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Wind Power

Wind Power

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Published by Adrian Mirabello

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Published by: Adrian Mirabello on Apr 28, 2011
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Barrow Offshore Wind Farm

Off Walney Island, UK
, xx Wind Power Instilation Turbine Specifications Enviromental Issues 28/03/11

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Location and Services
Situated in the East Irish Sea, this utility scale wind farm power plant generates 100MW of renewable energy for the people of North Western England.
British and Danish companies Centra and DONG have come together to provide a renewable energy solution in the north west of England. This project is both a step forward for the UK·s renewable energy targets and a boost in confidence for projects in the future. The site is located 7km south west of Walney Island, Cumbria and will be capable of producing up to 100MW of clean energy. This will then be channeled in to the grid at Heysham. Electricity generated is at 305GWh annually and can replace and supply 70000 homes, which is is greater than the number of homes in Barrow, Morecambe and Heysham. Initial design and proposal were planed in 2003 and commissioning of the plant was completed in June 2006 and will continue to produce electricy for it 25 year life span. Offshore wind farms like Barrow form part of the UKs national plan to reduce greenhouse emissions and increase its renewables target.

An alterative is to use a tripod foundation. The Diagram showing the internal configuration of the nacelle turbine foundations and the substation foundation will be installed using a jack-up barge (a vessel that has a leg on each corner. These were driven or 'piled' to varying depths depending on seabed conditions. Much of the preparation. The main cable to shore will be buried to a depth of 1-3m by trenching (digging a trench and laying the cable in it). The 75 metre tall towers were installed by bolting them onto the transition pieces. due to the geology. power cables. 2 . jetting (using water jets . The cable which has been laid to transmit power to shore from the offshore substation consists of copper conductors as well as a number of fibre optics for communication and control purposes. including the assembly of the components will be carried out onshore at a local pre-assembly base. some drilling was used to allow the monopile to reach the desired design depth. water depth and seabed conditions. an intermediate and an upper section. the nacelle. either by driving or. switchgear. if conditions dictate. Onshore work to enable power to be exported from the wind farm to the national grid included cabling and the building of a new substation at Heysham. The towers were pre-fitted onshore with ladders. Finally. The wind turbines and offshore substation will then be erected by a second jack-up vessel. The assembled components will be lifted onto vessels using a mobile crane and transported to the offshore site. The final choice will depend on location. by drilling. lights and other essential equipment. personnel lifts. sand sediments) or ploughing (using disks to cut a slit into the seabed). depending on localised conditions. This will reduce the potential for difficulties at sea. Geotechnical survey work was carried out in advance to determine the nature of the seabed and in some cases.Barrow Wind FarmInstillation The barrow wind farm The monopile is a cylindrical steel foundation. the offshore cables will be laid using a specialist cable-laying barge. The interconnecting cables will be buried to a depth of up to 1m or laid on the seabed. This was lifted into place as a single assembly and the final lift was the third blade. which can be lowered onto the seabed to raise the platform clear of the sea surface to provide a stable base for lifting) or a purpose-built vessel such as that being built for Mayflower. The remainder of the turbine assembly consists of a nacelle (the housing at the top of the tower that contains the generator. which provides a firm base for the turbine. The manner in which the foundations will be secured to the seabed is still to be decided.only suitable for loose. gearbox and transformer) hub and blades. using a large hydraulic hammer. hub and two of the three blades were assembled onshore in what is referred to as a "bunny ear" configuration and transported by the Resolution to site. Cable laying within the wind farm was carried out before the turbine installation. To minimise offshore lifts. It is anticipated that longer components such as the turbine blades will be delivered by sea. which was bolted into the hub. Some rock protection will be required around the wind turbine foundations to prevent localised erosion of the seabed. The most likely choice will be to insert a monopile into the seabed. The Barrow turbine towers consist of a lower. The base will need to be at a local port with sufficient storage space available.

with the capability to feed into the existing grid at Heysham through a submarine cable and onshore network. Tower construction involves magnets to adhear internals to tower. The V90 system also allows for a system that uses a double feed generator. With this there is 6 yaw gears with automatic lubrication. The current output is at 305GWh over an average wind availability and efficiency.0MW System is designed with offshore conciderations in mind. The blade system is designed from a composite glass fibre and carbon spar with fibre glass airfoil shells.Specifications of V90 3MW The Barrow Offshore Wind farm includes 30 V90 3MW Vesta wind turbines. This results in one of the lightest production blades at this length. The Vesta 3. Its lower weight allows for greater power transfer to the narcelle. Reduction of CO2 Emmisions 3 . The yaw system includes a 4 step planetary gear with a motor break and torque limiter. designed to reduce the number of scheduled maintenances to once a year. Its lighter weight also allows for smaller foundation considerations to be made. The drive chain provides high efficiencies with its compact design without a main shaft. liquid cooled and equipped with wound rotor and slip rings connected to the converter system. It is particularly lighter in weight which allows for reductions in transport and instillation costs. avoiding the use of welding and weight increase from increase stress strain on welding joints. at a time of low wind. These turbines are both efficient and economical in design. resulting in lower weight and an increase in turbine generation without increasing size.

co. 2009.S.com/ .39£/kW and that the production price of electricity is 0.offshore-technology.mpi-offshore. Consequently. 2007.com/projects/barrow http://www. ¶Water and Wind Power.bowind. we can calculate that the investment is 1. Ross. Rauschenbach.008£/kWh.vesta.051£/kWh in taking a life time of 25 years and a service cost of 0.Environmental Issues Location of two local fishing areas Ecconomics The investment for this project has been estimated at 139 million pounds. References: H. for 100 MW installed project. James & James http://www. J. LE Publishing M.com/ http://www.uk/ http://www. Royer. ¶Wind Power in Design. Annual production of the Barrow Offshore wind farm is about 305 GWh of electricity.

1 W/m2 The Maximum Power output from the turbine is 13.With the maximum weighted power in the wind equivilant to 47. The Maximum Weighted Power in wind based on the Betz Limit is 28.4 W/m2 5 . We can see from the plotted graph below.6W/m2.

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