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1961 California Senate - Un-American Activities

1961 California Senate - Un-American Activities

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We wish to close this portion of this report by pointing out that Red Stars—No. 3 currently circulated throughout
the United States and issued last year, contains the name of Mary McCall listed among the alleged roster of "reds,
fellow-travelers, and dupes." In July of 1954 this Committee issued invitations to individuals in the motion
picture industry, and generally throughout Southern California, to appear before us if they desired and to testify
concerning circumstances under which their names appeared on Communist-front organizations. One of the
several individuals who availed themselves of this opportunity was Mrs. Mary McCall Bramson, professionally
known as Mary C. McCall, Jr., a screen-writer widely known and respected throughout her profession. Mrs.
McCall had served on three occasions as president of the Screen Writers Guild, and is the only woman to have
ever enjoyed that distinction.
She stated that she had been listed as a member of the Writers Congress Advisory Committee in 1943 and pointed
out, as had other witnesses, that the predominant membership of that organization, was completely loyal and anti-
Communist, but that after the end of World War II it became apparent to her that a small and disruptive minority
in the Screen Writers Guild seemed to be card-holding and hard-working members of the Communist Party,
sought to prolong the life of the Hollywood Writers Mobilization and that the executive secretary of the
Mobilization was a woman who, Mrs. McCall was convinced, was a member of the Communist Party. That
individual, Pauline Lauber Finn, had been identified as a Communist by testimony before this Committee, and
Mr. Robert Rossen who for several years had played a dominant role in the Hollywood Writers Mobilization and
Screen Writers Guild and who masqueraded as liberal, finally admitted that he had been, during all of his tenure
in office, an active member of the Communist Party.
The witness also mentioned her affiliation with a movement known as the Emergency Committee on KFI which,
while including some persons with Communist front records, was for the most part composed of loyal and anti-
Communist individuals. She stated that she had been connected with the Actors Laboratory Theatre as an
audience sponsor, testified that she eventually began to see names appearing on its Board of Directors she
believed to be members of the Communist Party and who had given valid evidence of their pro-Communist Party
sympathies by their affiliations with a whole array of organizations known to her to be under the domination of
the Communist apparatus. She was also listed as a member or sponsor of the Hollywood Democratic Committee
and the Arts, Sciences and Professions Council.
Mrs. McCall explained her connection with each of these organizations in a forthright and convincing manner,
answered every question put to her by the Committee, disdained to invoke the Fifth Amendment or any other
Constitutional provision, and emphasized the fact that she considered extremists from the right, the fanatical and
irresponsible persons with no regard for the rights of their fellow men and precious little regard for the truth, as
extremely dangerous obstacles in the effort to combat the menace of Communism. Her most

― 203 ―
interesting comments cannot be quoted in full, but the following statement fairly well summarizes the tenor of her
testimony: "I think sometimes in revulsion from Communism—and revolting they are—you find yourself tempted
to go too far the other way. This impulse you must resist."

After thanking the Committee for permitting her to appear and testify, Mrs. McCall concluded her evidence by
stating that in her opinion: "Members of the Communist Party are in effect agents of a foreign power, and any

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decision as to whether they are loyal to the United States of America or to the U.S.S.R., even the loyalty of an
American-born Communist member, would go to the U.S.S.R."
She also gave a lie to the familiar old Communist propaganda that the down-trodden working masses had no
chance to better themselves under a capitalist form of government by declaring that her grandfather, John
McCall, the son of an Irish immigrant saloonkeeper in Albany, New York, "rose by his own good name and his
own efforts to be president of the New York Life Insurance Company. This was possible," said Mrs. McCall, "in
this capitalistic republic of ours. I don't want anything to happen to that system because this is the kind of
opportunity I want for my children."[111]
Despite this outright statement, and despite the fact that our 1955 report, like its predecessors and successors,
was widely distributed and placed in every large public library in the state, the name of Mary McCall is still
carried in the folder of the Cinema Educational Guild, Inc., "Red Stars—No. 3," 1960, as a "red, fellow-traveler or
dupe."
We are happy to report that Mrs. McCall is successfully following her profession as a screen writer, that she has
most graciously written to representatives of the Committee expressing her gratitude for allowing her to appear
before us, and while we may be breaking a precedent by making this sort of a statement—we very much doubt if
Mrs. McCall will ever run the risk of being involved in any Communist-front organization.
We have cited the case of Mrs. McCall as illustrative of other individuals whose names appear on the folder,
names like Melvyn Douglas, who at one time drifted dangerously close to Communism, but who has for many
years been consistently anti-Communist, has repudiated Communism on many occasions, and who has never, so
far as we are aware, appeared on any list of alleged subversive individuals with the exception of "Red Stars—No.
3." It is not the province of this Committee to act as a monitor for every unofficial organization that undertakes to
attack Communism or to point out every erroneous statement that any of them may make. In this instance,
however, the Cinema Educational Guild has seen fit to declare that its allegations are based on evidence in our
files. As we have seen in the case of Mrs. McCall, this is not true.
We disagree with a great many of the statements made by the Cinema Educational Guild, but if we undertook to
make a separate analysis of the record of every individual mentioned by the Guild and other unofficial
organizations operating in this field, we would have no time

― 204 ―
to do anything else. It should be manifest to everyone that no unofficial list of alleged subversive individuals or
organizations, unless accompanied by thorough documentation, should be accepted at face value. Of course, any
such list of purported subversive persons and groups that is not accompanied by complete documentation, must
be regarded with extreme caution.

Footnotes

1. The Decline of American Communism, by David A. Shannon. Harcourt, Brace & Company, New York, 1959, p. 4.

2. The Communists and the Schools, by Robert Iversen, Harcourt Brace & Company, New York 1959, pp. 184, 185.

3. Associated Students of the University of California.

4. See 1959 Report, p. 81.

5. Counterattack, Vol. 12, No. 35, October 31, 1959.

6. But it could appoint and remove the editor.

7. Associated Students of the University of California.

8. Daily Californian, October 6, 1958.

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9. He resigned after the above had been dictated.

10. Communist Target—Youth, page 5.

11. A Communist-dominated union; see United Office and Professional Workers of America, C. I. O., 1947, 1948, 1949, 1951, 1953, and 1959
Reports.

12. Officially identified by both Federal and State Committees and by the United States Attorney General as a Communist educational
institution.

13. A joint statement by Dr. G. Archer Weniger of Oakland, Rev. Don Watson of Oakland, Dr. H. Austen of San Francisco, Rev. Robert F.
Hakes of Alameda, Dean William G. Bellshaw of the San Francisco Baptist Seminary, Dr. H. O. Van Gilder of the Western Baptist Bible
College, Dr. Arno Weniger of San Francisco. Reprinted from The Blu-Print published periodically by the Foothill Boulevard Baptist Church,
1530 Foothill Boulevard, Oakland 6, California, Volume 10, Number 20; May 17, 1960.

14. It has since been reorganized and is not now under Communist domination.

15. Academic Senate Record, University of California Northern Section, Volume V, No. 6, Berkeley, Calif., May 25, 1959.

16. The Daily Californian, October 13, 1960.

17. Daily Californian, October 14, 1960.

18. California Monthly, December 1960, page 26.

19. Daily Californian, December, 1960, page 26, op. cit.

20. The Daily Californian, October 25, 1960.

21. Daily Californian, October 26, 1960.

22. Daily Californian, October 28, 1960.

23. Daily Californian, December 7, 1960, p. 1; Oakland Tribune, December 8, 1960.

24. People's World [California Communist paper] October 22nd, 1960.

25. We feel reasonably safe in assuming he is still secure in his job.

26. Political Affairs, March 1960, page 73.

27. Los Angeles Herald Express, February 12, 1960.

28. California Monthly, July 1960, pages 30-31.

29. U. C. L. A. Daily Bruin, Thursday, October 6, 1960.

30. Southern California Daily Trojan, November 21, 1960.

31. California Monthly, February 1961, p. 16.

32. "On The Draft Resolution," by William Z. Foster, Political Affairs, December 1959, pages 51-2.

33. "Our Sights to the Future," Gus Hall, Keynote Address to the 17th National Convention, Communist Party of the United States, Political
Affairs, January 1960, page 1 and page 13.

34. Political Affairs, op. cit., pages 27-33.

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35. Political Affairs, op. cit., p. 33.

36. Resolutions from the 17th National Convention, Communist Party of the United States, Political Affairs, March 1960, p. 73-6.

37. World Marxist Review, November 1959, Volume 2, Number 11, p. 68.

38. Outline Sheet Issued by Independent Democrats of California, September 1960.

39. Masters of Deceit—The Story of Communism In America and How to Fight It, by J. Edgar Hoover. Henry Holt & Co., N. Y., 1958, pages
114-115; 198; 199; 334.

40. Political Affairs, March 1960, "Resolutions from the 17th Convention, Communist Party of the United States, On Party Organization, page
65, page 67.

41. The United Front: The Struggle Against War and Fascism, by Georgi Dimitrov, General Secretary, Communist International. Report to
the 7th World Congress of the Communist International, August 1935. International Publishers, Inc., N. Y., 1938, pages 52-53.

42. "Communist Fronts: Their History and Function," by Robert H. Bass. Problems of Communism, Vol. IX, No. 5, p. 8 et. seq.

43. Report of the Commission on Government Security, Pursuant to Public Law 304, 84th Congress, As Amended, June 1957, page 645 et seq.

44. Report of Commission on Government Security, op. cit., page 653.

45. Report of the Commission on Government Security, op. cit., pp. 100-101.

46. "On the Party's History," by Clarence Hathaway, Political Affairs, November 1960, p. 54.

47. Congressional Record, September 24, 1942, pages 7687 and 7688.

48. Brochure, San Francisco Little Summit Conference Program.

49. Counter Attack, Vol. XV, No. 6, March 17, 1961.

50. American Review on the Soviet Union, August 1941.

51. The Building America series was actually introduced into the public schools of California as supplemental reading several years ago.

52. See American Communism and Soviet Russia by Theodore Draper, Viking Press, New York, 1960: The Mind of an Assassin by Isaac Don
Levine, Farrar, Straus, and Cudahy, New York, 1959.

53. See critical analysis of the Meiklejohn book by Sidney Hook, 1951 Committee Report, pages 44-47.

54. 1953 Committee Report, page 180

55. "The Angriest Negroes," by William Worthy, Esquire Magazine, February 1961, pages 102-106. See also The Black Muslims in America, by
Dr. C. Eric Lincoln, Beacon Press, Boston, 1961.

56. "The Angriest Negroes," op. cit.

57. When applied to the organization in this country, the proper word is "Muslim"; when applied to the religious movement it is "Moslem."

58. "The Negro Question Today," by Claude Lightfoot, Political Affairs February 1960, page 84 at page 90.

59. 1948 Report, page 383.

60. 1957 Report, page 124.

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61. Resolutions of Southland Jewish Organization.

62. People's Daily World, January 8, 1947.

63. The Open Forum, published by the American Civil Liberties Union of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, April 1961, p. 1.

64. Education of an American Liberal, by Lucille Milner, Horizon Press, New York 1954, p. 120.

65. Arthur Garfield Hayes.

66. Milner, op. cit., pp. 262-269.

67. Milner, op. cit., p. 275.

68. Milner, op. cit., p. 279.

69. Milner, op. cit., pp. 282-283.

70. Milner, op. cit., p. 293.

71. Civil Liberties, monthly publication of the A.C.L.U., No. 176, January 1960, p. 3.

72. Political Affairs, August 1954, p. 74, et. seq.

73. True Magazine, April 1961, p. 24.

74. Communism and the Churches, by Ralph Lord Roy. Harcourt, Brace & Co., New York, 1960, pp. 325, 333, 334, 364 et. seq.

75. Roy, op. cit., p. 364.

76. American Civil Liberties Union News, San Francisco, April 1959, p. 2.

77. Jefferson School of Social Science.

78. National Review, January 18, 1956, p. 4.

79. The top officials in a local Communist Party apparatus.

80. Los Angeles Fire and Police Protective League News, April 15, 1960, pp. 1-5.

81. Civil Liberties, Monthly Publication of the American Civil Liberties Union, October 1960, p. 3.

82. 1943 Committee Report, p. 92.

83. 1948 Committee Report, pp. 107-112.

84. 1959 Committee Report, pp. 144-146.

85. California Monthly, February 1961, p. 16.

87. Milner, op. cit., pp. 225-226.

86. United States Attorney General who directed raids against the Communist Party.

88. Los Angeles Labor Herald, August 7, 1942.

89. Daily People's World, August 29, 1949.

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90. See 1955 Report, pages 48-69; 1959 Report, pages 124, 132, 134, 135.

91. Los Angeles Times, April 25, 1961.

93. Petition in re Dvorman, Orange County, California, 1961.

92. Transcript, House Committee on Un-American Activities Proceedings, October 23, 1939.

94. This from a person who signed himself "Frank Observer."

95. Daily People's World, January 3, 1955.

96. See designations by Attorney General Herbert Brownell, pursuant to Executive Order 10450; Guide to Subversive Organizations and
Publications, 85th Congress, First Session, House Document #226, pp. 144 and 146.

97. Committee Transcript, pages 54-55; 59.

98. Letter to the Loyalty Review Board from Attorney General Tom Clark, December 4, 1947, September 21, 1948; Guide to Subversive
Organizations and Publications, op. cit., p. 25; see also People's World, April 4, 1949.

99. People's World, May 18, 1950.

100. Statement by former Woodlake Police Chief Duane W. Roderick, December 17, 1959.

101. Los Angeles Times, February 16, 1959.

102. Canyon Crier, June 11, 1959.

103. Canyon Crier, February 4, 1960

104. Canyon Crier, February 11, 1960.

105. Committee Transcript, Vol. 63-D, December 9, 1954.

106. Red Stars in Hollywood, Cinema Educational Guild, 1950, page 9.

107. Documentation of Red Stars in Hollywood, 1950, page iv.

109. Soviet Secret Police.

110. "What is This Thing Called Anti-Semitism," Cinema Educational Guild, 1951, p. 11.

108. Anti-Defamation League.

111. 1955 Committee Report, pages 444-446.

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