16 Tenses In English

CHAPTER I PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE
1.1 THE USE OF PRESENT CONTINOUS TENSE We use The Present Continuous Tense when we talk about something which is happening at the time of speaking. Example : Please don’t make so much noise. I’m studying. We also use The Present Continuous Tense when we talk about something which is happening around the time of speaking, but not necessarily exactly at the time of speaking. Example : Silvia is learning English at the moment. We often use the Present Continuous when we talk about a period around the present. Example :You’re working hard today. Yes, I have a lot of to do We use the present continuous when we talk about the changing situation. Example : The population without jobs is increasing very fast. 1.2. THE ADVERBS OF TIME USED The adverbs of time used in Present Continous tense are “NOW, RIGHT NOW, TOMORROW,ETC 1.3. THE PATTERN OF PRESENT CONTINOUS TENSE The patterns of Present continous tense consist of : 1.3.A. Positive Pattern S + am/is/are + Verb 4…………………………………………….Now S + sedang + 4……………………………………..sekarang Examples : 1. I am studying English now. 2. We are going to Jakarta tomorrow (akan) 3. You are singing now. 4. He is making a cake now. 5. she is sewing a shirt now. Communicative English Course
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16 Tenses In English 6. They are playing football in the field now. 7. Tom and Ani are doing their homework tomorrow. 8. The students are doing sport now. 1.3.b The Negative Pattern S + am/is/are + Not + Verb 4…………………………………… Now S + tidak sedang + 4 …………………………………….sekarang Example : 1. I am not studying now 2. He is not sleeping now 3. My father is not watching television now. 4. we aren’t going to Jakarta Tomorrow. 1.3.c. The Interrogative Pattern Am/Is/Are + S + Verb 4…………………………………………..Now? Apakah + S + sedang + 4…………………………sekarang ? Examples : 1. Are you studying English now ? Yes, I am/ No, I am not 2. Is he eating fried rice now? Yes, he is/ No, he isn’t 3. Is your father working in the office now? Yes, He is/No, He isn’t 1.3.d. Qusetion-word Pattern QW + Am/Is/Are + S + Verb 4…………………………………...Now? QW + yang + S + 4……………………………………..sekarang? Examples : 1. what are you doing now ? studying 2. Where is he studying English now ? at school EXERCISE I : Translate these sentences into English. 1. Jack sedang tidur sekarang 2. Mary sedang mengerjakan tugas itu 3. Kami sedang menonton sebuah film di televisi 4. Mereka sedang bermain bola di halaman sekarang 5. Guru itu sedang menerangkan pelajaran itu. 6. Perusahaan itu sedang tumbuh dengan pesat sekarang. 7. Harga saham di bursa Efek Jakarta sedang naik sekarang 8. Pak Adi sedang mengajar bahasa Inggris di kampus sekarang 9. Polisi tersebut sedang mencari Ali sekarang. 10. Ana, Ani, dan Tom sedang berdiskusi sekarang. Communicative English Course
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16 Tenses In English

EXERCISE 2 : Change the following sentences into (+), (-), and (?) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. They are speaking English now. We are not reading now. Is your mother frying rice now? No, she isn’t. What is your father looking at now ? a picture. He is watching “Plan to kill” on TV now. The teacher is not explaining tenses to the students now. Is Maradona playing football in Argentina Now?

EXERCISE 3 : Write questions by using question words based on the underlined words in the following sentences. 1. John is eating a plate of rice in the dining room now. 2. The cat is eating fried chicken in the kitchen now. 3. Tom and Jerry are quarrelling about food now. 4. My father is teaching Biology at school now. EXERCISE 4 : Answer the following questions with your own words. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Are you studying English now ? Is your father reading a newspaper now? Is your mother sewing a shirt now? Are They singing a song at home now? Is Mr.Adi teaching English at school now? What is your mother doing now? What is your brother doing now?

EXERCISE 5 : Write sentences by using the following verbs Writing, speaking, sewing, growing, discussing, doing, hunting,eating, drinking, dancing, singing, making, building, teaching, explaining, talking, watching, shopping, sleeping, typing, driving, riding, training, working

Communicative English Course

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3.. 2.3.1. Examples : 1. last night.Yesterday? Apakah + S + 1…………………………………………kemarin? Examples: 1.1. 2.. The Use of Simple Past Tense We use the past simple to talk about actions or situations in the past.3. The Negative Pattern S + didn’t + Verb 1…………………………………… …….Yesterday S + tidak + 1…………………………………kemarin Examples : 1. The Patterns of Simple Past Tense 2. a week ago. John saw a crocodile in the river yesterday. The Positive Pattern S + Verb 2…………………………………………………… Yesterday S + 2…………………………………………………. John didn’t see a crocodile in the river yesterday.16 Tenses In English CHAPTER 2 PAST TENSE 2. Did you study here last week ? Yes. this morning . 3. yesterday morning. yestermonth. Did John see a crocodile in the river yesterday ? Yes. They played football in the field yesteryear 2.3. 2.. 3. yesterweek. 2. he didn’t 2.3. we didn’t Communicative English Course 4 . We didn’t study here last week.. 2.2. he did/No. The Adverbs of time used The adverbs of time used in this tense are Yesterday. yesteryear.2. We studied English here last week. last…. etc. we did/ No. The Interrogative Pattern Did + S + Verb 1…………………………………………….. They didn’t play football in the field yesteryear.

7. 1. When did John see a crocodile in the river? yesterday QW + Verb 2………………………………. Kami menjual mobil kami kemarin 2.4. 8. Apakah perusahaan anda menjual kursi tahun lalu ? Ya.16 Tenses In English 3. What grew in the rice-field last year? A coconut tree did EXERCISE I : Translate these sentences into English ! 1. The Question-word Pattern QW + did + S + Verb 1………………………………. Manajer pemasaran tersebut melakukan penelitian minggu lalu. Apakah kamu pergi ke luar tadi malam ? 3. Dia tidak datang ke pesta itu minggu lalu 4. Apakah kamu tidur nyenyak tadi malam ? 5.? Examples: 1. Communicative English Course 5 . they did/No.………Yesterday? Qw + yang + S + 1……………………………………. 10. Change the following sentences into (+). EXERCISE II. they didn’t 2. Did they play football in the field yesteryear? Yes.? Examples : 1. What did John see in the river yesterday ? a crocodile 2. Who saw a crocodile in the river yesterday ? John did 2. 6.………Yesterday? S + did QW + 2……………………………. Present Continous Tense. Kami menjual rumah kami di Jakarta tahun lalu. ( ?). Apa yang jatuh di jalan kemarin ? Tas saya. Kapan anda menjalankan usaha anda di Jakarta ? tahun lalu 9.3. Siapa yang membuat kue itu kemarin ? ibu saya. (-)..

e. I am going to have an early night. I’ll help with it. PRESENT FUTURE TENSE We often use will in this situation: Offering to do something: e. A:There’s a film on television tonight. Will you close the window.g.please! The pattern : S + will/shall + Verb 1…………………………………… Tomorrow S + won’t/shan’t + Verb 1…………………… ………… Tomorrow Will/Shall + S + Verb 1………………………………….. I’ve asked john to help me but he won’t Promising to do something.g. The pattern : S + am/is/are + going to + Verb 1…………………………………… S +am/is/are + not + going to + Verb 1…………………… ………… Am/is/are + S + going to + Verb 1………………………………….………Tomorrow? We often use will to be going to when we say what we have already decided to do.16 Tenses In English 3. That bag looks heavy.. Agreeing and refusing to do something: e. I will come to your house tonight. e.? QW + am/is/are + S + going to + verb 1…………………………… . Asking someone to do something. Are you going to watch it? B: No.. what we intend to do in the future. Tomorrow? QW + will/shall + S + Verb 1……………………. I promise.? Communicative English Course 6 .g. I am too tired.g. .

+ The earth goes round the sun .The earth doesn’t go round the sun ? Does the earth go round the sun ? + I get up at 8 o’clock every morning . How often do you go to the dentist ? Mary doesn’t often drink tea.…Everyday/today? We use the present simple when wse say how often we do things: e. And it is also used to talk about something which is happened repeatedly or habituallly activities.g.I don’t get up at 8 o’clock every morning ? Do you get up at 8 o’clock very morning? The pattern : S + Verb 1 (s/es)…………………………………… Everyday/today S + don’t/doesn’t + Verb 1…………………… ……Everyday/today Do/Does + S + Verb 1………………………………Everyday/today? QW + Do/does + S + Verb 1……………………. Communicative English Course 7 .16 Tenses In English 4. e.g. PRESENT TENSE Present Tense is used to talk about something in general.

When + s + Verb 2 ……. I hurt my back.? QW + was/were + S + verb 4……………When + s + Verb 2 …………? e. + She was cooking rice when Tom came yesterday She wasn’t cooking rice when Tom came yesterday ? Was she cooking rice when Tom came yesterday ? Communicative English Course 8 .…… S + was/were + not + Verb 4…………….16 Tenses In English 5. The pattern : S + was/were + verb 4………………….When + s + Verb 2……. PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE We use past continuous Tense to say that someone was in the middle of doing something at a certain time.g.When + s + Verb 2………… Was/were + S + verb 4…………………. …. The action or situation had already started before this time but hadn’t finished: This time last year I was living in Brazil We often use the past continuous Tense and the past simple together to say that something happened in the middle of something else: When I was working in the garden.

…. Nora? Nora: Yes.g.g. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE We often use the present perfect Tense to give new information or to announce recent happening: e. We have to use present perfect Tense with This is the first time….g..g. Has it stopped raining yet ? (not ‘did it stop’). It the first time… e. (not drives) We often use the present perfect with yet. thanks. We can use the Present Perfect Tense with already to say that something has happened sooner than expected : e.etc? QW + have/has + S + verb 3………………. e. This is the first time he has driven a car.g. we use the present perfect.etc S + haven’t/hasn’t + Verb 3……………. We often use ever and never with the present perfect: e. will you? I’ve already posted it. Yet shows that the speaker is expecting something to happen.16 Tenses In English 6.etc Have/has + S + verb 3…………………. Don’t forget to post this letter. Do you know about Mary ? She’s gone to Jakarta.…. The pattern: S + have/has + verb 3………………………. I have been to 47 different countries.. have you ever eaten caviar? We have never had a car. Use yet only in questions and negative sentences: e. I’ve just had lunch’. Would you like something to eat? ‘No.g.etc? Communicative English Course 9 . We talk about a period of time that continuous up to the present.g. Dave: Have you travelled a lot. We can use the Present Perfect Tense with just (= a short time ago) e.

Saya merasa sangat lelah ketika saya pulang. 4. Dia baru saja keluar. Tom had already gone home When I got home. Communicative English Course 10 . saya baru saja makan siang. I was very nervous because I hadn’t flown before. I found that someone had broken into my flat and had stolen my fur coat. It was my first time in an aeroplane. Semua orang sudah pergi tidur. jadi saya langsung pergi tidur Saya tidak lapar. George didn’t want to come to the cinema with us because he had already seen the film twice.16 Tenses In English 7. PAST PERFECT TENSE We use the Past perfect to say that something had already happened before this time : Example : When I arrived at the party. 3. The pattern: S + had + verb 3…………when/before S + V2 S + hadn’t + Verb 3……… when/before S + V2 Had + S + verb 3………… when/before S + V2 ? QW + had + S + verb 3……… when/before S + V2 ? Translate these sentences into English ! 1. To tidak bearada di rumah ketika saya tiba. Rumah itu sangat sunyi ketika saya tiba. 2.

16 Tenses In English 8. Mereka sudah bermain PS selama tiga jam Communicative English Course 11 . Dia (pr) sudah bermain tenis sejak dia berumur 8 tahun 5. Berapa lama kamu suah merokok ? 6.The students haven’t been singing since this morning ? Have the students been singing since this morning ? Translate these sentences into English ! 1.Pelajar pelajar tengah menyanyi sejak pagi ini + The students have been singing since this morning . Berapa lama kamu sudah belajar bahasa inggris ? 3. Saya sudah menonton acara TV tersebut sejak dua jam 4.etc ? QW + have/has + S + been + verb 4…etc ? Example : . Hari sudah hujan selama dua jam 2. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE S + have/has + been + verb 4…………etc S + haven’t/hasn’t + been + verb 4……etc Have/has + S + been + verb 4……….

Orkestra itu sudah bermain selama sepuluh menit ketika seorang laki laki berteriak 4.16 Tenses In English 9. Mereka sudah bermain bola selama satu jam ketika ada petir yang menakutkan 2. Mereka sudah tidur selama 6 jam ketika kebakaran itu terjadi Communicative English Course 12 . Saya sudah mengetik selama tiga puluh menit ketika listrik itu padam 5. Ken sudah merokok selama 30 tahun ketika akhirnya dia berhenti 3. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE S + had been + verb 4…………when S + V2 S + hadn’t been + Verb 4……… when S + V2 Had + S + been + verb 4………… when S + V2 ? QW + had + S + been + verb 4……… when S + V2 ? Example : .They hadn’t been doing the homework when I came yesterday ? Had they been doing the homework when I came yesterday ? Translate these sentences into English ! 1.Mereka tengah mengerjakan PR ketika saya datang kemarin + They had been doing the homework when I came yesterday .

.o’clock Will + S + be + Verb 4 + O + at……….o’clock ? QW + will + S + be +Verb 4…………o’clock ? Example : .. George sedang akan meninggalkan Indonesia pada pukul 9 besok pagi 2. Saya sedang akan menyelesaikan PR itu sore nanti 3.Kamu sedang akan pergi ke sekolah pukul 7 besok pagi + You will be going to school at seven o’clock tomorrow morning . Mereka sedang akan makan malam di restauran itu nanti malam 5. PRESENT FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE S + will be + Verb 4 + O + at………….o’clock S + won’t be + Verb 4 + O + at……….You won’t be going to school at seven o’clock tomorrow morning ? Will you be going to school at seven o’clock tomorrow morning ? Translate these sentences into English ! 1. Para karyawan sedang akan menyelesaikan pekerjaan itu pukul 9 nanti malam Communicative English Course 13 .16 Tenses In English 10. Dia (pr) sedang akan menonton acara di stadion tersebut nanti malam 4.

PRESENT FUTURE PERFECT TENSE S + will have + verb 3 + ………. ? QW + will + S + have +Verb 3 +…………by the end… ? Example : .We won’t have arrived in Jakarta tomorrow afternoon ? Will we have arrived in Jakarta tomorrow afternoon ? Translate these sentences into English ! 1.16 Tenses In English 11. Menjelang minggu depan saya akan selesai membaca buku ini 3.by the end…… S + won’t have + Verb 3 + ………. Kami sudah akan mendapat rumah baru menjelang akhir tahun ini Communicative English Course 14 . Menjelang bulan depan dia akan membayar hutangnya 4.. + We will have arrived in Jakarta tomorrow afternoon .by the end…. John sudah akan selesai mengerjakan pekerjaanya menjelang akhir minggu ini 2.Kita sudah akan tiba di Jakarta besok sore. Will + S + have + Verb 3 + ………by the end….

Menjelang hari raya idul fitri saya sudah akan dua kali pulang ke desa Communicative English Course 15 .. Menjelang akhir tahun ini kami akan sudah mempelajari bahasa inggris selama tiga tahun 2.since………. Will + S + have been + verb 4……since……….Mereka tengah akan belajar sejak pagi besok + They will have been studying since this morning . Menjelang hari natal saya akan sudah bekerja di kantor ini selama lima tahun 3.16 Tenses In English 12. Menjelang liburan sekolah ini saya sudah mengikuti tes selama 5 kali 4.? QW + will + S + have been + verb 4…. S + won’t have been + verb 4…….? Example : . PRESENT FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE S + will have been + verb 4………since……….They won’t have been studying since this morning ? Will they have been studying since this morning ? Translate these sentences into English ! 1.since….

saya akan pergi keluar negeri 5. saya akan membeli sebuah villa 4. Tom akan melakukan perjalanan JIKAdia punya uang Tom would travel if he had more money Exercise : Translate these sentences into English! 1.. Saya akan keluar jika hari tidak hujan 3. Jika saya jadi kamu. Saya tidak akan keberatan tinggal di Amerika jika cuacanya bagus Communicative English Course 16 . Jika saya kaya.16 Tenses In English 13..+ object ……….….etc Would + S + verb 1 ….+ object…………. Saya akan datang ANDAIKATA kamu mengundang saya I would come if you invited me 2. saya tidak akan membeli rumah itu 2. PAST FUTURE TENSE S + would + V1…IF + S + verb 2………….etc ? Example : 1.etc S + wouldn’t + verb 1…. Jika saya dapat berbicara bahasa inggris.

16 Tenses In English 14.Sedianya mereka sedang akan pulang KETIKA kami datang + They would be going home when we came . Saya akan sedang menempuh ujian hari berikutnya pada waktu itu 2.etc S + wouldn’t + be + verb 4…. when S + verb 2……etc ? Example : .when S + verb 2………etc Would + S + be + verb 4 ….. Communicative English Course 17 . Mereka sedang akan bermain babak kedua pada pertandingan sepakbola waktu itu.They wouldn’t be going home when we came ? Would they be going home when we came ? Translate these sentences into English ! 1. PAST FUTURE CINTINUOUS TENSE S + would be + Verb 4……when S + verb 2………. Kami akan sedang membangun rumah itu pada waktu itu 3.

PAST FUTURE PERFECT TENSE S + would have + verb 3….etc Would + S + have + verb 3 ……. saya akan menikahi mu 5.Ia sudah akan menjadi presiden ANDAIKATA partainya menang dalam pemilihan umum. Jika saya berjumpa dengan mu. Tom tidak akan mengikuti ujian itu jika dia mengetahui bahwa soalnya akan begitu sulit. 3. Saya akan mengirim surat ini jika kamu telah selesai membuatmya Communicative English Course 18 ... He would have become a presiden if his party had won in general election Exercise : Translate these sentences into English! 1.IF + S + had + verb 3…….16 Tenses In English 15.object………. Jika saya telah mengetahui bahwa kamu sakit. saya akan menemuimu 2.etc ? Example : .. S + wouldn’t have + verb 3 ……object………. saya akan mengatakan hello 4. Jika saya telah mengumpulakan uang.

object………. Exercise : Translate these sentences into English! 1. ibu saya akan memasak makanan itu Communicative English Course 19 .etc ? Example : .Sedianya rapat tengah akan dimulai sejak pagi ANDAIKATA walikota sudah datang tepat pada waktunya The meeting would have been starting since this morning if Mayor had come on time.IF + S + had + verb 3……..object…………etc Would + S + have been + verb 4. Andaikata ayah saya telah selesai berbelanja. Sedianya concert itu tengah akan dimulai andaikata artis artis itu datang pada waktunya. Sedianya saya tengah akan tidur andaikata mereka belum datang 3. …….. S + wouldn’t have been + verb 4……. PAST FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE S + would have + been + verb 4….. 2.16 Tenses In English 16.

Did not 13.16 Tenses In English 17. Have not 18. Should not 24. She is 7. Could not 22. Would not 10. You are 3. Must not 23. Were not 17. Was not 16. Has not 19. It is 8. We are 4. Do not 11. Might not 25. I am 2. Is not 14. Had not 20. He is 6. Can not 21. They are 5. May not = I’m = You’re = We’re = They’re = He’s = She’s = It’s = won’t = Wouldn’t = Don’t = Doesn’t = Didn’t = Isn’t = Aren’t = Wasn’t = Weren’t = Haven’t = Hasn’t = Hadn’t = Can’t = Couldn’t = Mustn’t = Shouldn’t = Mightn’t = Mayn’t Communicative English Course 20 . Abbreviation (singkatan) 1. Will not 9. Does not 12. Are not 15.

Present Perfect Continuous Tense: S + have been/has been +being +V3… 9. Present Future Tense: S + will be + V3…by… 2.atau: ter… 5. Past Perfect Tense: S + had been +V3… 10. Present Future Perfect Tense: S + will have been + V3 4. To be dapat dijabarkan dalam 16 Tenses (lihatlah 16 Tenses pada rumus kalimat aktif) Pelajarilah Rumus dibawah ini : 1. Present Continuous Tense: S + am/is/are + being +V3… 7. Kata kerja yang digunakan harus kata kerja transitive. Kalimat pasif ialah suatu kalimat yang subjeknya dikenai oleh suatu perbuatan atau yang predikatnya berawalan di…/ ter… 2. Simple Past Tense: S + Was/were + V3… 12. Simple Present Tense: S + am/is/are + V3… 6. Rumus kalimat pasif dalam bahasa inggris adalah sebagai berikut: S + To be + V3…………………………………by… 4. PASSIVE VOICE (IN POSITIVE FORM) Penjelasan: 1. yaitu kata kerja yang bisa diikuti oleh suatu objek atau benda. 5. To be berfungsi untuk menentukan Tenses dari suatu kalimat dan untuk membentuk awalan : di…. Past Perfect Continuous Tense: S + had been + being + V3… 11. 3.16 Tenses In English 18. Past Continuous Tense: S + was/were + being + V3… Communicative English Course 21 . Present Future Continuous Tense: S + will be + being + V3…by… 3. Present Perfect Tense: S + have/has + been + V3 8. Present Future Perfect Continuous Tense: S + will have been + being + V3….

V2. 10. had been being. 4.16 Tenses In English 13. Kata kerja yang dipakai dalam kalimat pasif ialah V3 (bukan V1. Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense: S + would have been + being + V3… Penjelasan : 1. 8. b. V4) 2. Satu kata saja (am/is/are/was/were) lihat nomor 5 dan 11. would be) lihat nomor1. Dua kata(will be. 7. will have been. 9. 14 dan 15. have been being.have been. 13. Past Future Tense: S + would be + V3… 14. has been being. Communicative English Course 22 . had been. Being dalam kalimat pasif menunjukan: Continuous. has been. 12. (am being-is being-are being-was being-were being) no. Empat kata (will have been being dan would have been being ) no. 6 dan no. Past Future Perfect Tense: S + would have been + V3… 16. Tiga kata (will be being. Tenses dalam kalimat pasifditentukan aleh bentuk To be nya 3. would be being and would have been) lihat nomor 2. 3. TO BE bisa terdiri dari: a. d. c. 4 dan 16. Past Future Continuous Tense: S + would be being +V3… 15.

…. 5. Present Perfect Tense S + (hasn’t/haven’t) + been + V3…. Present Future Tense S + Won’t be + V3……….(by the Bank)……… Example : Rumah itu belum lagi akan disita oleh Bank pada akhir tahun ini.16 Tenses In English 19. Present Future Perfect Continuous Tense S + Won’t have been + V3…. Present Future Continuous Tense S + Won’t be + being + V3…(by them)….. = S tak akan di………………… = S tidak sedang akan di…… Example : Rapat tidak sedang akan dimulai oleh mereka pukul 9 besok pagi. 6.) Example : Saya belum diajak dalam percakapan bahasa Inggris oleh kawankawan saya.(by her) = S belum akan di………… Example : Nasi belum akan dimasak olehnya sore ini 4. Present Future Perfect Tense S + Won’t have been + V3….(by ……. Present Continuous Tense S + (am not/isn’t/aren’t) + being + V3… (by……) Example : Mobil saya tidak sedang direparasi sekarang 7. PASSIVE – VOICE IN NEGATIVE FORM 1. 2.(by him)……… Example : Engkau tak akan dimarahi olehnya.(by the Judge) Example : Pengacau-pengacau itu tidak dikenakan hukuman oleh Hakim. 3. Communicative English Course 23 . Simple Present Tense S + (am not/isn’t/aren’t) + V3….

Past Perfect Continuous Tense S + hadn’t been + being + V3…(by………. Lihat pada 16 Tenses kalimat pasip bentuk berita. Communicative English Course 24 . Example : Korupsi masih belum diberantas oleh pemerintah sejak bertahun-tahun yang lalu.) Example : Pasien tidak sedang dioperasi ketika ia meninggal kemarin. 11. Present Perfect Continuous Tense S + (hasn’t/haven’t) + been + being + V3…by….. ketika otonomi dilimpahkan ke-propinsi.) Example : Buchary masih belum dicalonkan Walikota. Past Continuous Tense S + (wasn’t/weren’t) + V3…(by………. Simple Past Tense S + (wasn’t/weren’t) + V3…(by………. • No. pada kata bantu yang pertama. Example : Tomy belum dituduh sebagai penghianat. 13 s/d No. Past Perfect Tense S + hadn’t been + V3…by…. sebelum Jaksa Agung terbunuh. 16. 12. 10.) Example : Tindakan keras tidak dilakukan oleh pemerintah terhadap para koruptor.16 Tenses In English 8. 9.. hanya menambahkan kata Not.

. ? = At 9 o’clock.. Simple Present Tense (Am /Is/Are) + S + V3……………. 5. ? = Yes/No. dst) dan keterangan waktu.………………. by him. PASSIVE VOICE IN INTERROGATIVE 1. Example : Apakah rapat sedang akan diadakan pukul 9 besok ? What time + ………………. bisa dipakai bila diperlukan.16 Tenses In English Note : Keterangan pelaku (by me.) few years from now ? = Yes/No.. 4... ? = Because none is hones in government. ? = Your job. Example : Apakah norma-norma hukum tengah akan diberlakukan sesudah negara bangkrut ? Why + …………………………. Present Future Perfect Continuous Tense Will + S + have been + being + V3………… ? = Yes/No. Tergantung kepada : kondisi dan situasi dari tiap kalimat yang diucapkan.………………. Present Future Perfect Tense Will + S + have been + V3……………? = Yes/No. Present Future Continuous Tense Will + S + have been + V3…………… ? = Yes/No.. Present Future Tense Will + S + be + V3…(by.……… Example : Apakah Bahasa Inggris akan dipakai di Pontianak ? When + ……………………………… ? = Few years from now. 3.……………….. 2.. Example : Apakah pekerjaanmu sudah akan diselesaikan sore ini ? What + ……………………. by us. 20.……………… 25 Communicative English Course ...

? = Yes/No.……………… Example : Apakah Budi tengah diopname di rumah sakit ? How long + …………………. 7. ? = By our director. Past Perfect Tense Had + S + been + V3………. 9.16 Tenses In English Example : Apakah saya diminta untuk menemani kamu ? By whom + ………………………….………………. ? = 5 tickets 8. Past Perfect Continuous Tense Had + S + been + being + V3……………..………………. Example : Apakah penari-penari itu sedang dijemput sekarang ? Where + ……………………. Example : Sudahkah tiket-tiket itu dibeli olehmu ? How many tickets + ……….……………… Example : Apakah ia tengah diperbantukan sebelum kepada Departemen Pendidikan sebelum ia menjadi Menteri ? Communicative English Course 26 . ? = At the airport. Present Perfect Continuous Tense (Has/Have) + S + been + being + V3………. Present Continuous Tense (Am/Is/Are ) + S + being + V3………. 6. ? = For 3 days. ? = Yes/No.……………… Example : Apakah perampok-perampok itu sudah tertembak dikakinya sebelum mereka menyerahkan diri ? Who + ………………… ? = The robbers... Present Perfect Tense (Has/Have) + S + been + V3 ………… ? = Yes/No. ? = Yes/No... ? = Yes/No. 10.

11.……………… Example : Apakah proyek perumahan sedang direncanakan di kota ini ketika saya ada di luar negeri tahun lalu ? By whom + ………………… ? = By the mayor. Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense : sama di atas (kalimat dikarang sendiri) Communicative English Course 27 . Past Future Perfect Tense 16. 13. ? = More than 3 year.……………… Example : Apakah masalah Tomy dibicarakan di DPR ? What + ………………………. Past Future Continuous Tense 15. ? = Yes/No. 12. Past Continuous Tense (Were/Was) + S + being + V3………… ? = Yes/No. Past Future Tense waktu : Hanya mengubah : Will dengan Would dan keterangan : sama di atas (kalimat dikarang sendiri) : sama di atas (kalimat dikarang sendri) 14. Simple Past Tense (Were/Was) + S + V3 …………. ? = Tomy’s problem.16 Tenses In English How long + ………………….

He is having a mechanic ………etc now B. Tono menyuruh tukang cat mengecatkan rumahnya. 2. I had my tooth pulled out yesterday 2. He will have a mechanic repair his car tomorrow 3. He has a mechanic repair his car today 2. Tono mengecat rumahnya hari ini. 3. (have (has) – had – had – having) C. Menyuruh agar sesuatu dikerjakan oleh orang lain. S + to have + someone + V1 + … etc Eg: 1. II. Menyuruh sesorang untuk mengerjakan sesuatu. Rumah Tono dicat sendiri olehnya. CAUSATIVE Dengan HAVE Dan GET Fungsi : I. Ali has had his hair cut since yesterday Note : Perubahan Tenses hanya terjadi pada kata kerja to have. S + to get + someone + to + V1 + … etc Communicative English Course 28 .16 Tenses In English 21. Bandingkanlah kalimat-kalimat berikut: 1. Tono mengecatkan rumahnya. S + to have + something + Eg: 1. Rumus-Rumus Causative: A. 4.

He will get me to help him tomorrow 2. … One’s (kepunyaan) = my…. I won’t get my hair cut short. their… Eg = example = contoh. your…. He has get me to bring a dictionary D. (Eg = example gratia) Communicative English Course 29 . He doesn’t get me to come to his house today 3. S + to get + somthing + to + V3 + … etc Eg : 1. our…. her…. him. The girl gets her face made up (dihias) 2. Budi is getting his tooth pulled out now Catatan penting : Something = (sth) = sesuatu benda Someone = (so) = seseorang (object): me. 3.16 Tenses In English Eg : 1.

O + V1 + … S + have + had + S. adalah bentuk : Infinitive (=kata kerja pokok) yang berubah menurut Tenses tertentu. S + will be + having + S.O + V1 + … S + have (has) + S.O + V1 + … 9. (dilahat 16 Tenses diatas). 5.O + V1 + … 16. is.O + V1 + … 13.O + V1 + … 14. S + had been + having + S. 3. dan bukan Subjek.O = Some One = adalah Object. Communicative English Course 30 . are) + V4 + S.O + V1 + … 11. S + would + have had + S. 2.16 Tenses In English THE 16 TENSES Perhatikan perubahan yang terjadi dari Rumus umum ke – TENSES TERTENTU: S + TO HAVE + SOME ONE + V1 + …DST 1.O + V1 + … 7. S.O + V1 + … 8. S + (was. S + would + have + S. S + had + had + S. S + (have been/has been) + having + S.O + V1 + … 10. S + would + have been + having + S. were) + V4 + S.O + V1 + … 12.O + V1 + … 15. S + (am. 2. 4. to have.O + V1 + … S + will + have had + S.O + V1 + … S + had + S. S + would be + having + S.O + … RENUNGKAN: 1. S + will + have + S. S + will + have been + having + S.O + V1 + … has 6.

(T. Weather. QW + will + S + have + someone + V1 + … ? Eg : When …………………………………………. dsb S = (Subjek).? Does Eg : ………………………………………… 3. S + won’t have + one’s house + V3 + … etc Saya tidak akan mengecatkan rumahku. Have + someone + V1 + …… ! = suruhlah ……! Eg : …………………………………… B. 4. dalam rumus diatas tidak berubah dalam segala bentuk kalimat dan bentuk Tenses apapun. 4. = ………………………………………… 2. She. them. his. dan benda-benda lainnya. 1.16 Tenses In English Jadi: S. you. the wind). You. It. V1. Do +S + have + Us + V1 …………. bisa menjadi = me. 1.. S + didin’t have + me + V1 + … etc Eg : ………………………………………… 2.V. our. He. 3. us. seperti: I. her.O. tidak ada perubahan. tetap V1. We They. him. your. Do +S + have + something + V3 …… today ? Does 31 Communicative English Course . V1 have V2 had V3 had V4 having PATTERN EXERCISE: TASK : Make free statements according to the PATTERNS (rumus) below: A. Who + has + someone +V1 + …… ? Eg : Who has ……………………………… 5. Radio. her. One’s = bisa menjadi : my. V1.

Communicative English Course 32 .. ? 3..16 Tenses In English Apakah Budi mereparasikan mobilnya hari ini ? = ………………………………………………. 4. Who + will have + One’s + sth + V3 + …… ? Siapa yang akan berpoto ? = Who will have one’s picture taken ? One’s picture = seseorang yang belum diketahui. QW + did + S + have + something + V3 + … yesterday Dimana Evi mencabutkan giginya kemarin = …………………………………………….

16 Tenses In English LIST OF TRANSITIVE – VERB Infinitive No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 (Kata Dasar) V1 to do to have to tell to own to read to write to listen to speak to say to ask to answer to borrow to lend to give to send to repeat to buy to sell to present to wait (for) did had told owned read wrote listened spoke said asked answered borrowed lent gave sent repeated bought sold presented waited Past Tense V2 done had told owned read written ~ed spoken said ~ed ~ed ~ed lent given sent ~ed bought sold ~ed ~ed Past Participle V3 ~ing having ~ing ~ing ~ing writing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing giving ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing Present Participle V4 mengerjkan. menyuruh mengulang membeli menjual menyajikan (cerita. materi) menunggu The Meaning in Indonesian: Communicative English Course 33 . melakukan. menceritakan. memiliki membaca menulis mendengarkan berbicara. menyuruh menjawab meminjam (dari) meminjamkan (kepada) memberi (kan) mengirim. menyuruh. pandai berbahasa berkata. mengatakan bertanya. meminta. mempunyai mengatakan.

menggantikan Communicative English Course 34 . menyogok menyerang mempertahankan memaksa. merencanakan merencanakan membuat. mendirikan menguburkan memarahi memarahi menyuap. mambantah menyusun. mengantarkan makan minum mengganti berhasil. ajakan) memperbaiki. mengarang mengulang kembali mewawancarai mereparasi mengetahui. bertemu. mengajak menolak menolak (tawaran. memberlakukan belajar mempelajari menyalin menyusun. mengatur. meningkatkan menghindari (kan) menyangkal. berkenalan mengunjungi mengundang. menyebabkan membangun. kenal mengerti mengambil. tahu.16 Tenses In English 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 to see to visit to invite to reject to refuse to inprove to avoid to deny to arrange to plan to make to build to burry to scold to rebuke to bribe to attack to defend to enforce to learn to study to copy to compose to review to interview to repair to know to understand to take to eat to drink to substitute to succeed saw visited invited rejected refused improved avoided denied arranged planned made buit burried scolded rebuked bribed attacked defended enforced learnt studied copied composed reviewed intervived repaired knew understood took ate drank ~d ~ed seen ~ed ~ed ~ed ~ed ~ed ~ed denied ~ed ~ned made built burried ~ed ~d ~d ~ed ~ed ~d learnt studied copied ~d ~ed ~ed ~ed known understood taken eaten drunk ~d ~d ~ing ~ing inviting ~ing refusing improving ~ing ~ing arranging ~ing making ~ing ~ing ~ing rebuking bribing ~ing ~ing enforcing ~ing ~ing ~ing composing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing taking ~ing ~ing subtituting ~ing melihat.

menghafal melupakan mengagumi. mengijinkan meletakkan memotong meneruskan.16 Tenses In English 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 to devide to nominate to cook to receive to believe to agree to disagree to propose to oppose to predict to let to put to cut to continue to draw to think to express to prove to remember to remind to warn to memorize to forget to admire to praise to insult to submit to report to open to shut to close to mark to weigh ~d ~d ~ed ~d ~d ~d ~d ~d ~d ~ed ~ed ~ed ~ed ~d drew thought ~ed ~d ~ed ~ed ~ed ~d forgot ~d ~d ~ed ~ted ~ed ~ed ~ed ~d ~ed ~ed ~d ~d ~ed ~d ~d ~d ~d ~d ~d ~ed ~ed ~ed ~ed ~d drawn thought ~ed ~d ~ed ~ed ~ed ~d forgotten ~d ~d ~ed ~ted ~ed ~ed ~ed ~d ~ed ~ed dividing nominating ~ing receiving believing ~ing ~ing proposing opposing ~ing ~ting ~ting ~ting ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing proving ~ing ~ing ~ing memorizing ~ting admiring praising ~ing ~ting ~ing ~ing ~ting closing ~ing ~ing membagi mencalonkan memasak menerima percaya setuju tidak setuju mengusulkan menentang. melanjutkan menggambar. berpendapat menyatakan. mengutarakan membuktikan ingat mengingatkan memperingatkan mengingat-ingat. memberi tanda menimbang Communicative English Course 35 . memuji memuji menghina menyerahkan melaporkan membuka menutup menutup manandai. menarik berpikir. melawan meramalkan membiarkan.

meraba mengajar mengembalikan menjawab membayar menghitung melempar memukul memukul menggigit bersembunyi melayani. merasa (dengan lidah) memegang. menghidangkan menerangkan menafsirkan meramalkan mengaktifkan. mengadakan menyentuh. “to” pada Infinitive. ialah tanda yang berarti Kata Dasar (Infinitive) Contoh : to work ……~ ed = worked // ~ ing = working.16 Tenses In English 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 to measure to evaluate to taste to hold to touch to teach to return to reply to pay to calculate to throw to hit to beat to bite to hide to serve to explain to interpret to predict to activate to motivate ~d ~d ~d held ~ed taught ~ed replied ~ed ~d threw ~ed ~ed bit hid ~d ~ed ~ed ~ed ~d ~d ~d ~d ~d held ~ed taught ~ed replied ~ed ~d thrown ~ed ~ed beaten hid ~d ~ed ~ed ~ed ~d ~d measuring evaluating tasting ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing calculating ~ing ~ting ~ing ~ing hiding serving ~ing ~ing ~ing activating motivating mengukur mengevaluasi mencicipi. menggiatkan memotivasi. menggerakan Note : tanda ~ (tilde). dst. tidak dipakai sebagai predikat dalam suatu kalimat (Lihat Rumus) Communicative English Course 36 .

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