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A Review on English Sentence Structure I. Types of Sentences 1.

Simple Sentence President SBY sent The President of Malaysia a letter. 2. Compound Sentence Almost all Indonesian people want to attack Malaysia, but the President does not agree with them. 3. Complex sentence If we want to play futsal, we have to pay the court. 4. Compound-complex sentence Father Richy ate hamburger, but Joko just ate a slice of fried tempe because he had just a little money.
II.

Sentence Subject: a. NP:The beautiful girl is a stewardess. b. NC: What I said was just a joke. c. Infinitive: To run fast needs more exercise. d. Gerund: Plying a piano is not as easy as we see. 2. Predicate: a. Finite verbs i. Full verb: Ms. Ndari asked us to complete this assignment. ii. Aux. Verb to be: The manager is the man who was sitting at the corner of the room. iii. Aux. Verb do: My Mom did support me to study in Seminary. iv. Aux. Verb modal: The best lecture can make the students follow his instructions. v. Linking verb be: The little baby is very beautiful. vi. LV inchoative verb: Andy looked so cheerful when he won the game. b. Object i. NP: Mr. Satryo gave the red rose to Mrs. Satryo. ii. NC: The must obey what the headmaster said last week. iii. Infinitive: All the woman wants from his husband is to make her happy. iv. Gerund: When I met the innocent, she began talking about her lost child. c. Adverb: The thief walked quietly out of the room. d. SCadj : The new building looks beautiful. SCnoun: Susy’s sister is a waitress. e. OCnoun: I consider my father a hero. OCadj.: My Daddy painted the dog’s house brown. OCpast participle: Sherley found the dog trapped in a hole. III. Noun Phrase a. Noun: Maggie bought me a bed cover. b. Nominal Phrase:
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2. Tense and aspect i. 3. Pronominal Phrase: i. Adjective: Having no dreams is like dying young. Future : She will wait for me in the cross road tomorrow. There are forty five students in my class. Simple present/past tense: Danny puts off his clothes carefully/Danny put off his clothes carefully. Past Tense: We did over our assignmenr. Past : Ernest Hemingway made up his stories mostly based on his own experiences many years ago. ii. Pronoun: Their recommendations were given by the rector of the university. 3. Mama put too much sugar into my cup. 2. Post-modifier: The man in that picture is the main character of the story. d. c. c. iii. Finite Verb Phrase a. Finite clause: The person whom the police looked for was not found. b. Nouns: The headmaster called some of my school friends to come to his office. iii. Progressive: Other students are doing our best for the same assignment.i. Perfective: He has tought over about the problem solving. Prepositional phrase: The flower in the vase is a plastic imitation. Tense: i. iii. ii. Non-finite cluause: The photo attached on the wall was sent by my friend from England. 4. d. Present/past progressive: My sister is cheering up my mother/ My sister was cheering up my mother. ii. ii. Aspect: i. Present tense: She is finding out the meaning of my name.. Present/past pefect tense: She has given up answering the question/she had given up answering the question. Post modifier 1. Time Reference: i. ii. iii. 2 . Present: They are listening to the professor now. Head word: The new bicycle was bought for my little brother. Simple: Our lecturer gives back the result of the test to us.. Adjective: My special intention is to learn from new experience. Pre-modifiers 1. Head word: Many people came to attend the celebration. ii. IV. though we did not understand it. A lecturer should know each student well.

b. Passive voice: The drama was written by Aswendo Atmowiloto. b. Finite Subordinate Clause a.. VI. b. Future progressive: They will be hanging out when you come. –ed clause:After elected as the capatainof the class. Present/past future: The President will go to Japan next year/ The President would go to Japan. d. Sannia will have been lookng for you for about 2 hours. 3 . . S-V-O : Ms. Adverbial clause: We met each other when we were in Senior High School. vi. vii. Nominal Clause: We remember that we have not done our assignment yet. I will go there every morning after coming back from the church. Vebal Noun: Dancing is one of my mother’s hobbies. Future perfect progressive: When you arrive. had had a beard. X.L.. Matrix clause: If the restaurant opens at 6 o’clock. S-V: The rabbit runs away. "A matrix clause is often a main clause . c. Subordinate clause:Although the weather is cloudy. c. c. VIII. –ing clause: Before leaving the room. Vannie is making a birthday cake. the subordinate clause who attacked her is contained within the subordinate clause that the man . In the sentence The victim told police that the man who attacked her had had a beard. Voice a. e. he looked at me and told the secret again. Main Clause: The students go for picnic. Basic Clause Type: a. S-V-O-A: Diana met John in the party. Infinitive clause: He does not know where to go. b. c. Verbal adverb: XII. Clauses a. Joko becomes diligent. Trask. c. Adjective clause: Paul is the boy who won the youth badminton tournament. VII. . b. S-V-O-C: I find Mr. Gerund: Correcting symbols are usually used by writing lecturers. Active Voice : Melisya gives Harry the new novel.iv. . Verbal a. S-V-iO-dO: Machel gives the boss his report. Penguin. Verbal Adjective: Oppressed children will probabley experience mental disorder. Verbal a. V. b. but it need not be: it can itself be a subordinate clause. . S-V-A : The old women smiles cheerfully." (R. Present/past perfect progressive: Peter has been waiting for his young sister since 9 o’clock/Peter had been waiting for his young sister since 9 o’clock. Dictionary of English Grammar. Gun a humble lecturer. XI. v.. Non-finite Subordinate Clause a. f. 2000) IX.

4 . Participle:Restricted learning is not appropriate nowadays. c. Infinitive: Purwo always forgets to get the attendance list.b.