Differences and changes between oracle E-Business Suite 11i and 12i from DBA Perspective

Changes at Database Level:
Database Version in 11i (11.5.9 & 11.5.10) was 9i Rel 2 where as in Release 12 its 10g R2 ( o Oracle Applications Tablespace Model (OATM) o Objects are classified by object type and access patterns o Transaction tables, Transaction indexes, Reference/SEED, Interface, Summary Management, Archive, No Logging, Queue, Media, Temporary, Undo, System o Uniform extents, locally managed, less fragmentation. o Total = 12 Tablespaces (11i: 400+) o Better Performance o PL/SQL operation 2x faster o PL/SQL Native Compilation

Changes at the Application Tier:
The Below picture compares File system Structure difference between R11i and R12i

You can see new TOP called INSTANCE_TOP in Application Tier. In diagram tops with <>ST can be shared across servers (Shared Tier) and INSTANCE_TOP will be specific to Server. Certificates (If SSL is enabled SSL Certificates & any other certificates specific to that server) and related log files or PID files (for Apache or any other process). This TOP will now hold any configuration files (specific to that server) . .11i Apps file System Layout 12i Apps file System Layout In Oracle Apps R12.

3.0 in Apps R12 F) modplsql or mod_pls is removed from Apps R12 . 2) Configuration and log files are centrally contained in the instance configuration home. 6) Ability to place the configuration home on a Network or a local file system for performance improvement.19 B) JServ in apps 11i is replaced by OC4J (mod_jserv is replaced by mod_OC4J) C) Forms Version 6i in Apps 11i is replaced by Forms 10.1. and configuration files. Tech Stack in 12i Tech Stack in 11i Application Tier consist of iAS(1.2 in R12 E) JDBC version is changed from version 9 in apps 11i to version 10. 5) Can split ownership of apps and technology stack file systems. code.3 which is built on Apache version 1.0.2) & Developer 6i (Forms & Reports 8.2.2 built on Apache Version Technology Stack) among multiple instances.2. 3) Ability to share code (Applications. In apps 11i it is Version 1.1.2 in R12 D) Reports Version 6i in Apps 11i is replaced by Reports logs is much easier since they are centrally located. 4) Collection of configuration.3.2.Context file is under $INST_TOP/appl/admin 11i : $APPL_TOP/admin Benefits of INST_TOP 1) Clear distinction between the location of data.0.1.6) but in Applications R12 it is build on Fusion Middleware (10g Web Server and 10g Forms & Reports) Components differences in Application Tier A) HTTP Server or Web Server in R12 is Version 10.2.2.

0.5 .4.2) Fusion middleware 10g (1.5.2 in Apps 11i Summary of Changes from 11i to 12i Component Database Developer (Forms & Reports) Application Server (Apache Version ) Java Container Client Plug-in Release 11i 9.1 or 1.3.2 (1.1.2 6i (8.0.2 10g (BI publisher) (10.2.6) iAS 1.2.0 in R12 against JDK Version OC4j Native Sun J2SE 1.0.G) Java processes use JDK / JRE version 1.19) Jserv Jinitiator Release R12 10.2.

No port need to open to access forms in firewall. .1 Understanding the Network Overhead Of Forms Servlet Listener Architecture Compared to Forms Server. 2) All connection is via HTTP Server so there is no need to start form server and no need to open form Server Port on firewall between client machine and application tier.t. 3) More secure as compared to Forms Socket Mode.Forms Servlet default deployment / communication mode Default Forms connection mode in Oracle Applications R12 is "SERVLET" where as in Oracle Apps 11i default form connect mode is "SOCKET" Oracle Form Servlet Overview in apps R12 ------------------------------------------------------1) In this mode. How to change from default Servlet mode (in apps R12) to Socket mode ? --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Refer to Oracle Metalink Note # 384241. Java Servlet handles communication between forms client(java based) and Oracle Forms Service (10g).1 Using Forms Socket Mode with Oracle EBusiness Suite Release 12 Are there any network overheads of using Forms in Servlet Mode ? ---------------------------------------------------------------Metalink Note # 311091.r. network traffic Advantage & Disadvantages of Forms Servlet Mode ----------------------------------------------------------. single certificate will handle both forms & web connection. 4) Network traffic is more as HTTP protocol is more chatty so little bit Network bandwidth hungry when compared with SOCKET mode 5) No additional certificate requirement during SSL implementation for application tier.Simple SSL Configuration (as no separate SSL configuration is required for Forms as connections are via web/http server) -. covers some interesting points w.

sh script to start services as expected it will start Forms and Web services but unlike 11i. Unified APPL_TOP in Oracle Applications R12 Unified APPL_TOP in Oracle Applications R12 which is different from Separate APPL_TOP in Oracle Applications 11i. Now on Node1 when you use adstrtall. it will use Unified APPL_TOP which means all files required for all middle tier services are included in all nodes of Multi Node installation (irrespective of services running on that node) Advantages of Unified APPL_TOP? Cloning of multi node Oracle Application install. let’s assume you installed multi node R12 instance with Node 1 as Forms & Web Server where as Node 2 was installed with Concurrent Manager. Forms Node will have fmx or forms related files where as APPL_TOP belonging to CM only node will have . only one copy (any one APPL_TOP) of Application Node files need to copied to target instance. Cloning of Multi Node to Single Node you don't have to merge APPL_TOP in R12 as required in 11i .Result in more network traffic because of HTTP is more chatty than socket (dedicated) so not preferred in WAN implementation. Services start/stop If you are using adstrtall. .sh to start services on a node then it will start services which were configured to start during install on that node (You can still start a specific service even though it was not suppose to configure/start by calling startup script of that specific services).More secure method of deployment over Internet -.e. You can still start Concurrent Manager on Node1 by running adcmctl. To explain this better. in multi node installation each APPL_TOP have its different name and files in each APPL_TOP will depend on type of Node (i.-.rdf or files required to run CM node) Starting from R12. In Oracle Applications 11i .sh FND_NODES From R12 all nodes will have Y against all services (For multi Node) in FND_NODES table. Unified APPL_TOP make more sense if you are using multi node Oracle Applications R12.

Additional New Feature in R12 Rapid install . How to change Oracle Applications Products/Schema Password including APPS ? As most of you might already be aware that you use FNDCPASS utility on Concurrent Manager Node to change the password. FNDCPASS logon 0 Y system/password mode username new_password Where MODE is SYSTEM/USER/ORACLE/ALLORACLE (Introduced with patch .txt Multiple Domain Support for Database and Middle Tier .g.No need to copy config. FORMS_TRACE_DIR FORMS_ environment variables replace FORMS60_ Delivers native runtime executables for Forms (frmweb) (11i: frmwebx) Forms Trace in addition to Forms Runtime Diagnostics (FRD) record both built-in Forms data and performance data in a single output (profile: Forms Runtime Parameters) Reports Only available through Concurrent Manager Reports Server is not used Reports executable rwrun is used directly APPS Password change made easy.Store Base Configuration in Database . Shared File System Support .Rapid Install supports deploying the database node and the middle tier node into different domains. no need to change the password in any files as in 11i.Rapid install allows you to select if app servers are using shared APPL_TOP No hardcode apps password on Unix file system FNDCPASS Utility New Feature: Enhance Security With Non-Reversible Hash Password (enhance FND_USER password security) Improved Forgot password feature – Retrieve user_name and password – no workflow inbound process needed New environment variables e.

AP.1 How To Use FNDCPASS to Change The Oracle Users.How to Change Oracle Applications Release 12 Passwords using Oracle Applications Schema Password Change Utility (FNDCPASS) . APPS.After changing Apps password bounce Concurrent Managers. In 11i files to change after changing Apps Password ? Once you change apps password you need to change apps password stored in file wdbsvr.app at $IAS_ORACLE_HOME/Apache/modplsql/cfg --In some instances you might have to change in CGIcmd. update provisioning profile with new apps password oidprovtool operation=modify \ ldap_host={OID Server hostname} ldap_port={OID SERVER PORT } \ ldap_user_dn="cn=orcladmin" ldap_user_password={orcladmin Password} \ application_dn=" {The LDAP distinguished name of the application}" \ interface_connect_info={E-Business Suite connect info of the format. -. in R12i there is no files where the password is stored.dat at $ORACLE_HOME/reports60/server --You also have to change in any custom concurrent manager start up script (If you have any) -.437260. host:port:Sid:username:password} Related Following Metalink Notes are useful & related to Oracle Applications or Apps Password --303621.1 .Node Apps Installation? --159244.4745998) Changing APPS Password using FNDCPASS example FNDCPASS apps/apps 0 Y system/manager SYSTEM APPLSYS WELCOME In 11i we need to change the passwords in the below files as it was used and hard coded. this is due to the security reason. etc.) For Applications 11.5 in UNIX.1 How to Change and Which Apps Database Users Passwords Can Be Changed in a Multi . so we need not worry about changing the passwords in any file. APPLSYS and Application Module Passwords (INV. --If you have configured E-Business Suite with 10g Application Server SSO/OID then after changing APPS password. Only recommended is to run the autoconfig on the Middle Tier after changing the APPS Password. AR.

properties : defines basic Apps directory aliasing Server.xml .1.xml. server.xml : defines servlet level parameters for J2EE web modules LOG Files in 12i $LOG_HOME/ora/10.xml : defines location of Java classes of all J2EE web modules deployed under J2EE application Orion-web.xml.xml. oc4j.xml.err . default-web-site. system-application.conf.xml.conf . oc4j-connectors.env .properties.1226534400.conf & Jserv.xml .xml.conf.xml and etc) Orion-application. application. system-jazn-data. ssl_engine_log Opmn opmn. ssl.Configuration Files in 12i <apps_base>/inst/apps/<context_name>/ora/10. rmi.3/ <context_name>. default-web-site. url_fw.xml.log > oacore_default_group_1 oacorestd.1.conf.1226534400. oacorestd.xml./j2ee/oacore /application-deployments/oacore/html orion-web.jms.properties (used by EM agent) .log OC4J~oafm~default_group~1.conf. mod_oc4j.conf.xml j2ee-logging.xml./opmn/conf/opmn.out > forms_default_group_1 formsstd. oracle_apache.xml.properties in 11i are replaced with Oc4j. security. global-webapplication.xml Jserv.err formsstd.conf dms.out ./j2ee/oacore /application-deployments/oacore orion-application.Apache/Apache/conf apps. jms.log OC4J~oacore~default_group~1.3 Apache error_log.Apache/Apache/conf/config ias. global-web-application. access_log./j2ee/oacore/config applications.log OC4J~forms~default_group~1.xml . httpd.xml : defines J2EE applications and their shared libraries for runtime OC4J and points to other XML configuration files (rmi.xml.conf.xml.

start Delete the lock file under persistence folder $ORA_CONFIG_HOME/10.1 Cloning Oracle Applications Release 12 with Rapid Clone Patch 6776948 : R12 RAPIDCLONE CONSOLIDATED FIXES JUL/2008 Problem with starting web services if web server crashed Need start.1.3/j2ee/oafm/persistence/oafm_default_group_1/jms. stop.Dependency on AutoConfig as a post step to everything .log jms.1 Troubleshooting RapidClone issues with Oracle Applications R12 Note: 406982.If you have custom development on mod_plsql.log server. $ORA_CONFIG_HOME/10.state.err oafmstd. Note: 603104.log system-application.3/j2ee/forms/persistence/forms_default_group_1/jms.lock $ORA_CONFIG_HOME/10.log mapviewerapplication.log rmi.lock.log) > Oafm oafm_default_group_1 (application.log ascontrol-application.xml server.xml rmi.log log.1.log log.log system-application.log system-application.log jms.3/j2ee/oacore/persistence/oacore_default_group_1/jms.lock Mod_plsql .state.1. you should migrate your Web pages to Oracle Application Framework Oracle Reports Server Reports .log) > Forms forms_default_group_1(application.xml rmi.log) Miscellaneous Challenges R12 Cloning considerations .log global-application.out j2ee > oacore oacore_default_group_1 (application.log jms.log global-application.log log.state.increased downtime might be needed.log global-application.> oafm_default_group_1 oafmstd.log server.

samiullah@sierraatlantic.Convert the chart to an Oracle Application Framework-based page that can be launched from Oracle Forms.. this method will not be supported in Oracle Fusion Applications) Oracle Graphics Integrations with Oracle Forms .Convert the reports to Oracle Application Framework ( no automate tool to help you) .Run the reports through the Concurrent Manager (rewrite any charts using the Oracle Reports Charting tool (BI Chart Bean). (it will not be supported in Oracle Fusion Applications ) This paper is submitted for the convenience of the Oracle Applications DBA’s by Syed Samiullah Sierra Atlantic Syed.Convert the reports to Oracle XML Publisher (some automated tools are available to help you) .com . .Convert both the form and the chart to an Oracle Application Framework-based application.

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