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castillo (ajc2686) – Assignment 1 – luecke – (55035) This print-out should have 20 questions.

Multiple-choice questions may continue on the next column or page – find all choices before answering. 001 10.0 points graph is that of the conic section (x + 1)2 + y − 2 = 0 ,

1

which after expansion and simplification can be rewritten as x2 + 2x + y − 1 = 0 . keywords: graph, conic section, parabola, shifted parabola, 002 10.0 points

Which one of the following conic sections has graph

2 1 −3 −2 −1 1

Which one of the following conic sections has graph 4 3 2 1

−1 −2

1. y 2 + 2y − x − 1 = 0 2. y 2 − 2y − x − 1 = 0 3. y + 2y + x − 1 = 0 4. x2 + 2x + y − 1 = 0 correct 5. x2 + 2x − y − 1 = 0 6. y 2 − 2y + x − 1 = 0 7. x2 − 2x + y − 1 = 0 8. x2 − 2x − y − 1 = 0 Explanation: The graph is that of a parabola opening downwards and having vertex at (−1, 2). Thus it is the graph of y − 2 = −A(x + 1)2 , for some A > 0. But the graph intersects the y-axis at y = 1 so A = 1. Consequently, the
2

−4 −3 −2 −1 −1 −2

1

2

1. 4x2 + 8x + 9y 2 + 18y = 23 2. 9x2 − 18x − 4y 2 + 8y = 41 3. 4x2 + 8x + 9y 2 − 18y = 23 correct 4. 9x2 + 18x − 4y 2 − 8y = 41 5. 9x2 + 18x − 4y 2 + 8y = 41 Explanation: The graph is a shifted ellipse centered at (−1, 1) whose major axis has length 6 and minor axis has length 4. Thus one equation for this ellipse is (x + 1)2 (y − 1)2 + = 1, 9 4 6. 4x2 − 8x + 9y 2 − 18y = 23

−8). −5. keywords: graph. B. −2) . R(8. both of them 2. Thus one equation for this hyperbola is (y + 1 1)2 − (x + 4 1)2 = 1. 005 10. ellipse. keywords: plane. conic section. 7. 0) and (−1. shifted ellipse 004 10. P (−4.0 points keywords: graph. 0. −2). −4) in 3-space is closest to the xy-plane? 1. of the three points P (−4. −2). x2 + 2x − 4y 2 + 8y = 7 7. 4y 2 + 8x − x2 − 2y = 1 3. R(8. x2 − 2x − 4y 2 + 8y = 7 2 4 Which one of the points P (−4. 7. 7. c) in 3-space from the xy-plane is given by |c|. 7. distance in 3-space. x2 + 2x − 4y 2 − 8y = 7 5. −2) correct 2. shifted ellipse 003 10. R(8. −4) the one closest to the xy-plane is Q(3.0 points Which one of the following conic sections has graph 4 2 −6 −4 −2 −2 −4 −6 1. 4y 2 − 8x − x2 − 2x = 1 2. −5. −8).castillo (ajc2686) – Assignment 1 – luecke – (55035) which after expansion and simplification can be rewritten as 4x2 + 8x + 9y 2 − 18y = 23 . conic section. −4) Explanation: The distance of a point (a. . −1) as well as vertices at (−1. x2 − 2x + 4y 2 − 8y + 1 = 0 4. −2). 0. 1. −5. 2 which after expansion and simplification can be rewritten as 4y 2 + 8y − x2 − 2x = 1 . 0. in 3-space the graph of y = 4 is a line. Consequently. Q(3. Q(3. neither of them Explanation: The graph is a shifted hyperbola having asymptotes which intersect at (−1. x2 + 2x + 4y 2 + 8y + 1 = 0 8. Q(3. in 2-space the graph of x = 2 is a line. b. −8) 3. 4y 2 + 8y − x2 − 2x = 1 correct 6.0 points Which of the following statements are true: A. ellipse.

z) . −1) . 1). and to denote the length of this line segment by |AB|. |QR|2 = (2)2 + (−2)2 + 0 = 8 . R(−1. ∆P QR is 3. −1) we see that |P Q| = (−1) + (1) + (−2) = 6 . x2 + y 2 + z 2 + 6x + 4y − 4z = 8 2.0 points . Thus we have to use the distance formula to compute the side lengths of ∆P QR. TRUE: in the plane the graph of x = 2 is a vertical line. y. A triangle ∆P QR has vertices P (−2. isoceles triangle. plane. But for the vertices P (−2. B it is common to denote the line segment from A to B by AB. 3x2 + 2y 2 − 2z 2 = 9 5. x2 + y 2 + z 2 − 6x − 4y + 4z + 8 = 0 correct 3.castillo (ajc2686) – Assignment 1 – luecke – (55035) Consequently.0 points Find an equation for the sphere having center at (3. center = (−4. Q(−3. y. 1. −2)) = 3 . 3x2 + 2y 2 − 2z 2 + 9 = 0 6. −2) and radius 3. 2. isoceles with |RP | = |RQ| Explanation: Recall that for points A. Use the distance formula to decide which one of the following properties the triangle has. 2) . −1). 2. 1. −3. True/False. Recall also a triangle is isoceles when two of its sides have the same length. Q(−3. 1. while |P R|2 = (1)2 + (−1)2 + (−2)2 = 6 . FALSE: in 3-space the graph of y = 4 is a plane perpendicular to the y-axis. (x − 3)2 + (y − 2)2 + (z + 2)2 = 9 . isoceles with |P Q| = |P R| correct 2. 0. 0. (3. x2 + y 2 + z 2 + 6x + 4y − 4z + 8 = 0 4. 2-space. 3-space geometry. A only Explanation: A. R(−1. isoceles with |QP | = |QR| Find the center of the sphere given by x2 + y 2 + z 2 + 8x − 6y − 2z + 25 = 0 . 1. by the distance formula in 3-space. 1. Thus. 3-space. 2. 1). 007 10.0 points isoceles with |P Q| = |P R| . x2 + y 2 + z 2 − 6x − 4y + 4z = 8 Explanation: The sphere consists of all points P (x. 3 keywords: distance formula. point 006 10. 2 2 2 2 4. 3-space. B only correct 4. keywords: T/F. which after expansion becomes x2 + y 2 + z 2 − 6x − 4y + 4z + 8 = 0 008 10. not isoceles 3. z) such that dist ((x. B. −1). 2.

16 < x2 + y 2 + z 2 ≤ 36 6. 4 ≤ x + y + z < 6 4. CR = 2v − u correct . 1) and radius r = 1. all points satisfying the inequalities 4 < x2 + y 2 + z 2 < 6 .castillo (ajc2686) – Assignment 1 – luecke – (55035) 2. − → 1. CR = 2(u + v) − → 2. determined by the parallelogram S Which of the following sets of inequalitites describes the region consisting of all points outside a sphere of radius 4 centered at the origin and inside a sphere of radius 6 centered at the origin. 1) correct 4. CR = 2u − → 3. 16 ≤ x2 + y 2 + z 2 ≤ 36 Explanation: 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Explanation: By the parallelogram law for the addition of vectors we see that − → CR = 2v − u . 009 10. i. but less than 6. v are the displacement vectors − − → − → u = AB . 6. 3. 1) 3.0 points A − → express CR in terms of u and v. 4 ≤ x + y + z ≤ 6 5. center = (4. center = (4. 3. −3. 2) 5.0 points When u. 6. 1. −1) Explanation: After completion of squares x + y + z + 8x − 6y − 2z + 25 = 0 becomes (x+4) +(y−3) +(z−1) +25−16−9−1 = 0 . CR = 2v − → 5. center = (−8. which can also be written as 16 < x2 + y 2 + z 2 < 36 . CR = u + 2v − → 4. center = (−8. CR = 2(u − v) P B O C R Q D 2 2 2 2 2 2 4 The region consists of all points whose distance to the origin is greater that 4. 16 < x + y + z < 36 correct 3. −1) 6.e. center = (−4. − → 6. This is an equation for a sphere having center = (−4. v = AP . which can then be written as (x + 4)2 + (y − 3)2 + (z − 1)2 = 1 . 3. 010 10. 4 < x + y + z < 6 2.

c = −4i − 5j + 9k 2. 3 correct 1. b = −3i − j + 3k . 3-space. 0. vertex. −4. 5 keywords: parallelopiped. Q(2. Explanation: As a vector sum. 6 4. 1 . c = −4i + 4j − 8k 4. R(−1. c = −3i + 4j − 8k Explanation: The sum of vectors a = a1 i + a2 j + a3 k .castillo (ajc2686) – Assignment 1 – luecke – (55035) keywords: vectors. coordinates. S(−4. v = 4. b = b1 i + b2 j + b3 k Find the vector v represented by the directed −→ − line segment P D. directed line segment. 7. −2). −→ − v = PD = − → P S = −1. vector sum displacement vector. v = 3. 1). v = 5. v = 6.0 points A Determine the vector c = a + 2b when a = 3i + 2j + 3k . −1. 4. 2 . we see that c = (1)(3) + (2)(−3) i + (1)(2) + (2)(1) j 4. 6 0. But − − → P Q = 5. c = −4i − 5j − 8k S P is determined by its vertices P (−3. 0) . v = 7. 2. 1. When a = 3i + 2j − 3k . c = −3i − 5j + 9k Q 3. 1 is defined componentwise: a + b = (a1 + b1 )i + (a2 + b2 )j + (a3 + b3 )k . Consequently. −→ − − − → − → PD = PQ + PS .0 points The parallelopiped in 3-space shown in C 1. 0. multiplication by a scalar λ also is defined componentwise: λa = (λa1 )i + (λa2 )j + (λa3 )k . 7. 4 7. v = 2. R D B b = −3i + j + 3k . therefore. vector sum 012 10. −1) . 5 6. 3. . 3. parallelogram 011 10. 3 . linear combination. −4. c = −3i + 4j + 9k correct 6. 8. 5. 3. similarly. + (1)(3) + (2)(3) k .

n = c = −3i + 4j + 9k . 2 . − 3 . length = 2 10 √ 5. −3 . angle = 4 π 3. 2.0 points 3. n = 6. 3. angle = 5π correct 6 π 5. −1 . −3 . has length |v| = 22 + 32 + 62 = √ 49 = 7 . −1 . n = 1 3 3 i+ j+ k 5 10 5 1 3 3 i− j− k 5 10 5 1 2 2 i+ j+ k 9 3 3 1 2 2 i− j− k 9 3 3 2 3 6 i + j+ k 7 7 7 3 6 2 i − j − k correct 7 7 7 6 2. 1 2 3 √ Explanation: The vector v = 2i − 3j − 6k.0 . n = 5.castillo (ajc2686) – Assignment 1 – luecke – (55035) Consequently. n = 2 3 6 v = i− j− k |v| 7 7 7 is a unit vector having the same direction as v. |c|. c2 . Consequently.0 points Find the angle between the vectors √ √ a = 3. length = 4 2 √ 4. and c = −2a + b = we see that | − 2a + b| = 014 √ 34 .0 points Find a unit vector n with the same direction as the vector v = 2i− 3j − 6k. length = √ 38 b = 1 . 1. −2 . 015 10.5. c2 + c2 + c2 . −2 . n = 013 10. of the vector c = c1 . 1. n = Determine the length of the vector −2a + b when a = −1 . −1 . 2π 3 π 2. angle = 3 4. c3 is defined by |c| = Consequently. b = 1 . angle = 6 1. length = 6 3. −1 . when a = −1 . length = 34 correct Explanation: The length. b = −5. . 4. angle = 10.

Thus ∆P QR will be 3. vector proj. Q(1. Q(1. −1) . 7 1. QR = 1. while |a| = Consequently. perpendicular. −1 5 2. = 4. −1 5 7 3. 6. |a| |b| 0 ≤ θ ≤ π. Use vectors to decide which one of the following properties the triangle has. −2 . −3.b . not right-angled at P. −1 . −1 . 6. −2). right triangle. 3 . −1 5 . 1). vector proj. we see that cos θ = a. |b| = √ 28 .0 points 10. 3. = 9 5. 3. keywords: vectors. 1). −2). −1 .b = |a| |b| cos θ . 7 But for the vertices where θ is the angle between the vectors. − → RP = 4. √ √ 3 7 3 √ = − cos θ = − √ 2 7·2 7 where 0 ≤ θ ≤ π. R(2.0 points A triangle ∆P QR in 3-space has vertices P (6. −1 5 2. − − → − → (3) right-angled at R when P R · QR = 0. R(2. − − − → → (1) right-angled at P when QP · RP = 0. while Thus − − − → → QP · RP = 21. right-angled at P 3. right-angled at R correct 4. Q. = √ 3. But for the given vectors. and − − − → − → P Q · RQ = 14. Consequently. vector proj. angle = 4 Explanation: Since the dot product of vectors a and b can be written as a. vector proj. 5. − − − → − → (2) right-angled at Q when P Q · RQ = 0. ∆P QR is right-angled at R . dot product. 6 √ 7.castillo (ajc2686) – Assignment 1 – luecke – (55035) 3π 6. −1 correct 5 9 2. = 7 2. 017 10. vector proj. = √ 3. or R Explanation: Vectors a and b are perpendicular when a · b = 0. 0 ≤ θ ≤ π. a = 2. P (6. 1. right-angled at Q Find the vector projection of b onto a when b = 3. 1. √ √ √ a · b = ( 3)(−5) + (2)(− 3) = −7 3 . Thus angle = 016 5π . 5. − − → − → P R · QR = 0 . −1) we see that − − → − − → P Q = −5. 2.

1. |a|2 keywords: vector projection. we see that a · b = (2)(1) + (3)(4) + (−1)(−2) = 16 . −1 . a·b a. . vector proj. = 4. proja b = 7 2. = 8 ( i + 4 j − 2 k) 7 is the unit cube having one corner at the origin and the coordinate planes for three of its faces. = √ 2.castillo (ajc2686) – Assignment 1 – luecke – (55035) 9 6. while |a|2 = (2)2 + (−1)2 = 5 . while |a|2 = (2)2 + (3)2 + (−1)2 = 14 . 7 a = 2i+ 3j − k. Find the cosine of the angle θ between CA and CB. Consequently. 2 (2 i + 3 j − k) 3 16 ( i + 4 j − 2 k) 21 16 (2 i + 3 j − k) 21 8 (2 i + 3 j − k) correct 7 x y A 2 5. −1 5 . a = 2. vectors in space. vector proj. proja b = 8 (2 i + 3 j − k) . we see that a · b = (2)(3) + (−1)(−1) = 7 . vector proj. = a = 2i+ 3j− k. −1 5 Explanation: The vector projection of b onto a is given in terms of the dot product by proja b = But when b = 3. vector proj.0 points keywords: 018 10. = 3. = ( i + 4 j − 2 k) 3 6. vector proj. 8 Explanation: The vector projection of b onto a is given in terms of the dot product by proja b = a·b a. 019 10. vector proj. vector proj. = 2. Consequently. |a|2 Now when b = i + 4j− 2k.0 points The box shown in z C D B Find the vector projection of b onto a when b = i + 4j− 2k. −1 .

v is given in terms of their dot product by cos θ = u·v . vector projection = − (i + j − k) 3 1 3. vector projection = 2 (i + j − k) 3 1 (j − k) correct 2 −→ − while CB determines v = 0. dot product. Now the angle θ between any pair of vectors u. angle between vectors 020 The box shown in z A 10. vector projection = − (j − k) 2 4. vector projection = For these choices of u and v. 1. 0 . 2 2. cos θ = √ 2 3. cos θ = 0 1 2. −1 . 0. A = (1. 1. cosine. 1. the cosine of the angle between CA and CB is given by cos θ = u·v 1 = √ . cos θ = 2 √ 5. since the unit cube has sidelength 1. 1).castillo (ajc2686) – Assignment 1 – luecke – (55035) 1. Consequently. 1. proja b = |a|2 . |u||v| D B x C y On the other hand. In this case CA is a directed line segment determining the vector u = 1. 0). |u| |v| 3 1 6. B = (0. cos θ = 1 4. cos θ = 2 3 9 keywords: vectors. − − → Determine the vector projection of AB on −→ − AD. vector projection = − (i − k) 2 Explanation: The vector projection of a vector b onto a vector a is given in terms of the dot product by a·b a. cos θ = √ correct 3 Explanation: To use vectors we shall replace a line segment with the corresponding directed line segment. unit cube. 5. is the unit cube having one corner at the origin and the coordinate planes for three of its adjacent faces. vector projection = 1 (i − k) 2 − → while C = (0. √ u · v = 1 = 3 cos θ . 1. 1) .0 points 3 2 1 6.

− − → Consequently. A = (0. 0. 10 −→ − while D = (0. unit cube. 0. −1 = i − k. . 0). 1. |a|2 = 2 . 2 keywords: vector projection. B = (1. −1 = j − k. For these choices of a and b. 0) . since the unit cube has side-length 1. dot product. the vector projection of AB −→ − onto AD is given by proja b = 1 (j − k) . 0. 1. a·b = 1.castillo (ajc2686) – Assignment 1 – luecke – (55035) On the other hand. component. In this case AD is a directed line segment determining the vector a = 0. 1). − − → while AB determines the vector b = 1.

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