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Academic World List

Academic World List

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Published by: lito_gaspar on Apr 28, 2011
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THE ACADEMIC WORD LIST

The following list consists of the head-words in AWL. I have taken the 570 head-words in the list given in Coxhead (2000), and re-ordered the list by frequency groups, from "group 1" (most frequent) to "group 10" (least frequent). For detail on the development and evaluation of the AWL, see Coxhead, Averil (2000) A New Academic Word List. TESOL Quarterly, 34(2): 213-238. group 1 analyse available contract economy factor indicate legal period research similar approach benefit create environment finance individual legislate policy respond source area concept data establish formula interpret major principle role specific assess consist define estimate function involve method proceed section structure assume constitute derive evident identify issue occur process sector theory authority context distribute export income labour percent require significant vary

group 2 achieve assist compute credit evaluate institute obtain primary reside site acquire category conclude culture feature invest participate purchase resource strategy administrate chapter conduct design final item perceive range restrict survey affect commission consequent distinct focus journal positive region secure text appropriate community construct element impact maintain potential regulate seek tradition aspect complex consume equate injure normal previous relevant select transfer

group 3 alternative considerable core document fund interact minor proportion scheme task circumstance constant corporate dominate illustrate justify negate publish sequence technical comment constrain correspond emphasis immigrate layer outcome react sex technique compensate contribute criteria ensure imply link partner register shift technology component convene deduce exclude initial locate philosophy rely specify valid consent coordinate demonstrate framework instance maximise physical remove sufficient volume

group 4 access attribute confer domestic hence internal occupy phase promote status adequate civil contrast emerge hypothesis investigate option predict regime stress annual code cycle error implement job output principal resolve subsequent apparent commit debate ethnic implicate label overall prior retain sum approximate communicate despite goal impose mechanism parallel professional series summary attitude concentrate dimension grant integrate obvious parameter project statistic undertake

group 5 academy challenge decline entity facilitate adjust clause discrete equivalent fundamental alter compound draft evolve generate amend conflict enable expand generation aware consult energy expose image capacity contact enforce external liberal

license monitor precise revenue target

logic network prime stable transit

margin notion psychology style trend

medical objective pursue substitute version

mental orient ratio sustain welfare

modify perspective reject symbol whereas

group 6 abstract attach cooperate enhance fee incidence instruct ministry presume tape accurate author discriminate estate flexible incorporate intelligence motive rational trace acknowledge bond display exceed furthermore index interval neutral recover transform aggregate brief diverse expert gender inhibit lecture nevertheless reveal transport allocate capable domain explicit ignorant initiate migrate overseas scope underlie assign cite edit federal incentive input minimum precede subsidy utilise

group 7 adapt classic couple dynamic finite identical isolate prohibit sole topic adult comprehensive decade eliminate foundation ideology media publication somewhat transmit advocate comprise definite empirical globe infer mode quote submit ultimate aid confirm deny equip grade innovate paradigm release successor unique channel contrary differentiate extract guarantee insert phenomenon reverse survive visible chemical convert dispose file hierarchy intervene priority simulate thesis voluntary

group 8 abandon arbitrary complement denote exhibit induce minimise predominant revise uniform accompany automate conform detect exploit inevitable nuclear prospect schedule vehicle accumulate bias contemporary deviate fluctuate infrastructure offset radical tense via ambiguous chart contradict displace guideline inspect paragraph random terminate virtual append clarify crucial drama highlight intense plus reinforce theme visual appreciate commodity currency eventual implicit manipulate practitioner restore thereby widespread

group 9 accommodate bulk concurrent diminish founded mature norm qualitative route team analogy cease confine distort inherent mediate overlap refine scenario temporary anticipate coherent controversy duration insight medium passive relax sphere trigger assure coincide converse erode integral military portion restrain subordinate unify attain commence device ethic intermediate minimal preliminary revolution supplement violate behalf compatible devote format manual mutual protocol rigid suspend vision

group 10 adjacent conceive incline nonetheless pose albeit convince integrity notwithstanding reluctance assemble depress intrinsic odd so-called collapse encounter invoke ongoing straightforward colleague enormous levy panel undergo compile forthcoming likewise persist whereby

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