The Use of Audio Visual Aids

Classroom Management

By Group VIII Rizky Fitri Agustin 08620044 Fica Aprillia Aisyah A 08620063

The Faculty of Language and Sains Universitas Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya 2010 / 2011

Introduction

Implementing teaching aids is a useful way to help engage students in the lesson material and can help reinforce ideas. When the classroom is teacher centered, learning is reduced and comprehension deceases. By taking a student-centered approach, teaching is tailored for the students. A student-centered approach will often use teaching aids and/or implement learning centers. Teaching aids are a useful way to help reinforce a lesson once it has been introduced. By audio-visual aids, we usually mean the most modern or the most recently used of these methods films, filmstrips, radio and television). This is a summary identification of very old methods and very modern instruments, and one should react against it. Visual aids are far older. The educator basically must contribute to the training of the individual (in his character and conduct) with a view to his integration into a given society and teach new ideas, facts and techniques to a specific public. But it is the educator and the educator alone who chooses the means which is best adapted to his subject, his audience and his circumstances. It is thus clear that audio-visual aids cannot be separated from educational materials in general. The purpose of audio visual aids is to support a message, most commonly, a presentation of information, to a group of people. Visual aids are important because we all have different ways of learning and processing new information. Simply hearing information is not enough for most people to retain it; visual aids provide another avenue to receive and retain information.

Audio Visual Equipments

There are many kinds of audio visual equipment, such as: 1. Blackboard/Whiteboard The ability to use the blackboard/whiteboard can be learned and developed by the teacher. There are clues how to use blackboard/whiteboard effectively: 1. Try to make good handwriting, so that the student can read it from each corner of the class. 2. The teacher should not write any random words of phrase in the blackboard/whiteboard 3. The teacher should not speak any longer while he/she is writing 4. The teacher should stand far from the board, while the student is writing the material from the board 5. The teacher should not use the unclear chalk color 2. Overhead Projector This kind of equipment is easy to use. OHP can do anything better than blackboard/whiteboard. There are two points that the teacher should do: 1. Get the focus image and actual size. 2. Provide the interesting information The teacher has to try OHP first before he/she go to teach their student, and it is important. There are many benefits, when the teacher uses OHP: 1. There is no dust of chalk in the classroom. 2. While the teacher is writing, he/she can face in front of the student. 3. The teacher can prepare the interesting material before. 4. The material can use again in the next lesson. 5. The teacher can close the half of the page, to share the useful information to the students. 6. The teacher can go back into the part of the first material, if the student didn’t understand.

Many teachers use the transparency sheet to teach the material. There are the methods to make the good transparency sheet: 1. Don’t write on the three centimeters area from the side of the sheet. 2. Put the streaked paper in the bottom of the transparency sheet to lead you write the material. 3. Remember, when the teacher teaches in the big class, it needs also big handwriting. So that the students be able to see the material. 4. The teacher can use the different pen color to write. To highlight the material. 5. When the teacher want to use a picture, try to use the simple and big picture. 6. Don’t make the full transparency sheet, because it will disturb the view. 3. Audio Cassette/Tape Recorder The audio transcription has the important role in teaching and learning activities, and gives the change to the students to listen the use of English language in any situation. The student can train his/her ability to English conversation. In the Chapter 5 of Classroom Management was explaining about the placement of the equipment in the class. The teacher should choose the best position to get a good result. If the room acoustic is too bad, the teacher can ask to the student to get closer to the tape recorder, and make a group. “Gather round and listen to the story”. After finish, they can come back to the chair. There are many considerations to choose the audio cassette: 1. Is that the recording clear? 2. Is that the level appropriate with the students? 3. Is that any relationship between the material in recorder and in the book? 4. Is that the contents suitable to the students?

4. Language Laboratory

If the classroom is using language laboratory, many students is more concentration to the material, because they feel that they are lonely, and the rest of them feel not to much treated, because they can operate the equipment by themselves. The teacher should give the chance to the students to work appropriate with them ability and with they own way. The teacher should try to don’t disturb while they working. The teacher must be ready for: 1. Set the laboratory 2. Give the way out to dysfunctional equipment. 3. Give the instruction to the students 4. Monitoring the students perform without disturb them. 5. Help the students if they need. 5. Make Voice Recorder Make the voice recorder in the class together with the student can increase the activity, especially if the teacher can produce the good recording to be enjoyable in the class. The teacher can do voice recording for: 1. Role play activity 2. Simulation 3. Advertisement 4. Scholl news report 5. Announcement 6. Documentary 6. Slide Projector The LCD projector will be the useful tool in the classroom. This classroom projector will get the most reluctant learner that is involved with a lesson. You are able to use it for various purposes, across all the curricula, and

also with all the age groups. While it was the expensive tool when it first came out, nowadays LCD is much affordable. As a teacher, the steps for set an LCD projector are: 1. The projector with more lumens will be more visible in the brightly lit the classroom. The teacher will need in pulling the shades to correctly see the lower-lumens classroom projector. 2. The teacher should set or even suspend the LCD projector therefore the students will comfortably view it. The students who are sitting too far to the left or even right of a projection screen will see the distorted images. By sitting too close to a screen, it will also be uncomfortable for the students. 3. The teacher should connect your LCD projector to the laptop or even desktop computer. You need to set it up therefore you will comfortably see the students and also interact with them as good as perform the important tasks on the computer. 4. The teacher should familiarize with the operation of your LCD projector before you are beginning the first lesson. You have to know the way to adjust the brightness and also the way to focus a screen. Of course, all the time you may spend making adjustments during the class will be lost instructional time. 7. Video Recorder Video recorders are valuable training aids. These aids are excellent tools for illustrating a variety of things under classroom conditions. The use of videos in a course can add variety to the instruction and helps to reinforce or better explain key concepts. While the video is being shown, the light level in the room should be just dark enough for the picture to be seen, but light enough so the instructor and class will still be in full view of one another. The sound level should be low enough for the instructor to be heard over the audio portion of the film at appropriate places, but loud enough for all to hear. Advantages of Video Recorder: ← 1. Easy to use

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2. Combine sight, sound, and motion 3. May be used repeatedly 4. May be used with groups of all sizes 5. May be presented in a short time 6. Add drama and action to the training 7. Make key teaching points as well as demonstrate activities and techniques

8. Another People Who Can Speak English For some teacher, the possibility to use modern equipment is low. In the any situation the teacher can provide his/her own audio visual aids, for examples the teacher can use another people as a replacement speaker, so that the student will be accustomed to listen another people speaking. The teacher can: 1. Ask another English teacher to be guest in the classroom. 2. Ask another teacher (if they also speak English) to enter few minutes to the classroom and give speech. 3. Try to ask another people outside the school, such as friends or another who can speak English well. 9. The Box of Source Instruction/Tutorial To make the teacher has the simple audio visual aid collections; he/she can provide the box of the source instruction. The teacher can find the big box or storage, to save all things that may need for classroom activities. Inside the box, the teacher can put: 1. Pictures 2. Card games 3. Articles from newspaper 4. Maps 5. Schema 6. Lesson schedule, etc

Conclusions
The primary purpose of visual aids is to make any kind of information easy for the students to understand. Visual aids offer variety, diversion, memorable images, examples and opportunities for audience participation and interaction with the information and material given by the teacher in teaching and learning activities..

References
Underwood, Mary. (1998). Pengelolaan Kelas yang Efektif. Jakarta: Arkan Lin, Riven. (2010). Purpose of Using Audio Visual Aids. http://www.ehow.com (2010, feb 16) Marques, Zane. (2010). Teaching with an LCD Projector. http://www.articlebase.com (2010, okt 20)

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