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A Router is a Device That Forwards Data Packets Across Computer Networks

A Router is a Device That Forwards Data Packets Across Computer Networks

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Published by suresh_mca

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Published by: suresh_mca on Apr 29, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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A router is a device that forwards data packets across computer networks.

Routers perform the data "traffic directing" functions on the Internet. A router is a microprocessor-controlled device that is connected to two or more data lines from different networks. When a data packet comes in on one of the lines, the router reads the address information in the packet to determine its ultimate destination. Routing or routeing is the process of selecting paths in a network along which to send network traffic. Routing is performed for many kinds of networks, including the telephone network (Circuit switching) , electronic data networks (such as the Internet), and transportation networks
reservation-based (RB) communication and non-reservation-based (NRB) communication. In an NRB scheme, an intermediate node can simultaneously serve as relay for more than one source while RB scheme reserves intermediate nodes before the actual transmission begins

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