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© 2000 UNIXguide.net, All Rights Reserved. Hermelito Go Directory Mappings Root filesystem Home Directory / /home /tmp /usr /var Sample configuration files User Accounts Password files Groups file Maximum # of user ID Allow/Deny remote login User nobody's id # Group nobody's id # AIX /etc/passwd /etc/security/passwd /etc/group /etc/security/group 4294967295 /etc/security/user {rlogin=true} 4294967294 4294967294 FreeBSD AIX {/dev/hd4} {/dev/hd1} {/dev/hd3} {/dev/hd2} {/dev/hd9var} FreeBSD HP-UX / /home /tmp {/dev/vg00/lvol1} {/dev/vg00/lvol4} {/dev/vg00/lvol6} {/dev/vg00/lvol7} {/dev/vg00/lvol8}

(Last Update:

Wednesday, 07-Dec-2005 11:11:32 PST ) LINUX(RedHat) SOLARIS / {/dev/vx/dsk/rootvol} / Tru64 {/dev/rz0a}

/

{/dev/ad0s1a}

/

{/dev/sda1}

/export/home /dev/vx/dsk/home} /tmp /dev/vx/dsk/swapvol} /usr /var /usr {/dev/rz0g}

/usr /var

{/dev/ad0s1f} {/dev/ad0s1e}

/usr /var

/usr/newconfig HP-UX /etc/passwd /tcb/files/auth/r/root /etc/group /etc/logingroup 2147483647 /etc/securetty {console} -2 -2(nogroup) LINUX(RedHat) /etc/passwd /etc/shadow /etc/group 65535 /etc/securetty {ttyp1} 99 99 {lilo} control-x linux S passwd root ok boot -s passwd root >boot Interact with IPL ? Y ISL>hpux -iS passwd root boot cdrom -s {grub} c kernel vmlinuz-2.4.9-13 single ro root=/dev/hda8 initrd /initrd-2.4.9-13.img boot passwd root useradd userdel mkdir /tmp/a mount /dev/c0t0d0s0 /tmp/a vi /tmp/a/etc/shadow Solaris /etc/passwd /etc/shadow /etc/group 2147483647 /etc/default/login {CONSOLE=/dev/console} 60001 & 65534(nobody4) 60002 & 65534(nogroup) /etc/passwd /etc/group 65535 /etc/securettys {ttyp1} 65534 65534 Tru64

/etc/passwd
/etc/master.passwd /etc/group 65535

/etc/ttys
{secure} 65534 65534

press the HALT Button or (Control-P) >>>boot -fl s lsmbstartup /sbin/bcheckrc passwd root

boot from CD/Tape Recover root password Installation/Maintenance Start Limited Shell getrootfs hdisk0 vi /etc/security/passwd

Create new user Delete user List users Modify user account General Commands Unique host ID Administrator Performance monitor System activity reporter Virtual Memory statistics I/O statistics Error logs Physical RAM Shared Memory

mkuser rmuser lsuser -f ALL chuser -a AIX hostid smit top monitor sar vmstat iostat alog -o -t boot errpt 1TB 2.75GB

adduser rmuser

useradd userdel logins usermod FreeBSD uname -i sam HP-UX

useradd userdel logins

useradd userdel

usermod LINUX(RedHat) hostid linuxconf top sar {sysstat} vmstat iostat {sysstat} dmesg 64 GB {>2.3.24} sysctl kernel.shmmax

usermod Solaris hostid admintool top sar vmstat iostat dmesg 16TB

usermod Tru64 hostid sysman top /usr/opt/svr4/bin/sar vmstat iostat uerf -R -o full 4TB

top sa vmstat iostat dmesg

top glance sar vmstat iostat dmesg 4TB 8TB

file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/hgo/My%20Documents/unixguide.htm (1 of 6)12/8/2005 5:49:33 AM

d/lpd stop /sbin/init. HP-UX.conf ndd -h gated lanscan -v /etc/hosts /etc/nsswitch.d/lpd start /dev/ad0s1b swap swapinfo swapon -a FreeBSD /var/spool/print /dev/vg00/lvol2 swap swapinfo -a swapon -a HP-UX /etc/lp/interface/* lpshut lpsched Display swap size lsps -a Submit print jobs lp lpr qprt enq -A LP statistics lpq lpstat qchk cancel Remove print jobs lprm qcan enq -x Add printer queue smit mkpq Remove Printer queue Make default printer TCP/IP Network IP configuration Hosts IP addresses Name service switch Network parameters Routing daemon NIC Configurations Secondary IP Address Login prompt smit rmpq export LPDEST="pq" AIX lsattr -E -l inet0 lp lp lpr lp lpr lp lpr lpq lpstat lpq lpstat lpstat cancel lprm cancel lprm cancel lprm lpadmin -p pq lpadmin -x pq lpadmin -d pq cancel lprm lprsetup lprsetup export PRINTER="lp" Tru64 /etc/rc.conf sysctl -a | grep net routed ifconfig -a modprobe ip_alias ifconfig eth0:1 IP /etc/issue /etc/hosts /etc/svc./MAKEDEV -v pty insf -d ptys -n # insf -d ptym -n # insf -d pts -s # -e -v {/etc/iu.conf sysctl routed ifconfig -a /etc/hosts /etc/nsswitch.net ( AIX.ap} ptsl 0 # ldterm ttcompat halt boot -r cd /dev ./MAKEDEV PTY_1 chdev -l pty0 -anum=256 -P reboot Maximum # of ptys 512 Remote Shell remsh rsh rsh {MAXUSERS} remsh 256 rsh 176 3000 rsh {BSD} {SYSV} 8192 rsh file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/hgo/My%20Documents/unixguide.cfg odmget -q "attribute=num and uniquetype=pty/pty/pty" PdAt | sed "s/0-64/0-512/" | odmchange -q "attribute=num and uniquetype=pty/pty/pty" o PdAt /etc/hosts /etc/host. LINUX.htm (2 of 6)12/8/2005 5:49:33 AM .UNIXguide. SOLARIS & Tru64) Process Data Space Swap device Swap file type Activate Swap Printers Printer Queues Stop LP Start LP 2GB /dev/hd6 /etc/swapspaces swapon -a AIX /etc/qconfig stopsrc -s lpd startsrc -s lpd enq lpd 4GB 900 MB /dev/sda2 partition type 82 free swapon -a LINUX /var/spool/lpd/lp/* /etc/init.conf /etc/rc. FreeBSD.d/lpd start /dev/vx/dsk/swapvol swap swap -l swap -a Solaris /etc/lp/interfaces/* /usr/lib/lp/lpshut /usr/lib/lp/lpsched /dev/rz0b raw swapon -s swapon -a Tru64 /usr/spool/lpd /sbin/init.d/netconf printtool LINUX(RedHat) /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ Solaris /etc/hostname.conf no -a gated ifconfig -a ifconfig en0 alias IP HERALD @ /etc/security/login.d/lpd stop /etc/init.* /etc/inet/* /etc/defaultrouter /etc/inet/hosts /etc/nsswitch.conf ifconfig xl0 alias IP ifconfig lan0:1 IP telnetd -b /etc/issue rebuild your kernel with these new values NPTY=# NSTRPY=# reboot ifconfig ln0 alias /etc/issue Increase the # of pseudoterminals cd /dev .routed ifconfig -a ifconfig hme0:1 IP up BANNER @ /etc/default/telnetd {/etc/system} set pt_cnt = # set npty = # {SYSV} {BSD} routed ifconfig -a /etc/hosts /etc/netsvc.conf ndd /dev/[tcp|ip] ? in.config lpadmin -p pq lpadmin -x pq lpadmin -d pq HP-UX /etc/rc.config.

LINUX. SOLARIS & Tru64) YP/NIS service binder System Files NFS exported NFS Client mounted directories Max File System /usr/lib/netsvc/yp/ypbind AIX /etc/exports /usr/sbin/ypbind FreeBSD /etc/exports /usr/lib/netsvc/yp/ypbind HP-UX /etc/exports /sbin/ypbind LINUX(RedHat) /etc/exports /usr/lib/netsvc/yp/ypbind Solaris /etc/dfs/dfstab /etc/dfs/sharetab /etc/rmtab /usr/sbin/ypbind Tru64 /etc/exports /etc/xtab /etc/xtab /var/lib/nfs/xtab /var/adm/mountdtab 128 GB {<= 3.net ( AIX. HP-UX. FreeBSD.htm (3 of 6)12/8/2005 5:49:33 AM .1} 64 K 64 K AIX /etc/filesystems df -k lsdev -C bootinfo -s hdisk# lspv -l hdisk# Partition Volume Volume group fdisk -v ad0 disklabel ad0 sub disk Volume Plex df -k FreeBSD /etc/fstab 60~ K HP-UX:Disk &Filesystem /etc/fstab bdf /sbin/ioscan diskinfo /dev/rdsk/c#t#d# pvdisplay -v /dev/dsk/C#t#d# logical extents logical volume volume group vxfs /dev/vg00 vgdisplay -v vg00 pvchange pvcreate vinum ld pvdisplay vgreduce sysctl fs.2G} 512 GB {>= 4.2G} 512 GB {>= 4.file-max LINUX(RedHat) /etc/fstab df -k cat /proc/devices cat /proc/scsi/scsi0/sda/model fdisk -l logical extents logical volume volume group ext3 reiserfs /etc/vfstab df -k sysdef format -d c#t#d# format>current format>inquiry prtvtoc sub disk Volume Plex disk group vxfs /dev/vx/dsk/rootdg file /dev/rrz0c disklabel -p rz0 sub disk Volume Plex disk group advfs /dev/vol/rootdg volprint -l -g rootdg Journal Filesystem type Default volume group Display volume group Modify physical volume Prepare physical disk List physical volume Remove disk from volume group Move logical volumes to another physical volumes Create volume group Remove volume group Volume group availability Restore volume group Exports volume group Imports volume group Volume group listing jfs /dev/rootvg lsvg -l rootvg chpv mkdev -c disk -l hdisk# lspv reducevg vgdisplay -v pvchange pvcreate pvdisplay vgreduce vxprint -l -g rootdg vxdiskadd vxprint -dl vxdg rmdisk voldiskadd volprint -dl voldg rmdisk migratepv vinum move -f drive object pvmove pvmove vxassist move volassist move mkvg vgcreate vgremove vgcreate vgremove vxdg init voldg init chvg varyonvg varyoffvg vgchange vgchange vgcfgrestore exportvg importvg lsvg vgexport vgimport vgscan vgcfgrestore vgexport vgimport vgscan vxdg deport vxdg import voldg deport voldg import file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/hgo/My%20Documents/unixguide.UNIXguide.0} 16 TB {advfs} 64 K SOLARIS Tru64 /etc/fstab df -k 128 GB 128 GB 2 TB 1 TB 8000 TB {vxfs} Max File Size Max # File Descriptors DISK/LVM Commands Filesystem table Free disk blocks Device listing Disk information Disk Label LVM Concepts 64 GB 128 GB 2 GB 8192 GB {512B block size} {8KB block size} 1 TB 2 GB {=<2.5.0} 16 TB {advfs} 128 GB {<= 3.

d /kernel/genunix sysdef -i vdump vrestore Tru64 /sbin/init. LINUX./.conf lilo lsmod insmod rmmod netconf free getconf LONG_BIT vi /etc/system reboot doconfig List modules Load module Unload module genkex kldstat kldload kldunload /stand/sysinstall sysctl hw.prev mv /stand/build/system system kmupdate /stand/build/ vmunix_test make mrproper make menuconfig make dep make clean make bzImage make install make modules make modules_install cp arch/i386/boot/bzImage /boot/vmlinuz2.net ( AIX. FreeBSD.img 2..prev mv vmunix vmunix.2.log getconf KERNEL_BITS modinfo modload modunload sys-unconfig prtconf isainfo -kv Initialize system install_assist Physical RAM Kernel Bits bootinfo -r bootinfo -K netsetup uerf | grep memory 64 file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/hgo/My%20Documents/unixguide.d/rc /boot/vmlinuz sysctl -a cd /usr/src/linux ufsdump ufsrestore SOLARIS /etc/init.16. SOLARIS & Tru64) Change logical volume characteristics List logical volume Make logical volume Extend logical volume Reduce logical volume Remove logical volume Prepare boot volumes Remove boot volumes Extend File system Reduce/Split mirrors Merge mirrors Create mirrors Add mirrors Create striped volumes System recovery tape Backup Restore MISC Startup script Kernel chlv lvchange lvchange vxedit set voledit set lslv mklv extendlv AIX reduce LV rmlv bootlist -m normal vinum lv lvdisplay lvcreate lvextend lvreduce lvdisplay lvcreate lvextend lvreduce lvremove lilo vxprint -vl vxassist make vxassist growto vxassist shrinkto vxedit rm vxbootsetup volprint -vl volassist make volassist growto volassist shrinkto voledit -g rootdg -rf rm vol1 vinum rm vol lvremove lvlnboot lvrmboot extendfs /dev/vg00/lvol8 fsadm -F vxfs -b {LE * 1024} / mt lvsplit lvmerge chfs -a size=# /mt resize2fs resize_reiserfs lvsplit lvmerge vxva mkfs -M rmlvcopy mklv -c 2 mklvcopy lv 2 mklv -u 3 -S 64K mksysb -i /dev/rmt0 savevg -i rootvg restvg AIX /etc/rc /usr/lib/boot/unix_up vinum mirror drive lvcreate -m 1 lvextend -m 1 vxassist mirror volassist make vol 100mb mirror=true volassist make vol 100mb layout=stripe /usr/sys/bin/btcreate vinum stripe drive lvcreate -i 3 -I 64 /opt/ignite/bin/make_recovery lvcreate -i 3 -I 64 vxassist make vol 100mb layout=raid5 vinum saveconfig fbackup frecover tar cvf /dev/rst0 / tar xvf /dev/rst0 HP-UX LINUX(RedHat) /etc/rc.2.d /vmunix sysconfig dxkerneltuner FreeBSD /etc/rc /kernel sysctl -a /sbin/rc /stand/vmunix sysdef kmtune kmsystem Kernel Parameters lsattr -E -l sys0 cd /stand/build /usr/lbin/sysadm/system_prep cd /sys/i386/conf vi KERNEL Reconfigure the kernel config KERNEL cd .htm (4 of 6)12/8/2005 5:49:33 AM ../compile/ chdev -l sys0 -a KERNEL make depend make make install v -s system vi system mk_kernel -s system cd /stand mv system system.UNIXguide.physmem kmadmin -s kmadmin -L kmadmin -U set_parms initial grep -i Physical /var/adm/ syslog/syslog.16 vi /etc/lilo.prev mv dlkm dlkm.16 mkinitrd /boot/initrd-2.2. HP-UX.

d/xntpd HP-UX swinstall swremove swlist swlist -l fileset -a state pkg_info -L package swlist -l file fileset swlist -l patch what /stand/vmunix swlist -l file | grep path /var/db/pkg FreeBSD /dev /var/adm/sw/ HP-UX /dev Install devices for attached peripherals devlinks cfgmgr -v /dev/MAKEDEV insf -e /dev/MAKEDEV disks tapes ports rmdev -l lscfg lsdev -Cc processor lsdev -Cc tty sysctl hw.htm (5 of 6)12/8/2005 5:49:33 AM .net ( AIX. SOLARIS & Tru64) Crash utility Trace System Calls Machine model OS Level Run Level Core dump files crash syscalls uname -m bootinfo -m oslevel who -r /var/adm/ras crash truss uname -m uname -r adb tusc model uname -m uname -r who -r /var/adm/crash lcrash strace uname -m uname -r runlevel crash truss uname -imp uname -r who -r /var/crash/`uname -n` kdbx trace uname -p sizer -v who -r {lilo} control-x linux S Key on service mode/F4 Boot single user Boot from CD/Tape Select Maintenance Limited function Shell ok boot -s >boot Interact with IPL ? Y ISL>hpux -iS {grub} c kernel vmlinuz-2.9-13.d/xntpd LINUX(RedHat) rpm -i package rpm -e package rpm -qa rpm -V package rpm -ql package pkgadd pkgrm pkginfo pkginfo -i pkginfo -p pkgchk -l package patchadd -p rpm -qf file /var/lib/rpm LINUX(RedHat) /dev /devices drvconfig pkgchk -l -p path /var/sadm SOLARIS /dev /var/adm/smlogs Tru64 /etc/TIMEZONE /etc/default/init /etc/inet/ntp.network pkg_add pkg_delete pkg_info -a /etc/TIMEZONE /etc/rc.model rmsf lsdev ioscan -fnC processor ioscan -fnC tty cat /proc/cpuinfo rem_drv prtconf -D psrinfo -v pmadm -l /usr/platform/`uname -m`/ scu scan edt scsimgr -scan_all Remove device Device drivers CPU List Terminal psrinfo -v Diagnostics diag pciconf -l stm lspci pnpdump /dev/sda /dev/cdrom iso9660 sbin/prtdiag ok test-all /opt/SUNWvts/bin/sunvts /dev/c#t#d0s2 /dev/dsk/c#t6d0s2 hsfs /dev/rz0c /dev/rz3c cdfs Whole Disk CDROM CDROM file type /dev/hdisk# /dev/cd0 cdrfs /dev/ad0s1c /dev/acd0c cd9660 /dev/dsk/c#t#d0 /dev/dsk/c#t2d0 cdfs file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/hgo/My%20Documents/unixguide.4.img boot ok boot -s >>> boot -fl s Maintenance mode Interrupt Key Return to console Timezone Management NTP Daemon Software Install Software Uninstall software List installed software Verify installed software List all files List installed patches Package owner SW Directory Devices Devices installp -a installp -u lslpp -L all lppchk -v lslpp -f fileset instfix -i lslpp -w path /usr/lpp AIX /dev /etc/environment /etc/profile /etc/ntp. FreeBSD.UNIXguide.d/xntpd Tru64 control-P /etc/localtime /etc/rc.d/init.conf /etc/rc.4.conf {xntpd_enable="YES"} /etc/rc.conf startsrc -s xntpd AIX ok boot -as >boot Interact with IPL ? Y ISL>hpux -lm control-B co ok boot -as Stop-A ok go /etc/sysconfig/clock /etc/ntp. LINUX.d/xntpd SOLARIS setld -l setld -d setld -i setld -v setld -i package dupatch -track -type patch /etc/svid3_tz timezone rcmgr set XNTPD_CONF YES /sbin/init.config.conf /etc/init.d/netdaemons /sbin/init.9-13 single ro root=/dev/hda8 initrd /initrd-2. HP-UX.

UNIXguide.hp.htm (6 of 6)12/8/2005 5:49:33 AM .1 /dev/rfd0 AIX AIX-FAQ AIX 5.com file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/hgo/My%20Documents/unixguide. Shareware & Freeware ASE Information FreeBSD FAQ FreeBSD Hand Book Linux Documentation Project Red Hat support 1-888-REDHAT1 Linux Software Map RHCE Technical Support p5 TechSupport Phone Number Free Software Certification 1-800-CALL-AIX Public Domain Software Library IBM Professional Certification FreeBSD Primary Site HP-UX Ports education. SOLARIS & Tru64) Rewinding tape drive Non-rewinding tape drive Floppy drive Links FAQ Online Manual /dev/rmt0 /dev/rmt0. HP-UX.net ( AIX.sun. FreeBSD.com /dev/rmt0 /dev/nrmt0 /dev/fd0c Tru64 Tru64 FAQ Tru64 Documents Alpha Systems Support 1-800-474-6836 Tru64 Demos. LINUX.3 Docs /dev/rwt0d /dev/nrwt0d /dev/fd0 FreeBSD /dev/rmt/0m /dev/rmt/0mn HP-UX HP-UX FAQ HP-UX Reference Manual IT Resource Center 1-800-633-3600 /dev/rst0 /dev/nrst0 /dev/fd0 LINUX(RedHat) LINUX FAQ { c 9 0} { c 9 128 } /dev/rmt/0 /dev/rmt/0n /dev/diskette SOLARIS Solaris 2 FAQ Solaris 10 Documentation SunSolve 1-800-USA-4SUN Sun Freeware suned.

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