You are on page 1of 65

# !

∀#∃%&∋∀()&∗+(
,−∃./0&∋1(

(
ı

(
203(45/657∋5!

!

!

!

(

(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
8&/(#∀(9/&:%./(−;(<(%0=(>06.(?&5∋∋.≅(
>0:%(;&Α.(<(5Β#0/5:0&∋∗(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(

(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
Χ(
∆%.(#.==57.=(.Ε∃;035:.Β(0∋(:%0=(>&/Φ(
5/.(∋&:(3&∋6.//.Β(0∋(5(;0∋.5/(65=%0&∋∗(
∆%.∀(/5:%./(/.=.#9;.(6&/#Γ;5:0&∋(
6/&#(5(=Γ93&∋=30&Γ=(Β.∃:%Η(
30∃%./0∋7=(5∋Β(=06:0∋7=≅(
5;.5:&/03(5∋Β(6/57#.∋:5/∀≅(
=∀∋./70=:03(3&∋=:.;;5:0&∋=(
3/.5:0∋7(5(#&=503Ι;0Φ.(
0∋:./3&∋∋.3:.Β(=.#5∋:03(=Γ/653.∗
Χ(
(

(

"""ｬ"""
!:5/:(5∋&:%./(∃57.(
−∋Β(9.70∋(:&(.∋Β.5Α&/(
∆%.(∃57.=(5/.(Γ=.;.==(
ϑ∋;.==(Γ∋/.5Β(9∀(:%.(#0∋Β(
∆%.(3&∋3.∃:(&6(5==Γ/5∋3.(9.70∋=(:&(Β.Α.;&∃(
−#0Β(:%.(=0∋7Γ;5/(
Κ.Α&0Β(&6(:%.(∃5/.∋:%.:035;(
Λ∋;∀(:%.(∋Γ5∋3.=(:&Γ3%(:%.(=Φ0∋(
ΜΓ:(>%∀(Β&.=(:%.(&>;(=3/..3%(
∆%.(>0;Β./∋.==(0=(0∋(:Γ∋.(
∆%.(3&∋3.∃:(5750∋(53%0.Α.=(6/Γ0:0&∋(
85ΓΕ(60∋0=%.=(.Ε0=:(:&(3&#∃;035:.(
∆%.(9;&3Φ57.(&6(:%.(%.5/:(0=(.∋Β.#03(
∆%.(Α&03.(6&/(:%.(7/5Α.(
∆%.(#0∋Β(0=(5(Α.==.;(

3

(
−(/.;0ΝΓ5/∀(6&/(3./.9/5;(.∃0=:.#&;&70.=(
∆%.(.5=∀(3&∋:.∋:(Γ∋6&;Β=(
−(Β0=ΝΓ0.:ΓΒ.(
∆%.(Φ∋&:(Γ∋:0.=(:%.(#5∋∀(.∋Β=(
∆%.(7Γ::Γ/5;(=∃.5Φ=(&6(.33.∋:/030:0.=(
∆%.(#5∋∀Ι=0Β.Β(:.:/5%.Β/&∋(
∆%.(0#∃&:.∋:(.;0Ε0/(&6(#0=7Γ0Β.Β(Φ∋&>;.Β7.(
Ο&/Β=(5/.(Γ∋Β./(
∆%.(.∃%.#./5;(ΠΓ∋Φ(
Θ∋Β(0:(%./.(
Ο%./.(:%.(:5∃.=:/∀(9.70∋=(
Ρ.#0=∃%./.=(5/.(.;Γ=0Α.(
ϑ∋=..∋(∀.:(Γ∋3%5∋70∋7(
∆%.(∃&>./(>%03%(;0Α.=(0∋(:%.(=:&∋.(
∆%.(3&#∃;.Ε0:0.=(

1

∆5#∃./0∋7(>0:%(:%.(6&==0;=(
∆%.(=∃530&Γ=(>.07%:(0=(Γ∋:5∃∃.Β(0∋(#.5=Γ/.(
∆%.(&∃.∋0∋7(&6(:%.(>.;;(
ΜΓ:(Β&(∋&:(=:&∃(:%.(0∋:/Γ=0&∋(
)&(;0#0:=(:&(.==.∋3.(
∆%.(3&∋ΒΓ0:(60;;=(
∆%.(=:57∋5:0&∋(&6(/.=0=:5∋3.(
∆%.(Γ∋6.::./.Β(6;&>(
4&∋=:/03:(:%.(;06.Ι6&/3.(
−∋(5∃∃.∋Β57.(&6(;07%:(
8;&>./(
∆%.(#5∋∀(=:/Γ3:Γ/.=(
∆%.(60/.(0=(Β..∃(
∆%.(;.5Α.∋.Β(=Γ/653.(
∆%.(=∃0/5;(:Γ#Γ;:(

2

∆%.(&Γ:./(5/#=(
?&Γ/∋.∀(0=(0∋:/0∋=03(:&(3%5∋7.(
Σ.∋ΒΓ;Γ#(
Μ/.5Φ(:%.(>.9(
∆&&(#Γ3%(0=&;5:0&∋(
∆%.(/0Α.∋(3%5=#(
Ρ0/.;0∋7=≅(=5:/5∃=(&6(.Α&;Γ:0&∋(
∆%.(>5∀(:%.(3&Γ/=.(.;.Α5:.=(
−/3%0#.Β.=(∃&0∋:(
∆%./.(0=(:%.(Γ∋ΒΓ;5:0∋7(35/&#(
∆%.(=∃.30.=(
Θ∋:/.∋3%.Β(5:(90/:%(
)5=3.∋:(∋5:Γ/.(Γ∋Α.0;.Β(
Σ&/&Γ=(7;&::0=(=∃.5Φ(:/Γ:%(
ϑ∋>0.;Β∀(;&703(
(
2

(

(

4&∋=Γ##5:0&∋(
∆&&(#Γ3%(3&∋=30&Γ=(3;5::./(=∃0;;=(:%/&Γ7%(
Μ;0∋Β./=(&6(5;53/0:∀(
Τ5.;=:/&#(0∋=Γ/7.∋3.(
4;5/0:∀(60∋Β=(5(:.#∃.=:(
−Α&0Β0∋7(#5∋∀(#0=3Γ.=(
∆%.(>%0:.(;07%:(&6(5(653.;.==(=Γ∋(
Υ.:(#.(6;&>(:%/&Γ7%(∀&Γ(
Κ.Α&0Β(:%.(.7&(
Τ0=Γ∋Β./=:5∋Β0∋7=(0∋6;Γ.∋:(
4/&==(=∃0/.=(6/&#(:%.(:&>./(
2.35;;(:%.(>0∋Β&>=(
∆%.(Γ∋9/5ς.∋(;0#0:=(
!.:(:%.(6&Γ∋Β5:0&∋(0∋(=:&∋.(
−;07∋(:%.(=∃%./.=(

3

∆%.(/.5;#=(5∋Β(%.#0=∃%./.=(5/.(;07%:(
∆%.(9&Β0;∀(6Γ∋3:0&∋=(5/.(0∋(3&∋:.Ε:(
!∀=:.#5:035;;∀(0∋./:(
∆%.(>&#9(0=(5∋(./=:>%0;.(3%/∀=5;0=(
8&/(:%.(>.9(0=(9/&Φ.∋(
∆%.(35;∀Ε(5∋Β(:%.(=.∃5;(
Κ0&7.∋.=(
∆%.(∃/0∋30∃;.(&6(:%.(6;&>./(
∆%.(>5;;(>%03%(=∃.5Φ=(0=(=0;.∋3.(
Λ6(#5∋∀(6Γ∋Β5#.∋:5;(Β.0:0.=(
∆%.(:5;&∋(=Φ∀%.5Β(
ΩΓ;:Γ/.=(9;53Φ(5750∋=:(:%.(=35/;.:(
Gzvtcpgqwu"tgcnouÔ"fgvcknu(
Ξ(:Γ/∋(#∀=.;6(0∋:&(:%.(=0∋(
Κ.∋∀0∋7(:%./.(0=(∋&(/.=&;Α.(

3

∆%.(6;.=%(6..;=(0:=.;6(
−(Φ..∃./(&6(653.=(
−:(∃50∋=(:&(∃&/:/5∀(
∆%.(/.:&&;.Β(0∋=:/Γ#.∋:(
Τ5∋∀(=∃.∋Β(Β5∀;07%:(;&=:(
Τ5∋∀(3&∋=&;.(:%.(:/57.Β∀(
!.∃5/5:.Β(6/&#(90/:%(
4Γ;#0∋5:0&∋(5∋Β(=Γ##5:0&∋=(
Ρ&;Β(Β.5/(:&(:%.(%5=∃(
∆%.(#5ΓΒ;0∋(Β&Γ/(7/&>;=(
Μ.%0∋Β(7/.∀(3&Α./(
Ξ##5∋.∋3.(&/(7/0.6(
∆&(.Ε0=:(5∃5/:(6/&#(:%.(6&;Β(
∆%0∋Φ(9.6&/.(:%.(Β.;Γ7.(
!:&∋.(653.(&6(3%5∋7.(
(
4

Μ/.5:%.(:%.=.(>&/Β=(0∋:&(;06.(
−(#&Β03Γ#(&6(=.∋=5:.(0∋Α07&/5:0&∋(
Ο5/Ι:&/∋(0∋:./0&/0:∀(
!∃.30&Γ=(75:%./0∋7(&6(=ΦΓ;;=(9.∋.5:%(
4&∋:/&;(0=(5(ΝΓ.=:0&∋(
−(Α0/:Γ&Γ=(#0∋Β(0=(Γ∋=3%&&;.Β(
∆%./.(0=(:%.(=5#.(6Γ;3/Γ#(6&/(#.5=Γ/.(
−∋(&/Β./(0∋(:%.(3&=#&=(
ΛΑ./%.5/0∋7(:%.(∃5/:05;(Β0∋(&6(5∋7.;=(
−∋(5::Γ∋.#.∋:(
Ξ#57.=(5/.(Γ∋Β5Γ∋:.Β;∀(65:%&#;.==(
−/.(:%&=.(Ξ(&Α./%.5/(0∋=0Β.(#∀(%.5Β(
)Γ#9∋.==(=5:Γ/5:.=(:%.(#5==.=(
−;;(3/Γ=%.Β(Α0/:Γ.(0=(>%&;.(
∆%./.(0=(0∋Β..Β(:%.(=0;.∋3.(

4

(

(
Τ0//&/.Β(#0//&/.Β(&∋(:%.(7/5==(
∆5//∀(0∋(:%.(653.;.==(/.5;#(
∆%.(∃Γ/.(0∋7/5:05:0∋7(/5Β05∋3.(
∆%.(Β5Γ∋:0∋7(=∃.3:53;.(
∆%.(;0#0:=(>%./.(>.(;&/Β(:%.(6;.=%(
Σ&/:0&∋=(&6(/.5;0:∀(
Ecvcen{uoÔu"e{enkecnkv{(
∆%.(>.5Α0∋7(&6(:%.(:.#∃.=:(
Ξ:=(#.5=Γ/.(5∋(0#∃/.30=.(5#&Γ∋:(
80;;(:%.(Α&0Β=(>0:%(∀&Γ/(0∋:.∋:0&∋(
!∃0/5;(5∋Β(Α&/:.Ε(5/.(&∋.(
∆%.(3;Γ::./(5∋Β(=:&/#=(
∆%.(Γ∋6.::./.Β(653.(
−∃∃.5/5∋3.=(Γ∋Β0Α0∋.Β(
∆%.(∃/.30&Γ=(&Γ:6;&>(&6(:0#.(

5

(
−∃&7..(
∆%.(∃;.∋Γ#(0=(6Γ;;(
∆%.(650:%;.==(59&Γ∋Β(Γ∋3%50∋.Β(
45//0.Β(:%/&Γ7%(:&(6/Γ0:0&∋(
∆%.(3&;Γ#∋=(/.6;.3:(=Γ∋;07%:(
∆%.(6/.∋.:03(Β5∋3.(&6(#.Β0&3/0:∀(
!:0;;∋.==(0=(&∋.(5=∃.3:(&6(3%5∋7.(
∆%.(60∋0=%.Β(∃/&ΒΓ3:(
ϑ∋Β5Γ∋:.Β(3&%./.∋3.(.#5∋30∃5:.=(
∆%.(∃/&ΒΓ3:=(&6(>.5;:%(
∆%.(9&Γ7%(&6(5(=%0∃>/.3Φ(
!&#.%&>(:%.(∃.∋3%5∋:(650;=(:&(#5:./05;0ς.(
∆%.(3Γ/=.(&6(:%.(:&&(#5∋∀(
−=∃.3:=(5;07∋.Β(0∋(6;5#.=(
∆%.(3/∀0∋7(Β&30;.(=5Α0&/(

5

(
OgcpkpiÔu"rnwtcnkv{"ku"kpekrkgpv(
∆%.(3&;;0Β.Β(5:&#=(
Θ53%(:&(:%.0/(&>∋(.∋Β.5Α&/(
∆%.(=%5∃.(0∋=0Β.(:%.(Α&0Β(
Μ.(=:0;;(5∋Β(Φ∋&>(:%.(∃5/;5∋3.(
Τ5∋∀(Γ∋Β./=:5∋Β(;0::;.(:&(Φ∋&>(
Ρ&>(:%.(Β/57&∋=(6&/#(0∋(∃%5=.=(
∆%Γ∋Β./(Γ∋=:/Γ3:Γ/.Β(0∋(#0∋Β(
8&/(∀&Γ(5/.(%&∋.=:(:&(5∋=>./(
∆%.(35;;(:&(∃&Α./:∀(
Τ5∋∀(Β.=./:=(5/.(
Κ.∃&∃Γ;5:.Β(3/0=0=(3.∋:./=(
∆%.(#5∋∀(=:5Α.(:%.(%&Α.;(
!:/.5#0∋7(0∋(5∋Ε0.:∀(
Ρ&>(∋&Α.;(:%.(6/5#.>&/Φ=(=..#(

6

∆%.(∃.∋∋∀Ι5∋:.(&Γ:=&Γ/3.(
∆%.(3&=:(&6(%Γ#5∋(;06.(
!./0&Γ=(0∋:./Ι3&;;ΓΒ.Β(=3%.#.=(
∆%.(65:(30:∀(>50:=(0∋(∃50∋(
ΚΓ;3.:(65=30∋5:0&∋(>0:%(&Α./=%5Β&>.Β(5∋7=:(
Ψ/..:(:%.(3.∋:./(5Ε05;;∀(
8&/(#&/.(/.75/Β(:%.(6;.=%(Γ∋:50∋:.Β(
−>5=%(0∋(∃&>Β./Ι/50∋=(
Σ0.3.#.5;(0#∃.:Γ=(Γ∋/5Α.;0∋7(
Μ&Γ:(>0:%(6&/.#&=:(∃;5:0:ΓΒ.(
−(=&Γ/3.(&6(Α./0:∀(
4;.5Α.(:&(5=∃0/5:0&∋=(
)&0=∀(&#.∋=(
∆%.(/.3.==.=(5/.(5#∃;.(
Σ/.:.∋:0&Γ=(;0.=(5=3/09.Β(:&(:/Γ:%(
(
6

Θ#9/53.(:%.(∃&Γ/0∋7(
ΘΑ./∀(Β.:50;(0∋:53:(0∋(0:=.;6(
85/(6/&#(:%.(:%&Γ7%:(:&(>5∋Β./(
Ξ##5∋.∋3.(0##5∋.∋3.(
Μ&∋.(5∋Β(#5//&>(
!∃0/0:(0=(5;&&6(5∋Β(Γ∋3%5∋70∋7(
∆5∃.=:/0.=(&6(/50∋(
−;;(∋5:Γ/.(∃;535:.=(:%.(7%&=:(
Θ#∃:∀(=Φ∀(0=(0∋∋./(
Σ.53.(/.=&;Α.=(
Ξ∋:&(:%.(#5Φ0∋7(&6(&∃Γ;.∋3.(
∆%.(=0∋.>(
∆%.(3;&:%(&6(9;&&Β(
KuqncvkqpÔu"eqtrug(
Ο.(=:/5∀(65/(6/&#(:%.(0∋∋./(=:/.5#(
(
7

∆%.(&Γ:3/&∃(&6(#5∀5(
∆%.(9Γ/Β.∋(&6(6;.=%(
?&Γ/∋.∀(&/(:/.Φ(
Ξ∋:./3%5∋7.59;.(=.5=&∋(
∆%.(6;50;0∋7(&6(0/&∋(;0#9=(
∆%.(∃.Β5∋:/0.=(5∋Β(:5;0=#5∋(&6(#57∋.:03(Β.Α05:0&∋(
∆%.(6&/.=:(5∋Β(>0;Β./∋.==(&6(#0/:%(
∆&(5==&305:.(.Ε0=:.∋3.(>0:%(Β.5:%(
∆%.(0;;Γ=0&∋(0=(5(9.5Γ:06Γ;(:/5Α50;(
∆%.(5∋7.;(/.=:=(
∆%.(Β/&==(9Γ/∋=(0∋3.==5∋:;∀(
Σ5/:(&6(:%.(659/03(.∋=3&∋3.Β(
∆%.(>5Φ0∋7(60/.(3.5=.=(Γ∃&∋(0#∃53:(
Ξ:(0=(5(3&;Β(=5:Γ/5:0&∋(0∋(:%.(659/03(&6(:0#.(
∆%.(.07%:%(%&Γ/(0##./=.Β(&∋(0∋(Β&Γ9:(
(
7

ΛΓ:=0Β.(:%.(533;0#5:0&∋(&6(3&∋:/&;(
∆%.(∃/&∃%.:03(65Γ;:=(5/.(3%5=#5;(0∋(∋5:Γ/.(
Τ5∀9.(:%.(=:/5∀.Β(3&∋=30&Γ=∋.==(0=(0∋:.∋:0&∋5;(
!&&∋./(:%.(/5Α.∋(6;0.=(
ϑ∋Β5Γ∋:.Β(9∀(:%.(6;57(&6(∃/&#0=.(
Θ53%(:&(:%.0/(&>∋(=:06;0∋7(.#&:0&∋(
∆%.(∃53:(&6(∃.53.(0=(5(=:5:.#.∋:(&6(>5/(
)&(&/070∋=(5/.(.Α./(Γ∋3&Α./.Β(
Ω0&;.:(5750∋=:(:%.(6./∋=(5:(60/=:(;07%:(
∆%.(=&;.#∋(;0:Γ/7∀(&6(;&==(
−::53%.Β(:&(:%.(&Γ:3&#.(&6(∃50∋(
−∃∃.∋Β0∋7(6&/3.=(>.(Φ∋&>(;0::;.(59&Γ:(
∆%.(=∃.3:/5;(57.∋3∀(%&Α./=(59&Α.(
−(6&/#(&6(#&Β5;0:∀(65Β.=(>0:%(ΒΓ=:(
∆%.(∃5:0.∋:(Φ0∋Β∋.==(/&#5∋3.(9/0∋7=(

8

(
85=30∋5:0&∋(>0:%(&/53;.=(
∆%.(=..,/1(&6(5(3./.9/5;(&3.5∋(
Τ5∋Φ0∋Β(0∋6Γ=.Β(>0:%(;Γ#0∋.=3.∋3.(
∆%.(Β&Γ9:6Γ;(=5:0/.=(0∋(3&//0Β&/=(&6(#5ΓΑ.(
∆%.(Β5/Φ;0∋7(%Γ;Φ(5#5==.=(#.5=Γ/.(
∆0#&/&Γ=(60Β.;0:∀(.Ε%&/:=(0∋./:05(
!∃.∋Β:%/06:(#&∋.∀(;5Γ∋Β././=(
∆%.(6&==0;=(5/.(/.∃/&ΒΓ3:0&∋=(&6(65:.(
∆%.(Α.∋Γ.(0=(3;5/0:∀(
∆%.(6&/3.Β(%5∋Β(&6(∋5:Γ/.(/.9.;=(
Θ53%(0∋Β0Α0ΒΓ5;(Γ∋0ΝΓ.(5∋Β(Γ∋65:%&#59;.(
−(%&;.(0∋(:%.(;&703(
−(=∃.3:/Γ#(&6(/%.:&/03(.∋=3&∋3.Β(
Σ/.30&Γ=(6.>(#..:(:%.(∋..Β=(&6(#5∋∀(
−(∃&/:0&∋.Β(/5Β05∋3.(
8

Λ∋;∀(&∋.(=&Γ∋Β(.#5∋5:.=(
Ξ∋:./∃/.:5:0&∋=(>%03%(;53Φ(Γ∋Β./=:5∋Β0∋7(
45;;&Γ=(5;53/0:∀(.∋Β&>.Β(>0:%(;06.(
!&;0:ΓΒ.(5∋Β(∗(∗(∗((0=&;5:0&∋(
Λ∃.∋(:&(:%.(6;&>(
∆%.(0;;Γ=0&∋(&6(Β.5:%(0=(5=(:.#∃&/5;(5=(:%.(#0∋Β(
Τ5∋∀(65Γ;:=(5/.(∃5/:(&6(5(∋5:Γ/.(#0=3&∋=:/Γ.Β(
∆%.(#..:0∋7(&6(:%.(35/.==(
∆%.(∃&07∋5∋:(Β5/Φ(>%03%(&Α./=%5Β&>=(,5;;1(
∆%.(%.5/0∋7(&6(653:=(
Τ0=7Γ0Β.Β(3%5∋3.(5==Γ#.=(:%.(=:5:Γ/.(&6(65:.(
Θ53%(>&/Β(0∋=.∃5/59;.(6/&#(:%.(#5==(
∆%.(∃&=0:0&∋5;(=∃0∋(&6(5:&#03(3%5&=(
−(∃;5∋(6&/(.∋:/&∃∀(:&(.#∃&>./(:%.(#5==,.=1(
Θ;Γ=0Α.(653.:(.∋./7∀(/.Α.5;.Β(

9

∆%.(∃&0∋:(:%.(3&∋ΒΓ0:(9Γ/=:=(
∆%.(;∀0∋7(Β&>∋(:&(>0:∋.==(Β.5:%(
8/5∀0∋7(:%/.5Β=(
!∀#∃5:%∀(7/5=∃=(5:(=:/5>=(
∆%.(Γ∋0:0∋7(&6(#5∋∀(=&/:=(
∆%.(∃/.:.∋=.(&6(#&Α.#.∋:(9.∋.5:%(:%.(=Φ0∋(
∆%.(&:%./>0=.(0∋∋&3Γ&Γ=(5∋Β(0∋=Γ9=:5∋:05;(
Σ5::./∋=(5;;.Α05:.(:%.(#5Φ0∋7(&6(0Β.5=(
UvcngocvguÔ"5∃&∃;.3:03(.∋:/.∋3%#.∋:(
∆&(/.#&Α.(:%.(3%50∋=(Γ∋Β5Γ∋:.Β(
∆%.(3Γ//.∋:(#&Α.=(9.:>..∋(:%.(=:&∋.=(
Vjg"gkfgvke"hkzvwtgÔu"vgngqnqi{"kp"vkog(
∆%.(=∃5/.(3%5∋7.(&6(;5::./ΙΒ5∀(=50∋:=(
Ψ/5Α.(#5/Φ./=(5=(.;Γ=0Α.(0Β.∋:0:∀(
−(65;=.(=%&>(&6(%5∋Β=(6&/#Γ;5:.=(3%5∋7.(

9

(
−(95=.Ι653:&/(5∋Β(:%.(Β0∋(&6(533Γ#Γ;5:0&∋(
∆%.(6;ΓΕ(0∋(:%.(3&∋ΒΓ0:(
Ο.(0∋:./∃/.:(:%.(&Γ:3&#.(&6(3%5∋3.(
∆%.(∃5/:05;(0Β&;5:/0.=(#5=Φ.Β(9∀(0;;Γ=0&∋(
∆%.(=.Α./0∋7(
2.#5/Φ0∋7(9&Γ∋Β5/0.=(59&Α.(:%.(∃;50∋(
∆%.(=3Γ;∃:Γ/.Ι%.5Β(#Γ:.(&6(;&703(
!.#5∃%&/.=(
∆%.(/.ΒΙ%.//0∋7(3Γ;∃/0:(5#5==0∋7(&∋(9&Γ∋Β5/0.=(
∆%.(=.::;0∋7(&6(6&/.07∋(&9Π.3:=(0∋(:%.(50/(
4&;;Γ=0&∋=(∋&:(0;;Γ=0&∋=(=.∃5/5:.(:%.(#.5∋(
8&/(=Γ9:;.(0∋6;03:0&∋=(&6(∃50∋(/.#&:.;∀(=.∋=.Β(
∆%.(Γ∋Β./∃0∋∋0∋7(&6(;0∋.=(:&(;&703(
Ο%∀(>.(#&Α.(:&(Β.30Β.(:%.(0##.Β053∀(
)5#.=(5/.(:%.(&∋;∀(0∋6&/#5;(5::/09Γ:.=(
(
10

!&;0Β(#5==.=(
∆%.(35Β5Α./&Γ=(∃5;;&/(
Hqt"vjg"ÓCÔ"qh"ocp{"dgikppkpiu"gzkuv(
−:(:%.(∃&0∋:(&6(;.5=:(0∋Β.30=0&∋(
∆%.(60/=:(&/070∋(0=(0∋./:(5∋Β(Γ∋∃/&Α.∋(
)&(=35;5/(Β.=07∋(:&(Γ∋.5/:%(
∆%.(=:07#5:0ς.Β(Α.0∋(=Γ9=:/5:Γ#(
∆.:/53%;&/0Β.(#0Ε:Γ/.=(
Λ∋.(>.∋:(:&(9.Β(07∋&/5∋:(&6(.∋Β0∋7=(
Σ5;.&;0:%03(:/5∃.ς&0Β(
Τ∀(9&∋.=(6&/#Γ;5:.(,0∋1(ΒΓ=:(5∋Β(5=%(
∆%.(3%/&∋03;.(5∋Β(7.∋.=0=(&6(#∀:%(
Λ∋;∀(:%.(6;&>(0∋Α5;0Β(
4/&==3Γ//.∋:=(5∋Β(
Τ0:&3%&∋Β/05;(Κ)−
(
10

Τ5==(=Γ030Β.(0∋(:%.(∃.:/0(Β0=%(
∆%.(/.=%5∃0∋7(&6(;5∋Β=35∃.=(
∆%.(#0/:%(0=(#0/.(5∋Β(#∀:%(0=(603:0&∋(
C"uchhtqp"oqqpÔu"fggr"xkqngv"g{gu(
−(Β066./.∋3.(0=(0∋Α5;0Β(5:(#&=:(;.Α.;=(
∆%.(3&∋=30&Γ=(6&7(
2.∃;.:.(:%.(#0∋0#5;(ς./&(
−:(&ΒΒ=(>0:%(:%.(Γ∋#5Φ0∋7(7&Β=(
Ρ∀Β/&35/9&∋=(5∋Β(3%;&/&∃%∀;;(
∆%.(∃Γ/./(∋5#.=(5/.(Γ∋0ΝΓ.(Γ∋:&(:%.#=.;Α.=(
∆%.(9;.5:0∋7(%&Γ/(>%03%(=Γ=:50∋=(;&==(
∆%.(3;&ΓΒ(&6(.;.3:/&∋=(
∆%.(Β5/Φ(#5∋7./(#0=Γ=.=(#./3∀(
∆%.(;5#9(0=(:%.(=53/060305;(/.∃&=.(
∆%.(0#∃Γ;=.(0=(:&(Β0=/.75/Β(
(
11

Ξ∋:Γ0:0&∋(5::.∋Β=(:&(6.5/=(
∆%.(=%0.;Β(&6(−3%0;;.=(
−:(:%.(6&&:(&6(Τ:∗(Λ;∀#∃Γ=(5(3%&/5;(9.5:0:ΓΒ.(
45;;0=:&(5∋Β(Ψ5∋∀#.Β.(
VjqtÔu"ktqp(
45∋3./(∃/.=.∋:=(0∋=3/Γ:59;.(.//&/=(
−∋(Γ∋#5Φ0∋7(%.5/:(5;;&∀(5∋Β(=:..;(
Τ0=5/:03Γ;5:0&∋=(
4&7.∋:(.∋./7∀(5:(:%.(95=.(
Σ5;;0Β(:/0;;(5∋Β(∃5∃./(:/50;=(
Ψ.∋.:03(#0=/.∃/.=.∋:5:0&∋(/.∃/&ΒΓ3.=(
∆%.(=#5;;(653.(&6(>0;Β./∋.==(
∆%.(#50∋=:5∀(&6(:%.(∃;5∋.:(
2.3&∋Β0:.(=&;Γ:0&∋=(
Ξ##5∋.∋:(3&=:(
(
11

−∋(0=&;5:.Β(=∃./#(5#0Β(:%.(.:%./(
)&(Α5;Γ.(:&(:%.(Α&0Β(5:(#&=:(;.Α.;=(
)&(Β0Β53:03(/.6Γ=.(
∆%.(∃5;.(=:/.5#(
∆%.(/.Β&;.∋:(=∃%./.=(5;;&::.Β(:&(;06.(
−(3&0;0∋7(0#∃/.7∋5:0&∋(
DncmgÔu"knnwokpcvkqpu"crrgct"kp"enqwfu(
Τ50∋:50∋0∋7(:%.(3&∋=:5∋:(&#∋0ΙΒ0/.3:0&∋5;(6;&>(
Κ.5:%(7/&>=(6/&#(:%.(0##.∋=0:∀(&6(;06.(
Ο.(5/.(6&;;&>.Β(9∀(=%06:0∋7(=5∋Β=(Γ∋Β./6&&:(
Λ6(.Α./∀(&:%./(5=∃.3:(:%.(.7&(0∋%090:=(
∆%.(:Γ#&/5;(&Γ:7/&>:%(&6(5∋7./(
−:(>5/(>0:%(:%.(=.∋=.(&6(=:590;0:∀(5∋Β(#0∋Β(
∆%.(>.5Φ./(Α.==.;=(65;;(Γ∋Β./6&&:(
Ρ&>(>.(5/.(Ζ(Γ∋#&Α.Β(9∀(∃50∋(
(
12

∆%.(Β.5:%(&6(:%.(Γ∋Β.∋059;.(.Ε0=:=(
∆&(/.#&Α.(:%.(∃0;;5/=(
)5=3.∋:(9;&&Β(Γ∋Φ∋&>=(0:=(&/070∋(
Θ53%(%&Α./0∋7(=3&Γ/(&6(.5/:%(
−:(∃.53.(
∆%.(∋&0=.=(5/.(:.#∃&/5;(5∋Β(6530;.(
∆%.(>5=:.(3&∋=:5∋:=(>%03%(6;&&Β(:%.(=..0∋7(.∀.(
2.6;.3:(&∋;∀(:%.(Π.>.;.Β(Β05Β.#(
[Γ5//∀0∋7(:%.(;.6:(Α.∋:/03;.(6&/(9;&&Β(
Κ/∀(/&:(&∋(:%.(;0#9=(
Σ5/:05;(/.Α.;5:0&∋(=./Α.=(:&(ΠΓ=:06∀(
∆%.(=Φ0∃∃0∋7(∃.∋(/Γ∋=(53/&==(:%.(∃57.(
Σ=∀3%&:03(5∋7;.=(&6(Β/57(
∆%.(∋..Β;.(∋..Β.Β(6&/(:%.(659/03(:&(#.∋Β(
Ξ(5#(:%.(Γ∋=:/Γ3:Γ/.Β(75#Γ:(
12

Κ&7&∋(#.#&/∀(
!ΝΓ0/#0∋7(0∋=0Β.(:%.(=Φ0∋(
∆%.(65=30∋5:0&∋(>0:%(;0#0:=(
85;;(953Φ(5∋Β(65Β.(:&(9;53Φ(
Ο.(5/.(533Γ=:&#.Β(:&(Β/.5#(0∋(:/57.Β∀(
∆%.(∃50∋:.Β(;5∋Β=35∃.(.∋:5∋7;.=(:%.(6/5#.(
∆%.(ΠΓ/∀(=.ΝΓ.=:./.Β(6&/(;53Φ(&6(.#&:0&∋(
∆%.(653.(0=(:%.(9.5Γ:∀(5∋Β(:%.(9.%&;Β./(
Τ5∋∀(Β0#.∋=0&∋=(=.∃5/5:.(:%.(#&#.∋:(
∆%.(=5∋Β=(5/.(6&/:/.==.=(0∋./:(5∋Β(./.3:(
∆%.(3&;;.3:0Α.(0=(5(:%&Γ7%:(&6(:%.(.:./∋5;(
∆%.(∃./0&Β(>%03%(;5∃=.=(Γ∋:&Γ3%.Β(9∀(:%.(#&#.∋:(
∆%.(6/..Β&#(5∃5/:(6/&#(=Φ0∋(,<1(=.∋:0.∋3.(
Ο%5:(;.5Β=(Γ=(:%/&Γ7%(:%.(.7&(
Κ&(∀&Γ(%5Α.(Β5#57.(
(
13

∆%.(/.35;;(&6(:/57.Β∀(;.5Β=(:&(/Γ0∋(
!3Γ;∃:Γ/.Β(/&3Φ(>.5:%./=(3%5∋7.(
ΜΓ:(>.(5/.(:/5∋=0.∋:(5=(:%.(0∋:./∋5;(&/Β./(
Κ&(∀&Γ(:%0∋Φ(;06.(0=(5(#5//057.(
−(3&#0∋7(:&7.:%./(&6(:./#=(Γ∋0:.Β(
∆%.(95;;(>%03%(65;;=(0∋:&(:%.(=.5(
−=(:%.(=:/&Φ.(&6(:%.(5Ε(>%03%(=.Α./=(;06.(
−>50:(:%.(/.=Γ//.3:0&∋(5∋Β(6;&>./=(7/&>(
−750∋(0∋(∃.53.(
Ο.(5/.(Γ∋:0#.;∀(
Ξ6(:%&Γ7%:(6&;;&>=(53:0&∋(
∆%.(∃53.(%5=(9..∋(;50Β(9.6&/.(:%.(3&Γ/=.(
Λ∋;∀(:%.(/.6;.3:0&∋(&Γ:;5=:=(:%.(.∀.(
Ο%5:(35∋(9.65;;(:%.(>5Φ0∋7(&∋.(
∆%.(.//&/(&6(5;;(>5∀=(Α0=09;.(
(
13

∆%.(∃&/&Γ=(.5/:%(Γ∋Β./6&&:(
Λ/.(5∋Β(#.:5;(6/57#.∋:(
,!&&∋./1(:%./.(5/.(0∋=:0∋3:=(:&(Β.∋∀(
∆%.(53%0.Α.#.∋:=(&6(;0#0:=(
8;&>./=(:%/&Γ7%(:%.(∃03Φ.:(6.∋3.(
−(7/5ΒΓ5;(Β.6&/#5:0&∋(Γ∋6&;Β=(
∆%.(&Γ:./(.Β7.(.∋:50;=(Β0=:0∋3:0&∋(
∆%.(/50=0∋7(&6(:%.(=Γ∋(
∆%.(3&;Β(=%.;;(&6(3&∋=30&Γ=∋.==(
∆%.(;5#.∋:(5::.∋Β0∋7(:%.(.∀.=(
Τ&;:.∋(/&3Φ(
∆%.(∃5==0Α.(%.5/:(;5∋7Γ0=%.=(0∋(%&∋&/(
2.#.Β05:.(:%.(6;&>(&∋3.(3&∋:50∋.Β(
∆%.(%&Γ/=(&6(Β5∀;07%:(5/.(:%0∋∋0∋7(/&Β=(
∆%.(.∀.(566.3:=(0∋:./∋5;(3%5∋7.(
14

!&&∋./(:%.(>&/Β=(6;&>(6/&#(:%.(.:%./(
Θ=:/5∋7.Β(5#&∋7(5∋(0∋∋./(Φ∋&>;.Β7.(
4&#.(>%5:(#5∀(&6(:%.(653Γ;:0.=(&6(#5∋(
−:&#(5∋Β(9.0∋7(=%5/.(5(3&##&∋(Α&0Β(
∆%.(3;&3Φ(0∋(:%.(∃;5=:03(;0#9(
Qvjgt"hqtouÔ"cvvgpwcvkpi"kp"ukngpeg(
Ξ:(Β&.=(∋&:(%5Α.(:&(9.(3&%./.∋:(
Ο&/Β=(ctg"nquv"vq"hqnn{Ôu"ickp(
Ρ&>(0=(:%0=(#.5=Γ/.Β(
[Γ0:.(5∋(.7&(3&;;5∃=.=(5:(:%.(/.0∋=(
!&(65/(:%.(>5:./(3&Α./=(#5∋∀(;5∋Β=(
Ρ&;Β(:%.(.Β7.(&6(=:..;(.Ε∃&=.Β(:&(:%.(>0∋Β(
∆%.(0∋6;Γ.∋3.(&6(5∋&:%./(&∋(:%.(&Γ:6;&>(&6(:/Γ:%(
Σ./3.0Α.(&∋;∀(:%.(5∋7Γ;5/(Β/57(
∆%.(#5∋∀(%.5/:=(.#9/53.Β(&∋(Β&Γ9:(
(
14

Κ5/Φ∋.==(6&;;&>=(:%.0/(ΝΓ0.:(Β.=∃./5:0&∋(
Ο%∀(7/&>(:%/&Γ7%(∃50∋(
∆%.(%Γ=Φ(0=(%&;;&>(5∋Β(ΝΓ0:.(Β0=.5=.Β(
8&/(=&//&>(0=(∋&:(:%.(.;0Ε0/(0#909.Β(
!:5∀(:%.(3&Γ/=.(Γ∋Β5Γ∋:.Β(
∆%.(ΝΓ.=:(%5=(.∋Β.Β(
2Γ;.Β(>0:%(5∋(0/&∋(60=:(
∆%.(0∋=.3:=(0∋(5#9./(&Γ:=0Β.(:%.(>5;;(
∆%.(653.(0∋(:%.(#&Γ∋:50∋(65Β0∋7(>0:%(=Γ∋(
∴&Γ(3&Γ;Β(=..(:%.(&>;=(
Τ∀(&∋;∀(;&==(0=(:&(%5Α.(:%.(#&#.∋:(
∆%.(9/&>∋(.5/:%(=Γ//&Γ∋Β0∋7(:%.(9&Β∀(
)&(∃&;0:03=(/.=0=:(:%.(3;5>(
∆.53%(#.(:&(Γ=.(∋5]Α.(6/..Β&#=(
8&/(:%./.(0=(5(=∀#∃%&∋∀(06(&∋.(Γ∋3;&ΓΒ=(:%.(=:/Γ3:Γ/.(
(
15

8&/.#&=:(:%.(#0∋Β(0=(5(#5:/0Ε(0∋%590:.Β(
∆%.=.(Β.:50;=(5/.(0∋=Γ66030.∋:(0∋(:%.#=.;Α.=(
∆%.(#5Φ0∋7=(&6(:%.(6.>(=Γ=:50∋=(5;;(
)5/∀(5(3%5∋3.(:&(0∋:./∃/.:(:%.(.∋07#5(
∆%.(=5:05:0&∋(&6(=5;:(5∋Β(&3.5∋(9&::&#=(
−;;.7&/035;(0∋=:0∋3:(Β.∋0.=(:%.(=Γ9=:5∋3.(
∆%.(>&∋Β./(:%5:(:%./.(0=(∃./6.3:0&∋(0=(0:=.;6(5(>&∋Β./(
4Γ/Α.=(:%.(:%0∋Φ0∋7(∃/&3.==(0∋./:(=∃53.(
∆%.(∃;53.=(>%03%(0∋%590:(%Γ#5∋(35Γ=5:0&∋(
ΞΒ&;5:/0.=(5∋Β(:%.(=:5:Γ=(&6(7;&/∀(
∆5Φ0∋7(5∃5/:(:%.(.#∃:0∋.==(∃0.3.(9∀(∃0.3.(
∆%.(590;0:∀(5/0=.=(:&(Γ∋Β./#0∋.(
8&/(:%.(3Γ//.∋:=(5/.(=>06:(0∋(6;07%:(
Κ0=:/53:0&∋=(>.07%(&∋(:%.(∃=∀3%.(0∋:./#0∋59;∀(
NkhgÔu"kpcdknkvkgu"ctg"gzvtgogu"kp"ogcuwtg(
15

−∃∃5/.∋:(:.∋530:∀(
∆%.(0∋:./∋5;(3&∋Α./=5:0&∋(>5Ε.=(5∋Β(65Β.=(
Σ/&Α0Β.(:%.(0#∃.:Γ=(:&(.Ε0=:(&Γ:=0Β.(:%.(#.5=Γ/.(
−(%Γ∋:0∋7(&∋(:%.(5∋0#5;Ι6;&&/(
∆%.(>5/(>%./.(>&/Β=(Β0Α0Β.(:%.(6;&>(
4;5/06035:0&∋(3.5=.=(59=:50∋0∋7(
8&/(:%./.(0=(;0::;.(>&∋Β./(Γ∋Β./(:%.(=:&∋.(
Κ&(∋&:(:%0∋Φ(:%.(#0∋Β(3&∋:50∋=(.#∃:0∋.==(
4&∋:.Ε:Γ5;(9&Γ∋Β5/0.=(.Ε0=:(&Γ:=0Β.(
∆%.(∃%5∋:&#(5∋Β(/&7Γ.(=∃.3:./=(;Γ/Φ(
−∃∃5/.∋:(:&(:%.(.∀.(Γ∋=..0∋7(0∋=07∋06035∋3.(
∆%.(;.∋7:%(&6(:%.(9/0Β7.(Β.3.0Α.=(
Ω./:035;(;0∋.=(Β0Α0Β.(;07%:(5∋Β(Β5/Φ∋.==(
Ρ&>(Β&.=(:%.(>&/Β(Γ∋;&3Φ(0:=(Φ.∀(
Σ./3.0Α.(:%.(;0#0:=(5/&Γ∋Β(:%.(=∃53.(
(
16

Θ∋:./:50∋(:%.(0∋5∋0#5:.(6;&>0∋7(7&Β=(
Ξ6(∀&Γ(0#∃5/:(:%.(:/Γ:%(:%./.(0=(;0::;.(=50Β(
∆%.(5;;.Α05:0&∋(&6(Β&Γ9:(Β&.=(∋&:(566.3:(:%.(&Γ:3&#.(
Ο%∀(:%0=(0#57.(0∋=0Β.(:%.(%.5Β(0=(5;;(:%./.(0=(
Ξ∋:/.∃0Β(6;∀./(
∆%.(∃&0∋:(&6(3&∋:.∋:0&∋(%5=(/.53%.Β(0:=(∃0∋∋53;.(
ΛΓ:=0Β.(:%.(#0∋Β(0=(5∋(Γ∋6&/.=..∋(&5=0=(
∆%.(%.5/:(=∃.∋Β=(0:=(;06.(=%Γ∋∋0∋7(6.5/(
45;3Γ;5:0&∋=(0∋=0=:(&∋(533Γ/5:.(Β.:50;=(
∆%.(/Γ0∋=(&6(3&∋=30&Γ=(>/.3Φ57.(590Β.(0∋=0Β.(
∆.53%(#.(>%∀(9;0∋Β(=∃&:=(∃./=0=:(
−(:%&Γ7%:Ι6&/#(:&(533&#∃;0=%(:%.(#∀=:./∀(
FqpÔv"nkokv"{qwtugn6(:&(&∋.(9/.5:%(
Υ&&=.(0∋:./∃/.:5:0&∋=(9.5/(:%.(9/Γ∋:(&6(;06.(
Ο5=:.(0∋(5;;(0:=(6&/#=(0=(/.Β..#.Β(
16

Ο%∀(ΝΓ.=:0&∋(:%.(∃/&3.ΒΓ/5;(Γ∋Β./:5Φ0∋7(Γ∋Β./>5∀(
Vjg"ctvkuvÔu"g{g"ku"qeenwfgf"d{"oc{c(
∆%.(.5=∀(Β&Γ9:(35=:=(5=0Β.(0;;Γ=0&∋(
∆%.(59/Γ∃:(0#57.(0=(5;;(:%.(#0∋Β(3&∋3.0Α.=(
2%∀:%#=(&6(∋&0=.(60;:./0∋7(:%/&Γ7%(:%.(∋.:(
∆%.(5∋=>./(0=(∋&:(:%.(5==Γ/5∋3.(&6(650:%(
Θ53%(0∋Β0=3/.:0&∋(0=(0∋:./∃/.:.Β(9.:>..∋(;0Α.=(
∆%.(#&∋&:&∋∀(&6(6;.=%(5:(&ΒΒ=(>0:%(.:./∋0:∀(
∆%.(#53%0∋.(0=(.Ε:./∋5;(:&(:%.(%.5/:(
−;;(Β5∀(:%.(0;;Γ=0&∋(&6(;06.(∃./Α5Β.=(:%.(#0=70Α.∋(
Λ;.5∋Β./(5∋Β(=57.(;.5Α.=(90::./(%./9=(
∆&∋03=(>%03%(0∋:&Ε035:.(:%.(=:5:Γ=ΙΝΓ&(
∆&&(#5∋∀(=∃.5Φ(&6(0#∃.∋Β0∋7(Β5/Φ∋.==(
Vjg"htggfqo"vq"hggn"vjg"ykpfuÔ"vwpgf"jctoqpkeu(
∆%.(/.=:0Α.(0#∃&/:5∋3.(=:/5∋7;.Β(6/&#(;06.(
(
17

Ξ(5#(∋&:(=Γ/.(:%.(Β.30=0&∋(0=(6/&#(#.(
∆%.(%.5/:(>/.=:;.=(:%.(&3:57&∋5;(=:50/(
Ρ∀==&∃(:&(3;.5∋=.(5∋Β(=&&:%.(
Ξ(5#(∀&Γ/(0∋:./∃/.:5:0&∋(
Υ5ΒΒ./=(5∋Β(3&∋6Γ=0&∋=(5>Φ>5/Β(=Γ9;0#.(
∆%.(%.5/:(/.#50∋=(0∋6;03:.Β(>0:%(>&/#=(
∆&(∃&=:Γ;5:.(5(3%5∋70∋7(&6(:%.(=.∋:0∋.;(
∴&Γ(;&Α.(>0:%&Γ:(Γ∋Β./=:5∋Β0∋7(.∋&Γ7%(
∆%.(%5∋Β=(5/.(6Γ;;(&6(;07%:(
Ξ(Β&(∋&:(=%06:(:&(3/.5:.(9&Γ∋Β5/0.=(
Ο%5:(Β&.=(:%.(5/.5(5/&Γ∋Β(∀&Γ(=Γ//&Γ∋Β(∀&Γ(>0:%(
∆%.(607Γ/.=(5/.(;0::;.(∀.:(∋&:(0∋=07∋06035∋:(0∋(:0#.(
∆%.(650;Γ/.=(&6(9.5Γ:∀(/.5;07∋(0∋(Β.5:%(
!.Α.∋(;.Α.;=(&6(∃/&Α0Β.∋3.(=.∃5/5:.(:%.(=∃%./.=(
⊥∋&>(:%./.(0=(∋&(&∋.(&Γ:=0Β.(:%.(&∋.(
(
17

Υ06.(∃/&7/.==.=(:%Γ=(:%.(0∋60∋0:.(3∀3;.(
Λ∋.Ι.∀.Β(&33Γ//.∋3.=(5/.(3&##&∋(0∋(∋5:Γ/.(
∆%.(=∃5/Φ(&6(;06.(=Γ66Γ=.=(5;;(
∆%.(.#95::;.#.∋:=(5/.(5∋7/∀(5∋Β(∋.Α./(∃5==0Α.(
−(3%0#./5(=:5;Φ=(:%.(0#∃ΓΒ.∋:(
)&(;5=:0∋7(0∋Α&35:0&∋(:&(Β.0:∀(
!Γ9:;.(609./=(&6(60;5#.∋:(&6(#.=%(60;:./(:%/&Γ7%(
ΞΒ&;5:/0.=(0∋(:%.(6&/#(&6(5/:0;;./∀(
∆%.(∋./Α&Γ=(>&/Φ0∋7=(&6(#Γ:.(:/5∋=∃5/.∋3∀(
ϑ∋:0;(:%.(;0∋.(0=(3/&==.Β(&/(Β0.(0=(35=:(
Ξ(5#(Γ∋5>5/.(&6(6.5/(Γ∋Β./(:%.(=Φ0∋(
ϑ∋#5=Φ(:%.(653.(:%5:(Β&.=(∋&:(3%5∋7.(
−(7/.∀(∃&/:0&∋(&6(#.#&/∀(Β0=35/Β.Β(
8&/(;53Φ(&6(5(9.::./(>&/Β(;&Α.(.∋:50;=(∃50∋(
∆%.(;07%:.=:(:&Γ3%(&6(5∋7./(0∋:./6./.=(
(
18

KÔxg"dnqemgf"qwv"vjg"qeecukqp"qh"rckp"ickpkpi"vjg"wrrgt"jcpf(
∆%./.(0=(∋&:(5(/.;5:0&∋=%0∃(>0:%(:0#.(&Γ:=0Β.(:%.(=Φ0∋(
Λ∋;∀(:%.(∋&0=.(0∋=0Β.(5∃∃.5/=(:&(/.=&∋5:.(
−(9.::./(=∃.30.=(.Ε0=:=(.;=.>%./.(
∆%.(5∋=>./(0=(5∋(&Γ:>5/Β(=07∋(&6(5∋7./(
∆%.(=0:Γ5:0&∋(&6(gpvcpingogpv"gpvgtu"vjg"crrtgpvkegÔu"okpf(
85/(0∋:&(:%0=(=Γ##5:0&∋(&6(9.70∋∋0∋7=(
∆%.(3;&3Φ=(5/.(5>5∀(5∋Β(5∃∃.5/(&9=&;.:.(
80/.(0∋(:%.(6&/#(&6(;&Α.(=Γ/Α0Α.=(5;;(
−99/.Α05:.Β(;&Α.Ι;&==(%&;Β=(:%.(5::.∋:0&∋(
Kv"ku"vjg"okpfÔu"ctecpg"kocig"yjkej"mggru"vjg"okttqt"qee;ΓΒ.Β(
)&(Γ∋ΒΓ;5:0&∋=(>%0;.(.∋:./0∋7(:%.(>0;Β./∋.==(
−3./903(Γ∋%&;0∋.==(566.3:=(:%.(;&:(
∆%.(∃/&#&∋:&/∀(0=(:%.(∃&0∋:(:%.(#0∋Β(>0=%.=(:&(/.53%(
∆%.(#5:/0Ε(0=(5750∋(Γ∋/5Α.;0∋7(5#0Β(:%.(:Γ/9Γ;.∋3.(
(
18

∆%.(Γ∋:&;Β(0/&∋∀(0=(&∋;∀(∃5/:05;(:/Γ:%(
Σ5/:(&6(:%.(=%5#.(;0.=(0∋=0Β.(:%.(;0.(
ϑ7;0∋.==(0=(&∋;∀(0;;Γ=0&∋(0∋(:%.(6;.=%(
)&(3/.5:Γ/.(0=(>0:%&Γ:(∃./6.3:0&∋(
∆%.(0#57.(0=(&6(5∋(&;Β(7/.∀(5::03(
Κ&.=(.Α./∀:%0∋7(%5∃∃.∋(6&/(5(/.5=&∋(
ϑ∋5ΒΓ;:./5:.Β(5∋=>./=(60;:./(:%/&Γ7%(:%.(#.=%(
∆&(∃Γ/=Γ.(:%.(5Γ:&∋&#&Γ=(0=(5(∋&Α.;(7.=:Γ/.(
∆%./.(0=(;&Α.(Γ∋Β./∋.5:%(:%.(∋&0=.(
Ξ(%.=0:5:.(:&(5/:03Γ;5:.(0:(0∋(>&/Β=(
Vjg"ku"vjg"fkngooc"*qh+"ocpmkpfÔu"yqg(
Vq"rqkpv"vjg"hkpigt"qh"fqqo"vq"cpqvjgtÔu"hceg(
Τ∀/05Β(=Γ∋=(.Ε0=:(:&(5∃∃.∋Β(:%.(=&Γ;(
−=(7/&>:%(0=(∋&:(Β.∋∀0∋7(:%.(∃50∋(>%03%(∃/&ΒΓ3.=(;06.(
Ξ:(0=(:%.(&/070∋5;(:%&Γ7%:(>%03%(∃/&#Γ;75:.=(6/..Β&#(
(
19

∆%.(0∋∋./(30/3;.(5∋Β(:%.(&Γ:=&Γ/3.(&6(Β0=.5=.(
∆%.(/.5=&∋(∃&;5/0:∀(.Ε0=:=(0=(:&(.Ε∃./0.∋3.(.Α./∀:%0∋7(
∆%.(&=:.∋:5:0&Γ=(=0Β.(&6(0∋:./∋5;(;06.(
−(3∀3;.(3&#∃;.:.=(5=(.∋7.∋Β./0∋7(5∋&:%./(
Ο&Α.∋(659/03(5∋Β(:%.(∃Γ/∃&=.(
Vq"ejcpig"vjg"yqtfu"kpekvgu"cpqvjgtÔu"cpigt(
)&(∃;53.(0=(0##Γ∋.(:&(:%.(#5Φ0∋7(
∆%.(∃;5=:03(=3&Γ/(:%/&Γ7%(5(#5;;.59;.(Γ∋0Α./=.(
)&0=.(3&;;.3:=(0∋(:%.(=:57∋5∋:(5/.5=(
−(ΒΓ;;(%Γ#(&6(5∋(5∃∃/&53%0∋7(0∋Β066./.∋3.(
∆&(Β.30Β.(>%5:(0=(9.=:(0∋(=∃0:.(&6(:%.(/Γ0∋(
Υ.5Α.(:%.(>5∋:(6&/(3%5/0:∀(5:(%&#.(06(∋&:(=0∋3./.(
∆%.(&Γ:>5/Β(=07∋=(&6(6.Α./(7/0∃(:%.(=&Γ;(
)&(%07%./(7&&Β(0=(533&#∃;0=%.Β(>0:%&Γ:(∃Γ/∃&=.(
∆%.(:0Β.=(5∋Β(3Γ//.∋:=(5/.(0∋Α5/059;∀(3&∋=:5∋:(
(
19

Ξ(0#570∋.(5(30:∀(9Γ0;:(9∀(/Γ0∋=(
!..(%&>(:%.(=%5Β&>(65;;=(5:%>5/:(5∋Β(Γ∋∋&:03.Β(
∆%.(=∃53.(>.(%5Α.(3/.5:.Β(6&/(;07%:(:&(6&/#(
Θ53%(3.;;Γ;5/(#.#&/∀(
ΛΓ:=0Β.(:%.(=:&/#(
−(3&∋=:5∋:(6;&>0∋7(;&70=:035;(.∋./7∀(
∆%.(Γ∋Β./;∀0∋7(=&Γ/3.(0=(5;;(.∋3&#∃5==0∋7(5∋Β(5>.=&#.(
∆&(>5Ε(3;.5/(5∋Β(=:../(6/&#(59=:/53:=(
Ο.(%5Α.(/.∃;53.Β(:%.(653.=(>0:%(∋5#.=(5∋Β(∋Γ#9./=(
ϑ∋Β./=:5∋Β0∋7(&∋.(>&/Β(5:(5(:0#.(
∆%.(∃&0∋:(&6(0∋:./0&/0:∀(
∆%.(.Ε∃./0.∋3.(>%03%(Γ∋Β./;0.=(5;;(/.5;0:∀(
⊥..∃(:%.(%.#0=∃%./.=(5;07∋.Β(0∋:./∋5;;∀(
8&/(:%.(>&;6(&6(∃&Α./:∀(0=(Γ∋Φ∋&>0∋7;∀(5:(:%.(Β&&/(
⊥∋&>(:%5:(:%0=(:&&(Γ∋3&∋=30&Γ=;∀(.;030:=(0∋Β.30=0&∋(
(
20

∆&(∃;535:.(:%.(5#&/∃%&Γ=(3.∋:./=(&6(Β&Γ9:(
∆%.(%.5/:(5∋Β(653.=(&6(:%.(6&/:Γ∋5:.(&∋.=(
Cwvqpqo{Ôu"pggfu"ctg"kpfkuvkpiwkujcdng"htqo"vjg"qpg(
∆%.(∃57.=(5/.(Γ∋Β.∋059;∀(&:%./(0∋(∋5:Γ/.(
!∃.5Φ(:%/&Γ7%(:%.(3&∋=Γ##5:0&∋(&6(=0;.∋3.(
Τ&Α.#.∋:=(:%/&Γ7%(.Ε∃.3:5:0&∋(5∋Β(∃50∋(
Ω0/:Γ.(5∋Β(∃/&Β075;(#0=70Α0∋7=(
∆5;Γ=(=:50∋.Β(∃0;.=(&6(/Γ99;.(
Ξ(.∋:./(0∋:&(:%.(5#&/∃%&Γ=(=:5:.(
Τ∀:%(6&;;&>=(∃/.&/Β50∋.Β(:%&Γ7%:(
∆%.(.Ε:./∋5;(6/Γ0:0&∋(.∋3&#∃5==.=(:%.(#5∀5(
∆%.(=∃53.(0∋(9.:>..∋(:%.(0∋Β0Α0=09;.(
Ο%∀(9/5∋Β(;06.(>0:%(:%&Γ7%:=(&6(Β.5:%(
ΛΓ:=0Β.(:%.(=∃5:05;0:∀(:0#.(Β03:5:.=(
−(3%5∋70∋7(3&;&/Ι%Γ.(=∃.3:/Γ#(
(
20

∆%.(#5∋06.=:5:0&∋(&6(6.5/(5∋Β(5∋Ε0.:∀(59&Γ∋Β(
∆%.(5=∃0/5:0&∋=(>%03%(5/.(∋&:(Α0/:Γ.=(:&(.#9/53.(
Σ50∋:./;∀(Γ∋.5=.(5∋Β(∃5;;0Β(/.6;.3:0&∋(
!:&/#=(&6(/.#.#9/5∋3.(.∋35∃=Γ;5:0∋7(>5/(
∆%.(%.5/:(0=(5(Β0Α0Β.Β(0∋=:/Γ#.∋:(&6(∃.53.(
∆%.(>5;;=(&6(?./03%&(5∋Β(=Γ9:./6Γ7.(Β&7#5(
∆%.(=∃Γ/0&Γ=(5∃.=(&6(3&∋=30&Γ=(Β.∋05;(
Ujctg"vjg"ykpvgtÔu"vjqwijv"qh"etwgnv{(
∆%.(3&∋=:5∋:=(>%03%(5/.(Γ∋3&∋=30&Γ=∋.==(5∋Β(=Γ=:50∋0∋7(
!∃5/Φ=(&6(;06.(0∋.Α0:59;.(Β.35∀(
8530;.(5∋Β(0##Γ:59;.(3&∋7./0.=(&6(=∀##.:/∀(
∆&(>5//5∋:(#5Ε0#Γ#(Β.6&/#5:0&∋(
∆%.(∃./3.∃:Γ5;(3%5∋7.=(5/.(=Γ9:;.(5∋Β(0∋Β0=:0∋3:(
!0;:∀(653.:=(&6(3%50∋Ι;0∋Φ(3&∋:/&Α./=∀(
∆%.(Α&0Β(0=(∋&:(5∋(0∋=Γ;5/(5=∃0/5:0&∋(
(
21

∆%.(6Γ/:%./(5;&∋7(:%.(;0∋.(
∆%.(&∋.(.#9/53.=(:%.(5;;(
∆%.(7Γ//∀(0=(:%03Φ.=:(5:(:%.(=Γ/653.(
∆%.(>5:./(;.Α.;(3%5∋7.=(5=(Β&.=(5∃∃/.%.∋=0&∋(
Μ.5Γ:∀(0=(0∋(:%.(6&/#(
∆%.(&Γ:./(.Β7.(&6(5(9&Γ∋Β5/∀(:/5Α./=.Β(
Ο%∀(=∃.5Φ(&6(3&∋=30&Γ=∋.==(
ϑ∋5>5/.(&6(0:=(∃/.=.∋3.(
∆%.(=:&∋.=(3/∀(&Γ:(5∋Β(5/.(0∋:/0∋=03(:&(5;;(
Ο%./.(Β&.=(:%.(>.07%:(&/070∋5:.(0:=(6&/#(
−(9/.Α0:∀(.∋=3&∋3.Β(0∋(.:./∋0:∀(
Vjg"cdknkv{"vq"eqpvtqn"qpgÔu"vjqwijv(
−(Β5∋3.(&6(:%.(.;.#.∋:=(0∋:./∋5;;∀(&/Β./.Β(
−(Σ;.0=:&3.∋.(ΝΓ5//∀0∋7(&6(5;.5:&/∀(
∆%.(.#&:0&∋=(>/&Γ7%:(:%/qwij"gswknkdtkwoÔu"vjqwijv(
(
21

Σ5::./∋=(5/.(0∋:/0∋=03(:&(:%.(#.3%5∋0=#(
−(/&:.(.#∃0/030=#(Β03:5:.=(3%5∋7.(
Μ.0∋7(6Γ/:%./(6/&#(:%.(=&Γ/3.(0∋.9/05:.=(:%.(#0∋Β(
∆%.(∃;535:0∋7(∃/.#0=.(:0#.(/.∃/.=.∋:=(
45Γ=5:0&∋(>/&Γ7%:(:%/&Γ7%(Β0660Β.∋:(ΒΓ5;0:∀(
Λ∋.(∋5:Γ/.(0∋6Γ=.=(.53%(0∋Β0Α0ΒΓ5;(
−(∃;Γ/5Α&35;0:∀(&6(:%.(=.∋=.=(
∆%.(=:&∋.(653.=(=∃&Γ:0∋7(5∋30.∋:(;&/.(
Σ570∋5:0&∋(;&=:(5∋Β(#0=∃;53.Β(:%/&Γ7%(:0#.(
−7.=(Β0#0∋0=%(:%.(;07%:(&6(.Α&;Γ:0&∋(
∆.∋.9/&Γ=(∋&0=.(3&;;.3:=(0∋(:%.(6Γ=.(
Ο%∀(Β.Α0=.(5∋(0##5∋.∋:(Γ∋/.5;0:∀(9.;0.Α0∋7(
!.3&∋Β(:%&Γ7%:=(5∋Β(∃/0#5Ι#&90;.(
ΛΓ:=0Β.(:%.(#0∋Β(:%./.(0=(5(Α5∋ΝΓ0=%0∋7(.∋./7∀(
∆%.(∃5=:03%.(&6(=:/..:=(;0∋.=(>0:%(/&=.=(
(
22

!#5;;(Β0Α./=0&∋=(/.ΠΓΑ.∋5:.(:%.(=&Γ;(
∆%.(5∋30.∋:(#5=Φ(=∃.5Φ=(:&(:%.(#0∋Β(
85/(#&/.(:%5∋(:%.(=5∀59;.(35∋(3&#∃/.%.∋Β(
∆%.(#0∋Β(6&/#=(∃5::./∋=(6/&#(:%.(#5:/0Ε(
∆%.(Β5∀=(:%5:(;0∋7./(5:(.53%(0∋:./Α5;(Γ∋Β.30Β.Β(
45;#(=.5(5∋Β(∃/&=∃./&Γ=(Α&∀57.(Γ∋Β./;0.(∃./3.∃:0&∋(
∆%.(#5//&>(;50∋(;&>≅(:%.(ΒΓ=:(&6(5:/&∃%∀(
∆%.(∋.#.=0=(&6(>5/∀(=&Γ;=(
∆%./.(>./.(Α0=Γ5;≅(Α0=Γ5;(:/&Γ9;.=(
)&(∃/.30&Γ=(;07%:(>5=%.=(5>5∀(
∆.∋Β/0;(:&(=:5#.∋≅(/&&:(:&(/&:(
ΤΓ=.(:%5:(6..Β=(:%.(.:./∋5;(0∋:./3.Β.=(
−∃&:%.&=0=(:&(3&Β030;(9.70∋∋0∋7=(Β&(∋&:(.∋Β(
8&/(:%./.(0=(:%.(.;.#.∋:5;(=∃5/Φ(0∋(.:./∋0:∀(
∆%.(3%5=#(0=(5=(5(>&Γ∋Β(%Γ#5∋0:∀(#Γ=:(%.5;(
(
22

∆%.(=%5#5∋(=%5;;(;.5Β(:%.#(0∋:&(0∋∋./(/.3.==.=(
∆&(=∃.5Φ(&6(Β&Γ9:(=:57∋5:.=(:%.(=&Γ;(
∆%0=(.∃%.#./5;(35;3Γ;Γ=(Γ∋Β&.=(:%.(.:./∋5;(
!%5Β&>=(6/&#(=∃0/.=(./Γ∃:0∋7(0;;ΙΒ.60∋.Β(0#57.(
∆%.(=.#5∋:03(.ΝΓ0Α5;.∋:(:&(5#907Γ0:∀(0∋6Γ=.=(:%.(.:%./(
2.;0ΝΓ5/∀(&6(60/.(9Γ/∋(:%.(Β/&==(&Γ:(
!∃.5Φ=(&6(/.=Γ//.3:0&∋(
−9&Α.(=;&>(30/3;0∋7(3/&>=(
ΞΒ.5:0&∋=(59=&;Γ:.=(5∋Β(650:%(
∆%.(0∋590;0:∀(&6(:%.(.7&(:&(Γ∋;&3Φ(:%.(Α5Γ;:(
!∃Γ/0&Γ=(653.=(35=:.;;5:.Β(:%.(6/5∀(
Ο%5:(%5=(9..∋(70Α.∋(>.07%:(0=(0∋Β.30=0Α.(5∋Β(0;;Γ=&/∀(
∆%.(=0;.∋3.(&Γ:=0Β.(5(:/5∋=∃5/.∋:(>5;;(
8&/(>%5:(=%5∃.=(:%.(%&Γ/(0=(∋&:(0∋:.∋:0&∋(
!∃0;;>5∀=(3;&7(>0:%(5∋30;;5/∀(6;&>(
(
23

8&/(Β.∃:%(0=(∃5/:(∃./=∃.3:0Α.(
Μ.6&/.(:%.(&3.5∋(3&Γ;Β(9.(
4&∋:50∋.Β(0∋(:%&Γ7%:(
∆%.(9;&&Β(:%5:(6;&>(:&(:%.(.Ε:/.#0:0.=(
∆%.(0=&;5:0&∋(5∋Β(5/35∋.(=∃0/0:(
∆&(ΝΓ.;;(:%.(#5∋∀(Α&03.=(Β&.=(∋&:(53%0.Α.(:%.(=0;.∋3.(/.ΝΓ0/.Β(

ΜΓ(:%./.(0=(∋&(#.5=Γ/.(
Λ∋;∀(;&Α.(=Γ66Γ=.=(5;;(
EtgcvkqpÔu"koocpgpv"vjtgcv"nkgu"cnqpi"ukfg"kvu"ucnxcvkqp(
Ο%∀(=∃;0:(:%.(5:&#(:&(0∋6;03:(5∋∋0%0;5:0&∋(
Σ5==0&∋(=∃.∋:(0∋(0#∃&:.∋:(>5∀=(
∆%.(>0;.=(&6(=30.∋3.(
8Γ/:%./(6/&#(:%.(%&;∀(9&&Φ(&6(6&;;∀(
Κ&.=(∋&:(:%.(#0∋Β(Β..#(0:=.;6(5(∋.3.==5/∀(.Α0;(
Λ∋.(5∋Β(:%.(=5#.(∃03:Γ/.(.∋Α.;&∃=(:%.(&Γ:3&#.(
(
23

Ο&/Β=(>%03%(=∃.5Φ(
Ο0:%&Γ:(:%.(0∋=:/Γ#.∋:(&6(>0=Β&#(
Ο%∀(:%.(Α&03.≅(>%∀(:%.(>0;Β./∋.==(
Ο0:%0∋(
Dgjkpf"ocvgtkcnkv{Ôu"ktqpke"hc›cfg(
!∃53.(&6(9;&&Β(5∋Β(9&∋.(3&##0∋7;0∋7(
Ο5;Φ(:%/&Γ7%(:%.(>0∋Β(
∆%.(0∋Β.:./#0∋5:.(Β.=./:(
Yj{"swguvkqp"vjg"tghgtgpeg"vq"gcej"yqtfÔu"kpvgpvkqp(
∆%.(:/5∋=0.∋:(0Β(∋&:(>%./.(:%.(:/.5=Γ/.(59&Γ∋Β=(
∆%.(∃5/5Β&Ε(&6(=.∋:0.∋3.(
−∋Β(0#570∋5:0&∋(
Yg"fqpÔv"mpqy(
Ο.(;0Α.(0∋=0Β.(:%.(#0/53;.(
Ο%5:(0=(Γ∋Φ∋&>∋(0=(0∋:/0∋=03(0∋(:%.(:5∃.=:/∀(
(
24

∆%.(=:/.5#0∋7(;07%:(
∆%.(95::;.(0=(0∋=0Β.(
∆%.(0∋Β.:./#0∋5:.(#0∋Β(
!:50∋.ΒΙ7;5==(=0;.∋3.(
∆%.(65:.(&6(:%.(35/5∃53.(
!0#∃;.(&9=./Α5:0&∋(9.;0.=(0∋Β.:./#0∋53∀(
∆%.(6;&&Β(75:.(&∃.∋(5∋Β(6/..(/.0∋(0=(70Α.∋(
2.=∃&∋=090;0:∀(;0.=(&Γ:=0Β.(:%.(0#57.(
∆%.(∃Γ/./(.Α0;=(&6(%0=:&/∀(/.Α0=0:.Β(
−;;(=:.##0∋7(6/&#(5(;53Φ(&6(0∋∋./(Φ∋&>;.Β7.(
∆%.(∃Γ/∃&=.(Β&Γ9:(=./Α.=(
∆%.(&∋=.:(&6(%.5;0∋7(
!∃.5Φ=(&6(Ψ&Β=(5:(&ΒΒ(0∋:./Α5;=(
∆%.(∃Γ/∃&=.(:&(.∋:./(
∆%.(0∋Α./=.(Β&&/(
(
24

∆%.(>5;;(.∋Β=(%./.(
∆%./.(0=(5#∃;.(;0∋.(
∆&(Γ∋Β./=:5∋Β(0;;Γ=0&∋(
XqkeguÔ"ectqo"qp"fkurktkvgf"ykpf(
Θ;0#0∋5:.(:%.(#5//0∋7(∃/.=30.∋:(
ΣΓ/=Γ.(:%.(5∋=>./=(0Β;.(0∋(3%50∋=(
∆%.(3.;;=(&6(:%.(Α.==.;(=∃.5Φ(0∋(Γ∋0=&∋(
Θ∋:/&∃∀(&6(5∋(5∋30.∋:(&/Β./(Γ∋3&Α./.Β(
∆%0=(Α&;Γ#.(&6(;07%:(0∋6Γ=.=(5;;(9.0∋7(
∆%&Γ7%(#5∋∀(60∋Β(5;0.∋5:0&∋(5(Φ.∀(:&(0Β.∋:0:∀(
!∃5/:5∋(60/.(&6(=&;0:ΓΒ.(
)5Φ.Β(=.∋:0.∋3.(Γ∋3&Α./.Β(0∋(=:&∋.=(
−::Γ∋.#.∋:=(:&(Α5=:(3&∋607Γ/.Β(>5=:.=(
!∃0/.=(Γ∋Β./(:%.(=%5Β&>(&6(∋07%:(
Σ;53.=(>%./.(:/.∃0Β5:0&∋(>5=:.=(:%.(6;.=%(
(
25

ϑ∋Β./(:%.(&ΒΒ(/&3Φ(&6(.∋;07%:.∋#.∋:=(Γ∋Β./=:&&Β(
∆%.(0Β;.(%&Γ/(
Μ;&&Β(6&/#=(5∋Β(=.#5∋:03(;&==(
!∃.5Φ(:%.(>&/Β=(&Γ:(&6(Β.=&;5:0&∋(
∆%.(%.5/:(0=(=:0;;(∋&:(.#∃:∀(&6(0:=(0∋=&;.∋3.(
Ο0:∋.==(:%.(>..Β=(7/&>∋(:%/&Γ7%(3/53Φ=(0∋(:%.(∃5Α.#.∋:(
∆%.(6&#.∋:(&6(#0∋Β;.==(0∋3.∋Β05/0.=(
∆%.(6/570;.(653.(:5∃./=(0:=(=:5/.(0∋:&(.#∃:0∋.==(
∆%.(Γ∋Β./;∀0∋7(653.:=(:%5:(:Γ/∋(=.∋:0#.∋:(:&(=:&∋.(
∆%.(7&;Β(:%5:(%5/9&/=(0:=(&>∋(:/.5=Γ/.(Γ∋=..∋(
∆%.(0∋Β.30=0Α.∋.==(5:(:%.(%5∋Β=(&6(3/.5:0&∋(
∆/5Α./=.(:%.(&Γ:./(.Β7.(
ΛΓ:=0Β.(:%.(#0∋Β(
∆%.(653.(∃%∀=035;0:∀(=%&>=(0=(0;;Γ=&/∀(
_&∋.=(&6(0∋∋./(5∋7=:(Φ.∃:(Γ∋Φ.#∃:(
(
25

∆%&Γ7%(5==Γ/5∋3.(6&;;&>=(
∆%.(6;5#.(:%/&Γ7%(3&∋=30&Γ=∋.==(
Ξ∋∋&3.∋3.(:&/∋(5=Γ∋Β./(6&/(;53Φ(&6(Γ∋Β./=:5∋Β0∋7(
2.=Γ//.3:0&∋(0∋(:%.(=..Β(
∆%.(#&Γ/∋0∋7(Α.==.;=(Φ..∃(:%.(Β5/Φ∋.==(
Vjg"j{cnkpg"ujcrg"vq"vkogÔu"grjgogtcn"cte(
2.#&Α.(:%.(#0∋Β(6/&#(:%.(#5:/0Ε(
ϑ;:0#5:.(Φ∋&>;.Β7.(.=35∃.=(:%/&Γ7%(:%.(3/53Φ=(
∆%.(Γ∋=..∋(6&/3.=(60∋Β(5∋(&Γ:;.:(0∋(#5::./(
Μ.=.:(9∀(:&∃035;(3&∋6Γ=0&∋(
∆%.(ΝΓ&:0Β05∋(=:5:.(&6(:%.(=%5Β&>(
4;&ΓΒΙhqtouÔ"cpiwnct"fkucttc{(
!.3/.:0&∋=(6/&#(:%.(=&305;(6&#.∋:(
∆%.(∃.53.(5:(:%.(0∋:./0#(0=(0∋=5∋0:∀(
Υ53Φ0∋7(0Β.∋:0:∀(
(
26

(

(
∆%.(653.(0∋(:%.(3/&>Β(
−(%5Γ∋:(6&/(Π53Φ5;=(
Ξ∋=0Β.(:%.(60/#5#.∋:(
∆%.(∃53.(%5=(9..∋(=.:(
ΛΓ:=0Β.(:%.(;0#0:=(&6(3&∋=30&Γ=∋.==(
Θ3=:5=∀(&Γ:=0Β.(:%.(;0#0:=(&6(:%.(.∃%.#./5;(
Σ5::./∋=(3.5=.(:&(Β.#5∋Β(.#∃0/035;(;&703(
∆%0=(5∋:%/&∃&3.∋:/03(35/5∃53.(0=(∃&/&Γ=(
−(60;:./0∋7(:%/&Γ7%(
PcvwtgÔu"uwdnkokv{(
⊥.∀=(:&(Γ∋Β./=:5∋Β0∋7(
∆%.(6&/:Γ∋5:.(&#.∋(&6(∃5==0&∋(
∆%.(9&&Φ(3;&=.(5∋Β(=:0;;(0∋Β.:./#0∋53∀(;0Α.=(
∆%.(.∋:5∋7;0∋7(:/Γ:%(=:/50∋.Β(6/&#(5(Β&7#5:03(3&/∃=.(
Τ5∋∀(>0;;=(∃/&Α.(Β.30=0Α.(.∋Β=(
(
26

Ο%∀(5/.(:%.(603:0&∋=(&6(5∋(&Γ:./(9&Γ∋Β5/∀(∃./∃.:Γ5:.Β(
∆%.(=∃53.(9.:>..∋(
Θ53%(:%&Γ7%:(6&/7&::.∋(
−(>&;6(%5=(.∋:./.Β(
∆%.(0∋∋./(=5∋3:Γ#(
∆%.(.//&∋.&Γ=(9.;0.6(:%5:(.∀.=(35∋(=..(5;;(:%5:(.Ε0=:=(
∆%.(=..#0∋7;∀(3%5&:03(
Σ5::./∋(&6(>0∋Β9;&>∋(;.5Α.=(
Ξ#∃./Α0&Γ=(
2.6./(:&(;07%:(65Β0∋7(Β0=∃/&∃&/:0&∋5:.;∀(
∆5Φ.∋(:&(Γ∋Β./=:5∋Β(:%.(∋5:Γ/.(&6(3&#∃5==0&∋(
∆%.(∃5/:05;(∋5:Γ/.(&6(5∋(.∋:/&∃03(#.Β0Γ#(
!∃0/5;(Β5∋3.(&6(.;.#.∋:5;(3%5&=(
∆%.(>.07%:∀(∃%.∋&#.∋5(&6(3&/∃&/.5;(.Ε0=:.∋3.(
∆%.(/&3Φ(>5;;=(./.3:.Β(0∋(07∋&/5∋3.(
(
27

∆%.(∃;5∋=(:&(5=3./:50∋(.:./∋0:∀(
−(=;&∃0∋7(6&/.%.5Β(Β.∋&:0∋7(3&∋=30&Γ=∋.==(
∆%.(∃;5∋./(Β0#.∋=0&∋5;0:∀(&6(:0#.(
ϑ∋Β./;∀0∋7(∃./3.∃:0&∋(
∆&(&Γ:;0Α.(:%.(.∃%.#./5;0:∀(&6(Β0=0;;Γ=0&∋(
!∃5:05;(3&∋=:5∋:=(0∋(5(:/5∋=0.∋:(.:%./(
Κ&(∋&:(Β>.;;(&Γ:=0Β.(:%.(0∋∋./#&=:(:%&Γ7%:(
∆&(=Γ66./(/.;.5=.(6/&#(:%.(∃5∋7=(&6(/.90/:%(
∆%.(∃/0=&∋./(0=(∋&:(;Γ30Β(5∋Β(35∋∋&:(=..(%0=(3&∋:50∋#.∋:(
∆%.(Α0=3./5;(Β5/Φ∋.==(:%5:(.∋Α.;&∃=(:%.(9&Β∀(
∆%.(=∃0/5;0∋7(
Μ53Φ>5:./(&6(:%.(Γ∋3&∋=30&Γ=(
ϑ∋0:.(:%.(.;.#.∋:=(&6(5∋:0Ι#5::./(5∋Β(Α0=0&∋(
Κ&(∋&:(Β0=∃.;(:%.(59=:/53:(0∋:.∋:0&∋(
Υ07%:(#Γ=:(9.(75:%./.Β(5∋Β(:%.∋(Β0=∃./=.Β(
(
27

∆%.(#∀:%(.Α&;Α.=(>0:%(:0#.(
Tguvtckp"vjg"giqÔu"korgvwu"vq"tgkip(
∆%./.(0=(∋&:%0∋7(:%5:(%5∃∃.∋=(9∀(0:=(&>∋(Β.Α03.=(
∆%.(&9Π.3:=(:%5:(60;;(:%.(#0∋Β(
−/.(6;..:0∋7(
!∃5:05;(Β0=:/09Γ:0&∋(
∆0#.(5∋Β(=∃53.(
4&∋:0∋ΓΓ#(
∆%.(∃5:%(0=(3&Α./.Β(0∋(:%.(Α./Β5∋:(=.5=&∋(
Ο%∀(Β.=0/.(:%.(65:.(0∋(Γ∋=..0∋7(.∋Α0/&∋=(
Ξ(%5Α.(:5Φ.∋(:%.(6&/#(&6(0##5∋.∋3.(
∆%.(3&;;0Β0∋7(∃5/:03;.=(
Kphkpkv{Ôu"wpcuegtvckpcdng"gpxktqp(
∆%.(=5∋3:0:∀(0=(Γ∋Β0=:Γ/9.Β(9∀(:%.(.∀.(
−:(=Γ3%(:0#.(>%.∋(=∃.3Γ;5:0&∋(.∋Β=(
(
28

Κ.=0/.(>%5:(0=(
Μ.:>..∋(:%.(:%&Γ7%:(
Θ∋Α.;&∃0∋7(:%.(:5∃./0∋7(>03Φ(
∆%.(3&∋6;57/5:0&∋(0=(=∃.∋:(
∆%.(&∋(;&&Φ0∋7(.∀.(#0=Γ∋Β./=:5∋Β=(
CpqvjgtÔu"fkuqtfgt(
∆%.(>&/;Β(:%5:(.Ε0=:=(0=(0∋:./∋5;(:&(:%.(:&Γ3%(
Ugpvkogpvu"vjcv"dtggf"vjg"jgctvÔu"wpgcug(
Θ∋:/&∃∀(&6(.Ε0=:0∋7(:%&Γ7%:Ι6&/#=(
−∋(0∋Β.30=0Α.(0;;Γ=0&∋(
Σ./∃.:Γ5:0∋7(650:%(
2.ΒΓ3:0&∋(0∋(=Γ/653.(5/.5(
⊥∋..ΙΠ./Φ(/.53:0&∋(:&(35/Β0∋5;(/Γ;.=(9/&Φ.∋(
Ο%∀(0∋:.//&75:.(:%.(5∃∃5/0:0&∋(
Θ#./70∋7(6/&#(:%.(.:%./(
(
28

!:&∋.(350/∋=(;.6:(9∀(:%.(Β/0.Β(/0Α./Ι9.Β((
∆%.(30/3Γ;5/0:∀(&6(:%.(Γ∋Β.60∋.Β(
Υ06.Ι6&/3.(
ΘΑ&Φ.(:%.(;5>(&6(35Γ=.(5∋Β(566.3:(
Σ5::./∋=(/.=0=:(5(3&%./0∋7(
∆%.(Β0=ΝΓ0.:.Β(9&Β∀(5:(/.=:(
∆%.(=3&∃.(0=(5(Β0=:0;;5:0&∋(&6(Α0=0&∋(
!∃.5Φ(:&(:%.(:&∃035;(0##./=0&∋(0∋(∃%∀=035;(653:=(
∆%.(∃.=:0;.∋3.(:%5:(7/&>=(6/&#(5∋(0∋∋./(5:/&∃%∀(
).0:%./(6&/#(∋&/(:/Γ:%(35∋(9.(>%&;;∀(Γ∋Β./=:&&Β(
ΛΓ:=0Β.(:%.(0∋∋./(30/3;.(
∆%.(%.5/:(0=(;Γ#0∋&Γ=(0∋(0:=(&>∋(Φ∋&>0∋7(=∃%./.(
∆%.(3&;;5∃=0∋7(=∃0/5;(&6(0∋6;Γ.∋3.(0=(.∃%.#./5;(
∆%.(.∋70∋.(&6(:%&Γ7%:(%5=(3.5=.Β(:&(3∀3;.(
∆%.(7.∋./5:0&∋(&6(∃&Α./:∀(.Α&;Α0∋7(0∋(Β5/Φ∋.==(
(
29

∆%.(3∀3;.(/.∃.5:=(5∋Β(0=(0∋3Γ;35:.Β(>0:%(>0=Β&#(
Ο0:∋.==(:%.(Γ∋6&;Β0∋7(:&(5;;(:%5:(0=(.∋7.∋Β./.Β(
Κ.35∀(∃/&∃575:.=(0∋(&/Β./(:&(∃/&3/.5:.(
∆%.(59=:/53:0&∋(0=(&∋;∀(5∋(0∋590;0:∀(:&(Γ∋Β./=:5∋Β(
85:%&#(:%.(60/=:(∃/0∋30∃;.(:%5:(0=(/.Α.;.Β(
Υ&==(0=(&∋;∀(:%.(.;0#0∋5:0&∋(&6(3&/∃&/.5;(Α0=0&∋(
Υ0#0:5:0&∋=(5/.(0∋∋./(30:5Β.;=(
∆%.(&33;Γ=0&∋(0=(0;;Γ=0&∋(
∆%.(.∋:5∋7;0∋7(#5:/0Ε(0=(
∆%.(6;5#.(&6(35Γ=5:0&∋(0=(∋.Α./(0∋(Β&Γ9:(
!35/=(6&/#(&Α./(5∋30.∋:(>&Γ∋Β=(
!∃..3%(0=(=Γ∃./6;Γ&Γ=(:&(:%.(0##5∋.∋3.(&6(Φ∋&>0∋7(
45/∀5:0Β=(:%5:(%&;Β(:%.(60/#5#.∋:(0∋(∃;53.(
∆%.(∃Γ;=.(ΝΓ03Φ.∋=(5#0Β(:%.(Β0=ΝΓ0.:ΓΒ.(
!:5=0=(5∋7./(%Γ#0;0:∀(5∋Β(%5:/.Β(
(
29

∆%.(/.Α.;5:0&∋(0=(&Γ:=0Β.(
Vjg"giqÔu"qduguukqp(
∆%.(>.07%:(∋.75:0&∋(∃;53.=(&∋(/.5;0:∀(
!5:Γ/5:0&∋(3&∋:.∋:=(5∋Β(07∋&/5∋3.(&6(#0∋Β(
∆%.(>&/Φ0∋7(&Γ:(&6(:%.(3%566(
∆%.(.∋Β;.==(/5∋:(&6(3;&0=:./(Β0==&∋5∋3.(
2.#.#9./(:%.(∃./6.3:0&∋(:%5:(%5=(9Γ/Β.∋.Β(:%.(/&:.(
∆%.(0##&90;0:∀(&6(:%.(%0ΒΒ.∋(#.3%5∋0=#(
Vjg"rnc{"coqpi"kociguÔ"knnwukqp(
∆%.(∃5;0#∃=.=:(:%5:(3&;;.3:=(5=(3./.9/5;(Β/&==(
!∃0/.=(:%5:(∃0./3.(:%.(&96Γ=35:0∋7(.:%./(
∆%.(Γ∋0∋6&/#.Β(∃5=:03%.(5∋0#5:0∋7(:%.(6/5∀(
−(9Γ/∋0∋7(&6(:%.(Β/&==(
−(Β0=∃;530∋7(>.07%:(5∋3%&/.Β(:&(.:./∋0:∀(
∆%.(=∃%./.=(5/.(0∋(5;07∋#.∋:(
(
30

∆%.(∃5==0&∋(6;57=(:%/&Γ7%(07∋&/5∋3.(
!∃.5Φ(∋&>(6&/(:%./.(0=(>0=Β&#(&∋(:%.(Γ∋>/0::.∋(∃57.(
∆%.(3;&ΓΒ∀(=∃5:05;0:∀(:%5:(0∋Β&3:/0∋5:.=(:%.(#5==.=(
−(60/.(:%5:(Φ..∃=(:%.(.∀.=(0∋(6&3Γ=(
Θ∋:5∋7;0∋7(/Γ∋∋.;=(Β0Α./:0∋7(:%.(6&3Γ=(
8&/(:%./.(0=(>0=Β&#(;0∋7./0∋7(0∋(:0#9/.=(
∆&(:%.(.∋Β(>%./.(5;;(Β0=:0;;5:0&∋=(∃&0∋:(
∆%.(Φ∋&>;.Β7.(:%&Γ7%:(5::.#∃:=(:&(0∋ΒΓ/5:.(
∆%.(Β.∃:%(&6(#5∋∀(:%&Γ7%:=(&6(5;0.∋5:0&∋(
∆%.(Γ∋Β0Α0Β.Β(;07%:(=∃0/5;=(:%/&Γ7%(:%.(%.5/:(
Ο&/Β=(5/.(>%∀(:%./.(0=(Β0=:5∋3.(9.:>..∋(
∆%.(Β0=0∋35/∋5:.(Α&03.=(.3%&(:%/&Γ7%(:%.(6/5∀(
∆%.(/5::;0∋7(∃5∋.=(:%.(=%5Φ0∋7(6&Γ∋Β5:0&∋=(
∆%.(60/#5#.∋:(:%5:(6&/#=(:%.(653.(&6(3%5∋7.(
Vjg"crrgctcpeg"qh"vjg"kppgt"Ètghngevkqp(
(
30

(

ｬ ı ｬ(
(
(
(
(
(