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AVT~ 11 f~Olq)PEVI 1<1] ((VE1Tet pKEUl T()(JW v ,1l:TU(jJ P«((JfO)V (YLU n<:; o1Toir<:;, UV Esmpi:uoU[lE TI<:; 'lEOUEP1<:; '~ 1TEVTE KaA l'TEPE<:;, bEv EAa!3a YV(i)Oll) bE UI]fla1VCl (In (WT() TO I31!3A10 [iVILl m o I'iVUV()1]TO (mb orr orob~rroTE UAAO n ou (isl1;£ i1VT(t)<:; TOV Korro vn ypU<jJTEl. Oi'TE <>TI mJT1] I] flETUXElPWI] EJ1"l(PUAUOOETUl ElblKU UTU «vur PfJ1"TtK(i: EPYU, E1TEll'i1] OTI]V rrEpiJTTUHJ~ T01'<:; 01 ltAlloToypa(pOl bEV KlVOVVElJOVV TOVA(iXIOTOV vu (JlJpOOlJV UTH /)IKU<JT1]PW (lJT' TO Ul'Y"'IfHHPf'U 1] EJtElb1] OII]Al' OlbTI]TE<:; rrov Oll rrfH)(JTE80l'V UTO KEiflEVO U(( blEVKOAUVOllV Kcm())<:; TI<:; ll1T()J(ELPE<:; aVUUKrU1]<:; TOl\' UUT!;)\' 1] YfHt(j'JE1,OKP(lTf;IV l,bEOA(iyOIV. M1TOpoi'ftE VU bWJHOT(;)(J01'flE OTt I] U1J vrpor TlK t]1Tt,flOljJ1](P1U rorv [tEo TU<jJPUOE(I)V 1TOl' EKbi,OOVTal Ttl TE~.E1'iu.ia XP()WU, UKO[W KI (lTUV 1TP(IK€ITUl yw KAUllIK(i Epya, yi,VOVTUl K{lTU TOV i()10 Tp()1TO ll1T' orrOlul'i1]rrOTE X(OPll KI uv 1TPOEpXOVTIll. H [lla8o)T1] bLUVOI]TlK1] Epyuuiu TElVEI <jJV <JlOAOY IKfl vu (l1wAoVOEi TO vou o Tt]C, !3LO,II]XUV1K1]<:; rrupuywY1]<:;

H rro pouoc ue rorppuor] CYlV£ an' TO yaAAlKo npUJTOTUno (Editions Champ libre, Paris 1971) OE aVTlTTapaJ3oAI'j ue rqv aflcplKavlKfl (olOp8wflEV'l) ucr cCPPOOfl (ucrucpoc ot ec Perlman Kat Supak, Black & Red, P.O Box 02374, Detroit, Michigan 48202, 1977) Kal rriv ovrtoro.yn l1al\lKI'j (~ETocppa(J'[r;r; Paolo Salvadori, Vallecchi editore, Firence, 1979).

To «slucvo TflPI'j8flKE man) u ' I::!;OipEOfl xortou.c al\l\ayte; OE rlrxouc Bl' I3Aiwv, TOUe; orroiouc a ouvvpcrpe cc nopi:81::0E ana yal\AlKi:e; uerucppcoarc KOI nou Kala rn YVWflfl ~OC; enpcne va oo8ouv OTO npcrroruno (t,' Immage - The Image, la cite 11 travers I' Histoire - The city in History, la Poursuite du Mille· nium - The Pursuit of the Millennium, l' hom me de cour ("0 Auxucoc") - o· niculo manual y arte de prudencia, Socialisme theor iqua et Socialdemocratie pratique ("0£UJPflHKOe; LomaA[OflOe; Kat npaKHKrl LOOlOMiflflOKpaTio") - Die Voraussetzungen der Sozialismus und die Aufgaben der Sozialdemokratiel. E· rrionc XPflmflonoll'joo~E TOV opo "npovunronoinon" one; rrcprrmooetc "rrpovuororroinon rnc CPIl\ooo<piac;", "rtpcvunrortolnoq rnc Ti:xvfle;", ovri TOU oWoTOU opou "rrpcvuc nuon". ETT£lO~ i:XEl Ka8IEpw8£l, rrporpuvcoc orro ovvoic. oH1V EA· l\aoo ono rriv we; IWPO uer ctppcorucn npcx nx n. (~'(fl XEYKEl\lavr; olal\£KHKI'j o oPO<: Realisierung - noovuo uoon - onuciver rrjv uxorrolnon OTflV npaf;fl aCP'lPflfltvwv 10£WOWV, EVW 0 opoc Realization - rrpovurrr ortoinon - onuoivcr on xo n orroxro npoYflOTlKr; unoot con. LTfj yal\AIKr; yAwooa, El\l\£i\jJ£1 ouo olocpopnlKwv opuiv, 0 opoc realisation Cfln£Pl£XEI KOI ric Ouo £VVOl£e;.)

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yvOOVOUV. Tall'toxpovu, bAm EKElVOt nou rou f~pijKav KaJtow 1jJEya()t, ()EixvOllV ouv va [tT] f~pijKav KavEva aAAo, a<poll ()EV uverpspuv rlJto'ta yta O'tl()llJtO'tE aAAo. KaOE <popa O[lw<;, 'to OUYKEKPt[lEvo\jJEya()t ~'tIlV apKE'tb I' til va lKaVoJtotijon Ulln;v rrou 'to avaKaAuJt'tE. 0 Eva<; Jtapan'lPl]OE on all't<i 'to [3tf~Aio ()EV EOtYE 'to JtP<i[3Al][la t ou Kpdroue' 0 aAAo<; on bEV EJtmpvE KaOoAou lIJt01jJl] rou rnv i!Jtap~l] 'tl]<; urr opiuc K(XJtOLO<; aAAo; 'to aJtEppt1jJE ouv JtapaAoyo Kat aKa'tIlVOl]'to EYK(i)!-uo 'ttl<; aJtoAu'tl]; KIl'tao'tpo<pij<;' Eva; 0.1..1..0<; 'to 1I:(l'ta()iK(WE OIlV [luo'tlK(i EYXElpil)LO 'tl]<; JtoAt'tlKi]<; oAwv rrov KU[3EPVijOEwv Jtou oXl][la'tio'tl]KaV [lE'ta rqv EI!<pavloij nou, Ka[lla JtEVl]v'tapta mcoun K(1- 'tEAl]~av U[U~OW; OE E~ioou lTapa()o~u (Ju[llTfpaO[lu'tu [lEUa o rov L()LO uJtvo 'tl]<; AoytKij<;. Krn sire T' uva<pEpollV uu'ta Of lTfplO()tKa, [3lf~Aiu ij [llTpOOOVPf<;, zrou ypa<p'tl]Kuv "mi rourou", 0 i()LO<; 'tovo<; t()to'tpOJtl]<; U()uv(l[lLu<; XPl]Ot[lOJtOlijOl]Kf (lJt' oAou<;, fAAfhjlfL 1I:uAil'tEPOll. AV'tiOE'tu, (lJt' o n yvwpism, <l1J'tb 'to [3t[3Aio [3pijKf, w<; n;)pa, 'tou<; KUAl)'tfPOll; uvuyv(uon<; nou O'tU fpyo(J'ta(}tu 'tl]<; lTaAiu;. 01 haAoi epyan<;, lT011 urr opo uv oij[!fPU va XPl]<Jtfl·ElJHYUV ouv JtUI)(i()El.Y[lu o'tou<; ouv'tpo<pou<; nw; bAWV 't(IJV aAAmv xmp(;)V, xapl] (Tn] ouo'tl][la'ttKij (lJtOxij alT' tl] () 011 Ana, 'tI; ayptE; (lJtEpyifC; tOUe;, zrou Kup.ta t()Wi'tfPl] JtapUX(;)Pl]Oll ()fV 'tIC; (J'tU[!atafl, tl] oa<pij apVl]oij 't'JUe; tl]e; Epyuoia;, Tl]V JTfPI<PPIIVl]oij roue ytu to V{)!-W Kat oAa r« Kpu'tWtlKa K('[lltatu, YVWPISOIJV np'Kfta KUA(X to OE[lU [tEUll uJt' 'tl]V npmcruo], O)Otf !-tlTOPE(JUV VU EJt(!)CPEAl]OOlIV UlT' ne; eE(1~le; 'tl]; "Korvorvinc r ou HEa!-lU'tOe;", UK(,!-lU Kt o ruvnc ()taf3usav Of !-!E'tI>lEe; [!E'tu<ppaOEte;.

flOAtl OUXV(t, 01 OXoAt(t(J'tEe; JtPOOJtOlijOl]KUV btl. ()EV KlltuAaf~uIVOllV ytU Jtow xpijOl] Ou [lJtOP01IOE va JtPoop~E'tm EVU f3tf~Aio rcou ()EV ij'tuv Suvurov vu KU't(lTUXOEi Hf KaJtOlu (lJt' 'tI<; KUtl]yOplf; nle; ()tUVOl]'ttKije; JtupuYWyTJe;, Tte; orcoisc OEAn vu EX£t a£ UJtOA1]1jJlll] icupinpXl] KOtVWVIU Kut JtOll 1)£ ypatptl]K£ u:n:' 'tl] aKo:n:ta KUVEVbe; (lJt' ru £~Et()tKEU[lEVU E:n:uYYEA[latu :n:(YU uutij EVVOEl. 'Errn ot :n:poOEon; TOU OUyypu<pEa £!-l<pUVIOtl]KUV OKOTftVEe;. LlEV uJtapXEl wotoao rixoru 'to I-tuotl]pl.(O()Ee;. 0 KAaolll;f[3tT; or o "La Campagne de 1815 en France" ("H EKOtputElu TOll 1815 otT] ral..l..ia") Jtupun]povo£: "1:1' KaOI' O'tPUTl]YlKi] xprrucj], l] ouoi« ElVUl va tall'tlOTEie; [ll' tOY tp(,JtO OKElJll]e; 'twv :n:pw'taYWVWT(;)V' EIV(U aAijOaa o-n curo I'IV(u ouvijOwe; :n:oAV ()U(JKOI..O, H OlIV'tpt:n:'ttKij :n:l..fto1jJl]<pLu rorv o'tpaTl]ytK(i)V KptUKmv Oa l'~atpavtSotav I'VtfAl;);, i] Ou :n:l'ptoptl;b'tUv O£ :n:OAV AI':n:'tEe; ()tatpoPE; aV'tiAl]1jJl];, UV Ot OllYYPU<PI'I; TOU; ijel'AUV Km [l:n:opolI0av va l;ijoouv vOl'pa bAI'; tt; KatuOnxow; on; o:n:oil'e; [3PEOl]KUV ot :n:pwtuymVIOTE;."

To 1967, OEAl]aa v' U:n:OK'tijOEl l] Internationale Situationniste

Eva OEWPl]TtKb [31[3Aio. H I.S. ijwv ro re I'KElVl] l] I'~TPE[!IOTIKij O[lU()a zrou :n:poo:n:<iOl]ol' JtI'PWOOTI'PO vu mavmpEpn rnv I'lTUvu(JTa'tlKij a[!tpw[3ijtl]ol] O'tl] ovYXPOVl] icorvorvin" I'vKoAa un opo iioe vu ()El xcvl'i; o n l] o[la()a autij, EXOVtU<; ij()l] 1':n:t[3a~.AEl Tl] ViKl] tl]<; o to :n:£()io Tl]<; OEWPl]TlKij<; KptTIKij<; KI EXOVt<l<; Eltt()t(O~EI Em()E~1U au'tij 'tl] VIKl] oro ltl'()io tl]; ltPU1l:TtKij<; KIVl]TOltoil]ol]<;, ltpOOEYYtSl' tbtE to urcoxopvq)m[la 'tl]; toTO ptKij<; 'tl]<; ()paOl]<;. XPEtaSO'tUV AOIrrov l] napOlluia EVO<; 'tEtOtOU [3tf3Aiol1 [lEOU <Tn<; tUPUXE; ;wu Ou EKUVUV oc 1..11'0 'tl]V I'[l<pavwij roue KI 01 OltOIE<; Oa 'to KAl]PO()o'tovouv KUTbmv ornv repUllTtu aVaTpl':n:'tI.Kij (lUVEXEta :n:ou ()E e' apyovuav vu Y£vvijuouv.

Eiwn YVWOTij l] EV'tOVl] 'taol] trov uvOpm:n:wv vu I'ltavuAUflf3Uvouv avmtpl'l..a (lJtAOl'WIl]ftEVU <L"to<Tltu(f[la'ta ltul..((i)v ElTUVUUTU'tt1l:0JV Oewpuov, I] <pOopa 'tWV osr oiorv :n:apa[lEVeL aOEa'tl] 0' aUTou<;, £~at'tiuc:; rou (lJtAOV YEyovb'toC; o n ()EV ltpooltaOouv vu n; E<pap[lboouv Of KimotO (lJtotEAEO[la'tlKb ayowa, ltPOKEtftEVOl) va !-ll"ta[3aAAouv nc:; ouvOijKE<; OTI; oxoiec I3ploKoVTm ltpaY[lanKa.' ETOl KUTaAijyouv vu !-ll]V Ku'taAal3ulvouv KatlbAo1J ltw<; UUTE<; 01 OewpiE<; ~llt()pI'Oav, !-lE l)[u<popEnK{) f3aOfto Emnlxiac;, vn EqJUPflO(J'toilv 01' oU"{KpolJoa<; aAAWv I'ltoX(i)v. nupb}_u U1JTa., I)EV UltUPX.EI 11 rrapU[lIKp1l a!ttpl[30ALu, yta OltOWV 1'~E'tal;El IjJllXpU 'to ~ij'tl][ta, on EKflVOllTOll OEAOlJV ltpayp,a'tlKU v" uvatpElj'01JV uiu lWTElJtl]!IEVl] KOIVWVtU, oqJl'iAOUV vn ()tunllt(U(lOUV I.!W OEmpta rroll V« E~11YEi (flO (3a8o; «Utl'j Tl]V 1«)[ vmvla, r] 'tOlIAaXWTOV V« l'iiVEI ruv fVTll:itWO'l] on JTPou<pfpn utu ucrrvon onj'tI1I:ll spunveiu. Arr" 'tl] aTlYIlij rcou al''ti]l] Ell'wpiu Oa /)W()OeEI KMm;, lIE rnv ltpOVrrbOEHll on m)Tb 00: Ollflf3d Kant 'tl] ()tapKELa OUYKPOVOE(!)V lt01J eu 'tupltl;Ol'V 'trj (')lW·{)(JHl yUA~Vll, Kat xprv UKO[lU xuruvoneEi EltaKplf{(o<; '1 ()1J{mpEuK!'w ltOl) llltUPXEI ltuvtoV ()LUXUT"Il, 0' nu~l]OEI Kat Oa O~UVel'l E~!H'tiuc:; Kill uovo 'tl]<; aoptO'tll; yv(i)(}l]<;illtap~l]<; ,uue; OI'Wllll'tlKijC; KU'tU()tKl]<; 'tT1<; 'ta~l]<; ltpuYflannv. 1:'tl] OUVEXEla, bI..OI Ot ltpOAETllPWI urcopovv vn yivouv rrrprrrnvoi, upxIl;ov'tu; va ()tl'~youv opvrouevo, 'tov :n:bAfl-lO yta rnv EAE1JOEpIU..

Xwpi; ull<Pl.f3ol..lu, IIlU YEVIKij eHIJpia ltPOOPWIlEVl] ylU TO oKOl'rb <l11'tO, ltPFlTEl UPXIK(X va UltO<pi'YEI vn E[l(PUVIOTI'I ouv OEwpin OAotpUvepc 1jJEV'tlKl]. FltO[lEVW; I)E\, rrpEltEl vu ()tma.vl)llvEVUEt vo avmpeOl'1 (lJt' 'tl] (JUVEXEtU rurv YEYOVO'tOlV. flpEltft I'rriol]<; vu eivui fllU !'\"tEAm; avutpo!wim'tT] OHopin. flPEltEt vn IlltOPEi vu ()IUKl]PV~Et o n 'to i()w ;:0 'KEVt·pO 'tOU urrapXOVTo<; K()(JIHYU !'tv(u K(lK<>, llltOKUAvrr'tovTu<; 'tl]v IIKpI. {3i] TOll <plIOT], ltpo<; !-lfYliAl] EKltAl]~l] Kill UyUV(XKTl]Ol] oAWV EKEiVlOV ltotl TO (3pIUKOlJV KaAb. H OEWPLu TOU e£a[!UTO<; ltAIlP£l Kat 'tI<;

10

11

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H JTPQn1'] arET~ IUU; a(t)(1TTJ<; KPlTlK11<; enopia<; E1VHI <)TI YEAOlOrrors] UIlEI1U bl.E; TI; UAAE<;. 'ETm, TO 1968, EVC;l 'W uAAa OPYUV<l)I1£vu PEt'llUTU - JTOll !lE(m OTlJV K[,,'110lJ TlJ<; UPVlIOlJ<; a.'T' TlIV orr oi« upXLOE 0 fK(Pl)},WIl(); T(J)V IlOP!P(UV KuptupXiu<; EKElVlJ<; 1:11<; EJTOXil<;. UJTEpU(J)Tl~UV rnv llim rnv KUeUUTEp11<JlJ KUl TI; IllKPO!plAoliostE; "[(lll<; - 1)1' I)lEenuv £vu ~lf)/,io ailYXIIOVlJ<; eElllpiu<;, oi'TE KUV uVUYv(OPl~UV Tl:n:OTU TO O{'YXpovo OTlJV TUSlKTJ ESOllOiu n ou EJtPOKHTO V(1 aVClTpf.· ipouv, 01 (J(.TOUltC1IOVVU1TE; ItJTOPEUUV vn rrpOTElVOVV TlJ 1l{)VlI ef(opiu Tll<; EJTt(POf)lJ; ESEyq)U1I; TOll MUlJ' TIl IlbVlI 1tOV KUTUV())IUE TU VEU EKDlJAU U1HtUOW Iil,UUPEOKElU<; JT01J KaVEL; IiEV fiXE (lVUq,EPEI. now; 8plJVEi ym TlJ (1UVUtVEOlJ; TlJ 1)0).O<[JOvilOIlIlE. Cosa fatta capo h a. (KUeE THo<; K(ll UpXTJ -~. T.M.).

~EKU1tEVrE XpbVlU VWpiTEPU, TO 1952, TEOOEPU-JTEVTE I'A(iXUJTU ElJUJTbA11JTTU rrpb(J(l)JtU UJT" TO Ilupirn U1tO(PUOWUV va (lv(~lIT~(JOUV TO SE:rtEpaOltn TTl; TEX"'];· <DciVlJKE, AO!JTov, IimllEO(1) TTI<; ulmu; KIlTUAlJSlJ<; Illu<; TO}.ltlW)]; rropELuc; rrpo<; UllTTJ rnv KUTEl,(luVmj, (),I:I Ol1taAIE<; UIlUVTlU<; YP(lllltEC; JTO!! OllVETPlljJ(lV TIC; rrpolJyoi'IlEVEC; EmerOEl; TIle; KOlV({)VLl(TJe; Err UVU 0T(W11':;, FlXUV I!JtEP(PUAUYYIOTEl KI uJrEflKEpuord. BpilKUV f.TOI HIV EUlculpi.a vn ESUJto}.:i'lIJOl!V IUCA v[a E1tieEOlI. To SE1tfpuouu TIle; TEXVllC; EivUl TO "f)opnO()l'TlKtl rrfpuopa" Tlle; YEwYP(l(piac; TlJ<; uAllel~C; !;,(!)ilC;, r{()v JI U\'(l~iITllm:lrou Kf'ftTlIOE rruv(U aJHi Evav Ul(UVU, SfK! V(iJVTUe;KVpiwe; aJT' TTl u ovr epv« (no TOK((TU(JTfll'!pbllEVlI J1'OtlJOlJ. Or JTPOIlyoi'ItEVEe; (milJl'npEe; brrol) T()(JOl EI;EPEUVlITl e; xci81jxuv, DEV KfHfA1ISllV 1TotE (lllElJll 01' !AUt TftOlU rrpOOJrnKij. 'lowe; ymri aJrfllEVf K(ln UK()!JU VU KUTfWTpftl'OllV urr' TT1V ;Tut.lU KuAAlTEXVIKTJ ErrLKPUTElU KUl KupiwC; vurri 'I (JlJIIUiu trov ErravuuTli!1fWV flH)LU~E VU lqmTlfTHl 1t<lAl(lTEfHt urrb UA/,U, mo Elutflllfl Xf pio.. A/,Ati 1TOT£., !'rrt<1J1<;, UllTTJ 11 llrrbeEOlJ IiEV EiXE U1tOOTFl Evav ro oo OAOKAlJP(IHIKb 1'KTPOXLUOW) K<H I)EV EiXE fYKUTuAEtlJc'El Tboo ci.IiElO TO JtEl)tO HIe; IlaXlJe;, boo TlJV ErroXTJ rrOlI rrTJpUflE eEOn<; IlUXlJe;. nU1TEl'(U o n I] urrev(1)IlWlJ mrnirv rrov J1'Ept(JTUOE(uV EiVat JI KuA llTEplJ ESIIY11<111 rrOll uzr opei va l)oeEi on<; II)EEe; K<U TO (JT1JA HIe; "Kotvcrvio.c T01J €-)f(ilUlTOe;". Ki w<; npoe; mrto , nv eE).l'I01'l KUrroto<; vu TI] bLU(3ilOEI, Bu IilU1TWT<;)(J1'L bTL TU bn;arrEVTE XpbvLU n ou JrEPUOU IlEAET{OVTUe; TTIV KUTaOTpO!pTJ TOll KPUT(1)C;, IiEV TU !;oI)Elj!a OilTE OTOV lmvo, 01.'TI' 1TuL~oVTne;.

~EV V1T!lPXEl OUTE Illll AESlJ {J U1JTb TO f)1f)AtO 1tOV VU rrpErrn V' aAAu.SEl KUl TIJtoTa 1)1' ()lOpe(;)OlJKE OTIC; I)(I)I)EKU aVaT1Jrrli)(JEle; rrOl) EYIVUV OTlJ raAAta, EKTb<; aJro TPIU-TEOOEpn Tvrroypa!pIK(J. A<'telJ. YrrEptl!PaVEUOllal, YUHi (lJton:A(i) fva 1ToAl) OJt(iVIO, oi.yXpovo ltap(i.-

hFlYIlU UVepC;)rrOl1 rr ou Eypulj!E X(!)pie; va blulj!EUOTEl aIlEOWe; urr rn yryov<>m, Kal bEV fVVO(;) vn DLUlj!EvaTEl 0Xl EK(HO 11 XiAlE<; !pOPf<; bJTltlC; Ol uAAoI, uAAli OUTE Ilia. ~EV ull!pl(W.AAW bTl lJ Emf)E(3aiwOlJ rr ou IJl'vUVToi,v ()AFe; 01 BEune; u ou eu UllVFXlUTEi [IEXPl TO TEAO<; TOV 1L";)Vll KI. UKbllU J{lO rrEpu. 0 Aoyoe; eivrn ClJtAoe;: KUTfiAa(Xt T01Je; 01J<JTUTlKoi,c; 1tupriyovn:e; T01J eEullaToc; "1l£OU OTlJV rropElu T1']C; K1VlJOlJC; .WI (Jl!VE~(;)e; nrr ' r nv E!pi11lEp11 rrAE1JpU TOVe;", ESETU~OVTUe;, &lJAuI)TJ, (TTO OilvoA<> TIl;, Tllv t<JTOPIKTJ KivlJUlJ rrou IlltOPE(JE vu EYKUelDpuOEl (wTil Ttlv TUSlJ JTpuYlt<'lTWV TlJV oxoio O'TJIlEpa apxi~El va &tuAUEt. Ax" (IIlT)1 TlJ\' (lrtOljlll, Tel EVTEKU XP<lVlU ztou rrfpaouv alt' TO 1967, Kat TIIl\' orroi.wv TIe; OIlYKPOUOElS !lJtbPEOU va YVWPlOW ClJtb rro"'I' KOVTU, hl'v ~ntv rrap<l IUU OTlYllli TlJe; avaYKaias <J1JvEXElac; nur ou rrov fiXE YI'(l(I'Tri, 1l0AOVOTI (nlTU TU XPOVla 0lJllaDEUTlJKUV urr' TlJV EIA!paVWlJ k:t llVTIKUT(WTU(111 , [!Eon OTO il)lO TO OEulla, ESl-E!pTU YEVEQ)V OTOXU(fT(;,V, 1T.EPW(HiTEPO TJ AlybTEfIO OllYKPOTlJll£V(t)V. 'OAo UVTO TOV KUl- 1'(', TO OECl[W bE\, FKUVE Tl:n:OT' ilAAo ClJt' TO VU npooEyy~nllE IlEynAi,uPII flKpif)EIU TtIV EVVOIU TOV, Kill 1'1 rrpUYIWTlKTJ KivI1011 Ttle; (lp\'lJ(file; TOV /'iEv EKUVf rixor ' uAAo {m' TO va av!;ciVETUI ro oo 01' EKTaOlJ (HIO KUl (JE EVTa(111.

~nlv ltPUYIlUTlK(lTlJTU, EKEivo rtou ClJtEI1EVE OTt)V ilila TlJ BEalwnlI:TJ KOI.V(J)viu rlTUV vu n POoBEOEl ClJtoliflsEle; KUl rrupulkiYIlUTU, m.o TflUVTI1XTfl KUI mo rrEloTtK(l, TU orr oiu , KUTU TIl YW;) lUI 1l0U, aUTi> TO 1-It({Ai.o IiEV fiXE UVflYKlJ. BAErrouIlE, Aotnbv, TlJV ltAaOTOrroilJulJ VU JToAA(mA(1(JI(i~ETfll KUl VCl <pBuVEl Ill<; TO E(1(J)TEPI.Ki> TlJe; KUTUUKEUTJS TlO\' m o IHJvqBIOIlEV(!}V JTPUYIHITIJ)V, ouv IlIU yAouj)lilJe; OlliXAlJ rr ou 1n)(J(J{I)flFi'ETctI. OTO fJtlrrfl)o KlleE KaelJllEfllVlie; UrruPSlle;. BAErrovw:

TO\' rEXVl K() Kill (l(1Tl'VOIllK(' EAEYXO T{OV uvi:l p(i)Jtwv Kat T(IIV !pl)OlK(;)V /'illV(llll'(t}V, E}.EYXO T01' octoiou ru O!P(J.AIlUTa IlEyM{iIVOllV EsiOOl) YPTJyopu IlE TU [;ina TOll, va TEiVEl OTO ClJtbAuTO, !pe(J.VOVT<l<; we; TlJV TflEAu TlJe; TTIAEJrll(lUk:oAOl)elJOlJe;· BAErr01JIIE TO KpaTlKb lj!EI·LU VU uvuJTT1'<J!JfT<1l Ku8mlT<> KUI IilI'UlITl), EXOVTae; ro co 1toAI) SEXUOEl TOV aVTUY(J)VlOTlKb TOll /'if!1[1() IlE TlJV aAll8na Kat TlJV aAlJ8o!pUVEtU (;laTE VI( IlJTOPEI VU sEx\'cin TOV ililO TOV TOV EUUTb KUl VU UVTlKueioTaT<ll <tJT' Ttl Ilw onypl] "TlIV (I.AA11. H lTuAiu EiXE rrpoo!paTu T1lv euxurpi« VU (ltwllfluFI UOTl') TtIV TEXVIK11, Ill' a!poPlt~ TlJV (may(!)yTJ KUI ruv EKTFAFlJIJ TOl' 'AAVTO Mi>po, IlUI TEXVlKTJ xou E<PT(WE EKEi OTO lIlj!lJAbTFflO I,i'XPI (J~IH:PU UlJIIEio T1']e;, 1T01I (~({I1LU 8u SErrEp(WUt (Jl)VTOIlU, FKEii) uAAot,. II EKI)OXTJ T(I)V ITUAlK(llV UPXC;)V IiEV EYlVE oun Iltu UTlyI til rrWTFl'TTI, EVe;) 01. EKaT<l l'iIUIiOXlKf£ blOpO(')(JEl<; TlJe; 1l(i.AAov T1'] XElPOTEPEIIlI1V 1tupci Ttl f)fATt(J)OUV KI EV(I) (')AOl 01 UX()AWUTE<; OE(i)PlJoltv

12

13

XPEOe; TOUe; VU TT)V (l3tObEXTOUV bT)JlO<JI,u. L\EV EiXE TTJV 3tpOeE<1lJ VU eiVat 3t~<1TEUriI, w..A.o. VU EivllL JlOVl] <1TO 3tPO<1KljVW' Kt E3tEtTU va SEXU<JTEt, 03tWe; UKpt~We; EVIl KIlKO ~t~A.io.

-HTUV JltU JlUeoAoytKlj 03tEPU JlE JlEYUA.03tPE3tU TEXVo.<1JlUTU 0- 3tOU ljpwEe; TpOJlOKpaTEe; JlETUJlOp<pWeT)KUV <1E w..E3toubEe; "Ita vu 3tUytbEljJOUV TO eUJlU TOUe;, <1E AtOVTapta "Ita vo JllJ <po~OUvmt TL:rtOTU (l3t0 KUVEVU 0<10 KmpO TO KPUTOU<1UV Kilt <1E UPVUKta W<JTE va ~A.o.ljJouv ETm (J't0 EAUXt<1TO, TO KUeE<1TWe; 3tOU 3tPOO3tOtOUVTUV on xpoxoA.OU<1UV. Mue; AEVE OTt ijmv 'tuXEpoi ytUTt Eixuv VIl KUVOUV JlE TlJV mo UviKllVl] U<1TUVOJliu Kt E3tt:rtA.EoV Eixuv KUTU<pEPEt va btEtObU<10UV Xwpie; 1C03t0 <1'tte; UVWTEpEe; (kteJlibEe; TT)e;. AuTiJ lJ ESijYlJ<1T) bEV Eivm KU- 80AOU ()tUAEKTtlClj. Mta E3tIlVU<1TUTtKij oPyuvw<1T) 3tOU eu KUTo.<pEPVE VIl <pEPEt OPl<1JlEVU (l3t" TIl !!EA.T) TlJe; <1" E3tU<pij JlE Tte; KpUTtKEe; U3tlJpE<1iEe; U<1<pUAEiqC;, EKTOe; 1Ct cv TOUe; EiXE ~A£t 3tOAAu XPovta VWpiTEPU, W<JTE VIl E1CTEAouv EUOUVEtbT)TU TO EPYO TOUe;, JlEXpt va EpeEt T) JlEyUA.T) EUKmpiu "I til VU TU XPlJ<JtJlO:rtOtlj<1Et, eu E3tPE3tE VIl Exa U3tOljJlJ TrJe; TrJV :rtteUVOTlJTU XEtPUYWYT)<1TJe; TWV tbtwv TTJe; TWV XEtpuywywv" Kt E- 3tOJlEv<.Oe; bE eu FiXE UUTij TlJV 0A. UJl3ttU myou PIU TT)e; uTtJlWplJ<1iue; 3tOU XU('U1CTlJpi~Et TOV upXTJYO TOU mtnAdou TWV "EpUepOlV nxstUpXt<i>V". AA"A.iJ. TO tTuA.tKO 'KpUTOe; EKUVE mTt KUA.UTEPO JlE TrJV OIl0<PWVlJ <1UVUiVE<1TJ TWV U3tO<1TlJpt1CTwV TOU. 1:1CE<pTTJKE, 03tWe; eu EKUVE Kilt KUeE MAo, vu ~AEt 3tpG.KTOpEe; TWV Et()tK<i>V TOU U3tTJPEotwV <1TU 3tUPUVO!lU TPOJlOKpUTtKa biKTUU OltOU Gu Jl:ltOPOU<1UV EUKOAU <1TlJ <1UVEXEta vo ESU<1(puAi<1oUV !ltu ypijyoPlJ ESEA.1S11 we; TlJV TJYE<1iu EsoubETEpWVOV'We; KIlTuPXljV TOUe; UVWTEPOUS TOUe;. "03tWS uKptl~(oS EKUVE, ytU AoyuptuOJ.to TlJe; T<1UpncilS 0XP«vu, 0 MaAlvo<p<1KU, 3tOU ESU3tUTTJ<1E UKi>JlUKUI rov :rtCxvoupyo AEvtV, ij 0 "AT<1E<p, 3tOl) (l3t' TT) <1'ttYJllj xou ~pE8TJKE E- 311KEq:JuA11<; TTJS "opyavw<1T)S !laXTJS" TOU <1omaAE3tUVU<1TUTtKoU KOJ!" ,1I1TOS, E3'rh:TEtVI:' TTJV KuptapXiu TOU we; TO <1T)JlEio vu UVuAa~Et 0 i()wC; TlJ bOAO<poviu TOU 3tp(09U3toupyou 1:ToAUmv. MtIl Jli>vo UTUXijS <1UYK1Jpiu <1T(ieTJKE fJl3tobl.O <1TrJV KUAlj eEA.TJ<1T) TOU KpUTOUe;: oi EtbtKE<; u.rclJpl:'<1tEe; TOU Eixuv JlOA.tC; btw..'u8Ei. A3t" on SEPOUf.l.E, f.l.tU !lU<1TtKij u3tlJpE<1iu bE btaAUETUt 3tOTE 03tWe;, AoyouxapTJ, btU<1Kop3ti~ETm TO rpoprlo Evi>e; ytyo.VTLOU 3tETPEAUWq:J0pou KOVTa <1TtS UKTES, 11 Jltll blllPpoij (l3t' T'I] <1uyXP0Vl] ~toJlrrXuvtKij Jlovabu 3tUpuywyijs <1TO 1:Ef)E~O. AA.Aa~Et (l3tAa ovouu, btaTrIP<i>V't!le; TU upXEiu TT)S, TOUS XU<pIE' bEe; "C1')S K(u TOUe; EUVOOUJlEVOUS U3tuAATJA.OUe; TTJe;. "E'rm <1TTJV hUAlu TJ 8.1M, (Y3tTJPwia 1:TpUTW)nKWV nATJP0q:JOptWV) TOU <pU(Jt<1tt1WU KIlOE<1"CW'roS, btu~oTJ'tTJ YIU TU (JIlJl3tOTa~ Kat ytU nc; bOAO<pOviEe; TIJe; 0'1:0 ESWTEPlKO, EytVf <JTO Xpt<JTtClvobTJJlo'KPUTtKO KuElEOtO)e; S.I.D. (Y-

14

3tlJpwiu nAlJPO<pOPlWV 'Auuvug). ESUAA.ou, OTllV 3tpOYPIlJlJlUTt<1UV <JTOV rrA.EK"CpOVlKO U3toA.Oyt<1Tij EVCl EiboS 3tPOTU3tOU bOYJlUTOe; TWV "EpUepWV TClStIlPXtWV", eAtf)Epij KuptKUTOUPU OA.WV UUTWV 3tOU, 0- 3tWe; VOJli~ouv, <1KE<PTOVTat KIll Kavouv EKEivot 3tOU U3tEPy~OVTat TTJV ESU<pavtOTJ (ll)'tOU TOU KpUTOUe;, EVU AueOe; TOU U3tOA.OYIOTij - EivUl, ~~Clta, w.. ijEl£tU on uu tEe; or JlTJXUvEe; ESClPTwVTat (l3t" to U<1uvdblJTO UUTWV 3tOU TIS 3tpOYPClJlJlClTi~ouv - EbW<1E <1TlJ JlOVl] ljJEUbO-EVVOtU 3tOU E3tUVMIlJl~UVOUV ClUTOJlClTU or "Epu9pES TClstapXiEe;", TO. ibtll upXtKU S.1M., 3tOU ClUriI TlJ <popa <1lJJluLVOUV "L\tEevije; Ermpio noA.UEeVIKWV". AUTlj lJ "~OUTTJYJlEVl] OTO ITuA.tKO uif1U" S.I.D., XPEtUOTlJKE VU btaA.ueEi 3tpOOcpatu ytaTi, 03tWe; OJloA.oYEi TO KPUTOS "KUT03ttV EopTije;", EtVm EKEtVl] 3tOU, U3t" TO 1969, E1CTEA.OUOE UJlEOU, mo <1UXVU JlE ~OJl~Ee;, MA.o. OXt 3tuvtu, TlJV uA.uoibu TWV <1<puywv 3tOU UvUA.0Yu JlE TTJV E3tOXlj ne; (l3tEbtbuV 01:0US UVUPXt1COUS, OTOUe; veoqiaoiorec 'ij OTOUS KUTUOTUOICllWUS. Txopu 3toy ot "Epu9pES TU;W,PXiES" 'K<ivouv U1Cpt~(OS TlJV ibta bouA.EIU, KUl "Ita Jltll <popu TOUA.UXt<1toV, JlE JltU 3t0-

Au UVO)TEP1') EmxaplJOtuKTJ bE;LOtEXviu, bEV Jl3topEi ~E~Utu VU TIS 3t0- AEJl TJOEt, YWTi EXEt bluA.Uefi. 1:E Jltu JlUaTIKij U3tlJpEoiCl Ustu TOU OVOJlUT(,<; tlJS, Kt TJ btUA. uaij TlJS U'K(,JlU eivm JlUOTtKTJ· L\EV Jl3tOPOUJlE A.ut- 3tOV vo, SEPOUf.1E Of TI 3tOOOOT(, TOU 3tPOO(O:rtl'KOU 'tTJ<; b(,9TJ'KE tlf1TJTU<lJ <1VVTUSlJ, Tt erooooro 3tpOOpi<JTlJKE "110. ttS "EpUepES TustupXiES", TJ bUVEt<1TTJKE aTO 1:UXTJ TTJS nEpaiue; "110. VU 3tUp3tOA TJ<1Et EVUV KtVl]JlUTOypacpo TOU Aumrvruv, KUt -rEAOS 3t(,00l ESOVT(09TJ'KUV I)UIKpttlKa (l3t(, EVU KpaTOC; 3tOU meUV(,T(ltu UYUvUKTTJaE f.l.u9uivOVTUC; on Eixuv ouxvo. u3tEp{)ei nC; obYlYiEc; nou, Eva KpclTOS "Ito. TO onoio Eivm YVWOTO OTl bE Bu bt<JTUOEt nOTE vu bOAo<povlj<1a TOUS ywuS TOU BPOUTOU, npoKElf.l.EVOU VIl yivouv 0E{3uatoi or VOJlOl TOU, ucp(,t<l'l' TJ ubuiA.AUKTTJ UpVl]oij TOU vu bwvoTJeEi EOtw 'KUl TTJV nupUJltKP(,TEPTJ nupuxwpTJOTJ "Ito. VIl OO)OEt TOV M(,po, Cl3tEbEISE (,Tl bta9E'tEl (,AES TtS naytES uPEtE e; TrJS bTJltO'KpaTl 'Kljs PWf.l.TJS·

o Tl;oPT~to Mn(,Ku, nou eEmpEiTUl ° KIlA.UTEPOS OXOA.tUOTljS TOU ttaAlKOU tunou, KI ° oxoioc TO 1975 UnTJPsE TO npWTO eUf.1U TOU "Veridique Rapport" ("<I>lA.uA.lj8TJS npaYJlutEiu") tou Censor, nupuoupovrc ; Clf.l.EOWS or o A.uGoS ro» ('A.o TO E9voS ij TOUA.aXWTOV TO npOlKIOJlEVO OT P(Of.l.a nov bTJf.l.OOto'Ypacpwv, bEV UJt0YOTJTEU8TJKE (l3t" 'to EnUYYEAJla ESUlTiue; autijs TTJS UTUXOUS UJtOKaAUljJTJS tTJS TjA.t9t('TT)tae; tOU. Km lOCOS sivrn KaA UTEPU Yl" ourov rrou (l3tObEiXTTJ'KE TOTE TJ ~AUKEIU TOU !JEOUU3tO EVUV T(,OO mIOTTJJlOVlK(, nElpuf.l.un0f.10 YluTi, btucpopen'KU, Gu f.l.Jt0POU<1UltE VU etf.1uaTE (l3t(,AUTU OIYOUPOI (,TI CPO~lj9TJ'KE lj nA.TJpW9'l'KE "110. VU ypU'I(IEl TO MaLO rou 1978 'to ~t(3A.io tou

15

"Moro - Una tragedia Italiana ", o:n:ou O':n:EUI'iEI VU t«tTa:n:tEt, XWpt<; VU :n:UpMEt'ljlEI OUTE Ilta, TI<; lluOO:n:A.UO'LE<; :n:OU KUKA.0<P0POUOUV Kat Tl<; ~EpVaEl UIlEO'W<;, bYJA.wVovm<; OTl sivrn E~OXE<;. Mia O'tlYIli) IlOVO KUTa<pEPE vu Ot~El TYJV oUO'Lu rou OElluTO;, a:n:- TYJV uva:n:obYJ [3Ej3atU, OTUV ypa<pEl: "I:i)IlEpu, TU :n:paYIlUTU EXOUV aA.A.aSEI. 01 E~TPElltO''tlKE; EPYU'tl1CE<; 0llaI'iEe;, ExOV'tUe; nioco TOUe; TYJV EpUOpi) TPOIlOKPUTLu, l-1:n:opo uv v' UV'tHJTpUTEUOV'tat i) ve :n:poo:rtuOouv v' UV'tWTPU'tEUOOW, TYJ O'UV01KM10'TIKi) :n:0A.1T1Ki). "0:n:01O; EXEl :n:Upaj3PEOEL 0'10 EPYUTlKi) O'UVEA.EUO'YJ EPyoamO'Lwv o:n:w; YJ - AA.<pu POIlEO TYJe; APE~E, Ou EXEl bEL OTl 01 0llaOEe; TWV E~TPEIlI,O'TWV, :n:OU OEV aplOIlOUV :n:avw a:n:o E1WTO aToIlu, KaTU<pEpvOUV EVTOUTOle; vc KA.E(30UV TYJV :n:UpaO'TUO'YJ Kat va EKTO~EUOUV KaTYJyopLE; Kat uj3pEle;, :n:OU TO KOIlIlOUVWTlKO KOIlIta. ELVat aVUYKUOIlEVO v' uvEXETm." To YEYOVO; OTl 01 E:n:uvaO'TaTE; EpyaTEe; j3pU;ouv TOUe; 0''tO.A.1V1KOU;, KEpbi!;oV'tu; TYJV U:n:OO"ti)pl~YJ OA.WV 0XEI'iOV TWV OUVUbEA.<pWV TOUe;, ElVat :n:OA.U q;UO'lKO u<p0u OEA.OUV vu Kavouv llIu E:n:avaO'TaoYJ' Mi):n:me; bEV SEP01'V, Exovm<; blbuX'tEL a:n:" TYJ I-1UKPOXpoVT] :n:ELpa TOU;, on j3aO'IKi) :n:POii:n:OOEO'YJ eivrn va O[(;)SOUV 'tOUe; O''taA.I VlKOUe; a:n:' nc; 0'1' VEA. Ei, 0'1.'1 C; ; E:n:Elbi) UKpl(3(0e; bEV TO KUTa<pEpav a:n:E TUXI.' YJ ErruvaO'TaoYJ O'TYJ raA.A.ia TO 1968 Kat O'TYJV nopToyuA.ia TO 1975. EKELVO zt ou EIVat aVOYJTO Kat j3I'iEA.l'PO ELVat vo 100XupL~ETm 'KUVIOLe; on aUTEC; Ol "E~TPEI-1WTlKEC; EPyUTlKEC; 0ltaOEC;" 1l7t()pEO'av vu <pOaaouv 0'- UUTO TO avaYKaLo O'Tabw E7tElbi) I'ii)OEV Exouv"rrLam TOUC;" TOUe; Tp0I10KpUUe;. Av'tLOETu, l1aA.WTO., mqnj3(oc; EltEl()tl Evac; IlEyaA.OC; aplO[lo<; LTUA.oJV EpyaT<OV SE<PUYE a:n:" TOV EA.EYXO 'tYJ<; OUV()l'KUA.laTlKi)C;-O"tUA.lVlKi)C; aO'TlJvoI1LUC;, EOEO'aV oe 'KLvYJO'YJ TO IlYJXavWl10 T()V "E(lUOp(OV Ta~lapXl(OV", TWV onoicov YJ rrupaA.oyYJ Kat TlJ<pA.lj rpouoxpuri« YLVET(U [va ll'KOllU EllrrO()IO, KaO(;)c; 'tf~ IlEO'Il 1l~IKi)<; EVYJI1EpWOYJe; bPUTTOV'tUl TYJ<; El'KatptaC; Yla v' UVUYVWPLO'Ol'V OTO rrpOowltO nov "EPVOp(OV ta~ta.PXt(;lV", X(t)PLC; Ttl OKla KalltUe:; all<Ptl3oJ,iac;, TO rrpoKExwPYJIlEVO UltOOlt(l()111l Kat TOUe:; ErrL<p01301JC; l)yETEC; UUT(OV TWV EPYUTO)V. 0 MrrO'KU1'ltUIVLOO'ETIll OTl or OTUA.1VlKOI Elvat UVUYKUOI1EVOl va aVExoV'tat nc; i,j3pne;, Jtov 't00'0 rroA. l' nc; U~L~01JV ltuV'toi, 1.'0(0 'Kill E~i)vTu X pbVIU, ErrElOl] 0tl0EV altElA.ol·V'tat Ill.' <pUO'l'Kl] E~OV'tWO'YJ a:n:" TOUC; TP0I10KPUTEC; zrou 'I] EPYUTlKl] uur ovouin 'KpclTan (JE E<pE<>PEL(X, AUTO ElVUl IlUI I1Ey(iA.l) 13pWllEPtlllJtoupl'ia TOll MltoKa, a<poi, 'KaVEVUC; ()EV UYVOEt o n EKELV1] T1]V EltOXil KCU ltOA. U IlET(i, ot "Efll'0PEC; Ta~lupXLEe;" a:n:ECjlEllyav ltaV'ta EmltEA.(Oe; vu ET£lTiOEVTat 010 OTaA.IVllWUC; zrpoO'(OJtlKa. nupa T1]V EVTUlt([)O'YJ xou OE/.OUV vn ltpOKaA.EO'ouv, or E.T. bE bWA.EyOUV O'T1]V TUX1] Tle; m:plbl'iouC; bpaCJT1lplOT1]Tac; TOUC;, OUTE 'tu OUIlClTa TOVe; uvUAoya IU' ru 'KECjlIU TOUC;. MEoa 0'" EVU TETotO KA.LIW

blClrrWT(;lVO'UIlE uvaJtoq;EV1<TU t:1] I'iIEUPVV(J1] EVOC; nEplq;EpnU'K(l'I) O'TpwllaTOe; nA.I'KpIVOUC; 1l1KPOTpoltoKpaTtaC;, rrClU A.lyo-rroAv EA.EYXETill Kill YlVETat rrpoc; O'TlYIll] UVE'KTO ouv EVU lXOVOTPO<pElO, unov IlJtOpo uv rravTa va 'IjIapEuOVTUl KaTa rrupaYYEALa KaJtmOl Evoxm Yla va 10- ml'iEIKvuoV'tm ItEO'a 0'10 Ilta JtIUTEAa. AMa 1] "OWUIl1] 'KpouO'YJC;" rorv KEVTPlK(1lV EltlXElPl](JE(t)V I'iEV I-1Jt0POUOE ltupa va a:n:OTEf...EI Till a:n:o ErrUYYEA.llaTLEC;, rrpaYIlU JtOU EJtI(3Ej3atWvEL KaOE AErrTOIlEpElU TOU O'TUA TOUC;.

o ITUA.IKOC; Ka:n:ITaA10IlOC; KUOWC; Kill TO blEUOUVTl'KO rrpOO'([)T£lKU TOU, Elval rroA.l'l'itaO'ltUOIU~Vo<;,b(Jov u<popa TO JtpUYIlU'tl ~([)T1KO KCU 1'rrEp(3oA.l1<a aj3E(3a1O ~tlT1]Itu T1]C; XP1]O'llLOltOI1]01]e; T(t)V (JTuAIVI1<WV. 0- PWIlEVOI O'uyxpovm TOIlEiC; TOU IlEyaf...OU IOI(t)'tt1<OU 1<E<paA.UIOU EXOUV Kill dxuv TaXOEi a:n:OCjlUOlO'tl'Ka u:n:£p" aAA.OI, TOUC; orrolOve; O'TlJP~OVV ltoA.A.oi I'iWXE1PIO"tEC; TOU KE<pUAUiol' 1]1l11<PUTI1<OlV EJtlXflPl]O'£(!)V, eiIDI m.o EXOPI1<Ot. To UV(OTEPO 1<pa'tlKU ltPOO'WJtlKO I'iWOETEt Ilw EUPElu rrurovoui« XElPWIlOlV, Yl(tTl or a:n:o<paO'flC; TOU 1<a:n:fTavlOu npo nYOl.VlUL TWV a:n:O(paaE([)V TOU f<porrA.WTtl bt:uv TO rrf...OlO f3vO~E'tat, eiIDI <lpCtlC; KI (lUTO EltlO1]e:; IilXUO'IlEVO. To IlEAA.OV 1<a8E rrupaTu~YJC; 1.'~UPTUTat (m" TOV TPOltO Ill.' 'tov oztoio Ou pltOPfOEl vn fT£l(3aAAEl 'to l'iiKlO T1]<;, (moOnl-:VUOVTa~ TO OT1]V ltpa~1]. 0 Mopo rriOTEUf OTOV "IO'TOPIKO aUIlf3I(3aOllo", ()1]Aublj. OTl]V l'KUVflT1]TU TWV OTUA.IVIK(1lV vet OUvrpiipouv TEA.tKa ro jcivnu« nuv ErrUVUOTunilV EPYUT(;lV. MIn Uf...A.1] ni- 01], Ul,Ttl zto u rrpoc; TO JtUpOV EiVUl OE OEOll VU Em[3A.1IOEi 0" exeivouc nou EAEYXOUV ne; "EfH,OPEC; Tu~wpXiE<;", I'iE oUIlCjlWVOUOf. "H, TOUA.UXLOTOV, ELXE T1] YV<;)1111 on ()EV ltPEltEl vu rrupuxuLI'iEuovnu 01 OTUf...1VlKOt yw nc; !ttKPOUlt1]PEOiE<; rrou IlltOPOUV va ltpOO'<PEPOVV 1<Ul ltOU ETOI KI UAA.IO)C; 8u ltPOOCjlEP01'V, MAu ltPEltfl VU X'tllltlcilVTaI. m o O1<Al)PU (i)(JTE va ItYJ yivouv lJT£Ep(30AlKU w8aI'iEIC;. Ell'iClIlE bTl Ul'Tl] 1] aVUAVIJr) EiXE KUrrOW usia KuOci>e;, 'KI EVW 1] uJtuywyl] TOV Mbpo 1.')'KUlvlUUEt1]V ~T'tU TOU "IOTOPIKOi, O'UIl(3l(3uollov" rt ou EJTlKVP(j)81]KE "tEAI1<Ci Ill' IlLU KOlvo(30l,A.El'Tl1<tl rrpa~1], TO OTUA.lVIKO 1<0IlIlU OUVEXIO'E VU lTupwnivEl on Jtwui,El <JTllV UVE~UPT'l]oiu TWV "Epu8p(;lV Tu~taPX1WV". KpuTJ')oav TOV UlXIlUA.WTO aT1] ~())lj 000 Kmpo rrio'tEuuv o n urropo uoo v VCl nupureivouv TO\' E~El'TEAWIlO KUl T1]V uVT]Ol'xta TWV CjlIA.(!)V, J1:()1l ElTPEltE vu UltOI-1EVOUV TOV E1«3ta(J!lil l'JtOKPIVOIlEVOI. EVYEW;)C; on I'iEV KC!TUAu[3uivouv Tl l]OEAUV urr" U'UTOUe:; 01 <iYV([)OTOl j3up(3apOI.. Tov Ku8(ip1OUV 01l(!)C:; allEowc; IlbAI<; 01 aTrtAIVI'KOL EI'iEl~aV TU /)OVTlU T<HlC;, K(ivOVTUC; 1'i1l1l<imu UJt<llVlYIl(, yw OKOTElVEC; !l1JXuvoPpu(piEe:;. Kr () Mopo m':OuvE ltpol'i0llfVOe:;. I:TI]V :n:PUYIWTlKclT1]T(l, 01 "spu- 8PEe:; Tn~LUpxifC::" EXOUV !un UAAlj AEiTOUpyiu YEVIKOt:EP<)ll EVl'iIU<pfPO-

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Ot ELKOVEe;, nou onoanOOTI1KOV ana KOeE nACUpo Tile; (w~e;, OUYXWVEUOVTOl o' tva KOlVO PEUj..JO orrou 11 EVOTI1TO OUT~e; Tile; (w~e; OEV urropel mo va OnOKOTOomeEi" Han 0- a n a 0 j..J a T l K 0 8EWPI1j..JtVI1 npoYj..JonKOTI1To £KTUAiom;Tal j..Jtoo OTI1V iOlO Tile; Til YEVLK~ EVOTI1TO OOV evcc ~ E X WP lOT 0 c ljJEUOO-KOOj..JOe;, OVTlKElIJeVO Tile; j..JOVOOlK~e; noPOT~pI1011e;. H £~ElOiKEUOI1 TWV ElKOVWV TaU KOOj..JOU ~OVOI3pioKETOl, OAOKAl'lPWlJtVIl, IJtoo OTOV KOOIJO Tile; OUTOVOIJIlj..JtVI1e; ElKOVae; OnOlJ TO ljJEUTlKO E~anOTI10E TOV iOlO TOU TOV £aUTO. To 8toj..Ja vevuco, oov OUYKEKPllJtVI1 OVTlOTPOCP~ Tile; (W~e;, sivrn 11 OUTOVOIJIl KiVIlO'l TOU IJIl-(WVTOVOU.

3

To 8tOIJO nopOUOlO(ETOl TOUTOXPOVO onv 11 iOlO '1 KOtvwvio, oov tva uepoc Tile; «orvuivloc, KOl oov 0 pya v 0 Evon 0 i 11 a 11 c. rOV IJEpOe; TI1<; xotvuivinc elver ocqxbc 0 rouccc nou OUYKEVTPUJV£l KOSE 13M:j..JI-I0 KOl Ko8E ouvelonon, EnElO~ OKpll3Li.le; 0 TOj..JtOC; OUTOe; elver 0 lOX W P la j..J i: v 0 c, orrorexsl TO Xwpo TOU ncporrxovquevou I3Mj..J!JOTOe; Kat Trje; ljJWOOue; OUVELO'lOIl<:" Kat 11 evorroinon nou rrpcvuoronoisl OEV elver rirror ' OAAO an" TI1V enlonun YAWUOO TOU YEVlKEUlJtvOU OLOXWPlOj..JOU.

4

To 8toj..Jo o£v elver tva OUVOAO elKOV(JJV, OAAO uto KOlVWVlK~ OXtOI'l OTOj..JWV j..JwoAol3lWtvll ana elKOVE<;"

24

To 8tol-lo OeV urropei va v0l18Ei ocv KaroXPlloll EVO<; KOOj..JOU Tile; OpOOIle;, ocv tva rrpoiov TWV TEXVlKWV j..JO(lK~<; OlOOOOIle; ElKOVWV. Eivoi j..JOAAOV j..JlO Weltanschauung* rtpovuutuiucvn, j..JETOCPPOOj..JEVIl uAlKO. Eivct uic 8EWPI101l TOU KOOI-I0U nou tXEl OVTlKElj..JEvonOlIl8£i.

(,

To 8EOj..JO, 8EWPIlj..JEVO OTIlV OAOTI'lTO TOU, eivm TOUTOXpOVO TO onoTtAEOj..JO KOl 0 oxorroc TOU urrcpyovroc TPOnou rrcpcvuivric, !::.£V ElVOl tva OUl-lnA~pwj..JO TOU npoYI-IOTlKOU KOOj..JOU, «cnoio npoofler o OlOKOOj..JIlTlKO OTOlXeiO TOU. Eivrn 11 KOpOlO Tile; EAAelljJ Ile; PWAl0I-I0U Tile; rrpovuo nK~e; Kotvwvioe;. KOTW on" OAEe; rtc lOLOiTEpEe; uopoec TOU, nAIlPocpoPIlOIle; ~ noonovovooc. olOcp~l-IlOIle; ~ cusonc KOTOVOAwOIle; ljJuXoywyioe;, TO 8toj..JO cnorcxei TO ouYXpovo j..J 0 V T tAO Tile; KOlVWVlKO KupioPXIle; (w~e;. Eivct 11 noVTOXOU ncoouoo £ml3£l3oiwOIl Tile; srnxovnc rr 0 U t X £ l ~ 0 Il Y i VEL usoo OH1V rtcpcvuivn, KOt 11 OVTioTOlXIl KOTOVOAwo~ rnc, Mopcp~ KOl n£pl£X0j..J£Vo TOU 8£Oj..JOTOe; TOUTi(oVTOl £~ioou j..J£ r nv OAlK~ OlKOlOAOYlloll TWV uuv81lKWV KOl TWV OTOXWV TOU unoPXOVTOe; OUOT~j..JOTOe;. To 8toj..Jo elver snlonc 11 0 i n p K ~ e; nap 0 U a i a OUT~e; Tile; OlKOlOAOYIlOIle;, oov KOTOX~ TOU j..JEYOAUT£POU j..Jtpoue; TOU xpovou nou I3twvnot t~w an' Til oUYXPOVIl rropcvuivrt.

7

o OLOXWplOj..Joe; eivci Kl OUTOe; uepor; Tile; evo rrrroc TOU KOOj..JOU, Tile; Ko80AlK~e; KOlVWVlK~e; npO~Ile; Il onoio xwpiOTIlK£ O£ £lKOVO KOl npoYj..JOTlKOTIlTO. H KOlVWVlK~ rtpcx nK~, EVWTTlOV tile; onoioe; Ti8ETOl TO OUTOVOj..JO 8toj..JO, civet srrionc Il rrpovucrucn OAOTIlTO nou £j..Jn£plEXEl to 8EOj..JO. "OJ..Jwe; TO oXioj..Jo usoo a" OUT~V TIlV OAOTIlTO TIlV OKPWTIl-

* KOOlJo8£wP'lO'l (L.T.M.).

25

pla(£l O£ TtTOlO l3a8j.J6, WOT£ TO 8taIJa va rpcivercr ocv oxonoc rnc, H yl\wooa TOU 8£aj.JOTOe; OUViOTOTat cno 011- IJ £ i a Tile; apxouoae; nopovuivnc nou crrorsxouv wUT6- xpova Kat TOV toxOTO oxorro ournc Tile; rrcpovuivnc.

8

b.EV unopouus va ovnrropoacooupe a<PIlPIlIJEVa TO 8tauo OTIlV rroovuorucn KOlVWVlK~ opaOTIlPl6TIlW" aUT6e; 0 olXaoj.J6e; eivot Kl 0 iOLOe; olxaoj.Jtvoe;. To 8taIJa nou avnorperpe: TIlV npaYj.JanK6TIlTO, EX£[ npcvucruco napaX8Ei. TIlV iOLa OTLYj.J~ 11 I3lwj.Jtvll npaYj.JaTlK6TIlW elver Ul\lKa xoTOKUPl£UIJEVIl an" TIlV rropornpnon TOU 8£alJaToe; Kat avarrcocvet j.JEoa Tile; Til 8£OlJanK~ OlaOTOOIl, OiVOVTae; Tile; pro PIlT~ oUYKOTa8EOIl. H aVTlKElJ..l£VlK~ npaYIJanK6TIlTO elver ncpouoo Kat one; Ouo nl\wpEe;. Ka8£ EVVOLa, rrpooOLOPLOIJEVIl IJ' aUT6v TOV rporro. O£v tX£l oov 130011 napa TO nspoouo Tile; oro ovrlaero: I'"] npaYIJanK6TIlTO avaOU£Tat usoc oro 8EaIJa Kat TO 8taj.Ja elver npovuoruco. AUT~ 11 opojBolo al\l\oTpiwoll elver I'"] ouoio Kat TO ornptvuc TI'"]e; urrcpyououc kotvurvioc.

9

Msou OTOV rr pay IJ a T l K a a v E 0 T P a IJ IJ E v 0 K60j.J0, TO al\1'"]8lV6 £iVOlIJLO onYIJ~ TOU 4J£UnKou.

10

H tvvOla 8taj.Ja evorroisi Kat WE~l'"]y£i IJLa j.J£yal\1'"] nOLKll\ia tKOIll\wv <paLVOIJEVWV. H rroucixlo Kat Ol aVTl8tOEle; TOUe; elver Ol <paLVOj.J£VLKEe; 64J£le; currie TI'"]e; KOlVWVlKa opyaVWIJEVI'"]e; <patvOIJEVlK6TI'"]We;, I'"] onoia O<peil\£l Kat I'"] ioto va cvovvuipicertn usoo OTI'"] Y£VlK~ rnc al\~8£la. 8EWPI'"]IJEvo ouuqxnvo jJE TOUe; OLKOUe; TOU opouc, TO 8Eaj.Ja elvci I'"] £ rt l 13 E 13 a i W 0 I'"] Tile; <patVOjJEVlK6TI'"]Tae; Kat I'"] Eml3£Bcluion Ka8E av8pwmvlle; - ol'"]l\ao~, KOlVWVLK~e; - (w~e;,

26

ocv anl\~e; <patVOIJ£VlK6TIlTOe;. 'Oucoc, I'"] KPlTLK~ nou <p8aVEL OTIlV al\~8£lo TOU 8£alJaTOe;, TO cnoxcxurrtet ocv TIlV 0- POT~ a p v 11 0 11 Tile; (w~e;, ocv uic cpvnon Tile; (w~e; nou t y l V £ 0 P a 1 ~.

11

rLO VO rrepwpcurouue 10 8tal-la, 10 0Xlll-lanolJ6 TOU, nc l\£lToupyi£e; TOU, Kat r«; OUVaj.JEle; nou rsivouv OTIl Olal\uo~ TOU, npcner va KaVOUI-IE uio 1£XVI'"]T~ OlOKPLOIl ovorroorrcoruiv OTOLXeiWV. A v 0 l\ U 0 V TOe; TO 8taj.Ja, I-Ill\OIJ£ KOTO xorroto rporto TIlV lore Til yl\wooa TOU 8Eaucrucou. crpou nEpV0I-I£ OTO j.J£8000l\OYlK6 rtsolo OUT~e; Tile; «oivuivioc nou EK<PPO(ETOl j.Jtoa OTO 8toj.J0. Al\l\o 10 8tol-l0 OEV civet napa TO v 6 11 1-1 0 Tile; ouvol\lK~e; npo« nK~e; cvoc OlKOV0l-IlKOKOlVWVlKOU OXIlI-IOnoj.JOU, 0 T P 6- rr 0 c X p ~ 0 I'"] c TOU XP6vou TOU. Elver Ill0TOPlK~ orivun nou poe £l-InEpltXEl.

12

To 8tol-la EIJ<Povi(£Tat onv uio 1EpaOnO, aOlol-l<Plol3rlTIlTI'"] Kat crtpoorrn 8£TlK6TIlTO. b.E MEL rirroro nEplo06TEPO orro: "6,n rpolvctoi elver Kal\6, 6,Tl civet Kal\6 cpoiverot". H OTOOIl nou a~lWl-laTlKa orrurr ei civet OUTrl 11 na81lTlKrl onoooxr] TIlV orroio tXEl ~Oll £~ao<pol\ioEl I-IE TOV rpono nou £1-I<pavi(f.Tat xwpie; vo EmOEXf.Tat oVTiPPIlOIl, IJE TO 1-10- vornoxro TaU Tile; <pOlVOI-IEVlK6TIlTOC;.

13

o 8EI-I£l\lWOWC; WUTOl\OYlK6C; xapaKT~pac; rou 8Eal-laTOe; crtoppsst an" TO crrxo y£yov6c; 6n TO ucoc TOU orroTEl\ouv ruuroypovo Kat TO oxorro TOU. Eivci 0 ~l\LOC; nou OE OUEL norc ot nv OUTOKpOTopia Tile; oUYXPOVIle; na81l1lK6TI'"]TOe;. Kol\untEl 6l\1'"] TIlV rnupovero TOU K601J0U Kat Kol\Ul-lnO anEpL6plOTO I-IEOO OTIlV iOLa TOU TI'"] 06~a.

27

14

TO~lK~ npcvucruxorntc tYlVf- KOlVWVlK~, O~EOa f.~aplll~tvn an' rnv KOlVWVlK~ OUValJll, ola~op<pw~f.VIl an ournv. Kat uovo srpooov 0 EVE i val Tile; ernrosrtetoi va cpcivsTOl.

H «owuivlc nou OHlpi<:ETOl OUI OlJYXPOVIl I3lo~llxavia Of.V civet Tuxaio ~ ernqxiveuncc 8£OlJaTlK~, elvct 8EIJE)\lWOtiJe; 8 E a IJ a T lOT l K~. Mtoa OTO 8talJo, ElKOVO Tile; opxouooe; OlKOVOlJioe;, 0 oxorroc OEV civet rlrroru, 11 0- vomU~f] eivrn TO nov. To 8toIJo O£ 8tAEl va KOTOA~~El nou- 8f-vO aAi\ou napa OTOV iOlO TOU TOV £OUTO.

18

15

EK£i orrou 0 rrpovuorucoc KOOIJOe; IJETOTptnHat OE cnAte; ElKOVEe;, Ol onAte; ElKOV£e; vlvovrci npaYIJOTlKO OVTO Kat anOTEAEOIJOTlKO xivnrpo uicc UnVWTlK~e; ouurtspupopoe. To 8ta~a, Ko8we; tXEl Tf]V TOOIl va .0 E i X VEL, ucoc ono OlO<pOpEe; E~ElOlKw~tVEe; IJEOoi\aI31l0Ele;, TOV KOOIJO nou OEV elver mo oueoo cvnxnrrroc, cvoxcxurrrer cpuoioxoYlKO OTf]V opcon TIlV npovouiouxo av8pwmvIl ai081l01l, nou OE oi\AEe; moxte; orrorexouos 11 o<p~' 11 oi081l01l 11 mo a<pIlPIl~tvll Kl 11 mo wKoi\oni\ovllTll, aVTlOTOlXEi OUI YEVlxeuuevn crpclpson Tile; onueprvnc «otvuivlcc. AAi\O TO 8tauo O£V elver TOUTOOIl~O I..IE TO orrxo (3AtIJIJO, oxouo Kl ~TOV aUTO OUVOUO<:£Tat IJE HIV OKO~. Elver aUTO nou OlO<PWYEl an' Til OpOOTIlPlOTIlTO TWV ov8pwnwv, an' TIlV avo8EwPIlall Kat Til 0lop8wOll TOU tpyou TOUe;. Elver TO oVTi8£T0 TOU OLOAOyOU. "Orrou unoPXEl aVE~opTIlTIl a van a p o o r 0- a 11, TO 8tol..lO OUYKPOT£lTat £K veou.

L:av cncoclrnro mOAiol TWV cvruceiuevcov nou rrcocvoVTOl O~IJEpa, ocv YEVlK~ tK8wll Tile; AOYlK~e; TOU OUOT~l..IaTOe; Kat oov noonvuevoc OlKOV0l..IlKOe; rouscc nou OlonA08El cueoc I..Il0 aU~OVOIJEVf] nAf]8wpo ElKOVWV-OVTlKEll..ltVWV, TO 8tol..la eivot 11 K U pta nap a Y W Y ~ rnc Of]IJEplV~e; KOtvurvicc.

16

To 8toIJo urro rcooei TOUe; (WVTOVoUe; oveoumouc, OTO IJtTpo nou 11 oucovoulo TOUe; tXEl Oi\OKAf]PWTlKO unOTO~El. I1Ev elver rirro ro OAAO an' Tf]V oucovoulo nou ovcrrruooeror YlO TOV EaUTO rnc. Elver 11 mOT~ OVToVOKAaof] rnc rropovuivric ovruceuievcov KOl 11 un-morn OVTlKElIJEVOnoif]of] TWV rrcpovuivtbv.

19

17

To 8tol..lO eivci 0 KAIlPOV0I..I0e; OAf]e; Tile; a 0 u va 1..1 i a c TOU OUTlKOU CPlAOOO<plKOU oXEoiou, nou un~p~E uio KaTOVall all Tile; opaoTf]plOTIlTae; KUPlOPXIll..ltVf] an' rtc KOTIlY~piec Tile; 0 p a a f] e;' OTf]pi(£TOl errlonc ncvui OTf]V oOlaxorrn E~tAl~Il Tile; OUYKEKpllJtVIle; TEXVlK~e; Op80AOYlKOTIl~ me; nou npotKU4JE an' aUT~ tn oKt4Jll. I1Ev rrpcvuctonoret Til <plAooo<pio, <plAOoO<plKonOld Tf]V rtpovucruco rnru. Eivat 11 ouvxexpiuevn (wr; oi\wv nou uno(3l(360TIlKf. Of. orpuipo 8 f. W P l K ~ c otpcloconc.

H rrpurrn CPOOf] rnc kuptcpylcc Tile: OlKOVOlJioe; OTIlV KOlVWVtKr; <:wr; EiXE emocoei, ueoc OTOV OptOIJO K08E avBpdmtvnc npcvuoruronc, tva V tKOf]AO uno(3t(300IJO TOU E iVat OE i: X E t V, H rropouon <P001l Tile: OAOKAf]PWTlK~e:

KOTOxr;e: Tile; KOtVWVtKr;e: (wr;c ana ro OUOOWPWlJtvo orroTEAtOIJOTO Tile; oucovouloc, OOf]y£i rrpoc IJtO YEvtKWlJtVf] OlOAi0811OIl an' TO ~ X E l V OTO <p a i v e a 8 a l, an' TO 0- rroio Ko8E rrpcvuoruco "tXElV" O<p£iAEl v' OVTAEi TO OIJEaO KUpOe: Kat HIV TEAlK~ AElTOUPyio TOU. Touroypovc, Ko8E a-

20

H CPlAooo<pia, oav E~ouoio Tile; OlOXwPlOlJtvIle; oKt4JIle; Kat OKt4Jf] rnc OlaXWplOlJtVf]e: E~ouoioe:, OEV IJnOpWE rrore

28

29

cno ~OVIl Tile: va ~£m;poo£l Til 8wi\oyia. To 8£a~a elvci 11 Ui\lK~ ovoouorcon Tile: 8plloK£unK~e: 4J£uoai081l01le:. H 8£Q~anK~ T£XVlK~ O£ Ol£i\UO£ TO 8PlloK£unKo ouvverpo onou Ol ov8pwnol £ixav Ton08£Tf]0£l rtc lOl£e: TOUe; r«; Ouvoustc nou Elxav cnoorruorei an" curouc: ani\we: TO ouvevuios O£ uio y~lVIl 130011 .. ETOl Kat 11 TIlO Y~lvll <':W~ vivsrrn OKOT£lV~ Kat cnorrvucrucn. l'J.£v £~ol3£i\i<':£l me OTOV oupcvo ai\i\o OT£YO<':£l ueoc Tile: TIlV crroxurn cpvnon rnc, TOV OTIOTIli\o Tile: rtopcoetoo. To Osouo elver 11 T£XVlK~ npay~OTWOIl Tile: £~oplae: TWV ovepdnnvciv ouvcueuiv o ' tva urreprrspov, TO oi\oKi\rlPW~£vo oxio~a OTO £OWT£PlKO TOU av8pwnou.

orrou K08£ oi\i\oe: i\oyoe: £X£l £~ooTpaKloT£i. To mo ouvXPOVO £ow, elver errionc Kat TO TIlO apxa"LKo.

24

21

To 8ta~a eivrn 0 ~1l-0laKOnTOIJ£voe: i\oyoe:, nou 11 nopouoc TO~1l rrpnvurrtuiv £TIl<pUi\OOO£l vtc TOV £QUTO rnc. 0 £YKWlJlaOTlKoe: Tile: uovoxovoc. Elver 11 cutorrpooumovpc<pi? Tile: £~ouoiae: OTIlV £TIOX~ Tile: Oi\OKi\IlPWTlK~e: Tile: orexetpionc TWV ouv81lKwv unap~Ile:. H <p£TlXlOnK~ 04J1l Ka8apnc avnK£llJ£VlKOTIlTOe: usoo o nc Gecuctucsc OXtO£le:, orroKPUI3£l TO xapaKT~pa roue oav oxto£wv IJ£Ta~u av8pwnwv Kat lJ£Ta~u T<':l~£wv: uio O£uT£PIl <PUOIl cpciverot va £~OUOlO<':£l TO n£pll3oi\i\ov ucc IJ£ TOUe; av£i\£IlTOue: VOIJOue: rnc, Ai\i\~ TO ~talJa O£V elver aUTO TO cvovxolo rrpoiov Tile: T£)(VlKIle: ovorrruf nc, 8£WPIlIJ£vlle: oav cp U a l K ~ c cvorrru~Ile: .. AvTi8£:a, Il xoivuivio TOU 8£0IJOTOe: eivot IlIJ0P<Pf] nou Olai\£y£~ 11 lOl~ TO T£XVlKO n£pl£X0I-l£VO rnc. Av TO 8tal-la, 8£WPIl~£vo an Til OT£V~ OKOTIlO TWV "lJtowv l-la<':lK~e: £TIlK~lvwVlae:", .nou orrorcxouv TIlV rno OUVTPlTITlK~ erncpcveicKIl ~ou £KO~i\woll, unopei va rpcvei on KOTaKi\0<,:£l TIlV KOlVWVl? oav svcc crrxoc T£XVlKOe: £~oni\lOlJoe:, 0 n;i\£uTaioe:

O£V £X£l t inoro TO OUO£T£PO, ai\i\" crtsvcvrloc eivct sxeivoc nou TatPlO<':£l OTIlV Ka80i\lK~ ouroxivnoio TOU. Av Ol KOlVWVlK£e; aVOYK£e; Tile: £nox~e: ueoc OTIlV orroio cvorrruooovrrn TtTOl£~ T£X~lKte: O£V urropouv va ucovorroinaouv napa IJ£ Til 1J£_ooi\al3lloll TOUe:, av 11 OLOiKIlOIl currie Tile; xorvurvicc xc- 8we: Kat Ko8£ £TIa<p~ l-l£Ta~u TWV ovuoumuiv O£V urropouv va np~YIJOTOnOlll8ouv napa IJOVO IJ£ Til l-l£Ooi\0131l01l currie Tile; .0uva~lle; orwuictoc "snucorvuivicc", aUTO oUl-ll3aiv£l vurn aUTIl 11 £TIlKOlVWvia elver OUOlaOTlKO IJ 0 VOn i\ £ uP 11' £TOl WOT£ 11 ouvxsvtporroinori Tile; KOTai\~YEl va OUOOWP£UEl 010 XEpla Tile; OlOLKIlOr)e: TOU unaPXOVTOe: OUOT~uoroc to usoo nou TOU ETIlTpEnOUv va OlOlWVL<':£l aUT~ Tr)V Ka80~lOlJtvll oloiKlloll. To Y£VlK£UI-lEVO oxiolJa TaU 8£0I-laT~e; £lV.Ol aOlaxwplOTO an' TO ouvxpovo K POT 0 c. olli\a- 0.11, an :~ Y£VlK~ 1J0p<p~ TOU 0XL0I-lOToe: IJEOa OTIlV KOlVW~la, npoiov TOU KaTOIJEplOIJOU Tile; KOlVWVlK~C; epvooicc Kat opyavo Tile; Ta~lK~e; KU pro pxiae;.

~TO I-l£TPO nou 11 «oivuivio OV£lP£U£TOl rnv cvcvxn, TO OV£lPO vivsrot ovovxcto. To 8EaIJa eivct 0 £<Ploi\TIle: Tile; oUYXPOVr)e: cxuoooeusvnc «otvuivloc. nou o£v £K<PP0<':El T£i\lKO napa rnv £TIl8ul-lia Tile: va KOlI-l1l8£i. To 8£alJa elver o cppoupoc auTOU TaU urrvou.

22

To y£yovoe: on 11 rrpcx rtxn lOXUe; Tile: ouvypovnc KOlvwviae: onoonooi nxe an' rnv iOla Kat OUYKPOT~8IlKE O£ aV£~OPTIlTIl curoxpcroplo usoo OTO 8£alJa, O£V urropei va £~IlYIl8£i napa I-l0VO ana TO npo08£T0 Y£YOVoe: on aUT~ 11 lOXUP~ rtpox rucn £~aKoi\ou80uo£ va OTEp£iTOl OUVOX~e: KOl rropeusvs O£ ovrkpcon us TOV £aUTO rnc,

23

~TIl pi<,:a TOU 8£oIJOToe: I3pioKETOl 11 TIlO nai\lo KOlVWVlK~ £~£loiK£UOIl, 11 E~£loiK£UOIl Tile: E~ouoiae;. 'ETOl TO 8£auc sivot uio £~£lOlK£UI-l£VIl OpaoTIlPlOTIlTO nou I-lli\OEl vic i\oyapla0l-l0 oi\wv TWV oi\i\wv. Eivci 11 omi\wl-lanK~ exrrpoOWTITlOll Tile: l£papXlK~e: xotvurvloc £VWTIlOV TOU £aUTOU TIl<;,

30

31

25

o 0 l a X W P i o u 0 c elver TO ol\<pa Kat TO uiuevc TaU 8£0IlaTOe;. H 8£Ollonoill01l TOU KOtVWVtKOU xcruuept0I-l0U Tile; epvcolcc KOL 0 oXllllanOIlOe; TWV TO~£WV eiXav 0lllltOUPy';O£t uio rrpurrn l£P'; 8£WPIlOIl, Til llu8lK'; TO~1l npaYIlOTWV ue TIlV onoia Kal\um£Tat K08£ £~ouoia orr nc anapxte; rnc. To l£PO OtKatol\6Yllo£ TIlV «oouoxoYlKr) Kat OVTOl\OYlKti ol£u8tTIlOIl nou cvnororyouoe 010 ouuospovrc TWV orpsvnbv' £~r)YIlO£ Kat £~wPOto£ O,TL 11 korvuivic 0 £ V Il n 0 po U a £ va K 0 V st. K08£ olaxwptousvn £~ouoia, enopsvuic. ';TOV 8WllaTlK'; al\l\o 11 crroooX'; ana ol\oue; uicc rsroicc aval\l\oiwTIle; eucovoc o£ onuctV£ napa TIlV KOlvti cvcvvdxnon uicc cpovroorucnc nposxrcaile; Tile; <pTWX£lae; Tile; rrpcvuctucnc KOlVWVlKr)e; opccrnptornroc, nou ytv010V oxouc ato8llTr) eupeux; oav eviclc ouv- 8tiKIl. To ouvypovo 8tal-la £K<pPO(£l aVTi8na aUTO nou 11 «otvuivio I-l n 0 p £ i va K 0 V £ l, Il£oa 0I-lWe; 0" ourn rnv £K<Ppaoll, T 0 £ n l T P £ n T 0, aVTlTi8ETat orro xurux; 010 c rp l K T o. To 8£al-la elvoi 11 ouvrnpnon Tile; £l\l\£l4J Ile; ouvslononc Il£oa ot nv rtpoktucn Il£Tar3ol\r) TWV OUV81lKWV unap~Ile;. Eivci rtpoiov TOU eourou TOU Kl ana I-l0VO TOU t8£O£ TOUe; xcvovec TOU: sivci tva 4JWOO-l£po. b.EiXV£l aUTO nou £ i vat: utu olaxwplOI-l£VIl Ouval-lll nou ovcrrruooeTat, ana I-l0VIl rnc, usoo ornv aU~1l01l Tile; rrcpcvuivucornTOe;, XOPIl OTIl ouv£xti T£l\£tonoilloll TOU KOTal-lEplOI-lOU Tile; sovcoioc, Il£ TOV KaTOK£Pl-laTlOIlO TWV KlV';O£WV nou urroroooovrct OHIV av£~opTIlTIl KiVIlOIl TWV I-lllxavwv, Kat nou £pyo(nat vic uio oxosvo l-l£yal\lJT£PIl ovopo. K08£ KOlVOTIlTO Kat K08E KPlTlKr) ai081l01l Otal\u8llKav OTIlV nopeio ou rnc Tile; «ivnonr; usoo ornv onoia oi OUVOI-lEte; nou urropcocv va ovcrrruyuouv anoxwpl(OiJ£V£e; o£v £Xouv cxouc ~ a v a 0 U v a v T 11 8 £ i.

26

M£ TO Y£VlKWI-I£VO OlaxwplOI-IO TOU £pya(0I-l£VOU an TO rrpoiov Tile; E~yaoiae; TOU, XOVETat Ko8£ evtcic aVTil\rl4JIl Tile; ol\oKl\IlPwl-I£VIle; opcornptotnroc, K08£ OI-l£OIl, rtpoour.

32

nLK'; sruxotvuivlc IlETa~u TWV rrcpcvuivibv. AKol\ou8wvTOe; HIV rrpoooo Tile; OUOOwpWOlle; TWV OtaXWptOIl£VWV rrpoioVTWV Kat Tile; cuvxsvrporroinonc TOU nopcvuivucou rrpoTO£e;, 11 £VOTIlTO Kat 11 enucorvuivlo vlvovroi anoKl\£tOTlK'; tOlOTll1O Tile; ot£u8uvolle; TOU OUOT';IlOTOe;. H erntuyic TOU OlKOVOlltKOU ouornucroc TOU otaXWplollOu elver 11 n P 0- l\ £ Tap ton 0 i 11 a 11 TOU KOOIlOU.

27

" ME rnv ioic TIlV enrruyic Tile; olaxwpl0I-I£VIle; napaywvnc oav nopovuivnc TOU olaxwploll£VOU, 11 8£1-I£l\lwolle; eunetpic , nou one; rrpurrovovec xowurvisc OUVO£OTOV I-l£ utc xupto epvcoio. t elvei va I-IETaTOntOT£i, OTOV cvcrrruljcxo nol\o TOU OUOTr)J.lOTOe;, rrpoc Til un-spvcolo. TIlV copcvsto. 'Ouuic OUT'; 11 oopoveio o£v elvci Ka80l\ou an£l\w8£pwl-I£vn an" rnv rropovuivucn opaoTIlPloTIlTO: £~apTOTat an" auTr)V, elver 11 aOTOI-IOTIlT'1 Kat Y£IlOTIl Buuucouo unorovn ortc aVOYK£e; Kat ru cnorcxsoucro HIe; ncoovuivnc eivci Kl '1 iOla tva rrpoiov Tile; op80l\oYlKoTIlTae; currie Tile; napaywy';e;. b.£v urropei va unop~£l £l\w8£pia £~w an" Til opcornPlOTIlTO Kat, 010 nl\aiOla TOU 8£0I-laTOe;, unOPX£l 0PVIl0'1 K08£ opaOTIlPlOTIlTae;, ornuc aKplr3we; 11 nocvuo nxn opaO:IlPlOTIl:a EiXE O£OIlWTEi Ol\OKl\IlPWTlKO vtc Til oqxnpiK~ oucooounon curou TaU cnorexcouctoc. "ETOl 11 orjueptvn "an£l\w8tpwoll an" rnv epvcoic". 11 aU~Ilo'1 TOU £l\£uOepou Xpovou, OEV eivm Ka80l\ou anEl\w8£pwoll ucco ornv epvooic. OUTS an£l\w8tpwOll ana £vav KOOIlO nou £X£l olallop<pw8Ei an" aUT'; TIlV epvcoic. An" Til opaoTIlPloTIl~a nou Kl\£r3£l 11 epvcoio. rlnoro oev unopei va ~avar3P£- 8£t IJ£ rnv unorovn OTO cnorcxeouo rnc,

28

To OlKOVOlJlKO OUOTIllJa nou OTIlPi(ETat OTIlV orrouovuiall elvci uio K U K l\ l K r) nap a y W y'; Tile; an 0 Il 0- v wall c. H unouovuion OTllpi(£l rnv T£XVlK'; Kat TO T£XVlKO nporocc anOIJOVWV£l Il£ Til O£lPO TOU. An" TO auTOKiVIlTO we; rnv TIll\£opaoll, ol\a TO a y a 8 0 n 0 U

33

E X E lEn l A E ~ E l TO Becucruco ouornuo, onorsxoov. enlonc, TO onAa TOU Yla Til oTa8Ep~ EviOXUOIl TWV ouvsnKWV anOIlOVWOI1e; TWV "llovaXlKWV nAI18wv". To 8Ealla Ecvcouvovro OAO Kat rno OUYKEKplllEva rtc iOlEe; TOU rtc rroounoucoerc.

29

H «crovuivn TOU 8EallaTOe; elver 11 anWAEla Tile; EVOTI1- TOe; TOU KOOIlOU Kat 11 vrvovno avaTITU~11 TOU ouYXpovou 8EaIlOTOe; EKcppa(El TI1V OAOTIlTa currie Tile; anWAElae;: 11 crpclpson Ka8E ETIlIlEpOUe; spvooioc Kat 11 YEVlK~ cocloeon Tile; OUVOAlK~e; rrcpcvtnvrtc, [3piOKOUV TI1V TEAEla EK~paori TOUe; ucoo OTO 8Ealla TOU onoiou 0 au y K E K P l Il E V 0 c T pan 0 c una p ~ 11 e; civet a Kpl[3we; 11 crpoipeon. MEoa aTO 8Ealla, Eva uspoc TOU KOOIlOU a van a pia TaT a l evunnov TOU KOOIlOU Kat elver ovdrrcpo an' curov. To 8Eauo OEV elver napa 11 KOlvri YAwooa ourou TOU OlaxwplOIlOU. AUTo rrou OUVOEEl TOUe; 8WTEe; civet Illa 1l0VOOPOllil 0XEOIl IlE TO iOlO TO KEVTPO nou OUVTl1pEi TI1V crrouovuicrt TOUe;. To 8Ealla OUVEVWVEl TO OlaxwpLOIlEVO, aAAa TO OUVEVWVEl a a VOL a X W P i o u E v O.

30

H aAAOTpiwOI1 TOU 8EaTri an' TO aVTlKdllEVO nou rropctnpel (rrou OEV elver napa onorcxeouo Tile; OlK~e; TOU couvelontnc OpaOTIlPlOTIlTad EKcppa(ETat we; E~rie;: 0- 00 nEplooOTEPO nopcrnpel TOOO AlyOTEpo (El' 000 rtepioOOTEPO OEXETat va avayvwpi(El TOV WUTO TOU ueoo on~ KupiapxEe; £lKOVEe; Tile; avaYKI1e;, rooo AlyOTEPO KOTaVOEl Til OlKri TOU unap~11 Kat Til OlKri TOU ETIl8ullia. H E~WTEPlKOTIlTa TOU 8EaIlOTOe;, OE 0XEOIl IlE TOV OPWVTO av8pwno, epclvetut an' TO YEyovoe; on Ol iou::e; TOU Ol KlV~OEle; OEV TOU cvrucouv ma, aAAa ovnxouv 0' Evav aAAo nou TOU tic rropouotccei. To 8Ealla elver rrcvrou, va YlOTi 0 8EOTrie; OEV at08aVETat rrouaevc oav OTO orrin TOU.

34

31

o Epya(oIlEVOe; OEV nopovet TOV WUTO TOU, aAAa napaVEL pic aVE~apTI1TI1 OUVallll. HEn L TUX i a currie Tile; rropaYWYrie;, 11 acp80via rnc, ~avayupi(El OTOV nopovuivo oav a tp 8 0 v i a Tile; a rr 0 aTE p 11 o n c. ME Til ouootbpeuall TWV aAAoTplWIlEVWV rtpoiovruiv TOU a rr 0 ~ E V W V ETaL an' TO XwpOXPOVO TOU KOOIlOU TOU. To 8Ealla elver 0 xapTI1e; curou TOU veou KooIlOU, xapTI1e; nou KaAUTITEl OAI1 TI1V EnLKpaTELa TOU. OL iOLEe; ouvallELe; nou ucc EXOUV olacpuYEL, ucc E rr L 0 ELK V U 0 V TaL 0' OAI1 TOUe; TI1V lOXU.

32

To 8Ealla ueoo OTI1V xotvuivio ovnororyel OE pro OUyKEKPlllEVIl napaywyri Tile; aAAOTpiwOI1e;. H OlKOVOlllK~ WEKTOOIl elver, rrpurrloruic, 11 ETIEKTaOIl curnc Tile; OUYKEKPlIl£VI1e; [3l01lI1xavlKrie; rropcvuivnc. AUTO nou au~aVETat Ila(i IlE TI1V oucovouio nou xtveircn yLO TOV EaUTO rnc, OEV urropei va elver aAAo an' TI1V aAAOTpiwol1 nou [3PlOKOTOV uxpt[3we; usoc aTOV apXlKO Tile; rruprtvn.

33

6laxwplOIlEVOe; an' TO rrpoiov TOU, 0 av8pwnoe; napaVEL OAO Kat mo EVTOTlKa Ka8E AEnTOIlEpEla TOU KOOIlOU TOU, Kat Il' aUTO TOV rporro ~piOKETOl OAO Kat mo OlaxwPlOIlf;VOe; an' TOV KOOIlO TOU. ·000 nEplOOOTEPO nopcvet nooo Til (wri TOU, TOOO nEplOOOTEPO olaxwpi(ETat an' auT~V.

34

To 8Ealla elver TO K E cp a A a t o xr' ivo» TETOlO ~a81l0 OUOOWpEUOI1e; WaTE va IlETaTpEnETOl OE sucovc,

35

II.

TO EMnOPEYMA l:AN 0EAMA

"Turr] TO ql:rt(,pn'!Hl IO-TOPEL VU vOlj8Fi prau OTt]V Ul'tlEVTII<:l] TOt. Ol'oiu, ItOV(i.xu OUV Ku0oAIKi1 KUTtlyoriu TOt. OAtKOl' KOIV(I)VIKOi. ElVHI .. MilVO !,i'ou 0' ulJni ro JtAui(JI.U, 11 JtpuYIIOJtOtrIOt] Jtor. (uroppi'", urr r nv FfIJtOPEll,1(luKi] IJXi:OII ClJtOKTli. ,un UJHHf!IWWTlKll ,l!\ituoiu, T()(JO I'm Tl]V UVTIKHIIEVIKil F~/At:;lJ rile; 1(0IV"' v :II.<;. ()(TO KUl yw Ttl IJTft1J11 T(!)V uV(Jp(i)Jt!!lv uJti'vuvri Tllc;, yHt TlIV urt oTuyil TlIC; tJllVFi.~110ilC; TOllC; (lTtC; !WIHi'':'C; III' TIC; OJtOiFC; EK(PP(;J;I'Tut (WT11 11 Jtpny!lOlToI.q<l1) ... AUT]1 11l!JtOTuyil FVTFivFTUI ({KI'lltU JtEpUJO(lTFPO UJT" TO YEYOV('C; (lTl ()(JO (W:;IWOVTUI '] opHOAOYIKI)JToilllJll Kill 'I IUIXUV()Jtoil](JlI TOil 1TPOTOi'c; FpyuoiHC;, Ti,tJo II ~P((tJTlIPIt-'TlJTU TOI' fPy((l;<"ll'vOI' Xiwl'l TO XUflUKTilflH TqC; ~P(WTIJPI()Tl]TUC; yilt v« prTUTfll(JTFi HI' 1111( IJTlttJll 1T « PI( T i] P lJ tJ 11 c."

/\OYKAT2: l"lolopio KIll Toi;IK'] 2:uvEib'lO'l"j

L' aUT~ H]V ouot.rorucn klvnon TOU 8Ea~OTOe;, nou OUviorcrot OTO v' orroppocpo ooo urrnpycv usee OTI1V aV8pwrnvn opaoTI1Pl01T1TO a s p E U a T ~ KaT a a T a a 11, vic va ro KmtXEl OE OT£PEI1 KaTaOTaOl1, oav cvruceiusvo nou tYlvav 11 anOKAElOTlKri a~ia ~E TO va 0 l a Tun W v 0 U v a T 0 a P v 11 T l K 0 Til I3lw~tVI1 a~ta, avayvwpi~oUIlE TOV naAlO Ilae; Ex8po, nou ~tPEl TOOO KaAa va E~cpavil;nOl IlE TI1V npWTI1 uc no oav Kan TEAEiwe; KOlVO KOl curovonro, Evw cvrlaero sivct TOOO nOAunAoKO KOl TOOO YEllaTO ono AWTte; IJETacpuolK£C; crroypdiostc, TOE I-l n 0 p E U I-l a.

napa TOUe; 8EI-lEAlWOEle; xapaKT~pEe; Tile; npcvucrucnc rrcpcvurvrtc. nou napal-lEpil;El TIlV npovuonxornro: 11 uopqin-curropeuuo crrorsxsl rnv nA~pl1 LOoTIlTa I-lE TOV £aUTO, TI1V «crnvoplc TOU rrooorucou. AvanTUOOEl TO noooruco KOl OEV urroosl v' avamux8Ei napa uovo ueoo O· aUTO.

39

36

AUT~ 11 cvcrrrul.n, nou anOKAELEl TO nOLOnKO, urroxetTal Kl 11 ioto. oav ovcrrrufn. OTO nOLOnKo rtspcouc: TO 8tauo OlOTUl-lnavi(El on Olal3l1KE TO KOTwcpAl Tile; i 0 l a c T 0 U Tile; a cp 8 0 v i a c. rrpovuo nou npoe; TO rtcpov aAIl8EUEl TOmKa I-l0VO OE opiouevo onueic, ELVOl 0I-lWe; ~Oll aAIl8lvo OTI1V novxoourc KAil-laKa nou onot exei TO rrpurrcpXlKO onuclo ovorpopoc TOU El-lnOpEUI-lOTOe;, onueio avacpopee nou 11 rrpoxrucn TOU KiVI101l EnaA~8£uOE, aUVf:VWVOVTOe; Til rll oav rrcvxoouro cvopo.

H apx~ TOU CPETlXlOI-l0U TOU El-lnOpEUI-lOTOe;, 11 KOTaKUpieuon rnc «owuivloc ana "aVTlKELI-lEVa urrepotounrc av KOl vlvovrci at08IlTa", OAOKAIlPWVETOl cnoxurc ucoo OTO 8tapa, orrou 0 0l0811TOC; KOoIlOe; ovruccalorcrcu cno pic £mAoy~ ElKOVWV, nou unaPXEl rrcvui an' ourov KOl nou napaAAIlAa, tX£l KOTOp8wOEl va ovcvvuipiorcl aav TO Ka:

TE~OX~V 0l0811TO.

40

38

H cvorrrul n TWV napaYWYlKWV OUVal-lEWV un~p~E 11 rr pay I-l a T l K ~ a a U v E i 0 11 Till o r 0 pia nou orKOOOl-l110E KOl rporrorrolnce ne; OUV8~KEe; unap~llC; TWV avBpdnnvcov ol-laOwv oav OUV8~KEe; Eml3iwolle; KOl wtKTaolle; ourcov TWV OUV8IlKWV: 11 OlKOVOl-llK~ Boon oAwv TOUe; TWV nooorrcacuov. 0 rousoc TOU El-lnOp£UIJOTOe; ~mv, OTO EOWTEPlKO uioc ououcnc oucovouioc, 0 0Xl1llanal-l0e; EVOC; rrxeovcouo roc Tile; Eml3iwOIle;. H nopovuivn eprropeuuo nuv, nou ouvenovercn TI1V avmAAay~ rrouclxuiv npoiovtuiv ovoucoo OE aVE~apTI1TOUe; rropavurvouc. I-lnOpEOE va nopcueivet vio KOlpO I3loTExvlK~, nsptoptouevn OE uio nEpl8wplaK~ OlKOvouucn AElToupyia orrou 11 rrooo rucn Tile; aA~8Ela rrupeueve oxouc OUYKaAUl-ll-ltVI1. 001000, o rcv ouvavr~8l1KE I-lE ric KOlVWVlKte; OUV8~KEe; TOU I-lEyaAou surroplou Kat Tile; OUoOWpWOI1e; TWV KEcpaAaiwv, nnpe OTI1V KOTOX~ Tile; TI1V OAlK~ Kuplapxia Tile; oucovouinc. OMKAI1PI1 11 oucovouio tYlVE TOTE aUTO nou TO eunooeuuc EiXE O£i~El on elver OTI1 Olap-

37

o mUTOXPova rrcpdiv KOl cmov KOOI-lOe;, nou TO 8taIJa poe 0 E i X VEL, elver 0 KOOI-lOe; TaU eurroocuucroc nou KUplapxEi O· on EiVOl I3lwl-ltvo. Kt crcn 0 xoouoc TOU ElJnOpEUI-lOTOe; OdXV£TOl 0 n W C; E i val, orpou 11 KivllO~ TOU ElVOl TOUT()OI1I-lI1 I-lE TI1V a rr 0 I-l a K p U V 0 11 TWV av8pwnwv aval-l£m~u TOUe; KOl an' TO auVOAlKO npoiov TOUe;.

H anWAEla Tile; nOlOTI1TOe;, TOOO tKOI1AI1 0' OAa to errinEOa Tile; 8EOlJanK~e; yAwooac; TWV ovtuceurevcov nou £~UI-lVEi KOl TWV ouprtspupoptbv nou pu8I-lil;El, OEV EKcppa(£l

38

39

«etc aUT~C; HIe; KaTOKTI10llC;: tva rroorccc rrooorucqc avo-

mU~IlC;. H otvall r.: ~ £KTUi\l~11 Tile; OlKOVO~lKrlC; lOxUOe;

~E Til ~OP,;'l TOU I-lQTOC;, TTOU IJETaIJOP<PwoE rnv av-

BpwTTlvll EPVClOio l ,pvooia-£~TTOpWlJa, OE ~ lOS W T ~

£ pya a i "CHe ' O(JJpWTlKO OE uio a<pSovia usoo

OHIV om .. ·; l r;;iXO npol3i\rHJO HIe; Enl!3iwOIle; E-

X£l cvcucpifio 'T, o/\i\o ~£ t£TOLO rporro nou va

Eovcnuoouonx.crru C-U' Kat KOSE cpopo TiSETOl EK veou

a' Eva ovurrcpo :l H OlKOVOl.1lKri avoTTTU~11 am:i\wS£-

PWVEl r«; KOlVW/, an Tfl <pUOlK~ rrieon. nou cncrroucs

TOV ousoo aywl/f '(.UC; 'Ita £TTl[3iWOT1, oi\i\o u ' aUTO TOV TPOno unOTOOOOVTGl 0 COV or:f)\w8EpWn'j TOUe;. H 0 V E ~ a pT 11 a i 0 TOU eurrop suuc r oc £~ani\Wer]KE OTO OUVOAo Tile; oucovouicc ncvui orrw onoio ~OOli\EU£l. H oucovoulc IJETO- 1J0P<PWVEl TO', , OAAO rov I.1ET0I.10p<pWVEl I.10VOxa OE KOOIJO Ttl .ukovouluc. H :j)WOO-(_PUOIl I.1EOa OTI1V 0- rroic oi\i\oT(mdOIlKE i av8pwmvll epvooio anOLTEl H1V £IT' crrerpo (HClWVlOIl Tile; u rr 11 p £ a i a c HIe; Kl aUT~ Il unnpcoic. nou OlKO(ETOl Kl ceuxovcrot ana ~OVr] t nc. OTr]V npovuo tucornro , KOTtXEl rrjv oAoHITa TWV KOLVWVlKa £ITlTPWHUV rrpoortofieubv KOl 0XEoiwv oov uTTIlPEn:e; TIl<;· H o<pSovio ruiv cuttopsuuo tuiv, OIlAaOrl, Tile; E~nOp£UI.10- rucnc 0X£O11C;, OEV unopel va ElVOl rlrrorc m:pLOOOTEPO an' HIV En 0 U ~ r] ~ EVil En l 13 i war].

T a A a [3 E l H1V KOlVWVlKrl (wr'j. Tore elver nou EYKOSl- 0PUETOt 11 nOAlTlKri oucovouio aav KupiapXI1 erno rnur] KOl oov ETTlOTrll--l11 Tile; xupmpyluc.

42

41

To S£a~a ElVOl 11 ortvun onou TO eunopsuuo KOTO<pEPE VO <pSOOEl ornv 0 A 0 K A 11 P W T ! K ri K 0 T ox ri TI1<; KOlVWVlKr'j<; (wr'je;. 'OXl uovo 11 axt..Hl 1-1£ TO eunoPEUjJO civet oprrrn. OAAO OE (3MnOLJIl£ ma ncpc uovo curnv: 0 KOOjJoe; TTOU aVTlKpi(OUIlE elver 0 KOaIJOC; TOU eurropeuucr oc. H oUYXPovll OlKOVOjJlKrl rrcpcvtnvri WEKT£lV£l Til OlKTOTOpio HIe; TOOO O£ £KTOOI1 000 1<0l. OE £vTO011· ~TOUe; AlyOTEPO EK[3l0jJ11XOVlOjJEVOUC; rorrouc r] [3amA£ia Tile; EiVOl rlOr] rrcoouoo IlE OPlOjJEVO EjJnop£UjJOTa-[3£vTEtee KOl OOV ljJn£plOAlOTlKrl KUPlOPXia on' r«; (WVEe; nou nporWOUVTOl OTr]V ovcrrru+n Tr]C; nopaYWYlKOTI'lTOC;. ~' auTEe; rtc rrponvusvcc «(UV£e;, 0 KOlVWVlKOC; xwpOC; EXEl KOTaKAUOTEl ana ouveyeic ernorptbosrc YEWAOYlKWV OTPWjJartuv-eunopeuuctuiv. ~' aUTO TO OTOOlO Tr]C; "O£ut£PIle; [3l0- IlllxavlKrle; errovcorconc". r] aAAoTplWjJEVr] «crovoxuion viverrn vtn rtc jJo(£e; uro £mITAEOV urtoypcuion, nou rtporrrieETOl OTr]V aAAoTplWIlEVr] napaywyr). '0 A n, I'] IT W A 11- 11 E v I'] E pya a i a I.1l0e; «owuiviuc VivETOl OUVOAlKO TO o A l K 0 £ jJ n 0 P E U IJ a, TOU OHOlOU 0 KUKAOe; nperrst va OUV£XLalTl. rt' aUTO TO oxorro. XPClOl,nOl curo TO OAlKO eurtopsuuo va WlOTpi:CPSI onoonooucruco OTO olaonaollEvo OTOjJO, nou civet anOAUTO OlaxwpLOjJi:vo an' rtc napaywYlKfe; OUVOIlEle; Ol ortolsc OPOUV oav tva OUVOAO. LTO 01']uslo aUTO, Aomov, q E~ElOlKWI-lEVI'] EmOT~jJl'] TI']C; xuptopXlac; OcpdA£l va E~ElOlK£UTd jJE Til OEtpO H]C;: KOTOKEpjJaTi(£TOl OE KOlVWVloAoyia, lI-IUXOT£XVlKrl, KU[3EPVr]TlKri, onI-lEloAoyia KAn., <PPOVTl(OVTOe; cvpunvc TIlV aUTOPPuSjJlOI'] 6i\wv ruiv £ITm£Owv H1C; OWOlKoolac;.

ApXlK(] I'] Kuplapxia TOU EjJnopEUjJOTOe; aOKrlSI']KE I-lE aSEmo TPOTTO novu: OTIlV oucovouic. I'] onoia ocv UAlKrl [300r] Tq'. KOlVlJJVI.Krie; (wrie; rropcucve ortcpornp I']Tq KOl 0- «orovorn n. ornuc IO OlKELO nou o£V EiVOl WOTOOO KCll yVWoro. Meoo OE jJLO xotvtnvio orrou TO OUYKEKPljJEVO eunoocuuc rtcpcuevet ortovro ri IlElOl.jJIl<Pd, q cuocvnc Kuplapxio IOU xpri!-lOlOe;, rrupouourcetct oov onsornxuevor; jJE nArlPI'] E~OUOlOO(JTlloq, nou iJlAOEl OTO ovouo IllOC; ovvuxrrnc 00- vojJl']e;. ME TI'] [3l0jJI']XOVl'~ri srrovootoon. TOV epvoorootcKO KOTall£pLOjJO Tile; cpvaoiac, Kat Til l-lal,lKr'j nopcvuivri vic TI']V naYKOOl-110 avo po , TO surropeuuo EjJ<pavi(£TOl OVTWe; oav uio ou'mpil rrou tPX£TOl rrpovucruco va K 0-

43

Evw OTI']V npWTOpXlK~ <PaOIl TI']e; KamTaAlOnK~e; OUOOWpEUOI']e;, q "nOAlTlKrl oixovouio OE [3M:n£l OTO rrpo oumo TOU H P 0 A ETa p lO LJ napa I-l0VO TOV E pya T 1']", nou

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noerrs: va rtcipvet TO £'\0XlOTa ovcvxoio vtc HI ouvrnpnon rnc epvcrucnc TOU OUvaIJIle:;, xwpie:; nOTE va TOV Oeuipei "IJ£oa OTOV £'\£u8£po Xpovo TOU, ueoo OTIlV ovepunno TOU", £VTOUTOle:;, aUT~ 11 lO£O'\OYlK~ rorrouernon rnc opxouoae:; TO~Ile:; cvc rpcncrci, oueouic 1J0'\le:; 0 r3a81J0e:; a<p80viae:;, nou eTIlT£UX81lK£ jJ£oa OTIlV rropovuivn TWV £jJnopWIJOTWV, orrctrei uto npoousrn ouvepvcoio an' TOV spvcrn. L' aUTO 10V £PYOTIl, nou ana'\'\ooO£TaL ~ac.pvlKo an' rnv crroxu rn neptepoovncn nou £KOll'\WV£TaL onevovri TOU ~£K08apa an' 0- '\oue:; TOUe:; rporrouc oPYOVWOlle:; KaL wir3'\£4JI1e:; t nc napavuivnc, OTaV r3piOK£TaL K08£ uepo £~w an' curnv, IJ£Tapopqxuuevoc O£ korcvcxurrrt, TOU ouurtspupepovtrn qxnvojJ£VlKO oav O£ jJ£Yo'\o npooumo, ue utc un£Pr3o'\lK~ suveV£La. ·ETOl 0 a v 8 p w n l a jJ 0 c TO U £ jJ no P £ U jJ at o «; ava'\ajJr3ov£l Til cppovrioo "TOU £'\£u8£pou XPOVOU KaL rnc av8pwmoe:;" TOU £pya~ojJ£VOU, vtc ti alT'\OUOTaro 11 nO'\lTlK~ oucovouio urropsl Kat rtpsrrst tthpo va KUplapX~O£l O· ourcc ric orpclpec a a v rr 0 ,\ l T l K ~ 0 lK 0 V 0 jJ i a. M· aUTO TOV rporro "11 O'\OK'\IlPWIJ£VI1 0PVIl0I1 TOU av8pwnou" £X£l ava'\or3£l Til rppovrloo Tile:; O'\OTIlTae:; HIe:; av8pwmvl1e:; unap~I1e:;.

IJOVT£'\O nou OUV04Ji~£l IJ£ aKpip£la TI1V IlpaKTlK~ rnc, 0 KOOlJoe:; TOU eurtoosuucroc Oc.p£i'\£l va unspfiei TI1V E~~e:; cvrkpoon: 0 T£XVlKOe:; £~on'\lOlJoe:;, nou xoropvei cvnxetusVlKO Tt)V epvoolc. rrperret ouvypovuic va OlaTI1P£i TI1V e pY a a i a a a v £ IJ rr 0 p £ U IJ a Kat oav uovcouco rorro veveonc TOU eurropeuuoroc. rla va jJll lJ£lWO£l OUOlaOTlKO 11 curoucrorroinon - ~ K08e 0'\'\11 i\lyoTepo cxpcio jJopc.p~ aU~Ilol1<:; rnc rrcocvuivucornrcc rnc epvcolcc - TO XPOVO KOlVWVlK~e:; spvooicc nou elver oncpulmroc os KOlVWVlK~ Ki\ijJaKa, elver avoYKI1 va 0l1lJlOuPYll80uv vcec eovcoiec. 0 rprrovevnc TOIJ£ae:; - Ol urmosoiec - civet 11 TEPOana £n£KTaOI1 TWV opiwv rnc orportcc rnc OlavOIJ~e:; Kat Tile:; £~UIJVI1011e:; TWV onpsptvdiv £lJnOpWlJoTWV, KlVI1- rorroinon £c.p£OPlKWV Ouv0J.J£wv nou ouvovroei OHIV xnToi\i\'l'\'l onYIJ~ T'lV avaYKaLOTI1Ta utcc tsrotcc opvcvuione tnc spvcoioc TWV ucrornoacv, ueoo OT'lV ioto TI1V ni\amOTI1Ta TWV avaYKWV nou oX£Ti~oVTal IJ' cure ro surropeuucrc.

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44

H aVTa'\i\aKnK~ a~ia OEV urtopsoe va 0Xl1lJanOTel napa oav cvrmpooumoc rnc a~iae:; XP~OI1e:;, 'l ViKI1 ouuic nou K£POlOE IJE ro OlKO rnc orrxo. 011IJlOUPYl10E ttc rroourroucos«; me aUTOVOIJI1e:; xuprcpyioc rrjc. Ac.poU EIllOTPOTWO£ Ka8E av8pwIllvil XP~OI1 Kat rrripe OTI1V KaTOX~ rnc TO 1J0Vonwi\LO rnc ucovonolnoric rnc, KaT£i\I1~£ va 0 l e U 8 U V £ l T 11 X P ~ a 11. To rrporocc rnc aVTai\i\ay~e:; TaUTioTI1K£ IJ£ K08£ OUVaT~ XP~OI1 Kat T'lV £Kav£ va n£pl£i\8£l OTO £i\£oe:; TOU. H aVTai\i\aKTlKri aUa elver 0 IJL080c.popoe:; rrjc aUae; XP~O'le:; nou KaTai\~Y£l va Ol£~aY£l TOV noxeuo vic i\oyaplaOIJO TOU.

To 8£alJa elver evcc OLOPK~e:; noi\ElJoe:; TOU oniou yLO va ucc avaYKoo£l va anOOEXTOUIJ£ TI1V TaUTlOI1 TWV aya8wv IJ£ ro eurropsuucro Kat TI1V TaUTlOIl rnc uccvorroinonc IJ£ TI1V £mpiwol1, nou aU~Ov£Tat ouuqxovo IJ£ TOUe:; OlKOUe:; rnc VOIJOue:;. Av ouux; 11 KaTava'\wOllJl1 £m[3iwo'l sivm KClTl nou np£n£l va aU~OV£TaL oxosvo. aUTO oUIJ!3aiv£l vicrl OEV rrouer va £ IJ n £ p l £ X £ l Til o r £ p 11 a 11. Av O£V urropX£l rlrroro rrspo an' TI1V EnaU~I1IJ£VI1 £ITlPiwol1, xcvevo 011- usio onou 8a urropouos va OTalJaT~O£l 11 aU~l1o~ rnc, aUTO oc.p£ii\£TOl OTO on 11 iOla 11 £ml3iwol1 OEV ~W£PVa£l Til OT£P11011, ai\i\a eivot 11 OT£PI1011 £lJni\oUTlOIJ£VI1.

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H rr T W T l K ~ T a a 11 r n c a ~ i a e: X P ~ o n c. auT~ 11 orcuspo Tile: «crnrcxtorucnc oucovouicc. ovorrruoosi urc vee 1J0Pc.p~ OTEPI1011C;, OTO £OWT£PlKO rnc wauF,qIJEVI1e:; Ellll3iWOI1e:;, 11 onoia O£V ElVOl rtspiooo repo an£i\w8£pwlJ£vl1

ME TI1V ouroucronolnon. nou elver 0 rno npotnflnuzvoc TOIJ£ae:; rnc oUYXPOV'le: plolJl1xaviae:; Kat TaUTOXPOva 10

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an' rrjv nOAla <pHUXt:lO, E<p000V orrorrei HI (J11l1i" I()X~ r~e:

OUVTpmnK~e: nAElO4JIl<Pioe: TWV ov8pumwv, or rv PIOOUHWV EPYO(OpEVWV, OTO ccvco KIlVUYl Tile: Enin:II'(,II{, "1(' Kl 0 Ka8tvQ(; ~i:pel on npi:nel ~ va unOTOXTei (J (IIIII) 'I va rrc- 8aVEl. H npOYPOTlKOTIlTa OUTOU TOU EKGlllf11llllJ, 10 veYOVoe: on 11 XP~OIl, OTIlV mo WTf..A~ Tile: fl' 'I ,IPI! (blorpo<p~, KOTOlKio) CEV UnapXf..l mo napa f..YI<AIIIII'l1piV!l ptoo OTOV anOTlli\O nAOUTO Tile: £nOU~llp£l/l:f. Illl[liwOIle:, sivot 11 rrpovuc tucq 130011 HIe: YEVlK~e: anOO('XII(. 11]<: 4J£UCai081l01le: ueco ornv «crovoxuion TWV OI~J'lXfl(lVIIJV sunoPWpaTWV. 0 npoYPOTlKOe: KOTOVOAWT~e: yiVL 1 III K<nOVOAWT~e:; 4Jf..UOOlo8~0£wv, To eurropeuuo elvo: (11"'1 '1 npoylJaTlKO unopKTri 4Jwooi08r]01l KOl TO 8tal-w, 'I VfVIKri HIe:; EKO~AWOI1.

XEl OVTOAAoy£i ue TO OUVOAO Tile: o<PIlPIlPtVIle: ovonooooroone. To 8topo CEV civet povaxo 0 unnpernc Tile: 4J c U 0 oX p ~ 011 c, eivrn ~O'1, usoc TOU, 11 4Jf..UOO-XP~OIl T'1e: (w~e:.

50

T'1 OTlYP~ Tile: 0 l K 0 V 0 P l K ~ c o<p80vioe:, TO ouYKf..VTPW].I£VO crro texsouo T'1e:; KOlVWVlK~e: epvcolcc Ka8ioro ret <pOVf..PO KOl unoroooet Ko8E rrpovucruco rnro orn <pOlVOPEVlKOT'1TO, nou crro rexel rthpc TO npoiov t qc, To KE<pOAOlO CEV elver ma TO OOPOTO KtVTPO nou olw8uVEl TOV rporro rrcpovurvnc: 11 OUOOWPEUO~ TOU TO c~onAWVEl oro cxpcio OPlO IJE T'1 ].IOp<pr; 0l08'1TWV OVTlKEl].l£VWV. H xoivuivlo OE OAIl T'1e: T'1V tKTOOIl elver TO rtoprpclto TOU.

51

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H viKIl T'1e: OUTOVOP'1e: oucovoulcc npcnei va civet. TaUroypovo , 0 Xopoe:; rnc. Ot CUVaPf..le: nou onoocoueuce KOTOPYOUV T'1V 0 l K 0 V 0 P l K ~ a va Y K a lOT 11 T 0 nou onOT£AWE TIlV OKAOV'1Tlll3aoll TWV cpyciurv KOlVWVlWV. '0- TOV T'1V ovrucouioro ue T'1V avaYKOl011lTa Tile: crreptopiornc OlKOVOPlK~C:; ovorrrurnc, OEV unopel napa va aVTlKa8LOTO T'1V ucovonoinon TWV OTOlXElWOWe: ovovvuxuoucvcov. npwTOPXlKWV av8pwmvwv ovcvxcov. pc uio aCloKOTT'1 KaTOOKEU~ 4JEUOO-avoYKwv nou rtsptopicovtct OT'1 1J0VaOlK~ 4JEUOO-aVa yK'1 rnc olaT~pqollC:; T Ile: E~ouoiae:; T'1C:; .• Ouux; 11 aUTOVOP'l oucovouio CLOxwpi(CTOl uio vic naVTO an' HI8EpEAlaK~ aVaYK'1 OTO iOlO ptTPO nou onoouvocerrn an' TO K 0 l V W V L K 0 a a U v E i 0 '1 TO, TO ortoio E~opnoTOv an' our nv xwpie: va TO ~£PEl. "'O,n EiVOl OUV£LO'1TO <peElperct. 'O,H elver couvslonro nopousvei aVaAAoiwlO. AAAa an' T'1 onY].Ir; nou anEAEU8EpWVETOl oev «rrcooeei Kl aUTO ].IE HI OELpa lOU;" (<DpOUVT).

H a~io Xp~o'le: nou onOTEAOUOE TO OlWTIllfl(' 111:PIf:XOPEVO HIe:; aVTOAAOKTlKlie: a~iae: nperrst TWPO, i.f}I'(1 o r nv aVEorpcuusvn npaYPOTIKOTIlTO TOU 8EOjJOTOC;, V{! ()I()KI]puXn:i PIlTa, £nElO"] OKpt[3UJ<; 11 OUOtOGnK~ npClV~I" (( K(J 111[(1 Tile: £XEl olal3pw8r.i an' T!lV urtepcvonruvuevn (!:nl)p[lJpanK~ oucovouio ' Kl En£l5~ pro 4JEUOO-OI.TloAOYflnl] K<IOioraTat ovovxcio OTIlV 4J£UTlKrj (lU~.

To Stopa eivci 11 OAAIl 04J1l TOU xp~l-laroc: I () (ICPIJPIlI-l£VO YEVlKO lOOCUVOWo OAWV TWV q.mOpWWaTWV. I\""il cv TO XP~I-lO c~OUOiOOE TIlV xorvurvlo oav cvcncoco. (101] "Ie: K£VTPlK~e: lOOOUVOpioe:, O'1AOOr;, TOU OVTOAAof,lfl()1I x(]pOKr~po nA~eOUC: ayoSwv TWV onoiwv 11 XP~OIl rroj» IILVI: ~1I1-0Uvxpiotun. TO 8tallO onorsxet TO ouYXpovo 'IV(IIIIIJVIl£VO OUllnA~p(JJl-la TOU, onou 11 OAOUITa TOU qJlltJflLlJ!((lllKOU KOOpOU EI.1<povi(nm evioio oav !JlO VEVlK~ loohllvlqJi(J 011£vovn O· aUTO nou TO OUVOAO Tile: «oivuivloc 1J1l{)IHi VII ([VOl KOl va KOVcl. To e£Olla ElVOl TO Xp~po TO orroio K IJ ( T 0- P £ P 6 v 0, YlOTi r;OIl, usee TOU, TO OUVOAO 111(. XllI'lnrlC: i-

52

Til onyp~ nou '1 kotvuivin OVOKOAUTTTEl on £~apToTOl an' TIlV oucovoulc, 11 oucovouio. OTIlV npoYPoTlKOTIlTO, e~OPT<JTOl an' OUT~V. AUT~ 11 unoX80vlO OUVOIJIl nou uipluc-

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oe IJtXPl nou EIJ<pavioTI1KE KupiapXI1, txaoE Kl aUT~ Til OUvcun TI1<;. Til 8tol1 TOU OlKOVOl-ilKOU AUTO rrpener va noPEL TO E Y til. To UnOKElIJEVO OEV urropei va avaou8El napa IJOVO ueoo an' TI1V «oivcovlc. OI1AaO~, an' TOV aytilva nou OlE~OYETat ucoo TI1<;. H m8av~ TOU unap~11 e:~apTOTat an' to anOTEAEolJOTa TI1<; nOAI1<; TWV TO~EWV, nou crroxoAumETat rcurcjpovo oav rrpoiov Kat rropcvuivoc TI1<; orKOVOl-IlK~<; 8Ej.lEAiwol1<; TI1<; roroploc.

III.

ENOTHTA KAI ~IAIPE:EH ME:EA :ETH <DAINOMENIKOTHTA

53

H ouveloncn HI<; Em8uj.lia<; Kat 11 ernauulo TI1<; ouvei- 011011<; elvci tva Kat TO aUTO OXtOlO rrou, OTI1V opvnrucn TOU j.I0P<P~, Enl8ul-I£i TI1V KOTOPYIlOIl TWV TO~EWV, oIlAao~, TIlV OJ.lEOI1 E~ouoia TWV Epya~OI-lEVWV os Ko8E OTlYIJ~ Tile: opaoTIlPlOTI1TO<; TOU<;. To a v T i 8 E T 0 rou elver 11 KOlvwvia TOU 8Eoj.laTo<;, orrou TO surropeuuo aUTo8auI-IO~£T0l ucoo o' tvav KOOI-IO nou TO iotO ol1j.1tOUPYIlOE.

"Mtu vEa oSELa ltOAEfll1<iJ I)lESUYE'tUl 01:'1'] xwpa, OTO flETWlto T1']e; qllAO(Jocpiue;, ltUVW OTIe; EVVOtloe;: "TO Eva XWPLl;ETUl OE I)uo" 1<Ul "rc I)uo OUYXWVEUOVTUl OE Eva". AuTiJ 1'] ~laflux1'] eivm Evae; ay(iwae; avu!tEoa o ' aUTOUe; ltOU ELV(lI "ltEP 1<(lt 0' aUTOUe; rtou ELV(lt 1<aTU T1']e; UA.l.OTl1<iJe; I)WA.EKTlKiJe;, Evae; aY(;)VUe; UVU!tEOU 010 I)uo aVTlAiJ1jJne; TOU KOOfloU: T1']V ltPOAETUPWKiJ aVTLA1']1jJ1'] Kat T1']V urrttKiJ aVTLA.l]'li)1']· E1<ELVOI ltOU UltOOT1']PU;OUV ltWe; 0 (~UOlKOe; VOflOC; nov Jtpuy!tUTWV Eivm OTt "TO EVU xwpLl;ETUl 010 Ouo" flEVOUV <JTO ltA.EU pO T1']e; UAWTlKiJe; I)lUA.EKTtKiJe;· 10- KELVOI rt ou lJltO<JT1']PLl;ol)V It())e; 0 (3U<JlKOe; VOfloe; T()V ltpUy~UT{J)V ELVUI bTl "T<~ 01)0 <JuYXO)Vl'lJOVT<U OE EVu" 101- V(lI EVUVTtIL <JT1']V UAWTlKiJ OIUAEKTlKi]. Ol ouo ltAEUpEe; EXOUV XUpUSEl !t1U (~ueui. OI«(xwplIJ'ttKi] YI)(lflltiJ UV(i.!tEOU TIllie; KUI TIL EltIXElPiJ!tU't(i. '[(1lIe; l'ivUI I'K OlUltE TP(ll) IlVTieFTU. i\UTiJ 1'] JtOAI'IHKl] uVTUVIlKA(l (JTO IOFoA.0YIKll Err!ltEOO, TOV OSl) K<U ltOA lmAoKo TIlt,lK() uy(;)VU ltOl) Ol.d;uyETlll (JTl]V Kivu KUt (JTOV K()(JltO."

"KOKKINH LHMAIA" TOU nEKivou, 21 LEnrqJ~piou 1964

46

"Orrux; KOl 11 oUYXPOVIl xotvuivio. TO 8toIJ0 EiVOl TOUTOXpOVO EVWlJtVO KOl OlOlPElJtVO. "Ortux; Kl EKELVIl, OlKOOOIJEi TIlV EVOTIlTO TOU ncvui OTOV KOTOKEPIJOnOlJo. AAAO 11 ovriqxron K08w<: OVOOUETOl IJtoo on' TO 8to1J0, OVTlKPOUETOl IJE Til osipo TIl<: OlOlJtOOU IJlO<: OVTlO1pOcpr;<: TOU voriIJOTO<:

TIl<:' erot WOTE 11 oloipWIl nou CPOiVETOl EiVOl evicio. EVW 11 EVOTIlTa EiVOl OlOlPElJtvll.

8Eta rnc lOlOlTEPOTIlTO<: TOU<: (3piOKETOl OTO K080AlKO OUOTIlIJO nou ttc ElJnEpltXEl: TOV KomTOAlOIJO, TO IJOVOOIKO KLVIlIJO nou IJETtTPEljJE TOV nAovriTIl OE xwpoqn TOU.

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H KOl vwvio -qiopscc TOU 8EOjJ010<: OEV E~OUOlO~El He; urtocvcrrrukrsc nEpLOxte; JJOVO JJE TIlV OlKOVOjJlKri Tile; IlYEuovic. Tic E~oumo~El ocv K 0 1 V W v i 0 TO U 8 EO 1.1 0- TOe;. EKEi orrou crrouoiccet OKOjJO 11 UAlKr; f3001l, 11 OUYxpovn kotvuivic tXEl r;01l KOTOKUPlEUOEl 8EOIJOHKO rnv KOlVWVlKr; EmcpOVElO Ko8E nrreipou. K080pi~El TO rrpovpcuun pice olw8uVHKr;e; TO~Ile; KOl rtpoioro rct OTIl OUYKpOTIlOr; rnc, ME TOV iOlo rporro nou rrooouorocc, TO ljJwoo-oy080 OOV OVTlKEijJEVO emauutoc. npoocpepet OTOUe; vrornouc WOvoorurcc ljJELJTlKO jJOVTtAo wOVOO1OOIl<:. To 8tojJo nou XoPOKTrlpi~a Til vpcrperoxpcrucrt E~ouoio 11 orroic KOTtXEl optousvec f3l0jJIlXovlKte; xwpEe;, orro rexel oKplf3we; jJtpoe; TaU OAlKOU 8£0 1.1 010 c , ocv YEvlKrl ljJEUOO-OpvIlOr; TOU KOl OOV oTr;plYjJO TOU. To 8to1J0, an' rn oxorno TWV OlOCPOPWV rornxdiv napaAAaywv TOU, onOKaAUnTEl OAOKAIlPWTlKte; E~ElOlKEuOEle; TOU KOlVWVlKOU AOyou KOl Tile; KOlVWVlKri<: oloxEiplolle;, nou evonoiouvrcn, 010 srrirrsoo Tile; OCPOlPlKrie; AElToupyioe; TOU OUOTrljJOTOe;, o ' tvov no Y K 0 0 1.1 lO K 0 T 0 1.1 E P 1 a 1.1 0 T W v 8 EO 1.1 0 T 1 K W V K a 8 11 K 0- VT W V.

o ovdivcc TWV E~OUOlWV nou OUYKpOTr;8IlKav vic Til oloXEiplOIl TOU iOlOU KOlVWVlKO-01KOVOjJlKOU OUOTr;jJOTOe;, EKTUAioOETOl oav 11 errionun cvricpcon, EVW EK TWV npoyjJOTWV aVr;KEl ornv npaYIJOTlKr; evornro Kl OUTO TOOO OE novxoouro KAijJaKa 000 KOl OTO EOWTEPlKO Ko8E tevoue;.

56

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63

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'0I-lW<; TO nAIl8wplKo eunopeuuo EiVOl nopov oav anOAU ( P~~11 uicc opvcvucnc aVCmTU~Ile; TWV KOlVWVlKWV aVaYKWV. H I-IllxaVlK~ TOU OUOOWPWOIl anOOEOI-IEUEL uto an E P i op LOT 11 rt A a a TOT 11 T a, nou Q(ponAi~EL Til ~WV1OV~ EnL8ul-lia, H OWpEUTlK~ OLlVa1-l1l I-ILa<; aVE~opTIlTIle; nAaOTOTIl1Oe; errupepst naVTOU T 11 v rr A a a Ton 0 i 11 a 11 T 11 c K 0 L V W V L K ~ e; ~ W ~ C;,

69

AETOl, aVTlKa8LOTWVTO<; 11 iOla TOV ecuro TIl<;, aKoAou8wVTOe; HjV aAAay~ TWV rrooiovrcov Kat TWV YEVlKWV ouvsnKWV HI<; rrcpovuivric. AUTO nou Eml3E[3aiwvE I-IE t nv mo TtAELa ovctoyuvrtc Til OLK~ TOU OPlOTlK~ unepoyn, aAAO~El, WOTOOO, TOOO I-Itoa OTO OlOXUTO 000 Kat I-Itoa OTO OUYKEVTPWlJtvO 8tal-la, Kat I-I0VO TO OUOTIlI-I0 EiVOl EK£lVO nou rrperret va ouvcyrorcl: 0 LTOAlV, enure Kat TO eurropcuuo nou rrcpoos 11 1J00a TOU, KaToyytAAOVTOl an' aUTOU<; TOUe; iOLOUe; nou TO wtl3aAav. Ko8E v to 4J i: IJ a Tile; OLac.p~l-Ilaile; EiVOl erricnc 11 0 1-1 0 A 0 y i a TOU nponvouucvou 4JtI-I01Oe; rrjc. Ko8E xcroppsuon uicc uopqinc OAOKAIlPWTlK~<; E~ouoia<; anoKaMmTEL TIlV a n c r 11 A ~ K 0 l V a T 11- T a nou TIlV EnLKPOTOUOE ouorpuivc Kat nou OEV ~TOV napa eve OUV08UAEUl-la ana 1-l0Va~lte; xwpie; aUTOnoTEe;.

Mtoo OTIlV eucovo TIl<; EUTUXlOIJEVIl<; evonoinonc H]<; «oivcovlcc on' TIlV KOTavoAwoll, 11 rrpcvuurucn oLaipwll anAWe; a v a 13 a A A ETa L I-IEXPl TIlV W0I-IEVIl I-IIl-EKnA~PWOIl usoc OTO KOTavaAWOlI-l0. KoBE EnLI-lEPOU<; rrpoiov, rrou rrperret v' cvrtrroooumeuet r qv EAnioa Tile; OUVTOIJWaile; TOU OP0I-I0U YLa TIlV eloooo, EmT£AOUe;, OTIl Yll Tile; EnaYYEAiae; Tile; OALK~e; KOTavoAwOIle;,EIJc.paviC:ETat I-IE Til OElpo TOU, TEAETOUPYlKo,oav 11 crrorpcotorucf rotouoprpio. AAAO orruic ornv rrsplrrruion Tile; octpomclcc OloOOOIl<: Tile; 1J00ae;, c.patv0I-IEVLKO aplOTOKpaTLKWV, OVOI-IOTWV, nou KaTOA~YOUV va yivouv OVOI-IOTa OAWV OXEOOV TWV OTOI-IWV rnc iotuc IlAlKiac;, TO aVTlK£LI-IEVO an' TO onoio nEpLIJ£VOUIJ E uio lOlaiTEPIl ouvcun. IJnOpEOE va rrpoorpzpflei OTIl AOTpEia TWV l-IaC:wv EnELo~ aKpl[3Wc. EiXE napox8Ei 0' Evav cpxe rc I-IEYOAO apL81-10 cvrrrurtuiv vio l-la~LK~ KOTovoAwoq. 0 xapcxrnpor; nepunnnc curou TOU KOTTOIOU rtpoiovt oc tYKELTOl OTO on Ton08ETEiTOl, vic uio OTlYI-l~, OTO WiKEVTPO Tile; KOlvwvlKrie; C:w~e;, oav TO E~ anOKaAU4JEWe; I-IUOT~PlO TOU i:

OXOTOU oxonou Tile; ncpcvuivnc. To aVTlKEil-lEVO nou ~TOV rtepuurrrtc ucoc OTO Btal-la, EKxuoal(£TOl an' Til OTlYI-l~ nou urrclvsi OTO orri n TOU KaTavaAWT~ Kat TOUTOXPova a' OAWV TWV OAAWV, Anoxuxurrrcr nOAl! cpvo HjV OUOlaOTlK~ TOU c.pTWXElO, nou Oc.pElAETOl, f.YYEVWe;, OHIV a8AlOrilTO rnc rrcpaywy~e; TOU. AMo ~Oll EI-lc.paviC:£TOl tva OAAO aVTlKdl-lEVO rrou EV£XEl Til OlKOlOAOYIlOIl Tile; unap~lle; TOU ouornuc TOe;, Ka8UJe; KOl rnv orrclrnon v' ovnvvuipro rel.

71

AUTO nou TO 8tol-lO rrcpouotccet oov OlWVlO, l3ooiC:ETOl rrovui ornv aAAoy~ KOl rrpsrret v' OMO~El EK l308pwv. To 8toIJa EiVOl crroxuro OOYI-IOTlKO KOl TOUTOXPOVO OEV unopei vo KOTOA~~El npaYI-l0TlKO OE xovsvo rrcvio oOYI-l0. Tirro- 10 OE orcucrcsr vt ' OUTO: eivot Il EYYEV~<; TOU xoruorocn Kl WOTOOO EKEivll rrou aVTlTi8ETOl rteptooo repo OTIlV rcon TOU.

72

70

H cpcvrcorucn EVOTIlTO nou TO 8taIJo OlOKIlPuOOEl, elVOl 11 I-IOOKO Tile; ra~lK~<; olaipEOIl<; rrcvui ornv onoia OTIlPi~ETOl 11 rtpcvuorucn evo mro TOU KamTOAlOTlKOU rportou rrcpcvoivnc. AUTO nou urroypeuivst TOUe; rropcvuivouc vo OUI-II-l£TtxouV orrjv OlK000I-IIlOIl TOU KOOI-IOU, eivci ouvypcvwe; sxelvo nou TOUe; onw8Ei an' ournv. AUTO nou ouvOt£l TOUe; anEAW8EpWl-ltvoue;, an' TOUe; TomKOUe; «en E8vlKOUe; nEplOpLOI-IOue; TOUe;, av8pwnoue;, elver ouvypovuic cxcivo rrou TOUe; an0I-l0KpUVEl. AUTo nou E~w8Ei OHjV EI-I1308uvoll TOU Op80AOYlKOU, elver errionc aUTO nou Tptc.pEl TO nopeAOYO Tile; lEpapXlK~e; EKI-IETOAAWOIle; KOl Tile; «crrmieonc. AUTO nou Olll-llOuPyEi rnv Oc.pIlPlll-ltvll E~ouoio Tile; KOlVWvioe;, onuioupvct KOl Til oUYKEKPll-ltVIl i: A A E l4J 11 E A E u- 8 E P i 0 c r n c,

H orrrrrn Tile; ucovorroinonc Oc.pElAEl VO OUTOKaraYYEA-

56

57

IV.

TO npOAETAPIATO l:AN ynOKEIMENO KAI l:AN ANAnAPAl:TAl:H

"To tOO fil1cutwllu yL<l OAO'U<; oru uyuGu lWl n<; wtoAuuOEt<; U'U'tOU rou leOOIl0'U, l) leu'tuo'tpoqnl leuGE E~O'UOtU<;, l) UpVTJOl) leuGE l)GlleOU ({JpuY!lOU, VU JtolU eivm 'tU Ut'tlU - UV E!l!ktGUVO'U!lE O'tU JtpUY!lum - TTI<; E~EYEpOl)<; 'tl)<; 18 Mup'tto'U leat or uPXE<; 'tl)<; EJtt({JOf3l)<; oPyuvw01]<; Jto'U 't1]<; XUpt<JE EVu o rpuro."

- KOINOBOY/\EYTIKH EPEYNA riA THN E::ErEPLH THL 18 MAPTIOY.

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° X£YK£A, oqmA£ me va £ p 1.1 11 v £ U a £ l OXl TOV KO- 01.10, OAAa Til 1.1 £ T a 1.1 0 P <p wall TOU KOOIJOU. E P 1.111- v e U 0 V TOe; 1.1 0 v 0 Til IJ£TOIJOP<pwOIl, 0 X£YK£A o£v 0- nOT£A£i napa Til <p lAO a 0 <p l K ~ OAOKA~PWOIl Tile; rptAOOO <pia c. 8£Aa va KOTOVO~O£l £vov KOOIJO rr 0 U Y i v £Talon 0 1.1 0 v 0 c T 0 U. AUT~ Ill0TOPlK~ OK£4J1l o£v elvoi OKOIJO napa 11 ouvsionon nou £PX£TOl naVTO nOAu cpyo KOl nou £K<ppa(£l rnv KaT 0 rt l v £ 0 P T ~ c OlKOiwall. "ETOl, o£V ~w£pOO£ TO OlOXWPlOIJO napa 1.1 i: a a o r 11 a K £ 4J 11. To nopaoo~o nou OUViOTOTOl OTO va £~OPTa KOveic TO VOIlIJO Ka8£ npoYIJOTlKOTIlTOe; an' TIlV lOTOPlK~ Tile; oAoKA~pwOIl KOl cuvxpovcuc va cnoxcxurrrei aUTO TO VOIl- 1.10, KaVOVTOe; TOV £OUTO TOU OAOKA~PWOIl Tile; toropioc. 0- rroppeet an' TO crrxo y£yovoe; on 0 OTOXOOT~e; TWV OOTlKWV WOVOOTaO£WV TOU 170u KOl 180u OlWVO o£V OVO(~Tllo£ OTIl <plAooo<pio TOU, napa Til a U 1.1 <p l A i wall 1.1£ TO 0- nOT£A£OlJa TOUe;. "AKOIJO KOl oov <plAOoo<pio Tile; OOTlK~e; wOVaOTOOIle;, O£V £K<ppa(£l OAIl TIlV rropsic OUT~e; Tile; WOVaOTOOIle;, OAAa 1J0VaXO TIlV £K~OO~ rnc. M" OUT~ TIlV £VVOlO, sivcn IJlO <pLAooo<pio OXl Tile; wOvaOTOOIle;, OAAa Tile; noAlvop8wolle;." (KOpA Kopc, "8 i: a £ l c rr a v W o r 0 V X i: Y K c A K a l T 11 v £ rt a v a a T a a 11"). ° X£YK£A £KOV£ YlO T£A£UTOio cpopo rnv cpvcoio TOU <plA000<P0U, "rnv £~UIJVIlOIl OUTOU nou UnaPX£l'" ~Oll OIJWe; aUTO nou un~px£ Yl' OUTOV, o£v IJnopOUO£ va elver napa 11 OAOTIlTO Tile; roropucnc xIvnonc. K08we; 11 £~WT£PlK~ 8£011 Tile; OK£- 4J1le; OTIlV npoYIJOTlKOTIlTO OlOTIlP~8IlK£, o£v prropsoe va KOAU<pT£i napa 1.1£ rnv TOUTlO~ Tile; )J' £VO rtpouncpyov 0X£OLO TOU nV£UIJOTOe;, nou oov onOAUTOe; ~pWoe; £KOV£ O,Tl 8£AIl0£ KOl 8£AIl0£ O,Tl £KOV£, TOU onoiou 11 OAOKA~PWOIl ouurrlrrret 1.1£ TO rrcpov. 'ETOl 11 <plAOoo<pio nou rrs- 80iv£l 1.1£00 OTIl OK£4J1l Tile; to topioc, O£V urtopsi mo va 00- ~aO£l TOV KOOIJO Tile; napa IJOVO 1.1£ TO va TOV oncovnscl. crpou YlO va napa TO AOYO XP£la(£TOl va un08£0£l oov T£A£lWIJ£vll OUT~ TIlV OAlK~ urtopio or nv orroio £X£l ovovu TO naVTO' Kl £TOl KA£iv£l 11 ouvsopicon TOU IJOVOU OlKOOTIlpiou nou 80 urtopouos v' onoqxrvaei YlO rnv oA~8£lO.

H npoYIJOnK~ «Ivnon nou KOTOpy£i rtc urrcpxouoec OUV8~K£e;, KU~£PVa£l TIlV «oivcovio IJETO Til viKIl rnc aonK~e; Ta~lle; ornv oucovouio KOl, OAO<paV£po, !-IETO rnv nOAlTlK~ lJ£Ta<PPOOIl OUT~e; Tile; viKIle;. H avamU~rj TWV noPOYWYlKWV OUValJ£WV Ol£AUO£ He; nOAl£e; rrcpcvcuvucer; oX£O£le; KOl Ko8£ OTOTlK~ TO~ rj npOYIJOTWV «ovropr onoreiTal. . 0, H ~TOV onOAUTO yiVETOl lOTOplKO.

74

Bu8l0jJ£VOl 1.1£00 OTIlV toropic. ovovkcoucvot va aU!-IIJET£XOUV OTIlV epvcoio KOl OTOUe; aYWVEe; nou Til ouv8£TOUV, Ol C1v8pwnOl unoXP£WVOVTOl va OVHI-IETWnioouv He; 0X£OEle; TOUe; 1-1' £VOV r porro ono'\'\aYIJ£VO crro ljJEUOOl08~ostc, AUT~ 11 toroplo OEV £X£l 0'\'\0 OVTlKElI-IEVO, £~W an' aUTO nou npaYIJOTWV£l 1.1£00 OTOV iOlO r nc TOV £aUTO, noPOAO nou 11 T£'\£UTOia aOUV£lOIlTrj I-IETa<pUOlK~ 8EwPrjOll Tile; toropucqc Wox~e; urtopei va aVTlIJETwni(El rriv rrpooO£UTlK~ rropovuivucri ovrmrul n, OlalJ£OOU Tile; onoicc eKTu,\iXTIlKE 11 «rropic. oav TO ioLO TO aVTlK£lI-lEVO rnc lot ooloc. To uno K E i 1-1 E V 0 Tile; rotopicc OEV unoosi va eivot napa TO (WVTavo nou rrcpovst TOV £aUTO TOU, nou vlvcrci xuptoc KOl KaTOXOe; TOU KOOIJOU TOU nou elVOl 11 ioropic. Kal ucplorcrci oav a U v E i 0 11 a rj T 0 U rr a l X v l 0 lOU r n c.

LOV tva KOl I-I0VO p£Ul-la,aVOnTUOOOVTOl Ol TO~lKoi ovuivee t nc 1J0KPOXPOVIle; £ rt a v a a TaT l K ~ e; En 0 X ~ c nou £YKOlVlOOTIlK£ IJE TIlV OVOOO Tile; corucric TO~rje; KOl Til a K i: ljJ 11 Tile; lOT 0 pia c, Til OLO'\EKTlK~, t n OK£ljJll nou OE OTOI-IOTO£l mo OTIlV ova(~TIlOrj Tile; £VVOlOe; TOU eivoi, a'\'\a UljJWVETOl we; Til YVWOIl Tile; Ola'\UOIle; o'\WV OOWV urtcpyouv KOl KOTOPyEi lJ£oa OU1V KlVIlOIl Ko8£ OLOXWPlOIJO.

60

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An~OEl oo[3apa rnv oucovouic , av OE [3M:naI-lE 0" aUT~ TO npoiov EVO<; KaTaAOmOU TIl<; XEYKEAlav~<; OlaAEKTlK~<; TWV aVTl8EOEWV, TIlV onoia TOOO 0 Map~ 000 Kl 0 "EYKEA<; OEV KOTa<pEpaV nOTE v' orrortomaouv TEAEiW<;. TIlV EnOX~ EKEi~~ TOU YEVlKOU ava[3paOIJOU, aUTO TO YEYOVO<; un~p~E oxopo rno uoipcio."

"01OV TO nPOAE1OPlaTO I-lE TIlV iOLa TOU TIlV unap~1l oEiXVEl O1IlV npa~1l on aUTI'j 11 OKE4J 11 TI1<; «rroolcc OEV £XEl ~ExaoTEi, 11 Ola4JEUOIl TOU 0 U IJ n Epa 0 I-l a T 0 c anOTEAEi E~ioou Kat TIlV srrucupuion TIl<; IJE8000u.

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78

H a v T lOT P 0 rp Ii nou rrpovucrorrotei 0 Map~, vio uic "OlaOWell OlalJEOOu IJETa[3i[3aoll<;", TIl<; OKE4JIl<; TWV aOTlKWV EnaVaOTaOEWV, OE ouviorcrct OTIl xuoaia cvruccrcOTaOIl, an" TIlV UAlOTlK~ cvcrrtul.n TWV napaYWYlKWV OUvaIJEWV, TIl<; rropsicc TOU XEYKEAlavou nVEUlJaTO<;, nou KlVEiTOl va ouvcvrriost TOV EaUTO TOU IJEOa OTO XPOVO, TOU 0- noiou 11 cvtucetuevortolnon ouurrlnrst IJE TIlV aAAoTpiwo~ TOU, KOl nou ro lOTOPlKa TOU TpaUIJOTa OEV crpnvouv ouAt<;. H toropio nou EYlVE npovucrucn OEV £XEt ma TEA 0 c. o Map~ KOTEPPl4JE Til a l a X W P t o IJ EVil TOn08ETIl01l TOU XEYKEA orrsvcvn 010 EnEPXOIJEVa YEYOV01O, Ka8w<; Kat :11 8 E W P 11 011 EVOe; E~WTEPlKOU unsprcrou rtcpcvovrc. orroroc Kl av elvoi aUTOe;. !:lEV anOIJEVEl ma OTIl Oeuipio napa va yvwpi(El aUTO nou KaVEl. AVTi8na, elver 11 8EWPll01l TIl<; KiVIlOIle; Tile; oucovouioc j.lEOa OTIlV KupiapXIl OKE4J 11 TIl<; OIl_l.lEPlV~<; xotvtovioc. nou anOTEAEi TIlIJ n-o v TEO T P a I-lIJ EVil KAIlPOVOlJla TOU I-lIl-OLaAEKTlKOU IJEPOU<; TIl<; XEYKEAlav~<; cnorretpoc vro Eva KUKAlKO ouornuc: rrpoxerrm vic inc anooox~ nou ExaOE Til Ola01OOIl TIl<; £VVOla<; Kat TTOU OEV EXEl ma TIlV aVaYKIl EVO<; XEYKEAlaVl0I-l0U vic va OlKOlw8Ei, vtnri 11 KiVIlOIl nou oxorrsust va OO~aOEl, OEV elver m~ napa evoc xwpi<; OK£4J1l TOI-lEae; TOU KOOI-l0U, TOU 0- nOlOU 11 I-lllxavlK~ cvcrrrutn xupmpyei anOTEAWlJaTlKa OTa ncvro. To OXEOlO TOU Map~ elver TO 0XEOlO urcc OUVElOIlTIl~ tot oplcc. To ~OOOTlKO nou uvcouerm an" TIlV TU<PA~ av~mu~1l TWV anAa OlKOV0l-llKWV rtcpovuivucthv OUVaIJEWV, rrpertei va I-lETa[3AIl8Ei OE nOlOTlK~ lOTOPlK~ oucstorroinon. H K ~ l T l K ~ Tile; rr 0 A l T l K ~ c 0 l K 0 V 0 I-l i a c elver 11 rrpurrn npa~1l curou TOU TEA 0 U c T 11 c n P oI 0 T 0- pia c: "An" oAa t o EPyaAEia rtnpcvtnvnc, 11 mo IJEyaAIl rrcpovuivucn OUVal-l1l elver 11 iOla 11 ETTavao1OnK~ Ta~Il."

H OKElJ.!1l TIl<; tot opicc unopei va olaoUJ8Ei IJOVO av IJETO[3AIl8Ei OE rrpoxrucn OKElJ.!Il, KOl 11 rtpcxrucrt TOU rrpoxsTOPlaTOU, oov errcvcororucnc Ta~Il<;, OEV urropei va elver rlrrorn AlYOTEPO an" TIlV lOTOPlK~ ouveionon nou EnEVEPvei rrovui OTIlV OAOTIl1O TOU K00I-l0U TIl<;. "OAa ro 8EWPIlTlKa pEUlJa10 TOU E n a v a 0 TaT l K 0 U epvo nxou KlV~I-lOTO<; npOEpXOV1Ol ana uio KPlTlK~ oUYKPOUOIl I-lE Til XEYKEAlav~ OK£4JIl, Kl aUTO lOXUEl TOOO vio TOV Map~ 000 Kat vto TOV LTipVEP ~ TOV MnaKOUVlV.

79

o aOlaxwplO1O<; an" Til XEYKEAlav~ 1J£8000 xapaKT~pee TIl<; Geuipioc TOU Map~, elver. srrionc. Kl 0 iotoc aOlaXWPlOTO<; an" TOV EnaVaOTaTlKO xapaKT~pa aUT~<; TIl<; 8EWpia<;," oIlAao~, an" TI1V aAI'j8Ela TIl<;. AUTo<; eivct 0 AOYO<; TTOU EKaVE aUT~ Til 8EI-lEAlWOll oXEoll v' ayvoll8d YEVlKa, va napEPIJIlVEU8Ei ~ oxouo Kat va KOTaYYEA8Ei oav TO aouvaTO onucio aUTOLJ nou oOAiw<; EIJEAAE va vivet Eva ucp~lOTlKO a 0 Y IJ a. 0 MnEPVOTalV, 010 "Fl P 0 i..i rr 0 8 Eo s r c TOU LOOlaAlOI-lOU Kat Ka8i]KovTa T 11 c L 0 0 l a A a 11 IJ 0 K p n r i a <;", urtovosi ~EKa- 8apa H] OUVOEOIl TIl<; OlaAEKTlK~<; IJE8000u Kat Tile; lOT~PlK~<; a 0 Y IJ a T l K i] c Ton 0 8 i: T 11 0 11 c. KOTaKplVOVTa<; ttc EAOXlOTa EmOTIlIJOVlKE<; npo[3M:lJ.!El<; TOU Mcvupeorou TO U 1847 W<; rrpoc TO WlKEiIJEVO TIl<; npOAEropioxnc errovoorconc OTIl Fepuovic: "AUT~ 11 lOTOPlK!'j au8uno[3oA~, TOOO Aa8EIJEVIl nou 0 rrpdrroc TUXWV rroxrnKOe; opoucrtornc OE 80[3PlOKE XElPOTEPIl, 8a ~TOV aKOTaVOIlTIl vto Evav Map~, nou sxeivn rnv EnOX~ EiXE !'jail IJE-

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AUTO nou OUV6EEt OTEVO H) 8EWpia TOU Map~ IJE HIV EmOTr)IJOVtKr'j OKE4JIl, eivoi 11 op80i\OYtKr'j xo rcvonon TWV 6UVOl-u:WV nou 6pouv npaYlJaTlKO IJEOa OTIlV «otvuivio. Ai\i\o 11 Oeuipio TOU Map~ eivci. r3aOlKo, EVa EnE K E l V a TIl~ £TIlOHlIJOVlKr'j~ OKE4JIl~, 000 aUTr'j 11 TEi\EUTaia 6E 6larnoelrct rrcpo IJE TO ~EnEpaOIJO TIl~: rrpoxsrrct vic uio «crovonon TOU a Y W v a Kat 6toi\ou TO.U v 0 1.1 0 u. "!:lEv yvwpi~OUIJE napa pic IJOVO EntOTr'jIJIl: TIlV emornur, TIl~ tot opicc", AtEt 11 "F E p 1.1 a v l K r'j I 6 E 0 i\ 0 Y i a".

82

Ta OUTOntKCI pEUlJaTO TaU oooicxrouou, ncpoxo nou tOTOPtKO r3aoi~OVTat Kt aUTO OTIlV KPlTlKr'j TIl~ unopxouoa~ KOtVWVtKr'j<: oovcvuionc, 6iKata unopouv va xapaKTIlptO1OUV oUTOntKO, OXt WEt6r'j 6r'j8EV opvouvrm TIlV ernornun, aMo WEt6r'j aKptr3w~ cpvouvroi rnv «rropic, 61li\a6r'j, TOV nocvuoruco cvibvo nou 6tE~OYETat, Ka8w~ Kat TIlV xivnon TOU Xpovou rrepc an' rnv avai\i\oiwTIl TEi\ElOrllTa TOU OpOIJOTOe; TOUe; uicc WTUXlOIJEVIle; «orvcovlcc. Oi OUTOntxol OTOXaoTEe;, aVTi8ETO, xupurpyouvrcn E~oi\OKi\r'jpOU an' rnv ETIlOTIlIJOVlKi} OKf:4Jfj, orrux; cum EiXE Empi\llOei OTOUe; nponvouucvouc oubvec. Ent6lWKOUV rnv Oi\OKi\r'jpWOll ourou rou YEVlKOU op80i\OYlKOU ouorrumroc: 6E 8EWPOUV IJE xcvevo rporto TOUe; EaUTOue; TOUe; aq>oni\lOIJEVOU<; rtporprrrec, YlOTi. TIl<JTEUOUV <JTIlV KOtVWVlKr'j 6uvaIJIl rile; WlOTIlIJOVtKr'j<; an06Et~Il<; Kat, 1J0i\tOTa, OTIlV neolrrruron IOU ocworuovrouou, OTIlv KaToi\Il4JIl TIl~ E~ou<Jia~ an' rnv Wt01r'jIJIl. "Iltbc 8Ei\ouv v' crrocnooouv IJE ovtovec Kon nou XPElO~ETat v' anobEtx8d;" MEt 0 rOlJnapT. EVTOUTOt<;, 11 WtOTIlIJOVtKr'j aVTii\Il4JIl nov ouromordiv 6EV ensxrelverct IJEXPl ourn Til YVWOll, on, 61li\a6r'j, «crroiec KOlVWVtKE<; 0- 1J06E<; EXOUV OUlJepEPOVTO OE uto 6E60IJEVIl «rroorcon npaYIJOTwV, EXOUV 6UVOIJEt~ vic va Til 6tOTIlPr'j00UV, Ka8w<; Kat 1J0pepE<; 4Jw60u<; ouvelononc nou aVTtOTOtXOUV OE TETOlE<; xoruorconc. MEVEt, i\omov, noi\u niow an' TIlV tOTOPlKr'j rrpcvucrucornrc TIl<; avomu~Il<; TIl<; i6ta<; TIl~ srnorn- 1.111<; 11 onoia KaTW8uv81lKE, OE IJEyoi\o f3a81J0, an' nc

H corucri moxr'j, nou 8Ei\Et va 8EIJEi\tWOEt wlOTIlIJOVtKO TIlV rot oplu, napayvwpi~£t TO YEYOVO<; on ourn I'} rrpoortri WLOTr'jIJIl errperts 1J0i\i\ov va 8EIJEi\lw8d Kt 11 iotn £TItOT'1IJOVtKO IJE rnv oixovouio. Kt a vnorpoqxoc , 11 toropia 6EV E~apTOTat Pl~lKO an' uurn Til YVWOll, rropo 1J0vo oro IJtrpO nou ncocucvei 0 l K 0 V 0 1.1 t K rl tOT 0 pia. E~oi\i\ou, TO rrooo rtopovvcupiot rpce, an' TIlV orroum rnr; ernOTIlIJOVlKr'j<; rropcrnonorjc, 0 poi\o<; TIl<; «rropioc usee OTIlV iEna TIlV OlKOVoIJia - 61li\a6r'j, TO OUVOi\tKO npOTOE<; nou rporrortorel 10 i6ta TO Bcoucc. EntOTIlIJOVtKo 6E60IJEva rou - an06ElKVUErat an' HI po roiorqro TWV <JoOlai\lOTlKWV unoxovioudiv, nou rrlorsuov on EXOUV avaKai\U4JEt HIV aKpt(3r'j rrepioouco mro TWV KpioEWV' Kl an' Til onYlJrl nou 11 Ora8EPrl napEIJf3aO'1 TOU KPOTOU<; KaToep£pE v' aVTlOTa8IJioEl TO cnorcxcouo TWV TOOEWV nou w80uv OE xpion, Eva napOIJOlO OKWTlKO pAtnEl o ' ourn TIlV ioopponia uro opiorucn OtKOVOlJtKr'j cpuovlo. To oXE6to unEPr3a- 011<; TIl<; oixovouioc, ro OXf:6l0 ouceiorrolnonc T'1<; «rropioc, uoxovo n rrperret va yvWpi~£l - Kat va npom:yyi~El - TIlV EntOTr'jIJIl TIl<; KOtvwvia<;, 6EV urropei va civet TO i6l0 En to r 11 1.1 0 V t K O. rIO ni\aiOla ournc T'1<; TEi\wTOiae; «ivnaile; nou VOlJi~£l on KuptapXd OTIl 0llIJEptVr'j roropio. 6taIJEOOU TIl<; WlOHWOVlKr'je; YVWOll<;, 11 enovoororucq orrrucn rtcpcuevei a o r l K r'j.

K 0 t V W V t K E c a nat T r'j a E t c, nou npoexurrrov an aUTOu<; TOU<; napOYOVTE<;, Kat 11 orroic 6EV neptoplcerot 010 napa6E6EYIJEVO ai\i\o EmAtYEl srrionc TO 6poIJ0 Tile; ava~riTIlO'l<;. Ot OUTOTIlKOi cooicxrorcc napalJEVOUV 6EOIJlOt TOU r p 0 n 0 U E K 8 E a 11 c T 11 c E rr lOT 11 1.1 0 V tK r'j <; a i\ r'j 8 Eta <; Kat OUAAalJr3ovouv cum TIlV a~r'j8Eta cuuqxuvo IJE TIlV Ka8aprl aepllprWEVIl EtKOVa HI<;, nou dXE mtr3i\Il8Ei 0' Eva noxu npoYEvEOTEPO KOtVWVtKO orooio. 'Onuic rrcpo rnpcuos 0 ropEi\, Ol ouromorcc vouicouv on 8' avaKai\U4JOuv Kat 8' an06d~ouv TOU<; VOIJOU<; Tile; KOtvoivlac rrovui OTO IJOVTEAO Tile; a a T p 0 v 0 1..1 i a c. H apuovio OU)V orroin anof3Atnouv, £X8PtKr'j cnevovn OTIlV t-

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oropic. nllyo(El orro uic orronetoc erpcpuovnc ornv KOlvwvia Tile; }\lYOTEPO E~apTIlIJ£VIle; an' rnv iorooio ernOT~IJIle;. EmXElpd v' ovovvuioiorei IJE rnv i5la rretpcucTlK~ aOwoTIlTO TOU veuruiviouou KOl TO cioio m:npwl-I£vo nou np05lKo(ETOl rrcvrc. "nai(El OTIlV KOlVWVlK~ TOUe; WlOT~1J1l tva POAO avoAoyo 1-1' curov nou WlepUAOOOETat vto TIlV coocveic ornv Op80AOYlK~ I-IllxavlK~". ("Y A lK 0 Y l a 1-1 l a 8 E W pia TO U rr po A ETa p lOT 0 U").

nK~e; oucovouicc. AUToe; aKpl~tbe; 0 aKpwTIlPlaOIJOe;, nou £YlVE IJET£nElTO an05EKTOe; oav o piorucoc , anOTEAEOE TO "lJap~lOIJO" .

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H couvculo Tile; 8EWpiae; TOU Map~ eivci CPUOlKO 11 couvcuio TOU WUVaOTanKOU aytbva TOU npOAETaplOTOU Tile; WOx~e; TOU. H EpyaTlK~ TO~1l 5EV K~PU~E Til 5lapK~ errovccreon OTIl rEPl-lavia TOU 1848" 11 KOIJ~1OUVa IlTT~8IlKE ucoo OTIlV cnouovuion. H WaVaOTOTlK~ 8Ewpia 5EV I-lnOpOUOE EnOIJEVWe; va urroxrncet rnv OAOKAIlPWIJ£VIl Tile; unOOTaOIl" To YEyovoe; on (0 Map~) rteptoplorrpcs OTO va TIlV urrspconioei Kat va rnv orroompnvioei ueoo OTO 5laXWpl0l-l0 Tile; AOYlae; epvcolcc, OTO BpETavlKO Mouodo, EiXE oav OUVEneio utc cverrcoxsio I-lEOa ornv i5la Til Beurpin. Kt aUTEe; aKpl~tbe; Ol WlOTIlI-l0VlK£e; 5lKatOAoyiEe; nou orpooouocv TO I-l£AAOV Tile; £HAl~lle; Tile; spvcrucnc TO~Ile; Kat 11 opyavwnK~ npaKnK~ nou crteppes an" curse rtc 5lKatOAoyiEe;, 8a onorsxcoouv, o Eva mo npOXWPlll-lEVO oT05l0, eunooio vic TIlV npoxercoicxn ouvclcnon.

H VTETEPl-llVlOTlK~-£mOTIlI-lOvlK~ nAEUpo ucoo OTIl OK£- 4111 TOU Mape un~p~E aKpl~tbe; 11 pWYIJ~ an' TIlV onoia 5ld05uOE TO rrpo rocc "l5£OAoYlKonoiIl01le;", evooui (OUOE cxouc. Kat, KOTO IJd(ova AOYO, OTIl 8EwPllnK~ KAIlPOV0l-110 rrou crpnos OTO epvo ruco «lvnuo. H £AEUOIl TOU unoxsurcVOU Tile; iorooloc ava~oAAETat ~avo vic cpvorepo, Kat elVOL 11 KOTE~OX~V lOTOPlK~ WlOT~I-lIl, 11 oucovouic. rrou TElVEL oxocvo Kat nEplOOOTEPO va EYYUIl8Ei rnv uvovxrnornro Tile; 5lK~e; Tile; I-lEAAOVnK~e; opvnonc. M' aUTO TOV rporro , 01-1 we; , exrorricsrcn an" TO m:5io Tile; 8EwPllnK~e; ort rucnc 11 errovoororucri rrpcxrucn. rrou elver 11 1J0VIl aA~8Ela curnc Tile; OpVIlOIle;· "EWl, 5EV orrousvst nope va I-IEAET~O£l xcvsk; unOI-lOVETlKO rnv OlKOVOl-llK~ E~EAl~1l - Kat va 5EX8d, EmnMov, I-lE pro XEYKEAlav~ evxcorconon TOV novo (rrou nllyo(El an" ournv), - rrpcvuo nou nopouevci, we; rrpoc TO anOT£AWI-lO TOU, "VEKPOTOepdo TWV KaAwv np08£osuiv". AvaKaAuTITEl xcvsic onuepo on ouuqxuvc I-IE rnv WlOT~1-I1l TWV errcvooroocuiv. 11 a U v E i 5 11 ailE pX ETa l nov Tan 0 A U v W p I c, Kat 8a rrpenst va 5l500KETal. "H toropio £5£l~E on £ixal-lE 05lKO, TOOO EIJEte; 000 Kl OAOl EKEivOl nou OKEepTOVTOV oav Kl EI-lOe;. "E5El~E ~EK08apa on 11 KOTOOTOOIl Tile; OlKOVOlJlK~e; avoTITU~Ile; OTIlV ~nElpo, EKElVIl rnv WOX~, anElXE rroxu an' TO va civet WPll-lll ... ", 8a nei 0 . EYKEAe; TO 1895. L" OAIl TOU Til (W~ 0 Map~ 5laT~PlloE rnv evioio on0411l Tile; 8£wpiae; TOU, aAAO 11 i: K 8 E a ~ Tile; EYlVE OTO rr £ 5 i 0 Tile; KUpiapXIle; OK£411le;, onoocrpnvtcousvn uno Til 1J0Pep~ KPlTlKWV WlIJEpOUe; WlOTIlIJWV, «upknc I-lE rnv KPlTlK~ Tile; 8EIJEAlW50ue; WlOT~I-lIle; Tile; corucric kotvuivicc. Tile; rroxi-

86

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tpornuv nopcvuivnc. YEVVrll.JEVI1<; an' TOUe; TO~lKOUe; aYWVEe; Ol orroloi Sa KOTEAl1yav KOSE oopo "OE ivov EnaVaOTaTlKO I.lETOOXl1l.laTlol.l0 OAOKAI1PI1e; Tile; xotvtovloc ~ OTI1V ououiolo «utccrpocpn TWV El.lnOAEI.lWV TO~EWV". "Ouuic I.lEOa OTI1V 0- pOT~ "npaYl.lanKOTI1Ta Tile; toropicc, I.lE TOV i5l0 rpono nou "0 coio rucoc rporroc rrupcvurvnc" 5lOT~PI10E TI1V oxwnoic TOU napOAEe; ttc TO~lKEe; OUYKpOUOEle; - npcvuc nou 5lantOTWVE E~OAAOU 0 Map~ - ETOl aKpl~We; Ol E~EYEpOEle; TWV 50UAonopOlKWV 5E vixnoov nOTE TOUe; cpEOu50PXEe;, OUTE Ol E~EYEpOEle; TlIJV 50UAWV Tile; APXOlOTI1Tae; TOUe; EAEUSEpOUe; noxlrsc, To vpouuuco OX~l.la napa~AEnEl aPXlKO TO YEYOvoc on 11 a a T l K ~ T 0 ~ 11 E i val 11 u 0 VilE rr a vaa TaT l K ~ T 0 ~ 11 rt 0 U v i x n o E I.l E X P l a ~ I.l Epa, EVW ouvypovuic elvoi 11 I.l0VI1 vic TI1V onoia 11 OlKOVOl.llK~ avomu~11 un~p~E crrlo KOl anOTEAEOl.la Tile; «upicpyioc Tile; OTIlV xorvurvln. H i5la crrxoucrsucn 05~Y110E TOV Map~ va rropcvvuipioet TOV OlKOV0l.llKO POAO TOU KpOTOue; OTI1 5laXEiPlOI1 utcc TO~lK~e; «owuivlcc. Av 11 aVEPx0I.lEVI1 aOTlK~ TO~11 CPOVI1KE va anEAEUSEpWVEl rnv oucovouio an' TO KpcTOe;, EiVOl I.l0VOxa ow I.lETPO nou TO rroxro KpOTOe; TOUTl(OTOV I.lE TO opvcvo utcc Ta~lK~e; KOTaniEOI1e; I.lEOa OE utc a TaT l K ~ 0 l K 0 V 0 I.l i a. H aOTlK~ TO~11 aVEnTu~E TI1V aUTOV01.l11 OlKOVOl.llK~ Tile; 5uval.ll1 OTI1 I.lEOOlWVlK~ nEpi050 E~aOSEVlOI1e; TOU Kparouc. Til OTlYI.l~ TOU cpEOu5aAlKOU xnTOTEl.laXl0I.lOU TWV E~lOOppOnI1I.lEVWV E~OUOlWV. "Ouuic TO ouvypovo KpOTOe;, nou I.lE TO I.lEpKaVTlAl0l.l0 OPXLOE va urtoorrjplcet TI1V avomU~11 Tile; oorucnc TO~I1e; KOl EYlVE TEAlKO T 0 K POT 0 c Tile; an' TI1V Enox~ TOU OlKOVOl.llKOU CPlAEAEUSEPlOI.lOU, S' anOKaAucpSEi opvo rcpo OTl elvci npOlKl0I.lEVO I.lE uto KEVTPlK~ E~ouoia I.lEOa OTI1 oXE5la0I.lEVI1 5laXElpl0l1 TOU 0 l K 0 V 0 I.l l K 0 U rr pOT a E c. 0 Map~, EVTOUTOle;, I.lEAETWVTae; TO ~ 0 van c p r l a I.l 0 - TO nporuno aUTO Tile; OUYXPOVI1<; xpo nxric vporpetoxpcrice - EiXE 5ld5El Til OUYXWVWOI1 KEcpaAaiou KOl KpcTOUe;, Til OUYKPOTI1011 pice "ESVlK~e; E~ouoia<; TOU KEcpaAaiou rrcvui OTI1V eovooio KOl uicc 511 I.l00l0<; 5uval.ll1e;, opyaVWI.lEVI1e; I.lE oxorro TI1V KOlVWVlK~ urrooouxuion", 0- rrou 11 aOTlK~ TO~11 opvelroi KOSE lOTOPlK~ (w~ nou 5EV unOTOOOETOl OTI1V OlKOVOl.llK~ «rropio TWV npaYI.l0TWV KOl nponucei "va KaTa5lKaoTEi OTOV i5lo nOAlTlKO EKI.l115EVl-

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88

Or 5uo I.l0Va5lKEe; TO~Ete; nou aVTlOTOlXOUV npovucrtKO OTI1 SEwpia TOU Map~, Ol 5uo cuivelc TO~Ele; one; orrolec 0511yEi KOSE aVOAUOI1 I.lEOa OTO K E cp 0 A a lO, 11 aOTlK~ TO~11 KOl TO npOAETaplOTO, EiVOl enionc Ol 5uo IJOVa5lKE<; WaVaOTaTlKEe; TO~Ele; TI1<; urroplcc, uno 5lacpopEnKE<; OUVS~KEe; OIJWe;: '1 aOTlK~ wavoOT00'1 npaYI.lOTOnOl~SI1KE· 11 npOAETaplaK~ waVOOTa0'1 EiVOl Eva 0XEOlO, vsvvnuevo OTI1 ~0'1 T'1e; npOl1yoUI.lEVI1<; encvcorconc. aAAo nOlOTlKO 5laCPOPETlKO. napayvwpi(ovTac; xovcic r nv rr p W TOT U rr i a TOU lOTOPlKOU POAOU T'1<; corucnc TO~!lC;, onoxpurrrst T'1 OUYKEKPll.lEVI1 rtpurrorunio our ou TOU rtpoxcrcproxou OXEoiou, nou OEV urropei va m:TUXEl TtnOTO, av OE ~OAEl Til OlK~ TOU unovootpn Kl av OEV cvovvuipioet TqV "anEpaVTOaUVIl TWV KaS'1KOVTWV TOU". H oorucn TO~Il ~pSE OTIlV EEouoio vto ri elver '1 TO~'1 Tile; cvcrrruooouevnc cucovouioc. To iOlO TO npoxcrupurro OEV urropei va vivei E~ouoia napa I.l0VO av yi VEL '1 T 0 ~ 11 T '1 e; a U v E i 0 '1 a 11 C;. H uipiuovon TWV rrcpcvuivucibv OUVOI.lEWV OEV unopei va EyyUr]SEi uio TETOla E~ouoia, OUTE xuv Olal.lEOOU TIlC; aU~aVOI.lEVile; OTEP'10lle; lOlOKTIloiae; nou EmcpEpEl. H YlaKw[3ivlK'1 «cTOAIl4Jr] rou KPOTOUC; OEV urropei v' anOTEAf:OEl TO opvovo uicc rs rourc E~ouoiac;. Kal.110 l 0 E 0 A 0 y i a OEV urtopsl va TOU XPIlOll.lEUOEl vic va I.lETOI.l0pcpWOEl TOUe; I.lEplKOUe; oxorrouc OE YEVlKOU<;, vto ri 5EV unopei va OlOT'1P~OEl xoI.110 I.lEPlK~ aA~SEla nou va TOU aV~KEl npcvuc ru«r.

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H lOEOAoyia tnc oootcxonuoxpcrucnc opvovuicqc. Tr].V urrsrooos OTI1V E~ouoia TWV "rrporpeoopuiv" nou EKnOlOwav Tr]V eovo nxn TO~r] Kat r] 1-l0PCPri OPYOVWOr]e; rrou UlO- 8nri811KE, rrrcv cvoxovn I-l" OUTri TI1V no8r]TlKri l-Io8l1Tdo. H oUl-ll-lnoxri TWV oootcxtortbv rnc S' D.lE8vou<; OTOUe; noAlTlKOUe; KOl OlKOV0l-llKOU<; cvtovsc, rrrov (3t(3ata OUYKEKPlI-ltVI1, aAAo (3a8uraTo I-lI1-KPlTlKri. flocvucronoto rov or 0- vouc Tile; E rr a v a a TaT l K ri c 4J E U 0 a i a 8 11 a 11 c, ouuqxovc l-JE ilia EKOI1AO p E cp 0 P l-J lOT l K ri rtpckrucn. . ETm 11 cncvoorcrucf lOEOAoyia EI-lEAAE va OUVTPl(3d an" rnv iOla TIlV ernruxlo TWV CPOPEWV rnc. H ~EXWPlOTri 8tor] TWV (30UAWTWV KOl TWV Olll-l0moypocpwv l-JEOa OTO xivnuc. OOI1Youo£ OTOV coruco rporto (w~e; cxslvouc nou eiXav riOI1 OTPOTOAOYr]8£i aV0I-lEOa OTOUe; aOTOu<; OlavoouI-lEVOUe;. H ouvOlKaAlonK~ vporpetoxputlc OLOPl~£ l-JEOiT£e; Tile; epvcrucnc OUVal-JIle;, nou oav eunopeuuc errpsrts va nwA118£i OTIl OWOTri Tll-Jri rnc, EK£lVOUe; aKpl(3w<; nou £iXav orPOToAoY118£i usoc an' TOU<; ovrovcc TOU (3LollllxavLKou rrpoxsrcpurrou Kl Elxav (EK TWV uOTtpWV) onoxonsi an' aUTO. fla va OlOTI1PriOEl 11 OpaOTI1PlOTIlTa OAWV aUTWV uic enkpcon wavaOTanKOTI1TOe;, XPElOOTI1KE va qxivei npoc or rvunv on 0 KamWAl0I-lOe; rrrov cvixcvoc va a v EXT E i, OE OlKOVOlllKO cnineoo. aUTO TO P£CPOPlllOIlO nou ovcyorcv OE nOAlTlKO snirrcoo. OTI1 VOI-l'-1-l11 OPOOIl TOU<;. AUTri TI1V aOUI-l(3i(3aOTI1 0XEUI1 E~aocpoAl(E 11 mLOT~l-J11 TOUe; KOL OlE- 4JWOE n toropic K08E OTlYl-Jri.

98

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AUTri TIlV ovrkpoon. TI1V rrpovucruco rntu Tile; orroiuc 0 Mnepvorrnv, mElo~ rrrcv 0 OOmaA0I11-l0KPOTI1<; 0 rno anoucxpuouevoc an' Tr]V nOAmKri lOEOAoyia Kl 0 mo ElAlKPlVO crpoounuevoc OTIl I-IE8000Aoyia Tile; uorucnr; WlOT~I-IIle;, elXE TI1V Tll-IlOTIlTa va 8EA~OEl va cpovspdioet - Kat nou TO PI>

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99

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o E~OUOloonKOe; lOEOA.0YlKOe; pL(oonOOTl0J.l0e; TWV IJTTOA.oEr3iKwv, E~OTTAW8IlKE OE TTOYK00J.110 KA.ilJoKO J.lE TOV TTOA.EIJO KOl TrIV KOTOPPEUOIl Tile; OlE8vouc; OOOlOAOmJOKpOrice IJnpOOTO aTOV TTOAEJ.lO. To OLIJOT0I301JJ.l£VO T£A.OC; TWV 0IlIJOKponKwv ljJEUOOla8~oEwv rou epvcrucou KlV~IJOTOe;, tKOV£ OAO TOV KOalJO pic Puioic, Kl 0 IJnOA.OEl3lKlOIJOe;, KUPLOPxwvtoe; ornv rrpdrrn errcvcororucn P~~11 nou Y£VVIlO£ OUT~ 11 WOX~ xpionc. rroococoe oro np0A.ETOplOtO OAWV tWV xwpwv to lEpapXlKo KOl lOWAOYlKO TOU IJOVTEA.O, YlO VO " !-.IlAO El PWOlKO" o rnv opxouao TO~Il. 0 /\tVlV OEV KOTIly6PIlaE to j.Jap~laj.J6 tile; B' .0.lE8voue; 6n ~tOV uto errovcorcrucn l 0 E 0 A 0 Y i a, aAAO on EnOljJE va elver tETOLO.

102

100

101

H opvcvuion tOU rrpoxercpurrou, ouuqxuvc j.JE TO IJnOAoEl3iKlKO 1J0vtEAO nou YEvv~81lKE an' Til PWOlKIl K08uotEPIlal1 KOL on' TIlV nopolrnon tou £PyaTlKOU Klvnuoroc tWV ovantuYIJEVWV xwpwv on' TOV errovcorrrnKO cvthvc. ouvcvrncs. errionc, ucoo ern PWOlKIl Ka8uatEpnon oA£e; ric auv8rlKEe; nou OOIlYOUOOV ourn Til 1J0peprl opvovuionc ornv OVTEnOVOOTOnK~ cvnorpocpri, nou nepteKAElVE couveiontc ueoo oro apXlKo tile; orrrpuo Kat 11 auv£x~e; urrovdipnon tile: nAElOljJllepioe; rou eupunrcixou epvotlKOU Klv~j.JOtOe; urrpooro aTO "lOOU 11 POOoe;, lOOU Kat TO nrl0llj.Ja", rnc rtepiooou 1918-1920, nou nEplEKA.ElE tn Bknn «orcorpotpn tile; pl(oonOOnKrle; tOU j.JElOljJ llepiac;, £UVOllOE rnv nArlPIl cvcrrrulin curou tOU npo roec Kat oepl)a£ to ljJEUtlKO onOTEAwj.JO TOU VO EmI3Er3OLwSEi O· ~AO tOY KOOj.JO OOV I) uovn npoxsrupmxn Auall· H KOtOAl)ljJl) tou «pcrucou uovornbxiou tile; uvnrrpoodmeuonc KOL rnc uncpoornonc

H iOla latOplK~ atlYI-l~ 6nou 0 I-lnOAaEl3lKLOI-IOe; 8PlOI-I-' I3waE Y l a A 0 yap l a a j.J 0 r 0 U ern Pwaia Kl 11 ooOlaAOl)I-IOKparia aywvl(Otav vucnqiopo u rr t p to u rt ali. lOU K 0 a 1-1 0 u, allj.JaoEuEl rnv OAOKAIlPWI-IEVrj YEVEOrj uicc tO~I1e; rrpcvuoruiv nou I3piaKEtOl aTO KEVTPO Tile; KUpLOPxiae; t ou auyxpovou 8Eoj.JOtOe;: 11 E pya T l K ~ av t l rt p 0 awn E u 0 I) rlp8E oc pl(lK~ aVTi8wll I-IE r nv E pya T l K ~ TO~rj.

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TO KOJ..llla TWV l 0 L 0 K r n r W V TO U TT po i\ ETa p L aT 0 U TTOU xct opvel OTIlV ouoia rtc TTPOllYOuI1EVEe; uoprpcc lOloKTlloiae;.

103

TE OiKlO evcvno OTOUe; cvrmcxouc TOU, mEl5~ aKpl~we; UTTOOT~Pl~E Til i\UOll nou EPxorav oav ouverreio TWV rrponYOUIJEVWV mti\oywv HIe; anoi\uTIle; IJElO4JIl<plK~e; E~ouoiae;:

Til 51lIJOKparia, 51li\a5~, nou dxav apvIl8d K p c r l K a O1OUe; cvporec, £TTpmE va TIlV opvnaouv Kat OTOUe; EPYOU:<;, np6Yllo nou 051lYOUOE ow vo rnv OPVIl80uv Kat orouc KOIJIJOUVlOT£e; l8uvOVTEe; TWV OUVOlKClTWV KOla' oi\o TO KOlJlJa Kat TEi\lKO, IJ£XPl Kat ornv KOPU<P~ Tile; kouuorucnc lEpapxiae;. I:TO 100 I:UV£OPlO, HI onyl-I~ TTOU TO OOf3l£T Tile; KPOV01OVOIle; dXE Karai\u8d I-IE ro orrxo Kl EiXE rcrpel I-I£oa 0111 OUKo<pOVTia, 0 I\£vtv KOTa<pEpOI-iEVOe; svovno O1OUe; uprorepurrec ypa<pElOKpon:e; TTOU Eixav oucncipuiael O1IlV "Epvo nxn AVTlTTOi\iTEUOIl", KaT£i\Il~E O· aUTO TO OUI-ITTEpaOl-la rrou Til i\OYtKri TOU 8a mtKTElVE 0 I:TOi\tV we; TIlV TTi\~Pll otaipwIl TOU K00I-l0u: "Eow, ~ EKEi 1-1' tva TOU<pEKt, ai\i\o OXt I-IE rnv cvnnoxireuon ... BapE8~KaI-iE ma rnv ovrmoxi TEuoll. II

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104

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VOl aUTO nou UnaPXEl. npOKElTOl YlO EVOV TomKO npwTOYOVlOIJO TOU 8EaIJOTOe;, TOU onoiou OIJW<; 0 poi\oe; elver OUOlOOTlKOe; IJEOO OTIlV aVamU~1l TOU naYKOOlJlOU 8EalJaTOe;. H locoi\oyio nou ui\onOlElTOl EOW, OE IJETOOXIlIJOTil;El OlKOVOIJlKa TOV KOOIJO, ornuc 0 KamTOi\LOIJO<; nou EXEL cp800EL OTO OTaOLO Tile; acp80viae; TOU' IJETOOXIlIJOTi(EL IJOVO T 11 v av T i i\ 11 ljJ 11 OLOIJEOOU TIl<; noruvoulcc.

106

H Lowi\OYLKo-oi\oKi\IlPwnKri Ta~1l OTIlV E~ouoia elvoi 11 E~ouoia EVO<; aVEOTpalJlJEVOU KOOIJOU: 000 mo LOxUpr; eivcn TOOO OLa~E~OlWVEL on OEV UnaPXEL KL 11 OUvalJri Tile; Tile; XPIlOlIJEUEL rrpdrrc an' oi\a YLa va cnL~E~OlwVEL rnv ovunap~io rnc, Elvm IJETPLOCPPWV IJOVO O· aUTO TO oIlIJElO, vicrl 11 srrionun cvurrcpflc Tile; rrperrst snlonc va ouurrlrrrei IJE TO cvdrtspo OTOOLO TIl<; LOTOplKr;<; EUi\l~ll<; nou 80 OCPEli\ETOL ouvypovtuc OTIlV ai\a8llTIl Ka800r;Y11Or; TIl<;· E~oni\WIJEVIl rrcvtou, Il vpcqieioxpcrlo rrpertst va elver YlO Til ouvel- 011011, 11 a 0 paT 11 T a ~ 11, IJE TETOLO rporro nou 0i\1l Il KOLVWVLKr; l;wr; oonvelrci OTIlV rropovoic. H KOlVWVlKr; opvcvuion TOU orroxurou ljJElJaTO<; crroppeer err OUTr; Til 8EIJEi\lwOIl cvrkpcon,

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o orcxwiouoc unr;p~E 11 ~OOli\ElO TOU TPOIJOU OKOIJO KOl IJEOa ornv iOLa Til YPOCPELOKpOTlKr; Ta~ll. H TPOIJOKpOric rrou 8EIJEi\lwVEl t nv E~ouoia OUTr;e; rnc TO~Il<;, rrperrst va ni\r;~El, snlonc, Kl OUTr; rnv TO~Il, YlOTi OEV EXEl xouio VOlJlKr; svvunon. KOlJlO ovcvvuiptouevn. OOV lOlOKTriTPlO TO~Il, urrcoroon, nou 80 IJnOpOUoE va TIlV EnEKTElVEl Kat OE KO- 8Eva err' TO IJEi\1l rnc. H npOYIJOTlKr; Tile; lOlOKTlloio anoKpunTETOl Kat EYlVE lOlOKTriTPlO IJOVO OlOIJEOOU TIl<; ljJEUOOU<; OUVElOIlOIl<;. H ljJW0ri<; ouvelonon ouvrnpei TIlV cnoi\uTIl E~ouoia rnc, IJOVO OlalJEOOU TOU cnoxuroc TPOIJOU orrou Ko8E 0i\1l8lVO KiVIlTPO KOToi\riYEl va E~acpovloTEi. To IJEi\1l TIl<; YPOCPElOKPOTlKri<; TO~Ile; OTIlV E~ouoia OEV EXOUV OlKOiwlJo KUPloTIlTOe; rrovui OTIlV «oivuivlc. nope IJOVO oui\-

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AOVlKO oav OUJ.lJ.lETOXOl o ' Eva 8EJ.lEAu..uOE<; 4JEJ.la: rrpertei va unoOUOVTOl TO POAO TOU npOAETaplOTOU nou Olw8uVEl J.lla oooioxrorucn xotvuivic ' rrperret va elver Ol Il80nOlOi nou napcuevouv mOTOi OTO KdJ.lEVO Tile; lOEOAOVlK~<; crrcmc. '0- uux 11 rrpcvucrucn OUJ.lJ.lETOX~ O· aUTO TO 4JEUnKO eivct. XPElO(ETOl Kl aUT~ v' ovcvvcooiorci oav J.lla aAIl8lv~ OUJ.lJ.lHOX~. Kovsvcc VPO<PElOKPOTIl<; OEV urtopsi va unOOTIlPi~El OTOJ.llKO TO OlKaiwJ.lo TOU OTIlv E~ouoia, crpou vto v' 0- nOOEi~El on ElVOl evcc OOOlaAlOT~<; npoxercpioc. 80 srrperrs va EJ.lepavi(ETOl oav TO aVTi8ETO EVO<; vpmpeioxpcrn KOl TO v' anoOEi~El on elver evcc vocoeioxocrnc ElVOl couvcTO, EepOOOV 11 enlonun aA~8Ela TIl<; vpotpsroxpcricc ElVOl 11 cvuncpflo rnc, 'ETOl Ko8E vpcqieioxoo rnc EiVOl onoxuro E~apTlWEVO<; ana J.lla K E V T P l K ri E V V U 11 a 11 Tile; lOEaAovia<;, nou avavvwpi(El Eva OlKaiwJ.la ouAAOVlKri<; OUJ.lJ.lETOX~<; OTIl "ooOlaAlOTlKri E~ouoia" TIl<; 0 A w V T W v v p c tp e t o x p u r ui v nou OEV E~oA08pEUEl. Av OAOl Ol vporpetoxprrrac cnoxpoolcouv ana KOlVOU vro 0- Aa, 11 OUVOX~ TIl<; Ioioc TOUe; TIl<; TO~Il<; OEV unopei va E~aoepaAlOTEl napa J.lOVO OlaJ.lEOOU TIl<; oUVKEVTpwOll<; Tile; TpOuoxpcrucnc TOU<; E~ouoia<; o ' Eva J.lOVO rrpooumo. L' aUTO TO rrpooumo. OUVKEVTpWVHC. 11 J.lOVIl rrpox nxrt aA~8Ela TOU 4JEJ.laTO<; a T 11 v E ~ 0 U a i a: 0 a~lwJ.lanKOe; Ka80pl- 0J.l0e; TWV opiwv TIl<;, nou OUVEXW<; TpononOLOUVTOl. 0 LTOAlV anoepaoi(El aJ.lnOKAIlTa nOLOe; eivci TEAlKO 0 lOlOKT~TIl<; vpcqieroxprrrnc, OllAaO~, rroioc rrperrst va OV0J.l0(ETOl "rrpoxsrcpioc OTIlv E~ouoia" ~ "rrpooornc nOUAIlJ.ltvO<; OTOV MlKOOO ~ OTIl rOuwA LTPIlT". Ta vpcqietoxporucc npooumo [3piOKOUV rnv KOlV~ ouoia TOU OlKOlWJ.lOTO<; TOUe; J.lOVO OTO rrpooumo TOU LTOAlV. 0 LTOAlV elver 0 IlVEJ.lOva<; TOU KOOJ.lOU nou ~EPEl, u ' aUTO TOV rporro, on elver TO crtoAUTO rrpooumo, nou OEV unoPXEl oAAo cvdrrepo nVEUlJa vtc va TO OUVElOllTonOl~OEl. "0 IlVEJ.l0va<; TOU KOOJ.lOU KOTEXEl rnv EJ.lnpaKTIl ouveionon curou nou elvci - rnv Ka8oAlK~ OUVaJ.lll TIl<; anOTEAEOJ.lanKOTIlTa<; - J.lEOa an' rnv KaTOOTPOeplK~ Bio nou coxal OTO Evw TWV urrnxouiv TOU nou TOU ovrrriaercn." 'Orruic aKplf3w<; elver 11 OUVaJ.lll nou Ka80- pi(El TO rreoio Tile; xuptopylcc, elver KOl 11 "0 U v a J.l 11 rr 0 u KaT a a T PEep E lOU TOT 0 rt E 0 i 0".

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,H OT08.£p~ TOOIl I.l?VOnWAIlOIlc, TIlC, lOTOPlKr)<; (wr)e; an T? KpOTO<; TIlC, ,anOAUTIlc, 1l0VOPXioc, - ll£ToI30TlKr)C, 1.l0P<PIlC: rrpoc rnv anOAuT'1 xuptcpyio TIl<; oorucnc TO~IlC, - On?KOAunn:l IlEO? OT~V aAr'j8Ela TIlC, TO VEO cvsniorperrro Xpovo TIl<; corucnc TO~'1<;. H aOTlK~ TO~1l OUVOE£TOl I.l£ TO X P 0 v 0 T 11 c £ pya 0 i a c nou vtc rrpurrn cpopo crreA£u8£p~v£~al an' TOV KUK~lKO XPOVO, ME rnv OOTlKr) TO~1l 11 epvcoio £YlV£ £ pya 0 l a rr 0 U I.l £ T a I.l 0 P <p W v e l T l.C, lOT? p l K t.<; 0 U v 8 ~ K s c. H OOTlK~ TO~1l eivci 11 rrpurrn KUPlOPXIl TO~q YlO TIlV onoio 11 epvcoio elver o~io. Kt 11 OOTlKr) TO~1l nou KOTOPY£l Ko8£ npOV0l.110 nou O£v avoyvwpi(£l KOl.110 o~io av o£v ortoppset an' TIlV' £KI.l£TOAAWOIl TIl<; spvcoicc ruu nne OiKOlO TIlV o~io TIl<;, oov KUpio~XIlC; TO~qC;, I.l£ T~V £pyooi~ Kl tKOV£ TrIV rrpcooo TIlC, EPYO?lO<; OlKIl TIl<; npo~oo, H TO~1l nou OUOOWP£U£l TO eunoPEUI.lOTO Kat TO K£<poAoLO, I.l£TOl3oAAEl OUV£XW<; Til <PUOIl,

142

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144

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o ovsnlorpsnroc XPOVO<; HI<; aOTlK~<; TO~I1<; no~ ,KatE,X£l TI1V £~ouoia, £J..IcpaviOTI1K£ viorrpdrrn rpopo J..I~ T OVOJ..la IOU TO ETO<; 'Eva t nc b.llJ..lOKpana<;, oav uto cnoxurn apX~, ' AMo 11 errovocrcnxri lB£OAOVi? rnc V£VlK~<; E~w9£pice rtou £~OAWlJ£ rc T£A£uTaia KataAOma TI1<; J..IU9lKI1<; opVOVWOll<; a~lwv Kat K08£ nopcoooicxn BlW9tTI1011 TI1<; KOlvuivicc, OCPllv£ ~BI1 va BlacpavEi 11 npcvucrucn ~tAllOI1 nou rnv £iXE BlaJ..l0PCPwO£l aAo pWl-la'lKo: 11 V£~lK£UJ..I£VIl £ A,£ u- 9 £ pia T 0 U £ J..I rr 0 pi 0 u. H KOlVWVla TOU eunopeuucTO<; aVaKaAUTIT£l TOT£ on npenei v' unoxcroorrioet H!V na- 9I1TlKOTI1Ta, TI1V onoia cvovxcorruce va nAi}~El OE (3090<; vio va EVKa9lBpuo£l rnv anOAUTI1 Kupmpxia H]<;, Kat ':(3piOK£l OTO XPlOnaVlOJ..lO I-l£ Til Aatp£ia TOU TOU orpnpnuevou av9pumou .. , TO mo KatoAAllAO Opnoxeuru«. OUJ..InAi}pwJ..Ia" ("K E cP 0 A a l 0"), H aOTlKi} TO~1l KOTtAI1~E Aomov va OUI-l(3l(3aoT£l J..I' aUTi} Til Bpnoxeic, rrou £KcpPO(£Tat eni- 011<; Kat OTOV rporro nopouoioonc TOU Xpovou: EVKaTEA£ll.IJ£ jJEV TO I1J..1EPOAOVlO TI1<;, aAAo 0 ovsnlorprrrroc Xpovo<; Tll<; mEOTp£l.IJ£, vio va xwvw9Ei J..IEOa ern X P lOT l a v lK ~ £ rr 0 X i} TI1V onoia BlaBEx9I1K£.

M' aUTO TOV rporro, 11 ccrucn TO~11 vvuio rorrolnor Kat Ent(3aAE OTllV «owuivio evov avmiOTp£TITO lOTOP~KO X~OVO, aAAo TI1<; cncvopeust HI X P ~ 0 11 TOU, "krtopio unl1p~£, aAAO BEV unOPXEl ma", VlOTi 11 TO~11 TWV KaTOXwv TI1<; Olxovouicc rrou BEV urtopsi va tp8£l O£ Pi}~11 J..I£ TI1V 0 l K 0- V 0 J..I l K i} lOT 0 P La, noertei srrlonc va KaTaOTEA1\n oav 01-1£011 an£lAi} K08E OAAI1 cvsrtiorpertrn xpi}ol1 TOU Xpovou, H KupiapXll TO~Il, anOTEAOUI-IEVIl ana £ l B l K 0 U c Tile; KaT 0 X i} c rr p a V 1-1 0 T VJ v, rrou civet Kl Ol iBlOl, Vl' ?UTO TO 1\ovo, uio KOTOX~ npaVIJOTWV, sivot unOxp£WI-IEV'1 va OUVB£OEl TI1V TUXI1 TI1<; 1-1£ Til BlOTi}P'1011 curnc T'1e; npcvl-I0nOll1l-1£VI1<; «rropioc, I-IE Til BlatWVlOl1l-1lae; v~ae; a Klvl1?iae; J..I E 0 a a T 11 v lOT 0 pia, rm npWT'1 cpopa 0, £PV~<:OI-lEvee, OTI1 130011 TI1<; xotvuivlcc. BEV sivot ma uAlKa, ~ £ V,O c rr p 0 c T 11 v lOT 0 P L a, VlaTL rtbpc 11 KOlVVJVla xtverrrn an' Til (30011 Tile; oveniorperrrc. To npo1\£TaplOT?, a~lwv~VIa<; va 13 l W 0 £ l TOV LOTOPlKO Xpovo nou TO lBto napaVEL, aVaKaAUTITEl TOV avaAAoiwTO nupnvc TOU WaV?OTa: nKOU rou oX£Biou, nou B£ AI10j.lOvi}8I1K£, Ka8£l-Ila an n c I-IEXPl tthpo KOTanVlVI-IEVEe; unorreipec £KTEl\£OI1<; auIOU TOU oXEBiou, xapo(£l Eva m8avo OI1I-1ElO f:KKLV'1011e; Tile; vccc loroplKi}e; <:w~<;.

145

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112

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o ovenlorperrroc XPOVO<; rnc napaywy~<; elvcn, apXlKo, TO J.ltTPO TWV EJ.lnOpeUJ.lOTWV. ·ETOl, Aom6v, 0 XPOVoe:; nou em!3e!3mWVeTOl errlonuc os OAIl rnv tKTaoll TOU KOOJ.lOU (JOV Y e V l K 6 c X P 0 v 0 c T Il c K 0 l V W v i a c. 5 e v e i val nap 0 t v a c E rr l J.I i: P 0 U c X P 0 v 0 c, Ka8we:; 5e OUJ.I!3oAi<:El napa J.lOVO TO El5lKO OUJ.I<pEpOVTO nou TOV OUV8tTOUV.

VI.

o 0EAMATIKOl: XPONOl:

"~EV EXOU!tE TtnO'ra I:ilK{i IW<;, napa luivo TO XfH)VO, TO XPOVO,lWU a:n:01.al1!3avouv bam 8EV EXOUV noi, Tl]V 1(E(pa1.Ttv KAtVEI."

- MnA/\TAl:AP rKPALIAN ("EYXElpiolO MavrlKri!; xrn TtXVIl!; rnc LUVEall!;'"

114

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o Xp6vo~ rnc rtopcvuivnc, 0 Xp6Vo<:-EI.m6pwIJa, EiVaL uio uneptoptorn ouootbpeuon loo5uvaIJwv XPOVlKWV 5l0- OTI")IJ(lTWV. Eivci I") orpclpeon TOU aVEniOTpEmOU Xp6vou, TOU orroiou 6AEe; Ol Un05lOlpEOEle; rrpsrtet va ano5Ei~ouv oro Xpov6IJEtpO TI") IJOVaOlK~ rrooonxn TOUe; l06TI")W. '0- All I") ouotcorucn npoYIJoTlK6TI")ra OUTOU TOU Xp6vou elvoi o a v T 0 A A a ~ l IJ 0 e; xopaKTr;pae; TOU. MEoa o ' OUTr; rnv KOlVWVlK~ xuoropxlc TOU xp6vou-qm6pEUlJ0 "0 xp6- voc civet TO nov, 0 ov8pwnoe; OEV elver rlrtoro ' TO nOAUnOAU va sivct 0 OKEAET6<: TOU XP6vou" (" A 8 A i o t n r a T I") c CD lAO 00 <p i 0 e;"). Elver 0 unOTlIJ1WEVOe; xp6voe;, 11 nA~PIle; cvnorpoon TOU Xp6vou ocv "nEoiou ov8pwmvile; aVOmU~Ile;".

o ljJWOO-KUKAlKOe; xp6voe; civet 0 xp6voe; Tile; KOlOVOAWOIle: Tile; OUYXPOVIle: OlKOVO)JlK~e; Enl~iwOIle;, 11 EnaU~IlI.lEVIl £m(3iwoll, orrou TO Ka8rJl.l£plVO ~iwl.la OTEp£iTOl orrorpcaile; KOl rtopouevst urrct ovucvo. 0Xl ma OTIl <pumK~ TO~Il, aAAO OTIlV ljJwbo-q:>tJOll nou ovcnr ucosrrn I-lEOa OTIlv aAAOTPlW)JEVr] epvooio ' Kl ETm aUTOe; 0 xpovoe; ~ava~pioKEl a rr a AUT a cp U a lOA 0 Y l K a TOV naAlo KUKAlK6 pu8- I.lO nou pU81-ll~E Tr]V Em~iwoll TWV npO~lOl.lllxaVlKWv KOlVWVlWV. 0 ljJEubO-KUKAlKOe; xp6voe; OTllpi~ETOl ora cpuoucc xorcxomc TOU KUKAlKOU XPOVOU Kat, tcuroypovo. OUV8ETEL an' aUTO vsouc ouoxovouc ouvoucououc: Til uspo KOl Til vUXTa, rnv E(3boJjaolaia epvooio KOl cvorrouon, rnv ernOTPO<p~ Tile; rreptcoou TWV blaKonwv.

148

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149

o ljJWOO-KUKAlKOe: xpovoe; civet cvcc xpovoe; rrou IJ £T a u 0 P cp W 8 11 K E an' T 11 ~ lO I.l 11 X a via. 0 Xpovoc nou EXEl Til (300r] TOU OTIlV nopovuivn E)JnopEUI.lOtWV rival Kl 0 ioroc Eva «orcvcxuiotuo cunopsuuc, nou OUYKEVTPWVEl OAO 000 nponvouusvuic, ern c.pOOIl bloAuolle; Tile; nOAlOe; £vwnK~e: xoivuivicc. £ixov bLOXWPLOT£i O£ lblWTlK~, OlKOVOl.1lK~ KOl nOAlTlK~ ~w~. To OUVOAO TOU KOTOVOAwOlI.l0U XPOVOU Tile; oUYXPOVIlC: kotvuivioc, KOTOA~Y£l vo XPllOl)J£U£l oov npurrr, UAIl YlO TO OlOc.pOPO VEO npoiovrc nou £m(3oAAovTOl OTIlv ovopo oav KOlVWVlKO oPYOVW)JEVEe; Xp~cere TOU Xpovou. n : Eva npoiov nou Uc.piOTOTOl ~bll )J£ )JlO uoprpn nporxpopn vic KOTOVaAwoll, unopri, uxrrooo. 1-1£ Til ostpc TOU v' onOt£AEo£l H1V rtpuirn UAIl EVOe; aAAOU rrpoioVTOe;." ("K E c.p a A 0 i o").

o YEVlK6e; xpovoe; tile; ov8pwmvlle; I-IIl-aVOnTu~Ile;, uolOTOTOl enlonc KOtW an' Til OUl.1nAIlPwI.lOnK~ uoptpn evoc KaT a v a A W 0 l I.l 0 U X P 6 v 0 U nou, ~EKlVWVTOe; an' aUT~ TIlV Ka80pLOI.1EVIl rrcpcvuivn, ernorpecpst OHIV Ka81lI.lEPlV~ (W~ Tile; xotvuivlcc oov E v a c ljJ E U b 0 - K U K A lK a c x p 6 v 0 c.

o ljJWbO-KUKAlKoe; xpovoe; bEV civet. OTIlV npaYI.lOTlKOTIlTO, napa 11 Kat a v a A W a i u n I.l ETa I.l <p i E a 11 TOU Xp6VOU-El.ln6pwl-lo Tile; rrcpcvuivnc. EIJnEplEXEl TO f300lKO XOPOKTIlPlOHKO TOU XpOVOU-EIJnOpEUI.10: aVTOAAO~lI.lEe: 0- IJOLOYEV£ie; IJOVObEe; Kat KOTOPYIlCJIl Tile; nOLOnK~e; OlOCJTOone. 'Ovtoc ouuic unorrpoiov OUTOU TOU XP6vou, nou onof3MnEl OTIlV Ka8uoTEPllOll Tile; OUYKEKplIJEVIle; Ko8IlIJEplV~e; ~w~e; - KOl Til blOlr;PIlOIl OUT~e; Tile; Ko8uOtEp1101le; - ooclAEl va eivci <poPTlOIJEVOe; I.lE ljJEUbo-a~LOboT~oEle; KOl va EI.1<povi(ETOl ocv pte blaboxr; rrxccro E~OTOl.llKEUIJEVWV OTlYl.lWV.

152

LTOV rno npow8rWEVO rou TOI.lEa, 0 OUYKEVTPWI.lEVOe:

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116

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£VOW~OTWO£l £VOV OPlO~£VO opreuo blOCPOPETlKWV eurroPW~(lTWV .. ETOl urropsi va O£l xoveic va £~cpovi(nOl, ~EOO ornv errsxtttvouevn oucovoulo TWV "urtnpsouhv" Kat TOU cA£u8£pou Xpovou, 11 CPOp~OUAO rnc rrpovpcuuc noucvnc £~OcpAilOlle; "xwpie; npoouern £m[klpuvoll" vic Til 8£O~onKri xo rotxlo , YlO rtc o~aOlKEe; 4JWOO-~£TOKlvrio£le; TWV OLOKOrniiv, YlO Til ouvopoun OU~~ETOxr'je; OTIlV KOTovaAwoll KOUAtoupee, OKO~O KOl vro rnv nWAIl0rj Tile; loicc Tile; KOlVWVlKOTilTOe; O£ "ouvoprtccrucec OU(r]Tr'jO£le;" ri O£ "OUVOVTr'jO£le; npOOWTIlKOTriTwV". AUTO TO siooc 8£0~onKOu eunopcuucTOe;, nou EX£l, «uroqxopc. ncpoon ~OVO O£ OUVOPTilOil us TIlV au~ovo~£VIl cpTWX£la TWV OVTioTOlXWV npovuorucornTWV, ~£xwpi(£l, £~ioou KOTOCPWPO, ovoueoo OTO nporuno dOll TOU £KOUYXPOVLO~OU TWV nWAr'jo£wV, "nAIlPwTEO srri TIlOTWO£l".

rrrouepeto oav onvun rnc rtpovuo nxnc (wrie;, Tile; orroicc npertst va nsprusvouue TIlV KUKAlKr'j £TIlOTPOCPr'j. AMo KOl o ourec cxouo rtc OTlY~Ee; nou rropcyuipouvrrn ern (wr'j, sivm, Eovc, TO 8EO~0 nou vivercn opere KOl cvcrropcvcrct us ~£yai\uT£Pll EVTOOil. 'O,Tl ELX£ ovorrooccrcaei oav cuaeVTlKri (wri, cnoxoxunrcrc: anAa oav (wri TIlO au 8 £ V T lK a 8 £ a ~ a T l K r'j.

154

153

AUTr'j r] woxri, nou WlO£lKVU£l OTOV £OUTO rnc TO XPOvo rnc, xuplux oav ~acpVlKr'j WlOTPOCPr'j nOAAanAWv sopTOO~WV, elver £~ioou uin WOXr'j xwpie; YlOPTri. EKELVO nou, ueoo OTOV KUKAlKO XPOVO, r'jTOV 11 o nvun Tile; OU~~ETOxr'je; ~LOe; KOlvOTilTOe; OTO nOAUT£Ate; ~oo£~a Tile; (wrie;, elver 0- ouvaTO vic uio xotvuivin xwpie; KOlvOTilTO KOl xwpie; rroxuTEA£la .. OTOV Ol £KXuoo"lo~tv£e; ljJWOO-YlOpTte; rnc, nopwoiec TOU olaAoyou KOl TOU xapio~OTOe;, rtporpsrrouv O£ uto npooasm OlKOVO!JlKr'j oonavIl, OEV rrpoxuxouv napa TIlV 0- rrovorrreuon nou olapKwe; avnoT08~i(ETOl an' TIlV unooyeall uicc vcoc cnovonteuonc. 0 xpovoc rnc oUYXpovIle; ernBiuionc rrperrei va KO!Jna<:£l, usoo OTO 8ta!Ja, TOOO rrsmoOiHEPO 000 TIlO urro nunuevn EiVOl 11 o~io Xpr'jOlle; TOU. H npoY!JaTlKOTilTO TaU Xpovou cvnxorccrcuruce an' Til o lO cP r'j !J i o n TOU XPOVOu.

o KOTOVOAWOl~Oe; ljJWOO-KUKAlKoe; xPOVoe; eivoi 08£0- uorucoc xpovoe;, TOOO oov xpovoe; KOTOVoAwOr]e; £lKOVWV, ~£ HI OT£Vr'j TOU EVVOlO, 000 Kat OOV sucovo t nc KOTOVoAwaile; TOU XPOVOU, J-l£ TIlV eupeio TOU evvoic. 0 xpovoe; rnc KOTOVoAwor]e; ElKOVWV, £VOlO~£OO oAwV TWV cunopeuuoTWV, elver, OOlOXWPlOTO, TO ncoio OTO orroio (3piOKOUV Tr]V nAr'jPll tKCPPOOr'j TOUe; TOOO TO ucoo TOU 8£O~OTOe; 000 Kl o oxonoc nou aUTO unoollAwvOUV, OUVOAlKO, oov tonoc Kat K£VTPlKr'j ~OPcPr'j OAWV TWV WlI-.lEpOUe; KOTOVOAWO£WV: eivci vvuioro on 11 £~OlKOVO~1l0r] XPOVOU nou EnlOlWK£l orcaepc 11 OUYXPOVIl xoivuivlo - £iTE npOKElTOl YlO TIlV TOXUTIlW TWV ~ETOCPOPIKWV ~EOWV £iTE YlO rtc counce OE <pOKEAOKlO - ~ETOcpPO(ETat 8EnKO YlO TOV nAr]8uo~0 TWV HVW~EVWV nOAlTElWV OTO YEyovoe; on ~OVO 11 ncpcxoAou81l0r] Tile; TIlAEOpoOlle; TOV onooxoA£i KOTO usoov opo ana rpcic EWe; £~l dipec Il~EPIlo[we;. An' TIlV nAwpa rnc. 11 KOlVWVlKr'j ElKOVO Tile; «cruvoxcuonc TOU xpovou, kuptopxEiTOl onOKAElOTlKO an' ttc onYI-IEe; OVOljJUxr'je; KOl OlOKOmov. cuvucc nou ovcttoplo rovrot E ~ a n 0 a T a a EWe; Kl eivot ETIl8u~IlTEe; E~ OPlO~OU, ornuc Ko8E 8£O~onK6 Eunopcuuo. AUTO TO eurropeuuc rropouorof.eroi ~E Ko8E AE-

155

Evw 11 KaTaVOAWOll TOU KUKAlKOU XPOVOU TWV apxaiwv KOlVWVlWV (3PlOKOTOV OE opuovio ~E TIlV npovurrnxn EPYOoic TOUe;, 11 ljJEUOO-KUKAlKr'j KOTOvaAWOll rnc ovamUYIJEVIle; oucovouicc EPXETOl OE cvrkpoon IJE TOV acpllPIlIJEVO OVEniorperrro XPOVO Tile; rrcpcvurvnc rnc. Evui 0 KUKAlKOe; XpoVOe; r'jTOV 0 npaYIJOTlKO f3lWJ-lEVOe; xpovoe; Tile; OVOAAOiwTIle; ljJ£uoai081l0lle;, 0 8£OIJOTlKOe; xpovoe; elver 0 onOTIlAo BuuIJEVOe; XPOVoe; Tile; nccvucmxorntcc nou IJETOIJOpcpWVETOl.

118

119

156

o rt 0 A A 0 T P i wall T 0 U X p 0 v 0 U T 0 U c. Movo IlE- n] on' OUT'; TIlV rrpdrrn crrovuuvuion TOU rrcpcvuivou, EYlVE Duvm'; 11 SWjJonK'; ernorpoxpn TOU XPOVOU.

EKEivo nou ElVOl rtcvro VEO JJEoa OTO npOTOEe:; napaywy';e:; TWV rtpcvucrtov, DE ouvovnercr IlEOa ornv KawvoAwall, nou nopcucvei uio oreuou IlEVIl ernorporpn TOU iotou. Meoo OTO Bsoucruco Xpovo, TO napEASov KUplapXEl OTO rrcpov, vtcri 11 VEKP'; epvcoic E~OKOAOuS£i va E~OUOlO~El Til ~WVTav'; spvcolc.

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To avoAAotwtO i3LOAOYlKO oroiyelo rrou eivrn rrcpov OH1V epvooic. TOOO ornv E~oPTIlOIl an' TO q>UOlKO KUKAO rnc OCPUTIVLOI")e:; KOl TOU urrvou 000, npocpcvdx, KOl OTOV 0- tOIlLKO uverrtorperrro XPOVO rnc cpSopoc:; rnc ~w';e:;, erroreA£i, OW Ilona rnc OUYXPOVIle:; rropcvuivnc, onAr; A E rt T oIl E PEL 0" KOl oav TETOLO, aUTO TO oroiyeio ovvoclrci an" rrc enionpsc DLOK'1PU~Ele:; HIe:; rrnpcvuivucnc DloDlKaoioe:; KOl an" TO KOTOVOAwOlIlO rponctc nou onorsxouv TrIV rrpootT'; EKq>POOIl OUTr;e:; rnc ocvonc vixnc. H OUVEiD'101l-SwTlie:;, OKlVIlTOnOLrWEVIl IlEOO OTO nxoctonomucvo KEVTPO me KiVIlOIle:; TOU KOOIlOU rnc, DEV ovayvwpi{EL mo OTIl ~wti Tile; EVa rrspcouo npoc TIlV npoYIJOTWOll KOl TO Oovcro rnc. Auroc nou nopOlTr;SIlKE an' TIlV ovoAwOll Tile; ~wr;e:; TOU, DEV unopsi mo va nopoDEXTEi TO SovaTO TaU. H Dlocpr'JI..ll0ll OOCPOAELWV {wrie:; urrovosi IJOVO moe ElVOl svoyoc orroioc nsSOiVEL, xwpie; vo EXEL E~OOCPOAioEl rnv OI.1OAri AELTOUpyio TaU cuornpo roc IJETO on' OUTri rnv OLKOVOIJLKri onwAElo. H DLacprilJWIl TOU "American way of death':" npoi3oAM:l srtiuovc TIlV LKOVOTIlT<l rnc vo DLonlpEi, 0" OUTri Til OUYKUpia, TO IJEyaAuTEpo IJEpOe; TWV E n L cP a L v 0 IJ E v W V Tile; ~UJrie;. ~" oAo T' oAAo IJETWna TWV DLoCPlllJlanKWV i30(..lf3opDLOlJwv, crrcvooeuerct OUOTIlPO va YEpOOELe;. /\£e; Kat to ~r;TIllJa eivct va XOPIlYIlSEi OTaV KOSEVO EVa "KEcpoAaLOVLOTIl", rrpcvuc TO onoio WELDri DE So YVWpL{E rrcpc (..lOVO IJLa (.lETPLO XP';OIl, DE So IJnOpOUOE, Yl' aUTO TO AOyo, v' 0- rroxrnoet Til DlopKri KOl OWpEUTLKr; rrpcvucrrucorrrrc TaU XPIlIJOTLOTLKOU KEcpoAoiou. AUTr'j 11 KOlVWVlKr'j crrouoic TOU SOVOTOU, elvci TOUTOOIlIJIl IlE H1V KOLvwVlKri crrouoio rnc {wr;e:; .

~OV OAAI1 nAEupo rnc OVWOPKEIOC:; TI")<; KOSOAlKr;e; loropucnc ~wr'je:;, Il OTOlllKr'j (w.; DEv EXEl OKOIlO roroolo. To ljJf:UDO-YEYovoTO nou auvwSoUvTOl IlEOO OTIl SWllonKr'j opcucroupvio. DEv EXOUV i3lWSEi on" OUTOUe:; nou TO nAIlPoq>OpOUVTOl Kl EmnAEov, XOVOVTOl IlEOO aTOV nAIlSwplOIlO Tile; i3Ef3100IlEVIle; OVTlKOTOOTOOr;e; roue, OE KOSE DOVIlOIl TOU SWIJOnKOU 1Jf1xovlojJou. "AAAwOTE, o.n i3lwvETOl npoYIlOTLKO DEv tXEl aXE all IlE TOV snionpo ovenioroerrro XPOVO HIe; K otvurviuc KOl i3piOKETOl OE 01-1£011 ovrlsson 1-1£ TOV ljJWDO-KUKALKO puSI-10 TOU xorovoxuxnpou urrortpoioVIOe; OUTOU TaU XPOVOU. AUTO TO OTOIJ1KO i3iwlJO Till, DLOXWPWIJEVIlC; KOelllJ£plvrie; ~UJrie; nopOIJEVEl xUJpie; yAwooo, xUJpie; OVTiAIl4JIl, XUJpie; KPlTlKf) npoosvvton TOU nopEASoVIOe; TOU, nou bEY KOTOXWPEiTOL nouS£vo. l'lEv OVOKOLVWVEtal. nOpOIJEVEl OKoraVOIlTo Kat ~ExaOlJtvo npoc; OcpEAOe; Tile; ljJwbouC; SEajJonKf)e; IJvriWIe; TOU jJl1-0~LOIlVl1jJOVEUTOU.

158

To etojJo aov ncpouoc KOlVWVlKf) oPYOVWOIl TIlC; nopeAuaioe; HIe; wropioe; Kat rnc jJVf)Wle;, rnc EYKOToAf.:lljJllC; Tile; «rtopioc nou OpSWVETat OTIl 130011 tau lOTOPlKOU XPOVOU, ElVOlrjljJEui5riC; o u v e i o n o n TOU XPOVOU.

159

Arrcpcirnrn nooimoeson YlO va oi5IlY'lSOUV Ol EPYO~OIJEVOl OTI1V KOTOOTooll rrcpovuivuiv KOl "EAEUSEPWV" KOTovoAWTWV TaU Xpovou-qmopEUIJO, unrip~E rj f3 i a 1 11

* "A\J£PlKOVlKO<; tponoc Bcvcr ou" (L.T.M,).

-120

121

161

j..IOOWV, ucoo OTO onoio nopE::UpiOKOVTOl, TOUTOXPOVO, 0- V E ~ OPT 11 T 0 I E von 0 l 11 IJ i: VOL X P 0 VOl. Elver TO rrpovpouuo IJlOe; oi\lK~e; npoYIJOTWOIl<;, j..IEOO OTO rrepipoi\i\ov TOU Xpovou, TOU KOlJlJOUVLOj..IOU nou KOTOpyd "on unoPXEl OVE~OPTllTO an' TO ClTOIJO",

'Orrux EOEl~E 0 XEYKEi\, 0 Xpovo<; eivci 11 a v 0- y K a i a oi\i\oTpiwOll, TO nEplpoi\i\ov orrou TO UnOKEij..lEVO npOYj..lOnDVETOl xOVOVTOe; TOV £OUTO TOU, yiVETOl oi\i\o YlO va vlvei 11 0i\~8ElO TOU WUTOU TOU, Ai\AO TO OVTi8ETO Tile; elver OKplPWe; 11 KupioPXll oi\i\oTpiwoll nou rnv Uc.piOTOTOl 0 ncpcvcovoc EVOe; a A A 0 T P lOU nap 0 v TOe;, Meco 0' OUT~ HI X W P 0 n 0 t n r l K ~ a A A 0 T P i W 0 11, 11 xotvuivlc nou oloxwpi(El pl(lKO TO unoxelusvo an' Til OPOOTllPlOTI1TO nou 11 iOlO TOU KM:PEl, TO oloxwpi(El opXlKO an' TO XPOVO TOU, AUT~ 11 KOlVWVlK~ aAAOTpiWOI1 nou rrpenet va ~WEpOOTEi, elver OKplPwe; EKEiVI1 nou onayoPEUEl KOl anOAl8WVEl uc OUVaTOTI1TEe; KOl TOUe; KlVOUVOUe; Tile; (w v T a v ~ c OAAOTpiWOI1e; IJEOO OTO XPOVO,

164

o KOOj..lOe; KOTEXCl ~011 TO OVEtpO EVOC; XPOVOU nou vio va TOV PlWOEl npovpcruco, rrperrei TWPO va TOV ouvciorrronomosi.

162

KOTW an' nc c.pOlVOIJEVlKEe; j..I 0 0 E C;, nou OUTOKatOPYOUVTOl KOl cvcouvttaevrct ornv oOTaTIl ernqicveto TOU ljJEUOO-KUKAlKOU 8EWPI1IJEVOU Xpovou, TO En l PAil T l K a a T U A Tile; mox~e; PpiOKETOl novro IJEOO 0' aUTO nou npooavOToi\i(ETOl an' TIlV EKOlli\1l KOl TOUTOXPova 08EOTll 0- vaYKOlOTI1TO Tile; EnaVOOTOOI1e;.

163

H c.pUOlK~ POOI1 TOU XPOVOU, 11 0l0811T~ eurrsipio Tile; pone TOU, vlveroi ov8pwmvll KOl KOlVWVlK~ urropxovrcc y l a T 0 V a v 8 p W n 0, H nEpLOplOIJEVI1 KOTOOTOOI1 Tile; ov8pwmvl1e; rrpcxnxric, 11 epvooio OE OIOc.pOpO OTOOLa, IJEXPl O~IJEPO E~ov8pwmoE Kl errionc orro-cvepdimOE TO XPOVO, OOV KUKi\lKO XPOVO Kat oav cvsrrlorpsrrro OlaXWpLOIJEVO XPOVO Tile; OlKOVOlJlK~e; rropovuivnc. To errovcorcruco 0XEOLO IJlOe; OTO~lK~e; xotvuivicc, IJlOe; YEVlKEUlJtVI1e; toropucnc (w~e;, elver TO OXtOLO anoOUv8E0I1e; TOU KOlVWVlKOU IlEtpOU TOU Xpovou rrpoc Oc.pEi\oe; EVOe; rrciYVLWOOUe; j.J.OVTEAOU ovmiOTpETITOU Xpovou OTOIJWV KOl 0-

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VII.

H XQPOTA21A

"Ki U1lT()<; zto u yiVFTut • APXOVTU<; IIlU<; JtOAtTEiU<; (JIlVlIflWI1EVlI<; vu ~EI EAEllflEpu KIU ~I'V rnv KUTUIJTllI'<pn,Jtpl'JtEt va Jtfp'IlEvn ilTl flu KUTU(JTJlIHI'l'i UJf' tlllTl'IV' Yilni FKfiv11 EX!'I Jt(i.VTU YUX KUTu<pi,yw (JT(w<; SHJlIK<J)IWi,<; TlI<; TO bVOIlU TlJ<; EAElJflrpiu<; KUO<;)<; KUI. n<; JtuAlf<; TlI<; ouvriEll'lrc;, JtOU OllTf TO JtfPU<JI1U TOll XP()VOIl, OilTF KUVEVU FlIEPYFTtKb ItETPO 8(I Illt0pEaU ltOTr V(l Tle; K<lVH vu ~EXU(JTOUV. Ki (l,n Kl UV KCtVI'I o lIYE)I(IVUe;, (I,TI Kt (IV JtJlOvoil<JFl, I'KTOC; Kt UV ()IlUpi~(JElil ()UWlwpJTi,oFl, TOll<; KUToiKOUC; TlJC;, (J.1lTOi ()E eu AlJ(JllOV11lJOllV ltOTi' UllT<> TO iJVOIW, OllT!' UlJ1iC; TIC; (JUV1WElfC; ... "

-MAKIABE/\/\I ("0 Hvr.uovuc")

165

TO~i~)l, TOU crpcipeos errlonc KOl TI1V npaYlJanKOTI1Ta TOU XWpOU.

H KanLTaAlOTlKri rrcpovuivn evorrolnoe TO XWpO, nou O£V n£pLOpil;ETOl rno orro £~WT£plKte; xorvuivlec. AUTri 11 £vonoil1ol1 elver tva £KT£lVOIJ£VO KOl rouroyoovo £VT£lVOIJ£VO noorocc £ K X U 0 a l a IJ 0 u. H ouooWPWOI1 cunoPEUIJClTWV nou napOYOVTOl l-'al;lKO vic TOV aCPllPl1lJtvo xwpo Tile; cvoocc, OXl IJOVO corrcoc OAOue; TOUe; TomKOUe; KOl VOlJlKOUe; cppcvuouc Kl OA£e; rtc ouvreyvrcxsc oncvopeuostc TOU usoouovo nou Ka90pll;av rnv nOlOTIlTa HIe; I3LOT£xvlKrie; rrcpovuivnc, aAAo £IJ£AAE va OLOAUO£l srrlonc TIlV curovoulo KOl TIlV nOlOTI1Ta TWV xWpWV. AUTri 11 OUValJIl ouotovsvorrolnonc elver TO l3apu rrupojioxuco nou vxpepll;ElOAa TO OlVlKO n:iXIl.

169

H «owuivlc nou OlanA09£l OAO Tile; TO n£pll3oAAOV, emV0I10£ KOl TI1V £lOlKri T£XVlKri Tile; vic va En£~£pyaoT£i til OUYK£KPllJtvIl 130011 curou rou OUVOAOU sovooubv: to iOlO tile; to toacpoe;. H nOAWOoIJia £iVOlI1 oucetorroinon rou cpuOlKOU KOl av9pwmvou n£plI36AAOVtOe; err rov KamtaAlOIJO nou, £~£ALOOOIJ£VOe; AOYlKO OE anOAUTI1 KU ptcpylo , urropel KOl rrpenet ma va oUV9tO£l £K vsou rnv oxo rrrro TOU xwpOU oav OlKO TOU Vt£KOp.

166

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rTO £~rie;, 0 £ A e U 9 £ poe; X W poe; TO U E IJ n 0- p E U I-' a TOe; rponorroreirot KOl aVaOOIJElTOl avo noaa orivun, IJE oxorro va TOUTil;ETOl OAO KOl m:plOOOTEPO IJ£ TOV £aUTO tau KOl va npom:yyil;El nEpLOooTEPO TIlV oxlvntil uovo rovic.

H KamTaAlOTlKri av6YKI1 nou uccvonoiei 11 noxeoooulc. oav opere ncvcouo Tile; (wrie;, urropci va £KcppaOtEi - IJE X£YKEAlavoue; opouc - oav anOAUTI1 KaTOKUplOPXI1- all Tile; "£lPI1VlKrie; ouvurrcplinc usco OTO xwpo", novui OTO "ovnouyo vlvvsoucn ueoo OTI1 OlaOoxri TOU XPovou".

167

171

Aurrt 11 xotvuivic nou xcrcovet rtc YEwypacplKte; anooroceic. ElJn£pl£XEl TIlV orroorccn, oav 9Eal-'aTlKO 5laxwPlOIJO.

168

Av oxcc Ol T£xvlKte; OUVoIJEle; tile; «ornrcxicrucnc oiKOVOlJiae; rrpsrrst va VOOUVTOl oav OUVOIJEle; nou Ol1lJloupyouv OlaxwplOIJOUe;, TOTE OTI1V rreplrrruion Tile; noxeooOlJiae; tXOUIJ£ va KOVOUIJ£ IJE TOV E~OnAlOIJO Tile; vsvucnc TOUe; 130011e;, IJ£ TI1V npOAElaVOI1 TOU £06cpoue;, nou elver rrpoorpopo Yla TI1V avomu~ri TOUe;, IJE rnv iOla TI1V T£XVlKri T 0 U 0 l a X W P l a IJ 0 U.

o TOUPlOIJO<:, 11 av9pwmvIl KUKAocpopia 9EWPl1IJtVI1 oov KaTavoAwol1, OVTOe; unorrpoiov Tile; KUKAocpopiae; TWV £lJnOpEUIJOTWV, unol3lI30(ETOl, Kupiwe;, OTI1V wxapioTIlol1 va smoxenrsoct EKElVO nou tYlVE «oivororro. H OlKOVOIJlKri Olw9tTI1011 Tile; ouxvconc OE OlocpOpOUe; xwpoue;, anOTEAEl ri011 ana 1J0VI1 Tile; EYYUllOI1 Tile; iooouvoulcc TOUe;. o iOLOe; EKOUYXPOVlOIJ0C;, nou cqxrlpeoe TO XPOVO an" TO

172

H nOAEOOolJia EiVOl 11 OUYXPOVI1 £KnAripwOI1 tOU OlapKOUe; Ka9riKOVToe; OlacpUAa~l1e; HIe; TO~lKrie; E~OU-

126

127

oicc: 6lOTIlPEi rnv o rouucorroinon TWV EPya(oIJEVwV nou Ol aOTEOKEe; ouv8riKEe; ncpovuivnc Eixov a U v E V WOE l Emxlvouvc. 0 Ow8EpOe; ovdivoc nou 6lE~OYETat evcvno o ' 0- AEe; nc rrxeuocc curnc Tile; m8avoTIlwe; ouvcvtnonc.BpiOKEl OH)V nOAE060llia TO npOVOlJlOUXO nE6io TOU. H npoon08Ela OAWV TWV KOTEOTI1IlEVWV E~OUOlWV, IlETO TI1V Eurrsipio Tile; r aAAlKrie; EnavOoTOOI1e;, YlO v' au ~1180uv ro IJErpc TriP11011<; TI1<; TO~I1<; crouc 6pOIlOU<;, cnoxoouqxbveroi. TEAlKO, IJE TI1V KOTOPYI1011 TOU 6polJou. "ME TO IlEOO Ila(lKri<; uercqiopcc IJEYOAWV crrootcoeuiv, 11 crrouovuion TOU nAI18uollOu an06EiXTI1KE Eva nOAu mo anOTEAEOlJanKO 0E- 00 EAEYXOU", 6LOnlOTWVEl 0 Atouic MOIlq>OPVT OTO EPYO TOU "The City in History" ("H n a A 11 IJ E 0 a 0 T 11 v lOT 0 pia"), rtepivpcrpovroc Evav "KOOIlO uovnc ma KOTEU8uvol1e;". AAAO 11 YEVlKri TOO'1 rrpoc TI1V anOIlOVWOI1, nou civet 11 npaYlJanKOTI1Ta Tile; noM:060IJiae;, rrperrsi va nEplAalll30vEl enlonc Kat uic EAEYXOIJEVI1 mavEvoWIlOTWOI1 TWV EPYO(OIlEVWV, ouuqxuvo IlE rrc rrpovocuucucouevec aVOYKEe; Tile; rrooovuivnc KOl Tile; KOTavOAWOI1e;. H EVOWIJOTWOI1 OTO OUOTI1IJO, crrorrei TI1V EnaVOKTI1011 rurv crrouovuiIJEVWV aTOIlWv OOV orouo ana KOlVOU crrouovuiuevc: TOOO TO eovoorooic, 000 Kat ro nOAlnOTlKO KEVTpa, TOOO TO 8Epsrpc 000 Kat TO OUYKpoTriJ-laTO nOAUKaTOlKlWV, elver opyaVWIJEVa El6lKO IJE OTOXO ourn TI1V lIJ£060-0UAAOYlKOTI1- TO, nou OUVTPOq>EUEl TO anOIJOVWIlEVO OTOIJO oxouc Kat IJEoa OTI1V 0 l K 0 Y EVE l a K ri TO U EO T i a: 11 YEVlKEUIJEVI1 xpi]OI1 TWV 6EKTWV TOU 8EOIJanKOU IJI1VUlJaTOe;, KOTaKAU(El TI1V orrouovuicn TOU IJE «uplcpyec ElKOVEe;, ElKOVEe; rrou, E~atTiae; curnc Tile; anOIJOVWOI1e; KOl IJOVO, anOKTOUV TI1V nAi]Pl1l0XU TOUe;.

exeivou Kat TWV ouYXpovwv ouv811KWV 6oIJI1011e;. H E~ 0 U 0 l 0 0 T l K ri 0 rr a q> a 0 11 nou 6lallopq>wvEl conpnusvc TO E6aq>0e; OE E6aq>0e; oqxrioeonc. I3pioKETOl, rrpo<j)OVwe;, OTO enlxsvrpo curthv TWV ouYXpovwv ouv811KWV 661J11011<;. Ilovrou onou apxi(El 11 EK13l01JI1XOVl0l1 unocvcrrruxruiv xwpwv, nou elver Ka8uoTEPllIlEVEe; 0" OUTO TOV TOIJEa, EIJq>avi(ETOl aUTO TO £l60e; apXlTEKTovlKrie;, oav rtoocoooo E6aq>0e; vto TO VEO runo KOlt'wVlKrie; unap~l1e; nou rrpoxerrrn va EIJq>UTEUTEi. To KOTWCPAl nou 6lo1311KE 11 «otvuivio, IJE TI1V aU~11011 Tile; uAlKrie; Tile; 6UvalJl1e;, Kl 11 K a- 8 U 0 T E p 11 0 11 Tile; OUVEl6'1Trie; KupLOPxia<; rrcvui 0" ourn Til 6uvalll1, EKq>pO(OVTOl IJEOa OTI1V nOAE060IJia TOOO Ka8apu, 000 Kat OTa (I1TriIJOTa TOU 8EPIJOnUPl1VlKOU E~OnAlOIJOU ri Tile; YEVETlKrie; - orrou ri611 q>80VOUIJE OTIl 6UVOTOTI1TO EnElJl3aOI1e; OTI1V KAI1POVOlJlKOTI1TO.

174

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H TWPlVri o nvun elver ri61l 11 onvun Tile; outoxcrcorpoq>rie; TOU aOTEOKou nEpll3oAAOVTOe;. H EKPI1~11 TWV nOAEWV, nou KaAumEl TI1V un0l8po IlE "OIJOpq>Ee; 1l0(Ee; aOTEOKwv crtopotuucruiv" (Atouic MOIJq>OPVT) urrovopeuercr oueoo an" rtc mLTOYEe; Tile; KOTavOAWOI1e;. H 6lKTOTopia TOU auTOKlVriTOU - rrpo rurrou rrpoiovroc Tile; npWTI1e; rrsptooou Tile; eurropsuucrucnc aq>80viae; - crrorumbverrn OTO E6arpoc, IJE TI1V xuptopylo TWV E8vlKWV 06wv nou 6lallEAi(ouv TO naAlo KEVTpa Kat Eml3oAAouv uto OAOEva IJEyaAuTEPI1 6laonopo. LuYXpovwe;, Ol cpcosic rnc, cxouo avoAoKAriPwrnc, ava6l0p8pwol1e; TOU aOTEOKou nEpll3oAAovTOe;, EXOUV, rrpoc TO rropov, oav miKEVTpO ru "EPYOOTOOla 6laVOIJrie;", TO vrvovno, 611Aa6ri, oourrsp IJOPKET rrou UlIJWVOVTat OE aKOAumEe; EKTOOELe;, rrovui ana xwpOue; OT08Il£O0I1e;. Kl auTOi Ol vaoi rnc oXoAivwTIle; xcrovoxuionc, o<pou mEq>Epav uto IJEPlKrl avaOUOTaOI1 Tile; oUV08pOl0I1e; av8pwnwv, E~aq>avi(oVTat IJEOa OTI1 q>UYOKEVTPO xivnon nou TOU<; anopplrrret, 1J0Al<; vlvovtci, IlE Til OElPO TOU<;, 6WTEpOYEVr; KEvrpc OUV08pOl0I1e; av8pwnwv. AMo 11 TEXVlKri 0PYOVW0I1 Tile; KOTaVOAWO 11<; , uni]p~E npWWPXlKO OTOlXEiO TI1<; YEVlKi]<; 6l0AU0I1e; nou 06i]YI10E, £1Ol, TI1V nOAI1 0 T '1 v K aT a v 0 '" W 0 11 T 0 U E aUT 0 U r n c,

rLO npWTI1 qiopc IJlO VEa apXlTEKTOVlKri, rrou OE KoBE npOI1YOUIlEVIl moxi] EiXE oav onOKAELOTlKO OTOXO rnv lKOvonoinon TWV KupioPXwv Tof;EWV, rrpooplcerct OIlEOO y l a T 0 U e; cp TWX 0 U c. H IJL(Epla Tile; uopcpnc Kl 11 vivovno £KTOOI1 auTOU TOU VEOU OlKlOTlKOU nElpOIJOTOe;, nl1Yo(ouv E~ioou an" TO IJ 0 ( l K a xapaKTripa TOU, nou aUTO<; ElVOl ouvypovuic anOTEAEOlJa TOU npOOplOIJOU TOU nELpOIJOTOe;

128

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H oucovouucn toropio , nou avamux91lKe E~O"OK"riPOU vuoto an" TIlV ovrleeon no"l1 - unat9poe;, tcpTooe o tva OTa5LO ernruyiuc rrou EK~1l5Evi(el Kat TOUe; 5uo rroxouc rouroypovc. H oll~eplvri rropcxuolc O"OKAIlPIle; Tile; toropixnc e~tAl~Ile;, rrpoc ocpe"oe; J,JOVO Tile; 5latWvl0I1e; Tile; aVE~apTIlTIle; KiVIlOI1e; Tile; oucovoulcc, 51l~lOUpyd, an' Til orivIJri nou apxi(ouv va E~a<povi(oVTOl 11 nOAIl Kat 11 unatepOc;, 0Xl TO ~ e rr i: p a a J,J a TOU 5laxwplo~OU TOUe;, 0""0 TIlV rcutoypovn KaTaPP£UOll Kat TWV 5uo. 'Ovrcc rrpoiov Tile; overropxemc HIe; roropucnc «ivnonc. 5la~toou Tile; orrolcc eo unopouoe va Esrtepoorcl 11 TWplVr; aOT£OKr; rrpcvucrt«or nrc, 11 alJoll3aia cp90pa Tile; nO"Ile; Kat Tile; unai9pou, KaVa TIlV E~cpaVlOri Tile; usee a" aUTO TO £K"eKnKo ouvoau"£u~a TWV orroouveeuevuiv OTOlXEiwv TOUe;, nou Ka"unTel tic rno rrponvucvec !3lo~I1XaVlKa (wvee;.

H Ka90"lKri rcropic YEwri91lKe one; no"ele; Kat eVI1"lKlw81lKe Til ony~ri Tile: crroqxroiorucnc vixnc Tile; no"lle; rrcvw OTIlv unat9po. 0 Map~ 9EWpd oav uto an' ric J,JEya"AUTEpEe; encvco rcrucec coersc Tile; oorucnc Ta~Ile;, TO YEyovoe; on "untTa~£ TIlV unat9po ornv no"I1", Tile; orroicc Ton Ep l 13 a " " 0 v X E l P a cp E T E i. Av ouuic 11 toroplo Tile; no"lle; elver «rropic Tile; EAwgepioe;, slvct enionc Kat lOTOpia Tile; tupcvvlcc, Tile; xpcrucnc 5loiKIl01le;, rrou £"tYXEl TO- 00 TIlV urroiapo 000 Kat TIlV i5la TI1V no"ll. H no"l1 KOTaCPEPE va elver ~tXPl rtbpc OTO nE5io 5leK5iK1l01le; Tile; lOTOPlKr'je; £Aw8Epioe;, OXt Ollwe; Kat 11 KaT a K Til a ri r n c, H no"l1 slvoi 0 X w poe; Tile; lOT 0 pia c, YLOTi elver ouYKEVTPWOIl Tile; KOtVWVlKr;e; 5uva~Ile;, nou Ka9tOTa 5UVOTO TO lOTOPlKO EyxEipl1J,Ja, Kat rcuroypovo ouvetonon TOU nopE"90vTOe;. H OI1~EPlVr'j TaOIl 5la"U0I1e; Tile; rroxnc, 5EV KaVEL TinOT' 0""0, "0 urov, an' TO vc EKcppa(El, u' tvav 0""0 rporro , TIlV Ko9uoTtpll01l Tile; unorovnc Tile; oucovouicc OTIlV lOTOPlKri ouvslonon Kat Tile; evorrolnonc HIe; KOlVWviae; rrou 90 cvcxmoei ttc ')lJvaP£le; TfOU cnooncorruccv an' cum.

178

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elver enlonc '1 Ouval-l'1 nou urropel va unon'l~El TO xwpo oro I3lwl-IEVO XPOVO. H rrpoxetopicxri crtovcoroon elver '1 K P l T l K ~ T '1 <; a v 8 p w n l v '1 <; V c W V P a c.p i a c, Olal-lEOOU T'1<; orrolcc 1"0 crouo Kat Ol KOlVOT'1T£<; rrpertst va KaTaOK£UOOOUV TO xwpo KOl ro V£VOVOTa nou ovnoroiXOUV OT'1V OlK£lOnOl'10'1, OXl ma T'1<; epvooicc TOU<; I-IOVO, aAAO T'1<; OUVOAlK~<; LOU<; «rtopicc, r' aUTO LO 1-I£1"O{3aAAOI-I£VO xwpo LOU nOlXVlOlOU Kat TWV £A£u8£pa £KA£Vl-ltvwv napaAAavwv TWV xovovuiv TOU, '1 ourovouio TOU xwpOU unopel va avaKaAuc.p8£i £K VEOU, xwpi<; va EcvortcpOUOlaOTEi pro anOKAElonK~ npOOKOAA'10'1 OT'1 V'1, KOl va ~avac.ptpEl T'1V npaVl-laTlKOT'11"O TOU Ta~lOLOU KOl T'1V aVTiA'14J'1 T'1<; (W~<; oav Eva Ta~iol nou £l-In£plEX£l OAO LO V0'11-10 TOU.

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"0u l;l]OOufIE UPK£TU YIU VU bOUflE fWl ltOAITtK11 Eltuv(i(JTuu1]; E fl E i S;, 01 (JUYXPOVOI Ilun;)v T<oV fEP!lUVl;JV; QJiAE uou, ltUipVETE TIS; Em{h)!liE<; oue; ylH ltpuY!laTlKi>T1]TU ... Av Kpiv(t) T1] Fspnuvin Ol'fHf)wva flf rnv TO)PIVli urropiu T1j<;, bEv flltOPEiTE VU fLOIl UVTlTEivfTE o n OAt] 11 urropi« T1]<; eivru ltUpUlt 011] !lEV11, KI (in TO UI'voAO Tl]<; Ul]flfptVT]<; b1]flOUtu<; l;WT]<; Tt]<; bEV UVTLltP0(JWltEt,n t1]V ltpaYflattKl] KUTU(JTU<Jll TOU A.UOl·" /lW!)(i.UTE oltOlubllltOtE E<fJl]!lfpiba SEAfTf YIU VU ltnollfiTE ()"[I bE OTUflUTUVE - KUt Su (J1'fl<fJ(I)Vl]OETE !la!;t uou i>Tl 11 A.oyoKpwiu (lEV qmobil;n KaVEva vu (JTu!luniLJfl - VU uuvo ov TtIV ESVtKit fA.EuOfpiu Kat fuTtJxia ltOU ~:XOllflf. .. "

H l-I£vaAUT£P'1 errovoororucn lota, OOOV crpopc T'1V noAwool-lia, O£v urropei va elver '1 iOla noxeooouucrt, T£XVOAOVlK~ ~ 0l08'1TlK~. EivOL '1 orrorpoon va cvcnxcorel. £~OAOKA~POU, TO toac.po<; ouuqxuvo I-IE ric aVOVKE<; T'1<; E~OUoicc TWV rUI-I{3ouAiwv TWV EPva(0I-lEVWV, T'1<; a v T l K P aT l K ~ c 0 l K TaT 0 pia c TOU npcxcrcorcrou, TOU cxrcA£OTOU olaA6vou. Kl '1 £~ouoia TWV rUl-Il3ouAiwv nou OEV urropsi va £iVOL npaVl-laTlK~ napa I-IOVO uercuopqxbvovrcc T'1V OAOT'11"O TWV uqnorcuevuiv OUV8'1KWV, OEV unooel v' avaAOI3El tva I-IlKPOTEPO Ka8r'jKov av 8tM:l v' ovovvuiororcl Kat v' a v a V v W pia E l T 0 v i 0 lOT '1 c TO V e a UTO I-IEOa OTOV KOOI-IO T'1<;.

- POyrKE ('TpolJpa arov Mop~", Mnpr nc 1843)

132

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M£oa crnv lOTOPlK~ xoivuivic H] OlOlpq.l£Vl') O£ TO~£l(:;, l') KOUATOUpa civet l') V£VlK~ ocpaipa rnc VVWOl')e; KOl TWV avcncpccrcosuiv TOU [3lWl-laTOe;, npcvuo nou onucive. on eiVOl l') ouvaWl VEviK£UOIle; nou unoPX£l X W P lOT 0, oav KaWI-I£pLOI-I0e; Tile; OlOVOl')TlK~e; epvcoicc KOl OlaVOIlTlK~ epvcolo TOU KOWI-IEPl0I-I0U. H KOUAToupa crtoorrurct an' TIlV £VOTIlW Tile; kotvuivloc TOU l-Iu8ou "o rcv 11 OUVal-l1l evonoinaile; £~acpovi(ETOl an' Til (W~ TOU cvepdmou xrn TO aVTi8E- 10 XOVOUV Til (WVWV~ 0X£OIl KOl aAAIlAmiopao~ TOUe; KOl aUTOV0I-I0UVTOl ... n ("Ill a cp ° POT W V ° U a T Il 1-1 0 T W V T 0 U <D i X T £ K a l TO U L i: A A l V V K"). KOTaKTwvTae:; TIlV av£~apTlloia rnc. l') KOUATOupa £VKOlVlO(£l pic umeproAlOTlK~ KiVIlOIl eunxounouou nou crro tsxei ouvypovuic TIlV napaK~~ Tile; aVE~apTlloiae; rnc. H toroplo nou 011- uroupvei Til OXHlK~ our ovouio rnc; «ouxr ouocc KOl ric lO£OAOVlK£e; 4J£uoOl08~0£le; rrovui O· aUT~ TIlV cutovoulc, £KCPPO(HOl snionc oav ioropio Tile; xouxroupoc. 'OAIl 11 KOTOKTIlTlK~ ioroplo rnc KOUATOUPO<:;, urropei va vonusl aav tot oplo Tile; anOKOAU4JIle:; rnc ovsnopxeioc rnc, oav nopeic rtpoc TIlV aUTOKOTopVIlO~ rnc, H KOUATOupa eivrn TO n£oio ava(~TIlOIle; Tile; Xal-l£VIle:; £VOTIlTOe;. Meoc o ' auT~V t nv ava(~Tlloll £VO Til TOe:;, 11 KOUAToupa oav olaxwpl- 01-l£VIl ocpaipa elver cvovxooucvn va outocvcnpelrcn.

H avOnTU~1l TWV vvuiosu.v vic rnv xotvuivlc. nou eurrsPl£X£l rnv xcrcvonoq Tile; ioropicc oav KapoLOe; Tile; KOUAtoupee, anOKTO I-ILa ovenlorperrrn outovvuiolo nou £KCPPO(£T0l 1-1£ TIlV kcrocrporpn TOU 0£Ou. AUT~, ouuic. "11 npwWPXlK~ ouv8riKIl Ko8£ KplnK~e;", sivrn TOUToXPova KOl 11 npwTapXlK~ unOXP£WOIl I-Ilae; oixwe; opic xprrucric. EK£l orrou xcvsvoc xcvovoc ouunepupopoc O£V urropei ma va TIlPIl8£i, Ko8E a nOT £ A E 0 1-1 a Tile; xouxr oupcc TIlV w- 8d va [3aoio£l rrpoc Til OlOAuori Tile; .. Orruic 11 <plAooo<pia, an- Til crrvun nou Kan':KTIlO£ TIlV nAriPIl curovouic t nc, £TOl KOL Ko8£ £mOTIlI-I0VlKOe; KAOOOe: nou OUTOV0I-I£lTOl, 0- <P£iA£[ va xcrcppeuoer, aPXlKO oav crrcirnon OUV£KTlKrie: epunvelcc Tile: KOlVWVlKrie; OAOTIlToe: KOl, T£AlKO, oxouc KOl oav I-I£PlKri ouo tnucronolnon. ecpcpuoorun I-I0VO pEoa ow opro rrjc. H E A A £ l 4J 11 0 P 8 0 A 0 V l KaT '1 T a e; Tile; oLOXWPl0I-I£VIle; «oux roupcc elver TO OTOlX£lO nou TIlV xuTaOlKO(£l ornv £~a<povloll, Ka8we: 11 vlxn TOU Op80AOVlKOU £lVOL ri0ll rrcpouoo ucoc Tile; oav orrcit non.

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H KOUATOupa nporiA8£ an' rnv ro ropio nou Ol£AUO£ TOV rporro (wrie; TOU nOALOu KOOPOU, OAAO oav OLOXWPlousvn otpcipo. o£v elvoi napa 11 aVTiA'l4J'l Kl '1 tAAOVIl ernxotvuivin nou rrcpcuevouv I-I£PlKte: lJ£oa O£ uic 1-1 £ P l K a lOT 0 P l K ri xorvuivic. H KOUAToupa elver 11 AOVlKr'] svoc KOOI-I0U £AOXlOW AOVlKOU.

H nOAIl aV0I-I£oa OTIlV rrcpcooon KOl TIlV KOlVOTOl-lia, nou onorexei [3aOlKri apxri Tile; eourrspucnc nOAlTlOnKric:; ovorrrulric TWV lOTOPlKWV KOlVWVlWV, urtopel va OUVExi(ETal I-I0VO Olal-l£OOU Tile; olapKoue; vixnc rnc «rnvotoulnc. 001000, cpopeoc Tile; «ctvoroulcc OTIlV KOUATOupa £iVOL aUT~ aKpl[3we; 11 OAlK~ lOTOPlKri KiVIlOIl nou. OUVElOIlTOnOlWVTOe; TqV OAOTIlTO rnc, reivet OTO ~En£paOl-la TWV iOlWV rnc TWV nOAlTlOTlKWV rtpounoasoeuiv KOl KlVElTOl rrpoc TIlV KOTOPVIlOIl Ko8£ OLOXWPl0I-I0U.

184

To T£AOe:; Tile; ro ropioc Tile: «ouxroupoc £1J<pavi(ETOl IJ£ OUO ovrrnaeusvec 04J£le;: TO OX£5l0 ~m£pOOIJOTOe; Tile; 1-1£- 00 OTIlV OAlKri «rropio KOl rnv 0PVOVWOIl Tile; ouvrnpnonc rnc oav V£KPOU ovnxeursvou IJEOa OTIl 8£OI-IOTlKr'] 8£WPIl- 011. To tva an' aUTO 10 KlV~I-IOTO £X£l OUVotO£l TIlV TUXIl TOU 1-1£ TIlV KOlVWVlKr'] KPlTlKr'], TO OA1\o ue TIlV uneooornon Tile; W~LKr']e; £~ouoiae;.

134

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K08E Ti:xvllC;, 0 rurnxoc EKIJIlOEVlol.10C, TIlC,. Exslvo nou ourn Il xlvnon EK<j)PO(El a p v Il T l K a, eivct TO YEYOVOC, on rrperret va ~avar3PE8Ei uic KOlVr'j YAwooa, 0Xl ma ueoc oTO 1J0VOIJEptc, ouurrepcouo TO orroio ornv TtXVIl TIlC, lOTOPlKr'jC, «oivuiviuc E cp 8 a v E rr a v Tan 0 A U a pya, j..IlAWvrcc a E a A A 0 U C, yt' aUTO nou r3lw81lKE xwplc, rrpcvucnKO OlOAOYO Kat anOOEXOjJEVIl outn rnv overropxsic HjC, (W ric, , aAAO j..IEoa ornv npa~1l nou OUVEVWVEl j..IEOa HIC, HjV OIJEo'l 5paon1plOT'lta Kat Til YAwooa H]C,. flpokerrrn vio HjV rrpovucrucq Kmoxr'j TIlC, KOlVOU)Tac, LOU OlaAOYOU Kat TOU natXVlOlOU IJ£ TO XPOVO nou £LX£ a van a p a a T ria E l TO TTOlllTlKOKaAAlTEXVlKO EPYO.

Ka8Ej..Il0 en . ric ouo 04JElC, LOU TEAOUC, Tile; «ouxroupoc uqilororcn 1-12 evioio tporto , TOOO OE oM:e; rtc 04JEle; TWV YVWoEWV, 000 Kat Of. oxcc tic 04JEle; TON ato8'lTWVaVanapaOTOOEUJV - OE or: nrcv Il T E X v 'l j..IE T'lV WPUTEPl) tvvote TOU opou, LTIlV rrpurrn rrcpirrrcuon, I3pioKOVTOl aVTlIJi:rumec, an' H] uio 11 OUooWPWO'l TlJl"]j..IanKWV YVWoEWV nou KOTaVTOUV 0XPllon:c" Ka8wc, Il an 000 X r') TWV"U<j)loTOIJEVWV" OUV8qKWV O<j)EiAEl TEAlKO v' a nap v 11 8 E i T l C, i 0 l E C, T I"] C, T l C, Y V WOE l c" Kat an' TIlV OAAI"] I"] 8EWpia HIC, npo~llc' nou I-IOVI"] ourn KmtXEl TIlV aAr')8Ela OAWV TWV YVWoEWV, KOTExovrae; TO IJUoTlKO rnc xPriOI"]c, TOUC,. LUj OEUTEPrj rteplrrtuion, tPXOVtal cvnue rumec, crpevoc 'l KPlTlKr') OUTOKOTOoTP0<j)ri r qc nOAloc, K 0 l V r') c yAW 0- a a C, HIC, xorvuivicc Kat a<j)ETtpou 'l T£XV'lTr'j cvoouoroon TI"]e; j..IEOO OTO Ej..InOpWj..IOnKO 8tolJa, 'l anOT'lAri ovcnoocOTOol"] TOU WH3lWI-I£VOU.

188

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H «otvurvio. XGVOVTac, TIlV KOlVOTI"]W T'lC, «oivcovloc TOU j..Iu80u, XOVEl cvcvkcorucc Kat Ko8E cvccpopo OE j..IlO rrpovucrucc xown yAWooa. uic rn cnvuri nou 8a j..InOpEOSl va ~EnspaOT£i TO oxioj..la TI"]e; copovouc KOlVOT'lTOe;, j..IE TIlV erri T£U~1l rnc npcvuc rucrtc «rropucnc KOl VOT'lWe;. H Ttxvll, nou unr'jp~s ourn Il xoivrt YAwooa TI"]C, xotvuivucnc aopovsicc ctporou viverrn aVS~aPTrjTIl TEXVIl j..IS HI oUYXPOV'l evvoic. avaOuOI-ISVIl an' TO npWTO 8PlloK£UTlKO Tile. ouurrcv Kat uerc rpsnouevn os crouucrt rtopovuivrt olaxwplOJ..lEVWV EPYWV, yvwpi(El, oav l5taiTEPll rrsplrrnoon, T'lV xivrjOll nou Kuptapxd ornv rorooio TOU OUVOAOU HIC, otaxwPlOj..lEVIlC, kouxrcupcc. H aVE~OpH]TI"] sml3sl3aiwor') Tile; elver r) apxri HIe; 5laAUOriC, rnc.

189

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o loTOPlKOC, Xpovoc, HOU £Knop81l0s rnv T£XVrj, EK<ppaa_rIlKE apXlKO OTIlV iOla Til orpoipo TIlC, T£xvllC" I-IE otpernpic TO j..I nap 0 K. To I-InOpOK civoi q TExvll EVOC, KOOj..lOU nou EXaOE TO KEVTPO IOU: rj TEAWTOio I-IU8lKri Ta~fl npcvIJOTWV nou cvcvvdxnoc 0 Meockuvcc, (Ji:oa oro ouurrov KOl rnv enlvuo oloKu!3EpvrlOIl - 11 SVCHflTO t nc Xpto ncvoouvnc KOl TO <j)OVTOoI-IO uicc curoxporoploc - Kmi:ppsuos. H T i: X v Il T Il C, a A A a Y ri C; EIJ£Ms VO KUO<j)OPriO£l rnv E<Prij..lEPIl apxri nou OVOKaAUTTTE I-IEOO OlOV KOOI-IO. "Ortux; MSl 0 EUYEVLOe; VT" Ope; OlOAS~S "H] (wr'j evovrto OTqV OlWvto rnru". To 8tmpo Kat Il vioprr), '1 8£OTPiKri vrop rn, eivot oi Kupiapxse; o nvuec; HIe; Ol"]j..Iloupyioe; uncpo«. I-IEoO OTrjV ono~o Ko8E lOlaiTSPIl KaAAlTExVlKr; EK<ppaO'l ortoxro vonuo j..IOvaxa ov cvcocpcrm OTO VTSKOP EVOC, KaraOKSUa0I-lEVOU XwpOU, OE uic KataoKSUr; nou rtpenei va eivct vro TOV souTO TIlC, TO KEVTPO svorroinonc Kl OUTO TO KEVTPO civet TO

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TOU crroot epnonc. ~UIl<.pWVO IlE TOUe: opouc rrou XPIlOliJo· norsi 0 fKollrrEA o ' EVa TEAEiwe; ola<.popETlKO, no80AoYlKO ertineoo, "11 ovwllaAI1 OVOYKI1 cvcrtooocrconc. cvcnxnpuiVel EOW Eva f3000VlOTlKO ouvcloanuo on ~piOKETat KOVEie: 010 nEpl8wplO Tile: unop~Il<:".

o nopoi\AI1i\lOlloe:; HIe: lOEOi\oyioe; Il £ Til OXlC:O<.pptVElO nou ElOriYOYE 0 fKollnti\ ("H 4J E U 0 ri c ~ U V c i 011- a n"), rrperrer va EV1OX9Ei 0" aUTO TO OlKOVOlllKO rrporosc uAonoillOI1e; TI1<: lOEOi\oyioe:. H xotvurviu EYlVE aUTO nou 11 lOWAOyio rrrov ri0l1. H orrouoxpuvon Tile: npO~Ile:, KOL 11 ovnOlOAEKTlKri 4Jworie:; ouvEi0l1011 nou Til OUVOOEU£l, ETTlf30i\i\OVTOl OE K08£ o nvun TIl<: Ko81l1l£PlVri<: (wri<: nou elvci unOTOYlltVI1 OTO 8tollO TO T£i\WTOio, rrperrst va VOll8d oav oucrnuo uxn 0PyoVWOIl Tile; "ti\i\£l4Jl1e: OUVOTOTr]1Oe; ouvoVTIlOIl<:" Kat oov ovrucorooroon Tile: ana tva nap a l- 09 11 a lO K 0 K 0 l V W V l K 0 Y E Y 0 v 0 c: TIlV 4Jwori ouvelonon Tile: OUVOVTIlOIle:;, rrjv "4Jwooi081101l TIl<: OUVOVTI1011<:". ~£ uio xoivuivio orrou KOVEie: OEV prropei TTlO va a v a Y v W P lOT E ian' 1OUe: OAi\OUe:, Ko8E OTOIlO vlverci OViKOVO va cvovvuipiost TI1V iOlO TOU TIlV npoYIlOTlKOTIlTO. H lOWAOyio f3piOKETat OTO orrirt Tile;' 0 OlOXWPlOlloe: OtKOOOIlIlOE TOV KOOIlO TOU.

218

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"~TO Ki\lVlKo OlOypollllOTO Tile; OXlC:O<.pptVElOe:", MEL 0 f KO Ilni:i\, "11 napa K Ilri Tile; OlOAEKTlKrie; rnc oi\OTIl1Oe:; (IlE oxpcio 1l0P<.pri TO OlXOOIlO) KOl 11 rrcpcxu ri TI1<: OlOi\EKTlKrie: rou yiyvw80L (IlE cxpoio 1l0P<.pri rnv KOTOTO\iia) <.pOiVOVTOL ~EK08opo ouvorpeic". H ouvEiOIl011-8EOTri<:, OtOlllO evoc l-

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155

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2. E 'Y X p o V I a 11 0 ;: T) EV'to.;T) o-ro Xpovo.

3. A a 't E a 11: 0 C;: 0 avuqJEpOI1EVOC; crnv nOAT) ("uo'tu").

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5. A; lob 0 't TJ 0 T): TJ npoob<ooT) asia;.

H aUTOXElpacp£TI1011 TI1<; WOX~<; ucc OE OUViOTOTOl nopo OTI1 XElpacpET110~ TI1<; an" nc U'\lKE<; 1300El<; TI1<; aVTEorpouuevnc a'\~8Ela<;. AUT~ "I") lOTOPlK~ anOOTO'\~ rnc EOpaiwol1<; TI1<; a'\~8Ela<; OTOV KOOj.JO", OEV unopei va OlEKnEpmw8Ei OUTE an' TO crrouovuiucvo 0101..10 OUTE an' TO OTOI . .llKOnOLI1Il£VO, unoKEiIJEVO OE XElpaYWY~OEl<;, n'\~80<;, 0'\'\0 uovo an' TI")V TO~11 rrou elver lKav~ va ola'\uoElo'\E<; nc TO~El<;, ava8£1OvTO<; 0'\11 TI")V E~ouoia OTI1V crro-oxxotpiurrucn 1l0PCP~ TI1<; uxorromusvnc OI")!JOKpaTia<;: TO LUj.J- 130u'\lo, j.J£oa 010 orroio 11 rrpcxrucn 8Ewpia aU1OEA£YXETOl KOL rrcpcxoxoufiel TI") Opool1 TI")<;, Movoxa EKEi orrou TO 0- TOj.Ja elver "oj.JEoa OUVOEoEj.J£va j.JE TI")V KaeO'\lK~ urropic" j.Jovoxa EKEl orrou 0 OlO'\OYO<; £XEl onxtcrei vic va Eml3o'\'\El eplaIJ13WTlKO TOU<; opouc TOU.

156

157

EYPETHPIO

/\tVlV, BlIoVTl~ip 0,,,,"(<;, 98 0 99,103,112 "/\tVlV Kat n EnOVaOTOOfl", 0 (ToilllYKO), 104 /\Opi:vTOO, nov Ml:oiKWV, 139

/\OUKOT<;, rKi:oPYK, II, 112

/\OU~I:~noupYK, Po~o, 101

/\UOi:vKO, Tpocpiu, 108

MOKlO[3i:lIlIl, NlKollo, 139, V II

Mo~<popvr, Arouic. 172, 174

MOVXCll~, Kopll, 214

Mao TOI: TOUVYK, 64

Mop~, Kopll, 78081,84085,87089,91,95,125, 176, VIII, 206 Mwa~1:8, 136

Mrrcxouvw. MlXO~lI, 78, 91 092 MnoupKxapr, T~oKo~n, 139 Mrrepvor ctv. 0 Evt ounpr , 79,97 Mnoooou£, ZaK 0 Mrrzvive , 136 Mrro upo nv, Nrovll:lI, 1980200 No[3alll<;, 131

"OlKOVO~lKO<PlllooO<PlKa Xstpovporpu". (MopU, 215 Oniculo manual y arte de prudencia (rKpClOlOV), VI Ope, EUyi:VlO<; NTo, 189

"Ouoia TOU x pronovrouou". H (<Doul:p~nax), I nOVI:KI:K, °AVTOV, 116

nap[3ou<; (AlIE~OVTI:P Xi:lI<pOVT), 103

Pursuit of the Millennium, The (N. Kovl , 138

"Flooiirroecocic TOU l:OOlalllO~ou KOl TO Ka8~KovTO rric l:oOlollofl~OKpoTiac;"o o. (MnI:PVOTalV), 79

PalO~OV, Nr£l[3lvT, 192

PiTOl, Mrrpouvo, 104

Rote Fahne, 101

POUYKI:, °Apvollvr, VIII

l:oi~nflP, OUi""lO~, V

l:o~nopr, Btpvl:p,83

l:op£lI, Zwp<:' 83

l:oPI:VOI:V, G~OVTOP, 61

l:TolllV, luiorup, 70, 103 - 104, 107 l:ripvl:p, Mo~, 78

l:TOuopr, Toopxc °EVTOUOPVT ("npiYKmo<; Kcpoxoc o Opaio<;"), 140 "l:rpOTflYo<; /\ouo", 115

TPOTOK~ /\tov, 103, 112

(To EUPEnlPW ouro EXEt ouv I3clOTJ 'to av'tL(J'toLXO index, nov OUV'tcl'X'tTJ'KE an' 'tov af.lEpUCclVO pLl;O(J:7tcl(JTrJ KEV Naf.l:7t 1Ct Ef.l:7tEpIiXE'tW (JTrJv Av6oA.oyLa rou 1CEtf.lEVWV TrJ\; Internationale Situationniste (E1CboOT) 1:OU Bureau of Public Secrets, P.O Box 1044. Berkeley California 94701, 6.EKEf.lI3PTJ\; 1981. Or apal3t1Col apt9f.loL avacpEpov'tW (Jns 9E(JEtS, EVW or A.anvt1Col apt9f.l01 (J'ta 1CEcpclA.ma.)

"A8l1l0TflTO TIll; <DLAooa<pio<;", H (MopO, 147 BovanopTfll;, Nanolli:wv, 108

"Tepucvucn IbEolloyio", H (Map!;), 81,137,177 City in History, The (Ma~<pOPVT), 172

rKa~ni:ll, ZoC:i:<p, 217 - 219

rKpamOV, MnollTooap, VI

Fouorr, Ouillllto~, 192

"t1lae~Kfl TaU /\tVtV", H, 112

"LlIO<pOPO TWV OUOTfl~OTWV TOU <DiXTE Kat TaU nlllltVYK", H (Xi:YKEA), 180 . EYKl:lIl;, <DP~VTPlX, 79, 84, 89

'E~nEpT, <DP~VTPtX, 97

Epplxoc Llo (l:ai!;nflP), V

"Hvspovcc", 0 (MOKtO[3i:Mtl, VII

Hooooroc, 133

o HOT~OV, Mo!;, 112

"GtOEt<; rrowo OTOV <DouEp~nox", (Map!;), 216

"Ocoe«; novw OTOV Xi:YKElI Kat rnv EnavaOTaofl", (Kopc). 76 Image, The (MnoupoTlv), 198

"IOTOpio Kat TO~lK~ ruvdol)ofl", (/\OUKOTc;), II, 112 Jenenser Realphilosophie (Xi:YKElI), 215

KEvEVTU, TC:wv <Do, 61

KEP, KlIoPK, 193

"KI:<pollolO", To (Map!;), 88·89,144,151 KipKEYKOP, l:alPEV, 206

KOlvOj3oulIEUTlKI') 'EK8EOfl YlO rnv E~i:yEpofl rnc 18fll; MaPTI) 1871, IV "KOKKtVfl rl)~oio", (Flexlvo). III

"KO~~OUVlOTtKO MOVt<ptoTO", To (Map!;, • EYKElId, 79,87 Kov, Noouov, 138

KOPI;, Kopll, 76

KPOUTOE<p, NtKI')TO, 61

158

159

ToillIYKO, "AVTOV, 104

"VAlKO y10 1-110 9£wpio TOU npOAnOpUlTOU", (LOpi:l\), 83 "<J)mv0I-IEVoAoyio TOU nV£UIJOTO<;", H (XEYK£A), IX "CDlllooOqllKa 4Jlxio", (KipK£YKOp), 206

CDou£PIJTIOX, /\ouvTI3IX, 1,206

CDou PIE, LOPA, 95

CDPOUVT, LiYKIJOUVT, 51

XEYK£A, rKEOPYK BiAX£AIJ CDpriVTPIX, 76,80,127,206, IX, 215 XiACP£PVTlYK, POUVTOACP, 95

"Xpnuo rtorrxo K£cpaAOW", To (XiAcp£pvnYK l. 95 XPIOTO<;, 1,100u<;, 136

"4J£uori<; Luv£io'1o'1", H (rKOIJTIi':A), 217

160

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