade 6. How to Use This Workbook Diagnostic Test This test will help you identify any weaknesses you may have as you prepare to meet the California Mathematics Content Standards for Grade 6.Overview The material in this booklet is designed to help you meet the California Mathematics Content Standards for Grade 6. The Student Recording Chart lists practice pages for each standard. If you are unsure about how to do some of the problems. you could probably use some extra practice with that standard. Practice If you missed one or two of the questions for a particular content standard. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill iv Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Mark an × in the square for each question that you answered incorrectly. It contains: • a Student Recording Chart.

3 29 30 Statistics. Data Analysis.6 43 2.1 26 7 2.Name: Student Recording Chart Directions Mark an × by each question from the Diagnostic Test that you answered incorrectly.2 40 1.1 44 3.2 69 3. write Yes in the Need Practice? box. Grade 6 .3 12 18 2.2 25 Measurement and Geometry 1.2 22 59 1.2 45 83-84 85-86 2.3 61 1.2 62 5 6 31-32 33-34 35-36 37-38 39-40 3 1.1 9 3.4 55 56 Algebra and Functions 1.1 57 58 21 15-16 17-18 19-20 21-22 23-24 25-26 27-28 29-30 1.1 14 Algebra and Functions 2.1 68 31 49-50 51-52 53-54 55-56 57-58 59-60 15 1.2 35 2.2 46 2 1.1 65 1.1 33 34 2. If there are one or two ×s marked for a standard.4 60 2.3 16 3.1 39 1. Data Analysis.3 42 2.2 27 28 8 2.2 53 10 13 2.2 66 41-42 43-44 45-46 47-48 4 2.5 37 61-62 63-64 69-70 71-72 75-76 1.1 1 1.3 63 64 3.3 67 2. and Probability 1. and Probability 3.3 47 48 49 51 Number Sense 1.4 38 v Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.2 32 2.7 70 3.1 19 52 11 54 2.4 36 Statistics. Then complete the practice pages for that standard.3 41 77-78 79-80 81-82 Mathematical Reasoning 2. Strand Standard Test Questions Need Practice? Practice Pages Strand Standard Test Questions Need Practice? Practice Pages Strand Standard Test Questions Need Practice? Practice Pages Strand Standard Test Questions Need Practice? Practice Pages Strand Standard Test Questions Need Practice? Practice Pages Strand Standard Test Questions Need Practice? Practice Pages Strand Standard Test Questions Need Practice? Practice Pages © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 89-90 91-92 93-94 99-100 105-106 107-108 109-110 111-112 1.4 50 2.1 23 24 3.

subtraction. using up to three variables. subtraction. from centimeters to inches). use them to solve problems with fractions (e. including those arising in concrete situations.0 Students deepen their understanding of the measurement of plane and solid shapes and use this understanding to solve problems: Key Standard * © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill standard assessed on the CAHSEE Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. and rules to solve problems involving rates and proportions: Convert one unit of measurement to another (e. respectively). they evaluate algebraic expressions. Solve problems involving rates.1 1. Interpret and use ratios in different contexts (e. from feet to miles. and mixed numbers and place them on a number line.0 3. to find a common denominator to add two fractions or to find the reduced form for a fraction).1 2.3 2. determine the value of N if Calculate given percentages of quantities and solve problems involving discounts at sales.0 1. b 4 N .. and the circumference of a circle.3 3.2 MEASUREMENT AND GEOMETRY (MG) 1. Write and evaluate an algebraic expression for a given situation. subtraction. Students investigate geometric patterns and describe them algebraically: 1 bh. understanding it as the multiplication of both sides of an equation by a multiplicative inverse. associative. Determine the least common multiple and the greatest common divisor of whole numbers. proportions.3 1. and division problems. solve simple linear equations.1 1. that use positive and negative integers and combinations of these operations. miles per hour) to show the a relative sizes of two quantities. average speed.4 2. and division of positive fractions and explain why a particular operation was used for a given situation.4 2. and graph and interpret their results: Write and solve one-step linear equations in one variable.2 2. decimals. and percentages: Compare and order positive and negative fractions. P 2w 2 .A Express in symbolic form simple relationships arising from geometry. Solve problems manually by using the correct order of operations or by using a scientific calculator.g.. Explain the meaning of multiplication and division of positive fractions and perform the 5 15 5 16 2 calculations e. batting averages.g.2 Students compare and order positive and negative fractions.. graphs.1 Students write verbal expressions and sentences as algebraic expressions and equations. and justify each step in the process. Use cross-multiplication as a method for solving such problems.g. and tips. decimals..2 1.California Mathematics Content Standards for Grade 6 Number NUMBER SENSE (NS) 1.4 ALGEBRA AND FUNCTIONS (AF) 1. 3. multiplication. Students analyze and use tables.g. and division: Solve problems involving addition. Grade 6 vi . Students calculate and solve problems involving addition. Apply algebraic order of operations and the commutative. Demonstrate an understanding that rate is a measure of one quantity per unit value of another quantity.. find the length of a side 7 21 of a polygon similar to a known polygon).0 2.. ratios. Use proportions to solve problems (e.g. multiplication.2 2. and distributive properties to evaluate expressions. multiplication. and time. using appropriate notations a to b. . Standard 1.1 2. Students solve problems involving fractions. 8 16 8 15 3 Solve addition. interest earned. the area of a triangle. a:b . distance.0 1. and mixed numbers. C d—the 2 formulas for the perimeter of a rectangle.g. Use variables in expressions describing geometric quantities (e.0 2.3 1.

complementary. compare with actual measurements. 2. batting averages or number of accidents per mile driven). know the formulas for the circumference and area of a circle.2 2.4 3. Use the properties of complementary and supplementary angles and the sum of the angles of a triangle to solve problems involving an unknown angle. Know common estimates of 3.2 Use data to estimate the probability of future events (e. convenience sampling.3 Students compute and analyze statistical measurements for data sets: Understand how additional data added to data sets may affect these computations of measures of central tendency. Know and use the formulas for the volume of triangular prisms and cylinders (area of base height).3* Represent probabilities as ratios. grids. 1.5* Understand the difference between independent and dependent events.1 1. tree diagrams) and express the theoretical probability of each outcome... adjacent. 3. 22 and use these values to estimate and calculate the 7 circumference and the area of circles.0 1.3 STATISTICS. 3.14. or supplementary and provide descriptions of these terms. and percentages between 0 and 100 and verify that the probabilities computed are reasonable.1* Compute the range.2 2. a quadrilateral having equal sides but no right angles. Draw quadrilaterals and triangles from given information about them (e.g. is the product of the two probabilities. 3. tables.g. evaluate the validity of the claims. DATA ANALYSIS. mean.. Students identify and describe the properties of two-dimensional figures: Identify angles as vertical..0 2. 3.4 2. proportions. Understand how the inclusion or exclusion of outliers affects measures of central tendency.1 2. Know why a specific measure of central tendency (mean.1* Represent all possible outcomes for compound events in an organized way (e. Students use data samples of a population and describe the characteristics and limitations of the samples: Compare different samples of a population with the data from the entire population and identify a situation in which it makes sense to use a sample. 1 P is the probability of an event not occurring.3 2. and mode of data sets. 3. compare these formulas and explain the similarity between them and the formula for the volume of a rectangular solid.0 2.2 1. Analyze data displays and explain why the way in which the question was asked might have influenced the results obtained and why the way in which the results were displayed might have influenced the conclusions reached. Grade 6 vii . Identify data that represent sampling errors and explain why the sample (and the display) might be biased.2 Standard Understand the concept of a constant such as .0 2. median. mode) provides the most useful information in a given context.1 2.Number 1.4 Understand that the probability of either of two disjoint events occurring is the sum of the two individual probabilities and that the probability of one event following another. know that if P is the probability of an event. Students determine theoretical and experimental probabilities and use these to make predictions about events: 1.3 1. MATHEMATICAL REASONING (MR) 1. responses to a survey. median. in independent trials.g. in simple cases. random sampling) and which method makes a sample more representative for a population. a right isosceles triangle).0 Students make decisions about how to approach problems: Key Standard * © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill standard assessed on the CAHSEE Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.5* Identify claims based on statistical data and. decimals between 0 and 1. AND PROBABILITY (PS) 1. Identify different ways of selecting a sample (e.g.

6 2.1 2. Apply strategies and results from simpler problems to more complex problems. to explain mathematical reasoning. such as words.0 2. skills.3 2. tables.0 3.2 3.Number 1. charts. Grade 6 . distinguishing relevant from irrelevant information.2 2. Determine when and how to break a problem into simpler parts. Students use strategies. support solutions with evidence in both verbal and symbolic work. and concepts in finding solutions: Use estimation to verify the reasonableness of calculated results. graphs.5 2. and models. diagrams. numbers. Formulate and justify mathematical conjectures based on a general description of the mathematical question or problem posed.1 3. Use a variety of methods. symbols. Make precise calculations and check the validity of the results from the context of the problem.2 1.3 Standard Analyze problems by identifying relationships.1 1. identifying missing information. Indicate the relative advantages of exact and approximate solutions to problems and give answers to a specified degree of accuracy.4 2. Note the method of deriving the solution and demonstrate a conceptual understanding of the derivation by solving similar problems.3 2. and observing patterns. Key Standard * standard assessed on the CAHSEE © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill viii Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. sequencing and prioritizing information. Express the solution clearly and logically by using the appropriate mathematical notation and terms and clear language. Students move beyond a particular problem by generalizing to other situations: Evaluate the reasonableness of the solution in the context of the original situation. Estimate unknown quantities graphically and solve for them by using logical reasoning and arithmetic and algebraic techniques.7 3. Develop generalizations of the results obtained and the strategies sued and apply them in new problem situations.

26 B 8. 1 The table at the right gives the lowest temperature recorded in a recent year in each of four U.6 in. J 10 in. 22. At this rate. what is the value of b? AF 1.2 F 22 G 24 H 48 J 92 5 A 32-ounce jar of jelly costs $1.00 D $1. NY 8 Reno.Name: Date: Diagnostic Test Read each question and choose the best answer. 4 in.5 in. 2 D 26. 26 C 26. TX 22 Albany. 2 R J L S 3 4 Eduardo is making cookies with a recipe that calls for 4 cups of flour. CA 26 City 1 2 In the figure at the right.1 A 2.3 A $0. Q 8 in. 22.4 in.96 C $1. 22.28. 2. NV 2 Fresno. Which list shows the temperatures in order from least to greatest? NS 1. What is the length of QS? NS 1. 8 Temperature ( F) San Antonio. 8.1 K 5 in. Grade 6 . The recipe he is using makes 96 cookies. H 6. How many cookies does he get for each cup of flour used? AF 2.70 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 5 Go on 1 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. 8. 2.S.86 B $0.3 F 1. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. JKL is similar — to RQS. 22. cities. 3 If 2b 7 A 6 B 2 C 1 D 1 5. G 2. what is the least that a 24-ounce jar of jelly will cost? AF 2.

Grade 6 2 . Which jar should she buy? AF 2.50 for 64 ounces 6 7 If two angles are supplementary and one angle has a measure of 70°.3 F Equilateral triangle G Acute triangle B H Obtuse triangle J Right triangle A 8 55° 35° C 9 In how many ways can you line up 4 people from left to right for a photograph? PS 3.50 for 16 ounces H $4 for 32 ounces J $5.876 H 340. 6 Madison is buying a jar of peanut butter and wants to buy the jar with the lowest cost per ounce.3 F $2 for 12 ounces G $2.760 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 800 NS 2.3 76 10 Go on Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question.Name: Date: Diagnostic Test Read each question and choose the best answer. what is the measure of the other angle? MG 2.876 J 348.1 A 4 B 10 C 24 D 256 9 10 300.000 4.876 G 304.2 A 10° B 20° C 110° D 130° 7 8 What kind of triangle is shown at the right? MG 2.000 F 34.

2 9 11 12 The record high temperature for California is 134°F and the record low temperature is 45°F.1 F 552 in. 1°F. What was the final temperature reading? NS 2. Grade 6 . 12 8 . California. J 2. which is 184 feet below sea level. G 1. was 63°F. B Find the reciprocal of C Find 8 D Find 11 4. 11 What is the first step in calculating the value of A Find the reciprocal of 9 . Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. California.M.3 F 179°F G 99°F H 91°F J 89°F 13 At 9:00 A. H 2.1 B 4 cm C 8 cm D 16 cm © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 13 14 15 Go on 3 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. 2°F..3 A 61°F B 65°F C 67°F D 75°F 14 The town in the United States with the lowest elevation is Calipatria. How many inches below sea level is Calipatria? AF 2. the temperature in Long Beach. 9.533 in. and 4°F. The temperature changes measured during the day were 5°F. What is the difference between the record high and low temperatures? NS 2. 11 4 8 11 4 ? NS 2.208 in.Name: Date: Diagnostic Test Read each question and choose the best answer.108 in. 15 What is the circumference of a circle that has a radius of 4 centimeters? A 2 cm MG 1.

Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question.774 J 338.1 A C 4 0 1 2 5 1 8 16 yard 17 yd yd B D 3 8 3 4 yd yd 18 18 Find the product of 4. how much would he have to save each week in order to have enough money in 15 weeks? AF 1.1 F $34 G $36 H $38 J $42 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1 3 1 3 20 Go on 4 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.3 F 3% G 15% H 20% J 30% 17 Clarissa has a piece of fabric 8 yard wide.073 and 38. If 3 of the cards are of players on the Los Angeles Dodgers baseball team and his friend picks a card at random. How much time had Leroy talked on the phone altogether? NS 2. NS 2.803 H 154. what is the probability that the friend will receive a Los Angeles Dodger card? PS 3.059 19 Leroy spent 3 1 2 hour talking on the phone on Monday. He talked on the 1 19 phone for 4 hour on Wednesday and for 1 4 hours on Friday. Grade 6 .3 F 178. 16 Jason has 15 baseball cards that he wants to share with his friend.1 A 12 h B 14 h C 22 h D 24 h 20 Eric wants to buy a new mountain bike. She cuts off a strip wide. How much fabric remains? NS 2.714 G 44. If the bike he wants costs $510.Name: Date: Diagnostic Test Read each question and choose the best answer.

$87. G Divide V by w. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 24 9 c 25 4 Go on Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. and 2 brushes each costing b dollars at the hardware store. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question.82. J Multiply V by w.67 H 2(p w b). 25 For the triangle shown at the right. C c must be greater than 5.1 A x 12 B 12x C 24 2x D 12 x x 12 21 22 23 24 The formula for the volume of a rectangular prism is V wh.2 A 3 h 2 c 5 f B 3h 2c 5f C h c f D 9hcf 22 Arlene bought 2 cans of paint each costing p dollars. Write an expression that shows this situation.19 23 What is the perimeter of the rectangle shown in the figure at the right? AF 3. and h is the height of the prism. They ordered 3 hamburgers each costing h dollars. $43. w is the width of the prism.75. AF 1. Grade 6 5 . How can you solve this equation for h? AF 3. 3 rolls of wallpaper each costing w dollars.Name: Date: Diagnostic Test Read each question and choose the best answer. $111. each roll of wallpaper cost $23.2 F Divide V by w. and each brush cost $4. Choose the correct expression to show how much the Taylor family spent on lunch. and 5 orders of French fries each costing f dollars. D c must be less than 4. B c must be greater than 13.92 G 2p w b. $59. and evaluate to find the amount Arlene spent if each can of paint cost $15.2 F p w b. where is the length of the prism.35. H Multiply V by w.84 J 2p 3w 2b. 21 The Taylor family ordered fast food for lunch. AF 1.2 A c must be less than 9. 2 corn dogs each costing c dollars. which statement must be true about the length of side c? AF 3.

G They must also be right angles. what is the measure of the third angle? MG 2. 26 In the figure at the right.3 A Scalene right triangle B Scalene isosceles triangle C Scalene acute triangle D Scalene obtuse triangle 30 Which of the following is an obtuse triangle? MG 2. angle R is a right angle.1 F They are complementary. H They are supplementary.3 F G 30 60 27 28 29 30 40 110 60 60 H 60 30 J 40 70 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 70 Go on Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. What is true about angles S and T? MG 2. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question.2 A 30° B 40° C 50° D 130° 28 If two angles of a triangle measure 25° and 55°.Name: Date: Diagnostic Test Read each question and choose the best answer. Grade 6 6 . R S T 26 27 If two angles are complementary and the measure of one angle is 50°.2 F 10° G 20° H 100° J 110° 29 Which of the following is not a possible kind of triangle? MG 2. what is the measure of the other angle? MG 2. J They are not measurable.

Grade 6 .Name: Date: Diagnostic Test Read each question and choose the best answer. 3. this is considered to be an example of what type of sample? PS 2.2 G Cluster sample H Convenience sample J Stratified random sample 35 If the number of cars passing through an intersection between 10:00 A. what is a reasonable estimate of the number of students who will be taking Algebra in the eighth grade the following year? PS 2. and 11:00 A. If there were 258 students in the seventh grade at the time of the survey.M. 4. What type of sample of the population is the most appropriate? F Random sample PS 2. 15 F Mean G Median H Mode J Range 33 In a survey. 7. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. 2. 8.M. which measure will change? PS 1. is used to estimate the number of cars that pass through that same intersection in one day. 1. 13.2 A Random sample B Cluster sample C Convenience sample D Stratified random sample © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 31 32 33 34 35 Go on 7 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. 7. 10. 6. 31 If another data value of 4 is added to the data set below. 5. 11. 4. which value will change? PS 1. 1.2 0. 33% of a random sample of the seventh-grade students at a school said they planned to take Algebra in the eighth grade.2 0. 14.1 A 300 B 133 C 85 D 75 34 Radio stations conduct surveys to see what type of music people want to hear. 8 A Mean B Median C Mode D Range 32 If a data value of 8 is added to the data set below.

38 If you select one card from a standard deck of 52 playing cards.1 1. 7. 2. put the squares in a bowl. Grade 6 . 29. J Select all students from one homeroom class. From this. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. 37 William surveyed 50 people outside of the library and asked them how often they use the library. write the numbers on small squares of paper. 16. shake the bowl. and select several numbers from the bowl. 4. C Everyone in the city must be surveyed first to draw a conclusion. 39 D 22.4 F Select a group of students eating in one section of the cafeteria.Name: Date: Diagnostic Test Read each question and choose the best answer. 27 C 22.4 F G H J 1 13 1 8 2 13 1 4 36 37 38 39 What are the next three numbers in the sequence below? MR 1. what is the probability of selecting an ace or a king? PS 3. 37 40 If you list 4 consecutive whole numbers. B The sample population is not representative of the entire city population. G Assign each student a number. 33 B 22. Why is his conclusion invalid? PS 2. D His survey was not long enough. 11. 31. what is the greatest possible number of multiples of 3 in your list? MR 1. 24. 27. … A 22.2 F 1 G 2 H 3 J 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 39 40 Go on 8 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. 36 Which sample below would provide a random sample of students in a middle school? PS 2. he concluded that people in the entire city use the library more that twice in one week. H Select all students whose last names start with the letter M.5 A The question was not clear.

41 What is the total number of triangles in the figure at the right? MR 1.000.1 F about 2. C Multiply both sides of the equation by 5.000 C 5. California. D Divide both sides of the equation by 5. What is a reasonable estimate for the number of 2-by-4’s needed to frame 9 average houses? MR 3.Name: Date: Diagnostic Test Read each question and choose the best answer.100 B 5.427.000 G about 3.427.000 J about 5.3 A 4 B 6 C 7 D 8 42 The graph shows the average temperature for each month in San Diego.000 45 Which is the best first step to use in solving the equation 5x A Add 5 to both sides of the equation.000 44 It takes about 515 wooden 2-by-4’s to frame an average house. What is this value rounded to the nearest thousand? MR 2. a total of 5.000 H about 4.3 F 57°F G 65°F H 67°F J 70°F Monthly Average Temperatures for San Diego.427. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. California 41 42 80 60 Temperature 40 ( F) 20 0 J F M A M J J A S O N D Month 43 In the 2004 Presidential election.000 D 5.055 people in California voted for John Kerry.2 45 Go on Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Grade 6 9 .400. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 43 44 10? MR 3. B Subtract 5 from both sides of the equation. What is the best estimate for the temperature in June? MR 2.6 A 5.

4 A 21 mi B 84 mi C 210 mi D 840 mi 50 Kelly earns 2% commission on the sales she makes working at a shoe store. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. there are 52 pieces of pepperoni and 39 pieces of sausage.2 F 4:5 G 4:3 H 5:4 J 3:4 47 If 10 nautical miles are equivalent to 11.4 F $2.Name: Date: Diagnostic Test Read each question and choose the best answer. If California’s coastline makes up 42% of these miles.000 miles of Pacific coastline. 46 On an extra-large sausage and pepperoni pizza.00 J $462. about how long is California’s coastline? NS 1.00 G $18. Grade 6 . how much commission did Kelly earn for the day? NS 1. What is the ratio of pepperoni pieces to sausage pieces? NS 1. find the length of BC.50 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 49 50 Go on 10 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. NS 1. how many nautical miles are in 230 statute miles? NS 1.3 F 4 G 5 H 8 J 10 B 6 A 10 C D E 3 5 4 F 46 47 48 49 The United States has about 2.3 A 265 B 231 C 229 D 200 48 If ABC is similar to DEF. If her sales for the day total $925.5 statute miles.50 H $185. excluding Alaska.

4 A $1. 1 2 182? NS 2. Add 182 and 2.Name: Date: Diagnostic Test Read each question and choose the best answer. Grade 6 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 11 .2 53 54 Which expression is equivalent to F G H J 5 8 5 8 8 5 8 5 3 4 4 3 3 4 4 3 5 8 3 ? NS 2. Multiply 182 by 2.S. what was the total he paid for the shirt? NS 1.4 15 55 Go on Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.S.1 F 43 G 43 H 53 J 63 1 1 2 1 1 51 52 53 What is an equivalent way to find A B C D Divide 182 by 2.2 4 54 55 What is the least common denominator of A B C D 20 27 30 60 7 12 and 4 ? NS 2.08 C $24.92 52 In 2004. $1 in U. currency buy in 2004? NS 2. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. How many Australian dollars would $4 in U. Subtract 2 from 182.92 B $24. 51 Rex bought a shirt that cost $24.80 D $25. currency bought 1 3 Australian dollars. If the sales tax rate is 8%.

Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. Grade 6 12 .3 B 3 • 4m 3 • 9n C (3 • 4m) • 9n D 3 4m • 9n 59 60 What is the value of (3 F 1 G 0 H 2 J 8 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2) (4 ( 1))? AF 1.1 57 58 Martin is 68 inches tall.Name: Date: Diagnostic Test Read each question and choose the best answer.4 F 2 G 3 H 6 J 12 56 57 What value of m will make the equation 12. 56 Jennifer has 54 stickers and 78 pieces of candy. What is the greatest number of friends she can give an equal number of stickers and candy to without having any left over? NS 2. Which equation can be used to find the height of Martin’s brother? AF 1. She wants to divide all of the stickers and all of the candy evenly among her friends.4 32 m true? AF 1.6 C 19.2 B 15.4 A 9.4 60 Go on Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. He is 4 inches shorter than his brother.6 D 44.1 F b 4 68 G 68 b 4 H 68 b 4 J 68 b 4 58 59 Which of the following shows an expression that can be obtained from 3 • (4m • 9n) by using the Commutative Property of Multiplication? A 3 • (9n • 4m) AF 1.

Name: Date: Diagnostic Test Read each question and choose the best answer.3 61 62 Angela typed 24 words in 30 seconds. Grade 6 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 13 . which ratio below represents the value of ? MG 1.3 B 14 mi/h C 16 mi/h D 18 mi/h 64 A 200-square-foot yard requires 10 pounds of fertilizer. and d represents the diameter of the circle. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. r represents the radius of the circle.1 A B C D C d C r d C r C 62 63 64 65 Go on Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.2 F 12 wpm G 48 wpm H 54 wpm J 60 wpm 63 Andrew biked 39 miles in 3. What is her rate in words per minute (wpm)? AF 2. At this rate. 61 What is the value of (3 A 372 B 5 C 126 D 611 2)4 2(28 22 )? AF 1.3 F 20 lb G 22 lb H 25 lb J 30 lb 65 If C represents the circumference of a circle.25 hours. how much fertilizer will a 500-square-foot yard need? AF 2. What was his average speed? A 12 mi/h AF 2.

14.5 h J 2h Day Mon.89 each. 66 Which statement is true about the value of ? MG 1.14 H J 22 7 66 1. Thu.68 plus tax G $1.2 F 3. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. Time (hours) 3.5 in C 263.55 plus tax © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 70 STOP 14 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Fri. What is the approximate surface area of the plastic that covers the outside of the roll? (Use 3.1 F 0.5 0.5 1 2 0. What is the total cost of the pens? MR 2. what is the probability that the third can is the winner? PS 3.5 68 69 A soft drink company is having a giveaway contest in which one can in each 12-pack purchased is a winner.28 in2 68 The table at the right gives the number of hours Mika watched television on the weekdays of one week.68 plus tax H $1. Tue.) 2 MG 1.7 F $10.2 A B C D 1 12 1 10 1 4 3 10 69 70 Melissa bought 12 pens that cost $0.76 in2 D 320. If two cans have been used from a 12-pack and were not winners. Grade 6 . What is the mode for the times that Mika spent watching television? PS 1.3 A 207.24 in 2 B 235.14 G 3.Name: Date: Diagnostic Test Read each question and choose the best answer.5 h G 1h H 1.73 67 67 A cylindrical roll of paper towels has a diameter of 6 inches and a height of 11 inches.60 plus tax J $1. Wed.

and 32.1 NS 1.0 1. 0.5.5 0. Examples 1 Which of the following shows the decimals 0.3075 minutes. 64. Hark finished with a time of 32. and 5 in Joaquin’s time.2 C 0. 32. and 8 .0.7. Joaquin G Ken. D 8 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. When you compare these fractions. So the decimals graphed increase in value from left to right. ones. So.0.0 D 0.7.6 0.3705 minutes. 4 . and mixed numbers and place them on a number line. Grade 6 1 3 7 Rewrite the mixed numbers as the improper fractions.0. Hark. 68. and tenths place. 64 C 68. 64.7 0. and 4 .2.2 0. G 3 The junior high band uniform hats come in three sizes. look at the digits in the hundredths place. Joaquin. Joaquin. rewrite the fractions using their LCD. Then. 0. but they are labeled small. 8. 0. 0.2 B 1. and large. 0. Since the person with the least time finished first. Hark H Hark. 0. numbers on the left are less than numbers on the right. the decimals are 0.3507 seconds. 1. 0. 0. Joaquin. or Ken. and 0.3705.5. 0. 0.7. 1. So. 0.2 –0. 1.5.0. C 2 Ken finished the bicycle race with a time of 32.5 Draw a number line and graph each decimal on the number line. 7 4 and 6 8 . the digit in the hundredths place is 0. the order is 32. For Ken’s time. –0. Ken J Joaquin. From least to greatest.7. medium.3507. 6 4 68 74.4 0.0. Which shows the sizes of the hats in increasing order of size? A 74. Ken Since the digits are the same in the tens. Hark. decimals.5. 0. 1.1 Compare and order positive and negative fractions. Hark. 74 27 4 55 8 3 7 1 27 29 55 . 2 2 8 8 58 3 7 1 .8 1.Name: Date: Standards Practice Number Sense 1. 74 7 3 1 1 7 3 3 1 7 B 74.3075.0 On a number line. and Joaquin finished with a time of 32. In what order did they finish the race? F Ken.2 0 0.7.7. 6 4 .2 in order from least to greatest? A 0.2. 68. 1. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 54 8 15 . The digit is 7 in Hark’s time.5.2. 4 2 29 2 58 54 . 68 D 64.

Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question.251 H 0.342.384. 0.305.Name: Date: Standards Practice Number Sense 1. in. B D 7 16 13 16 in. Who picked up the least amount of pecans? A Richard C Amaya 4 The table at the right gives the low temperatures for four Montana cities one winter morning.384. 0. 0.305.342. and Noel picked up 6 16 pounds.305. Which city had the warmest low temperature? F Billings G Great Falls H Helena J Missoula B Delia D Noel City Billings Great Falls Helena Missoula Temperature (°F) 12 18 14 17 7 4 3 2 2 3 4 5 Felecia is changing the tire on her bicycle. Gwen’s is 0. 0. She tried a 4 -inch wrench and it was too big for the nut. 0. Richard picked up 6 3 pounds of pecans. 0.305. Which of the following wrenches should Felecia try to remove the nut? A C 5 8 3 8 1 5 in.384. 0. Manuel’s is 0. 0. She needs to find a wrench to 3 take off the wheel nut. 0.251. 0.1 Read each question and choose the best answer.305 3 On a recent visit to a pecan orchard. 0. 16 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Which shows their batting averages in decreasing order? F 0. 0.384.384 G 0. and Juana’s is 0. Then she tried a 2 -inch wrench and it was too small for the nut. 1 Which point on the number line has a 1 value of 2 3 ? A W B X C Y D Z WX –3 –2 –1 0 1 Y Z 2 3 1 2 Tony’s batting average is 0. in. Grade 6 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill .251.251. Delia picked up 6 5 pounds.251 J 0. Amaya picked up 6 4 .342.342.342.

What is the ratio of students who turn in their homework on time to students in Ms. which is a ratio of two measurements with different units. Grade 6 . Ling’s math class. miles per hour) to show the relative sizes of two quantities. This ratio can be 21 21 written as the fraction 28 . Which expression is used to compute her average speed? A 2 12 B 2 12 C 12 2 D 2(12) Aimee’s speed is a rate. 12 miles 2 hours © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 6 mi/h C 17 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. a : b). batting averages. Ling’s math class? A 8 7 Examples 1 In Ms. divide the number of miles she traveled by the number of hours it took her to travel that distance. To find Aimee’s speed. Which of the following shows this ratio? F 1:8 G 3:4 H 4:3 J 8:1 The ratio of parakeets to the total number of birds is 21 : 28. 7 out of every 8 students turn in their homework on B 8:7 C 7(8) D 7 8 A ratio is a comparison of two numbers by division. The units in this rate are miles and hours. G 3 Last Saturday. This ratio could be written as 7 to 8. the two numbers to compare are 7 and 8. D 2 In the city pet show. 28 is not in simplest form.. 7:8.2 NS 1. using appropriate a notations ( b . However. 21 28 3 7 4 7 3 The 4 21 28 3 4 ratio in simplest form is or 3 : 4. 21 out of the 28 birds shown were parakeets. Aimee rode her bike 12 miles in 2 hours for an average speed of 6 miles per hour.2 Interpret and use ratios in different contexts (e. time. In this case. a to b. 7 or 8 .Name: Date: Standards Practice Number Sense 1.g.

Josefina spends 630 minutes reading books and 210 minutes watching television. Cheryl Jo made 22 hits in 84 times at bat. Grade 6 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . Which expression is used to compute her batting average? F 22 10 G 22 84 H 84 22 J 22 84 4 5 In five hours.262. 1 In the school talent show.Name: Date: Standards Practice Number Sense 1. for a batting average of 0. and 12 sausage pizzas. the Goldberg family traveled 325 miles toward their vacation destination before they had to stop to refuel their car. Which of the following expressions would you use to find their average speed? A C 5 325 325 5 5 B 1 65 D 325 18 5 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Which of the following shows this ratio? A 3 to 2 B 3 to 4 C 2 to 3 D 4 to 3 2 In one night. 15 cheese pizzas. a pizza delivery driver delivered 18 pepperoni pizzas. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. What is this ratio in simplest form? A C 1 3 4 1 1 2 3 B D 3 1 6 1 4 During her softball season. 16 out of the 24 participants were girls.2 Read each question and choose the best answer. What is the ratio of pizzas with meat to pizzas without meat delivered by the driver? F 2:1 G 1:2 H 2:3 J 3:2 3 In an average week.

Grade 6 . The first step in solving the r 18 proportion 3 is to find the cross products. Use the known side lengths to set up and solve a proportion for the unknown side length. What is the length of EF ? A 12 units B 10 units C 6 units D 5 units When geometric figures are similar. determine the value of N if 7 . In a proportion. Solve for b by finding the cross products.3 NS 1. ABC is similar to DEF. The variable b represents the number 850 of students in the entire school for whom basketball is their favorite sport.3 Use proportions to solve problems (e. 18 3 r 9. find the cross products and then solve for the missing term. or 60 . 42 out of 60 students surveyed said that basketball was their favorite sport.g. their corresponding side lengths are proportional. Use cross-multiplication as a method for solving such problems. Solve for x. D 19 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.. r 3 18 ? 9 4 N Examples 1 Which equation could be the first step in solving the proportion A 18 9 r 3 C 9 3 r 18 B 18 3 r 9 D 3r 162 A proportion is an equation that shows that two ratios are equivalent. To solve a proportion. how many would be expected to say that basketball was their favorite sport? F 60 G 102 H 595 J 748 Assume that the ratio of students surveyed for whom basketball is their favorite sport to the number of students surveyed is equal to the number of students for whom basketball is their favorite sport in the entire school to the total number b 42 of students in the school. understanding it as multiplication of both sides of an equation by a multiplicative inverse. If there are 850 students at the school. B 9 2 In a recent survey at Mendez Middle School.Name: Date: Standards Practice Number Sense 1. 12 6 10 x 12x x © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 60 5 units Find cross products. 42 60 b 850 60b b 42 850 595 H B 12 A 10 6 C D F E 3 In the figures at the right. 21 find the length of a side of a polygon similar to a known polygon). the cross products are equal.

Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. how many quarts of water do you need? A 36 B 18 C 12 D 9 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 5 20 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. there is one teacher for every 24 students. If there are 768 students at the school.3 Read each question and choose the best answer. how many cups of flour would he need? F 1c G 2c H 5c J 3c 3 Rectangle EFGH is similar to rectangle WXYZ. What is the length of side Y Z ? A 28 units B 21 units C 12 units D 10 units 1 2 X 28 Y 3 F 7 G 3 E H W Z 4 An architect built a scale model of the new Jonestown Public Library. how wide will it be? F 226 ft G 70 ft H 48 ft J 20 ft 5 To make orange juice from concentrate. If you want to make orange juice from 6 quarts of concentrate. If he only wants to make 48 cookies.Name: Date: Standards Practice Number Sense 1. 1 At Barton Junior High. you mix water with the concentrate in the ratio of 3:2. If the actual library is going to be 126 feet long. how many teachers are there? A 32 teachers B 24 teachers C 18 teachers D 12 teachers 2 Gregg has a chocolate chip cookie recipe that makes 64 cookies and calls for 4 cups of flour. The length of the model building was 36 inches and the width was 20 inches. Grade 6 .

he decided to wait 6 months and put the $432 he was going to spend on the surfboard into a savings account. add $34. The principal is $432. A © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 21 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.50 J $445. which is 8 2 % of $411. find the amount of the discount. 540(0. 1 and the time. t. Examples 1 At Mr. p is the principal. t $34. B 2 Mr. If 1 the sales tax is 8 2 %. Then. How much money will Biff save if he wants to buy a surfboard that costs $540 before the discount? A $54 B $108 C $432 D $648 To find out how much Biff will save.94.72 D $51.94 1 Find the amount of the tax.96 interest on his $432 in 6 months. 6 months or 2 year.96 Biff earned $12. r is the annual interest rate.085. and t is the time in years.94.20) 108 Biff will save $108.92 C $36. or 20% of $540.06) 1 2 $12. To find t multiply $411 by 0. If the bank pays an annual interest rate of 6% on Biff’s savings account. all surfboards are on sale for 20% off.50 H $440. or the amount of money invested or borrowed.Name: Date: Standards Practice Number Sense 1. the rate is 6%. and tips.84 To find simple interest.94 G $419. how much interest would he earn in 6 months? A $12.4 NS 1.96 B $25. $445. how much will Sharon’s $411 surfboard cost with tax? F $34.94 to $411 to find the total cost. J 3 After Biff considered buying the surfboard. Ho’s surf shop. interest earned. use the formula I prt where I is the interest. I prt ($432)(0.4 Calculate given percentages of quantities and solve problems involving discounts at sales. Grade 6 . Ho is required to charge sales tax on every item he sells in his shop.

If Toni sells candy bars worth $75.30 H $4.50 2 Kelli and her friends ate salads for lunch.044 in two years. If they want to leave a 15% tip for the waiter. The jacket is on sale for 30% off. The rest goes to pay for the candy bars.40 J $5. How much money does he have? A $228 B $114 C $28 D $14 4 Toni is selling candy bars as part of her school band fund-raiser.50 3 Two years ago.20 G $3. 1 Jeremy is buying a jacket that costs $65. how much tip should they leave on the table? F $2. Grade 6 . The total bill was $22.4 Read each question and choose the best answer. Tyrone received a gift of $200 from his grandmother for his birthday.Name: Date: Standards Practice Number Sense 1.4% B 8% C 10% D 16% © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1 2 3 4 5 22 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. He put the money in a savings account that earns 7% interest. He agreed to pay back his brother $1. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. What interest rate is Devon’s brother charging him? A 4.50 B $30 C $35 D $45. Tyrone now wants to use the money to buy a new bicycle. What is the cost of the jacket before sales tax is added? A $19. how much money does the band get from her sales? F $80 G $60 H $45 J $30 5 Devon borrowed $900 from his older brother to buy a new computer. The band gets 60% of the money from the sales.

D 2 If the local hike-and-bike trail is 1 2 3 of a mile long. and division of positive fractions and explain why a particular operation was used for a given situation.1 NS 2. how far did Susanna run if she ran around the trail 2 2 times? F 2 mi H 1 2 mi 1 1 G 1 3 mi J 3 4 2 mi 5 First write the mixed number 2 2 as the improper fraction 2 . 2 3 22 1 Susanna 2 5 3 2 10 6 5 3 2 13 2 ran 1 3 The GCF of 10 and 6 is 2. Grade 6 . the answer is 19 20 gallon. Since 19 20 is in simplest form. How much fuel must Charlie have to fill both his mower and string trimmer? A C 1 2 7 8 gal gal 3 4 1 B D 3 gal 4 19 gal 20 To add 3 4 1 5 and 5 . 15 20 19 20 4 20 The LCD is 20.Name: Date: Standards Practice Number Sense 2. miles. Charlie’s mower holds 1 5 3 4 gallon of fuel and his string trimmer holds gallon of fuel. Examples 1 Charlie mows lawns after school and on weekends to earn extra money.1 Solve problems involving addition. G © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 23 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Then multiply. multiplication. you must rename with a common denominator. subtraction.

1 Read each question and choose the best answer. how much taller is Monica than her mother? A 33 C 2 12 2 5 1 1 3 1 B 2 12 D 13 2 7 2 Shay’s little sister was 1 3 inches too short to ride the largest roller coaster at the amusement park. 3 3 1 1 2 G 48 in. Grade 6 3 .Name: Date: Standards Practice Number Sense 2. 1 If Monica is 62 3 inches tall and her mother is 59 4 inches tall. Using this ratio. If she is 46 2 inches tall. how tall must a rider be in order to ride the roller coaster? F 48 6 in. If 72 students went on the field trip. about how many hours of music would you expect the station to play in 1 6 2 hours time? A 83 h C 54 h 3 8 1 . J 47 3 in. H 47 4 in. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. 4 3 2 3 B 74 h D 48 h 7 1 4 Find F H 4 G 2 3 3 32 3 2 J 6 5 On a recent field trip. what is the total number of 6th graders at the school? A 108 5 C 60 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 5 2 B 90 D 57 5 24 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. 5 of the students in 6th grade at Darwin Middle School were able to attend an art museum. 1 3 A radio station plays music about 4 of the time.

3 Which statement is equivalent to A B C D 13 11 13 11 11 13 11 13 4 5 4 5 4 5 5 4 11 13 4 ? 5 Dividing by a fraction is the same as multiplying by its reciprocal..2 NS 2. Grade 6 . C 2 5 3 . D 5 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 25 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. multiply the numerators and then multiply the denominators.2 Explain the meaning of multiplication and division of positive fractions and 5 5 5 16 2 perform the calculations e. 2.Name: Date: Standards Practice Number Sense 2. so 13 is the same as 13 5 . 16 8 15 3 3 4 2 .g. 7 2 Find the quotient F G H J 2 5 14 15 3 4 2 3 6 35 3 7 2 7 5 3 14 F 15 To divide by a fraction. 8 . 3 Examples 1 Find the product A B C D 3 12 3 8 1 2 6 7 To multiply fractions. 3 4 2 3 3 2 4 3 2 4 1 2 Divide the numerator and denominator by their GCF. 4 5 11 5 11 4 is the reciprocal of 4 . multiply by its reciprocal. In this case.

8 4 5 B 3 16 C 3 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill D 24 26 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.Name: Date: Standards Practice Number Sense 2. Grade 6 . 1 Find the product A B C D 20 6 5 12 5 24 1 5 5 9 2 . J Multiply numerators and multiply denominators. 3 5 6 1 . 4 1 2 Find the quotient F G H J 5 6 4 5 10 27 1 3 2 3 Which statement is equivalent to A B 1 5 1 5 5 7 7 5 5 7 7 5 1 5 5 ? 7 3 C 5 D 5 4 Which statement describes how to multiply two fractions? F Find the least common denominator and then multiply numerators. G Multiply the first fraction by the reciprocal of the second fraction. 5 Find the quotient A 3 64 3 8 1 . H Divide numerators and divide denominators.2 Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question.

Examples 1 The lowest point in Death Valley has an elevation of 282 feet. including those arising in concrete situations. B © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 3 39.3 Solve addition. the difference is 4. that use positive and negative integers and combinations of these operations. The subtraction expression is 4. H 3 Today is Mrs.956 ( 282).Name: Date: Standards Practice Number Sense 2.956 282. 384 miles. Alguno is 39 years 27 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. If the friends want to split the driving equally. If the students are all 13 years old. by 3. subtraction. how far would each of them drive? F 64 mi G 96 mi H 128 mi J 192 mi The three friends want to divide the driving task into equal parts. Alguno? A 36 B 39 C 42 D 45 Multiply the students’ age. divide the total distance. 13.392 ft D 4. So.956 282. multiplication. and division problems. 13 old today. Subtraction is the same as adding the opposite. by 3. What is the difference in elevation between Death Valley and Towne Pass? A 5. The opposite of 282 is 282. each friend will drive 128 miles. Since 384 3 128. Grade 6 . how old is Mrs. or 5. Therefore. has an elevation of 4. The distance between the two cities is 384 miles. you subtract.238 ft B 4.238 ft.956 ( 282) is the same as 4. A 2 Three friends are driving from Los Angeles to San Francisco.674 ft C 4.3 NS 2. So to find out how far each friend will drive. She told her students that she is exactly three times their age. Towne Pass.956 feet.110 ft To find a difference. Mrs. Alguno’s birthday. so 4. on one of the highways out of Death Valley.

If Los Angeles had about 3 times as many people as San Diego. 1 In 1997. The highest point in the entire United States is Mt. McKinley in Alaska. Whitney? F 34. California.3 Read each question and choose the best answer. at 14. Whitney. The record low temperature is 45°F.320 feet.Name: Date: Standards Practice Number Sense 2. This makes California about how many times longer than it is wide? F 5 times G 4 times H 3 times J 2 times © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 28 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. How much higher is Mt.814 ft G 6.6 million B 3 million C 0. What is the difference between the record high and record low temperatures in California? A 89°F B 91°F C 109°F D 179°F 3 4 The average width of the state of California is about 250 miles.4 million D 0. McKinley than Mt. The average length of the state is about 750 miles. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. about how many people lived in Los Angeles in 1997? A 3.037 ft H 5.286 ft 2 3 The record high temperature for California is 134°F.826 ft J 5. Grade 6 . at 20.2 million people lived in San Diego.494 feet. about 1.3 million 1 2 The highest point in the Continental United States is Mt.

Name: Date: Standards Practice Number Sense 2. Grade 6 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 29 . Then divide both the numerator and denominator by the GCF.4 NS 2. The LCD is 12. use them to solve problems with fractions. Simplify. 2 3 1 4 8 12 11 12 3 12 D 8 20 2 Write the fraction F G H J 4 10 2 5 16 40 1 3 in its simplest form. B Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.4 Determine the least common multiple and greatest common divisor of whole numbers. To simplify a fraction. 2 3 Examples 1 What is the sum of A B C D 1 2 7 12 3 4 11 12 and 4 ? 1 Find the least common denominator.g. G 23 24 5 . find a common denominator to add two fractions or to find the reduced form for a fraction). 6 3 Find the difference A C 23 24 1 12 1 4 5 6 23 24 3 24 1 8 20 24 B D Rewrite 5 6 1 8 19 24 using 24 as the denominator. find the greatest common factor (GCF) of the numerator and denominator. which is the least common multiple of 3 and 4. (e.. Rewrite each fraction using the LCD and add the rewritten fractions. Subtract. 8 20 8 20 2 5 4 4 The GCF of 8 and 20 is 4.

1 2 What is the least common denominator of F G H J 20 40 60 80 3 7 1 . Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. 12 5 B D 17 24 29 30 3 20 25 32 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 30 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Grade 6 .Name: Date: Standards Practice Number Sense 2. 4 and 7 ? 10 2 3 Find A B C D 3 5 28 5 7 19 28 6 7 2 3 9 .4 Read each question and choose the best answer. 1 Write A B C D 3 4 9 16 1 2 1 4 3 8 18 32 in its simplest form. 27 4 Find F G H 4 6 27 13 18 7 9 J 1 5 Find A C 11 15 7 .

words or phrases often suggest the operation of the equation. solve for d. 6b b © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill $3 $3 6 or $0.50 C b $1. Each launch requires one rocket motor.00 D b $0. So the correct equation is m 3 5. is $3. b. A 2 Which value of d makes the equation 4 d F G H J 15 12 10 8 3 9 true? To find the value of d that makes the equation true. the number of rocket motors needed. A b $2. the number of rocket motors Chandra needs for her launches? A m 3 5 B 3m 5 C 5m 3 D m 3 5 When you use verbal phrases to write algebraic equations. Write and solve an equation for b. The key to this equation is that she is going to launch three rockets. the price of an individual bottle of water. Written as an equation. The variable of the equation is m. She has three model rockets and she wants to launch each one of them five times. The word times suggests multiplication.1 AF 1.Name: Date: Standards Practice Algebra and Functions 1. Examples 1 Chandra is going to launch her model rockets this weekend in the local park. Grade 6 31 . 3 d 4 4 3 9 9 d 4 3 4 3 or 12 G 3 Gina bought a six-pack of bottled water for $3. Multiply both 4 sides of the equation by 3 to isolate d. 6 times the cost of one bottle. this sentence is 6b $3.50 D Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Now solve for b.00 B b $1.1 Write and solve one-step linear equations in one variable.50 Since there are 6 bottles of water in a six-pack. Which is an equation that can be used to find m. five times each.

If they hike for 1 9 hours and take breaks every 1 2 hours.1 Read each question and choose the best answer. Grade 6 . Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. Which is an equation that can be used to find the number d such that 20% of $90 is d? A B C 90 20 d 100 d 90 3 d 20 90 20 100 D 90d 20 4 Yolanda and Jessica are hiking in Sequoia National Park. 1 Which value of c makes the equation 14c A 5 B 6 C 7 D 8 84 true? 1 2 Julio is in charge of buying miniature California flags for his fellow band members to place in their hats for the Tournament of Roses parade. how many breaks will they take? F G H J 9 8 6 4 32 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. which is an equation that could be used to find f. If he buys 1 flag for each of the 120 band members and spends $150.Name: Date: Standards Practice Algebra and Functions 1. the cost of one flag? F 120f 150 G 150f 120 H 120 f 150 J 150 f 120 2 3 Sung wants to buy a pair of $90 in-line skates that are marked down by 20%.

Erika and her friends bought four T-shirts and six caps. D 2 Chris is buying five ride tickets and two food tickets at a carnival.Name: Date: Standards Practice Algebra and Functions 1. So. So. Then evaluate the numerical expression.2 AF 1. They bought six caps. which is represented by 6c. replace r with 3 and f with 2 in the expression 5r 2f.2 Write and evaluate an algebraic expression for a given situation. which is represented by 4t. What is the total of Chris’s purchase if one ride ticket costs $3 and one food ticket costs $2? F $19 G $18 H $16 J $12 Evaluate an algebraic expression by replacing the variables with numbers and then finding the value of the numerical expression. 4t and 6c is represented by 4t 6c. b 6. They bought four T-shirts. The T-shirts cost t dollars and the caps cost c dollars. the value of r is 3 and the value of f is 2. using up to three variables. The and means add. The expression 5r 2f can be used to find his total cost if r is the cost of one ride ticket and f is the cost of one food ticket. 24 62 9 16 36 9 43 C © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 33 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Grade 6 . and c 9? Replace the variables with the given values. In this case. Examples 1 At a baseball game. 5(3) 2(2) 15 4 19 F 3 What is the value of a4 A 11 B 35 C 43 D 52 b2 c if a 2. T-shirts cost t and caps cost c. Which expression describes this situation? A 24tc B 6c 4t C 4t 6c D 4t 6c Look for key words in this problem to help translate it into an expression.

Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question.Name: Date: Standards Practice Algebra and Functions 1. 1 Rafiq bought seven paperback books and two hardback books from an online used bookstore. and s 5? 4 34 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. which expression describes the total cost? A hp 10 B h p 10 C h p 10 D 2h 7p 10 1 2 The Rios family is flying to Sacramento to visit relatives. If p represents the cost of a paperback book. What is the total cost of the trip if adult airfare is $109 and child airfare is $94? F $703 G $376 H $327 J $203 2 3 What is the value of 4x A 27 B 3 C 1 D 2 2y 8 z if x 3. h represents the cost of a hardback book.2 Read each question and choose the best answer. r 4. and z 8? 3 4 What is the value of 2q3 F 165 G 190 H 273 J 454 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 7r2 s0 if q 3. The expression 3a 4c can be used to find the total cost of their trip if a is the cost of an adult’s airfare and c is the cost of a child’s airfare. y 7. and the shipping charge is $10. Grade 6 .

and distributive properties to evaluate expressions. The associative property says that (a b) c a (b c). 52) 5(23 3)? Examples 1 What is the value of 3(2 A 14 B 14 C 55 D 124 Following the order of operations solves this problem. 23 8 2 25 23. and justify each step in the process. The commutative property says that a b c c b a. Multiply both terms within the parentheses by 3y to get the answer. 3xy 24y. which states that a(b c) ab ac. then multiply and divide from left to right. Grade 6 . 8 3 3( 23) 69. 3 The expression 3y(x A 3y x 8 B 3x 24 C 3y 24 D 3xy 24y 8) is equivalent to which of the following? This problem is an example of the distributive property.Name: Date: Standards Practice Algebra and Functions 1.3 AF 1. The only expression that is equivalent using these properties is answer choice F. D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 35 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. 5(11) 11 55 2 Which expression is equivalent to 3ab F (d 3ab) 2c G 3(ab 2c d) H (3ab 2c) d J (3ab 2c) d (2c d)? Solve this problem by using both the commutative and associative properties. then add and subtract from left to right. then powers. associative.3 Apply algebraic order of operations and the commutative. 3(2 52) 5(23 3) 3(2 25) 5(8 3( 23) 5(11) 69 55 14 B 3) 52 25. Do all operations within the grouping symbols first.

Grade 6 . 1 Which expression do you obtain if you use the commutative property of addition with the expression 12x2 8y2 5z? A x2y2z(12 8 5) B 12 8 5(x2y2z) C (12x2 8y2) 5z D 5z 8y2 12x2 1 2 Using the commutative property of multiplication. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. 5 36 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.Name: Date: Standards Practice Algebra and Functions 1.3 Read each question and choose the best answer. the expression 4b(2a c) is equivalent to which of the following expressions? F 8ab 4bc G (8ab) c H (2a c)4b J 4b( c 2a) 2 3 Which expression is equivalent to ( 9)(2g A 2g 9 4 B 18g 36 C 18g 36 D 7g 5 4)? 3 4 What is the value of 3(7 F 52 G 44 H 37 J 25 23) 13 2(42 10)? 4 5 Evaluate b(a A 61 B 40 C 36 D 17 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 3) 2b 5 if a 6 and b 8.

Add and subtract from left to right. do 53 first because powers are done before all other operations. With a scientific calculator that has parentheses keys. the expression is evaluated in the following steps. do operations within grouping symbols first. which should be found first? Examples 1 In the expression 34(2 A B C D 34 2 53 34 52 2 Following the order of operations. C 2 What is the value of 12 F 8 G 18 H 36 J 48 (40 4) 6? According to the order of operations. do operations within grouping symbols first. With a scientific calculator that has parentheses keys. followed by addition and subtraction from left to right. Grade 6 . A Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. enter the expression exactly as it is written (including the parentheses) to get the correct value. According to the order of operations. enter the expression exactly as it is written (including the parentheses) to get the correct value. then multiplication or division from left to right.4 AF 1. Multiply and divide from left to right.4 Solve problems manually by using correct order of operations or by using a scientific calculator. 53).Name: Date: Standards Practice Algebra and Functions 1. Since 2 53 is inside the grouping symbols. 25 [( 7)(3) 62 2] 32 [( 7)(3) 36 32 [ 21 18] 32 ( 3) 32 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 2] ( 3) 35 37 Evaluate powers first. 12 (40 4) 6 12 (36) 12 6 18 G [( 7)(3) 6 3 Find the value of 25 A 35 B 29 C 24 D 7 62 2]. Complete the operations inside of the grouping symbols.

Grade 6 . 1 To find the value of 73 use last? A addition B subtraction C multiplication D division 2 [( 5)(21) 42]. 5 38 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.Name: Date: Standards Practice Algebra and Functions 1.5 8) 3 9.4 Read each question and choose the best answer. which operation will you 1 2 What is the value of (4 F 31 G 7 H 7 J 12 8) (12 ( 7))? 2 3 Find the value of 6(3 A 31 B 27 C 14 D 5. 3 4 What is the value of the expression (5 F 23 G 20 H 17 J 12 23) 17 24? 4 5 Find the value of 43 A 178 B 94 C 58 D 9 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill [( 2)(11 15)] (72 24)(2). Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question.

281 m The main span of the Golden Gate Bridge is 1.200 0. About how many meters long is this span? 1 ft 0. Since 16 4 4.g. How many gallons of water does the cooler hold? A 64 gal B 16 gal C 4 gal D 0.000 oz When converting from a larger unit to a smaller unit within the same system. Examples 1 Dale is the manager of the track team.Name: Date: Standards Practice Algebra and Functions 2. Since there are 16 ounces in 1 pound. C 2 The marine animals at Sea World in San Diego eat an average of 4.305 m A 13. Since there are 4 quarts in 1 gallon.5 gal When converting from a smaller unit to a larger unit within the same system. the cooler holds 4 gallons.200 feet long.1 AF 2. multiply the number of pounds of food by 16.500 pounds of food per day. For each track meet. he fills a 16quart cooler with water.1 Convert one unit of measure to another (e. D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 39 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Grade 6 .281 m To convert between standard units and metric units.505 m C 3.000 oz J 144. 4. divide the number of quarts in the cooler by 4.305 1. In this case.895 m D 1.281 meters long.000 oz H 72. use a conversion factor. from feet to miles.000 ounces of food per day. multiply. use the conversion factor 1 ft 0. from centimeters to inches). H 3 The main span of the Golden Gate Bridge is 4.500 16 72. How many ounces of food do the animals eat? F 281 oz G 36.771 m B 4. 4.000 The marine animals at Sea World eat 72. divide.305 m.

405 ft C 125. If an electric car can travel 125 miles before it must be recharged. 10% of the vehicles sold in California must run on electric motors. Grade 6 .6 km F 88 km G 224 km H 280 km J 326 km 5 Ming bought 5 gallons of ice cream that she wants to serve one cup at a time. How many servings does she have? A 60 servings B 80 servings C 100 servings D 120 servings © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1 2 3 4 5 40 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.000 ft 2 Bridalveil Fall in Yosemite National Park is approximately 620 feet high.Name: Date: Standards Practice Algebra and Functions 2. About how many yards high is Bridalveil Fall? F 1.155 ft B 5. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. 1 By 2003. how many feet can it travel before being recharged? A 5.860 yd H 310 yd J 207 yd 3 Barbara has a Spanish test in 72 hours.947 yd G 1.000 ft D 660. How many kilometers is this? 1 mi 1. How many days from now is Barbara’s Spanish test? A 3 days B 4 days C 5 days D 6 days 4 The distance from Monterey to San Luis Obispo is about 140 miles.1 Read each question and choose the best answer.

50 1 pound Raul’s grapes cost $1.50 H $2. Examples 1 The speed limit on some interstate highways in California is 70 miles per hour. Rochelle typed 175 words in 5 minutes. This 1 hour quantity is an example of Notice that the ratio 1 hour has a denominator of one unit.00 G $1. What was the cost per pound? F $1. In this case. What is the average number of words per minute that Rochelle can type? A 5 B 30 C 35 D 50 Use the information given to write a ratio with 175 in the numerator and 5 in the denominator. which can be written as the fraction which of the following? A rate B time C proportion D distance 70 miles 70 miles .50 per pound.50 Write a ratio with $6 as the numerator and 4 pounds as the denominator. Grade 6 . the unit is 1 hour. Then find an equivalent ratio with a denominator of 1 pound. A 2 Raul bought 4 pounds of grapes for $6.2 Demonstrate an understanding that rate is a measure of one quantity per unit value of another quantity. $6 4 pounds $6 4 4 4 $1.00 J $2.2 AF 2. Then find an equivalent ratio with a denominator of 1 minute. 175 words 5 min 175 5 5 5 35 words 1 min Rochelle averages a rate of 35 words per minute. A ratio that compares a measure of one quantity to a unit value of another quantity is a rate.Name: Date: Standards Practice Algebra and Functions 2. C © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 41 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. G 3 On her keyboarding test.

Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question.05 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1 2 3 4 5 42 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.2 Read each question and choose the best answer. What is the price of the orange juice per ounce? A $0.25 and caught 5 rainbow trout. The recipe calls for 4 cups of flour and makes 48 pastries.80 B $0.05 5 Delta bought a quart of orange juice for $1. 1 For the pep squad fund-raiser.16 D $0. What was the cost of the license per fish? F $51.60. Grade 6 .Name: Date: Standards Practice Algebra and Functions 2.25 J $2.25 G $20. Jack sold 154 candy bars in 7 days.50 H $10. What is the average number of candy bars he sold per day? A 22 B 18 C 12 D 7 2 Rosa and her two friends paid a total of $123 for admission to Disneyland.50 C $0. What was the cost per person? F $62 G $41 H $27 J $19 3 Serge is helping his grandmother make pastries for a family reunion. How many pastries does he get for each cup of flour used? A 4 B 6 C 12 D 18 4 Alberto bought a 10-day fishing license for $10.

How long did the trip take? A 42 h C 22 h 1 1 B 34 h D 14 h 3 1 Since the formula is rt d. California. What was the average speed of the plane? A 490 mi/h B 420 mi/h C 355 mi/h D 276 mi/h Divide the number of miles Nadja traveled by the number of hours the trip took to find the average speed. you can divide the number of miles traveled by the rate to find the time of the trip. average speed. 12 mi 1h 1 4 1 rt h d d mi 15 min = 1 4 h 3 mi d Elbert rides his bike 3 miles to school. convert the time he travels from minutes to hours before multiplying. Examples 1 Nadja flew with her family from Austin. multiply his rate by the amount of time he travels. B 2 Elbert rides his bike to school every morning.3 Solve problems involving rates. How far does Elbert live from his school? F 48 mi G 24 mi H 8 mi J 3 mi To find the number of miles Elbert rides his bike. He travels at an average speed of 12 mi/h and the trip takes him 15 minutes.470 miles and took about 3 2 hours.Name: Date: Standards Practice Algebra and Functions 2. distance. Since his rate is in miles per hour. The trip was about 1. 1 1470 3 2 420 The average speed of the plane was 420 mi/h. to San Jose.3 AF 2. J 3 On a recent trip to the Sierra Nevada Mountains. and time. Dolores rode a bus that traveled 60 mi/h for 150 miles. C © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 43 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Grade 6 . 150 60 22 1 1 The trip took 2 2 hours. Texas.

How far did they travel before they stopped? F 51 mi G 60 mi H 91 mi J 136 mi 2 3 Conception rode the train from San Jose to Sacramento.5 mi J 99 mi © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 44 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. If Mr. Shasta. What was the average speed of the train? A B C D 55 mi/h 40 mi/h 35 mi/h 25 mi/h 3 4 The first plane to fly faster than the speed of sound was flown in California by Chuck Yeager in 1947.Name: Date: Standards Practice Algebra and Functions 2. How long will it take him to finish the paper? A B C D 30 h 18 h 15 h 12 h 1 2 On a recent trip to Mt. how far would he travel? F 9. 1 Dmitri is writing a 15-page research paper for his English class at a rate 1 of 1 4 pages per hour. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. Grade 6 . Yeager flew at that speed for 15 minutes. The plane flew at a speed of about 662 miles per hour.620 mi H 165. The trip is 3 150 miles and took 3 4 hours.330 mi G 6.3 Read each question and choose the best answer. Blanche’s father drove an average of 68 miles 3 per hour for 4 of an hour before they stopped to eat.

14 for . Which quantity is represented by b in the 2 equation? F 5. so the perimeter is 2a 2b. where b is the base 2 and h is the height. where d is the diameter of the circle. The problem states to use the approximation 3. so don’t use the key on a calculator for . respectively). A © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill and 50 for d. the area of a triangle. so 12 is represented by b in the equation. If no approximation for is given.1 Use variables in expressions describing geometric quantities (e. then use the key on a calculator. 45 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.. C d—the formulas for the perimeter of a 2 rectangle. a b Examples 1 Which expression shows the perimeter of the rectangle shown at the right? A 2ab B ab C 2a 2b D a b The formula for the perimeter of a rectangle is P 2w 2 .1 AF 3. C 2 The equation for the area of the triangle at the right is 1 30 bh. the base is 12.g. where w is the width and is the length. The formula for the circumference C of a circle is C d.3 12 The formula for the area (A) of a triangle is A bh.) A 157 yd B 150 yd C 94 yd D 75 yd The length of the track is the same as the circumference of the track.14)(50) Substitute 3. the width is a and the length is b. J 3 Margarita is racing her go-cart around a circular track that has a diameter of 50 yards. Grade 6 . C d C (3.3 G 7 H 9 J 12 1 7 9 5. In the given rectangle. What is the length of the track? (Use 3. and the circumference of a circle. In the given triangle. A bh.14 for C 157 The track is 157 yards long.14 for . 1 P 2w 2 .Name: Date: Standards Practice Algebra and Functions 3.

43 cm H 37.14 s 4 45 3. which equation could be used to find s? F s G s H s J s 45 3. Grade 6 .Name: Date: Standards Practice Algebra and Functions 3.) F 376. 1 What is the perimeter of the rectangle shown at the right? A 7 s B 7s C 2(7s) D 14 2s 1 s 7 2 A compact disc has a diameter of 12 cm. A 8c B 10c C 2c 4c D 4c c 5 4c c © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 46 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.14 45 3. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question.1 best answer.8 cm G 48. What is its circumference? (Use 3.14 45 5 Find the perimeter of the rectangle at the right.14 for .68 cm J 36 cm 3 The area of the triangle at the right is represented by which of the following expressions? A B 1 wy 2 1 xz 2 2 w y z x 3 C 2xz D 2yx 4 If the circumference of the circle at the right is 45 cm.

to find the length. d. how can you find the length? A divide the area by the width B divide the area by the length C multiply the area by the width D multiply the area by the length w for . w. d 2r. A given values for the length of the base and height. A 2 If the formula for the area of a parallelogram is A bh. Twice is the same as 2 times. A A w w So.2 AF 3. is equal to twice the radius. where is length and w is width is used to find the area of a rectangle.2 Express in symbolic form simple relationships arising from geometry. where b is the length of the base and h is the height. so the radius must be multiplied by 2. solve the equation A unknown length. the Examples 1 The formula A Since area and width are known. r.Name: Date: Standards Practice Algebra and Functions 3. Therefore. substitute the 3 The diameter of a circle. A A A bh (5h)(h) 5h2 H bh. B © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 47 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. divide the area by the width. which of the following expressions represents the area of a parallelogram where the length of the base is 5 times the height? F 2(5h) G 5h h H 5h2 J 5bh Using the formula for the area of a parallelogram. Which equation represents this situation? A d B d C d D d r 2 2r 2 r r 2 The problem states that the diameter of a circle is twice the radius. Grade 6 . If you know the area and width.

with a tape measure.Name: Date: Standards Practice Algebra and Functions 3. D He can add the area and the width to find the length. what is the length of rectangle B? F 5 G 5w H 1 w 5 4 J 5 w 48 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. C He can divide the area by the width to find the length. which equation is true? F b 2h G h 2b H h J b 1 b 2 1 2 2 h 3 Cora lives in a house that is in the shape of a hexagon. He wants to know the length and the width. 12 feet. Grade 6 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . He measured the width. 1 Daniel knows that the area of his bedroom is 156 square feet. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. 1 2 If the base of a triangle is half of its height. If rectangle A has a width of w and a length of and rectangle B has a width of 5w. B He can subtract the width from the area to find the length.2 Read each question and choose the best answer. What is the perimeter of her house if all sides have length s? A 5s B 6s C 7s D 8s 3 4 Two rectangles A and B are similar. Why does he not need to measure to find the length? A He can multiply the area and the width to find the length.

Grade 6 A A © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill r2 (6)2 or 36 . The 1 radius of a circle is 2 the diameter.14159 The Greek letter is used to represent the irrational number that is the quotient of the circumference of a circle divided by the diameter. Substitute 4 for r in the second version of the formula and solve for C. C 2 What is the circumference of a circle that has a radius of 4 cm? F 4 cm G 8 cm H 16 cm J 24 cm The formula for the circumference of a circle is C d. substitute 6 for r in the formula and solve for A.1 MG 1. In this case the radius is 6 because 1 2 (12) 6. So.1 Understand the concept of a constant number such as . where r is the radius. C C 2 r 2 (4) or 8 G 3 What is the area of a circle that has a diameter of 12 inches? A 24 in2 B 36 in2 C 48 in2 D 144 in2 The formula for the area A of a circle is A r2 where r is the radius. or C 2 r. The other answer choices are all common approximations of . where d is the diameter. It is the same for every circle.Name: Date: Standards Practice Measurement and Geometry 1. B 49 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. know the formulas for the circumference and area of a circle.14 B C 22 7 C d D 3. for a circle of Examples 1 Which of the following expressions best represents circumference C and diameter d? A 3.

Name:

Date:

Standards Practice

Measurement and Geometry 1.1

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. 1 Which of the following expressions represents the circumference of a circle with a diameter of 17 meters? A 289 m B 34 m C 17 m D 53.38 m 2 A circular swimming pool has an area of 144 square feet. What is its diameter? F 72 ft G 24 ft H 12 ft J 6 ft 3 Sheila wears a silver ring that has a diameter of 19 millimeters. If she cut the ring and flattened it out until it was straight, how long would the silver strip be? A 19 mm B 19 mm C 38 mm D 361 mm 4 Russ has a circular throw rug with a radius of 2 meters. How much floor space does his rug cover? F 4 m2 G 2 m2 H m2 J

1 4

1

2

3

4

m2

5 Mercedes has a camping tent with a round floor that has an area of 9 square feet. What is the radius of the floor of her tent? A 18 ft B 9 ft C 4.5 ft D 3 ft

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Standards Practice

Measurement and Geometry 1.2

MG 1.2

Know common estimates of 3.14; 7 and use these values to estimate and calculate the circumference and the area of circles; compare with actual measurements.

22

**Examples 1 Enrique likes to play disc golf. He has a disc that has a diameter of 28 cm.
**

What is the circumference of his disc? A 56 cm B 84 cm C 88 cm D 96 cm Both 3.14 and

22 7

**are approximations for
**

22 7

that can be used to find the works best because you can

**circumference of a circle. In this case, simplify it before you multiply. C d C C
**

22 7 28 1 22 7

88

Simplify. Use

and d

28.

The circumference of his disc is 88 cm. C 2 A basketball goal is a circle with a diameter of 18 inches. What is the area of a basketball goal? F 28.26 in2 G 56.52 in2 H 254.34 in2 J 1,017.36 in2 Solve the formula for the area of the circle. Use 3.14 as an approximation for because the answer choices are given as decimal values. A r2 A (3.14)(9)2 A (3.14)(81) or 254.34 Use 3.14 and r 9. A basketball goal has an area of 254.34 in2. H 3 Cheryl drives a pickup truck. The tires on her truck are 31 inches in diameter. How far will her truck move if the tires turn around one complete time? A 97.34 in. B 48.67 in. C 31 in. D 15.5 in. Find the circumference. C d C (3.14)(31) Use 3.14 and d C 97.34 The truck moves 97.34 inches. A

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Standards Practice

Measurement and Geometry 1.2

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. 1 A bowling ball has a diameter of 8.6 inches. How far does a bowling ball roll each time it rotates? A 54 in. B 27 in. C 17.2 in. D 8.6 in. 2 What is the area of the circle shown at the right? F 414 mm2 G 441 mm2 H 1385 mm2 J 5,538 mm2 1

2

42 mm

3 Joaquin is wrapping a gift that is in a cylindrical box. The box has a radius of 8 inches. How many inches of ribbon will he need to wrap completely around the cylinder? A 50.24 in. B 100.48 in. C 200.96 in. D 803.84 in. 4 Jessica’s little sister has an inflatable pool that has a play area of 28.26 square feet. What is the diameter of the pool? F 2 ft G 3 ft H 6 ft J 9 ft 5 Mark marked the wheel of his bicycle and then measured the distance that the bicycle traveled as the wheel turned around exactly one time. The distance was about 81.5 inches. Which of the following is the best approximation for the diameter of the wheel? A 20 in. B 21 in. C 25 in. D 26 in.

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Examples 1 A cereal box has a base that is a rectangle measuring 10 inches by 2 inches. is equal to the area of the base times the height.Name: Date: Standards Practice Measurement and Geometry 1.8 cm3. The height of the prism is 5 centimeters.260. The base of the prism is a triangle that has a base length of 15 centimeters and a height of 20 centimeters. compare these formulas and explain the similarity between them and the formula for the volume of a rectangular solid.14)(6)2(20) or 2. which 2 equals 750. where is the length of the base. V (3. or 2 (15)(20).3 MG 1. Since the base of a triangular prism is a 1 triangle. like a prism. The volume of the triangular pyramid is 750 cm3. or (150)(5). A © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1 1 53 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. G 3 A cylindrical oatmeal container has a circular base with a radius of 6 centimeters and is 20 centimeters high.3 Know and use the formulas for the volume of triangular prisms and cylinders (area of base height).8 cm3 C 113. So.8. which equals 150.) B 376. The volume V of a rectangular prism is V wh.8 cm3 A 2. V wh V (10)(2)(12) or 240 The box has a volume of 240 in3.500 cm3 G 750 cm3 H 300 cm3 J 150 cm3 20 cm 15 cm 5 cm The volume of a triangular prism V is V Bh. and h is the height. the volume of the container is 2.14 for . with a height of 12 inches. and h is the height. V Bh. you already know how to find its area (A bh).84 cm3 The volume of a cylinder.04 cm3 D 18.260. D 2 Find the volume of the triangular prism shown at the right. Grade 6 . What is the volume of the container? (Use 3. F 1. w is the width of the base.260. What is the volume of this box? A 20 in3 B 24 in3 C 120 in3 D 240 in3 This box is a rectangular prism because its base is a rectangle. or V r 2h. Area of base 2 B bh. where B is the area of the base of the prism.

000 ft3 B 225.2 ft3 2 3 An architect wants to build a building on this oddly shaped lot in the middle of a Y-intersection.570 cm3 C 3. What is the volume of the silo? F 2.2 ft3 H 16.019.925 cm3 D 15. and has a base diameter of 16 feet.14 for . 2 4 What is the volume of the triangular prism? F V2 G V3 H A3 J V 2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 54 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.) A 785 cm3 B 1. He has a cylindrical grain silo that is 80 feet tall. What is the volume of the tube? (Use 3.700 cm3 1 2 Alyssa’s grandfather is a farmer in the San Joaquin Valley.076.500 ft3 3 75 ft 120 ft 4 A rectangular prism with volume V has a base with area A.000 ft3 D 4.Name: Date: Standards Practice Measurement and Geometry 1. 1 A cylindrical mailing tube has a circular base with a diameter of 10 centimeters and is 50 centimeters high.8 ft3 J 64. A triangular prism with the same height as the rectangular prism has a base with area A .6 ft3 G 4. Grade 6 . If the building is 50 feet tall.000 ft3 C 9. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question.3 Read each question and choose the best answer.307. what would be its volume? A 450.009.

t 18 2 7 36 45 Examples Use the figure shown at the right to answer Questions 1–2. A 2 Which pair of angles are vertical angles? F 2 and 7 G 3 and 6 H 2 and 8 J 3 and 4 Vertical angles are non-adjacent angles formed by intersecting lines. In the figure above. what is the sum of their measures? A 90° B 180° C 270° D 360° The sum of the measures of supplementary angles is 180°. 3 and 5. only 5 and 6 are adjacent angles.1 MG 2. In the figure above. Grade 6 . but have no interior points in common. as well as 1 and 7. 1 and 8 are supplementary. 2 and 8 are vertical angles. Two intersecting lines form two pairs of vertical angles. B © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 55 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. adjacent. H 3 If two angles are supplementary. 1 Which of the following pairs of angles are adjacent angles? A 5 and 6 B 2 and 4 C 1 and 5 D 4 and 6 m Adjacent angles have the same vertex and have a common side. The measures of vertical angles are equal.1 Identify angles as vertical. complementary. Of the pairs of angles listed. and 4 and 6.Name: Date: Standards Practice Measurement and Geometry 2. or supplementary and provide descriptions of these terms.

G The angles are complementary.Name: Date: Standards Practice Measurement and Geometry 2. D A and B have equal measures. C The angles are vertical angles. D The angles are supplementary. then B has a measure of 130°. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 5 56 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Use the figure shown at the right to answer Questions 1–2. B If A has a measure of 50°. Grade 6 . H The angles are vertical. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. then B has a measure of 40°. A and B. Which of the following is always true of these angles? A If A has a measure of 50°. C A and B share a common side. 1 What is the measure of A x° B 90° x° C 180° x° D 180° x° 4 if m 1 x°? 1 2 3 4 1 2 What is the measure of F x° G 90° x° H 180° x° J 180° x° 3 if m 1 x°? 2 3 Two angles. complementary. Which of the following is never true? A The angles are complementary. 3 4 If X has a measure of 47° and Y has a measure of 53° which of the following statements is true? F The angles are supplementary. J The angles are neither supplementary. B The angles are adjacent. are adjacent angles. nor vertical. 4 5 Two angles each measure 45°.1 Read each question and choose the best answer.

m X m X © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 180 90° 65° A 25° 57 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. substitute and solve for m D. Since m C is 23°. the measure of What is the measure of X? A 65° B 90° C 115° D 155° Y is 25°. 23° m D m D 90° 90° 23° or 67° D 2 If G and H are supplementary. Y X Z The sum of the measures of the angles of a triangle is 180°. Subtract the two known angle measures from 180° to find the measure of X. and C has a measure of 23°.2 Use the properties of complementary and supplementary angles and the sum of the angles of a triangle to solve problems involving an unknown angle. Examples 1 If C and D are complementary. so you know that m C m D 90°.Name: Date: Standards Practice Measurement and Geometry 2.2 MG 2. Since m G is 87°. Grade 6 . The measure of Y is given also. what is the measure of A 237° B 157° C 113° D 67° D? Complementary angles have measures whose sum is 90°. and measure of H? F 3° G 93° H 103° J 267° G has a measure of 87°. substitute and solve for m H. This is a right triangle as indicated by the square marking on Z. so you know that m G m H 180°. 87° m H m H 180° 180° 87° or 93° G 3 In the triangle shown at the right. what is the Supplementary angles have measures whose sum is 180°.

1 In the figure shown at the right. S and T are supplementary. E and F have the same measure. Which of the following cannot be true? A m G 60° B m G 90° C m E m F m G 180° D m E 90° 3 4 In the figure shown at the right. The measure of the measure of A.Name: Date: Standards Practice Measurement and Geometry 2. Grade 6 58 . A and B are complementary. What is the measure of 1? A 15° B 105° C 165° D 255° 2 is 1 2 1 2 Two angles. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. What is the measure of A? F 30° G 45° H 60° J 75° B is twice 2 3 In EFG. What is the measure of T? F 238° G 148° H 122° J 32° © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill S 58 R T 4 Q Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.2 Read each question and choose the best answer. the measure of 75°.

It is not a trapezoid because it has more than one pair of opposite sides that are parallel.Name: Date: Standards Practice Measurement and Geometry 2. An isosceles triangle has at least two congruent sides. B They are obtuse triangles. D They are right triangles. What is true about these triangles? A They are equilateral triangles. a right isosceles triangle). It is a quadrilateral because it has four sides. a quadrilateral having equal sides but no right angles.3 Draw quadrilaterals and triangles from given information about them (e. C They are isosceles triangles. C 2 Which of the following terms does not match the figure shown at the right? F Square G Parallelogram H Quadrilateral J Trapezoid The figure shown is a square.3 MG 2. which has four congruent angles and four congruent sides. Grade 6 .. Each outside face of the building is a triangle with two sides of equal length. J 3 Which of the following is an equilateral triangle? A B C D An equilateral triangle has three congruent sides.g. It is a parallelogram because its opposite sides are parallel and congruent. A © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 59 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Examples 1 The Transamerica Pyramid in San Francisco is a 48-story building.

Grade 6 .3 Read each question and choose the best answer. 1 What is the best description of the triangle shown at the right? A Isosceles B Scalene C Right D Equilateral 1 2 Which of the following descriptions does not describe the figure shown at the right? F Trapezoid G Quadrilateral H Parallelogram J Rhombus 2 3 Which of the following is an isosceles right triangle? A 3 B C D 4 What is the best description of the figure shown at the right? F Triangle G Acute triangle H Equilateral triangle J Isosceles triangle © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 60 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question.Name: Date: Standards Practice Measurement and Geometry 2.

Examples Use the following table of predicted high temperatures for Big Sur for the week of June 19th to answer Questions 1–3. median 78° G mean 78°. Since 81 73 8. median 79° J mean 74°. Therefore. Wed. median. A 2 Find the mean and median of the predicted high temperatures. the range is 8°. median 81° The mean is the same as the average of the temperatures. 80°. 77°.Name: Date: Standards Practice Statistics. mean. H 3 Find the mode of the predicted high temperatures. In this case. median 81° H mean 78°. 81°.1 SDAP 1. 79°. Temperature 77° 80° 81° 79° Fri. Tue. Grade 6 . and mode of data sets. 73° 1 What is the range of predicted high temperatures for Big Sur for the week? A 8° B 5° C 4° D 2° The range of a set of data is the difference between the greatest number and least number in the set. A 81° B 77° C 73° D no mode The mode of a set of data is the number that appears most often. Day Mon. D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 61 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.1 Compute the range. and Probability 1. In this case. Thu. the highest predicted temperature is 81° and the lowest is 73°. all of the numbers appear only once. F mean 79°. Data Analysis. there is no mode for this set of data. mean 77° 80° 81° 5 79° 73° 78° The median is the middle number in a set of data when the data are arranged in numerical order: 73°. The median is 79°.

Name: Date: Standards Practice Statistics. and Probability 1. Every Saturday. Week Time (min) 1 51 2 49 3 53 4 43 5 49 1 What is the range of times for Rachael’s trips? A 10 min B 8 min C 6 min D 5 min 1 2 What is the mean amount of time for Rachael’s trips? F 50 min G 49 min H 48 min J 46 min 2 3 What is the median amount of time in the data set? A 53 min B 51 min C 49 min D 43 min 3 4 Which of the following is the mode for the data set? F 53 min G 51 min H 50 min J 49 min © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 62 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. Data Analysis. Grade 6 . Rachael rides the BART subway from her home in San Francisco to her grandmother’s house in Berkeley. Use this information to answer Questions 1–4. The time includes walking time to and from the stations. The following table shows the amount of time the trip took each week for five weeks.1 Read each question and choose the best answer.

G Average is the same as range. Examples 1 Darnell has the following scores on his math tests for the grading period: 78. B © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 63 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. the range does not change. Which of the following will not affect the mean price of his cars? A Adding a car that costs $10 B Adding a car that costs $35 C Adding a car that costs $50 D Adding a car that costs $100 Adding a car that costs the same as the mean price will not affect the mean. If he scores 83 on his next test. nor would there be after adding the new test score.Name: Date: Standards Practice Statistics. There is no mode. 86. If Melinda needs a 90 average to have an A. which of the following values will change? A Mean B Median C Mode D Range The median of his current tests is 83. and Probability 1. and mode. Since the 83 is neither the high nor the low score. Why might Melinda still not have an A? F Average is the same as mode. 80. and 94. Data Analysis. J Average is a value that is different from mean. then her mean score needs to be 90.2 SDAP 1. She was happy because she needed at least a 90 average to get an A in the class.2 Understand how additional data added to data sets may affect the computations of measures of central tendency. Melinda’s median exam score changed from an 89 to a 91. so the mode does not change. her mean could still be lower than 90. A 2 After her last exam. not median. not median. so adding a score of 83 will not change the median. H Average is the same as mean. median. H 3 Joshua collects model cars. Grade 6 . The mean is the only value that will change after the new test score is added. not median. Even though her median score is 91. The mean value of the cars in his collection is $35 and the median price is $50.

If she makes a set of data of the numbers of grandchildren that she has visiting each week. Alvarez always has grandchildren visiting her during summer. 14. But for July 4th. Data Analysis. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question.2 Read each question and choose the best answer.Name: Date: Standards Practice Statistics. 30. the data set has a small range. 22. Alvarez will not have enough room for all of the grandchildren. 4 570 3 64 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. 598 Embarcadero Center. H The number is probably much greater than the other weeks. He drove his 5 customers 12. If the height of the Transamerica Pyramid. and 17 miles each. the number of grandchildren visiting her will greatly change the range of her data. G There is not enough information to say how the data will be affected. J Mrs. 1 A taxi driver in Los Angeles has had 5 fares this morning. 2 3 The table gives the heights of 5 buildings in San Francisco. Grade 6 . were added to the table. Mrs. which of the following values will change? A Mean B Median C Mode D Range 1 2 Because she lives on the beach in La Jolla. which is 853 feet tall. What can you say about the number of grandchildren visiting her during the 4th? F The number is probably about the same as the other weeks. and Probability 1. No. which value would change the most? A Mean B Median C Mode D Range © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Building Height (ft) 345 California Building 615 101 California Street 600 California Center 600 Pacific Gas and Electric Bldg. If he picks up another fare and drives the customer 19 miles.

Grade 6 . In this case. Movie 1 is an outlier. The number 6 movie only earned $8 million less than Movie 5. Data Analysis. Outliers affect mean and range the most. Since range is not an answer choice. and Probability 1. because it is $8 million less than the number 5 movie. the median. and outliers affect the mean and range the most. B 2 Which would be most affected if the number 1 movie were removed from the table? F Mean G Median H Mode J Minimum Movie 1 is an outlier.3 SDAP 1.3 Understand how the inclusion or exclusion of outliers affects measures of central tendency. C No.Name: Date: Standards Practice Statistics. F 3 If the number 6 movie earned about $163 million and was included in the table. B Yes. Outliers can also be much less than the other members of a set of data. because it is only $8 million less than the number 5 movie. would it be an outlier? A Yes. because it is equivalent to the median of the data set. because it is less than the median of the data set. D No. Box Office Earnings for Five Top Movies Movie Rank Earnings (Rounded to the nearest million dollars) 1 431 2 282 3 239 4 205 5 171 1 Which of the measures would be most representative of the data? A Mean B Median C Mode D Range Because Movie 1 earned so much more than the others. so it would not be considered an outlier. then it would affect the mean the most. and it earned $149 million more than Movie 2. Examples Use the data in the following table to answer Questions 1–3. D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 65 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. is most representative of the data. it is called an outlier. 239.

which would it affect the most? F Mean G Median H Mode J Range © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 66 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. was 461.223. Long Beach.820 San Diego 1. Grade 6 .733 1 In the data set above. which of the following best describes the population of Los Angeles? A Median B Range C Mode D Outlier 1 2 Based on the data above.694. and Probability 1. Populations of the Top Four California Cities in 2000 City Population Los Angeles 3.943 San Francisco 776.3 Read each question and choose the best answer. 3 4 The population of the 5th largest city in California. If Long Beach were added to the table.040.Name: Date: Standards Practice Statistics. Data Analysis. Use the data in the following table to answer Questions 1–3. D The mean is 1.522 in 2000.945. C The mean is less affected by Los Angeles than the median or mode. which best represents the population of the four largest cities in California? F Mean population G Median population H Population range J Population mode 2 3 Which statement is true about the mean of the data? A Because of Los Angeles. it does not represent the data well.400 San Jose 894. B It is not affected by the Los Angeles data. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question.

they decided to look up climate data for Palm Springs. the daily range of temperatures would be the most helpful. as well as how hot it is in the afternoon. Examples 1 Rochelle surveyed every student in the 6th grade to find out his or her favorite meal in the school cafeteria. Data Analysis. but they are concerned about the summer heat. find the mode. median. C 2 Students who scored in the top half of their class are exempt from Mr. D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. She can.Name: Date: Standards Practice Statistics. Knowing the high temperature and the range. White’s math final exam. since the median is the middle number when a set of data is arranged in numerical order. Which measure would she use to find the most popular meal from this data? A Mean B Median C Mode D Range Since the data collected were not numerical. mode. All they could find were daily high temperatures. median. which of the following should the students use to find out if they scored in the top half? F Mean G Median H Mode J Range Students should compare their own scores to the median. or range. however. and range of scores of his class. Rochelle cannot find the mean. Which of the following additional pieces of information would help them most? A The daily mean temperatures for August B The daily median temperatures for August C The modes for the daily temperatures in August D The daily range of temperatures in August Since they already know the daily high temperatures for August.4 Know why a specific measure of central tendency (mean. mode) provides the most useful information in a given context. Along with their own scores.4 SDAP 1. However. which is the most popular meal. Mr. and Probability 1. G 3 Alicia’s family is thinking about moving to Palm Springs. median. Grade 6 67 . He only released the mean. they can figure out how cool it gets in the morning. White did not release a list of names of students who are exempt. To find out more.

Name: Date: Standards Practice Statistics. If Alberto wants to know what are the fewest and the most lawns he might have to mow. trucks. so he recorded the number and type of vehicles that drove through a busy intersection during rush hour. Data Analysis. the taller half of the students were asked to stand in the back row. and Probability 1. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. Which of the following do students need to know to find out whether they have to take the exam again? A The mean exam score B The median exam score C The exam score mode D The range of exam scores 1 2 Alberto wanted to know if more people in his community drive cars. or SUVs. Grade 6 . Which of the following measures will help students decide where to stand for the photo? A Mean B Median C Mode D Range 3 4 Alberto got a summer job with his brother’s landscape company.4 Read each question and choose the best answer. and the shorter half were asked to sit in the front row. which of the following will help? F Mean G Median H Mode J Range © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 68 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. 1 Mrs. He was told that he would mow an average of 8 lawns per day. Kim told her math class that anyone who scored below the class average on her exam would have to take the exam again. Which of the following measures will tell him which type of vehicle is most popular? F Mean G Median H Mode J Range 2 3 For a class photo.

Name:

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Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 2.1

SDAP 2.1

Compare different samples from a population with the data from the entire population and identify when it makes sense to use a sample.

**Examples 1 Recently, about 11% of the population of California lived in the city of Los
**

Angeles. If this percent has remained about the same, about how many of 300 randomly selected Californians would you expect to live in Los Angeles? A 11 B 22 C 33 D 44 Use a proportion and solve for the unknown value.

11 100 n 300

100n 3,300 Cross multiply. n 33 Divide each side by 100. Out of 300 randomly surveyed Californians, 33 would live in Los Angeles. C

2 Out of 60 students who were surveyed, 9 said that skateboarding was their favorite sport. If the 450 students in the whole school were surveyed, about how many would be likely to say that skateboarding is their favorite sport? F 45 G 60 H 68 J 397 Use a proportion and solve for the unknown value. 68 students would say skateboarding was their favorite sport. H

3 To find out what kinds of hobbies students in her school have, Juliette asked the 8 students in her drama club. Which of the following best describes Juliette’s sample choice? A It is a good sample because it is small. B It is a poor sample because it contains all girls. C It is a good sample because it is not random. D It is a poor sample because it is small and not very random. Juliette’s sample is poor because it is small and not very random. She needs to survey more students, and to survey students from more than just the drama club. D

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Name:

Date:

Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 2.1

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. 1 Rafael needs to find out what kinds of music the DJ should play for the upcoming school dance. Which of the following would make the best survey? A His fellow basketball team members. B The students in his homeroom. C Every 10th student who enters the cafeteria at lunch. D The students in the school band. 1

2 If 120 out of 200 residents of a small town who were surveyed said that they did not want a discount store to be built in their town, about how many of the town’s 1,900 residents would be likely to have the same feelings? F 1,800 G 1,140 H 320 J 200

2

3 Mrs. Ghish wants to find out where the 6th graders at Yolo Middle School want to go for their class field trip. Which of the following would make the best sample? A Every 10th student who walks into the school building in the morning. B Every 5th student who enters the school cafeteria. C Ten students chosen at random from the school roster. D One out of every 5 sixth graders she finds in the hallway between classes.

3

4 Recently, roughly 2% of all Californians lived in San Francisco. Suppose this rate has remained constant. If you survey 250 Californians at random, about how many would live in San Francisco? F 50 G 25 H 5 J 2.5

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Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 2.2

SDAP 2.2

Identify different ways of selecting a sample (e.g., convenience sampling, responses to a survey, random sampling) and which makes a sampling more representative for a population.

**Examples 1 Suppose a textbook company sends a letter to the parents of 200 students in
**

California asking whether the students would like to answer questions to help them design a new math textbook. Which of the following best describes this method of selecting a sample. A Random B Convenience C Survey D Cluster This is a survey. The parents of 200 students were asked whether their children could answer questions. Those who say yes will become the sample for the population. C

2 Suppose that the number of people who visit Yosemite National Park on June 1 is used to estimate the total number of people who will visit the park during the summer. This would be an example of which of the following methods of selecting a sample? F Random G Convenience H Survey J Cluster Since this survey takes place on only one day, it is designed mostly for convenience. A more random method of selecting a sample would look at the number of visitors on more than one day, or on parts of several days. G

3 During the 2000 Census, the Census Bureau sent a longer form, with more questions, to about 1 out of every 6 households, chosen indiscriminately. The longer form is an example of what type of sample selection method? A Random B Convenience C Survey D Cluster Since the longer form is sent to households indiscriminately, this is an example of random sampling. A

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the school principal. J Ask every 10th student who enters the school in the morning.000 Californians asking them if they would like to take part in focus groups to help the network decide what kinds of new shows to air. This is an example of which of the following methods of selecting a sample? F Random G Convenience H Survey J Cluster 2 3 Suppose Caltrans wants to know how many miles most Californians drive per week.2 Read each question and choose the best answer. G Ask the students who play basketball. To find out. wants to find out how many students plan on attending the basketball tournament this weekend by taking a random sample. Grade 6 . H Go to four classrooms and ask the students in them. Which of the following best describes this method of selecting a sample? A Random B Convenience C Survey D Cluster 1 2 A cable television network sends letters to 1. Jefferson. Which method are they using to select their sample? A Random B Convenience C Survey D Cluster 3 4 Mr. they decide to ask everyone who comes into the DMV on the first day of each month.Name: Date: Standards Practice Statistics. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 72 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. Which should he do? F Ask the students who come into the office. Data Analysis. 1 The school newspaper asked every eighth student in the hallway how much homework they had on an average night. and Probability 2.

3 Analyze data displays and explain why the way in which the question was asked might have influenced the results obtained and why the way in which the results were displayed might have influenced the conclusions reached. and Question C suggests spending time with family or alone. 2 Which is a correct statement about the graphs? F The range of sales is greater for Graph A than for Graph B. both graphs show the same data. 73 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. J Graph B gives the impression that sales dropped greatly.3 SDAP 2. and Probability 2. Question A suggests watching television. Look closely at the two graphs and you will see that the only difference between them is the vertical scale.000s) 20 15 10 5 0 Jan. Grade 6 . G Graph A gives the impression that sales dropped only slightly. D The graphs at the right show sales for Gino’s Italian Restaurant for one year. D The points are too close together. Because the range on the vertical axis of Graph A is much smaller than that of Graph B. Jul. Both graphs show the exact same sales data. Jul. C The points are not connected in a straight line. H 3 Why would Graph A be considered misleading? A The range on the vertical scale is much smaller than that of Graph B. Apr. Oct.000s) 33 31 Jan. B The months should be along the vertical axis. Question B suggests reading.Name: Date: Standards Practice Statistics. A © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Graph A 35 Sales ($1. Data Analysis. Use the graphs to answer Questions 2 and 3. Examples 1 Which of the following survey questions would not influence the response given? A Which television programs do you like to watch in the evening? B Do you prefer to read books or magazines in the evening? C Do you like to spend time with your family or by yourself in the evenings? D What do you do when you are at home in the evening? Question D is the only one that does not influence the response given because it does not suggest a specific activity. Oct. H Graph A and Graph B show the exact same sales data. Graph B 40 35 30 Sales 25 ($1. However. Apr. it makes the drop in sales look much more drastic.

3 Read each question and choose the best answer.Name: Date: Standards Practice Statistics. and Probability 2. Use the graphs to answer Questions 1 and 2. 1 Which statement best describes the graphs above? A Graph A could be considered misleading. J It includes data that was not shown in Graph A. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. D What activities do you associate with summer vacation? 3 4 Which of the following questions would most likely not influence the response given? F Which do you enjoy more. which do you prefer? J If you had to choose between taking journalism or art. math or English? G What is your favorite school subject? H Most students prefer science to foreign language. 2 3 Which of the following questions would likely influence the response given? A What activities do you enjoy during summer vacation? B Do you prefer indoor or outdoor activities during the summer? C Describe your usual summer vacation activities. B Both of the graphs have the same scale.000 800 600 Pounds 400 200 0 Graph A 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Week Graph B 900 800 700 Pounds 600 500 400 300 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Week 2 Why could Graph B be considered misleading? F The vertical scale does not begin at zero. Grade 6 . D Both graphs show the same recycling data. which would you pick? © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 74 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Data Analysis. 1. The graphs show the number of pounds of paper that students at Chavez Middle School recycled in eight weeks. C Graph B makes the increase in paper recycling look less impressive. G The horizontal scale does not begin at zero. H It shows incorrect data.

J Pass out a questionnaire at school and ask people to mail it back. what is your favorite pet?” Why is this survey biased? A She only asked students. D Lucinda should have asked two adults who were not family members. “Cats and dogs are the most popular pets. and Fidel’s question does not specify a sport. Grade 6 . If he asks people at a football game. H 3 Brook asked students in his school the survey question. Examples 1 Lucinda asked her parents what their favorite soft drink was. The population that Lucinda is asking about is all adults.Name: Date: Standards Practice Statistics.4 SDAP 2. H Stand on a busy street corner in Fresno and ask 100 people of all ages. B She mentioned cats before dogs. B We do not know how old Lucinda’s parents are. Brook is asking students about their favorite pets. Some students may have favorite pets that are not cats or dogs. D She suggested answers. C She asked a specific question. D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 75 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. If he asks students in his school. 2 is not a large enough sample. Which would be the best way for Fidel to select a sample of people to find out which team they like? F Ask 100 people at a junior high football game. Lucinda concluded that the most popular kind of soft drink for adults is iced tea. The best way for Fidel to select a sample would be to stand on a busy street corner in Fresno and ask 100 people of all ages. Data Analysis. C 2 Fidel lives in Fresno. For a population this large. he is limiting his sample to one age group. Why is her conclusion not correct? A Lucinda only gave her parents two types of soft drinks to choose from. C Lucinda did not use a large enough sample. From this. but she implied that the answer should be cats or dogs. Both of them said that iced tea was their favorite soft drink. they may be biased toward football. He wants to find out which professional sports team is the favorite of people in Fresno. and the population is made up of many age groups. She only asked two adults about their favorite soft drink.4 Identify data that represent sampling errors and explain why the sample (and the display) may be biased. G Ask 100 of his fellow sixth graders as they enter the school building. and Probability 2.

C She asked too many people. 1 2 Rodrigo asked people who were stopped in their cars at a busy intersection in Los Angeles during rush hour what was their usual way of traveling to work.000 middle school students in all parts of California. Almost all of them said that the situation comedy was their favorite.000 people of all ages from all parts of the state. Delta concluded that the most popular shows on television must be situation comedies. 2 3 Delta asked students in her middle school what their favorite type of television show was. J He asked only people at intersections. D Survey 1. B Survey 1. C Ask people who read the paper to e-mail their responses. D Delta asked too many different age groups. B The question she asked was biased. 3 4 Gilbert asked 100 people at a California beach whether surfing or sunbathing was their favorite beach activity. Why is his survey biased? F He limited the choices. Grade 6 . H He asked only people who were riding public transportation. From this. Data Analysis. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. Why is this survey biased? F Gilbert only asked people at the beach. Which would be the best way to select a sample for this survey? A Survey 100 people of all ages on a street corner in Los Angeles. H One hundred people is too large a sample for the question.Name: Date: Standards Practice Statistics. J Gilbert limited the question. What is wrong with her conclusion? A Delta did not use a large enough sample. 1 A newspaper wants to find out what is the favorite holiday of Californians. and Probability 2. G He asked only people who were driving cars. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 76 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.4 Read each question and choose the best answer. G He should have asked people of different age groups.

A better survey would have asked students at random in all classes. Based on this. her sample is not random.5 SDAP 2. H The sample is not random. These passengers could not have flown out of San Francisco because the airline does not fly out of that airport. C The sample contains different kinds of pain relievers. 95% prefer to fly out of Oakland rather than San Francisco. Monique only asked students in the science classes. the passengers are most likely going to say that they prefer to fly out of Oakland because they like the airline. D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 77 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. not because they like one airport or the other. The number of doctors in the sample is not known. B The sample should contain people other than doctors. H 3 A maker of aspirin claims that 2 out of 3 doctors surveyed prefer their brand of aspirin to other pain relievers. Examples 1 An airline that flies out of Oakland and not San Francisco claims that in a survey of 500 people. Data Analysis. J She should have included students in the math classes as well. Monique recommended to the school librarian that the library should buy more science fiction books. B The survey was of people who were passengers on the airline. Therefore. Why might this data be misleading? A The sample is too large. D The number of doctors in the sample is not known. Grade 6 . Therefore. the survey could have a sample that is too small. D Only 25% of the people surveyed lived in the Bay Area. The results showed that most preferred science fiction. Why is her conclusion invalid? F She did not count the number of people she surveyed. Which information about the survey would be most likely to make people think the airline’s claim is misleading? A The survey only included people who were flying on business. B 2 Monique asked all the students in her middle school’s science classes to name their favorite type of novel.Name: Date: Standards Practice Statistics. and Probability 2. not just science classes. evaluate the validity of the claims. G Her sample is not large enough. Therefore. C The survey was taken only during one month of the year.5 Identify claims based on statistical data and. which makes the claim possibly misleading. in simple cases.

B The question was limited. 1 2 A researcher believes that higher speed limits on California highways cause more accidents. B The survey included both homeowners and renters. Why is his conclusion invalid? A The question was not clear. Which information about the survey would be most likely to make people think the company’s claim is misleading? A The survey only included 100 people in two California counties. C The survey included both city and rural residents. he concluded that school should not start later in the day. G Accidents on highways where the speed limit has not changed. G They only looked at rainfall data for one month. 3 4 Allison’s family is moving to Los Angeles. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. They read that Los Angeles only receives about 12 inches of rain per year. they concluded that the climate of Los Angeles must be like that of a desert. J They did not consider other climate factors such as temperature. Grade 6 . Data Analysis. 1 An insurance company claims that 80% of Californians have earthquake insurance. From his survey. H They should look at the amount of rainfall over several years. D The survey took place in a year when there were no major earthquakes. He asked whether the school day should start later in the day. Which of the following factors should she not consider when she gathers data? F Accidents on highways where the speed limit has been increased.Name: Date: Standards Practice Statistics. D His survey did not include enough students. and Probability 2. What is wrong with their conclusion? F They only looked at the average temperature. 2 3 Jerome surveyed 50 students in the morning before school. J Whether the accidents happen during the day or night. From this information.5 Read each question and choose the best answer. H The number of cars traveling on highways with and without increased speed limits. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 78 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. C He only surveyed students who arrive at school early.

2 1. 5 4. 4 5. 5 2. How many different cola choices are there? A 2 B 3 C 6 D 9 S L S L S L Notice in the tree diagram that each of the three types of cola can be served in either a small size or a large size. favorable outcomes are those in which a 2 is rolled. 5 5. 6 3.” There are 11 outcomes where at least one of the number cubes showed a “2. 3 6. 6 6. A B C Examples 1 The tree diagram shows the possibilities for choosing between three types of cola (A. 5 1. 1 4. 5 6. Data Analysis. grids. 4 6.1 SDAP 3. 6 2. The theoretical 11 probability is 36 . tables. 1 5. 1 1. 6 4. 4 1. 6 5. and Probability 3. 4 2. 5 3. B. 4 4. 4 3.Name: Date: Standards Practice Statistics. or C) in two different sizes (small or large) at the concession stand of the city middle school track meet. 2 How many ways are there to roll at least one “2”? F 1 G 2 H 6 J 11 1. 3 5. 2 6.” J 3 What is the theoretical probability of rolling at least one “2” when two number cubes are rolled? A C 11 36 1 6 B D 5 18 1 36 Theoretical probability is the ratio of favorable outcomes to the total possible outcomes. Grade 6 . 1 6. In this case. 2 3. 1 3. 3 3. Use this information to answer Questions 2 and 3 below. 3 2. 1 2. 3 1.g. 6 Look at the diagram for outcomes that have at least one “2. C This diagram shows the possible outcomes from rolling two six-sided number cubes. tree diagrams) and express the theoretical probability of each outcome. A © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 79 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. There are 11 favorable outcomes and 36 total outcomes. 2 2. 2 4.1 Represent all possible outcomes for compound events in an organized way (e. for a total of 6 choices. 2 5. 3 4.

and shoes that Ashok can wear. Use this tree diagram to answer Questions 1 and 2.1 Read each question and choose the best answer. Data Analysis. no matter which pants or shirt he wears? F G H J 1 12 1 6 1 3 1 2 2 3 Yolanda has a penny. dime. 1 The tree diagram shows the different combinations of shirt. flip it. and get heads? A B C D 1 2 1 4 1 8 1 16 3 4 What is the theoretical probability that Yolanda will pull out all four coins. pants. How many combinations does he have? A 2 B 3 C 4 D 12 Jeans T-shirt Shorts Jeans Polo Shirt Shorts Jeans Button-down Shorts Sneakers Loafers Sneakers Loafers Sneakers Loafers Sneakers Loafers Sneakers Loafers Sneakers Loafers 1 2 What is the theoretical probability that Ashok will choose to wear loafers.Name: Date: Standards Practice Statistics. and quarter in her pocket. Grade 6 . flip them all. nickel. and Probability 3. and get heads on all four? F H 1 2 1 8 4 G J 1 4 1 16 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 80 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. What is the theoretical probability that she will pull out a coin.

and Probability 3. Therefore. H 3 Angelina is fly-fishing in the Sierra Nevada. he will complete 35. She hiked to 15 different locations on a stream and caught 3 trout. how many will likely be there to camp overnight? F 15 G 7 H 3 J 1 Based on the given information. What is the probability that she will catch a trout at the next location she fishes? A B C D 2 3 1 2 1 3 1 5 From the information given. the probability of a visitor camping in the 15 3 park overnight is 100 . D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 81 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.g. 7 20 n 100 20n 700 Cross multiply. n 35 Divide each side by 20.Name: Date: Standards Practice Statistics. the probability of Angelina catching a trout at 3 1 any given location is 15 . how many passes will he complete if he throws 100 passes? A 5 B 7 C 35 D 100 Use a proportion to solve this problem. Data Analysis. 3 will likely camp overnight. Examples 1 A football player threw 20 passes during his last game. or 20 . 7 of which were complete. 85 were just visiting for the day while 15 were going to camp overnight in the park. If he keeps completing passes at the same rate. which simplifies to 5 . batting averages or number of accidents per mile driven). Out of the next 20 visitors who enter the park.. In 100 passes.2 Use data to estimate the probability of future events (e. of the next 20 visitors who enter the park.2 SDAP 3. Grade 6 . C 2 Of the last 100 visitors who entered Joshua Tree National Park.

Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. Data Analysis. If it takes Mr. which is the final exam? F G H J 5 6 7 9 3 4 1 2 2 3 Elton went to the beach 9 out of the past 12 Saturdays.2 Read each question and choose the best answer. Brandies 50 minutes to get to work. 1 If a basketball player for the UCLA Bruins takes 60 free throws and makes 27. how many times will Elton likely go to the beach? A 2 times B 4 times C 6 times D 8 times 3 4 Mr. about how much time does he spend in traffic jams? F about 30 min G about 20 min H about 18 min J about 13 min © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 82 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. In the next 8 Saturdays. Brandies estimated that he spends 1 out of every 4 minutes of his drive to work stuck in traffic jams. What is the probability that she will make an A on her next test. Grade 6 . and Probability 3.Name: Date: Standards Practice Statistics. how many free throws will she make in 160 attempts? A 81 B 72 C 54 D 9 1 2 Leona has made an A on 15 of the 18 math tests that she has taken this year.

5 G 22. B 7 8 2 A Stanford University baseball player has a batting average of 0. how many on average will not be from Los Angeles? A 11 B 22 C 66 D 89 If the probability of an event occurring is P. Examples 1 Speedy Airlines claims that 7 out of 8 of its flights out of LAX are on time. then the probability of the event not occurring is 1 P. out of 100 Californians. and percentages between 0 and 100. Then. J 3 Approximately 11% of the population of California lives in the city of Los Angeles. the player can expect 200 0. 89 would not be from Los Angeles. the probability of meeting a Californian who is not from Los Angeles is 1 11%. Data Analysis. If his average stays constant.225. If you meet 100 Californians at random. and verify that the probabilities computed are reasonable. In his next 200 at-bats.3 Represent probabilities as ratios.Name: Date: Standards Practice Statistics.5% when written as a percent. 1 P is the probability of an event not occurring. So. or 89%. So. out of 100 people. decimals between 0 and 1. D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 83 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. know that if P is the probability of an event. proportions.5 H 25 J 45 Multiply his average by the number of at-bats to find the number of hits he will get.5% C 50% D 12. how many hits can he expect to get in his next 200 at bat? F 12. and Probability 3.5% The probability of a flight being on time can be represented by the ratio which is 87.3 SDAP 3. What is the probability that the next Speedy Airlines flight from LAX will be on time? A 90% B 87. 89% is 89 people. Grade 6 .225 or 45 hits.

638 G 0.100 B 100 C 1 D 0. what is the probability that it will not rain? A B C D 1 5 2 5 3 5 4 5 1 8 2 1 1 2 3 4 A ski resort at Lake Tahoe is completely full 5 out of 7 nights a week during ski season. 1 Suppose you roll two number cubes.263 3 If a meteorologist says that a given area has a 20% chance of rain.8% J 28.362 J 0. Data Analysis. Grade 6 .Name: Date: Standards Practice Statistics.3 Read each question and choose the best answer.623 H 0. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question.362. and Probability 3. What is the probability that a skier will get a room during ski season if she shows up without a reservation? F 71. What is the probability that the sum of the numbers on the two cubes will be 7? A 33 3 % B 16 3 % C 13 9 % D 11 9 % 2 A softball player has a batting average of 0.1% H 32.6% 5 What is the probability of an event that always occurs? A 0. What is the probability that she will not make a hit at her next at-bat? F 0.01 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 5 84 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.4% G 57.

What is the probability that Danielle would reach into the bag and randomly choose either a green or blue marble? A B C D 3 25 7 25 2 5 4 5 Since there are seven green marbles. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill C 85 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. if Danielle can pick either a green or blue marble. According to the rules of the game. C 25 2 Robert and his sister are playing a board game. Therefore. the probability of picking a green marble 7 is 25 . Seven of the marbles are green and three are blue.Name: Date: Standards Practice Statistics. Data Analysis. G 3 What is the probability of tossing heads on a coin and a 4 on a number cube? A C 1 2 1 12 B D 1 6 1 36 1 2 1 6 1 . 25 However. she has 7 3 or 10 choices out of 25. Therefore. Since there are three blue marbles. is the product of the two probabilities. the probability of picking a blue marble is 3 . What is the probability of rolling a double? F G H J 1 3 1 6 1 18 1 36 There are 6 numbers on the cubes. Multiply the probability of each event to get the probability of both events occurring. so there are 6 ways a player can roll a double. 12 Both events are independent. and Probability 3. the probability of picking 7 3 10 2 either a green or blue marble is 25 . in independent trials. which is 25 or 5 .4 Understand that the probability of either of two disjoint events occurring is the sum of the two individual probabilities and that the probability of one event following another. Grade 6 .4 SDAP 3. any player who rolls a double (the same number on both number cubes) gets to repeat their turn. Examples 1 Danielle has a bag that contains 25 marbles.

If she picks a student at random to run an errand. or turn right. and 3 that she could fly to in the Bay area. and 6 are sugar cookies. 30 seventh graders and 3 eighth graders. and Probability 3. Grade 6 . what is the probability that the student will be either a sixth or eighth grader? A B C D 1 10 1 6 4 19 2 3 1 2 A cookie jar has 36 cookies in it.4 Read each question and choose the best answer. Data Analysis. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. 1 Coach Brown’s PE class has 5 sixth graders. turn left. At each intersection. What is the probability that she will fly out of Burbank in the LA area and arrive at Oakland in the Bay area? F H 1 12 2 3 4 G J 1 7 3 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 86 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. What is the probability that a particular car will go straight through both intersections? A C 1 9 1 3 3 B D 1 6 1 2 4 Alejandra is going to fly from the Los Angeles area to the San Francisco Bay area. what is the probability of reaching into the jar and pulling out either a chocolate chip or sugar cookie? F G H J 1 6 1 4 1 3 1 2 2 3 Darren is watching cars at two intersections in downtown Los Angeles. There are 4 airports she could leave from in the Los Angeles area.Name: Date: Standards Practice Statistics. equal numbers of cars go straight. If 12 of the cookies are chocolate chip.

5 1 . The probability of being picked in each round is 5 . and then 3 for the third round.5 SDAP 3. there are four contestants left for the second round. 3 1 4 1 2 These are dependent events because one person was removed from the pool in the first round. What is the probability that you will be picked to play in each round? A B C D 1 5 1 4 1 3 1 2 Because the contestant who is picked to play in each round is replaced. H 3 What is the probability of being picked in the fourth round if the winning contestants are not replaced after each round? A C 1 5 1 3 B D 1 4 1 2 This is a dependent event because the number of contestants in the pool decreases after each round. and Probability 3. that contestant is removed from the pool. 1 so your probability is 2 .5 Understand the difference between independent and dependent events. D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 87 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.Name: Date: Standards Practice Statistics. a new contestant is brought from the audience to keep 5 contestants in the contestant pool. Use this situation to answer Questions 1–3. a contestant is picked from the pool to play. Examples You are in a pool of 5 contestants for a Hollywood game show. 5 1 . Grade 6 . So. and 1 1 the probability of being picked is 4 . A 2 Suppose that the contestants in the contestant pool are not replaced after each round. 4 1 5 1 3 G J 1 . Data Analysis. In the fourth round only two contestants are left. These are 1 independent events. the first round does not affect the probability in the following rounds. What would your probability be of being picked in the second round and then in the third round? F H 1 . For each round of the game. 1 Suppose that after each round. Once a contestant plays a round.

so he will have 12? F G H J 1 36 1 18 1 6 1 3 2 3 Lee has a bag of jellybeans. J Paco is less likely to win 2 coin tosses than Tommy is to win 1 coin toss. which does not change the probability. Why is Paco still not likely to ride the skateboard first? F Each coin flip is a dependent event.5 Read each question and choose the best answer. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 88 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Data Analysis. he suggested that they go for 2 out of 3 flips. Grade 6 . The teacher is picking two girls and two boys to represent the class in a math contest. what is the probability that she will reach into the bag and randomly pull out a vanilla bean? A C 3 11 4 7 3 B D 12 47 2 3 4 Paco and Tommy flipped a coin to see who would get to ride first on Paco’s new skateboard. and 12 vanilla beans. If he rolled a 6 with his first number cube. what is the probability that he will roll a 6 with the second one. If the teacher has already picked one girl. what is the probability that Amelia will be picked? A B C D 1 27 1 26 2 27 1 13 1 2 Ashok needs to roll a 12 on two number cubes to win a board game.Name: Date: Standards Practice Statistics. The bag contains 21 licorice. H Each successive coin flip has a higher probability. When Paco lost the toss. 1 There are 14 girls and 13 boys in Amelia’s math class. 14 root beer. If she eats 3 licorice beans. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. and Probability 3. G 2 out of 3 is the same probability as 1 out of 2.

boy. girl. How long will the trip take? A 45 min B 50 min C 3h D 3 h 45 min The number of miles that Zachary’s family will travel to their destination is irrelevant information because the problem asks for the time of the trip. boy. girl. then two boys. Simply add the driving time to the rest stop time to find the total. girl. … C boy. Which of the following describes the pattern Mrs. so the morning low temperature was 28 degrees less than the afternoon high temperature. You need to know the afternoon high temperature to solve this problem. boy. and they estimate it will take 3 hours for the drive and 45 minutes for rest stops. girl. girl.1 MR 1. … Mrs. Angela and Linda were picked to solve the third problem. and observing patterns. A © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 89 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. sequencing and prioritizing information. What do you need to know to find today’s morning low temperature? F The average high temperature G The average low temperature H Today’s afternoon high temperature J Today’s humidity level The temperature range was 28 degrees. distinguishing relevant from irrelevant information.1 Analyze problems by identifying relationships. boy. Moreno picked Julie and Hannah to go to the board to solve the first quiz problem. boy. Moreno is using to pick students? A girl. D 2 The afternoon high temperature today in El Centro was 28 degrees warmer than the morning low temperature. The trip is 150 miles. Examples 1 Zachary and his family are going on a camping trip to Kings Canyon National Park. boy. girl. boy. Grade 6 . boy. She then picked Miguel and Scott to solve the second problem. H 3 Mrs. … D girl. 3 hours and 45 minutes. girl.Name: Date: Standards Practice Mathematical Reasoning 1. boy. … B girl. Moreno picked two girls. then two girls. girl. boy. identifying missing information.

What additional information do you need to know in order to find her average exam grade? A Her in-class work average.25 J $5.25 G $24. 0.50 H $12. D Her score on the second exam. When they left.Name: Date: Standards Practice Mathematical Reasoning 1. C The number of homework assignments she had. 30. B The number of weeks in the grading period. and a 93 on her fourth exam. 3 4 Anton and Trudy went to a USC Trojans football game with $25 each. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. She made an 88 on her first and third exams. The game lasted about 4 hours and USC won with a score of 17–12. 13. 1 Which number comes next in the pattern? 40. How much money did they spend at the game? F $37. She has a 100 average on her homework. How much did the bike cost? F $750 G $600 H $450 J $300 2 3 Nicoleta had 4 math exams during the grading period. 21. He has had the bike for 4 months now. Anton and Trudy had a total of $12. 6. Grade 6 .00 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 90 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.1 Read each question and choose the best answer. … A 4 B 5 C 6 D 8 1 2 Rodrigo is paying his mother $75 every month for 6 months for his new bike.75 between them.

610 H 1. only 1.525 G 1. Grade 6 . Malcolm has 23 students in his 1st period math class. then which of the following is not possibly a correct statement? A a b B a b C a b D a≠b A factor is a number that divides into a whole number with a remainder of zero.2 MR 1. and then multiply that number by 5. G 3 If a and b are whole numbers and a is a factor of b. it cannot be greater than the number. so the answer is a b. 2 5 10. Since 23 is a prime number.2 Formulate and justify mathematical conjectures based upon a general description of the mathematical question or problem posed. B He will have even rows and columns of students in the desks. C 2 Suppose you pick any even number between 100 and 500.610 could be the product. Examples 1 Mr. Which of the following could be the product? F 1. Which of the following statements about his class is true? A He can easily divide the class into smaller study groups. Mr.642 J 1. 4 5 20. Therefore.Name: Date: Standards Practice Mathematical Reasoning 1. Therefore. For example.835 The digit in the ones place of the product must be a zero because any even number multiplied by 5 is a multiple of 10. C He will not be able to divide the class into groups containing the same number of students. D He can use all the desks in his classroom to make six even rows of desks. Since it must divide into the number. it is only divisible by itself and 1. C © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 91 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Malcolm will not be able to divide the class into groups containing the same number of students. etc.

one number on each card. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question.Name: Date: Standards Practice Mathematical Reasoning 1. Nguyen holds 20 note cards with 20 consecutive numbers written on them. 1 What is the greatest number of even numbers that you can have in a list of 13 consecutive whole numbers? A 5 B 6 C 7 D 8 1 2 Mrs. Grade 6 .2 Read each question and choose the best answer. Which of the following cannot possibly be the difference? F 524 G 525 H 563 J 571 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 92 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. How many cards should you pick? F 5 G 4 H 3 J 2 2 3 If the distance between Redding and Chico is a multiple of 2. which of the following distances could be the correct one? A 77 B 75 C 73 D 72 3 4 Suppose an odd whole number is subtracted from an even whole number. She tells you to pick a group of consecutive cards so you are certain that one of the cards has a number that is divisible by 5.

then you can solve the problem with 8 students. C. Examples 1 Paulo wants to buy a snowboard that is marked down $40.Name: Date: Standards Practice Mathematical Reasoning 1.3 MR 1. he must subtract $40 from the original price to find the final price. you could start with 2 students. Therefore. G Find the speed of a car that averages 5 miles in 10 minutes. then 4 students to see if there is a pattern. How many square feet of windows will each crew have to wash? A 25.3 Determine when and how to break a problem into simpler parts. or 6. simply find the area of one side of the building which is 64 100. Since there is a $40 discount. Paulo must pay sales tax on the final price of the snowboard. If the sales tax is 8 4 %. So. there is no reason to find the total area of the whole building since you would multiply one side by 4 and then divide by 4. In the situations described in choices F. Grade 6 . assume that each of the four crews will wash one side of the building. and H. J Find how many handshakes will occur when 8 students each shake hands with each other.600 ft2 B 6. 2 For which kind of situation would it be most useful to break a problem into simpler parts? F Find the area of a circle of radius 3 feet.400 ft2.400 ft2 C 256 ft2 D 64 ft2 Since the building has 4 sides of the same dimensions. J 3 A window washing company has been hired to wash the windows on a glass building. G. Each of the four sides of the building is 64 feet high and 100 feet long. B © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1 1 1 1 93 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. D Add 8 4 % to the original price. Once you find a pattern with fewer students. H Find the difference in temperature between 23°F and 16°F. then 3 students. In J. you need to calculate a specific value. It is most useful to break a problem into simpler parts when the numbers in the problem are very large or when the problem is based on a pattern or sequence. C Subtract $40 from the original price. B Divide $40 by 8 4 %. which is the first step for finding the price he will pay for the snowboard? A Find 8 4 % of $40. The manager wants to divide the work evenly among 4 crews.

The trip cost $3 per student for admission to the Exploratorium. side. G Find 8% of $199 H Find 8% of $149. Which is not a reasonable first step for finding the total cost of the trip? A Multiply the number of students by 3. D Add $3 and $4. B Multiply the number of students by 4. 3 4 In which situation would it be most useful to break a problem into simpler parts? F Round 42. H Find the area of a square with a side that measures 2 feet. C Subtract $3 from $4. How can she break this problem into simpler parts? A Find the area of the front. D Find the area of the base and multiply by the height. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 94 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. and $4 for lunch. C Find the area of the largest side and multiply by 6. Which is the best second step for finding how much he will pay for the clubs? F Find 25% of $199. Grade 6 . The $199 clubs are on sale for 25% off.52 2 3 Jessica wants to find the surface area of a crate.3 Read each question and choose the best answer.Name: Date: Standards Practice Mathematical Reasoning 1. and top surfaces.198 to the nearest hundred. Then multiply the sum of the three areas by 2. G Find the product of 492 10. 1 2 Stoney is buying himself a set of golf clubs. The sales tax is 8%.25 J Find 25% of $214. J Find the number of ways Louise can arrange 5 ornaments on a shelf. B Find the volume and divide by 3. 1 Marzieh’s sixth grade science class went on a field trip to the Exploratorium in San Francisco.

699 to $1. H 3 Sergio bought 9.7 gallons of gasoline costing $1.443. round both the dividend and the divisor to the nearest ten. Therefore. Use an estimate to choose the correct product.879 and 0.99 C $16.48 D $18. C $1. 150 60 is the most reasonable estimate.04 Round 9.7 to 10 and $1. Use an estimate to choose the correct total cost. A $15.4 H 1. Examples 1 Elijah and his father are driving from their home in Barstow to visit his grandmother in Las Vegas.699 per gallon.144.70. Which of the following expressions would provide the most reasonable estimate for the time the trip will take? A 150 60 B 160 60 C 150 65 D 155 65 To estimate.04 to get the product of 1.34 J 1.000. F 114.34.000 and 0.70 is $17.48. Then multiply 10 answer closest in value to the estimate is $16.046 several times using a calculator.Name: Date: Standards Practice Mathematical Reasoning 2. So. The © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 95 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.434 G 11. 152 rounds down to 150 and 62 rounds down to 60.144. The answer closest in value to the estimate is 1.1 Use estimation to verify the reasonableness of calculated results.14434 Use the compatible numbers 25.1 MR 2. Grade 6 . A 2 Sonya found the product of 24.41 B $15. The trip is about 152 miles and his father will average about 62 miles per hour.

00 C $4. Use an estimate to choose the correct total cost.Name: Date: Standards Practice Mathematical Reasoning 2. 1 When they are standing in formation on the football field.58 J 29.50 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 96 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.7 shares of stock costing $19.79 2 3 The prices for soft drinks at a convenience store range from $0. What is the best estimate for the total cost of four soft drinks from the store? A $2.14 G 291.913.59 to $1.135. the Jefferson Middle School band has 8 members on each of 12 yard lines.991.92 H $3. Grade 6 . Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. F $36.1 Read each question and choose the best answer. Which of the following expressions would be best to use to obtain a reasonable estimate for the number of students in the band? A 10 12 B 8 12 C 10 10 D 9 9 1 2 Chase found the quotient of 74.20 3 4 Lori bought 189.99 G $369.15 J $36.50 per share.80 D $5.699.29.40 B $4. F 29. Use an estimate to choose the correct quotient.36 H 2.879 and 257 several times using a calculator.

456. C 97 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Grade 6 .000 G 8. Examples 1 Find 111.1112 1.890. The problem states that triangles in the parallelogram are all the same size. 111.321 123.000. 2. each one 1 must have 4 the area of the entire parallelogram.677.000 numbers in the sequence from 1 to 4.987.678.321 Solve simpler problems and look for a pattern.001.111. find the area of the parallelogram and then multiply it by 4 .2 Apply strategies and results from simpler problems to more complex problems. Observe that each pair of numbers in the sequence adds to 11.000 G 3 The four triangles in the parallelogram shown at the right are all the same size.654.321. What is the area of each of these triangles? A 80 cm2 B 40 cm2 C 20 cm2 D 10 cm2 5 cm 16 cm The formula for the area of a parallelogram is A bh where b is the length of the base and h is the height.000 4.987. Because there are four triangles. and 1.654.040.987. Since there are 5.2 MR 2.345.789.678.345.001 8.002. B 2 Find the sum of all the counting numbers from 1 to 4.321.321 1.345.654.000 H 4.567.002. A B C D 12.001. A © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 1 5 16 1 . there are 2.234.Name: Date: Standards Practice Mathematical Reasoning 2.000.234.321.654. F 44.321 12.000 pairs of numbers. 1112 12.987. The sum of the sequence from 1 to 10 is 11 5 55. and each pair has a sum of 4. Continuing the pattern.654.111. 112 121. So.000 J 414.141 Look for a pattern in a simpler problem: 1 2 3 … 8 9 10. 4 or 20 cm2.1112.1112 is 12.

D Find 32 and then add the result to 59.2 Read each question and choose the best answer.000.000. how many zeros would 1059 have if it were written in standard form? F 60 G 59 H 58 J 57 2 B C 3 Refer to the figure at the right. Grade 6 .Name: Date: Standards Practice Mathematical Reasoning 2.049.049 by 3.049 by 9. 1 Wynona knows that 310 59. each 2 centimeters on a side. If you draw a large square that contains the diagonal strip of squares and shade above and below the string of squares.000 and 109 1. what is the area of each shaded region? A 35 cm2 B 40 cm2 C 45 cm2 D 50 cm2 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 3 98 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. 1 2 If 108 100. corner to corner in a similar way. What is the best way she can use this information to find 312 if she does not have a calculator? A Multiply 3 by itself 12 times.000. You can use the fact that ABCD 2 has sides 4 centimeters long and that the small 1 squares are 1 centimeter on a side to figure out A D that each of the shaded regions has an area of 6 square centimeters. Suppose you placed 5 squares. B Multiply 59. Suppose the small 4 squares numbered 1. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. 2.000.049. C Multiply 59. 3. and 4 each have sides 3 1 centimeter long.

13. A © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 99 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. The graph crosses above 12 but below 14. and algebraic techniques. Then. look up to see where the graph crosses the grid mark for Thursday.75 corresponds with a y-value below 2 but above 3. arithmetic. How many boxes of cookies were sold on Thursday? A 13 B 9 C 8 D 5 16 12 Number of Boxes 8 Sold 4 0 Cookie Sales S M T W T F S Day of the Week Look on the horizontal axis for Thursday. Then look down to find where the graph intersects with the x-value of 1. an x-value of 1. C 2 Which equation best describes points (x. is the closest value. So 13 boxes were sold on Thursday.Name: Date: Standards Practice Mathematical Reasoning 2.75 on the x-axis. 3) are substituted for x and y is y 2x 1. The only equation that is true when the values (1.3 MR 2. Answer choice C. y) on the graph? F y G y H y J y 1 x 2 1 1 1 2x 2x 2x All points on the graph are solutions to its equation.75. 2.5 D 3 O x Estimate the location of 1. 3) and substitute these values for x and y for the possible equations to find out which equation is true for the values. most closely matches the value on the graph. On this graph. Grade 6 . pick a point such as (1. Since there are two Ts (for Tuesday and Thursday). 1 What is the corresponding y-value for an x-value of 1.5. So. Answer choice A. y Examples Use the graph at the right to answer Questions 1 and 2. J 3 The results from a one-week cookie sale are shown in the graph at the right.3 Estimate unknown quantities graphically and solve for them by using logical reasoning. look for the one that is between Wednesday and Friday.75? A 1 B 2 C 2.

Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. 1 What is the corresponding y-value for an x-value of 2? A 3 B D 8 3 3 2 y O x 1 C 2 2 Which equation best describes the points (x. y) that are on the graph? F y G y H y J y 3 x 4 4 x 3 4 x 3 3 x 4 2 The graph shows the average high temperatures for each month in San Francisco. Average High Temperature 80 75 Temperature 70 65 ( F) 60 55 50 l y e y t r r r r y y h ar ar rc pri a un Jul gus be obe be be u tem ct em em nu bru Ma A M J A p O ov ec Ja Fe N D Se 3 Which months have high temperatures above 70 degrees? A May and June B June and July C July and August D June through October 4 Between which two months does the average high temperature change the most? F October and November G February and March H April and May J December and January © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 3 4 100 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Use the graph to answer Questions 3 and 4. Grade 6 .3 Read each question and choose the best answer. Use the graph at the right to answer Questions 1 and 2.Name: Date: Standards Practice Mathematical Reasoning 2.

Name: Date: Standards Practice Mathematical Reasoning 2. diagrams. to explain mathematical reasoning. Count the number of SUVs and trucks and subtract that number from 98 to find the number of cars that Raquel saw. and models. such as words. and SUVs). SUVs and Trucks Examples Use the chart at the right to answer Questions 1 and 2. If she saw a total of 98 vehicles (cars. How many students play basketball? A 35 B 42 C 64 D 94 Track 15% Volleyball 18% Basketball 40% Football 27% From the chart. you know that 40% of the students who play sports play basketball. 235 of the 614 students participate in extracurricular sports.4 Use a variety of methods. Raquel saw 56 cars. find the number in the answer choices above that is closest to 56% of 120. or 120 0. B 2 Suppose Raquel sees 120 vehicles on her way back home from Napa. D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 101 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. 98 42 56.4 MR 2. 1 The chart at the right tells how many SUVs and trucks Raquel saw on a recent trip to Napa. Which of the following is the best estimate for the number of those vehicles that will be cars? F 68 G 75 H 90 J 105 Since Raquel saw 98 vehicles on her trip to Napa.2. Simply find 40% of the number of students who play sports. charts. graphs. The graph shows the percent of the students who participate in the four different sports. So. numbers. tables. Grade 6 . trucks. or 235 0. how many were cars? A 58 B 56 C 42 D 24 Each tic mark indicates one SUV or truck.56 67. F 3 At John Sutter Middle School.4 94. symbols. the number of cars she saw (56) is a little more than 56% of the total number of vehicles.

Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question.4 Read each question and choose the best answer.6 billion worth of agricultural products. A $26 billion B $15 billion C $13 billion D $9 billion Top Five Agricultural States Illinois 13% California Nebraska 34% 14% Iowa 18% 3 Texas 21% 4 California’s agricultural sales were about how much greater than Texas’s agricultural sales? F $42 billion G $26 billion H $16 billion J $10 billion © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 102 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Use this graph to answer Questions 1 and 2. 3 In a recent year. which would you say is the best estimate for the average number of boxes sold each week? F 25 G 30 H 35 J 40 2 Use the graph at the right to answer Questions 3 and 4.Name: Date: Standards Practice Mathematical Reasoning 2. Use the graph to estimate California’s agricultural sales. 1 In which two weeks do students appear to have sold the same number of fruit boxes? A week 1 and week 2 B week 1 and week 3 C week 2 and week 3 D week 2 and week 4 Fruit Boxes Sold 50 40 Boxes 30 Sold 20 10 0 1 2 3 Week 4 1 2 From the graph. Grade 6 . The graph shows fruit box sales for each week of the Chowchilla Union High School FFA club fundraiser. the top 5 agricultural producing states sold $76.

Since the graph has an arrow on the left end. A negative exponent means that the decimal point is moved to the left. you know that the values graphed are less than but not equal to 3. 1. A positive exponent means move the decimal point at the right. which is greater than 1. you know that the graph continues on to infinity. D 2 Which sentence best describes the graph shown at the right? F x 3 G x 3 H 7 x 3 J x 7 –2 –1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 The graph starts at 3 and extends to the left end of the number line.5 Express the solution clearly and logically using the appropriate mathematical notation and terms and clear language. The exponent of 10 in each expression tells which way and how many places to move the decimal point when writing the number in standard form. the correct sentence is x 3. Since the point where the graph begins at 3 is an open circle. So.34 102 The values are all expressed in scientific notation. Which sentence best describes the price p of a pair of shoes that she is considering buying? A p $47 B p $93 C p $47 D $47 p $93 Since the shoes that Mai Li has found range in price from $47 to $93.25 10 5 B 7. resulting in a number greater than 1. the price of the shoes she’s considering buying could be anywhere from $47 to $93. resulting in a number less than 1. G 3 Which of the given values is greater than 1? A 9.58 10 1 D 1.5 MR 2.Name: Date: Standards Practice Mathematical Reasoning 2. support solutions with evidence in both verbal and symbolic work.34 102 134.06 10 2 C 1. So. The only sentence that describes this range is $47 p $93. Grade 6 . D © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 103 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Examples 1 Mai Li has found rock climbing shoes that range in price from $47 to $93.

2 Which expression represents the March average temperature for Fresno? F 5.50 10 1 H 6.90 102 J 4.99 B p $34. Grade 6 . Which sentence best describes the price p of the rods and reels Jamail has found? A p $34.99 D p $34. California 2 J F M A M J J A S O N D Month 3 Which expression represents the average temperature t on any given day in Fresno? A t 82 B t 43 C 43 t 82 D 43 t 82 3 4 The graph shown is not labeled.99 1 Use the graph at the right to answer Questions 2 and 3. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question.50 101 G 5. Which of the following must be the sentence that is represented by the graph? F y 4 G y 5 H y 3 J y 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 104 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.Name: Date: Standards Practice Mathematical Reasoning 2.99. 1 Jamail is shopping for a fly fishing rod and reel.53 101 80 60 Temperature ( F) 40 20 0 Monthly Average Temperatures for Fresno.5 Read each question and choose the best answer.99 C p $34. The lowest priced rod and reel that he has found was $34.

6 MR 2.1875 to the nearest thousandth means rounding it to the thousandths place.187 0. The other listed distances would not be measured in meters.19 3 16 to the nearest thousandth? To convert a fraction to a decimal. The round trip is 53 miles. In this case 3 16 0. so an approximation is appropriate for the solution to this problem. B 2 Every weekday. The height of your school building would most likely be measured in meters. so it would not make sense to round them to the nearest meter. G 3 What is the value of A B C D 0.6 Indicate the relative advantages of exact and approximate solutions to problems and give answers to a specified degree of accuracy. Julio’s father drives from their home in Redwood City to his job in San Francisco.1875. C © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 105 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.188 0. Since the numeral at the right is 5. DC Look for the distance that would be measured in meters. Examples 1 Which distance would it be most important to know to the nearest meter? A B C D The width of your desk The height of your school building The distance from San Diego to Tijuana The distance from Los Angeles to Washington.Name: Date: Standards Practice Mathematical Reasoning 2. The result is 0. divide the numerator by the denominator.188. so rounding to the nearest meter would make the most sense. Seven is the numeral in the thousandths place. Finding the value of 0. Julio’s father drives about 250 miles each week. About how far does he drive in one five-day workweek? F 200 mi G 250 mi H 300 mi J 350 mi It is much easier to find 50 5 than 53 5. round the 7 up to 8.1875 0. Grade 6 .

66 $28.25 g J 40. How should she record her height? A To the nearest millimeter B To the nearest centimeter C To the nearest inch D To the nearest meter 1 2 Duane rides his bike a distance of 4. The pointer on the balance scale ended up just a little past 40 grams.5 g © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 106 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. 1 Cherie is measuring her height with a tape measure that is marked in centimeters.1 g H 40. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. What measurement should they record? F 40 g G 40. About how far is Duane’s house from his school? F 2 km G 3 km H 4 km J 5 km 2 3 Ricardo’s mother bought some stock in a computer company that cost 11 $28 16 per share.237 meters from his house to school every day.Name: Date: Standards Practice Mathematical Reasoning 2. Jewel and her lab partner measured the mass of 35 jellybeans with a triple-beam-balance. How much did the stock cost in dollars and cents? A B C D $28. The scale is marked in whole grams.69 3 4 In science class.68 $28.6 Read each question and choose the best answer.67 $28. Grade 6 .

At what point should he mark the rod so that he can cut it exactly in half? A 3 2 ft C 4 ft 1 B 3 10 ft D 4 5 ft 1 37 5 37 10 1 2 1 7 First estimate.7 Make precise calculations and check the validity of the results from the context of the problem. The perimeter of a rectangle is equal to twice the width plus twice the length. Then divide. which gives you a perimeter estimate of 400 cm.450 and 1. This is reasonable compared to the estimate.454 1. D 2 The Sears Tower in Chicago is 1. First estimate by rounding the width and length to 100 cm. Aguilera needs to put trim around her classroom bulletin board. The width of the bulletin board is 85 cm and the height is 130 cm. find the actual perimeter as 2(85) 2(130) 430.472 ft G 454 ft H 436 ft J 418 ft First estimate by rounding the heights to 1. Half of 7 feet would be 3 2 feet.454 feet high. so Darius 7 7 should mark the rod to cut it in half at 3 10 feet. 75 37 5 2 2 1 2 or 3 10 . How much trim does she need? A 170 cm B 215 cm C 260 cm D 430 cm The bulletin board is a rectangle. 1. B © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 107 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. This gives a difference of about 450 feet. Then. Then subtract to find the difference.000 feet. How much taller is the Sears Tower than the First Interstate World Center Building? F 2. H 3 Darius wants to hang the United States and California flags on his front porch. 2 He has a wooden rod that is 7 5 feet long that he wants to cut in half to hang each flag on. Grade 6 .018 436. The First Interstate World Center Building in Los Angeles is 1.018 feet high. Check to make sure the answer is reasonable compared to the estimate. Is this reasonable when compared to the estimate? Yes.7 MR 2. Examples 1 Ms.Name: Date: Standards Practice Mathematical Reasoning 2.

In 1997. He has drop cloths that each cover 35 square feet.760 cm3 D 2. How much of the area in California is covered by water? A 5.807 billion J 0. How much water will the pool hold? A 691. 155.280 mi2 B 4. Of that area. The floor of his room has an area of 140 square feet.973 square miles is land and the rest is covered by water. How many of the drop cloths does he need to cover the floor? F 1 G 2 H 3 J 4 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 108 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. In 1997. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question.253 billion H 0. 240 cm long and 120 cm wide. Grade 6 .869 square miles.7 Read each question and choose the best answer.819 billion in grapes.200 cm3 B 28.896 mi2 1 2 Milk products are California’s top selling agricultural products. California produced $3.842 mi2 C 3. How much higher was the value of milk products in 1997? F 6.508 mi2 D 2. California produced $2.880 cm3 3 4 Jason needs to cover the floor of his room before he paints the walls.512 billion 2 3 Angela’s little sister has an inflatable swimming pool that is 24 cm high.445 billion G 1.626 billion in milk products. The second ranking agricultural product was grapes. 1 The area of California is 158.Name: Date: Standards Practice Mathematical Reasoning 2.800 cm3 C 5.

Grade 6 .1 MR 3. so he will need to mow between 40 and 50 lawns. 25 is a more reasonable answer than 21. then Sandra goes to the dentist 3 times a year.1 Evaluate the reasonableness of the solution in the context of the original situation. B 2 Delbert hopes to earn between $800 and $1. However. about 6% of the students are absent. Examples 1 Folsom Middle School has 420 students. what is a reasonable number of lawns he must mow during the summer to reach his goal? F 40 or fewer G 40 H between 40 and 50 J 50 or more At $20 per lawn.000.Name: Date: Standards Practice Mathematical Reasoning 3. H 3 Sandra has to go to the dentist for a checkup every 4 months. since 6% of 420 is a little more than 5% of 420. On any given day. In a 3-year period. and 50 lawns to make $1. B © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 109 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Which is the most reasonable answer for the number of students who are absent on a given day? A 21 B 25 C 28 D 32 Round the 6% down to 5% and mentally find 5% of 420 for an easy estimate of 21 students.000 mowing lawns this summer. If he makes $20 for each lawn he mows. Sandra would likely go to the dentist 9 times. What is the most reasonable estimate for the number of times she’ll have to go to the dentist in a 3-year period? A 6 B 9 C 12 D 18 Since there are 12 months in a year. Delbert would need to mow 40 lawns to make $800.

what is a reasonable estimate for the height of the kite? F 120 ft G 150 ft H 175 ft J 200 ft 2 3 Michael is having a clambake on the beach at Big Sur and he has invited 9 of his friends. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. How many bags will they need in order to cover the entire lawn? A 3 B 4 C 5 D 6 1 2 Jacque is flying a kite. If she hands out 144 surveys one evening. He estimates that each person will eat 12 clams. The lawn has an area of 11. Grade 6 . how many can she expect to be returned? F 7 or fewer G between 7 and 12 H exactly 12 J more than 12 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 110 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.1 Read each question and choose the best answer.Name: Date: Standards Practice Mathematical Reasoning 3.000 square feet.000 square feet and each bag of fertilizer covers about 2. What is the most reasonable estimate for the number of clams that will be eaten at Michael’s clambake? A 120 B 115 C 100 D 25 3 4 Delia has a job handing out surveys at a shopping mall. Usually between 5% and 7% of the surveys she hands out are completed and returned to her. She has tied three 48-foot rolls of string together to fly the kite. 1 Samuel is helping his mother fertilize their lawn. but he is not sure whether everyone will show up. If she has let out all of the string.

If about 3% of the population of California lives in San Francisco.000 H Subtract 1. change the percent to a decimal and then multiply the decimal by the number. “undo” the operations in reverse order. To find the population of Los Angeles.000 to convert meters to kilometers. which is about the population of San Francisco.1 D Divide the total population of California by 0.2 MR 3.Name: Date: Standards Practice Mathematical Reasoning 3. How would you convert meters to kilometers? F Multiply the number of meters by 1. How can you solve the equation 40 6y 8? A Add 40 to both sides and then divide by 6. C Add 8 to both sides and then divide by 40.000 to the number of meters Since you multiply by 1.000 G Divide the number of meters by 1.03 To find the percent of a number.000 from the number of meters J Add 1. D Examples 1 To solve the equation 4x 2 To convert kilometers to meters.03 B Multiply the total population of California by 0. A © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 111 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.2 Note method of deriving the solution and demonstrate conceptual understanding of the derivation by solving similar problems.000 to convert kilometers to meters.3 C Multiply the total population of California by 0.000. 3% becomes 0. he multiplied the total population of California by 0. So. Then multiply the total population of California by 0.03 to find 3% of the population of California. B Add 6 to both sides and then divide by 8.1.03. how can Sean find the population of San Francisco? A Multiply the total population of California by 0. D Add 8 to both sides and then divide by 6. multiply the number of kilometers by 1. undo the subtraction by adding 8 to both sides of the equation. 3 25. In this case. Grade 6 . Then undo the multiplication by dividing both sides by 6. To solve a two-step equation. G 3 Sean knows that approximately 10% of the population of California lives in Los Angeles. undo the operation by dividing by 1. first add 3 to each side and then divide each side by 4.

How can you solve the equation 5 b 6 F Add 6 to both sides. Grade 6 . G Multiply both sides by 6.54 20 C 20 2. J Divide both sides by 6.000 millimeters equals 1 meter then what is 1. C Add 5 to both sides. 2 3 Sylvia knows that 20% of 250 is 50.4 1 2 To solve the equation z 8 1. multiply the number of inches by 2. H Subtract 6 from both sides.Name: Date: Standards Practice Mathematical Reasoning 3. 1 To convert inches to centimeters. D Multiply both sides by 5.2 Read each question and choose the best answer. subtract 8 from both sides.000 L 4 5 Joshua solved the equation 4x 320 by dividing both sides of the y equation by 4.54 D 20 25. What is 20% of 320? A 72 B 64 C 50 D 32 3 4 If 1.000 milliliters equal to? F 1L G 10 L H 100 L J 1. How would he solve the equation 5 70? A Divide both sides by 5.54 B 2. B Subtract 5 from both sides.54. How would you convert 20 centimeters to inches? A 20 2. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 5 112 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question.

or 16. So. or 600. In that case.200 0.200 is the same as finding 1. So. What will be the result when he simplifies 4 (3 5) 7? A 25 B 18 C 10 D 4 Notice that in Albert’s simplifications. B 2 If 10% of 1. he did the operations within the parentheses first because (8 12) 7 is the same as 20 7.Name: Date: Standards Practice Mathematical Reasoning 3. he should do the operation within the parentheses first.2. Grade 6 . 12 17 is 5. 25 The answer is 25. A © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 113 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. when he simplifies the expression 4 (3 5) 7.3. 30% of 2.200 is 120 and 20% of 1. F 200 G 400 H 600 J 800 Notice that finding 10% of 1.000 0.200 is 240. 4 (3 5) 7 4 8 7 Simplify within the parentheses first. find 30% of 2.200 is the same as finding 1.200 0. What is the Examples 1 Jessica knows that the solution to the equation x solution to the equation 29 A 33 B 25 C 17 D 12 4 y? Jessica solved the problem by subtracting 12 from both sides of the equation. finding 30% of a number should be the same as multiplying the number by 0. Solve 29 4 y similarly by subtracting 4 from both sides to get 25 y.000. and 80 (11 6) is the same as 80 5.000 is 2.1 and that finding 20% of 1.3 Develop generalizations of the results obtained and the strategies used and apply them in new problem situations.3 MR 3.3. or 140. H 3 When Albert simplifies (8 12) 7 he gets 140 and when he simplifies 80 (11 6) he gets 16. 32 7 Multiply.

000 is 150 and 16% of 1.864 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 15.759. 5 114 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.500? F 170 G 200 H 255 J 275 3 When Serena simplified the expression 2 3 5. and 3 5 So. What is 17% of 1. 3 4 12. which of the following must be the product of 3 1.Name: Date: Standards Practice Mathematical Reasoning 3. 3 3 9.776. What will be the result when she simplifies 7 22 4 12? A 300 B 77 C 53 D 19 4 If the solution to the equation 2x to the equation 3x 8 44? F 12 G 9 H 6 J 2 1 2 3 1 5 is 2.000 is 160.782. then what is the solution to the equation 45 13 x? A 73 B 58 C 32 D 28 2 Gerald found that 15% of 1. Grade 6 .271 B 3.512 D 3.3 Read each question and choose the best answer. then what is the solution 4 5 Georgio knows that 3 2 6. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. 1 If the solution to the equation w 11 62 is 73.258.458 C 3. the result was 17.757? A 3. When she simplified 8 27 3 4 the result was 3.781.

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Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. 1 Which place in the decimals indicates that 23.5395 is greater than 23.5164? A B C D Tens Tenths Hundredths Thousandths 2 1

2 Several classes from Kinsey Middle School visited a science museum. For every 25 students there were 2 adults. If there were 125 students in the group, how many adults went with them? F G H J 8 9 10 15

3 Masao bought a 5-pack of paper for $7. Which equation could be used to find c, the cost for one pack of paper? A 5 B 7 C

c 7

3

c c 5 7

7 5

D 5c

4 The 6th grade class at Harrison Middle School sold 125 tickets to the school dance in 5 days. What is the average number of tickets the 6th grade class sold per day? F G H J 5 21 25 30

4

5 Nicoletta is traveling along Interstate 10 in Los Angeles, California, to go to Houston, Texas. If her average speed is 65 miles per hour, how long will it take her to travel the 1,560 miles between the two cities? A B C D 12 h 17.2 h 24 h 42 h

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Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. 6 Katie needs to travel 165 miles and her average speed is 55 miles per hour. How long will it take her to reach her destination? F 115 min G 10 h H 4h J 3h 6

7 Which statement is always true for two adjacent angles? A Their measures have a sum of 180°. B They are equal in measure. C Their measures have a sum of 90°. D They share a common side.

7

8 Which of the following is not a possible kind of triangle? F Acute isosceles triangle G Obtuse equilateral triangle H Acute equilateral triangle J Obtuse isosceles triangle

8

9 Kichi wants to create a 2-digit secret code. Each of the digits can be any of the numbers from 0 through 4. How many different codes can Kichi make? A 8 B 10 C 16 D 25

9

**10 300,000 40,000 F 34,876 G 304,876 H 340,876 J 348,760
**

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Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. 11 Dividing by A

5 3 3 5

is equivalent to multiplying by what number?

11

B 3 C 5 D 8 12 The record high temperature for San Diego, California, is 111°F and the record low temperature is 25°F. What is the difference between these two temperatures? F 86°F G 96°F H 106°F J 136°F 13 Jeremy read the water level changes in the Kings River in California four times during the summer. He made his measurements to the nearest foot and used a negative sign to indicate a decrease in the water level. His four measurements were 1 foot, 1 foot, 3 feet, and 1 foot. What was the overall increase or decrease in the water level? A 2 ft B 1 ft C 1 ft D 2 ft 14 The Two California Plaza Building in Los Angeles is 750 feet tall. How many yards tall is the building? F 25 yd G 220 yd H 250 yd J 2,250 yd 15 Which is a correct formula for the circumference of a circle that has a radius of r units and a diameter of d units? A C 2 d B C r2 C C 2 r D C d2

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Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook, Grade 6

567 H 27.834 J 25.Name: Date: Sample Test Read each question and choose the best answer.95 G $173. Grade 6 .063 and 45. 16 A number cube contains 2 odd prime numbers. How much will each student receive if they share the winnings equally? A $12 B $13 C $14 D $15 18 Multiply 5.335 19 Find the sum of A B C D 11 5 11 15 5 15 5 20 3 5 17 18 and 2 . what is the probability that the number rolled will be an odd prime number? F G H J 2 3 1 2 1 3 1 6 16 17 Eight students won $120 in a science competition.95.85 H $165.835 G 45. If the number cube is rolled.90 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 20 Go on 118 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. 15 19 20 A shoe store advertisement stated that the store was selling 2 pairs of shoes for $57. If a family of 6 bought a pair of shoes for each member of the family. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. how much did they spend? F $347. F 227.90 J $115.

where b is the base and 2 h is the height of the triangle. . Shasta. which expression could be used to determine the total cost of her gifts? A 16 18 m f B 16f 18m C f m D 16m 18f 22 Alma is buying 2 pairs of blue jeans and 3 sweaters for her camping trip to Mt. Which formula can be used to find the length. If f represents the number of female teachers Zenia has and m represents the number of male teachers she has. She decides to give the female teachers engraved pendants that cost $16 each and give the male teachers engraved pens that cost $18 each. Which quantity can you be sure stands for the length of one of the sides of the triangle? A 1 2 21 22 1 23 B A C b D h 24 The formula for the area of a rectangle is A w. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. of the rectangle if you know the area and the width? F G H J w A A w 24 Aw A w Go on Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. What is the total cost of her purchases if one pair of blue jeans costs $32 and one sweater costs $26? F $58 G $80 H $90 J $142 23 A formula for the area of a triangle is A bh. 21 Zenia is buying end-of-school gifts for her teachers. The expression 2b 3s can be used to find her total cost if b is the cost of one pair of blue jeans and s is the cost of one sweater. Grade 6 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 119 .Name: Date: Sample Test Read each question and choose the best answer. where is the length and w is the width of the rectangle.

1 2 3 26 27 If angle 2 has a measure of 90°. h. what is the measure of the other angle? F 180° G 97° H 90° J 7° 29 What kind of triangle is shown at the right? A Equilateral triangle B Acute triangle C Obtuse triangle D Right triangle © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 27 28 A 29 55° B 35° C Go on 120 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. what is true about angle 1 and angle 2? F They are complementary angles. and the height. Grade 6 .Name: Date: Sample Test Read each question and choose the best answer. A. G They are supplementary angles. what is the sum of the measures of angle 1 and angle 3? A 360° B 180° C 90° D 45° 28 If one of two complementary angles has a measure of 83°. H They are adjacent angles. 26 Without knowing any measurements. 25 The area. J They are vertical angles. b. Which equation can you use to find the height of the triangle if you know the area and the base? A h B h C h D h A 2b 2A b 1 25 Ab 2Ab Use the figure at the right to answer Questions 6 and 7. of a triangle is equal to 2 the product of the length of the base.

11. which measure would show the least amount of change? A Mean B Median C Scale D Range Building Height (feet) First Interstate World Center 1. which is 740 feet tall. 14. 743 31 32 If a data value of 12 is added to the data set below. were included in the data. 10. 18.Name: Date: Sample Test Read each question and choose the best answer. which measure will change? 4. 13. 5. 9. If the height of the Wells Fargo Tower.018 First Interstate Tower 858 Two California Plaza 750 Gas Company Tower 749 333 South Hope Bldg. 30 Which figure is an equilateral triangle? F G 10 12 10 10 8 11 30 H 10 10 10 J 10 12 11 31 The table at the right shows the heights of 5 buildings in Los Angeles. 5. 23 F Mean G Median H Mode J Range 33 Which measure could be used to find the type of shirt most commonly worn by students in the 6th grade? A Mean B Mode C Median D Range © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 32 33 Go on 121 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Grade 6 . Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. 20.

the store staff poll some of the people who come in the video store on the weekend. D The points are connected on the graph. © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 4 34 35 36 37 Go on 122 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. C The number of farms is decreasing from year to year. 34 In a survey. of Farms 4 Why could the graph be (millions) considered misleading? 2 A The scale for the year is not in 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1997 Year equal intervals. Grade 6 . To determine whether this is a good idea. B The scale for the number of farms in not in equal intervals. what is a reasonable estimate of the number of students who like the school lunches? F 85 G 340 H 400 J 531 35 Many television stations survey a portion of the population to see which shows are being watched the most. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. If there are 425 students in the school. 5 of the students in a large random sample of students at a school said they liked the lunches that were served at school. This is considered an example of what type of sample? F Random G Survey H Convenience J Cluster 37 The graph at the right shows the Farms in the United States number of farms in the United 6 Number States during a period of 57 years.Name: Date: Sample Test Read each question and choose the best answer. What type of sample of the population is the most appropriate? A Random sample B Cluster sample C Convenience sample D Stratified random sample 36 A video store manager wants to add more children’s movies to the store’s selection.

The exponents for these powers are circled.561 59.049 531.300 or higher.441 F G H J Powers of 2 Multiples of 2 Factors of 8 Factors of 12 123 Go on Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. What else do you need to know in order to find out the total cost of the shopping trip? A The cost of an apple B The number of potatoes purchased C The number of pounds of peanuts purchased D The number of pounds of potatoes purchased 39 40 The table below lists the first six powers of 9. what is the probability that they both had a batting average of 0.300 or higher. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. peanuts at $1. 3 of the 13 players with 100 or more at-bats on the Anaheim Angels baseball team finished with a batting average of 0.Name: Date: Sample Test Read each question and choose the best answer. and a 10-pound bag of potatoes for $2.49 per pound. Shading shows the powers that end in the digit 1.49. Grade 6 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill . Which of the following describes the exponents that give a power of 9 that ends in the digit 1? Exponent (n) Power (9n ) 1 9 2 81 3 4 5 6 40 729 6. In 1998. 38 In 1997.300 or higher? F G H J 1 5 1 15 3 13 1 65 38 39 Juan bought 3 apples and 4 pears at 25¢ each. 1 of the 15 players with 100 or more at-bats on the Anaheim Angels baseball team finished the season with a batting average of 0. If a player with 100 or more at-bats is selected at random from each of the two teams.

or 7.02. the average number of miles per gallon of gasoline for cars driven in California was 18. D The number of miles driven by cars in California divided by the number of gallons of gasoline used was 18. 42 Using the table at the right. what is the value of 27? F 32 G 64 H 128 J 256 Power Value 21 2 2 2 4 23 8 4 2 16 41 42 43 In a recent year.02 gallons.02 miles per gallon. 44 Logan plans to read 55 books in one year. C The number of gallons of gasoline used by cars in California divided by the number of miles driven was 18. Which statement describes the meaning of this average? A The number of miles driven each day by a car in California was 18. What is a reasonable estimate for the amount of time he can take to read each book? F 3 days G 1 week H 21 days J 5 weeks 45 If the sum of the digits of a whole number is divisible by 3. D The digit in the ones place of the sum can be 1.134 A 5 B 6 C 7 D 8 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 43 44 45 Go on 124 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. B The number of gallons of gasoline used each day by a car in California was 18. Which digit could you use in place of the underlined digit in the number shown below to get a number that is divisible by 3? 29.379. 41 Which statement is always true about the sum of a pair of numbers if each of the numbers gives a remainder of 3 when divided by 5? A The digit in the ones place of the sum must be 6. C The digit in the ones place of the sum must be 1 or 6. then the whole number itself is divisible by 3.02 miles. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question.02.Name: Date: Sample Test Read each question and choose the best answer. Grade 6 . B The digit in the ones place of the sum must be 1. 6.

00 C $58. find the length of DE. Eric studied math for 35 minutes and English for 25 minutes.000 acres.000 51 A $78 portable CD player is on sale for 20% off the regular price.400 G 24.95 $28.05 $31. Grade 6 .000. STU — T is similar to ZYX. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question.000 J 2. 46 On Tuesday.000 H 240. 5 A 10 E x D 6 F C 12 18 46 Y Z 47 X U B 48 49 What is the total cost of a pair of pants that costs $30 if the state sales 1 tax is 6 2 %? A B C D $1.40 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 50 51 Go on 125 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook.00 D $62. What is the sale price of the CD player? A $15. If the Channel Islands Park covers a little more than 8% of the total acreage. about how many acres are contained in the Channel Islands National Park? F 2.60 B $39.400. What is the length of YZ? 12 A 6 S B 8 C 18 D 24 48 If F G H J ABC is similar to 2 3 4 5 DEF. What is the ratio of time spent studying English to the time spent studying math? F 4 to 5 G 5 to 4 H 5 to 7 J 7 to 5 47 For the triangles shown at the right.50 49 50 The seven national parks that are entirely in California cover almost 3.Name: Date: Sample Test Read each question and choose the best answer.95 $36.

then divide the numerators. If they both are paid today.Name: Date: Sample Test Read each question and choose the best answer. Grade 6 . 3 4 cup of fruit juice is equivalent 1 52 to 1 serving from the fruit group. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. then add the numerators. Using this guide. B Rewrite the fractions with common denominators. D Multiply numerators and multiply denominators. Antoine gets paid every 14 days. 4 2 cups of fruit juice are equivalent to how many servings from the fruit group? F 38 H 54 1 3 G 34 J 6 53 3 53 Which explanation describes how to multiply two fractions? A Multiply the first fraction by the reciprocal of the second fraction. C Rewrite the fractions with common denominators. how many more days will it be until the next time they both are paid on the same day? F 21 days G 30 days H 42 days J 84 days 57 Which value of b makes A 8 C 7 © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 56 6b 42 true? B 7 D 8 126 57 Go on Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. 54 Which expression is equivalent to F H 4 5 5 4 3 4 3 4 4 5 3 ? 4 4 5 5 4 54 4 3 4 3 G J 55 By which number should you divide the numerator and denominator to 36 write 60 in simplest form? A 4 C 9 B 6 D 12 55 56 Angie gets paid every 6 days. 52 According to the Food Guide Pyramid.

the number of weeks Sarah can write in the book until it is full? F w 488 • 8 G 8w 488 H w 8 58 488 8 488 J w 59 Which expression is equivalent to ( 4)(y 9)? A 4(y 9) B ( 4 y) C ( 4)y ( 4)( 9) D 4y 9 60 What is the value of 4 F 9 H 16 61 To find the value of 62 use last? A Addition C Multiplication [23 ( 3)( 1)]? G 1 J 15 (6 3 59 ( 4 9) 60 12 2). how long did it take him to bike the 10 miles? F 1 h 30 min G 50 min H 45 min J 40 min © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 64 Go on 127 Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. 58 Sarah is keeping a journal and wants to buy a new book to write in. which operation will you 61 B Subtraction D Division 62 62 Alyssa ran the 40-yard dash in 6 seconds. which is an equation that can be used to find w. Grade 6 . How many feet per second did she run? F 6 3 ft/s H 34 ft/s 1 2 G 20 ft/s J 80 ft/s 63 63 Jacque traveled 261 miles in 4 2 hours. If Sarah writes 8 pages per week. She is looking at a book that contains 488 blank pages for writing. What was her average speed? A 58 mi/h C 62 mi/h B 60 mi/h D 65 mi/h 64 Jermaine needs to ride his bicycle 10 miles to train for a race. If his average speed was 15 miles per hour.Name: Date: Sample Test Read each question and choose the best answer.

Grade 6 .12 G 3. Then write the letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right of each question. Using the data.13 H 3. 6 were won by the American League. 90. 86.15 67 Which expression can you use to find the approximate volume of the cylinder shown at the right? A 10 • 7 • C 22 • 7 22 7 10 cm 65 66 67 7 cm B D (102 ) • 7 22 • 7 22 • 7 (52 ) • 7 (5 • 7) 2 68 Austin’s test scores are 83. what is the probability that the American League wins an All-Star game? A C 1 3 3 5 68 69 B 2 3 D 1 2 70 Keisha is making a square pillow with side lengths of 1 3 feet. 89. 84. 84. 65 Which formula is true for the area of a circle with radius r and diameter d ? A A r2 B A (2r)2 C A d D A 2 r 66 Which of the following is often used as an approximate value for ? F 3.14 J 3. how much trim will she need for the entire pillow? F 6 3 ft H 4 3 ft © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 70 2 2 G 5 3 ft J 3 3 ft 128 1 2 STOP Mastering the California Content Standards Workbook. 79. and 93. If she wants to put trim around the edges of the pillow. What is the median of Austin’s test scores? F 84 G 85 H 86 J 87 69 Of the 9 professional baseball All-Star games played from 1995 to 2003.Name: Date: Sample Test Read each question and choose the best answer.

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