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Syallabus for IAS

Syallabus for IAS

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Section-A 1.

Political Science : Nature & scope of the discipline, relationship with allied disciplines like History, Economics, Philosophy, Sociology, Psychology. 2. Meaning of Politics : Approaches to the study of Politics. 3. Key Concepts : State, Soceity, Sovereignty, Power, Citizenship, Nation, Global order and Imperialism. 4. Political Ideas : Rights, Liberty, Equality, Justice, Rule of Law. Civil Soceity Swaraj, Revolution, Democratic Participation. 5. Democracy : Meaning and Theories of Democracy, Electoral system, Forms of Representation & Participation, Political accountability. 6. Political Ideologies : Liberalism, Neoliberalism, Marxism, Socialism, Fascism, Gandhism. 7. Party System and Political Process : Therories of Party System, National and regional parties, Political Parties in the Third World. Patterns of coalition politics, interest and pressure groups. 8. Forms of Government : Parliamentary and Presidential. Federal & unitary Modes of decentralisation. 9. Bureaucracy Concept : Theories, Weber and critiques of Bureaucracy. 10. Theories of Development : Meaning and various approaches. Concept and Theories of underdevelopment Debates in the Third World. 11. Social Movements : Meaning, Theories & Forms, Role of Environmental Feminist Peasant & workers movements, Role of Non Government organisation. 12. Nationalism and Internationalism 13. Major theories of International relations : Realist Marxist, Systems & Decision making & Game theory. 14. State & the Global order : Neo-Liberalism, globalisation, structural adjustment, regional economic integration, Nature and Impact of globalisation. Section-B (Indian Government and politics) 15. Approaches to the study of Governments : Comparative historical, legal institutional, political economy and political sociology, approaches. 16. Classification of Political systems : Democratic and Authoritarian, characteristics of Political systems in the third world. 17. Typologies of constitutions : Basic features of these constitutions & governments, including U.K., USA. France, Germany, China, and South Africa. 18. Constitutional development : in India during British Rule-A historical perspective. 19. Constituent Assembly : philosophical and socio-economic dimensions. Salient features of the Indian Constitution. 20. Nature of Indian federalism : Centre-state relations, legislative, administrative, financial and political; politics of regional move and National Integration. 21. Fundamental Rights : Constitutional provisions and political dynamics. Judicial Interpretations and socio political realities; Fundamental Duties.

22. The Union Executive : President, Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers, Constitutional provisions & framework and political trends. 23. Parliament : Powers and functions of the Lok Sabha & Rajya Sabha; Parliamentary Committees; Functioning of the Parliamentary system in India. 24. The Judiciary : The Supreme Court , Judicial Review Judicial Activism, Public Intrest Litigation; Judicial Reforms. 25. The State Executive : Governor, Chief Minister and the Council of Ministers; Constitutional Provisions and Political trends. 26. Indian Party System : Evolution and Contemporay trends; coalition government at the Centre and States, pressure groups in Indian politics. 27. The interaction of Government & Scientific & Technology business : Previous and now their inter relationship and changing roles in Society, Elites, Role of Pressure groups class and voluntary associations in society. 28. Local Government & Politics : Panchayti Raj and Municipal Government, structure power & functions. Political realities, significance of 73rd and 74th Amendments, role of women in Panchayats. 29. Bureaucracy and Development : Post-colonial India; its changing role in the context of liberatis after, bureauratic Accountability. 30. Challenges to Indian Democracy : o Communalism Regionalism violence, criminalisation and corruption. o Regional disparities, environmental degradation, illiteracy, Mass Poverty, Population, growth, caste oppressions and socio economic inequalities among backward classes.

migration. Ecosystem and food chain. million-cities and mega-cities. Regional Geography of Developing Countries : S. Economic Activities Food gathering and hunting. Weathering. Temperature. Section-B (Human Geography) • • • • Man and Environment Relationship Growth and development of Human Geography.Preliminary Examination . Power. Population Races of mankind and tribes. iron and steel.A. Manufacturing -locational factors of textile. Pressure belts and Wind systems.Optional Subjects Examination Syllabus . U. . Folding and Faulting.( UPSC Syllabus ) Part A . Asia. Clouds and rainfall types. Interior of the earth. communication and services. Processes of urbanisation. Settlements Origin. Mining. Ocean deposits. Australia and New Zealand.E.W. El Nino and La Nino. Southern Africa and Brazil. Volcanoes. population problems of developed and developing countries. growth and distribution of world population. fishing and forestry. commercial and plantation. Western Europe. Regional Geography of Developed Countries : Canada. Cyclones and anti-cyclones. Types and characteristics of rocks. Landforms caused by fluvial. Salinity. Asia. Concepts of Determinism and Possibilism. Biogeography Origin and types of soils. pastoral herding. Section-C (Geography of the World) • • • Major Natural Regions : Characteristics. Earthquakes. types and patterns of rural settlements. Ocean currents. Japan. Major climatic types. sugar and fertilizer industries.. subsistence. Types of agricultureshifting. Tertiary activities-trade. transport. Waves and tides. morphology and functional classification of towns.S. Temperature. Russia. S. China. economic base and human adaptation.Subject : Geography Section-A (Physical Georgraphy) • • • • Geomorphology Origin of the earth. Oceanography Ocean relief. Geological Time Scale. aeolian and glacial actions. Climatology Structure and composition of atmosphere. Environmental degradation and conservation. Major biomes of the world.

climate. uses. Kant. GIS. contributions of Ratzel. Greeks. Recent Period : Quantitive Revolution. Huntington and La Blache. Pre-Modern Period : Contribution of Verenius. demographic characteristics. trade and commerce. Section-D (Geography of India) • • • • Physical Setting Landforms. Behaviouralism and Humanism. developmental issues and regional planning. characteristics and uses. Remote sensing and geographical information system (GIS) : Aerial photographs and imagery.• Regional Geography of South Asia. irrigation. Modern Period : Dichotomy of determinism and possibilism. Semple. agriculture and industries. forest resources. Section-E (Geographical Thought) • • • • Ancient Period : Contributions of Indians. Courtesy : UPSC . Diagrams : Types and uses Projections : Types. Environmental problems. soils and natural vegetation. Humboldt and Ritter. aquatic resources. Population Growth. Section-F (Techniques of Geographical Analysis) • • • • Maps : Scale and types. Radicalism. drainage. Romans and Arabs. Economic Base Minerals & energy resources. distribution and density.

Banking and Public Finance : a. Elasticity concept c. International Economics : a. Concepts of Money and measures of money supply. e. uses and limitations. Isoquants b. d. growth Strategies.Subject : Economics Part-I (General Economics) • • • • • • Micro-economics a.Preliminary Examination . Elementary concepts of Welfare economics : Pareto-optimality-Private and social products-consumers surplus. Determination of the price level. Market Structure and concepts of equilibrium. National Income concepts. e. b.( UPSC Syllabus ) Part A .Optional Subjects Examination Syllabus . Exchange rate under free exchange markets. Rate of Interest and its determination e. f. velocity of money b. Banks and portfolio management. Determinants of consumption. e. b. Human capital. types. productivity. Evolution of the International Monetary System and World Trading order-Gold Standard-the Brettonwoods system. Growth. Production : Agents of Production.Floating rates-GATT and WTO Growth and Development : a. Determination of prices. Economic Statistics : Types of averages-measures of dispersion-correlation-Index numbers. Characteristics of underdevelopment. Stages of Development. population. Finance-Budgets-Taxes and non-tax revenues-Types of Budget deficits. Theories of International Trade-comparative costs-Heckscher-Ohlin-Gains from Trade-Terms of Trade. f. Interest and profit. d. Meaning and measurement of growth. Money. Costs and Supply. non-economic factors. Macro-economics : a. Components and Theories of Distribution f. Determinants of National Income Employment c. Central Bank and control over money supply d. IMF and the World Bank and their associates. c. . c. Free Trade and Protection. Balance of Payments accounts and Adjustment. Planning in a mixed economy-Indicative planning-Planning and growth. Inflation. Trade and aid. Consumption and Demand. Public. distribution and Welfare. Banks and credit creation. e. c. savings and Investment d. b. d. its causes and remedies. Sources of growth-capital.

Population. Mass povertyUnemployment and its types-Economics effects of population pressure-Inequality and types thereof-Low productivity and low per capita income. composition quality and growth trend-Occupational distribution-Effects of British Rule with reference to Drain theory and Laissez Faire policy.Main Examination . Sectoral trendsDistributional Changes-Regional disparities. size. Economic Planning in India : Major controversies on planning in India-Alternative strategies-goals and achievements. continental drift. Geographic size-Endowment of natural resources. endogenetic and exogenetic forces. glacial. Applied Geomorphology. Growth in income and employment since Independence-Rate. groundwater. Broad Fiscal.Optional Subjects Main Examination Syllabus . rationale. .Subject : Geography Paper-I (Principles of Geography) Section-A (Physical Geography) i.Part-II (Indian Economics) • • • • • Main features. geosynclines. Rural-urban disparitiesForeign Trade and payments imbalances. landforms associated with fluvial. earthquakes. coastal and karst cycle. monetary. isostasy. volcanicity. nature and broad causes. and parallel economy and its effects-Fiscal deficit. Geomorphology Factors controlling landform development. mountain building. shortfalls of different plans-planning and the Market. physical conditions of the earth’s interior. sea-floor spreading. Balance of Payments and External DebtInflation. plate tectonics. concepts of geomorphic cycles. their dimensions. industrial trade and agricultural policies-objectives. arid. origin and evolution of the earth’s crust. Pattern. constraints and effects ( UPSC Syllabus ) Part B . Major problems.

agro-forestry. v. Section-B (Human Geography) i. ocean deposits. Environmental Geography Human ecological adaptations. environmental degradation and conservawtin. human development indicators. sea-level changes. the limits to growth. temperature and salinity of the oceans. environmentalism. ocean currents and tides. quantitative revolution and locational analysis. monsoons and jet streams. problems of deforestation and conservation measures. types and distribution of precipitation. world agriculture–typology . classification and distribution of soils. mineral and energy resources. planetary and local winds. Economic Geography World economic develpment–measurement and problems. Climatology Temperature and pressure belts of the world. reduction in bio-diversity and depletion of forests. Koppenà ¢â‚¬â„¢s and Thornthwaite’s classification of world climate. air masses and fronts. atmospheric circulation. Indian and Pacific Oceans. Biogeography Genesis of soils. cultural regions of the world human and welfare approaches. world resources and their distribution. climatic change. radical. ecosystems and their management. marine resources–biotic. hydrological cycle. regional synthesis. transformation of nature by man. iii. behavioural. soil erosion and conservation. human and welfare approaches. Oceanography Bottom topography of the Atlantic. heat budget of the earth. iv. Perspectives in Human Geography A real differentiation. social forestry. global warming. temperate and tropical cyclones. soil profile. factors influencing world distribution of plants and animals. cultural regions of the world. coral reefs.ii. ii. energy crisis. dichotomy and dualism. global ecological imbalances–problems of pollution.

types of regions and methods of regionalisation. tropical cyclones and western distrubances. patterns of world trade. problems of urbanisation. food and nutrition problems. Physical Setting Space relationship of India with neighbouring countries. concepts of over–. regional imbalances. mechanism of Indian monsoons. physiographic regions. Theories and Laws in Human Geography System analysis in Human Geography. environmental issues in regional planning. Regional Planning Concept of a region. . Models. iii. Weber’s model of industrial location. Malthusian. concept of primate city and rank-size rule. famine–causes. v. floods and droughts. Von Thunen’s model of agricultural location. Heart-land and Rimland theories. Marxian and Demographic Transition models. iv. Paper-II (Geography of India) Section-A. world population problems. Rostov’s model of stages of growth. laws of international boundaries and frontiers. world industries–location patterns and problems. agricultural inputs and productivity. functional classificatipn of towns. Population and Settlement Geography Growth and distribution of world population. soil types and their distributions. growth centres and growth poles. under– and optimum population. causes and consequencies of migration. rural-urban fringe. Central Place theories of Christaller and Losch. natural vegetation. sphere of urban influence. demographic atrributes. i. drainage system and watersheds. hierarchy of urban settlements. Note : Candidates will be required to answer one compulsory map question pertinent to subjects covered by this paper. climatic regions.of agricultural regions. planning for sustainable development. Types and patterns of rural settlements. effects and remedies. satellite town. structure and relief.

agricultural intensity. significance of dry farming. surface and groundwater. iron and steel. Communication and Trade Road. Settlements Types. work-force. railway. migration (inter-regional. dependency ratio and longevity. patterns and morphology of rural settlements. intraregional and international) and associated problems. agro-climatic zones. blue revolution. v. trade balance. Transport. energy. agricultural regionalisation. seeds. distribution and density of population. major tribes. livestock resources and white revolution. Section-B i. Resources Land. jute. iii. airway and pipeline networks and their complementary roles in regional development. automobile and cottage indusries. new industrial policy. utilisation and conservation. drugs and pharmaceutical. tribal areas and their problems. land tenure and land reforms. age structure. ii. religion and tradition in the formation of cultural regions. their distribution. demographic attributes–sex-ratio. fertilizers. Agriculture Infrastructure–irrigation. growth. Industry Evolution of industries. iv. urban development. power. land capability.ii. role of langague. and biotic resources. green revolution and its socio-economic and ecological implications. energy crisis. Cultural Setting Racial and ethnic diversities. growing importance of ports on national and foreign trade. locational factors of cotton. census . industrial complexes and industrial regionalisaiton. paper. agro-and social forestry. minerals. developments in communication technology and its impact on economy and society. agricultural productivity. waterway. literacy rate. institutional factorsà ¢â‚¬â€œland holdings. multinationals and liberalisation. fertiliser. population problems and policies. free trade and export promotion zones. crop combination.

. planning for backward area. epidemics. urban sprawl. population explosion and food security. problems of urbanisaiton. command area development. state reorganisation. Five Year Plans. Political Aspects Geographical basis of Indian federalism. town planning. iv. Contemporary Issues Environmental hazards–landslides. v. India and geopolitics of the Indian Ocean. regional consciousness and national integration. disputes on sharing of water resources. morphology of Indian cities. earthquakes. regional disparities in economic development. environmental degradation. functional classification of Indian cities. panchayati raj and decentralised planning. geography and regional planning. conurbations and metropolitan regions. Regional Development and Planning Experience of regional planning in India. watershed management. hill and tribal area development. issues related to environmental pollution. integrated rural development programmes. multi-level planning. principles of environmental impact assessment and environmental management. concept of sustainable growth and development. slums and associated problems. floods and droughts. international boundary of India and related issues. changes in patterns of land use. desert drought-prone.definition of urban areas. iii. problems of agrarian and industrial unrest. Note : Candidates will be required to answer one compulsory map question pertinent to subjects covered by this paper.

I. o Upon Westminster Bridge. o The Good Morrow. The following poems: o Ode on Intimations of Immortality. o The World is too much with us. Section-A 1. William Wordsworth. The Rise of the Novel.Main Examination . Satire. . IX 4. 3. Paper-I (Answers must be written in English. o Tintern Abbey. II. thou shouldst be living at this hour. o Resolution and Independence. 6.( UPSC Syllabus ) Part B .Subject : English The syllabus consists of two papers.) Texts for detailed study are listed below.Optional Subjects Main Examination Syllabus . o On his Mistress going to bed. There will be two compulsory questions in each paper : a) A short-notes question related to the topics for general study. 5. o Three years she grew. Candidates will also be required to show adequate knowledge of the following topics and movements : The Renaissance : Elizabethan and Jacobean Drama. o Death be not proud. o Michael. The Rape of the Lock. The following poems : o Canonization. William Shakespeare : King Lear and The Tempest. o Milton. Henrik Ibsen : A Doll’s House. Alfred Tennyson : In Memoriam. John Donne. The Epic and the Mock-epic. o The Relic. Metaphysical Poetry. and b) A critical analysis of UNSEEN passages both in prose and verse. Neo-classicism. The Romantic Movement. 2. John Milton : Paradise Lost. Alexander Pope. IV. The Victorian Age. designed to test a first-hand and critical reading of texts prescribed from the following periods in English Leterature : Paper I : 1600-1900 and Paper II : 1900-1990. o She dwelt among untrodden ways. 7.

Tess of the d’Urbervilles. Jane Austen. 7. Indian Writing in English. Psychoanalytical and Feminist approaches to literature. Section-A 1.S. o Meru o Lapis Lazuli o The Second Coming o Byzantium. The following poems : o The Love Song of J. 4. o The Tower. Candidates will also be required to show adequate knowledge of the following topics and movements : Modernism. o Leda and the Swan. W. 2.Alfred Prufrock o Journey of the Magi. The stream-of-consciousness Novel. The following poems: o Easter 1916 o The Second Coming o A Prayer for my daughter. Marxist. o Among School Children. George Eliot. Paper-II (Answers must be written in English. Tom Jones. o Sailing to Byzantium. my love . 3. Post-Modernism. Yeats o Lay your sleeping head. Charles Dickens. Colonialism and Post-Colonialism. Mark Twain. The Mill on the Floss. Thomas Hardy.Section-B 1. 2. Auden. Absurd Drama. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. o Burnt Norton. 6.H. Henry Fielding. T. Jonathan Swift. William Butler Yeats. 5. Hard Times. Eliot.B.) Texts for detailed study are listed below. Poets of the Thirties. Gulliver’s Travels. 3. The following poems : o Partition o Musee des Beaux Arts o in Memory of W. Pride and Prejudice.

Parthasarthy. 3. 2. John Osborne : Look Back in Anger. The following poems : o Looking for a Causim on a Swing o A River o Of Mothers. Sons and Lovers.S. 6. 6. Raja Rao. 4. Samuel Beckett. 7. Philip Larkin. 1939 Petition. Section-B 1. New Delhi). D. Lord Jim James Joyce.M. The following poems : o Next o Please o Deceptions o Afternoons o Days o Mr. 5. among other Things o Love Poem for a Wife 1 o Samll-Scale Reflections on a Great House o Obituary o o o o o o (All these poems are available in the anthology Ten Twentieth Century Indian Poets. Lawrence. Waiting for Godot. Naipal. 5. A Passage to India. The Unknown Citizen Consider Mundus Et Infans The Shield of Achilles September 1. Joseph Conrad. Forster. A House for Mr.4.H. Bleaney A. Mrs Dalloway. 7. Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. Ramanujan. . published by Oxford University Press. Kanthapura. Virginia Woolf.K. V. Biswas. edited by R. E.

C. Nehru. Civil disobedience and Quit India. Civil rights movement. Ram Manohar Lohia. Ambedkar.Subject : Political Science and International Relations Paper-I Section-A (Political Theory and Indian Politics) • • • • • • • • • • Approaches to the study of political theory: historical. postcolonial.Optional Subjects Main Examination Syllabus . State Sovereignty: Marxist and pluralistic theories. Mosca. Rosa Luxemberg and Mao Zedong. Liberal. Political Ideologies: Nature of Ideology.Main Examination . Fascism. Revolutionary movements Non Co-operation. Roy Gandhi Ambedkar and E V Ramswami Naicker. Theories of state: Social contract. Equality and Revolution. backward caste movements. Indian Naval uprising. J S Mill. normative and empirical.( UPSC Syllabus ) Part B . Kautilya M. New Social Movements. Trade union and Peasant movements. Savarkar. Culture and politics in Third World countries. Wright Mills. Political Thought: Plato. Mitchels. Hobbes. Theories of Power and Hegemony: Pareto. role of women in freedom struggle. Democracy and Human Rights: Democratic theory-classical and contemporary. Hegel and Marx. Aristotle. Marxism. political obligation.N. Theories of Political Economy-Classical and contemporary. Gramsci. Indian National Army. Weber. Indian Political Thought: Manu.economic dimensions of the nationalist movement: The communal question and the demand for partition. Gandhi. Hannah Arendt. Lenin. Theories of Human Rights. communitarian. Jayaprakash Narain. Theories of Political Culture. globalisation and the State. Machiavelli. Marxist. Theories of Justice. Tilak. . Socio. Socialism. Gandhism and Anarchism. Nature and struggle of Indian freedom struggle : From constitutionalism to Mass Satyagraha. Section-B (Indian Government and Politics) • • • Indian Nationalism: Dadabhai Naoroji. Liberalism. Neo-liberal. Subhas Bose.

Realist. Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms. Grassroots democracy : Panchayati Raj and municipal government. geopolitics. backward class and Dalit movements. Cripps Mission : Indian Independence Act. Planning in the era of liberalisation.• • • • • • • • • • Landmarks in Constitutional Development during British Rule: Morley-Minto Reforms. Paper . changing socio economic profile. politics of regionalism. federalism. trends in electoral behaviour. nature of the post-cold war global order. Class. patterns of coalition politics. Planning and Economic Development : Role of the Planning Commission. ethnicity and gender in Indian politics. 1947. significance of 73rd and 74th Amendements. national interest. Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers. Fundamental Rights and Duties. National Commission for women. 1935. balance of power. Election Commission. Statutory institutions/commis sions-UPSC. Pressure groups. Backward Classes Commission. Party system : ideology and social base of parties. Simon Commission. PIL. Decision-making and Game Theory. judicial review. geoeconomics and global order. parliamentary system. Origin and contemporary relevance of the Cold War. Systems. Nature of political process in the Third World. Theories of International politics Marxist. Role and function of the Parliament and Parlimentary Committee-Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. The Modern State : Evolution. communalism. Directive Principles. amending procedures. fragmentation and regionalisation. Governor. political sociology or political system approaches. collective security and peace. struggle for gender justice. The Supreme Court and the High Courts. The Bureaucracy. Chief Minister and the State Council of Ministers. national security. Salient Features of the Indian Constitution: The Preamble. Grass root movement and women's empowerment. Judicial Activism.II (Comparative Politics and International Relations) Section-A (Comparative Analysis and International Politics) • • • • • • • Approaches to the study of comparative politics : traditional approaches. the contemporary trends in the advanced industrial countries and the third world. The Executive System in theory and practice: President. National Human Rights Commission. political economy. Determinants of foreign policy : Domestic compulsions. Tribal people movements. Comptroller and Auditor General. caste. political dimensions of economic reforms. Concepts of International politics : Power. Minorities Commission. Development : Strategies and contemporary discourse. Government of India Act. .

Afghan Civil War. Non-alignment in the post cold war era. Global commons. Gender Justice. China. India and the UN System : India's role in UN Peace Keeping and global disarmament. Sri Lanka. IBRD. WHO UNESCO. The evolution of the international economic system-from Bretton woods to WTO. Collapse of the Soviet Union. Yugoslav Crisis. Regional co-operation and SAARC. . Bangladesh. the North-South dimension. Gulf War. organizations such as the ASEAN. Major issues in Indian foreign policy : Sino-Indian Border War (1962). Oil Crisis. Non-alignment : Concept and movement. India as military nuclear power (1998). International organisations UN and its specialized agencies : International Court of Justice. Human Rights. EU. Conflict and co-operation in South Asia : India's relations with Pakistan. Third World Movements for global justice. India and South East Asia. ILO. India and the question of nuclear weapons : NPT and CTBT. Japan and Russia. Indo-Pakistan War (1971) and the liberation of Bangladesh. IMF. UNICEF. Communication. Ecology. the institutions of policymaking. Vietnam War. ASEAN. ADB. India and the Non-Alignment Movement : Evolution and contemporary relevance. SAARC. multilateral agencies-WTO. Kashmir question in India's foreign policy. NAFTA Contemporary Global Concerns : Democracy. APEC. continuity and change.• • • • • • Major issues of world politics : Cuban Missile Crisis. India's relation with Africa and Latin America. determinants. EU. Nepal. Section-B (India and the World) • • • • • • • • • • Indian Foreign Policy : Historical origins. Regional. India and the major powers : USA. IPKF in Sri Lanka. Sociopolitical basis of non-alignment-domestic and global. India and the emerging international economic order.

Structure of Money and financial markets and control. its variants and critiques thereof-Demand for and supply of money-The money multiplier. Full employment and Says' Law-underemployment equilibrium-Keynes' Theory of employment (and income) determination-Critiques of Keynesian Theory. Ricardian. Proposal for ceiling on growth rate of money. International Economics . Public finance and its role in market economy in stabilisation. and Central Bank. crowding-out effects. Theories of determination of interest rate-Interest and prices-Theories of inflation and control of inflation. loans. Discount House. Alternate theories of distribution. distribution and development. their incidence and effects. Sources of revenue-Forms of Taxes and subsidies.Subject : Economics Paper-I 1. Money market instruments.( UPSC Syllabus ) Part B . 3. Marshallian and Walrasain approaches to price determination. supply stability. Types of budget deficits-Public expenditure and its effects. 5. 6.Optional Subjects Main Examination Syllabus . Real and nominal interest rates. Types of Markets and price determination. 4. bills and bonds. Functions of money-Measurement of price level changes-Money and real balancesMonetary standards-High-powered money and the Quantity theory of money. The modern monetary system-Banks. Criteria or Welfare improvement. non-bank financial intermediaries. and limits to borrowing. allocative efficiency. Limits to taxation. 2. Goals and instruments of monetary management in closed and open economies.Main Examination . Relation between the Central Bank and the Treasury.

Theories of growth : Classical and neo-classical theories. Welfare indicators and measures of growth-Human development indices-The basic needs approach. Factors determining savings to income ratio and the capital-out put ratio. ii. Old and New theories of International Trade. economic development under surplus Labour. Evolution of the Indian Economy till independence. planning and growth. Comparative advantage. wage-goods as a constraint on growth. W. convergence of levels of living of developed and developing countries. iii. c. Changing roles of market and plans in growth economic policy and growth. Role of foreign capital and technology in growth. IMF and the World Bank. changes in consumption levels and patterns. iv. Balance of Payments Adjustments Alternative Approaches. vi. Money and credit. Significance of agriculture in developing countries. Growth and development. a. Theories of policy mix.T. its growth and source of changes thereof. The significance of multinationals. Floating Rates and their implications for developing countries. b. Paper-II 1. The Harrod model. Exchange rate adjustments under capital mobility. Forms of protection. Trade. Terms of trade and offer curve. Trade Blocks and monetary unions. iv. d. Taxes. Relation between state. i. a. "Trade as an engine of growth" and theories of underdevelopment in an open economy. Currency Boards. v. the "Drain of Wealth . changes in savings and investment and in pattern of investment. c. iii. c. 7. innovations and development. Case for and against industralization. Product cycle and Strategic trade theories. Changes in occupational distribution. income adjustments under fixed exchange rates.i. Concept of sustainable development. Price versus income. The Colonial Heritage : Land System & Agriculture. ii. Main features of growth : Changes in Sectoral compositions of income. b.O. Productivity. Exchange Rate. b. meaning of self-reliance in growth and development. relative importance of physical and human capitals in growth. changes in income distribution. a.

capital-intensive versus labour-intensive techniques. Indian Economics in Post-Independent Era-Contributions of Vakil. Agriculture-Institutional set-up of land system size of agricultre holdings and efficiencyGreen Revolution and technological changes-Agricultural prices and terms of trade-Role of public distribution and farm-subsidies on agricultural prices and production. Relation between income. . Patterns. Employment : Factors determining employment in short and long periods. Role of capital. 2. Role of public and private sectors. Trends. Index numbers of price levels-Course of Price level in post-Independence period-sources and causes of inflation-role of monetary and supply factors in price level determinationpolicies towards control of inflation. Measures of unemployment. Gandhi and Hind Swaraj. Sources of Reserve money-money multiplier-Techniques of money supply regulation under open economy. Measures of poverty. Regional disparities in agricultural growth. and issues of distribution and social justice. Aggregate and sectoral-composition and changes therein. Role of small and cottage industries. Gadgil and Rao. poverty and employment. wage-goods versus luxuries. Budget deficit and money supply. Indian industrial StrategyCapital versus consumer goods. Trends in below poverty-line proportion. 6. wage-rate and technology. Money and banking : The monetary institutions of India: Factors determining demand for and supply of money. Issues in Reform of Monetary and Banking Systems. 3. Recent moves for liberalisation and their effects on Indian industry. Effects of inflation under open economy. National and percapita Income. wage-goods. Randade's critique of Laissez-Faire. Role of Agriculture in export. Functioning of money market in India. Employment and poverty in agriculture-Rural wages-employment schemes-growth experience-land reforms. Broad factors determining National Income and its distribution.controversy" of late 19th Century. Swadeshi movement. Sickness and high-cost Industrial policies and their effects. Industry : Industrial system of India : Trends in Composition and growth. 4. 5. import-substituting versus export promotion.

Devaluations. Planning and increasing the growth rate . its sources. Trade. composition and direction shifts in trade policy from import substituion to export promotion. 9. growth and trends-growth versus distribution-Transition from Central Planning to indicative planning-relation between Market and Plan-strategies for Growth. 8. (direct and indirect) and subsidies-Fiscal and monetary deficits-public expenditures and their significance-Public Finance and Inflation-Limiting Government's debt-Recent fiscal policies and their effects. social justice and Plans.7. Integration of Indian economy with world economy-India and the WTO. Impact of liberalisation on pattern of trade. Exchange rate of the rupee. depreciations and their effects on balance of payments-Gold imports and Gold policy-convertibility on current and capital accountsrupee in an open economy. balance of payments and exchange : Foreign trade of India. India's external Borrowings-the Debt problem. Public Finance and Fiscal Policy : Characteristics of and trends in India's Public FinanceRole of Taxes. Economic Planning in India-Trends in Savings and investment-Trends in Savings to Income and capital-output ratios-Productivity.

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