- carbon has six electrons; 2 in its first shell, 4 in its second - tetravalence - these four valence electrons means

carbon would have to do what to become an i on? - instead, how does carbon usually complete its valence shell? - the tetravalence of carbon makes it versatile, and makes large, complex molecu les possible - compatible with oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen - what shape results when carbon forms four single covalent bonds (and what coul d it be bonding with?)? - tetrahedron - methane (CH4) - ethane (C2H6) shaped like two overlapping tetrahedrons - what shape results when carbon atoms are joined by a double bond? - ethene (C2H4) - examples of molecules with one carbon atom (CO2, urea: (NH2)2CO) - but, as we've seen, carbon can use one or more valence electrons to form coval ent bonds to other atoms, resulting in a variety of chains - length, branching, double bonds, rings

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful