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Stream Function & Velocity Potential Function 2 .

Department Of Civil Engineering. 3 . Multan. Bahauddin Zakaria University.

In particular. No such fluid exists but these assumptions ma e it possible to produce models for the flow of fluids in and around solid boundaries such as lon cylinders.An ideal fluid has no viscosity (inviscid) and is incompressible. 4 . the concepts of POTENTIAL FLOW a STREAM FUNCTION i e s sef l at e atical els t st t ese e e a.

Aims to provide a method of representing flow in 2D to provide insight mechanisms of lift to define vorticity inset: flow over a rotating cylinder to 50 60 40 30 30 20 10 20 0 10 0 -1 0 0 -2 0 -3 0 -2 0 -4 0 -3 0 -4 0 -3 0 -2 0 -3 0 -1 0 0 10 -3 0 20 30 -1 0 -1 0 -2 0 -2 0 30 20 0 10 -3 0 -4 -2 -5 0 -1 00 0 -1 0 0 0 5 300 0 42 0 0 10 0 -1 0 10 20 10 20 50 40 30 30 50 40 50 60 50 40 40 20 10 0 -1 0 -2 0 -3 0 40 50 5 .

The line AB has rotated and stretched. Viscosity (and turbulent shear) introduce rotation to the flo . 6 . A moves to A¶ and B moves to B¶. t. and all the fluid elements on the line must have rotated and stretched.Vorticity & Circulation Consider a simple current in a flume (tank) ith a shear velocity profile y B A A¶ B¶ After a time.

Definition of Circulation K The circulation is K ! ´ Vs ds s here Vs is the velocity parallel to the curve. dk K ! ´ dk ! ´´Vdxdy 7 . Vs dk ds This can also be found by adding all the small circulation elements. s.

Definition of Vorticity To calculate the circulation around the element d dy dK ! vdy  (u  xu ) dx  (v  xv) dy  udx dK ! xudx  xvdy u+xu v dy dx u v+ xv xv xu dxdy  dxdy xx xy ¨ xu xv ¸ dK ! ©  ¹dxdy © xy xx ¹ ª º dK ! dK ! [dxdy Vorticity is defined as xu xv  [! xy xx K ! ´´ [dxdy ! ´ [dA No shear = no vorticity K !0 [ !0 8 .